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1.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 42(3): 9-15, set.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1283900

ABSTRACT

Este relato descreve o caso de uma paciente jovem que necessitou de reabilitação na região maxilar anterior devido a insatisfações estéticas. O artigo objetivou relatar a sequência clínica da reabilitação de um implante pré-existente na região do dente 21 com UCLA de zircônia personalizável e coroa de dissilicato de lítio associada a instalação de facetas de dissilicato de lítio dos dentes 15 ao 25 para harmonização do sorriso. Previamente ao tratamento reabilitador, foi realizado o planejamento do caso que incluiu a necessidade de gengivectomia e condicionamento do perfil de emergência na região peri-implantar. Após a cicatrização, foram confeccionados preparo minimamente invasivos de acordo com as informações do mock-up. UCLA personalizável de zircônia foi selecionada como componente protético, visando a estética do caso. Para a moldagem, utilizou-se transfer de moldeira aberta para cópia do perfil de emergência e posicionamento do implante na região do 21 e moldagem simultânea com silicone de adição. Após a prova, a cimentação das facetas de dissilicato de lítio foi realizada com cimento adesivo fotopolimerizável. Os resultados estéticos e funcionais foram satisfatórios. No presente caso clínico, conclui-se a importância da abordagem multidisciplinar para alcançar resultados satisfatórios. Ademais, a associação das facetas e a coroa de dissilicato de lítio implantossuportada com UCLA de zircônia personalizável proporcionou os resultados estéticos e funcionais da paciente(AU)


This report describes the case of a Young patient who needed rehabilitation in the anterior maxillary region due to esthetic involvement. The article aimed to report the clinical sequence of the rehabilitation of a pre-existing implant in the region of tooth 21 with UCLA of zirconia customizable and crown of lithium disilicate associated with the installation of veneers of lithium disilicate of teeth 15 to 25 for harmonizing the smile. Prior to the rehabilitation treatment, case planning was carried out, which included the need for gingivectomy and conditioning of the emergency profile in the peri-implant region. After healing, preparations minimally invasive were made according to the information of mock-up. UCLA of zirconia customizable was selected as a prosthetic component, aiming at the aesthetics of the case. For impression, open tray transfer was used to copy the emergency profile and position the implant in the region of 21 and simultaneous impression with addition silicone. After the test of veneers, the cementation of veneers of lithium disilicate was performed with adhesive cement light-curing. The esthetic and functional results were satisfactory. In the present clinical case, the importance of a multidisciplinary approach to achieve satisfactory results is concluded. In addition, the combination of veneers and crow implanted of lithium disilicate with customizable zirconia UCLA provided the patient's esthetic and functional results(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Dental Implants , Dental Veneers , Esthetics, Dental , Ceramics , Dental Prosthesis Design , Gingivectomy
2.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 42(3): 25-31, set.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1284114

ABSTRACT

Os pilares personalizados são usados em reabilitações protéticas sobre implantes quando há exigências de angulação, perfil de emergência e margem gengival, em que os pilares convencionais não conseguem reabilitar de forma correta os conceitos de forma, função e estética. Através de um relato de caso clínico, onde houve a reabilitação dos elementos 21 e 22, com o uso de implante e próteses, usando o pilar personalizado em zircônia sobre o implante do 22, confeccionado com a tecnologia CAD/CAM. Esse sistema de pilares personalizados oferecem o desenho mais próximo do ideal e o ajuste mais perfeito em relação ao implante e ao tecido gengival, além de considerar as vantagens e desvantagen em relação aos pilares convencionais pré-fabricados nas questões de tempo de tratamento, custos e resultado estético e biológico. Concluimos que a reabilitação com pilares personalizados CAD/CAM confere uma excelente alternativa reabilitadora, devolvendo função e estética aos pacientes, desde que haja conhecimento adequado por parte dos profissionais envolvidos(AU)


Custom abutments are used in prosthetic rehabilitation on implants when angulation, emergence profile and gingival margin are used, where abutments are not recovered in a correct way to rehabilitate the concepts of shape, functions and aesthetics. Through a clinical case, where the elements 21 and 22 were rehabilitated, with the use of implants and practices, using the personalized abutments in zirconia, made with CAD / CAM technology. This customized system and abutments offers the closest ideal design and the most perfect fit in relation to the implant and gingival tissue, in addition to considering advantages and disadvantages in relation to the prefabricated applied abutments in terms of treatment time, costs and results aesthetic and biological. Conclude that a rehabilitation with customized CAD / CAM abutments provides an excellent rehabilitation alternative, returning function and aesthetics to patients, as long as there is adequate knowledge for part of the professionals involved(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Dental Implants , Computer-Aided Design , Biocompatible Materials , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported , Esthetics, Dental
3.
Rev. ADM ; 78(5): 283-290, sept.-oct. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348323

ABSTRACT

Los cambios en la vida, así como también en el campo de la Odontología, deben ser para mejorar siempre en todos los aspectos posibles. Y muchos de los cambios recientes en la Odontología Restauradora están encaminados a la utilización de materiales estéticos para remplazo de restauraciones metálicas previas, sin generar certeza total de ser mejores opciones. Esto ha generado un marcado incremento en la tendencia a practicar, más enfáticamente, el remplazo de restauraciones previas (AU)


Changes in life, as so in the field of Dentistry, should always be for the improvement on most possible aspects. Many of the recent changes in Restorative Dentistry are focus on the use of cosmetic materials to replace previous metallic restorations, without total certainty of being better options. This has generated a marked increase in the tendency to practice, more emphatically, the replacement of previous restorations (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Dental Restoration Failure , Dental Caries/therapy , Dental Materials , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Recurrence , Metal Ceramic Alloys , Esthetics, Dental , Conservative Treatment
4.
Rev. ADM ; 78(4): 215-220, jul.-ago. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292866

ABSTRACT

En este informe de caso clínico se muestra el tratamiento exitoso de un paciente con anodoncia parcial de órganos dentales 13 y 23 debido a que fueron extraídos por presentar impactación y mal pronóstico de tracción. En este artículo se presenta un paciente masculino de 29 años clase I esquelética con un perfil convexo, maloclusión de clase III, overjet disminuido, ausencia de guías funcionales, discrepancia oseodentaria positiva en arcada superior y negativa en arcada inferior. El tratamiento se realizó con extracciones de los órganos dentales 34 y 44 para nivelar las discrepancias óseo dentarias interarcadas, se llevó a cabo mediante un cierre de espacios recíproco por medio de cadenas elásticas para ambas arcadas, con lo que se logró crear un overjet y overbite adecuados. La creación de las guías caninas funcionales se consiguió mediante el cambio de morfología de los órganos dentales 14 y 24, los cuales fueron llevados a la posición de los caninos ausentes. El tiempo total de tratamiento para este paciente fue de 24 meses. Se realizaron ameloplastias positivas, la aplicación de agregados de resina para mejorar la funcionalidad y proveer salud articular. Se sugiere que ante casos de anodoncia de caninos en la arcada superior, un tratamiento favorable se puede llevar a cabo mediante el cierre de espacios, la caracterización morfológica de los caninos ausentes mediante ameloplastias positivas en premolares (AU)


This case report shows the successful treatment of a patient with partial anodontia of dental organs 13 and 23 because they have been extracted due to present impactation and poor traction prognosis. This article presents a 29-year-old male class I skeletal patient with convex profile, class III malocclusion, overjet reduction, absence of functional guidance, positive bone-teeth discrepancy in the upper arch and negative in the lower arch. The treatment was carried out with the extractions of the dental organs 34 and 44 for correcting oral dental discrepancies between upper and lower arches; it was done using reciprocal closing of spaces by using elastic chains for both arches in order to achieve a suitable overjet and overbite. The creation of the canine guides was achieved by changing the morphology of the dental organs 14 and 24, which were taken to the position of the absent canines. The total treatment timing for this patient was 24 months. Positive ameloplasties were performed by application of resin aggregates to improve functionality and provide joint health. A favorable treatment for these kinds of cases of canine anodontics in the upper arch is carried out by closing spaces and the morphological characterization of the absent canines by positive in-premolar ameloplasties (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Tooth Extraction/methods , Bicuspid , Cuspid/surgery , Dental Enamel/surgery , Anodontia/therapy , Schools, Dental , Tooth Movement Techniques/methods , Orthodontic Brackets , Orthodontic Retainers , Orthodontic Space Closure , Esthetics, Dental , Malocclusion, Angle Class III/therapy , Maxilla , Mexico
5.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 42(2): 47-51, maio-ago. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1283886

ABSTRACT

A Odontologia atual apresenta relevantes mudanças no processo de reabilitação oral. Com isso, a instalação de implantes osseointegrados, constituem uma importante ferramenta neste âmbito, pois permitem a devolução da função mastigatória, permitindo também que os pacientes tenham a estética recuperada. O presente trabalho tem como objetivo realizar uma revisão de literatura, sobre a importância de um planejamento prévio, chamado também de planejamento reverso, o mesmo aponta um maior sucesso no processo reabilitador, apresentando-se como uma técnica que busca facilitar e estudar a correta reabilitação do paciente, proporcionando uma melhor previsibilidade para o tratamento, a partir do momento em que se planeja a reabilitação oral protética antes mesmo de se pensar no processo cirúrgico de implantes osseointegrados. Conclui-se com esse trabalho que o sucesso do tratamento com implantes depende diretamente de um prévio plano de tratamento, independentemente da extensão da área edêntula, quando é realizado um planejamento reverso diminuiu-se a taxa de intercorrências, além de aumentar a taxa de sucesso no processo de reabilitação(AU)


Current Dentistry presents relevant changes in the oral rehabilitation process. As a result, the installation of osseointegrated implants is na important tool in this context, as it allows the return of lost teeth, also allowing patients to have their function and aesthetics recovered. For greater success of the rehabilitation process, reverse planning presents itself as a technique that seeks to facilitate the correct rehabilitation of the patient, allowing better predictability for the treatment from the moment that the prosthetic oral rehabilitation is planned before even thinking about the surgical process of osseointegrated implants. The success of treatment with implants depends directly on a properly planned treatment plan, regardless of the extent of the edentulous area. This paper aims to conduct a literature review on the importance of reverse planning in implantology(AU)


Subject(s)
Dental Prosthesis Design , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Dental Implants , Dental Implantation, Endosseous/methods , Esthetics, Dental , Mouth Rehabilitation
6.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 42(2): 18-23, maio-ago. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1252902

ABSTRACT

O objetivo do estudo foi realizar uma revisão narrativa da literatura para comparar os métodos visual e instrumental de seleção da cor dentária, correlacionando-os com o fator experiência e a educação continuada. Utilizou-se como base de dados a MEDLINE na qual foram aplicados os descritores "visualshade match", "color measurement", "spectrophotometer" e "tooth color determination". Os critérios de inclusão foram artigos publicados entre 2010 e 2020que abordassem uma análise comparativa entre as duas modalidades de seleção da cor dentária. Se enquadraram nos critérios de exclusão estudos que não contemplavam a temática abordada e aqueles publicados nos anos anteriores a 2010, além das revisões de literatura. No total, onze artigos foram selecionados para compor essa revisão. Os estudos demonstraram que o método instrumental apresentou maior confiabilidade e reprodutibilidade quando comparado ao método visual, isso se deve ao fato de a escolha de cor através de instrumentos eletrônicos proporcionar melhor precisão e atenuação da subjetividade. No que concerne a experiência como fator influenciador da seleção de cor, os estudos são controversos. Mesmo evidenciando melhor precisão, a estimativa instrumental apresenta limitações devido à dificuldade de aferição em função da convexidade da anatomia dentária. Desse modo, foi descrito que a associação de métodos é capaz de elevar a confiabilidade da escolha de cor, melhorando o resultado estético. Não houve consenso entre os estudos com relação à influência da experiência, no entanto, a educação continuada foi sugerida na literatura como alternativa para formar profissionais mais confiantes no processo de seleção de tonalidades(AU)


The goal of this study was to carry out a narrative review of the literature to compare the visual and instrumental methods of tooth color selection, correlating them with the experience factor and continuing education. MEDLINE was used as a database in which the descriptions such as "visual shade match", "color measurement", "spectrophotometer" and "tooth color determination" were applied. The inclusion criteria were articles published between 2010 and 2020 that addressed a comparative analysis between the two types of tooth color selection. The exclusion criteria included studies that did not contemplate the theme addressed and those published in the years prior to 2010, in addition to literature reviews. In total, eleven articles were selected to compose this review. Studies have shown that the instrumental method showed greater reliability and reproducibility when compared to the visual method, this is due to the fact that the color's choice through electronic instruments provides better precision and lessened subjectivity. Regarding experience as na influencing factor in color selection, studies are controversial. Even with better precision, the instrumental estimation has limitations due to the difficulty of measuring it due to the convexity of the dental anatomy. Thus, it was described that the association of the methods is able to increase the reliability of the color's choice, improving the aesthetic result. There was no consensus among the studies in regard to the experiment's influence, however, continuing education was suggested in the literature as an alternative in order to form more confident professionals when it comes to the shade selection process(AU)


Subject(s)
Color , Esthetics, Dental , Spectrophotometry
7.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 42(2): 24-29, maio-ago. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1252903

ABSTRACT

Na Odontologia, o tratamento adequado depende da condição clínica de cada paciente, do conhecimento do profissional e dos materiais empregados. As coroas com sistemas cerâmicos puros se apresentam como excelente alternativa restauradora, demonstrando potencial estético superior ao das coroas metalocerâmicas. Este presente estudo teve como objetivo, relatar um caso clínico onde se realizou uma reabilitação estética de dentes anteriores com coroas de cerâmica pura à base de dissilicato de lítio. O paciente apresentava falta de harmonia e estética entre os dentes anteriores 12,11,21 e 22, na qual foi planejado e executado a reabilitação com coroas E-max desses elementos, bem como a substituição das restaurações dos dentes inferiores anteriores, e também foi realizado a confecção de coroa E-max do dente 35. Concluímos que as reabilitações estéticas de dentes anteriores com coroas de sistemas cerâmicos puros à base de dissilicato de lítio se apresentam como uma excelente alternativa reabilitadora, na qual o tratamento multidisciplinar é um fator considerado essencial, possibilitando restabelecer a estética e a funcionalidade do sorriso do paciente, a fim de alcançar o êxito do tratamento reabilitador(AU)


In dentistry, the appropriate treatment depends on the clinical condition of each patient, the knowledge of the professional and the materials used. Crowns with pure ceramic systems are an excellent restorative alternative, demonstrating an aesthetic potential superior to that of metalloceramic crowns. This present study aimed to report a clinical case where an aesthetic rehabilitation of anterior teeth was performed with crowns of pure ceramic based on lithium disilicate. The patient had a lack of harmony and aesthetics between the anterior teeth 12,11,21 and 22, in which the rehabilitation with E-max crowns of these elements was planned and performed, as well as the replacement of the anterior lower teeth restorations, and was also made the E-max crown of tooth 35. We conclude that the aesthetic rehabilitation of anterior teeth with crowns of pure ceramic systems based on lithium disilicate is an excellent alternative for rehabilitation, in which multidisciplinary treatment is considered an essential factor, making it possible to restore the aesthetics and functionality of the patient's smile, in order to achieve the success of the rehabilitation treatment(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Ceramics , Crowns , Mouth Rehabilitation , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Esthetics, Dental , Inlays
8.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(4): 31-44, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345514

ABSTRACT

Abstract Aim: To evaluate efficacy and safety of Botulinum toxinA for improving esthetics in the facial complex and correlating them to the dosage and side effects through a systematic review. Methods: A literature search was performed using PubMed, Medline, Web of Sciences, and Scopus databases. Quality of studies was appraised through the GRADE system. This review follows the 'Preferred reporting items for systematic review and meta-analysis protocols' (PRISMA-P) 2015 statement. Efficacy was analyzed through improvement rate and effect sizes. Graphical comparison of efficacy and ocular adverse effects (adverse effects around the eye) at various anatomical locations was made by calculating the average improvement rate and adverse events. Results: Twenty-five studies were included in this systematic review after application of the inclusion criteria. Moderate to severe cases in glabellar, lateral canthal, and forehead regions showed higher improvement rates between 20U to 50U, with an effect lasting up to 120 days. Gender and age seemed to have a direct effect on efficacy. Headaches were the most common adverse effect, followed by injection site bruising; all adverse effects resolved within 3-4 days. Conclusions: Treatment with Botulinum toxinA to enhance esthetics of facial complex is efficient and safe at all recommended dosages. Presence of complexing proteins influenced the efficacy of BoNT-A. undesirable muscular adverse effects around the eyes were more predominant when treating the glabellar region. There was no correlation found between the BoNT-A dosage and side effects, however, an increase in dosage did not always lead to an increase in efficacy.


Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar a eficácia e segurança da toxina botulínica-A para melhorar a estética no complexo facial e correlacioná-la com a dosagem e os efeitos secundários através de uma revisão sistemática. Métodos: Foi realizada uma pesquisa bibliográfica utilizando bases de dados PubMed, Medline, Web of Sciences, e Scopus. A qualidade dos estudos foi avaliada através do sistema GRADE. Esta revisão segue a declaração "Preferred reporting items for systematic review and meta-analysis protocols" (PRISMA-P) 2015. A eficácia foi analisada através da taxa de melhoria e da dimensão dos efeitos.A comparação gráfica da eficácia e dos efeitos adversos oftalmológicos (efeitos adversos em torno do olho) em vários locais anatômicos foi feita através do cálculo da taxa média de melhoria e dos eventos adversos. Resultados: Vinte e cinco estudos foram incluídos nesta revisão sistemática após a aplicação dos critérios de inclusão. Casos moderados a graves em regiões glabelares, canais laterais e testa mostraram taxas de melhoria mais elevadas entre 20U a 50U, com um efeito que durou até 120 dias. O sexo e a idade mostraram ter efeito direto na eficácia. As dores de cabeça foram o efeito adverso mais comum, seguido de hematomas no local da injecção; todos os efeitos adversos foram resolvidos em 3-4 dias. Conclusões: O tratamento com toxina botulínica-A para melhorar a estética do complexo facial é eficiente e seguro em todas as dosagens recomendadas. A presença de proteínas complexas influenciou a eficácia do BoNT-A. Os efeitos adversos musculares indesejáveis à volta dos olhos foram mais predominantes no tratamento da região glabelar. Não foi encontrada qualquer correlação entre a dosagem de BoNT-A e os efeitos secundários, contudo, um aumento da dosagem nem sempre levou a um aumento da eficácia.


Subject(s)
Skin Aging , Botulinum Toxins, Type A , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Esthetics, Dental , Systematic Reviews as Topic
9.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 58(2): e3265, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289407

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Gracias a su eficiencia y al uso exclusivo de cerámicas libres de metal, en rehabilitación oral se ha logrado alcanzar los estándares estéticos y mecánicos, manteniendo o, incluso, superando, la calidad de los tratamientos en comparación con las restauraciones metal cerámicas tradicionales. Actualmente los mecanismos de confeccion de cerámica libre están evolucionando cada vez mas hacia las tecnologías maquinadas CAD-CAM y disminuyendo su producción mediante la técnica de Inyeccion PRESS. Objetivo: Comparar la tasa de supervivencia de prótesis fija unitaria realizadas con cerámicas feldespáticas convencionales y reforzadas con disilicato de litio, confeccionadas con sistema CAD/CAM de CEREC® chair-side, en comparación con el método de inyección de laboratorio PRESS convencional de prensión. Métodos: Revisión sistemática realizada a través de búsqueda de evidencia científica en PubMed, PubMed Clinical Queries, Epistemónikos, Tripdatabase, Cochrane Library, recursos electrónicos de la Universidad de los Andes y bibliografía retrógrada, de artículos publicados hasta el año 2019. Se incluyeron todos aquellos estudios referentes a prótesis fija unitaria de cerámicas feldespática convencional y feldespática reforzada con disilicato de litio, confeccionadas mediante CAD/CAM y/o método convencional. Resultados: Un total de 28 artículos cumplieron los criterios de inclusión: 21 estudios observacionales de cohorte, 4 ensayos clínicos aleatorizados y 3 no aleatorizados. A corto y mediano plazo, CAD/CAM de CEREC® registró tasas de supervivencia de 98 por ciento y 91,9 por ciento, respectivamente. El sistema convencional registró tasas de supervivencia de 97,5 por ciento a corto plazo y 93 por ciento a mediano. Conclusiones: A corto plazo se describe en la literatura que CAD/CAM de CEREC® tuvo una tasa de supervivencia ligeramente superior al sistema convencional. Por otro lado, a mediano plazo CAD/CAM de CEREC® presentó una leve disminución respecto al sistema convencional. Aún no hay estudios disponibles para determinar la supervivencia clínica de los tratamientos a largo plazo(AU)


Introduction: Thanks to its efficiency and the exclusive use of metal-free ceramics, in oral rehabilitation it has been possible to achieve aesthetic and mechanical standards, maintaining or even exceeding the quality of the treatments compared to traditional metal-ceramic restorations. Currently, free ceramic manufacturing mechanisms are increasingly evolving towards CAD-CAM machined technologies and decreasing their conventional production through the PRESS Injection technique. Objective: Compare the survival rate of single-unit fixed prostheses made with conventional feldspathic ceramics and reinforced with lithium disilicate by the CEREC® CAD/CAM chairside system, with the conventional PRESS laboratory injection method. Methods: A systematic review was conducted of scientific evidence included in papers published until the year 2019 in PubMed, PubMed Clinical Queries, Epistemonikos, Tripdatabase, Cochrane Library, electronic resources of Los Andes Peruvian University, and retrograde bibliography. The papers selected dealt with conventional and lithium-disilicate reinforced feldspathic ceramic single-unit prostheses made by CAD/CAM and/or the conventional method. Results: A total 28 papers met the inclusion criteria. Of these, 21 were observational cohort studies, four were randomized clinical assays and three were non-randomized assays. Short- and mid-term, CEREC® CAD/CAM achieved survival rates of 98 percent and 91.9 percent, respectively. The conventional system achieved survival rates of 97.5 percent short-term and 93 percent mid-term. Conclusions: As described in the literature, CEREC® CAD/CAM had a slightly higher survival rate than the conventional system in the short term. In the medium term, however, CEREC® CAD/CAM displayed a slight reduction in comparison with the conventional system. No studies are available to determine the clinical survival of the treatments in the long term(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Ceramics/adverse effects , Dental Prosthesis Design/methods , Computer-Aided Design/trends , Denture, Partial, Fixed/adverse effects , Review Literature as Topic , Survival Rate , Cohort Studies , Observational Studies as Topic , Esthetics, Dental
10.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 58(2): e3283, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289402

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las restauraciones indirectas de resina son ampliamente empleadas para realizar tratamientos estéticos en dientes posteriores. Recientemente se ha propuesto el uso de resinas precalentadas como agentes de unión. Objetivo: Evaluar la resistencia a la tracción de restauraciones indirectas cementadas con una resina precalentada comparándola con un cemento de resina autoadhesivo y un cemento resinoso. Métodos: Las preparaciones dentarias se realizaron en 45 premolares con piedras diamantadas calibradas. Las muestras se dividieron aleatoriamente en tres conjuntos (n = 15) según los grupos experimentales: grupo 1 (resina precalentada), grupo 2 (resina autoadhesiva) y grupo 3 (cemento de resinoso adhesivo). Las muestras fueron incluidas en acrílico autopolimerizable. Se realizaron restauraciones indirectas para cada muestra, las superficies internas fueron microarenadas y se aplicó silano antes de la cementación con los agentes de unión. La resistencia a la tracción se realizó utilizando una máquina universal de ensayos con una velocidad de cruceta de 5 mm/min. El análisis estadístico se llevó a cabo con ANOVA de un factor y la prueba post hoc de Tukey. Se adoptó un nivel de significancia de p < 0,05. Resultados: La resina Filtek Z250 XT precalentada a 60 °C durante 15 minutos tuvo una fuerza de resistencia a la tracción de 5,775 MPa, similar a RelyX Ultimate con 5,442 MPa (p > 0,05), ambos grupos poseen una fuerza de resistencia a la tracción significativamente mayor que RelyX U200 (3,430 MPa). Conclusiones: La resina precalentada (Filtek, Z250 XT) y el cemento resinoso (RelyX Ultimate) muestran las mismas propiedades de resistencia a la tracción cuando se usan como agentes adhesivos en restauraciones indirectas de resina(AU)


Introduction: Indirect resin restorations are widely used in the esthetic treatment of posterior teeth. Preheated resins have been recently proposed as luting agents. Objective: Evaluate the tensile bond strength of indirect restorations cemented with a preheated resin versus a self-adhesive resin cement and a resinous cement. Methods: Tooth preparation was conducted of 45 premolars using calibrated diamond-coated stones. The samples were randomly divided into three sets (n = 15) according to the following experimental groups: Group 1 (preheated resin), Group 2 (self-adhesive resin) and Group 3 (adhesive resinous cement), and soaked in self-polimerizable acrylic. Indirect restorations were performed for each sample. The inner surfaces were microsanded, and silane was applied before cementation with the luting agents. Tensile bond strength was verified with a universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 5 mm/min. Statistical analysis was based on one-factor ANOVA and Tukey's post hoc test. A significance level of p < 0.05 was established. Results: The Filtek Z250 XT resin preheated at 60°C for 15 minutes displayed a tensile bond strength of 5.775 MPa, similar to RelyX Ultimate with 5.442 MPa (p > 0.05). Both groups displayed a significantly greater tensile bond strength than RelyX U200 (3.430 MPa). Conclusions: The preheated resin (Filtek Z250 XT) and the resinous cement (RelyX Ultimate) exhibit the same tensile bond strength properties when used as luting agents in indirect resin restorations(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adhesives , Resin Cements/therapeutic use , Dental Cements/therapeutic use , Statistical Analysis , Esthetics, Dental
11.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 58(2): e3309, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289401

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las prótesis provisionales son restauraciones usadas en prótesis fijas durante un tiempo, hasta la cementación de la prótesis definitiva. Uno de los problemas que presentan este tipo de restauraciones es el cambio de color, que afecta a la estética y, en consecuencia, produce sensación de desagrado en los pacientes. Objetivo: Evaluar, para restauraciones provisionales, con y sin el pulido final de la superficie, la estabilidad del color de dos resinas al ser sumergidas en café. Métodos: Estudio experimental in vitro, realizado en el Laboratorio de Prótesis de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad Nacional del Nordeste, Corrientes-Argentina, 2019. Se comparó una resina acrílica (Duralay®) con una bisacrílica (ProtempIV 3M®) para restauraciones provisionales. Se elaboraron 40 discos de resinas a partir de moldes metálicos de 25 mm de diámetro y 2 mm de espesor. Se utilizaron 20 discos para cada tipo de resina, de ellos, 10 pulidos y 10 sin pulir. Las muestras fueron almacenadas en agua destilada en estufa a 37 °C durante 24 h para hidratarlos. Luego se procedió a la toma del color. Con posterioridad, cada grupo se sumergió en café, manteniéndolos en estufa a 37 °C durante 24 h más. Seguidamente, se realizó la segunda toma del color. Se utilizó el colorímetro Kónica Minolta®, determinando la diferencia total de color ΔE. Para el análisis estadístico se utilizó ANOVA una vía y test de Tukey para identificar la diferencia entre grupos. Resultados: Se observó en el grupo de resina acrílica pulida una diferencia ΔE = 0,82 ± DS = 0,22 y de ΔE = 3,86 ± DS = 0,30 sin pulido. En el grupo de resina bisacrílica pulido se obtuvo ΔE = 4,84 ± DS = 0,25 y, para el no pulido, ΔE = 5,85 ± DS = 0,29. Conclusiones: Se comprobaron diferencias significativas en la estabilidad del color de ambas resinas. La resina bisacrílica fue la menos estable, independientemente del pulido(AU)


Introduction: Provisional prosthesis are restorations used in fixed prostheses for a while, until the definitive prosthesis is cemented. One of the problems posed by this type of restoration is the change in color, which affects esthetics and therefore creates a feeling of displeasure in patients. Objective: Evaluate, in the case of provisional restorations with and without final surface polish, the color stability of two resins when soaked in coffee. Methods: An in vitro experimental study was conducted in the Prosthesis Laboratory at the Dental School of the National University of the Northeast in Corrientes, Argentina, in the year 2019. A comparison was made of an acrylic resin (Duralay®) versus a bisacrylic resin (ProtempIV 3M®) for provisional restorations. Forty resin disks were made from metal molds 2 mm thick and 25 mm in diameter. Twenty disks were used for each type of resin, of which 10 were polished and 10 were not. The samples were stored in distilled water in a stove at 37ºC for 24 h to hydrate them. Color measurements were then taken. Next, each group was soaked in coffee and kept in the stove at 37ºC for another 24 h. A second color measurement was then taken. A Konica Minolta® colorimeter was used to determine total color difference ΔE. Statistical analysis was based on one-way ANOVA and Tukey's test was used to identify the difference between the groups. Results: In the polished acrylic resin group a difference was found of ΔE = 0.82 ± SD = 0.22, whereas in the non-polish group the difference was ΔE = 3.86 ± SD = 0.30. In the polished bisacrylic resin group the difference was ΔE = 4.84 ± SD = 0.25, whereas in the non-polish group the difference was ΔE = 5.85 ± SD = 0.29. Conclusions: Significant differences were found in the color stability of both resins. The bisacrylic resin was the least stable, regardless of polish(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Prostheses and Implants , Acrylic Resins/adverse effects , Cementation/methods , Dental Polishing/methods , Prosthesis Coloring/methods , Esthetics, Dental
12.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 42(1): 38-43, jan.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1252861

ABSTRACT

Existem técnicas amplamente utilizadas na atualidade e diversos tipos de substâncias clareadoras em diferentes formas de apresentação que podem implicar no procedimento quando se é executado podendo trazer benefícios e/ou malefícios. O objetivo deste estudo foi realizar uma revisão integrativa da literatura acercar dos benefícios e/ou malefícios existente durante o processo de clareamento dental, nas bases de dados Lilacs e Pubmed, utilizando os descritores "Clareamento Dental"; "Odontologia baseada em evidências" e "Estética Dentária". Os critérios de inclusão foram artigos completos, nas línguas inglesa e portuguesa, indexados no período de 2010 a 2020. Após os artigos serem filtrados, 5.929 foram encontrados, e a partir destes, 9 artigos apresentaram informações que estavam relacionados com a temática a ser proposta. A partir da analise ficou explicito que a realização de um procedimento consciente de todas as etapas, com conhecimento da técnica e indicação é necessária para que se tenha sucesso(AU)


There are techniques used today and several types of whitening substances in different forms of presentation that may involve the procedure when it is possible to bring benefits and / or harms. The aim of this study was to carry out an integrative literature review about the benefits and / or harms that exist during the tooth whitening process, in the Lilacs and Pubmed databases, using the descriptors "Dental Whitening"; "Evidence-based dentistry" and "Dental Aesthetics". The inclusion criteria were complete articles, in English and Portuguese, indexed in the period from 2010 to 2020. After the articles were filtered, 5,929 were found, and from these, 9 articles presented information that was related to the theme to be proposed. From the analysis it was made explicit that the performance of a conscious procedure of all stages, with knowledge of the technique and indication is necessary for success(AU)


Subject(s)
Tooth Bleaching , Esthetics, Dental , Tooth Bleaching/methods
13.
Rev. ADM ; 78(2): 73-79, mar.-abr. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1247336

ABSTRACT

El color es un efecto visual de los rayos de luz reflejándose y su concepto es complejo por ser una sensación que se percibe y por las características electromagnéticas. Los dientes varían espacialmente porque son curvados, tienen prolongaciones relativamente pequeñas y vistas en contra de una variable de fondo no uniforme así como típicamente una iluminación no estandarizada, por lo cual difieren en relación con su colorimetría, por lo que el estudio del color es fundamental en la odontología. En la actualidad hay métodos para evaluar el color, desde una simple revisión visual hasta instrumentos como el colorímetro y los espectrofotómetros, los cuales son aparatos utilizados en la medida del color de un objeto a través de su longitud de onda reflejada. Una pigmentación dental se produce por varios factores, ya sean intrínsecos y extrínsecos, estas pigmentaciones son factores importantes tanto en la estética como en el aspecto físico, por lo que es importante poder evaluar la estabilidad de los dientes naturales ante diferentes sustancias que podrían modificar su color natural. En este estudio nos dimos a la tarea de evaluar el cambio de color de dientes naturales ante diferentes bebidas, se eligieron tres bebidas pigmentantes y de uso común: café, vino tinto y jugo de arándano; se utilizaron 10 dientes unirradiculares del mismo color previamente analizados con el espectrofotómetro. Un diente fue la muestra control y los nueve restantes se sumergieron en frascos separados con 10 mL de las tres bebidas elegidas. Realizando la evaluación de color a los 15, 30 y 90 días con ayuda del espectrofotómetro, pudimos observar que el diente sumergido en café no tuvo variación durante los primeros 15 días y el cambio más notable de color fue hasta los 90 días a diferencia de las muestras sumergidas en vino y jugo de arándano cuya variación máxima de color se presentó en 15 días respectivamente (AU)


Color is a visual effect of light rays reflecting and its concept is complex, for being a sensation that is perceived and for the electromagnetic characteristics. Teeth vary spatially because they are curved, have relatively small extensions, and are viewed against a non-uniform background variable as well as typically non-standardized illumination, which is why they differ in relation to their colorimetry. So the study of color is fundamental in dentistry. Currently, there are methods to evaluate color, from a simple visual check to instruments such as the colorimeter and spectrophotometers, which are devices used to measure the color of an object through its reflected wavelength. A dental pigmentation is produced by various factors, both intrinsic and extrinsic, these pigmentations are currently important factors in both aesthetics and physical appearance, so it is important to be able to evaluate the stability of natural teeth against different substances that could modify its natural color. In this study, we undertook the task of evaluating the change in the color of natural teeth when faced with different beverages. Three pigment and commonly used beverages were chosen: coffee, red wine and cranberry juice; 10 single-rooted teeth of the same color previously analyzed with the spectrophotometer were used. One tooth was the control sample and the remaining nine were immersed in separate bottles with 10 mL of the three chosen drinks. Carrying out the color evaluation at 15, 30 and 90 days with the help of the spectrophotometer, we could see that the tooth immersed in coffee did not change during the first 15 days and the most notable change in color was up to 90 days, unlike the samples immersed in wine and cranberry juice whose maximum color variation was presented in 15 days respectively (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Discoloration , Beverages , Color , Colorimetry , Esthetics, Dental , Spectrophotometry/methods , Wine , In Vitro Techniques , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Statistical Analysis , Coffee , Juices , Light
14.
Rev. ADM ; 78(2): 106-114, mar.-abr. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1247959

ABSTRACT

Las estrategias para el éxito en la rehabilitación bucal requieren de la interrelación de varias disciplinas que en conjunto logren resultados predecibles y duraderos. La visión individualizada de cada área de especialidad puede conllevar a no ofrecer la mejor alternativa de tratamiento, es por ello que la valoración, el diagnóstico y la planificación del caso clínico debe ser realizada por un equipo interdisciplinario para evitar esta situación y crear una sinergia en donde el «todo sea mayor que la suma de sus partes¼. El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar un caso clínico en el cual intervinieron varias áreas de especialidad: periodoncia, prostodoncia, cirugía oral y patología bucal, logrando devolver la función y la estética a través del manejo interdisciplinario (AU)


The strategies for success in oral rehabilitation require the interrelation of several disciplines, which together, achieve predictable and lasting results. The individualized view of each specialty area may lead to not offering the best treatment alternative, which is why the assessment, diagnosis, and planning of the clinical case must be carried out by an interdisciplinary team to avoid this situation and create a synergy in where the «whole is greater than the sum of its parts¼. The objective of this work is to present a clinical case where several areas of specialty intervened: periodontics, prosthodontics, oral surgery, and oral pathology, thus achieving the return of function and aesthetics through interdisciplinary management (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Patient Care Team , Oral Surgical Procedures, Preprosthetic/methods , Mouth Rehabilitation , Periodontitis/therapy , Schools, Dental , Patient Satisfaction , Photography, Dental , Advance Care Planning , Denture, Complete, Immediate , Esthetics, Dental , Alveolar Ridge Augmentation/methods , Labial Frenum/surgery , Mexico
15.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 10(1): 1-9, feb. 24, 2021. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178774

ABSTRACT

Background: To correlate the need for orthodontic treatment between the self-perception of Chilean adolescents from 14 to 18 years old with the observation of a dentist using the same assessment scale, as well as to determine if covariates such as gender, age and type of school influence the self-perception of the adolescent and the examiner. Material and Methods: Cross-sectional descriptive study of adolescents aged 14 to 18 years from public, subsidized and private schools in Temuco, Chile. The probability sample is stratified by course, from first to fourth year, a total of 414 students participated, according to the eligibility criteria. The photographic score of the aesthetic component (AC) of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN) was used. The statistical analysis of the data was performed with the SPSS Statistics program v.23. Results: 94.9% of the adolescents perceived themselves as having good aesthetics. The examiner considered that 77% presented this condition, p<0.00. Males perceived themselves better than females. At age 15, 1.7% of students considered themselves to have poor aesthetics, p<0.01. From the examiner's perspective, aesthetics are related to type of school, p<0.00. Conclusion: Adolescents perceive themselves better aesthetically than do the evaluators. The school type factor, according to the IOTN-AC examiner, shows a higher proportion of students with no need for orthodontic treatment in private schools, and a threshold need in municipal and subsidized institutions.


Correlacionar la necesidad de tratamiento ortodóncico, entre la autopercepción de adolescentes con el diagnóstico de un evaluador odontólogo, utilizando la misma escala de valoración, así también determinar si las variables como el género, la edad y la dependencia educacional influyen en la autopercepción del adolescente y la observación del examinador. Material y Métodos: Estudio descriptivo de corte transversal, en adolescentes de 14 a 18 años de escuelas públicas, subvencionadas y privadas de Temuco-Chile. Muestreo probabilístico estratificado por cursos, de primero a cuarto medio con una muestra de 414 estudiantes, según los criterios de elegibilidad. Se utilizó el score fotográfico del componente estético (AC) del Índice de Necesidad de Tratamiento de Ortodoncia (INTO). El análisis estadístico de los datos fue realizado con el programa SPSS Statistics v.23. Resultados: El 94,9% de los adolescentes se autoperciben con una buena estética, el examinador considera que un 77% presenta esta condición, p<0,00. Los varones se perciben mejor que las damas. Los adolescentes de 15 años un 1,7% considera tener mala estética, p<0,01. Desde la perspectiva del examinador la estética se relaciona con la dependencia educacional, <0,01. Conclusión: Los adolescentes se autoperciben mejor estéticamente que lo diagnosticado por evaluadores odontólogos. El factor dependencia educacional según INTO-AC examinador, muestra mayor proporción de estudiantes sin necesidad de tratamiento ortodóncico en los establecimientos privados, y necesidad límite en los públicos y subvencionados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Self Concept , Students/psychology , Esthetics, Dental , Orthodontics, Corrective/psychology , Chile , Oral Health , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Needs Assessment , Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need , Malocclusion/psychology , Malocclusion/therapy
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878446

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to evaluate the application value of a modified retroauricular hairline incision and a sternocleidomastoid flap with an inferior pedicle in the resection of benign parotid gland tumors.@*METHODS@#Forty-eight patients with benign parotid gland tumors were retrospectively analyzed: 19 cases were included in the experimental group with an improved retroauricular hairline incision and a sternocleidomastoid flap with an inferior pedicle, and 29 cases were assigned in the control group with a modified facelift incision. Operation time, postoperative drainage, postoperative esthetic degree, and incidence of facial nerve paralysis, salivary fistula, and Frey's syndrome were compared.@*RESULTS@#After the esthetic procedure, the average score of the experimental group was higher than that of the control group, and the esthetic effect of the former was better than that of the latter (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The modified retroauricular hairline incision and sternocleidomastoid flap with an inferior pedicle can be applied to resect benign parotid gland tumors safely. It shows a better cosmetic effect and does not cause obvious postoperative complications. Therefore, it should be promoted for tumor treatments.


Subject(s)
Esthetics, Dental , Humans , Parotid Gland/surgery , Parotid Neoplasms/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Sweating, Gustatory
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878419

ABSTRACT

Many patients with large-area tooth defect need cast post-core crown restoration. However, the color defect of the cast post-core will affect the final restorative result, especially that of the anterior teeth. A new technology of color masking by applying CERAMAGE polymeric porcelain to the cast metal post-core surface improves the color of a full-ceramic restoration of anterior teeth and may provide a new alternative for the aesthetic repair of anterior teeth with a large area of defective tooth.


Subject(s)
Ceramics , Crowns , Dental Porcelain , Esthetics, Dental , Humans , Post and Core Technique
18.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(4): 1-7, 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1337660

ABSTRACT

Digital dentistry has gained space in several dental specialties. It is possible to achieve excellent results with the digital workflow, which combines the efficiency of the restorative material with a greater marginal adaptation. This study aimed to report a clinical case through the digital workflow, with a faster and clinically acceptable prosthetic resolution. In this clinical case report, digital workflow allowed a faster and clinically acceptable prosthetic resolution. A 45-year-old female patient reported cementation failure of the prosthetic crown on tooth 14. As it was a vital tooth, the tooth received a total crown preparation. In the same clinical session, the patient's mouth was scanned then a capture software obtained a virtual model. After, the design software planned a digital "diagnostic wax-up", so a leucitic ceramic was chosen for the rehabilitation. The ceramic block was milled and receive stain and glaze, dispensing the prosthesis laboratory. Then, the adhesive cementation was performed with a dual-polymerized resin cement. The final crown had ideal adaptation, with no need for interproximal and occlusal adjustments, with an excellent marginal fit. Within the limitations of this study, this case report showed that the digital workflow allowed a favorable result in a shorter working time, which brought back function and aesthetics, without the need for interproximal and occlusal adjustments. (AU)


A odontologia digital vem ganhando espaço em diversas especialidades odontológicas. Com o fluxo de trabalho digital, é possível alcançar excelentes resultados na reabilitação protética, combinando a eficiência do material restaurador com a adaptação marginal proporcionada pela odontologia digital. O objetivo desse estudo foi relatar um caso clínico através do fluxo de trabalho digital, com uma resolução protética mais rápida e clinicamente aceitável. Paciente do sexo feminino, 45 anos, relatou falha de cimentação da coroa protética do dente 26. Por ser um dente vital, o dente recebeu um preparo de coroa total e os dentes foram escaneados e um software de captura obteve um modelo virtual. Posteriormente, o software de projeto planejou um "enceramento diagnóstico" digital, sendo escolhida uma cerâmica leucítica para a reabilitação. O bloco cerâmico foi fresado e recebeu acabamento, maquiagem e glaze pelo próprio dentista, dispensando um técnico laboratorial de prótese dentária. Em seguida, foi realizada cimentação adesiva definitiva. Este relato de caso mostra que, dentro das limitações desse estudo, o fluxo digital permite um resultado favorável em um menor tempo de trabalho, devolvendo a função e estética, sem necessidade de ajustes interproximais e oclusais (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Dental Prosthesis , Computer-Aided Design , Esthetics, Dental
19.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 26(2): e2119199, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1249708

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Aim: To assess the influence of elastomeric ligatures, subjected to a previous in vitro pigmentation process using different substances, on smile aesthetics during orthodontic treatment, from the perception of students and professionals. Methods: Eight elastomeric ligatures of five commercial brands (3M/Unitek, American Orthodontics, Morelli, Ortho Technology, and Orthometric) (n=8) were immersed in coffee, Coca-Cola, and red wine for one minute per day, for 28 days; and another group of ligatures was immersed in artificial saliva. All samples were photographed and subsequently analyzed using the Adobe Photoshop software, by the RGB method. Afterwards, the pigmented ligatures were inserted in a patient wearing orthodontic brackets, and zoomed photographs of the smile were taken and presented to 40 evaluators, who filled in a satisfaction scale sheet to express their opinion on the smile aesthetics of each photograph. The color data were subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey tests. Results: The substance with the highest pigmentation potential was coffee (p< 0.05) followed by red wine (p< 0.05). Comparison among the brands used in this study showed that American Orthodontics and Orthometric had the lowest degree of pigmentation when immersed in coffee and red wine (p< 0.05), respectively. However, the brand that showed the highest level of satisfaction among the evaluators was Ortho Technology. Conclusions: The presence of pigmented elastomeric ligatures affected smile aesthetics, when compared with the control group.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a influência das ligaduras elásticas submetidas a um processo prévio de pigmentação in vitro, com diferentes substâncias, na estética do sorriso durante o tratamento ortodôntico, segundo a percepção de alunos e profissionais. Métodos: Oito ligaduras elásticas de cinco marcas comerciais (3M Unitek, American Orthodontics, Morelli, Ortho Technology e Orthometric) (n = 8) foram imersas em café, Coca-Cola e vinho tinto por um minuto por dia, por 28 dias, e outro grupo de ligaduras foi imerso em saliva artificial. Todas as amostras foram fotografadas e posteriormente analisadas no software Adobe Photoshop, pelo método RGB. Em seguida, as ligaduras pigmentadas foram inseridas em um paciente com braquetes ortodônticos, e fotografias ampliadas do sorriso foram tiradas e apresentadas a 40 avaliadores, que preencheram uma escala de satisfação para representar sua opinião sobre a estética do sorriso de cada fotografia. Os dados de cor foram submetidos à análise de variância (ANOVA) e testes de Tukey. Resultados: A substância com maior potencial de pigmentação foi o café (p< 0,05), seguido do vinho tinto (p< 0,05). A comparação entre as marcas utilizadas nesse estudo mostrou que a American Orthodontics e a Orthometric apresentaram o menor grau de pigmentação quando imersas em café e vinho tinto (p< 0,05), respectivamente. Porém, a marca que apresentou maior nível de satisfação entre os avaliadores foi a Ortho Technology. Conclusões: A presença de ligaduras elásticas pigmentadas afetou a estética do sorriso, quando comparada à do grupo controle.


Subject(s)
Humans , Orthodontic Brackets , Elastomers , Esthetics, Dental , Materials Testing , Pigmentation
20.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 26(1): e211928, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1154061

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To study the influence of black space between the maxillary central incisors on the aesthetic visual perception of the face, via eye-tracking and visual analogue scale (VAS). Methods: Black space between the central incisors was created, for both sexes, as follows: control, 1-mm black space, 2-mm black space and 3-mm black space. Ninety raters participated in this study, divided into three groups: 30 laypeople, 30 nonorthodontists, and 30 orthodontists. After the visual calibration of each observer, eight photographs were presented in the Ogama® software concomitant with the use of the hardware The Eye Tribe®. Ogama generated information depending on the eye-tracking of each rater, regarding the time until the first fixation, time of fixation, heatmap, scanpath, and total time of fixation, to evaluate the areas deemed to be of interest according to the raters. Later on, the VAS was used, where each rater evaluated the images in an album on a scale of zero to 10 points. Results: The eyes and mouth were the areas more often noticed by the raters according to the heatmaps, while no significant difference was observed in time until the first fixation between the three groups of raters (p> 0.05). However, regarding the time of fixation on the mouth, a significant difference was observed (p< 0.05) when comparing the three groups. Conclusion: Black space has a negative effect on the aesthetic perception of the face. The amount of attention on the mouth is correspondent to the size of the black space.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a percepção visual e estética do espaço negro entre os incisivos centrais superiores, via rastreamento do olhar e escala visual analógica (EVA). Métodos: Manipulou-se o espaço negro entre os incisivos centrais superiores, para ambos os sexos, da seguinte forma: imagem controle, espaço negro de 1 mm, espaço negro de 2 mm e espaço negro de 3 mm. Participaram desse estudo noventa avaliadores, divididos em três grupos: 30 leigos, 30 cirurgiões-dentistas e 30 ortodontistas. Após a calibração visual de cada observador, foram projetadas oito fotografias no software OGAMA® em conjunto com o hardware The Eye Tribe®. O OGAMA gerou informações do rastreamento do olhar de cada avaliador com relação ao tempo até a primeira fixação, mapa de calor, trajetória do olhar e tempo total de fixação para avaliar as áreas consideradas de interesse, de acordo com os avaliadores. Posteriormente, utilizou-se a EVA para avaliar as imagens a partir de um álbum, em uma escala de 0 a 10 pontos. Resultados: Os olhos e a boca foram as áreas com maior fixação pelos avaliadores, de acordo com os mapas de calor. Os resultados estatísticos não apresentaram diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os três grupos de avaliadores (p> 0,05), quanto ao tempo até a primeira fixação. Porém, em relação ao tempo de fixação na boca, observou-se diferença estatisticamente significativa (p< 0,05) na comparação dos três grupos. Conclusão: O espaço negro apresentou um efeito negativo na percepção estética da face. O aumento de fixação na boca correspondeu ao aumento do tamanho do espaço negro.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , African Americans , Esthetics, Dental , Eye-Tracking Technology , Incisor , Smiling , Visual Analog Scale , Incisor/anatomy & histology , Incisor/diagnostic imaging
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