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1.
Brasília; s.n; 17 jul. 2020.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | LILACS, BRISA, PIE | ID: biblio-1117678

ABSTRACT

O Informe Diário de Evidências é uma produção do Ministério da Saúde que tem como objetivo acompanhar diariamente as publicações científicas sobre tratamento farmacológico e vacinas para a COVID-19. Dessa forma, são realizadas buscas estruturadas em bases de dados biomédicas, referentes ao dia anterior desse informe. Não são incluídos estudos pré-clínicos (in vitro, in vivo, in silico). A frequência dos estudos é demonstrada de acordo com a sua classificação metodológica (revisões sistemáticas, ensaios clínicos randomizados, coortes, entre outros). Para cada estudo é apresentado um resumo com avaliação da qualidade metodológica. Essa avaliação tem por finalidade identificar o grau de certeza/confiança ou o risco de viés de cada estudo. Para tal, são utilizadas ferramentas já validadas e consagradas na literatura científica, na área de saúde baseada em evidências. Cabe ressaltar que o documento tem caráter informativo e não representa uma recomendação oficial do Ministério da Saúde sobre a temática. Foram encontrados 14 artigos e 13 protocolos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Ribavirin/therapeutic use , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Dexamethasone/therapeutic use , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Vancomycin/therapeutic use , Ganciclovir/therapeutic use , Cohort Studies , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , Ritonavir/therapeutic use , Oseltamivir/therapeutic use , Adrenergic beta-1 Receptor Antagonists/therapeutic use , Lopinavir/therapeutic use , Linezolid/therapeutic use , Darunavir/therapeutic use , Cobicistat/therapeutic use , Interferon beta-1a/therapeutic use , Adalimumab/therapeutic use , Abatacept/therapeutic use , Etanercept/therapeutic use , Cefepime/therapeutic use , Meropenem/therapeutic use , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use
2.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e20200016, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101450

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Sepsis is an important cause of mortality and morbidity, and inflammatory response and oxidative stress play major roles underlying its pathophysiology. Here, we evaluated the effect of intraperitoneal etanercept administration on oxidative stress and inflammation indicators in the kidney and blood of experimental sepsis-induced rats. METHODS: Twenty-eight adult Sprague Dawley rats were classified into Control (Group 1), Sepsis (Group 2), Sepsis+Cefazolin (Group 3), and Sepsis+Cefazolin+Etanercept (Group 4) groups. Kidney tissue and serum samples were obtained for biochemical and histopathological investigations and examined for the C reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells (TREM), and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels. RESULTS: The levels of TNF-α, TREM, and MDA in serum and kidney samples were significantly higher in rats from sepsis group than in rats from control group (p < 0.05). Group 3 showed a significant reduction in serum levels of TNF-α, CRP, and TREM as compared with Group 2 (p < 0.05). Serum TNF-α, CRP, TREM, and MDA levels and kidney TNF-α and TREM levels were significantly lower in Group 4 than in Group 2 (p < 0.05). Serum TNF-α and TREM levels in Group 4 were significantly lower than those in Group 3, and histopathological scores were significantly lower in Group 3 and Group 4 than in Group 2 (p < 0.05). Histopathological scores of Group 4 were significantly lower than those of Group 3 (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Etanercept, a TNF-α inhibitor, may ameliorate sepsis-induced oxidative stress, inflammation, and histopathological damage.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/administration & dosage , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood , Sepsis/pathology , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Etanercept/administration & dosage , Inflammation/prevention & control , Kidney/drug effects , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/pharmacology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sepsis/blood , Disease Models, Animal , Etanercept/pharmacology , Inflammation/pathology , Injections, Intraperitoneal
3.
Infectio ; 23(4): 371-375, Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1040008

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Latent tuberculosis infection (LTI) in patients receiving biological therapies is a reality, but this has not been studied in depth in Colombia. Objective: To determine the prevalence of LTI in patients with autoimmune diseases receiving treatment with Infliximab / Etanercept in a referral health center in Cali, Colombia, between the years 2011-2017. Methodology: A retrospective observational study was conducted. We reviewed the 'Registry of patients exposed to tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) antagonist drugs in Fundación Valle del Lili'. Patients diagnosed with a chronic inflammatory disease were included who received treatment with Infliximab, Etanercept, or both and followed at least two years. Design: Retrospective observational study. We reviewed the 'Registry of patients exposed to tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) antagonist drugs in Fundación Valle del Lili'. Patients diagnosed with a chronic inflammatory disease were included who received treatment with Infliximab, Etanercept or both and followed at least a period of 2 years. Results: We included 82 patients; the median age was 47.5 years (IQR=28-60 years), 76% were female, 2% had intimate contact with tuberculosis, 15% were older than 65 years. The 56% had a diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis as an indication of therapy, and 2% presented infection by hepatitis C virus. The median PPD was 12 mm (IQR=10-17 mm). The prevalence was 3.8% for LTI. Conclusion: The conversion to LTI shows an important prevalence, so it is convenient to perform a routine follow-up of patients receiving therapies with Infliximab and Etanercept.


Resumen Introducción: La infección latente por tuberculosis (ILTB) en pacientes que reciben terapias biológicas es una realidad, pero esto no ha sido estudiado a profundidad en Colombia. Objectivo: Determinar la prevalencia de ILTB en pacientes con enfermedades autoinmunes que reciben tratamiento con Infliximab/Etanercept en una institución de salud de referencia de Cali, Colombia, entre los años 2011-2017. Metodología: Se realizó un estudio observacional retrospectivo. Se revisó el 'Registro de pacientes expuestos a fármacos antagonistas del factor de necrosis tumoral alfa (anti TNF-α) en la Fundación Valle del Lili entre los años 2011 y 2017'. Se incluyeron pacientes con diagnóstico de una enfermedad inflamatoria crónica quienes recibieron tratamiento con Infliximab, Etanercept o ambos y con seguimiento al menos un periodo de 2 años. Resultados: Se incluyeron 82 pacientes; la mediana de edad fue 47,5 años RIC (28-60 años), el 76% fue de sexo femenino, el 2% tuvo contacto íntimo con TB, el 15% era mayor de 65 años. El 56% tenía diagnóstico de artritis reumatoide como indicación de terapia y el 2% presentaba infección por HCV. La mediana de PPD fue 12 mm RIC (10-17 mm). La prevalencia fue del 3,8% para ILTB. Conclusiones: La conversión a ILTB muestra una prevalencia importante, por lo que resulta conveniente la realización de un seguimiento rutinario a los pacientes que reciben terapias con Infliximab y Etanercept.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Latent Tuberculosis , Infliximab , Etanercept , Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Autoimmune Diseases , Biological Therapy , Colombia , Observational Study
4.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(4): 493-508, Apr. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003057

ABSTRACT

The Guidelines Project, an initiative of the Brazilian Medical Association, aims to combine information from the medical field in order to standardize producers to assist the reasoning and decision-making of doctors. The information provided through this project must be assessed and criticized by the physician responsible for the conduct that will be adopted, depending on the conditions and the clinical status of each patient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Psoriasis/drug therapy , Etanercept/administration & dosage , Immunologic Factors/administration & dosage , Antibodies, Monoclonal/administration & dosage , Psoriasis/pathology , Time Factors , Severity of Illness Index , Brazil , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Etanercept/adverse effects , Clinical Decision-Making , Immunologic Factors/adverse effects , Antibodies, Monoclonal/adverse effects
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766181

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to investigate the long term safety and efficacy of etanercept in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). METHODS: The study subjects were the 90 JIA patients treated with etanercept in the Department of Pediatrics, Hallym University Medical Center between January 2004 and December 2017. We retrospectively reviewed their medical records for age at diagnosis, duration of etanercept treatment, number of active joints, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), and adverse events during treatment. RESULTS: Among the 90 patients, 38 (42.0%) were male and 52 (58.0%) were female; 15 (16.7%) had systemic onset, 41 (45.6%) had extended oligoarticular, 14 (15.6%) had rheumatoid factor-positive polyarticular, 18 (20.0%) had rheumatoid factor-negative polyarticular, and 2 (2.1%) had enthesitis-related arthritis. The median age at the start of etanercept treatment was 9 years (range, 3~18 years), and the median duration of etanercept treatment was 6 years (range, 0.5~13 years). The median number of active joints decreased from 9 to 0 after 6 months of etanercept treatment. The median CRP and ESR were within normal range after 3 months of treatment. Six patients experienced recurrence, 9 switched to other medications and 3 discontinued etanercept. Of the 14 reported adverse events, 1 was serious, and there were no tuberculosis infections or malignancies. CONCLUSION: Long-term treatment with etanercept is efficacious and safe for children with JIA. However, those with the systemic onset subtype appear to have low drug survival rate compared to those with other types of JIA.


Subject(s)
Academic Medical Centers , Arthritis , Arthritis, Juvenile , Blood Sedimentation , C-Reactive Protein , Child , Diagnosis , Etanercept , Female , Humans , Joints , Male , Medical Records , Pediatrics , Recurrence , Reference Values , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate , Tuberculosis
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765108

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) inhibitors (TNFis), which are the main treatment for ankylosing spondylitis (AS), have been reported not only to reduce the incidence of anterior uveitis (AU) but also to induce it, and these effects differ among the various types of TNFis in clinical use. The present study investigated the effect of TNFis on uveitis by analyzing the long-term clinical course of AU in AS patients treated with TNFi therapy. METHODS: Patients treated with at least one TNFi between January 2007 and July 2017 were reviewed, and 54 patients with at least one episode of AU were included in this study. The TNFis included anti-TNF-α antibodies (adalimumab, infliximab, and golimumab), and a soluble TNF receptor molecule (etanercept). The effect of prevention of AU, the likelihood of new-onset uveitis after the initiation of TNFi therapy, and the effects of drug switching and dose escalation were assessed. RESULTS: The first uveitis flare was observed before TNFi therapy in 39 patients and after TNFi therapy in 15 patients. Anti-TNF-α antibodies were more efficacious in decreasing the recurrence of AU than etanercept. Among patients in which uveitis first occurred after beginning TNFi therapy, patients on etanercept tended to first develop AU less than 1 year after starting the drug, and their AS tended to be well-controlled at the time of uveitis flares. Patients with a uveitis flare before their medication was switched did not recur afterwards, and five of eight patients showed no relapse after dose escalation. CONCLUSION: TNFis have various effects on AU. TNFis, particularly anti-TNF-α antibodies, should be considered in patients with AS and frequent AU relapse. Additionally, clinicians should consider whether AU is due to an absence of a therapeutic response of AS to TNFi treatment or to TNFi treatment itself, and appropriate treatment changes should be made accordingly.


Subject(s)
Adalimumab , Antibodies , Drug Substitution , Etanercept , Humans , Incidence , Infliximab , Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor , Recurrence , Spondylitis, Ankylosing , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Uveitis , Uveitis, Anterior
7.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759768

ABSTRACT

Pustulotic arthro-osteitis (PAO) is a rare chronic inflammatory disorder characterized by inflammatory osteitis of the sternoclavicular joint and palmoplantar pustulosis. Here, we report a case of PAO that was successfully treated with a TNF-α inhibitor. A 45-year-old man presented with a 3-month history of pustular eruption on the palms and soles. Physical examination showed multiple erythematous papulopustules on the palms, back, and left shin, accompanied by sternoclavicular joint swelling and tenderness. Skin biopsy showed intraepidermal pustules filled with neutrophils on the palm. Bone scintigraphy revealed increased uptake in the bilateral sternoclavicular and other axial joints. Based on these findings, we made the diagnosis of PAO. Even after 6-month treatment of oral steroids and cyclosporine, skin manifestations insufficiently improved, so etanercept therapy was started. Complete clearance of skin lesions and joint pain were achieved after 3 months of etanercept therapy.


Subject(s)
Arthralgia , Biopsy , Cyclosporine , Diagnosis , Etanercept , Humans , Joints , Middle Aged , Neutrophils , Osteitis , Physical Examination , Radionuclide Imaging , Skin , Skin Manifestations , Sternoclavicular Joint , Steroids
8.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 601-610, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762397

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Currently, no generally accepted laboratory marker for monitorizing the disease activity and therapy response of psoriasis is known. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to evaluate the effects of systemic therapies on C-reactive protein (CRP) and the neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in psoriasis. METHODS: One hundred patients with psoriasis treated with narrow band ultraviolet B, acitretin, cyclosporine, methotrexate, adalimumab, etanercept, and ustekinumab were prospectively evaluated. At baseline and at week 12, CRP, NLR, and Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) were evaluated. RESULTS: A statistically significant decrease was observed in PASI scores, CRP, and NLR values from the baseline to the 12-week visit (p=0.001, p=0.001, p=0.001, respectively). The reduction in PASI scores and NLR values was positively correlated (r=0.460, p=0.001). The comparisons between treatment groups revealed that the median decrease in NLR values was statistically higher in the adalimumab group than in the methotrexate group (p=0.007). And the median decrease in PASI scores was significantly higher in the adalimumab group compared with the methotrexate and acitretin therapy group (p=0.007, p=0.042, respectively). CONCLUSION: In the present study, systemic therapy of psoriasis was demonstrated to decrease the levels of CRP and NLR, which are known to be indicators of systemic inflammation and cardiovascular comorbidities.


Subject(s)
Acitretin , Adalimumab , Biomarkers , C-Reactive Protein , Cardiovascular Diseases , Comorbidity , Cyclosporine , Etanercept , Humans , Inflammation , Methotrexate , Prospective Studies , Psoriasis , Ustekinumab
9.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(12): e8565, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055471

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the correlation of ultrasonography (US) of synovitis with disease activity and clinical response to etanercept (ETN) in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) patients. Eighty-two JIA patients who underwent ETN treatment for 24 weeks were consecutively enrolled. US evaluations of 28 joints (shoulder, elbow, wrist, metacarpophalangeal, and proximal interphalangeal of hands and knee) at baseline were performed using grey-scale US and power doppler (PD) US, and US synovitis was defined as grey-scale abnormalities or PD abnormalities. Clinical response was assessed according to the ACRpedi 50 response criteria. In total, 2296 joints were scanned and 608 (26.5%) joints presented US synovitis, which was numerically higher than clinical synovitis (513 (22.3%)). The mean number of joints showing synovitis on US was 7.42±3.35, which was also numerically higher than that of clinical synovitis (6.26±2.70). The number of joints showing synovitis on US was positively correlated with C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, number of joints with active disease, number of joints with limited range of motion, physician's global assessment of disease activity, parent/patient global assessment of overall well-being, and childhood health assessment questionnaire score. Most interestingly, the baseline number of joints showing synovitis on US was increased in ACRpedi 50 response JIA patients compared to non-response JIA patients, and it serves as an independent predictive factor for higher clinical response to ETN treatment. In conclusion, US is a more sensitive test to evaluate subclinical synovitis and disease activity in JIA patients, and US synovitis might serve as a marker for predicting increased clinical response rate to ETN treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Arthritis, Juvenile/drug therapy , Synovitis/diagnostic imaging , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Etanercept/therapeutic use , Arthritis, Juvenile/complications , Synovitis/complications , Ultrasonography
10.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 23(4): 1241-1253, abr. 2018. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-952630

ABSTRACT

Resumo A artrite reumatoide (AR) é uma doença crônica que afeta cerca de 1% da população adulta. No estudo de coorte histórica de pacientes de Minas Gerais, registrados no Sistema de Informações Ambulatoriais (SIA), em 2008-2013, foram identificados 11.573 indivíduos. A perspectiva foi a do financiador público e os valores observados como gastos do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) foram ajustados pelo Índice Nacional de Preços ao Consumidor Amplo (IPCA), de dezembro de 2015. O Etanercept foi o tratamento mais caro. A análise múltipla mostrou uma relação negativa entre o aumento das despesas e idade, sexo feminino e diagnóstico de entrada na coorte, e relação positiva para as variáveis Índice de Desenvolvimento Humano Municipal (IDH-M) e o uso de medicamentos bloqueadores do fator de necrose tumoral (ANTI-TNF). Este estudo identificou os fatores que têm impacto sobre o gasto com o tratamento medicamentoso da AR. Também apontou que métodos que permitem extrair dados demográficos e de gastos de sistemas de informação administrativos podem ser ferramentas importantes na construção de estudos econômicos capazes de subsidiar as avaliações econômicas de saúde, especialmente do ponto de vista da gestão.


Abstract Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic condition that affects about 1% of the adult population. In a historical cohort of Minas Gerais State, 11,573 RA patients registered in the Outpatient Information System (SIA) between 2008 and 2013 were identified. For this study we adopted the public funding body's perspective and the values were adjusted by the national inflation index (IPCA) of December 2015. Etanercept was the most expensive treatment. The mean cohort age was 52 years old and most of the patients were women. Multiple regression analysis indicated a negative association between higher expenditure and age, female sex, and diagnosis at entry in the cohort and positive association between high expenditure and the Human Development Index (HDI) of the municipality and use of tumor necrosis factor agents. This study identified the factors that have an impact on RA drug treatment expenditure. Also, we showed that methods that enable extracting demographic and expenditure data of administrative information systems may represent important tools in the construction of economic studies to subsidize economic health evaluations, especially from the standpoint of the managers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/therapy , Health Expenditures , Antirheumatic Agents/administration & dosage , National Health Programs/economics , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/economics , Brazil , Regression Analysis , Cohort Studies , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/antagonists & inhibitors , Antirheumatic Agents/economics , Etanercept/administration & dosage , Etanercept/economics , Middle Aged
11.
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 25(1): 22-37, Jan.-Mar. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-960246

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La variabilidad genética individual favorece que la capacidad de respuesta y toxicidad a los fármacos sea diferente en cada persona. En la artritis reumatoide se reportan índices de respuesta a los medicamentos etanercept, infliximab, adalimumab y metotrexato cercanos al 60%. Esta variabilidad puede explicarse por polimorfismos genéticos característicos de cada paciente. Objetivo: Identificar polimorfismos genéticos reportados en artículos científicos que pueden afectar la farmacocinética y la farmacodinámica de etanercept, infliximab, adalimumab y metotrexato, y su respuesta en pacientes con artritis reumatoide. Materiales y método: Se realizó una búsqueda sistemática en PubMed/Medline, con los términos clave: «rheumatoid arthritis¼ and «pharmacogenomic¼ and «polymorphisms¼ and «metotrexato¼ and «infliximab¼ and «adalimumab¼ and «etanercept¼ obteniendo 164 artículos, 117 no duplicados y 19 artículos que cumplieron los criterios de inclusión. Resultados: De los 19 artículos, 2 reportaron polimorfismos que afectan la farmacocinética de infliximab, adalimumab, etanercept y metotrexato, y 17, la farmacodinámica. En los 19 artículos se identificaron 23 polimorfismos de relevancia clínica en población europea, japonesa, jordana e india. Conclusiones: Se identifican 23 polimorfismos de relevancia clínica, los cuales podrían ser el soporte para el diseño de un test de secuenciación específica en pacientes con artritis reumatoide, en los que se considere la utilización de infliximab, adalimumab, etanercept o metotrexato. La utilidad práctica de este tipo de estrategia requiere ser evidencia en estudios clínicos específicos, relacionados con una prescripción orientada por test genéticos y personalizada, y su efecto sobre la efectividad y seguridad de la farmacoterapia con estos medicamentos.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Individual genetic variability favours the capacity of response and toxicity to the drugs is different in each person. Rheumatoid arthritis reported rates of response to the drugs etanercept, infliximab, adalimumab and methotrexate is close to 60%. This variability can be explained by genetic polymorphisms characteristic of each patient. Objective: To identify genetic polymorphisms reported in scientific articles that may affect the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of etanercept, infliximab, adalimumab, and methotrexate, and their response in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Materials and method: A systematic search was performed in PubMed and Medline, with the key terms: "rheumatoid arthritis" and "pharmacogenomic" and "polymorphisms" and "methotrexate" and "infliximab" and "adalimumab" and "etanercept", obtaining 164 articles, 117 non-duplicates, and 19 articles that met the inclusion criteria. Results: Of the 19 articles, 2 reported polymorphisms affecting the pharmacokinetics of infliximab, adalimumab, etanercept, methotrexate, and 17, pharmacodynamics. In the 19 articles, 23 polymorphisms of clinical relevance were identified in European, Japanese, Jordanian, and Indian populations. Conclusions: A total of 23 polymorphisms with clinical relevance were identified, which could be the basis for the design of a specific test sequencing in rheumatoid arthritis patients being considered for treatment with infliximab, adalimumab, etanercept, or methotrexate. The practical usefulness of this strategy requires evidence in specific clinical studies, associated with a targeted and personalised genetic test, and its effect on the effectiveness and safety of drug therapy with these drugs prescription.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pharmacogenetics , Infliximab , Etanercept , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Methotrexate , Adalimumab
12.
Kosin Medical Journal ; : 85-90, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715146

ABSTRACT

Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) can involve the eye, gastrointestinal system, cardiopulmonary system, skin, kidneys, and spinal and peripheral joints. It is rarely accompanied by immunoglobulin A (IgA) nephropathy. Although IgA is involved in both AS and IgA nephropathy, the relationship between these diseases remains unclear. We detected hematuria and proteinuria in a 32-year-old male patient with ankylosing spondylitis that remained stable for 4 years through treatment with etanercept, a tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) inhibitor, and diagnosed IgA nephropathy through a renal biopsy. IgA nephropathy seems to be less commonly associated with AS disease activity or specific treatment such as TNF-α inhibitor use.


Subject(s)
Adult , Biopsy , Etanercept , Glomerulonephritis, IGA , Hematuria , Humans , Immunoglobulin A , Joints , Kidney , Male , Necrosis , Proteinuria , Skin , Spondylitis, Ankylosing , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
13.
Gut and Liver ; : 623-632, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718125

ABSTRACT

Intestinal Behçet's disease is a rare, immune-mediated chronic intestinal inflammatory disease; therefore, clinical trials to optimize the management and treatment of patients are scarce. Moreover, intestinal Behçet's disease is difficult to treat and often requires surgery because of the failure of conventional medical treatment. Administration of anti-tumor necrosis factor–α, a potential therapeutic strategy, is currently under active clinical investigation, and evidence of its effectiveness for both intestinal Behçet's disease and inflammatory bowel diseases has been accumulating. Here, we review updated data on current experiences and outcomes after the administration of anti-tumor necrosis factor–α for the treatment of intestinal Behçet's disease. In addition to infliximab and adalimumab, which are the most commonly used agents, we describe agents such as golimumab, etanercept, and certolizumab pegol, which have recently been shown to be effective in refractory intestinal Behçet's disease. This review also discusses safety issues associated with anti-tumor necrosis factor–α, including vulnerability to infections and malignancy.


Subject(s)
Adalimumab , Behcet Syndrome , Certolizumab Pegol , Etanercept , Humans , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Infliximab , Necrosis
14.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 42-53, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777083

ABSTRACT

Increasing evidence suggests that cytokines and chemokines play crucial roles in chronic itch. In the present study, we evaluated the roles of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and its receptors TNF receptor subtype-1 (TNFR1) and TNFR2 in acute and chronic itch in mice. Compared to wild-type (WT) mice, TNFR1-knockout (TNFR1-KO) and TNFR1/R2 double-KO (DKO), but not TNFR2-KO mice, exhibited reduced acute itch induced by compound 48/80 and chloroquine (CQ). Application of the TNF-synthesis inhibitor thalidomide and the TNF-α antagonist etanercept dose-dependently suppressed acute itch. Intradermal injection of TNF-α was not sufficient to evoke scratching, but potentiated itch induced by compound 48/80, but not CQ. In addition, compound 48/80 induced TNF-α mRNA expression in the skin, while CQ induced its expression in the dorsal root ganglia (DRG) and spinal cord. Furthermore, chronic itch induced by dry skin was reduced by administration of thalidomide and etanercept and in TNFR1/R2 DKO mice. Dry skin induced TNF-α expression in the skin, DRG, and spinal cord and TNFR1 expression only in the spinal cord. Thus, our findings suggest that TNF-α/TNFR1 signaling is required for the full expression of acute and chronic itch via peripheral and central mechanisms, and targeting TNFR1 may be beneficial for chronic itch treatment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chloroquine , Toxicity , Disease Models, Animal , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Etanercept , Therapeutic Uses , Ganglia, Spinal , Metabolism , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Transgenic , Pruritus , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Pathology , RNA, Messenger , Metabolism , Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Type I , Genetics , Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Type II , Genetics , Signal Transduction , Skin , Metabolism , Spinal Cord , Metabolism , Thalidomide , Therapeutic Uses , Time Factors , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Genetics , Metabolism , p-Methoxy-N-methylphenethylamine , Toxicity
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713818

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Coexisting chronic hepatitis C can be problematic when treating rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This study examined the changes in the transaminase and viral load in hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected RA patients after initiating biologic agents. METHODS: A multicenter retrospective study was conducted at 12 University Hospitals in Korea between November 2014 and November 2015, and 78 RA patients, who met the 2010 American College of Rheumatology and European League Against Rheumatism classification criteria for RA and were concomitantly infected with HCV, were identified. The baseline and longitudinal clinical data, changes in liver function, and viral RNA titers were evaluated. RESULTS: Seventeen (21.8%) patients were treated with biologic agents, including etanercept (n=8), adalimumab (n=8), infliximab (n=2), tocilizumab (n=2), abatacept (n=1), and golimumab (n=1) (median 1.5 patient-years). Four patients experienced marked increases in transaminase during treatment with adalimumab (n=2) and tocilizumab (n=2). Two patients (one using adalimumab, the other using tocilizumab) were treated with anti-viral agents and showed dramatic improvement in both the viral RNA and transaminase. One patient discontinued adalimumab due to the repeated elevated transaminase levels along with a twofold increase in the viral RNA titer, and the transaminase level subsequently normalized. No case of overt viral reactivation was identified. CONCLUSION: The data support that changes in transaminase and/or viral load associated with biologic agents in HCV-infected RA patients are possible. Therefore, the liver function and viral RNA titer should be followed regularly during biologic therapy.


Subject(s)
Abatacept , Adalimumab , Antirheumatic Agents , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Biological Factors , Biological Therapy , Classification , Etanercept , Hepacivirus , Hepatitis C , Hepatitis C, Chronic , Hepatitis, Chronic , Hospitals, University , Humans , Infliximab , Korea , Liver , Retrospective Studies , Rheumatic Diseases , Rheumatology , RNA, Viral , Viral Load
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713519

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: To evaluate drug survival of the tumor necrosis factor α inhibitors (TNFi) and risk factors for the drug discontinuation in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 487 AS patients at a single tertiary hospital. Among the TNFi users, drug survival and risk factors of TNFi discontinuation were investigated. RESULTS: Among 487 patients, 128 AS patients were treated with at least one TNFi. Patients who were treated with TNFi were younger at disease onset, had more peripheral manifestations, and had higher level of acute phase reactants and body mass index than those of TNFi non-users at baseline. Of 128 patients, 28 patients (21.9%) discontinued first TNFi therapy during the follow-up period of 65.1 ± 27.9 months. In the multivariable analysis, female (hazard ratio [HR], 6.08; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.27 to 16.27; p = 0.003), hip involvement (HR, 2.52; 95% CI, 1.08 to 5.87; p = 0.033) and a high C-reactive protein (CRP; HR, 1.10; 95% CI, 1.00 to 1.21; p = 0.044) were risk factors for drug discontinuation. Etanercept showed better survival rate than infliximab. The main reason for discontinuation of TNFi was inefficacy. CONCLUSIONS: TNFi discontinuation rate of Korean patients with AS seems to be similar to those with the European patients. Female sex, hip involvement, CRP, and the type of TNFi were associated with TNFi discontinuation.


Subject(s)
Acute-Phase Proteins , Body Mass Index , C-Reactive Protein , Drug Users , Etanercept , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Hip , Humans , Infliximab , Korea , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Spondylitis, Ankylosing , Survival Rate , Tertiary Care Centers , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
17.
Brasília; CONITEC; dez. 2017. graf, mapas, tab.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | LILACS, BRISA | ID: biblio-906984

ABSTRACT

CONTEXTO: A Espondiloartrite axial (EA) caracteriza-se pela inflamação do esqueleto axial, entesite e acometimento de outros órgãos, que podem levar ao desenvolvimento de uveíte e inflamação intestinal crônica e pode ser dividida em duas doenças distintas: espondilite anquilosante e espondiloartrite axial não radiográfica. O SUS oferece tratamento para a EA e outras espondilopatias, preconizado por Protocolo Clínico e Diretrizes Terapêuticas para essas condições. TECNOLOGIA: Certolizumabe pegol (Cimzia®). INDICAÇÃO: Espondiloartrite axial. PERGUNTA: O certolizumabe pegol (CP) é tão eficaz e seguro quanto os anti-TNF disponíveis no SUS (adalimumabe, etanercepte, infliximabe e golimumabe) para o tratamento de EA? EVIDÊNCIAS CIENTÍFICAS: A busca do demandante incluiu cinco estudos (1 revisão não sistemática, 3 revisões sistemáticas e 1 ensaio clínico randomizado) cuja busca apresentou limitações. Nova busca foi realizada e foram incluídos 8 estudos (2 relatos do ECR RAPID-SpAx controlado por placebo e 6 revisões sistemáticas com meta-análise indireta). Das revisões, três relataram que o CP é igualmente eficaz, quando comparado a outros anti-TNF. Migliore et al. (2015) mostraram que o CP foi menos eficaz no alcance de ASAS20, quando comparado indiretamente a outros anti-TNF, porém, apresentou importante viés de seleção e baixa qualidade metodológica (Amstar). Quanto à segurança, Corbett et al. (2016) relataram que o CP é igualmente seguro quando comparado a outros anti-TNF. Minozzi et al. (2016) relataram que o CP é menos seguro que o golimumabe e etanercepte, sem significância estatistica. Singh et al. (2012) relataram maior risco de infecções e efeitos adversos graves com o uso de CP, comparado com outros biológicos, com diferença estatística significante. AVALIAÇÃO ECONÔMICA: Custo-minimização e os custos considerados foram restritos aos de aquisição dos anti-TNF. O demandante estimou para o CP, no primeiro ano de tratamento, um custo 13% inferior ao adalimumabe, 54% inferior ao infliximabe, 13% inferior ao etanercepte e 10% inferior ao golimumabe. Nos anos subsequentes o CP teria custo 25% inferior ao adalimumabe, 47% inferior ao infliximabe, 25% inferior ao etanercepte e 22% inferior ao golimumabe. AVALIAÇÃO DE IMPACTO ORÇAMENTÁRIO: Horizonte temporal de cinco anos, a partir de 2017. População inicial de 12.792 pessoas em 2014, recebendo medicamentos biológicos para EA. Taxas de: 17% de entrada, 3% de troca, 14% de saída e market share de 3 à 10%. A incorporação do CP economizaria cerca de R$13,6 milhões no período entre 2017-2021. MONITORAMENTO DO HORIZONTE TECNOLÓGICO: Apremilast, brodalumabe, ixequizumabe e ustequinumabe estão em fase 3 de desenvolvimento clínico para o tratamento da EA mas ainda não tiveram registro aprovado pela: Anvisa, EMA ou FDA para EA. CONSIDERAÇÕES FINAIS: Eficácia e segurança do CP foram embasadas em apenas um ECR (RAPID-axSpA) de boa qualidade metodológica. Até o momento, não há estudos que comparam diretamente os medicamentos anti-TNF entre si, todos utilizam placebo. Os estudos de comparação indireta, com boa qualidade metodológica, mostraram que o CP apresentou eficácia clínica semelhante aos anti-TNF disponíveis no SUS e a avaliação econômica do demandante aponta uma economia para o SUS. RECOMENDAÇÃO DA CONITEC: A CONITEC, em sua 57ª reunião ordinária, no dia 06 de julho de 2017, recomendou que a matéria fosse submetida à consulta pública com recomendação inicial favorável à incorporação no SUS do CP para EA em pacientes com doença ativa (tanto axial quanto periférica) e com falha terapêutica inicial com o uso de AINE. Considerou-se que o CP tem eficácia semelhante, segurança coerente aos demais anti-TNF disponíveis no SUS e menor custo de tratamento. CONSULTA PÚBLICA: Foram recebidas 102 contribuições, sendo 4 contribuições técnicocientíficas e 98 de experiência ou opinião de pacientes, familiares, amigos ou cuidadores de pacientes, profissionais de saúde ou pessoas interessadas no tema. Todas as contribuições (100%) foram totalmente concordantes com a recomendação inicial da Conitec (Concordo totalmente com a recomendação preliminar) e destacaram, principalmente, a importância da incorporação de mais uma opção terapêutica para pacientes com Espondiloartrite Axial. Das 41 contribuições que apresentaram comentários, a importância da opção terapêutica foi o aspecto mais ressaltado (65%), seguido da eficácia (20%) e da experiência com o medicamento (15%). DELIBERAÇÃO FINAl: Os membros da CONITEC presentes na 60ª reunião ordinária, no dia 05 de outubro de 2017, deliberaram, por unanimidade, por recomendar a incorporação no SUS do certolizumabe pegol para tratamento da espondiloartrite axial em pacientes com doença ativa (tanto axial quanto periférica) e com falha terapêutica inicial com o uso de AINE, mediante Protocolo Clínico e Diretrizes Terapêuticas. Foi assinado o Registro de Deliberação nº 299/2017. DECISÃO: Incorporado o certolizumabe pegol para o tratamento da espondiloartrite axial mediante Protocolo Clínico e Diretrizes Terapêuticas, no âmbito do Sistema Único de Saúde ­ SUS, dada pela Portaria nº 54, publicada no DOU nº 243 do dia 20 de dezembro de 2017, seção 1, pág. 99.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adalimumab/therapeutic use , Certolizumab Pegol/therapeutic use , Etanercept/therapeutic use , Infliximab/therapeutic use , Spondylarthritis/drug therapy , Brazil , Cost-Benefit Analysis , Health Evaluation/economics , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Unified Health System
18.
Rev. bras. reumatol ; 57(6): 590-595, Nov.-Dec. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-899480

ABSTRACT

Abstract Anti-tumor necrosis factor drugs are frequently preferred in the treatment of rheumatologic diseases and other inflammatory diseases. The development of myositis after using anti-tumor necrosis factor drugs is a rare clinical condition. Here we aimed to report cases who developed myositis after using anti-tumor necrosis factor drugs and review the current literature. We report two cases of rheumatoid arthritis and a case of ankylosing spondylitis developed idiopathic inflammatory myopathy following anti-tumor necrosis factor therapy. In conclusion, myositis could develop during anti-tumor necrosis factor therapy, so these patients should be evaluated carefully initially for myositis and should be closely monitored due to the potential for developing myositis in treatment process.


Resumo Os fármacos antifator de necrose tumoral (anti-TNF) são frequentemente preferidos no tratamento de doenças reumatológicas e outras doenças inflamatórias. O desenvolvimento de miosite após o uso de anti-FNT é uma condição clínica rara. Este estudo objetivou descrever casos de pacientes que desenvolveram miosite após o uso de anti-TNF e fazer uma revisão da literatura atual. Descrevem-se dois casos de artrite reumatoide (AR) e um caso de espondilite anquilosante (EA) que desenvolveram miopatia inflamatória idiopática após o tratamento com anti-TNF. Em conclusão, pode haver desenvolvimento de miosite durante o tratamento com anti-TNF, de modo que esses pacientes devem ser cuidadosamente avaliados inicialmente à procura de miosite e devem ser cuidadosamente monitorados em razão do potencial de desenvolvimento de miosite no processo de tratamento


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Young Adult , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/antagonists & inhibitors , Antirheumatic Agents/adverse effects , Adalimumab/adverse effects , Etanercept/adverse effects , Myositis/chemically induced , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy , Spondylitis, Ankylosing/drug therapy , Adalimumab/administration & dosage , Etanercept/administration & dosage , Myositis/diagnosis
19.
An. bras. dermatol ; 92(4): 575-577, July-Aug. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038255

ABSTRACT

Abstract: One of the biggest challenges in treating leprosy is the control of reaction events. Patients with lepromatous leprosy may present reaction type II, or erythema nodosum leprosum, during treatment, and this reaction can remain in a recurrent form after being released from the hospital, requiring the use of thalidomide and/or prednisone for long periods of time, in turn increasing the risk of side effects. Two reports of the use of antiTNF to treat erythema nodosum leprosum were found in the literature. A good response was found after an assay with infliximab and etanercept. This study reports on a patient with lepromatous leprosy and recurrent reaction, controlled by using etanercept and a 10-month follow-up, with the interruption of thalidomide and the maintenance of prednisone at 10 mg/day.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Leprosy, Lepromatous/drug therapy , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Erythema Nodosum/drug therapy , Etanercept/therapeutic use , Thalidomide/therapeutic use , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use
20.
Rev. bras. reumatol ; 57(supl.2): s477-s483, 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-899483

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives To assess the incidence of tuberculosis and to screen for latent tuberculosis infection among Brazilians with rheumatoid arthritis using biologics in clinical practice. Patients and methods This cohort study used data from the Brazilian Registry of Biological Therapies in Rheumatic Diseases (Registro Brasileiro de Monitoração de Terapias Biológicas - BiobadaBrasil), from 01/2009 to 05/2013, encompassing 1552 treatments, including 415 with only synthetic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs, 942 synthetic DMARDs combined with anti-tumor necrosis factor (etanercept, infliximab, adalimumab) and 195 synthetic DMARDs combined with other biologics (abatacept, rituximab and tocilizumab). The occurrence of tuberculosis and the drug exposure time were assessed, and screening for tuberculosis was performed. Statistical analysis: Unpaired t-test and Fisher's two-tailed test; p < 0.05. Results The exposure times were 981 patient-years in the controls, 1744 patient-years in the anti-TNF group (adalimumab = 676, infliximab = 547 and etanercept = 521 patient-years) and 336 patient-years in the other biologics group. The incidence rates of tuberculosis were 1.01/1000 patient-years in the controls and 2.87 patient-years among anti-TNF users (adalimumab = 4.43/1000 patient-years; etanercept = 1.92/1000 patient-years and infliximab = 1.82/1000 patient-years). No cases of tuberculosis occurred in the other biologics group. The mean drug exposure time until the occurrence of tuberculosis was 27(11) months for the anti-TNF group. Conclusions The incidence of tuberculosis was higher among users of synthetic DMARDs and anti-TNF than among users of synthetic DMARDs and synthetic DMARDs and non-anti-TNF biologics and also occurred later, suggesting infection during treatment and no screening failure.


Resumo Objetivos Avaliar incidência de tuberculose e triagem para tuberculose latente em brasileiros com artrite reumatoide em uso de agentes biológicos na prática clinica. Pacientes e métodos Estudo de coorte com dados do Registro Brasileiro de Monitoração de Terapias Biológicas (BiobadaBrasil), de 01/2009 a 05/2013, abrangeu 1.552 tratamentos, 415 somente com drogas modificadoras do curso da doença (MMCDs) sintéticas, 942 MMCDs sintéticas em associação com anti-TNF (etanercepte, infliximabe, adalimumabe) e 195 MMCDs sintéticas em associação com outros biológicos (abatacepte, rituximabe e tocilizumabe). Avaliaram-se ocorrência de tuberculose, tempo de exposição às drogas e triagem para TB. Análise estatística: teste t não pareado e teste de Fisher bicaudal; p < 0,05. Resultados O tempo de exposição dos controles foi de 981 pacientes-ano, do grupo de anti-TNF foi de 1.744 pacientes-ano (adalimumabe = 676, infliximabe = 547 e etanercepte = 521 pacientes-ano) e o de outros biológicos de 336 pacientes-ano. A incidência de TB foi de 1,01/1.000 pacientes-ano nos controles e de 2,87 pacientes-ano nos usuários de anti-TNF (adalimumabe = 4,43/1.000 pacientes-ano; etanercepte = 1,92/1.000 pacientes-ano e infliximabe = 1,82/1.000 pacientes-ano). Não houve casos de tuberculose no grupo de outros biológicos. O tempo médio de exposição até a ocorrência de tuberculose foi de 27(11) meses para o grupo anti-TNF. Conclusões A incidência de tuberculose foi maior nos usuários de MMCDs sintéticas e anti-TNF do que nos usuários de MMCDs sintéticas e de MMCDs sintéticas e biológicos não anti-TNF, e também mais tardia, sugerindo infecção durante o tratamento, e não falha na triagem.


Subject(s)
Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy , Tuberculosis/chemically induced , Biological Factors/therapeutic use , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/therapeutic use , Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor/therapeutic use , Tuberculosis/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Case-Control Studies , Registries , Incidence , Cohort Studies , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/antagonists & inhibitors , Adalimumab/therapeutic use , Infliximab/therapeutic use , Etanercept/therapeutic use
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