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1.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(3): 515-522, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154487

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate the erectile function in patients who underwent partial penectomy and identify factors associated with penile functional status. Materials and Methods: We identified patients who underwent partial penectomy due to penile cancer between 2009 and 2014. Clinical and pathological characteristics included patient age at the time of diagnosis, obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes, smoking, metabolic syndrome, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) status, penile shaft length, tumor size, primary tumor stage (pT), clinical nodal status, and local recurrence. Erectile function was assessed prospectively with the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5) at least 3 months after partial penectomy. Results: A total of 81 patients met analysis criteria. At the diagnosis, the median age was 62 years (range from 30 to 88). Median follow-up was 17 months (IQR 7-36). Of total patients, 37 (45%) had T2 or higher disease. Clinically positive nodes were present in 16 (20%) patients and seven (8.6%) developed local recurrence. Fifty patients (62%) had erectile dysfunction (ED) after partial penectomy, 30% had moderate or severe erectile dysfunction scores. Patients with ED versus without ED were similar in baseline characteristics except for age, penile shaft length, and presence of inguinal adenopathy (p <0.05). Multivariate analysis using logistic regression confirmed that older patients, shorter penile shaft length, and clinically positive lymph node were significantly associated with ED. Conclusion: Partial penectomy due to penile cancer provides adequate local control of the disease, however, proper counselling is important especially in relation to ED consequences. Preservation of penile length yields to more optimal erectile recovery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Penile Neoplasms/surgery , Erectile Dysfunction/etiology , Penis/surgery , Penile Erection , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
3.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(4): 642-648, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134198

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose We aimed to evaluate the effects of smoking cessation on the sexual functions in men aged 30 to 60 years. Materials and Methods Male patients aged 30 to 60 years that presented to the smoking cessation polyclinic between July 2017 and December 2018 were prospectively included in the study. The amount of exposure to tobacco was evaluated in pack-year. The patients filled the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) form before the cessation and six months after cessation of smoking. Patients were subgrouped according to age, education level and packs/year of smoking and this groups were compared in terms of IIEF total and all of the IIEF domains. Results The evaluations performed by grouping the patients according to age (30-39, 40-49 and 50-60 years) and education level (primary-middle school and high school-university) revealed that the total IIEF scores obtained after smoking cessation were significantly higher compared to the baseline scores in all groups (p=0.007 for the 30-39 years group and p <0.001 for the remaining groups). According to grouping by exposure to smoking (≤25, 26-50, 51-75, 76-100 and 101≥ packs/year), the total IIEF scores significantly increased after smoking cessation in all groups except 101≥ packs/year (p=0.051 for the 101≥ group and p <0.001 for the remaining groups). Conclusions Erectile function is directly proportional to the degree of exposure to smoking, and quitting smoking improves male sexual function in all age groups between 30-60 years of age regardless of pack-year and education level.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Smoking Cessation , Prostate , Penile Erection , Smoking/adverse effects , Surveys and Questionnaires , Erectile Dysfunction/etiology , Middle Aged
4.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202469, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136599

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o impacto da reabilitação peniana na recuperação da função erétil em pacientes submetidos a ressecção anterior do reto (RAR) ou a prostatectomia radical (PR), comparando os resultados entre esses dois grupos. Materiais e Métodos: Foi realizado estudo de coorte retrospetivo unicêntrico, em pacientes avaliados na nossa consulta multidisciplinar de oncosexologia, entre janeiro de 2015 e janeiro de 2018, submetidos a PR ou RAR (homens) com disfunção sexual. Avaliamos as características oncológicas dos pacientes, idade, estado civil, tipo de disfunção sexual, Índice Internacional de Função Erétil (IIEF-5) na primeira e última consulta e terapêutica utilizada. Foi realizada análise estatística. Resultados: Foram incluídos 55 pacientes, 60% (33) realizaram RAR e 40% (22) PR. Em relação à disfunção sexual após a cirurgia, a disfunção erétil (DE) foi encontrada na maioria dos pacientes (> 95%). Na pontuação inicial do IIEF-5, os pacientes com RAR e PR apresentaram, com maior frequência, DE moderada ou grave (escore 5-11), em 78,8% e 59,1% dos casos, respetivamente. Ao reavaliar a pontuação do IIEF-5 de cada paciente durante o acompanhamento, verificou-se melhoria em 69,7% dos pacientes com RAR e 72,7% dos pacientes com PR (p = 0,81). Quanto à abordagem terapêutica, 84,8% dos pacientes com RAR foram medicados com inibidores da fosfodiesterase-5 (PDE5I) exclusivamente e 3% com injeção de Alprostadil. Os pacientes com PR foram medicados com PDE5I em 63,6% e com injeção de Alprostadil em 31,8% (p <0,05). Conclusões: Apesar das diferenças técnicas destas cirurgias, do ponto de vista sexual, os pacientes se beneficiaram com a reabilitação peniana.


ABSTRACT Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of penile rehabilitation in restoring erectile function in patients submitted to anterior resection of the rectum (ARR) or radical prostatectomy (RP), comparing the results between these two groups. Materials and Methods: We performed a unicenter retrospective cohort study, on patients evaluated in our multidisciplinary oncosexology consultation, between January 2015 and January 2018, submitted to RP or ARR (males) and presenting sexual dysfunction. We evaluate the patient and oncologic characteristics, the type of sexual dysfunction, marital status, assessed the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5) on the first and last consultation and the therapeutic approach. A statistical analysis was performed. Results: A total of 55 patients were included, 60% (33) performed ARR and 40% (22) RP. Regarding the sexual dysfunction after surgery, erectile dysfunction (ED) was found in the majority of patients (>95%). On the initial IIEF-5 scoring, ARR and RP patients had, most frequently, severe or moderate ED (score 5-11), 78.8% and 59.1% respectively. When reassessed the IIEF-5 scoring of each patient during follow-up, there was an improvement in 69.7% of ARR patients and 72.7% of RP patients (p=0.81). Regarding the therapeutic approach, 84.8% of ARR patients used phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors (PDE5I) exclusively, 3% used Alprostadil injection, while RP patients used 63.6% and 31.8%, respectively (p<0.05). Conclusions: Despite the technical differences of these surgeries, from the sexual point of view these patients benefit with a penile rehabilitation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Aged , Prostatectomy/methods , Prostatic Neoplasms/surgery , Alprostadil/therapeutic use , Phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Erectile Dysfunction/rehabilitation , Prostatectomy/adverse effects , Rectum , Penile Erection/drug effects , Retrospective Studies , Urological Agents/therapeutic use , Erectile Dysfunction/etiology , Middle Aged
5.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 23(6): 464-467, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089308

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Effective antiretroviral therapy (ART) has increased life expectancy for HIV patients to levels close to that observed for general population. Comorbidities are also increasing, due to ageing of such population. Erectile dysfunction (ED) has been a frequent finding in men living with HIV. Objectives: The goals of the present study were to define the prevalence of ED and associated factors in HIV-infected men, in a referral center of Salvador city, Brazil. Methods: HIV-infected men ≥18 years of age, receiving care at the AIDS Clinics of Complexo Hospitalar Professor Edgard Santos (C-HUPES), Universidade Federal da Bahia were consecutively included in the study until the estimated sample size (N = 134) was reached. Patients filled a structured questionnaire on clinical-epidemiological characteristics, as well as the International Index on Erectile Function to assess ED. Results: Most (55%) were black and single (79%), mean age 44.8 years. ED was detected in 29 (21.6%) patients; 86% of ED cases were classified as severe. The only factors associated with ED were low income (p = 0.02) and unemployment (p = 0.01). No association was found between ED and frequency of comorbidities, age, or ART used by patients. Conclusion: In a referral center in Salvador city, socio-economic problems were the main factors associated with ED. Psychological impact of poor social conditions should be routinely assessed in patients with ED to implement preventive measures for ED.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Comorbidity , HIV Infections/complications , Erectile Dysfunction/etiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , HIV Infections/drug therapy , HIV Infections/epidemiology , Epidemiologic Methods , Anti-Retroviral Agents/therapeutic use , Erectile Dysfunction/epidemiology
6.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(6): 1196-1203, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056345

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Aims: Radical prostatectomy (RP) can result in urinary incontinence (UI) and erectile dysfunction (ED), which negatively impact quality of life (QoL). This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a perioperative pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) program versus usual care on early recovery of urinary continence and erectile function after RP. Materials and Methods: Of 59 eligible men, 31 were randomly allocated into 2 groups: Group 1 (Control, N=15) received usual post-RP care; and Group 2 (Physical therapy, N=16) received two pre-RP physical therapist-guided PFMT sessions, including exercises and electromyographic biofeedback, and verbal and written instructions to continue PFMT until RP, which was then resumed after urethral catheter removal. The International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire - Short Form (ICIQ-SF) and the 5-item version of the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5) questionnaire were used to evaluate UI and ED, respectively. Results: Demographic characteristics were similar in both groups. Three months after RP, the UI rate was 72.7% and 70.0% in Groups 1 and 2, respectively (P >0.05). The severity and frequency of UI and its impact on QoL were evaluated by the ICIQ-Short Form, with scores of 6.9±6.26 in Group 1 and 7.0±5.12 in Group 2 (P >0.05). The IIEF-5 scores were similar in Groups 1 and 2 (5.73±7.43 vs. 6.70±6.68, respectively) (P >0.05). Conclusion: Our pre-RP protocol of two physical therapist-assisted sessions of PFMT plus instructions did not significantly improve urinary continence or erectile function at 3 months after RP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Prostatectomy/rehabilitation , Urinary Incontinence/rehabilitation , Pelvic Floor/physiopathology , Perioperative Care/methods , Muscle Stretching Exercises/methods , Erectile Dysfunction/rehabilitation , Prostatectomy/adverse effects , Prostatectomy/methods , Prostatic Neoplasms/surgery , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Quality of Life , Urinary Incontinence/etiology , Urinary Incontinence/physiopathology , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Prospective Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Treatment Outcome , Neurofeedback , Neoplasm Grading , Erectile Dysfunction/etiology , Erectile Dysfunction/physiopathology , Middle Aged , Muscle Contraction/physiology , Neoplasm Staging
7.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(2): 253-261, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002195

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate safety, efficacy and functional outcomes after open vesicourethral re - anastomosis using different approaches based on previous urinary continence. Materials and Methods: Retrospective study of patients treated from 2002 to 2017 due to vesicourethral anastomosis stricture (VUAS) post radical prostatectomy (RP) who failed endoscopic treatment with at least 3 months of follow-up. Continent and incontinent patients post RP were assigned to abdominal (AA) or perineal approach (PA), respectively. Demographic and perioperative variables were registered. Follow-up was completed with clinical interview, uroflowmetry and cystoscopy every 4 months. Success was defined as asymptomatic patients with urethral lumen that allows a 14 French flexible cystoscope. Results: Twenty patients underwent open re-anastomosis for VUAS after RP between 2002 and 2017. Mean age was 63.7 years (standard deviation 1.4) and median follow-up was 10 months (range 3 - 112). The approach distribution was PA 10 patients (50%) and AA 10 patients (50%). The mean surgery time and median hospital time were 246.2 ± 35.8 minutes and 4 days (range 2 - 10), respectively with no differences between approaches. No significant complication rate was found. Three patients in the AA group had gait disorder with favorable evolution and no sequels. Estimated 2 years primary success rate was 80%. After primary procedures 89.9% remained stenosis - free. All PA patients remained incontinent, and 90% AA remained continent during follow-up. Conclusion: Open vesicourethral re - anastomosis treatment is a reasonable treatment option for recurrent VUAS after RP. All patients with perineal approach remained incontinent while incontinence rate in abdominal approach was rather low.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostatectomy/methods , Urethra/surgery , Urethral Stricture/etiology , Urinary Bladder/surgery , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Prostatectomy/adverse effects , Urethral Stricture/surgery , Urinary Incontinence/etiology , Urinary Bladder Neck Obstruction/surgery , Anastomosis, Surgical , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Erectile Dysfunction/etiology , Middle Aged
8.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(1): 118-126, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989957

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: to examine the effects of urethroplasty surgery on sexual functions by taking into account age, location of stenosis, length of stenosis and surgical technique parameters. Materials and Methods: The prospective study was conducted between January 2015 and August 2017 with 60 cases. Patients were categorized according to age groups (19-65 / 65-75 years), surgery technique and stricture localization and length. Before the urethroplasty operation and postoperative 6th month follow-up, the international index of erectile function (IIEF) form (15 questions), was filled, the relevant domains of sexual function; erectile function (Q1,2,3,4,5,15), orgasmic function (Q9,10) and overall satisfaction (Q13,14) were assessed. Results: The mean age of the cases is 54 ± 13. However, preoperative IIEF, sexual satisfaction and orgasmic function averages of patients with a stenosis segment length of 1-3 cm was found to be significantly higher than that of patients with a stenosis segment length of 4-7 cm. Between stenosis segment length groups, there was no statistical difference in terms of preoperative and postoperative sexual functions. And also, there was no statistically significant change in patients' preoperative and postoperative sexual function scores in terms of localization of stricture and surgery techniques. However, there were statistically significant change in the postoperative IIEF and sexual satisfaction averages according to preoperative averages. Conclusion: Our study suggests that urethroplasty surgery itself does not significantly affect erectile function, orgasmic function, and general sexual satisfaction regardless of the type of surgery, localization and length of stenosis. Besides, there was a significant decrease in erectile function in senior adults.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Aged , Orgasm , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male/adverse effects , Urethral Stricture/surgery , Erectile Dysfunction/etiology , Prospective Studies , Middle Aged
9.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(4): 794-799, July-Aug. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-954085

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Melatonin is a hormone secreted from the pineal gland and has anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory effects. Oxidative stress is considered as an important factor in the etiology of erectile dysfunction (ED), and in many experimental models, positive results have been obtained with melatonin treatment. This study aimed to measure serum melatonin levels in ED patients and to investigate the possible relationship between ED and melatonin levels. Materials and Methods: Sixty-two patients diagnosed with mild, moderate or severe ED according to the five-item International Erectile Function Index (IIEF-5) and 22 healthy individuals were included in the study. The serum melatonin levels, anthropometric data, and other biochemical and hormonal parameters of all the subjects were recorded. Detailed anamnesis was also obtained in terms of diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, smoking status, and alcohol use. Results: The serum melatonin level was found 34.2±13.3 ng/dL in the mild ED group, 33.3±14.7 ng/dL in the moderate ED group, 34.8±17.2 ng/dL in the severe ED group, and 44.6±16.5 ng/dL in the control group. The serum melatonin levels were significantly lower in all ED groups compared to the control group (p=0.019). There was no significant difference in the serum melatonin levels between the three ED groups. Diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, smoking and alcohol use were not significantly different between the ED groups (p>0.05). Conclusion: We consider that if our findings are supported by further studies with larger populations, the measurement of the serum melatonin level may have a future role in the diagnosis and treatment of ED.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Erectile Dysfunction/etiology , Erectile Dysfunction/blood , Melatonin/deficiency , Melatonin/blood , Triglycerides/blood , Severity of Illness Index , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Biomarkers/blood , Cardiovascular Diseases/complications , Smoking/adverse effects , Case-Control Studies , Cholesterol/blood , Risk Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric , Oxidative Stress , Diabetes Complications , Hypertension/complications , Middle Aged
10.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(1): 180-187, Jan.-Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-892944

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction Penile curvature (PC) can be surgically corrected by either corporoplasty or plication techniques. These techniques can be complicated by post-operative: penile shortening, recurrent PC, painful/palpable suture knots and erectile dysfunction. Objective To avoid the complications of corporoplasty and plication techniques using a new technique: combined plication-incision (CPI). Materials and Methods Two groups (1&2) were operated upon: group 1 using CPI and group 2 using the 16-dot technique. In CPI, dots were first marked as in 16 dot technique. In each group of 4 dots the superficial layer of tunica albuginea was transversely incised (3-6mm) at the first and last dots. Ethibond 2/0, passed through the interior edge of the first incision plicating the intermediate 2 dots and passed out of the interior edge of the last incision, was tightened and ligated. Vicryle 4/0, passed through the exterior edges of the incisions, was tightened and ligated to cover the ethibond knot. Results Twelve (57.1 %) participants in group 2 complained of a bothering palpable knot compared to none in group 1 with statistically significant difference (P=0.005). Postoperative shortening (5mm) of erect penis, encountered in 9 participants, was doubled in group 2 but with insignificant difference (P>0.05). Post-operative recurrence of PC, was encountered in only 1 (4.8%) participant in group 2, compared to none in group 1, with insignificant difference (P>0.05). Post-operative erectile rigidity was normally maintained in all participants. Conclusion The new technique was superior to the 16-dot technique for correction of PC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Young Adult , Penile Induration/surgery , Penis/surgery , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male/methods , Penile Induration/complications , Postoperative Complications , Sutures/adverse effects , Suture Techniques , Treatment Outcome , Erectile Dysfunction/etiology
11.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(1): 141-149, Jan.-Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-892948

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction The development of new surgical techniques and medical devices, like therapeutical multimodal approaches has allowed for better outcomes on patients with rectal cancer (RCa). Owing to that, an increased awareness and investment towards better outcomes regarding patients' sexual and urinary function has been recently observed. Aim Evaluate and characterize the sexual dysfunction of patients submitted to surgical treatment for RCa. Materials and Methods An observational retrospective study including all male patients who underwent a surgical treatment for RCa between January 2011 December 2014 (n=43) was performed, complemented with an inquiry questionnaire to every patient about its sexual habits and level of function before and after surgery. Discussion All patients were male, with an average of 64yo. (range 42-83yo.). The surgical procedure was a rectum anterior resection (RAR) in 22 patients (56%) and an abdominoperineal resection (APR) in 19(44%). Sixty three percent described their sexual life as important/very important. Sexual function worsening was observed in 76% (65% with complains on erectile function, and 27% on ejaculation). Fourteen patients (38%) didn't resume sexual activity after surgery. Increased age (p=0.007), surgery performed (APR) (p=0.03) and the presence of a stoma (p=0.03) were predictors of ED after surgery. A secondary analysis found that the type of surgery (APR) (p=0.04), lower third tumor's location (p=0.03) and presence of comorbidities (p=0.013) (namely, smokers and diabetic patients) were predictors of de novo ED after surgery. Conclusions This study demonstrated the clear negative impact in sexual function of patients submitted to a surgical treatment for RCa. Since it is a valued feature for patients, it becomes essential to correctly evaluate/identify these cases in order to offer an adequate therapeutical option.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Postoperative Complications , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Rectum/surgery , Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological/etiology , Erectile Dysfunction/etiology , Self-Assessment , Severity of Illness Index , Surveys and Questionnaires , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Erectile Dysfunction/diagnosis , Middle Aged
12.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(1): 132-140, Jan.-Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-892949

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose The study aims to assess the influence of the stage of chronic kidney disease and glomerular filtration rate on prevalence and degree of erectile dysfunction. Materials and Methods This transversal study, conducted from May 2013 to December 2015, included patients with chronic kidney disease in conservative treatment, stages III/IV/V. Erectile dysfunction was evaluated by the International Index of Erectile Function. Data classically associated with erectile dysfunction were obtained by medical record review. Erectile dysfunction, degree of erectile dysfunction, and other main variables associated with erectile dysfunction were compared between patients with chronic kidney disease on conservative treatment stages III versus IV/V using the Chi-square test. The relationship between score of the International Index of Erectile Dysfunction and glomerular filtration rate was established by Pearson correlation coefficient. Results Two hundred and forty five patients with chronic kidney disease in conservative treatment participated of the study. The prevalence of erectile dysfunction in patients with chronic kidney disease in stages IV/V was greater than in stage III. Glomerular filtration rate positively correlated with score of the International Index of Erectile Dysfunction. Conclusions The study suggests that chronic kidney disease progression (glomerular filtration rate decrease and advance in chronic kidney disease stages) worsen erectile function. Hypothetically, diagnosis and treatment of erectile dysfunction may be anticipated with the analysis of chronic kidney disease progression.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Erectile Dysfunction/etiology , Kidney Failure, Chronic/complications , Severity of Illness Index , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Disease Progression , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Erectile Dysfunction/diagnosis , Erectile Dysfunction/epidemiology , Middle Aged
14.
Rev. argent. urol. (1990) ; 83(2): 68-77, 2018. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-964196

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: los inhibidores de fosfodiesterasa revolucionaron el tratamiento de la disfunción eréctil. Las ondas de choque de baja intensidad emergen como una alternativa terapéutica no invasiva. Materiales y métodos: estudio de cohorte prospectiva y observacional, en el que se evaluó la respuesta de 17 pacientes sexualmente activos al tratamiento con ondas de choque de baja intensidad a los 3 y 6 meses, mediante el Indice Internacional de Función Eréctil (IIEF-6), las preguntas 2 y 3 del Sexual Encounter Profile (SEP-2 y SEP-3), y el Erection Hardness Score (EHS) para evaluar la rigidez peneana, así como una evaluación de satisfacción global con el tratamiento (GAQ) y de recomendación del mismo. Resultados: 6 pacientes presentaban disfunción eréctil leve y 11 disfunción eréctil moderada-severa. Ambos grupos mostraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en el IIEF-6, SEP-2, SEP-3 y EHS, a los 3 y 6 meses. Sin embargo, no todos los pacientes se mostraron satisfechos o recomendarían el tratamiento, sobre todo en aquellos con disfunción eréctil moderada-severa previo al tratamiento. Conclusión: las ondas de choque de baja intensidad son un tratamiento emergente para la disfunción eréctil, aunque aun sin evidencia clara de su eficacia e indicaciones. Los dispares resultados de los grupos se han debido probablemente a la heterogeneidad de las condiciones basales de los pacientes.(AU)


Objectives: Iphosphodiesterase inhibitors revolutionized the treatment of erectile dysfunction. Low intensity shockwave therapy emerge as a non-invasive therapeutic alternative. Materials and methods: this was a prospective and observational study, in which 17 sexually active patients were evaluated 3 and 6 months after treatment with low intensity shockwave therapy, using the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-6), questions 2 and 3 of the Sexual Encounter Profile (SEP-2 and SEP-3), and the Erection Hardness Score (EHS) to assess penile rigidity, as well as a global satisfaction evaluation with the treatment (GAQ) and if they would recommend it to others. Results: 6 patients showed mild erectile dysfunction and 11 moderatesevere erectile dysfunction. Both groups showed statistically significant differences in IIEF-6, SEP-2, SEP-3 and EHS, after 3 and 6 months. However, not all of them were satisfied with the treatment or would recommend it to others, especially those with moderate-severe basal erectile dysfunction. Conclusion: low intensity shockwave therapy is an emergent treatment for erectile dysfunction, although there is no sufficient evidence of its efficacy and indications. The differences between groups were due probably to the heterogeneity of the basal conditions of the patients.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Treatment Outcome , Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy/instrumentation , Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy/methods , Erectile Dysfunction/therapy , Prospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Erectile Dysfunction/etiology
15.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 43(5): 966-973, Sept.-Oct. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-892901

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Despite the nerve-sparing technique, many patients suffer from erectile dysfunction after radical prostatectomy (RP) due to cavernous nerve injury. The aim of this study was to evaluate dipyridamole as a potential treatment agent of post-radical prostatectomy erectile dysfunction. Material and methods: A total of 18 male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized into three experimental Groups (SHAM+DMSO, BCNI+DMSO and BCNI+DIP). An animal model of bilateral cavernous nerve crush injury (BCNI) was established to mimic the partial nerve damage during nerve-sparing RP. After creating of BCNI, dimethyl sulphoxide (DMSO) was administered transperitoneally as a vehicle to SHAM+DMSO and BCNI+DMSO Groups. BCNI+DIP Group received dipyiridamole (10mg/kg/day) as a solution in DMSO for 15 days. Afterwards, rats were evaluated for in vivo erectile response to cavernous nerve stimulation. Penile tissues were also analyzed biochemically for transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) level. Penile corporal apoptosis was determined by TUNEL method. Results: Erectile response was decreased in rats with BCNI and there was no significant improvement with dipyridamole treatment. TGF-β1 levels were increased in rats with BCNI and decreased with dipyridamole treatment. Dipyridamole led to reduced penile apoptosis in rats with BCNI and there was no significant difference when compared to sham operated rats. Conclusions: Although fifteen-day dipyridamole treatment has failed to improve erectile function in rats with BCNI, the decline in both TGF-β1 levels and apoptotic indices with treatment may be helpful in protecting penile morphology after cavernous nerve injury.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Prostatectomy/adverse effects , Apoptosis/drug effects , Dipyridamole/therapeutic use , Erectile Dysfunction/drug therapy , Penis/drug effects , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Disease Models, Animal , Erectile Dysfunction/etiology
16.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 43(4): 753-761, July-Aug. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-892855

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective Diabetes affects the erectile function significantly. However, the penile alterations in the early stage of diabetes in experimental animal models have not been well studied. We examined the changes of the penis and its main erectile components in diabetic rats. Materials and methods Male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 2 groups: streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetics and age-matched controls. Three or nine weeks after diabetes induction, the penis was removed for immunohistochemical staining of smooth muscle and neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) in midshaft penile tissues. The cross-sectional areas of the whole midshaft penis and the corpora cavernosa were quantified. The smooth muscle in the corpora cavernosa and nNOS in the dorsal nerves were quantified. Results The weight, but not the length, of the penis was lower in diabetics. The cross-sectional areas of the total midshaft penis and the corpora cavernosa were lower in diabetic rats compared with controls 9 weeks, but not 3 weeks after diabetes induction. The cross-sectional area of smooth muscle in the corpora cavernosa as percentage of the overall area of the corpora cavernosa was lower in diabetic rats than in controls 9 weeks, but not 3 weeks after diabetes induction. Percentage change of nNOS in dorsal nerves was similar at 3 weeks, and has a decreased trend at 9 weeks in diabetic rats compared with controls. Conclusions Diabetes causes temporal alterations in the penis, and the significant changes in STZ rat model begin 3-9 weeks after induction. Further studies on the reversibility of the observed changes are warranted.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Penis/physiopathology , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/complications , Erectile Dysfunction/etiology , Muscle, Smooth/physiopathology , Penis/innervation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/physiopathology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/physiopathology , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type I/metabolism , Erectile Dysfunction/physiopathology
17.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 43(4): 730-735, July-Aug. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-892860

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background Rheumatic diseases such as ankylosing spondylitis (AS) may be associated with sexual dysfunction. Aim To study erectile function of a group of Brazilian AS patients comparing them with controls. Materials and Methods This was a cross sectional study approved by the local Committee of Ethics in Research. The questionnaire IIEF (International Index of Erectile Function) was applied to 40 AS patients and 40 healthy controls. AS patients had determination of disease activity (through BASDAI or Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease activity index), ASDAS (Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Score, MASES or Maastricht Ankylosing Spondylitis Score and SPARCC or Spondyloarthritis Research Consortium of Canada), function (through BASFI or Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index and HAQ or Health Assessment Questionnaire) and BASMI (Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Metrological Index). Results AS patients had a median score on IIEF of 22.0 (IQR=18-25) while controls had 29 (IQR=27-30) with p<0.0001 Only 17.5% of the AS patients had no erectile dysfunction, in opposite to 87.5% of controls (p<0.0001). IIEF scores had a negative association with BASDAI (p<0.0001), HAQ (p=0.05), body mass index (P=0.03), MASES (P=0.02) and SPARCC (P=0.02) in a univariate analysis. Multiple regression showed that BASDAI was the only variable independently associated with IIEF. Conclusion There is a high prevalence of erectile dysfunction among AS patients that is associated with disease activity measured by BASDAI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Spondylitis, Ankylosing/complications , Erectile Dysfunction/etiology , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Erectile Dysfunction/epidemiology , Middle Aged
18.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 43(2): 216-223, Mar.-Apr. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-840817

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction There is a growing interest in achieving higher survival rates with the lowest morbidity in localized prostate cancer (PC) treatment. Consequently, minimally invasive techniques such as low-dose rate brachytherapy (BT) and robotic-assisted prostatectomy (RALP) have been developed and improved. Comparative analysis of functional outcomes and quality of life in a prospective series of 51BT and 42Da Vinci prostatectomies DV Materials and Methods Comparative analysis of functional outcomes and quality of life in a prospective series of 93 patients with low-risk localized PC diagnosed in 2011. 51patients underwent low-dose rate BT and the other 42 patients RALP. IIEF to assess erectile function, ICIQ to evaluate continence and SF36 test to quality of life wee employed. Results ICIQ at the first revision shows significant differences which favour the BT group, 79% present with continence or mild incontinence, whereas in the DV group 45% show these positive results. Differences disappear after 6 months, with 45 patients (89%) presenting with continence or mild incontinence in the BT group vs. 30 (71%) in the DV group. 65% of patients are potent in the first revision following BT and 39% following DV. Such differences are not significant and cannot be observed after 6 months. No significant differences were found in the comparative analysis of quality of life. Conclusions ICIQ after surgery shows significant differences in favour of BT, which disappear after 6 months. Both procedures have a serious impact on erectile function, being even greater in the DV group. Differences between groups disappear after 6 months.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostatectomy/methods , Prostatic Neoplasms/surgery , Prostatic Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Quality of Life , Brachytherapy/methods , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Postoperative Complications , Prostatectomy/adverse effects , Time Factors , Urinary Incontinence/etiology , Severity of Illness Index , Brachytherapy/adverse effects , Prospective Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Treatment Outcome , Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation , Robotic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Erectile Dysfunction/etiology , Middle Aged
19.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 43(1): 127-133, Jan.-Feb. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-840809

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives To study the usefulness of MRI in preoperative evaluation of PFUDD. Can MRI provide additional information on urethral distraction defect (UDD) and cause of erectile dysfunction (ED)? Materials and Methods In this prospective study, consecutive male patients presenting with PFUDD were included from Feb 2011 till Dec 2012. Those with traumatic spinal cord injury and pre-existing ED were excluded. Patients were assessed using IIEF questionnaire, retrograde urethrogram and micturating cystourethrogram (RGU+MCU) and MRI pelvis. Primary end point was erectile function and secondary end point was surgical outcome. Results Twenty patients were included in this study. Fourteen patients (70%) were ≤40years; fifteen patients (75%) had ED, seven patients (35%) had severe ED. MRI findings associated with ED were longer median UDD (23mm vs. 15mm, p=0.07), cavernosal injury (100%, p=0.53), rectal injury (100%, p=0.53), retropubic scarring (60%, p=0.62) and prostatic displacement (60%, p=0.99). Twelve patients (60%) had a good surgical outcome, five (25%) had an acceptable outcome, three (15%) had a poor outcome. Poor surgical outcome was associated with rectal injury (66.7%, p=0.08), cavernosal injury (25%, p=0.19), retropubic scarring (18.1%, p=0.99) and prostatic displacement (16.7%, p=0.99). Five patients with normal erections had good surgical outcome. Three patients with ED had poor outcome (20%, p=0.20). Conclusions MRI did not offer significant advantage over MCU in the subgroup of men with normal erections. Cavernosal injury noted on MRI strongly correlated with ED. Role of MRI may be limited to the subgroup with ED or an inconclusive MCU.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Pelvis/injuries , Pelvis/diagnostic imaging , Urethra/injuries , Urethra/diagnostic imaging , Urethral Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Erectile Dysfunction/diagnostic imaging , Pelvis/surgery , Prostatic Diseases/physiopathology , Prostatic Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Urethra/surgery , Urethra/physiopathology , Urethral Diseases/surgery , Urethral Diseases/physiopathology , Urination/physiology , Radiography , Pilot Projects , Prospective Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric , Preoperative Period , Erectile Dysfunction/etiology , Erectile Dysfunction/physiopathology , Middle Aged
20.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 42(4): 825-837, July-Aug. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-794686

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: We investigate the effect of active peptide from Urechis unicinctus (UU) by high temperature/pressure and ultra-wave assisted lysis on erectile dysfunction in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Materials and Methods: Forty 12-week-old Sprague-Dawley rats were used in this study. Diabetes was induced by a one-time intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (50mg/kg). One week later, the diabetic rats were randomly divided into four groups: normal control, untreated diabetes control, and groups treated with 100 or 500mg/kg/d UU peptide. Rats were fed with UU peptide by intragastric administration for 8 weeks. After 8 weeks, penile hemodynamic function was evaluated in all groups by measuring the intracavernosal pressure after electrostimulating the cavernous nerve. Nitric oxide (NO) and cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) activities were measured and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and neuronal NOS (nNOS) protein expression was determined by Western blot. Results: Maximum intracavernosal pressure in diabetic control rats decreased significantly compared to normal control rats, and was increased significantly compared to untreated diabetic rats after UU peptide supplementation. Treatment with the higher dose of UU peptide significantly increased the NO and cGMP levels compared with the diabetic control group. Decreased activity and expression eNOS and nNOS were found in the diabetic rats compared with the normal control group. Decreased eNOS and nNOS in diabetic rats were improved by UU peptide administration. Conclusions: Active peptide from UU ameliorates erectile function in a streptozotocin induced diabetic rat model of erectile dysfunction.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Peptides/pharmacology , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/complications , Erectile Dysfunction/drug therapy , Annelida/chemistry , Penis/drug effects , Peptides/analysis , Peptides/therapeutic use , Temperature , Random Allocation , Cells, Cultured , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Streptozocin , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/chemically induced , Erectile Dysfunction/etiology , Erectile Dysfunction/physiopathology
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