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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e237434, Jan.-Dec. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1393428

ABSTRACT

Aim: To determine the prevalence of dental development anomalies and type of influence on the smile of adolescent students. Method: This was a cross-sectional and analytical study carried out in two public (A1) and two private (A2) schools chosen by lot in the city of Parnaíba-Piauí. The sample calculation was based on the target population: number of people enrolled in public and private schools between 15 and 19 years, in the city of Parnaíba-PI, which totaled 6209 students in 2020, according to a survey carried out by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics ­ IBGE. A questionnaire on epidemiological data and aesthetic self-perception of the smile was applied to 160 adolescents between 15 and 19 years old, from August 2020 to July 2021. The clinical examination was carried out under natural light, to check for the presence of anomaly(s) in the dental development. Students who presented only one pathology would be called group 1 (G1), those who presented two would be called group 2 (G2) and those who presented 3 or more would be called group 3 (G3). On the other hand, adolescents in whom no anomaly was evidenced would participate in the control group (CG), both in A1 and A2. Results: It was observed that 37.5% of the sample had only a type of dental anomaly, corresponding to 60 individuals. The most prevalent were enamel hypoplasia, fusion, transposition, agenesis, ectopic eruption, microdent and dens-in-dent. It was possible to verify a higher prevalence in the maxilla, private schools (76.6%) and females (86.6%). In 45% of adolescents with dental anomalies, embarrassment was observed when smiling. Conclusion: The prevalence was relatively high, highlighting the enamel hypoplasia, influencing the smile esthetics of a reasonable number of adolescents, whether for acquaintances, strangers or even for photographs


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Smiling , Tooth Abnormalities/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Dental Enamel/abnormalities , Diagnosis, Oral , Esthetics, Dental
2.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225042, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354728

ABSTRACT

Aim: Although bulk fill composites have been widely used as restorative material, there is no consensus regarding the best clinical protocol in terms of composite technique and adhesive system. Therefore, this clinical trial evaluated the clinical performance of bulk fill composites for class I restorations under different protocols. Methods: A randomized clinical trial including 155 class I restorations was conducted using different adhesive systems: conventional technique (phosphoric acid + conventional three-step adhesive system) (Group 1, 2 and 3); or self-etching adhesive system (Groups 4, 5 and 6). Control groups 1 and 4 were restored with conventional composite; groups 2 and 5 with low viscosity bulk fill and conventional composite as occlusal coverage; groups 3 and 6 with high viscosity bulk fill. The FDI criteria was used for clinical evaluation at baseline and after 6 months. Results: All groups showed good clinical performance. At baseline, the adhesive system did not affect postoperative hypersensitivity. After 6 months, group 5 showed a significant reduction in color and translucency; group 6 a reduction in terms of anatomical form and for postoperative sensitivity and an improvement in patient satisfaction (p<0.05). Considering the same restorative technique, the use of the self-etching adhesive system showed a significant decrease in color and translucency (p<0.05). Conclusion: All groups showed favorable clinical performance, and promising results were found for the conventional adhesive system and high viscosity bulk fill protocol


Subject(s)
Phosphoric Acids , Adhesives , Composite Resins , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Esthetics, Dental , Clinical Studies as Topic
3.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 43(3): 54-60, set.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1381314

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to report a clinical case of a patient with Cushing's syndrome, low self-esteem and need for oral rehabilitation. A 50-year-old female patient with hypercortisolism sought care at School of Dentistry of the Federal University of Minas Gerais. During anamnesis, the patient reported painful symptoms and mobility of the upper and lower teeth. On clinical examination, absence of many teeth were observed, periodontal disease and caries lesions. After discussion of the case, the planning involved the extraction of all teeth, and the preparation of Maxillary Immediate Complete Dentures (ICD's) and Immediate Mandibular Implant-retained Overdenture (IMIO). The treatment proposed allowed the restored aesthetics, phonetics and chewing(AU)


O objetivo desse estudo é relatar um caso clínico de uma paciente com síndrome de Cushing, baixa autoestima e necessidade de reabilitação oral. Paciente do sexo feminino, 50 anos de idade e com hipercortisolismo, procurou atendimento na Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais. Durante a anamnese, a paciente relatou sintomas dolorosos e mobilidade dos dentes superiores e inferiores. No exame clínico, foi observada a ausência de muitos dentes, doença periodontal e lesões cariosas. Após a discussão do caso, o planejamento envolveu a extração de todos os dentes, e o preparo de Prótese Total Imediata maxilar (PTI), e Overdenture Implantorretida Imediata mandibular. O tratamento proposto permitiu que restaurasse a estética, fonética e mastigação(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Cushing Syndrome , Denture, Complete, Immediate , Periodontal Diseases , Tooth Extraction , Dental Caries , Denture, Complete , Denture, Overlay , Esthetics, Dental
4.
Rev. flum. odontol ; 3(59): 57-65, set.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1380700

ABSTRACT

A reabilitação protética ganhou um componente que veio solucionar problemas de pessoas edentadas que até então pareciam sem solução. Trata-se dos implantes osseointegráveis, introduzidos pelo professor Per Ingvar Branemark entre os anos 70 e 80, e que, nos dias de hoje, se tornou na maioria dos casos, a primeira opção para a reabilitação oral. No caso de edentados totais na mandíbula, a prótese total fixa sobre implantes instalados entre os forames mentuais é um tipo de tratamento reabilitador com elevado grau de sucesso. Nos casos onde não é possível a colocação da prótese fixa com carga imediata após a instalação dos implantes, o paciente pode usar uma prótese total provisória, diretamente sobre os implantes permanentes instalados ou retida por implantes transitórios de corpo único, com encaixe tipo bola/o'ring. O presente artigo relata um caso clinico com utilização de implantes transitórios de corpo único para reter prótese total provisória, durante o tempo da osseointegração dos implantes permanentes.


Prosthetic rehabilitation gained a component that solved problems of edentulous people. These are the Osseo integrative implants, introduced by Professor Per Ingvar Branemark between the 1970s and 1980s, and which has become in most cases the first option for oral rehabilitation. In the case of mandible total edentulous, the total fixed prosthesis on implants installed between the mental foramina is a type of rehabilitation treatment with a high degree of success. In cases where it is not possible to place the fixed prosthesis with immediate loading after implant installation, the patient may use a provisional total prosthesis, directly on the permanent implants installed or retained by transient implants of single body, ball-type fitting 'ring. The present article reports a clinical case with the use of single body transient implants to retain temporary total prosthesis during the time of osseointegration of permanent implants.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Osseointegration , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Esthetics, Dental , Mouth Rehabilitation
5.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 43(2): 35-42, maio-ago. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1362023

ABSTRACT

Introdução: As cerâmicas odontológicas são amplamente utilizadas na Odontologia, desfrutando de grande popularidade devido a sua capacidade de mimetizar as características ópticas do esmalte e da dentina. O constante desenvolvimento de pesquisas tem desencadeado o lançamento de novos sistemas cerâmicos com propriedades aprimoradas e melhores resultados clínicos em longo prazo. Objetivo: O relato de caso aqui apresentado descreve uma reabilitação da zona estética do sorriso com laminados cerâmicos por meio de uma abordagem minimamente invasiva. Relato de caso: Paciente do gênero feminino, compareceu à clínica odontológica relatando insatisfação com a aparência do seu sorriso. Durante avaliação foram observadas, na região anterossuperior, restaurações extensas em resina composta deficientes nos incisivos, com proporção, volume, forma e texturização insatisfatórias, que em conjunto comprometia a zona estética do sorriso. Diante disso, após fotografias extra e intraorais, o tratamento proposto foi a reabilitação com laminados cerâmicos nas unidades 1.2 ao 2.2. Assim, foi realizado o enceramento e o mock-up, os quais serviram de orientação para os preparos dentários, a seguir, foram moldados e as restaurações confeccionadas no sistema IPS e.max. Após prova de cor e adaptação, os preparos e a superfície interna dos laminados cerâmicos foram tratados e cimentados com cimento resino fotopolimerizável. Conclusão: Instituindo uma abordagem conservadora, o plano de tratamento realizado através da reabilitação com laminados cerâmicos nas unidades dentárias anterossuperiores, permitiu o restabelecimento da função e estética, com reprodução das características dos dentes naturais e promoção do equilíbrio, da jovialidade e da harmonia no sorriso(AU)


Introduction: Dental ceramics are widely used in dentistry, enjoying great popularity due to the ability to mimic both enamel and dentin optical characteristics. The constant research development has triggered the launch of new ceramic systems with improved properties and better long-term clinical results. Objective: The case report presented here describes the zone rehabilitation of the aesthetic smile with ceramic laminates through a minimally invasive approach. Case report: Female patient, attended the dental clinic reporting dissatisfaction with the appearance of her smile. During the evaluation, extensive restorations in composite resin were observed in the incisors in the anterosuperior region, with unsatisfactory proportion, amount, shape and texturing, which together compromised the aesthetic zone of the smile. Faced with this, after extra and intraoral photographs, the proposed treatment was the restoration with the ceramic laminates in units 1.2 to 2.2. Thus, waxing and mock-up were performed, which served as guidance for the dental preparations, then they were molded and restorations fabricated in the IPS e.max system. After shade and adaptation proof, the preparations and the inner ceramic laminates surface were treated and cemented with light-cured resin cement. Conclusion: Adopting a conservative approach, the treatment plan carried out through restoration with ceramic laminates on the upper anterior teeth allowed the recovering function and aesthetics, reproducing characteristics of natural teeth and promoting balance, joviality and harmony in the smile(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Ceramics , Dental Veneers , Esthetics, Dental , Smiling , Composite Resins , Incisor
6.
Ortodoncia ; 86(171): 20-27, ene-jun. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1398882

ABSTRACT

La ortodoncia lingual ha acercado a la consulta ortodóncica a pacientes que nunca antes hubie- ran aceptado un tratamiento ortodóncico. Los tratamientos estéticos son una de las opciones más solicitadas en este siglo por los pacientes adultos, que no solo desean un resultado estético sino que solicitan, también, aparatología estética. Se presenta el caso de una paciente adulta para el que se eligió un tratamiento híbrido: aparatología superior lingual (brackets linguales 2D) y apara- tología inferior vestibular (brackets autoligables, prescripción Roth pasiva-activa). Los brackets 2D son de autoligado, por lo que se utilizan fuerzas biológicas, suaves, constantes y continuas. Es importante en estos casos que ambos maxilares se trabajen con el mismo tipo de fuerzas.


Lingual orthodontics has brought to the orthodontic consultation patients who would never have accepted orthodontic treatment before. In this century, aesthetic treatments are one of the most requested options by adult patients who not only want an aesthetic result but also aesthetic appliances. It is presented the case of an adult patient to which a hybrid treatment was chosen: upper lingual appliances (2D lingual brackets) and lower vestibular appliances (self-ligating brackets, passive-active Roth prescription). 2D brackets are self-ligating, so constant and continuous biological gentle forces are used. In these cases, it is important that both jaws are worked with the same type of forces.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Tooth Movement Techniques , Orthodontic Brackets , Esthetics, Dental
7.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 43(1): 24-30, jan.-abr. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1361646

ABSTRACT

Introdução: As próteses parciais removíveis são alternativas amplamente utilizadas na reabilitação oral de pacientes parcialmente desdentados. Na atualidade os implantes dentais têm sido indicados para tratamento de pacientes edêntulos em associação com próteses parciais removíveis convencionais. Objetivo: Relatar um caso clínico utilizando uma prótese parcial removível convencional associada a implantes osseointegrados em paciente portador de Classe I de Kennedy. Relato de Caso: Paciente N.A.A.S., sexo feminino, 65 anos, procurou atendimento clínico no Instituto de Estudos da Saúde (IES) para reabilitação protética das arcadas dentais superior e inferior. A sua queixa principal era "dificuldade de mastigação". A paciente apresentava prótese total removível insatisfatória na maxila e não utilizava nenhum tipo de prótese dentária na mandíbula, que se apresentava parcialmente edêntula. O tratamento realizado foi a confecção de uma prótese total na arcada superior. Na arcada inferior foram inseridos dois implantes de hexágono externo nas regiões correspondentes às áreas dos dentes 34 e 44, após quatro meses a prótese parcial removível convencional foi confeccionada e incorporada aos implantes osseointegrados utilizando o sistema de retenção do tipo attachments Equator. Conclusão: Os resultados revelaram que a técnica de associação da prótese parcial removível convencional aos implantes osseointegrados demonstrou ser uma opção viável de tratamento com capacidade de devolver a função, a estética e manter a integridade dos dentes e tecidos periodontais(AU)


Introduction: Removable partial dentures are alternatives widely used in the oral rehabilitation of partially edentulous patients. Currently, dental implants have been indicated for the treatment of edentulous patients in association with conventional removable partial dentures. Objective: To report a clinical case using a conventional removable partial denture associated with osseointegrated implants in a patient with Kennedy Class I. Case Report: Patient N.A.A.S., female, 65 years old, sought clinical care at the Institute of Health Studies (HEI) for prosthetic rehabilitation of the upper and lower dental arches. His main complaint was "chewing difficulty". The patient had unsatisfactory removable total prosthesis in the maxilla and did not use any type of dental prosthesis in the mandible, which was partially edentulous. The treatment performed was the manufacture of a total prosthesis in the upper arch. In the lower arch, two external hexagon implants were inserted in the regions corresponding to the tooth areas 34 and 44, after four months the conventional removable partial denture was made and incorporated into the osseointegrated implants using the equator attachments retention system. Conclusion: The results revealed that the technique of associating conventional removable partial dentures with osseointegrated implants proved to be a viable treatment option with the ability to restore function, aesthetics and maintain the integrity of teeth and periodontal tissues(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Denture, Partial, Removable , Dental Implants , Dental Prosthesis Design , Esthetics, Dental , Bone-Anchored Prosthesis
8.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 43(1): 57-61, jan.-abr. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1361720

ABSTRACT

A agenesia dentaria é uma anomalia de desenvolvimento caracterizada pela determinação congênita de menor numero de dentes, podendo estar associada a síndromes genéticas ou ocorrer isoladamente. Embora seja considerada uma das anomalias mais frequentes quando envolve terceiros molares, segundo pré-molares e incisivos laterais, sua ocorrência em dentes estáveis, tais como o canino e o primeiro molar permanente é rara. Desta forma, este relato apresentará o caso de uma paciente do sexo feminino, 8 anos idade, que iniciou tratamento de rotina na Clínica de Odontopediatria da UNIFENAS. Na anamnese não foi relatada pela responsável a ocorrência de alterações sistêmicas, nem queixa ou histórico odontológico relevante. No exame clínico odontológico, notou-se o não irrompimento do primeiro molar permanente superior direito (16). Diante dos exames de imagem, foi confirmada a agenesia do dente 16 e também do canino permanente superior direito (13). A agenesia, sobretudo de dentes estáveis e relevantes no arco dentário, pode comprometer o desenvolvimento adequado da oclusão, mastigação, fonação e estética. Desta maneira, é importante o diagnóstico precoce desta ocorrência com o objetivo de favorecer a elaboração de um adequado plano de tratamento e, minimizar as sequelas destas agenesias atípicas(AU)


Dental agenesis is a developmental anomaly characterized by the congenital determination of fewer teeth, may be associated with genetic syndromes or occur in an isolated form. Although it is considered one of the most frequent anomalies when it involves third molars, second lateral premolars and incisors, the occurrence in stable teeth, such as the permanent canine and the permanent first molar is rare. This report will present the case of an 8-year-old female patient who started routine treatment at the Pediatric Dentistry Clinic of UNIFENAS. In the anamnesis, the responsible person did not report the occurrence of systemic alterations, or a relevant dental complaint or history. On dental clinical examination, it was noticed the non-rupture of the permament maxillar right first molar (16). In view of the imaging tests, the agenesis of tooth 16 and also of the permanent maxillary right canine (13) was confirmed. Agenesis, especially of stable and relevant teeth in the dental arch, may compromise the proper development of occlusion, chewing, phonation and aesthetics. Thus, it is of paramount importance to early diagnosis of this occurrence in order to favor the development of an appropriate treatment plan in order to minimize the sequelae of these atypical agenesis(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Phonation , Cuspid , Anodontia , Molar , Dental Occlusion , Esthetics, Dental , Mastication , Anodontia/diagnosis , Anodontia/therapy
9.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 43(1): 69-74, jan.-abr. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1361728

ABSTRACT

Os avanços alcançados no desenvolvimento dos materiais restauradores e procedimentos adesivos têm possibilitado a realização de procedimentos minimamente invasivos nas reabilitações orais. Neste contexto, os laminados cerâmicos tornaram-se uma alternativa viável para a resolução de diversos problemas que acometem a função e estética. Assim, este trabalho apresentou como objetivo relatar um caso clínico de reabilitação estética do sorriso com o fechamento de espaços negros, originados a partir de um trauma, seguido de movimentação ortodôntica, através da utilização de laminados cerâmicos. Neste foram descritas as etapas clínicas de diagnóstico, planejamento e execução do procedimento restaurador, observando que o tratamento proposto foi uma alternativa conservadora e eficaz na resolução dos espaços negros existentes, reestabelecendo a estética do sorriso e devolvendo a auto-estima do paciente(AU)


The advances achieved in the development of restorative materials and adhesive procedures have made possible to perform minimally invasive procedures in oral rehabilitation. In this context, ceramic veneers have become a viable alternative for solving several problems that affect function and aesthetics. Thus, this study aimed to report a clinical case of aesthetic smile rehabilitation with the closure of black spaces, originated from trauma, followed by orthodontic movement, through the use of ceramic veneers. In this, the clinical stages of diagnosis, planning and execution of the restorative procedure were described, noting that the proposed treatment was a conservative and effective alternative in the resolution of existing black spaces, reestablishing the aesthetic of the smile and restoring the patient's selfesteem(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Ceramics , Dental Veneers , Esthetics, Dental , Smiling , Tooth Movement Techniques
10.
Rev. ADM ; 79(1): 54-58, ene.-feb. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362610

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La hiperplasia gingival es una condición benigna caracterizada por el aumento de volumen de la encía. Algunos fármacos, factores genéticos, aparatología y placa dentobacteriana son factores que pueden inducir esta condición. Objetivo: Devolver la anatomía a la encía brindando una mejor estética y permitiendo una óptima higiene oral. Material y métodos: Paciente masculino de 20 años de edad con antecedentes de fenitoína presenta aumento de volumen en la encía. Resultados: Se obtuvieron resultados estéticos y funcionales satisfactorios con el tratamiento quirúrgico y el uso de membrana de celulosa oxidada. Conclusión: En el manejo de la hiperplasia gingival es importante el enfoque no quirúrgico como control de placa dentobacteriana y medidas de higiene del mismo paciente (AU)


Introduction: Gingival hyperplasia is a benign condition characterized for the grown on the gingival volume. Some drugs, genetic, orthodontic and dental plaque are some factors that can induce this condition. Objective: To return the gingival anatomy, providing a better aesthetic allowing also good oral hygiene. Material and methods: A male 20 years of age with medical history of phenytoin display grown on the gingival volume. Results: Aesthetic and functional results were achieved with the surgical treatment and the oxidized cellulose membrane. Conclusion: In the gingival hyperplasia management is important de non-surgical approach, as dental plaque control and oral hygiene of the patient (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Phenytoin/adverse effects , Cellulose, Oxidized , Gingival Hypertrophy/chemically induced , Gingivectomy , Esthetics, Dental , Membranes, Artificial , Mexico
11.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 37(85): 7-14, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1397370

ABSTRACT

La amelogénesis imperfecta (AI) es un grupo de tras-tornos hereditarios, clínica y etiológicamente hete-rogéneos, derivados de mutaciones genéticas, que se caracterizan por anomalías cualitativas y cuanti-tativas del desarrollo del esmalte, pudiendo afectar la dentición primaria y/o permanente. El tratamiento del paciente con AI es complejo y multidiscliplinario; supone un desafío para el odontólogo, ya que por lo general están involucradas todas las piezas dentarias y afecta no solo la salud buco dental sino el aspecto emocional y psicológico de los pacientes. Con el obje-tivo de describir el tratamiento integral y rehabilita-dor realizado en una paciente con diagnóstico de AI tipo III, se reporta el caso de un adolescente de sexo femenino de 13 años, que concurrió en demanda de atención a la Cátedra de Odontología Integral Niños de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Buenos Aires (FOUBA), cuyo motivo de consulta fue la apariencia estética y la hipersensibilidad de sus pie-zas dentarias. Durante el examen clínico intraoral, se observó que todas las piezas dentarias presentaban un esmalte rugoso, blando, con irregularidades y una coloración amarronada, compatible con diagnóstico de Amelogénesis Imperfecta tipo III hipomineralizada. Conclusión: El tratamiento rehabilitador de la AI en los pacientes en crecimiento y desarrollo estará diri-gido a intervenir de manera integral y temprana para resolver la apariencia estética y funcional, evitar las repercusiones sociales y emocionales, y acompañar a los pacientes y sus familias (AU)


Amelogenesis imperfecta (AI) is a group of clinically and etiologically heterogeneous hereditary disorders, derived from genetic mutations, characterized by qualitative and quantitative anomalies of enamel development, which can affect primary and/or permanent dentition. The treatment of patients with AI is complex and multidisciplinary, it is a challenge for the dentist, since in general all the teeth are involved and it affects not only oral health but also the emotional and psychological aspect of the patients. Objective: To describe the comprehensive and rehabilitative treatment carried out in an adolescent patient with a diagnosis of type III AI. Case report: The case of a 13-year-old female patient, who required dental attention at the Department of Dentistry for Children of the School of Dentistry of the University of Buenos Aires, whose reason for consultation was esthetic appearance and hypersensitivity of her teeth. In the intraoral clinical examination, it was observed that all the teeth had rough, soft enamel, with irregularities and a brownish color, compatible with the diagnosis of type III hypomineralized Amelogenesis Imperfecta. Conclusion: Rehabilitative treatment of AI in growing and developing patients will be aimed at early and comprehensive intervention to resolve esthetic and functional appearance, avoid social and emotional repercussions and accompany patients and their families (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Dental Care for Children , Crowns , Amelogenesis Imperfecta/therapy , Patient Care Team , Schools, Dental , Dental Cavity Preparation/methods , Dental Enamel/pathology , Dental Enamel Hypoplasia/etiology , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Esthetics, Dental , Amelogenesis Imperfecta/classification
12.
Arq. odontol ; 58: 166-174, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1411968

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Verificar a prevalência de diastema em adolescentes, analisar fatores associados e investigar o impacto dessa má oclusão na autopercepção dos adolescentes em relação ao seu sorriso. Métodos:A amostra consistiu em 160 adolescentes. Tratou-se de um estudo transversal e quantitativo realizado em escolas privadas (A1) e públicas (A2), no período de agosto de 2020 à julho de 2021, na cidade de Parnaíba, Piauí. Inicialmente, aplicou-se um questionário epidemiológico. A seguir, o exame clínico foi realizado sob luz natural, em ambiente escolar. Os alunos que apresentaram diastema constituíram o grupo G1 e os que não apresentaram formaram o grupo G2. Nos alunos do G1 foram identificadas a localização e a medida do diastema e dos possíveis fatores associados e aplicado um segundo questionário sobre a auto avaliação estética do sorriso. Foram realizadas estatísticas descritivas, obtendo-se porcentagens, frequências e análises de associação com o teste qui-quadrado e comparações de média a partir do teste t. Resultados:Houve diferença significativa na distribuição de adolescentes quanto ao tipo de escola e presença de diastema, verificando-se maior prevalência na escola pública. Quanto ao gênero, não foi encontrada diferença estatisticamente significativa, assim como não houve associação entre o sorriso e a presença de diastema, pois a maioria não apresentava vergonha ao sorrir, estava satisfeita e julgava ter um sorriso agradável. Verificou-se, quanto aos fatores associados, uma distribuição significativa com maior prevalência de "discrepância de tamanho dentário". Conclusão: A presença de diastema teve como fator associado predominante, a discrepância de tamanho dentário. A maioria dos adolescentes afirmaram estar satisfeitos com o sorriso, apesar de não ser agradável, considerando desnecessário o tratamento.


Aim: To verify the prevalence of diastema in adolescents, analyze associated factors, and investigate the impact of this malocclusion on adolescents' self-perception of their smile. Methods:The sample consisted of 160 adolescents. This was a cross-sectional and quantitative study carried out in private (A1) and public (A2) schools, from August 2020 to July 2021, in the city of Parnaíba, Piauí, Brazil. Initially, an epidemiological questionnaire was applied. The clinical examination was then performed under natural light, in a school environment. Students who presented diastema formed the G1 group, and those who did not, formed the G2 group. In G1 students, the location and measurement of the diastema and possible associated factors were identified and a second questionnaire was applied on the self-assessment of the esthetic smile. Descriptive statistics were performed, obtaining percentages, frequencies, and association analysis using the chi-square test and mean comparisons using the t test. Results: There was a significant difference in the distribution of adolescents regarding the type of school and presence of diastema, with a higher prevalence in public schools. Regarding gender, no statistically significant difference was found. There was also no association between smiling and the presence of diastema, as most were not ashamed to smile, were satisfied, and thought they had a pleasant smile. Regarding the associated factors, there was a significant distribution with a higher prevalence of "tooth size discrepancy". Conclusion: The presence of diastema was predominantly associated with tooth size discrepancy. Most adolescents said they were satisfied with the smile, despite not being pleasant, considering the treatment unnecessary.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Diastema , Esthetics, Dental , Self-Testing
13.
Arq. odontol ; 58: 183-191, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1412012

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar a prevalência e fatores associados ao sorriso gengival em adolescentes entre 15 a 18 anos cursando o ensino médio. Métodos: O estudo transversal e quantitativo foi realizado durante a pandemia de COVID-19, em 160 adolescentes de duas escolas públicas (A1) e duas privadas (A2) escolhidas por sorteio, divididas em dois grupos: G1 (com sorriso gengival) e G2 (sem sorriso gengival). Foi realizado o exame clínico nos adolescentes, investigando a presença ou não de sorriso gengival (SG), ao analisar as variáveis (distância interlabial em repouso, exposição de incisivo superior em repouso, arco do sorriso, medida do subnasal ao filtro labial superior, comprimento do lábio superior, espessura do lábio superior, hipermobilidade e relação do terço inferior/médio). Foram obtidas médias, dispersão e aplicado o teste de associação qui quadrado, com nível de significância estatística de 5% para comparar os resultados entre A1 e A2 e entre G1 e G2. Resultados: Verificou-se que não foram encontradas associações estatisticamente significativas (p> 0,05), quanto ao tipo de escola e gênero com a presença de SG nos adolescentes. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa (χ² = 1,82; p = 0,07) entre os grupos e a idade dos adolescentes. Houve correlação significativa entre as variáveis estudadas e o SG (p < 0,05). Conclusão: A prevalência do SG em adolescentes de 15 a 18 anos de idade foi de 33,8%, com predominância do gênero feminino, não houve associações estatisticamente significativas, quanto ao tipo de escola e gênero com a presença de SG, mas houve correlação significativa entre o SG e as variáveis estudadas.


Aim: To evaluate the prevalence and factors associated with gummy smiles in adolescents aged 15 to 18 years who were attending high school. Methods: The cross-sectional and quantitateve study was carried out during the Covid-19 pandemic, with 160 adolescents, from two public (A1) and two private (A2) schools chosen by lottery, divided into two groups: G1 (with gingival smile) and G2 (no gummy smile). A clinical examination was carried out on the adolescents, investigating the presence or absence of a gummy smile (GS), by analyzing the variables (interlabial distance at rest, upper incisor exposure at rest, smile arc, measurement from the subnasal to the upper lip philtrum, upper lip length, upper lip thickness, hypermobility, and lower/middle third ratio). Means and dispersion were obtained, and the Chi-square association test was applied, with a statistical significance level of 5%, to compare the results between A1 and A2 and between G1 and G2. Results: No statistically significant associations were found (p > 0.05) regarding the type of school and gender with the presence of GS in adolescents. There was no statistically significant difference (χ² = 1.82; p = 0.07) between the groups and the age of adolescents. A significant correlation was found between the studied variables and GS (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The prevalence of GS in adolescents aged 15 to 18 years was 33.8%, with a predominance of females. No statistically significant associations were identified regarding the type of school and gender with the presence of GS; however, a significant correlation was found between the GS and the studied variables.


Subject(s)
Orthodontics , Smiling , Adolescent , Esthetics, Dental
14.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(1): 1-9, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354186

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the color change, tooth sensitivity, aesthetic self-perception and quality of life after at-home dental bleaching. Material and Methods: Dental examination was performed and the initial color of the upper right incisor was recorded using a spectrophotometer (Easyshade Compact, Vita Zahnfabrik) and CIELab parameters. Individual vinyl trays were delivered to the patients (n=37) who were instructed to use the carbamide peroxide 16% (Total Blanc Home C16%, DFL) for 2 hours daily for 2 weeks. One-week after the end of treatment, measurements were repeated to calculate color (ΔEab,ΔE00) and whiteness index (ΔWID) variations. Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP) and Psychosocial Impact of Dental Aesthetics Questionnaire (PIDAQ) questionnaires were applied before and 30 days after treatment. Tooth sensitivity was by checked by visual analogue scale (VAS). Spearnan's correlation tests were used to verify the possible relation between color change parameters and sensitivity. The Wilcoxon test was applied for results obtained by OHIP and PIDAQ questionnaires. Results: Significant color change was observed after 14 days, regardless of the considered parameter. There was no significant correlation between sensitivity and color change. The dental self-confidence domain increased after bleaching (p = 0.029) and the psychological impact decreased (p = 0.001). Conclusion:At-home dental bleaching was effective on the overall whitening and the color change was not related to tooth sensitivity. The bleaching treatment had a positive impact on the quality of life, reducing psychological discomfort and improving dental self-confidence and aesthetic self-perception. (AU)


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar a mudança de cor, sensibilidade dental, autopercepção estética e qualidade de vida após clareamento dental caseiro. Material e Métodos: Uma consulta inicial foi realizada e a cor inicial do incisivo superior direito foi registrada usando um espectrofotômetro (Easyshade Compact, Vita Zahnfabrik) e parâmetros CIELab. Moldeiras individuais confeccionadas em vinil foram entregues aos pacientes participantes (n = 37), que foram instruídos a usar o gel à base de peróxido de carbamida 16% (Total Blanc Home C16%, DFL) durante 2 horas diárias durante 2 semanas. Uma semana após o término do tratamento, as medidas foram repetidas para calcular a variação de cor (ΔEab, ΔE00) e o índice de brancura (ΔWID). Os questionários OHIP (Oral Health Impact Profile) e PIDAQ (Psychosocial Impact of Dental Aesthetics Questionnaire) foram aplicados antes e 30 dias após o tratamento. A sensibilidade dental foi verificada por meio da escala visual análoga (VAS). Os testes de correlação de Spearnan foram utilizados para verificar a possível relação entre os parâmetros de mudança de cor e sensibilidade. O teste Wilcoxon foi aplicado para os resultados obtidos pelos questionários OHIP e PIDAQ. Resultados: Mudança de cor significativa foi observada após 14 dias, independentemente do parâmetro considerado. Não houve correlação significativa entre a sensibilidade e a mudança de cor. O domínio da autoconfiança dental aumentou após o branqueamento (p = 0,029) e o impacto psicológico diminuiu (p = 0,001). Conclusão: O clareamento dental caseiro foi eficaz no branqueamento geral e a mudança de cor não estava relacionada à sensibilidade dental. O tratamento clareador teve um impacto positivo na qualidade de vida, reduzindo o desconforto psicológico e melhorando a autoconfiança dental e a autopercepção estética.(AU)


Subject(s)
Quality of Life , Tooth Bleaching , Esthetics, Dental
15.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(1): 1-19, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354195

ABSTRACT

Increased patient demands for highly esthetic implant superstructure in the anterior esthetic zone has increased in the last decades. Moreover, the absence of periodontal ligament in implant supported prosthesis causes forces to be transferred without cushioning effect to the alveolar bone, resulting in increased marginal bone loss (MBL) and influence the heath of peri-implant tissue. Evaluate the available evidence on the effect implant superstructure and it consequences on patient satisfaction, MBL, bleeding on probing (BOP) and probing depth (PD). A protocol of electronic and hand research was performed for English based researches comparing implants inserted in the esthetic zone with all ceramic superstructure: "Will the use of different types of all ceramic superstructure show different esthetic patient satisfaction, marginal bone loss, bleeding on probing and probing depth? Thirteen publications from one thousand one hundred and sixteen research studies were included. This systematic review showed that all ceramic implant superstructure was a versatile treatment option with higher esthetic patient satisfaction and better color of peri-implant mucous especially in patients having thin biotype. On the other hand there wasn't significant difference in MBL, PD and BOP compared to other conventional implant superstructure. More randomized controlled clinical trials with bigger samples are needed to confirm our findings. All ceramic implant superstructure is versatile and highly esthetic treatment option for implant placed in the anterior esthetic zone.(AU)


A demanda do paciente por superestruturas de implante altamente estéticas na zona anterior aumentou nas últimas décadas. Além disso, a ausência de ligamento periodontal em próteses implantossuportadas faz com que as forças sejam transferidas para o osso alveolar sem amortecimento, resultando em aumento da perda óssea marginal (MBL) e influenciando na saúde do tecido peri-implantar. Avaliar as evidências disponíveis sobre o efeito da superestrutura do implante e suas consequências na satisfação do paciente, perda óssea marginal, sangramento à sondagem (SS) e profundidade de sondagem (PS). Um protocolo de pesquisa eletrônica e manual foi realizado para a análise de artigos em inglês comparando implantes com toda a superestrutura em cerâmica inseridos na zona estética: "O uso de diferentes tipos de superestrutura em cerâmica mostrará diferentes níveis de satisfação estética do paciente, perda óssea marginal, sangramento em profundidade de sondagem e sondagem?". Foram selecionadas 1116 publicações e apenas treze estudos foram incluídos na análise final. Esta revisão sistemática mostrou que toda superestrutura do implante em cerâmica foi uma opção de tratamento versátil, com maior satisfação estética do paciente e melhor coloração da mucosa peri-implantar, especialmente em pacientes com biótipo fino. Por outro lado, não houve diferença significativa em MBL, PS e SS em comparação com outras superestruturas de implantes convencionais. Porém, mais ensaios clínicos controlados randomizados com amostras maiores são necessários para confirmar nossos achados. Implicações clínicas: Toda superestrutura do implante em cerâmica é uma opção de tratamento versátil e altamente estética para implantes colocados na zona anterior (AU)


Subject(s)
Alveolar Bone Loss , Patient Satisfaction , Esthetics, Dental
16.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-6, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1363723

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim this research was assess the level of satisfaction of patients undergoing bichectomy and its repercussions. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional and qualitative study, under protocol number 20707519.5.0000.5207, was carried out by applying a questionnaire to patients undergoing bichectomy, which made it possible to assess complaints, degree of postoperative satisfaction, satisfaction of family members, time required to perceive results, complications and adverse effects, intensity of postoperative pain, and possibility of being submitted to a new intervention. Results: The sample consisted of 30 patients, among them, 82% sought surgery for aesthetic reasons. Regarding the degree of satisfaction, the majority (70%) were very satisfied, followed by 13.3% who were satisfied, 10% considered normal, 3.3% were dissatisfied and 3.3% very dissatisfied. Regarding the opinion of friends and family, the majority were very satisfied with the result. The adverse effects found were mild, no permanent injury happened, and the pain was mild in the most majority of the sample. Conclusion: Thus, the most majority of patients were satisfied with the results, as well as their family and friends. The results were more evident between the second and third months. No major or permanent damage was observed, suggesting that it is a safe technique when performed well.(AU)


Objetivo: Avaliar o nível de satisfação dos pacientes submetidos à bichectomia, bem como correlacionar os resultados com algumas características clínicas. Material e Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo transversal e qualitativo, sob protocolo número 20707519.5.0000.5207, através da aplicação de um questionário a pacientes submetidos à bichectomia, o qual foi possível avaliar as queixas, o grau de satisfação pós-operatório, a satisfação dos familiares, o tempo para percepção dos resultados, as complicações e efeitos adversos, intensidade da dor pós operatória, e a possibilidade de ser submetido a nova intervenção. Além disso, as características demográficas da amostra (como sexo e idade) também foi registrada na ficha de avaliação. Resultados: A amostra foi composta por 30 pacientes, e desses, 82% buscaram a cirurgia por motivos estéticos. Sobre o grau de satisfação, a maioria (70%) ficou muito satisfeitos, seguidos por 13,3% que ficaram satisfeitos, 10% consideraram normal, 3,3% insatisfeitos e 3,3% muito insatisfeitos. Sobre a opinião dos amigos e familiares, a maioria ficou muito satisfeitos com o resultado. Os efeitos adversos encontrados foram leves, nenhuma lesão permanente foi encontrada, e a dor foi discreta na grande maioria da amostra. Com base na possibilidade de submeter-se a uma nova cirurgia, 70% ficaram satisfeitos e não fariam novamente. Conclusão: A grande maioria dos pacientes demonstrou-se satisfeitos com os resultados, bem como seus familiares e amigos. Os resultados foram mais evidentes entre o segundo e terceiro mês. Não foi observado qualquer dano importante ou permanente, sugerindo ser uma técnica segura quando bem executada. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adipose Tissue , Patient Satisfaction , Esthetics, Dental , Mastication
17.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 22: e210138, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1386814

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the perceptions of smile esthetics associated with variations in the vertical plane of the maxillary incisors in the smile arc using eye-tracking software. Material and Methods: An image of a 59-year-old Caucasian male model was adapted and edited to make three changes in the vertical plane, simulating a convex, straight, and reverse smile arc. Four areas of interest were inserted at the right and left eyes, nose, and mouth. Forty laypeople raters between 18 and 45 years of age participated of the study. Eye-tribe hardware and Ogama software were used to perform eye-tracking. Attractiveness and age-perception questions were also incorporated into the study. ANOVA test and Pearson's correlation coefficient, at p < 0.05. Results: The most observed AOI in images with convex, straight, and reverse smiles, as assessed using heatmaps and point maps, was the mouth, followed by the right eye. A significant difference for the eye (p=0.02) was found when comparing convex and reverse smiles, whereas a significant difference for the mouth was observed between the straight and reverse smiles (p=0.03). Conclusion: Convex and straight smile arcs were associated with equal levels of attractiveness; the reverse smile was less attractive. No significant difference was noticed regarding age perception and the smile arcs. However, the reverse smile recorded a more complete fixation time.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Perception , Smiling , Photography, Dental/instrumentation , Esthetics, Dental , Eye-Tracking Technology/instrumentation , Analysis of Variance , Visual Analog Scale , Incisor
18.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 43(supl): 30-38, 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1399252

ABSTRACT

Este trabalho teve como objetivo o relato do caso clínico de uma paciente que compareceu à Faculdade de Odontologia de Araçatuba com características de classe I de Angle e deficiência maxilar transversal, no tratamento foi utilizado o expansor de níquel-titânio LEAF Expander®, fabricado pela Leone, na Itália. Trata-se aparelho que possui inúmeras vantagens por aumentar a adesão do paciente ao tratamento já que não necessita da ativação em domicílio, facilitar o andamento clínico, tendo em vista que o tratamento é menos doloroso e mais fácil que os outros expansores, aumentar a previsibilidade do tratamento, pois as forças contidas nas molas são constantes e pré-determinadas em laboratório (450g de força). Mediante a análise de modelos, documentações fotográficas e do estudo do caso clínico, concluiu-se que o tratamento realizado utilizando o protocolo padrão de expansão lenta da maxila apresentou-se como uma ferramenta inovadora e eficiente no tratamento da deficiência maxilar transversal(AU)


This study aimed to report the clinical case of a patient who attended the Faculty of Dentistry of Araçatuba with Angle class I characteristics and transverse maxillary deficiency. Leon, Italy. It is a device that has numerous advantages for increasing patient adherence to treatment since it does not require activation at home, facilitating clinical progress, given that the treatment is less painful and easier than other expanders, increasing predictability treatment, as the forces contained in the springs are constant and predetermined in the laboratory (450g of force). Through the analysis of models, photographic documentation and the study of the clinical case, it was concluded that the treatment performed using the standard protocol of slow maxillary expansion presented itself as an innovative and efficient tool in the treatment of transverse maxillary deficiency(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Palatal Expansion Technique , Malocclusion, Angle Class I , Titanium , Esthetics, Dental , Malocclusion , Maxilla , Nickel
19.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(3): 1-8, 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1380203

ABSTRACT

Os lasers de diodo tornaram-se ferramentas clínicas populares devido ao seu tamanho compacto, acessibilidade, facilidade de uso e versatilidade. O objetivo deste artigo é apresentar as diversas aplicações de um laser de diodo na prática diária e destacar os aspectos técnicos do uso do laser de diodo para o mesmo. Esta série de casos relata o manejo de seis diferentes situações clínicas com laser de diodo: anquiloglossia, bolsa periodontal, zênites gengivais desiguais, mucocele, hipersensibilidade dentinária e gengiva hiperpigmentada. Os pacientes foram tratados com laser de diodo de 940 nm com potência de 0,5 W a 2 W dependendo do caso. A cicatrização pós-operatória transcorreu sem intercorrências na maioria dos casos e foram observados resultados favoráveis. O laser de diodo ofereceu vantagens cirúrgicas como ­ campo seco, desinfecção do sítio cirúrgico e cirurgia sem sutura. Além disso, os autores observaram melhor satisfação do paciente devido à mínima dor ou edema pós-operatório e alívio imediato em caso de hipersensibilidade dentinária. Este artigo apresenta as aplicações cirúrgicas e não cirúrgicas do laser de diodo juntamente com os aspectos técnicos. Embora a literatura disponível não forneça evidências substanciais para comparação direta do laser de diodo com as técnicas convencionais, é seguro concluir que o laser de diodo é uma ferramenta eficiente para uso rotineiro em odontologia.(AU)


The diode lasers have become popular clinical tools because of their compact size, affordability, ease of use and versatility. The aim of this paper is to put forth the various applications of a diode laser in day to day practice and highlight the technical aspects of diode laser use for the same. This case series reports management of six different clinical situations with diode laser namely ­ ankyloglossia, periodontal pocket, unequal gingival zeniths, mucocele, dentinal hypersensitivity and hyper-pigmented gingiva. The patients were treated with 940 nm diode laser with power settings from 0.5 W to 2 W depending on the case. The post-operative healing was uneventful in most cases and favourable outcomes were observed. The diode laser offered surgical advantages like ­ dry field, disinfection of surgical site and suture-less surgery. In addition, the authors observed better patient satisfaction owing to minimal post-operative pain or swelling and immediate relief in case of dentinal hypersensitivity. This paper presents both surgical and non-surgical applications of diode laser along with the technical aspects. Even though the available literature does not lend substantial evidence for direct comparison of diode laser with conventional techniques, it is safe to conclude that diode laser is an efficient tool for routine use in dentistry.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Periodontal Pocket , Dentin Sensitivity , Esthetics, Dental , Laser Therapy , Ankyloglossia , Gingivectomy
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936134

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To automatically construct lips symmetry reference plane (SRP) based on posed smile, and to evaluate its advantages over conventional digital aesthetic design.@*METHODS@#Eighteen subjects' three-dimensional facial and dentition data were gathered in this study. The lips SRP of experimental groups were used with the standard weighted Procrustes analysis (WPA) algorithm and iterative closest point (ICP), respectively. A reference plane defined by experts based on regional ICP algorithm, served as the truth plane. The angle error values between the lips SRP of WPA algorithm in the experimental groups and the truth plane were evaluated in this study, and the lips SRP of ICP algorithm of the experimental groups was calculated in the same way. The lips SRP based on posed smile as a reference for aesthetic design and evaluate preliminary clinical application.@*RESULTS@#The average angle error between the lips SRP of WPA algorithm and the truth plane was 1.78°±1.24°, which was smaller than that between the lips SRP of ICP and the truth plane 7.41°±4.31°. There were significant differences in the angle errors among the groups (P < 0.05). In the aesthetic design of anterior teeth, automatically constructing the lips SRP of WPA algorithm based on posed smile and the original symmetry plane by re-ference compared with the prosthetic design, the subjects' scores on the lips SRP of WPA algorithm based on posed smile (8.48±0.57) were higher than those on the original symmetry plane (5.20±1.31).@*CONCLUSION@#Automatically constructing the lips SRP of WPA algorithm based on posed smile was more accurate than ICP algorithm, which was consistent with the truth plane. Moreover, it can provide an important reference for oral aesthetic diagnosis and aesthetic analysis of the restoration effect. In the aesthetic design of anterior teeth, automatically constructing the lips SRP of WPA algorithm based on posed smile can improve the patients' satisfaction in esthetic rehabilitation.


Subject(s)
Esthetics, Dental , Humans , Lip , Smiling , Tooth , Workflow
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