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1.
Ethiop. j. health dev. (Online) ; VOL. 36 NO. 2 (2022)(2): 1-7, 2022-06-07. Tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1379849

ABSTRACT

Background:An abnormality that causes reflux is termed as Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), which is symptomatic by nature and adds to the long-term effects.Objective:The aim of this study is to observe and monitor the effects of a herbal ttratment of GERD with SiniZuojin Decoction (SNZID)and to assess its mediation impacts regarding the use of the medication in patients with Gastrointestinal EBB ailment.Materials and Methods:The cohort research methodology was used inthe study.The research included 2581 individual patients who were older than 18 years of age and were suffering from Gastrointestinal ebbailment. The patients were selected from various government herbal clinics in eastern China, including the states of Anhui, Fujian, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shandong, and Zhejiangover, from 2008 to 2018. Results:The study was conducted with a total of 2581 patients. The thorough assessment indicated that Sini Zuojin Decoction (SZD)notwithstanding standard stomach remedies pack was more effective than the traditionalist stomach suppositories bundle (RR=1.34, with CI=95% [1.47, 1.38], and P-value = 0.008); Test packs including SZD was essentially better contrasted with traditional stomach medicines(TSM)gearshifts in developing dyspepsia, substernal chest plague, decreasing regurgitation, and vomiting (P < 0.0002); SNZJD plus traditional stomach medicines(SPTSM)could by and large lessen full-scale sign scores with liberal ampleness (P < 0.00002). The replication degree and antagonistic effects regarding Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction(SJD)treatment were basic. As confirmed through the TSA regarding thorough assessment, the results were significant, yet repeat security consequences were uncertain. As shown by the computation of the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation(GRADE)strategy, the idea regarding verification was minimal. Moreover, Schizoaffective disorder(SZD)may treat Gastrointestinal ebb ailment by presenting the onsetof the infection and controlling factors that may contribute to Gastrointestinal ebb ailments.Conclusion:The research evaluated the efficiency of Sini Zuojin Decoction in treating patients suffering from Gastrointestinal Ebb Ailments. [Ethiop. J. Health Dev.2022: 36(2) (00-00)]Keywords:GERD, Esophagitis, Sini Zuojin Decoction(SZD), Gastrointestinal ebb ailment;


Subject(s)
Patients , Stomach Diseases , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Gastrointestinal Diseases , Vomiting , Esophagitis, Peptic
2.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(3): e1074, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347384

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El cáncer de esófago es una de las neoplasias más agresivas del tracto digestivo, presenta alta morbilidad y mortalidad a nivel mundial. Objetivo: Determinar las características clínico epidemiológicas de los pacientes con cáncer de esófago y su oportunidad del tratamiento. Métodos: Se realizó una investigación básica de tipo descriptiva y retrospectiva en los pacientes con cáncer de esófago hospitalizados en el Instituto Nacional de Oncología y Radiobiología durante el período enero 2016 - enero 2017. Se obtuvieron los datos necesarios de las historias clínicas individuales de los casos que cumplieron los criterios de inclusión. Se aplicaron frecuencias absolutas y porcentajes para permitir los análisis estadísticos de variables seleccionadas. Resultados: El diagnóstico en las edades entre 60 y 69 años fue más frecuente, con el 44,8 por ciento de los casos; el 73,7 por ciento eran hombres y el 52,3 por ciento de la raza negra. En el 71,0 por ciento se encontró antecedentes de esofagitis de reflujo; 78,9 por ciento eran fumadores y 52,6 por ciento bebedores abusivos. La disfagia fue el síntoma más común y el carcinoma epidermoide se presentó con mayor frecuencia alcanzándose el 82,1 por ciento de la muestra estudiada. La mayoría de los casos se diagnosticó en estadio III. Conclusiones: Esta neoplasia constituye un problema de salud en Cuba, se incrementa su incidencia en los últimos años. Se recomienda aplicar el programa de detección y diagnóstico precoz de la enfermedad(AU)


Introduction: Esophageal cancer is one of the most aggressive neoplasms of the digestive tract; it accounts for high morbidity and mortality worldwide. Objective: To determine the clinical-epidemiological characteristics of patients with esophageal cancer and their chances for treatment. Methods: A descriptive and retrospective basic research was carried out, during the period from January 2016 to January 2017, in patients with esophageal cancer hospitalized at the National Institute of Oncology and Radiobiology. The necessary data were obtained from the individual medical records of the cases. that met the inclusion criteria. Absolute frequencies and percentages were applied for the statistical analyses of the selected variables. Results: The diagnosis at ages between 60 and 69 years was more frequent, accounting for 44.8 percent of the cases. 73.7 percent were men and 52.3 percent were of black race. A history of reflux esophagitis was found in 71.0 percent. 78.9 percent were smokers and 52.6 percent were abusive drinkers. Dysphagia was the most common symptom, while squamous cell carcinoma presented more frequently, reaching 82.1 percent of the sample studied. Most of the cases were diagnosed in stage III. Conclusions: This neoplasm is a health concern in Cuba; its incidence has increased in recent years. It is recommended to apply the program of early diagnosis and detection of the disease(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Esophageal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/therapy , Esophagitis, Peptic/drug therapy , Early Diagnosis , Medical Records , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Adherence and Compliance
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826695

ABSTRACT

The data mining technology was used to explore the acupoint selection rules for reflux esophagitis (RE), so as to provide references of clinical acupuncture for RE. The clinical literature of acupuncture for RE published before June 2019 was searched in Chinese journal full-text database (CNKI), SinoMed, Wanfang and VIP databases. The literature was selected according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria and acupoint prescriptions were extracted. The software of IBM SPSS Statistics 23.0 and Clementine 12.0 were used for descriptive analysis and association analysis. A total of 46 articles were selected and 60 acupoint prescriptions were extracted. The descriptive analysis indicated that the top five acupoints used for RE were Zhongwan (CV 12), Zusanli (ST 36), Weishu (BL 21), Neiguan (PC 6) and Gongsun (SP 4). The conception vessel, bladder meridian and stomach meridian were the most commonly selected meridians. In terms of specific acupoints, the crossing points, the front- points and five- points were mainly selected, and the acupoints were mainly distributed in limbs and chest-abdomen. The core acupoint combination for RE was "Zhongwan (CV 12) and Zusanli (ST 36)" and the core prescription was "Zhongwan (CV 12), Zusanli (ST 36), Weishu (BL 21) and Neiguan (PC 6)".


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Data Mining , Esophagitis, Peptic , Therapeutics , Humans , Meridians
4.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 56(1): 41-44, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001321

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Esophageal cancer is the eighth most common cancer. The prognosis is bleak in patients with advanced stages. Patients with early disease have a better prognosis than those with advanced stage. There are several techniques for the screening of premalignant and superficial lesions including chromoendoscopy. OBJECTIVE: This article aimed to determine the effectiveness of chromoendoscopy with toluidine blue combined with Lugol's solution for diagnosis of esophageal premalignant and superficial neoplastic lesions in high risk patients. METHODS: Routine white light upper endoscopy was performed. Toluidine blue was sprayed from the gastroesophageal junction to 20 cm of the dental arch. Then the uptake dye areas were characterized. Later Lugol's solution was sprayed. Areas with less-intense staining were characterized. Biopsy of the toluidine blue capturing areas and areas with less-intense staining of Lugol's solution were taken. In the cases where lesions were not evidenced after application of dyes, biopsies four quadrants of the esophageal mucosa were taken. The samples were evaluated by a digestive pathologist. RESULTS: Barrett's esophagus was the most common premalignant lesion and the early neoplastic lesion was adenocarcinoma with a sensitivity of 100%, specificity 85.7%, positive predictive value 30%, negative predictive value 100%, positive likelihood ratio 7 negative likelihood ratio 0. CONCLUSION: Chromoendoscopy with toluidine blue combined with Lugol's solution is a useful tool in the screening of esophageal premalignant lesions and superficial neoplasms.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: O câncer de esôfago é o oitavo câncer mais comum. O prognóstico é sombrio em pacientes com estágios avançados. Pacientes com doença precoce têm um melhor prognóstico do que aqueles com estágio avançado. Existem várias técnicas para a triagem de lesões pré-malignas e superficiais, incluindo cromoendoscopia. OBJETIVO: Este artigo objetivou determinar a efetividade da cromoendoscopia com azul de toluidina combinada com a solução de Lugol para o diagnóstico de lesões neoplásicas pré-malignas e superficiais esofágicas em pacientes de alto risco. MÉTODOS - A endoscopia de luz branca de rotina foi realizada de forma rotineira. O azul do toluidina foi pulverizado desde a junção gastroesofágica até 20 cm da arcada dentária. As áreas impregnadas pela tintura da tomada foram então caracterizadas. Mais adiante a solução de Lugol foi pulverizada. Áreas com coloração menos intensa foram caracterizadas. Foram realizadas biópsias das áreas de captura de azul de toluidina e áreas com coloração menos intensa da solução de Lugol. Nos casos onde as lesões não foram evidenciadas após a aplicação das tinturas, foram feitas biópsias em quatro quadrantes da mucosa esofágica. As amostras foram avaliadas por um patologista especializado. RESULTADOS: O esôfago de Barrett foi a lesão pré-maligna mais frequente e a lesão neoplásica precoce foi adenocarcinoma com sensibilidade de 100%, especificidade de 85,7%, valor preditivo positivo de 30%, valor preditivo negativo 100%, razão de verossimilhança positiva 7 e razão de verossimilhança negativa 0. CONCLUSÃO: A cromoendoscopia com azul de toluidina combinada com a solução de Lugol é uma ferramenta útil na triagem de lesões pré-malignas esofágicas e neoplasias superficiais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Precancerous Conditions/diagnostic imaging , Esophageal Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Esophagoscopy/methods , Early Detection of Cancer/methods , Precancerous Conditions/pathology , Tolonium Chloride/administration & dosage , Barrett Esophagus/pathology , Barrett Esophagus/diagnostic imaging , Esophagitis, Peptic/diagnostic imaging , Cross-Sectional Studies , Predictive Value of Tests , Prospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Coloring Agents/administration & dosage , Esophageal Mucosa/pathology , Esophageal Mucosa/diagnostic imaging , Iodides/administration & dosage , Middle Aged
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719459

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To characterize the endoscopic features of upper gastrointestinal tract in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) compared with those in the healthy controls. METHODS: Data on esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) in 180 patients with SSc (SSc group) were compared with that from the 181 age- and sex-matched healthy control who underwent EGD for routine check-up (control group). Clinical data of participants at the time of EGD (defined as baseline) were collected from electric medical record. Endoscopic findings were evaluated by two experts with blinded to their clinical features. Primary outcome of the study was prevalence of each endoscopic lesion between the two groups. RESULTS: The mean±standard deviation age and disease duration in the SSc group at baseline were 55.3±11.8 and 2.9±3.7 years, respectively. Compared to the control group, SSc group more frequently showed reflux esophagitis (32.8% vs. 9.4%, p < 0.001). In contrast, prevalence of atrophic gastritis was significantly lower in the SSc group (8.3% vs. 29.3%, p < 0.001). This result was consistent in the multivariable analysis where patients' age and concomitant proton pump inhibitor use were adjusted. There was no case of gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE) in both groups. However, 29 (16.1%) patients in SSc group showed a clinically significant anemia (hemoglobin < 10 mg/dL), with none of the endoscopic features showed significant associations with the outcome. CONCLUSION: Patients with SSc showed significantly lower prevalence of atrophic gastritis. There was no case of GAVE, which suggests that clinical phenotype of the SSc could be different according to the ethnicity or geographic region.


Subject(s)
Anemia , Endoscopy , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Esophagitis, Peptic , Gastric Antral Vascular Ectasia , Gastritis , Gastritis, Atrophic , Humans , Medical Records , Phenotype , Prevalence , Proton Pumps , Scleroderma, Systemic , Upper Gastrointestinal Tract
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765973

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Recently, esophageal mean nocturnal baseline impedance (MNBI) and post-reflux swallow-induced peristaltic wave (PSPW) index have been proposed, which can increase the diagnostic role of multichannel intraluminal impedance and pH recording (MII/pH) for differentiating patients with heartburn. Therefore, our aim is to investigate the role of esophageal proximal MNBI, distal MNBI, and PSPW index in differentiating Chinese patients with heartburn. METHODS: Patients with heartburn from the Beijing Anzhen Hospital, who underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and 24-hour MII/pH, were enrolled in this study. RESULTS: In all, 24 erosive esophagitis (EE), 46 non-erosive reflux disease (NERD), 52 reflux hypersensitivity (RH), and 78 functional heartburn (FH) patients were recruited. The respective median values for the EE, NERD, RH, and FH groups were as follows: proximal MNBI 1858.0, 2147.5, 2374.3, and 2329.0 Ω (P = 0.053); distal MNBI 1243.4, 1506.5, 2451.2, and 2477.3 Ω (P < 0.001); and PSPWI 15.0%, 25.0%, 25.0%, and 45.0% (P < 0.001). Spearman correlation analysis showed that distal MNBI and PSPW index were significantly negatively correlated with acid and bolus exposure time and acid reflux events. Receiver operating characteristic analyses showed that distal MNBI and PSPW index significantly discriminated FH from EE, NERD, and RH (P < 0.001), with cut-off values of 1890.6 Ω and 27.5% and areas under the curve of 0.721 and 0.779, respectively. CONCLUSION: Esophageal distal MNBI and PSPW index could increase the diagnostic role of MII/pH, especially for differentiating Chinese patients with heartburn.


Subject(s)
Asians , Beijing , Electric Impedance , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Esophagitis , Esophagitis, Peptic , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Heartburn , Humans , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Hypersensitivity , ROC Curve
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764990

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Gender-related factors might play an important role in the development of reflux esophagitis (RE) and symptomatic gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD). We aimed to evaluate the prevalence and risk factors for RE and symptomatic GERD and determine whether gender specific differences exist. METHODS: This study was conducted on a health cohort consisting of 10,158 participants who underwent comprehensive health screening. Lifestyles and gastrointestinal symptoms were investigated using a self-reported structured questionnaire. Questionnaires about menstrual status were added for the women. RESULTS: The prevalence of RE in men was significantly higher than that in women (10.6% vs. 2.0%, P < 0.001); however, symptomatic GERD showed predominance in women (6.2% vs. 2.5%, P < 0.001). Although the prevalence of RE gradually increased with the duration of menopause stratified by decade (P = 0.007), that of symptomatic GERD rapidly increased across the menopausal transit in women. Apart from common risk factors of obesity and current smoking for RE, over 70 years of age in women and hiatal hernia and hypertriglyceridemia in men were significant risk factors. In symptomatic GERD, high somatization was a common risk factor. Excessive alcohol drinking was a significant risk factor in men, but not in women. CONCLUSION: This study showed a predominance of RE in men, but a predominance of symptomatic GERD in women. In women, dynamic increase in the prevalence of GERD is closely related to the menopause conditions and its duration. There are specific risk factors for RE and symptomatic GERD according to gender differences.


Subject(s)
Alcohol Drinking , Cohort Studies , Esophagitis, Peptic , Female , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Hernia, Hiatal , Humans , Hypertriglyceridemia , Life Style , Male , Mass Screening , Menopause , Obesity , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Smoke , Smoking
8.
Journal of Gastric Cancer ; : 365-371, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764494

ABSTRACT

The role of surgical intervention in patients with diabetic gastroparesis is unclear. We report a case of a 37-year-old man with a history of recurrent episodes of vomiting and long-standing type 2 diabetes mellitus. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy did not reveal any findings of reflux esophagitis or obstructive lesions. A gastric emptying time scan showed prolonged gastric emptying half-time (344 minutes) indicating delayed gastric emptying. Laboratory tests revealed elevated fasting serum glucose and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c, 12.9%) and normal fasting C-peptide and insulin levels. We performed Roux-en-Y reconstruction after subtotal gastrectomy to treat gastroparesis and improve glycemic control, and the patient showed complete resolution of gastrointestinal symptoms postoperatively. Barium swallow test and gastric emptying time scan performed at follow-up revealed regular progression of barium and normal gastric emptying. Three months postoperatively, his fasting serum glucose level was within normal limits without the administration of insulin or oral antidiabetic drugs with a reduced HbA1c level (6.9%). Long-limb Roux-en-Y reconstruction after subtotal gastrectomy may be useful to treat severe diabetic gastroparesis by improving gastric emptying and glycemic control.


Subject(s)
Adult , Barium , Blood Glucose , C-Peptide , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Esophagitis, Peptic , Fasting , Follow-Up Studies , Gastrectomy , Gastric Emptying , Gastroparesis , Glycated Hemoglobin A , Humans , Hypoglycemic Agents , Insulin , Vomiting
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760891

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: On the basis of evidence, we aimed to reevaluate the necessity of the empirical proton pump inhibitor (PPI) trial for children with suspected gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). METHODS: We analyzed the frequency of GERD in 85 school-age children with gastroesophageal reflux (GER) symptoms, who received 24-hour esophageal pH monitoring and/or upper endoscopy. According to the reflux index (RI), the children were classified into normal (RI <5%), intermediate (5%≤ RI <10%), or abnormal (RI ≥10%) groups. RESULTS: Fifty six were female and 29 were male. Their mean age was 12.6±0.5 (±standard deviation) years (range: 6.8–18.6). The RI analysis showed that the normal group included 76 patients (89.4%), the intermediate group included 6 patients (7.1%), and the abnormal group included 3 patients (3.5%). The DeMeester score was 5.93±4.65, 14.68±7.86 and 40.37±12.96 for the normal, intermediate and abnormal group, respectively (p=0.001). The longest reflux time was 5.56±6.00 minutes, 9.53±7.84 minutes, and 19.46±8.35 minutes in the normal, intermediate, and abnormal group, respectively (p=0.031). Endoscopic findings showed reflux esophagitis in 7 patients. On the basis of the Los Angeles Classification of Esophagitis, 5 of these patients were included in group A, 1 patient, in group B and 1 patient, in group C. CONCLUSION: The incidence of GERD was very low in school-age children with GER symptoms. Therefore, injudicious diagnostic PPI trials would be postponed until the actual prevalence of GERD is verified in future prospective studies.


Subject(s)
Child , Classification , Endoscopy , Esophageal pH Monitoring , Esophagitis , Esophagitis, Peptic , Female , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Humans , Incidence , Male , Prevalence , Prospective Studies , Proton Pump Inhibitors , Proton Pumps , Protons
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759833

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Korean Americans constitute the fifth largest subgroup in the Asian American population. Despite their increasing population, research and guidelines regarding their health status assessment and disease screening are lacking. This study aimed to compare the prevalence of diseases in Korean Americans and native Koreans to determine the risk factors and guidelines for disease screening. METHODS: Patients who visited the Gangnam Severance Hospital from February 2010 to May 2015 for a health checkup were enrolled in this study. Baseline characteristics, laboratory data, and the organs (stomach, colon, thyroid, brain, prostate, lung, liver, kidney, pancreas, adrenal gland, and heart) of patients were examined. Data regarding patients' dietary patterns were also obtained. Overall, 1,514 Korean Americans (group 1) and 1,514 native Koreans (group 2) were enrolled. RESULTS: The following diseases were more prevalent in group 1 than in group 2: reflux esophagitis (12.9% vs. 10%), gastric ulcer (3.0% vs. 5.5%), colorectal polyp (37.7% vs. 28.7%), hemorrhoids (32.2% vs. 29.9%), and benign prostatic hyperplasia (30.2% vs. 14.3%). Although not statistically significant, coronary artery disease has a high prevalence rate of >20% in both groups. Dietary patterns were not significant between the two groups. CONCLUSION: This study showed that the prevalence of several diseases in Korean Americans differed from that observed in native Koreans. Therefore, a foundation for setting up new guidelines for disease screening among Korean Americans is established.


Subject(s)
Adrenal Glands , Asian Americans , Brain , Colon , Coronary Artery Disease , Esophagitis, Peptic , Hemorrhoids , Humans , Kidney , Liver , Lung , Mass Screening , Pancreas , Polyps , Prevalence , Prostate , Prostatic Hyperplasia , Risk Factors , Stomach Ulcer , Thyroid Gland
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740771

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The effect of dietary micronutrients on non-erosive reflux disease (NERD) and reflux esophagitis is unclear. We aim to evaluate the gender-specific effect of micronutrient on erosive esophagitis and NERD. METHODS: A total of 11 690 participants underwent endoscopy and completed 3-day recordings for dietary intake and questionnaires for reflux symptoms from 2004 to 2008. To evaluate the effect of dietary micronutrients on NERD or erosive esophagitis, adjusted regression analysis with odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) was used. In addition, we performed gender-specific analysis. RESULTS: Prevalence of NERD and erosive esophagitis was 6.8% and 11.2% in men and 9.1% and 2.4% in women. In adjusted analysis, high intake of vitamin A (OR, 0.78; 95% CI, 0.64–0.96), retinol (OR, 0.73; 95% CI, 0.59–0.90), vitamin B2 (OR, 0.68; 95% CI, 0.54–0.87), vitamin B6 (OR, 0.75; 95% CI, 0.58–0.96), folic acid (OR, 0.77; 95% CI, 0.62–0.96), calcium (OR, 0.66; 95% CI, 0.53–0.82), and iron (OR, 0.68; 95% CI, 0.53–0.87) had an inverse association with NERD. However, erosive esophagitis has no relationship with micronutrients except vitamin C (OR, 0.78; 95% CI, 0.62–0.98). High dietary intake of calcium reduced the risk of NERD in men and high dietary intake of many micronutrients reduced NERD in women. CONCLUSIONS: While many dietary micronutrients reduced NERD, they had no effect on erosive esophagitis. The effect of micronutrient on NERD was more prominent in women than men.


Subject(s)
Ascorbic Acid , Calcium , Endoscopy , Esophagitis , Esophagitis, Peptic , Female , Folic Acid , Gender Identity , Humans , Iron , Male , Micronutrients , Odds Ratio , Prevalence , Riboflavin , Vitamin A , Vitamin B 6
12.
Gut and Liver ; : 642-648, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763886

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Bicarbonate-containing alginate formulations are reported to be effective for controlling reflux symptoms. However, the efficacy of Lamina G alginate without gas production has not been reported. The aim is to evaluate the efficacy of a non-bicarbonate alginate in individuals with reflux symptoms without reflux esophagitis. METHODS: Participants who had experienced heartburn or regurgitation for 7 consecutive days were randomized to one of the following treatment groups: proton pump inhibitors (PPI) plus alginate (combination) or PPI plus placebo (PPI only). In addition, as a reference group, patients received placebo plus alginate (alginate only). The primary endpoint compared the percentage of patients with complete resolution of symptoms for the final 7 days of the treatment. Secondary endpoints compared changes in symptom score, symptom-free days during the treatment period, the Reflux Disease Questionnaire, Patient Assessment of Upper Gastrointestinal Disorders (PAGI)-Quality of Life and PAGI-Symptoms Severity Index scores, the investigator's assessment of symptoms, and incidence of adverse events. RESULTS: Complete resolution of heartburn or regurgitation was not significantly different between the combination and PPI only groups (58.7% vs 57.5%, p=0.903). The secondary endpoints were not significantly different between the two groups. Complete resolution of heartburn or regurgitation, did not differ between the alginate only reference group and the PPI only group (75.0% vs 57.5%, p=0.146). CONCLUSIONS: The addition of non-bicarbonate alginate to PPI was no more effective than PPI alone in controlling reflux symptoms.


Subject(s)
Alginates , Clinical Study , Esophagitis, Peptic , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Heartburn , Humans , Incidence , Proton Pump Inhibitors , Treatment Outcome
13.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742118

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Gastrointestinal reflux disease (GERD) is defined as ‘a condition that develops when the reflux of stomach contents causes troublesome symptoms and/or complications’. It is associated with various lung diseases, including bronchial asthma, chronic bronchitis, and bronchiectasis. GERD may also affect nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) lung disease. We presumed that the normal mucosal barrier of the bronchial epithelium is broken due to the aspiration of gastric juice and consequent chronic bronchial inflammation. This study investigated the prevalence of GERD in accordance with the presence or absence of NTM lung disease and analyzed the difference. METHODS: We screened patients with NTM lung disease in this hospital between January 2011 and December 2015. Among these patients, gastroscopic examinations as a health check-up were performed on 93 patients. We obtained the prevalence of Reflux esophagitis (RE) in patients with NTM and compared it with the prevalence of RE in the normal control subjects. RESULTS: Among 93 patients with NTM, patients without RE was 66.7% (62/93). RE-minimal change was diagnosed in 29.0% (27/93), and RE LA-A was diagnosed in 4.3% (4/93). Comparing the prevalence of RE minimal change, 29.0% (27/93) had NTM and 11.9% (3043/25536) did not have NTM. This was statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: We showed a greater prevalence of RE minimal change in patients with NTM than those without NTM with statistical significance.


Subject(s)
Asthma , Bronchiectasis , Bronchitis, Chronic , Epithelium , Esophagitis, Peptic , Gastric Juice , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Gastrointestinal Contents , Humans , Inflammation , Lung Diseases , Lung , Nontuberculous Mycobacteria , Prevalence
14.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 951-959, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717934

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease without esophagitis show varying responses to proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). The aim of this study was to objectively evaluate the effect of a new PPI, ilaprazole, on patients with heartburn but without reflux esophagitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study was performed on 20 patients with heartburn but without reflux esophagitis. All patients underwent upper endoscopy and 24-hr combined multichannel intraluminal impedance and pH esophageal monitoring (MII-pH). They were then treated with ilaprazole (20 mg) once daily for 4 weeks. The GerdQ questionnaire, histologic findings, and inflammatory biomarkers were used for assessment before and after ilaprazole. RESULTS: Among the 20 patients, 13 (65%) showed GerdQ score ≥8. Based on MII-pH results, patients were classified as true nonerosive reflux disease (n=2), hypersensitive esophagus (n=10), and functional heartburn (n=8). After treatment, patients showed a statistically significant improvement in GerdQ score (p < 0.001). Among histopathologic findings, basal cell hyperplasia, papillary elongation, and infiltration of intraepithelial T lymphocytes improved significantly (p=0.008, p=0.021, and p=0.008; respectively). Expression of TNF-α, IL-8, TRPV1, and MCP-1 decreased marginally after treatment (p=0.049, p=0.046, p=0.045, and p=0.042; respectively). CONCLUSION: Daily ilaprazole (20 mg) is efficacious in improving symptom scores, histopathologic findings, and inflammatory biomarkers in patients with heartburn but no reflux esophagitis.


Subject(s)
Arm , Biomarkers , Electric Impedance , Endoscopy , Esophagitis , Esophagitis, Peptic , Esophagus , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Heartburn , Humans , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Hyperplasia , Interleukin-8 , Prospective Studies , Proton Pump Inhibitors , T-Lymphocytes
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-103265

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The prevalence of reflux esophagitis (RE) has increased recently in Korea. Little is known concerning the prevalence and characteristics of RE in pediatric patients. This study investigated the prevalence and influence of risk factors in endoscopically proven RE in Korea in pediatric patients over a period of 14 years. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of all patients between the ages of 1 month and 20 years who underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy at Samsung Medical Center between 2001 and 2014 was carried out. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to identify independent risk factors for RE. RESULTS: The prevalence rate of endoscopically proven RE in this study was 28.7% (978/3,413). The prevalence of RE increased from 11.8% from 2001 to 2007 to 37.7% from 2008 to 2014. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that residency in the Greater Gangnam area (odds ratio [OR], 1.21; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.02-1.44) and age (OR, 1.13; 95% CI, 1.11-1.15) were significant predictive factors for the presence of RE. CONCLUSION: The prevalence rate of endoscopically proven pediatric RE has increased over the past 14 years. Residency and older age are more important independent risk factors for pediatric RE in Korea.


Subject(s)
Child , Endoscopy , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Esophagitis, Peptic , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Humans , Internship and Residency , Korea , Logistic Models , Multivariate Analysis , Pediatrics , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
17.
Fortaleza; s.n; 2016. 93 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-972052

ABSTRACT

A doença do refluxo gastroesofágico é o retorno do conteúdo gástrico através do esfíncter esofágico inferior independentemente da sua etiologia, manifestando-se por sintomas (típicos ou atípicos) ou dano tecidual. O diafragma é o principal músculo respiratório e a sua parte crural um dos componentes fundamentais da barreira antirefluxo. As contrações deste são relacionadas às mudanças na pressão da junção esofagogástrica que normalmente são relacionadas com a respiração. Estudos apontamevidências de déficit diafragmático na doença de refluxo gastroesofágico que pode ser melhorado com treinamento diafragmático. A pressão inspiratória máxima é um método simples de avaliar a força inspiratória determinada pelo diafragma. A partir deste contexto, surgiu a hipótese de que os sintomas da doença de refluxo gastro esofágico podem se associar à pressão inspiratória máxima...


The gastroesophageal reflux disease is the return of gastric contents through the lower esophageal sphincter regardless of etiology, manifesting itself by symptoms (typical or atypical) or tissue damage. The diaphragm is the main respiratory muscle and its crural part one of the fundamental components of the antireflux barrier. Contractions of this are related to changes in pressure of the gastroesophageal junction that are usually related to breathing. Studies show evidence of diaphragmatic weaknessin gastroesophageal reflux disease that can be improved with diaphragmatic training. The maximalinspiratory pressure is a simple method to evaluate the inspiratory force determined by diaphragm. From this context, the hypothesis that the symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease may be associated with the maximal inspiratory pressure...


Subject(s)
Diaphragm , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Esophagitis, Peptic , Endoscopy
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341551

ABSTRACT

Under the premise of radical resection in the treatment, it is of great significance to preserve partial gastric function so that the early gastric cancer (EGC) patients' postoperative quality of life (QOL) can be improved. In the patients with EGC in the upper third of the stomach, the emphasis is on the prevention of reflux esophagitis caused by bile and gastric juice reflux. Pylorus-preserving gastrectomy (PPG) is applicable to the patients with EGC in the middle third of the stomach. In the patients with EGC in the lower third of the stomach, distal gastrectomy (DG) is performed in general. Various anastomosis ways are applied to reduce the negative impact of pylorus resection after DG. Furthermore, it should also be considered that reasonable vagal nerves preservation and lymph node dissection are both important for function preserving gastrectomy of EGC. Rational use of laparoscopy-assisted gastrectomy has advantages of lower invasiveness, faster recovery, etc. And the amplification effect of laparoscope can contribute to preserving nerves and gastric function.


Subject(s)
Esophagitis, Peptic , Gastrectomy , Methods , Gastroenterostomy , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Humans , Laparoscopy , Lymph Node Excision , Organ Sparing Treatments , Postoperative Period , Pylorus , General Surgery , Quality of Life , Stomach Neoplasms , General Surgery , Vagus Nerve
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286878

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To identify the factors that affect the safety and efficacy of peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) for treatment of achalasia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Data of consecutive patients undergoing POEM for confirmed achalasia between December, 2010 and December, 2015 were collected, including the procedure time, approach of tunnel entry incision, approach of myotomy, complications and follow-up data.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the total of 439 patients enrolled, the overall complication rate was 28.7% (126/439). Treatment success (Eckardt score≤3) was achieved in 94.5% of 364 patients followed up for a median of 6 months (1-48 months), and the mean score was reduced significantly from 6.7∓1.5 before treatment to 1.2∓1.1 after the treatment (P<0.05). Logistic regression revealed that the year when POEM was performed and the approach of entry incision were two significant factors contributing to complications: with the year 2015 as the reference, the odds ratio (OR) was 9.454 (95% CI: 2.499-35.76) for the years before 2011, 2.177 (95% CI: 0.794-5.974) for 2012, 3.975 (95% CI: 1.904-8.298) for 2013, and 1.079 (95% CI: 0.601-1.940) for 2014; with the longitudinal entry incision as the reference, the OR was 0.369 (95% CI: 0.165-0.824) for inverted T entry incision and 0.456 (95% CI: 0.242-0.859) for transverse entry incision. The approach of myotomy was the significantly associated with symptomatic relapse: with full-thickness myotomy combined with indwelling an anti-reflux belt as the reference, the OR was 0.363 (95% CI: 0.059-2.250) for gradual full-thickness myotomy, 2.137 (95% CI: 0.440-10.378) for circular muscle myotomy, and 4.385 (95% CI: 0.820-23.438) for circular muscle myotomy in combination with balloon shaping; the recurrence rate was 0 with a full-thickness myotomy.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The complication rates of POEM appears to decrease over time, and an inverted T entry incision is the best choice for controlling the complications. Gradual full-thickness myotomy is an excellent approach for treatment of achalasia in terms of the relapse rate, procedure time and the incidence of reflux esophagitis.</p>


Subject(s)
Endoscopy , Esophageal Achalasia , General Surgery , Esophagitis, Peptic , General Surgery , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Humans , Muscles , General Surgery , Recurrence , Treatment Outcome
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-265538

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the effect of cervical esophagostomy for the treatment of patients with dysphagia induced by radiotherapy, in order to improve the therapeutic effects.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective study was performed on 53 nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients with dysphagia, who received cervical esophagostomy. The nutritional status of these patients was measured at five given time before and after operation. The occurrence of pneumonia and reflux esophagitis before and after operation was recorded, and the quality of life based on SF-36 quality of life (QOL) scale was studied.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After operation, the nutritional status of these patients improved substantially, including the weight, levels of hemoglobin, total protein, albumin and transferring (P<0.05). The pneumonia-infection decreased from 60.38% (32/53) before operation to 15.22% (7/46) after operation (χ(2)=21.04, P<0.01). The incidences of reflux esophagitis decreased from 26.42% (14/53)without operation to 6.52% (3/46) after operation (χ(2)=5.00, P<0.01). Meanwhile, the status of physical health, mental health as well as physical function and social function of these patients were improved significantly at 1 month, 6 months, 1 year and 2 years after operation (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Cervical esophagostomy can improve the life quality of patients with dysphagia induced by radiotherapy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma.</p>


Subject(s)
Carcinoma , Deglutition Disorders , General Surgery , Esophagitis, Peptic , Esophagostomy , Humans , Incidence , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms , Radiotherapy , Pneumonia , Quality of Life , Radiotherapy , Retrospective Studies
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