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1.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(2): 312-317, 20220316. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362981

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El divertículo de Zenker es una evaginación sacular ciega que puede presentarse a nivel faringoesofágico. No se conoce exactamente su incidencia en la edad pediátrica, constituyendo una patología muy infrecuente. La sintomatología es inespecífica, lo que dificulta el diagnóstico precoz y determina un mayor riesgo de complicaciones asociadas. Caso clínico. Paciente preescolar femenina con cuadro recurrente de emesis con deshidratación, posteriormente asociado a disfagia, a quien se le diagnosticó un divertículo de Zenker. Se realizó tratamiento quirúrgico con hallazgo intraoperatorio de dilatación esofágica, un área de estenosis secundaria al hallazgo incidental de un cuerpo extraño y divertículo de Zenker en la región lateral del esófago dilatado. Discusión. Esta patología es extremadamente rara, pero se debe tener en cuenta dentro de los diagnósticos diferenciales en pacientes con sintomatología faringo-esofágica. Conclusión. Se presenta una preescolar sin antecedente de procedimientos esofágicos o malformaciones congénitas asociadas con diagnóstico de un divertículo de Zenker y dilatación esofágica por un cuerpo extraño, tratada quirúrgicamente de forma exitosa.


Introduction. Zenker's diverticulum is a blind saccular evagination that can present at the pharyngoesophageal level. Its incidence in pediatric age is not exactly known, constituting a very infrequent pathology. The symptoms are nonspecific, which makes early diagnosis difficult and determines a higher risk of associated complications.Clinical case. Female preschool patient with recurrent dehydration due to emesis, later associated with dysphagia, who was diagnosed with Zenker's diverticulum. Surgical treatment was performed with intraoperative finding of esophageal dilation, an area of stenosis secondary to the incidental finding of a foreign body, and a Zenker's diverticulum in the lateral region of the dilated esophagus. Discussion. This pathology is extremely rare, but it should be taken into account within the differential diagnoses in patients with pharyngo-esophageal symptoms. Conclusion: We present a preschool female patient with no history of esophageal procedures or congenital malformations associated with a diagnosis of Zenker's diverticulum and esophageal dilation due to a foreign body, successfully treated surgically.


Subject(s)
Humans , Foreign-Body Reaction , Zenker Diverticulum , Esophageal Stenosis , Pharynx , Diverticulum , Esophagus
2.
Repert. med. cir ; 31(2): 170-172, 2022. ilus.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1382284

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el ácido acético en bajas concentraciones se utiliza como vinagre para los alimentos, al que le da el sabor amargo y olor característico. También es un reactivo importante para la producción de otros compuestos orgánicos. Cuando está concentrado tiene usos industriales, como es el ácido acético glacial (99%) el cual se ingirió en forma accidental en este caso. Presentación del caso: paciente de 8 años de edad quien tras posterior trauma cráneo encefálico leve es manejado en casa con ácido acético glacial que ingirió accidentalmente con posterior odinofagia, emesis e intolerancia a la vía oral. Hubo lesiones iniciales en faringe y amígdalas manejadas con el respectivo antibiótico. Al no haber mejoría consulta de nuevo por aumento del compromiso faríngeo, evidenciándose quemadura y lesión esofágica por cáusticos con estenosis. El seguimiento a los 6 meses, después de realizar dilataciones por medio de esofagoduodenoscopia, el paciente tuvo buena evolución clínica.


Introduction: low concentrations of acetic acid are commonly used as table top condiment giving a bitter taste featuring a characteristic smell. It is also an important reactive to make other organic compounds. Case report: at high concentrations it has industrial uses, such as 99% glacial acetic acid which was ingested by an 8-year-old patient in this case. Patient was managed at home after a mild head trauma with glacial acetic acid which he ingested accidentally presenting with pain anddifficulty in swallowing and emesis. The initial pharyngeal and tonsil lesions were managed with the respective antibiotic therapy. He consults again for not presenting improvement and increase of the pharyngeal compromise, evidencing an esophageal burn and a corrosive injury with stenosis. At 6-month follow-up, after undergoing dilations through esophago-gastroduedenoscopy, patient presented good clinical progression.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Acetic Acid , Poisoning , Caustics , Esophageal Stenosis
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928872

ABSTRACT

The radial force of the degradable esophageal stent before and after degradation is one of the important indicators for effective treatment of esophageal stricture. Based on a combination of in vitro experiments and finite element analysis, this paper studies and verifies the biomechanical properties of a new type of degradable esophageal stent under different esophageal stricture conditions. Under radial extrusion conditions, the maximum stress at the port of the stent is 65.25 MPa, and the maximum strain is 1.98%; The peak values of stress and strain under local extrusion and plane extrusion conditions both appear in the extrusion area and the compression expansion area at both ends, which are respectively 48.68 MPa, 46.40 MPa, 0.49%, 1.13%. The maximum radial force of the undegraded stent was 11.22 N, and 97% and 51% of the maximum radial force were maintained after 3 months and 6 months of degradation, respectively. The research results verify the safety and effectiveness of the radial force of the new degradable esophageal stent, and provide a theoretical basis for the clinical treatment of esophageal stricture.


Subject(s)
Esophageal Stenosis/surgery , Finite Element Analysis , Humans , Mechanical Phenomena , Stents
4.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(2): 195-201, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285325

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) of esophageal superficial neoplasm is associated with a high en bloc R0 resection rate and low recurrence. OBJECTIVE: We aim to compare the performance and clinical outcomes of ESD via ESD after circumferential incision (ESD-C) versus submucosal tunneling (ESD-T). METHODS: Single-center retrospective analysis of all consecutive patients who underwent ESD for superficial esophageal cancer, between 2009 and 2018. ESD-T was defined as the technique of making the mucosal incisions followed by submucosal tunneling in the oral to anal direction. ESD-C consisted of completing a circumferential incision followed by ESD. Main study outcomes included en bloc and R0 resection rates. Secondary outcomes included procedural characteristics, curative resection rate, local recurrence and adverse events. RESULTS: A total of 65 procedures (23 ESD-T and 42 ESD-C) were performed for ESCC (40; 61.5%) and BE-neoplasia (25; 38.5%). There were no statistically significant differences between patients who underwent ESD-T versus ESD-C in en bloc (91.3% vs 100%, P=0.12), R0 (65.2% vs 78.6%, P=0.24), curative resection rates (65.2% vs 73.8%, P=0.47) and mean procedure time (118.7 min with vs 102.4 min, P=0.35). Adverse events for ESD-T and ESD-C were as follows: bleeding (0 versus 2.4%; P=0.53), perforation (4.3% vs 0; P=0.61), esophageal stricture (8.7% versus 9.5%; P=0.31). Local recurrence was encountered in 8.7% after ESD-T and 2.4% after ESD-C (P=0.28) at a mean follow-up of 8 and 2.75 years, respectively (P=0.001). CONCLUSION: ESD-T and ESD-C appear to be equally effective with similar safety profiles for the management of superficial esophageal neoplasms.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A dissecção endoscópica submucosa (DES) no tratamento da neoplasia superficial do esôfago está associada a uma alta taxa de ressecção R0 em bloco e baixa taxa de recorrência. OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo é comparar o desempenho e os resultados clínicos da DES com incisão circunferencial (DES-C) versus com DES com túnel submucoso (DES-TS). MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospectivo de banco de dados coletados prospectivamente de um centro especializado em DES, investigando pacientes consecutivos submetidos à DES por câncer de esôfago superficial, entre 2009 e 2018. DES-TS foi definida como a técnica de realizar primeiro incisões na mucosa seguida de tunelamento submucoso no sentido oral para anal. DES-C consistiu em completar uma incisão circunferencial seguida da dissecção submucosa. As principais variáveis do estudo incluíram taxas de ressecção em bloco e R0. Os resultados secundários incluíram características do procedimento, taxa de ressecção curativa, recorrência local e eventos adversos. RESULTADOS: Um total de 65 procedimentos (23 DES-TS e 42 DES-C) foram realizados para CCE de esôfago (40; 61,5%) e neoplasia associada ao EB (25; 38,5%). Não houve diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre os pacientes submetidos a DES-TS versus DES-C nas taxas de ressecção em bloco (91,3% vs 100%, P=0,12), R0 (65,2% vs 78,6%, P=0,24), taxas de ressecção curativa (65,2% vs 73,8%, P=0,47) e tempo médio do procedimento (118,7 min com vs 102,4 min, P=0,35). Os eventos adversos para DES-TS e DES-C foram os seguintes: sangramento (0 vs 2,4%; P=0,53), perfuração (4,3% vs 0; P=0,61), estenose esofágica (8,7% vs 9,5%; P=0,31). A recorrência local foi encontrada em 8,7% após DES-TS e 2,4% após DES-C (P=0,28) em um seguimento médio de 8 e 2,75 anos, respectivamente (P=0,001). CONCLUSÃO: DES-TS e DES-C demostram ser igualmente eficazes com perfil de segurança semelhante para o tratamento das neoplasias superficiais do esôfago.


Subject(s)
Humans , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Esophageal Stenosis , Endoscopic Mucosal Resection/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
5.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(2): 253-261, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285318

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Caustic ingestion and development of esophageal strictures are recognized major public health problems in childhood. Different therapeutic methods have been proposed in the management of such strictures. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate efficacy and risk of endoscopic topical application of mitomycin C in the treatment of caustic esophageal strictures. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Central Cochrane, and LILACS databases. The outcomes evaluated were dysphagia resolution rate, number of dilations performed in resolved cases, and the number of dilations performed in all patients. RESULTS: Three randomized clinical trials were included for final analysis with a total of 190 patients. Topical mitomycin C application group showed a significant increase in dysphagia resolution rate, corresponding to a 42% higher dysphagia resolution as compared to endoscopic dilation alone, with statistical significance between the two groups (RD: 0.42 - [CI: 0.29-0.56]; P-value <0.00001). The mean number of dilations performed in resolved cases were significantly less in the topical mitomycin C application group, compared to endoscopic dilations alone, with statistical significance between the two groups (MD: 2.84 [CI: 1.98-3.69]; P-value <0.00001). When comparing the number of dilations in all patients, there was no statistical difference between the two groups (MD: 1.46 [CI: -1.53-4.44]; P-value =0.34). CONCLUSION: Application of topical mitomycin C with endoscopic dilations in caustic esophageal strictures was more effective in dysphagia resolution than endoscopic therapy alone in the pediatric population. Moreover, topical mitomycin C application also reduced the number of dilation sessions needed to alleviate dysphagia without rising morbidity.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A ingestão de soda cáustica e o desenvolvimento de estenoses esofágicas são reconhecidos como importantes problemas de saúde pública na infância. Diferentes métodos terapêuticos têm sido propostos no manejo dessas estenoses. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a eficácia e o risco da aplicação endoscópica tópica de mitomicina C no tratamento de estenoses esofágicas cáusticas. MÉTODOS: Buscamos as bases de dados MEDLINE, EMBASE, Central Cochrane e LILACS. Os desfechos avaliados foram taxa de resolução da disfagia, número de dilatações realizadas nos casos resolvidos e número de dilatações realizadas em todos os pacientes. RESULTADOS: Três ensaios clínicos randomizados foram incluídos para análise final com um total de 190 pacientes. O grupo de aplicação de mitomicina C tópica apresentou aumento significativo na taxa de resolução da disfagia, correspondendo a uma resolução da disfagia 42% maior em comparação à dilatação endoscópica isolada, com significância estatística entre os dois grupos (RD: 0,42 - [IC: 0,29-0,56]; P-valor <0,00001). O número médio de dilatações realizadas em casos resolvidos foi significativamente menor no grupo de aplicação tópica de mitomicina C, em comparação com as dilatações endoscópicas isoladas, com significância estatística entre os dois grupos (MD: 2,84 [IC: 1,98-3,69]; P-valor <0,00001). Ao comparar o número de dilatações em todos os pacientes, não houve diferença estatística entre os dois grupos (MD: 1,46 [IC: -1,53-4,44]; valor de P=0,34). CONCLUSÃO: A aplicação de mitomicina C tópica com dilatações endoscópicas em estenoses esofágicas cáusticas foi mais eficaz na resolução da disfagia do que a terapia endoscópica isolada na população pediátrica. Além disso, a aplicação tópica de mitomicina C também reduziu o número de sessões de dilatação necessárias para aliviar a disfagia sem aumentar a morbidade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Caustics/toxicity , Esophageal Stenosis/chemically induced , Esophageal Stenosis/drug therapy , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Administration, Topical , Esophagoscopy , Treatment Outcome , Mitomycin/therapeutic use
6.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(2): 212-217, abr.-jun. 2021. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1289301

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La enfermedad por reflujo gastroesofágico (ERGE) refractaria puede conducir a complicaciones potenciales como la esofagitis persistente, estenosis esofágica, anillo de Schatzki y esófago de Barrett. Este estudio describe la motilidad en pacientes con ERGE refractaria y su relación con síntomas esofágicos. Método: Se realizó un estudio observacional analítico a partir de una cohorte retrospectiva en pacientes con diagnóstico de ERGE refractaria y síntomas esofágicos a quienes se les realizó manometría esofágica de alta resolución más impedanciometría. Se describen las características clínicas y demográficas, y la asociación entre los trastornos manométricos y los síntomas esofágicos. Resultados: Se incluyeron 133 pacientes (edad promedio: 54,1 ± 12,5 años). La pirosis y regurgitación (69,2 %) y la disfagia esofágica (13,5 %) fueron los síntomas más comunes. La motilidad normal (75,2 %), el aclaramiento completo del bolo (75,2 %) y la motilidad esofágica inefectiva (MEI) (18 %) fueron los hallazgos manométricos más frecuentes. La unión gastroesofágica tipos II y IIIb estuvieron presentes en el 35,3% y 33,8 % de los casos, respectivamente. La aperistalsis (3,8 %) y el esófago en martillo neumático (Jackhammer; 0,8 %) fueron infrecuentes. El aclaramiento incompleto del bolo se asoció con disfagia esofágica (p = 0,038) y a MEI (p = 0,008). Ningún síntoma esofágico se relacionó significativamente con trastornos de motilidad. Conclusiones: Los resultados de nuestro estudio sugieren que los trastornos de motilidad son infrecuentes en los pacientes con ERGE refractaria. Adicionalmente, sugieren que la presencia de alteraciones de motilidad esofágica no se relaciona con la presencia de síntomas esofágicos y, por tanto, que el tipo de síntoma presentado no permite predecir la existencia de dichos trastornos.


Abstract Introduction: Refractory gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) can lead to potential complications such as persistent esophagitis, esophageal stricture, Schatzki ring, and Barrett's esophagus. This study describes motility in patients with refractory GERD, and its association with esophageal symptoms. Materials and methods: An analytical observational study was carried out in a retrospective cohort of patients diagnosed with refractory GERD and esophageal symptoms who underwent high-resolution esophageal manometry and impedance testing. Clinical characteristics, demographics, and the association between motility disorders and esophageal symptoms are described. Results: 133 patients were included (mean age 54.1 ± 12.5 years). Heartburn and regurgitation (69.2%), and esophageal dysphagia (13.5%) were the most common symptoms. Normal motility (75.2%), complete bolus clearance (75.2%), and ineffective esophageal motility (IEM) (18%) were the most frequent manometric findings. Type II and IIIb gastroesophageal junction were observed in 35.3% and 33.8% of the cases, respectively. Esophageal aperistalsis (3.8%) and Jackhammer esophagus (0.8%) were rare findings. Incomplete bolus clearance was associated with esophageal dysphagia (p=0.038) and IEM (p=0.008). No esophageal symptoms were significantly related to motility disorders. Conclusions: The results of the present study suggest that motility disorders are rare in patients with refractory GERD. They also suggest that esophageal motility disorders are not associated with the presence of esophageal symptoms and, therefore, the type of symptom experienced does not allow predicting the existence of such disorders.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Esophageal Motility Disorders , Deglutition Disorders , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Esophagitis , Manometry , Patients , Association , Barrett Esophagus , Esophageal Stenosis
7.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(1): e937, ene.-mar. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289378

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La estenosis tardía y retracción del órgano sustituto al mediastino es una situación compleja. Objetivo: Mostrar una alternativa poco invasiva ante la retracción y retención del colon en el mediastino, posterior a una esofagocoloplastia. Caso clínico: Se presenta una paciente de sexo femenino de 18 años de edad con antecedente de ingestión accidental de caustico al año y medio de nacida. El tratamiento fue una esofagocoloplastia retroesternal, se utilizó el colon derecho. Después de 16 años presentó una fistula esofágica con estenosis y retracción del segmento del colon utilizado hacia el mediastino. Conclusiones: Fue factible extirpar el colon retenido en el mediastino y la esofagogastroplastia tubular ya que siempre ofrece ventajas. Fue muy importante la integración multidisciplinaria entre cirujanos de adultos y pediátricos lo que permitió realizar este procedimiento complejo(AU)


Introduction: Late stenosis and retraction of the substitute organ towards the mediastinum is a complex situation. Objective: To show a minimally invasive alternative to retraction and retention of the colon towards the mediastinum after esophagocoloplasty. Clinical case: The case is presented of an 18-year-old female patient with a history of accidental ingestion of a caustic product at one year and a half after birth. The treatment was a retrosternal esophagocoloplasty, for which the right colon was used. After 16 years, she presented an esophageal fistula with stenosis and retraction of the segment of the used colon towards the mediastinum. Conclusions: It was feasible remove the colon retained in the mediastinum as well as perform the tubular esophagogastroplasty, since it always offers advantages. Multidisciplinary integration between adult and pediatric surgeons was very important, allowing this complex procedure to be performed(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Gastrostomy/methods , Esophageal Stenosis/etiology
8.
Acta cir. bras ; 36(3): e360302, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152706

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose To investigate the efficacy of cordycepin, an adenosine analogue, on prevention of esophageal damage and stricture formation due to esophageal caustic burns in rat model comparing with prednisolone. Methods Caustic esophageal burn was introduced by 37.5% of NaOH to distal esophagus. Thirty-two Wistar albino rats were divided in four groups: sham rats undergone laparotomy, treated with 0.9% NaCl; control rats injured with NaOH without cordycepin treatment; cordycepin group injured with NaOH, treated with 20 mg/kg cordycepin; prednisolone group injured with NaOH, treated with 1 mg/kg prednisolone for 28 days. Efficacy was assessed by histopathological and immunohistochemical analysis of esophageal tissues. Results Cordycepin treatment significantly decreased inflammation, granulation tissue and fibrous tissue formation and prevented formation of esophageal strictures shown by histopathological damage score and stenosis indexes compared to control group (p < 0.01). These effects are relatively more substantial than prednisolone, probably based on attenuation of elevation of proinflammatory cytokines hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha (HIF-1?), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-?), proliferative and fibrotic factor fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) and angiogenic factor vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) (p < 0.05). Conclusions The findings suggest that cordycepin has a complex multifactorial healing process in alkali-burned tissue, more successful than prednisolone in preventing the formation of esophageal strictures and may be used as a therapeutic agent in the acute phase of esophageal alkali-burn.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Burns, Chemical/drug therapy , Caustics/toxicity , Caustics/therapeutic use , Esophageal Stenosis/chemically induced , Esophageal Stenosis/prevention & control , Esophageal Stenosis/drug therapy , Deoxyadenosines , Rats, Wistar , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/therapeutic use , Alkalies/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use
9.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 39(2): 146-148, 15/06/2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362504

ABSTRACT

Introduction Caustic substance ingestion is a common cause of esophageal stricture in children. The primary treatment is esophageal dilatation. Although it is known that endoscopic esophageal dilatation is a procedure associated with a high rate of bacteremia, current guidelines do not recommend routine throat swab cultures or antibiotic prophylaxis for the general children population. Case Report We describe a case of a 7-year-old boy presenting with refractory headaches who was diagnosed with cranial abscess after multiple esophageal dilatations due to stenosis caused by caustic soda ingestion. The patient was subjected to neurosurgical intervention and intravenous antibiotic treatment for 6 weeks. Streptococcus viridans culture was positive in purulent abscess content. Conclusion We highlight this condition that, although rare, needs immediate diagnosis and proper treatment. We also recommend routine testing of throat swabs and antibiotics prophylaxis to children undergoing esophageal dilatation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Brain Abscess/surgery , Brain Abscess/drug therapy , Esophageal Stenosis/chemically induced , Esophageal Stenosis/therapy , Brain Abscess/diagnostic imaging , Viridans Streptococci , Dilatation/adverse effects , Endoscopy/methods
10.
Distúrb. comun ; 32(2): 285-295, jun. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1397032

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Verificar o papel do fonoaudiólogo no gerenciamento da disfagia por ingestão cáustica em crianças. Estratégia de pesquisa: Bases: PubMed, SciELO e Bireme, pelo Medical Subject Heading Terms (MeSH); termos: [("Dysphagia") AND ("Children") AND ("Caustic")]. Critérios de seleção: Restrição quanto ao período de publicação de 5 anos e incluídos artigos com atuação fonoaudiológica, informações sobre via de alimentação, pediatria e queimadura por cáusticos. Resultados: Cinco artigos incluídos com crianças de 11 meses a 12 anos. A estenose esofágica tardia ocorreu na maioria dos estudos e todos relataram disfagia. Todos realizaram avaliação da deglutição antes e após tratamento médico para determinar a gravidade e a necessidade de via alternativa de alimentação. Conclusão: A atuação fonoaudiológica nestes casos compreende avaliar e auxiliar o manejo da alimentação e, na impossibilidade de via oral, na indicação de via alternativa em conjunto com a equipe.


Objective: To assess the role of the speech-language therapist in the management of dysphagia due to caustic ingestion in children. Research strategy: Databases: PubMed, SciELO, and BIREME, by Medical Subject Heading Terms (MeSH); terms: [("Dysphagia") and ("Children") and ("Caustic")]. Selection criteria: A 5 year restriction period of publication and articles with speech therapy, information on feeding, pediatrics and burn by caustics were included. Results: Five articles were included with children with 11 months to 12 years. The late esophageal stenosis was present in the majority of studies and all reported dysphagia. All carried out the evaluation of swallowing before and after medical treatment to determine the severity and the necessity of the use of an alternative food supply. Conclusion: Speech therapy in the management in these cases comprise of evaluating and assisting the management of oral intake, and when this is not possible orally, to indicate an alternative food supply in conjunction with the team.


Objetivo: evaluar el papel del logopeda en el tratamiento de la disfagia por ingestión cáustica en niños. Estrategia de investigación: Bases de datos: PubMed, SciELO y BIREME, por Medical Subject Heading Terms (MeSH); términos: [("Disfagia") y ("Niños") y ("Cáustico")]. Criterios de selección: Se incluyó un período de restricción de publicación de 5 años y artículos con terapia del habla, información sobre alimentación, pediatría y quemaduras por cáusticos. Resultados: se incluyeron cinco artículos con niños de 11 meses a 12 años. La estenosis esofágica tardía estuvo presente en la mayoría de los estudios y todos informaron disfagia. Todos llevaron a cabo la evaluación de la deglución antes y después del tratamiento médico para determinar la gravedad y la necesidad del uso de un suministro de alimentos alternativo. Conclusión: La terapia del habla en el manejo en estos casos consiste en evaluar y ayudar al manejo del suministro de alimentos, y cuando esto no es posible por vía oral, para indicar un suministro de alimentos alternativo en conjunto con el equipo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Deglutition Disorders/rehabilitation , Caustics/toxicity , Professional Role , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences , Burns, Chemical , Deglutition Disorders/etiology , Disease Management , Esophageal Stenosis/chemically induced
11.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 33(3): e1537, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1141901

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Esophageal atresia is congenital anomaly with high mortality. Surgical complications and changes in nutritional status are common problems after surgical correction. Aim: To evaluate nutritional status, esophageal stenosis, and respiratory complications among children who had repaired esophageal atresia. Methods: Children aged >2 months old with repaired esophageal atresia were included in the current study. Gender, age, weight, and height were recorded for each case. Height for age and weight for age were calculated for each case. Results: According to weight for length percentile, 41.02% of the cases were underweight. Esophageal stenosis was seen in 54.76% of the obtained esophagograms. Conclusion: Underweight was present in 41.02 of the patients according to weight-for-height percentile.


RESUMO Racional: Atresia de esôfago é anomalia congênita com mortalidade alta. Complicações cirúrgicas e alterações no estado nutricional são problemas comuns após correção cirúrgica. Objetivo: Avaliar o estado nutricional, a estenose esofágica e as complicações respiratórias em crianças que tiveram a reparação de atresia de esôfago. Métodos: Crianças com idade> 2 meses de idade com atresia esofágica reparada foram incluídas no estudo atual. Sexo, idade, peso e altura foram registrados para cada caso. A altura por idade e o peso por idade foram calculados para cada caso. Resultados: De acordo com o peso para o percentil de comprimento, 41,02% dos casos estavam abaixo do peso. Estenose esofágica foi observada em 54,76% do esofagograma obtido. Conclusão: O baixo peso esteve presente em 41,02 dos pacientes, de acordo com o percentil peso/estatura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Malnutrition/etiology , Malnutrition/epidemiology , Esophageal Atresia/surgery , Esophageal Atresia/complications , Esophageal Stenosis/etiology , Esophageal Stenosis/epidemiology , Body Weight , Incidence
12.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 33(1): e1486, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130507

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Esophageal atresia is congenital anomaly with high mortality. Surgical complications and changes in nutritional status are common problems after surgical correction. Aim: T o evaluate nutritional status, esophageal stenosis, and respiratory complications among children who had repaired esophageal atresia. Methods: Children aged >2 months old with repaired esophageal atresia were included in the current study. Gender, age, weight, and height were recorded for each case. Height for age and weight for age were calculated for each case. Results: According to weight for length percentile, 41.02% of the cases were underweight. Esophageal stenosis was seen in 54.76% of the obtained esophagograms. Conclusion: Underweight was present in 41.02 of the patients according to weight-for-height percentile.


RESUMO Racional: Atresia de esôfago é anomalia congênita com mortalidade alta. Complicações cirúrgicas e alterações no estado nutricional são problemas comuns após correção cirúrgica. Objetivo: Avaliar o estado nutricional, a estenose esofágica e as complicações respiratórias em crianças que tiveram a reparação de atresia de esôfago. Métodos: Crianças com idade> 2 meses de idade com atresia esofágica reparada foram incluídas no estudo atual. Sexo, idade, peso e altura foram registrados para cada caso. A altura por idade e o peso por idade foram calculados para cada caso. Resultados: De acordo com o peso para o percentil de comprimento, 41,02% dos casos estavam abaixo do peso. Estenose esofágica foi observada em 54,76% do esofagograma obtido. Conclusão: O baixo peso esteve presente em 41,02 dos pacientes, de acordo com o percentil peso/estatura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Malnutrition/etiology , Malnutrition/epidemiology , Esophageal Atresia/surgery , Esophageal Atresia/complications , Esophageal Stenosis/etiology , Esophageal Stenosis/epidemiology , Body Weight , Incidence
13.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 56(1): 95-98, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001319

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Bougies dilation is considered an effective technique for the treatment of simple benign esophageal strictures. The "rule of three" has been advocated to prevent reported adverse events such as bleeding and perforation. However, adherence to this rule has increased the cost and duration of treatment. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the safety and long-term benefits of progressive bougie dilations until reaching 15 mm (45Fr) in one single session endoscopy with non-adherence to the rule of three. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of a prospectively collected data of patients with simple benign esophageal strictures treated with multiple progressive bougie dilators until reaching 15 mm (45Fr) in one single session. RESULTS: The median age was 58 years (range 28-89), and 83.3% of patients were female. The main presenting symptom was dysphagia for solids in 11/12 cases (91.6%). The cause of their simple benign esophageal stricture was distributed as follows: 7/12 esophageal webs, 2/12 peptic stenosis, 2/12 Schatzki rings and one caustic injury. 75% required only one session for clinical success. No serious adverse events were described. No recurrence of symptoms was noted in a median follow-up of 20 months. CONCLUSION: The rule of three in patients with simple benign esophageal strictures secondary to esophageal webs, Schatzki rings and peptic strictures treated with Savary-Gilliard dilators is not necessary, showing good clinical results. Prospective studies with more patients are necessary.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A dilatação por velas é considerada uma técnica eficaz para o tratamento de estenoses esofágicas benignas simples. A "regra de três" tem sido defendida para prevenir eventos adversos relatados, como sangramento e perfuração. No entanto, a adesão a esta regra aumentou o custo e a duração do tratamento. OBJETIVO: Demonstrar a segurança e os benefícios de longo prazo das dilatações progressivas por velas até chegar a 15 mm (45Fr) em uma única sessão de endoscopia com não adesão à regra de três. MÉTODOS: Uma análise retrospectiva de dados coletados prospectivamente de pacientes com estenoses esofágicas benignas simples tratadas com múltiplos dilatadores de velas progressivas até atingir 15 mm (45Fr) em uma única sessão. RESULTADOS: A mediana de idade foi de 58 anos (variação de 28-89) e 83,3% dos pacientes eram do sexo feminino. O principal sintoma de apresentação foi a disfagia para sólidos em 11/12 casos (91,6%). A causa da estenose esofágica benigna simples foi distribuída como segue: 7/12 membranas esofágicas, 2/12 estenose péptica, 2/12 anéis de Schatzki e um ferimento cáustico. 75% necessitaram apenas de uma sessão para o sucesso clínico. Não foram descritos eventos adversos graves. Nenhum retorno dos sintomas foi anotado em uma continuação mediana de 20 meses. CONCLUSÃO: A regra de três em pacientes com as estenoses esofágicas benignas simples secundárias às membranas esofágicas, os anéis de Schatzki e as estenoses péptica tratadas com os dilatadores de Savary-Gilliard não é necessária, mostrando bons resultados clínicos. Estudos prospectivos com mais pacientes são necessários.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Dilatation/instrumentation , Esophageal Stenosis/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Dilatation/methods , Middle Aged
14.
Rev. gastroenterol. Perú ; 39(1): 7-11, ene.-mar. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1014120

ABSTRACT

Background: Esophageal stricture is one of the most important complication of the caustic ingestion. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate complications of balloon dilatation among children with esophageal stenosis. Material and methods: In this retrospective study 82 children were included. Children who underwent balloon dilatation for esophageal stenosis were included in our study. Duration of study was 14 year starting from 2001. Mean age of the cases was 3.95±0.4 year (Min: 15 days, Max: 14 year). Chart review and telephone calling were the methods of data collection. Data was analyzed using SPSS. Results: In this study, 47% of the patients were male and 53% of the cases were female. Caustic ingestion (33.7%) was the most common etiology for the esophageal stricture. Vomiting (87.8%) was the most common presenting symptom. Among our cases, 76.8% had no compliant after esophageal dilatation. Chest pain was the most common compliant after esophageal dilatation. Response rate was similar among boys and girls. Toddler age had the best treatment response after esophageal dilatation. Conclusion: Among our cases, 76.8% had no post procedural compliant after esophageal dilatation. Esophageal perforation was seen in 4.9% of the cases. Chest pain was the most common post dilatation complication.


Antecedentes: La estenosis esofágica es una de las más importantes complicaciones de la ingesta de caústicos. Objetivo: El objetivo del estudio fue evaluar las complicaciones de la dilatación endoscópica con balón en niños con estenosis esofágica. Material y métodos: En este estudio retrospectivo se incluyeron 82 niños. Se incluyeron todos los niños que se sometieron a una dilatación endoscópica con balón por estenosis esofágica. La duración del estudio fue 14 años iniciando en el año 2001. La edad media de los pacientes fue 3,95 +/- 0,4 años (Min. 15 días, Máx. 14 años). La recolección de datos se realizó revisando las historias clínicas y con llamadas telefónicas. Los datos se analizaron con el Sistema SPSS. Resultados: En este estudio, 47% de los casos fueron varones y 53% fueron mujeres. La ingesta de caústicos fue la causa más frecuente de estenosis esofágica (33,7%). El síntoma más común fueron los vómitos (87,8%). Entre nuestros casos, 76,8% no presentaron molestias luego de la dilatación esofágica. El dolor torácico fue la molestia más común luego de la dilatación esofágica. La tasa de respuesta al tratamiento fue similar entre hombres y mujeres. Los niños pequeños tuvieron la mejor respuesta al tratamiento luego de la dilatación esofágica. Conclusiones: Entre nuestros casos, 76,8% no presentaron molestias luego de la dilatación esofágica. La perforación esofágica se presentó en 4,9% de los casos. El dolor torácico fue la complicación más común posterior a la dilatación.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Chest Pain/etiology , Esophagoscopy/adverse effects , Dilatation/adverse effects , Esophageal Perforation/etiology , Esophageal Stenosis/therapy , Vomiting/etiology , Burns, Chemical/therapy , Esophageal Achalasia/complications , Retrospective Studies , Esophageal Stenosis/congenital , Esophageal Stenosis/chemically induced , Tertiary Care Centers/statistics & numerical data , Iran
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785652

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: There is a lack of data on long-term morbidity, particularly dysphagia, following endoscopic variceal band ligation (EVL). The aim of this study are to assess the incidence of dysphagia and variables associated with this complication after EVL.METHODS: We identified individuals who completed at least one session of EVL as their sole treatment for varices from August 2012 to December 2017. Included patients achieved “complete eradication” of varices not requiring further therapy. Patients ≥90 days from their last EVL session completed a modified version of the Mayo Clinic Dysphagia Questionnaire. Individuals with dysphagia were invited to undergo a barium esophagram. Patients with pre-EVL dysphagia were excluded.RESULTS: Of the patients, 68 possessed inclusion criteria, nine (13.2%) died and 20 (29.4%) were lost to follow up. For the remaining 39 (57.4%) patients, 23 were males, mean age of 61.7±8.6 years. The most common etiology of liver disease was hepatitis C virus (n=18; 46.2%). The median number of banding sessions was 2.0 (interquartile range [IQR], 1.0–4.0) with a median of 9.0 bands placed (IQR, 3.0–14.0). Twelve patients (30.8%) developed new-onset dysphagia post-EVL. In univariate analysis, pre-EVL MELD score and non-emergent initial banding were associated with long-term dysphagia. In a regression model adjusted for age, sex, number of bands, and use of acid suppression after EVL, no factor was independently associated with dysphagia (all p>0.05). No strictures were identified on subsequent esophageal evaluation.CONCLUSIONS: Approximately 30% of patients developed new-onset, chronic dysphagia post-EVL. Incident dysphagia was associated with a non-emergent initial banding session. The mechanism for dysphagia remains unknown.


Subject(s)
Barium , Constriction, Pathologic , Deglutition Disorders , Esophageal and Gastric Varices , Esophageal Stenosis , Hepacivirus , Humans , Incidence , Ligation , Liver Diseases , Lost to Follow-Up , Male , Risk Factors , Varicose Veins
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761850

ABSTRACT

A rare case of esophageal atresia/tracheo-esophageal fistula (EA-TEF) with an associated tracheobronchial remnant (TBR) is reported and discussed herein. A 13-month-old patient was seen with a complaint of vomiting of solid food 1 year after EA-TEF repair. An esophagogram showed a tapered narrowing in the lower segment of the esophagus. A re-operation was carried out and a pathologic examination of the resected stenotic segment revealed the presence of a TBR.


Subject(s)
Esophageal Atresia , Esophageal Stenosis , Esophagus , Fistula , Humans , Infant , Vomiting
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760179

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The esophagus is the most common part of gastrointestinal (GI) tract at the risk of stricture. Benign disorders are the leading causes of narrowing. Caustic ingestion is the most common cause of esophageal stricture in children, especially in developing countries. Clinical responses to the topical application of Mitomycin C in various medical procedures have been reported. PURPOSE: The study aimed to evaluate the methodology, efficacy, and side effects of Mitomycin C in the treatment of esophageal strictures. METHODS: This study included 30 children with resistant esophageal strictures. Upper GI endoscopy was performed up to the area of stricture, esophageal dilatation was done, endoscopy was repeated, and Mitomycin C was applied topically under direct endoscopic vision. The effect of the procedure was followed over a period of 3–5 years. RESULTS: The response to Mitomycin C was excellent (clinically and endoscopically) in 28 patients (93.3%) and good (endoscopically only) in 2 patients (6.7%). No side effects of topical Mitomycin C in children with esophageal strictures were reported in this study. CONCLUSION: Esophageal dilatation followed by local Mitomycin C application may be a useful strategy for treating resistant esophageal strictures.


Subject(s)
Child , Constriction, Pathologic , Developing Countries , Dilatation , Eating , Endoscopy , Esophageal Stenosis , Esophagus , Humans , Mitomycin
18.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 33(2): 172-175, abr.-jun. 2018. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-960056

ABSTRACT

Resumen Una causa poco frecuente de estenosis esofágica es la que se presenta después de una anastomosis esofagoyeyunal, la cual puede llevar a comprometer la calidad de vida del paciente y su estado nutricional, que requiere un manejo endoscópico inicial con balón de dilatación o con bujías (con el riesgo que ellas generan); pero hay un grupo de pacientes quienes, a pesar de la dilatación, no encuentran mejoría, por lo que persisten con la estenosis y, por tanto, con su sintomatología. En este último tipo de pacientes con estenosis refractarias al manejo con dilatación se realiza la técnica de incisión radiada y corte endoscópico con electrobisturí de punta, con buenos resultados. Se presenta el caso de un paciente con una estenosis postoperatoria a nivel de la anastomosis esofagoyeyunal, a quien se le dio un manejo inicial con dilatación refractaria y requirió una incisión radiada y corte endoscópico con electrobisturí de punta, y obtuvo mejores resultados en su calidad de vida.


Abstract Esophageal stenoses very rarely occur after an esophagojejunal anastomosis, but when they do they can compromise patients' quality of life and nutritional status and may require endoscopic management with balloon dilation or with plugs which entail risks. Nevertheless, there is a group of patients who do not improve after dilation, whose stenoses persist, and who therefore continue to be symptomatic. For a patient with a stenosis that is refractory to dilation, a radial incision and endoscopic cutting with an electric scalpel can be performed with good results. We present the case of a patient with a postoperative stenosis at the esophagojejunal anastomosis who was refractory to initial dilation, who required a radial incision cut with an endoscopic electric scalpel whose improvement led to a better quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Esophageal Stenosis , Quality of Life , Nutritional Status , Dilatation
19.
Med. leg. Costa Rica ; 35(1): 152-159, ene.-mar. 2018. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-894347

ABSTRACT

Resumen El hallazgo de un cadáver con signos de suspensión y en circunstancias dudosas plantea la posibilidad de que la muerte esté relacionada a la intervención de terceros. Presentamos el caso de un varón de 36 años que fue encontrado muerto, con una compresión cervical mecánica extrínseca, en una vía pública, sin testigos del hecho. Inicialmente, se investigó el caso como un homicidio, con diagnóstico diferencial de suicidio. El estudio exhaustivo del sitio de la muerte, más el examen post-mórtem completo, incluyendo: autopsia, histopatología y toxicología, permitió descartar la posibilidad de la acción de terceros y confirmar la hipótesis diagnóstica de una estrangulación autoinducida, de ubicación atípica, ejecutada con lazo.


Abstract Finding a suspended body in doubtful circumstances raises the possibility that the manner of death is homicide. We present the case of a 36 years-old male who was found dead, with extrinsic mechanical cervical compression, on a public place, there were no witnesses of the fact. Initially, the case was investigated as a homicide, with differential diagnosis of suicide. The comprehensive analysis of the scene and a complete post-mortem examination: including autopsy, histopathology and toxicology results, allowed us to rule out the possibility of the action of third parties and confirm the hypothesis of a self-induced atypical strangulation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Autopsy , Suicide , Cause of Death , Coroners and Medical Examiners , Forensic Pathology , Esophageal Stenosis , Forensic Medicine
20.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 116(1): 110-114, feb. 2018. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-887440

ABSTRACT

La estenosis esofágica congénita es una patología infrecuente y no existe un tratamiento estandarizado. Se evaluó el diagnóstico, tratamiento y evolución de 11 pacientes con estenosis esofágica congénita tratados en nuestro centro. El síntoma más frecuente fue la disfagia. La edad al momento del diagnóstico varió entre 1 día y 14 años (media= 4,7 años). El esofagograma confirmó el diagnóstico. Cinco pacientes presentaron malformaciones asociadas. Cuatro pacientes fueron tratados quirúrgicamente y siete, con dilataciones. La histopatología identificó tres de tipo fibromuscular y una con restos traqueobronquiales. Todos evolucionaron favorablemente con un seguimiento promedio de 4,5 años. Las dilataciones fueron efectivas en la mayoría de los pacientes que se trataron por este método.


Congenital esophageal stenosis is a very rare condition and there is no standard treatment. We report the diagnosis, treatment and outcome of 11 patients with this condition managed at our institution. The most common symptom was dysphagia. The age at diagnosis was between 1 day and 14 years (mean age: 4.7 years). The esophagogram confirmed the diagnosis. Five patients presented associated anomalies. Four patients received surgical treatment and 7 only balloon dilatations. Pathologic examinations showed 3 fibromuscular stenosis and one with tracheobronchial remnants. All patients had a good outcome with a mean follow up of 4.5 years. Balloon dilatations were the definitive treatment in most of the patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Esophageal Stenosis/congenital , Dilatation/instrumentation , Esophageal Stenosis/diagnosis , Esophageal Stenosis/therapy
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