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1.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(6): 1301-1308, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355670

ABSTRACT

The objective was to evaluate the antioxidant capacity, glucose and insulin concentration and reproductive performance of ewes supplemented with orange residue prior to insemination. Fifty-five multiparous ewes were divided into two corrals, and 15 unbred ewes were kept individually to measure feed consumption. Two integral diets were administered; T0: control treatment and T1: with 20% of dry matter of orange residue. Ten days after the start of supplementation, the ewes were synchronized. Supplementation was finalized prior to artificial insemination, then, a blood sample was taken to measure the antioxidant capacity and glucose and insulin concentration. An analysis of variance was made to evaluate the effect of treatment on the antioxidant capacity, glucose and insulin; and to analyze the response to estrus, percentage of gestation and prolificity a ji squared test was performed. Of 9 antioxidant compounds found in the orange residue, hesperidin (7.44%), chlorogenic acid (0.50%) and protocatechuic acid had the highest concentration. Feed intake, estrus response, percentage of gestation, antioxidant capacity, and glucose and insulin concentration were not affected by the treatment. It is concluded that inclusion of 20% of orange residue in the diet prior to insemination in ewes is possible.(AU)


O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a capacidade antioxidante, a concentração de glicose e insulina e o comportamento reprodutivo de ovelhas suplementadas com resíduo de laranja antes da inseminação. Cinquenta e cinco ovelhas multíparas foram divididas em dois currais e 15 ovelhas sem raça foram mantidas individualmente para se medir o consumo de ração. Duas dietas integrais foram administradas; T0: tratamento controle e T1: dieta com 20% de resíduo de laranja seco. Dias após o início da suplementação, as ovelhas foram sincronizadas. A suplementação foi finalizada antes da inseminação artificial e, em seguida, foi coletada uma amostra de sangue para medir a capacidade antioxidante e a concentração de glicose e insulina. Uma análise de variância foi feita para avaliar o efeito do tratamento sobre a capacidade antioxidante, a glicose e a insulina, e um teste do ji quadrado foi realizado para analisar a resposta ao estro, a porcentagem de gestação e de prolificidade. Dos nove compostos antioxidantes encontrados no resíduo laranja, a hesperidina (7,44%), o ácido clorogênico (0,50%) e o ácido protocatecuico foram os de maior concentração. O consumo alimentar, a resposta ao estro, a porcentagem de gestação, a capacidade antioxidante, a concentração de glicose e a insulina não foram afetados pelo tratamento. Conclui-se que é possível a inclusão de 20% de resíduos de laranja na dieta antes da inseminação em ovelhas.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Blood Glucose/analysis , Sheep/physiology , Citrus sinensis/metabolism , Estrus Synchronization/methods , Insulins/analysis , Antioxidants/analysis , Insemination, Artificial/veterinary , Garbage
2.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(3): 560-570, May-June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278353

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to compare the reproductive efficiency of dairy buffaloes undergoing fixed-time artificial insemination (FTAI) protocols based on progesterone/estrogen (P4/E2) and eCG during unfavorable breeding season using cooled (CS) and frozen semen (FS). A total of 446 buffaloes (> 40 days postpartum) were randomly distributed into four blocks (years): B1-2014 (n = 143), B2-2015 (n = 34), B3-2016 (n = 90), and B4-2017 (n = 179). Each block was subdivided into two (AI with CS and FS using the same ejaculate of each bull). Thus, the block subdivision was as follows: B1 (CS = 71 and FS = 72); B2 (CS = 18 and FS = 16); B3 (CS = 47 and FS = 43); and B4 (CS = 90 and FS = 89). The ejaculates of eight Murrah bulls collected using an artificial vagina were divided into two aliquots: one aliquot was diluted in Botu-Bov® commercial extender and cooled (BB-CS), and the other was diluted in the same extender and frozen (BB-FS). BB-CS aliquots were cooled at 5 °C/24 h using a refrigerator. BB-FS group aliquots were also cooled, and after equilibrating at 5 °C for 4 h, were placed in a 21-L Styrofoam box, 5 cm above the surface of liquid nitrogen. In the afternoon (A) on D0 (2:00 p.m.) the animals received EB 2.0 mg IM (Estrogin®) and an ear implant (CRESTAR® 3.0 mg P4). At D9 (A), the implant was removed, and the animals received eCG 400 IU IM (Folligon® 5000) + Cloprostenol PGF2α 0.530 mg IM (Sincrocio®). At D10 (A), the animals received EB 1.0 mg IM (Estrogin®), and at D12 (8:00 a.m.), AI was performed. At D42, pregnancy was diagnosed via ultrasonography. Total CRs were 48.2% CS and 34.6% FS for years 2014 to 2017, with a significant difference of 13.7% (P<0.05). In conclusion, cooled semen resulted in higher CR than frozen semen in dairy buffaloes under the P4/E2 and eCG FTAI during the unfavorable reproductive season.(AU)


O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar a eficiência reprodutiva de búfalas leiteiras submetidas a protocolos de inseminação artificial em tempo fixo (IATF) à base de progesterona/estrogênio (P4/E2) e eCG, durante a estação reprodutiva desfavorável, usando-se sêmen resfriado (SR) e congelado (SC) Um total de 446 búfalas (> 40 dias após o parto) foi distribuído aleatoriamente em quatro blocos (anos): B1-2014 (n = 143), B2-2015 (n = 34), B3-2016 (n = 90) e B4-2017 (n = 179). Cada bloco foi subdividido em dois (IA com SR e SC utilizando-se a mesma ejaculação de cada touro). Assim, a subdivisão do bloco foi a seguinte: B1 (SR = 71 e SC = 72); B2 (SR = 18 e SC = 16); B3 (SR = 47 e SC = 43); e B4 (SR = 90 e SC = 89). Os ejaculados de oito touros Murrah coletados com vagina artificial foram divididos em duas alíquotas: uma alíquota diluída em diluente comercial Botu-Bov® e resfriada (BB-SR), e a outra diluída no mesmo diluente e congelada (BB-SC). As alíquotas de BB-SR foram resfriados a 5°C/24h usando-se um refrigerador. As alíquotas do grupo BB-SC também foram resfriadas e, após equilíbrio a 5°C por 4h, foram colocadas em uma caixa de isopor de 21L, 5 cm acima da superfície do nitrogênio líquido. À tarde (A), no D0 (14h), os animais receberam BE 2,0 mg IM (Estrogin®) e um implante auricular (Crestar® 3,0 mg P4). No D9 (A), o implante foi retirado e os animais receberam eCG 400 UI IM (Folligon® 5000) + cloprostenol PGF2α 0,530 mg IM (Sincrocio®). No D10 (A), os animais receberam BE 1,0mg IM (Estrogin®), e, no D12 (8h da manhã), foram realizadas as IAs. No D42, a gestação foi diagnosticada por ultrassonografia. As taxas de concepção (TC) totais foram 48,2% SR e 34,6% SC para os anos de 2014 a 2017, com uma diferença significativa de 13,7% (P<0,05). Em conclusão, o sêmen resfriado resultou em maior TC do que o sêmen congelado em bubalinos leiteiros sob P4/E2 e eCG FTAI durante a estação reprodutiva desfavorável.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Semen Preservation/veterinary , Buffaloes/physiology , Estrus Synchronization , Progesterone/administration & dosage , Insemination, Artificial/veterinary , Estrogens/administration & dosage
3.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(2): 464-472, mar.-abr. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1011253

ABSTRACT

A fim de se avaliar o uso do óleo essencial de Croton nepetifolius Baill (OECn) na penetrabilidade cervical em ovelhas mestiças, 40 ovelhas foram distribuídas ao acaso em quatro grupos (n=10): controle, misoprostol, OECn50 e OECn100 (50 e 100µg do OECn, respectivamente). Após a sincronização do estro, utilizando CIDR e eCG (200UI), a profundidade de penetração da cérvix foi mensurada utilizando-se uma pipeta de inseminação artificial de bovino graduada, no período de zero até 72h após a retirada do CIDR. Os resultados foram expressos em média ± erro-padrão, submetidos à ANOVA seguida do teste de Tukey, enquanto os dados, em porcentagem, foram submetidos aos testes de Fisher ouqui-quadrado. Nenhuma diferença significativa (P>0,05) foi encontrada quanto ao grau de penetrabilidade cervical. Quanto ao tempo de passagem, os grupos misoprostol e OECn100 apresentaram um menor tempo de penetrabilidade às 60h(1,7±0,6 e 1,5±0,6min, respectivamente), quando comparados ao grupo controle (4,1±0,6min), que não diferiu significativamente do grupo OECn50 (2,3±0,6min). Portanto, o óleo essencial de Croton nepetifolius Baill pode ser utilizado para encurtar o tempo de penetrabilidade cervical em ovelhas submetidas à sincronização estral.(AU)


In order to evaluate the use of the essential oil of Croton nepetifolius Baill (EOCn) on cervical penetration in crossbred ewes, 40 ewes were randomly allocated into four groups (n= 10): CONTROL, MISOPROSTOL, EOCn50 and EOCn100 (50 e 100µg of the EOCn, respectively). After estrus synchronization, using CIDR and eCG (200IU), depth of cervical penetration was measured using artificial insemination gun for bovine species which was graduated and used from 0 to 72h after CIDR removal. Results were expressed as mean ± standard error mean, submitted to ANOVA and Tukey test while data in percentage were submitted to Fisher or Chi-Square test. No significant difference (P> 0.05) was observed at grade of cervical penetration. Concerning trespassing time, MISOPROTOL and EOCn100 groups presented a lower trespassing time at 60h (1.7±0.6 and 1.5±0.6min, respectively) than CONTROL group (4.1±0.6min), which did not differ significantly from EOCn50 (2.3±0.6min) group. Therefore, the essential oil of Croton nepetifolius Baill can be used to shorten the cervical penetration time in estrus synchronized ewes.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Estrus , Sheep , Euphorbiaceae , Parturition , Estrus Synchronization
4.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(2): 529-537, mar.-abr. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1011285

ABSTRACT

Avaliou-se a eficiência da administração de subdoses de eCG nos acupontos Bai Hui e Hou Hai em protocolos de sincronização de estro em cabras. Na primeira etapa, 57 cabras foram distribuídas aleatoriamente em quatro tratamentos: T1- 300UI de eCG intramuscular (IM); T2- 60UI de eCG no acuponto Hou Hai; T3- 60UI de eCG no acuponto Bai Hui e T4- 60UI de eCG IM; e na segunda etapa, 28 cabras foram distribuídas aleatoriamente em três tratamentos: T1- 300UI de eCG IM; T2- 30UI de eCG no acuponto Bai Hui e T3- 30UI de eCG IM. Ao final do tratamento hormonal, as cabras foram monitoradas para detecção do estro, realização das coberturas e avaliação do comportamento reprodutivo. Os dados foram submetidos à análise de normalidade, seguida dos testes estatísticos adequados para cada variável. Na primeira etapa experimental, obteve-se maior duração de estro nas cabras do T1 (P=0,009). Na segunda etapa experimental, obteve-se maior número de animais em estros no T1 (P=0,03). As demais variáveis para ambas as etapas não sofreram influência dos tratamentos (P>0,05), demonstrando que a administração de subdoses de eCG nos acupontos Bai Hui e Hou Hai foi eficiente para sincronizar o estro.(AU)


The efficiency of administration of subdoses of eCG in the Bai Hui and Hou Hai acupoints in oestrus synchronization protocols in goats was evaluated. In the first stage, 57 goats were randomly assigned to four treatments: T1- 300UI of intramuscular eCG (IM); T2- 60UI of eCG in acupoint Hou Hai; T3- 60UI of eCG in the Bai Hui acupoint and T4- 60UI of eCG IM; and in the second stage, 28 goats were randomly assigned to three treatments: T1-300UI of eCG IM; T2-30UI of eCG in the Bai Hui acupoint and T3- 30UI of eCG IM. At the end of the hormonal treatment the goats were monitored for estrus detection, and evaluation of reproductive behavior. The data were submitted to normality analysis, followed by appropriate statistical tests for each variable. In the first experimental stage, a longer duration of estrus in the T1 goats (P= 0.009) was obtained. In the second experimental stage, a greater number of animals were obtained in estrus at T1 (P= 0.03). The other variables for both experiments were not influenced by the treatments (P> 0.05), demonstrating that administration of eCG subdoses in the Bai Hui and Hou Hai acupoints was efficient to synchronize the estrus.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Goats , Acupuncture Therapy/veterinary , Estrus Synchronization/methods , Gonadotropins, Equine/administration & dosage , Estrous Cycle
5.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(1): 345-348, jan.-fev. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1038586

ABSTRACT

Este estudo avaliou a eficiência de três protocolos de indução de estro síncronizado em ovelhas da raça Santa Inês. Vinte e quatro ovelhas adultas foram equitativamente distribuídas em três grupos, de acordo com ordem de parto, peso corporal (kg) e escore da condição corporal. As ovelhas receberam implante vaginal de progesterona natural por seis dias mais 37,5µg de d-cloprostenol laterovulvar e 300UI de eCG i.m., 24 horas antes da remoção do dispositivo. Ovelhas controle receberam CIDR330mg de progesterona, e as demais receberam dispositivo absorvente intravaginal humano, tamanho mini, embebido com 200 (OB200) ou 400mg (OB400) de progesterona. Coletas de sangue foram feitas nos momentos D0 (antes da inserção dos dispositivos), D0+6h e diariamente, até um dia após retirada do dispositivo (D7). A progesterona (ng/mL) foi semelhante (P>0,05) em todos os tratamentos ao longo do período experimental, exceto no dia da remoção do dispositivo, quando as ovelhas controle (2,5±0,3) tiveram progesterona superior (P<0,05) às ovelhas OB200 (0,6±0,1) e OB400 (1,2±0,4). O percentual de animais em estro (100,0, 62,5 e 100,0%) foi semelhante (P>0,05) e o intervalo para o estro (46,3±3,9a, 26,4±4,5b e 31,2±5,8a,b) foi diferente (P<0,05) entre os animais dos grupos controle, OB200 e OB400, respectivamente. A taxa de concepção das ovelhas foi de 50,0% (4/8) para cada grupo (P>0,05). Dispositivos humanos e fonte de progesterona podem ser usados para induzir o estro sincronizado em ovelhas Santa Inês.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Progestins/administration & dosage , Progesterone/therapeutic use , Administration, Intravaginal , Sheep , Estrus Synchronization/drug effects , Fertility
6.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 38(8): 1518-1527, Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-976480

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se avaliar o efeito de uma ou duas doses de prostaglandina F2α (PGF2α) associada ou não a gonadotrofina coriônica equina (eCG) sobre a dinâmica folicular, a função luteal pré-ovulatória, assim como as características morfofuncionais pós-ovulatórias do corpo lúteo (CL) em fêmeas mestiças cíclicas submetidas a um protocolo de inseminação artificial em tempo fixo (IATF). Para tanto, 29 vacas 3/4 Gir x Holandês multíparas foram submetidas ao exame de ultrassonografia (US) transretal e após a detecção do CL iniciou-se um protocolo de IATF em um dia denominado zero (D0), por meio da inserção do implante de progesterona (P4) associado à aplicação de 2,0mg de benzoato de estradiol. No D7 esses animais receberam 12,5mg de dinoprost trometamina. No D9 realizou a remoção dos dispositivos de P4 e aplicou 0,6mg de cipionato de estradiol. Nesse momento, as fêmeas foram subdivididas nos seguintes tratamentos: Grupo Controle (n=7), foi administrado 2,5mL de solução fisiológica; Grupo 2PGF (n=7), aplicou 12,5mg de dinoprost trometamina; Grupo eCG (n=7), administrou-se 300UI de eCG; Grupo 2PGF+eCG (n=8), realizou a aplicação de 300UI de eCG e 12,5mg de dinoprost trometamina. Para avaliar a dinâmica folicular foram realizados exames de US em modo B e power doppler (Mindray Z5, Shenzhen, China) a cada 12h do D7 até o momento da ovulação ou 96h após a remoção dos implantes de P4, mensurando-se o diâmetro folicular (DFOL), a área da parede folicular (AFOL) e a área de perfusão sanguínea da parede folicular (VFOL). Concomitante a cada exame, foram coletadas amostras de sangue sendo determinada a concentração sérica de P4 pré-ovulatória por meio da metodologia de quimioluminescência. No D24 foi realizada a US modo B e doppler analisando-se o diâmetro luteal (DCL), área luteal (ACL) e área de perfusão sanguínea do CL (VCL), assim como, foi coletada amostra de sangue para averiguar a concentração sérica de P4 pós-ovulatória. Os dados foram avaliados pelo Two-way ANOVA e análise de medidas repetidas considerando os efeitos do eCG, 2PGF e interação eCG*2PGF, P<0,05. Não houve diferença significativa entre os protocolos de sincronização para as variáveis DFOL, AFOL e VFOL ao longo do tempo da dinâmica folicular. Os grupos experimentais apresentaram uma concentração sérica de P4 pré-ovulatória semelhante em cada momento da avaliação. Não foi observada distinção da ACL e VCL entre os tratamentos hormonais, contudo o Grupo eCG demonstrou tendência (P=0,08) a apresentar maior DCL em relação ao Grupo 2PGF e 2PGF+eCG. Adicionalmente a estes achados, também foi constatado tendência (P=0,07) a maiores concentrações de progesterona no dia 24 do protocolo nos animais do Grupo eCG (11,00±3,32ng/mL) em relação ao Grupo 2PGF (6,37±1,31ng/mL), enquanto o Controle e 2PGF+eCG demonstraram resultados intermediários que se assemelham a ambos os grupos, com concentrações de 8,43±3,85 e 9,18±2,82ng/mL, respectivamente. As tentativas de ajustes no proestro foram incapazes de melhorar a qualidade folicular e minimizar a função luteal pré-ovulatória, assim como não incrementaram a morfologia do CL e a função luteal pós-ovulatória, sugerindo que em animais cíclicos mestiços protocolos de IATF com a utilização de uma única dose PGF2α e sem o suporte gonadotrófico da eCG parece promover adequada resposta folicular e luteal.(AU)


The study aimed to evaluate the effect of one or two prostaglandin doses F2α (PGF2a) with or without equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG) in the follicular dynamics, the preovulatory luteal function, as well as the structural and functional characteristics post-ovulatory of the corpus luteum (CL) in cyclic crossbred females subjected to a fixed time artificial insemination (FTAI) protocol. For this, 29 multiparous 3/4 Gyr x Holstein cows were subjected to transrectal ultrasound examination (US) and upon detection of CL initiated a FTAI protocol on day called zero (D0) by the insertion of progesterone implant (P4) associated with the application of 2.0mg estradiol benzoate. On D7, these animals received 12.5mg of dinoprost tromethamine. At D9 happened the removal of the P4 devices and was applied 0.6mg of estradiol cypionate. At that time, the females were divided into the following treatments: control group (n=7) - which received 2.5mL of saline solution, 2PGF group (n=7) - received 12.5mg of dinoprost tromethamine, eCG group (n=7) - was administered 300IU eCG and eCG+2PGF group (n=8) - which received 300 IU eCG and 12.5mg of dinoprost tromethamine. To assess follicular dynamics were performed US scans B-mode and power doppler (Mindray Z5, Shenzhen, China) each 12h on D7 until the time of ovulation or until 96h after removal of the P4 implants, considering the follicular diameter (DFOL), the area of the follicular wall (AFOL) and the blood perfusion area of the follicular wall (VFOL). Concomitant with each test, blood samples were collected to determine the serum concentration of P4 preovulatory by chemiluminescence methodology. In D24 had held US B-mode and doppler to analyse the luteal diameter (DCL), luteal area (ACL) and blood perfusion area CL (VCL). Also, a blood sample was collected to determine the serum concentration of P4 post-ovulatory. All data was evaluated by Two-way ANOVA and repeated measures analysis considering the effects of eCG, 2PGF and eCG*2PGF, P<0.05. There was not significant difference between the synchronization protocols for DFOL, AFOL and VFOL variables over time of follicular dynamics. Experimental groups had a serum concentration of P4 preovulatory similar in every moment of evaluation. There wasn't distinction of ACL and VCL between hormone treatments. However, the eCG group showed a tendency (P=0.08) to present higher DCL compared to the 2PGF and 2PGF+eCG groups. In addition to these findings, there was also a tendency (P=0.07) to higher concentrations of P4 on D24 of the protocol in the animals of the eCG group (11.00±3.32ng/mL) compared to the 2PGF group (6,37±1.31ng/mL), meanwhile the Control and 2PGF+eCG showed intermediate results that resembled both groups, with concentrations of 8.43±3.85 and 9.18±2.82ng/mL, respectively. Attempts to adjust proestrus were unable to improve follicular quality and minimize preovulatory luteal function, nor did they increase CL morphology and post-ovulatory luteal function, suggesting that in cyclic animals, FTAI protocols using a single PGF2α dose and without the gonadotrophic support of eCG seems to promote adequate follicular and luteal responses.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Proestrus/physiology , Cattle/metabolism , Gonadotropins, Equine/analysis , Estrus Synchronization
7.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 70(6): 1899-1906, nov.-dez. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-970654

ABSTRACT

Três experimentos foram realizados para adaptar um protocolo de sincronização de estro e da ovulação para ser utilizado em programas de inseminação artificial em tempo fixo (IATF) em vacas taurinas tropicalmente adaptadas. No Exp. 1 (crossover), vacas pluríparas Curraleiro Pé-Duro (n= 12) receberam um dispositivo intravaginal contendo 1g de P4 por oito dias e 2mg de BE intramuscular (IM) no momento da inserção do dispositivo (dia 0). No dia da remoção do dispositivo (dia 8), as fêmeas receberam 150µg de D-cloprostenol sódico e 300UI de gonadotrofina coriônica equina (eCG) IM, sendo, então, divididas aleatoriamente para receber 1mg de BE no dia 8 (BE8) ou 1mg de BE no dia 9 (BE9). A aplicação de BE no D9 atrasou a ovulação em aproximadamente 15 horas (P<0,05). No Experimento 2, foram avaliados protocolos com oito (P4D8) e nove dias (P4D9) de exposição à progesterona, resultando em parâmetros de desenvolvimento folicular e luteal semelhantes entre os tratamentos (P>0,05). No Experimento 3, os protocolos hormonais de IATF BE8 e P4D9 foram testados para a taxa de prenhez, alcançando 23% (10/43) e 20% (9/45), respectivamente (P>0,05). Embora o grupo P4D9 tenha mostrado avanço na proporção de animais que responderam ao protocolo quando comparado ao protocolo BE8, este não se refletiu em melhora na taxa de prenhez.(AU)


Three experiments were performed to adapt a synchronization protocol of estrus synchronization and ovulation to be used in fixed time artificial insemination programs (FTAI) in tropically adapted Bos taurus cows. In Exp. 1 (crossover) multiparous Curraleiro Pé-Duro cows (n= 12) received an intravaginal device containing 1g of P4 for 8 days and 2mg of EB at the time of device insertion (Day 0). On the P4 device removal (Day 8) females received 150g of D-cloprostenol Sodic and 300IU of equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG). Then, they were randomly divided to receive 1mg of EB on Day 8 (EB8) or on Day 9 (EB9). EB9 delayed ovulation approximately 15 hours (P<0.05). In Exp. 2, protocols using progesterone for eight (P4D8) or nine days (P4D9) were evaluated, resulting in similar parameters of folicular and luteal development (P>0.05). In Exp. 3, EB8 and P4D9 protocols were used to evaluate the pregnancy rate, reaching 23% (10/43) and 20% (9/45), respectively (P>0.05). Although P4D9 protocol has shown improvement in proportion of animals that responded to the protocol when compared to EB8 protocol, it was not able to improve pregnancy rate.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Cattle , Progesterone/analysis , Cattle/embryology , Insemination, Artificial/physiology , Estrus Synchronization
8.
Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci. (Online) ; 54(1): 27-35, 2017. ilus.
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-846493

ABSTRACT

Estrus synchronization is a reproductive biotechnology used to improve artificial insemination or pairing through the manipulation of the estrous cycle at a desirable time. Employing this technique in captive pacas (Cuniculus paca L.) is important because it creates expectation of meeting the demand for paca meat and, consequently, reduces poaching. Thus, this research aims to verify the effect of a progestogen implant associated with two doses of eCG on the synchronization and induction of fertile estrus. Twenty-seven adult pacas were used, 18 non-pregnant females and nine males, divided into three groups. G1 and G2 females groups (treatments) received 1.5 mg Norgestomet and were injected intramuscularly, seven days later, with 0.13 mg of prostaglandin. After 24 hours the implants were removed and the animals immediately received 25 IU and 50 IU of ECG intramuscularly, respectively. The mating of the three groups took place on the same days. G3 females' group (control) showed estrus on different days after D0. Females under treatment displayed estrus only after removing the implant (D8). G1, G2, and G3 pregnancy rates were 100%, 66%, and 50%, respectively. Regarding births per parturition, 100% of G1 and G3 produced one offspring, while 50% of G2 produced two. Progestogen in the form of subcutaneous implants was effective in mimicking the luteal phase of the estrous cycle. After removal, implants favored the occurrence of a fertile estrus. As a conclusion, further studies must be conducted in order to establish in-depth possible association between 50 IU of eCG, and the occurrence of twin pregnancies.(AU)


A sincronização é uma biotécnica reprodutiva que melhora a porcentagem de cobertura por meio da manipulação do ciclo estral. Empregar esta biotécnica em pacas de cativeiro (Cuniculus paca L.) é importante, pois cria-se a expectativa de que a demanda pela carne seja atendida e a caça ilegal diminua. O objetivo da pesquisa foi verificar o efeito de implantes de progestágenos associados a duas doses de gonadotrofina coriônica equina (eCG) na sincronização e indução de cios férteis de pacas. Foram utilizadas 18 fêmeas não prenhas e nove machos, divididos em três grupos. Fêmeas do G1 e G2 receberam implantes com 1,5mg de Norgestomet e, sete dias depois, 0,13mg de prostaglandina via intramuscular (IM). No dia 8 (D8), foram retirados os implantes e G1 e G2 receberam 25 UI e 50 UI de eCG, IM, respectivamente; G3 foi o controle. O pareamento nos três grupos aconteceu nos mesmos dias. As fêmeas do G3 apresentaram cio alguns dias após o dia zero (D0). Fêmeas que receberam tratamento apresentaram cio só após a retirada do implante no dia 8 (D8). As taxas de prenhez de G1, G2 e G3 atingiram 100%, 66% e 50%, respectivamente. Em relação a filhotes por parto, 100% do G1 e G3 produziram uma cria, enquanto 50% do G2 produziram duas crias. O progestágeno do implante foi eficaz em mimetizar a fase lútea do ciclo estral. Após a remoção, o tratamento hormonal favoreceu a ocorrência de cio fértil. Outros estudos devem ser realizados a fim de estabelecer uma possível associação entre 50 UI de eCG e a ocorrência de gestações gemelares.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Chorionic Gonadotropin/analysis , Cuniculidae/physiology , Estrus , Estrus Synchronization , Litter Size/drug effects , Progestins/administration & dosage , Reproductive Physiological Phenomena , Rodentia/physiology
9.
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-875328

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to evaluate the incidence of repeat breeder (RB) in crossbred dairy cows submitted to a timed artificial insemination (TAI) and estrous synchronization protocols. Data from 371 heifers and 997 lactating crossbred dairy cows were analyzed. Cows with more than 30 DPP with good uterine condition, no lameness or clinical mastitis, and body condition score ≥ 2.5 were used. The cows were divided between two groups, as: group 1: TAI ­ those cows with no CL at ultrasound exam that were enrolled in a TAI protocol and group 2: estrous synchronization ­ all those cows that had CL. The incidences of RB and factors relative to it were analyzed by logistic regression in SAS. The incidence of RB condition was higher in lactating cows than nonlactating heifers (P < 0.001). There was a tendency of RB condition to higher in cows that calved during spring/summer than those calved at autumn/winter season. The parturition condition had no effect on RB incidence (P > 0.001); however, lactation degree influenced the incidence of RB (P < 0.001). Repeat breeder condition was greater in lactating crossbred dairy cows than in heifers. Moreover, the presence of RB cows was higher in those from second parity group when compared to those from first, third and four parity groups; on the other hand, parturition condition did not influence the appearance of RB cows in the herd.(AU)


O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a incidência vacas repetidoras (VR) leiteiras mestiças submetidas à inseminação artificial em tempo fixo (IATF) e protocolos de sincronização de estro. Dados de 371 novilhas e 997 vacas leiteiras mestiças foram analisados. Vacas com mais de 30 dias pós-parto, boa condição uterina, sem mastite clínica e com escore corporal ≥ 2,5 foram utilizadas. As vacas foram divididas em dois grupos, sendo: grupo 1: IATF ­ vacas sem corpo lúteo no exame ultrassonográfico e que foram submetidas ao protocolo de IATF, e grupo 2: sincronização de cio ­ aquelas vacas com corpo lúteo presente. A incidência de VR e seus fatores foram analisados por regressão logística pelo SAS. A incidência de VR foi maior em vacas em lactação em relação às fêmeas não-lactantes (P < 0,001). Ainda, uma tendência de um maior número de VR foi observada naquelas que pariram na primavera/verão quando comparadas às paridas no outono/inverno. O tipo de parto (normal vs. não normal) não influenciou na incidência de VR (P > 0,001), no entanto, foi detectado efeito do número de partos (P > 0.01). Dessa forma, nas categorias animais avaliadas, a incidência de VR foi maior em vacas leiteiras mestiças do que em novilhas. Uma tendência de VR foi observada naquelas que pariram na primavera/verão quando comparadas aquelas que pariram no outono/inverno, ainda a incidência de VR foi maior naquelas de segunda parição quando comparadas as de primeira, terceira ou quarta, ao passo que o tipo de parto (normal vs. não normal) não influenciou sobre a incidência de VR.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Cattle , Estrus Synchronization , Fertility , Insemination, Artificial/veterinary , Parity , Seasons , Reproduction
10.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : 367-371, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-66448

ABSTRACT

This study was conducted to evaluate the influence of category (heifers, primiparous or multiparous cows) on pregnancy rates in a large scale resynchronization ovulation program. Nelore heifers (n = 903), primiparous lactating cows (n = 338) and multiparous lactating cows (n = 1,223) were synchronized using a conventional protocol of estradiol/P4-based fixed-time artificial insemination (FTAI). Thirty days after ultrasonography, females who failed the first FTAI were resynchronized with the same hormonal protocol prior to a second FTAI. The pregnancy status of each cohort was evaluated by ultrasonography 30 days after each FTAI. The average conception rate after the first FTAI and resynchronization was 80.5%. Heifers had a higher conception rate (85%) than primiparous (76%) or multiparous cows (78%; p = 0.0001). The conception rate after the first FTAI was similar among heifers (57%), primiparous cows (51%) and multiparous cows (56%; p = 0.193). After the second FTAI, heifers exhibited a higher conception rate (66%) than primiparous or multiparous cows (51%; p = 0.0001). These results demonstrate the feasibility of resynchronization in large beef herds for providing consistent pregnancy rates in a short period of time. We also demonstrated that ovulation resynchronization 30 days after FTAI is particularly effective for heifers, providing a conception rate of up to 66%.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Female , Pregnancy , Brazil , Estradiol/pharmacology , Estrus Synchronization , Fertilization/drug effects , Insemination, Artificial/veterinary , Lactation , Parity , Pregnancy Rate , Progesterone/pharmacology
11.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : 121-126, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-74486

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to investigate factors that influence the success of resynchronization protocols for bovines with and without progesterone supplementation. Cow synchronized and not found pregnant were randomly assigned to two resynchronization protocols: ovsynch without progesterone (P4) supplementation (n = 66) or with exogenous P4 administered from Days 0 to 7 (n = 67). Progesterone levels were measured on Days 0 and 7 of these protocols as well as 4 and 5 days post-insemination. Progesterone supplementation raised the P4 levels on Day 7 (p 3.5 had increased P/AI values while cows with BCS < 2.75 had decreased P/AI rates after P4 supplementation. Primiparous cows had higher P4 values on Day 7 than pluriparous animals (p = 0.04) and tended to have higher RRs (p = 0.06). Results of this study indicate that progesterone supplementation in resynchronization protocols has minimal effects on outcomes. Parity had an effect on the levels of circulating progesterone at initiation of the protocol, which in turn influenced the RR.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Cattle/physiology , Dinoprost/administration & dosage , Estrus Synchronization/drug effects , Fertility Agents/administration & dosage , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone/administration & dosage , Insemination, Artificial/veterinary , Ovulation/drug effects , Progesterone/administration & dosage , Tromethamine/administration & dosage
12.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 66(2): 329-338, Jan.-Apr. 2014. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-709267

ABSTRACT

O objetivo do estudo foi analisar o efeito do flushing, do protocolo hormonal para sincronização de estro e da IATF sobre o desempenho reprodutivo de ovelhas Morada Nova (MN) e Santa Inês (SI). Foram utilizadas 27 ovelhas SI e 24 ovelhas MN suplementadas com concentrado (1% do peso vivo, em média) durante 75 dias de estação reprodutiva. Após 30 dias de suplementação, as ovelhas foram sincronizadas com protocolo hormonal (PH) à base de progestágeno, eCG e cloprostenol. A observação de estro foi realizada após 12, 24, 36 e 48 horas do término do PH, com o auxílio de dois rufiões, e a IATF foi realizada aproximadamente 55 horas após o final do PH. Do 20º ao 45º dia após o início do PH, realizou-se o repasse com um reproduto Dorper. O diagnóstico de prenhez foi realizado 70 dias após a IATF. Foi analisado o peso, escore da condição corporal (ECC), taxa de apresentação de estro, taxa de prenhez e prolificidade, testando-se os efeitos da raça, semana de suplementação (SS) e classe de ECC. O peso e ECC das ovelhas variaram em função da SS. Foi observada taxa de estro de 88,2%, sendo que 43,2% das ovelhas apresentaram estro até 24 horas do final do PH. A taxa de prenhez por IATF foi de 31,4% e a de prenhez após repasse foi de 50,0%, sendo que a classe de ECC interferiu nas taxas de prenhez. Obteve-se maior porcentagem de partos múltiplos de ovelhas prenhes por IATF do que por monta natural no repasse. Conclui-se que o flushing resultou em ganho de peso e aumento do ECC, o que garantiu a padronização do rebanho para a estação reprodutiva e, consequentemente, melhorou o desempenho reprodutivo. O PH utilizado aumentou a prolificidade e adiantou o início do estro; porém, não foi eficiente na sincronização de ovelhas deslanadas...


The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of flushing on the reproductive performance of Morada Nova (MN) and Santa Inês (SI) ewes submitted to fixed time artificial insemination (TAI). Twenty seven SI and 24 MN supplemented with concentrate (1% of live weight, on average), for 75 days during the breeding season. After 30 days of supplementation, ewes were synchronized with the aid of a hormonal protocol (HP) based on progesterone, eCG and cloprostenol. The estrus observation was conducted at 12, 24, 36 and 48 h after the end of HP with the aid of two ruffians. TAI was done 55 h after the end of HP. From 20 to 45 days after the beginning of the HP ewes were exposed to rams (natural breeding). The pregnancy diagnosis was evaluated 70 days after TAI. We analyzed the weight, body condition score, estrus rate, pregnancy rate and prolificacy testing the effects of race, week of supplementation and body condition score class. The weight and body conditions of ewes varied according to the week of supplementation, with higher values in the first two weeks following TAI. The estrus rate was 88.2% and 43.2% of the ewes showed estrus up to 24 hours of the end of the HP. The pregnancy rate per TAI was 31.3% and the pregnancy rate after natural breeding was 50.0%. It was observed that body condition score classes interfered in pregnancy rates. There was a higher percentage of multiple births by pregnancy by TAI than by natural breeding. It was concluded that the flushing resulted in weight gain and better body conditions ensuring the standardization of the herd for breeding season, which therefore improved reproductive performance. The HP used advanced the onset of estrus and increased prolificacy, but was inefficient in the synchronization of woolless sheep...


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Animal Feed , Fertility , Food, Fortified , Sheep/growth & development , Sheep/physiology , Estrus Synchronization/physiology , Reproduction , Weight Gain
13.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : 427-432, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-194854

ABSTRACT

The reliability of a Korean black goat (Capra hircus coreanae) to detect estrus in Himalayan tahrs (Hemitragus jemlahicus) for an artificial breeding program was investigated. Estrus in six female Himalayan tahrs was synchronized using fluorogestone acetate (FGA) sponges. Thirteen days later, 200 IU of PMSG and 100 IU of hCG were injected before removing the sponges and simultaneously injecting 5 mg of PGF2alpha the next day. Penetration of the cervical canal and the thickness and location of red crayon marks were examined 40~43 h later. Two females treated with sponges containing 60 or 45 mg of FGA had estrogen levels of 8.7 and 11.1 pg/mL, respectively. No red marks were found on the backs of these two tahrs. The remaining females had higher levels of estradiol, and the red crayon marks were clearly shown. The cervical folds of these tahrs were readily penetrated and the insemination gun was smoothly inserted into the uterine body. In conclusion, a Korean domestic goat with its chest crayon-harnessed was successfully used to detect estrus of Himalayan tahrs. This technique might be utilized as a part of breeding programs for wild goats and avoid the need for a vasectomy of conspecific males.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Breeding/methods , Estradiol/blood , Estrus/physiology , Estrus Detection/methods , Estrus Synchronization/methods , Goats/physiology , Progesterone/blood
14.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : 433-437, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-194853

ABSTRACT

Synchronization of estrus and ovulation are of paramount importance in modern livestock improvement programs. These methods are critical for assisted reproduction technologies, including artificial insemination and embryo transfer, that can increase productivity. In the current study, subcutaneous implants containing norgestomet were placed for long (14 days), medium (9 days), and short (5 days) periods of time in 70 crossbred ewes undergoing fixed-time artificial insemination. The resulting effects on estrus synchronization and conception rates were subsequently evaluated. Among the synchronized ewes, 85.7% (60/70) underwent estrus over a period of 72 h after progestagen treatment ceased. The shortest mean interval between withdrawal of the device and onset of estrus (34.2 +/- 8.9 h) was observed in the G14 days of P4 group (p < 0.05). The conception rate of the G14 days of P4 group was statistically higher than that of the other groups (83.3% vs. 60.9% vs. 47.8%; p < 0.05). In conclusion, 14 days of norgestomet treatment produced higher conception rates and a greater number of pregnancies at the beginning of the breeding season.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Drug Implants/therapeutic use , Estrus Synchronization/drug effects , Fertilization/drug effects , Insemination, Artificial/methods , Pregnenediones/administration & dosage , Sheep
15.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 65(6): 1585-1592, Dec. 2013. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-696835

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of two doses of PGF associated or not to hCG on the associated reproductive parameters in dairy goats. A total of 29 goats received two doses of 30µg d-cloprostenol latero-vulvar at a 10 day intervals (Day 1 and Day 10). The does were allocated according to body weight and body condition score into two treatments, to receive hCG (250IU) or saline at estrus onset. After the second dose of PGF, estrus was monitored and ultrasound exams were performed twice daily. All does were inseminated 16h after estrus onset. Blood collection was performed every day for progesterone assay. The use of hCG at estrus onset did not affect any studied parameter and therefore the data were pooled. Estrous response rate was similar (P>0.05) after the first (75.9%, 22/29) and the second dose of PGF (79.3%, 23/29). The interval between the administration of PGF and estrus onset was greater (P<0.05) after Day 1 (75.8±53.9h) than Day 10 (47.7±10.1 h). Estrus duration was superior (P < 0.05) after Day 1 (35.4±15.9h) to Day 10 (26.8±15.0h). Ovulation rate was 79.3% (23/29) after the second dose of PGF. No differences (P>0.05) between both experimental groups were detected in the following parameters, averaging: the interval from the second dose administration to the ovulation (86.6±11.4h), interval from estrus to ovulation (39.9±12.3 h), diameter of largest follicle (7.2±1.4) and number of ovulations (1.8±0.6). At Day 1, 52.4% (11/21) of does presented progesterone concentrations <1ng/mL. At Day 10, 100% of the animals presented concentrations >1ng/mL. The results of the present study indicate that estrus can be efficiently synchronized in dairy goats with the use of two doses of PGF at a 10 day interval. Further research should be done evaluating hCG use in different doses or moments of administration.


O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a eficiência do uso de duas doses de PGF associadas ou não à administração de hCG no início do estro sobre os parâmetros reprodutivos de cabras leiteiras. Um total de 29 cabras receberam duas doses de 30 µg d-cloprostenol pela via latero-vulvar com 10 dias de intervalo (Dia 1 e Dia 10). As cabras foram alocadas para receberem o hCG (250 IU) ou salina i.m. no momento em que o estro foi detectado. Depois da realização da segunda dose de PGF, o estro foi monitorado e exames ultrassonográficos foram realizados duas vezes ao dia. Todas as fêmeas foram inseminadas 16 h após o inicio do estro. Amostras de sangue foram coletadas diariamente para determinação das concentrações plasmáticas de progesterona. O uso do hCG no momento do início do estro não afetou os parâmetros estudados e, portanto, os dados serão apresentados agrupados. A taxa de manifestação de estro foi similar (P > 0,05) na primeira (75,9% - 22/29) ou na segunda dose de PGF (79,3% - 23/29). O intervalo entre a administração de PGF e o início do estro foi maior (P < 0,05) no Dia 1 (75,8±53,9 h) que no Dia 10 (47,7±10,1 h). Duração do estro também diferiu (P < 0,05) 35,4±15,9 (Dia 1) vs 26,8±15, 0 h (Dia 10). A taxa de ovulação foi 79,3% (23/29) após a segunda dose PGF. Não foi encontrada diferença (P>0,05) entre os grupos experimentais quanto aos parâmetros reprodutivos: intervalo entre a aplicação da segunda dose e a ovulação (86,6±11,4h), intervalo do estro a ocorrência da ovulação (39,9±12,3h), diâmetro do maior folículo (7,2±1,4) e número de ovulações (1,8±0,6). No Dia 1, 52,4% (11/21) apresentavam concentrações de progesterona < 1 ng/mL. No Dia 10, 100% dos animais apresentavam concentrações >1ng/mL. O presente estudo permite concluir que o estro pode ser eficientemente sincronizado em cabras leiteiras com duas doses de PGF intervaladas em 10 dias. Novas pesquisas devem se realizadas para avaliar diferentes doses e momentos de utilização do hCG.


Subject(s)
Animals , Insemination, Artificial , Ovulation/physiology , Sexual Behavior, Animal , Estrus Synchronization/physiology , Goats
16.
Rev. MVZ Córdoba ; 18(supl.1): 3612-3617, dic. 2013. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: lil-701787

ABSTRACT

Objective. Was to evaluate the effect of GnRH and D-Chloprostenol application on pregnancy and prolificacy rates on Pelibuey ewes. Materials and methods. Forty five ewes were randomly allocated to one of three treatments: T1(n=15), day 0: sponges with 65 mg medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) + 200 IU equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG) and sponge removal (day 12) + breeding by natural mating (days 12-15); T2 (n=15), day 0: 50 µg gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) + 7.5 mg D-Chloprostenol (day 5) + 50 µg GnRH (day 7) + insemination at fixed time (AIFT) 12 to 14 h after last injection of GnRH; T3 (n=15), 100 µg GnRH (day 0) + 7.5 mg D-Chloprostenol (day 5) + 100 µg GnRH (day 7) + AIFT 12 to 14 h after last injection of GnRH. Results. The average concentration of progesterone (P4) in blood was 1.22 ± 0.74 ng/mL, which was used to verify ovarian activity at the beginning of the treatments. 100% of the T1 ewes presented estrus, beginning at 38.4±9.56 h after sponge removal. There were differences (p<0.05) for pregnancy rates, of 60, 33.33 and 46.66% respectively, among the treatments. Prolificacy was no different (p>0.05) among the treatments where the values were 1.2, 1.4 and 1.4 lambs/ewe for T1, T2 and T3, Conclusions. The results of this study show that the use of GnRH and D-Chloprostenol did improve pregnancy rates but did not improve prolificacy in tropical ewes.


Objetivo. Fue evaluar el efecto de la aplicación de GnRH y D-Cloprostenol en la tasa de gestación y prolificidad en ovejas Pelibuey. Materiales y métodos. Cuarenta y cinco ovejas fueron asignadas aleatoriamente a uno de tres tratamientos: T1(n=15), día 0: esponjas con 65 mg de acetato de medroxiprogesterona (MPA) + 200 UI de gonadotropina coriónica equina (eCG) al retirar las esponjas (día 12), servidas con monta natural (día 12-15); T2 (n=15), día 0: 50 µg de hormona liberadora de gonadotropinas (GnRH) + 7.5 mg de D-Cloprostenol (día 5) + 50 µg de GnRH (día 7) + inseminación a tiempo fijo (IATF) 12 a 14 h después de la segunda inyección de GnRH; T3 (n=15), 100 µg de GnRH (día 0) + 7.5 mg de D-Cloprostenol (día 5) + 100 µg de GnRH (día 7)+IATF 12 a 14 h después de la segunda inyección de GnRH. Resultados. La concentración promedio de progesterona (P4) en sangre fue 1.22 ± 0.74 ng/mL, que demostró actividad ovárica. El 100% de las ovejas de T1 presentaron estro, iniciando a las 38.4 ± 9.56 h del retiro de esponjas. El porcentaje de gestación fue diferente (p<0.05) entre T1, T2 y T3, siendo 60, 33.33 y 46.66%, respectivamente. La prolificidad no presentó diferencias (p>0.05) para T1, T2 y T3, siendo 1.2, 1.4 y 1.4 corderos/oveja parida, respectivamente. Conclusiones. Los resultados de este estudio indican que bajo condiciones tropicales el uso de GnRH y D-Cloprostenol, mejoró el porcentaje de gestación pero no la prolificidad.


Subject(s)
Estrus Synchronization , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone , Pregnancy
17.
Braz. j. vet. res. anim. sci ; 50(4): 307-315, 2013. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-707830

ABSTRACT

Estrus stimulation by exogenous gonadotropins (EG) in association with dietary flushing is an important tool for theimprovement of gilt reproductive performance. However, there is evidence associating both flushing and EG with a disturbance in the endocrine balance that could lead to increased ovarian cysts. The aim of this study was to evalu- ate whether flushing or EG might affect the ovulation rate and the incidence of ovarian cysts. Seventy-one gilts were randomly distributed into 2x2 factorial design with four treatments: flushing and hormone (wFwH); no flushing and hormone (nFwH); flushing without hormone (wFnH); and neither flushing nor hormone (nFnH). Gilts were slaughtered for macroscopic and histopathological ovary examination approximately five days after AI. The characterization of these cysts was performed by optical microscopy in the following: follicular cysts (FC), luteinizedcysts (LC) or cystic corpora lutea (CCL). The number of ovulations did not differ between treatments. There was no interaction between the factors in any analyzed variable. The frequency of gilts with CCL and LC was not affected by flushing and EG. No difference was found in the incidence of FC, with 12.5% and 5.88% in gilts from wFwH and nFwH treatments, respectively. There were no differences in the proportion of CCL between FC and LC (9.85 vs. 4.22 and 4.22%, respectively). In conclusion, the use of exogenous gonadotropins for second estrus synchronization in gilts, either alone or in association with dietary flushing, does not increase the incidence of ovarian cysts, nor does it decrease the ovulation rate.


A estimulação do estro por gonadotrofinas exógenas (GE) associada ao flushing alimentar é uma ferramenta importante na melhoria do desempenho reprodutivo de marrãs. Contudo, há evidência da associação do flushing com GE levando ao desequilíbrio no sistema endócrino que poderia levar ao aumento de cistos ovarianos. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar se o flushing ou GE pode afetar a taxa de ovulação e a incidência de cistos ovarianos. Setenta e uma marrãs foramdistribuídas aleatoriamente em arranjo fatorial 2x2 com quatro tratamentos: flushing e hormônio (cFcH); sem flushing e com hormônio (sFcH); com flushing e sem hormônio (cFsH) e sem flushing e hormônio (sFsH). Marrãs foram abatidas para exame macroscópico e histopatológico dos ovários, aproximadamente cinco dias após IA. A caracterização desses cistos foi realizada por microscopia óptica: cistos foliculares (CF), cistos luteinizados (CL) ou corpos lúteos císticos(CCL). O número de ovulações não diferiu entre os tratamentos. Não houve interação entre os fatores em qualquer variável analisada. A frequência de leitoas com CCL e CL não foi afetada pelo flushing e GE. Não houve diferença na incidência de CF, com 12,5% e 5,88 % em leitoas dos tratamentos cFcH e sFcH, respectivamente. Não foram obtidas diferenças na proporção de CCL entre CF e CL (9,85 vs. 4,22 e 4,22%, respectivamente). Em conclusão, a utilização de gonadotrofinas exógenas para sincronização do segundo estro de marrãs, isoladamente ou em associação com o flushing, não aumenta a incidência de cistos ovarianos e não diminui a taxa de ovulação.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cysts , Ovary/anatomy & histology , Estrus Synchronization/physiology , Swine/classification
18.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : 161-166, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-104703

ABSTRACT

To compare an injectable progesterone (MAD-4) with an intravaginal device (IPD), and natural O17 with synthetic oestradiol (OB) in a synchronisation protocol, 51 cows were divided into four groups. Each group was treated with one of the two sources of progesterone and one of the two oestradiol formulations. Oestrus behaviour, follicle diameter, and pregnancy rates were evaluated. Oestrus behaviour (p = 0.902), numbers of cows in oestrus (p = 0.917), follicle diameter (p = 0.416), and pregnancy rates (p = 0.873) were similar among the four groups. More cows in the group treated with the IPD and OB scored > 200 oestrus behaviour points compared to the other groups (p = 0.038). A longer interval between the end of treatment and oestrus was observed among cows treated with MAD-4 than cows given the IPD (p = 0.030), but no differences were found between animals receiving the two oestradiol formulations (OB and O17). While the use of MAD-4 requires further testing, similar responses to natural oestradiol observed in the present study could allow the use of this formulation in reproductive protocols because it is not associated with the potential human health risks of OB.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Female , Pregnancy , Administration, Intravaginal , Estradiol/administration & dosage , Estrus/drug effects , Estrus Synchronization/methods , Injections, Subcutaneous/veterinary , Ovarian Follicle/drug effects , Postpartum Period/drug effects , Pregnancy Rate , Progesterone/administration & dosage , Reproduction/drug effects
19.
Ces med. vet. zootec ; 7(1): 63-71, ene.-jun. 2012. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-657184

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the effectiveness of progesterone ear devices new and second use, rates were determinedestrus and pregnancy rates in cycling and anestrous animals by breastfeeding. We used 69 dual-purposecows (Bos taurus by Bos indicus) with calf at foot and 60 to 80 days postpartum, a livestock farm, located inthe municipality of Cimitarra, Santander. The animals were implanted for 9 days with 3 mg of norgestomet(Crestar ® MSD), and were divided randomly into two groups, Group 1 (n=35) cows with new devices,Group 2 (n=34) cows with implants headset reused, and artificial insemination was performed at fixed timeat 56 hours after removal of the devices. The data obtained were tested in a simple ANOVA (ANOVA) with areliability of 95%. For the variable estrus no differences (p>0.05) between group 1 and 2 (66.4% and 53.4%),respectively. The variables pregnancy and ovarian structures (Dominant follicles and corpus luteum), uponsynchronization, yielded significant differences (p<0.05) between groups 1 devices new group (53.9,%) vs group2 devices reused (38,3%), ovarian structures and between group 1 devices new (56,6%) vs. group 2 devicesreused (33.2%) respectively, with ovaries without structures. We conclude that progesterone ear devices new andreused, generate similar rates of estrus. Also, pregnancy rates are higher in cows cycling versus anestrus cows.


Para evaluar la eficacia de los dispositivos auriculares de progesterona nuevos y de segundo uso, se determinaron las tasas de presentación de estros y porcentaje de preñez en animales ciclando y en anestro por amamantamiento. Se usaron 69 vacas doble propósito (Bos taurus por Bos indicus) con cría al pie y con 60 a 80 días postparto, de una explotación ganadera, ubicada en el municipio de Cimitarra, Santander. Losanimales fueron implantados durante 9 días, con 3 mg de Norgestomet ( Crestar ® MSD), y se dividieron en dosgrupos al azar, Grupo 1 (n= 35) vacas con dispositivos nuevos; Grupo 2 (n= 34) vacas con implantes auricularesreutilizados, y se realizó la inseminación artificial a tiempo fijo a las 56 horas posteriores al retiro de losdispositivos. Los datos obtenidos, fueron sometidos a prueba de Análisis de Varianza simple (ANOVA) con unaconfiabilidad del 95%. Para la variable presentación de estros no se encontraron diferencias (p>0,05), entre el grupo 1 y 2(66,4% y 53,4%), respectivamente. Las variables preñez y estructuras ováricas (Cuerpos Lúteos y folículosDominantes), al momento de la sincronización, arrojaron diferencias significativas (p<0,05) entre los grupos grupo 1 dispositivo nuevos (53.9%) vs grupo 2 dispositivo usados (38,3%), con estructuras ovaricas y entre el grupo 1 dispositivo nuevo (56,6%) vs Grupo 2 dispositivo usados (33,2%) respectivamente, con ovarios sin estructuras.Se concluye que los dispositivos auriculares de progesterona nuevos y de segundo uso, generan similares tasas de presentación de estros. Así mismo, los porcentajes de preñez son mayores en vacas ciclando frente a vacas en anestro.


Para avaliar a eficácia dos dispositivos auriculares de progesterona novos e de segundo uso, foramdeterminadas as taxas de apresentação de estros e porcentagem de gravidez em animais ciclando e em anestropor amamentação. Foram usadas 69 vacas duplo propósito (Bos taurus por Bos indicus) com cria ao pé e com60 a 80 dias postparto, de uma exploração de gados, localizada no município de Cimitarra, Santander. Osanimais foram implantados durante 9 dias, com 3 mg de Norgestomet ( Crestar ® MSD), e se dividiram emdois grupos na sorte, Grupo 1 (n= 35) vacas com dispositivos novos; Grupo 2 (n= 34) vacas com implantesauriculares reutilizados, e foi realizada a inseminação artificial há um tempo fixo às 56 horas posteriores ao retirodos dispositivos. Os dados obtidos foram submetidos à prova de Análise de Variação simples (ANOVA) com umaconfiabilidade de 95%. Para a variável apresentação de estros não foram encontradas diferenças (p>0,05), entreo grupo 1 e 2 (66,4% e 53,4%), respectivamente. As variáveis gravidez e estruturas ováricas (Corpos Lúteos efolículos Dominantes), ao momento da sincronização, jogaram diferenças significativas (p<0,05) entre os gruposgrupo 1 dispositivo novos (53.9%) vs grupo 2 dispositivo usados (38,3%), com estruturas ovaricas e entre o grupo1 dispositivo novo (56,6%) vs Grupo 2 dispositivo usados (33,2%) respectivamente, com ovários sem estruturas.Conclui-se então que os dispositivos auriculares de progesterona novos e de segundo uso geram similares taxas deapresentação de estros. Assim, as porcentagens de gravidez são maiores em vacas ciclando frente a vacas em anestro.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cattle , Estrous Cycle , Estrus Detection/instrumentation , Pregnancy, Animal , Progesterone/administration & dosage , Progesterone/analogs & derivatives , Reproduction , Estrus Synchronization , Reproductive Physiological Phenomena , Reproduction
20.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 43(2): 594-601, Apr.-June 2012. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-644475

ABSTRACT

This paper aimed to determine the excretion period of B19 vaccine strain during a complete reproductive cycle (from estrus synchronization, artificial insemination, pregnancy and until 30 days after parturition) of dairy cows from 3 to 9 years old that were previously vaccinated from 3 to 8 months. Three groups were monitored with monthly milk and urine collection during 12 months: G1 with seven cows from 3 to 4 years old; G2 with three cows from 5 to 6 years old; and G3 with four cows from 7 to 9 years old. Urine and milk samples were submitted to bacteriological culture and urine and PCR reactions for detection of Brucella spp. and PCR-multiplex for B19 strain identification. Ring test (RT) was also performed in the milk samples, and serum samples were tested by buffered acidified plate antigen test (BAPA). All animals were serologically negative at BAPA and Brucella spp. was not isolated from both urine and milk samples. RT revealed 13/210 (6.2%) positive milk samples. PCR reactions detected DNA of Brucella spp. in 86/420 (20.5%) samples. In urine it was found a significantly higher frequency (35.2%; 74/210) than in milk (5.7%; 12/210), more frequently from the estrus to 150 days of pregnancy and after parturition (6.7%; 10/150), and from 150 days of pregnancy to parturition (3.4%; 2/60), and they were all identified as B19 strain. In three groups, intermittent excretion of B19 strain was detected mainly in urine samples, which confirmed its multiplication and persistence in cows for until 9 years.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Brucellosis, Bovine/genetics , In Vitro Techniques , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Estrus Synchronization/methods , Brucella Vaccine/genetics , Food Samples , Methods , Serologic Tests
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