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1.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202633, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155374

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to compare the use of 0.5% alcoholic chlorhexidine and 70% alcohol in skin antisepsis for neuraxial blocks. Method: this is a non-inferiority randomized clinical trial, with two parallel arms. Seventy patients who were candidates for neuraxial block were randomly allocated to group A (n = 35), in whom antisepsis was performed with 0.5% alcoholic chlorhexidine, or to group B (n = 35), in whom we used 70% hydrated ethyl alcohol. Swabs were harvested for culture at three times: before antisepsis, two minutes after application of the antiseptic, and immediately after puncture. The samples were sown in three culture media and the number of colony forming units (CFU) per cm² was counted. Results: there was no difference between the groups regarding age, sex, body mass index, time to perform the block or type of block. There were no differences between groups in the CFU/cm² counts before antisepsis. There was less bacterial growth in group B two minutes after application of the antiseptic (p = 0.048), but there was no difference between the groups regarding the number of CFU/cm² at the end of the puncture. Conclusion: 70% alcohol was more effective in reducing the number of CFU/cm² after two minutes, and there was no difference between the two groups regarding skin colonization at the end of the procedure. These results suggest that 70% alcohol may be an option for skin antisepsis before neuraxial blocks. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02833376.


RESUMO Objetivo: comparar o uso de solução alcoólica de clorexidina 0,5% e de álcool 70% na antissepsia da pele para bloqueios do neuroeixo. Método: ensaio clínico randomizado de não inferioridade, com dois braços paralelos. Foram selecionados 70 pacientes candidatos à bloqueio do neuroeixo, randomicamente alocados para o grupo A (n=35), em que a antissepsia foi realizada com clorexidina alcoólica 0,5%, ou para o grupo B (n=35), em que se utilizou álcool etílico hidratado 70%. Foram coletadas, com swab, amostras para cultura em três momentos: antes da antissepsia, dois minutos após aplicação do antisséptico, e imediatamente após a punção. As amostras foram semeadas em três meios de cultura e foi contabilizado o número de unidades formadoras de colônias (UFC) por cm². Resultados: não houve diferença entre os grupos quanto à idade, ao sexo, ao índice de massa corporal, ao tempo para realização do bloqueio ou tipo de bloqueio. Também não houve diferenças entre os grupos na contagem de UFC/cm² antes da antissepsia. Constatou-se menor crescimento bacteriano no grupo B dois minutos após aplicação do antisséptico (p=0,048), mas não houve diferença entre os grupos quanto ao número de UFC/cm² ao final da punção. Conclusão: o álcool 70% mostrou-se mais efetivo em reduzir o número de UFC/cm² após dois minutos, e não houve diferença entre os dois grupos quanto à colonização da pele ao final do procedimento. Esses resultados sugerem que o álcool 70% pode ser opção para antissepsia da pele antes de bloqueios do neuroeixo. Registro ensaio clínico: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02833376.


Subject(s)
Humans , Skin/microbiology , Surgical Wound Infection/prevention & control , Chlorhexidine/pharmacology , Antisepsis/methods , Ethanol/pharmacology , Anti-Infective Agents, Local/pharmacology , Ethanol/administration & dosage , Anesthesia, Epidural , Anesthesia, Spinal , Anti-Infective Agents, Local/administration & dosage
2.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(4): e0020, 2021. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288634

ABSTRACT

RESUMO O Lasik é a técnica de cirurgia refrativa mais utilizada no mundo. Apesar de segura e efetiva, ela pode levar a algumas complicações. O crescimento epitelial pós-Lasik é uma complicação pós-operatória incomum, com prevalência maior em casos de retratamento. Geralmente, é um achado não progressivo e assintomático, que não requer tratamento, mas, em uma minoria de pacientes, os sintomas podem ser clinicamente significantes e variados. O tratamento é feito com debridamento mecânico do crescimento epitelial, mas alguns recursos adjuvantes também podem ser utilizados. O presente estudo consiste em um relato de caso de paciente com crescimento epitelial pós-Lasik que apresentou quatro recidivas após intervenções de debridamento epitelial, sutura de lamela corneana e ablação a laser. No quinto procedimento, o paciente foi finalmente tratado com combinação de debridamento epitelial, uso de álcool a 20% e cola de fibrina. Entretanto, a regressão do crescimento epitelial e a melhora da acuidade visual só ocorreram ao longo dos meses após a intervenção, o que mostra a importância de esperar um tempo para que ocorra a melhora da visão no pós-operatório, evitando-se reintervenções.


ABSTRACT Lasik is the most often performed laser refractive surgery worldwide. Despite its efficacy and safety, some complications may occur. Epithelial ingrowth is a rare postoperative complication of Lasik, with an increased prevalence in cases of retreatment. Epithelial ingrowth is usually a nonprogressive and asymptomatic finding, which requires no treatment; however, in a minority of cases, symptoms may be clinically significant and diverse. Treatment is done with mechanical debridement of the affected interface, and additional interventions may be required. This study reported a case of recalcitrant epithelial ingrowth after Lasik, whichrelapsed four times after mechanical debridement, flap lift and laser ablation. In the fifth intervention, the patient was finally treated with a combined scraping/use of 20% alcohol and fibrin glue. However, regression of epithelial ingrowth and better visual acuity were only observed some months after the intervention, which shows the importance of waiting for better vision in the postoperative period, thus avoiding new reinterventions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Postoperative Complications/therapy , Epithelium, Corneal/surgery , Epithelium, Corneal/pathology , Corneal Diseases/etiology , Corneal Diseases/therapy , Keratomileusis, Laser In Situ/adverse effects , Recurrence , Reoperation , Fibrin Tissue Adhesive , Combined Modality Therapy , Debridement , Ethanol/administration & dosage
3.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e96, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974455

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of acute administration of nicotine and ethanol on tooth movement in rats. Two hundred rats were divided into eight groups: S: saline; N: nicotine; E: ethanol; NE: nicotine and ethanol; SM: saline with tooth movement; NM: nicotine with tooth movement; EM: ethanol with tooth movement; and NEM: nicotine and ethanol with tooth movement. All the solutions were applied for 32, 44, or 58 days, according to the subgroup. Orthodontic movement (25 cN) was initiated 30 days after solution administration in the groups with tooth movement. The rats were euthanized 2, 14, or 28 days after initiation of tooth movement. Tooth sections were stained using picrosirius and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP). The data were compared by ANOVA using Tukey's HSD and Games-Howell. On day 28 of tooth movement, the NEM group had a lower percentage of type I collagen compared to the SM group (p = 0.0448), and the S group had a higher number of osteoclasts/μm2 compared to the N group (p = 0.0405). Nicotine and ethanol did not affect the tooth movement rate, regardless of induction of orthodontic movement. Nicotine influenced the number of osteoclasts by decreasing their quantity when dental movement was not induced. When nicotine was associated with ethanol, it interfered in the maturation of collagen fibers during orthodontic movement.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Tooth Movement Techniques/methods , Bone Regeneration/drug effects , Bone Resorption/chemically induced , Ethanol/administration & dosage , Alveolar Process/drug effects , Nicotine/administration & dosage , Osteoclasts/drug effects , Osteogenesis/drug effects , Reference Values , Time Factors , Random Allocation , Collagen/drug effects , Rats, Wistar , Tartrate-Resistant Acid Phosphatase
4.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 25: [e27793], jan.-dez. 2017. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-947771

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: discutir a prevenção da Síndrome Alcoólica Fetal por profissionais da área da saúde. Método: revisão integrativa de literatura; foram utilizados artigos indexados em português e inglês, publicados entre 2004 e 2013. Dados coletados em fevereiro de 2014 na Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde em três bases de dados. Identificaram-se 653 artigos, 638 excluídos e selecionados 15 artigos. Utilizou-se a análise de conteúdo. Resultados: levantamento de informações sobre atitudes, conhecimento e uso de álcool na gravidez, disseminação de informações às mulheres e gestantes, efetividade do uso de intervenção breve, informações transmitidas por rádio, televisão ou por enfermeiras, transmissão de conhecimentos por profissionais da divulgação dos riscos para a jovem antes de engravidar. Conclusão: a dificuldade em diagnosticar a Síndrome Alcoólica Fetal revela a necessidade de ampliar a discussão relativa a políticas públicas preventivas. Os profissionais de saúde realizam prevenção da síndrome e devem intensificá-la em vários níveis, a saber: primário, secundário, educacional e parental.


Objective: to discuss the prevention of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome by health personnel. Method: integrative literature review, using articles indexed in Portuguese and English, published from 2005 to 2013. Data collection, in February 2014 in the Virtual Health Library in three databases, identified 653 articles, of which 638 were excluded and 15 selected. Content analysis was used. Results: information on attitudes to, and knowledge and use of, alcohol in pregnancy, information to women and pregnant women, the effectiveness of brief intervention, information conveyed by radio, television or nurses, and knowledge transmission by health personnel making risks known to young women before they become pregnant. Conclusion: the difficulty of diagnosing Fetal Alcohol Syndrome reveals the need to broaden the discussion of preventive policymaking. Health personnel work to prevent the syndrome and should intensify that endeavor at various levels: primary, secondary, educational and parental.


Objetivo: discutir la prevención del síndrome de alcoholismo fetal por profesionales de la salud. Método: revisión integrada de la literatura; se utilizaron artículos indexados en portugués e inglés, publicados entre 2004 y 2013. Los datos se recolectaron en febrero de 2014 en la Biblioteca Virtual en Salud en tres bases de datos. Se identificaron 653 artículos, 638 fueron excluidos y se seleccionaron 15. Se utilizó el análisis de contenido. Resultados: recopilación de información sobre actitudes, conocimiento e ingestión de alcohol durante el embarazo, difusión de información a las mujeres y las embarazadas, eficacia del uso de intervención breve, información difundida por radio, televisión o por enfermeras, transmisión de conocimientos por profesionales sobre los riesgos a la joven antes de quedarse embarazada. Conclusión: la dificultad en diagnosticar el síndrome de alcoholismo fetal revela la necesidad de ampliar la discusión relativa a políticas preventivas. Los profesionales sanitarios realizan la prevención del síndrome y deben intensificarla en los distintos niveles: primario, secundario, educacional y parental.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Primary Prevention , Nursing , Pregnant Women , Ethanol/adverse effects , Alcoholism/complications , Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders/prevention & control , Brazil , Ethanol , Ethanol/administration & dosage , Alcoholism , Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
5.
Rev. peru. med. exp. salud publica ; 34(2): 176-182, abr.-jun. 2017. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-902919

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivos. Investigar los efectos del D-002, mezcla de seis alcoholes alifáticos primarios de alto peso molecular, obtenida de la cera de abejas (Apis mellifera), sobre la colitis ulcerativa (CU) inflamatoria severa inducida por sulfato de dextrano (DSS) y etanol en ratas (Ratus ratus). Materiales y métodos. Las ratas se distribuyeron aleatoriamente en seis grupos: un control cero al que no se provocó daño, y cinco a los que se les indujo la CU: un control negativo (vehículo), tres tratados con D-002 (25, 100 y 400 mg/kg) y un control positivo con sulfazalacina (200 mg/kg) (sustancia de referencia). Se cuantificaron las manifestaciones clínicas (variación del peso corporal, presencia de diarrea y de sangrado rectal), el puntaje de daño macroscópico e histológico, y la actividad de mieoloperoxidasa (MPO). Resultados. El tratamiento oral con D-002 (25, 100 y 400 mg/kg) previno significativamente la disminución del peso corporal. La dosis de 400 mg/kg redujo la presencia de diarreas y sangrado rectal, aunque su comparación con el control negativo solo alcanzó significación estadística sobre las diarreas. El D-002 (25, 100 y 400 mg/kg) redujo significativamente el puntaje de las lesiones macroscópicas (40,0; 43,3 y 47,2% de inhibición, respectivamente), el puntaje de daño histológico (31,5; 53,7 y 67,1% de inhibición, respectivamente) y la actividad de MPO (73,2; 83,6 y 85,0% de inhibición, respectivamente), comparado con el grupo control negativo. La sulfazalacina redujo significativamente todas las variables estudiadas. Conclusiones. El D-002 (25, 100 y 400 mg/kg) protegió significativamente la mucosa colónica en ratas con CU inflamatoria severa inducida por DSS y etanol.


ABSTRACT Objectives. To investigate the effects of D-002, a mixture of 6 high molecular weight primary aliphatic alcohols, obtained from beeswax (Apis mellifera), on severe inflammatory ulcerative colitis (UC) induced by Dextran sulfate (DSS) and ethanol in rats (Ratus ratus). Materials and methods. Rats were randomly distributed in six groups: a zero control to which no damage was caused, and five to which the UC was induced: a negative control (vehicle), three treated with D-002 (25, 100 and 400 mg/kg) and a positive control with sulfasalazine (200 mg/kg) (reference substance). Clinical manifestations (body weight variation, diarrhea and rectal bleeding), macroscopic and histological damage score, and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity were quantified. Results. The oral treatment with D-002 (25, 100 and 400 mg/ kg) significantly prevented the decrease in body weight. The dose of 400 mg/kg reduced the presence of diarrhea and rectal bleeding, although its comparison with the negative control only reached statistical significance on diarrhea. D-002 (25, 100 and 400 mg/kg) significantly reduced the score of macroscopic lesions (40.0; 43.3 and 47.2% inhibition, respectively), the histological damage score (31.5; 53.7 and 67.1% inhibition, respectively) and the activity of MPO (73.2; 83.6 and 85.0% inhibition, respectively), compared to the negative control group. Sulfasalazine significantly reduced all variables studied. Conclusions. D-002 (25, 100 and 400 mg/kg) significantly protected the colonic mucosa in rats with severe inflammatory UC induced by DSS and ethanol.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Colitis, Ulcerative/drug therapy , Fatty Alcohols/therapeutic use , Colitis, Ulcerative/chemically induced , Random Allocation , Dextran Sulfate/administration & dosage , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Ethanol/administration & dosage
6.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 107(5): 427-436, Nov. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-827863

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: The mechanism underlying the vascular dysfunction induced by ethanol is not totally understood. Identification of biochemical/molecular mechanisms that could explain such effects is warranted. Objective: To investigate whether acute ethanol intake activates the vascular RhoA/Rho kinase pathway in resistance arteries and the role of NAD(P)H oxidase-derived reactive oxygen species (ROS) on such response. We also evaluated the requirement of p47phox translocation for ethanol-induced NAD(P)H oxidase activation. Methods: Male Wistar rats were orally treated with ethanol (1g/kg, p.o. gavage) or water (control). Some rats were treated with vitamin C (250 mg/kg, p.o. gavage, 5 days) before administration of water or ethanol. The mesenteric arterial bed (MAB) was collected 30 min after ethanol administration. Results: Vitamin C prevented ethanol-induced increase in superoxide anion (O2-) generation and lipoperoxidation in the MAB. Catalase and superoxide dismutase activities and the reduced glutathione, nitrate and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) levels were not affected by ethanol. Vitamin C and 4-methylpyrazole prevented the increase on O2- generation induced by ethanol in cultured MAB vascular smooth muscle cells. Ethanol had no effect on phosphorylation levels of protein kinase B (Akt) and eNOS (Ser1177 or Thr495 residues) or MAB vascular reactivity. Vitamin C prevented ethanol-induced increase in the membrane: cytosol fraction ratio of p47phox and RhoA expression in the rat MAB. Conclusion: Acute ethanol intake induces activation of the RhoA/Rho kinase pathway by a mechanism that involves ROS generation. In resistance arteries, ethanol activates NAD(P)H oxidase by inducing p47phox translocation by a redox-sensitive mechanism.


Resumo Fundamento: O mecanismo da disfunção vascular induzido pelo consumo de etanol não é totalmente compreendido. Justifica-se, assim a identificação de mecanismos bioquímicos e moleculares que poderiam explicar tais efeitos. Objetivos: Investigar se a ingestão aguda de etanol ativa a via vascular RhoA/Rho quinase em artérias de resistência e o papel das espécies reativas de oxigênio (ERO) derivadas da NAD(P)H oxidase nessa resposta. Nós também avaliamos se ocorreu translocação da p47phox e ativação da NAD(P)H oxidase após o consumo agudo de etanol. Métodos: Ratos Wistar machos foram tratados com etanol via oral (1g/kg, p.o. gavagem) ou água (controle). Alguns ratos foram tratados com vitamina C (250 mg/kg, p.o. gavagem, 5 dias) antes de água ou etanol. O leito arterial mesentérico (LAM) foi coleado 30 min após a administração de etanol. Resultados: A vitamina C preveniu o aumento da geração de ânion superóxido (O2 -) e lipoperoxidação no LAM induzidos pelo etanol. A atividade da catalase (CAT), da superóxido dismutase (SOD) e os níveis de glutationa reduzida(GSH), nitrato e peróxido de hidrogênio (H2O2) não foram afetados após a ingestão aguda de etanol. A vitamina C e o 4-metilpirazol preveniram o aumento na geração de O2 - induzido pelo etanol em cultura de células do músculo liso vascular (CMLV). O etanol não afetou a fosforilação da proteína quinase B (Akt) e nem da óxido nítrico sintase endotelial (eNOS) (nos resíduos de Ser1177 ou Thr495) ou a reatividade vascular do LAM. A vitamina C preveniu o aumento da razão membrana:citosol da p47phox e a expressão da RhoA no LAM de rato induzido pelo etanol. Conclusão: A ingestão aguda de etanol induz a ativação da via RhoA/Rho quinase por um mecanismo que envolve a geração de ERO. Nas artérias de resistência, o etanol ativa NAD(P)H oxidase induzindo a translocação da p47phox por um mecanismo redox-sensível.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Ascorbic Acid/pharmacology , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , NADPH Oxidases/metabolism , rhoA GTP-Binding Protein/metabolism , Ethanol/administration & dosage , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Ascorbic Acid/metabolism , Rats, Wistar , NADPH Oxidases/drug effects , Protein Transport , Disease Models, Animal , Enzyme Activation
7.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 60(3): 211-216, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-785226

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI) in reducing the volume of cystic and mixed thyroid nodules. Materials and methods A total of 36 patients with nodules treated with PEI and 13 individuals who declined PEI and were followed clinically or received other non surgical treatment (control group). Assessments were performed at baseline (immediately before treatment in the PEI group or evaluation of the nodule on ultrasonography in the control group) at short-term (on average 30 days after the last injection in the PEI group), and long-term (on average 14 months after baseline in the PEI group or 26 months after baseline in the control group). Results In the PEI group, the mean baseline volume of 10.4 ± 9.8 cm3 reduced at short-term follow-up to 2.9 ± 3.1 cm3 (67.7 ± 19.9%, p < 0.001) and at long-term follow-up to 2.0 ± 2.5 cm3 (78.2 ± 19.5%, p < 0.01 versus baseline and p = 0.009 versus short-term follow-up). Both types of nodules showed similar degrees of reduction. In the control group, mean volume was 5.8 ± 3.4 cm3 at baseline and 6.2 ± 3.0 cm3 at long-term follow-up (p = 0.507). Compared with the control group, the PEI group showed larger reduction (p < 0.001). Conclusions PEI is effective in reducing the volume of cystic and mixed benign thyroid nodules, with sustained long-term efficacy and better outcome when compared with conservative therapies. Treatment with PEI is a safe alternative, with minimal, transient and self-limited adverse events.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Thyroid Diseases/drug therapy , Thyroid Nodule/drug therapy , Ultrasonography, Interventional , Cysts/drug therapy , Ethanol/administration & dosage , Conservative Treatment , Thyroid Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Administration, Cutaneous , Case-Control Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Thyroid Nodule/diagnostic imaging , Cysts/diagnostic imaging
8.
Braz. dent. j ; 27(2): 135-140, Mar.-Apr. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-778322

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of 15% alcohol dependence on ligature-induced alveolar bone loss and TNF- secretion in Wistar rats. Thirty-three male Wistar rats aged 45-60 days (mean weight=253 g) were randomly allocated test or control groups. Test group (n=18) received 15% alcohol as liquid intake and control group (n=15) received water during the experimental period. TNF-α was analyzed by ELISA assay in 11 animals per group. After 14 days of alcohol/water intake, alcohol dependency was assessed and silk ligatures were placed around the left second upper molars. Ligature presence and body weight were checked weekly. After 40 days, animals were sacrificed and the maxillae were defleshed for morphometric analysis using standardized images. All animals in the test group displayed signs of alcohol dependency at day 14. No statistically significant differences in final body weight (334.83±21.38 vs. 322.48±30.65 g, p=0.20) were observed between groups. In relation to alveolar bone loss, no statistically significant difference was observed among test and control groups both for ligated teeth (0.76±0.06 vs. 0.74±0.10 mm, p=0.60) and unligated teeth (0.41±0.16 vs. 0.35±0.05 mm, p=0.22). The TNF-α secretion also did not display statistically significant differences between test and control groups (10.78±1.84 vs. 12.13±2.11 pg/mL, p=0.12). It may be concluded that 15% alcohol dependency was not capable to alter alveolar bone loss and TNF-α secretion in Wistar rats.


Resumo O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar o efeito da dependência de álcool a 15% sobre a perda óssea alveolar induzida e secreção de TNF-α em ratos Wistar. Trinta e três ratos wistar com idade entre 45 e 60 dias (peso médio=253 g) foram alocados aleatoriamente para o grupo teste ou controle. O grupo teste (n=18) recebeu álcool a 15% como ingestão líquida e o grupo controle (n=15) recebeu água durante o período experimental. TNF-α foi analisado por meio de ELISA em 11 animais por grupo. Após 14 dias de ingestão de álcool/água a dependência do álcool foi determinada e ligaduras de seda foram colocadas ao redor dos segundos molares superiores esquerdos. A presença das ligaduras e o peso corporal foram verificadas semanalmente. Depois de 40 dias os animais foram sacrificados e as maxilas foram preparadas para análise morfométrica em fotografias estandardizadas. Todos os animais do grupo teste apresentaram sinais de dependência de álcool no dia 14. Não foram observadas diferenças estatisticamente significativas no peso corporal final entre os grupos (334,83±21,38 vs. 322,48±30,65 gramas, p=0,20) Em relação a perda óssea alveolar, não foram observadas diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre os grupos teste e controle tanto para dentes com (0,76±0,06 vs. 0,74±0,10 mm, p=0,60) como para dentes sem ligadura (0,41±0,16 vs. 0,35±0,05 mm, p=0,22). A secreção de TNF-α também não demonstrou diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre os grupos teste e controle (10,78±1,84 vs. 12,13±2,11 pg/mL, p=0,12). Pode-se concluir que a dependência de álcool a 15% não foi capaz de alterar a perda óssea alveolar e a secreção de TNF-α em ratos Wistar.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Alveolar Bone Loss/chemically induced , Ethanol/administration & dosage , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Alveolar Bone Loss/metabolism , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Ethanol/adverse effects , Rats, Wistar
9.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 49(1): e5009, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951646

ABSTRACT

Ethanol abuse is linked to several acute and chronic injuries that can lead to health problems. Ethanol addiction is one of the most severe diseases linked to the abuse of this drug. Symptoms of ethanol addiction include compulsive substance intake and withdrawal syndrome. Stress exposure has an important role in addictive behavior for many drugs of abuse (including ethanol), but the consequences of stress and ethanol in the organism when these factors are concomitant results in a complex interaction. We investigated the effects of concomitant, chronic administration of ethanol and stress exposure on the withdrawal and consumption of, as well as the preference for, ethanol in mice. Male Swiss mice (30-35 g, 8-10 per group) were exposed to an ethanol liquid diet as the only source of food for 15 days. In the final 5 days, they were exposed to forced swimming stress. Twelve hours after removal of the ethanol liquid diet, animals were evaluated for ethanol withdrawal by measuring anxiety-related behaviors and locomotor activity. Twenty-four hours after evaluation of ethanol withdrawal, they were evaluated for voluntary consumption of ethanol in a "three-bottle choice" paradigm. Mice exposed to chronic consumption of ethanol had decreased locomotor activity during withdrawal. Contrary to our expectations, a concomitant forced swimming stress did not aggravate ethanol withdrawal. Nevertheless, simultaneous ethanol administration and stress exposure increased voluntary consumption of ethanol, mainly solutions containing high concentrations of ethanol. These results showed that stressful situations during ethanol intake may aggravate specific addiction-related behaviors.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rabbits , Anxiety/psychology , Stress, Psychological/complications , Substance Withdrawal Syndrome/psychology , Alcohol Drinking/psychology , Behavior, Addictive/etiology , Ethanol/adverse effects , Substance Withdrawal Syndrome/physiopathology , Swimming/psychology , Alcohol Drinking/physiopathology , Ethanol/administration & dosage , Alcoholism , Physical Exertion/drug effects , Motor Activity/drug effects
10.
Trends psychiatry psychother. (Impr.) ; 37(3): 143-151, jul. set. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-764667

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of ethanol exposure in adolescent rats during adulthood by assesssing aggression and anxiety-like behaviors and measuring the levels of inflammatory markers.Methods:Groups of male Wistar rats (mean weight 81.4 g, n = 36) were housed in groups of four until postnatal day (PND) 60. From PNDs 30 to 46, rats received one of three treatments: 3 g/kg of ethanol (15% w/v, orally, n = 16), 1.5 g/kg of ethanol (12.5% w/v, PO, n = 12), or water (n = 12) every 48 hours. Animals were assessed for aggressive behavior (resident x intruder test) and anxiety-like behaviors (elevated plus maze) during adulthood.Results:Animals that received low doses of alcohol showed reduced levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the hippocampus as compared to the control group. No significant difference was found in prefrontal cortex.Conclusions:Intermittent exposure to alcohol during adolescence is associated with lower levels of BDNF in the hippocampus, probably due the episodic administration of alcohol, but alcohol use did not alter the level agression toward a male intruder or anxiety-like behaviors during the adult phase.


Objetivo: Investigar os efeitos da exposição ao etanol em ratos adolescentes durante a idade adulta sobre os comportamentos agressivos e semelhantes à ansiedade, bem como sobre as medidas de níveis de marcadores inflamatórios.Métodos:Os grupos de ratos Wistar machos (peso médio de 81,4 g; n = 36) foram alojados em grupos de quatro até o dia pós-natal (DPN) 60. Entre os DPNs 30 e 46, os ratos receberam um dos três tratamentos: 3 g/kg de etanol (15% w/v, oralmente, n = 16), 1.5 g/kg de etanol (12,5% w/v, oralmente, n = 12), ou água (n = 12) a cada 48 horas. Os comportamentos agressivos (teste residente-intruso) e semelhantes à ansiedade (labirinto em cruz elevado) foram avaliados durante a idade adulta dos animais.Resultados:Os animais que receberam doses menores de álcool mostraram níveis reduzidos de fator neurotrófico derivado do cérebro (BDNF) no hipocampo quando comparados ao grupo controle. Nenhuma diferença significativa foi verificada no córtex pré-frontal.Conclusões:A exposição intermitente ao álcool durante a adolescência é associada com menores níveis de BDNF no hipocampo, provavelmente divido a administração episódica de álcool, mas o uso não alterou o nível de agressão contra o macho intruso ou os comportamentos semelhantes à ansiedade durante a fase adulta.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Central Nervous System Depressants/administration & dosage , Ethanol/administration & dosage , Binge Drinking/metabolism , Binge Drinking/psychology , Hippocampus/growth & development , Hippocampus/drug effects , Anxiety/physiopathology , Risk-Taking , Central Nervous System Depressants/adverse effects , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Interleukin-10/metabolism , Rats, Wistar , Prefrontal Cortex/growth & development , Prefrontal Cortex/drug effects , Prefrontal Cortex/metabolism , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor/metabolism , Aggression/drug effects , Aggression/physiology , Aggression/psychology , Disease Models, Animal , Ethanol/adverse effects , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Interleukin-1alpha/metabolism , Hippocampus/metabolism
11.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2015 Feb; 53(2): 93-97
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-158383

ABSTRACT

Though there are literature indicating the bone loss due to alcohol consumption, studies on the association between ethanol consumption and periodontal breakdown in animals are either scarce or have provided conflicting results. Here, we investigated the effects of chronic alcohol exposure from adolescence to adulthood on the alveolar bone in rats. Wistar rats were exposed to ethanol (6.5 g/kg/day) in a solution of 22.5% (w/v) or distilled water (control) by gavage from 35 days of age (adolescent) until 90 days (adulthood). Evaluation of the bone loss was performed using scanning electronic microscopy, in which the distances between the cement-enamel junction and the alveolar bone crest from the palatal side of the first molar mandibular were measured. The measurements obtained were tabulated and analyzed using Student’s t-test. Alcohol-treated group revealed greater bone loss in comparison to the control group. These findings indicate that heavy chronic alcohol exposure from adolescent to adulthood can induce alveolar bone loss in rats associated to absence of periodontitis.


Subject(s)
Age Factors , Alveolar Bone Loss/chemically induced , Alveolar Bone Loss/drug effects , Alveolar Process/drug effects , Alveolar Process/pathology , Alveolar Process/ultrastructure , Analysis of Variance , Animals , Body Weight/drug effects , Central Nervous System Depressants/administration & dosage , Central Nervous System Depressants/toxicity , Ethanol/administration & dosage , Ethanol/toxicity , Mandibular Diseases/chemically induced , Mandibular Diseases/diagnosis , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Time Factors
12.
Arq. bras. endocrinol. metab ; 58(9): 912-917, 12/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-732190

ABSTRACT

Objective The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI) in the treatment of benign thyroid nodules. Subjects and methods We evaluated 120 patients with benign thyroid nodules. Patients underwent evaluation of serum TSH and free T4, cervical ultrasound, and thyroid scintigraphy (in those with suppressed TSH levels). The application of sterile ethanol 99% was guided by ultrasound, with the injected volume amounting to one-third of the nodule volume. Response was considered complete (reduction of 90%); partial (reduction between 50 and 90%); or none (reduction of < 50%). Autonomous nodules were evaluated for normalization of TSH levels. Results Among the nodules studied, 30.8% were solid, 56.7% were mixed, 12.5% were cystic, and 21.6% were hyperfunctioning. The initial volume of the treated nodules ranged from 0.9 to 74.8 mL (mean 13.1 ± 12.4 mL). We performed 1-8 sessions of PEI, applying an average of 6.2 mL of ethanol for patient. After 2 years of follow-up, 17% of patients achieved a complete response (94% reduction); 53%, a partial response (70% reduction); and 30%, no response. A reduction in the volume of autonomous nodules was noted in 70% of cases, and 54% had a normalized value of TSH. The main side effect is local pain, lasting less than 24 hours in most cases. Conclusion This study showed that PEI is a safe and effective procedure for treatment of benign, solid or mixed thyroid nodules. Most cases resulted in significant reduction in nodule volume, with normalization of thyroid function. Arq Bras Endocrinol Metab. 2014;58(9):912-7 .


Objetivo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a eficácia e segurança da injeção percutânea de etanol (IPE) no tratamento de nódulos tireoidianos benignos. Sujeitos e métodos Foram avaliados 120 pacientes com nódulos benignos de tireoide. Todos realizaram dosagens de TSH, T4 livre, ecografia cervical (US) e cintilografia de tireoide (em pacientes com TSH suprimido). A aplicação de etanol estéril a 99% foi guiada por US e o volume de etanol injetado correspondeu a um terço do volume nodular calculado. A resposta foi considerada completa (redução de 90%); parcial (redução entre 50 e 90%) ou ausência de resposta (redução menor que 50%). Nos nódulos autônomos, foi avaliada a normalização do TSH. Resultados Entre os nódulos estudados, 30,8% eram sólidos, 56,7% eram mistos, 12,5% eram císticos e 21,6%, nódulos hiperfuncionantes. O volume inicial dos nódulos tratados variou de 0,9 a 74,8 mL (média 13,1 ± 12,4 mL). Foram realizadas de 1 a 8 sessões de IPE (média 2,8), com aplicação média de 6,2 mL de etanol por paciente. Após dois anos de seguimento, 17% dos pacientes obtiveram resposta completa (redução de 94%), 53% obtiveram resposta parcial (redução de 70%) e 30% não responderam. Houve redução de volume nos nódulos autônomos em 70% dos casos, e 54% normalizaram o valor do TSH. Os efeitos colaterais registrados foram decorrentes apenas do desconforto no local de aplicação. Conclusão Este trabalho mostrou que a IPE é um procedimento seguro e eficaz para tratamento de nódulos benignos, sólidos ou mistos de tireoide. ...


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Ethanol/administration & dosage , Goiter, Nodular/drug therapy , Thyroid Nodule/drug therapy , Ethanol/adverse effects , Follow-Up Studies , Goiter, Nodular/pathology , Goiter, Nodular , Hyperthyroidism , Injections, Intralesional/adverse effects , Injections, Intralesional/methods , Pain Measurement , Treatment Outcome , Thyroid Nodule/pathology , Thyroid Nodule , Thyrotropin/blood , Thyroxine/blood
13.
Int. j. morphol ; 32(2): 575-582, jun. 2014. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-714312

ABSTRACT

Binge alcohol drinking during adolescence has been associated with neurotoxicity and increased risk for the development of alcohol use disorders. There is evidence that acute and chronic ethanol administration alters c-fos expression, an indirect index of cellular activity, in different brain regions in adult rats. We evaluate here if a binge-like pattern of ethanol exposure during adolescence has a relevant impact on basal and/or ethanol-stimulated regional c-fos activity during adulthood. For that aim, Sprague-Dawley rats PND 25 were saline pre-treated, (SP group) or binge-ethanol pre-treated (BEP group) for two­consecutive days, at 48-h intervals, over a 14-day period (PND 25 to PND 38). At adult stage (PND 63) and following 25 ethanol-free days, we evaluated c-fos immunoreactivity in response to saline or acute ethanol (1.5 or 3.0 g/kg) in the hypothalamus and amygdala. We found that acute ethanol administration dose-dependently increased c-fos activity in the the Paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVN). Interestingly, binge-ethanol exposure during adolescence significantly reduced basal c-fos activity during adulthood in the Central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA) and the Arcuate nucleus of hypothalamus (Arc). We conclude that binge-like ethanol administration during adolescence causes long-term disturbances in basal neural activity in brain areas critically involved with ethanol consumption.


El consumo en atracón durante la adolescencia está asociado con neurotoxicidad y con el riesgo de desarrollar un trastorno en el uso de alcohol. Diversos estudios muestran que la administración aguda y crónica de alcohol en ratas adultas altera la expresión de c-fos, un marcador indirecto de actividad celular, en diferentes áreas cerebrales. Nosotros evaluamos si el patrón de consumo de alcohol en atracón durante la adolescencia tiene un impacto en la actividad basal de c-fos en esas regiones activadas por el alcohol. Utilizamos ratas Sprague-Dawley en su día post-natal 25 (PND25) tratadas con suero salino (grupo SP) o con etanol tipo atracón (grupo BEP) durante dos días consecutivos, en intervalos de 48 h, durante 14 días (PND25- PND38). En la edad adulta (PND63) y después de 25 días sin etanol, evaluamos la inmunorreactividad para c-fos en respuesta a una administración aguda de suero salino o etanol (1,5 ó 3,0 g/kg) en diferentes regiones cerebrales. La administración de alcohol incrementó de manera dosis-dependiente la actividad de c-fos en el núcleo paraventricular del hipotálamo. Además la exposición a etanol tipo atracón durante la adolescencia disminuyó la actividad basal de c-fos en la adultez en el núcleo central de la amígdala y en el núcleo arqueado del hipotálamo. Concluimos que el consumo de alcohol en atracón durante la adolescencia causa problemas a largo plazo en la actividad basal de regiones cerebrales implicadas en el consumo de alcohol.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Paraventricular Hypothalamic Nucleus/drug effects , Arcuate Nucleus of Hypothalamus/drug effects , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos/drug effects , Ethanol/administration & dosage , Central Amygdaloid Nucleus/drug effects , Immunohistochemistry , Age Factors , Ethanol/pharmacology
15.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 80-86, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-114853

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to evaluate the differences between sclerotherapy with and without ethanol concentration monitoring for the treatment of simple renal cysts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-seven patients with 70 simple renal cysts were randomly assigned to two groups in a 12-month prospective controlled trial. One group (group A) was treated with computed tomography (CT)-guided sclerotherapy without ethanol concentration monitoring (33 patients with 35 cysts), whereas the other group (group B) had ethanol concentration monitoring (34 patients with 35 cysts) during the procedure. Treatment outcomes between the two groups were compared 12 months later with follow-up ultrasound examination. RESULTS: After the 12-month follow-up period, the overall success rate was 74.3% in group A and 94.3% in group B (p = 0.022). The mean cyst size before and after treatment was 8.6 +/- 2.0 cm and 2.3 +/- 2.9 cm, respectively, in group A, and 8.4 +/- 1.7 cm and 0.8 +/- 1.9 cm, respectively, in group B. The final size of the cysts in group B was significantly smaller than that in group A (p = 0.015). The likelihood of treatment with ethanol concentration monitoring being successful was approximately 16 times higher than without ethanol concentration monitoring (p = 0.026; odds ratio = 15.7; 95% confidence interval: 1.38-179.49). There were no major complications in either group. CONCLUSION: Monitoring of Hounsfield units (HU) of ethanol by CT is an effective method in the treatment of simple renal cysts with ethanol sclerotherapy. The ethanol sclerotherapy procedure can be terminated at the point of clear fluid aspiration because the HU (-190) of CT scan corresponds to it.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cysts/diagnostic imaging , Drug Monitoring , Ethanol/administration & dosage , Kidney Diseases, Cystic/diagnostic imaging , Prospective Studies , Radiography, Interventional/methods , Sclerosing Solutions/administration & dosage , Sclerotherapy/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Treatment Outcome
16.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 40(6): 443-448, nov.-dez. 2013. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-702651

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: analisar a incidência de infecção do sítio cirúrgico, quando o preparo pré-operatório da pele foi realizado com iodopolividona 10% em solução hidroalcoólica e clorexidina 0,5% alcoólica, MÉTODOS: estudo longitudinal randomizado, a partir de variáveis obtidas de pacientes submetidos à operações limpas e potencialmente contaminadas. Os envolvidos foram alocados em dois grupos. No grupo 1 (G1) participaram 102 pacientes com pele preparada com iodopolividona e do grupo 2 (G2) 103 que utilizaram clorexidina. No terceiro, sétimo e 30º dia de pós-operatório avaliou-se o sítio cirúrgico, buscando-se sinais de infecção. RESULTADOS: os dados relacionados ao perfil clínico como: diabete melito, tabagismo, alcoolismo, dados hematológicos (Hb, VG e leucócitos), idade e sexo, e as variáveis relativas como: número de dias de internamento pré-operatório, tricotomia, topografia da incisão, antibioticoprofilaxia e a participação de residentes na operação, não foram evidenciadas como fatores predisponentes a infecção do sítio cirúrgico. Dois pacientes do G1 e oito do G2 submetidos à operações limpas apresentaram algum tipo de infecção (p=0,1789), cinco do G1 e três do G2 submetidos à operações potencialmente contaminadas apresentaram algum tipo de infecção (p=0,7205). CONCLUSÃO: a incidência de infecção do sítio cirúrgico em operações classificadas como limpas e potencialmente contaminadas, cujo preparo da pele foi feito com iodopolividona 10% em solução hidroalcoólica e clorexidina alcoólica 0,5%, foi semelhante.


OBJECTIVE: To analyze the incidence of surgical site infection when the preoperative skin preparation was performed with 10% povidone-iodine and 0.5% chlorhexidine-alcohol. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, longitudinal study based on variables obtained from patients undergoing clean and potentially contaminated operations. Those involved were divided into two groups. In group 1 (G1) we included 102 patients with skin prepared with povidone-iodine, and in group 2 (G2), 103, whose skin was prepared with chlorhexidine. In the third, seventh and 30th postoperative days we evaluated the surgical site, searching for signs of infection. RESULTS: Data related to clinical profile, such as diabetes mellitus, smoking, alcoholism, haematological data (Hb, VG and leukocytes), age and gender, and the related variables, such as number of days of preoperative hospitalization, shaving, topography of incision, antibiotic prophylaxis and resident participation in the operation were not predisposing factors for surgical site infection. Two patients in G1 and eight in G2 undergoing clean operations had some type of infection (p = 0.1789), five in G1 and three in G2 undergoing potentially contaminated operations had some type of infection (p = 0.7205). CONCLUSION: The incidence of surgical site infection in operations classified as clean and as potentially contaminated for which skin preparation was done with 10% povidone-iodine and 0.5% chlorhexidine-alcohol was similar.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anti-Infective Agents, Local/administration & dosage , Chlorhexidine/administration & dosage , Ethanol/administration & dosage , Preoperative Care , Povidone-Iodine/administration & dosage , Surgical Wound Infection/epidemiology , Surgical Wound Infection/prevention & control , Incidence , Longitudinal Studies
18.
Indian J Biochem Biophys ; 2013 Feb; 50(1): 32-39
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-147284

ABSTRACT

Alcohol-induced oxidative stress leads to imbalance between reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the antioxidant defense system, resulting in oxidative damage to membrane components such as lipids and proteins, ultimately altering membrane properties. In this study, we assessed oxidative stress status and alterations in erythrocyte membrane properties in alcohol-administered rats with respect to gender difference. Alcohol (20% v/v) administered rats of both genders showed significant changes in plasma lipid profile with elevated nitrite/nitrate levels. Furthermore, alcohol-administration significantly decreased erythrocyte antioxidant enzymes and enhanced erythrocyte membrane lipid peroxidation, cholesterol/phospholipid (C/P) ratio and Na+/K+-ATPase activity in both males and females. Besides, anisotropic studies revealed that alcohol-administration significantly decreased erythrocyte membrane fluidity. In conclusion, alcohol- administration significantly increased oxidative stress by decreasing antioxidant status, and subsequent generation of ROS altered membrane properties by altering fluidity and Na+/K+-ATPase activity. Female rats were more vulnerable to alcohol-induced biochemical and biophysical changes in plasma and erythrocyte including oxidative stress than male rats.


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , Animals , Erythrocyte Membrane/drug effects , Erythrocyte Membrane/physiology , Ethanol/administration & dosage , Female , Male , Nitric Oxide/metabolism , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Oxidative Stress/physiology , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Sex Factors
19.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 240-247, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-15363

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the therapeutic efficacy and safety of percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI) alone and combined with radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) in high risk locations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed PEI for HCCs in RFA-high risk locations, either alone or in combination with RFA. There were 20 HCCs (1.7 +/- 0.9 cm) in 20 patients (PEI group: n = 12; PEI + RFA group: n = 8). We evaluated technical success, local tumor progression and complications in both groups. RESULTS: Technical success was achieved in all HCCs in both groups. During follow-up, local tumor progression was found in 41.7% (5/12) in the PEI group, whereas 12.5% (1/8) for the PEI + RFA group (p = 0.32). Bile duct dilatation was the most common complication, especially when the tumors were in periportal locations; 55% (5/9) in the PEI group and 50% (2/4) in the PEI + RFA group (p = 1.00). One patient in the PEI group developed severe biliary stricture and upstream dilatation that resulted in atrophy of the left hepatic lobe. One patient treated with PEI + RFA developed cholangitis and an abscess. CONCLUSION: Combined PEI and RFA treatment has a tendency to be more effective than PEI alone for managing HCCs in high risk locations, although the difference is not statistically significant. Even though PEI is generally accepted as a safe procedure, it may cause major biliary complications for managing HCCs adjacent to the portal vein.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/drug therapy , Catheter Ablation/methods , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic/methods , Disease Progression , Ethanol/administration & dosage , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
20.
Acta cir. bras ; 27(3): 236-243, Mar. 2012. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-617963

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To study the effect of alcoholism on intestinal healing and postoperative complications in rats METHODS: One hundred and sixty rats were divided into two groups: control and treated. The control group received water and the treated group 30 percent ethanol. After 180 days, colotomy with anastomosis were performed. After, the groups were divided into four subgroups: 20 rats for study at the following moments: 4th, 7th, 14th and 21st postoperative. The analyzed parameters were: weight gain, breaking strength, tissue hydroxyproline, postoperative complications and histopathological study RESULTS: Weight gain was greater in the control group (p<0.05). When all the subgroups were clustered, breaking strength was significantly greater in the control (p<0.05). Histopathology and hydroxyproline dosage did not show differences. There were five surgical site infections in the treated group while the control group showed two (p>0.05). Nine fistulas occurred in the treated group whereas the control group two (p<0.05). There were three deaths in the control group and seven in the treated group (p>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Treated group undergo a malnutrition process that is revealed by lower weight gain. Impaired intestinal healing as indicated by smaller breaking strength. There were a larger number of postoperative complications in the treated animals.


OBJETIVO: Estudar o efeito do alcoolismo no processo de cicatrização intestinal e suas complicações pós-operatórias em ratos. MÉTODOS: Cento e sessenta ratos foram divididos em dois grupos: tratado e controle. O controle recebeu água, enquanto o tratado etanol a 30 por cento. Após 180 dias foram realizadas colotomia, seguida de anastomose. Após os animais foram divididos em quatro subgrupos de 20 ratos para estudo nos seguintes momentos: 4º, 7º, 14º e 21º pós-operatório. Os parâmetros analisados foram: ganho de peso, força de ruptura, hidroxiprolina tecidual, complicações pós-operatórias e estudo histopatológico. RESULTADOS: O ganho de peso foi superior no grupo controle (p<0,05). Após agrupamento dos momentos a força de ruptura foi superior no controle (p<0,05). Não houve diferença quanto à histopatologia e hidroxiprolina. Houve cinco infecções de incisão no grupo tratado, enquanto no controle ocorreram duas (p>0,05). Houve nove fístulas no grupo tratado, enquanto no controle duas (p<0,05). Ocorreram sete mortes no grupo tratado e apenas três no controle (p>0,05). CONCLUSÕES: No grupo tratado ocorreu um processo de subnutrição evidenciado pelo menor ganho de peso. Piora na cicatrização intestinal, indicada pela menor força de ruptura. Ocorreu um maior número de complicações pós-operatórias no grupo tratado.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Alcoholism/complications , Colon/surgery , Ethanol/administration & dosage , Intestinal Fistula/etiology , Peritonitis/etiology , Wound Healing/physiology , Anastomosis, Surgical/adverse effects , Chi-Square Distribution , Disease Models, Animal , Malnutrition/etiology , Postoperative Period , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Surgical Wound Dehiscence/physiopathology , Surgical Wound Infection/etiology , Tensile Strength/physiology , Weight Gain/physiology
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