Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 368
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(2): 335-342, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1248935


This study aimed to identify, by means of thromboelastometry assessment, altered thrombotic risk in dogs with primary and secondary IMHA by E. canis infection after initiating the immunosuppressive therapy with mycophenolate mofetil. The animals' screening was based on complete blood count (CBC), biochemical and urine tests. Dogs with moderate to severe anemia (hematocrit ≤ 25%) which showed symptoms of immune-mediated hemolysis, such as spherocytosis, positive saline agglutination, bilirubinuria and/or hemoglobinuria, were included. Blood and urine samples were collected at two different moments. The first sample (M1) was collected at the time of diagnosis, when hematocrit was lower or equal to 25% before treatment with mycophenolate mofetil (Accord ®); the second sample (M2) was collected after treatment with mycophenolate mofetil, when hematocrit was greater or equal to 30%. Five out of the twelve animals selected died before the end of the study. No reduction in thrombotic risk was observed in the animals treated with mycophenolate mofetil. The animals that presented hypocoagulation at the time of diagnosis showed the worst prognosis, and their reticulocyte count displayed a better prognostic value than their erythrocytes count at the time of diagnosis.(AU)

O objetivo deste estudo foi esclarecer se há alteração do risco trombótico em cães com anemia hemolítica imunomediada primária e secundária a E.canis, avaliado por meio da tromboelastometria, após início de tratamento com micofenolato de mofetila. A seleção dos animais foi baseada na avaliação de hemograma, exame bioquímico e urinálise. Cães com anemia moderada a severa (hematócrito ≤ 25%), com sinais de hemólise imunomediada, como esferocitose, aglutinação em salina positivo, bilirrubinúria e/ ou hemoglobinúria, foram incluídos. As amostras de sangue e urina foram coletadas em dois momentos diferentes. A primeira amostra (M1) foi coletada no momento do diagnóstico, quando o hematócrito era igual ou inferior a 25%, sem fazer uso do micofenolato de mofetila (Accord®), e o segundo momento (M2), após tratamento com micofenolato de mofetila, quando o hematócrito era igual ou maior que 30%. Doze animais foram selecionados, cinco morreram antes do término do estudo. Não houve diminuição do risco trombótico entre os animais tratados com micofenolato de mofetila; os animais que apresentaram menor coagulabilidade apresentaram pior prognóstico, e a contagem de reticulócitos apresentou melhor valor prognóstico do que a contagem de hemácias no momento do diagnóstico.(AU)

Animals , Dogs , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Anemia, Hemolytic/complications , Anemia, Hemolytic/veterinary , Mycophenolic Acid/analysis , Mycophenolic Acid/adverse effects , Thrombelastography/veterinary , Ehrlichia canis , Erythrocyte Count/veterinary , Hemostasis
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887887


Objective To explore the feasibility of preheating in 41 ℃ water bath for 30 minutes to correct the red blood cell parameters in the specimens containing high-titer cold agglutinins(CAs). Methods Two specimens containing high-titer CAs were selected during work,and the parameters of complete blood count at room temperature or after preheating in 37 ℃ or 41 ℃ water bath were compared.The smears were stained,and the distribution of red blood cells was observed with a microscope.Further,74 specimens without CAs were collected for complete blood count,and then the test results at room temperature and after preheating at 41 ℃ were compared. Results At room temperature,the specimens containing high-titer CAs showed significantly reduced red blood cell count(RBC)and hematocrit(HCT),abnormally increased mean corpuscular hemoglobin(MCH)and mean cell hemoglobin concentration(MCHC),abnormal percents of hemoglobin(HGB)and RBC,and aggregation of a large number of red blood cells.After being preheated at 37 ℃ for a certain time,the specimens demonstrated obviously improved parameters while still aggregation of a small number of red blood cells.After being preheated at 41 ℃ for 30 minutes,the specimens showed significantly increased RBC,normal HCT,MCH,and MCHC,and evenly distributed red blood cells.The 74 specimens without CAs showed the comparability was ≥80% between room temperature and preheating at 41 ℃ for 30 minutes or 60 minutes. Conclusion We can preheat the specimens containing high-titer CAs in a water bath at 41 ℃ to obtain accurate red blood cell parameters.

Cryoglobulins , Erythrocyte Count , Erythrocytes , Feasibility Studies , Hematocrit
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(3): 889-894, May-June, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1129564


This study aimed to report the sanitary conditions through the hematological analysis of grouper E. itajara reared in captivity on estuarine conditions. Seven Goliath groupers (1,881.5±1,246.03g) were captured and kept in two tanks located on estuary. After 20 days, fish were collected for morphologic and hemato-physiologic evaluation. Two fish had clinical signs such as hemorrhagic spots and loss of scale due to agonistic behavior. Blood samples were collected, and the hematological parameters (biochemical, erythrogram and leukogram) were determined. Blood cells were characterized by their size, color and shape. Univariate statistic and principal components analysis were used to identify a hematological standard between fish with or without clinical signs. Four leukocyte types were found: lymphocyte, monocyte, neutrophil and basophil. Regardless of the clinical signs the cell morphology did not present any difference among the fish. However, there is a significant correlation between erythrocyte and lactate on fish with clinical signs. Thus, agonistics encountered among the fish is a stressing factor in captivity conditions making it necessary to have adequate management related to the size of fish and stocking density.(AU)

Este estudo avaliou as condições sanitárias do peixe mero E. itajara mantido sob cativeiro, em condições estuarinas, pelas análises hematológica e morfológica. Sete peixes (1.881,5±1.246,03g) foram capturados e mantidos em tanques localizados no estuário. Após 20 dias, os peixes foram coletados para avaliações morfológica e hematológica. Dois peixes tiveram sinais clínicos, como manchas hemorrágicas e perda de escamas devido ao comportamento agonístico entre os peixes. Amostras sanguíneas foram coletadas dos peixes anestesiados com auxílios de seringas umedecidas com EDTA 3%. Determinaram-se os parâmetros hematológicos (bioquímico, eritrograma e leucograma). Células sanguíneas foram caracterizadas por seu tamanho, cor e padrão. Estatística univariada e análises de componentes principais foram usadas para identificar um padrão hematológico entre os peixes com e sem sinais clínicos. Quatro tipos de leucócitos foram encontrados: linfócito, monócito, neutrófilo e basófilo. Os sinais clínicos não apresentaram diferença entre os peixes e a morfologia celular. Contudo, observou-se uma correlação entre os peixes com sinais clínicos e a quantidade de eritrócitos e lactato. Assim, encontros antagônicos entre os peixes são um fator estressante em condições de cativeiro, tornando-se necessário um manejo mais adequado relacionado ao tamanho dos indivíduos e à densidade de estocagem.(AU)

Animals , Perciformes , Erythrocyte Count/veterinary , Hematologic Tests/veterinary , Leukocyte Count/veterinary , Stress, Psychological
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826288


BACKGROUND@#Petrol is the non-specific term for petroleum which is used for inside combustion of engines. Petrol filling workers are highly vulnerable to occupational exposure to these harmful substances which lead to hemato-toxicity and blood disorders such as leukemia, aplastic anemia, and dysplastic bone marrow. Thus, this study was aimed to assess hematological parameters of petrol filling workers in Gondar town, Northwest Ethiopia.@*METHODS@#A comparative cross-sectional study was conducted from January to March 2019 in Gondar town, Northwest Ethiopia. A total of 110 study participants comprising 55 study groups and 55 controls group were recruited by a convenient sampling technique. Socio-demographic data were collected using a structured questionnaire, and 3 ml of venous blood was collected for the determination of hematological parameters. The data were entered into Epi info and analyzed by SPSS version of 20. Mean, standard deviation, median, and interquartile ranges were used to present the data. Independent t test and Mann-Whitney U test were used to compare the mean or median difference between parametric and non-parametric hematological parameters, respectively. Moreover, Pearson product-moment and Spearman's rank-order bivariable correlations analyses were used to describe the correlation between hematological parameters and duration of exposure to petrol. A P value of ≤ 0.05 was considered statistically significant.@*RESULTS@#The study revealed that mean red blood cell count and hemoglobin level as well as the median hematocrit, mean cell hemoglobin concentration, platelet count, absolute lymphocytes count, and red cell distribution width values of petrol filling workers showed a significant increment compared with the control group. On the other hand, the mean cell hemoglobin value of petrol filling workers showed a significant decrement compared with healthy controls. Moreover, the duration of exposure to petrol showed a significant positive correlation with red blood cell count and mean cell hemoglobin concentration; however, a significant negative correlation was observed with mean cell volume.@*CONCLUSION@#This study showed that the majority of hematological parameters of petrol filling workers showed an increment compared with healthy controls which might be associated with exposure to petrol chemicals. However, further longitudinal study with a larger sample size should be conducted to explore the impact of petrol exposure on hematopoiesis.

Adult , Cross-Sectional Studies , Erythrocyte Count , Erythrocyte Indices , Ethiopia , Female , Hematocrit , Humans , Lymphocyte Count , Male , Middle Aged , Occupational Exposure , Oil and Gas Industry , Platelet Count , Time Factors , Young Adult
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771921


OBJECTIVE@#To establish the reference intervals of the hematological parameters in normal adult people of Xuzhou erea.@*METHODS@#The red blood cells (RBC), platelets, white blood cells (WBC) and related parameters were detected by hematoanalyzers in 82514 healthy people including 41257 males and 41257 females in the Medical Center of the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University.@*RESULTS@#The range of RBC count: (4.33-5.51) ×10/L in male and(3.82-4.85)×10/L in female, the range of Hb level: (132-172) g/L in male and(107-145)g/L in female, the range of HCT: 40 %-50 % in male and 34 %-44 % in female, the range of platelet count: (113-268) ×10/L in male and (126-289) ×10/L in female, the range of WBC count: (4.00-9.40) ×10/L in male and (3.54-9.30)×10/L in female, the range of NEUT count: (1.91-5.76) ×10/L in male and(1.67-5.30)×10/L in female, the range of MONO count: (0.18-0.58) ×10/L in male and(0.16-0.52)×10/L in female, the range of LYM is(1.3-3.4)×10/L in male and(1.2-3.1)×10/L in female, etc.Conclusion: There is significant difference in the blood cell parameters between Xuzhou and other areas. Among them, the lower limit of Hb reference interval for adult women in Xuzhou area is obviously lower, and the upper and lower limits of adult Plt reference interval are significantly lower than other areas in China and abroad. The upper and lower limits of the WBC reference interval are close to the domestic areas, but lower than that in some foreign regions. Through this survey, the reference intervals of different hematologic parameters of healthy people in Xuzhou area primarily has been established, Some of the indexes, such as RBC, Hb, HCT, and Plt have significant sex differences. The reference intervals for them have been estublisted respectively.

Adult , China , Erythrocyte Count , Female , Humans , Leukocyte Count , Male , Reference Values , Surveys and Questionnaires
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771862


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the serological characteristics of patients with autoimmune hemolytic anemia(AIHA) and analyze its clinical efficacy and safety of incompatible red blood cell transfusion.@*METHODS@#Sixty AIHA patients admitted in our hospital from January 2014 to January 2018 were selected. The blood type serological characteristics of 60 patients were analyzed retrospectively. According to the type of autoantibody and the composition of different red blood cells, the efficacy and safety of erythrocyte infusions were evaluated respectively.@*RESULTS@#The screen results of irregular antibody in 60 AIHA patients were positive, and the direct anti-human globulin test also was positive, including 8 cases of cold autoantibodies (13.33%), 49 cases of IgG warm autoantibodies (81.67%), and 3 cases of warm cold double autoantibodies (5%). The irregular anti-body identification test confirmed the existence of homoantiboby in 17 cases (28.33%). Out of 60 cases 34 received incompatible red blood cell (RBC) infusion for 108 time including ABO homotype non washing RBC (81 tirnes) and O type washing RBC (27 times). The infusion results showed that the total [JP2]effective rate was 57.41(62/108), total partial effective rate was 14.81% (16/108) and total ineffective rate was 27.78% (30/108).The infusion of ABO homotype non-washing RBC for 81 time showed that the effective rate was 58.02%[JP] (47/81) , partial effective rate was 12.35 (10/81) and ineffective rate was 29.67% (24/81); the infusion of O type washing RBC for 27 times showed that the effective rate was 55.56% (15/27), partial effective rate was 22.22% (6/27) and ineffective rate was 22.22% (6/27), there was no significant difference in effective rate between 2 kinds of infusion (P>0.05). The comparison of different antibody type infusion showed that in the infusion of IgM cold autoantiboay for 12 times, the effective rate was 41.67% (5/12), partial effective rate was 33.33% (4/12) and ineffective rate was 25% (3/12); in the infusion of IgG warm antoantibody for 93 times. The effective rate was 58.06% (54/93),partial effective rate was 12.90% (12/93) and ineffective rale was 29.04% (27/93), there was also no significant difference in effective rate between 2 kinds of infusion(P>0.05). However, in infusion of cold/warm double autoantibody for 3 times, the effective rate was 100% (3/3), moreover, the hemotytic reaction of infusion was not observed during the treatment .@*CONCLUSION@#The infusion of ABO homotype non-washing RBC and O type washing RBC both possess the high safely and efficacy for treatment of patients with AIHA, but the use of ABO homotype non-washing RBC can effectively avoid the excessive use of O type washing RBC.

Anemia, Hemolytic, Autoimmune , Autoantibodies , Erythrocyte Count , Erythrocytes , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Tics
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759997


OBJECTIVE: The laboratory biomarkers used to diagnose spinal infection include white blood cell (WBC) counts, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and C-reactive protein (CRP). Recently, procalcitonin (PCT) has been used as a biomarker to distinguish between bacterial infection and non-bacterial infection. We aimed to compare the changes of conventional biomarker and PCT in patients with spinal infection before and after antibiotic treatment. METHODS: ESR, CRP, WBC counts, and PCT were measured in 29 patients diagnosed with pyogenic spinal infection at our hospital between May 2016 and December 2018 prior to antibiotic administration. After antibiotic administration, the values were followed up for 4 weeks at 1-week intervals. RESULTS: A total of 29 patients were enrolled, with a mean age of 67.8 years, consisting of 16 men and 13 women. Twenty-five patients had lumbar infections, and 2 each had cervical and thoracic infections. The mean ESR, CRP, PCT, and WBCs decreased at week 4 of antibiotic treatment compared to their baseline values. CRP and WBCs were significantly decreased after 4 weeks of treatment compared to before treatment. The mean ESR and PCT was not statistically significant compared to pretreatment and after antibiotic treatment (p-value>0.05). CONCLUSION: Among several biomarker, CRP and WBCs are biomarkers that can aid early evaluation of the effects of antibiotic treatment in pyogenic spondylitis. Although PCT did not have statistical significance, it can be used as a biomarker that reflects the effect of antibiotic and severity of infection.

Bacterial Infections , Biomarkers , C-Reactive Protein , Calcitonin , Erythrocyte Count , Female , Humans , Leukocytes , Male , Spondylitis
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741144


Two trials were conducted with proficiency tests for complete blood cell count (CBC) and blood cell morphology as part of the 2018 Routine Hematology Program of the Korean Association of External Quality Assessment Service. Three different control samples were sent for CBC testing and two blood cell morphology pictures were posted on the laboratory website during each trial. The mean response rates of the 1,719 participating laboratories were 97.4% and 37.2% for CBC and blood cell morphology, respectively. The distribution of equipment for CBC testing was comparable to that of the previous year. The coefficient of variation (CV) ranges were determined as 3.5%–4.1%, 1.9%–2.7%, 1.4%–2.8%, 4.5%–5.3%, and 5.4%–6.9% for white blood cell counts, red blood cell counts, hemoglobin, hematocrit, and platelet counts, respectively. The concordance rate ranged from 83.0% to 97.5% in blood cell morphology tests. We observed a continuous increase in the number of participating laboratories and a trend towards a decrease in the CVs of platelet counts compared to those in 2016. Values of the other assessed parameters were similar to those of the previous year.

Blood Cell Count , Blood Cells , Erythrocyte Count , Hematocrit , Hematology , Laboratory Proficiency Testing , Leukocyte Count , Platelet Count
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775086


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the serum level of soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) and its association with the degree of anemia in children with hemoglobin H (HbH) disease.@*METHODS@#A total of 55 children with HbH disease were enrolled as the HbH group, and 30 healthy children were enrolled as the control group. The HbH group was further divided into a deletional HbH disease group and a non-deletional HbH disease group. A retrospective analysis was performed for hematological parameters and serum sTfR level in all groups.@*RESULTS@#Of the 55 children with HbH disease, 39 had deletional HbH disease and 16 had non-deletional HbH disease. Compared with the control group, the deletional and non-deletional HbH disease groups had significantly lower hemoglobin (Hb), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), and mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) and a significantly higher serum level of sTfR. Compared with the deletional HbH disease group, the non-deletional HbH disease group had significantly lower red blood cell count (RBC) and Hb level and significantly higher MCV, MCH, and serum sTfR level. In children with HbH disease, serum sTfR level was negatively correlated with RBC and Hb level (r=-0.739 and -0.667 respectively, P<0.05) and positively correlated with MCV and MCH (r=0.750 and 0.434 respectively, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Serum sTfR level is associated the degree of anemia in children with HbH disease, and sTfR may be a target for the treatment of HbH disease.

Child , Erythrocyte Count , Hemoglobin H , Humans , Receptors, Transferrin , Retrospective Studies , alpha-Thalassemia
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786524


PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of inflammatory markers, the Laboratory-score, and a new laboratory combined model for predicting serious bacterial infection (SBI) in young febrile children.METHODS: The presence of SBI was reviewed in previously healthy children aged 3 years or younger with fever (> 38℃) who visited the emergency department from 2017 through 2018. Areas under the curves (AUCs) of the receiver operating characteristic curve for SBI were compared with individual inflammatory markers (white blood cells [WBC] count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate [ESR], C-reactive protein [CRP], procalcitonin [PCT], and urine WBC count), the Laboratory-score, and a laboratory combined model. The latter model was developed using logistic regression analysis including ESR, CRP, and PCT.RESULTS: Of the 203 enrolled children, SBI was diagnosed in 58 (28.6%). For SBI prediction, the Laboratory-score showed 51.7% sensitivity (95% confidence interval [CI], 38.2%–65.0%) and 83.5% specificity (95% CI, 76.4%–89.1%). The AUC of the Laboratory-score (0.76) was significantly superior to the values of all individual inflammatory markers (WBC, 0.59 [P = 0.032]; ESR, 0.69; and CRP, 0.74 [P < 0.001]) except that of PCT (0.77, [P < 0.001]). The AUC of the laboratory combined model (0.80) was superior to that of the Laboratory-score (0.76) (P < 0.001).CONCLUSION: In this study, the new laboratory combined model showed good predictability for SBI. This finding suggests the usefulness of combining ESR, CRP, and PCT in predicting SBI.

Area Under Curve , Bacterial Infections , Blood Cells , C-Reactive Protein , Child , Emergency Medicine , Emergency Service, Hospital , Erythrocyte Count , Fever , Humans , Logistic Models , Pediatrics , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774336


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation of IgG subclasses with blood cell parameters in the patients with autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA).@*METHODS@#Thirty-four patients with AIHA (except C3d types) of immune complex type (IgG+C3d) and single IgG type, including 26 cases of primary AIHA and 8 cases of secondary AIHA from December 2010 to August 2016 in our hospital were selected and enrolled in AIHA group; 30 healthy persons were selected and enrolled in healthy control group. The levels of IgG subclasses in blood plasma were detected by double antibody sandwich ELISA in healthy persons and AIHA patients, at the same time. The levels of IgG subclasses in of RBC diffuse fluid were detected as well. The relation of IgG subclass level with some parameters of blood cells was analyzed in the hight of partial parameters of blood cells in patients. The independent sample test was used for comparison of data in 2 groups, the Spearman method was used for correlation analyziz.@*RESULTS@#The average value of IgG1-4 in AIHA group was higher than that in healthy control group, there was statisticad difference between 2 groups (IgG1: t=-4.88, P0.01) the ratio pf IgG1, IgG2 and IgG3 all had the statistical differences (IgG1: t=4.03, P<0.01; IgG2: t=7.38, P<0.01; IgG3: t=3.03, P<0.01). The spearmen analysis of corrclation of IgG subclass in blood plasma of patients with partial parameters of blood cells showed that the IgG4 positivety correlated with Hb level, the RBC count and HCT (Hb: r=0.358, P<0.05; RBC: r=0.426, P<0.05; HCT: r=0.363, P<0.05); the IgG1 and IgG2 negatively correlated with WBC count (IgG1: r=0.437, P<0.05; IgG2: r=-0.487, P<0.01); the IgG2 negatively correlated with count (r=-0.436, P<0.05). The comparison of IgG subclass ratio in plasma and RBC diffuse fluid of patients showed that in addition to IgG2 (t=1.544, P>0.05), the rest IgG1, 3 and 4 all had statistical differences (IgG1: t=6.528, P<0.01; IgG3: t=-9.488, P<0.05; IgG4: t=-9.434, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The AIHA relates with IgG1 and IgG3, the detection of IgG subclasses may have a certain significance for studying the diagnosis, treatment and pothogenesis of AIHA.

Anemia, Hemolytic, Autoimmune , Blood Cells , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Erythrocyte Count , Humans , Immunoglobulin G
In. CASMU. Investigación clínica: desarrollo e innovación, 2019. Montevideo, Ideas Uruguay, 2019. p.144-145, graf.
Monography in English | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1359513
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 22(supl.2): E190004.SUPL.2, 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042227


RESUMO: Introdução: O artigo teve o objetivo de descrever a metodologia de coleta dos dados dos exames laboratoriais da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde (PNS). Metodologia: Foi selecionada uma subamostra de 25% dos setores censitários, obedecendo à estratificação da amostra da PNS, com probabilidade inversamente proporcional à dificuldade de coleta. A coleta de sangue e urina dos moradores selecionados para entrevista individual foi realizada nos domicílios por um agente de laboratório. Por conta das dificuldades encontradas no trabalho de campo,a amostra não atingiu número suficiente em alguns estratos da pesquisa, então para a análise dos dados foi proposto procedimento de pós-estratificação. Resultados: A coleta de material biológico foi realizada em 8.952 indivíduos. Os exames realizados foram: hemoglobina glicada; colesterol total; colesterol LDL; colesterol HDL; sorologia para dengue; hemograma série vermelha (eritograma) e série branca (leucograma); cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência (HPLC) para diagnóstico de hemoglobinopatias; e creatinina. Na urina, estimativa de excreção de potássio, sal, sódio e creatinina. A base de dados dos exames laboratoriais foi ponderada e disponibilizada para os usuários no site da PNS da Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, sem necessidade de autorização prévia para uso. Conclusão: A subamostra total coletada é de grande valia, pois permitiu estabelecer parâmetros de referência nacionais adequados às características sociodemográficas e geográficas da população brasileira, fornecendo informações relevantes e complementares para a análise da situação de saúde do Brasil.

ABSTRACT: Introduction: This article aims at describing the National Health Survey (Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde- PNS) methodology of collecting laboratory exams data. Methodology: A subsample of 25% of the census tracts was selected, according to the stratification of the PNS sample, with a probability inversely proportional to the difficulty of collection. The collection of blood and urine was done in the households by a laboratory agent, among residents selected for individual interview. Due to the difficulties found in the field work, the sample did not reach the minimum expected number in some strata, and a post-stratification procedure was proposed for the data analysis. Results: The collection of biospecimens was performed in 8,952 individuals. Laboratory tests were: glycated hemoglobin; total cholesterol; LDL cholesterol; HDL cholesterol; serology for dengue; red blood cell count (erythrogram) and white series count (leukogram); high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) for diagnosis of hemoglobinopathies; creatinine. Theexcretion of potassium, salt and sodium and creatinine was estimated in the urine. The database of laboratory exams was weighed and made publicly available on the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation's PNS website and can be accessed without prior authorization. Conclusion: The total subsample of laboratory exams is of great value, since it allowed us to establish national reference parameters adequate to sociodemographic and geographic characteristics of the Brazilian population, providing relevant and complementary information for the analysis of the health situation of Brazil.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Data Collection/methods , Health Surveys/methods , Databases, Factual , Clinical Laboratory Techniques/methods , Brazil , Blood Specimen Collection/methods , Cholesterol/blood , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Dengue/blood , Erythrocyte Count , Urine Specimen Collection/methods , Leukocyte Count , Middle Aged
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 38(2): 234-243, fev. 2018. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-895576


A deficiência de ferro em bezerros neonatos está associada ao desenvolvimento de anemia, que favorece o aparecimento de outras enfermidades como pneumonia e diarreia. Avaliou-se o efeito da suplementação de ferro sobre o eritrograma, teores séricos de ferro, ceruloplasmina e transferrina, bem como o potencial para toxicidade do protocolo utilizado por meio da avaliação dos teores de ureia, creatinina e enzimas hepáticas. Para tal avaliação foram utilizados 40 bezerros neonatos da raça Holandesa, alocados em cinco grupos experimentais com oito animais em cada grupo, que foram submetidos aos seguintes protocolos: administração intramuscular de 5mL de solução fisiológica estéril no 5º dia de idade (grupo controle G1), e administração intramuscular de 5mL de ferro dextrano 10% nos seguintes momentos: no 5º dia de idade (G2); no 5o e no 20º dias de idade (G3); no 5o e no 30º dias de idade (G4) e no 5o, 20o e 45º dias de idade (G5). Foram coletadas amostras de sangue até 8 horas após o nascimento e aos 5, 10, 20, 30, 60 e 90 dias de idade para realização do eritrograma, avaliação dos teores séricos de ferro, ceruloplasmina, transferrina, ureia, creatinina, bilirrubina total e direta, e das atividades das enzimas aspartato aminotransferase (AST), fosfatase alcalina (ALP) e gamaglutamiltransferase (GGT). Os animais que receberam ferro suplementar apresentaram menor oscilação nos parâmetros eritrocitários, embora os animais do grupo controle não tenham desenvolvido anemia. Notou-se também aumento, embora não significativo, nos teores séricos de ferro e das proteínas de fase aguda ceruloplasmina e transferrina, cuja atividade está relacionada ao metabolismo desse mineral. Os teores séricos de ureia, creatinina, bilirrubina total e direta e as atividades das enzimas GGT, AST e ALP não foram influenciados pelos protocolos de administração de ferro suplementar. Os protocolos de tratamento empregados não ocasionaram hepatoxidade ou nefrotoxidade aos animais. Concluiu-se que a suplementação com ferro dextrano por via parenteral em bezerros que recebem outras dietas que não apenas leite não traz benefícios que justifiquem sua indicação, embora sejam necessários mais estudos que avaliem a influência da suplementação com ferro sobre o tempo necessário para a recuperação, custos com o tratamento e impacto sobre a vida produtiva dos animais na idade adulta.(AU)

Iron deficiency in newborn calves is associated with the development of anemia, which favors the development of other infirmities such as pneumonia and diarrhea. The present study evaluated the effect of iron supplementation on erythrogram, serum levels of iron, ceruloplasmin and tranferrin, as well as potential toxicity of the protocol used by means of evaluation of urea, creatinine and hepatic enzyme activities. 40 newborn Holstein calves were allocated into 5 experimental groups comprising 8 calves each, which were subjected to the following treatment protocols: intramuscular administration of 5mL of sterile saline on the 5th day of age (control group G1), intramuscular administration of 5mL of 10% dextran iron in the following moments: on the 5th day of age (G2); on the 5th and in the 20th day of age (G3); on the 5th and 30th day of age (G4); on the 5th, 20th and 45th days of age (G5). Blood samples were taken until 8 hours after birth and with 5, 10, 20, 30, 60, and 90 days of age, and subjected to hemogram, evaluation of serum levels of iron, ceruloplasmin, transferrin, urea, creatinine, total and direct bilirrubin, and serum activities of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alcaline phosphatase (ALP), and gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT). Calves that received iron supplementation at any time presented less variation in the erythrocyte parameters, although calves in the control group did not develop anemia. Serum concentration of iron and acute phase protein ceruloplasmin and transferrin, which activities are related to iron metabolism, also increased, although not significantly. Serum levels of urea, creatinine, bilirubins and activities of AST, ALP, and GGT were not influenced by the administration protocols used in this experiment. The results of the experiment led to the conclusion that the supplementation with parenteral dextran iron in calves that receive diets other than exclusive milk does not bring sufficient advantages to be indicated, although more studies are necessary to evaluate the influence of iron supplementation on the outcome of infections in newborn calves, especially its influence on cost of treatment, time necessary for discharge and impact on its productive life.(AU)

Animals , Infant, Newborn , Cattle , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/veterinary , Animals, Newborn/blood , Dietary Supplements , Iron, Dietary/analysis , Ceruloplasmin/analysis , Creatinine/analysis , Erythrocyte Count/veterinary , Transferrin/analysis , Urea/blood
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 38(2): 345-349, fev. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-895580


O contador automático hematológico ABX Micros ESX 60 (Horiba Medical 2012) é analisador hematológico veterinário multi-espécie que realiza 50 contagens por hora, libera 18 parâmetros sanguíneos, além de fazer representações gráficas (histogramas) para leucócitos, hemácias e plaquetas. O objetivo deste trabalho é avaliar o desempenho do referido aparelho em relação à linearidade e carryover, através de controle comercial e de amostras de sangue provenientes da rotina do Laboratório de Patologia Clínica Veterinária. De acordo com resultados é possível afirmar que o presente aparelho possui um excelente coeficiente de linearidade (r2=0,99) nos parâmetros de leucócitos, eritrócitos e plaquetas em relação às diluições estudadas. Em relação aos carryover houve excelente desempenho do aparelho, contudo, houve valores não conformes nos parâmetros de CHCM e VPM em uma das metodologias realizadas que pode ser justificada pela limitação da fórmula que não considera a características do equipamento.(AU)

The automated hematology counter ABX Micros 60 ESX (Horiba Medical 2012) is veterinary hematology analyzer multi-species that carries 50 counts per hour releases 18 blood parameters, in addition to graphical representations (histograms) for leukocytes, erythrocytes and platelets. The objective of this study is to evaluate the performance of the apparatus with respect to linearity and carryover through commercial control and blood samples from the routine of Veterinary Clinical Pathology Laboratory. According to results we can say that this device has excellent linearity coefficient (r2=0.99) in leukocyte parameters, erythrocytes and platelets during that time dilutions. Regarding the carryover was excellent device performance, however, was not in conformity values ​​in the parameters of MCHC and VPM in one of the methodologies made that can be justified by the limited formula that does not consider the equipment characteristics.(AU)

Erythrocyte Count/instrumentation , Hematologic Tests/instrumentation , Hematologic Tests/veterinary , Leukocyte Count/instrumentation , Platelet Count/instrumentation , Blood Cell Count/veterinary
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718512


OBJECTIVES: Smoking is associated with hearing loss, while the correlation between tinnitus and smoking is not fully elucidated. This study aimed to evaluate risk factors of tinnitus in adolescents in terms of smoking, and we identified a rectifiable parameter that can be serially monitored. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, with 2,782 participants aged 12 to 18 years, from 2008 through 2011. Participants with history of ear disease, hearing loss, and inadequate responses to questionnaires were excluded. We investigated the prevalence of tinnitus and tinnitus-related annoyance by questionnaire and sought potential risk factors in blood and urine tests and smoking history. RESULTS: The prevalence of tinnitus in the 12- to 18-year-old population was 17.5%, with 3.3% reporting tinnitus-related annoyance. On univariate analysis, the prevalence of tinnitus increased with age (P < 0.001) and was higher among girls (P=0.012). Blood tests and urinalysis showed significant correlation between tinnitus and red blood cell count, alkaline phosphatase levels, and urine cotinine (P=0.002, P < 0.001, P=0.018, respectively). In multivariate analysis, the urine cotinine level was the only parameter associated with tinnitus (odds ratio, 1.000; 95% confidence interval, 0.999 to 1.000; P=0.038). Smoking was also significantly correlated with tinnitus (P=0.043), and amount of smoking with tinnitus-related annoyance (P=0.045). However, current smoking and past smoking were not correlated with tinnitus. CONCLUSION: Urine cotinine may be a rectifiable marker for management of tinnitus in adolescents. This suggests that smoking cessation should be incorporated in the management of tinnitus in adolescents.

Adolescent , Alkaline Phosphatase , Cotinine , Cross-Sectional Studies , Ear Diseases , Erythrocyte Count , Female , Hearing Loss , Hematologic Tests , Humans , Korea , Multivariate Analysis , Nutrition Surveys , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Smoke , Smoking , Smoking Cessation , Tinnitus , Urinalysis
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714825


BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treatment may differ according to hepatitis B state and consequently may bring about different arthritis outcomes. However, whether hepatitis B affects treatment outcome remains unclear. We investigated differences in change in arthritis activity between RA patients according to concomitant hepatitis B virus infection. METHODS: A retrospective medical chart review was performed by two rheumatologic fellows using single center data, from January 2000 to March 2015. Among RA patients older than 18 years, patients with comorbidities that could affect RA treatment aside from hepatitis B were excluded. Using 1:3 propensity score matching, 40 hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg)-positive patients and 112 HBsAg-negative patients were included in the study. Data were collected longitudinally using standardized electronic forms. The longitudinal relationship between HBsAg-positivity and RA activity was analyzed using generalized estimating equations. RESULTS: RA activity showed time-dependent improvement. Reductions of swollen joint count over time were significantly larger in the HBsAg-negative group. However, changes in disease activity score in 28 joints with three variables (DAS28-3), tender joint count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein level did not differ between the groups. There were no differences in alanine aminotransferase level. HBsAg-positive patients were less likely to receive methotrexate (odds ratio [OR], 0.09; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.04–0.19; P < 0.001) and more likely to receive sulfasalazine (OR, 3.67; 95% CI, 1.94–6.95; P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: RA medication use varied according to HBsAg-positivity. However, improvement in RA activity was not significantly affected by concomitant hepatitis B infection.

Alanine Transaminase , Antigens, Surface , Arthritis , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , C-Reactive Protein , Comorbidity , Erythrocyte Count , Hepatitis B virus , Hepatitis B , Hepatitis , Humans , Joints , Methotrexate , Propensity Score , Retrospective Studies , Sulfasalazine , Treatment Outcome
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713616


Under the Routine Hematology Program of the Korean Association of External Quality Assessment Service, complete blood count (CBC) and blood cell morphology proficiency tests were performed during 2017. We conducted two trials, sent three control materials for CBC testing, and posted two cell morphology pictures on the website for each trial. Of 1,646 laboratories, the mean response rates for CBC and blood cell morphology were 96.7% and 42.0%, respectively. The distribution of equipment for CBC testing was similar to that of the previous year. The coefficient of variations for white blood cell counts, red blood cell counts, hemoglobin, hematocrit, and platelet counts were 3.7%–4.7%, 2.2%–2.4%, 1.5%–3.0%, 5.4%–6.0%, and 7.2%–10.2%, respectively. More than 80% of the blood cell morphology tests were concordant among all of the trials, except for the HHI-17-03 trial. In 2017, the number of participating laboratories increased, and the performance was similar to that of the previous year.

Blood Cell Count , Blood Cells , Erythrocyte Count , Hematocrit , Hematology , Korea , Laboratory Proficiency Testing , Leukocyte Count , Platelet Count
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713369


BACKGROUND: Needle guides have recently come into use for ultrasound-guided percutaneous renal biopsies; however, it is not yet clear if the use of needle guides leads to decreased post-biopsy complication rates and improved tissue yields. Thus, we conducted a retrospective single center study comparing biopsy yield, adequacy, and rates of complications before and after utilization of a needle guide device. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on all native kidney biopsies performed before and after June 2015 corresponding to the start of needle guide use. All biopsies in the latter period of the study were performed by a single operator. We compared clinical characteristics, indications, type of investigation, tissue yield, adequacy of procedure, and rates of major and minor complications. RESULTS: A total of 343 biopsies were analyzed, 140 in the pre-needle guide use period (Period I) and 203 in the needle guide use period (Period II). Biopsy yields were similar, irrespective of the use of needle guides. Tissue adequacy was better in Period II (93.7% vs. 84%, P < 0.001, with respect to pathologist-reported inconclusive biopsies. There were no differences in terms of major complications (1.7%) for the two periods; however, the rate of minor complications (8.4%) was significantly reduced in Period II (P = 0.006). According to multiple logistic regression analysis, not using a needle guide (odds ratio, 3.70; P < 0.001) along with low hemoglobin level, higher pre-dialysis serum creatinine level, and high urinary red blood cell count were significant predictors of biopsy complications. CONCLUSION: Use of a needle guide improves biopsy adequacy and is associated with reduced rates of minor complications in native renal biopsies. Therefore, needle guides may be recommended in percutaneous renal biopsies, especially when transitioning to single-operator performed procedures.

Biopsy , Biopsy, Needle , Creatinine , Erythrocyte Count , Image-Guided Biopsy , Kidney , Logistic Models , Needles , Renal Insufficiency , Retrospective Studies , Ultrasonography, Interventional