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1.
Brasília; s.n; 15 jul.2020.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | PIE, LILACS, BRISA, PIE | ID: biblio-1117674

ABSTRACT

O Informe Diário de Evidências é uma produção do Ministério da Saúde que tem como objetivo acompanhar diariamente as publicações científicas sobre tratamento farmacológico e vacinas para a COVID-19. Dessa forma, são realizadas buscas estruturadas em bases de dados biomédicas, referentes ao dia anterior desse informe. Não são incluídos estudos pré-clínicos (in vitro, in vivo, in silico). A frequência dos estudos é demonstrada de acordo com a sua classificação metodológica (revisões sistemáticas, ensaios clínicos randomizados, coortes, entre outros). Para cada estudo é apresentado um resumo com avaliação da qualidade metodológica. Essa avaliação tem por finalidade identificar o grau de certeza/confiança ou o risco de viés de cada estudo. Para tal, são utilizadas ferramentas já validadas e consagradas na literatura científica, na área de saúde baseada em evidências. Cabe ressaltar que o documento tem caráter informativo e não representa uma recomendação oficial do Ministério da Saúde sobre a temática. Foram encontrados 14 artigos e 6 protocolos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Renin-Angiotensin System , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Omeprazole/therapeutic use , Dexamethasone/therapeutic use , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation/instrumentation , Cohort Effect , Enoxaparin/therapeutic use , Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A/therapeutic use , Ritonavir/therapeutic use , Interleukin 1 Receptor Antagonist Protein/therapeutic use , Lopinavir/therapeutic use , Fibrinolytic Agents/therapeutic use , Esomeprazole/therapeutic use , Darunavir/therapeutic use , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Pantoprazole/therapeutic use , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use
2.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 56(3): 261-263, July-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038723

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is an inflammatory skin disease that affects 1%-3% of Caucasian populations and may be persistent, disfiguring and stigmatising. Proton pump inhibitors (PPI) are potent blockers of gastric acid secretion. They are widely regarded as the agents of choice for the treatment of acid-peptic disorders. In addition to anti-secretory effects PPI have been found to have anti-oxidant properties and direct effects on neutrophils, monocytes, endothelial, and epithelial cells that might prevent inflammation. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the treatment of psoriasis with esomeprazole. METHODS: Ten patients were selected and psoriasis was evaluated according to Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI). Exclusion criteria included concomitant use of any treatment for Psoriasis, organic diseases, use of other PPI than esomeprazole. Patients were medicated with esomeprazole 40 mg B.I.D. for 90 days. At the 90th day the patients were evaluated according PASI score. RESULTS: Statistically significant results were seen when compared PASI before and at 90th day of treatment (P=0.0002). CONCLUSION: The use of esomeprazole for psoriasis resulted in excellent clinical results with a significant reduction of PASI score.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A psoríase é uma doença inflamatória da pele que afeta 1%-3% das populações caucasianas e pode ser persistente, desfigurante e estigmatizante. Inibidores da bomba de prótons (IBP) são potentes bloqueadores da secreção de ácido no estômago. Eles são considerados como os agentes de escolha para o tratamento de doenças ácido-pépticas. No entanto, além dos efeitos anti-secretores, IBP apresentam propriedades anti-oxidantes e efeitos diretos sobre os neutrófilos, monócitos, células epiteliais e endoteliais que podem impedir a inflamação. OBJETIVO: Avaliar o tratamento da psoríase com esomeprazol. MÉTODOS: Foram selecionados pacientes adultos (18 anos ou mais) com psoríase. Os critérios de exclusão foram o uso concomitante de qualquer tratamento para a psoríase, doenças orgânicas e uso de outro IBP. Foram selecionados 10 pacientes e a psoríase foi avaliada pelo índice de gravidade e área da psoríase (Psoriasis Area and Severity Index - PASI). Os pacientes foram medicados com esomeprazol 40 mg BID por 90 dias. No nonagésimo dia os pacientes foram novamente avaliados por meio do PASI. RESULTADOS: Dados estatisticamente significativos foram vistos quando comparado PASI antes do tratamento e no nonagésimo dia de tratamento, P=0,0002. CONCLUSÃO: O uso do esomeprazol para psoríase apresentou excelentes resultados clínicos com redução importante do PASI. Este estudo piloto é a primeira publicação na literatura inglesa sobre o tratamento da psoríase com esomeprazol.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Psoriasis/drug therapy , Proton Pump Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Esomeprazole/therapeutic use , Pilot Projects , Middle Aged
3.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 49(2): e5080, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951656

ABSTRACT

We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of bismuth-containing quadruple therapy plus postural change after dosing for Helicobacter pylori eradication in gastrectomized patients. We compared 76 gastric stump patients with H. pylori infection (GS group) with 50 non-gastrectomized H. pylori-positive patients who met the treatment indication (controls). The GS group was divided into GS group 1 and GS group 2. All groups were administered bismuth potassium citrate (220 mg), esomeprazole (20 mg), amoxicillin (1.0 g), and furazolidone (100 mg) twice daily for 14 days. GS group 1 maintained a left lateral horizontal position for 30 min after dosing. H. pylori was detected using rapid urease testing and histologic examination of gastric mucosa before and 3 months after therapy. Mucosal histologic manifestations were evaluated using visual analog scales of the updated Sydney System. GS group 1 had a higher prevalence of eradication than the GS group 2 (intention-to-treat [ITT]: P=0.025; per-protocol [PP]: P=0.030), and the control group had a similar prevalence. GS group 2 had a lower prevalence of eradication than controls (ITT: P=0.006; PP: P=0.626). Scores for chronic inflammation and activity declined significantly (P<0.001) 3 months after treatment, whereas those for atrophy and intestinal metaplasia showed no significant change. Prevalence of adverse reactions was similar among groups during therapy (P=0.939). A bismuth-containing quadruple therapy regimen plus postural change after dosing appears to be a relatively safe, effective, economical, and practical method for H. pylori eradication in gastrectomized patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Helicobacter pylori/drug effects , Helicobacter Infections/therapy , Gastric Stump , Gastrectomy , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Organometallic Compounds/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Potassium Citrate/therapeutic use , Drug Therapy, Combination/methods , Patient Positioning/statistics & numerical data , Esomeprazole/therapeutic use , Furazolidone/therapeutic use , Amoxicillin/therapeutic use , Metaplasia , Anti-Ulcer Agents/therapeutic use
4.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-62198

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The eradication rates of Helicobacter pylori infection have been reported to have decreased over the years due to antibiotics resistance. The aim of this study is to investigate the trend of eradication rates of first-line triple therapy for H. pylori over the past 13 year period, and to evaluate factors affecting H. pylori eradication in Daegu and Gyeongsangbuk-do, Korea. METHODS: A total of 2,982 patients with H. pylori infection who were treated with either 1 week or 2 weeks first-line therapy (proton pump inhibitor [PPI], amoxicillin, and clarithromycin) from January 1999 through December 2011 were included in this study. Data were collected by retrospectively reviewing the medical records. RESULTS: The overall H. pylori eradication rate was 87.2%. The eradication rates from 1999 to 2011 fluctuated between 78.0% and 95.7%, but no definite evidence of a decreasing tendency was seen over the 13 year period (p=0.113). Furthermore, there was no significant difference in the eradication rate according to the duration of therapy (p=0.592). However, there was a significant difference in the eradication rate among various PPIs (p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: There was no decreasing trend in the H. pylori eradication rate over the past 13 years in Daegu and Gyeongsangbuk-do, Korea. There also was no difference in the eradication rates depending on duration of therapy. However, a significant difference was noted among various PPIs.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Amoxicillin/therapeutic use , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Clarithromycin/therapeutic use , Disease Eradication/trends , Drug Administration Schedule , Drug Therapy, Combination , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Esomeprazole/therapeutic use , Female , Helicobacter Infections/drug therapy , Helicobacter pylori , Humans , Logistic Models , Male , Middle Aged , Omeprazole/therapeutic use , Proton Pump Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Rabeprazole/therapeutic use , Republic of Korea , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
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