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1.
Rev. Bras. Cancerol. (Online) ; 70(1)Jan-Mar. 2024.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1538161

ABSTRACT

O aumento da população idosa e a prevalência de câncer nessa população trazem a emergência de estudos que ampliem o debate acerca dos efeitos do exercício no paciente oncológico. Objetivo: Verificar os efeitos do exercício físico aeróbico, resistido e combinado em idosos com diagnóstico de câncer. Método: Revisão integrativa da literatura realizada nas bases de dados PubMed, PEDro e SciELO, entre novembro de 2022 e março de 2023, além de busca isolada por periódicos da área, publicados entre os anos de 2018 e 2023. Foram utilizadas as palavras-chave: exercício físico, treinamento físico, idoso, pessoa idosa, câncer; e seus equivalentes em inglês. Os critérios de inclusão foram artigos que incluíssem idosos com 60 anos ou mais, com diagnóstico de câncer, em tratamento farmacológico ou não, que realizaram exercícios físicos aeróbicos, resistidos ou combinados. No total, foram encontrados 318 artigos, dos quais sete cumpriram os critérios de inclusão. Resultados: Os estudos incluídos avaliaram os efeitos de um programa de exercícios combinados, compreendendo protocolos de exercícios aeróbicos e resistidos. Foi possível verificar que a prática de exercícios físicos produz efeitos positivos nessa população, com melhora da capacidade funcional e desempenho físico de idosos com diagnóstico de câncer. Conclusão: A análise dos estudos permitiu verificar que os exercícios físicos aeróbicos e resistidos são benéficos para o paciente idoso com diagnóstico de câncer, melhorando principalmente a capacidade funcional.


The increase of the older population and the prevalence of cancer in these individuals bring up the emergence of studies able to expand the debate about the effects of exercise in oncological patients. Objective: To verify the effects of aerobic, resisted, and combined physical exercise in older individuals diagnosed with cancer. Method: Integrative review carried out in the databases PubMed, PEDro, SciELO, between November 2022 and March 2023. The following key words were used: physical exercise, physical training, older, older individuals in Portuguese and in English. The inclusion criteria were articles addressing older than 60 years individuals or more diagnosed with cancer, in pharmacological treatment or not, who performed aerobic, resistive or combined physical exercises. In total, 318 articles were found, seven of which met the inclusion criteria. Results: The studies included evaluated the effects of a combined exercise program, comprising aerobic and resistive exercise protocols. It was possible to verify that the practice of physical exercises produced positive effects in the population, with better functional capacity and physical performance of those diagnosed with cancer. Conclusion: An analysis of the studies allowed to conclude that aerobic and resistive physical exercises are beneficial for older patients diagnosed with cancer, improving their functional capacity, mostly


Introducción: El aumento de la población y la prevalencia del cáncer en esta población refleja el surgimiento de estudios que amplían el debate sobre los dos efectos del ejercicio en pacientes oncológicos. Objetivo: Verificar los efectos del ejercicio físico aeróbico, resistido y combinado en el diagnóstico de cáncer. Método: Revisión integradora realizada en las bases de datos PubMed, PEDro, SciELO entre noviembre de 2022 y marzo de 2023. Foro utilizado como palabras clave: ejercicio físico, entrenamiento físico, personas, personas, cáncer; y sus equivalentes en inglés. Los criterios incluyen ítems que incluyen a niños mayores de 60 años o más, con diagnóstico de cáncer, en tratamiento farmacológico o no, que realicen ejercicios físicos aeróbicos, resistivos o combinados. En total se encontraron 318 artículos, siete de los cuales cumplieron los criterios de inclusión. Resultados: Los estudios incluidos evaluaron los efectos de un programa de ejercicio combinado, que comprende protocolos de ejercicio aeróbico y de resistencia. Se pudo comprobar que la práctica de ejercicios físicos produjo efectos positivos en la población, con mejor capacidad funcional y rendimiento físico de los diagnosticados con cáncer. Conclusión: El análisis de dos estudios permitió comprobar que los ejercicios físicos aeróbicos y resistivos son beneficiosos para pacientes sanos diagnosticados con cáncer, mejorando principalmente la capacidad funcional.


Subject(s)
Health of the Elderly , Exercise , Exercise Therapy , Neoplasms
2.
Cambios rev. méd ; 22(1): 862, 30 Junio 2023. ilus, tabs
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1451458

ABSTRACT

de la deglución, los cuales representan todas las alteraciones del proceso fisiológico encargado de llevar el alimento desde la boca al esófago y después al estómago, salvaguardando siempre la protección de las vías respiratorias. OBJETIVO. Definir el manejo óptimo, de la disfagia en pacientes con antecedente de infección severa por COVID-19. METODOLOGÍA. Se realizó una revisión de la literatura científica en las bases de datos PubMed y Elsevier que relacionan el manejo de la disfagia y pacientes con antecedente de infección severa por SARS-CoV-2. Se obtuvo un universo de 134 artículos que cumplieron los criterios de búsqueda. Se seleccionaron 24 documentos, para ser considerados en este estudio. RESULTADOS. La incidencia de disfagia posterior a infección severa por SARS-CoV-2 fue del 23,14%, siendo la disfagia leve la más frecuente 48,0%. Los tratamientos clínicos más empleados en el manejo de la disfagia fueron rehabilitación oral y cambio de textura en la dieta en el 77,23% de los casos, mientras que el único tratamiento quirúrgico empleado fue la traqueotomía 37,31%. Un 12,68% de pacientes recuperó su función deglutoria sin un tratamiento específico. La eficacia de los tratamientos clínicos y quirúrgicos en los pacientes sobrevivientes de la infección severa por SARS-CoV-2 fue del 80,68%, con una media en el tiempo de resolución de 58 días. CONCLUSIÓN. La anamnesis es clave para el diagnóstico de disfagia post COVID-19. El tratamiento puede variar, desde un manejo conservador como cambios en la textura de la dieta hasta tratamientos más invasivos como traqueotomía para mejorar la función deglutoria.


INTRODUCTION. The difficulty to swallow or dysphagia is included within the problems of swallowing, which represent all the alterations of the physiological process in charge of carrying the food from the mouth to the esophagus, and then to the stomach, always taking into account the protection of the airways. OBJECTIVE. To define the optimal management, both clinical and surgical, for the adequate treatment of dysphagia produced as a consequence of severe SARS-CoV-2 infection. METHODOLOGY. A review of the scientific literature was carried out using both PubMed and Elsevier databases, which relate the management of dysphagia and patients with a history of severe SARS-CoV-2 infection. RESULTS. The incidence of dysphagia following severe SARS-CoV-2 infection was of 23,14%, with mild dysphagia being the most frequent 48,00%. The most frequently used clinical treatments for dysphagia management were oral rehabilitation and change in dietary texture in 77,23% of cases, while tracheotomy was the only surgical treatment used 37,31%. A total of 12,68% of patients recovered their swallowing function without specific treatment. The efficacy of clinical and surgical treatments in survivors of severe SARS-CoV-2 infection was 80,68%, with a mean resolution time of 58 days. CONCLUSION. An adequate medical history is key to the diagnosis of post-COVID-19 dysphagia. Treatment can range from conservative management such as changes in diet texture to more invasive treatments such as tracheotomy to improve swallowing function.


Subject(s)
Rehabilitation , Respiration, Artificial , Tracheotomy , Deglutition Disorders/therapy , Deglutition/physiology , COVID-19 , Otolaryngology , Rehabilitation of Speech and Language Disorders , Respiratory Tract Diseases , Speech , Tertiary Healthcare , Pulmonary Medicine , Deglutition Disorders , Respiratory Mechanics , Enteral Nutrition , Aerophagy , Dysgeusia , Ecuador , Exercise Therapy , Pathologists , Gastroenterology , Anosmia , Glossopharyngeal Nerve , Intensive Care Units , Intubation, Intratracheal
3.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 788-798, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007791

ABSTRACT

Chronic inflammatory reaction has been established as an important sign of the occurrence and development of diabetes mellitus (DM), accompanied by the production of a large number of inflammatory factors, thus aggravating the disease progression. As an important non-invasive intervention measure to inhibit inflammation, exercise plays a very important role in the amelioration of DM. NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome, a regulatory factor of inflammatory response, can induce a variety of inflammatory cascades and cell death, which are closely related to glucose uptake and dyslipidemia regulation. The development of DM can be postponed with exercise. Previous studies have reported the effects of NLRP3 inflammasome on DM, but the crucial role of exercise in this process remains unclear. Therefore, this paper reviews the research progress on the improving effects of exercise intervention on the symptoms of DM by mediating NLRP3 inflammasome, providing a novel theoretical foundation for understanding the prevention and treatment of DM through exercise.


Subject(s)
Humans , Inflammasomes/metabolism , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/metabolism , NLR Proteins , Diabetes Mellitus , Inflammation , Exercise Therapy
4.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 659-670, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007781

ABSTRACT

Guanine nucleotide exchange factor Kalirin-7 (Kal-7) is a key factor in synaptic plasticity and plays an important regulatory role in the brain. Abnormal synaptic function leads to the weakening of cognitive functions such as learning and memory, accompanied by abnormal expression of Kal-7, which in turn induces a variety of neurodegenerative diseases. Exercise can upregulate the expression of Kal-7 in related brain regions to alleviate neurodegenerative diseases. By reviewing the literature on Kal-7 and neurodegenerative diseases, as well as the research progress of exercise intervention, this paper summarizes the role and possible mechanism of Kal-7 in the improvement of neurodegenerative diseases by exercise and provides a new rationale for the basic and clinical research on the prevention and treatment of neurodegenerative diseases by exercise.


Subject(s)
Humans , Neurodegenerative Diseases/therapy , Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors/metabolism , Exercise Therapy
5.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1118-1122, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007453

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of acupuncture exercise therapy synchronizing isokinetic muscle strength training on the motor function, stability and proprioception of knee joint, as well as the anxiety emotion in patients after meniscectomy under arthroscopy.@*METHODS@#A total of 70 patients after meniscectomy under arthroscopy were randomized into an observation group (35 cases, 2 cases were eliminated, 2 cases dropped off) and a control group (35 cases, 2 cases were eliminated, 1 case dropped off). Acupuncture was applied at Chize (LU 5), Neixiyan (EX-LE 4), Dubi (ST 35),Yanglingquan (GB 34), etc. on the affective side in the two groups. After 30 min, the needles of the knee joint area were withdrew, while the needle at elbow was continuously retained, the observation group was given acupuncture exercise therapy synchronizing isokinetic muscle strength training, and the control group was given conventional acupuncture exercise therapy. The treatment was given once a day, 7-day treatment was taken as one course, and totally 4 courses were required in the two groups. Before and after treatment, the knee joint Lysholm score, the knee joint isokinetic muscle strength flexion/extension ratio (H/Q), joint position sense measurement (JPS) and Hamilton anxiety scale (HAMA) score were compared in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the knee joint Lysholm scores and H/Q were increased compared with those before treatment in the two groups (P<0.001), and the knee joint Lysholm score and H/Q in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (P<0.001); the JPS and HAMA scores were decreased compared with those before treatment in the two groups (P<0.001), the JPS and HAMA score in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture exercise therapy synchronizing isokinetic muscle strength training can effectively improve the motor function, stability and proprioception of knee joint, as well as the anxiety emotion in patients after meniscectomy under arthroscopy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthroscopy , Meniscectomy , Resistance Training , Treatment Outcome , Osteoarthritis, Knee/therapy , Acupuncture Therapy , Exercise Therapy , Muscles , Muscle Strength , Acupuncture Points
6.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 368-376, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982271

ABSTRACT

Lower limb osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic, multifactorial disease characterized by impaired physical function, chronic pain, compromised psychological health and decreased social functioning. Chronic inflammation plays a critical role in the pathophysiology of OA. Tai Chi is a type of classical mind-body exercise derived from ancient Chinese martial arts. Evidence supports that Tai Chi has significant benefits for relieving lower limb OA symptoms. Using a biopsychosocial framework, this review aims to elucidate the beneficial effects of Tai Chi in lower limb OA and disentangle its potential mechanisms from the perspective of biology, psychology, and social factors. Complex biomechanical, biochemical, neurological, psychological, and social mechanisms, including strengthening of muscles, proprioception improvement, joint mechanical stress reduction, change of brain activation and sensitization, attenuation of inflammation, emotion modulation and social support, are discussed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tai Ji , Osteoarthritis/therapy , Exercise Therapy , Lower Extremity , Chronic Disease , Inflammation
7.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 351-356, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981696

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical efficacy of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and extracorporeal shock wave in treating chronic insertional Achilles tendinopathy.@*METHODS@#From February 2019 to August 2021, 42 patients with chronic insertional Achilles tendinopathy were selected and divided into PRP group(20 patients, 28 feet) and shock wave group (22 patients, 29 feet). In PRP group, there were 12 males and 8 females, aged 47.00(28.00, 50.75) years old, and the courses of disease ranged 7.00(6.00, 7.00) months;PRP injection was performed in the Achilles tendon stop area of the affected side. In shock wave group, there were 16 males and 6 females, aged 42.00(35.75, 47.25) years old;and the courses of disease was 7.00(6.00, 8.00) months;shock wave was performed in Achilles tendon stop area of the affected side and triceps surae area. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and Victorian Institute of Sport Assessment-Achilles (VISA-A) were applied to evaluate clnical effect before treatment, 1, 3 and 6 months after treatment, and satisfaction of patients was investigated.@*RESULTS@#VAS and VISA-A score in both groups were significantly improved at 1, 3 and 6 months after treatment than before treatment (P<0.05), VAS and VISA-A score in PRP group at 6 months after treatment were significantly higher than those at 1 and 3 months after treatment, and VAS and VISA-A score in shock wave group were lower than those at 1 and 3 months after treatment (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in VAS and VISA-A score between two groups before treatment, 1 and 3 months after treatment(P>0.05), while VAS and VISA-A score in PRP group were better than those in shock wave group at 6 months after treatment(P<0.05), and the satisfaction survey in PRP group was better than that in shock wave group(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#PRP injection has a good clinical effect on chronic insertional Achilles tendinopathy with high patient satisfaction, and medium-and long-term effect of PRP injection for the treatment of chronic insertional Achilles tendinopathy is better than that of extracorporeal divergent shock wave.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Achilles Tendon , Tendinopathy/therapy , Treatment Outcome , Exercise Therapy , Platelet-Rich Plasma
8.
Rev. Bras. Cancerol. (Online) ; 69(1)jan.-mar. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1512521

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Head and neck cancer is considered a global public health problem, which arises in aesthetically and functionally critical areas. The practice of physical exercise has been considered one of the significant and effective non-pharmacological strategies to minimize the physical and psychological consequences. Objective: To analyze the evidence of physical activity interventions in the physical and psychological health of individuals with head and neck cancer. Method: A systematic review was conducted blindly and independently, from March to May 2021, according to the PRISMA guidelines. The search was performed in the following databases: PubMed Central®; Cochrane Library; Web of Science, Scopus, ScienceDirect. Results: Of the 515 selected studies, 15 were included in this systematic review with a total of 670 participants aged between 18 and 76 years old. The studies included aerobic exercises, endurance, mobility, stretching, strengthening, and yoga. Conclusion: Evidence proves that physical activity interventions performed with individuals with head and neck cancer may be beneficial in the treatment and physical/psychological health of this population. This study may help new researches considering the detailed information described previously regarding the interventions applied, in addition to discussing the most used instruments with this public and indicating the modalities that are being safely performed. It is suggested that more randomized trials be conducted to obtain more concise results.


Introdução: O câncer de cabeça e pescoço é considerado um problema de saúde pública mundial, que surge em áreas cosmeticamente e funcionalmente críticas. A prática de exercício físico está sendo considerada uma das estratégias não farmacológicas significativas e eficazes a fim de minimizar as consequências físicas e psicológicas. Objetivo: Analisar as evidências de intervenções de atividade física na saúde física e psicológica de indivíduos com câncer de cabeça e pescoço. Método: Revisão sistemática de forma cega e independente, de março a maio de 2021, de acordo com as diretrizes PRISMA. A busca foi realizada nas seguintes bases de dados: PubMed Central®; Biblioteca Cochrane; Web of Science, Scopus, ScienceDirect. Resultados: Entre os 515 estudos selecionados, 15 foram incluídos nesta revisão sistemática com um total de 670 participantes com idade entre 18 e 76 anos. Os estudos incluíram exercícios aeróbicos, resistência, mobilidade, alongamento, fortalecimento e ioga. Conclusão: Evidências comprovam que intervenções de atividade física realizadas com indivíduos com câncer de cabeça e pescoço podem ser benéficas no tratamento e na saúde física/psicológica dessa população. Este estudo pode auxiliar em novas pesquisas considerando as informações detalhadas descritas anteriormente sobre as intervenções aplicadas, além de discutir os instrumentos mais utilizados com esse público e indicar as modalidades que estão sendo realizadas com segurança. Sugere-se a realização de mais ensaios randomizados para obter resultados mais concisos.


Introducción: El cáncer de cabeza y cuello es considerado un problema de salud pública a nivel mundial que se presenta en áreas estética y funcionalmente críticas. La práctica de ejercicio físico ha sido considerada una de las estrategias no farmacológicas significativas y eficaces para minimizar las consecuencias físicas y psíquicas. Objetivo: Analizar la evidencia de intervenciones de actividad física sobre la salud física y psicológica de individuos con cáncer de cabeza y cuello. Método: Revisión sistemática ciega e independiente de marzo a mayo de 2021, según las guías PRISMA. La búsqueda se realizó en las siguientes bases de datos: PubMed Central®; Biblioteca Cochrane; Web of Science, Scopus, ScienceDirect. Resultados: Entre los 515 estudios seleccionados, 15 fueron incluidos en esta revisión sistemática con un total de 670 participantes con edades entre 18 y 76 años. Los estudios incluyeron ejercicio aeróbico, resistencia, movilidad, estiramiento, fortalecimiento y yoga. Conclusión: La evidencia demuestra que las intervenciones de actividad física realizadas con individuos con cáncer de cabeza y cuello pueden ser beneficiosas en el tratamiento y la salud física/psicológica de esta población. Este estudio puede ayudar a futuras investigaciones considerando la información detallada descrita anteriormente sobre las intervenciones aplicadas, además de discutir los instrumentos más utilizados con esta audiencia e indicar las modalidades que se están realizando de forma segura. Se sugieren más ensayos aleatorios para obtener resultados más concisos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Psychology , Exercise , Exercise Therapy , Head and Neck Neoplasms
9.
Rev. Bras. Cancerol. (Online) ; 69(4): e-254470, out-dez. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1526059

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O tratamento do câncer de mama pode gerar uma gama de comprometimentos físicos e psicológicos. A literatura atual sustenta que exercícios de amplitude livre permitem às pacientes boa recuperação funcional do ombro sem aumentar risco de complicações, e que exercícios resistidos progressivos são recomendados. Não há comprovação de que procedimentos no braço aumentem o risco de linfedema. Objetivo: Avaliar o conhecimento dos profissionais fisioterapeutas não especialistas nas áreas de oncologia e saúde da mulher quanto à conduta realizada em pacientes no período pós-operatório de câncer de mama. Método: Estudo observacional transversal, com dados coletados por questionário autopreenchido, sobre a atuação do fisioterapeuta em pacientes no período pós-operatório de câncer de mama. Resultados: Participaram do estudo 44 profissionais, 50,0% dos quais já haviam atendido pacientes em pós-operatório de câncer de mama, 47,7% acreditam que pacientes devem realizar mobilização ativa de membros superiores em até 90º de amplitude, não ultrapassando a linha do ombro em cirurgias sem reconstrução imediata, e 25% orientaram restrição a qualquer tipo de carga e/ou exercícios resistidos até liberação médica. A maior parte dos profissionais participantes da pesquisa orienta a não aferição de pressão arterial no membro homolateral à cirurgia e não puncionar acesso venoso periférico ou coletar exames no membro. Conclusão: A conduta adotada pela maior parte dos profissionais residentes e assistenciais analisados se baseia em recomendações desatualizadas sobre movimentação de membros, exercícios resistidos e prevenção de linfedema após cirurgia de câncer de mama


Introduction: Breast cancer treatment can cause physical and psychological impairments. The current literature advocates that exercises with free range of motion allow patients good functional recovery of the shoulder without increasing the risk of complications, and that progressive resistance exercises are recommended. There is no evidence that procedures on the arm increase the risk of lymphedema. Objective: To evaluate the knowledge of unskilled oncology and women's health physical therapists regarding the conduct adopted with patients post breast cancer surgery. Method: Prospective cross-sectional observational study carried out with a self-reported questionnaire on the physiotherapist's performance in the postoperative period of breast cancer. Results: Forty-four professionals participated in the study, 50% of which had already assisted patients in the postoperative period of breast cancer, 47.7% believe that patients should perform active mobilization of the upper limbs in up to 90º of amplitude, not exceeding the shoulder line in surgeries without immediate reconstruction and 25% advised restriction to any type of load and/or resistance exercises pending medical approval. Most of the professionals investigated advised not to measure blood pressure in the ipsilateral limb to the surgery and not puncture peripheral venous access or collect exams on the limb. Conclusion: The conduct adopted by most of the resident and caring professionals investigated is based in outdated recommendations on limb movements, resistance exercises and prevention of lymphedema post breast cancer surgery


Introducción: El tratamiento del cáncer de mama puede generar una serie de deterioros físicos y psicológicos. La literatura actual respalda que los ejercicios de amplitud libre permiten a las pacientes una buena recuperación funcional del hombro sin aumentar el riesgo de complicaciones, y que se recomiendan ejercicios de resistencia progresivos. No hay evidencia de que los procedimientos en el brazo aumenten el riesgo de linfedema. Objetivo:Evaluar el conocimiento de fisioterapeutas no especialistas en las áreas de oncología y salud de la mujer, sobre la conducta realizada a pacientes en el posoperatorio de cáncer de mama. Método: Estudio observacional transversal, con datos recogidos a través de un cuestionario autocompletado, sobre el papel de los fisioterapeutas en pacientes en el posoperatorio de cáncer de mama. Resultados: Participaron del estudio 44 profesionales, el 50,0% de los cuales ya había atendido a pacientes posoperados de cáncer de mama, el 47,7% cree que los pacientes deben realizar movilizaciones activas de los miembros superiores en hasta 90º de amplitud, no superando la línea del hombro en las cirugías. sin reconstrucción inmediata, y el 25% recomendó restricción a cualquier tipo de carga y/o ejercicios de resistencia hasta aprobación médica. La mayoría de los profesionales que participan en la investigación aconsejan no medir la presión arterial en el miembro ipsilateral a la cirugía y no perforar el acceso venoso periférico ni realizar exámenes en el miembro. Conclusión: La conducta adoptada por la mayoría de los residentes y profesionales asistenciales analizados se basa en recomendaciones obsoletas sobre movimiento de extremidades, ejercicios de resistencia y prevención del linfedema tras la cirugía de cáncer de mama


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms , Physical Therapy Specialty , Exercise Therapy , Mastectomy
10.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e244243, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1431131

ABSTRACT

A Avaliação Terapêutica (AT) é um processo avaliativo e interventivo proposto para ser semiestruturado e colaborativo com o objetivo de promover mudanças positivas no cliente, que é convidado a ter uma participação ativa durante o processo. Na AT, os resultados dos testes psicológicos padronizados ganham destaque como facilitadores do processo de autoconhecimento do cliente. Desse modo, usualmente, integram-se os achados de testes psicológicos de autorrelato com os métodos projetivos para gerar informações que possam ampliar a visão que o cliente tem de si. Neste artigo, buscou-se compreender o potencial de uso dos testes psicológicos e da relação colaborativa a partir de um caso atendido na perspectiva da AT. A participante, Violeta (nome fictício), foi atendida em 10 sessões com duração entre 60 e 115 minutos. Foram utilizados os testes psicológicos Escala de Bem-Estar Psicológico (Ebep), Escala de Vulnerabilidade e Estresse no Trabalho (Event), Bateria Fatorial de Personalidade (BFP), Método de Rorschach e Inventários de Habilidades Sociais 2 (IHS-2). Observou-se que, durante o processo, Violeta ampliou sua autopercepção, o que possibilitou mudanças no modo de agir em seus relacionamentos amorosos e na reflexão sobre como sua postura era vista por si e por seus colegas de trabalho. Acredita-se que a AT cumpriu com o objetivo de estabelecer uma experiência terapêutica que possibilitasse mudanças positivas para a cliente. Este estudo de caso contribuiu para ampliar a compreensão sobre a importância e o uso dos testes psicológicos neste modelo de avaliação psicológica.(AU)


The Therapeutic Assessment (TA) is an evaluative and interventional process proposed to be semi-structured and collaborative with the objective of promoting positive changes in the client, who is invited to have an active participation during the process. At the TA, the results of standardized psychological tests are highlighted as facilitators of the client's self-knowledge process. In this way, the findings of psychological self-report tests are usually integrated with projective methods to generate information that can broaden the client's view of themselves. In this article, understanding the potential use of psychological tests and of the collaborative relationship from a case treated from the TA perspective was sought. The participant, Violet (fictitious name), was assisted in 10 sessions lasting between 60 and 115 minutes. The psychological tests Psychological Well-Being Scale (EBEP), Vulnerability and Stress at Work Scale (EVENT), Personality Factorial Battery (BFP), Rorschach Method and Social Skills Inventories 2 (IHS-2) were used. It was observed that, during the process, Violet increased her self-perception, which allowed changes in her way of acting in her love life and in her reflection on how her posture was seen by herself and herco-workers. It is believed that TA fulfilled the objective of establishing a therapeutic experience that would enable positive changes for the client. This case study contributed to broaden the understanding about the importance and use of psychological testing in this psychological assessment model.(AU)


La Evaluación Terapéutica (ET) es un proceso de evaluación e intervención que se propone ser semiestructurado y colaborativo, con el objetivo de lograr cambios positivos en el cliente, quien es invitado a tener participación activa durante el proceso. En la ET se destacan los resultados de las pruebas psicológicas estandarizadas como facilitadoras del proceso de autoconocimiento del cliente. Los hallazgos de las pruebas psicológicas de autoinforme suelen integrarse con métodos proyectivos para generar información que pueda ampliar la visión que el cliente tiene de sí mismo. En este artículo se buscó comprender el uso potencial de las pruebas psicológicas y de la relación colaborativa a partir de un estudio de caso tratado desde la perspectiva de la ET. Atendieron a la participante Violeta (nombre ficticio), en 10 sesiones que duraron entre 60 y 115 minutos. Se utilizaron las pruebas psicológicas Escala de Bienestar Psicológico (EBEP), Escala de Vulnerabilidad y Estrés en el Trabajo (EVENT), Batería de Factorial de la Personalidad (BFP), Método de Rorschach e Inventario de Habilidades Sociales 2 (IHS-dos). Se observó que, durante el proceso, Violeta amplió su autopercepción, lo que permitió cambios en la forma de actuar en sus relaciones amorosas y en el reflejo de como ella y sus compañeros de trabajo veían su postura. Así, se cree que ET ha cumplido el objetivo de establecer una experiencia terapéutica que permitió cambios positivos a la cliente. Este estudio contribuyó a ampliar la comprensión sobre la importancia y el uso de las pruebas psicológicas en este modelo de evaluación psicológica.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Therapeutics , Psychological Techniques , Psychological Distress , Anxiety Disorders , Projection , Psychoanalysis , Psychological Tests , Psychology , Psychotherapy , Rabies , Rorschach Test , Shame , Social Adjustment , Social Behavior , Social Environment , Social Identification , Social Isolation , Social Support , Socialization , Avoidance Learning , Sublimation, Psychological , Temperance , Thinking , Unconscious, Psychology , Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms , Behaviorism , Shyness , Adaptation, Psychological , Attitude , Mental Health , Efficacy , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Negotiating , Mental Competency , Codependency, Psychological , Communication , Neurobehavioral Manifestations , Counseling , Affect , Disaster Vulnerability , Personal Autonomy , Defense Mechanisms , Behavior Control , Harm Reduction , Researcher-Subject Relations , Trust , Stress Disorders, Traumatic , Aggression , Dependency, Psychological , Depression , Diagnosis , Emotions , Escape Reaction , Exercise Therapy , Extraversion, Psychological , Fantasy , Resilience, Psychological , Fear , Video-Audio Media , Self-Control , Psychological Trauma , Psychosocial Support Systems , Occupational Stress , Neuroticism , Free Association , Frustration , Sadness , Respect , Leadership and Governance Capacity , Betrayal , Patient Care , Psychosocial Functioning , Psychosocial Intervention , Social Interaction , Information Avoidance , Listening Effort , Gestalt Therapy , Psychological Well-Being , Helping Behavior , Human Development , Identification, Psychological , Identity Crisis , Individuation , Interpersonal Relations , Interview, Psychological , Introversion, Psychological , Leadership , Loneliness , Mental Disorders , Mental Processes , Motivation , Negativism , Neurotic Disorders
11.
Geriatr., Gerontol. Aging (Online) ; 17: e0230035-e0230035, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1510615

ABSTRACT

This bibliometric study aimed to characterize published systematic reviews assessing the effects of physical exercise on people with Parkinson's disease. Eligible studies were searched in Web of Science, Scopus, Cochrane Library, and MEDLINE via PubMed databases. No date or language restrictions were applied. Studies were selected based on the inclusion criteria, and the results were uploaded to Bibliometrix 4.0 for R for bibliometric analysis. A total of 146 studies were included in the analysis, with the first one having been published in 2005. The annual growth rate was 14.72%, with an average publication time of 3.72 years. Themes based on indexed keywords represented elements of the PICO question, namely Parkinson's disease, exercise, therapy, rehabilitation, and outcomes such as gait, balance, and quality of life. A considerable number of systematic reviews addressing the effects of physical exercise interventions on people with Parkinson's disease have been published since the mid-2000s. Systematic reviews were first published by countries with long-established older populations. Exercise-based interventions and their effects on gait, balance, and quality of life in people with Parkinson's disease have been the focus of the most recent reviews


Este estudo bibliométrico teve como objetivo caracterizar as revisões sistemáticas que avaliaram os efeitos do exercício físico em pessoas com doença de Parkinson. Estudos elegíveis foram pesquisados nas bases de dados Web of Science, Scopus, Biblioteca Cochrane e United States National Library of Medicine ­ MEDLINE via PubMed. Nenhuma restrição de data ou idioma foi adotada. Os estudos foram selecionados com base nos critérios de inclusão, e os resultados foram carregados no Bibliometrix 4.0 para R para análise bibliométrica. No total, foram incluídos 146 estudos na análise, o primeiro dos quais foi publicado em 2005. Verificou-se taxa de crescimento anual de 14,72%, com tempo médio de publicação de 3,72 anos. Temas baseados em palavras-chave indexadas representam elementos da questão problema, intervenção, controle e outcome ­ PICO, ou seja, doença de Parkinson, exercício, terapia, reabilitação e resultados, como marcha, equilíbrio e qualidade de vida. Um número considerável de revisões sistemáticas que abordam o efeito de intervenções de exercícios físicos em pessoas com doença de Parkinson foi publicado desde meados dos anos 2000. Revisões sistemáticas foram publicadas pela primeira vez por países com uma população idosa estabelecida há muito tempo. Intervenções baseadas em exercícios e seus efeitos na marcha, no equilíbrio e na qualidade de vida de pessoas com doença de Parkinson têm sido o foco das revisões mais recentes


Subject(s)
Humans , Parkinson Disease/rehabilitation , Exercise Therapy , Bibliometrics
12.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1438288

ABSTRACT

This study sought to review randomized clinical trials of home-based physical exercises and their effects on cognition in older adults. An integrative review was carried out after searching the PubMed, Google Scholar, MEDLINE, LILACS, SciELO, and PEDro databases. The risk of bias of the included randomized controlled trials was assessed using the PEDro Scale. Fourteen studies were included, with an average PEDro score of 6.1±1.7 (range, 3 to 9) points. Overall, the studies found that interventions consisting of home-based physical exercise programs, whether strength training alone or combined with aerobic and balance exercises, performed three times a week in 60-minute sessions for a minimum duration of 8 weeks, contribute to cognitive performance in older adults, with particular impact on executive function. We conclude that home-based physical exercises constitute a strategy to minimize the negative implications associated with cognitive impairment in older adults


Este estudo buscou revisar ensaios clínicos randomizados com exercícios físicos domiciliares e seus efeitos na cognição de idosos. Foi feita uma revisão integrativa com seleção nas bases de dados PubMed, Google Scholar, MEDLINE, LILACS, SciELO e PEDro. A avaliação do risco de viés dos ensaios clínicos randomizados incluídos foi feita usando a Escala PEDro. Catorze estudos foram incluídos, cuja pontuação dos artigos na escala PEDro foi em média de 6,1±1,7 pontos, com a pontuação total variando de 3 a 9. De forma geral, os estudos apontaram que a intervenção com programas de exercícios domiciliares de treino de força isolado ou combinado com exercícios aeróbio e de equilíbrio, realizado três vezes na semana com 60 minutos por sessão e duração mínima de oito semanas, contribui para o desempenho cognitivo de idosos, especialmente sobre a função executiva. Concluiu-se que exercícios domiciliares se apresentam como uma estratégia para minimizar as consequências negativas associadas ao déficit cognitivo em idosos


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Exercise , Cognition Disorders/rehabilitation , Exercise Therapy/methods , Health Services for the Aged , Home Care Services , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Cognition Disorders/prevention & control
13.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1536307

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las lesiones en los futbolistas provocan limitaciones en la movilidad osteomuscular, provocando un descanso pasivo, y por ende el no cumplimiento del principio de sistematicidad del entrenamiento; por lo cual, puede provocar abandono deportivo en casos extremos, y normalmente disminución del rendimiento. La recuperación mediante terapia requiere una valoración de su eficiencia, siendo necesario estudiar las acciones más efectivas desde el punto de vista terapéutico. Objetivo: Valorar los efectos de un proceso de intervención con ejercicios terapéuticos para la rehabilitación del esguince de tobillo grado 1 en futbolistas. Métodos: Investigación descriptiva/explicativa de orden cuasiexperimental y enfoque longitudinal (4 años de estudio), investigando a 43 futbolistas con una lesión previa en el tobillo por esguince grado 1 (Grupo 1: Experimental, Grupo 2: Control), interviniendo al grupo experimental con tres fases de tratamiento, que incluye un grupo de ejercicios físicos especializados para fortalecer y mantener las condiciones óptimas del musculo. Resultados: El grupo experimental requiere menos tiempo para recuperarse de una lesión por esguince (p ( 0,001), mientras que la reincidencia de la lesión fue menor que en el grupo control (p ( 0,019) en un periodo de cuatro años. Conclusiones: El proceso de intervención ha sido efectivo al lograse una mejor rehabilitación en la muestra experimental, en términos de prontitud en el proceso de recuperación, y en términos de disminución de las recaídas en un periodo de cuatro años. Una vez recuperado el deportista, se recomienda proseguir sistemáticamente con el proceso de fortalecimiento y prevención en las sesiones de entrenamiento, y en el hogar(AU)


Introduction: Injuries in soccer players cause limitations in musculoskeletal mobility, causing a passive rest, and therefore non-compliance with the principle of systematic training; Therefore, it can cause sports abandonment in extreme cases, and usually a decrease in performance. Recovery through therapy requires an assessment of its efficiency, and it is necessary to study the most effective actions from the therapeutic point of view. Objective: To assess the effects of an intervention process with therapeutic exercises for the rehabilitation of grade 1 ankle sprain in soccer players. Methods: Descriptive/explanatory research of quasi-experimental order and longitudinal approach (4 years of study), researching 43 soccer players with a previous ankle injury due to grade 1 sprain (Group 1: Experimental, Group 2: Control), intervening in the experimental group. with three phases of treatment, which includes a group of specialized physical exercises to strengthen and maintain optimal muscle conditions. Results: The experimental group required less time to recover from a sprain injury (p ( 0.001), while the recurrence of the injury was less than in the control group (p ( 0.019) in a period of four years. Conclusions: The intervention process has been effective in achieving better rehabilitation in the experimental sample, in terms of speed in the recovery process, and in terms of reducing relapses in a four years period. Once the athlete has recovered, it is recommended to systematically continue with the strengthening and prevention process in training sessions and at home(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Sprains and Strains/rehabilitation , Exercise Therapy/methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Longitudinal Studies , Non-Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
14.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1525938

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the affective response of postmenopausal women who undergo 6 weeks of resistance training on stable and unstable surfaces. Methods: This randomized counterbalanced cross-over study carried included 14 postmenopausal women (55 [SD, 3] years; height 1.55 [SD, 0.03] m; body mass 78.70 [SD, 12.00] kg; and body mass index 32.80 [SD, 4.90] kg/m²), who underwent 6 weeks of resistance training on stable and unstable surfaces. The participants were initially allocated to 1 experimental condition (stable or unstable) in a randomized counterbalanced manner. The intervention consisted of 8 exercises in 3 series of 8-10 repetitions, with intervals of 60-90 seconds, for 3 weeks. After the first 3-week protocol, they were switched to the other experimental condition for another 3 weeks. To evaluate affective response, the Hardy and Rejeski Sensation Scale was applied weekly at the end of each exercise and again at the end of the 6 weeks. Results: Affective response was similar to the general affect observed at the end of the sessions (stable surface: 5.00 [3.00]; unstable surface: 5.00 [1.00]; p = 0.114), except for the bridge exercise (stable surface: 3.00 [2.00]; unstable surface: 4.00 [2.00]; p = 0.048]). Conclusions: The affective response of these women was not affected by training on unstable surfaces, except for the bridge exercise, in which the unstable surface increased affective response


Objetivo: Comparar as respostas afetivas de mulheres pós-menopausadas submetidas a seis semanas de treinamento com pesos realizado em superfície estável e instável. Metodologia: Trata-se de um estudo cross-over, randomizado e contrabalanceado realizado com 14 mulheres pós-menopausadas (55 ± 3 anos; estatura de 1,55 ± 0,03 m; massa corporal 78,70 ± 12,00 kg; e índice de massa corporal de 32,80 ± 4,90 kg/m²) submetidas a seis semanas de treinamento com pesos em superfície estável e instável. As participantes foram alocadas, inicialmente, numa das condições experimentais de forma randomizada e contrabalanceada. A intervenção foi composta por oito exercícios em três séries de oito a dez repetições, com intervalos entre 60 e 90 segundos, durante três semanas. Para avaliação das respostas afetivas, foi aplicada a Escala de Sensação de Hardy e Rejeski ao fim da última série de cada exercício e ao final das sessões, durante as seis semanas. Resultados: As respostas afetivas foram similares para o afeto geral observado ao final das sessões [Superfície estável: 5,00 (3,00); Superfície instável: 5,00 (1,00); p = 0,114], mas não para o exercício de ponte [Superfície estável: 3,00 (2,00); Superfície instável: 4,00 (2,00); p = 0,048)]. Conclusões: Conclui-se que as respostas afetivas de mulheres pós-menopausadas, observadas ao final da sessão, não foram afetas pela instabilidade. Contudo, as sensações de prazer, no exercício de ponte, foram maiores com a inserção da instabilidade


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Postmenopause/physiology , Postmenopause/psychology , Affective Symptoms/psychology , Exercise Therapy/methods , Cross-Over Studies
15.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0172, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394831

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The unregulated development in the current life pattern has strengthened obesity among adolescents, and this problem is becoming more serious. Objective: Compare the impact of two exercise methods on the physical health of obese adolescents. Methods: 24 obese adolescents (12 females; BMI>30% ± 3%; age concentrated between 10 and 16 years) were selected and divided into group I and group II for a 4-week experimental study, and changes in physical fitness and function were recorded. Results: After four weeks of aerobic exercise control (group I), waist circumference, hip circumference, skinfold thickness, and abdominal fold thickness were significantly reduced in boys (p<0.05), and girls' body shape indicators were significantly altered (p<0.05). After four weeks of aerobic exercise combined with resistance training (group II), the effects of weight, BMI, and body size were significant in boys and girls. Conclusion: Aerobic exercise can effectively improve the physical problems of obese adolescents. Under the same external conditions, the effect of aerobic exercise was shown to be more effective when combined with resistance training in the physical improvement of the analyzed group. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução: O desenvolvimento desregrado no padrão de vida atual fortaleceu a obesidade entre os adolescentes e esse problema está se tornando cada vez mais grave. Objetivo: Comparar o impacto entre dois métodos de exercício na saúde física de adolescentes obesos. Métodos: Foram selecionados 24 adolescentes obesos (12 mulheres; IMC>30% ± 3%; idade concentrada entre 10 e 16 anos) e divididos no grupo I e no grupo II para um estudo experimental de 4 semanas, sendo registradas as alterações no condicionamento e função física. Resultados: Após 4 semanas de controle de exercício aeróbico (grupo I), a circunferência da cintura, circunferência do quadril, espessura da dobra cutânea e espessura da dobra abdominal foram significativamente reduzidas em meninos (p<0,05), e os indicadores de forma corporal das meninas foram significativamente alterados (p<0,05). Após 4 semanas de exercício aeróbico combinado com treinamento de resistência (grupo II), os efeitos do peso, IMC e tamanho do corpo foram significativos em meninos e meninas. Conclusão: O exercício aeróbico pode melhorar efetivamente os problemas físicos dos adolescentes obesos. Sob as mesmas condições externas, o efeito do exercício aeróbico demonstrou-se mais eficaz quando aliado ao treinamento de resistência na melhoria física do grupo analisado. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: El desarrollo desordenado en el patrón de vida actual ha potenciado la obesidad entre los adolescentes y este problema es cada vez más grave. Objetivo: Comparar el impacto de dos métodos de ejercicio en la salud física de adolescentes obesos. Métodos: Se seleccionaron 24 adolescentes obesos (12 mujeres; IMC>30% ± 3%; edad concentrada entre 10 y 16 años) y se dividieron en el grupo I y el grupo II para un estudio experimental de 4 semanas, y se registraron los cambios en la aptitud física y la función. Resultados: Después de 4 semanas de control de ejercicio aeróbico (grupo I), la circunferencia de la cintura, la circunferencia de la cadera, el grosor de los pliegues cutáneos y el grosor de los pliegues abdominales se redujeron significativamente en los niños (p<0,05), y los indicadores de la forma corporal de las niñas se alteraron significativamente (p<0,05). Tras 4 semanas de ejercicio aeróbico combinado con entrenamiento de resistencia (grupo II), los efectos del peso, el IMC y el tamaño corporal fueron significativos en chicos y chicas. Conclusión: El ejercicio aeróbico puede mejorar eficazmente los problemas físicos de los adolescentes obesos. En las mismas condiciones externas, el efecto del ejercicio aeróbico se mostró más eficaz cuando se combinó con el entrenamiento de resistencia en la mejora física del grupo analizado. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Exercise Therapy/methods , Obesity/therapy , Weight Loss , Body Mass Index , Inspiratory Capacity , Arterial Pressure/physiology , Heart Rate/physiology
16.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0150, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394842

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Meniscal injury is a common condition that can lead to disability due to pain and proprioceptive failure, requiring immediate attention. Combination therapies involve advanced approaches aiming to accelerate rehabilitation in athletes, and electroacupuncture presents therapeutic benefits, although there is still no evidence of its combination with sports therapy. Objective: This paper analyzes the performance of sports rehabilitation in athletes with meniscal lesions using electroacupuncture combined with sports therapy. Methods: The intervention in the control group was based on a traditional range of motion work, muscle strength, proprioceptive training, and other exercise therapies, while the experimental group received a 30 min electro-acupuncture protocol three times a week for four consecutive weeks. The surrogate data (gender, age, disease course, location) are the same. Before treatment, joint activity, muscle strength, total joint scale score of the LYSHOLM questionnaire, and other observational indices were measured during the 6th and 12th week of treatment. The non-parametric statistical method and T-test were used to analyze the changes of each index before and after treatment. After 12 weeks of treatment, the difference between the experimental group and the combination before treatment was significant. Results: The treatment effect of the experimental group was significantly better than the control group. Conclusion: The effect of sports rehabilitation of athletes with meniscus injury based on electroacupuncture combined with sports therapy showed high resolutive application value, indicating an alternative for non-surgical treatment in knee meniscus injuries. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução: A lesão meniscal é um acometimento comum que pode gerar incapacitação por dor e falha proprioceptiva, exigindo atenção imediata. Terapias combinadas envolvem abordagens avançadas com o objetivo de acelerar a reabilitação nos atletas, e a eletroacupuntura apresenta benefícios terapêuticos, embora ainda não possua evidencias de sua combinação com a terapia esportiva. Objetivo: Analisar o desempenho da reabilitação esportiva em atletas com lesão meniscal utilizando eletroacupuntura combinada à terapia esportiva. Métodos: A intervenção no grupo controle baseou-se no trabalho tradicional de amplitude de movimento, força muscular, treinamento proprioceptivo e outros tipos de terapias de exercício enquanto que ao grupo experimental foi adicionado um protocolo de eletro-acupuntura de 30 minutos de duração, 3 vezes por semana durante 4 semanas consecutivas. Os dados de substituição (sexo, idade, curso de doença, localização) são basicamente os mesmos. Antes do tratamento, a atividade articular, a força muscular, o escore total da escala articular do questionário LYSHOLM e outros índices de observação foram medidos na 6ª e 12ª semana do tratamento. O método estatístico não paramétrico e teste-T foram utilizados para analisar as alterações de cada índice antes e depois do tratamento. Após 12 semanas de tratamento, a diferença entre o grupo experimental e a combinação antes do tratamento foi significativa. Resultados: O efeito de tratamento do grupo experimental foi significativamente melhor do que o grupo controle. Conclusão: O efeito de reabilitação esportiva de atletas com lesão meniscal baseada em eletroacupuntura combinada à terapia esportiva demonstrou alto valor de aplicação resolutiva, indicada como alternativa para o tratamento não cirúrgico em lesões no menisco do joelho. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


Resumen Introducción: La lesión meniscal es una lesión común que puede causar incapacidad por dolor y fallo propioceptivo, requiriendo atención inmediata. Las terapias combinadas implican enfoques avanzados con el objetivo de acelerar la rehabilitación en los deportistas, y la electroacupuntura presenta beneficios terapéuticos, aunque todavía no hay pruebas de su combinación con la terapia deportiva. Objetivo: Analizar el rendimiento de la rehabilitación deportiva en atletas con lesión meniscal utilizando electroacupuntura combinada con la terapia deportiva. Métodos: La intervención en el grupo de control se basó en el trabajo tradicional de amplitud de movimiento, fuerza muscular, entrenamiento propioceptivo y otros tipos de terapias de ejercicio, mientras que al grupo experimental se le añadió un protocolo de electroacupuntura de 30 minutos de duración, 3 veces a la semana durante 4 semanas consecutivas. Los datos sustitutivos (sexo, edad, evolución de la enfermedad, localización) son básicamente los mismos. Antes del tratamiento, se midieron la actividad articular, la fuerza muscular, la puntuación total de la escala articular del cuestionario LYSHOLM y otros índices de observación en la 6ª y 12ª semana de tratamiento. Se utilizó el método estadístico no paramétrico y la prueba T para analizar los cambios de cada índice antes y después del tratamiento. Tras 12 semanas de tratamiento, la diferencia entre el grupo experimental y la combinación antes del tratamiento era significativa. Resultados: El efecto del tratamiento del grupo experimental fue significativamente mejor que el del grupo de control. Conclusión: El efecto de la rehabilitación deportiva de atletas con lesión de menisco basada en la electroacupuntura combinada con la terapia deportiva mostró un alto valor de aplicación resolutiva, indicada como alternativa de tratamiento no quirúrgico en las lesiones de menisco de rodilla. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Athletic Injuries/rehabilitation , Electroacupuncture , Exercise Therapy/methods , Tibial Meniscus Injuries/rehabilitation , Knee Injuries/rehabilitation , Pain Measurement , Muscle Strength
17.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29(spe1): e2022_0185, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394853

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction Disparate to the development of society, health indices in Chinese college students have shown a pronounced decline in recent years. Government concern over this recent challenge has encouraged research for practical solutions, including optimized physical activity protocols. Objective Explore the effects of an exercise intervention on the health of Chinese university students. Methods Full-time university students (80 males and 55 females) were selected and randomly assigned into two groups. Before and after the experiment, the college students' body composition scale and exercise experience were tested, focusing on the relationship between exercise prescription and changes in physical and mental health indicators. Results The body fat percentage of male and female students decreased significantly after the experiment. After eight weeks of the exercise prescription experiment, the weight of male and female college students was controlled or reduced. The suggested exercise prescription achieved a good moderating effect on the weight of the volunteers. There was a significant difference between the two groups, indicating that the experiment had a beneficial effect on vital capacity (p<0.01). Conclusion The suggested exercise prescription proved to be feasible to guide and intervene in the physical exercise of college students aiming at a beneficial impact on the physical health of college students. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução Díspares ao desenvolvimento da sociedade, os índices de saúde nos estudantes universitários chineses apresentam uma queda acentuada nos últimos anos. A preocupação governamental sobre esse recente desafio tem incentivado pesquisas para soluções práticas, incluindo protocolos de atividades físicas otimizados. Objetivo Explorar os efeitos da intervenção por exercícios físicos na saúde dos estudantes universitários chineses. Métodos Universitários de período integral (80 homens e 55 mulheres) foram selecionados e distribuídos aleatoriamente em dois grupos. Antes e depois do experimento, foi testada a escala de composição corporal e experiência de exercício dos universitários, com foco na relação entre prescrição de exercício e mudanças nos indicadores de saúde física e mental. Resultados O percentual de gordura corporal de estudantes do sexo masculino e feminino diminuiu significativamente após o experimento. Após 8 semanas de experimento de prescrição de exercícios, o peso de estudantes universitários do sexo masculino e feminino foi controlado ou reduzido. A prescrição de exercícios sugerida alcançou um bom efeito moderador no peso dos voluntários. Houve diferença significativa entre os dois grupos, indicando que o experimento teve efeito benéfico sobre a capacidade vital (p<0,01). Conclusão A prescrição de exercícios sugerida demonstrou-se viável para orientar e intervir no exercício físico dos universitários visando um impacto benéfico sobre a saúde física nos universitários. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción A diferencia del desarrollo de la sociedad, los índices de salud de los estudiantes universitarios chinos muestran un fuerte descenso en los últimos años. La preocupación de los gobiernos por este reciente desafío ha fomentado la investigación de soluciones prácticas, entre ellas la optimización de los protocolos de actividad física. Objetivo Explorar los efectos de la intervención de ejercicio en la salud de los estudiantes universitarios chinos. Métodos Se seleccionaron estudiantes universitarios a tiempo completo (80 hombres y 55 mujeres) y se asignaron al azar en dos grupos. Antes y después del experimento, se analizó la escala de composición corporal de los estudiantes universitarios y su experiencia con el ejercicio, centrándose en la relación entre la prescripción de ejercicio y los cambios en los indicadores de salud física y mental. Resultados El porcentaje de grasa corporal de los estudiantes masculinos y femeninos disminuyó significativamente después del experimento. Tras 8 semanas del experimento de prescripción de ejercicio, el peso de los estudiantes universitarios de ambos sexos se controló o redujo. La prescripción de ejercicio sugerida logró un buen efecto moderador en el peso de los voluntarios. Hubo una diferencia significativa entre los dos grupos, lo que indica que el experimento tuvo un efecto beneficioso sobre la capacidad vital (p<0,01). Conclusión La prescripción de ejercicio sugerida demostró ser factible para guiar e intervenir en el ejercicio físico de los estudiantes universitarios apuntando a un impacto beneficioso en la salud física de los estudiantes universitarios. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Student Health Services , Exercise Therapy , Obesity/therapy , Weight Loss , Body Mass Index , Case-Control Studies
18.
Ter. psicol ; 40(3): 307-330, dic. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1424674

ABSTRACT

La sarcopenia está caracterizada por la baja masa y fuerza muscular en los adultos mayores. La implementación de técnicas de modificación de la conducta como la técnica de economía de fichas (TEF) puede fungir como estrategia para mejorar la adherencia al tratamiento. El objetivo fue evaluar el efecto de la TEF sobre las conductas de tratamiento: realizar la rutina de ejercicio de resistencia, consumir el suplemento de proteína y consumir el suplemento de vitamina D. Se realizó un estudio de caso de múltiples sujetos en ocho adultos mayores con sarcopenia. El estudio estuvo conformado por tres fases: pre-intervención, intervención conductual y post-intervención conductual. Se evaluó la frecuencia de las conductas de tratamiento en las tres fases, además de los cambios en masa y fuerza muscular. El análisis de los datos se realizó por medio de estadística descriptiva. Los resultados mostraron que la frecuencia de las conductas de tratamiento aumentó en el 100% de los participantes en la etapa de intervención conductual al comparar con la fase pre-intervención, valores que no regresaron a cero en la fase post-intervención conductual. El 83.3 % de los participantes dejaron de tener el diagnóstico de sarcopenia con base en los cambios de masa y fuerza muscular.


Sarcopenia is characterized by low muscle mass and strength in older adults. It is caused by decreased physical activity and quality of dietary intake. Therefore, the implementation of behavior modification techniques such as the token economy technique can serve as a strategy to improve treatment. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the effect of the token economy technique on treatment behaviors. A multiple case studies with an ABC-type design was conducted in eight older adults with sarcopenia. The intervention consisted of modification of treatment-related behaviors; in addition, changes in muscle mass and strength were assessed. The results showed that the frequency of target behaviors increased in 100% of the participants in the intervention stage compared to baseline. The frequency of the target behaviors did not return to the obtained baseline compared to the maintenance stage. 83.3% of the participants changed their sarcopenia diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Token Economy , Sarcopenia/therapy , Physical Endurance , Eating , Exercise Therapy , Treatment Adherence and Compliance
19.
Rev. colomb. neumol ; 34(2): 17-24, July-Dec. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1412682

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la enfermedad por COVID-19 puede provocar una gran variedad de problemas de salud a largo plazo, como deterioro de la función pulmonar, reducción del rendimiento del ejercicio y disminución de la calidad de vida. Nuestro estudio tuvo como objetivo investigar la eficacia, viabilidad y seguridad de la rehabilitación pulmonar en pacientes con COVID-19 y comparar los resultados entre pacientes con un curso leve/moderado y grave/crítico de la enfermedad. Material y métodos: los pacientes en la fase posaguda de un curso leve a crítico de COVID-19 ingresados en un programa integral de rehabilitación pulmonar, se incluyeron en este estudio de cohorte prospectivo y observacional. Se evaluaron antes y después varias medidas de rendimiento del ejercicio, distancia de caminata de 6 minutos, función pulmonar (capacidad vital forzada (CVF)) y calidad de vida (encuesta de salud de formato corto de 36 preguntas (SF-36)). Se incluyeron 43 pacientes en el estudio (20 con COVID leve/moderado y 23 con COVID grave/crítico). Resultados: al ingreso los pacientes tenían una distancia de caminata reducida (leve: mediana 401 m, rango intercuartílico (IQR) 335-467 m; severo: 108 m, 84-132 m); una CVF deteriorada (leve: 72 %, severo: 35 %), y una puntuación baja de salud mental SF-36 (leve: 52 puntos, severo: 32 puntos. Los pacientes recibieron sesiones ajustadas a sus capacidades físicas y en ambos subgrupos mejoraron en la prueba de caminata de 6 minutos (leve/moderada: +54 m, severo/crítico: +117 m, ambos p <0.002), en CVF (leve/moderada: + 8.9 % , p = 0.004; severo/crítico: + 12.4 %, p <0.003) y en el componente mental SF-36 (leve / moderado: +6.8 puntos, p = 0.062; severo/crítico: +16.7 puntos, -p <0,005). Discusión y conclusiones: un programa de ejercicio bien estructurado resulta en un beneficio en las esferas de capacidad aeróbica, volúmenes pulmonares y calidad de vida; en tal sentido, se recomienda ampliar las muestras poblacionales para poder aplicar nuestro protocolo a otros centros encargados de la rehabilitación de pacientes con COVID-19.


Introduction: COVID-19 disease can cause a wide variety of long-term health problems, such as impaired lung function, reduced exercise performance, and decreased quality of life. Our study aimed to investigate the efficacy, feasibility, and safety of pulmonary rehabilitation in patients with COVID-19 and to compare the results between patients with a mild/moderate and severe/critical course of the disease. Materials and Methods: Patients in the post-acute phase of a mild to critical course of COVID-19 admitted to a comprehensive pulmonary rehabilitation program were included in this prospective, observational cohort study. Various measures of exercise performance, 6-minute walk distance, lung function (forced vital capacity (FVC)), and quality of life (36-question short-form health survey (SF-36)) were assessed before and after. We include 43 patients in this study (20 with mild/moderate COVID and 23 with severe/critical COVID-19). Results: At admission, patients had reduced walking distance (mild: median 401 m, interquartile range (IQR) 335-467 m; severe: 108 m, 84-132 m), impaired FVC (mild: 72%, severe: 35%,) and a low SF-36 mental health score (mild: 52 points, severe: 32 points). This patients received sessions adjusted to their physical abilities, and in both subgroups the patients improved on the walking test of 6 min (mild/moderate: +54m, severe/critical: +117m, both p < 0.002), FVC (mild/moderate: +8.9%, p=0.004; severe/critical: +12.4%, p <0.003) and mental component SF-36 (mild / moderate: +6.8 points, p = 0.062; severe / critical: +16.7 points, -p <0.005). Discussion and Conclusions: A well-structured exercise program results in a benefit in the patients' spheres of aerobic capacity, lung volumes and quality of life, in this sense it is recommended to expand population samples to be able to apply our protocol to other centers in charge of the rehabilitation of COVID 19 patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Exercise , COVID-19 , Rehabilitation , Pulmonary Medicine , Walking , Exercise Therapy
20.
J. health med. sci. (Print) ; 8(4): 281-287, oct.2022. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1443275

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO Las personas mayores y particularmente las mujeres, son propensas a sufrir traumatismo por caídas. El objetivo de esta investigación fue mejorar la estabilidad y funcionalidad de la pisada en personas mayores, implementando un programa de entrenamiento de musculatura intrínseca del pie, y determinar sus efectos en el riesgo de caída como método de prevención. MATERIALES Y METODOS Participaron 33 personas mayores, de género femenino y autovalentes. En las participantes se evaluó el equilibrio y la velocidad de la marcha con la prueba Time up and Go (TUG), y el equilibrio dinámico se evaluó con la Escala de Tinetti (ET). La intervención constó de enteramiento de tipo short-foot de forma diaria, durante 4 semanas. RESULTADOS los tiempos del TUG disminuyeron de manera progresiva al final de la intervención, lo que indica una optimización en la velocidad de la marcha, por lo que, el entrenamiento tuvo resultados beneficios para la transferencia de carga corporal de una posición sedente a bípedo y de bípedo a marcha. En cambio, para el equilibrio y marcha según ET no se detectó una diferencia significativa. CONCLUSIONES Este entrenamiento presenta una mejoría en el ámbito funcional de cambio de posición, pero no reemplaza el ajuste postural de base de sustentación para mantener el centro de masa en su posición central.


OBJETIVE Seniors, particularly women, are at risk for suffering traumatisms from falls. The objective of this study was to improve the balance and walking functionality of seniors by implementing a program to training the intrinsic muscles of the foot. The impacts of this training on preventing fall risk were assessed. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 33 self sufficient, female seniors participated. Balance and the speed of walking were measured using the Timed Up and Go (TUG) test, while balance and gait were measured using the Tinetti Balance and Gait Assessment Tool (TT). Intervention consisted in four weeks of daily short foot exercises. RESULTS The TUG test times decreases progressively from the start to the end of the intervention period, indicating an optimization in walking speed. This translates into beneficial results for the transfer of body load from a sedentary to standing to walking position. In contrast, balance and gait evidenced no significant changes per the TT. CONCLUSIONS The implemented training program improved the functional sphere of position change, but this did not replace the postural adjustments needed in the base of support (i.e. the feet) to maintain a well-positioned center of mass


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Exercise Therapy/methods , Muscle Strength , Foot/physiology , Pronation
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