Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 28
Filter
1.
Braz. j. biol ; 81(3): 714-718, July-Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153405

ABSTRACT

Abstract Pathogenic strains of Escherichia coli may invade the subcutaneous tissue of poultry and cause cellulitis, whilst the pathogen may also cause lesions in internal organs such as the liver. Current paper co-relates Escherichia coli and virulence genes characteristic of Avian Pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) in broilers´ cellulitis and liver lesions. One hundred carcasses were retrieved from the production chain in an avian abattoir in the state of Bahia, Brazil, between August 2013 and January 2014, due to detection of cellulitis lesions. Cellulitis and liver samples were retrieved aseptically to quantify E. coli by Petrifilm™ count fast method (3M Company) (AOAC 998.8). Virulent genes iss and iutA were removed from E. coli isolates by Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). Escherichia coli was isolated from 82.0% of broilers removed from the production chain and the bacterium was concomitantly detected in cellulitis and liver lesions in 40.0% of broilers. E. coli counts ranged between 1.00 and 4.73 log CFU/g in liver lesions and between 2.00 and 9.00 log UFC/g in cellulitis lesions. Virulent genes iutA and iss were detected in 97.56% and 89.02% of E. coli isolates, respectively. Genotype analysis demonstrated the concomitant amplification of genes iutA and iss in 60.0% (n=40) of samples of cellulitis and liver lesions in which the simultaneous isolation of E. coli occurred. There was a positive and significant co-relationship (r=0.22; p<0.05) between the variables occurrence of E. coli isolated from liver samples and the occurrence of E. coli isolated from cellulitis lesions. There were also positive and significant co-relationships between populations of E. coli from liver isolates and cellulitis lesions (r=0.46; p<0.05) when E. coli isolated in the liver and in cellulitis lesions was detected. Since results showed a relationship between E. coli in cellulitis and liver lesions and possible systemic infection, the occurrence of cellulitis lesions as a criterion for total discarding of carcass may be suggested.


Resumo Cepas patogênicas de Escherichia coli podem invadir o tecido subcutâneo das aves e provocar celulite aviária e este patógeno pode provocar lesões nos órgãos internos, como o fígado. Desta forma, objetivou-se correlacionar a presença de Escherichia coli e os genes de virulência característicos de Escherichia coli Patogênica para Aves (APEC) nas lesões de celulite e nos fígados dos frangos. Entre agosto de 2013 a janeiro de 2014, foram retiradas 100 carcaças da linha de produção por apresentarem lesões de celulite em um matadouro avícola da Bahia (Brasil). Foram coletadas amostras de celulite e fígados de frango assepticamente para quantificação de E. coli pelo método rápido de contagem Petrifilm™ (3M Company) (AOAC 998.8). Em seguida foi realizada a pesquisa dos genes de virulência iss e iutA nos isolados de E. coli utilizando a Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase (PCR). Escherichia coli foi isolada em 82,00% das aves retiradas da linha de produção e a bactéria foi detectada concomitantemente nas lesões de celulite e fígado em 40,00% das aves. As contagens de E. coli variaram de 1,00 a 4,73 log UFC/g nos fígados e de 2,00 a 9,00 log UFC/g nas lesões de celulite. Os genes de virulência iutA e iss foram encontrados em 97,56% e 89,02% dos isolados de E. coli, respectivamente. A análise genotípica revelou a amplificação concomitante dos genes iutA e iss em 60,00% (n=40) das amostras de lesões de celulite e fígado nas quais houve o isolamento simultâneo de E. coli. Foi observada correlação positiva e significativa (r=0,22; p<0,05) entre as variáveis ocorrência de E. coli isolada das amostras dos fígados e ocorrência E. coli isolada das lesões de celulite e, nos casos em que foi detectada a ocorrência de E. coli isolada em fígado e lesões de celulite, correlações positivas e significativas também foram evidenciadas entre as populações de E. coli dos isolados dos fígados e das lesões de celulite, (r=0,46; p<0,05). Assim ficou evidenciada a relação entre E. coli presente nas lesões de celulite e no fígado e uma possível infecção sistêmica, desta forma, sugere-se que a presença de lesões de celulite seja utilizada como critério para o descarte total da carcaça.


Subject(s)
Animals , Poultry Diseases , Escherichia coli Infections/veterinary , Liver Neoplasms , Brazil , Cellulitis , Chickens , Escherichia coli/genetics
2.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(7): 554-558, July 2020. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1135654

ABSTRACT

Extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) is a highly diverse pathotype of E. coli which colonizes the intestine, and it is considered an important etiological agent associated with bacteremia and other systemic infections, among them urinary tract infection. Retrospective studies evaluating morbidity and mortality of nondomestic felids have demonstrated that urinary tract diseases are among the main causes of death for geriatric animals. Also, mesenchymal neoplasms of the uterus are common in wild felids, and they possess variable morphologic characteristics related to invasiveness and malignancy. This report describes a case of bilateral pyelonephritis due to extraintestinal uropathogenic E. coli infection in a captive jaguar (Panthera onca). The diagnosis was confirmed through pathological, bacterial and immunohistochemical findings. According to molecular analysis, this E. coli strain was classified in the phylogroup F, possessing the following virulence-associated genes: usp, cnf-1, hlyA, papC and sfa. Additionally, this E. coli was highly resistant to beta-lactams and first-generation cephalosporin. This jaguar also presented a uterine leiomyoma with distinct distribution, and severe degenerative articular disease, both of them described as frequently seen lesions in geriatric animals from the Panthera genus.(AU)


Escherichia coli extraintestinal patogênica (ExPEC) é um patotipo altamente diverso de E. coli que coloniza o intestino e é considerada um agente etiológico importante, associado com bacteremia e outras infecções sistêmicas, dentre elas infecções do trato urinário. Estudos retrospectivos avaliando morbidade e mortalidade de felídeos não domésticos demostram que doenças do trato urinário estão entre as principais causas de morte de animais geriátricos. Ainda, neoplasias mesenquimais uterinas são comuns em felídeos de cativeiro e possuem características morfológicas variáveis relacionadas a invasividade e malignidade. Neste relato é descrito um caso de pielonefrite bilateral por E. coli extraintestinal uropatogênica em uma onça-pintada de cativeiro (Panthera onca). O diagnóstico foi confirmado através dos achados patológicos, bacteriológicos e imuno-histoquímicos. A partir da análise molecular, esta cepa de E. coli foi classificada no filogrupo F, possuindo os seguintes genes associados a virulência: usp, cnf-1, hlyA, papC and sfa. Adicionalmente, a bactéria isolada foi altamente resistente a ß-lactâmicos e cefalosporinas de primeira geração. Foi observado ainda um leiomioma uterino com distribuição distinta e doença articular degenerativa severa, ambas descritas na literatura como comumente observadas em animais geriátricos do gênero Panthera.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pyelonephritis/etiology , Uterine Neoplasms/veterinary , Panthera , Escherichia coli Infections/veterinary , Extraintestinal Pathogenic Escherichia coli , Leiomyoma/veterinary , Animals, Zoo
3.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 49(3): 569-574, July-Sept. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951794

ABSTRACT

Abstract Multidrug-resistant microorganisms are of great concern to public health. Genetic mobile elements, such as plasmids, are among the most relevant mechanisms by which bacteria achieve this resistance. We obtained an Escherichia coli strain CM6, isolated from cattle presenting severe diarrheic symptoms in the State of Querétaro, Mexico. It was found to contain a 70 kb plasmid (pMEX01) with a high similarity to the pHK01-like plasmids that were previously identified and described in Hong Kong. Analysis of the pMEX01 sequence revealed the presence of a blaCTX-M-14 gene, which is responsible for conferring resistance to multiple β-lactam antibiotics. Several genes putatively involved in the conjugative transfer were also identified on the plasmid. The strain CM6 is of high epidemiological concern because it not only displays resistance to multiple β-lactam antibiotics but also to other kinds of antibiotics.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Plasmids/genetics , Cattle Diseases/microbiology , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , beta-Lactams/pharmacology , Escherichia coli/drug effects , Escherichia coli/genetics , Escherichia coli Infections/veterinary , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Plasmids/metabolism , beta-Lactamases/genetics , beta-Lactamases/metabolism , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Escherichia coli Proteins/genetics , Escherichia coli Proteins/metabolism , Escherichia coli/metabolism , Escherichia coli Infections/microbiology , Mexico
4.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 49(supl.1): 107-112, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039271

ABSTRACT

Abstract Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) isolates from apparently healthy free range helmeted guineafowl were characterized. Most of them had a high frequency of virulence associated genes, multi drug resistance and high pathogenicity. We demonstrated that helmeted guineafowl have potential to transmit antibiotic resistant APEC to other species including humans.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bird Diseases/microbiology , Escherichia coli/isolation & purification , Escherichia coli Infections/veterinary , Escherichia coli Proteins/genetics , Escherichia coli Proteins/metabolism , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Virulence Factors/genetics , Virulence Factors/metabolism , Galliformes/microbiology , Escherichia coli/classification , Escherichia coli/drug effects , Escherichia coli/genetics , Escherichia coli Infections/microbiology , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology
5.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 49(supl.1): 76-82, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974322

ABSTRACT

Abstract We surveyed healthy captive cockatiels (Nymphicus hollandicus) for Escherichia coli and Salmonella spp. Cloacal swabs were collected from 94 cockatiels kept in commercial breeders, private residencies and pet shops in the cities of São Paulo/SP and Niterói/RJ (Brazil). Three strains of E. coli from each individual were tested for the presence of ExPEC-, APEC- and DEC-related genes. We evaluated the blaTEM, blaSHV, blaOXA, blaCMY, blaCTX-M, tetA, tetB, aadA, aphA, strAB, sul1, sul2, sul3, qnrA, qnrD, qnrB, qnrS, oqxAB, aac (6)′-Ib-cr, qepA resistance genes and markers for plasmid incompatibility groups. Salmonella spp. was not detected. E. coli was isolated in 10% of the animals (9/94). Four APEC genes (ironN, ompT, iss and hlyF) were detected in two strains (2/27-7%), and iss (1/27-4%) in one isolate. The highest resistance rates were observed with amoxicillin (22/27-82%), ampicillin (21/27-79%), streptomycin (18/27-67%), tetracycline (11/27-41%). Multiresistance was verified in 59% (16/27) of the isolates. We detected strAB, bla TEM, tetA, tetB, aadA, aphaA, sul1, sul2, sul3 resistance genes and plasmid Inc groups in 20 (74%) of the strains. E. coli isolated from these cockatiels are of epidemiological importance, since these pets could transmit pathogenic and multiresistant microorganisms to humans and other animals.


Subject(s)
Animals , Salmonella/isolation & purification , Salmonella Infections, Animal/microbiology , Bird Diseases/microbiology , Cockatoos/microbiology , Escherichia coli/isolation & purification , Escherichia coli Infections/veterinary , Plasmids/genetics , Plasmids/metabolism , Salmonella/classification , Salmonella/physiology , Salmonella/genetics , Bacterial Proteins/genetics , Bacterial Proteins/metabolism , Brazil , Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial , Escherichia coli/classification , Escherichia coli/drug effects , Escherichia coli/genetics , Escherichia coli Infections/microbiology , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology
6.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 69(5): 1236-1242, set.-out. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-878737

ABSTRACT

This study reports a co-infection of Escherichia coli and Salmonella in a free-living ruddy ground dove (Columbina talpacoti) received at the Laboratory of Ornithological Studies of the State University of Ceará, Brazil. The bird presented diarrhea, leg paralysis and anorexia, and died shortly after. Necropsy was then performed and samples from lung, kidney, liver and intestine were collected for microbiological and histopathological analyses. Escherichia coli was isolated from cloacal swab, lung and kidney samples. Salmonella ser. Saintpaul was identified in liver and spleen samples. Escherichia coli isolates were tested for the presence of eight diagnostic genes for diarrheagenic pathotypes (STEC, ETEC, EPEC, EIEC, EAEC) with conventional polymerase chain reaction (PCR). EAEC was detected in the lung and kidney, and STEC in the intestine. In conclusion, Columbina talpacoti is susceptible to enteroaggregative Escherichia coli and Salmonella ser. Saintpaul infection, which may have public health implications.(AU)


Este estudo relata um caso de coinfecção por Escherichia coli e Salmonella ser. Saintpaul em uma rolinha-roxa (Columbina talpacoti) recebida pelo Laboratório de Estudos Ornitológicos da Universidade Estadual do Ceará, Brasil. A ave apresentava diarreia, paralisia nas pernas e anorexia, indo a óbito rapidamente. A necropsia foi realizada e amostras de pulmão, rim, fígado e intestino foram coletados para isolamento microbiológico e análise histopatológica. Escherichia coli foi identificada em amostras de suabe cloacal, pulmão e rim. Salmonella ser. Saintpaul foi identificada no fígado e baço. Isolados de E. coli foram testados para a presença de oito genes de diagnóstico para patotipos diarreiogênicos (STEC, ETEC, EPEC, EIEC, EAEC) através de reação em cadeia de polimerase (PCR) convencional. EAEC foi detectada no pulmão e rim, e STEC foi identificada no intestino. Em conclusão, Columbina talpacoti é suscetível a infecção por Escherichia coli enteroagregativa e Salmonella ser. Saintpaul, o que pode implicar em risco para a saúde pública.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Coinfection/veterinary , Columbidae , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Escherichia coli Infections/veterinary , Salmonella Infections, Animal/diagnosis
7.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 47(1): 150-158, Jan.-Mar. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-775101

ABSTRACT

Abstract Antimicrobial resistance in Escherichia coli isolated from pet dogs can be considered a potential threat of infection for the human population. Our objective was to characterize the resistance pattern, extended spectrum beta-lactamase production and genetic relatedness of multiresistant E. coli strains isolated from dogs (n = 134), their owners (n = 134), and humans who claim to have no contact with dogs (n = 44, control), searching for sharing of strains. The strains were assessed for their genetic relatedness by phylogenetic grouping and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. Multiresistant E. coli strains were isolated from 42 (31.3%) fecal samples from pairs of dogs and owners, totaling 84 isolates, and from 19 (43.1%) control group subjects. The strains showed high levels of resistance to ampicillin, streptomycin, tetracycline, trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole regardless of host species or group of origin. The blaTEM, blaCTX-M, and blaSHV genes were detected in similar proportions in all groups. All isolates positive for bla genes were ESBL producers. The phylogenetic group A was the most prevalent, irrespective of the host species. None of the strains belonging to the B2 group contained bla genes. Similar resistance patterns were found for strains from dogs, owners and controls; furthermore, identical PFGE profiles were detected in four (9.5%) isolate pairs from dogs and owners, denoting the sharing of strains. Pet dogs were shown to be a potential household source of multiresistant E. coli strains.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Humans , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Escherichia coli Infections/microbiology , Escherichia coli Infections/veterinary , Escherichia coli/drug effects , Escherichia coli/enzymology , Genotype , beta-Lactamases/genetics , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field , Escherichia coli/genetics , Feces/microbiology , Molecular Typing , Pets , Phylogeny
8.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 46(4): 1257-1263, Oct.-Dec. 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-769651

ABSTRACT

Increasing interactions between humans, domestic animals and wildlife may result in inter-species transmission of infectious agents. To evaluate the presence of pathogenic E. coli and Salmonella spp. and to test the antimicrobial susceptibility of isolates, rectal swabs from 36 different free-ranging wild mammals were taken from two distinct natural sites in Brazil: Cantareira State Park (CSP, state of São Paulo) and Santa Isabel do Rio Negro Region (SIRNR, state of Amazonas). The swabs were randomly collected and processed for bacterial isolation, identification, characterization and antimicrobial resistance. Eighteen E. coli strains from CSP and 20 from SIRNR were recovered from 14 and 22 individuals, respectively. Strains from animals captured in CSP, the site with the greatest anthropization, exhibited a higher range and percentage of virulence genes, including an eae+/bfpA+ strain. Antimicrobial resistance was verified in strains originating from both sites; however, in strains from SIRNR, aminopenicillins were almost the exclusive antimicrobial class to which strains exhibited resistance, whereas in CSP there were strains resistant to cephalosporins, sulfonamide, aminoglycoside, tetracycline and fluoroquinolone, in addition to strains exhibiting multidrug resistance. Two strains of Salmonella enterica that are known to be associated with reptiles, serotypes Belem and 60:r:e,n,z15, were recovered only from Amazonian animals and showed susceptibility to all classes of antimicrobials that were tested. Although the potential impact of these pathogens on wildlife remains unknown, bacteria isolated from free-ranging wild animals may provide relevant information about environmental health and should therefore be more deeply studied.


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Wild , Escherichia coli Infections/epidemiology , Escherichia coli Infections/veterinary , Escherichia coli/isolation & purification , Salmonella Infections, Animal/epidemiology , Salmonella Infections, Animal/microbiology , Salmonella enterica/isolation & purification , Brazil/epidemiology , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Escherichia coli Infections/microbiology , Escherichia coli/drug effects , Escherichia coli/genetics , Rectum/microbiology , Salmonella enterica/drug effects , Salmonella enterica/genetics , Virulence Factors/analysis , Virulence Factors/genetics
9.
Rev. argent. microbiol ; 47(2): 95-102, June 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-757147

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to perform a current molecular characterization of bovine pathogenic Escherichia coli strains isolated from random samplings in Argentinean dairy farms. Rectal swabs were obtained from 395 (63.7 %) healthy and 225 (36.3 %) diarrheic calves, belonging to 45 dairy farms in Cordoba Province, Argentina. E. coli isolates were examined for virulence genes (f5, f41, f17, sta, stb, lt, eae, vt) using PCR and the prevalence of E. coli virulence profiles was spatially described in terms of spatial distribution. A total of 30.1 % isolates were found to be positive for at least one of the virulence genes. Depending on the different gene combinations present, 11 virulence profiles were found. Most of the isolates analyzed had a single gene, and no combination of fimbrial and enterotoxin gene was predominant. There was no association between the frequency and distribution of E. coli virulence genes and calf health status. Most of the virulence profiles were compatible with ETEC strains and showed a homogeneous distribution over the sampled area. A clustering pattern for E. coli virulence profiles could not be recognized. This work provides updated information on the molecular characterization of pathogenic E. coli strains from dairy herds in Cordoba, Argentina. These findings would be important to formulate prevention programs and effective therapies for diarrhea in calves caused by E. coli.


El objetivo de este trabajo fue realizar una caracterización molecular actualizada de cepas patógenas bovinas de Escherichia coli aisladas de un muestreo aleatorio en tambos de una de las principales zonas lecheras de Argentina. Se obtuvieron hisopados rectales de 395 terneros neonatos sanos (63,7 %) y 225 diarreicos (36,3 %) pertenecientes a 45 tambos de la provincia de Córdoba, Argentina. Los genes de virulencia f5, f41, f17, sta, stb, lt, eae y vt se analizaron mediante PCR y se investigó la prevalencia de los perfiles de virulencia en función de la distribución geográfica. La prevalencia de aislamientos de E. coli patogénicos con al menos un gen de virulencia fue del 30,1 %. Once perfiles de virulencia fueron identificados, dependiendo de la combinación de genes presentes. La mayor parte de las muestras presentó un solo gen de virulencia, y no predominó ninguna combinación de genes de fimbrias y toxinas. No hubo asociación entre la frecuencia y la distribución de los genes de virulencia y el estado de salud de los terneros. La mayoría de los perfiles de virulencia fueron compatibles con cepas ECET y se distribuyeron cubriendo toda el área geográfica muestreada. No se reconoció ningún patrón de agrupamiento espacial para dichos perfiles. Este trabajo provee información actualizada sobre la caracterización molecular de E. coli patógena en rodeos lecheros de Córdoba, Argentina. Estos resultados serían importantes para formular programas preventivos y terapias eficaces contra la diarrea bovina causada por E. coli.


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Newborn/microbiology , Cattle Diseases/epidemiology , Cattle/microbiology , Diarrhea/veterinary , Escherichia coli Infections/veterinary , Escherichia coli/isolation & purification , Genes, Bacterial , Argentina/epidemiology , Cattle Diseases/microbiology , Dairying , Diarrhea/epidemiology , Diarrhea/microbiology , Enterotoxins/genetics , Escherichia coli Infections/epidemiology , Escherichia coli Infections/microbiology , Escherichia coli Proteins/genetics , Escherichia coli/genetics , Escherichia coli/pathogenicity , Fimbriae, Bacterial/genetics , Prevalence , Sampling Studies , Virulence/genetics
10.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 46(1): 1-5, 05/2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-748268

ABSTRACT

Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) cause hemorrhagic colitis (HC) and hemolytic-uremic syndrome in humans (HUS). Cattle are the main reservoir of STEC and transmission to humans occurs through contaminated food and water. Antibiotics are used in pig production systems to combat disease and improve productivity and play a key role in the dissemination of antibiotic resistance genes to the bacteria. Integrons have been identified in resistant bacteria allowing for the acquisition and dissemination of antibiotic resistance genes. STEC strains isolated from humans and animals have developed antibiotic resistance. In our laboratory, 21 non-157 STEC strains isolated from pigs were analyzed to detect class 1 and 2 integrons by PCR. Eight carried integrons, 7 of them harbored intl2. In another study 545 STEC strains were also analyzed for the presence of intl1 and intl2. Strains carrying intl1 belonged to isolates from environment (n = 1), chicken hamburger (n = 2), dairy calves (n = 4) and pigs (n = 8). Two strains isolated from pigs harbored intl2 and only one intl1/intl2, highlighting the presence of intl2 in pigs. The selection for multiresistant strains may contribute to the emergence of antibiotic resistant pathogens and facilitate the spreading of the mobile resistance elements to other bacteria.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Humans , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Integrons , Shiga-Toxigenic Escherichia coli/drug effects , Shiga-Toxigenic Escherichia coli/genetics , Chickens , Diarrhea/microbiology , Diarrhea/veterinary , Escherichia coli Infections/microbiology , Escherichia coli Infections/veterinary , Meat/microbiology , Swine , Shiga-Toxigenic Escherichia coli/isolation & purification
11.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 34(2): 129-133, fev. 2014. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-709855

ABSTRACT

Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) infections are responsible for significant losses in the poultry industry worldwide. A zoonotic risk has been attributed to APEC strains because they present similarities to extraintestinal pathogenic E. coli (ExPEC) associated with illness in humans, mainly urinary tract infections and neonatal meningitis. Here, we present in silico analyses with pathogenic E. coli genome sequences, including recently available APEC genomes. The phylogenetic tree, based on multi-locus sequence typing (MLST) of seven housekeeping genes, revealed high diversity in the allelic composition. Nevertheless, despite this diversity, the phylogenetic tree was able to cluster the different pathotypes together. An in silico virulence gene profile was also determined for each of these strains, through the presence or absence of 83 well-known virulence genes/traits described in pathogenic E. coli strains. The MLST phylogeny and the virulence gene profiles demonstrated a certain genetic similarity between Brazilian APEC strains, APEC isolated in the United States, UPEC (uropathogenic E. coli) and diarrheagenic strains isolated from humans. This correlation corroborates and reinforces the zoonotic potential hypothesis proposed to APEC.


As infecções causadas por linhagens de Escherichia coli de origem aviária (APEC) são responsáveis por perdas significativas na indústria avícola em todo mundo. Risco zoonótico tem sido atribuído às linhagens APEC, devido às semelhanças existentes entre elas e linhagens de E. coli patogênicas extraintestinais (ExPEC) de origem humana, causadoras de infecções no trato urinário e meningite neonatal. Neste trabalho, apresentamos os resultados de análises in silico feitas a partir dos genomas de linhagens patogênicas de E. coli, incluindo genomas recentemente obtidos de linhagens APEC. Uma árvore filogenética foi obtida, com base na tipagem de sequência multilocus (MLST) de sete genes essenciais, revelando alta diversidade na composição de alelos, mas ainda assim possibilitando o agrupamento dos diferentes patótipos. Foi determinado também, para cada linhagem, o perfil gênico, por meio da presença ou ausência de 83 genes associados à virulência. A árvore filogenética e o perfil gênico demonstraram que existem semelhanças genéticas entre cepas APEC brasileiras, APEC isolada nos Estados Unidos, UPEC (uropathogenic E. coli) e linhagens produtoras de diarreia em humanos. Essa correlação corrobora e reforça a hipótese de que linhagens APEC apresentam potencial risco zoonótico.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Line , Escherichia coli/isolation & purification , Poultry Diseases , Escherichia coli Infections/veterinary , Mutagenic Dangers , Zoonoses/prevention & control
12.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 44(4): 1173-1180, Oct.-Dec. 2013. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-705281

ABSTRACT

This study described a group of strains obtained from a slaughter house in Mendoza, in terms of their pathogenic factors, serotype, antibiotype and molecular profile. Ninety one rectal swabs and one hundred eight plating samples taken from carcasses of healthy cattle intended for meat consumption were analyzed. Both the swab and the plate samples were processed to analyze the samples for the presence of virulence genes by PCR: stx1, stx2, eae and astA. The Stx positive strains were confirmed by citotoxicity assay in Vero cells. The isolates were subsequently investigated for their O:H serotype, antimicrobial susceptibility and molecular profile by Random Amplification of Polymorphic DNA (RAPD). Twelve E.coli strains were identified by their pathogenicity. Nine were from fecal origin and three from carcasses. Three strains carried the stx1 gene, three the stx2 gene, two carried eae and four the astA gene. The detected serotypes were: O172:H-; O150:H8; O91:H21; O178:H19 and O2:H5. The strains showed a similarity around 70% by RAPD. Some of the E.coli strains belonged to serogroups known for certain life-threatening diseases in humans. Their presence in carcasses indicates the high probability of bacterial spread during slaughter and processing.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Carrier State/veterinary , Escherichia coli Infections/veterinary , Shiga-Toxigenic Escherichia coli/genetics , Shiga-Toxigenic Escherichia coli/pathogenicity , Virulence Factors/analysis , Abattoirs , Argentina , Bacterial Toxins/analysis , Bacterial Toxins/genetics , Cell Survival , Chlorocebus aethiops , Carrier State/microbiology , Escherichia coli Infections/microbiology , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Molecular Typing , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Rectum/microbiology , Serotyping , Shiga-Toxigenic Escherichia coli/classification , Shiga-Toxigenic Escherichia coli/isolation & purification , Vero Cells , Virulence Factors/genetics
13.
Rev. argent. microbiol ; 44(2): 85-88, jun. 2012. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-657616

ABSTRACT

El objetivo del trabajo fue caracterizar mediante PCR 47 aislamientos de Escheríchia coli recuperados de 32 cerdos con diagnóstico clínico de diarrea posdestete (DPD) y de 3 cerdos con enfermedad de los edemas (ED). Sobre 44 aislamientos provenientes de cerdos con DPD, 42 (95,5 %) fueron caracterizados como E. coli enterotoxigénicos (ETEC) y 2 (4,5 %) como E. coli productores de toxina Shiga (STEC). Catorce aislamientos de ETEC (33,3 %) fueron positivos para los genes estl/estlI/fedA. El genotipo más complejo fue eltA/estll/east1/faeG/aidA. Los aislamientos provenientes de cerdos con ED se clasificaron como STEC porcinos y fueron portadores de stxJaidA. Once aislamientos (25 %) fueron portadores del gen que codifica la expresión de la adhesina AIDA-I. Sin embargo, en ningún aislamiento se detectaron los genes que codifican la expresión de las adhesinas F5, F6, F41, de intimina y de "Paa". La prevención de la DPD y de la ED podría realizarse mediante el desarrollo de vacunas que generen anticuerpos contra las adhesinas de las cepas de E. coli prevalentes en la Argentina.


The purpose of this work was to characterize 47 Escherichia coli strains isolated from 32 pigs diagnosed with postweaning diarrhea and tree pigs with edema disease by PCR. Forty two (95.5 %) of the strains isolated from diarrheic pigs were characterized as enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC) and 2 (4.5 %) as Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC). Fourteen (33.3 %) ETEC strains were positive for est/estll/fedA genes. The most complex genotype was eltA/estl/faeG/aidA. Strains isolated from pigs with ED were classified as porcine STEC and were stxjaidA carriers. Eleven (25 %) strains carried the gene encoding adhesln protein AIDA-I. However, genes coding for F5, F6, F41, intimin and Paa were not detected. The development of vaccines generating antibodies against prevalent E. coli adhesins in Argentina could be useful for the prevention of PWD and ED.


Subject(s)
Animals , Diarrhea/veterinary , Edema Disease of Swine/microbiology , Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli/genetics , Escherichia coli Infections/veterinary , Escherichia coli Proteins/genetics , Genes, Bacterial , Shiga-Toxigenic Escherichia coli/genetics , Swine Diseases/microbiology , Adhesins, Escherichia coli/genetics , Argentina/epidemiology , Disease Outbreaks , Diarrhea/epidemiology , Diarrhea/microbiology , Edema Disease of Swine/epidemiology , Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli/isolation & purification , Enterotoxins/genetics , Escherichia coli Infections/epidemiology , Escherichia coli Infections/microbiology , Genotype , Sus scrofa , Swine , Shiga-Toxigenic Escherichia coli/isolation & purification , Swine Diseases/epidemiology , Weaning
14.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-135691

ABSTRACT

Background & objectives Limited information is available on shiga toxin producing Escherichia coli (STEC) in animals and birds from India. An outbreak of acute diarrhoea in poultry birds at Aizawl, Mizoram was investigated for detection and characterization of STEC and enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC). Methods E. coli was isolated and identified from rectal swabs, intestinal contents, heart blood and spleen of 19 poultry birds that died due to acute diarrhoea during the outbreak. Phenotypic characterization was done by standard bacteriological and biochemical techniques. All the isolates were serotyped based on their somatic antigens. Virulence genes (stx1, stx2, eaeA and hlyA) were detected by multiplex PCR assay. Results A total of 42 E. coli isolates were obtained, of which 24 belonged to 3 serogroups (O64, O89 and O91) and the remaining 18 were untypable (UT). Altogether, 14 (33.33%) isolates carried at least 1 virulence gene, of which 10 (23.81%) and 4 (9.52%) were recorded as STEC and EPEC, respectively. Of the 10 STEC isolates, one carried only stx2, one carried stx2 and hlyA, four carried stx1, stx2 and hlyA, two carried stx1, eaeA and hlyA genes and two carried stx1 and eaeA. Of the four EPEC isolates, two carried eaeA and hlyA, one carried only eaeA gene and 1 carried only hlyA gene. Interpretation & conclusions This is the first report on the involvement of STEC in poultry in India.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chickens , DNA Primers/genetics , Diarrhea/epidemiology , Diarrhea/etiology , Diarrhea/microbiology , Diarrhea/veterinary , Disease Outbreaks/veterinary , Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli/isolation & purification , Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli/pathogenicity , Escherichia coli , Escherichia coli Infections/complications , Escherichia coli Infections/epidemiology , Escherichia coli Infections/microbiology , Escherichia coli Infections/veterinary , India/epidemiology , Phenotype , Poultry Diseases/epidemiology , Poultry Diseases/microbiology , Prevalence , Shiga-Toxigenic Escherichia coli/isolation & purification , Shiga-Toxigenic Escherichia coli/pathogenicity , Virulence Factors/genetics
15.
Genet. mol. res. (Online) ; 6(2): 331-337, 2007. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-482036

ABSTRACT

A 43-MDa conjugative plasmid isolated from an avian septicemic Escherichia coli (APEC) strain possessing genes related to the adhesion and invasion capacities of in vitro-cultured cells was sequenced. The results demonstrated that the 43-MDa plasmid harbors bacterial pathogenicity-related sequences which probably allow the wild-type pathogenic strain to adhere to and invade tissues and to cause septicemia in poultry. The existence of homology sequences to sequences belonging to other human pathogenic Enterobacteriaceae like Escherichia coli O157:H7, Shigella and Salmonella was also observed. The presence of these sequences in this plasmid could indicate that there is horizontal genetic transfer between bacterial strains isolated from different host species. In conclusion, the present study suggests that APEC strains harbor high-molecular weight plasmids that present pathogenicity-related sequences and that these are probably responsible for the pathogenicity exhibited by these strains. The presence of human pathogenicity-associated sequences in APEC conjugative plasmids suggests that these strains could represent a zoonotic risk.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Poultry Diseases/microbiology , Escherichia coli/genetics , Escherichia coli/pathogenicity , Escherichia coli Infections/veterinary , Plasmids , Sepsis/veterinary , Poultry/microbiology , Gene Transfer, Horizontal , Escherichia coli Infections/microbiology , Sepsis/microbiology , Virulence/genetics
16.
Acta cir. bras ; 21(supl.4): 23-26, 2006. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-440774

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of mannanoligosacharides on dogs showing gastroenteritis. METHODS: Sixteen dogs, 2-6 month-old, distributed into two groups: T1 - animals with gastroenteritis receiving treatment for the disease + mannanoligosacharides (2 g/animal).; and T2 - animals with gastroenteritis receiving just treatment for the disease. The animals were randomly included in the sample and all of them were submitted to blood and feces collection for coproculture. In the treatment for gastroenteritis antibiotic, antihemetic, vermifuge, vitamins and sorotheraphy were used. The parameters evaluated were the numbers of leucocytes, neutrophils, lymphocytes and the presence of enteropathogenic bacteria in feces. RESULTS: The mannanoligosacharides was effective in eliminating pathogenic E. coli in 85.71 percent of the animals, while in the no-treated group only 25 percent of the animals were negative to E. coli. CONCLUSION: The mannanoligosacharides is effective in the control of pathogenic E. coli and it can be indicated as an adjuvant treatment for gastroenteritis in dogs.


OBJETIVO: Avaliar os efeitos da adição de mananoligossacarídeos fosforilados (MOS) que apresentavam gastroenterite , pacientes de uma Clínica Veterinária. MÉTODOS: foram estudados 16 cães de 2 a 6 meses de idade, de várias raças. Os animais foram distribuídos em 2 grupos, sendo o grupo T1 composto por animais com gastroenterite, que receberam o tratamento para a doença e Mos (2,0 g/animal) e o grupo T2, animais com gastroenterite, que somente receberam o tratamento para a doença sem o MOS. Os animais foram incluídos aleatoriamente na amostra e todos eles foram submetidos à coleta de sangue e de fezes para coprocultura.O tratamento para a gastroenterite constituiu-se de antibiótico,antiemético,vermífugo,vitaminas e soroterapia. No experimento, foram avaliados os leucócitos, neutrófilos, linfócitos e a presença de bactérias enteropatogênicas nas fezes. RESULTADOS: Constatou-se a efetividade do Mos no grupo tratado, quando houve a eliminação da Escherichia coli patogênica em 85,71 por cento dos animais,enquanto que, no grupo sem o Mos, só 25 por cento, não apresentaram o microorganismo. CONCLUSÃO: O Mos é efetivo no controle da E. coli patogênica, sendo indicado como tratamento adjuvante nas gastroenterites.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Dog Diseases/drug therapy , Escherichia coli Infections/veterinary , Escherichia coli/drug effects , Gastroenteritis/veterinary , Mannans/administration & dosage , Oligosaccharides/administration & dosage , Adjuvants, Pharmaceutic , Dietary Supplements , Dog Diseases/microbiology , Escherichia coli Infections/drug therapy , Escherichia coli Infections/microbiology , Feces/microbiology , Gastroenteritis/drug therapy , Leukocyte Count , Lymphocytes/blood , Neutrophils/chemistry
17.
Rev. argent. microbiol ; 37(3): 117-121, jul.-sep. 2005. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-634493

ABSTRACT

Escherichia coli productor de toxina Shiga (STEC) es el patógeno emergente en alimentos de mayor impacto, siendo su principal reservorio el ganado bovino. STEC puede causar diarrea, colitis hemorrágica y síndrome urémico hemolítico. El presente trabajo estudió la acción citotóxica de dos cepas de STEC aisladas de heces de terneros diarreicos en colon humano in vitro. Los fragmentos se montaron como un diafragma en una cámara de Ussing y se incubaron con las cepas patógenas. El flujo neto absortivo de agua (Jw) disminuyó y la corriente de cortocircuito (Isc) aumentó significativamente (P < 0,01) con respecto al control negativo. Los tejidos presentaron erosión de la mucosa, exfoliación del epitelio, y presencia de pseudomembranas en el lumen. A nivel de la lámina propia se observaron lesiones circulatorias leves. Una moderada infiltración de neutrófilos se observó en el lumen y en las células epiteliales. Las criptas colónicas no se vieron afectadas. El grado de lesión fue similar en ambas cepas experimentales. Este es el primer estudio que demuestra que cultivos de cepas de STEC aisladas de ganado bovino producen efectos citotóxicos en colon humano in vitro.


Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) is one of the most important emergent pathogen in foods, being its main reservoir bovine cattle. STEC can cause diarrhea, hemorrhagic colitis and hemolytic-uremic syndrome. The present work have studied the cytotoxic action in human colon of cultures of two STEC strains isolated from faeces of calves with bloody diarrhea. Colonic mucosa was mounted as a diaphragm in a Ussing chamber and incubated with the cultures of pathogenic strains. Net water flow (Jw) decreased and the short-circuit current (Isc) increased significantly (p < 0,01) compared to negative control. Tissues showed an erosion of the mucose, epithelial exfoliation, and presence of pseudo-membranes in the lumen. Mild circulatory lesions were observed in the lamina propia. A moderate neutrophils infiltration was observed in the lumen and into the epithelial cells. Colonic crypts were not disrupted. Both experimental strains caused a similar lesion on colon tissues. This is the first study that shows that cultures of STEC strains isolated from bovine cattle produce cytotoxic effects in vitro in human colon.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Humans , Cattle Diseases/microbiology , Colon/microbiology , Diarrhea/veterinary , Escherichia coli Infections/veterinary , /pathogenicity , In Vitro Techniques , Intestinal Mucosa/microbiology , Biological Transport , Body Water/metabolism , Colon/metabolism , Colon/pathology , Diarrhea/microbiology , Epithelial Cells/metabolism , Epithelial Cells/microbiology , Epithelial Cells/pathology , Escherichia coli Infections/microbiology , /isolation & purification , /physiology , Intestinal Mucosa/metabolism , Intestinal Mucosa/pathology , Neutrophils/pathology , Species Specificity , Virulence
18.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 34(3)July-Sept. 2003. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-363925

ABSTRACT

Duzentas e cinco amostras de Escherichia coli isoladas de bezerros com diarréia da região centro oeste do Brazil foram examinados quanto a presenca de fatores de virulência associados à colibacilose bovina. Cento e duas amostras (49,8 per center) de E. coli produziram toxinas: toxina de Shiga do tipo 1 (9,7 per center) e 2 (6,3 per center), a-hemolisina (9,7 per center), enterohemolisina (6,8 per center), Fatores Citotóxicos Necrotisantes tipo 1 (0,5 per center) e 2 (4,4 per center), enterotoxinas LT-II (8,3 per center), e STa (3,9 per center). Nenhuma amostra produziu enterotoxina LT-I. Adesinas fimbriais F5 e F17 foram produzidas por 7,3 per center e 4,8 per center das cepas, respectivamente, e nenhuma expressou F41. Sete das amostras (3,4 per center) apresentaram o gene eae e pertenceram aos sorotipos O26:H-; O111:H- e O118:H16. Estes resultados sugerem que bezerros no Brasil podem ser uma importante fonte de E. coli patogênica para animais e humanos.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Diarrhea , Cattle Diseases/microbiology , Escherichia coli , Virulence Factors/analysis , Escherichia coli Infections/veterinary , Cytotoxins/chemistry , Diarrhea , Escherichia coli , Virulence Factors/genetics , Escherichia coli Infections/microbiology , Bacterial Toxins/chemistry
19.
Ciênc. rural ; 31(3): 455-459, maio-jun. 2001. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-310356

ABSTRACT

Com o objetivo de identificar a patogenicidade e resistência a antimicrobianos da cepa de E. coli BK99, foram utilizados alguns testes: aglutinaçäo em lâmina para detecçäo da fímbria F5, produçäo de STa, ensaios para hemolisinas e colicinas, patogenicidade em leitöes e antibiograma. A cepa BK99 apresentou o seguinte perfil: F1(+), F5(+), STa(+), Col V(+), Hly(-), ST(R), KA(R), NO(R), TT(R) SF(R) e foi capaz de provocar a doença clínica e morte em leitöes inoculados; também foi possível o resgate dessa cepa de fezes diarréicas e do conteúdo intestinal dos leitöes revelando, assim, alto índice de recuperaçäo de colônias portadoras da fímbria F5(+). Os resultados permitem concluir que a cepa de E. coli BK99 é produtora de fatores de virulência e reproduz experimentalmente a colibacilose suína neonatal.


Subject(s)
Animals , Diarrhea/veterinary , Swine Diseases/virology , Escherichia coli , Escherichia coli Infections/veterinary , Escherichia coli Infections/virology , Swine , Virulence
20.
Rev. argent. microbiol ; 33(1): 52-57, ene.-mar. 2001.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-332501

ABSTRACT

In order to detect phenotypic characteristics associated with pathogenicity, 25 strains of Escherichia coli, isolated from clinical cases of colisepticemia in broiler chickens, were examined to determine the following properties: colicinogenicity, colicin V production, type 1 fimbriae, hemolysin expression and motility. Colicinogenicity occurred in 72 of the strains, 56 of all strains produced colicin V, 84 were positive for type 1 fimbriae and 80 were positive for motility. None of the strains had hemolytic activity; however, all of them, expressed at least one of the other characteristics studied. These results suggest that the diversity of phenotypes detected partially explain the multifactorial nature of avian colisepticemia.


Subject(s)
Poultry Diseases/microbiology , Escherichia coli , Escherichia coli Infections/veterinary , Sepsis , Bacterial Typing Techniques , Bacteriological Techniques , Colicins , Escherichia coli , Bacteriocin Plasmids , Fimbriae, Bacterial , Hemolytic Plaque Technique , Escherichia coli Infections/microbiology , Mexico , Phenotype , Sepsis , Virulence
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL