Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 609
Filter
1.
Med. infant ; 29(1): 23-29, Marzo 2022. Tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366940

ABSTRACT

Introducción: existen dos rutas para realizar el reemplazo de esófago (RE), la retroesternal (RRE) y la mediastinal posterior (RMP). El objetivo del estudio es comparar los pacientes que recibieron un ascenso gástrico parcial empleando estas dos rutas. Material y métodos: Se revisaron las historias clínicas de 51 pacientes con ascenso gástrico parcial, en 27 años en el Hospital Garrahan. Se utilizó la vía RRE en 25 casos y la RMP en 26. Fueron comparados los datos epidemiológicos de los grupos y las variables para valorar la dificultad del acto quirúrgico, evolución inmediata y alejada. El estudio es comparativo, retro-prospectivo y longitudinal. Resultados: las características generales de los pacientes fueron similares. Los que recibieron el ascenso gástrico por vía RMP presentaron una menor incidencia de dehiscencia (p=0,017), de enfermedad por reflujo gastroesofágico (ERGE) (p=0,001) y de dumping (p=0,0001). No hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los dos grupos al comparar la duración del procedimiento, días de internación total y en Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos (UCI), días de permanencia en asistencia respiratoria mecánica (ARM), inicio de alimentación oral y estenosis de la anastomosis. Se observó una tendencia clínicamente relevante, que no alcanzó significancia estadística en las complicaciones intraquirúrgicas y número de dilataciones postoperatorias. No hubo necrosis del ascenso. Fallecieron 2 pacientes. Conclusiones: considerando la menor incidencia de dehiscencia, ERGE y dumping reemplazados por RMP, elegimos a ésta como nuestra primera opción para el reemplazo esofágico en la infancia (AU)


Introduction: The two routes for esophageal replacement (ER) are retrosternal (RRE) and posterior mediastinal (PMR). The aim of the study was to compare patients who received a partial gastric pull-up using either of these two routes. Material and methods: The clinical records of 51 patients who underwent partial gastric pull-up over 27 years at the Garrahan Hospital were reviewed. The RRE route was used in 25 and the RMP in 26 cases. The epidemiological data of the groups and the variables to evaluate the complexity of the surgical procedure, and shortand long-term outcome were compared. A comparative, retroprospective, and longitudinal study was conducted. Results: the general characteristics of the patients were similar. Those who underwent gastric pull-up via PMR had a lower incidence of dehiscence (p=0.017), gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) (p=0.001), and dumping (p=0.0001). No statistically significant differences were found between the two groups when comparing the duration of the procedure, days of total hospital and intensive care unit (ICU) stay, days on mechanical ventilation (MV), initiation of oral feeding and stenosis of the anastomosis. A clinically relevant trend, which did not reach statistical significance, was observed in intraoperative complications and number of postoperative dilatations. There was no necrosis of the pull-up. Two patients died. Conclusions: considering the lower incidence of dehiscence, GERD, and dumping associated with PMR, this was our first choice for esophageal replacement in infancy (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Esophagectomy/methods , Esophageal Atresia/surgery , Esophageal Atresia/chemically induced , Esophagoplasty/methods , Postoperative Complications , Comparative Study , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Treatment Outcome
2.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(3): e1621, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355523

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background Multimodal therapy with neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy, followed by esophagectomy has offered better survival results, compared to isolated esophagectomy, in advanced esophageal cancer. In addition, patients who have a complete pathological response to neoadjuvant treatment presented greater overall survival and longer disease-free survival compared to those with incomplete response. Aim: To compare the results of overall survival and disease-free survival among patients with complete and incomplete response, submitted to neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy, with two therapeutic regimens, followed by transhiatal esophagectomy. Methods: Retrospective study, approved by the Research Ethics Committee, analyzing the medical records of 56 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus, divided into two groups, submitted to radiotherapy (5040 cGY) and chemotherapy (5-Fluorouracil + Cisplatin versus Paclitaxel + Carboplatin) neoadjuvants and subsequently to surgical treatment, in the period from 2005 to 2012, patients. Results The groups did not differ significantly in terms of gender, race, age, postoperative complications, disease-free survival and overall survival. The 5-year survival rate of patients with incomplete and complete response was 18.92% and 42.10%, respectively (p> 0.05). However, patients who received Paclitaxel + Carboplatin, had better complete pathological responses to neoadjuvant, compared to 5-Fluorouracil + Cisplatin (47.37% versus 21.62% - p = 0.0473, p <0.05). Conclusions There was no statistical difference in overall survival and disease-free survival for patients who had a complete pathological response to neoadjuvant. Patients submitted to the therapeutic regimen with Paclitaxel and Carboplastin, showed a significant difference with better complete pathological response and disease progression. New parameters are indicated to clarify the real value in survival, from the complete pathological response to neoadjuvant, in esophageal cancer.


RESUMO Racional: A terapia multimodal com quimioradioterapia neoadjuvantes, seguido de esofagectomia tem oferecido melhores resultados de sobrevida, em comparação à esofagectomia isolada, no câncer do esôfago avançado. Além disso, os doentes que apresentam resposta patológica completa ao tratamento neoadjuvante, têm evoluido com maior sobrevida global e maior sobrevida livre de doença em comparação aos que apresentam resposta incompleta. Objetivo: Comparar os resultados de sobrevida global e sobrevida livre de doença entre os doentes com resposta completa e incompleta, submetidos à quimioradioterapia neoadjuvante, com dois esquemas terapêuticos, seguidos de esofagectomia transhiatal. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo, aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética em pesquisa, analisando os prontuários de 56 doentes, divididos em dois grupos de pacientes, submetidos a radioterapia (4400 a 5400 cGY) e quimioterapia (5-Fluorouracil+Cisplatina versus Paclitaxel+Carboplatina) neoadjuvantes e posteriormente a tratamento cirúrgico, no período de 2005 a 2012, portadores de carcinoma espinocelular do esôfago. Resultados: Os grupos não diferiram significativamente quanto ao gênero, raça, idade, complicações pós-operatórias, sobrevida livre de doença e sobrevida global. A sobrevida em 5 anos de doentes com resposta incompleta e completa foram, respectivamente, 18,92% e 42,10% (p>0,05). Entretanto, os doentes que receberam Paclitaxel+Carboplatina, tiveram melhores respostas patológicas completas à neoadjuvância, em comparação ao 5-Fluorouracil+Cisplatina (47,37% versus 21,62% - p=0,0473, p<0,05). Conclusões: Não houve diferença estatística na sobrevida global e na sobrevida livre de doença dos doentes que apresentaram resposta patológica completa à neoadjuvância. Os doentes submetidos ao esquema terapêutico com Paclitaxel e Carboplastina, mostraram diferença significativa com melhor resposta patológica completa e evolução da doença. Novos parâmetros são indicados para esclarecer o real valor na sobrevida, da resposta patológica completa à neoadjuvância, no câncer de esôfago.


Subject(s)
Humans , Esophageal Neoplasms/therapy , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma/therapy , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Survival Rate , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Esophagectomy , Neoadjuvant Therapy
4.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 55: e03679, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1287929

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate telephone monitoring for symptoms, quality of life, distress, admissions to the emergency center and the satisfaction of cancer patients undergoing esophagectomy and gastrectomy. Method: Randomized controlled study in two groups, carried out at the Cancer Institute of the State of Sao Paulo; the intervention group received telephone monitoring for four moments after the surgery, while the control group received only institutional care. Results: Of the 81 patients evaluated, the domain most affected by quality of life was social relationships domain. Distress had no significant difference between groups and moments. In both groups, admissions to the emergency center were similar (p=0.539). Pain was the most reported symptom in telephone monitoring. There was statistical significance regarding patient satisfaction with monitoring (p=0.002). Conclusion: Telephone monitoring provided greater patient satisfaction in the intervention group, demonstrating the real impact of this process on the care of cancer patients.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Evaluar el monitoreo telefónico en los síntomas, en la calidad de vida, en el distrés, en las admisiones en el centro de emergencias y en la satisfacción del paciente oncológico sometido a esofagectomía y gastrectomía. Método: Se trata de un estudio aleatorizado en dos grupos, realizado en el Instituto del Cáncer del Estado de São Paulo, en el que el grupo intervención recibió el monitoreo telefónico en cuatro momentos tras la cirugía, mientras que el grupo control recibió solamente la atención institucional. Resultados: De los 81 pacientes evaluados, el dominio más afectado en la calidad de vida fue el desempeño del papel. El distrés no mostró diferencia entre los grupos y los momentos. En ambos grupos, las admisiones en el centro de emergencia eran similares (p=0,539). El dolor era el síntoma más informado en el monitoreo telefónico. Se encontró una significación estadística relacionada con la satisfacción del paciente y el monitoreo (p=0,002). Conclusión: El monitoreo telefónico brindó más satisfacción a los pacientes en el grupo intervención y demostró el impacto real de este proceso en el cuidado del paciente oncológico.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar o monitoramento telefônico nos sintomas, qualidade de vida, distress, admissões no centro de emergência e a satisfação do paciente oncológico submetido a esofagectomia e gastrectomia. Método: Estudo randomizado em dois grupos, realizado no Instituto do Câncer do Estado de São Paulo; sendo que o grupo intervenção recebeu o monitoramento telefônico por quatro momentos após a cirurgia, enquanto que o grupo controle recebeu apenas o atendimento institucional. Resultados: Dos 81 pacientes avaliados, o domínio mais afetado na qualidade de vida foi o desempenho de papel. O distress não mostrou diferença entre os grupos e momentos. Em ambos os grupos, as admissões no centro de emergência foram semelhantes (p=0,539). A dor foi o sintoma mais relatado no monitoramento telefônico. Houve significância estatística em relação à satisfação do paciente com o monitoramento (p=0,002). Conclusão: O monitoramento telefônico proporcionou maior satisfação dos pacientes no grupo intervenção, demonstrando o real impacto desse processo no cuidado do paciente oncológico.


Subject(s)
Oncology Nursing , Neoplasms , Quality of Life , Esophagectomy , Telemonitoring , Gastrectomy
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880842

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of thoraco-laparoscopic esophagectomy on postoperative immune function of patients with esophageal carcinoma.@*METHODS@#Eighty-one patients undergoing radical esophagectomy in our hospital between January, 2017 and December, 2019 were enrolled in this study.According to the surgical approach, the patients were divided into endoscopic group (41 cases) and open surgery (3 incisions) group (40 cases).The immunological indicators (CD3@*RESULTS@#No death occurred in either of the group after the operation.On days 4 and 7 after the operation, CD3@*CONCLUSIONS@#Thoraco-laparoscopic resection of esophageal cancer can reduce postoperative secretion of proinflammatory factors, alleviate inflammatory responses, and promote the recovery of immune functions to accelerate postoperative recovery of the patients.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Esophagectomy , Humans , Laparoscopy , Postoperative Complications , Postoperative Period
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880623

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To compare the short-, mid-, and long-term outcomes in patients with esophageal cancer between minimally invasive esophagectomy via Sweet approach in combination with cervical mediastinoscopy (MIE-SM) and minimally invasive esophagectomy via McKeown approach (MIE-MC), and to evaluate the value of MIE-SM in the surgical treatment of esophageal cancer.@*METHODS@#A prospective, nonrandomized study was adopted. A total of 65 esophageal cancer patients after MIE-SM and MIE-MC from June 2014 to May 2016 were included. Among them, 33 patients underwent MIE-SM and 32 patients underwent MIE-MC. Short-term outcomes (including the duration of surgery, intraoperative blood loss volume, ICU stay time, postoperative complications, postoperative hospital stay, reoperation, open surgery, number of dissected lymph nodes, and 30-day mortality), mid-term outcomes, [including Quality of Life Core Questionnaire (QLQ-C30) and the esophageal site-specific module (QLQ-OES18)], long-term outcomes [including overall survival and disease-free survival] were compared between the 2 groups.@*RESULTS@#Radical resection (R0) were achieved in all patients. There were no significant differences in the duration of surgery, intraoperative blood loss volume, ICU stay time, postoperative complications, and postoperative hospital stay between the 2 groups (all @*CONCLUSIONS@#MIE-SM appears to be a safe surgical approach, which may get better quality of life, suffer less pain, and can achieve the same therapeutic effect as MIE-MC. Therefore, MIE-SM should be considered as a valuable approach for the treatment of middle and lower esophageal cancer.


Subject(s)
Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Esophagectomy , Humans , Laparoscopy , Mediastinoscopy , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
8.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202723, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155363

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: the surgical approach persists as the main treatment for esophageal cancer. This study compares the patients of the same institution over time at three different times. Methods: this is a retrospective, observational, descriptive study comparing the surgical outcomes obtained by the Division of Surgical Oncology of Erasto Gaertner Hospital. The sample was divided into Period 1 (1987-1997), Period 2 (1998-2003) and Period 3 (2007-2015). Survival rates and disease-free survival were estimated by the Kaplan-Maier method. Survival predictors were identified with Cox regression. ANOVA test was used for comparison between groups. Data were analyzed with SPSS 25.0 and STATA 16, and p<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: a total of 335 patients underwent esophagectomy or esophagogastrectomy. When the clinical characteristics of the 3 groups were compared, there was no statistically significant difference. Neoadjuvance was significantly higher in Period 3 (55.4% of patients). We found a histological change in the diagnosis over time, with a significant increase in adenocarcinoma. Morbidity and mortality rates were higher in Period 3. The main complications were pulmonary and anastomotic fistulas. Overall survival in 5 years increased over time, reaching 59.7% in Period 3. Conclusions: better neoadjuvant treatment contributed to increase the global survival of patients, despite greater rate of immediate complications to surgery.


RESUMO Objetivo: A abordagem cirúrgica persiste como tratamento principal para o câncer de esôfago. O presente estudo compara as casuísticas da mesma instituição ao longo do tempo, em três momentos diferentes. Métodos: Estudo descritivo retrospectivo comparativo observacional dos resultados cirúrgicos obtidos pelo Serviço de Cirurgia Oncológica do Hospital Erasto Gaertner. A amostra foi dividida em: Período 1 (1987-1997), Período 2 (1998-2003) e Período 3 (2007-2015). Taxas de sobrevida e sobrevida livre de doença foram estimadas pelo método de Kaplan-Maier. Preditores de sobrevida foram identificados com regressão de Cox. Para a comparação entre os grupos foi utilizado teste ANOVA. Os dados foram analisados com os programas SPSS 25.0 e STATA 16, sendo p<0,05 considerado estatisticamente significativo. Resultados: Ao todo, 335 doentes foram submetidos a esofagectomia ou esofagogastrectomia. Quando comparadas as características clínicas dos 3 grupos não houve diferença estatística significativa. A realização de neoadjuvância foi significativamente maior no Período 3 (55,4% dos pacientes). Verificamos uma mudança histológica do diagnóstico no decorrer do tempo, com um aumento significativo do adenocarcinoma. As taxas de morbimortalidade foram superiores no Período 3. As principais complicações foram pulmonares e de fistulas anastomóticas. A sobrevida global em 5 anos foi aumentando no decorrer do tempo, atingindo 59,7% no Período 3. Conclusões: Melhor tratamento neoadjuvante contribuiu para aumentar a sobrevida global dos pacientes, apesar de maior incidência de complicações imediatas à cirurgia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Brazil , Survival Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Esophagectomy , Neoadjuvant Therapy
9.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(5): 427-433, oct. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138734

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La esofagectomía presenta una alta morbilidad postoperatoria. Sin embargo, las definiciones de las complicaciones son variables. Un grupo multinacional (esophagectomy complications consensus group; ECCG) propuso definiciones estandarizadas. Objetivo: Evaluar las complicaciones postoperatorias en esofagectomía según las definiciones propuestas por el ECCG. Materiales y Método: Realizamos un estudio de cohorte retrospectivo, a partir de una base de datos prospectiva. Se incluyeron pacientes sometidos a una esofagectomía por cáncer entre 1996 y 2018 en un centro. Se aplicaron las definiciones de las complicaciones postoperatorias según el ECCG. Resultados: Se incluyeron 215 pacientes (Hombres 64%; edad 67 [31-82] años). Un 64% presentaban alguna comorbilidad. Existió un predominio de carcinoma escamoso con un 68%. La ubicación tumoral más frecuente fue el tercio inferior del esófago (48%). Se utilizó un abordaje abierto en 74% y mínimamente invasivo en 26%. La morbilidad postoperatoria total fue de 67%. Las complicaciones más frecuentes fueron las respiratorias alcanzando un 27%. En total, un 25% de los pacientes presentó una filtración de la anastomosis esofagogástrica, de las cuales un 24% fueron tipo II (no requirieron una reintervención quirúrgica). Se produjo una paresia de cuerda vocal en 7%, todas tipo I (no requirieron terapia específica). Se presentó una fístula quilosa en 2%, en 1% se trataron con nutrición parenteral (tipo II) y en 1% se realizó una reintervención (tipo III). Conclusión: La esofagectomía se asocia a una alta morbilidad. Las principales complicaciones son las respiratorias y las gastrointestinales. La utilización de las definiciones de consenso permite una estandarización y graduación de las complicaciones.


Introduction: Esophagectomy presents a high postoperative morbidity. However, the definitions used are variable. A multinational group (esophagectomy complications consensus group; ECCG) proposed standardized definitions. Aim: To evaluate postoperative complications in esophagectomy according to the definitions proposed by the ECCG. Materials and Method: We conducted a retrospective cohort study, based on a prospective database. Patients undergoing esophagectomy for cancer between 1996 and 2018 at one center were included. The definitions of postoperative complications according to the ECCG were applied. Results: We included 215 patients (64% men, age 67 [31-82] years). Sixty-four percent had some comorbidity. There was a predominance of squamous carcinoma with 68%. The most frequent tumor location was the lower third of the esophagus (48%). An open approach was used in 74% and minimally invasive in 26%. Total postoperative morbidity was 67%. The most frequent complications were respiratory complications, which reached 27%. The leakage of the esophagogastric anastomosis reached 25%, 24% were type II (did not require surgical reoperation). There was a vocal cord paresis in 7%, all were classified as type I (did not require specific therapy). A chylous fistula was presented in 2%, in 1% they were treated with parenteral nutrition (type II) and in 1% a reoperation was performed (type III). Conclusion: Esophagectomy is associated with a high morbidity. The main complications are respiratory and gastrointestinal. The use of consensus definitions allows standardization and grading of complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Postoperative Complications , Esophageal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Esophagectomy/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Morbidity
11.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 33(4): e1567, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152638

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Southern Brazil has one of the highest incidences of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma in the world. Transthoracic esophagectomy allows more complete abdominal and thoracic lymphadenectomy than transhiatal. However, this one is associated with less morbidity. Aim: To analyze the outcomes and prognostic factors of squamous esophageal cancer treated with transhiatal procedure. Methods: All patients selected for transhiatal approach were included as a potentially curative treatment and overall survival, operative time, lymph node analysis and use of neoadjuvant therapy were analyzed. Results: A total of 96 patients were evaluated. The overall 5-year survival was 41.2%. Multivariate analysis showed that operative time and presence of positive lymph nodes were both associated with a worse outcome, while neoadjuvant therapy was associated with better outcome. The negative lymph-node group had a 5-year survival rate of 50.2%. Conclusion: Transhiatal esophagectomy can be safely used in patients with malnutrition degree that allows the procedure, in those with associated respiratory disorders and in the elderly. It provides considerable long-term survival, especially in the absence of metastases to local lymph nodes. The wider use of neoadjuvant therapy has the potential to further increase long-term survival.


RESUMO Racional: O sul do Brasil tem uma das maiores incidências de carcinoma epidermoide do esôfago no mundo. A esofagectomia transtorácica permite linfadenectomia abdominal e torácica mais completa do que a transhiatal. No entanto, esta está associado à menor morbidade. Objetivo: Analisar os desfechos e fatores prognósticos do câncer epidermoide do esôfago que foram tratados com procedimento transhiatal. Métodos: Foram incluídos todos os pacientes selecionados para abordagem transhiatal como tratamento potencialmente curativo correlacionando sobrevida geral, tempo operatório, análise de linfonodos e uso de terapia neoadjuvante. Resultados: Foram avaliados 96 pacientes. A sobrevida geral em cinco anos foi de 41,2%. A análise multivariada mostrou que o tempo operatório e a presença de linfonodos positivos foram associados a pior resultado, enquanto a terapia neoadjuvante contribuiu para melhor resultado. O grupo de linfonodos negativos teve taxa de sobrevivência em cinco anos de 50,2%. Conclusão: A esofagectomia transhiatal pode ser empregada com segurança em pacientes que apresentem desnutrição com grau que permita o procedimento, nos com distúrbios respiratórios associados e nos idosos. Proporciona sobrevida em longo prazo considerável, especialmente na ausência de metástases para linfonodos locais. O uso mais amplo da terapia neoadjuvante tem o potencial de aumentar ainda mais a sobrevida em longo prazo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Esophagectomy , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma/surgery , Brazil , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Lymph Node Excision
12.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202444, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136548

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to analyze the surgical treatment of patients with recurrent megaesophagus followed at the esophageal-stomach-duodenal outpatient clinic of the Hospital de Clínicas - UNICAMP. Methods: a retrospective study, from 2011 to 2017, with 26 patients with Chagas or idiopathic megaesophagus, surgically treated, and who recurred with dysphagia. Clinical, endoscopic and radiographic aspects were assessed and correlated with the performed surgical procedures. Results: 50% had dysphagia for liquids, 69% regurgitation, 65.3% heartburn, 69.2% weight loss and 69.2% had Chagas disease. In addition, 38.4% had megaesophagus stage 1 and 2 and 61.5% stage 3 and 4. Regarding the reoperations, 53% of them underwent Heller-Pinotti surgery by laparoscopy, Serra-Dória in 30.7% and esophageal mucosectomy in 7.9%. In 72% of the reoperations there were no postoperative complications, and 80% of the patients had a good outcome, with reduction or elimination of dysphagia. Among the reoperated patients undergoing the laparoscopic Heller-Pinotti technique, three reported little improvement of dysphagia in the postoperative period and among those who underwent Serra-Dória surgery, 100% had no dysphagia. It was observed that, when the time between the first procedure and the reoperation was longer, the better the surgical result was, with statistical significant decreased dysphagia (p=0.0013, p<0.05). Conclusions: there was a preference to perform laparoscopic re-miotomy and, as a second option, Serra-Dória surgery, for patients with recurrent megaesophagus. Esophagectomy or esophageal mucosectomy were reserved for more severe patients.


RESUMO Objetivo: analisar o tratamento cirúrgico dos pacientes com megaesôfago recidivado acompanhados no ambulatório de cirurgia de esôfago-estômago-duodeno do Hospital de Clínicas da UNICAMP. Métodos: estudo restrospectivo no período de 2011 a 2017, com 26 pacientes portadores de megaesôfago chagásico ou idiopático, tratados cirurgicamente e que evoluíram com recidiva da disfagia. Foram avaliados aspectos clínicos, endoscópicos e radiográficos, sendo correlacionados com os procedimentos cirúrgicos realizados. Resultados: 50% apresentava disfagia para líquidos, 69% regurgitação, 65,3% pirose, 69,2% perda de peso e 69,2% era chagásico. Além disso, 38,4% apresentavam megaesôfago estágio 1 e 2 e 61,5% estágio 3 e 4. Quanto às reoperações, em 53% foi realizada a cirurgia de Heller-Pinotti videolaparoscópica, seguida de Serra-Dória em 30,7% e mucosectomia esofágica em 7,9%. Em 72% das reoperações não houve complicações pós-operatórias e 80% tiveram evolução satisfatória com redução ou ausência da disfagia. Dentre os pacientes reoperados pela técnica de Heller-Pinotti videolaparoscópica, três referiram pouca melhora da disfagia no pós-operatório. Dentre os pacientes submetidos à cirurgia de Serra-Dória, 100% tiveram evolução satisfatória da disfagia. Foi observado nos pacientes com o tempo entre a primeira cirurgia e a reoperação mais longo, um melhor resultado cirúrgico com diminuição da disfagia, com relevância estatística (p=0,0013, p<0,05). Conclusão: houve preferência nas reoperações de megaesôfago pela realização de re-miotomia por videolaparoscopia e, como segunda opção, a cirurgia de Serra-Dória. A esofagectomia ou mucosectomia esofágica foram reservadas para os casos mais avançados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Esophageal Achalasia/surgery , Esophagectomy/methods , Laparoscopy/methods , Recurrence , Reoperation , Esophageal Achalasia/etiology , Comorbidity , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Esophagus/surgery
14.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 670-675, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826581

ABSTRACT

The study aimed to analyze the clinicopathological features, treatment, and prognosis factors of primary esophageal small-cell carcinoma (PESC). The clinical records and follow-up data of 100 patients with PESC were collected, and the clinicopathological features and treatments were examined. Log-rank test and Cox regression model were performed to identify the independent prognostic factors. Progressive dysphagia, weight loss, and abdominal pain were the most common initial symptoms in the 100 patients with PESC. The primary tumor site mainly occurred in the middle of the chest (51%, 51/100), and the ulcer type was the most common under gastroscope (31%, 31/100). One or more positive markers of epithelial origin were present in all of the enrolled patients. At the time of diagnosis, 80 cases had limited disease (LD) and 20 cases had extensive disease (ED). The 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates of PESC patients were 57.0%, 18.0%, and 11.0%, respectively, with a median survival time (MST) of 13.8 months. In all PESC patients, multivariate Cox regression analysis indicated that the significant prognostic factors included the lesion length (=2.661, <0.001), TNM staging (=1.464, =0.016), and treatment methods (=0.333, <0.001). Besides, in patients with LD, the lesion length (=2.638, =0.001) and treatment methods (=0.285, <0.001) were independent prognostic factors. The MST of patients in surgery + chemotherapy group (21.6 months) was longer than that of the surgery only group (8.3 months, =0.021), while patients in surgery+ chemotherapy+ radiotherapy group were also associated with a longer MST than the chemotherapy + radiotherapy group (31.0 months, 9.8 months, respectively; <0.001). PESC is a rare esophageal malignant tumor with poor prognosis. Our findings reveal that the lesion length, TNM staging, and treatment method are independent prognostic factors for PESC patients. Moreover, surgery-based comprehensive treatments may prolong the survival of patients with LD.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Carcinoma, Small Cell , Mortality , Pathology , General Surgery , Deglutition Disorders , Esophageal Neoplasms , Mortality , Pathology , General Surgery , Esophagectomy , Humans , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate , Weight Loss
15.
Chonnam Medical Journal ; : 68-74, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787271

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to assess the potential of a prone chest CT for the evaluation of esophageal cancer, as compared with a routine supine chest CT. 69 patients (67±18 years old) with pathologically confirmed esophageal cancers underwent MDCT in the supine and prone positions. The supine CT was performed first, followed by the prone position. Localization and staging of individual esophageal lesions on both the prone and supine CTs were assessed by two thoracic radiologists, using a scoring system that consisted of three confidence scales, and the results were correlated with the endoscopic and surgical findings. The mean confidence score for the detection of esophageal cancer was higher in the prone position (2.58±0.74) than that in the supine position (2.42±0.83) with statistical significance (p=0.002). The mean confidence score for predicting local invasion in the selected patients (n=18) who underwent esophagectomy was also higher in the prone position (2.39±0.85) than that in the supine position (2.06±0.73) with statistical significance (p=0.01). In 10 of 11 cases that showed definitive determination for periesophageal infiltration or adjacent organ invasion on the prone CT (score 3), the corresponding findings were also observed in the post-operative evaluations. In conclusion, prone chest CT for evaluating esophageal cancer could have advantages in regards to the localization of esophageal cancer and predicting local invasion compared to that of routine supine CT and can improve the diagnostic accuracy of chest CTs.


Subject(s)
Diagnostic Imaging , Esophageal Neoplasms , Esophagectomy , Humans , Prone Position , Supine Position , Thorax , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Weights and Measures
16.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 33(3): e1547, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152619

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: The identification of prognostic factors of esophageal cancer has allowed to predict the evolution of patients. Aim: Assess different prognostic factors of long-term survival of esophageal cancer and evaluate a new prognostic factor of long-term survival called lymphoparietal index (N+/T). Method: Prospective study of the Universidad de Chile Clinical Hospital, between January 2004 and December 2013. Included all esophageal cancer surgeries with curative intent and cervical anastomosis. Exclusion criteria included: stage 4 cancers, R1 resections, palliative procedures and emergency surgeries. Results: Fifty-eight patients were included, 62.1% were men, the average age was 63.3 years. A total of 48.3% were squamous, 88% were advanced cancers, the average lymph node harvest was 17.1. Post-operative surgical morbidity was 75%, with a 17.2% of reoperations and 3.4% of mortality. The average overall survival was 41.3 months, the 3-year survival was 31%. Multivariate analysis of the prognostic factors showed that significant variables were anterior mediastinal ascent (p=0.01, OR: 6.7 [1.43-31.6]), anastomotic fistula (p=0.03, OR: 0.21 [0.05-0.87]), N classification (p=0.02, OR: 3.8 [1.16-12.73]), TNM stage (p=0.04, OR: 2.8 [1.01-9.26]), and lymphoparietal index (p=0.04, RR: 3.9 [1.01-15.17]. The ROC curves of lymphoparietal index, N classification and TNM stage have areas under the curve of 0.71, 0.63 and 0.64 respectively, with significant statistical difference (p=0.01). Conclusion: The independent prognostic factors of long-term survival in esophageal cancer are anterior mediastinal ascent, anastomotic fistula, N classification, TNM stage and lymphoparietal index. In esophageal cancer the new lymphoparietal index is stronger than TNM stage in long-term survival prognosis.


RESUMO Racional: A identificação de fatores prognósticos do câncer de esôfago permitiu prever a evolução dos pacientes. Objetivo: Avaliar diferentes fatores prognósticos da sobrevida em longo prazo do câncer de esôfago e avaliar um novo fator prognóstico da sobrevida em longo prazo chamado índice linfoparietal (N+/T). Método: Estudo prospectivo do Hospital Clínico da Universidade do Chile, entre janeiro de 2004 e dezembro de 2013. Incluiu todas as operações de câncer de esôfago com intenção curativa e anastomose cervical. Os critérios de exclusão incluíram: câncer em estágio 4, ressecções R1, procedimentos paliativos e operações de emergência. Resultados: Cinquenta e oito pacientes foram incluídos, 62,1% eram homens, a idade média foi de 63,3 anos. Um total de 48,3% eram escamosos, 88% eram cânceres avançados, a colheita média de linfonodos foi de 17,1. A morbidade cirúrgica pós-operatória foi de 75%, com 17,2% de reoperações e 3,4% de mortalidade. A sobrevida global média foi de 41,3 meses, a sobrevida em três anos foi de 31%. A análise multivariada dos fatores prognósticos mostrou que variáveis significativas foram elevação pelo mediastinal anterior (p=0,01, OR: 6,7 [1,43-31,6]), fístula anastomótica (p=0,03, OR: 0,21 [0,05-0,87]), classificação N (p=0,02, OR: 3,8 [1,16-12,73]), estágio TNM (p=0,04, OR: 2,8 [1,01-9,26]) e índice linfoparietal (p=0,04, RR: 3,9 [1,01-15,17]. As curvas ROC do índice linfoparietal, classificação N e estádio TNM apresentam áreas abaixo da curva de 0,71, 0,63 e 0,64, respectivamente, com diferença estatística significativa (p=0,01). Conclusão: Os fatores prognósticos independentes de sobrevida em longo prazo no câncer de esôfago são a elevação mediastinal anterior, fístula anastomótica, classificação N, estágio TNM e índice linfoparietal. No câncer de esôfago, o novo índice linfoparietal é mais forte que o estágio TNM no prognóstico de sobrevida em longo prazo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Esophageal Neoplasms/mortality , Esophageal Neoplasms/pathology , Esophagectomy/methods , Cancer Survivors/statistics & numerical data , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma/mortality , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma/pathology , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Prognosis , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Chile/epidemiology , Survival Rate , Prospective Studies , Survivors , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma/surgery , Lymph Node Excision , Neoplasm Staging
17.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 56(4): 377-385, Oct.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055167

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Biomarkers from routine complete blood count are known predictive factors of long-term outcomes in cancer patients. The value of these biomarkers in the setting of trimodal therapy for esophageal cancer in predicting early postoperative outcomes is not studied. OBJECTIVE: The present study evaluated the value of cellular blood components changes during neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy followed by curative intent esophagectomy for cancer in predicting postoperative mortality and morbidity. METHODS: A cohort of 149 consecutive patients that underwent chemoradiotherapy using platinum- and taxane-based regimens followed by esophagectomy was analyzed. Cellular components of blood collected before neoadjuvant therapy (period A) and before surgery (period B) were assessed for postoperative mortality and complications. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression models were applied to evaluate the independent prognostic significance of blood count variables. RESULTS: Postoperative morbidity was present in 46% of the patients. On multiple regression analysis platelet volume (B) (OR: 1.53; 95% CI: 1.2-2.33) was an independent predictor of general complications. Severe postoperative surgical complications were present in 17% of the patients. On multiple regression analysis, lymphocyte decrease between B-A periods (OR: 0.992; 95% CI: 0.990-0.997) was related to higher risk for severe complications. Cervical anastomotic leakage was present in 25.6% of the patients. On univariate analysis eosinophil count in A and B periods was related to cervical anastomotic leakage. For this outcome, multivariate joint model could not identify independent risk variables of cellular components of blood. The 30-day mortality rate was 7.4%. On univariate analysis, platelet count in period B was associated to higher risk for mortality. The multivariate joint model could not accurately predict mortality due to the few number of patients in the mortality group. CONCLUSION: This is the first study to assess the relationship between peripheral blood count variables changes during neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy using a platinum- and taxane-based regimen followed by curative intent esophagectomy for cancer in predicting postoperative complications. The platelet volume prior to surgery is related to postoperative complications and the lymphocyte count change prior to surgery predicts severe postoperative complications in the setting of trimodal therapy for esophageal cancer.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: Os biomarcadores obtidos do hemograma completo são fatores prognósticos a longo prazo em pacientes com câncer. No entanto, o valor desses biomarcadores no contexto da terapia trimodal para o câncer de esôfago na predição de resultados pós-operatórios precoces não é estudado. OBJETIVO: O presente estudo avaliou o papel dos componentes celulares do sangue na predição de mortalidade e morbidade pós-operatória. MÉTODOS: Uma coorte de 149 pacientes consecutivos submetidos à quimiorradioterapia usando esquemas baseados em platina e taxano seguidos por esofagectomia foi analisada. Os componentes celulares do sangue coletados antes da terapia neoadjuvante (período A) e antes da cirurgia (período B) foram avaliados quanto à mortalidade e complicações pós-operatórias. Modelos de regressão de Cox univariada e multivariada foram aplicados para avaliar a significância prognóstica independente das variáveis da contagem sanguínea. RESULTADOS: A morbidade pós-operatória esteve presente em 46% dos pacientes. Na análise de regressão múltipla, o volume plaquetário (B) (OR: 1,53; IC95%: 1,2-2,33) foi um preditor independente de complicações gerais. Complicações cirúrgicas pós-operatórias graves estavam presentes em 17% dos pacientes. Na análise de regressão múltipla, a diminuição de linfócitos entre os períodos B-A (OR: 0,992; 95% CI: 0,990-0,997) esteve relacionada ao maior risco de complicações graves. Fístula da anastomose cervical esteve presente em 25,6% dos pacientes. Na análise univariada, a contagem de eosinófilos nos períodos A e B relacionou-se com a fístula da anastomose cervical. Para este resultado, o modelo multivariado de articulação não conseguiu identificar variáveis de risco independentes entre os componentes celulares do sangue. A taxa de mortalidade em 30 dias foi de 7,4%. Na análise univariada, a contagem no período B foi associada a maior risco de mortalidade. O modelo multivariado de articulação não pôde predizer mortalidade devido ao pequeno número de pacientes no grupo de mortalidade. CONCLUSÃO: Este é o primeiro estudo a avaliar o papel das variáveis do hemograma durante a quimiorradioterapia neoadjuvante para câncer na predição de complicações pós-operatórias. Volume plaquetário e variação da contagem de linfócitos séricos antes da cirurgia podem ser utilizados como biomarcadores preditivos de complicações pós-operatórias nos pacientes com neoplasia de esôfago submetidos a terapia trimodal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Esophageal Neoplasms/mortality , Esophagectomy/mortality , Lymphocyte Count , Mean Platelet Volume , Postoperative Complications , Prognosis , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Cohort Studies , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging
18.
Rev. Pesqui. Fisioter ; 9(3): 361-368, ago.2019. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151703

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: O treinamento muscular inspiratório (TMI) no pré-operatório pode evitar complicações pulmonares no pós-operatório (CPPO) em pacientes submetidos a esofagectomia. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a eficácia do TMI que foi realizado no período pré-operatório e seus benefícios no período pós-operatório, através da avaliação da pressão inspiratória máxima (PImáx), da pressão expiratória máxima (PEmáx), da ventilação voluntária máxima (VVM) e do pico de fluxo expiratório (PFE) e os benefícios do mesmo no pós-operatório. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Foi realizado um ensaio clínico, randomizado, que foi realizado pela disciplina de Cirurgia do Aparelho Digestivo do Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Federal do Triângulo Mineiro. Foram incluídos 26 pacientes em: Grupo Controle (GC: n=12) e Grupo Intervenção (GI: n=14). O GI realizou TMI por no mínimo 2 semanas. As avaliações foram realizadas no pré e pós-operatório. RESULTADOS: Houve aumento da PImáx (p=0,006), da PEmáx (p=0,005) e do VVM (0,042) no GI, após o TMI realizado no pré-operatório em relação ao GC. Na avaliação do PFE não foi observada aumento após o TMI no GI em relação ao GC (p=0,63). Na alta hospitalar houve queda das variáveis avaliadas em ambos os grupos e no 30°PO ocorreu recuperação em relação aos valores iniciais. Quanto a ocorrência de CPPO não houve diferença significativa entre os grupos. CONCLUSÃO: O TMI realizado em nosso estudo melhorou a força muscular inspiratória, expiratória e a função ventilatória no préoperatório, porém não resultou em melhor evolução no pós-operatório de pacientes submetidos a esofagectomia.


INTRODUCTION: Preoperative inspiratory muscle training (IMT) can prevent postoperative pulmonary complications in patients undergoing esophagectomy. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of preoperative IMT and its postoperative benefits by assessing maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP), maximal expiratory pressure (MEP), maximal voluntary ventilation (MVV), and peak expiratory flow (PEF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized clinical trial was conducted by the Digestive Tract Surgery Service, University Hospital of the Federal University of Triângulo Mineiro. Twenty-six patients were included: control group (CG, n=12) and intervention group (IG, n=14). Patients of IG underwent IMT for at least 2 weeks. Assessments were performed before and after surgery. RESULTS: There was an increase of MIP (p=0.006), MEP (p=0.005) and MVV (0.042) in IG after preoperative IMT compared to CG. Evaluation of PEF revealed no increase in IG after IMT compared to CG (p=0.63). A decrease in the variables analyzed was observed in both group at discharge and the variables had returned to baseline values on postoperative day 30. There was no significant difference in the frequency of postoperative pulmonary complications between groups. CONCLUSION: The IMT applied in our study improved preoperative inspiratory and expiratory muscle strength and ventilatory function but did not result in better postoperative evolution of patients undergoing esophagectomy.


Subject(s)
Esophagectomy , Respiratory Therapy , Physical Therapy Specialty
19.
Rev. argent. cir ; 111(2): 71-78, jun. 2019. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013348

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: desde la introducción de la funduplicatura laparoscópica en 1991 para tratar la enfermedad por reflujo gastroesofágico, se han desarrollado diferentes procedimientos mininvasivos hasta llegar en la actualidad a las esofagectomías totalmente toracoscópicas y laparoscópicas. Objetivo: analizar los eventos adversos durante la esofagectomía mininvasiva en posición prona durante la curva de aprendizaje. Material y métodos: en el período comprendido entre noviembre de 2011 y junio de 2017 fueron intervenidos quirúrgicamente en el Hospital Interzonal General de Agudos San Martín (HIGA) y el Instituto de Diagnóstico de La Plata 36 pacientes mediante esofagectomía mininvasiva (EMI) en posición prona (PP). Resultados: durante el tiempo abdominal se produjo una lesión de vasos coronarios. En el tiempo torácico se registraron dos lesiones pulmonares, una lesión del cayado de vena ácigos y una sección del conducto torácico; además hubo un caso de daño al nervio recurrente y una lesión del bronquio fuente izquierdo durante la linfadenectomía. Al analizar el total de las complicaciones se observó que la mayoría de ellas se presentaron en los primeros 20 casos, mientras que en los 16 siguientes solo se registró una lesión pulmonar (p=0,10). Conclusión: como conclusión podemos decir que la EMI en PP, como ya es sabido, es un procedimiento factible y seguro pero ‒dada su complejidad‒ puede provocar lesiones intraoperatorias graves. Aunque los resultados de nuestra serie no arrojaron diferencias de significancia estadística, la cantidad de eventos adversos durante las operaciones realizadas por el mismo equipo disminuyó sensiblemente en la medida en que se adquirió el entrenamiento suficiente.


Background: Since the initial description of laparoscopic fundoplication in 1991 for the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease, different minimally invasive procedures have been developed until nowadays, when esophagectomy is performed using combined thoracoscopy and laparoscopy. Objective: The aim of our study is to analyze the adverse events of minimally invasive esophagectomy in prone position during the learning curve. Material and methods: Between November 2011 and June 2017, 36 patients underwent minimally invasive esophagectomy in prone position in the Hospital Interzonal General de Agudos (HIGA) San Martín and the Instituto de Diagnóstico de La Plata. Results: During the abdominal stage one patient presented coronary vessel injury. The complications occurring in the thoracic stage included lung injury (n =2), azygos arch injury (n = 1), thoracic duct dissection (n = 1), laryngeal recurrent nerve lesion (n = 1) and main stem bronchus injury (n = 1) during lymph node resection. Most of these complications occurred in the first 20 patients, while in the remaining 16 cases only lung injury occurred (p = 0.10) Conclusion: Minimally invasive esophagectomy in prone position is a feasible and safe procedure that can cause serious intraoperative complications due to its complexity. Although the results of our series did not show statistically significant differences, the number of adverse events during surgeries performed by the same team showed an important reduction associated with better training.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Prone Position , Esophagectomy/adverse effects , Learning Curve , Argentina , Thoracic Surgery , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Esophageal Achalasia , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Lung Injury/complications , Intraoperative Complications
20.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(1): 95-98, Jan.-Feb. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-977415

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objective: Erector spinae plane block is a valid technique to provide simultaneously analgesia for combined thoracic and abdominal surgery. Case report: A patient underwent open esophagectomy followed by reconstructive esophagogastroplasty but refused thoracic epidural analgesia; a multi-modal analgesia with a multiple erector spinae plane block was then planned. Three erector spinae plane catheters (T5 and T10 on the right side and T9 on the left side) for continuous analgesia were placed before surgery. During the first 48 h pain was never reported in the thoracic area but the patient reported multiple times to feel a pain well localized in epigastrium, but never localized in any other abdominal quadrant. Discussion: Erector spinae plane block is a valid technique to provide analgesia simultaneously for combined thoracic and abdominal surgery and could be a valid alternative strategy if the use of epidural analgesia is contraindicated.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivo: O bloqueio do plano do eretor da espinha é uma técnica válida para fornecer analgesia em cirurgias combinadas, torácica e abdominal, de modo simultâneo. Relato de caso: Um paciente foi submetido à esofagectomia aberta seguida de esofagogastroplastia reconstrutiva, mas recusou analgesia peridural torácica; uma analgesia multimodal com o bloqueio dos múltiplos segmentos do eretor da espinha foi então planejada. Três cateteres foram colocados no plano do eretor da espinha (T5 e T10 no lado direito e T9 no lado esquerdo) para analgesia contínua antes da cirurgia. Durante as primeiras 48 horas, não houve queixa de dor na área torácica, mas várias vezes o paciente relatou sentir uma dor bem localizada no epigástrio, mas nunca localizada em qualquer outro quadrante abdominal. Discussão: O bloqueio do plano do eretor da espinha é uma técnica válida para fornecer analgesia de modo simultâneo em cirurgias combinadas - torácica e abdominal - e pode ser uma estratégia opcional também válida nos casos em que o uso de analgesia peridural for contraindicado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Esophagectomy/methods , Analgesia/methods , Nerve Block/methods , Catheters , Paraspinal Muscles , Nerve Block/instrumentation
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL