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Int. j. morphol ; 42(1): 154-161, feb. 2024. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528830


SUMMARY: Esophageal cancer is one of the most aggressive gastrointestinal cancers. Invasion and metastasis are the main causes of poor prognosis of esophageal cancer. SPRY2 has been reported to exert promoting effects in human cancers, which controls signal pathways including PI3K/AKT and MAPKs. However, the expression of SPRY2 in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and its underlying mechanism remain unclear. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the detailed role of SPRY2 in the regulation of cell proliferation, invasion and ERK/AKT signaling pathway in ESCC. It was identified that the expression level of SPRY2 in ESCC was remarkably decreased compared with normal tissues, and it was related to clinicopathologic features and prognosis ESCC patients. The upregulation of SPRY2 expression notably inhibited the proliferation, migration and invasion of Eca-109 cells. In addition, the activity of ERK /AKT signaling was also suppressed by the SPRY2 upregulation in Eca-109 cells. Our study suggests that overexpression of SPRY2 suppress cancer cell proliferation and invasion of by through suppression of the ERK/AKT signaling pathways in ESCC. Therefore, SPRY2 may be a promising prognostic marker and therapeutic target for ESCC.

El cáncer de esófago es uno de los cánceres gastrointestinales más agresivos. La invasión y la metástasis son las principales causas de mal pronóstico del cáncer de esófago. Se ha informado que SPRY2 ejerce efectos promotores en los cánceres humanos, que controla las vías de señales, incluidas PI3K/AKT y MAPK. Sin embargo, la expresión de SPRY2 en el carcinoma de células escamosas de esófago (ESCC) y su mecanismo subyacente aún no están claros. En el presente estudio, nuestro objetivo fue investigar el papel detallado de SPRY2 en la regulación de la proliferación celular, la invasión y la vía de señalización ERK/AKT en ESCC. Se identificó que el nivel de expresión de SPRY2 en ESCC estaba notablemente disminuido en comparación con los tejidos normales, y estaba relacionado con las características clínico-patológicas y el pronóstico de los pacientes con ESCC. La regulación positiva de la expresión de SPRY2 inhibió notablemente la proliferación, migración e invasión de células Eca-109. Además, la actividad de la señalización de ERK/AKT también fue suprimida por la regulación positiva de SPRY2 en las células Eca-109. Nuestro estudio sugiere que la sobreexpresión de SPRY2 suprime la proliferación y la invasión de células cancerosas mediante la supresión de las vías de señalización ERK/AKT en ESCC. Por lo tanto, SPRY2 puede ser un marcador de pronóstico prometedor y un objetivo terapéutico para la ESCC.

Humans , Esophageal Neoplasms/metabolism , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/metabolism , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma/metabolism , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Biomarkers, Tumor , Blotting, Western , Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases , Cell Proliferation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 20-28, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981591


Objective To screen antigen targets for immunotherapy by analyzing over-expressed genes, and to identify significant pathways and molecular mechanisms in esophageal cancer by using bioinformatic methods such as enrichment analysis, protein-protein interaction (PPI) network, and survival analysis based on the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database.Methods By screening with highly expressed genes, we mainly analyzed proteins MUC13 and EPCAM with transmembrane domain and antigen epitope from TMHMM and IEDB websites. Significant genes and pathways associated with the pathogenesis of esophageal cancer were identified using enrichment analysis, PPI network, and survival analysis. Several software and platforms including Prism 8, R language, Cytoscape, DAVID, STRING, and GEPIA platform were used in the search and/or figure creation.Results Genes MUC13 and EPCAM were over-expressed with several antigen epitopes in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) tissue. Enrichment analysis revealed that the process of keratinization was focused and a series of genes were related with the development of esophageal cancer. Four genes including ALDH3A1, C2, SLC6A1,and ZBTB7C were screened with significant P value of survival curve.Conclusions Genes MUC13 and EPCAM may be promising antigen targets or biomarkers for esophageal cancer. Keratinization may greatly impact the pathogenesis of esophageal cancer. Genes ALDH3A1, C2, SLC6A1,and ZBTB7C may play important roles in the development of esophageal cancer.

Humans , Esophageal Neoplasms/metabolism , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma/metabolism , Epithelial Cell Adhesion Molecule/metabolism , Gene Expression Profiling/methods , Gene Regulatory Networks , Gene Expression , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 119-131, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971625


Treating patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is challenging due to the high chemoresistance. Growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF15) is crucial in the development of various types of tumors and negatively related to the prognosis of ESCC patients according to our previous research. In this study, the link between GDF15 and chemotherapy resistance in ESCC was further explored. The relationship between GDF15 and the chemotherapy response was investigated through in vitro and in vivo studies. ESCC patients with high levels of GDF15 expression showed an inferior chemotherapeutic response. GDF15 improved the tolerance of ESCC cell lines to low-dose cisplatin by regulating AKT phosphorylation via TGFBR2. Through an in vivo study, we further validated that the anti-GDF15 antibody improved the tumor inhibition effect of cisplatin. Metabolomics showed that GDF15 could alter cellular metabolism and enhance the expression of UGT1A. AKT and TGFBR2 inhibition resulted in the reversal of the GDF15-induced expression of UGT1A, indicating that TGFBR2-AKT pathway-dependent metabolic pathways were involved in the resistance of ESCC cells to cisplatin. The present investigation suggests that a high level of GDF15 expression leads to ESCC chemoresistance and that GDF15 can be targeted during chemotherapy, resulting in beneficial therapeutic outcomes.

Humans , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma/drug therapy , Cisplatin/metabolism , Esophageal Neoplasms/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/genetics , Growth Differentiation Factor 15/therapeutic use , Receptor, Transforming Growth Factor-beta Type II/therapeutic use , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 326-333, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935216


Objective: To study the effects of dihydromyricetin (DMY) on the proliferation, apoptosis and epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) cell KYSE150 and KYSE410. Methods: KYSE150 and KYSE410 cells were treated with different concentrations of DMY (0, 25, 50, 100, 150, 200 μmol/L) for 24 hours. The median inhibition concentration (IC50) values of KYSE150 and KYSE410 were detected by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) method. Then 0.5‰ dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) was used as control group, dihydromyricetin (DMY), dihydromyricetin and transforming growth factor-β1 (DMY+ TGF-β1), transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) were used as experimental group. Cell proliferation and apoptosis rates were measured by clonal formation and flow cytometry. Transwell invasion and wound healing assay were used to detect cell invasion and migration. The protein expression levels of Caspase-3, Caspase-9, Bcl-2, Bax, Smad2/3, phosphorylation-Smad2/3 (p-Smad2/3) and Vimentin were detected by western blot. Results: The IC50 values of DMY on KYSE410 and KYSE150 cells were 100.51 and 101.27 μmol/L. The clone formation numbers of KYSE150 and KYSE410 in DMY group [(0.53±0.03) and (0.31±0.03)] were lower than those in DMSO group [(1.00±0.10) and (1.00±0.05), P<0.05]. The apoptosis rates of KYSE150 and KYSE410 cells in DMY group [(1.84±0.22)% and (2.80±0.07)%] were higher than those in DMSO group [(1.00±0.18)% and (1.00±0.07)%, P<0.05]. The invasion numbers of KYSE150 and KYSE410 cells in DMY group [(0.42±0.03) and (0.29±0.05)] were lower than those in DMSO group [(1.00±0.08) and (1.00±0.05), P<0.05]. The migration rates of KYSE150 and KYSE410 cells in DMY group [(0.65±0.14)% and (0.40±0.17)%] were lower than those in DMSO group [(1.00±0.10)% and (1.00±0.08)%, P<0.05]. The clone formation numbers of KYSE150 and KYSE410 in TGF-β1 group [(1.01±0.08) and (0.99±0.25)] were higher than those in DMY+ TGF-β1 group [(0.73±0.10) and (0.58±0.05), P<0.05]. The apoptosis rates of KYSE150 and KYSE410 cells in TGF-β1 group [(0.81±0.14)% and (1.18±0.10)%] were lower than those in DMY+ TGF-β1 group [(1.38±0.22)% and (1.85±0.04)%, P<0.05]. The invasion numbers of KYSE150 and KYSE410 cells in TGF-β1 group [(1.19±0.11) and (1.39±0.11)] were higher than those in DMY+ TGF-β1 group [(0.93±0.09) and (0.93±0.05), P<0.05]. The migration rates of KYSE150 and KYSE410 cells in TGF-β1 group [(1.87±0.19)% and (1.32±0.04)%] were higher than those in DMY+ TGF-β1 group [(0.86±0.16)% and (0.77±0.12)%, P<0.05]. The protein expression levels of Bax, Caspase-3 and Caspase-9 in KYSE150 and KYSE410 cells in DMY group were higher than those in DMSO group, while the protein expression level of Bcl-2 was lower than that in DMSO group (P<0.05). The protein expression levels of p-Smad2/3, Smad2/3 and Vimentin in KYSE150 and KYSE410 cells in DMY group were lower than those in DMSO group (P<0.05). The protein expression levels of Bax, Caspase-3 and Caspase-9 in KYSE150 and KYSE410 cells in TGF-β1 group were lower than those in DMY+ TGF-β1 group, and the protein expression level of Bcl-2 was higher than that in DMY+ TGF-β1 group (P<0.05). The protein expression levels of Bax, Caspase-3 and Caspase-9 in KYSE150 and KYSE410 cells in DMY+ TGF-β1 group were lower than those in DMY group, and the protein expression level of Bcl-2 was higher than that in DMY group (P<0.05). The protein expression levels of p-Smad2/3, Smad2/3 and Vimentin in KYSE150 and KYSE410 cells in TGF-β1 group were higher than those in DMY+ TGF-β1 group (P<0.05). Conclusion: DMY can inhibit the proliferation and EMT of ESCC mediated by TGF-β1 and promote cell apoptosis.

Humans , Apoptosis , Caspase 3/metabolism , Caspase 9/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Dimethyl Sulfoxide/pharmacology , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Esophageal Neoplasms/metabolism , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma , Flavonols , Signal Transduction , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/pharmacology , Vimentin/metabolism , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/pharmacology
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 45(1): 86-92, Jan. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-610547


The matrix metalloprotease-1 (MMP-1)/protease-activated receptor-1 (PAR-1) signal transduction axis plays an important role in tumorigenesis. To explore the expression and prognostic value of MMP-1 and PAR-1 in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), we evaluated the expression of two proteins in resected specimens from 85 patients with ESCC by immunohistochemistry. Sixty-two (72.9 percent) and 58 (68.2 percent) tumors were MMP-1- and PAR-1-positive, respectively, while no significant staining was observed in normal esophageal squamous epithelium. MMP-1 and PAR-1 overexpression was significantly associated with tumor node metastasis (TNM) stage and regional lymph node involvement. Patients with MMP-1- and PAR-1-positive tumors, respectively, had poorer disease-free survival (DFS) than those with negative ESCC (P = 0.002 and 0.003, respectively). Univariate analysis showed a significant relationship between TNM stage [hazard ratio (HR) = 2.836, 95 percent confidence interval (CI) = 1.866-4.308], regional lymph node involvement (HR = 2.955, 95 percentCI = 1.713-5.068), MMP-1 expression (HR = 2.669, 95 percentCI = 1.229-6.127), and PAR-1 expression (HR = 1.762, 95 percentCI = 1.156-2.883) and DFS. Multivariate analysis including the above four parameters identified TNM stage (HR = 2.035, 95 percentCI = 1.167-3.681), MMP-1 expression (HR = 2.109, 95 percentCI = 1.293-3.279), and PAR-1 expression (HR = 1.967, 95 percentCI = 1.256-2.881) as independent and significant prognostic factors for DFS. Our data suggest for the first time that MMP-1 and PAR-1 were both overexpressed in ESCC and are novel predictors of poor patient prognosis after curative resection. The MMP-1/PAR-1 signal transduction axis might be a new therapeutic target for future therapies tailored against ESCC.

Aged , Female , Humans , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/metabolism , Esophageal Neoplasms/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 1/metabolism , Neoplasm Proteins/metabolism , Receptor, PAR-1/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Prognosis , Signal Transduction
Arq. gastroenterol ; 46(4): 315-320, out.-dez. 2009. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-539628


Context: Esophagogastric junction adenocarcinoma has an aggressive behavior, and TNM (UICC) staging is not always accurate enough to categorize patient's outcome. Objectives: To evaluated p53, cyclin D1 and Bcl-2 immunoexpressions in esophagogastric junction adenocarcinoma patients, without Barrett's esophagus, and to compared to clinicopathological characteristics and survival rate. Methods: Tissue sections from 75 esophagogastric junction adenocarcinomas resected from 1991 to 2003 were analyzed by immunohistochemistry for p53, cyclin D1 and Bcl-2 using streptavidin-biotin-peroxidase method. The mean follow-up time was 60 months SD = 61.5 (varying from 4 to 273 months). Results: Fifty (66.7 percent) of the tumors were intestinal type and 25 (33.3 percent) were diffuse. Vascular, lymph node and perineural infiltration were verified in 16 percent, 80 percent and 68 percent of the patients, respectively. The patients were distributed according to the TNM staging in IA in 4 (5.3 percent), IB in 10 (13.3 percent), II in 15 (20 percent), IIA in 15 (20 percent), IIIB in 15 (20 percent) and IV in 16 (21.3 percent). Immunohistochemical analysis was positive for p53, cyclin D1 and bcl-2 in 68 percent, 18.7 percent and 100 percent, respectively. There was no association between immunoexpression and vascular and/or perineural invasions, clinicopathological characteristics and patients' survival rate. Conclusion: In this selected population, there was no association between the immunomarkers, p53, cyclin D1 and bcl-2 and clinicopathological data and/or overall survival.

Contexto: O adenocarcinoma da junção esôfago-gástrica tem um comportamento agressivo e o estádio TNM não é sempre suficiente para categorizar o paciente de acordo com a evolução do mesmo. Objetivo: Avaliar a imunoexpressão do p53, ciclina D1 e Bcl-2 em pacientes com adenocarcinoma da junção esôfago-gástrica sem esôfago de Barrett e comparar com as características clínicas e sobrevida. Métodos: Cortes histológicos de 75 adenocarcinomas da esôfago-gástrica ressecados de 1991 a 2003 foram analisados por imunoistoquímica para o p53, ciclina D1 e Bcl-2, usando-se o método da estreptavidina-biotina-peroxidase. O tempo médio de seguimento foi de 60 meses, DP=61,5 (variando de 4 a 273 meses). Resultados: Cinquenta (66,7 por cento) dos tumores eram do tipo intestinal e 25 (33,3 por cento) eram difusos. Verificou-se infiltração vascular, linfonodal e perineural em 16 por cento, 80 por cento e 68 por cento dos pacientes, respectivamente. O estádio TNM foi IA em 4 (5,3 por cento), II em 15 (20 por cento), IIIA em 15 (20 por cento), IIIB em 15 (20 por cento) e IV em 16 (21,3 por cento). A análise imunoistoquímica foi positiva para p53, ciclina D1 e Bcl-2 em 68 por cento, 18,7 por cento e 100, respectivamente. Não houve associação entre a imunoexpressão e invasão vascular ou perineural, características clinicopatológicas e sobrevida geral. Conclusão: Nesta população selecionada, não houve associação entre os imunomarcadores, p53, ciclina D1 e Bcl-2 e os dados clinicopatológicos e a sobrevida geral dos pacientes.

Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cyclin D1/analysis , Esophagogastric Junction , Esophageal Neoplasms/metabolism , /analysis , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , /analysis , Esophageal Neoplasms/pathology , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Esophagogastric Junction/pathology , Follow-Up Studies , Immunohistochemistry , Neoplasm Staging , Survival Analysis , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 36(1): 24-34, jan.-fev. 2009. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-514103


OBJECTIVES: To correlate the expression of p53 protein and VEGF with the prognosis of patients submitted to curative resection to treat esophageal adenocarcinoma. METHODS: Forty-six patients with esophageal adenocarcinoma, submitted to curative resection, were studied. The expressions of p53 protein and VEGF were assessed by immunohistochemistry in 52.2 percent and 47.8 percent of tumors, respectively. RESULTS: P53 protein and VEGF expressions coincided in 26 percent of the cases, and no correlation between these expressions was observed. None of the clinicopathological factors showed a significant correlation with p53 protein or VEGF expressions. There was no significant association between p53 protein and VEGF expressions and long-term survival. CONCLUSION: The expression of p53 protein and VEGF did not correlate with prognosis in esophageal adenocarcinoma patients submitted to curative resection.

OBJETIVO: Correlacionar a expressão do p53 e VEGF com o prognóstico de pacientes submetidos à operação curativa para tratar adenocarcinoma do esôfago. MÉTODO: Foram estudados 46 pacientes com adenocarcinoma de esôfago, submetidos à ressecções curativas. As expressões do p53 e VEGF foram assessadas por imunoistoquímica em 52.2 por cento e 47.8 por cento dos tumors, respectivamente . RESULTADOS: As expressões de ambos coincidiram em 26 por cento dos casos sem correlação entre elas. Os fatores clinicopatológicos estudados não mostraram correlação significante. Não houve associação significante entre as expresses do p53 e VEGF na sobrevida a longo prazo. CONCLUSÃO: As expressões do p53 e VEGF não se correlacionaram com o prognóstico do adenocarcinoma do esôfago nos pacientes operados com ressecções curativas.

Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adenocarcinoma/metabolism , Adenocarcinoma/mortality , Esophageal Neoplasms/metabolism , Esophageal Neoplasms/mortality , /biosynthesis , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/analysis , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/biosynthesis , Adenocarcinoma/chemistry , Esophageal Neoplasms/chemistry , Immunohistochemistry , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , Survival Rate , Time Factors , /analysis
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 36(1): 35-41, jan.-fev. 2009. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-514104


OBJETIVO: Analisar citofotometricamente a expressão do marcador de densidade microvascular CD-34 e de apoptose caspase-3 no carcinoma epidermóide de esôfago, e correlacionar os marcadores entre si. MÉTODOS: Análise imunoistoquímica de 29 peças cirúrgicas de carcinomas epidermóides de esôfago, baseada nos índices de marcagem dos anticorpos CD-34 e caspase-3, utilizando-se sistema de citofotometria computadorizada. Comparou-se a expressão quantitativa destes marcadores, a relação entre eles, a relação com a idade dos pacientes, tamanho das lesões e classificação TNM. RESULTADOS: O valor da mediana do índice de marcagem do CD-34 foi de 72,6 por cento e o da caspase-3 de 96,5 por cento. Não se obteve significância estatística na correlação destes marcadores com o tamanho tumoral ou com a idade dos pacientes. Houve discreta tendência à correlação positiva entre o CD-34 e a classificação TNM. O marcador caspase-3, apesar de apresentar maior índice de marcagem que o CD-34 nestes tumores, não revelou nenhuma correlação com as variáveis estudadas. A correlação entre o CD-34 e a caspase-3 apresentou tênue tendência positiva. CONCLUSÃO: Ambos os marcadores têm boa expressão no carcinoma epidermóide de esôfago, onde o CD-34 tem menor expressividade que a caspase-3 e os mesmos não apresentam correlação entre si.

OBJECTIVES: To analyze by cytophotometry study the expression of CD-34 angiogenesis and caspase-3 apoptosis markers in the esophagus squamous cell carcinoma and to correlate markers themselves. METHODS: Twenty-nine esophageal squamous cell carcinoma specimens were submitted to immunohystochemical analysis, based on label index of CD-34 and caspase-3 antibodies, using cytophotometry computer system. Variables considered in the correlation analysis were biomarkers expression quantification, patient age, lesion size, and TNM classification system. RESULTS: Index label median value for CD-34 was 72,6 percent and for caspase-3 represented 96,5 percent. Statistical significant correlation was not demonstrated between the respective biomarkers and lesion size (p=0,96) or patient age (p=0,95). There was a slightly tendency to a positive correlation between CD-34 index label and TNM classification system (p=0,11). Although presenting a higher index label than CD-34 marker (p=0,007), caspase-3 did not show any relationship with the studied variables (p>0,19). The correlation between CD-34 and caspase-3 presented a small positive tendency (r=0,09 and p=0,65). CONCLUSION: Both studied biomarkers showed good expression in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, whereas CD-34 marker presented lower expression than caspase-3 in this specific tumor. The respective biomarkers do not demonstrate any correlation between themselves.

Adult , Aged , Humans , Middle Aged , /biosynthesis , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/metabolism , /biosynthesis , Esophageal Neoplasms/metabolism , /analysis , Biomarkers/analysis , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/chemistry , /analysis , Esophageal Neoplasms/chemistry
Arq. gastroenterol ; 45(4): 308-312, out.-dez. 2008. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-502141


RACIONAL: O câncer de esôfago representa cerca de 2 por cento dos tumores malignos e a terceira causa mais comum de câncer do trato gastrointestinal. A associação do prognóstico do câncer de esôfago com alguns marcadores imunoistoquímicos, como as proteínas p53, p16 e a ciclooxigenase 2 (COX-2) tem sido relatada. A detecção de marcadores moleculares através de imunoistoquímica pode ser utilizada para avaliação prognóstica. OBJETIVOS: Investigar a associação entre a expressão das proteínas p53, p16 e a COX-2 com o estádio do carcinoma escamoso de esôfago. MÉTODOS: Foram analisadas 31 amostras de ressecção cirúrgica por esofagectomia diagnosticadas como carcinoma de células escamosas de esôfago e 31 amostras não-tumorais referentes a cada caso. Realizou-se a revisão histopatológica e o estádio pTNM. Amostras tumorais e não-tumorais adjacentes foram submetidas a análise imunoistoquímica para avaliar o conteúdo das proteínas p53, p16 e COX-2. Foi considerada positiva a expressão nuclear para p53 em quantidade igual ou superior a 10,00 por cento das células e presença da expressão citoplasmática de acordo com três escores (1, 2, 3) de intensidade (leve, moderada, acentuada) de imunocoloração para COX-2. RESULTADOS: Em área tumoral, as análises revelaram 48,38 por cento de positividade para p53, 16,12 por cento de positividade para p16, e 100,00 por cento de positividade escores 1+, 2+ ou 3+ para COX-2. No entanto, quando se avaliou possível relação da expressão destes marcadores com o estádio, apenas a COX-2, escore 3+ intensidade acentuada mostraram associação significativa. CONCLUSÃO: O presente estudo demonstrou que existe relação positiva entre a expressão de COX-2, escore 3+ e estádio mais avançado no carcinoma de esôfago.

BACKGROUND: The esophageal carcinoma represents about 2 percent of malignant tumors and is the third most common cause of gastrointestinal cancer. The correlation between immunohistochemistry markers, such as p53, p16 and COX-2 proteins and cancer esophageal prognosis has been suggested. AIMS: To Investigate whether the expression of p53, p16 and COX-2 proteins are associated to tumor staging. METHODS: For this purpose we proceeded immunohistochemistry assays and TMN in 31 esophageal tumor and normal tissue samples. The p53 nuclear expression was considered positive when it appears in 10.00 percent or more cells. COX-2 expression was scored according to intensity in three scores (1+, 2+, 3+). RESULTS: On the tumor samples the results presented 48.38 percent positivity for p53, 16.12 percent for p16 and 100 percent with 1+, 2+ or 3+ scores for COX-2. However, when we investigated whether the expression of p53, p16 and COX-2 proteins are related to tumor staging, only COX-2 expression, score 3+, had shown statistical significant association. CONCLUSION: Therefore, in the present study we could see positive correlation between COX-2 protein and high grade tumor as well as advanced tumor staging in esophageal carcinoma.

Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , /metabolism , /metabolism , Esophageal Neoplasms , Neoplasm Proteins/metabolism , /metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Chi-Square Distribution , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/metabolism , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , /classification , Esophageal Neoplasms/metabolism , Esophageal Neoplasms/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Neoplasm Staging
Indian J Cancer ; 2007 Jan-Mar; 44(1): 1-5
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-50988


BACKGROUND: The molecular events that accompany the progression to adenocarcinoma (ADC) of the esophagus are poorly understood. Aberrant mucin receptor expression can contribute to increased cell growth and metastatic ability. AIM: The aim of this study was to establish a pattern for mucin (MUC) gene expression in the esophageal mucosa under normal and pathological conditions. SETTING: University Hospital Cancer Center Laboratory. Archived tissue samples studied in a retrospective fashion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Tissue samples were obtained from the archives of patients with histological evidence of Barrett's esophagus (BE) progressing to ADC. Immunohistochemical analysis was performed using mouse monoclonal antibodies for MUC1, MUC2, MUC5AC, MUC6. Semiquantitative scoring of histological staining was performed using a linear scoring system: 0-staining absent; 1-staining in 0-25%; 2-staining in 25-50%; and 3-staining in 50-75% of the epithelium. The Binomial test was used to explore trends and differences in frequency of mucin expression along the pathological sequence. RESULTS: Only mild superficial staining of MUC1 was seen in normal squamous epithelium. MUC1 and MUC2 were uniformly expressed in all samples (7/7) of BE and dysplasia (P=0.008). MUC1 expression was upregulated (7/7) in progression to adenocarcinoma (P=0.008). The secretory mucins, MUC5AC and MUC6 showed a decrease in expression with progression from BE to dysplasia to ADC (P< 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Downregulation of MUC5AC and MUC6 decreases mucosal protection against gastric acid. Increasing MUC1 expression is associated with progression from dysplasia to ADC. Upregulation of MUC2 reflects intestinal metaplasia in BE.

Adenocarcinoma/metabolism , Antigens, Neoplasm/metabolism , Barrett Esophagus/metabolism , Esophageal Neoplasms/metabolism , Esophagus/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Intestinal Neoplasms/metabolism , Metaplasia/metabolism , Mucin 5AC , Mucin-1 , Mucin-2 , Mucin-6 , Mucins/metabolism , Precancerous Conditions/metabolism , Retrospective Studies , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism
Arq. gastroenterol ; 43(3): 212-218, jul.-set. 2006. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-439784


BACKGROUND: In western societies, the prevalence of adenocarcinoma of the gastroesophageal junction has increased in recent years. It is commonly accepted today that esophageal adenocarcinoma develops from a premalignant lesion: Barrett's esophagus. This type of carcinoma is hardly diagnosed at early stages, which results in significant mortality. Molecular biology studies have shown that most malignant tumors originate from the interaction between inherited characteristics and external factors, which may cause genetic changes that interfere with the control over the differentiation and growth of cells in susceptible individuals. p21 (WAF1/CIP1) has a key role in the regulation of the cell cycle, and its immunohistochemical expression has been investigated in several tumors, showing that it influences the prognosis of various neoplasms. AIM: To check the prevalence of p21 protein expression in patients with esophageal adenocarcinoma diagnosed in the last 5 years by the Group for Surgeries of the Esophagus and Stomach of "Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre", RS, Brazil. METHODS: The study population consisted of 42 patients with esophageal adenocarcinoma diagnosed by the Group for Surgeries of the Esophagus and Stomach between January 1998 and December 2002. The expression of p21 protein was determined by immunohistochemistry using primary antibody, p21, clone SX118, code M7202 (Dako), and assessed according to the immunoreactive scoring system. RESULTS: Of 42 analyzed patients, 83.3 percent were male and older than 40 years. Among these, 56.2 percent were submitted to curative resection: total gastrectomy and transhiatal esophagogastrectomy. The remaining patients were submitted to palliative surgery or did not undergo any surgical treatment. Only five patients received adjuvant chemotherapy and radiation therapy, either alone or combined. Advanced disease (stages III and IV) was detected in 78.6 percent of the patients. Only nine patients were positive for...

RACIONAL: No mundo ocidental, a prevalência de adenocarcinoma da junção esôfago-gástrica vem crescendo nas últimas décadas. Atualmente, é aceito que o adenocarcinoma do esôfago se desenvolve de uma lesão pré-maligna: esôfago de Barrett. Este carcinoma é de difícil diagnóstico nos seus estágios iniciais, o que resulta em mortalidade significativa. O estudo da biologia molecular tem demonstrado que grande parte dos tumores malignos tem origem na interação entre o componente hereditário e influências externas, que em indivíduos predispostos podem ocasionar alterações genéticas que influenciem o controle da diferenciação e crescimento celular. O p21(WAF1/CIP1) tem papel fundamental na regulação do ciclo celular e sua expressão imunoistoquímica tem sido estudada em diversos tumores, mostrando influência no prognóstico de várias neoplasias. OBJETIVO: Verificar a prevalência da expressão da proteína p21 em pacientes com adenocarcinoma de esôfago diagnosticados nos últimos 5 anos no Grupo de Cirurgia de Esôfago e Estômago do Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, RS (GCEE/HCPA). PACIENTES E MÉTODOS: A população em estudo foi constituída de 42 pacientes com adenocarcinoma de esôfago diagnosticados no GCEE/HCPA entre janeiro de 1998 e dezembro de 2002. A expressão da proteína p21 foi avaliada por meio de imunoistoquímica, com anticorpo primário, p21, clone SX118, código M7202 da DAKO, e quantificada de acordo com o sistema de escore de imunorreatividade ("Immunoreactive scoring system" - IRS). RESULTADOS: Foram estudados 42 pacientes, 83,3 por cento eram do sexo masculino, com idade superior a 40 anos. Destes, 56,2 por cento foram submetidos a procedimentos cirúrgicos com intenção curativa: gastrectomia total e esofagogastrectomia transhiatal. Os demais foram submetidos a cirurgia paliativa ou não sofreram tratamento cirúrgico. Apenas cinco pacientes receberam tratamento adjuvante com quimioterapia e radioterapia, isoladas ou combinadas. Quanto ao estádio, 78,6 por cento ...

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , /metabolism , Esophageal Neoplasms/pathology , /metabolism , Adenocarcinoma/metabolism , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/metabolism , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , /analysis , Esophageal Neoplasms/metabolism , Immunochemistry , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Statistics, Nonparametric , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 263-268, 2006.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-185934


BACKGROUND/AIMS: Maximal duration of intravenous (IV) corticosteroid (CS) treatment and efficacy of cyclosporin A (CsA) have not been clarified for patients with severe ulcerative colitis. We aimed to evaluate and compare the effectiveness of CS and CsA combination therapy with prolonged CS therapy alone in patients with severe UC refractory to initial CS therapy. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 84 episodes of severe UC in 59 patients between April 1999 and May 2005. RESULTS: Among 84 episodes with IV CS therapy, 45 (53.6%) experienced an early response, while 39 (46.4%) did not respond within 2 weeks. The remaining 36 episodes excluding 3 which underwent colectomy were assigned to either combination therapy of IV CS and CsA or prolonged IV CS treatment alone for additional 2 weeks. Twelve of 16 episodes (75.0%) responded to therapy with combinations of IV CsA and CS, and 16 of 20 episodes (80.0%) to prolonged IV CS treatment alone. There was no statistical difference in response and colectomy rate after 4 weeks between CsA-use group and CsA-non-use group (p=1.00). CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that CS and CsA combination has no additional benefit over prolonged CS therapy alone in terms of short-term response and that CS can be safely prolonged even after the first 14 days of treatment for severe UC.

Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/metabolism , Cyclin D1/immunology , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16/immunology , Esophageal Neoplasms/metabolism , Esophagus/abnormalities , G1 Phase , Immunohistochemistry , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/immunology
Clinics ; 60(2): 103-112, Apr. 2005. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-398463


O esôfago de Barrett é definido como a substituição do epitélio escamoso do esôfago distal por epitélio colunar. A metaplasia intestinal no esôfago de Barrett é considerada por muitos como o principal fator de risco para o desenvolvimento do adenocarcinoma. Embora já descrito, o adenocarcinoma do tipo difuso e o esôfago de Barrett sem metaplasia intestinal, são raros e pouco estudados. OBJETIVO E MÉTODO: O presente estudo objetivou o cálculo da prevalência do adenocarcinoma no esôfago de Barrett, assim como a análise macroscópica e microscópica detalhada de treze pacientes operados no período de 1990 a 2002, com realização de estudo imunohistoquímico do p53 e Ki67, correlacionando o tipo de tumor com o epitélio adjacente a este. RESULTADOS: Obtivemos uma prevalência de 5,7% de adenocarcinoma em pacientes internados para tratamento cirúrgico de esôfago de Barrett . Encontraram-se tumores relativamente grandes, com média de 4,67 ± 2,28 cm, e sempre em esôfago de Barrett longo, com média de 7,71 ± 1,5 cm. Observou-se tendência de os tumores se localizarem próximos à transição escamo-colunar. O estudo histológico mostrou dois pacientes (15,4%) que apresentavam esôfago de Barrett adjacente ao tumor do tipo juncional sem presença de metaplasia intestinal. Classificaram-se os tumores segundo a classificação japonesa de Nakamura (23% de padrão diferenciado ou intestinal e 77% de padrão indiferenciado ou gástico) e pela classificação de Laurén (61% intestinais e 39% difusos). A diferença decorre da migração dos tumores microtubulares e foveolares do padrão gástrico para o tipo intestinal de Laurén. O estudo do Ki67 foi fortemente positivo em todos os pacientes, mostrando o alto índice de proliferação celular no epitélio colunar e no tumor. O p53 mostrou-se negativo em 66,7% dos pacientes no epitélio colunar e 41,7% no tumor, não mostrando correlação entre os dois materiais. CONCLUSAO: O adenocarcinoma se desenvolve sobre o esôfago de Barrett a partir do epitélio colunar misto, intestinal, bem como do juncional, apresentando padrão tanto gástrico como intestinal; portanto tumores podem se desenvolver em epitélio colunar sem metaplasia intestinal o qual também deve ser seguido, principalmente quando for extenso.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Barrett Esophagus/pathology , Esophageal Neoplasms/pathology , /analysis , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 , Adenocarcinoma/metabolism , Barrett Esophagus/metabolism , Cell Transformation, Neoplastic/metabolism , Cell Transformation, Neoplastic/pathology , Esophageal Neoplasms/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Metaplasia/metabolism , Metaplasia/pathology , Prevalence , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-63904


Histochemically differentiated mucins have been studied in the mucosal lining of the esophagus and the stomach. Acid mucin was differentiated from neutral mucin by the alcian blue/PAS technique and sulphomucin by the high iron diamine/alcian blue technique. Neutral mucin secreted normally by the stomach mucosa was replaced by acid mucin in 17 of the 19 mucin secreting adenocarcinomas involving the lower third of the esophagus, and in 24 of the 28 mucin secreting gastric adenocarcinomas studied. The intestinal metaplasia (IM) seen in the gastric mucosa associated with adenocarcinoma, chronic gastric ulcer and chronic gastritis was classified according to the type of mucin secreted by the goblet cells. IM secreting sulphomucins was seen to be associated with gastric adenocarcinoma.

Adenocarcinoma/metabolism , Esophageal Neoplasms/metabolism , Esophagus/metabolism , Gastric Mucosa/metabolism , Humans , Mucins/metabolism , Stomach Diseases/metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism