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1.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(3): 515-522, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154487

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate the erectile function in patients who underwent partial penectomy and identify factors associated with penile functional status. Materials and Methods: We identified patients who underwent partial penectomy due to penile cancer between 2009 and 2014. Clinical and pathological characteristics included patient age at the time of diagnosis, obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes, smoking, metabolic syndrome, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) status, penile shaft length, tumor size, primary tumor stage (pT), clinical nodal status, and local recurrence. Erectile function was assessed prospectively with the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5) at least 3 months after partial penectomy. Results: A total of 81 patients met analysis criteria. At the diagnosis, the median age was 62 years (range from 30 to 88). Median follow-up was 17 months (IQR 7-36). Of total patients, 37 (45%) had T2 or higher disease. Clinically positive nodes were present in 16 (20%) patients and seven (8.6%) developed local recurrence. Fifty patients (62%) had erectile dysfunction (ED) after partial penectomy, 30% had moderate or severe erectile dysfunction scores. Patients with ED versus without ED were similar in baseline characteristics except for age, penile shaft length, and presence of inguinal adenopathy (p <0.05). Multivariate analysis using logistic regression confirmed that older patients, shorter penile shaft length, and clinically positive lymph node were significantly associated with ED. Conclusion: Partial penectomy due to penile cancer provides adequate local control of the disease, however, proper counselling is important especially in relation to ED consequences. Preservation of penile length yields to more optimal erectile recovery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Penile Neoplasms/surgery , Erectile Dysfunction/etiology , Penis/surgery , Penile Erection , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
3.
Diagn. tratamento ; 26(2): 79-84, abr.-jun. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280729

ABSTRACT

A doença de Peyronie, notória desde 1743, segue sendo um grande desafio na prática médica, com prevalência relevante e grande impacto na vida sexual dos casais. O tratamento cirúrgico é a principal modalidade terapêutica capaz de restabelecer a vida sexual nos pacientes com doença de Peyronie significativa. A escolha do momento de implementação do tratamento cirúrgico, bem como a escolha da técnica a ser empregada, varia de acordo com três pontos centrais: a fase da doença, a deformidade apresentada e a função erétil. Estes pilares para a decisão terapêutica do paciente com doença de Peyronie possuem nuances, não sendo simples a caracterização destes fatores em muitos casos. Uma avaliação pré-operatória criteriosa, fundamental para a melhor escolha terapêutica, exige experiência e um conhecimento aprofundado sobre o tema. O objetivo do presente artigo é promover uma ampla discussão acerca de fatores primordiais da avaliação pré-operatória de pacientes com doença de Peyronie.


Subject(s)
Penile Diseases , Penile Induration , Preoperative Care , Penile Implantation , Erectile Dysfunction
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877680

ABSTRACT

Based on the data mining technology, the rules of acupoint selection and prescription were analyzed for impotence treated with acupuncture and moxibustion in ancient recorded in


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Data Mining , Erectile Dysfunction , Humans , Male , Meridians , Moxibustion , Technology
5.
Rev. ADM ; 77(6): 306-311, nov.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151096

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Se realiza una revisión bibliográfica con base en artículos científicos con la finalidad de exponer la posible relación entre periodontitis (PD) y disfunción eréctil (DE), así como las variables contundentes que se encuentran implicadas. Material y métodos: Como estrategia de búsqueda primaria se emplea una combinación de vocabulario controlado (erectile dysfunction and periodontal disease) y términos de texto libre basado en la estrategia de búsqueda en MEDLINE a través de PubMed. Como estrategia de búsqueda secundaria se revisaron las referencias bibliográficas contenidas en los artículos seleccionados. Resultados: Diez estudios de casos y controles encontraron asociaciones positivas significativas entre estas dos condiciones. Conclusión: La evidencia de la literatura indica un vínculo positivo entre la PD y la DE (AU)


Introduction: A bibliographic review was carried out in scientific articles in order to expose the possible relationship between periodontitis (PD) and erectile dysfunction (ED), as well as the overwhelming variables that are involved. Material and methods: A combination of controlled vocabulary (erectile dysfunction and periodontal disease) and free text terms based on the MEDLINE search strategy through PubMed was used as the primary search strategy. As a secondary search strategy, the bibliographic references contained in the selected articles were reviewed. Results: Ten case-control studies found significant positive associations between these two conditions. Conclusion: The evidence in the literature indicates a positive link between PD and ED (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontitis , Erectile Dysfunction , Periodontal Diseases , Endothelial Cells/pathology
6.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(6): 934-942, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134254

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT To evaluate the efficiency of an energy density of 0.05mj/mm2 of low intensity extracorporeal shockwave therapy (Li-ESWT) on erectile dysfunction (ED) patients.A total of 45 ED patients met the inclusion criteria, including 7 PDE5i responders and 38 nonresponders. All the patients have already been delivered 10000 shockwaves of total seven treatment points twice a week for 4 weeks. Simultaneously, questionnaires of International Index of Erectile Function-Erectile Function (IIEF-EF), Erectile Hard Score (EHS) and Minimal Clinical Important Differences (MCID) were evaluated for the efficiency and safety at 8th and 16th weeks.The changes in the IIEF-EF score by MCID suggested that Li-ESWT treatment was effective in 22 PDE5i nonresponders patients (58%) at 8th week. Then at 16th week the number of patients who were effectively treated increased to 27 (71%). Among PDE5i responders, 5 patients (71%) were effective base on MCID at 16th week. Among PDE5i nonresponders 22 patients (58%) achieved erection hard enough for vaginal penetration and increased to 27 (71%) patients at 16th week (EHS ≥3). Moreover, even 3 patients achieved EHS 4 in PDE5i nonresponders at 16th week. Among PDE5i responders, 4 of 7 patients reached EHS of 4 from EHS 3 at 16th week. Apart from this, Li-ESWT treatment was also effective in 9 patients (24%) in PDE5i nonresponders without follow-up PDE5i.Energy flux density (EFD) of 0.05 of Li-ESWT could improve the erectile function of ED patients with PDE5i response. In addition, EFD of 0.05 of Li-ESWT treatment could turn PDE5i nonresponders to responders.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy , Erectile Dysfunction/therapy , Penile Erection , Surveys and Questionnaires
8.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 27(6): 526-531, nov.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1289268

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: estimar la prevalencia de los factores de riesgo para enfermedad cardiovascular en hombres con disfunción eréctil atendidos en un centro especializado en diferentes ciudades de Colombia y evaluar su asociación con el grado de severidad de la enfermedad. Métodos: estudio de corte transversal analítico. Se revisaron los registros clínicos de pacientes con diagnóstico de disfunción eréctil que fueron atendidos durante el primer semestre del año 2018. Se analizaron las características sociodemográficas y clínicas de los pacientes, y se estimó la prevalencia de los factores de riesgo cardiovascular. Se exploró la asociación entre estos factores y el grado de severidad de la disfunción eréctil por medio de modelos multivariados logísticos ordinales. Resultados: se incluyeron 2.484 pacientes que cumplieron los criterios de selección, con una edad promedio de 48,7 años (± 14,1). 2.112 sujetos presentaron uno o más factores de riesgo cardiovascular, para una prevalencia global de 85,2%. La prevalencia estimada para factor evaluado fue la siguiente: sobrepeso y obesidad 70,9%, edad superior a 45 años 60,0%, hiperlipidemia 25,1%, hipertensión 21,4%, consumo de tabaco 17,7%, diabetes 16,7%, infarto agudo de miocardio 2,21% y antecedente de alguna enfermedad cardiovascular diferente a infarto 1,68%. En el análisis multivariado se observó que la diabetes y la edad son factores que aumentan el riesgo de severidad de la disfunción eréctil. Conclusiones: es alta la prevalencia de factores de riesgo cardiovascular en hombres colombianos con disfunción eréctil. En ese sentido, el sobrepeso u obesidad es el factor modificable más frecuente en esta población. El grado de disfunción puede estar asociado con la edad y la diabetes.


Abstract Objective: To estimate the prevalence of risk factors of cardiovascular disease in men with erectile dysfunction attending a specialist clinic in different cities in Colombia, as well as their association with the level of severity of the disorder. Methods: A cross-sectional analytical study was conducted using a review of the medical records of patients diagnosed with erectile dysfunction and seen during the first six months of 2018. An analysis was made of the socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of the patients, and the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors was calculated. The association between these factors and the level of severity of the erectile dysfunction was determined using ordinal multivariate logistic models. Results: The study included a total of 2,484 patients that met the selection criteria. The mean age was 48.7 (± 14.1) years. The majority (2.112) of subjects had one or more cardiovascular risk factors, with an overall prevalence of 85.2%. The estimated prevalence for a factor evaluated was as follows: overweight and obesity; 70.9%, age greater than 45 years; 60.0%, hyperlipidaemia; 25.1%, hypertension; 21.4%, smoking; 17.7%, diabetes; 16.7%, acute myocardial infarction; 2.21%, and a history of any cardiovascular disease other than an infarction; 1.68%. In the multivariate analysis it was observed that diabetes and age are factors that increase the risk of severity of erectile dysfunction. Conclusions: The prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors is high in Colombian men with erectile dysfunction. As regards this, overweight or obesity is the most common modifiable factor in this population. The level of dysfunction may be associated with age and diabetes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Erectile Dysfunction , Prevalence , Overweight , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Myocardial Infarction
9.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(6): 1639-1644, Dec. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134491

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Previous studies from our group described the consequences of using ethanol on penile erection. Nevertheless, the molecular mechanisms surrounding microRNAs, apoptosis process and their relationship with erectile dysfunction associated with alcohol consumption are still poorly understood. The objective of this analysis was to evaluate the mechanism of apoptosis by the expression of AIF and PARP, as well as their regulatory microRNAs: miR-145, miR-210 and miR-486, in the corpus cavernosum of rats submitted to a semivoluntary alcoholism model. For this study 24 Wistar rats were divided into two groups: control (C) and treated with 20 % ethanol (A) for seven weeks. The corpus cavernosum samples were prepared for immunohistochemical analysis of AIF and PARP protein expression, and microRNAs miR-145, miR-210, miR-486 gene expression in cavernous tissue was performed by real time PCR. The immunohistochemical analysis showed little nuclear positive labeling for the protein PARP and AIF in the corpus cavernosum of control and ethanol treated animals. After analysis of miR-145, -210 and -486 microRNA expression in the 12 animals studied, no results were found with significant statistical difference between the control and alcoholized groups. The expression of AIF and PARP and their regulatory microRNAs involved in apoptotic process (miR-145, miR-210 and miR-486) were not altered in the corpus cavernosum of rats submitted to semivoluntary alcoholism.


RESUMEN: Estudios previos de nuestro grupo describieron las consecuencias del uso de etanol en la erección del pene. Sin embargo, los mecanismos moleculares que rodean a los microARN, el proceso de apoptosis y su relación con la disfunción eréctil asociada con el consumo de alcohol aún no se conocen bien. El objetivo de este análisis fue evaluar el mecanismo de apoptosis mediante la expresión de AIF y PARP, así como sus microARN reguladores: miR-145, miR-210 y miR-486, en el cuerpo cavernoso de ratas sometidas a un modelo de alcoholismo semivoluntario. Se dividieron 24 ratas Wistar en dos grupos: control (C) grupo de ratas tratadas con etanol al 20 % (A) durante siete semanas. Las muestras del cuerpo cavernoso se prepararon para el análisis inmunohistoquímico de la expresión de la proteína AIF y PARP, y la expresión del gen microRNAs miR-145, miR-210, miR-486 en tejido cavernoso se realizó por PCR en tiempo real. El análisis inmunohistoquímico mostró escaso etiquetado nuclear positivo para la proteína PARP y AIF en el cuerpo cavernoso de los animales de control y tratados con etanol. Después del análisis de la expresión de microARN miR-145, -210 y -486 no se encontraron resultados con diferencias estadísticas significativas entre los grupos control y alcoholizados. La expresión de AIF y PARP y sus microARN reguladores involucrados en el proceso apoptótico (miR-145, miR-210 y miR-486) no se alteraron en el cuerpo cavernoso de las ratas sometidas a alcoholismo semivoluntario.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Apoptosis , Alcoholism/metabolism , Erectile Dysfunction/metabolism , Penis/physiopathology , Penis/chemistry , Immunohistochemistry , Rats, Wistar , MicroRNAs/analysis , MicroRNAs/genetics , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Alcoholism/physiopathology , Apoptosis Inducing Factor/analysis , Apoptosis Inducing Factor/genetics , Apoptosis Inducing Factor/metabolism , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Erectile Dysfunction/physiopathology
12.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(9): 1180-1186, Sept. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136360

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY INTRODUCTION: The vascular evaluation of the erectile function through Color Duplex-Doppler Ultrasound (CDDU) of the penis can benefit the therapeutic decision-making process. Unfortunately, there is no standard procedure for CDDU conduction, a fact that results in high result-interpretation variability. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this review are to promote greater standardization during CDDU of the penis and discuss the fundamental principles for its accurate conduction. METHODS: CDDU is initially conducted with the penis in the flaccid state; the whole penis must be assessed (images at B mode) with a high-frequency linear transducer (7.5-18 MHz). Intracavernous injection of vasodilating agents (prostaglandin E1, papaverine, phentolamine) is performed to induce a rigid erection. Serial measurements at different times should be taken during the CDDU session and penile rigidity must be assessed in each evaluation. RESULTS: It is important to monitor the erection response after the vasoactive agent (hardness scale), and scanning during the best-quality erection should be contemplated. Manual self-stimulation, audiovisual sexual stimulation (AVSS), and vasoactive agent re-dosing protocols must be taken into account to reduce the influence of psychogenic factors and to help the patient to get the hardest erection possible. Such measurements contribute to the maximal relaxation of the erectile tissue, so the hemodynamic parameters are not underestimated. CONCLUSIONS: CDDU is a relevant specialized tool to assess patients with erectile dysfunction; therefore, this guideline will help to standardize and establish uniformity in its conduction and interpretation, taking into consideration the complexity and heterogeneity of CDDU evaluations of the penis.


RESUMO INTRODUÇÃO: A avaliação vascular da função erétil por meio da ultrassonografia com Doppler colorido do pênis (UDCP) pode trazer benefícios na tomada de decisão. Infelizmente, a falta de padronização na condução de UDCP resulta em alta variabilidade do exame, além de poder comprometer a interpretação dos resultados. OBJETIVO: Os objetivos desta revisão são promover uma maior padronização durante o UDCP e discutir os princípios fundamentais para sua correta condução e interpretação. MÉTODOS: O UDCP é conduzido inicialmente com o pênis no estado flácido; todo o pênis deve ser avaliado (imagens no modo B) com um transdutor linear de alta frequência (7,5-18 MHz). A injeção intracavernosa de agentes vasodilatadores (prostaglandina E1, papaverina, fentolamina) é realizada para induzir uma ereção rígida. Medições seriais em momentos diferentes podem ser realizadas durante a sessão da UDCP e a rigidez peniana deve ser estimada em cada avaliação. RESULTADOS: É importante monitorar a resposta da ereção após o agente vasoativo (escala de rigidez), bem como realizar avaliação hemodinâmica durante a ereção de melhor qualidade. Os protocolos de estimulação sexual manual e audiovisual (AVSS) e redosagem de agente vasoativo devem ser levados em consideração para reduzir a influência de fatores psicogênicos e ajudar o paciente a obter a ereção mais rígida possível. Tais medidas contribuem para o relaxamento máximo do tecido erétil, de modo que os parâmetros hemodinâmicos não são subestimados. CONCLUSÕES: O UDCP é uma ferramenta especializada relevante para avaliar pacientes com disfunção erétil; portanto, esta diretriz ajudará a padronizar e estabelecer uniformidade em sua condução e interpretação, se considerarmos a complexidade e a heterogeneidade das avaliações do pênis por UDCP


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Penis , Penile Erection , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color , Hemodynamics , Erectile Dysfunction
13.
Diagn. tratamento ; 25(3): 109-115, jul.-set. 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1129414

ABSTRACT

O câncer de próstata é uma das neoplasias mais frequentes na população masculina. A prostatectomia radical está entre os principais tratamentos para essa afecção, sendo a primeira escolha para casos de doenças localizadas e localmente avançadas. Contudo, essa modalidade de tratamento cirúrgico costuma trazer grande prejuízo à função sexual masculina como um todo. Sabe-se que a disfunção erétil é uma complicação frequente e temida do tratamento cirúrgico do câncer de próstata, de forma que há diversas estratégias para prevenir e tratar tal condição. Porém, uma adequada reabilitação sexual desses pacientes envolve um atendimento global às dificuldades encontradas no restabelecimento de uma vida sexual satisfatória, não apenas focado na qualidade das ereções. Infelizmente, há uma série de problemas sexuais frequentes que são desencadeados pela prostatectomia radical, mas que ainda são extremamente negligenciados no cuidado pós-operatório. Dentre eles podemos citar: queda do desejo sexual, perda de volume peniano, desenvolvimento de deformidades penianas e distúrbios do orgasmo e da ejaculação. Neste artigo são abordados os principais efeitos sexuais da prostatectomia radical que costumam ser negligenciados no seguimento


Subject(s)
Orgasm , Prostatectomy , Rehabilitation , Ejaculation , Erectile Dysfunction
15.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(3): 374-380, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090617

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Urinary or sexual dysfunction in the elderly are underreported. However, they are highly prevalent. This study aims to identify the prevalence of these conditions. Objective: The aim is to carry out an investigation in non-institutionalized individuals over 60 years of age, to obtain data on its sexual and urinary health in São Paulo, Campinas, Santo André and Londrina. Results: 6.000 questionnaires were distributed, and 3425 were included in the study, for the analysis of the questionnaires separately. In relation to ADAM, 92% of the 1385 evaluated were suspicious of androgen deficiency (ADAM). As for the male sexual function, it was observed 37% of premature ejaculation. As for the female sexual function, 1300 (74%) did not practice sexual intercourse and the main reasons were: lack of partner and lack of sexual desire. In addition, 988 (78%) of women who had no sexual intercourse responded that they didn't want sex and, more importantly, about 22% of them would like to have sexual intercourse. International prostate symptom score (IPSS) showed gradual worsening of urinary symptoms with increasing age, being the most prevalent: nocturia and urinary urgency. As for the female IPSS, we noted that even after 80 years, the majority have mild symptoms related to voiding dysfunction; with increasing age there is a gradual increase in the result of the IPSS. Conclusion: Due to the large number of sexual and urinary disorders found, we recommend the improvement in health conditions, promoting a better quality of life in the elderly.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms , Quality of Life , Urination Disorders , Sexual Partners , Surveys and Questionnaires , Premature Ejaculation , Erectile Dysfunction , Middle Aged
16.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(3): 409-416, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090599

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To report our experience over the past 20 years in the diagnosis and surgical treatment of penile fracture (PF). Materials and methods: Between January 1997 and January 2017, patients with clinical diagnosis of PF were admitted to our facility and retrospectively assessed. Medical records were reviewed for clinical presentation, etiology and operative findings. Postoperative complications, sexual and urinary function were evaluated. Results: Sexual trauma was the main etiological factor, responsible for 255 cases (88.5%): 110 (43.1%) occurred with the "doggy style" position, 103 (40.3%) with "man on top" position, 31 (12.1%) with the "woman on top" position and 11 (4.3%) in other sexual positions. The most common findings in the clinical presentation were hematoma, in all cases and detumescence in 238 (82.6%). Unilateral corpus cavernosum injuries were found in 199 (69%) patients and bilateral in 89 (31%) patients. Urethral injuries were observed in 54 (18.7%) cases. Nine (14.7%) patients developed erectile dysfunction and eight (13.1%) had penile curvature. Only two (3.7%) patients had complications after urethral reconstruction. Conclusions: PF has typical clinical presentation and no need for additional tests in most cases. Hematoma and immediate penile detumescence are the most common clinical findings. Sexual activity was the most common cause. The 'doggy style' and 'man-on-top' was the most common positions and generally associated with more severe lesions. Concomitant urethral injury should be considered in cases of highenergy trauma. Surgical reconstruction produces satisfactory results, however, it can lead to complications, such as erectile dysfunction and penile curvature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Penile Diseases , Erectile Dysfunction , Penis , Rupture , Retrospective Studies
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