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2.
Intestinal Research ; : 537-545, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785862

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Despite the evidence of a modest to high prevalence of gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms in recreational runners and endurance athletes, the frequency and intensity of GI symptoms in exercisers, but nonathletes, individuals from different modalities have been less investigated. Therefore, the present study aimed to assess the prevalence of GI symptoms in individuals that practice moderate or vigorous physical exercise, at rest and during physical exercise training session.METHODS: The sample consisted of 142 exercisers individuals (64 women and 78 men with mean age of 32.9 ± 10.7 years). Out of the 142 participants, 71 reported to perform moderate physical exercise and 71 reported to perform vigorous physical exercise. Participants were assessed by an internet-based questionnaire designed to assess the frequency and intensity (at rest and during physical exercise training session) of 18 GI symptoms.RESULTS: The GI symptoms most frequently reported by the respondents (during rest and physical exercise training session, respectively) were flatulence (90.8% and 69.7%), abdominal noise (77.5% and 41.5%), and eructation (73.9% and 52.1%). Overall, the frequency and intensity of symptoms were higher (P< 0.050) during rest than physical exercise training session for who perform moderate and vigorous physical exercise.CONCLUSIONS: It can be concluded that GI symptoms in exercisers, but nonathletes, individuals are more prevalent during rest than during physical exercise training session, suggesting that moderate and vigorous physical exercise may act as a regulator of the GI tract.


Subject(s)
Athletes , Eructation , Exercise , Female , Flatulence , Gastrointestinal Tract , Humans , Male , Noise , Prevalence , Surveys and Questionnaires
4.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 23(3): e20180175, 2019.
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1001976

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To understand how the primiparous mother exercises maternal care of the child under six months of age at home. Method: Descriptive research with a qualitative approach. A research was carried out at the Primary Health Care Unit in Fortaleza/CE, between the months of May and June 2017, with 20 primiparous mothers. It was used thematic content analysis to analyze the data. Results: Through the organization of the speeches, we obtained the category Maternal Experience in Care. It was noticed that fear, insecurity and doubts were present in the daily life of the interviewees, interfering with care such as bathing and holding the baby; the cleaning of the umbilical scar was ceased after the stump fell; babies slept on their stomachs; pain and stress contributed to the failure of lactation; cleaning of the umbilical stump was ceased after its fall; babies slept in the ventral position; previous experience in caring for younger siblings influenced maternal care. Conclusion and implications for practice: It was understood that the orientations made by the nurses are fundamental for the qualification of the primiparous mothers in the care of the child.


Resumen Objetivo: Comprender como la madre primípara ejerce el cuidado materno al hijo menor de seis meses en el domicilio. Método: Investigación descriptiva con abordaje cualitativo. Se realizó una investigación en Unidad de Atención Primaria a la Salud, en Fortaleza/CE, en los meses de mayo y junio de 2017 con 20 madres primíparas. Se utilizó análisis temático de contenido para análisis de los datos. Resultados: Através de la organización de los discursos se obtuvo categoría Experiencia Materna en el Cuidado. Se percibió que miedo, inseguridad y dudas estaban presentes en el cotidiano de las entrevistadas, interfiriendo en los cuidados como bañarse y sostener al bebé; la limpieza de la cicatriz umbilical era cesada después de la caída del coto; los bebés dormían de bruces; dolor y estrés contribuyeron al fracaso de la lactación; la limpieza del coto umbilical era cesada después de su caída; los bebés dormían en la posición ventral; experiencia previa en el cuidado a los hermanos más jóvenes influía en el cuidado materno. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica: Se comprendió que las orientaciones realizadas por los enfermeros son fundamentales para la calificación de las madres primíparas en la asistencia al hijo.


Resumo Objetivo: Compreender como a mãe primípara exerce o cuidado materno ao filho menor de seis meses no domicílio. Método: Pesquisa descritiva com abordagem qualitativa, realizada em uma Unidade de Atenção Primária à Saúde, em Fortaleza/CE, nos meses de maio e junho de 2017. Participaram 20 mães primíparas. Utilizou-se análise temática de conteúdo para análise dos dados. Resultados: Da organização dos discursos, obteve-se a categoria Experiência Materna no Cuidado. Percebeu-se que sentimentos de medo e insegurança estavam presentes no cotidiano das entrevistadas, interferindo nos cuidados como banhar e segurar o bebê; a limpeza da cicatriz umbilical era cessada após a queda do coto; bebês dormiam de bruços; dor e estresse contribuíram para insucesso da lactação; experiência prévia no cuidado aos irmãos mais novos influenciava o cuidado materno. Conclusão e implicações para a prática: Compreendeu-se que as orientações realizadas pelos enfermeiros são fundamentais para qualificação das mães primíparas na assistência ao filho.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Infant Care , Maternal Behavior , Sleep , Umbilical Cord , Baths , Breast Feeding , Crying , Diapers, Infant , Qualitative Research , Eructation , Fear , Internet Use
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715548

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Laparoscopic total fundoplication is the standard surgery for gastroesophageal reflux disease. However, partial fundoplication may be a viable alternative. Here, we conducted a nationwide survey of partial fundoplication in Korea. METHODS: The Korean Anti-Reflux Surgery study group recorded 32 cases of partial fundoplication at eight hospitals between September 2009 and January 2016. The surgical outcomes and postoperative adverse symptoms in these cases were evaluated and compared with 86 cases of total fundoplication. RESULTS: Anterior partial fundoplication was performed in 20 cases (62.5%) and posterior in 12 (37.5%). In most cases, partial fundoplication was a secondary procedure after operations for other conditions. Half of patients who underwent partial fundoplication had typical symptoms at the time of initial diagnosis, and most of them showed excellent (68.8%), good (25.0%), or fair (6.3%) symptom resolution at discharge. Compared to total fundoplication, partial fundoplication showed no difference in the resolution rate of typical and atypical symptoms. However, adverse symptoms such as dysphagia, difficult belching, gas bloating and flatulence were less common after partial fundoplication. CONCLUSION: Although antireflux surgery is not popular in Korea and total fundoplication is the primary surgical choice for gastroesophageal reflux disease, partial fundoplication may be useful in certain conditions because it has less postoperative adverse symptoms but similar efficacy to total fundoplication.


Subject(s)
Deglutition Disorders , Diagnosis , Eructation , Flatulence , Fundoplication , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Humans , Korea
6.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 362-365, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-211171

ABSTRACT

Gastroduodenal symptoms are very common in the general population. The symptoms are classified into four categories according to the newly revised Rome IV criteria: functional dyspepsia (including postprandial discomfort and epigastric pain syndrome), belching disorders (including excessive gastric and supragastric belching), chronic nausea and vomiting syndrome (including chronic nausea vomiting syndrome, cyclic vomiting syndrome, and cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome), and rumination syndrome. Newly developed diagnostic criteria are based on recently published studies. These revised criteria will be very helpful for appropriately managing these patients in a clinical situation.


Subject(s)
Dyspepsia , Eructation , Humans , Nausea , Vomiting
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-184078

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: There are limited data about the relation between belching and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). We aim to evaluate belching in patients with IBS. METHODS: Twenty-five patients with IBS and 12 healthy volunteers were enrolled in the study. IBS was diagnosed in accordance with the Rome III criteria. All patients were questioned about the presence of symptoms for belching, gastroesophageal reflux disease, and dyspepsia. Esophageal manometry and 24-hour pH-impedance were performed in all patients and healthy volunteers. Each of the patients with IBS underwent gastroscopy and colonoscopy. RESULTS: Demographic features were similar in both groups (P > 0.05). The belching rate was 32% in patients with IBS. The mean DeMeester score was significantly higher in IBS patients (13.80 ± 14.40 vs 6.04 ± 5.60, P = 0.027) and 24% of patients had pathologic acid reflux (DeMeester score > 14). Gastroscopy was normal in all patients. Symptom association probability positivity was detected in 24% of patients in the impedance study. The rate of weak acid reflux was also significantly higher in patients with IBS (97.00 ± 56.20 vs 58.20 ± 29.30, P = 0.025). The number of supine gas reflux (7.50 ± 6.40 vs 2.42 ± 2.80, P = 0.001) and supragastric belches was significantly higher in patients with IBS (51.20 ± 41.20 vs 25.08 ± 15.20, P = 0.035). Although the number of gastric belching was higher in controls, the difference did not reach statistical significance (12.10 ± 17.60 vs 4.90 ± 3.80, P = 0.575). We did not find any correlation between belching and any symptoms of IBS. CONCLUSIONS: Belching is frequent in patients with IBS. Non-erosive reflux disease is frequent in IBS, which may be related to supragastric belching.


Subject(s)
Colonoscopy , Dyspepsia , Electric Impedance , Eructation , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Gastroscopy , Healthy Volunteers , Humans , Irritable Bowel Syndrome , Manometry
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-184088

ABSTRACT

The Rome criteria were amended as Rome IV. For functional esophageal disorders, the exclusion criteria have been more specifically revised based on further understanding of other esophageal disorders, including eosinophilic esophagitis and spastic and hypercontractile motor disorders. Another revised point is the more restrictive definition of gastroesophageal reflux disease, indicating that sensitivity to a physiological reflux burden may be placed more firmly within the functional group. For functional dyspepsia (FD), only minor changes were introduced, mainly to improve specificity. Among the major symptoms of FD, not only postprandial fullness, but also epigastric pain, epigastric burning, and early satiation should be “bothersome.” Investigation on the effect of meal ingestion on symptom generation has indicated that not only postprandial fullness and early satiety, but also epigastric pain, epigastric burning sensation and nausea (not vomiting) may increase after meals. Helicobacter pylori infection is considered a possible cause of dyspepsia if successful eradication leads to sustained resolution of symptoms for more than 6 months, and such status can be termed as “H. pylori–associated dyspepsia.” Prompt esophagogastroduodenoscopy and H. pylori testing and treatment would be more beneficial, especially in Asia, which has a high prevalence of gastric cancer. Acotiamide, tandospirone, and rikkunshito are the newly listed as treatment options for FD. For further therapeutic development, clinical studies based on the strict Rome IV criteria should be performed.


Subject(s)
Asia , Burns , Dyspepsia , Eating , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Eosinophilic Esophagitis , Eructation , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Heartburn , Helicobacter pylori , Meals , Motor Disorders , Muscle Spasticity , Nausea , Prevalence , Satiation , Sensation , Sensitivity and Specificity , Stomach Neoplasms
9.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-96173

ABSTRACT

Supragastric belching is the most important factor in the etiology of excessive belching complaints. Supragastric belching is a belching disorder with a behavioral origin. The standard diagnosis is made by monitoring the esophageal impedance. Supragastric belching has been shown to be associated with globus, as well as reflux symptoms in proton pump inhibitor non-responders in gastroesophageal reflux disease; however, the pathophysiology of supragastric belching in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease or functional dyspepsia has not been clarified. Patient education with behavioral therapy is the treatment of choice in isolated supragastric belching. On the other hand, the best management of supragastric belching associated with globus, gastroesophageal reflux disease, and dyspepsia remains to be studied.


Subject(s)
Diagnosis , Dyspepsia , Electric Impedance , Eructation , Esophagus , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Hand , Humans , Patient Education as Topic , Proton Pumps
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-61975

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: We aim to evaluate the efficacy and safety of combination therapy in erosive reflux disease (ERD) patients by comparing endoscopic healing rates according to the Los Angeles classification for esomeprazole alone, and esomeprazole plus mosapride. METHODS: A total of 116 ERD patients were randomized to receive esomeprazole 40 mg once daily plus mosapride 5 mg 3 times daily (E+M group), or esomeprazole plus placebo (E only group) for 8 weeks. Patients recorded gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) symptom questionnaire at weeks 4 and 8. The primary endpoint was the endoscopic healing rate of ERD after 8 weeks of treatment. RESULTS: Endoscopic healing rates according to the Los Angeles classification was 32 (66.7%) in the E+M group and 26 (60.5%) in the E only group, but there was no statistically significant difference between the groups. Only at 4 weeks, the total GERD symptom score changes relative to the baseline significantly improved in the E+M group than that of the E only group (−13.4 ± 14.7 vs −8.0 ± 12.3, P = 0.041), and upper abdominal pain and belching score changes showed significantly improved in the E+M group than that of the E only group (P = 0.018 and P = 0.013, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The combination of a proton pump inhibitor with mosapride shows a tendency for upper abdominal pain, belching, and total GERD symptoms scores to improve more rapidly. This suggests that combination therapy with esomeprazole and mosapride will be useful for rapid improvement of specific GERD symptoms, such as upper abdominal pain and belching in ERD patients.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Classification , Eructation , Esomeprazole , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Gastrointestinal Motility , Humans , Proton Pump Inhibitors , Proton Pumps
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-121111

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Topical pharyngeal anesthesia reduces discomfort during upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (UGIE) but may not increase tolerance to the procedure. This case-control study was performed to assess whether lidocaine spray on the endoscope in addition to pharyngeal anesthesia improves patient tolerance to endoscopy we performed. METHODS: Patients who underwent UGIE were assigned to either the case group where the endoscope was treated with 2 sprays of 10% lidocaine before insertion or the control group given only conventional pharyngeal anesthesia. And we compared the frequency of belching and retching during endoscopy. RESULTS: Among 497 eligible patients, 262 were assigned to the case group and 235 to the control group. There were significant differences between the two groups in belching (odds ratio [OR] = 0.15, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.09-0.24, P < 0.01) and retching (OR = 0.22, 95% CI = 0.15-0.34, P = 0.01) during endoscopy using multivariate analysis. Younger patients (OR = 0.96, 95% CI = 0.94-0.98, P < 0.01) and female patients (OR = 2.16, 95% CI = 1.40-3.33, P = 0.01) had belching more frequently than older patients and male patients, respectively. Retching was more frequent in sedated patients (OR = 0.39, 95% CI = 0.25-0.61, P = 0.01) and those with gastro-esophageal reflux disease (OR = 1.48, 95% CI = 1.00-2.21, P = 0.06). CONCLUSIONS: Use of lidocaine spray on the endoscope improves patient tolerance during UGIE compared to only conventional pharyngeal anesthesia.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia , Case-Control Studies , Endoscopes , Endoscopy , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Eructation , Female , Gagging , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Humans , Lidocaine , Male , Multivariate Analysis , Observational Study
12.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 52(3): 190-194, July-Sep. 2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-762881

ABSTRACT

BackgroundEructation is a physiologic event which allows gastric venting of swallowed air and most of the time is not perceived as a symptom. This is called gastric belching. Supragastric belching occurs when swallowed air does not reach the stomach and returns by mouth a short time after swallowing. This situation may cause discomfort, life limitations and problems in daily life.ObjectiveOur objective in this investigation was to evaluate if gum chewing increases the frequency of gastric and/or supragastric belches.MethodsEsophageal transit of liquid and gas was evaluated by impedance measurement in 16 patients with complaint of troublesome belching and in 15 controls. The Rome III criteria were used in the diagnosis of troublesome belching. The esophageal transit of liquid and gas was measured at 5 cm, 10 cm, 15 cm and 20 cm from the lower esophageal sphincter. The subjects were evaluated for 1 hour which was divided into three 20-minute periods: (1) while sitting for a 20-minute base period; (2) after the ingestion of yogurt (200 mL, 190 kcal), in which the subjects were evaluated while chewing or not chewing gum; (3) final 20-minute period in which the subjects then inverted the task of chewing or not chewing gum. In gastric belch, the air flowed from the stomach through the esophagus in oral direction and in supragastric belch the air entered the esophagus rapidly from proximal and was expulsed almost immediately in oral direction. Air swallows were characterized by an increase of at least 50% of basal impedance and saliva swallow by a decrease of at least 50% of basal impedance, that progress from proximal to distal esophagus.ResultsIn base period, air swallowing was more frequent in patients than in controls and saliva swallowing was more frequent in controls than in patients. There was no difference between the medians of controls and patients in the number of gastric belches and supragastric belches. In six patients, supragastric belches were seen at least once during the 20-minute base period. None of the controls had supragastric belches. In the control group, the ingestion of yogurt caused no significant alteration in the number of air swallows, saliva swallows, gastric belches and supragastric belches. In the patient group, there was an increase in the number of air swallows. If the subjects were chewing gum during this 20-minute period, there was an increase in the number of saliva swallows in both groups, without alterations of the number of air swallow, gastric belches and supragastric belches. There was no alteration in the number of the saliva swallows, air swallows, gastric belches and supragastric belches in both groups for subjects who did not chew gum in the 20-40 minute period after yogurt ingestion. When the subjects were chewing the gum, there was an increase in saliva swallows in the control and patients groups and in air swallows in the patients group.ConclusionGum chewing causes an increase in saliva swallowing in both patients with excessive belching and in controls, and an increase in air swallowing in patients with excessive belching 20 minutes after yogurt ingestion. Gum chewing did not increase or decrease the frequency of gastric or supragastric belches.


ContextoEructação é um evento fisiológico que permite a eliminação de gás presente no estômago, geralmente não percebida como sintoma, situação identificada como eructação gástrica. Eructação supragástrica ocorre quando o ar deglutido não vai ao estômago, mas retorna do esôfago imediatamente após ser deglutido; situação que causa desconforto e limitações ao paciente.ObjetivoO objetivo desta investigação foi avaliar se goma de mascar aumenta a frequência de eructação gástrica e/ou supragástrica.MétodosO trânsito de líquido e gás foi avaliado por impedância in 16 pacientes com queixas de eructação excessiva e 15 controles. O diagnóstico de eructação excessiva foi feito tendo em consideração os critérios descritos no Roma III. O trânsito pelo esôfago foi medido por sensores de impedância localizados a 5 cm, 10 cm, 15 cm e 20 cm do esfíncter inferior do esôfago. Os indivíduos foram avaliados sentados em uma cadeira durante um período basal de 20 minutos, outro período de 20 minutos após a ingestão de iogurte (200 mL, 190 kcal), mastigando ou não goma de mascar, e em outro período por mais 20 minutos no qual invertiam o fato de mastigarem ou não goma de mascar. Na eructação gástrica o ar vinha do estômago em direção proximal, e na eructação supragástrica o ar entrou no esôfago e foi imediatamente eliminado em direção proximal. A deglutição de ar foi caracterizada pelo aumento em pelo menos 50% do valor da impedância e a deglutição de saliva pela diminuição em pelo menos 50% do valor da impedância, que progredia da parte proximal do esôfago para a parte distal.ResultadosNo período basal a deglutição de ar foi mais frequente nos pacientes do que nos controles, e a deglutição de saliva mais frequente nos controles do que nos pacientes. Não houve diferenças na mediana entre os resultados de controles e pacientes no número de eructações gástricas e supragástricas. Em seis pacientes ocorreram eructações supragástricas, o que não aconteceu em nenhum controle. Entre os controles a ingestão de iogurte não alterou a frequência de deglutição de ar, deglutição de saliva, eructações gástricas e eructações supragástricas. No grupo de pacientes houve aumento da deglutição de ar. Mastigar a goma durante este período causou aumento da deglutição de saliva, nos dois grupos, sem alterações na frequência de deglutição de ar, eructação gástrica e eructação supragástrica. No período entre 20 e 40 minutos após a ingestão do iogurte, se a pessoa não mascava a goma, não havia mudança na frequência de deglutição de saliva, deglutição de ar, eructações gástricas e eructações supragástricas. Quando a pessoa mascava a goma, houve aumento da deglutição de saliva nos dois grupos e de deglutição de ar no grupo de pacientes.ConclusãoGoma de mascar causa aumento da deglutição de saliva em pacientes com eructações excessivas e controles, e aumento da deglutição de ar em pacientes 20 minutos após a ingestão de iogurte. Goma de mascar não aumenta ou diminui a frequência de eructação gástrica ou eructação supragástrica.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aerophagy/etiology , Chewing Gum/adverse effects , Eructation/etiology , Saliva , Case-Control Studies , Deglutition , Esophagus/physiopathology , Mastication
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-186682

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Supragastric belching (SGB) is a phenomenon during which air is sucked into the esophagus and then rapidly expelled through the mouth. Patients often complain of severely impaired quality of life. Our objective was to establish the prevalence of excessive SGB within a high-volume gastrointestinal physiology unit, and evaluate its association with symptoms, esophageal motility and gastresophageal reflux disease. METHODS: We established normal values for SGB by analyzing 24-hour pH-impedance in 40 healthy asymptomatic volunteers. We searched 2950 consecutive patient reports from our upper GI Physiology Unit (from 2010-2013) for SGB. Symptoms were recorded by a standardized questionnaire evaluating for reflux, dysphagia, and dyspepsia symptoms. We reviewed the predominant symptoms, 24-hour pH-impedance and high-resolution esophageal manometry results. RESULTS: Excessive SGB was defined as > 13 per 24 hours. We identified 100 patients with excessive SGB. Ninety-five percent of these patients suffered from typical reflux symptoms, 86% reported excessive belching, and 65% reported dysphagia. Forty-one percent of patients with excessive SGB had pathological acid reflux. Compared to the patients with normal acid exposure these patients trended towards a higher number of SGB episodes. Forty-four percent of patients had esophageal hypomotility. Patients with hypomotility had a significantly higher frequency of SGB compared to those with normal motility (118.3 +/- 106.1 vs 80.6 +/- 75.7, P = 0.020). CONCLUSIONS: Increased belching is rarely a symptom in isolation. Pathological acid exposure and hypomotility are associated with more SGB frequency. Whether SGB is a disordered response to other esophageal symptoms or their cause is unclear.


Subject(s)
Deglutition Disorders , Dyspepsia , Electric Impedance , Eructation , Esophageal Motility Disorders , Esophagus , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Humans , Manometry , Mouth , Physiology , Prevalence , Quality of Life , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reference Values , Volunteers
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-107935

ABSTRACT

Primary malignant melanoma of the esophagus is an extremely rare disease and accounts for approximately 0.1~0.2% of all esophageal malignancies. It is also a very aggressive disease with 5 year survival rates ranging from 2.2% to 37.5%. A 51-year-old woman with no previous medical history visited the hospital complaining of mild epigastric discomfort and belching. Endoscopy revealed a dark pigmented, polypoid lesion which was later diagnosed as primary malignant melanoma of the esophagus. Here we report a case of primary malignant melanoma of the esophagus that was diagnosed in a very early phase and successfully resected with an Ivor-Lewis procedure.


Subject(s)
Early Diagnosis , Endoscopy , Eructation , Esophagectomy , Esophagus , Female , Humans , Melanoma , Middle Aged , Rare Diseases , Survival Rate
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-140367

ABSTRACT

Belching is the audible escape of air from the esophagus into the pharynx. It is considered a disorder when the symptom is very frequent and causes significant distress to the patients. Excessive belching can be divided according to excessive supragastric and gastric belching. Gastric belching is usually physiological. In contrast, supragastric belching can be considered learned behavior. In addition, many psychiatric conditions, including anxiety, have been described in patients with supragastric belching and some patients have reported that their symptoms increased during stressful events. We report on a case of supragastric belching in a depressive patient and discuss its management through psychiatric approaches.


Subject(s)
Anxiety , Cognitive Behavioral Therapy , Depressive Disorder, Major , Eructation , Esophagus , Humans , Life Change Events , Pharynx , United Nations
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-140366

ABSTRACT

Belching is the audible escape of air from the esophagus into the pharynx. It is considered a disorder when the symptom is very frequent and causes significant distress to the patients. Excessive belching can be divided according to excessive supragastric and gastric belching. Gastric belching is usually physiological. In contrast, supragastric belching can be considered learned behavior. In addition, many psychiatric conditions, including anxiety, have been described in patients with supragastric belching and some patients have reported that their symptoms increased during stressful events. We report on a case of supragastric belching in a depressive patient and discuss its management through psychiatric approaches.


Subject(s)
Anxiety , Cognitive Behavioral Therapy , Depressive Disorder, Major , Eructation , Esophagus , Humans , Life Change Events , Pharynx , United Nations
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-113907

ABSTRACT

Belching is a normal physiological function that may occur when ingested air accumulated in the stomach is expelled or when food containing air and gas produced in the gastrointestinal tract is expelled. Excessive belching can cause patients to complain of abdominal discomfort, disturbed daily life activities, decreased quality of life and may be related to various gastrointestinal disorders such as gastroesophageal reflux disease, functional dyspepsia, aerophagia and rumination syndrome. Belching disorders can be classified into aerophagia and unspecified belching disorder according to the Rome III criteria. Since the introduction of multichannel intraluminal impedance monitoring, efforts are being made to elucidate the types and pathogenic mechanisms of belching disorders. Treatment modalities such as behavioral therapy, speech therapy, baclofen, tranquilizers and proton pump inhibitors can be attempted, but further investigations on the effective treatment of belching disorders are warranted.


Subject(s)
Aerophagy , Behavior Therapy , Eructation/metabolism , Humans , Muscle Relaxants, Central/therapeutic use , Proton Pump Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Quality of Life , Speech Therapy
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-87481

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Non-celiac gluten sensitivity has been increasingly recognized as a predisposing factor for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)-like symptoms in Western populations where celiac disease (CD) is relatively common. In Asia where CD is rare, we wish to determine the prevalence of gluten protein associated serology in IBS patients, which has not been formally studied, and its relation to histological and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) markers. METHODS: We reviewed a consecutive cohort of Asian patients with IBS, who had undergone serologic testing for IgA against deamidated gliadin peptide antibodies (IgA DGP) and IgA anti-endomysium antibodies, and who also had duodenal biopsies during clinical workup. In addition, a subset of Chinese patients with positive serology was further tested for HLA-DQ2 and HLA-DQ8. RESULTS: Of 186 patients, 34 (18%) were positive for IgA DGP; bloating, abdominal pain, belching and diarrhea were the most commonly reported symptoms but diarrhea as the most bothersome symptom was significantly more common in IgA DGP positive patients. Mildly increased intra-epithelial lymphocytes on duodenal biopsy was also more common (29% vs. 9%, P = 0.001). Nine of 21 Chinese patients tested as IgA DGP positive undertook HLA-DQ2/DQ8 testing, with only 2 being positive for HLA-DQ8. All patients with positive IgA DGP reported symptom improvement with gluten withdrawal. CONCLUSIONS: We have described a series of Asian, mainly Chinese, patients with IBS who were tested positive for IgA DGP, and improved on a gluten exclusion diet. We believe this is the first report of non-celiac gluten sensitivity in Asia, a region where CD is uncommon.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Antibodies , Asia , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Biopsy , Causality , Celiac Disease , Cohort Studies , Diarrhea , Diet , Eructation , Gliadin , Glutens , Humans , Immunoglobulin A , Irritable Bowel Syndrome , Leukocytes , Lymphocytes , Prevalence , Serologic Tests
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-112124

ABSTRACT

Superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome is a rare disorder characterized by extrinsic compression of the third portion of the duodenum between the superior mesenteric artery and aorta, resulting in intermittent obstruction, thereby resulting in proximal duodenal and stomach dilatation. Although the most characteristic symptoms are postprandial epigastric pain, fullness, voluminous vomiting, and eructation, severe symptoms including acute massive gastric dilatation to the extent of surgical abdomen was rarely reported. We report a case of SMA syndrome in a 24-year-old patient with an eating disorder. CT and an upper gastointestinal contrast series revealed massive gastric dilatation which induced vascular compressions. Endoscopy showed deep extensive ulcerations of the whole stomach with duodenal necrosis and ischemia, which prompted immediate surgical laparotomy, but no remarkable intra-abdominal peritonitis evidence was noted. We treated the patient conservatively and the patient recovered from all the symptoms.


Subject(s)
Abdomen , Aorta , Duodenum , Feeding and Eating Disorders , Endoscopy , Eructation , Gastric Dilatation , Humans , Ischemia , Laparotomy , Mesenteric Artery, Superior , Necrosis , Peritonitis , Stomach , Superior Mesenteric Artery Syndrome , Ulcer , Vomiting , Young Adult
20.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 50(2): 107-110, abr. 2013. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-679162

ABSTRACT

Context Supragastric belches are the main determinants of troublesome belching symptoms. In supragastric belches, air is rapidly brought into the esophagus and is immediately followed by a rapid expulsion before it has reached the stomach. Objective To evaluate the esophageal contraction and transit after wet swallows in patients with troublesome belching. Methods Esophageal contraction and transit were evaluated in 16 patients with troublesome belching and 15 controls. They were measured at 5, 10, 15, and 20 cm from the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) by a solid state manometric and impedance catheter. Each subject swallowed five 5 mL boluses of saline. Results The amplitude, duration and area under the curve of contractions were similar in patients with troublesome belching and control subjects. The total esophageal bolus transit time was 6.2 (1.8) s in patients with troublesome belching and 6.1 (2.3) s in controls (P = 0.55). The bolus presence time was longer in controls than in patients at 5 cm from the LES [controls: 6.0 (1.1) s, patients: 4.9 (1.2) s, P = 0.04], without differences at 10, 15 and 20 cm from the LES. The bolus head advanced time was longer in patients than controls from 20 cm to 15 cm [controls: 0.1 (0.1) s, patients: 0.7(0.8)s, P = 0.01] and from 15 cm to 10 cm [controls: 0.3 (0.1) s, patients: 1.6 (2.6) s, P = 0.01] of the LES, without difference from 10 cm to 5 cm [controls: 0.7 (0.3) s, patients: 1.0 (1.1) s, P = 0.37]. There was no difference in segment transit time. Conclusion There was no difference in esophageal contractions between patients with troublesome belching and controls. The swallowed bolus went slower into the proximal and middle esophageal body in patients than in control, but cross the distal esophageal body faster in patients than in controls. .


Contexto Na eructação esofágica o ar é rapidamente trazido para o esôfago, fato imediatamente seguido pela rápida expulsão, antes de ter atingido o estômago. Objetivo Avaliar a contração e o trânsito pelo esôfago após deglutições líquidas em pacientes com eructações excessivas. Métodos Contração do esôfago e o trânsito foram avaliados em 16 pacientes com eructações excessivas e 15 controles. Elas foram medidas a 5, 10, 15 e 20 cm do esfíncter inferior do esôfago (EIE) por um cateter em estado sólido de manometria e impedância. Cada indivíduo deglutiu cinco vezes 5 mL de salina. Resultados A amplitude, duração e área sob a curva das contrações foram similares em pacientes com eructação e controles. O tempo total de trânsito esofágico foi de 6,2 (1,8) s em pacientes com eructação e 6,1 (2,3) s em controles (P = 0,55). O tempo de presença de bolus foi mais longo nos controles do que nos pacientes a 5 cm do EIE [controles: 6.0 (1.1) s, pacientes: 4.9 (1.2) s, P = 0,04], sem diferenças a 10, 15 e 20 cm do EIE. O tempo de avanço da cabeça bolo foi mais longo em pacientes do que nos controles, de 20 cm a 15 cm [controles: 0,1 (0,1) s, pacientes: 0,7 (0,8) s, P = 0,01] e de 15 cm a 10 cm [controles: 0,3 (0,1) s, pacientes: 1.6 (2.6) s, P = 0,01] do corpo esofágico, sem diferença de 10 cm a 5 cm [controles: 0,7 (0,3) s, de pacientes: 1.0 (1.1) s, P = 0,37]. Não houve diferença no tempo de trânsito segmentar. Conclusão Não houve diferença nas contrações do esôfago entre pacientes com eructação excessiva e controles. O bolo líquido deglutido teve propagação ...


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Eructation/physiopathology , Esophagus/physiopathology , Peristalsis/physiology , Case-Control Studies , Electric Impedance , Manometry
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