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1.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 788-809, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922475

ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary liver malignancy and is the fourth-leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. HCC is refractory to many standard cancer treatments and the prognosis is often poor, highlighting a pressing need to identify biomarkers of aggressiveness and potential targets for future treatments. Kinesin family member 2C (KIF2C) is reported to be highly expressed in several human tumors. Nevertheless, the molecular mechanisms underlying the role of KIF2C in tumor development and progression have not been investigated. In this study, we found that KIF2C expression was significantly upregulated in HCC, and that KIF2C up-regulation was associated with a poor prognosis. Utilizing both gain and loss of function assays, we showed that KIF2C promoted HCC cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and metastasis both in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, we identified TBC1D7 as a binding partner of KIF2C, and this interaction disrupts the formation of the TSC complex, resulting in the enhancement of mammalian target of rapamycin complex1 (mTORC1) signal transduction. Additionally, we found that KIF2C is a direct target of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway, and acts as a key factor in mediating the crosstalk between Wnt/β-catenin and mTORC1 signaling. Thus, the results of our study establish a link between Wnt/β-catenin and mTORC1 signaling, which highlights the potential of KIF2C as a therapeutic target for the treatment of HCC.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Animals , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition/genetics , Female , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/metabolism , /metabolism , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Protein Binding , RNA, Small Interfering/metabolism , Survival Analysis , Tumor Burden , Wnt Signaling Pathway , Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays , beta Catenin/metabolism
2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1345-1355, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878149

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Although increasing abnormal expression of circular RNAs (circRNAs) has been revealed in various cancers, there were a small number of studies about circRNAs in gastric cancer (GC). Here, we explored the expression and function of a novel circRNA, circ_0049447, in GC.@*METHODS@#A total of 80 GC tissues and non-tumorous tissues were collected from the First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University. And all cells were cultured with 10% fetal bovine serum and incubated at 37°C and 5% CO2. The expression of circ_0049447 was quantified by real-time polymerase chain reaction. The biological function of circ_0049447 on proliferation, migration, invasion, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) was evaluated by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), colony formation assay, transwell migration and invasion assay, and Western blotting. Luciferase report assay was used to verify the direct binding between circ_0049447 and predicted microRNA (miRNA). Furthermore, a xenograft mouse model was used to validate the function of circ_0049447 in vivo.@*RESULTS@#We demonstrated that circ_0049447 was downregulated in GC (P < 0.001). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve reached 0.838, while sensitivity was 82.3% and specificity was 77.2%. CCK-8 and colony formation assay showed that overexpression of circ_0049447 could inhibit the proliferation (P < 0.05). Transwell migration and invasion assay showed upregulated circ_0049447 could impede migration in GC cells (P < 0.05). In addition, overexpression of circ_0049447 could impede GC cell EMT. Upregulation of miR-324-5p in GC specimens and direct binding between miR-324-5p with circ_0049447 proven by luciferase reporter assay indicated that circ_0049447 may inhibit GC by sponging certain miRNA.@*CONCLUSION@#Circ_0049447 acts as a tumor suppressor in GC through reducing proliferation, migration, invasion, and EMT, and it is a promising biomarker for diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/genetics , China , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition/genetics , Mice , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics
4.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2151-2161, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878474

ABSTRACT

Kidney is one of the most important organs of the body and the mammalian kidney development is essential for kidney unit formation. The key process of kidney development is metanephric development, where mesenchymal-epithelial transition (MET) plays a crucial role. Here we investigated the biological function of PPP3CA in metanephric mesenchyme (MM) cells. qRT-PCR and Western blotting were used to detect PPP3CA and MET makers expression in mK3, mK4 cells respectively at mRNA and protein level. Subsequently, PPP3CA was stably knocked down via lentivirus infection in mK4 cells. Flow cytometry, EdU/CCK-8 assay, wound healing assay were conducted to clarify the regulation of PPP3CA on cell apoptosis, proliferation and migration respectively. PPP3CA was expressed higher in epithelial-like mK4 cells than mesenchyme-like mK3 cells. Thus, PPP3CA was silenced in mK4 cells and PPP3CA deficiency promoted E-cadherin expression, cell apoptosis. Moreover, PPP3CA knock down attenuated cell proliferation and cell migration in mK4 cell. The underlying mechanism was associated with the dephosphorylation of PPP3CA on ERK1/2. Taken together, our results indicated that PPP3CA mediated MET process and cell behaviors of MM cells, providing new foundation for analyzing potential regulator in kidney development process.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis/genetics , Cell Line , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement/genetics , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition/genetics , Gene Silencing , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Mesoderm , Mice
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2437-2443, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877835

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) is strongly linked with tumor invasion and metastasis, which performs a vital role in carcinogenesis and cancer progression. Emerging evidence suggests that microRNAs (miRNAs) expression are closely associated to EMT by regulating targeted genes. MiR542 has been found to be involved in the EMT program and bound up with various cancers. However, the functions of miR542 and its underlying mechanism in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) remain largely unknown. In the current study, we investigated the effect of astrocyte elevated gene-1 (AEG-1) on U251 cells aggressiveness, proliferation, apoptosis, and cell cycle.@*METHODS@#The screening of targeted miRNAs was performed, as well as the functional roles and mechanisms of miR542 were explored.@*RESULTS@#MiR542 was selected as the target because of the most significantly differential expression and this high level of expression negatively correlated with cell migration and proliferation, which suggested that miR542 could be a novel tumor suppressor. Moreover, we confirmed that AEG-1 was a direct targeted gene of miR542 by luciferase activity assay, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, and immunoblotting analysis. Furthermore, miR542 suppressed the expression of AEG-1, which upgraded the level of E-cadherin and degraded Vimentin expression contributing to retraining EMT.@*CONCLUSION@#The in vitro findings demonstrated that miR542 inhibited the migration and proliferation of U251 cells and suppressed EMT through targeting AEG-1, indicating that miR542 may be a potential anti-cancer target for GBM.


Subject(s)
Astrocytes , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement/genetics , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Glioblastoma/genetics , Humans , MicroRNAs/genetics , Neoplasm Invasiveness/genetics
6.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 825-845, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880875

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to evaluate ERK5 expression in lung cancer and malignant melanoma progression and to ascertain the involvement of ERK5 signaling in lung cancer and melanoma. We show that ERK5 expression is abundant in human lung cancer samples, and elevated ERK5 expression in lung cancer was linked to the acquisition of increased metastatic and invasive potential. Importantly, we observed a significant correlation between ERK5 activity and FAK expression and its phosphorylation at the Ser


Subject(s)
A549 Cells , Animals , Cell Movement , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition/genetics , Focal Adhesion Kinase 1/metabolism , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Mice , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 7/metabolism , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neoplasm Proteins/metabolism
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880799

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the inhibitory effects of silencing long non-coding RNA (LncRNA) HIF1A-AS2 on epithelialmesenchymal transition (EMT) and tumor stem cell-like phenotype in cervical cancer cells.@*METHODS@#We designed 3 shRNA constructs for silencing HIF1A-AS2 in CaSki cells, and the shRNA with the strongest interference effect was selected for subsequent experiment. CaSki cells were transfected with shRNA-NC or Sh-HIF1A-AS2, and the changes in cell viability, invasion ability, EMT, expressions of EMT-related proteins, formation of cell spheres and expressions of stem cell markers were detected.@*RESULTS@#Transfection with shRNA-NC and Sh-HIF1A-AS2 did not significantly affected the viability of CaSki cells (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Silencing HIF1A-AS2 can inhibit proliferation, invasion and migration of cervical cancer cells


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement/genetics , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition/genetics , Female , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , RNA, Small Interfering/genetics , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/genetics
8.
Biol. Res ; 53: 10, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1100916

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect role and mechanism of miR-30b-3p on ovarian cancer cells biological function. METHODS: The expression of miR-30b-3p was detected in ovarian cancer cell lines and normal ovarian epithelial cell line by qRT-PCR. Mir-30b-3p mimic was transfected into OVCAR3 cells. Cell-counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay was conducted to explore the effect of mir-30b-3p on the OVCAR3 cells' proliferation. Cell cycle and apoptosis were detected by Flow cytometry. Cell invasion ability was detected by Transwell test. The regulation of putative target of miR-30b-3p was verified by double luciferase reporter assays and Western blot. RESULT: We found that miR-30b-3p was downregulated in OVCAR3 cells. Overexpression of miR-30b-3p suppressed proliferation, promoted apoptosis, slowed cell cycle and inhibited migration and invasion of OVCAR3 cells. Bioinformatics analysis identified 3'-untranslated region (3'UTR) of Collagen triple helix repeat-containing 1 (CTHRC1) as the presumed binding site for miR-30b-3p. Detection of double luciferase reporter and Western-Blot result confirmed that CTHRC1 was the target gene of miR-30b-3p. Furthermore, E-cadherin, ß-cadherin and Vimentin protein expression level were changed after transfection of miR-30b-3p. CONCLUSION: miR-30b-3p function as an anti-cancer gene. Overexpression of miR-30b-3p can inhibit the biological function of ovarian cancer cells. MiR-30b-3p targets CTHRC1 gene plays an important role in epithelial-mesenchymal transformation (EMT), and supports miR-30b-3p as a potential biological indicator for ovarian cancer in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Ovarian Neoplasms/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/genetics , Extracellular Matrix Proteins/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition/genetics , Ovarian Neoplasms/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Cell Movement , Extracellular Matrix Proteins/metabolism , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Neoplasm Invasiveness
9.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 55: e18172, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039039

ABSTRACT

Hesperidin, a natural compound, suppresses the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition through the TGF-ß1/Smad signaling pathway. However, studies on the detailed effects and mechanisms of hesperidin are rare. The present study showed that, for A549 alveolar epithelial cells, the anti-proliferative effects of hesperidin occurred in a dose-dependent manner, with an IC50= 216.8 µM at 48 h. TGF-ß1 was used to activate the Smad signaling pathway and induce the epithelial to mesenchymal transition in cells. Treatment with hesperidin or SB431542 was used for antagonism of Smad pathway activation. Hesperidin inhibited the increase in ɑ-SMA and Col1ɑ-1 and the decrease in E-cadherin in a dose-dependent manner from concentration of 20 µM to 60 µM, as assessed by both ELISA and Western blotting assays; however, there was no significant effect on cellular morphological alterations. Moreover, the Western blotting assay showed that, in the cytoplasm, hesperidin and SB431542 had no significant effect on the protein expression of Smad 2, 3, 4, or 7 as well as 2/3. However, 60 µM hesperidin and SB431542 significantly decreased p-Smad2/3 protein expression. From the above results, it is concluded that hesperidin can partly inhibit the epithelial to mesenchymal transition in human alveolar epithelial cells; the effect accounts for the blockage of the phosphorylation of Smad2/3 in the cytoplasm rather than a change in Smad protein production in the cytoplasm


Subject(s)
Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition/genetics , Hesperidin/analysis , Hesperidin/adverse effects , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/instrumentation , Blotting, Western/instrumentation , Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis/physiopathology , A549 Cells
10.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(1): e6536, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889004

ABSTRACT

Kidney stone disease is a major cause of chronic renal insufficiency. The role of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in calcium oxalate-induced kidney damage is unclear. Therefore, we aimed to explore the roles of lncRNAs in glyoxylate-exposed and healthy mouse kidneys using microarray technology and bioinformatics analyses. A total 376 mouse lncRNAs were differentially expressed between the two groups. Using BLAST, 15 lncRNA homologs, including AU015836 and CHCHD4P4, were identified in mice and humans. The AU015836 expression in mice exposed to glyoxylate and the CHCHD4P4 expression in human proximal tubular epithelial (HK-2) cells exposed to calcium oxalate monohydrate were analyzed, and both lncRNAs were found to be upregulated in response to calcium oxalate. To further evaluate the effects of CHCHD4P4 on the cell behavior, we constructed stable CHCHD4P4-overexpressing and CHCHD4P4-knockdown HK-2 cells. The results showed that CHCHD4P4 inhibited cell proliferation and promoted the epithelial-mesenchymal transition in kidney damage and fibrosis caused by calcium oxalate crystallization and deposition. The silencing of CHCHD4P4 reduced the kidney damage and fibrosis and may thus be a potential molecular target for the treatment of kidney stones.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Rabbits , Kidney Calculi/genetics , Mitochondrial Membrane Transport Proteins/physiology , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/physiology , Fibrosis , Calcium Oxalate , Kidney Calculi/physiopathology , Up-Regulation , Cell Fractionation , Cell Line , Blotting, Western , Microarray Analysis , Cell Proliferation/physiology , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition/physiology , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-220405

ABSTRACT

Basal-type breast cancers are among the most aggressive and deadly breast cancer subtypes, displaying a high metastatic ability associated with mesenchymal features. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the maintenance of mesenchymal phenotypes of basal-type breast cancer cells remain obscure. Here, we report that KRAS is a critical regulator for the maintenance of mesenchymal features in basal-type breast cancer cells. KRAS is preferentially activated in basal-type breast cancer cells as compared with luminal type. By loss and gain of KRAS, we found that KRAS is necessary and sufficient for the maintenance of mesenchymal phenotypes and metastatic ability through SLUG expression. Taken together, this study demonstrates that KRAS is a critical regulator for the metastatic behavior associated with mesenchymal features of breast cancer cells, implicating a novel therapeutic target for basal-type breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Animals , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Transformation, Neoplastic/genetics , Disease Models, Animal , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition/genetics , Female , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Heterografts , Humans , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Metastasis , Phenotype , Proto-Oncogene Proteins/genetics , Transcriptional Activation , ras Proteins/genetics
12.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1503-1514, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-177076

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Although follicular thyroid cancer (FTC) has a relatively fair prognosis, distant metastasis sometimes results in poor prognosis and survival. There is little understanding of the mechanisms contributing to the aggressiveness potential of thyroid cancer. We showed that hypoxia inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha) induced aggressiveness in FTC cells and identified the underlying mechanism of the HIF-1alpha-induced invasive characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cells were cultured under controlled hypoxic environments (1% O2) or normoxic conditions. The effect of hypoxia on HIF-1alpha, and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) related markers were evaluated by quantitative real-time PCR, Western blot analysis and immunocytochemistry. Invasion and wound healing assay were conducted to identify functional character of EMT. The involvement of HIF-1alpha and Twist in EMT were studied using gene overexpression or silencing. After orthotopic nude mouse model was established using the cells transfected with lentiviral shHIF-1alpha, tissue analysis was done. RESULTS: Hypoxia induces HIF-1alpha expression and EMT, including typical morphologic changes, cadherin shift, and increased vimentin expression. We showed that overexpression of HIF-1alpha via transfection resulted in the aforementioned changes without hypoxia, and repression of HIF-1alpha with RNA interference suppressed hypoxia-induced HIF-1alpha and EMT. Furthermore, we also observed that Twist expression was regulated by HIF-1alpha. These were confirmed in the orthotopic FTC model. CONCLUSION: Hypoxia induced HIF-1alpha, which in turn induced EMT, resulting in the increased capacity for invasion and migration of cells via regulation of the Twist signal pathway in FTC cells. These findings provide insight into a possible therapeutic strategy to prevent invasive and metastatic FTC.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma, Follicular/genetics , Animals , Hypoxia/genetics , Cadherins/genetics , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/genetics , Lymphokines , Mice , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Phenotype , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Signal Transduction/drug effects , Thyroid Neoplasms/genetics , Transcriptional Activation , Twist-Related Protein 1/genetics , Vimentin/metabolism
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