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1.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 42(3): 163-167, sept. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1396921

ABSTRACT

El siguiente trabajo presenta la historia de una paciente de 19 años oriunda de China, que cursó una internación en una sala de psiquiatría de un hospital general por un cuadro de características depresivas. El caso es notable por el polimorfismo en la sintomatología clínica que presentó. El objetivo es analizar, a partir de él, la necesidad de un enfoque interdisciplinario que trate a la cultura como una variable significativa en la construcción de una enfermedad, entendiendo que los modelos fisiopatológicos resultan necesarios pero no suficientes para comprender de qué modo se constituye. Para dicho fin se hará un breve recorrido por los estudios efectuados en la década del 80 en China por el psiquiatra y antropólogo Arthur Kleiman y se desarrollará la perspectiva de la psicoanalista Helena Lunazzi, quien en su libro Alexitimia desarrolla cómo la cultura influye en la expresión verbal de las emociones. (AU)


The following work presents the history of a 19-year-old patient from China who was hospitalized in a psychiatric ward of a general hospital due to a depressive illness, being the case remarkable for the polymorphism in the clinical symptoms that she presented. The objective is to analyze the need for an interdisciplinary approach that treats culture as a significant variable in the construction of a disease, understanding that pathophysiological models are necessary but not sufficient to comprehend how they are constituted. For this purpose, a brief review will be made of the studies carried out in the 1980s in China by the psychiatrist and anthropologist Arthur Kleiman and the perspective of the psychoanalyst Lunazzi Helena, who in her book "Alexithymia" develops how culture influences the verbal expression of emotions. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Psychophysiologic Disorders/complications , Cross-Cultural Comparison , Depression/complications , Psychotherapy , Translating , Ethnicity , China/ethnology , Mental Health/ethnology , Interdisciplinary Communication , Emigration and Immigration
2.
Más Vita ; 4(2): 140-159, jun. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1392169

ABSTRACT

El embarazo, parto y postparto en la mujer indígena integra un proceso de gran importancia social y cultural cargado de mitos, ritos y paradigmas. En Ecuador la etnia indígena está representada con el 35 % población general. Objetivo: Analizar la percepción sobre la preferencia del parto respetado en gestantes indígenas Shuar y Achuar que acuden a la consulta externa de la Unidad Anidada del cantón Taisha años 2018-2019. Materiales y métodos: Es un estudio con un enfoque cuali-cuantitativo; en la parte cuantitativa se utilizó un diseño bibliográfico documental- analítico y en la parte cualitativa se realizó a través de un enfoque fenomenológico analítico. Para la parte cuantitativa se recolectó la información de una matriz validada, mientras tanto, la parte cualitativa se aplicó un cuestionario semi-estructurado bajo la técnica de la entrevista. Los datos obtenidos de la matriz validada fueron codificados y procesados en el programa SPSS 2.0. Resultados: La percepción de las 119 gestantes que acudieron a la unidad Anidada Taisha en relación al lugar de atención de su parto fue 67 (56,30 %); eligieron el parto en su domicilio 50 (42,02%); en el Hospital San José de Taisha y 2 (1,68%); en la finca. De la misma manera, 72 (65,50%); prefirieron el acompañamiento por su esposo, 38 eligieron la posición en cuclillas (31,93%); finalmente 33 (27,33%); prefirieron la posición acostada. Conclusiones: Se identificó que las mujeres indígenas Shuar y Achuar que realizaron sus controles en la Unidad Anidada del cantón Taisha en el periodo 2018-2019, prefirieron las posiciones verticales cuclillas y arrodillada; además, del acompañamiento de su esposo con base a su cultura(AU)


Pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum in indigenous women integrate a process of great social and cultural importance loaded with myths, rites and paradigms. In Ecuador the indigenous ethnic group is represented with 35% general population. Objective: To analyze the perception of the preference of the respected delivery in Shuar and Achuar indigenous pregnant women who attend the outpatient clinic of the Unit Nested from Taisha canton years 2018-2019. Materials and methods: It is a study with an approach qualitative-quantitative; in the quantitative part, a documentary-analytical bibliographic design was used and in the qualitative part was carried out through an analytical phenomenological approach. for the part quantitative information was collected from a validated matrix, meanwhile, the qualitative part was applied a semi-structured questionnaire under the interview technique. The data obtained from the validated matrix were coded and processed in the SPSS 2.0 program. Results: Perception of the 119 pregnant women who attended the Nested Taisha unit in relation to the place of care of their delivery was 67 (56.30%); 50 (42.02%) chose to deliver at home; at the San Jose Hospital Taisha and 2 (1.68%); on the farm. Similarly, 72 (65.50%); preferred the accompaniment by her husband, 38 chose the squatting position (31.93%); finally 33 (27.33%); they preferred the lying position. Conclusions: It was identified that the Shuar and Achuar indigenous women who carried out their controls in the Nested Unit of the Taisha canton in the period 2018-2019, they preferred the vertical squatting and kneeling positions; In addition, the accompaniment of her husband based on your culture.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Perception , Parturition , Indigenous Peoples , Ethnicity , Humanizing Delivery , Pregnant Women , Indigenous Culture
3.
Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud. Instituto Nacional de Rehabilitación; 1 ed; Mar. 2022. 19 p. ilus.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS, MINSAPERU | ID: biblio-1362128

ABSTRACT

El presente documento es una guía para el reconocimiento y registro de la pertenencia étnica en el Certificado de Discapacidad. Variable recientemente incorporada en la actualización del HIS DSCAP WEB, versión 2.0


Subject(s)
Information Systems , Ethnicity , Certification , Disabled Persons , Cultural Diversity , Health Equity , Ethnic Distribution
4.
Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud. Dirección General de Intervenciones Estratégicas en Salud Pública. Dirección de Pueblos Indígenas u Originarios Dirección General de Tecnologías de la Información. Oficina de Gestión de la Información; 1 ed; Feb. 2022. 21 p. ilus.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS, MINSAPERU | ID: biblio-1358092

ABSTRACT

La publicación describe y homogeniza los criterios en la recopilación y codificación de diagnósticos CIE 10. Asimismo, describe la metodología de registros estadísticos sanitarios en salud del indígena, el cual se convierte en un sistema de información necesaria para la toma de decisiones en la solución de los problemas sanitarios en el marco del sistema de coordinación de la atención primaria de salud. En su contexto, el cual se debe realizar según grupo étnico, dado que este es el reconocimiento que una persona hace de un conjunto de características socioeconómicas y culturales, que considera como propias tales como el idioma, la cosmovisión, formas de producción, relaciones de parentesco, etc., frente a grupos con particularidades diferentes, para conocer su perfil epidemiológico y con ello hacer posible la disminución de indicadores de morbilidad


Subject(s)
Primary Health Care , Information Systems , Ethnicity , International Classification of Diseases , Medical Records Systems, Computerized , Comprehensive Health Care , Vulnerable Populations , Indigenous Peoples
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929004

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Gonadal hormone is essential for the health of postmenopausal women, however, few studies have focused on the epidemiological distribution of gonadal hormones in postmenopausal women in very late postmenopausal women. This study aims to investigate and analyze the differences of serum gonadal hormone content and its influential factors among female centenarians in Hainan, China.@*METHODS@#The questionnaire and physical examination data of 741 female centenarians and 401 elderly females in Hainan Province were collected, and venous blood samples were taken to detect the indexes of lipid metabolism, bone metabolism, and gonadal hormone. The differences of gonadal hormones and relavant factors in female centenarians were analyzed and compared.@*RESULTS@#The serum levels of estradiol and progesterone of female centenarians were significantly higher than those of the elderly females (both P<0.001). The serum levels of estradiol and testosterone of ethnic minority centenarians were higher than those in Han nationality (P<0.001), and the serum estradiol and testosterone concentrations were relatively higher when the daily activities were more than 10 min (both P<0.05). Serum estradiol concentration was negatively correlated with apolipoprotein A-I, high density lipoprotein, triglyceride and bone formation markers such as calcium, inorganic phosphorus and vitamin D3, and was positively correlated with the special sequence of β-collagen (markers of bone resorption) (all P<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#For the extremely late postmenopausal women (such as centenarians), there may be characteristic expressions of gonadal hormones, especially estradiol. There is an unprotective correlation of serum estradiol with lipid metabolism index and bone metabolism index in female centenarians, so it is necessary to evaluate the estrogen content and the use of estrogen therapy in postmenopausal women.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Centenarians , China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Estradiol , Estrogens , Ethnicity , Female , Humans , Minority Groups , Testosterone
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928936

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To determine the prevalence, factors associated with and patterns of concomitant Chinese medicine (CM) with Western treatment use among patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in a tertiary referral centre (Singapore General Hospital) in Singapore.@*METHODS@#We conducted a cross-sectional interviewer-administered survey of a consecutive sample of patients with RA in Singapore General Hospital centre regarding their CM use including data on patient demographics, disease characteristics, concomitant use of CM and reasons, concerns and disclosure patterns from March to August 2015. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to determine the associations of CM use.@*RESULTS@#Prevalence of CM use among the 258 patients surveyed (male: female 42: 216; Chinese: Malay: Indian 191: 29: 34; mean age: 61 years; mean duration of RA: 10 years) was 46.1% (119/258). On multivariate analysis, Chinese ethnicity (OR, 95% CI: 4.11, 1.49-11.36), Chinese speakers (OR, 95% CI: 2.35, 1.03-5.54), middle-income group (OR, 95% CI: 2.53, 1.01-6.31) and greater learned helplessness (OR, 95% CI: 1.13, 1.04-1.22) were significantly associated with CM use. More CM users disclosed their CM use to CM physicians (87.3%, 96/110), sought advice from them on treatment interactions (59.4%, 57/96) and how best to combine treatments (49.0%, 47/96) than did so with rheumatologists (42.0%, 50/119; 40.0%, 20/50; and 42.0%, 21/50, respectively). Forty-two percentage (29/69) of patients who concealed CM use from rheumatologists because their rheumatologists did not specifically enquire about CM use.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Concomitant CM use among patients with RA treated in a tertiary referral centre in Singapore is high but voluntary disclosure is low. The associations identified can help doctors identify and enquire about CM use, minimizing potential adverse interactions.


Subject(s)
Arthritis, Rheumatoid/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Ethnicity , Female , Humans , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Middle Aged , Prevalence
7.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26: e20210289, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1356214

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Analisar as representações sociais de mulheres quilombolas sobre o cuidado em saúde. Método consiste em um estudo descritivo, qualitativo, realizado entre novembro de 2017 e janeiro de 2018 na comunidade quilombola Abacatal/Aurá, em Ananindeua, cidade brasileira do estado do Pará. Participaram 30 mulheres que vivenciavam o cuidado em saúde. Os dados foram produzidos a partir de entrevistas individuais, submetidos à Análise Temática e discutidos à luz da Teoria das Representações Sociais. Resultados as representações foram organizadas em três dimensões: afetiva, a mais representativa, em que se ancoraram relações de afeto e sentimentos; social, na qual o cuidado foi apreendido como prática inerente à mulher; e biológica, sendo o cuidado compreendido como cuidados gerais de prevenção e tratamento de doenças. Conclusões e implicações para a prática as representações do cuidado em saúde evidenciaram forte carga afetiva, denotando um sentido de preservação da vida e do ambiente, identificando com o cuidado o gênero feminino e, ainda que de forma minoritária, revelando hábitos e ações higienistas referendadas pelo discurso técnico-científico entrelaçado com os saberes tradicionais. Esses aspectos trazem singularidades que devem ser consideradas pela enfermagem, uma vez que esta atua com o cuidado integral à saúde dos indivíduos e seus respectivos grupos e (re)produz esse cuidado.


Resumen Objetivo Analizar las representaciones sociales de las mujeres quilombolas sobre el cuidado de la salud. Método estudio descriptivo, cualitativo, realizado entre noviembre de 2017 y enero de 2018 en la comunidad quilombola Abacatal/Aurá, en Ananindeua, Pará, Brasil. Participaron treinta mujeres que vivencian el cuidado en salud. Los datos fueron producidos a través de entrevistas individuales, sometidos al Análisis Temático y discutidos bajo el prisma de la Teoría de las Representaciones Sociales. Resultados las representaciones se organizaron en tres dimensiones: afectiva, la más representativa, en que se anclaron relaciones de afecto y sentimientos; Social, en la que el cuidado se percibe como una práctica inherente a la mujer; y Biológico, en que se entiende el cuidado como cuidados generales para la prevención y tratamiento de enfermedades. Conclusiones e implicaciones para la práctica las representaciones del cuidado en la salud mostraron una fuerte carga afectiva al expresar un sentido de preservación de la vida y del ambiente, al atenerse a una identidad de cuidado para el género femenino y, aunque de forma menos expresiva, al revelar hábitos y acciones higienistas refrendadas por el discurso técnico-científico entrelazado con los saberes tradicionales. Estos aspectos presentan singularidades que deben ser consideradas por la enfermería, puesto que, actúa y (re)produce la atención integral con la salud para los individuos y sus respectivos grupos.


Abstract Objective To analyze the social representations of quilombola women about health care. Method this is a descriptive qualitative study that was carried out between November 2017 and January 2018 in the quilombola community Abacatal/Aurá, in Ananindeua, Pará State, Brazil. Thirty women who experience health care participated. Data were produced via individual interviews, submitted to thematic analysis, and discussed based on the Social Representations Theory. Results representations were organized into three dimensions: affective, the most representative, where relationships of affection and feelings were anchored; social, in which care was perceived as a practice inherent to women; and biological, with care being understood as general care for disease prevention and treatment. Conclusions and implications for practice the representations of health care showed a strong affective charge, denoting a preservation sense of life and environment, referred to an identity of care for the female gender and, even though a minority, revealed habits and endorsed hygienist actions by the technical-scientific discourse intertwined with traditional knowledge. These aspects bring singularities that nursing must consider, as it acts and (re)produces comprehensive health care for individuals and their respective groups.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Psychology, Social , Women/psychology , Ethnicity/psychology , Health of Ethnic Minorities , Qualitative Research
8.
Rev. Bras. Cancerol. (Online) ; 68(1)jan./fev./mar. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1371163

ABSTRACT

A relação entre raça (e etnicidade) e adoecimento no Brasil é bastante sólida e evidente. A cor da pele de um indivíduo influencia significativamente na sua vida, no seu adoecimento e morte. Como exemplo atual sobre o tema, cabe mencionar a relação entre a mortalidade da doença pelo coronavírus 2019 (do inglês, coronavirus disease 2019 - covid-19) e a raça, cuja população de pretos tem uma taxa de mortalidade mais alta do que os brancos


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Tobacco , Tobacco Use Disorder , Tobacco Use Disorder/ethnology , Ethnicity , Racism , Tobacco Use , Brazil
9.
Textos contextos (Porto Alegre) ; 21(1): 38226, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352643

ABSTRACT

Este artigo analisa o processo de operacionalização da Política de Assistência Social a partir da perspectiva do Sistema Único de Assistência Social (SUAS). A pesquisa que originou estas reflexões utilizou como procedimento metodológico a entrevista semiestruturada, aplicada junto aos implementadores e gestores da política de assistência social. A amostragem foi restrita a municípios onde se localizam comunidades quilombolas certificados pela Fundação Cultural Palmares, no território do Vale do Mucuri, Minas Gerais, Brasil. Dessa forma, nossa investigação deteve-se nos municípios de: Carlos Chagas, Ouro Verde de Minas, Pescador, Teófilo Otoni e Ataléia. Com a sistematização dos dados, concluímos que o acesso à política de assistência social é mínimo e desconsidera a identidade coletiva desta população tradicional. Mesmo sendo a política de assistência social reconhecida como direito, ainda é ofertada apenas para aqueles que são atestados como extremamente miseráveis e não para os que dela necessitam


This article analyzes the operationalization process of the Social Assistance Policy from the perspective of SUAS. The research that gave rise to these reflections used the semi-structured interview as a methodological procedure, applied to the implementers and managers of the social assistance policy. The sampling was restricted to municipalities where quilombola communities certified by Fundação Cultural Palmares are located, in the territory of Vale do Mucuri, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Thus, our investigation was conducted in the municipalities of: Carlos Chagas, Ouro Verde de Minas, Pescador, Teófilo Otoni and Ataléia. With the systematization of the data, we conclude that access to the social assistance policy is minimal and disregards the collective identity of this traditional population. Even though the social assistance policy is recognized as a right, it is still offered only to those who are considered extremely miserable and not to those who need it, reproducing the stigma of "poor to poor policy"


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Public Policy , Social Support , Ethnicity
10.
Texto & contexto enferm ; 31: e20200684, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1361168

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to analyze reproductive autonomy in quilombola women and the intervening factors of intergenerational transmission between mothers and daughters. Method: a cross-sectional and analytical study developed with 160 women, mothers and daughters from quilombola communities in the municipality of Vitória da Conquista, Bahia. The National Health Survey questionnaire was used to verify sociodemographic characteristics and intervening factors; and the Reproductive Autonomy Scale was also employed. The Chi-square, Mann-Whitney and Wilcoxon tests were applied. The data were analyzed by means of simple and multiple linear regression. Results: the group of mothers presented higher frequency of women that are married or live with a partner (66.2%), who worked (51.2%) and who had higher incomes (358.00 ± 663.00). The daughters presented more years of study (10.50 ± 5.00). Reproductive autonomy and intergenerational transmission between mothers and daughters mainly occur in the Absence of coercion (ICC=0.70; p=0368) and Communication (ICC=0.69; p=0694) domains. The mother's age (ß-adjusted=-0.027; p=0.039) and the daughter's skin color/race (ß-adjusted=0.423; p=0.049) were intervening factors in intergenerational transmission related to Decision-making, associated with the mother's age and with the daughter's self-recognition as black-skinned. Conclusion: the daughters do not follow the same choice as their mothers, which can be understood due to greater accessibility to reproductive planning services and increased schooling levels. Intergenerational transmission among quilombolas presents important specificities for reproductive decisions and enables a better understanding of the information and qualification of the health professionals' assistance in the care provided to these women.


RESUMEN Objetivo: analizar la autonomía reproductiva en mujeres quilombolas y los factores intergeneracionales de transmisión entre madres e hijas. Método: estudio transversal y analítico desarrollado con 160 mujeres, madres e hijas de comunidades quilombolas de la ciudad de Vitória da Conquista, Bahía. Se utilizó el cuestionario de la Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde para verificar las características sociodemográficas y los factores intervinientes; y la Escala de Autonomía Reproductiva. Se aplicaron las pruebas de Chi-cuadrado, Mann-Whitney y Wilcoxon. Los datos se analizaron mediante regresión lineal simple y múltiple. Resultados: el grupo de madres presentó mayor frecuencia de mujeres casadas o con pareja (66,2%), que trabajaban (51,2%) y tenían mayores ingresos (358,00 ± 663,00). Las hijas presentaron más años de escolaridad (10,50 ± 5,00). La autonomía reproductiva y la transmisión intergeneracional entre madres e hijas ocurren especialmente en los dominios Ausencia de Coerción (CCI=0,70; p=0368) y Comunicación (CCI=0,69; p=0694). La edad de la madre (ß-ajustada=-0.027; p=0.039) y la etnia / raza de la hija (ß-ajustada=0.423; p=0.049) fueron factores que intervinieron en la transmisión intergeneracional relacionada con la Toma de Decisiones, asociada a una menor edad de la madre y al autorreconocimiento de la hija como negra. Conclusión: las hijas no siguen la misma opción que sus madres, lo que puede explicarse debido a la mayor accesibilidad a los servicios de planificación reproductiva y mayores niveles de educación. La transmisión intergeneracional entre quilombolas presenta importantes especificidades para las decisiones reproductivas y permite una mejor comprensión de la información y la calificación de la asistencia de los profesionales de la salud en el cuidado de estas mujeres.


RESUMO Objetivo: analisar a autonomia reprodutiva em mulheres quilombolas e os fatores intervenientes da transmissão intergeracional entre mães e filhas. Método: estudo transversal e analítico desenvolvido com 160 mulheres, mães e filhas de comunidades quilombolas do município de Vitória da Conquista, Bahia. Utilizou-se o questionário da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde para verificar características sociodemográficas e fatores intervenientes; e a Escala de Autonomia Reprodutiva. Foram aplicados testes qui-quadrado, Mann-Whitney e Wilcoxon. Os dados foram analisados através de regressão linear simples e múltipla. Resultados: o grupo das mães apresentou maior frequência de mulheres casadas ou com companheiro (66,2%), que trabalhavam (51,2%) e maior renda (358,00 ± 663,00). As filhas apresentaram mais anos de estudo (10,50 ± 5,00). A autonomia reprodutiva e a transmissão intergeracional entre mães e filhas ocorrem, sobretudo, nos domínios Ausência de Coerção (CCI=0,70; p=0368) e Comunicação (CCI=0,69; p=0694). A idade da mãe (ß-ajustado=-0,027; p=0,039) e cor/raça da filha (ß-ajustado=0,423; p=0,049) foram fatores intervenientes na transmissão intergeracional relacionada a Tomada de Decisão, associados a menor idade da mãe e ao autorreconhecimento da filha como negra. Conclusão: as filhas não acompanham a mesma escolha das mães, o que pode ser entendido por uma maior acessibilidade aos serviços de planejamento reprodutivo e aumento nos níveis de escolaridade. A transmissão intergeracional entre quilombolas apresenta especificidades importantes para decisões reprodutivas e possibilita melhor entendimento das informações e qualificação da assistência dos profissionais de saúde no cuidado com essas mulheres.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Women , Ethnicity , Intergenerational Relations , Personal Autonomy , Reproductive Behavior/ethnology , Mother-Child Relations , Socioeconomic Factors , Nuclear Family , Cross-Sectional Studies
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935348

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the migration of the HIV/AIDS cases and related factors in Liangshan Yi autonomous prefecture (Liangshan). Methods: According to HIV/AIDS Comprehensive Response Information Management System of China Information System for Disease Control and Prevention, a total of 28 772 HIV/AIDS cases who had follow-up records in Liangshan in 2020 were included in the survey. The migration of the HIV/AIDS cases was described and the related factors were analyzed using multiple logistic regression models, and the migration destinations of the HIV/AIDS cases were mapped. Results: Among the 28 772 HIV/AIDS cases, 20.89% (6 010/28 772) had migration in 2020. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that among the HIV/AIDS cases, the migration related factors included being aged 15-24 years (compared with being aged 0-14 years, OR=2.74, 95%CI:2.04-3.69) and ethnic group (compared with Han ethnic group, OR=2.44, 95%CI:2.19-2.72), having education level of junior high school (compared with having education level of primary school or below, OR=1.25, 95%CI:1.14-1.38), being unmarried (compared with being married, OR=1.29, 95%CI:1.20-1.39), being engaged in business services (compared with being engaged in farming, OR=1.96, 95%CI:1.31-2.92), receiving antiviral treatment <1 year (compared with receiving antiviral treatment >3 years, OR=1.42, 95%CI:1.26-1.61), having recent CD4+T lymphocytes (CD4) counts >500 cells/μl (compared with having recent CD4 counts <200 cells/μl, OR=1.15, 95%CI:1.03-1.29). The geographical distribution maps showed that among all cities in Sichuan, Xichang (13.26%, 797/6 010) and Chengdu (10.12%,608/6 010) were the main migration destinations of the HIV/AIDS cases, and the provinces outside Sichuan where the HIV/AIDS cases would like to migrate to were mainly Guangdong (18.19%, 1 093/6 010) and Zhejiang provinces (7.67%, 461/6 010) in 2020. The HIV/AIDS cases who migrated where Liangshan, within Sichuan province, and to other provinces accounted for 27.67% (1 663/6 010), 15.34% (922/6 010) and 56.99% (3 425/6 010), respectively. Conclusions: More attention should be paid to the mobility characteristics and the classification management of HIV/AIDS cases according to their characteristics in Liangshan. Timely access to information on changes in the place of work and residence of HIV/AIDS cases should be warranted when they have migration. Good referrals and management for mobility of HIV/AIDS cases in different places should be made to reduce loss to follow-up and improving interventions.


Subject(s)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/epidemiology , Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , China/epidemiology , Ethnicity , HIV Infections/epidemiology , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Logistic Models , Marriage , Young Adult
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928705

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze and summarize ABO and Rh(D) blood group distribution and related indicators of COVID-19 patients, and understand the relationship between blood group and disease course of COVID-19 patients in Xinjiang.@*METHODS@#A total of 831 patients with confirmed or asymptomatic COVID-19 infection treated in People's Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region from July 2020 to August 2020 were enrolled as study group, and 2 778 healthy people in a third Grade A hospital in the region during the same period were selected as control group. ABO and Rh(D) blood group antigens were identified, and relevant medical data were collected for statistical analysis.@*RESULTS@#The proportion of O-type population and Rh(D) positive population in the study group was 24.79% and 96.27%, which were lower than those in the normal control group (29.73% and 97.73%) (P<0.05). The proportion of AB type and Rh(D) negative population was 14.20% and 3.73%, which was higher than that in control group (10.62% and 2.27%) (P<0.05). The proportion of female patients in Type O group was lower than that in control group. The proportion of female patients in AB group was higher than that in control group (P<0.01), while the proportion of type O patients in the age group less than or equal to 45 years old and greater than 60 years old was lower. Different blood groups of Uygur population showed their own characteristics in different sex, but there was no statistical significance due to the limited sample (P>0.05). Moreover, the course of disease and clinical diagnosis of COVID-19 patients were different among different blood groups (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#This study found that the blood type distribution of COVID-19 patients in Xinjiang has its own characteristics, and the blood type is related to the course and clinical diagnosis of COVID-19. In the future, the data can be widely included in people from different ethnic groups and different regions to improve relevant studies.


Subject(s)
ABO Blood-Group System , COVID-19 , Ethnicity , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , SARS-CoV-2
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928694

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the incidence and types of thalassemia in Xiangxi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture.@*METHODS@#Automatic capillary electrophoresis was used to screen the thalassemia phenotypes of 22 940 blood samples of pregnant women and puerperants collected in our hospital and some other medical institutions in the prefecture during 2017-2019, among which there were 3 356 cases of Tujia ethnicity, 2 821 cases of Miao ethnicity, and 2 233 cases of Han ethnicity included, whose ethnicity were indicated. The samples with positive result would undergo further genetic testing.@*RESULTS@#There were 2 314 cases of suspicious thalassemia were screened from 22 940 cases by the electrophoresis, thus the positive rate was 10.1% (hematological phenotypes from some other institutions were not included). Specifically, there were 1 706 cases with HBA2 less than 2.5%, 255 cases with HBA2 ranged from 2.5% to 3.5%, which displayed abnormal hematology (MCV or/and MCH) or other abnormal bands, and 353 cases with HBA2>3.5%. There were 436 suspected positive patients in 2 314 suspicious samples received further thalassemia gene testing in our hospital, among them 48 cases were diagnosed with α-thalassemia, 85 cases with β-thalassemia, and 2 cases as compound type. The positive diagnosis rate of α-thalassemia gene test was 11.0%, β-thalassemia was 19.4%, and positive pregnant women was 31.0%.@*CONCLUSION@#The positive rate of thalassemia screening in Xiangxi Autonomous Prefecture is roughly the same as that in other regions of Hunan. The positive predictive value of β-thalassemia screening is as high as 86%. Compared with the missed screening data, it is recommended to use hematology (MCV, MCH) method combined with capillary hemoglobin electrophoresis for thalassemia screening.


Subject(s)
Ethnicity , Female , Genetic Testing , Hemoglobin A2/analysis , Humans , Pregnancy , Pregnant Women , alpha-Thalassemia/genetics , beta-Thalassemia/genetics
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927871

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the growth and dietary diversity status of children in multi-ethnic areas of Sichuan province,and to explore the associations of dietary diversity with growth and development indicators. Methods Children of 18-36 months old and their primary caregivers were selected with multi-stage cluster random sampling method from rural areas of Han,Tibetan,and Yi ethnic groups in Sichuan province. The sociodemographic information of children and their caregivers was collected using self-designed questionnaire.The dietary diversity score(DDS)was calculated according to the criteria in the Guidelines for Measuring Household and Individual Dietary Diversity released by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.The body height(length)and body weight of each child were measured by standard equipment for anthropological measurement,and the height for age Z score(HAZ),weight for age Z score(WAZ),and weight for height Z score(WHZ) were calculated.Multivariate linear regression was performed to analyze the relationship between dietary diversity and growth indicators of children. Results A total of 1092 children were enrolled in this study,and the prevalence of stunting(HAZ<-2),underweight(WAZ<-2),and wasting(WHZ<-2)was 21.1%,4.9%,and 2.5%,respectively.The children had the mean DDS of 4.8±1.7,and 45.3% of children had poor dietary diversity(DDS≤4).The children of Han ethnic group(5.8±1.4)had higher DDS than those of Tibetan ethnic group(4.9±1.6)and Yi ethnic group(3.9±1.6)(P<0.001).The results of multivariate linear regression indicated that DDS was positively correlated with HAZ(β=0.206,95%CI=0.158-0.254,P<0.001)after adjustment of sex,age,birth weight,preterm birth,and parental body height.After further adjustment of family fixed assets,ethnic group,caregiver's type,and caregiver's education background,the correlation between DDS and HAZ remained significant(β=0.077,95%CI=0.026-0.128, P=0.003). Conclusions The children in the multi-ethnic rural areas of Sichuan province showed troublesome growth and development status and low dietary diversity,which were conspicuously different between ethnic groups,especially in the rural areas of Yi ethnic group.The dietary diversity was positively associated with HAZ.It is recommended to carry out nutrition and health education according to the local dietary characteristics and thus improve the growth and development of children in multi-ethnic rural areas in Sichuan.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , China/epidemiology , Ethnicity , Female , Growth and Development , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Nutritional Status , Pregnancy , Premature Birth , Rural Population
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927424

ABSTRACT

"Unblocking fu organs" is one of the essential principles of Ma's warm moxibustion technique, characterized as "dredging" and "harmonizing" for either deficiency or excess condition. Under the guidance of this therapeutic thought, the acupoints for moxibustion are mainly selected from the middle and lower parts of the body. Regarding the therapeutic approach, the acupoint prescription for moxibustion should be formed in line with warming and promoting circulation of fu organs; the moxibustion degree should be specially considered, in which, the mild moxibustion is recommended to induce promoting action; and the systematic moxibustion technique should be the root for dredging fu organs and regulating zang organs. Ma's mild moxibustion technique stresses on removing the obstruction of fu organs and emphasizes promoting the qi activity of sanjiao (triple energizer) and regulating the balance of five zang organs.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Ethnicity , Humans , Hyperplasia , Moxibustion/methods
17.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362055

ABSTRACT

Este estudo busca analisar os processos de transição que vêm ocorrendo na vida cotidiana da comunidade Kalunga em relação à percepção das danças entre as gerações de idosos e jovens. Foi realizada uma pesquisa etnográfica utilizando entrevistas e observação direta na comunidade. A interpretação ocorreu com base em autores que discutem o tema no campo das ciências sociais no diálogo com a educação física. Como conclusão, podemos afirmar que os corpos se entrelaçam nas festas e danças e promovem diálogos de dança estabelecidos entre gerações. O sistema ritual, constituído por festas e danças, revela os sentidos e significados das danças como uma estratégia de resistência cultural, permitindo a reconstrução do passado e a ressignificação do presente desse grupo social (AU).


This study seeks to analyze the transition processes that have been occurring in the daily life of the Kalunga community in relation to the perception of dances among the elderly and young generations. An ethnographic research was carried out using interviews and direct observation in the community. The interpretation occurred based on authors who discuss the topic in the field of social sciences in the dialogue with physical education. As a conclusion, we can say that the bodies are intertwined in parties and dances and promote dance dialogs established between generations. The ritual system reveals the senses and meanings of the dances as a strategy of cultural resistance, allowing the reconstruction of the past and the re-signification of the present of this social group (AU).


Este estudio busca analizar los procesos de transición que se vienen dando en la vida diaria de la comunidad Kalunga en relación a la percepción de los bailes entre las generaciones mayores y jóvenes. Se realizó una investigación etnográfica mediante entrevistas y observación directa en la comunidad. La interpretación se dio a partir de autores que discuten el tema en el campo de las ciencias sociales en el diálogo con la educación física. Como conclusión, podemos decir que los cuerpos se entrelazan en fiestas y bailes y promueven los diálogos de danza establecidos entre generaciones. El sistema ritual revela los sentidos y significados de las danzas como estrategia de resistencia cultural, permitiendo la reconstrucción del pasado y la resignificación del presente (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Ethnicity , Residence Characteristics , Dancing , Brazil/ethnology , Life , Anthropology, Cultural
18.
Licere (Online) ; 24(4): 299-323, dez.2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358431

ABSTRACT

Este artigo trata de uma política pública de lazer e turismo voltada à educação antirracista. Seu objetivo é sensibilizar os alunos buzianos das redes pública e privada para a questão racial com base em uma programação voltada às tradições africanas, a partir dos conteúdos culturais do lazer a ser vivenciada no Quilombo de Baía Formosa. A metodologia se baseou em um estudo de caso, calcado nas pesquisas bibliográfica e pesquisa-ação, tendo como instrumentos o questionário semiaberto e a observação assistemática, compreendendo o ano de 2019. Os resultados demonstraram que essas atividades ajudaram no (re)conhecimento e respeito às tradições africanas, bem como na sensibilização dos alunos para as questões étnico-raciais, oportunizando a construção de uma consciência antirracista ao fazer conhecer os elementos culturais quilombolas e seus lugares de referência na cidade.


This article deals with a public leisure and tourism policy aimed at antiracist education. Its objective is to sensitize students from the public and private schools in Búzios to the racial issue based on a schedule focused on African traditions, grounded on the cultural contents of leisure to be experienced in Quilombo de Baía Formosa. The methodology was based on the case study, supported on the bibliographic research and action research, using the semi-open questionnaire and unsystematic observation as instruments, covering the year 2019. The results showed that these activities helped in the recognition and respect for African traditions, as well as in sensitizing students to ethnic-racial issues, providing opportunities for the construction of an anti-racist conscience by making known the quilombola cultural elements and their places of reference in the city.


Subject(s)
Ethnicity , Education , Respect , Leisure Activities
19.
Licere (Online) ; 24(4): 66-86, dez.2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353780

ABSTRACT

Este artigo tem como objetivo analisar o tema questões étnico-raciais e Educação Física escolar e apresentar apontamentos sobre a educação para o lazer. Desde a promulgação da lei 10.639/2003, com o reconhecimento da necessidade da presença da história e cultura afro-brasileira nos currículos escolares, tem sido um importante passo para o reforço do trabalho pedagógico com as questões étnico-raciais na Educação Física. Como procedimentos metodológicos foi realizada pesquisa bibliográfica. Foram selecionados textos com data de publicação de 2016 a 2020. A análise é de natureza qualitativa. As questões étnico-raciais trabalhadas na Educação Física escolar com foco na educação para o lazer são uma oportunidade para a discussão/vivência sobre práticas de diversas culturas e etnias e sua valorização. Conclui-se que este pode ser um caminho efetivo para minimizar problemas sociais como o preconceito.


This paper aims at analyzing ethnic-racial issues and school Physical Education as well as presenting notes on leisure for education. Since the enactment of Law 10.639 / 2003, with the recognition of the need for the presence of Afro-Brazilian history and culture in school curricula, it has been an important step towards strengthening the pedagogical work with ethnic-racial issues in Physical Education. Methodological procedures were performed by bibliographical research. Texts with publication data from 2016 to 2020 were selected. This is a qualitative analysis. Ethnicracial issues addressed in school Physical Education with a focus on education for leisure are an opportunity for discussion/experience on practices of different cultures and ethnicities and their appreciation. We concluded that this can be an effective way to minimize social problems such as prejudice.


Subject(s)
Prejudice , Schools , Social Problems , Ethnicity , Culture , Leisure Activities
20.
Bol. malariol. salud ambient ; 61(4): 748-760, dic. 2021. tab., ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1399938

ABSTRACT

Con el propósito de analizar el comportamiento de las relaciones entre médico/odontólogo y paciente, mediadas por la comunicación intercultural, se realizó un estudio que contó con la participación de 200 indígenas de la etnia Kichwa Salasaka y 33 profesionales sanitarios. Mediante la aplicación de encuestas fueron explorados elementos esenciales como los idiomas que ambos grupos dominan; asistencia a consulta de los indígenas; calidad de la atención; formación bilingüe del odontólogo y percepción de la comprensión por parte de ambos grupos. Entre los resultados obtenidos se encuentra la no comprensión de los pacientes de las orientaciones que reciben en la consulta, insuficiente conocimiento la lengua Kichwa por parte del equipo de salud y en consecuencia insuficiente transferencia de la información. Identificada la problemática comunicacional médico/odontólogo - paciente, se recomienda la implementación de políticas de salud sustentadas en el enfoque intercultural(AU)


With the purpose of analyzing the behavior of the medical/dentist-patient relations, mediated by the intercultural communication, a study was carried out that counted on the participation of 70 indigenous people of the ethnic Kichwa Salasaca and 33 doctors and dentist. Through the application of surveys, essential elements were explored such as the languages that both groups dominate; assistance to indigenous consultation; Quality of care; Bilingual training of the dentist and perception of the understanding on the part of both groups. Among the results obtained is the non-comprehension of the patients of the orientations they receive in the consultation, insufficient knowledge the Kichwa language by the health team and consequently insufficient transfer of the information. Identified the communicational problems medical/entist-patient, we recommend the implementation of health policies based on the intercultural approach(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Quality of Health Care , Ethnicity , Cultural Competency , Culturally Competent Care , Indigenous Peoples , Tongue , Surveys and Questionnaires , Communication , Dentist-Patient Relations , Ecuador , Health Services, Indigenous , Language
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