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1.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 20(4): 526-532, fev 11, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359308

ABSTRACT

Introdução: embora o câncer seja um dos maiores problemas de saúde pública enfrentados mundialmente, diversas substâncias presentes no meio, como os fármacos, não estão muito bem elucidadas sobre seu possível potencial carcinogênico. Entre eles, estão os benzodiazepínicos, fármacos que possuem crescente aumento do consumo desde o século XX e, principalmente, na segunda década do século XXI, por suas ações ansiolíticas, sedativas e anticonvulsivantes. Objetivo: avaliar o efeito carcinogênico do bromazepam por meio do teste para detecção de tumores epiteliais (ETT) em Drosophila melanogaster. Metodologia: para realização do ETT foram utilizadas duas linhagens mutantes de D. melanogaster: wts (fêmeas) e mwh (machos). As larvas descendentes desse cruzamento foram tratadas isoladamente com cinco concentrações de bromazepam, sendo elas: 0,0375; 0,075; 0,15; 0,30 e 0,60 mM. A Doxorrubicina foi utilizada como controle positivo e a água ultrapura como controle negativo. Após tratamento, coleta e armazenamento, as moscas foram analisadas, identificando-se as frequências tumorais, por região corporal, em cada concentração testada. Resultados: o bromazepam não apresentou efeito carcinogênico em nenhuma das concentrações experimentadas neste estudo, não havendo diferença estatisticamente significativa nas frequências tumorais observadas nos indivíduos tratados com bromazepam quando comparadas à frequência obtida nos indivíduos tratados com o controle negativo. Conclusão: Nas presentes condições experimentais, o bromazepam não apresentou atividade carcinogênica, no entanto, há a necessidade de novos estudos, com diferentes metodologias e diferentes organismos testes, para a maior compreensão da ação do bromazepam no organismo.


Introduction: although cancer is one of the biggest public health problems faced worldwide, several substances present in the environment, such as drugs are not very well understood about its possible carcinogenic potential. Among them are benzodiazepines, drugs that have increased their consumption since the 20th century and, mainly, in the second decade of the 21st century, due to their anxiolytic, sedative and anticonvulsant actions. Objective: Evaluate the carcinogenic effect of bromazepam through the test to detect epithelial tumor clones (ETT) in Drosophila melanogaster. Methodology: to perform the ETT, two mutant strains of D. melanogaster were used: wts (female) and mwh (male). The descending larves of this cross were treated separately with five concentrations of bromazepam, namely: 0.0375; 0.075; 0.15; 0.30 and 0.60 mM. Doxorubicin was used as a positive control and ultrapure water as a negative control. After treatment, collection and storage, the flies were analyzed, identifying the tumor frequencies, by body region, at each concentration tested. Results: bromazepam did not have a carcinogenic effect at any of the concentrations experienced in this study, with no statistically significant difference in tumor frequencies observed in individuals treated with bromazepam when compared to the frequency obtained in individuals treated with the negative control. Conclusion: In the present experimental conditions, bromazepam did not show carcinogenic activity, however, there is a need for further studies with different methodologies and different test organisms to better understand the action of bromazepam in the body.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Bromazepam , Carcinoma , Drosophila melanogaster , Carcinogenesis , Larva , Epithelium
2.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 5(1): 12-16, ene. 28, 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1354268

ABSTRACT

El neuroblastoma olfativo, también conocido como estesioneuroblastoma, es un tumor derivado de la capa basal del epitelio olfativo. Se presenta como una masa de tejido blando en la porción superior de la cavidad nasal que involucra las células de aire etmoides anteriores y medias en un lado y se extiende a través de la placa cribiforme en la fosa craneal anterior, es poco frecuente y representa menos del 3 % de las neoplasias intranasales. De acuerdo con la evolución epidemiológica, su distribución por edades es bimodal con un pico en pacientes adultos en la segunda década de la vida y otro en los quinta y sexta, sin existir predilección por género reconocida


Olfactory neuroblastoma, also known as esthesioneuroblastoma, is a tumor derived from the basal layer of the olfactory epithelium. It presents as a soft tissue mass in the upper portion of the nasal cavity that involves the anterior and middle ethmoid air cells on one side and extends through the cribriform plate in the anterior cranial fossa, it is rare and represents less 3% of intranasal neoplasms. According to the epidemiological evolution, its age distribution is bimodal with a peak in adult patients in the second decade of life and another in the fifth and sixth, with no recognized gender predilection


Subject(s)
Olfactory Mucosa , Esthesioneuroblastoma, Olfactory , Epithelium , Nasal Cavity , Patients , Air , Neoplasms
3.
Rev. flum. odontol ; 1(57): 147-157, jan.-abr. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1391490

ABSTRACT

A gengiva oral pode ser dividida em inserida ou livre. A gengiva inserida é queratinizada e apresenta grande importância na proteção do periodonto contra inflamações, sendo importante na proteção mecânica durante à escovação e ao acúmulo de biofilme. Uma faixa de gengiva queratinizada aderida é importante para a saúde dos tecidos periodontais. Os tecidos peri-implantares tem aspecto e estruturas parecidas com o epitélio ao redor dos dentes. A faixa de mucosa queratinizada ao redor da área peri-implantar de 1 a 2mm pode diminuir o acúmulo de placa e consequentemente a peri-implantite que é um dos fatores responsáveis pela perda de implantes. Diversas técnicas têm sido utilizadas para se ter um aumento dessa faixa de mucosa queratinizada favorecendo um aumento da taxa de sucesso instalações de implantes como: enxertos gengivais livres, de tecido conjuntivo, de matriz dérmica acelular, de matriz de colágeno, membranas e implantes imediatos ao invés da técnica comum. O objetivo do estudo foi discutir as características anatômicas da mucosa aderida ao redor de implantes e sua importância para saúde peri-implantar. Para o desenvolvimento do estudo proposto de revisão da literatura, foram realizadas pesquisas em diferentes plataformas de bases de dados bibliográficos sendo: Scielo (scientific Eletronic Library online), PubMed e Google Acadêmico e livros de referência na área da Periodontia. Com base, na revisão crítica realizada, conclui-se que, quando há a presença de uma mucosa queratinizada aderida ao redor do implante maior que 1mm, os implantes apresentam melhor selamento biológico, menor acúmulo de biofilme e baixo risco para a peri-implantite.


The oral gingiva can be divided into attached or free. The attached gingiva is keratinized and is of great importance in protecting the periodontium against inflammation, being also important in mechanical protection during brushing and biofilm accumulation. A range of keratinized mucosa is important for the health of periodontal tissues. Peri-implant tissues have an appearance and structures similar to the epithelium around the teeth. The keratinized mucosa range around the peri-implant area of ​​1 to 2 mm can reduce plaque accumulation and consequently peri-implantitis, which is one of the factors responsible for implant loss. Several techniques have been used to increase this range of keratinized gingiva, favoring an increase in the success rate of implant installations such as: free gingival grafts, connective tissue, acellular dermal matrix, collagen matrix, membranes, and immediate implants. instead of the common technique. The aim of the present study was to discuss, based on the scientific literature, the anatomical characteristics of the keratinized attached mucosa around implants and their importance for peri-implant health. For the development of the proposed study of literature review, searches were carried out on different platforms of bibliographic databases, namely: Scielo (scientific Electronic Library online), PubMed and Google Scholar and reference books in ​​Periodontics. Based on the critical review performed, it was concluded that when there is a keratinized mucosa adhered around the implant greater than 1mm, the implants present better biological sealing, less biofilm accumulation and low risk for peri-implantitis.


Subject(s)
Epithelium , Peri-Implantitis , Gingiva , Mucous Membrane
4.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e244526, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278511

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study is to examine the dorsal lingual epithelium of the peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus) of the family Falconidae. The tongue in its dorsal, lateral and ventral surfaces is covered with a non-keratinized multilayered stratified squamous epithelium. Lamina propria is present beneath the epithelial layers. Morphometrically, thickness of the apex tongue epithelium is more than that in the tongue body. Thickness of the ventral surface of the tongue is less than that in the dorsal one. Thickness of the lateral surface of the tongue was thicker than that in the ventral one and tongue body. Large and small conical papillae appeared on the posterior dorsal surface of the lingual body. There are lingual glands in certain areas of tongue body with numerous openings through the dorsal surface.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo é examinar o epitélio lingual dorsal do falcão peregrino (Falco peregrinus) da família Falconidae. A língua em suas superfícies dorsal, lateral e ventral é coberta por um epitélio escamoso estratificado de múltiplas camadas não queratinizado. A lâmina própria está presente abaixo das camadas epiteliais. Morfometricamente, a espessura do epitélio do ápice da língua é maior do que a do corpo da língua. A espessura da superfície ventral da língua é menor do que a dorsal. A espessura da face lateral da língua foi mais espessa do que na ventral e no corpo da língua. Papilas cônicas grandes e pequenas apareceram na superfície posterior dorsal do corpo lingual. Existem glândulas linguais em certas áreas do corpo da língua com numerosas aberturas na superfície dorsal.


Subject(s)
Animals , Falconiformes , Tongue , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Epithelium
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927682

ABSTRACT

Objective@#miR-663a has been reported to be downregulated by X-ray irradiation and participates in radiation-induced bystander effect via TGF-β1. The goal of this study was to explore the role of miR-663a during radiation-induced Epithelium-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT).@*Methods@#TGF-β1 or IR was used to induce EMT. After miR-663a transfection, cell migration and cell morphological changes were detected and the expression levels of miR-663a, TGF-β1, and EMT-related factors were quantified.@*Results@#Enhancement of cell migration and promotion of mesenchymal changes induced by either TGF-β1 or radiation were suppressed by miR-663a. Furthermore, both X-ray and carbon ion irradiation resulted in the upregulation of TGF-β1 and downregulation of miR-663a, while the silencing of TGF-β1 by miR-663a reversed the EMT process after radiation.@*Conclusion@#Our findings demonstrate an EMT-suppressing effect by miR-663a via TGF-β1 in radiation-induced EMT.


Subject(s)
Down-Regulation , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Epithelium/metabolism , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/pharmacology
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929154

ABSTRACT

The dorsal lingual epithelium, which is composed of taste buds and keratinocytes differentiated from K14+ basal cells, discriminates taste compounds and maintains the epithelial barrier. N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is the most abundant mRNA modification in eukaryotic cells. How METTL3-mediated m6A modification regulates K14+ basal cell fate during dorsal lingual epithelium formation and regeneration remains unclear. Here we show knockout of Mettl3 in K14+ cells reduced the taste buds and enhanced keratinocytes. Deletion of Mettl3 led to increased basal cell proliferation and decreased cell division in taste buds. Conditional Mettl3 knock-in mice showed little impact on taste buds or keratinization, but displayed increased proliferation of cells around taste buds in a protective manner during post-irradiation recovery. Mechanically, we revealed that the most frequent m6A modifications were enriched in Hippo and Wnt signaling, and specific peaks were observed near the stop codons of Lats1 and FZD7. Our study elucidates that METTL3 is essential for taste bud formation and could promote the quantity recovery of taste bud after radiation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Epithelium/metabolism , Homeostasis , Methylation , Methyltransferases/metabolism , Mice , RNA , Taste Buds/metabolism
7.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 212-217, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935507

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological, immunophenotypic, and molecular genetic features of bronchial sialadenoma papilliferum (BSP). Methods: Four cases of BSP collected at the Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital from May 2018 to June 2021 were retrieved and analyzed. These cases were evaluated for their clinical, histological, immunohistochemical (IHC) and genomic features. The patients were followed up and relevant literature was reviewed. Results: All four patients were male, aged from 55 to 75 years (mean 62 years), with tumor diameter of 6 to 21 mm (mean 13.5 mm), and lesions were located in the left lower lobe (n=2), right lower lobe (n=1), and trachea (n=1). They were characterized by a combination of surface exophytic endobronchial papillary proliferation and an endophytic two-cell layered ductal structure. IHC staining showed that CK7 and EMA were strongly positive in ductal epithelium; p63, p40, CK5/6 were positive in ductal and papillary basal cells; SOX10 was positive in ductal epithelium and basal cells; S-100 was positive in basal cells and ductal epithelium in two cases. Next generation sequencing showed that two cases harbored BRAF V600E mutation. Conclusions: BSP is an extremely rare primary lung tumor arising from the salivary gland under bronchial mucosa. The primary treatment choice of this tumor is complete surgical resection. The diagnosis and differential diagnosis of this tumor depend on classic histomorphologic and IHC features, and BRAF V600E gene mutation can be detected.


Subject(s)
Aged , China , Epithelium/pathology , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial/pathology , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/surgery
8.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(6): 1315-1322, Nov.-Dec. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355669

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the topical application of alcoholic extracts of Dipteryx alata Vogel almonds and bark in skin wound healing in mice. Fifty-four C57BL/6 mice were equally distributed into three groups: Control, Almond, and Bark. A 9 mm skin fragment was resected from the dorsal region of the animals' thorax. The wounds were submitted to topical application of base cream (vehicle), 10% hydroalcoholic almond extract, or bark extract twice a day. Macroscopic, histological, and immunohistochemical evaluations were conducted on the 7th, 14th, and 21st postoperative days. No significant difference was observed regarding skin wound area among groups, with the parameter presenting only a temporal effect on healing (p>0.05). The almond and control groups exhibited more intense collagenization than the bark group (p<0.05). Dipteryx alata Vogel showed to be inert in the wound healing process in mice.(AU)


O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a aplicação tópica do extrato alcoólico da semente e da casca da Dipteryx alata Vogel na cicatrização de feridas cutâneas, em camundongos. Um total de 54 camundongos C57BL/6 foram utilizados neste estudo, distribuídos em três grupos de 18 animais (controle, semente e casca). Em todos os animais, um fragmento de pele foi ressecado da região dorsal do tórax utilizando-se instrumento de punção de 9mm de diâmetro, após o qual foi realizada aplicação tópica de creme base (veículo), extrato hidroalcoólico 10% de semente ou casca, duas vezes ao dia. As avaliações macroscópica, histológica e imuno-histoquímica foram realizadas no sétimo, 14º e 21º dias de pós-operatório. Não foi observada diferença significativa quanto à área da ferida cutânea entre os grupos, apenas um efeito temporal na cicatrização (P>0,05), indicando estágio possivelmente mais avançado desse processo. Porém, na avaliação histológica, os grupos semente e controle apresentaram colagenização mais intensa que o grupo casca (P<0,05). Dipteryx alata Vogel mostrou-se inerte no processo de cicatrização de feridas em camundongos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Dipteryx/chemistry , Epithelium/injuries , Re-Epithelialization , Phytotherapy/veterinary
9.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(3): 653-657, May-June 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278359

ABSTRACT

Squamous metaplasia of the rete ovarii is an ovarian pathologic change characterized by replacement of the normal single layered cuboidal epithelium of the rete ovarii by a stratified squamous keratinized epithelium. Uterus and ovaries from a local slaughterhouse pregnant crossbreed cow were evaluated through ultrasound, macroscopically and histologically. Grossly, there were multiple cysts in both ovaries, which were histologically characterized as rete ovarii cysts with squamous metaplasia and intraluminal accumulation of keratinized material. Squamous metaplasia of the rete ovarii has been previously reported in cows, however this is the first report of this condition in a pregnant animal, demonstrating that this ovarian change is compatible with pregnancy.(AU)


A metaplasia escamosa da rete ovarii é uma patologia ovariana caracterizada pela substituição do epitélio simples cuboidal normal da rete ovarii por um epitélio estratificado escamoso queratinizado. Útero e ovários de uma vaca mestiça gestante, proveniente de abatedouro, foram avaliados por ultrassonografia, macroscopia e histologia. Verificaram-se vários cistos em ambos os ovários, histologicamente caracterizados como cistos de rete ovarii com metaplasia escamosa, com acúmulo intraluminal de material queratinizado. Metaplasia escamosa da rete ovarii foi relatada anteriormente em vacas, porém este é o primeiro relato em que essa alteração ovariana é compatível com manutenção da ciclicidde ovariana e gestação na vaca.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Cattle , Ovary/pathology , Teratoma/veterinary , Pregnancy, Animal/physiology , Estrous Cycle/physiology , Epidermal Cyst/veterinary , Epithelium/pathology , Metaplasia/veterinary
10.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 84(2): 186-190, Mar,-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153112

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Acute retinal pigment epitheliitis (ARPE) is an idiopathic, self-limiting inflammatory retinal disorder that particularly affects healthy young individuals. The characteristic fundoscopic appearance of the acute retinal pigment epitheliitis includes a fine pigment stippling surrounded by a yellow-white hypopigmented halos in the macula. Although the exact pathogenesis of the disease remains unknown, some reports have suggested a relationship between a viral infection and acute retinal pigment epitheliitis. Acute retinal pigment epitheliitis is a rare disorder, and only single case reports or case series are found in the literature. The clinical and demographic characteristics of patients with this disease are not fully understood because of its rarity. In this study, we searched the literature to collect clinical and demographic features of the reported cases. We detail the characteristics of acute retinal pigment epitheliitis were pointed and discuss the pathogenesis of the disease.(AU)


RESUMO A epitelite pigmentar retiniana aguda (EPRA) é uma doença inflamatória idiopática e autolimitada da retina, que afeta especialmente indivíduos jovens e saudáveis. À fundoscopia, a aparência característica dessa entidade é de um pontilhado fino do pigmento, cercado de halos hiperpigmentados branco-amarelados na mácula. A patogênese exata da doença ainda é desconhecida, mas alguns relatos apontam uma relação entre epitelite pigmentar retiniana aguda e infecções virais. A epitelite pigmentar retiniana aguda é uma condição rara e na literatura há apenas relatos de casos individuais ou séries de casos. As características clínicas e demográficas da doença não são totalmente compreendidas, devido à sua raridade. Para este relato, foi feita uma busca na literatura para coletar os dados clínicos e demográficos dos casos relatados. Finalmente, são apontadas as características da epitelite pigmentar retiniana aguda e discute-se a patogênese da doença.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Retinitis Pigmentosa/pathology , Epithelium/pathology , Retinal Pigments , Visual Acuity , Retinal Photoreceptor Cell Outer Segment , Circadian Clocks , c-Mer Tyrosine Kinase
11.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1348048

ABSTRACT

Les odontomes sont des tumeurs bénignes des maxillaires composées de dérivés de l'épithélium odontogène et de l'ectomésenchyme. Ils sont divisés en deux groupes: odontome composé et odontome complexe. L'odontome composé est constitué de nombreuses dents rudimentaires, de très petite taille, groupées dans un sac dont la paroi conjonctive est identique à celle du follicule dentaire normal. Il s'agit d'une jeune patiente qui s'est présentée à la consultation pour une tuméfaction maxillaire antérieure évoluant depuis 4 ans. La patiente a rapporté qu'elle a subi un traumatisme à l'enfance. L'évolution de la tuméfaction était asymptomatique. L'examen exobuccal était sans spécificité. L'examen endobuccal a montré la présence au niveau de la muqueuse vestibulaire du maxillaire antérieur, d'une tuméfaction dure à la palpation et indolore. La muqueuse de recouvrement était d'aspect normal. La TDM a montré des images radiopaques entourées d'un halo radioclaire au niveau du secteur maxillaire antérieur droit autour de la racine de la 11, avec une rupture de la corticale externe et sans envahissement des fosses nasales. Les données cliniques et radiologiques ont orienté vers un odontome composé. Une exérèse chirurgicale des odontomes a été réalisée. L'odontome fait partie des tumeurs odontogéniques benignes épithélio-mésenchymateuses mixtes. L'étiologie de l'odontome est inconnue. Il peut apparaître suite à un ancien traumatisme. Les odontomes composés sont asymptomatiques et découverts au cours d'un examen radiographique de routine. Le traitement consiste à l'extraction chirurgicale de l'odontome seule ou suivi d'un traitement orthodontique en cas d'inclusion d'une dent


Odontomas are benign jaw tumors composed of derivatives of odontogenic epithelium and ectomesenchyme. They are divided into two groups: compound odontoma and complex odontoma. A compound odontoma is made up of many rudimentary teeth, very small, grouped in a sac whose connective wall is identical to that of the normal tooth follicle. A young patient presented for the consultation for an anterior maxillary swelling that has progressed for 4 years. The patient reported that she suffered trauma as a child. The progression of the swelling was asymptomatic. The extra oral examination was unspecific. Intraoral examination showed the presence in the vestibular mucosa of the anterior maxilla, a swelling that was hard on palpation and painless. The covering mucosa was normal in appearance. CT showed radiopaque images surrounded by a radiolucent halo in the right anterior maxillary sector around the root of 11, with a rupture of the external cortex and without invasion of the nasal cavity. Clinical and radiological data have pointed to a compound odontoma. Surgical removal of the odontomas was performed. Odontoma is one of the benign mixed epithelial-mesenchymal odontogenic tumors. The etiology of odontoma is unknown. It can appear following an old trauma. Compound odontomas are asymptomatic and discovered during routine radiographic examination. Treatment consists of surgical extraction of the odontoma alone or followed by orthodontic treatment in the event of inclusion of a tooth.


Subject(s)
Odontoma , Epithelium , Mandible , Maxilla
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887504

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of acupoint thread-embedding on tight junction of intestinal mucosal epithelial barrier in rats with ulcerative colitis (UC) under the state of "deficiency and stasis", and to explore its mechanism.@*METHODS@#Sixty male SD rats were randomly divided into a control group (@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, in the model group the body weight was decreased (@*CONCLUSION@#The thread-embedding could repair the tight junction of intestinal mucosa epithelium and reduce the permeability of intestinal mucosa epithelium, which may be related to the decrease of the expression of CaMKⅡ, MLCK and other protein kinases.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Animals , Colitis, Ulcerative/therapy , Epithelium , Intestinal Mucosa , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tight Junctions
13.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e061, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1249374

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Inflammatory periapical lesions are characterized by infiltration of different immune cell types, the functions of which depend on an effective vascular network. This study aimed to evaluate the mast cells density (MCD) in inflamatory odontogenic cysts capsules concerning microvascular density (MVD), microvascular area (MVA), and microvascular perimeter (MVP), and correlate such findings with the type of lesion, intensity of the inflammatory infiltrate, and thickness of the epithelial lining. Twenty inflamatory dentigerous cysts (IDCs), twenty radicular cysts (RCs), and twenty residual radicular cysts (RRCs) were submitted to immunohistochemical analysis using anti-tryptase and anti-CD34 antibodies. RCs exhibited the highest MCD, MVD, MVA, and MVP indexes (p = < 0.001, p = 0.008, p = 0.003 and p = < 0.001, respectively), and lesions with inflammatory infiltrate grade III showed the highest MVD (p = 0.044). Considering epithelial thickness, a higher MVP index was identified in lesions with hyperplastic epithelium (p = 0.018). In IDCs, RCs, and RRCs, a strong positive correlation was observed between MVA and MVP (r = 0.950 and p = < 0.001; r = 0.914 and p = < 0.001; r = 0.713 and p = < 0.001, respectively). In IDCs, a moderate correlation was observed between MCD and both MVA and MVP (r = 0.660 and p = 0.002; r = 0.634 and p = 0.003, respectively). These results suggest that tryptase-positive mast cells might play an important role in the angiogenic activity of IDCs, while RCs had the highest indexes. Our findings also confirmed that the intensity of the inflammatory infiltrate and epithelial thickness influence angiogenesis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Odontogenic Cysts , Radicular Cyst , Epithelium , Tryptases , Mast Cells
14.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(4): e1639, 2021. graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360013

ABSTRACT

RESUMO - RACIONAL: A etiopatogenia da colite por desuso (DC) ainda não foi totalmente elucidada. As principais teorias consideram que a doença pode estar relacionada ao aumento de bactérias anaeróbias, falta de suprimento de ácidos graxos de cadeia curta (AGCC) e distúrbios imunológicos que se desenvolvem em segmentos colorretais desprovidos de trânsito fecal. OBJETIVO: Verificar se a aplicação de infliximabe modifica o conteúdo tecidual das proteínas E-caderina e claudina-3 no epitélio cólico de ratos sem trânsito intestinal. MÉTODOS: Vinte dois ratos foram submetidos a derivação do trânsito intestinal pelo procedimento de Hartmann. Eles permaneceram com o ostoma por 12 semanas para permitir o desenvolvimento da colite de exclusão. Em seguida, foram divididos em três grupos experimentais: seis animais receberam 2,0 ml de solução salina/semana, oito infliximabe na dose de 5 mg/Kg/semana e, os demais, infliximabe na dose de 10 mg/Kg/semana por 5 semanas consecutivas. Em seguida, os animais foram eutanasiados e os segmentos cólicos com e sem trânsito intestinal foram removidos. A colite por desuso foi diagnosticada pelas alterações histológicas definidas por uma escala previamente validada. Expressão tecidual de E-caderina e claudina-3 foi avaliada por imuno-histoquímica, e o conteúdo tecidual de ambas as proteínas foi quantificado por análise de imagem assistida por computador. RESULTADOS: Segmentos cólicos exclusos de trânsito fecal apresentaram maior grau de inflamação do que os expostos ao trânsito fecal. Inflamação foi menor nos animais tratados com infliximabe, independente da dose utilizada. Níveis de E-caderina e claudina-3 estavam reduzidos no cólon excluso. O tratamento com infliximabe aumentou os níveis das proteínas em segmentos do cólon sem trânsito intestinal, principalmente nos animais que receberam a dose de 10mg/kg/semana. CONCLUSÃO: Infliximabe reduz inflamação nos segmentos do cólon excluso e aumenta o conteúdo tecidual de E-caderina e claudina-3, especialmente na concentração de 10mg/kg/semana.


ABSTRACT - BACKGROUND: The etiopathogenesis of disuse colitis (DC) has not yet been fully elucidated. The main theories consider that the disease may be related to an increase in anaerobic bacteria, the lack of short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) supply, and immunological disorders that develop in the colorectal segments devoid of fecal transit. AIM: The aim of this study was to verify whether the application of infliximab modifies the tissue content of E-cadherin and claudin-3 proteins in colonic epithelium of rats devoid of intestinal transit. METHODS: A total of 22 rats underwent intestinal transit bypass using Hartmann's procedure. They remained with the shunt for 12 weeks to allow the development of DC. Later, they were divided into three experimental groups: six animals received 2.0 mL saline solution/week, eight received infliximab at a dose of 5 mg/kg/week, and eight received infliximab at a dose of 10 mg/kg/week for 5 consecutive weeks. At the end of this period, the animals were euthanized, and the colonic segments with and without intestinal transit were removed. DC was diagnosed based on the histological changes defined by a previously validated scale. The tissue expression of E-cadherin and claudin-3 was assessed by immunohistochemistry, and the tissue content of both proteins was quantified by computer-aided image analysis. RESULTS: The colonic segments excluded from fecal transit showed a higher degree of inflammation than those exposed to fecal transit. The degree of inflammation was lower in animals treated with infliximab, regardless of the dose used. The levels of E-cadherin and claudin-3 were reduced in the excluded colon. Treating animals with infliximab increased the levels of both proteins in the colonic segments without intestinal transit, especially in animals receiving a dose of 10 mg/kg/week. CONCLUSION: Infliximab therapy reduces inflammation in the colonic segments excluded from intestinal transit and increases the tissue content of E-cadherin and claudin-3 proteins, especially when used at a concentration of 10 mg/kg/week.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Colitis/chemically induced , Colitis/drug therapy , Cadherins , Rats, Wistar , Epithelium , Claudin-3 , Infliximab/therapeutic use , Models, Theoretical
15.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(1): 165-175, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056416

ABSTRACT

An alternative hyper-ovulator inducer to replace clomiphene citrate (CC) is needed as it is unsuitable for women with polycystic ovarian syndrome and is associated with low pregnancy rates. Anastrozole is an effective hyper-ovulator inducer, but has not been well researched. In order to determine the effectiveness of anastrozole as a hyper-ovulator inducer and to an extent compare it with CC in similar situations, this study ascertained the effects of these drugs on the expression of the focal adhesion proteins, paxillin and FAK, which are uterine receptivity markers in the surface luminal uterine epithelial cells of day 1 and day 6 pregnant Wistar rats. The results show that paxillin is localized in focal adhesions at the base of the uterine epithelial cells at day 1 of pregnancy whereas at day 6, paxillin disassembles from the basal focal adhesions and localizes and increases its expression apically. FAK is faintly expressed at the basal aspect of the uterine epithelial cells while moderately expressed at the cell-to-cell contact at day 1 in all groups from where it disassembles and relocates apically and becomes more intensely expressed at day 6 of pregnancy in untreated and anastrozole treated rats. Although paxillin is localized apically at day 6, its expression is significantly down-regulated with CC treatment suggesting its interference with the implantation process. These findings seem to suggest that anastrozole could favor implantation.


Para reemplazar el citrato de clomifeno (CC) es necesario un inductor de hiperovulación alternativo, ya que no es adecuado para mujeres con síndrome de ovario poliquístico y está asociado con tasas bajas de embarazo. El anastrozol es un inductor eficaz del hiper-ovulador, pero no se ha investigado adecuadamente. Con el fin de determinar la efectividad del anastrozol como inductor del hiper-ovulador y, en cierta medida, compararlo con CC en situaciones similares, este estudio determinó los efectos de estos fármacos en la expresión de las proteínas de adhesión focal, paxillin y FAK, uterinas marcadores de receptividad en la superficie luminal de células uterinas epiteliales, del día 1 y día 6 en ratas Wistar preñadas. Los resultados muestran que la paxilina se localiza en adherencias focales en la base de las células epiteliales uterinas en el día 1 del embarazo, mientras que en el día 6, la paxilina se desmonta de las adherencias focales basales y localiza y aumenta su expresión apicalmente. FAK se expresa débilmente en el aspecto basal de las células epiteliales uterinas, mientras que se expresa moderadamente en el contacto de célula a célula en el día 1 en todos los grupos, donde se separa y se reubica apicalmente y se expresa con mayor intensidad el día 6 de la preñez, en pacientes no tratados y tratados. ratas tratadas con anastrozol. Aunque la paxillina se localiza apicalmente en el día 6, su expresión está significativamente disminuida con el tratamiento con CC, lo que sugiere su interferencia con el proceso de implantación. Estos hallazgos sugieren que el anastrozol podría favorecer el proceso de implantación.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Uterus/drug effects , Anastrozole/pharmacology , Ovulation/drug effects , Rats, Wistar , Focal Adhesions/drug effects , Epithelium/drug effects , Focal Adhesion Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/drug effects , Paxillin/drug effects , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Microscopy, Fluorescence
16.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(2): 174-179, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136174

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY INTRODUCTION Although estrogen therapy is widely used against post-menopausal symptoms, it can present adverse effects, including endometrial cancer. Soy isoflavones are considered a possible alternative to estrogen therapy. However, there are still concerns whether isoflavones exert trophic effects on the uterine cervix. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the histomorphometric and immunohistochemical alterations in the uterine cervix of ovariectomized rats treated with soy isoflavones (Iso). METHODS Fifteen adult Wistar rats were ovariectomized (Ovx) and divided into three groups: Group I (Ovx), administered with vehicle solution; Group II (OVX-Iso), administered with concentrated extract of Iso (150 mg/kg) by gavage; and Group III (OVX-E2), treated with 17β-estradiol (10 µg/kg), subcutaneously. After 30 days of treatments, the uterine cervix was fixed in 10% formaldehyde and processed for paraffin-embedding. Sections were stained with Hematoxylin and eosin for morphological and morphometric studies or subjected to immunohistochemistry for detections of Ki-67 and vascular endothelial growth factor-A (Vegf-A). The data obtained were subjected to statistical analysis (p ≤ 0.05). RESULTS We noted an atrophic uterine cervix in GI, whereas it was more voluminous in GII and even more voluminous in GIII. The thickness of the cervical mucosa was significantly higher in GIII, as compared to GI and GII. The cell proliferation (Ki-67) was significantly elevated in the estradiol and isoflavones treated groups, whereas Vegf-A immunoexpression was significantly higher in GIII, as compared to groups GII and GI. CONCLUSIONS Soy isoflavones cause less trophic and proliferative effects in the uterine cervix of rats as compared to estrogen.


RESUMO INTRODUÇÃO Embora a terapia estrogênica seja amplamente utilizada contra sintomas pós-menopausais, ela pode apresentar efeitos adversos, incluindo câncer de mama e endometrial. Assim, as isoflavonas da soja são consideradas uma alternativa possível à terapia estrogênica. No entanto, ainda há controvérsias se estes compostos exercem efeitos tróficos significativos no colo do útero. OBJETIVOS Avaliar as alterações histomorfométricas e imuno-histoquímicas no colo do útero de ratas ovariectomizadas tratadas com isoflavonas da soja (iso). MÉTODOS Quinze ratas Wistar adultas foram ovariectomizadas bilateralmente (Ovx) e separadas em três grupos: Grupo I (Ovx) - veículo (propilenoglicol); Grupo II (Ovx-Iso) - receberam extrato concentrado de Iso (150 mg/kg) e Grupo III (Ovx-E2) - tratado com 17β-estradiol (10 µg/kg); as soluções foram administradas via gavagem por 30 dias consecutivos. Posteriormente, os colos uterinos foram retirados, fixados em formaldeído a 10% tamponado e processados para inclusão em parafina. Cortes (4 µm) foram coradas com hematoxilina e eosina para estudo morfológico e morfométricos, enquanto outros foram submetidos à imuno-histoquímica para detecção de Ki-67 e do fator de crescimento endotelial vascular-A (Vegf-A). Os dados obtidos foram submetidos à análise estatística (p≤0,05). RESULTADOS Observamos a presença de colo uterino atrófico no GI (Ovx), sendo este mais volumoso no GII (Ovx+Iso) e ainda mais volumoso no GIII (Ovx+E2). A espessura da mucosa cervical foi significativamente maior no GIII (Ovx-E2), em comparação ao GI (Ovx) e ao GII (Ovx-Iso). A proliferação celular (Ki-67) foi significativamente mais elevada nos grupos tratados com estradiol e isoflavonas, enquanto a imunoexpressão de Vegf-A foi significativamente maior no GIII (Ovx-E2), em comparação ao GII (Ovx-Iso) e ao GI (Ovx-E2). CONCLUSÕES As isoflavonas da soja causam menos efeitos tróficos e proliferativos no colo do útero de ratas em comparação ao estrogênio.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Cervix Uteri/drug effects , Phytoestrogens/pharmacology , Estrogens/pharmacology , Isoflavones/pharmacology , Time Factors , Immunohistochemistry , Ovariectomy , Random Allocation , Cervix Uteri/pathology , Reproducibility of Results , Rats, Wistar , Ki-67 Antigen/analysis , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/analysis , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Epithelium/drug effects , Mucous Membrane/drug effects
18.
Periodontia ; 30(3): 87-93, 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1129297

ABSTRACT

The so-called "blunt" or flapless surgery is considered less traumatic or invasive. However, as there is a need for rupture of the epithelial tissue performed by surgical drills or other means, the term is conceptually incorrect and known as marketing. The objective of the present study is to discuss the technique in the so - called blunt surgeries considered by the Federal Council of Dentistry (CFO) as an irregular or misleading advertisement, even when preceded by tomographic planning and performed by means of surgical guides. Furthermore, the lack of bone limits this type of surgery, in which case conventional surgery with mucoperiosteal flap elevation is indicated. As a consensus, is there a significant increase in apical lesions in implants related to this technique? (AU)


A cirurgia denominada "sem corte" ou flapless é considerada menos traumática ou invasiva. Entretanto como há necessidade de ruptura do tecido epitelial realizada por brocas cirúrgicas ou outros meios, o termo é conceitualmente incorreto e sabidamente utilizado como marketing. O objetivo do presente trabalho é discutir a técnica nas cirurgias ditas sem corte, considerada pelo Conselho Federal de Odontologia - CFO, como propaganda irregular ou enganosa, mesmo quando precedidas por um planejamento tomográfico e realizadas por meio de guias cirúrgicos. Além do mais, a falta de osso limita esse tipo de cirurgia, sendo nesse caso indicada uma cirurgia convencional com elevação de retalho mucoperiosteo. Como consenso, estaria o aumento significativo de lesões apicais nos implantes relacionados com esta técnica? (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Surgery, Oral , Bone and Bones , Epithelium , Peri-Implantitis , Surgical Wound
19.
Cienc. tecnol. salud ; 7(1)2020. ^c27 cmilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121008

ABSTRACT

La prevalencia de enfermedad renal ha aumentado considerablemente en la última década y está previsto que crezca en los próximos años. Recientemente, diversos modelos se han utilizado para entender los procesos fisiopatológicos de daño renal y para la búsqueda de futuros candidatos farmacológicos. El objetivo de esta revisión es proporcionar una descripción de la evidencia actual de modelos in vitro e in vivo de nefrotoxicidad, nefropatía diabética y deshidratación, y los fundamentos de las principales vías de señalización fisiopatológicas, con el fin de proponer biomarcadores candidatos para futura investigación farmacológica. Actualmente, los roedores constituyen un pilar importante en estudios de daño renal, existiendo diferencias específicas según el estímulo nocivo, lo que sugiere considerar para un modelo relevante aspectos como especie, cepa, género y estructuras renales objetivo. Diversas estructuras renales se han complementado in vitro, principalmente a partir de líneas celulares, como del epitelio tubular, podocitos, células mesangiales glomerulares y conducto colector medular interno. Este enfoque se ha utilizado como complementario en modelos de nefrotoxicidad por exposición a aminoglucósidos (principalmente), deshidratación por cloruro de sodio hiperosmolar, y nefropatía diabética por medio de glucosa alta y productos derivados de glucólisis y glicación. Recientemente, estos modelos han mostrado similitud en diversas rutas de señalización celular, con algunos biomarcadores en común, entre múltiples causas de daño renal como el daño oxidativo, disfunción mitocondrial, procesos inflamatorios, desregulación de sistemas de defensa y sobrevivencia celular, y apoptosis. El enfoque en seleccionar biomarcadores relevantes contribuirá al diseño de estrategias terapéuticas de nefroprotectores sobre múltiples factores etiológicos.


The prevalence of kidney disease has increased considerably in the last decade and is expected to growth in the coming years. Recently, various models have been used to understand the pathophysiological processes of kidney damage and to search for future pharmacological candidates. The aim of this review is to provide a description of the current evidence of in vitro and in vivo models of nephrotoxicity, diabetic nephropathy and dehydration, and the foundations of the main pathophysiological signaling pathways, in order to propose candidate biomarkers for future drug discovery. Currently, rodents are an important pillar in studies of kidney damage, with specific differences depending on the noxious stimulus, which suggests considering aspects such as species, strain, gender and target structures for a relevant model. Several renal structures have been complemented through in vitro approaches, mainly using cell lines, such as the tubular epithelium, podocytes, glomerular mesangial cells and inner medullary collecting duct. These cells have been used as models of nephrotoxicity by exposure to aminoglycosides (mainly), dehydration by exposure to hyperosmolar sodium chloride, and diabetic nephropathy by exposure to high glucose and products derived from glycolysis and glycation. Recently, these models have shown common cell signaling pathways on multiple etiologies of kidney injury, sharing several biomarkers such as oxidative damage, mitochondrial dysfunction, inflammatory processes, dysregulation of defense systems and cell survival, and apoptosis. Approaching kidney injury based on the selection of relevant biomarkers will contribute to the design of therapeutic strategies for nephroprotection on multiple etiological factors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Rats , In Vitro Techniques/methods , Biomarkers , Diabetic Nephropathies , Rodentia , Rats, Wistar , Apoptosis , Epithelium , Mesangial Cells , Glucose/analysis
20.
Clinics ; 75: e1643, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089594

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Aromatase inhibitors are the first-choice drugs for the treatment of hormone sensitive breast cancer. However, in addition to the scarcity of studies, there are controversies about their effects on vaginal epithelial cell proliferation in rats, especially those in persistent estrus. METHODS: To investigate vaginal epithelial cell proliferation by Ki-67 antigen expression, persistent estrus was induced in 42 randomly selected rats. These rats were randomly divided into 2 groups: group I (control, n=21), which received 0.1 mL of propylene glycol (vehicle) daily, and group II (experimental, n=21), which received 0.5 mg/kg or 0.125 mg/day of anastrozole diluted with 0.1 mL of propylene glycol. RESULTS: Light microscopy showed a higher concentration of cells with brown Ki-67 stained nuclei in the control compared to the experimental group. The mean percentage of Ki-67 stained nuclei per 500 cells in the vaginal epithelium was 68.64±2.64 and 30.46±2.00 [mean±standard error of the mean (SEM)] in the control and experimental groups, respectively (p<0.003). CONCLUSION: This study showed that anastrozole, at the dose and treatment duration selected, significantly decreased cell proliferation in the vaginal mucosa of the rats in persistent estrus.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Vagina/drug effects , Estrus/metabolism , Ki-67 Antigen/metabolism , Epithelium/drug effects , Anastrozole/pharmacology , Vagina/metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Ki-67 Antigen/drug effects , Epithelium/metabolism
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