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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921736


The potential quality markers( Q-markers) of Eupatorium lindleyanum were studied with analytic hierarchy process(AHP)-entropy weight method(EWM) and network pharmacological method. Based on the concept of Q-markers of traditional Chinese medicine, AHP-EWM was employed to quantitatively identify the Q-markers of E. lindleyanum. AHP method was applied to the weight analysis of the validity, testability, and specificity of the first-level indexes, and EWM method was used to analyze the secondlevel indexes supported by literature and experimental data. At the same time, based on the theory and method of network pharmacology, the component-target-disease-efficacy network of E. lindleyanum was built, and the components most closely related to the efficacy of resolving phlegm and relieving cough and asthma were screened out. Through the integrated analysis of the results obtained with AHP-EWM and network pharmacological method, 13 compounds including rutin, quercetin, nepetin, cirsiliol, luteolin, hyperoside,isoquercitrin, kaempferol, caffeic acid, eupalinolide K, eupalinolide A, eupalinolide B, and eupalinolide C were comprehensively identified as the potential Q-markers of E. lindleyanum. The results provide a basis for the quality control of E. lindleyanum.

Analytic Hierarchy Process , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Entropy , Eupatorium , Network Pharmacology , Rutin
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-157596


To evaluate the anticonvulsant activity of aqueous extract of Eupatorium birmanicum DC leave (EB) alone and in combination with phenytoin against MES seizure in albino mice. Method: Aqueous extract of EB was prepared using Soxhlet apparatus. The anticonvulsant effect of the extract was tested on prescreened albino mice at 3 doses (200, 400 & 800 mg/kg). After 1 hr of oral administration of EB the animals were subjected to MES seizures by convulsiometer with a current of 45 mA for 0.2 sec via transauricular electrodes and the duration of the THLE was recorded. Sub-anticonvulsant dose of phenytoin was also determined and the effect of its combination with the most effective dose of EB tested. Results: EB aqueous extract exhibited significant anticonvulsant activity in the MES model at doses 400 mg/ kg (p<0.01) & 800 mg/kg (p<0.001). This reduction in the duration of THLE at 800mg/kg of EB was further reduced significantly (p<0.001) when combined with subanticonvulsant doses of phenytoin (10mg/kg). Conclusion: The aqueous extract of E. birmanicum leaves showed significant anticonvulsant activity in MES seizure model in albino mice and it significantly increased the anticonvulsant effect of phenytoin in the same animal model.

Animals , Anticonvulsants/pharmacokinetics , Anticonvulsants/therapeutic use , Disease Models, Animal , Drug Therapy, Combination , Electroshock , Eupatorium/classification , Eupatorium/therapeutic use , Female , Male , Mice , Phenytoin/pharmacokinetics , Phenytoin/therapeutic use , Plant Extracts , Plant Leaves , Seizures/drug therapy
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-356040


To study chemical constituents of Eupatorium lindleyanum. Ethyl acetate extractive fractions were separated with silica gel and Sephadex LH-20 by column chromatography, and their structures were identified on the basis of spectroscopic analysis and chemical evidence. Sixteen compounds were separated and identified as scopoletin (1), 6, 7-dimethylesculetin (2), nepetin (3), eupatrin (4), luteolin (5), isoquerecitrin (6), jaceosidin (7), quceritin (8), kaempferol (9), rutin (10), cirsiliol (11), taraxasterylacetate (12), pseudotaraxasteryl acetate (13), pseudotaraxasterol (14), butanoic acid (15) and n-hexadecanoic acid (16). Of them, compounds 1-6 and 11, 13 and 15 were separated from this plant for the first time.

Acetates , Chemistry , Butyric Acid , Chemistry , Eupatorium , Chemistry , Flavones , Chemistry , Flavonoids , Chemistry , Kaempferols , Chemistry , Luteolin , Chemistry , Palmitic Acid , Chemistry , Quercetin , Chemistry , Rutin , Chemistry , Scopoletin , Chemistry , Sterols , Chemistry , Triterpenes , Chemistry , Umbelliferones , Chemistry
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-347001


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To develop a GC method to determine the content of caryophyllene in Eupatorium fortune.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The samples were determined on a DB-1701 (0.32 mm x 30 m, 0.25 microm) quartz capillary column. And the sample was extracted with ethanol by the ultrasonic assisted extraction.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The calibration curve of caryophyllene is liner over the range of 0.002-2.0 g x L (-1) (R2 = 1). The recovery was from 96.76% to 104.15%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The method is accurate, simple with a good reproducibility. It can be used to control the quality of E. fortune.</p>

Chromatography, Gas , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Eupatorium , Chemistry , Sesquiterpenes
Rev. cienc. salud (Bogotá) ; 6(2): 64-73, ago. 2008. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: lil-635932


En el presente trabajo se evaluó la actividad tóxica de extractos de Eupatorium microphyllum L.F. sobre larvas de IV estadio del mosquito Aedes aegypti (Linneaus), bajo condiciones de laboratorio. Se utilizaron extractos acuosos en concentraciones del 500 mg L-1, 1.500 mg L - 1 y 2.500 mg L-1 y acetónicos en concentraciones de 10 mg L-1, 20 mg L-1, 30 mg L-1, 40 mg L-1 y 50 mg L-1. Los bioensayos se realizaron por triplicado, cada uno con 20 larvas, expuestas durante 24 horas a 150 mL de solución. En todos los ensayos biológicos se emplearon grupos control. En la evaluación de los extractos acetónicos, se empleó un control negativo para evitar que la mortalidad de las larvas ocurriera a causa del solvente. Los extractos acuosos mostraron acción moderadamente baja en la mortalidad de larvas, menor del 20%. Por el contrario, la acción de los extractos acetónicos se observó a 10 y 20 mg L-1, con 15% de mortalidad, mientras que a 30 y 40 mg L-1 se registraron 22 al 38% de mortalidad, en tanto que a 50 mg L-1 la mortalidad fue del 95,4% con resultados estadísticos altamente significativos. Las concentraciones de los extractos acetónicos mostraron ser las más eficientes para el control de los mosquitos seleccionados. Ambos tipos de extractos mostraron efecto tóxico en larvas de A. aegypti ; sin embargo, se observó mayor efecto en los extractos acetónicos en relación con los extractos acuosos de E. microphyllum, lo cual constituye una alternativa viable en la búsqueda de nuevos larvicidas a partir de compuestos naturales.

In the present work the toxic activity of extracts of Eupatorium microphyllum L.F. was evaluated on 4 th instar larvae of the mosquito Aedes aegypti (Linneaus), under laboratory conditions. Aqueous extracts were utilized in concentrations of 500 mg L-1, 1,500 mg L-1 and 2,500 mg L-1 and acetone in concentrations of 10 mg L-1, 20 mg L-1, 30 mg L-1, 40 mg L-1 and 50 mg L-1. The bioassays were carried out for triplicate each one with 20 larvae, exposed for 24 hours to 150 mL of solution. In all the bioassays were employed control groups. In the evaluation of the acetone extracts, a negative control was employed to avoid that the mortality of the larvae to occur on account of the solvent. The Aqueous extracts showed low moderate action in the mortality of larvae, less than 20%. On the contrary, the action of the acetone extracts was observed to 10 and 20 mg L-1 with 15% of mortality, while to 30 and 40 mg L-1 were registered 22 to 38% of mortality. However, to 50 mg L-1 the mortality was of 95.4% with highly significant statistical results. The concentrations of the acetone extracts showed to be the most efficient for the control of the mosquitoes selected. Both types of extracts showed toxic effect in larvae of A. aegypti, nevertheless, greater effect in the acetone extracts was observed relating to the aqueous extracts of E. microphyllum, which constitutes a viable alternative in the search of new larvicides from composed natural.

Animals , Eupatorium , Solutions , Solvents , Biological Assay , Aedes , Toxicity
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 27(10): 442-445, out. 2007. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-471002


The spontaneous and experimental poisoning by Eupatorium tremulum in cattle is described. Spontaneous cases were diagnosed in a herd of 19 cattle in the municipality of Lages, Santa Catarina, Brazil. Three of the animals were found dead after having been transferred to a pasture with abundant quantities of E. tremulum. On two of them postmortem examination was performed and several internal organs were sampled for histological examination. Green leaves of E. tremulum were force-fed orally to 5 calves in single doses of 23-32g/kg body weight. Three calves showed clinical signs and two died. The main clinical signs included anorexia, apathy, absence of rumen movements, diarrhea and a flabby abdominal wall. Gross changes were restricted to the fore stomachs and were identical to those observed in the cases of natural poisoning. Rumen and reticulum were slightly reddish from outside; the corneal layer of their internal lining was loosely attached to a markedly red mucosa. The histological examination of rumen and reticulum from spontaneous and experimental cases revealed necrosis and vesicle formation in the epithelium; in some segments of the ruminal mucosa there was detachment of the epithelial covering and infiltration by neuthophils. Poisoning by E. tremulum has clinical course, gross lesions and histopathology very similar to those observed in poisoning caused by ingestion of the plants Baccharidastrum triplinervium, Baccharis coridifolia and Baccharis megapotamica var. weirii. The diagnosis of the spontaneous cases here described was confirmed by epidemiological data and the experimental reproduction of characteristic gross lesions and histopathology.

Descreve-se a intoxicação natural e experimental por Eupatorium tremulum em bovinos. Um surto de intoxicação espontânea por esta planta foi diagnosticado no município de Lages, Santa Catarina. Em um lote de 19 bovinos, três morreram após a transferência para uma invernada aonde havia grande quantidade de E. tremulum. Os animais foram encontrados mortos, e dois foram necropsiados e coletado amostras de vísceras para exame histológico. Experimentalmente, folhas verdes de E. tremulum foram administradas a cinco bovinos, em doses únicas de 23 a 32g/kg de peso animal. Destes, três adoeceram e dois morreram. Os principais sinais clínicos observados foram anorexia, apatia, atonia ruminal, micção freqüente e em pequenos jatos, fezes pastosas e ventre flácido. As lesões macroscópicas restringiram-se aos pré-estômagos e foram idênticas, tanto para intoxicação natural como para a experimental. O rúmen e retículo externamente mostravam tonalidade levemente avermelhada, a camada córnea da mucosa estava frouxamente aderida e a mucosa tinha coloração vermelha acentuada. Ao exame histológico observou-se no rúmen e retículo, tanto na intoxicação espontânea, como experimental, necrose do epitélio da mucosa com formações de pequenas vesículas e em alguns segmentos, desprendimento da camada epitelial e leve infiltrado de neutrófilos. A intoxicação por E. tremulum tem curso clínico, lesões macro e microscópicas muito semelhantes àquelas produzidas pela intoxicação por Baccharidastrum triplinervium, Baccharis coridifolia (mio-mio) e Baccharis megapotamica var. weirii (mio-mio do banhado). O diagnóstico diferencial entre essas quatro intoxicações deve ser feito pela presença da planta e pelos dados epidemiológicos. O diagnóstico dos casos espontâneos foram confirmados pelos dados epidemiológicos e reprodução experimental das lesões macro e microscópicas.

Animals , Cattle , Eupatorium/adverse effects , Eupatorium/toxicity , Plant Poisoning/epidemiology , Plant Poisoning/mortality , Plants, Toxic/adverse effects , Plants, Toxic/toxicity
Rev. bras. farmacogn ; 17(3): 368-372, jul.-set. 2007. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-465476


Os óleos voláteis das folhas e inflorescências de Eupatorium polystachyum DC. (Asteraceae), coletado no Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil, foram caracterizados por CG-EM e sua atividade antioxidante foi avaliada utilizando-se o método de DPPH. Foram obtidos rendimentos de 1,6 e 0,9 por cento de óleo em relação às folhas e inflorescências frescas, sendo identificados 34 compostos, correspondendo a 99,1 e 99,5 por cento do óleo volátil, respectivamente. Os óleos apresentaram exclusivamente compostos terpênicos, sendo que as folhas contêm grande quantidade de monoterpenos (66,4 por cento) enquanto que as inflorescências apresentaram quantidades equivalentes de mono e sesquiterpenos (51,8 e 47,7 por cento, respectivamente). As amostras apresentaram-se qualitativamente muito semelhantes sendo constituídas majoritariamente por: beta-pineno (14,7 e 9,8 por cento), beta-mirceno (15,3 e 10,8 por cento) e limoneno (22,8 e 20,5 por cento) entre os monoterpenos e beta-cariofileno (10,4 e 15,4 por cento), germacreno D (7,2 e 9,4 por cento) e biciclogermacreno (12,0 e 19,2 por cento) entre os sesquiterpenos. As diferenças entre as amostras foram basicamente quantitativas. Os óleos apresentaram atividade antioxidante pelo ensaio com DPPH por bioautografia na diluição de 1:10 em éter etílico (v/v).

The essential oil obtained from leaves and flowers of Eupatorium polystachyum DC. (Asteraceae) collected in Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil, was characterized by GC-MS and its antioxidant activity was assessed by DPPH assay. The yield of essential oil, relative to fresh material, was 1.6 and 0.9 percent for leaves and flowers, respectively. Both oils are constituted exclusively by terpenic compounds. Leaf oil contains great quantity of monoterpenes (66.4 percent); on the other hand, inflorescence oil contains comparable quantities of mono- and sesquiterpenes (51.8 and 47.7 percent, respectively). The same compounds are majority in both oils: beta-pinene (14.7 and 9.8 percent), beta-myrcene (15.3 and 10.8 percent) and limonene (22.8 and 20.5 percent) among monoterpenes and beta-caryophyllene (10.4 and 15.4 percent), germacrene D (7.2 and 9.4 percent) and bicyclogermacrene (12.0 and 19.2 percent) among sesquiterpenes. The oils had antioxidant activity by DPPH assay in 1:10 dilution in ethyl ether (v/v).

Antioxidants , Asteraceae/chemistry , Eupatorium , Eupatorium/chemistry , Oils, Volatile
Genet. mol. biol ; 28(1): 123-128, Jan.-Mar. 2005. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-399628


Embryological studies indicate Eupatorium laevigatum to have Antennaria type diplospory with precocious embryony. The embryo sac is of the Polygonum type and the polar nuclei fuse before anthesis (maturation of the stamens). Endosperm development is autonomous and the central cell divides only after the initial stages of embryo formation. It is estimated that about 10 percent of the florets in anthesis contain an undivided egg which can be used for sexual reproduction. The study of microsporogenesis revealed abnormalities in chromosome pairing which result in the formation of univalents, bivalents, trivalents and higher polyvalents, with the consequent production of lagging chromosomes, unbalanced nuclei, micronuclei and sterile pollen. We found that, as represented by the material studied, E. laevigatum is an autohexaploid (2n = 6x = 60) in which each chromosome of a basic set of ten chromosomes is repeated six times and that E. laevigatum is an essentialy obligate apomictic.

Eupatorium , Cytogenetics , Eupatorium/embryology , Plants/embryology
Article in Vietnamese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-5520


By gaz chronatography and gaz chronatography in combining with mass spectrum, the isolated essential oil of Man Tuoi Trang in Thach Thanh district of Thanh Hoa province was analysed. Results showed a content of 0,02% of volatile oil (in fresh sample) and its composition was determind. There were 67 compounds, among them 40 were nominated, with the main compositions were beta-caryophylen (21,2%), methylthymyl ether (13,7%), thymohydro quinonediethyl ether (10,2%)

Chemistry , Oils, Volatile , Eupatorium
Article in Vietnamese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-4215


By a combination of gas-chromatography and gas-chromatography/mass spectrum, the chemical compositions of volatile oil of Co Lao (Eupatorium odoratum –L.) collected from Nghe An (NA) and Ha Tinh (HT) provinces were identified. Volatile oil contents from NA sample was 0,28%, HT 0,25%. The samples have got yellow color, lighter than water, characterized odor. Volatile oil is a mixture of 60 compounds,-39 in NA samples and 37 in HT. The main components of volatile oil are geijerene, germacrene-D and alpha pinene

Chemistry , Oils, Volatile , Eupatorium
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-276668


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Study on the flavonoids from the air part of Eupatorium lindleyanum.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Alcohol percolation, silica gel column chromatography and re-crystallization et al.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Jaceosidin, kaempferol, quceritin, astragalin, trifolin and hypersoide were isolated from E. lindleyanum. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectral evidence.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Jaceosidin, kaempferol, quceritin, astragalin and trifolin were isolated from E. lindleyanum for the first time.</p>

Eupatorium , Chemistry , Flavonoids , Chemistry , Kaempferols , Chemistry , Plant Components, Aerial , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Quercetin , Chemistry