Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 1.256
Filter
2.
Clinics ; 76: e2921, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278928

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Acute variceal bleeding (AVB) results from rupture of esophageal or gastric varices. It is a life-threatening complication of portal hypertension. Nevertheless, it remains unclear how to predict adverse outcomes and identify high-risk patients. In variceal hemorrhage, high Child-Turcotte-Pugh (Child) and Model for End-stage Liver Disease (MELD) scores are associated with a worse prognosis. The Rockall system (Rockall), Glasgow-Blatchford (Blatchford), and AIMS65 scores have been validated for risk stratification for nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding; however, their use is controversial in AVB. The aim of this study was to compare the performance of Child, MELD, Rockall, Blatchford, and AIMS65 scores in risk stratification for rebleeding and/or mortality associated with AVB. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted at a tertiary care hospital over 42 months. The outcomes were 6-week rebleeding and mortality. The AUROC was calculated for each score (1-0.9, 0.9-0.8, and 0.8-0.7, indicating excellent, good, and acceptable predictive power, respectively). RESULTS: In total, 222 patients were included. Six-week rebleeding and mortality rates were 14% and 18.5%, respectively. No score was useful for discriminating patients at a higher risk of rebleeding. The AUROCs were 0.59, 0.57, 0.61, 0.63, and 0.56 for Rockall, Blatchford, AIMS65, Child, and MELD scores, respectively. Prediction of 6-week mortality based on Rockall (AUROC 0.65), Blatchford (AUROC=0.60), and AIMS65 (AUROC=0.67) scores were also not considered acceptable. The AUROCs for predicting mortality were acceptable for Child and MELD scores (0.72 and 0.74, respectively). CONCLUSION: Rockall, Blatchford, and AIMS65 scores are not useful for predicting 6-week rebleeding or mortality in patients with AVB. Child and MELD scores can identify patients at higher risk for 6-week mortality but not for 6-week rebleeding.


Subject(s)
Humans , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/diagnosis , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/etiology , End Stage Liver Disease , Prognosis , Severity of Illness Index , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Hospital Mortality , Risk Assessment , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/diagnosis , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/etiology , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/therapy
3.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(4): e1638, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360019

ABSTRACT

RESUMO - RACIONAL: O tratamento endoscópico das varizes esofágicas tem sido utilizado como principal intervenção em pacientes com hipertensão portal secundária à esquistossomose, mas com taxas significativas de recorrência de varizes esofágicas e ressangramento. Os resultados em longo prazo do tratamento endoscópico exclusivo são pouco estudados quanto à relação das dimensões esplênicas neste contexto. OBJETIVO: Avaliar, por meio da ultrassonografia, o índice esplênico e a dimensão longitudinal (craniocaudal) do baço como preditores de ressangramento e recorrência de varizes no seguimento tardio de pacientes esquistossomóticos não operados, após erradicação endoscópica das varizes esofágicas. MÉTODOS: Estudo observacional retrospectivo por meio da análise de prontuários de pacientes com diagnóstico de esquistossomose hepatoesplênica. A curva ROC foi usada para determinar o melhor ponto de corte para o índice esplênico médio como preditor de recorrência e sangramento. RESULTADOS: Foram analisados 54 pacientes, durante o período de 2002 a 2018. O tempo médio de seguimento foi de 8 anos. O índice esplênico provou ser um teste sensível em valores acima de 144 como preditor de ressangramento. Na análise da dimensão longitudinal, o valor acima de 20 cm apresentou teste estatisticamente significativo para recorrência de varizes e valor acima de 19 cm apresentou-se como teste muito sensível e estatisticamente significativo para ressangramento. CONCLUSÃO: A análise do índice esplênico e da dimensão craniocaudal, obtidos por ultrassonografia, podem predizer recorrência de varizes e ressangramento após erradicação endoscópica exclusiva.


ABSTRACT - BACKGROUND: Endoscopic treatment for esophageal variceal has been used as the main intervention in patients with portal hypertension secondary to schistosomiasis, but with significant rates of recurrence of esophageal variceal and rebleeding. The long-term results of exclusive endoscopic treatment are poorly studied as the relationship of the splenic dimensions in this context. AIM: The aim of this study was to identify, through ultrasonography, whether the splenic index and the longitudinal (craniocaudal) dimension of the spleen are the predictors of rebleeding and variceal recurrence in late follow-up of patients with nonoperated schistosomiasis, after endoscopic eradication of esophageal variceal. METHODS: This is a retrospective and observational study analyzing the medical records of patients diagnosed with hepatosplenic schistosomiasis. The receiver operating characteristic curve was used to determine the best cutoff point for the mean splenic index as a predictor of recurrence and bleeding. Results: A follow-up of 54 patients were analyzed during the period from 2002 to 2018. The mean follow-up time was 8 years. The splenic index with value >144 was proved to be a sensitive test for rebleeding. In the analysis of the longitudinal dimension, the spleen length of >20 cm showed a statistically significant test for recurrence of variceal and a length >19 cm presented as a very sensitive and statistically significant test for rebleeding. CONCLUSION: Splenic index and craniocaudal dimension analysis, obtained by ultrasonography, can predict recurrence of varicose veins and rebleeding after exclusive endoscopic treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Schistosomiasis , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/surgery , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/diagnostic imaging , Spleen/surgery , Spleen/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/surgery , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/etiology , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/diagnostic imaging , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
4.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(2): e1581, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345002

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: The treatment of choice for patients with schistosomiasis with previous episode of varices is bleeding esophagogastric devascularization and splenectomy (EGDS) in association with postoperative endoscopic therapy. However, studies have shown varices recurrence especially after long-term follow-up. Aim: To assess the impact on behavior of esophageal varices and bleeding recurrence after post-operative endoscopic treatment of patients submitted to EGDS. Methods: Thirty-six patients submitted to EGDS were followed for more than five years. They were divided into two groups, according to the portal pressure drop, more or less than 30%, and compared with the behavior of esophageal varices and the rate of bleeding recurrence. Results: A significant reduction on the early and late post-operative varices caliber when compared the pre-operative data was observed despite an increase in diameter during follow-up that was controlled by endoscopic therapy. Conclusion: The drop in portal pressure did not significantly influence the variation of variceal calibers when comparing pre-operative and early or late post-operative diameters. The comparison between the portal pressure drop and the rebleeding rates was also not significant.


RESUMO Racional: O tratamento de escolha para pacientes com hipertensão portal esquistossomótica com sangramento de varizes é a desconexão ázigo-portal mais esplenectomia (DAPE) associada à terapia endoscópica. Porém, estudos mostram aumento do calibre das varizes em alguns pacientes durante o seguimento em longo prazo. Objetivo: Avaliar o impacto da DAPE e tratamento endoscópico pós-operatório no comportamento das varizes esofágicas e recidiva hemorrágica, de pacientes esquistossomóticos. Métodos: Foram estudados 36 pacientes com seguimento superior a cinco anos, distribuídos em dois grupos: queda da pressão portal abaixo de 30% e acima de 30% comparados com o calibre das varizes esofágicas no pós-operatório precoce e tardio além do índice de recidiva hemorrágica. Resultados: Após a DAPE houve diminuição significativa no calibre das varizes esofágicas que, durante o seguimento aumentaram de calibre e foram controladas com tratamento endoscópico. A queda da pressão portal não influenciou significativamente o comportamento do calibre das varizes no pós-operatório precoce nem tardio nem os índices de recidiva hemorrágica. Conclusão: A queda na pressão portal não influenciou significativamente a variação dos calibres das varizes ao comparar os diâmetros pré e pós-operatórios precoces ou tardios. A comparação entre a queda de pressão do portal e as taxas de ressangramento também não foi significativa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Schistosomiasis , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/surgery , Hypertension, Portal/surgery , Recurrence , Splenectomy , Follow-Up Studies , Portal Pressure , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/surgery , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/etiology
5.
Medisan ; 24(6) tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1143261

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las varices esofágicas son canales vasculares que unen la circulación venosa portal y la sistémica. Se forman como consecuencia de la hipertensión portal, predominantemente en la submucosa del tercio inferior del esófago. Objetivo: Caracterizar a pacientes con rotura de varices esofágicas según principales variables clinicoepidemiológicas y terapéutico-endoscópicas. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y longitudinal de 20 pacientes con hemorragia digestiva alta por rotura de varices esofágicas, los cuales recibieron tratamiento endoscópico con bandas elásticas en el Servicio de Gastroenterología del Hospital General Docente Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso de Santiago de Cuba, de noviembre de 2016 a febrero de 2018. En el análisis estadístico se utilizó el porcentaje como medida de resumen y se aplicó la prueba de independencia de la Χ2 para identificar alguna asociación significativa entre variables. Resultados: Existió un predominio del sexo masculino (80,0 %) y del grupo etario de 51 a 60 años (40,0 %). La mayoría de los afectados presentó cirrosis hepática (60,0 %) como causa de la hipertensión portal y hematemesis (50,0 %) como forma de hemorragia digestiva alta; asimismo, el gran tamaño de las varices fue el principal factor de riesgo asociado a la rotura (70,0 %) y, luego de practicado el tratamiento endoscópico, no se produjo resangrado en la casi totalidad de los pacientes (95,0 %). Conclusiones: La aplicación de este procedimiento terapéutico resultó ser satisfactoria y no provocó complicación alguna.


Introduction: The esophageal varicose veins are vascular channels that unite the portal venous and systemic circulation. They are formed as consequence of the portal hypertension, predominantly in the submucosa of the inferior section of the esophagus. Objective: To characterize patients with break of esophageal varicose veins according to main clinical epidemiological and therapeutic-endoscopic variables. Methods: An observational, descriptive and longitudinal study of 20 patients with upper digestive bleeding due to break of esophageal varicose veins was carried out, they received endoscopic treatment with banding in the Gastroenterology Service of Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso Teaching General Hospital in Santiago de Cuba, from November, 2016 to February, 2018. In the statistical analysis the percentage was used as summary measure and the chi-square test was applied to identify the existence of some significant association among variables. Results: There was a prevalence of the male sex (80.0 %) and the 51 to 60 age group (40.0 %). Most of the patients presented liver cirrhosis (60.0 %) as cause of the portal hypertension and hematemesis (50.0 %) as form of upper digestive bleeding; also, the great size of the esophageal varicose veins was the main risk factor associated with the break (70.0 %) and, after the implementation of the endoscopic treatment, there was no second bleeding in almost all the patients (95.0 %). Conclusions: The application of this therapeutic procedure was satisfactory and it didn't cause any complication.


Subject(s)
Esophageal and Gastric Varices , Ligation , Hematemesis , Gastroenterology , Hypertension, Portal , Liver Cirrhosis
6.
Rev. med. Risaralda ; 26(2): 157-159, jul.-dic. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1150024

ABSTRACT

Resumen La hipertensión portal se define como la alteración patológica en el gradiente de presión a nivel del sistema portal, es decir, la diferencia entre la presión de la vena porta y la vena cava inferior. El valor normal es entre 1-5 mm Hg y se considera hipertensión cuando es mayor de 10 mm Hg. En este artículo, se describe el caso de una paciente de 5 años con un cuadro de hipertensión portal secundario a várices esofágicas y trombosis de la vena porta, confirmado por endoscopia de vías digestivas alta y angioresonancia magnética. La paciente fue atendida en la Fundación Clínica Infantil Club Noel de la ciudad de Cali, Colombia, entre los meses de diciembre del 2018 y febrero del 2019.


Abstract Portal hypertension is defined as the pathological increase in the portal pressure gradient, which is the difference between the pressure of the portal vein and the inferior vena cava. Normally portal vein pressure ranges between 1-5 mmHg and is considered hypertension when it is higher than 10 mmHg. In this study the case of a 5-year-old patient that suffers from secondary portal hypertension to portal venous thrombosis and esophageal varices is presented. The diagnostic is confirmed by an endoscopy of the upper gastrointestinal tract and by a magnetic angioresonance. The patient was treated at the Fundacion Clinica Infantil Club Noel located in Cali, Colombia, between the months of December 2018 and February 2019.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Portal Vein , Esophageal and Gastric Varices , Venous Thrombosis , Hypertension , Hypertension, Portal , Pressure , Vena Cava, Inferior , Portal Pressure , Gradient , Upper Gastrointestinal Tract , Endoscopy
7.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 156(6): 502-508, nov.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249959

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Con la escala de Glasgow-Blatchford (EG-B) se califica mediante datos clínicos, el riesgo de resangrado después de hemorragia del tubo digestivo alto (HTDA); y con las escalas de Forrest y Dagradi, mediante endoscopia. Objetivo: Evaluar la capacidad de la EG-B para identificar riesgo de resangrado a 30 días después de una HTDA; el estándar de oro de comparación fue la endoscopia. Método: Se analizaron 129 expedientes de pacientes con HTDA y endoscopia. Se cuantificaron las escalas de Glasgow-Blatchford, Forrest y Dagradi; se calculó sensibilidad, especificidad y área bajo la curva ROC (ABC-ROC) del riesgo de resangrado reportado por EG-B. Resultados: La EG-B identificó a 53 pacientes con riesgo bajo de resangrado (41.09 %) y 76 con riesgo alto (58.91 %). Con la endoscopia se identificó a 107 pacientes con hemorragia no variceal (82.94 %), 98 con riesgo bajo (89.9 %) y 11 con riesgo alto (10.09 %); además, 22 pacientes con hemorragia variceal (17.05 %), 12 con riesgo bajo (54.54 %) y 10 con riesgo alto (45.45 %). La EG-B mostró sensibilidad de 0.857, especificidad de 0.462 y ABC-ROC de 0.660. Conclusiones: La EG-B es sencilla, objetiva y útil para identificar riesgo de resangrado después de HTDA; se sugiere como herramienta de triaje en urgencias.


Abstract Introduction: The Glasgow-Blatchford scale (GBS) classifies the risk of re-bleeding after upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) using clinical data, whereas the Forrest and Dagradi scales do it by endoscopy. Objective: To assess GBS’s ability to identify re-bleeding risk within 30 days of an UGIB, using endoscopy as the gold standard for comparison. Method: 129 medical records of patients with UGIB and endoscopy were analyzed. The Glasgow-Blatchford, Forrest and Dagradi scales were quantified; sensitivity, specificity and area under the ROC curve (AUC-ROC) of GBS-reported re-bleeding risk were calculated. Results: GBS identified 53 patients with low re-bleeding risk (41.09 %) and 76 with high risk (58.91 %). Endoscopy identified 107 patients with non-variceal bleeding (82.94 %): 98 with low risk (89.9 %) and 11 with high risk (10.09 %); in addition, it identified 22 patients with variceal hemorrhage (17.05 %): 12 with low risk (54.54 %) and 10 with high risk (45.45 %). GBS showed a sensitivity of 0.857, specificity of 0.462 and an AUC-ROC of 0.660. Conclusions: GBS is simple, objective and useful to identify the risk of re-bleeding after UGIB; it is suggested as a triage tool in the emergency department.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/diagnosis , Triage/methods , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal/standards , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/diagnosis , Recurrence , Sensitivity and Specificity , Risk Assessment/methods , Area Under Curve
8.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 35(3): 377-381, jul.-set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138797

ABSTRACT

Resumen Una de las consecuencias más graves de la trombosis de la vena porta extrahepática es la hipertensión portal con sangrado variceal recurrente. Una vez falla la ligadura endoscópica de las várices y el eje esplenoportal no se encuentra permeable, la devascularización tipo Sugiura modificado puede ser la única alternativa. Se ha documentado su uso en pacientes con cirrosis, pero hay poca información en personas no cirróticas. En este artículo se describe una serie de 4 casos de pacientes no cirróticos, en los cuales se realizó dicho procedimiento. Los pacientes fueron seguidos durante 12 meses y ninguno presentó episodios de resangrado de las várices esofágicas, ni tampoco se requirió la ligadura de las várices residuales. Esta cirugía se perfila como una alternativa terapéutica para este tipo de pacientes.


Abstract One of the most serious consequences of extrahepatic portal vein thrombosis is portal hypertension with recurrent variceal bleeding. Once endoscopic variceal ligation fails and the spleno-portal axis is not permeable, modified Sugiura devascularization may be the only alternative. Its use in patients with cirrhosis has been reported, but there is little information on non-cirrhotic patients. This article presents a series of four cases of non-cirrhotic patients that underwent this procedure. Patients were followed for twelve months; none presented episodes of esophageal varices re-bleeding nor required ligation of residual varices. This surgery is outlined as a therapeutic alternative for this type of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Portal Vein , Venous Thrombosis , Hemorrhage , Methods , Therapeutics , Esophageal and Gastric Varices , Hypertension, Portal
9.
Rev. medica electron ; 42(3): 1850-1861, mayo.-jun. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1127046

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: la cirrosis es un proceso dinámico y actualmente se conoce que cuando se elimina el agente primario de agresión que ha producido la cirrosis, se puede llegar a remitir la fibrosis. En Cuba la enfermedad representa la décima causa de muerte, con una tendencia ascendente en los últimos 20 años y una tasa de 13,4 por 100 000 habitantes. Objetivo: caracterizar clínica y endoscópicamente a pacientes con diagnóstico de cirrosis hepática. Material y método: se realizó un estudio descriptivo transversal, en el período comprendido entre los años 2017 - 19, donde el universo y la muestra quedaron constituidos por todos los pacientes mayores de 18 años ingresados con diagnóstico de cirrosis hepática. Resultados: predominó el sexo masculino en la sexta década de la vida, siento la principal causa el alcoholismo, caracterizado por manifestaciones generales, que en muchos casos debutan por complicaciones, apareciendo várices esofágicas en el 75 % de los casos, aunque gados I y II de Paquet, dependiente a un diagnóstico precoz de la enfermedad. Conclusiones: el alcoholismo crónico es la causa más frecuente de cirrosis hepática, debuta de forma frecuente por sus complicaciones, aunque el diagnóstico se hace en etapas precoces, con varices esofágicas incipientes (AU).


Summary Introduction: liver cirrhosis is a dynamic process and currently it is known that, when the primary agent of aggression that has produced the cirrhosis is eliminated, the fibrosis could remit. In Cuba, this diseases is the tenth cause of death, with an increasing tendency in the last twenty years and a rate of 13.4 per 100 000 inhabitants. Objective: to characterize, clinically and endoscopically, patients with hepatic cirrhosis diagnosis. Material and methods: a cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out, in the period 2017 - 2019, where the universe and the sample were formed by all the patients aged more than 18 years who entered the hospital with diagnosis of liver cirrhosis. Results: in this paper, male patients in their sixties predominated, being alcoholism the main cause of disease, characterized by general manifestations; patients debuted due to complications, appearing esophageal varices in 75 % of the cases, although Paquet I and II grades, in dependence to a disease precocious diagnosis. Conclusions: the authors concluded that chronic alcoholism is the most frequent cause in hepatic cirrhosis, almost always debuting by its complications, though the diagnosis is made in precocious stages, with emerging esophageal varices (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/complications , Liver Cirrhosis/diagnosis , Ascites/complications , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hepatitis C/diagnosis , Alcoholism/complications , Endoscopy , Hepatitis B/diagnosis , Liver Cirrhosis/epidemiology
10.
Más Vita ; 2(2): 68-75, jun. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1290734

ABSTRACT

La hemorragia digestiva alta aguda (HDAA) es la emergencia gastrointestinal más frecuente. En los ancianos se asocia con tasas de internación, morbilidad y mortalidad más elevadas que en las personas jóvenes, probablemente por la prevalencia más elevada de múltiples comorbilidades, como las enfermedades pulmonares y cardiovasculares. Objetivo: Describir los fundamentos teóricos de los factores de riesgos asociados a hemorragia digestivas altas. Metodología: Documental, descriptiva. Resultados: diversos estudios demuestran que los factores de riesgos asociados a las hemorragias digestivas altas son: la úlcera péptica gastroduodenal y várices esofágicas, complicaciones graves con alto riesgo de mortalidad en pacientes de edades avanzadas, por lo que se debe actuar con rapidez, eficacia y efectividad. Conclusión: la bibliografía consultada revela: que a pesar de los avances de la tecnología y de la farmacología, la tasa de mortalidad global por hemorragia digestiva alta no ha mejorado. Esta realidad se explica por el aumento significativo en la edad de los pacientes que hoy ingresan a los servicios de urgencias con esta complicación. En la HDAA es fundamental intentar identificar y tratar la fuente del sangrado, para lo cual resulta esencial la endoscopia temprana(AU)


Acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding (HDAA) is the most frequent gastrointestinal emergency. In the elderly, it is associated with higher hospitalization, morbidity and mortality rates than in young people, probably due to the higher prevalence of multiple comorbidities, such as pulmonary and cardiovascular diseases. Objective: To describe the theoretical foundations of the risk factors associated with upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Methodology: Documentary, descriptive. Results: various studies show that the risk factors associated with upper gastrointestinal bleeding are, gastroduodenal peptic ulcer and esophageal varices, serious complications with a high risk of mortality in elderly patients, therefore, it is necessary to act quickly, efficiently and effectiveness. Conclusion: the bibliography consulted reveals: that despite advances in technology and pharmacology, the overall mortality rate from upper gastrointestinal bleeding has not improved. This reality is explained by the significant increase in the age of patients who today enter the emergency services with this complication. In HDAA it is essential to try to identify and treat the source of the bleeding, for which early endoscopy is essential(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Peptic Ulcer/complications , Esophageal and Gastric Varices , Angiodysplasia , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/mortality , Aged , Risk Factors , Endoscopy , Esophagitis
11.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(2): 121-125, Apr.-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131647

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Portal hypertension is one of the complications of cirrhosis and is associated with numerous systemic manifestations, including renal, brain, pulmonary, cardiac and vascular changes. In routine ophthalmological examinations performed at our service, we observed that some children diagnosed with portal hypertension had increased retinal vascular tortuosity. OBJECTIVE: 1. To evaluate the presence of retinal vascular abnormalities (vascular tortuosity) in children diagnosed with portal hypertension; 2. To investigate the association between retinal vascular tortuosity and the presence of gastroesophageal varices in these children; 3. To evaluate the use of clinical and laboratory parameters to predict the presence of gastroesophageal varices in children with portal hypertension. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional and observational study that included patients aged <18 years with a diagnosis of portal hypertension. The participants included were submitted to dilated fundus examination and fundus photography with Visucam (Carl Zeiss Meditec AG) device. Besides, clinical and laboratorial data were collected from the patients' medical records. RESULTS: A total of 72 patients were included in this study, and 36% of them had an increase in retinal vascular tortuosity. Platelet count (P=0.001), bilirubin dosage (P=0.013) and aspartate transaminase dosage (AST) (P=0.042) were associated with the presence of gastroesophageal varices in digestive endoscopy. There was no association between retinal vascular tortuosity and the presence of gastroesophageal varices (P=0.498). CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggest that platelet count, bilirubin dosage, and aspartate transaminase dosage were associated with the presence of gastroesophageal varices in digestive endoscopy. Regarding the retinal findings, we found that there was an increase in retinal vascular tortuosity in 36% of pediatric patients, but no association was found with the presence of gastroesophageal varices.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A hipertensão portal é uma das complicações da cirrose e está associada a inúmeras manifestações sistêmicas, incluindo alterações renais, cerebrais, pulmonares, cardíacas e vasculares. Nos exames oftalmológicos de rotina realizados em nosso serviço, observamos que algumas crianças diagnosticadas com hipertensão portal apresentaram aumento da tortuosidade vascular da retina. OBJETIVO: 1. Avaliar a presença de anormalidades vasculares da retina (tortuosidade vascular) em crianças diagnosticadas com hipertensão portal; 2. Investigar a associação entre tortuosidade vascular da retina e presença de varizes gastroesofágicas nessas crianças; 3. Avaliar o uso de parâmetros clínicos e laboratoriais para prever a presença de varizes gastroesofágicas em crianças com hipertensão portal. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal e observacional, que incluiu pacientes com idade <18 anos com diagnóstico de hipertensão portal. Os participantes incluídos foram submetidos ao exame de fundo de olho dilatado e fotografia de fundo com dispositivo Visucam (Carl Zeiss Meditec AG). Além disso, foram coletados dados clínicos e laboratoriais dos prontuários dos pacientes. RESULTADOS: Um total de 72 pacientes foi incluído neste estudo e 36% deles apresentaram aumento da tortuosidade vascular da retina. Contagem de plaquetas (P=0,001), dosagem de bilirrubina (P=0,013) e dosagem de aspartato transaminase (AST) (P=0,042) foram associados à presença de varizes gastroesofágicas na endoscopia digestiva. Não houve associação entre tortuosidade vascular da retina e presença de varizes gastroesofágicas (P=0,498). CONCLUSÃO: Os resultados deste estudo sugerem que a contagem de plaquetas, a dosagem de bilirrubina e a aspartato transaminase foram associadas à presença de varizes gastroesofágicas na endoscopia digestiva. Em relação aos achados da retina, descobrimos que houve um aumento na tortuosidade vascular da retina em 36% dos pacientes pediátricos, mas nenhuma associação foi encontrada com a presença de varizes gastroesofágicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Esophageal and Gastric Varices , Hypertension, Portal , Platelet Count , Cross-Sectional Studies , Liver Cirrhosis
12.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 148(3): 288-294, mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115791

ABSTRACT

Background: Upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) is one of the main reasons of hospitalization due to gastrointestinal causes. Reported mortality rates range from 5 to 12%. Aim: To determine hospital mortality and associated risk factors in hospitalized patients with UGIB. To compare the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with variceal versus non-variceal UGIB. Material and Methods: Review of medical records of 249 patients (62% males) discharged with the diagnosis of UGIB at a clinical hospital between 2015 to 2017. Demographic and clinical characteristics and adverse clinical outcomes (surgery, length of hospital stay and in-hospital mortality) were recorded. A comparative analysis between patients with Variceal and Non-variceal UGIB was carried out. Results: Seventy two percent of UGIB were non-variceal (peptic ulcer in 44%). Two patients required surgery (both died). Median of length of hospital stay was seven days (interquartile range (IQR) 4-13). Overall hospital mortality was 13 and 4% in variceal and non-variceal UGIB, respectively (p = 0.024). The variables associated with mortality were: red blood cell transfusion (odds ratio (OR): 18.7, p < 0.01), elevated creatinine on admission (OR: 3.30, p = 0.03) and variceal bleeding (OR: 3.23, p = 0.02). Conclusions: Hospital mortality of UGIB remains high, especially in variceal UGIB. Elevated creatinine levels on admission, the need of transfusion of red blood cells and variceal etiology are risk factors for mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Upper Gastrointestinal Tract , Varicose Veins , Esophageal and Gastric Varices , Retrospective Studies , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Length of Stay
13.
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(1): 55-57, mar. 2020. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125782

ABSTRACT

Si bien no se encuentra entre las principales causas de disfagia u odinofagia, la lesión de la mucosa del esófago a causa de la medicación administrada como píldoras debe ser tenida en cuenta, en particular en algún grupo etario con patologías crónicas. Presentamos el caso de una mujer con dolor retroesternal de confuso diagnóstico y buena evolución con tratamiento conservador. El mecanismo preciso por el cual se producen las lesiones no está bien claro. La videoendoscopia digestiva alta es la herramienta clave para observar las lesiones producidas y realizar diagnóstico diferencial; además puede resolver algunas complicaciones. En la mayoría de los casos, el tratamiento es médico. Esta situación debe tenerse presente para realizar un correcto interrogatorio y examen endoscópico.


Dysphagia and odynophagia should be considered as symptoms of pill-induced esophageal injury, particularly in age groups with chronic diseases. We report a case of a female patient with retrosternal chest pain of unclear diagnosis and favorable outcome with conservative treatment. The precise mechanism of esophageal injury remains uncertain. Upper gastrointestinal videoendoscopy is the essential tool to examine the lesions, make differential diagnosis and treat some complications. Medical treatment is useful in most cases. This condition should be kept in mind for proper interrogation and endoscopic examination.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/diagnosis , Esophagitis/diagnosis , Valsartan/adverse effects , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/pathology , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/drug therapy , Endoscopy, Digestive System/methods , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions/diagnosis , Hypertension/complications
14.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 33(3): e1525, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1141906

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Portal hypertension (PH) can be measured indirectly through a hepatic vein pressure gradient greater than 5 mmHg. Cirrhosis is the leading cause for PH and can present as complications ascites, hepatic dysfunction, renal dysfunction, and esophagogastric varices, characterizing gastropathy. Aim: To evaluate the use of carvedilol as primary prophylaxis in the development of collateral circulation in rats submitted to the partial portal vein ligament (PPVL) model. Method: This is a combined qualitative and quantitative experimental study in which 32 Wistar rats were divided into four groups (8 animals in each): group I - cirrhosis + carvedilol (PPVL + C); group II - cirrhosis + vehicle (PPVL); group III - control + carvedilol (SO-sham-operated + C); group IV - control + vehicle (SO-sham-operated). After seven days of the surgical procedure (PPVL or sham), carvedilol (10 mg/kg) or vehicle (1 mL normal saline) were administered to the respective groups daily for seven days. Results: The histological analysis showed no hepatic alteration in any group and a decrease in edema and vasodilatation in the PPVL + C group. The laboratory evaluation of liver function did not show a statistically significant change between the groups. Conclusion: Carvedilol was shown to have a positive effect on gastric varices without significant adverse effects.


RESUMO Racional: A hipertensão portal (HP), medida indiretamente através do gradiente pressórico da veia hepática >5 mmHg, tem como principal causa etiológica a cirrose. Possui como complicações a ascite, disfunção hepática, disfunção renal e varizes esofagogástricas, que caracterizam o quadro de gastropatia. Objetivo: Avaliar o uso do carvedilol como profilaxia primária no desenvolvimento da circulação colateral em ratos submetidos ao modelo de ligadura parcial de veia porta (LPVP). Método: Estudo experimental qualitativo e quantitativo no qual foram utilizados 32 ratos Wistar, divididos em quatro grupos (n=8): grupo I - cirrose + carvedilol (LPVP+C); grupo II - cirrose + veículo (LPVP); grupo III - controle + carvedilol (SO - sham-operated+C); grupo IV - controle + veículo (SO - sham-operated). Após transcorridos sete dias do procedimento cirúrgico, foi administrado carvedilol (10 mg/kg) e veículo (1mL) para os respectivos grupos por sete dias consecutivos. Resultados: A análise histológica não mostrou alteração hepática em nenhum grupo e diminuição de edema e vasodilatação no grupo LPVP+C. A avaliação laboratorial da função hepática não mostrou alteração com significância estatística entre os grupos. Conclusão: Carvedilol mostrou ser fármaco com efeito positivo no sangramento das varizes gástricas e sem efeitos adversos significantes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Adrenergic beta-Agonists/administration & dosage , Carvedilol/administration & dosage , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/prevention & control , Hypertension, Portal/complications , Antihypertensive Agents/administration & dosage , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/complications , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/prevention & control , Rats, Wistar , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/etiology
15.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eRC4934, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056036

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Varicose gastrointestinal bleeding is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality in patients with chronic liver disease. Endoscopic treatment is the first therapeutic line for these patients, however, for those whom this therapeutic modality fail, a broad knowledge of alternative treatment options may improve the prognosis. We describe a case of a patient who were successfully embolized from gastroesophageal varices via transsplenic access.


RESUMO O sangramento gastrointestinal varicoso está entre as maiores causas de morbimortalidade nos paciente com doença hepática crônica. O tratamento endoscópico é a primeira linha terapêutica neste pacientes, porém naqueles que apresentam falha nesta modalidade terapêutica, o amplo conhecimento de opções alternativas de tratamento pode melhorar o prognóstico. Descrevemos um caso de paciente submetido à embolização com sucesso de varizes gastresofágicas por acesso transesplênico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Splenic Vein/surgery , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/surgery , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/surgery , Portal Vein/surgery , Splenic Vein/diagnostic imaging , Angiography/methods , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Treatment Outcome , Ultrasonography, Doppler/methods , Venous Thrombosis/surgery , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/diagnostic imaging
16.
Bull. méd. Owendo (En ligne) ; 18(48): 42-45, 2020. ilus
Article in French | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1260160

ABSTRACT

Introduction : La prise en charge de l'hémorragie digestive liée à l'hypertension portale est bien codifiée mais pose un problème de plateau technique dans nos conditions. A l'instar de la prise en charge de l'hémorragie digestive non liée à l'hypertension portale, nous voulions savoir si une prise en charge graduelle sans ligature de varices œsophagiennes était envisageable. Patients et méthodes : Il s'agit d'une étude transversale rétrospective, menée entre le 30 mai 2016 et le 31 décembre 2018 au service d'hépato-gastro-entérologie du CHU de Libreville. Nous avons inclus les patients cirrhotiques ayant présenté au moins un épisode de rupture de varices œsophagiennes. Nous avons comparé les données pronostiques, thérapeutiques et évolutives des patients ligaturés avec ceux des patients non ligaturés. Résultats : Il y avait 52 patients ligaturés et 100 patients non ligaturés. L'âge moyen (44 ans et 45 ans soit p=0,83), la prédominance masculine (sex-ratio 1,3 et 1,4 soit p=0,72), la situation sociale (69,2% et 67% de sans emploi soit p=0,87), la gravité de la maladie hépatique (100% Child-Pugh C), la prise en charge pré-endoscopique étaient similaires dans les 2 groupes (p=0,52). Le groupe de patients ligaturés avait des varices œsophagiennes plus grosses et un saignement actif plus fréquent (76,9% contre 14%) de façon statistiquement significative (p<0,01).Le nombre de décès (9,6% et 28%) était statistiquement moins élevé chez les patients ligaturés (p<0,01).Conclusion : La ligature de varices œsophagiennes est indispensable dans la prise en charge de l'hémorragie digestive liée à l'hypertension portale. L'absence de ligature de varices semblait associer à une surmortalité indépendamment de la taille des varices et du caractère hémorragique per endoscopique


Subject(s)
Esophageal and Gastric Varices , Gabon , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Hypertension, Portal
17.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 35(1): 43-53, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115600

ABSTRACT

Resumen Se describen 21 casos con hallazgo incidental de várices esofágicas superiores (Downhill varices) en endoscopia de las vías digestivas altas. Además, se detallan algunos datos relevantes de la historia clínica y de los hallazgos endoscópicos. La relación hombres/mujeres fue 1:1 y la edad promedio fue de 67,9 años. La comorbilidad más frecuente fue la enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica (EPOC), seguida de las neumoconiosis, la obesidad y el síndrome de apnea-hipopnea, todas con hipertensión pulmonar (HTP) asociada. Las tres últimas causas no han sido descritas previamente en la literatura sobre várices esofágicas superiores. Ningún paciente tenía antecedente de hemorragia variceal.


Abstract We describe 21 cases with incidental endoscopic findings of upper esophageal varices (downhill varices) and relevant data from patients' clinical histories and endoscopic findings. The male/female ratio was 1:1 and patients' average age was 67.9 years. The most frequent comorbidity was chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, followed by pneumoconiosis, obesity and apnea-hypopnea syndrome. All comorbidities had associated pulmonary hypertension. The last three causes have not been previously described in the literature on upper esophageal varices. None of the patients had histories of variceal hemorrhaging.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Esophageal and Gastric Varices , Endoscopy , Pneumoconiosis , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Hypertension, Pulmonary
18.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 34(4): 364-369, oct.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092963

ABSTRACT

Resumen La hepatitis autoinmune (HAI) es una enfermedad hepática inflamatoria progresiva poco frecuente en niños y adolescentes, la cual es un reto diagnóstico para clínicos y patólogos. Describimos las características clínicas, bioquímicas e histopatológicas de 21 pacientes pediátricos con HAI diagnosticados en los últimos 14 años. Las biopsias hepáticas se reevaluaron para analizar detalladamente los hallazgos histopatológicos. De los 21 casos evaluados, 12 (57,1%) fueron mujeres, la mediana de edad fue 14 años, y 17 (80,9%) tenían HAI tipo 1. Los signos clínicos más frecuentes fueron ictericia (66,7%) y coluria (44,4%); también hubo evidencia de hipertensión portal con várices esofágicas (47,1%) y esplenomegalia (41,2%). El 11,8% de los pacientes tenía antecedentes de otras enfermedades autoinmunes. El 89,5%, 88,9% y 60,0% de los casos tenía elevación de aminotransferasas, hiperbilirrubinemia y bajos niveles de albúmina sérica, respectivamente. Las biopsias reevaluadas mostraron infiltrado linfoplasmocitario portal (94,4%), hepatitis de interfase (77,8%) y formación de rosetas (50,0%). En el 42,9% de las biopsias se hallaron inclusiones hialinas en las células de Kupffer. Cerca del 33,5% de los casos mostró cirrosis en la biopsia inicial. A pesar del tratamiento inmunosupresor, 4 pacientes requirieron trasplante hepático y 2 están en lista de espera. La HAI en niños puede manifestarse con ictericia y coluria, signos de hipertensión portal, aminotransferasas elevadas, hiperbilirrubinemia y anticuerpos circulantes. Las inclusiones hialinas en las células de Kupffer pueden ser un hallazgo útil en el diagnóstico histopatológico de la HAI en niños.


Abstract Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a progressive inflammatory liver disease. It is uncommon in children and adolescents, and is a diagnostic challenge for clinicians and pathologists. We describe the clinical, biochemical and histopathological characteristics of 21 pediatric patients with AIH diagnosed in the last 14 years. Liver biopsies were reassessed to analyze histopathological findings in detail. Of the 21 cases evaluated, 12 (57.1%) were girls and young women, the median age was 14 years old, and 17 (80.9%) had type 1 AIH. The most frequent clinical signs were jaundice (66.7%), choluria (44.4%), evidence of portal hypertension with esophageal varices (47.1%), and splenomegaly (41.2%). Histories of other autoimmune diseases were found in 11.8% of these patients. Elevated levels of aminotransferases were found in 89.5% of the patients, hyperbilirubinemia was found in 88.9%, and 60.0% of the cases had low levels of serum albumin. Reassessed biopsies showed portal lymphoplasmocytic infiltrate (94.4%), interface hepatitis (77.8%) and rosette formation (50.0%). Hyaline inclusions were found in Kupffer cells in 42.9% of the biopsies. About 33.5% of the cases showed cirrhosis at the initial biopsy. Despite immunosuppressive treatment, four patients required liver transplantation and two are on the waiting list. AIH in children can manifest with jaundice, choluria, signs of portal hypertension, elevated aminotransferases, hyperbilirubinemia and circulating antibodies. Hyaline inclusions in Kupffer cells may be a useful finding in the histopathological diagnosis of AIH in children.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Hepatitis, Autoimmune , Splenomegaly , Biopsy , Esophageal and Gastric Varices , Hypertension, Portal , Jaundice
19.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 34(3): 307-313, jul.-set. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042820

ABSTRACT

Resumen Los espirales de embolización (coils o microcoils) son los agentes más comúnmente usados, con un éxito técnico reportado en aproximadamente el 81-100 % de los casos. Los espirales o coils se encuentran disponibles en una amplia variedad de configuraciones y tamaños, lo que permite acomodarse a vasos de distintos calibres; además, por su buena radiopacidad, tienen la ventaja de ser liberados con precisión. Los espirales o coils son el análogo de una ligadura arterial quirúrgica, debido a que producen una oclusión mecánica por su posicionamiento en el lumen vascular, lo que disminuye el flujo sanguíneo, y sus fibras sintéticas tienen un efecto trombogénico adicional. Caso: presentamos cuatro casos del Hospital Universitario Fundación Santa Fe de pacientes con várices gástricas tratadas satisfactoriamente con embolización transcatéter con coils, los cuales tuvieron un buen resultado técnico; además presentamos una revisión de la literatura.


Abstract Coils and microcoils, the most commonly used embolization agents, have reported technical success rates ranging from 81% to 100% of cases. The spirals or coils are available in a wide variety of configurations and sizes which fit into vessels of different calibers. They have good radiopacity allowing for accurate release. Coils are the analogue of a surgical arterial ligation, because they produce mechanical occlusion due to their positioning in the vascular lumen. This decreases blood flow while their synthetic fibers have an additional thrombogenic effect. Case: We present four cases of coil embolization treatment of gastric varicose veins at our institution. All procedures were successful and had good technical results. We also present a review of the literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Therapeutics , Esophageal and Gastric Varices , Mechanics , Ligation
20.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 56(3): 286-293, July-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038711

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Variceal bleeding remains important cause of upper gastrointestinal bleed. Various risk scores are used in risk stratification for non-variceal bleed. Their utility in variceal bleeding patients is not clear. This study aims to compare probability of these scores in predicting various outcomes in same population. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to compare probability of these scores in predicting various outcomes in same population. To study characteristics and validate AIMS65, Rockall, Glasgow Blatchford score(GBS), Progetto Nazionale Emorragia Digestiva (PNED) score in variceal Upper Gastrointestinal Bleed (UGIB) patients for predicting various outcomes in our population. METHODS: Three hundred subjects with UGIB were screened prospectively. Of these 141 patients with variceal bleeding were assessed with clinical, blood investigations and endoscopy and risk scores were calculated and compared to non-variceal cases. All cases were followed up for 30 days for mortality, rebleeding, requirement of blood transfusion and need of radiological or surgical intervention. RESULTS: Variceal bleeding (141) was more common than non variceal (134) and 25 had negative endoscopy. In variceal group, cirrhosis (85%) was most common etiology. Distribution of age and sex were similar in both groups. Presence of coffee coloured vomitus (P=0.002), painless bleed (P=0.001), edema (P=0.001), ascites (P=0.001), hemoglobin <7.5 gms (P<0.001), pH<7.35 (P<0.001), serum bicarbonate level <17.6 mmol/L (P<0.001), serum albumin<2.75 gms% (P<0.001), platelet count <1.2 lacs/µL (P<0.001), high INR 1.35 (P<0.001), BUN >25mmol/L (P<0.001), and ASA status (P<0.001), high lactate >2.85 mmol/L (P=0.001) were significant. However, no factor was found significant on multivariate analysis. Rockall was found to be significant in predicting mortality and rebleed. AIMS65 was also significant in predicting mortality. GBS was significant in predicting blood transfusion and need of intervention. PNED score was significant in all events except mortality. CONCLUSION: All four scores had lower predictive potential in predicting events in variceal bleed. However, AIMS65 & Rockall score were significant in predicting mortality, while GBS in predicting need of transfusion and intervention. PNED score was significant in all events except mortality.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: O sangramento varicoso permanece como importante causa de sangramento gastrointestinal superior. Vários escores são utilizados na estratificação do risco para sangramento não varicoso. Sua utilidade em pacientes de sangramento varicoso não é clara. OBJETIVO: Este estudo tem como objetivo comparar a probabilidade desses escores em prever vários desfechos na mesma população. Estudar característica e validar o AIMS65, o Rockall, a Pontuação de Glasgow Blatchford (GBS), o escore Progetto Nazionale Emorragia Digestiva (PNED), na pontuação em hemorragia gastrointestinal varicosa superior (UGIB) em pacientes para prever vários resultados em nossa população. MÉTODOS: Um total de 300 indivíduos com UGIB foram rastreados prospectivamente. Destes, 141 pacientes com sangramento varicoso foram submetidos à avaliação clínica, hematológica e endoscopia tendo seus escores de risco calculados e comparados aos casos não-varicosos. Todos os casos foram acompanhados por 30 dias para mortalidade, necessidade de transfusão sanguínea por ressangramento ou de necessidade de intervenção radiológica ou cirúrgica. RESULTADOS: O sangramento varicoso (141) foi mais comum do que não varicoso (134) e em 25 teve endoscopia negativa. No grupo varicoso, a cirrose foi a etiologia mais comum (85%). A distribuição da idade e do sexo foi semelhante em ambos os grupos. Presença de vômito colorido em borra de café (P=0,002), sangramento indolor (P=0,001), edema (P=0,001), ascite (P=0,001), hemoglobina <7,5 GMS (P<0,001), pH <7,35 (P<0,001), nível de bicarbonato sérico <17,6 mmol/L (P<0,001), albumina sérica <2,75 GMS% (P<0,001), contagem plaquetária <1,2 Lacs/μL (P<0,001), INR elevada 1,35 (P<0,001), Bun >25 mmol/L (P<0,001) e estado ASA (P<0,001), lactato elevado >2,85 mmol/L (P=0,001) foram significativos. Entretanto, nenhum fator foi encontrado como significativo na análise multivariada. Rockall foi significativo em prever a mortalidade e ressangrar. O AIMS65 também foi significante na predição da mortalidade. O GBS foi significativo na predição de transfusão sanguínea e necessidade de intervenção. O escore de PNED foi significante em todos os eventos, exceto mortalidade. CONCLUSÃO: Todos os quatro escores apresentaram menor potencial preditivo na predição de eventos em sangramento varicoso. Entretanto, o AIMS65 e o escore de Rockall foram significantes na predição da mortalidade, enquanto o GBS na predição da necessidade de transfusão e intervenção. O escore de PNED foi significante em todos os eventos, exceto mortalidade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/complications , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/etiology , Blood Transfusion , ROC Curve , Risk Assessment , Lactic Acid/blood , Endoscopy , End Stage Liver Disease/etiology , End Stage Liver Disease/mortality , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/classification , Hospitalization , Liver Cirrhosis/complications , Liver Cirrhosis/mortality , Middle Aged
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL