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1.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1217-1231, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970434

ABSTRACT

The construction of efficient and stable Lactobacillus expression vector is critical for strain improvement and development of customized strains. In this study, four endogenous plasmids were isolated from Lacticaseibacillus paracasei ZY-1 and subjected to functional analysis. The Escherichia coli-Lactobacillus shuttle vectors pLPZ3N and pLPZ4N were constructed by combining the replicon rep from pLPZ3 or pLPZ4, the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase gene cat from pNZ5319 and the replicon ori from pUC19. Moreover, the expression vectors pLPZ3E and pLPZ4E with the promoter Pldh3 of lactic acid dehydrogenase and the mCherry red fluorescent protein as a reporter gene were obtained. The size of pLPZ3 and pLPZ4 were 6 289 bp and 5 087 bp, respectively, and its GC content, 40.94% and 39.51%, were similar. Both shuttle vectors were successfully transformed into Lacticaseibacillus, and the transformation efficiency of pLPZ4N (5.23×102-8.93×102 CFU/μg) was slightly higher than that of pLPZ3N. Furthermore, the mCherry fluorescent protein was successfully expressed after transforming the expression plasmids pLPZ3E and pLPZ4E into L. paracasei S-NB. The β-galactosidase activity of the recombinant strain obtained from the plasmid pLPZ4E-lacG constructed with Pldh3 as promoter was higher than that of the wild-type strain. The construction of shuttle vectors and expression vectors provide novel molecular tools for the genetic engineering of Lacticaseibacillus strains.


Subject(s)
Lacticaseibacillus , Lacticaseibacillus paracasei , Plasmids/genetics , Genetic Vectors/genetics , Lactobacillus/genetics , Escherichia coli/genetics
2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1163-1174, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970430

ABSTRACT

At present, the research of biological living materials mainly focuses on applications in vitro, such as using a single bacterial strain to produce biofilm and water plastics. However, due to the small volume of a single strain, it is easy to escape when used in vivo, resulting in poor retention. In order to solve this problem, this study used the surface display system (Neae) of Escherichia coli to display SpyTag and SpyCatcher on the surface of two strains, respectively, and constructed a double bacteria "lock-key" type biological living material production system. Through this force, the two strains are cross-linked in situ to form a grid-like aggregate, which can stay in the intestinal tract for a longer time. The in vitro experiment results showed that the two strains would deposit after mixing for several minutes. In addition, confocal imaging and microfluidic platform results further proved the adhesion effect of the dual bacteria system in the flow state. Finally, in order to verify the feasibility of the dual bacteria system in vivo, mice were orally administrated by bacteria A (p15A-Neae-SpyTag/sfGFP) and bacteria B (p15A-Neae-SpyCatcher/mCherry) for three consecutive days, and then intestinal tissues were collected for frozen section staining. The in vivo results showed that the two bacteria system could be more detained in the intestinal tract of mice compared with the non-combined strains, which laid a foundation for further application of biological living materials in vivo.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Bacteria , Microorganisms, Genetically-Modified , Escherichia coli/genetics
3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1131-1141, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970428

ABSTRACT

The α-amino acid ester acyltransferase (SAET) from Sphingobacterium siyangensis is one of the enzymes with the highest catalytic ability for the biosynthesis of l-alanyl-l-glutamine (Ala-Gln) with unprotected l-alanine methylester and l-glutamine. To improve the catalytic performance of SAET, a one-step method was used to rapidly prepare the immobilized cells (SAET@ZIF-8) in the aqueous system. The engineered Escherichia coli (E. coli) expressing SAET was encapsulated into the imidazole framework structure of metal organic zeolite (ZIF-8). Subsequently, the obtained SAET@ZIF-8 was characterized, and the catalytic activity, reusability and storage stability were also investigated. Results showed that the morphology of the prepared SAET@ZIF-8 nanoparticles was basically the same as that of the standard ZIF-8 materials reported in literature, and the introduction of cells did not significantly change the morphology of ZIF-8. After repeated use for 7 times, SAET@ZIF-8 could still retain 67% of the initial catalytic activity. Maintained at room temperature for 4 days, 50% of the original catalytic activity of SAET@ZIF-8 could be retained, indicating that SAET@ZIF-8 has good stability for reuse and storage. When used in the biosynthesis of Ala-Gln, the final concentration of Ala-Gln reached 62.83 mmol/L (13.65 g/L) after 30 min, the yield reached 0.455 g/(L·min), and the conversion rate relative to glutamine was 62.83%. All these results suggested that the preparation of SAET@ZIF-8 is an efficient strategy for the biosynthesis of Ala-Gln.


Subject(s)
Escherichia coli/genetics , Glutamine , Zeolites/chemistry , Amino Acids
4.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 642-648, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981911

ABSTRACT

Objective To express the monkeypox virus (MPXV) A23R protein in Escherichia coli and purify by Ni-NTA affinity column, and to prepare mouse antiserum against MPXV A23R. Methods The recombinant plasmid pET-28a-MPXV-A23R was constructed and transformed into Escherichia coli BL21 to induce the expression of A23R protein. After optimizing the conditions of expression, A23R protein was highly expressed. Recombinant A23R protein was purified by Ni-NTA affinity column and identified by Western blot analysis. The purified protein was used to immunize mice for preparing the A23R polyclonal antibody, and the antibody titer was detected by ELISA. Results The expression of A23R recombinant protein reached the peak under the induced conditions of 0.6 mmol/L isopropyl-β-D-thiogalactoside (IPTG), 37 DegreesCelsius and 20 hours. The purity of the protein was about 96.07% and was identified by Western blot analysis. The mice were immunized with recombinant protein, and the titer of antibody reached 1:102 400 at the 6th week after immunization. Conclusion MPXV A23R is expressed highly and purified with a high purity and its antiserum from mouse is obtained with a high titre.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Monkeypox virus , Antibodies , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Blotting, Western , Recombinant Proteins , Escherichia coli/genetics
5.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 544-551, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981897

ABSTRACT

Objective To prepare specific mouse monoclonal antibody (mAb) against human adenovirus type 55 Hexon protein (HAdV55 Hexon). Methods The Hexon genes of HAdV55, 3, 4, 7, 16 and 21 were chemically synthesized as templates for PCR amplification. The prokaryotic expression plasmids pET28a-HAdV55 Hexon and eukaryotic expression plasmids pCAGGS-HAdV3, 4, 7, 16, 21 and 55 Hexon were constructed respectively. The pET28a-HAdV55 Hexon plasmid was transformed into E. coli competent cell BL21 (DE3) and was induced by IPTG. After the purified inclusion body was denatured and renatured, Hexon55 protein was purified by tangential flow filtration system. pCAGGS-HAdV55 Hexon was used to immunize BALB/c mice by cupping, and HAdV55 Hexon protein was used to booster immunization. The anti-HAdV55 Hexon mAb was prepared by hybridoma technique and the titer and subclass were determined. The specificity of antibody was identified by Western blot using HEK293T cells transfected with pCAGGS-HAdV55 Hexon and by immunofluorescence assay (IFA) using BHK cells transfected with pCAGGS-HAdV55 Hexon. Both clones with high titer were selected, and the cross-reactivity of pCAGGS-HAdV3, 4, 7, 16, 21 and 55 Hexon transfected cells were analyzed by Western blot analysis and IFA. Results PET28a-HAdV55 Hexon and pCAGGS-HAdV55 Hexon, 3, 4, 7, 16 and 21 expression plasmids were successfully constructed. BL21 transformed with pET28a-HAdV55 Hexon was induced by IPTG. The HAdV55 Hexon protein was mainly expressed in the form of inclusion body. After denaturation and renaturation, the purified HAdV55 Hexon protein was obtained by ultrafiltration. Six hybridoma cell lines secreting HAdV55 Hexon mAb were obtained. The antibody subclass analysis showed that 2 strains were IgG2a subtypes and 4 strains were IgG2b. Two specific HAdV55 Hexon antibodies with high titer were obtained, and there was no cross-reactivity with HAdV3, 4, 7, 16, 21 Hexon. Conclusion The specific mice mAb against HAdV55 Hexon provides an experimental basis for establishing its antigen detection method.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Humans , Adenoviruses, Human/genetics , Escherichia coli/genetics , HEK293 Cells , Isopropyl Thiogalactoside , Blotting, Western , Immunoglobulin G , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Antibody Specificity , Mice, Inbred BALB C
6.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 456-462, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981886

ABSTRACT

Objective To prepare a rabbit anti-mouse coiled-coil domain containing 189 (Ccdc189) polyclonal antibody. Methods The pET-28a-Ccdc189 prokaryotic expression plasmid was constructed and transformed into E.coli BL21. IPTG was used to induce the expression of Ccdc189 prokaryotic protein. Adult male New Zealand rabbits were immunized with purified recombinant protein to obtain rabbit anti-mouse Ccdc189 polyclonal antibody. The specificity of the polyclonal antibody was identified by Western blot analysis, indirect ELISA and immunofluorescence histochemical staining. Results The pET-28a-Ccdc189 recombinant plasmid was successfully constructed and the expression of the Ccdc189 recombinant protein was induced. ELISA revealed that the titer of the polyclonal antibody was 1:1 000 000. Western blot and immunofluorescence staining demonstrated that the Ccdc189 polyclonal antibody could specifically identify the Ccdc189 prokaryotic protein and the Ccdc189 protein in adult wild-type mouse testis. Conclusion A polyclonal antibody with high specificity against mouse Ccdc189 was successfully created.


Subject(s)
Rabbits , Male , Animals , Mice , Antibody Specificity , Antibodies , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Blotting, Western , Recombinant Proteins , Escherichia coli/genetics
7.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2706-2718, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981227

ABSTRACT

The evaluation of the bioavailability of pollutants in soil is crucial to accurately assess the pollution risk, and whole-cell biosensor is one of the important tools for such evaluation. This study aimed to develop a novel whole-cell biosensor for the detection of methyl parathion in soil using. First, a whole-cell biosensor was constructed by the screened methyl parathion hydrolase mpd gene, the existing specific induction element pobR, and the pUC19 plasmid skeleton. Then, the detection method of methyl parathion in soil extracts was established using 96-well microtiter plate as carrier and five whole-cell biosensors as indicator. The method was applied in the detection of methyl parathion in tested and field soil extracts. Taking E. coli DH5α/pMP-AmilCP with the best detection performance as an example, this biosensor had a detection limit of 6.21-6.66 µg/L and a linear range of 10-10 000 µg/L for methyl parathion in four soil extracts. E. coli DH5α/pMP-RFP and E. coli DH5α/pMP-AmilCP methods have good detection performance for the analysis of methyl parathion in soil extract samples. This biosensor method can help to quickly assess the bioavailability of methyl parathion in soil, and thus help to understand the risk of soil pollution caused by organophosphorus pesticide methyl parathion.


Subject(s)
Methyl Parathion/analysis , Pesticides/analysis , Organophosphorus Compounds , Escherichia coli/genetics , Soil , Farms , Biosensing Techniques
8.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 406-417, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981069

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genotyping characteristics of human fecal Escherichia coli( E. coli) and the relationships between antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) and multidrug resistance (MDR) of E. coli in Miyun District, Beijing, an area with high incidence of infectious diarrheal cases but no related data.@*METHODS@#Over a period of 3 years, 94 E. coli strains were isolated from fecal samples collected from Miyun District Hospital, a surveillance hospital of the National Pathogen Identification Network. The antibiotic susceptibility of the isolates was determined by the broth microdilution method. ARGs, multilocus sequence typing (MLST), and polymorphism trees were analyzed using whole-genome sequencing data (WGS).@*RESULTS@#This study revealed that 68.09% of the isolates had MDR, prevalent and distributed in different clades, with a relatively high rate and low pathogenicity. There was no difference in MDR between the diarrheal (49/70) and healthy groups (15/24).@*CONCLUSION@#We developed a random forest (RF) prediction model of TEM.1 + baeR + mphA + mphB + QnrS1 + AAC.3-IId to identify MDR status, highlighting its potential for early resistance identification. The causes of MDR are likely mobile units transmitting the ARGs. In the future, we will continue to strengthen the monitoring of ARGs and MDR, and increase the number of strains to further verify the accuracy of the MDR markers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Escherichia coli/genetics , Escherichia coli Infections/epidemiology , Multilocus Sequence Typing , Genotype , Beijing , Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial/genetics , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Diarrhea , Microbial Sensitivity Tests
9.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 1118-1124, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009463

ABSTRACT

Objective To prepare rabbit polyclonal antibody specifically against human lactate dehydrogenase C4 (LDHC4). Methods Site-directed mutation was performed by PCR to generate the mutated LDHC gene, and the mutated gene was ligated into the pET-28a vector to form the pET-28a-LDHC recombinant expression vector. The recombinant vector was introduced into E. coli BL21 (DE3), and LDHC4 protein was obtained by induced expression. The recombinant protein was used as an antigen to immunize New Zealand rabbits, and the antiserum was obtained after three boosted immunizations. The titer of the antiserum against LDHC4 were detected by ELISA. Western blot was used to detect the specificity of the antiserum, and immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of LDHC4 in human triple-negative breast cancer tissue. Results A specific rabbit anti-human LDHC4 polyclonal antibody was obtained with an antibody titer of 1:51 200. The antibody can be used for Western blot and immunohistochemistry. Conclusion The specific rabbit anti-human LDHC4 polyclonal antibody is successfully prepared.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rabbits , Animals , Escherichia coli/genetics , Antibodies , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase/metabolism , Blotting, Western , Antibody Specificity
10.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 846-851, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009439

ABSTRACT

Objective To prepare rabbit polyclonal antibody against mouse IQ and ubiquitin-like domain-containing protein (IQUB) and detect its expression in the mouse testis. Methods Full-length coding sequence of IQUB was inserted into the pET-30a(+) vector to construct pET-30a-IQUB recombinant prokaryotic plasmid. Transformation of pET-30a-IQUB plasmid into E. coli BL21 was performed, and protein expression was induced with isopropyl-beta-D-thiogalactoside (IPTG). The protein was purified through histidine-tagged fusion protein purification column, then denatured by treatment of urea with gradient concentration. New Zealand rabbits were immunized with the denatured protein to produce IQUB polyclonal antibody. Antibody titer was detected by ELISA, and Western blot analysis and immunofluorescence assay were employed to validate the effectiveness and specificity of IQUB antibody. Results pET-30a-IQUB recombinant plasmid was constructed, and protein expression of IQUB was induced successfully with IPTG. The titer of IQUB polyclonal antibody reached 1:1 000 000. The antibody specifically recognized the endogenous IQUB protein of testis in the wild-type adult mouse. IQUB was expressed in spermatogenic cells of different stages. It was localized in the acrosome and flagellum of mature sperms. Conclusion The highly specific rabbit anti-mouse IQUB polyclonal antibody is successfully prepared, which can be used for Western blot and immunofluorescence histochemistry.


Subject(s)
Male , Rabbits , Animals , Mice , Ubiquitins , Escherichia coli/genetics , Isopropyl Thiogalactoside , Antibodies , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
11.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4621-4634, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008046

ABSTRACT

Sialyllactose is one of the most abundant sialylated oligosaccharides in human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs), which plays an important role in the healthy development of infants and young children. However, its efficient and cheap production technology is still lacking presently. This study developed a two-step process employing multiple-strains for the production of sialyllactose. In the first step, two engineered strains, E. coli JM109(DE3)/ pET28a-BT0453 and JM109(DE3)/pET28a-nanA, were constructed to synthesize the intermediate N-acetylneuraminic acid. When the ratio of the biomass of the two engineered strains was 1:1 and the reaction time was 32 hours, the maximum yield of N-acetylneuraminic acid was 20.4 g/L. In the second step, E. coli JM109(DE3)/ pET28a-neuA, JM109(DE3)/ pET28a-nst and Baker's yeast were added to the above fermentation broth to synthesize 3'-sialyllactose (3'-SL). Using optimal conditions including 200 mmol/L N-acetyl-glucosamine and lactose, 150 g/L Baker's yeast, 20 mmol/L Mg2+, the maximum yield of 3'-SL in the fermentation broth reached 55.04 g/L after 24 hours of fermentation and the conversion rate of the substrate N-acetyl-glucosamine was 43.47%. This research provides an alternative technical route for economical production of 3'-SL.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Child, Preschool , N-Acetylneuraminic Acid , Escherichia coli/genetics , Lactose , Fermentation , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Oligosaccharides , Glucosamine
12.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3508-3519, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007973

ABSTRACT

Geobacillus thermoglucosidasius is a kind of Gram-positive facultative anaerobic bacteria. The fast growth rate under high temperature and less susceptibility to microbial contamination enable G. thermoglucosidasius to be a desirable producer of biofuels and high-value-added chemicals for the next-generation industrial biotechnology. However, compared with the classical model strain Escherichia coli, the applications of G. thermoglucosidasius are hampered by its low transformation efficiency. This study aimed at obtaining competent cells with high transformation efficiency through inactivating restriction enzymes, adding cell membrane inhibitors and cell wall weakening agents. The results showed that the electro-transformation efficiency achieved 1.2×104 CFU/(μg DNA) by knocking out four genes encoding restriction enzymes. Adding a certain amount of tween 80, dl-threonine and glycine further increased the competent efficiency about 22.5, 44, and 334 times, respectively. The electro-transformation efficiency was enhanced to 4.6×106 CFU/(μg DNA) under the optimized conditions, laying a foundation for genetic manipulation and metabolic engineering of G. thermoglucosidasius.


Subject(s)
Electroporation , Electroporation Therapies , Bacillaceae , Cell Membrane , Escherichia coli/genetics
13.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3421-3435, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007967

ABSTRACT

Pullulanase is a starch debranching enzyme, which is difficult in secretory expression due to its large molecular weight. Vibrio natriegens is a novel expression host with excellent efficiency in protein synthesis. In this study, we achieved secretory expression of the full-length pullulanase PulA and its truncated mutant PulN2 using V. natriegens VnDX strain. Subsequently, we investigated the effects of signal peptide, fermentation temperature, inducer concentration, glycine concentration and fermentation time on the secretory expression. Moreover, the extracellular enzyme activities of the two pullulanases produced in V. natriegens VnDX and E. coli BL21(DE3) were compared. The highest extracellular enzyme activity of PulA and PulN2 in V. natriegens VnDX were 61.6 U/mL and 64.3 U/mL, which were 110% and 62% that of those in E. coli BL21(DE3), respectively. The results indicated that V. natriegens VnDX can be used for secretory expression of the full-length PulA with large molecular weight, which may provide a reference for the secretory expression of other large molecular weight proteins in V. natriegens VnDX.


Subject(s)
Escherichia coli/genetics , Fermentation , Vibrio/genetics
14.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3406-3420, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007966

ABSTRACT

Soluble cello-oligosaccharide with 2-6 oligosaccharide units is a kind of oligosaccharide with various biological functions, which can promote the proliferation of intestinal probiotics such as Bifidobacteria and Lactobacillus paracei. Therefore, it has a regulatory effect on human intestinal microbiota. In this study, a Cc 01 strain was constructed by expressing cellodextrin phosphorylase (CDP) in Escherichia coli. By combining with a previously constructed COS 01 strain, a three-enzyme cascade reaction system based on strains COS 01 and Cc 01 was developed, which can convert glucose and sucrose into cello-oligosaccharide. After optimization, the final titer of soluble cello-oligosaccharides with 2-6 oligosaccharide units reached 97 g/L, with a purity of about 97%. It contained cellobiose (16.8 wt%), cellotriose (49.8 wt%), cellotetrose (16.4 wt%), cellopentaose (11.5 wt%) and cellohexose (5.5 wt%). When using inulin, xylo-oligosaccharide and fructooligosaccharide as the control substrate, the biomass (OD600) of Lactobacillus casei (WSH 004), Lactobacillus paracei (WSH 005) and Lactobacillus acidophilus (WSH 006) on cello-oligosaccharides was about 2 folds higher than that of the control. This study demonstrated the efficient synthesis of cello-oligosaccharides by a three-enzyme cascade reaction and demonstrated that the synthesized cello-oligosaccharides was capable of promoting intestinal microbial proliferation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Oligosaccharides , Biomass , Escherichia coli/genetics , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Glucose
15.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3379-3393, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007964

ABSTRACT

Tyrosol is a natural polyphenolic product that is widely used in chemical, pharmaceutical and food industries. Currently, the de novo synthesis of tyrosol by Escherichia coli suffers from issues such as low cell density and poor yield. Therefore, the phenylpyruvate decarboxylase mutant ARO10F138L/D218G obtained in our previous study was fused with an alcohol dehydrogenase from different microorganisms for fusion expression, and the optimal ARO10F138L/D218G-L-YahK produced 1.09 g/L tyrosol in shake flasks. In order to further improve tyrosol production, feaB, a key gene in the competing pathway of 4-hydroxyphenylacetic acid, was knocked out, and the resulted strain produced 1.26 g/L tyrosol with an increase of 21.15% compared to that of the control. To overcome the low cell density in tyrosol fermentation, the quorum-sensing circuit was used to dynamically regulate the tyrosol synthesis pathway, so as to alleviate the toxic effect of tyrosol on chassis cells and relieve the growth inhibition. Using this strategy, the yield of tyrosol was increased to 1.74 g/L, a 33.82% increase. In a 2 L fermenter, the production of tyrosol in the engineered strain TRFQ5 dynamically regulated by quorum-sensing reached 4.22 g/L with an OD600 of 42.88. Compared with those in the engineered strain TRF5 statically regulated by induced expression, the yield was increased by 38.58% and the OD600 was enhanced by 43.62%. The combination of blocking the competing pathway using gene knockout technology, and reducing the inhibitory effect of tyrosol toxicity on chassis cells through quorum-sensing dynamic regulation increased the production of tyrosol. This study may facilitate the biosynthesis of other chemicals with high toxicity.


Subject(s)
Escherichia coli/genetics , Biological Products , Bioreactors , Fermentation
16.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3351-3363, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007962

ABSTRACT

Polyhydroxyalkanoate depolymerase (PHAD) can be used for the degradation and recovery of polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA). In order to develop a PHAD with good stability under high temperature, PHAD from Thermomonospora umbrina (TumPHAD) was heterelogously expressed in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3). At the same time, a mutant A190C/V240C with enhanced stability was obtained via rational design of disulfide bonds. Characterization of enzymatic properties showed that the mutant A190C/V240C had an optimum temperature of 60 ℃, which was 20 ℃ higher than that of the wild type. The half-life at 50 ℃ was 7 hours, at 50 ℃ which was 21 times longer than that of the wild type. The mutant A190C/V240C was used for the degradation of polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB), one of the typical PHA. At 50 ℃, the degradation rate of PHB being treated for 2 hours and 12 hours was 2.1 times and 3.8 times higher than that of the wild type, respectively. The TumPHAD mutant A190C/V240C obtained in this study shows tolerance to high temperature resistance, good thermal stability and strong PHB degradation ability, which may facilitate the degradation and recovery of PHB.


Subject(s)
Thermomonospora , Actinomycetales , Escherichia coli/genetics , Polyhydroxyalkanoates
17.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3302-3317, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007959

ABSTRACT

L-methionine, also known as L-aminomethane, is one of the eight essential amino acids required by the human body and has important applications in the fields of feed, medicine, and food. In this study, an L-methionine high-yielding strain was constructed using a modular metabolic engineering strategy based on the M2 strain (Escherichia coli W3110 ΔIJAHFEBC/PAM) previously constructed in our laboratory. Firstly, the production of one-carbon module methyl donors was enhanced by overexpression of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase, MetF) and screening of hydroxymethyltransferase (GlyA) from different sources, optimizing the one-carbon module. Subsequently, cysteamine lyase (hydroxymethyltransferase, MalY) and cysteine internal transporter gene (fliY) were overexpressed to improve the supply of L-homocysteine and L-cysteine, two precursors of the one-carbon module. The production of L-methionine in shake flask fermentation was increased from 2.8 g/L to 4.05 g/L, and up to 18.26 g/L in a 5 L fermenter. The results indicate that the one carbon module has a significant impact on the biosynthesis of L-methionine, and efficient biosynthesis of L-methionine can be achieved through optimizing the one carbon module. This study may facilitate further improvement of microbial fermentation production of L-methionine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Methionine , Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (NADPH2) , Carbon , Cysteine , Escherichia coli/genetics , Hydroxymethyl and Formyl Transferases , Carrier Proteins , Escherichia coli Proteins
18.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3290-3301, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007958

ABSTRACT

Salicylate 2-O-β-d-glucoside (SAG) is a derivative of salicylate in plants. Recent reports showed that SAG could be considered as a potential anti-inflammatory substance due to its anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects, and less irritation compared with salicylic acid and aspirin. The biological method uses renewable resources to produce salicylic acid compounds, which is more environmentally friendly than traditional industry methods. In this study, Escherichia coli Tyr002 was used as the starting strain, and a salicylic acid producing strain of E. coli was constructed by introducing the isochorismate pyruvate lyase gene pchB from Pseudomonas aeruginosa. By regulating the expression of the key genes in the downstream aromatic amino acid metabolic pathways, the titer of salicylic acid reached 1.05 g/L in shake flask fermentation. Subsequently, an exogenous salicylic acid glycosyltransferase was introduced into the salicylic acid producing strain to glycosylate the salicylic acid. The newly engineered strain produced 5.7 g/L SAG in shake flask fermentation. In the subsequent batch fed fermentation in a 5 L fermentation tank, the titer of SAG reached 36.5 g/L, which is the highest titer reported to date. This work provides a new route for biosynthesis of salicylate and its derivatives.


Subject(s)
Escherichia coli/genetics , Glucosides , Metabolic Engineering , Salicylic Acid , Pyruvic Acid
19.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3236-3252, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007955

ABSTRACT

Succinic acid is an important C4 platform chemical that is widely used in food, chemical, medicine sectors. The bottleneck of fermentative production of succinic acid by engineered Escherichia coli is the imbalance of intracellular cofactors, which often leads to accumulation of by-products, lower yield and low productivity. Stoichiometric analysis indicated that an efficient production of succinic acid by E. coli FMME-N-26 under micro-aeration conditions might be achieved when the TCA cycle provides enough ATP and NADH for the r-TCA pathway. In order to promote succinic acid production, a serial of metabolic engineering strategies include reducing ATP consumption, strengthening ATP synthesis, blocking NADH competitive pathway and constructing NADH complementary pathway were developed. As result, an engineered E. coli FW-17 capable of producing 139.52 g/L succinic acid and 1.40 g/L acetic acid in 5 L fermenter, which were 17.81% higher and 67.59% lower than that of the control strain, was developed. Further scale-up experiments were carried out in a 1 000 L fermenter, and the titer of succinic acid and acetic acid were 140.2 g/L and 1.38 g/L, respectively.


Subject(s)
Escherichia coli/genetics , NAD , Succinic Acid , Acetic Acid , Adenosine Triphosphate
20.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e243629, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285611

ABSTRACT

Abstract As an important enzyme, xylanase is widely used in the food, pulp, and textile industry. Different applications of xylanase warrant specific conditions including temperature and pH. This study aimed to carry out sodium alginate beads as carrier to immobilize previous reported mutated xylanase from Neocallimastix patriciarum which expressed in E. coli, the activity of immobilization of mutated xylanase was elevated about 4% at pH 6 and 13% at 62 °C. Moreover, the immobilized mutated xylanase retained a greater proportion of its activity than the wide type in thermostability. These properties suggested that the immobilization of mutated xylanase has potential to apply in biobleaching industry.


Resumo Como importante enzima, a xilanase é amplamente utilizada na indústria alimentícia, de celulose e têxtil. Diferentes aplicações de xilanase garantem condições específicas, incluindo temperatura e pH. Este estudo teve como objetivo realizar grânulos de alginato de sódio como carreador para imobilizar xilanase mutada relatada anteriormente de Neocallimastix patriciarum que expressa em E. coli, a atividade de imobilização da xilanase mutada foi elevada em cerca de 4% em pH 6 e 13% a 62 °C. Além disso, a xilanase mutada imobilizada reteve uma proporção maior de sua atividade do que o tipo amplo em termoestabilidade. Essas propriedades sugerem que a imobilização da xilanase mutada tem potencial para aplicação na indústria de biobranqueamento.


Subject(s)
Neocallimastix , Temperature , Escherichia coli/genetics
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