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1.
Rev. bras. ativ. fís. saúde ; 27: 1-8, fev. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357986

ABSTRACT

The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of the volume of participation in exercise programs offered in Primary Health Care (PHC), for 24 weeks on blood biochemical parameters of adult women. Three Basic Health Units in Rio Claro City (São Paulo) were selected and 2 exercise inter-ventions were implemented with different volumes (3 weekly sessions, 90 minutes each; 2 weekly sessions, 60 minutes each). In total, 53 participants remained until the end of the interventions. Regardless of their number of absences, they were divided into 4 groups, according to the volume of participation (calculated individually according to the duration of sessions and the number of classes held), forming groups according to quartiles: Low Volume Group (LVG; 57.62 ± 9.97 years-old), Low Medium Volume Group (LMVG; 56.31 ± 12.18 years-old), High Medium Volume Group (HMVG; 53.00 ± 10.25 years-old), and High-Volume Group (HVG; 59.69 ± 7.66 years-old). Blood biochemical parameters were dosed using the ELISA method. The Generalized Estimation Equa-tion Model was used to compare the biochemical parameters (time, group, and interaction; p ≤ 0.05). The analysis showed significant and positive time effect for low-density lipoproteins (LDL) and glycemia in all groups and for total cholesterol (TC) in LVG, LMVG and HMVG; a significant group effect for HVG on TC (higher levels compared to all other groups) and LDL (higher levels compared to LVG and LMVG). It is concluded that the physical exercise programs offered in the PHC contributed to a significant reduction in LDL and blood glucose levels, regardless of the vol-ume of participation of individuals in the programs


O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar o efeito do volume de participação em programas de exercícios, ofer-tados na Atenção Primária à Saúde (APS), durante 24 semanas, nos parâmetros bioquímicos sanguíneos de mulheres adultas. Foram selecionadas 03 Unidades Básicas de Saúde de Rio Claro-São Paulo e implementa-das 2 intervenções de exercícios com diferentes volumes (3 sessões/semana, 90 minutos cada; 2 sessões/semana, 60 minutos cada). No total, 53 participantes se mantiveram até o final das intervenções, independentemente do número de faltas foram divididos em 4 grupos, de acordo com o volume de participação (calculado con-forme a duração das sessões e a quantidade de aulas realizadas de forma individual), formando os grupos segundo os quartis: Grupo Baixo Volume (GBV; 57,62 ± 9,97 anos), Grupo Baixo Médio Volume (GBMV; 56,31 ± 12,18 anos), Grupo Médio Alto Volume (GMAV; 53,00 ± 10,25 anos) e Grupo Alto Volume (GAV; 59,69 ± 7,66 anos). Os parâmetros bioquímicos sanguíneos foram dosados pelo método ELISA. Foi utilizado o Modelo de Equações de Estimações Generalizadas para a comparação dos parâmetros bioquímicos (tempo, grupo e interação; p ≤ 0,05). A análise evidenciou efeito significativo favorável do tempo para lipoproteínas de baixa densidade (LDL) e glicemia em todos os grupos e para colesterol total (CT) no GVB, GBMV e GMAV; e efeito significativo do grupo para GAV no CT (maiores níveis comparado a todos os grupos) e LDL (maiores níveis comparados ao GBV e GBMV ). Conclui-se que o programa de exercício físico ofertado na APS contribuiu para a redução significativa dos níveis de LDL e glicemia, independentemente do volume de participação dos indivíduos nos programas


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Triglycerides/blood , Blood Glucose/analysis , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Exercise/physiology , Cholesterol/blood , Primary Health Care , Time Factors , Community Participation , Exercise Therapy/methods
2.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 34(5): 508-514, Sept.-Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340058

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Conventional aerobic training is the first choice in cardiac rehabilitation for patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). However, high-intensity interval training (HIIT) may be an alternative, although it has little evidence. Objectives: To evaluate the effect of continuous aerobic training (CAT) or HIIT on exercise tolerance in CHF patients. Methods: Retrospective study with 30 patients, of both genders, members of a 10-week CAT or HIIT program. The control group (CON) consisted of patients who did not participate voluntarily in the program. Peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak), thresholds (LV1 and LV2), and ventilatory efficiency in the production of dioxide (VE/VCO2 slope), oxygen uptake efficiency (OUES), and VO2 recovery kinetics were analyzed. A two-way or repeated measures ANOVA was used, followed by Fisher's post-hoc test (p<0.05). Results: After 10 weeks of training, the CAT group increased the treadmill speed at LV1 (p=0.040), while the HIIT increased both the speed (p=0.030) and incline of the treadmill (p<0.001) for VO2peak and LV2, as well as the total time of the cardiopulmonary test. The VE/VCO2 slope was lower than that predicted for CAT (p=0.003) and HIIT (p=0.008). There was no change in VO2peak, recovery of heart rate (HR), and VO2, VE/VCO2, and OUES in both groups. Conclusions: After 10 weeks, both CAT and HIIT increased the tolerance to physical exercise. However, HIIT showed improvement in more parameters, differently from CAT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Exercise Tolerance , Cardiac Rehabilitation/methods , High-Intensity Interval Training/methods , Endurance Training/methods , Heart Failure/rehabilitation , Exercise , Retrospective Studies , Exercise Movement Techniques , Exercise Therapy/methods , Physical Exertion
4.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(3): 342-345, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288587

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction Chronic low back pain (CNLBP) manifests as chronic lumbosacral and hip pain, affecting athletes' daily training and competition. Whole-body sports training can significantly improve the strength of the core muscles of the lumbosacral region and has certain advantages in the treatment of chronic low back pain. Object We study the therapeutic effect of whole-body physical training on athletes' chronic low back pain (CNLBP). Method We selected 60 athletes with chronic low back pain patients. At the same time, we divide it into a control group and an observation group. The control group received conventional treatment, and the observation group received full-body physical training on this basis. After two months, the relevant physiological indicators of the patients were compared. Result After treatment, all physiological indexes of the two groups have great differences. Conclusion Whole-body physical training can significantly reduce athletes' back pain symptoms and help restore professional athletes to regular training. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução A dor lombar (GNP) crônica se manifesta como dor lombossacra e no quadril que afeta o treinamento e a competição diária dos atletas. O treinamento esportivo de corpo inteiro pode melhorar significativamente a força dos músculos centrais da região lombossacra e tem certas vantagens no tratamento da dor lombar crônica. Objetivo Estudarmos o efeito terapêutico do treinamento físico de corpo inteiro na dor lombar crônica (CNLBP) em atletas. Método Selecionamos 60 atletas com lombalgia crônica. Ao mesmo tempo, nós o dividimos em um grupo de controle e um grupo de observação. O grupo controle recebeu tratamento convencional e o grupo observação recebeu treinamento físico de corpo inteiro. Após dois meses, os indicadores fisiológicos relevantes dos pacientes foram comparados. Resultado após o tratamento, todos os índices fisiológicos dos dois grupos apresentam grandes diferenças. Conclusão O treinamento físico de corpo inteiro pode reduzir significativamente os sintomas de dor nas costas dos atletas e ajudar os atletas profissionais a voltarem a treinar regularmente. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos: investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción El dolor lumbar crónico (DPNG) se manifiesta como dolor lumbosacro y de cadera crónico que afecta el entrenamiento y la competición diaria de los deportistas. El entrenamiento deportivo de cuerpo entero puede mejorar significativamente la fuerza de los músculos centrales de la región lumbosacra y tiene ciertas ventajas en el tratamiento del dolor lumbar crónico. Objeto Estudiamos el efecto terapéutico del entrenamiento físico de cuerpo entero sobre el dolor lumbar crónico (CNLBP) de los deportistas. Método Seleccionamos a 60 deportistas con lumbalgia crónica. Al mismo tiempo, lo dividimos en un grupo de control y un grupo de observación. El grupo de control recibió tratamiento convencional y el grupo de observación recibió entrenamiento físico de cuerpo completo. Después de dos meses, se compararon los indicadores fisiológicos relevantes de los pacientes. Resultado después del tratamiento, todos los índices fisiológicos de los dos grupos tienen grandes diferencias. Conclusión El entrenamiento físico de todo el cuerpo puede reducir significativamente los síntomas de dolor de espalda de los atletas y ayudar a que los atletas profesionales vuelvan a entrenar regularmente. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos: investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Low Back Pain/therapy , Exercise Therapy/methods , Athletes , Case-Control Studies , Chronic Disease , Treatment Outcome
5.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(3): 282-285, July-Sept. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288581

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a typical neurological development disorder of the brain, exhibiting social communication and communication disorders, narrow interests, and repetitive, stereotyped behaviors. Movement development is an important evaluation index for the development of early motor function in children, so exercise intervention in children with ASD is of great significance. Objective This article conducts exercise intervention on children with ASD to stimulate their exercise ability and improve their self-care ability. Methods The article randomly grouped 24 children with an autism spectrum disorder. The experimental group received exercise intervention, and the control group had regular classes. After the experiment is completed, the influence of exercise intervention on children with autism is analyzed. Results The motor skills of the two groups of children were different after the intervention. The motor skills of the experimental group improved more significantly. Conclusion Exercise intervention can significantly improve the motor skills of children with an autism spectrum disorder. To evaluate whether the large-muscle motor skill learning of children with ASD and its influence on basic motor skills can be transferred to provide a reference for related motor intervention. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução O transtorno do espectro do autismo (TEA) é um transtorno do neurodesenvolvimento típico do cérebro, que apresenta transtornos de comunicação e comunicação social, interesses estreitos e comportamentos repetitivos e estereotipados. O desenvolvimento do movimento é um índice de avaliação importante para o desenvolvimento da função motora precoce em crianças, portanto, a intervenção com exercícios em crianças com TEA é de grande importância. Objetivo Este artigo realiza uma intervenção de exercícios em crianças com TEA para estimular sua capacidade de exercício e melhorar sua capacidade de autocuidado. Métodos O artigo agrupou aleatoriamente 24 crianças com transtorno do espectro do autismo. O grupo experimental recebeu intervenção de exercícios e o grupo controle teve aulas regulares. Após a conclusão do experimento, a influência da intervenção do exercício em crianças com autismo é analisada. Resultados As habilidades motoras dos dois grupos de crianças foram diferentes após a intervenção. As habilidades motoras do grupo experimental melhoraram mais significativamente. Conclusão A intervenção com exercícios pode melhorar significativamente as habilidades motoras de crianças com transtorno do espectro do autismo. Avaliar se a aprendizagem de grandes habilidades motoras musculares de crianças com TEA e sua influência nas habilidades motoras básicas podem ser transferidos para fornecer uma referência para a intervenção motora relacionada. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos: investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción El trastorno del espectro autista (TEA) es un trastorno del desarrollo neurológico típico del cerebro, que presenta trastornos de comunicación y comunicación social, intereses estrechos y comportamientos repetitivos y estereotipados. El desarrollo del movimiento es un índice de evaluación importante para el desarrollo de la función motora temprana en los niños, por lo que la intervención con ejercicios en niños con TEA es de gran importancia. Objetivo Este artículo realiza una intervención de ejercicio en niños con TEA para estimular su capacidad de ejercicio y mejorar su capacidad de autocuidado. Métodos El artículo agrupó aleatoriamente a 24 niños con un trastorno del espectro autista. El grupo experimental recibió intervención con ejercicios y el grupo de control tuvo clases regulares. Una vez completado el experimento, se analiza la influencia de la intervención del ejercicio en los niños con autismo. Resultados Las habilidades motoras de los dos grupos de niños fueron diferentes después de la intervención. Las habilidades motoras del grupo experimental mejoraron de manera más significativa. Conclusión La intervención con ejercicios puede mejorar significativamente las habilidades motoras de los niños con un trastorno del espectro autista. Evaluar si el aprendizaje de las habilidades motoras de los músculos grandes de los niños con TEA y su influencia en las habilidades motoras básicas se puede transferir para proporcionar una referencia para la intervención motora relacionada. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos: investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Psychomotor Performance/physiology , Autistic Disorder/rehabilitation , Exercise Therapy/methods
6.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(3): 291-294, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288580

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction In long-term sports, especially in explosive sports such as accelerated starting, athletes are prone to rupture the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). It is the ultimate goal of ACL reconstruction for athletes to restore the stability (static and dynamic) and mechanical structure of the knee joint through reconstruction surgery. Object This article uses ACL reconstruction to repair patients' ACL and explores the effect of athletes' nerve recovery after sports. Methods We collected 35 ACL reconstruction athletes and randomly divided them into two groups (experimental group, 18; control group, 17). After reconstruction, the athletes in the experimental group were treated with sports rehabilitation. Results The experimental and control groups had great differences in knee joint exercise indexes and nerve function recovery. Conclusion Sports rehabilitation training can effectively improve the nerve function of the knee joint after ACL reconstruction. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução Em esportes de longa duração, especialmente em esportes explosivos, como partidas aceleradas, os atletas têm tendência a romper o ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA). O objetivo final da reconstrução do LCA para atletas é restaurar a estabilidade (estática e dinâmica) e a estrutura mecânica da articulação do joelho por meio da cirurgia de reconstrução. Objetivo Este artigo considera a reconstrução do reparo do LCA em pacientes e explora o efeito da recuperação nervosa em atletas após a prática de esportes. Métodos Foram coletados 35 atletas de reconstrução do LCA e os dividimos aleatoriamente em dois grupos (grupo experimental, 18; grupo controle, 17). Após a reconstrução, os atletas do grupo experimental foram tratados com reabilitação esportiva. Resultados Os grupos experimental e controle tiveram grandes diferenças nos índices de exercício da articulação do joelho e recuperação da função nervosa. Conclusão O treinamento de reabilitação esportiva pode efetivamente melhorar a função nervosa da articulação do joelho após a reconstrução do LCA. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos: investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción En deportes de larga duración, especialmente en deportes explosivos como la partida acelerada, los deportistas son propensos a romperse el ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA). El objetivo final de la reconstrucción del LCA para los atletas es restaurar la estabilidad (estática y dinámica) y la estructura mecánica de la articulación de la rodilla mediante la cirugía de reconstrucción. Objeto Este artículo considera la reconstrucción para reparar el LCA de los pacientes y explora el efecto de la recuperación nerviosa de los atletas después de los deportes. Métodos Recogimos 35 deportistas de reconstrucción del LCA y los dividimos aleatoriamente en dos grupos (grupo experimental, 18; grupo de control, 17). Después de la reconstrucción, los atletas del grupo experimental fueron tratados con rehabilitación deportiva. Resultados Los grupos experimental y de control tuvieron grandes diferencias en los índices de ejercicio de la articulación de la rodilla y la recuperación de la función nerviosa. Conclusión el entrenamiento de rehabilitación deportiva puede mejorar eficazmente la función nerviosa de la articulación de la rodilla después de la reconstrucción del LCA. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos: investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Athletic Injuries/rehabilitation , Exercise Therapy/methods , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/rehabilitation , Treatment Outcome
7.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(3): 315-318, July-Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288568

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction Human motor dysfunction can affect the quality of life, especially waist dysfunction. And an effective means to improve muscle strength during exercise. Object This article compares and analyzes the effectiveness of human muscle exercise on the decline in quality of life caused by motor dysfunction. Method The article divides patients with motor dysfunction into trunk isokinetic training group (experimental group) and waist and abdominal muscle functional training group (control group), and comparative analysis of related indicators before and after treatment. Results Before treatment, the specific indicators of the two were different (P>0.05). After treatment, the patients' quality of life indicators and motor function indicators were significantly different (P<0.05). Conclusion Exercise has an obvious curative effect for patients with human motor dysfunction, and it is worthy of clinical promotion. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução A disfunção motora humana pode afetar a qualidade de vida, principalmente a disfunção da cintura. E um meio eficaz de melhorar a força muscular é o exercício. Objetivo este artigo compara e analisa a eficácia do exercício muscular humano no declínio da qualidade de vida causado por disfunção motora. Método O artigo divide os pacientes com disfunção motora em grupo treinamento isocinético de tronco (grupo experimental) e grupo treinamento funcional de cintura e músculos abdominais (grupo controle), e análise comparativa dos indicadores relacionados antes e após o tratamento. Resultados Antes do tratamento, os indicadores específicos dos dois eram diferentes (P> 0,05). Após o tratamento, os indicadores de qualidade de vida e indicadores de função motora dos pacientes foram significativamente diferentes (P <0,05). Conclusão O exercício tem um efeito curativo óbvio para pacientes com disfunção motora humana e é digno de promoção clínica. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción La disfunción motora humana puede afectar la calidad de vida, especialmente la disfunción de la cintura. Y un medio eficaz para mejorar la fuerza muscular es el ejercicio. Objeto Este artículo compara y analiza la efectividad del ejercicio muscular humano sobre el deterioro de la calidad de vida causado por la disfunción motora. Método El artículo divide a los pacientes con disfunción motora en grupo de entrenamiento isocinético del tronco (grupo experimental) y grupo de entrenamiento funcional de cintura y músculos abdominales (grupo control), y análisis comparativo de indicadores relacionados antes y después del tratamiento. Resultados Antes del tratamiento, los indicadores específicos de los dos eran diferentes (P> 0.05). Después del tratamiento, los indicadores de calidad de vida de los pacientes y los indicadores de función motora fueron significativamente diferentes (P <0,05). Conclusión El ejercicio tiene un efecto curativo obvio para los pacientes con disfunción motora humana y es digno de promoción clínica. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos: investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Life , Low Back Pain/rehabilitation , Motor Skills Disorders/rehabilitation , Exercise Therapy/methods , Muscle Strength/physiology
8.
Medisan ; 25(1)ene.-feb. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1154851

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La actividad física regular puede contribuir a prevenir las enfermedades al mínimo costo posible, especialmente si se plantea como un hábito de vida saludable y no como una actividad de riesgo que requiere una estricta y costosa supervisión médica especializada. Objetivo: Evaluar la influencia del ejercicio físico sobre factores de riesgo de trastornos coronarios en pacientes con cardiopatía isquémica. Métodos: Se realizó una investigación descriptiva de 41 pacientes que habían padecido un infarto agudo de miocardio y que formaron parte de un programa de rehabilitación cardiovascular en el Servicio de Terapia Física y Rehabilitación del Hospital General Docente Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso en Santiago de Cuba, desde mayo de 2017 hasta igual mes de 2019. Para ello se seleccionaron los factores de riesgo de trastornos coronarios más frecuentes en la muestra, los cuales fueron analizados antes y después de aplicado el programa. Resultados: Los factores de riesgo predominaron en los hombres (68,4 %), con una mayor incidencia de la hipertrigliceridemia en ambos sexos (56,1 %). Después de aplicada la rehabilitación, se logró una disminución de las cifras de glucemia, triglicéridos y colesterol sérico. Conclusiones: Los programas de rehabilitación cardiovascular mejoran la salud del paciente e igualmente proporcionan beneficios socioeconómicos a la sociedad.


Introduction: Regular physical activity can contribute to prevent diseases at the minimum cost possible, especially if it is a healthy life habit and not a risky activity that requires a strict and expensive specialized medical supervision. Objective: To evaluate the influence of the physical exercise on risk factors of coronary disorders in patients with ischemic heart disease. Methods: A descriptive investigation of 41 patients that had suffered from a heart attack and were part of a program of cardiovascular rehabilitation was carried out in the Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Service of Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso Teaching General Hospital in Santiago de Cuba, from May, 2017 to the same month in 2019. With this purpose the most frequent risk factors of coronary disorders were selected in the sample, which were analyzed before and after the implementation of the program. Results: Risk factors prevailed in men (68.4 %), with a higher incidence of hypertriglyceridemia in both sexes (56.1 %). After the rehabilitation, a decrease of glycemia, triglycerides and serum cholesterol figures was achieved. Conclusions: The programs of cardiovascular rehabilitation improve the health of the patients and provide as well socioeconomic benefits to the society.


Subject(s)
Risk Factors , Myocardial Ischemia , Exercise Therapy/methods , Coronary Vessels , Rehabilitation Services
9.
Cienc. act. fís. (Talca, En línea) ; 22(1): 1-12, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352777

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Comparar los efectos de un programa de ejercicio neuromuscular (ENM) respecto a un programa de ejercicio municipal (EM) sobre la condición física en adultos mayores de la comunidad. Metodología: Ensayo clínico aleatorizado en grupos paralelos y ciego doble. Muestra constituida por 82 sujetos, edad X = 72 años (DE = +/-5 años) pertenecientes a la Casa del Adulto Mayor de la ciudad de Talca. La selección fue de manera no probabilística por conveniencia, la asignación a los grupos mediante aleatorización estratificada y el ocultamiento de la asignación por medio de sobres cerrados. El cegamiento doble fue para los participantes y los evaluadores. Ambos grupos realizaron ejercicio en paralelo durante seis meses, tres veces a la semana. Las comparaciones inter-grupo de la condición física fueron analizados por medio de ANOVA multivariante de un factor. En todos los casos se adoptó un p < 0.05 y se utilizó SPSS 25.Resultados: Los sujetos del grupo ENM lograron significativamente un mejor rendimiento en todas las variables de condición física respecto al grupo EM (p < 0.05). Conclusión: El ENM mejoró significativamente la condición física de adultos mayores de la comunidad respecto a la aplicación de un programa de ejercicio municipal.


OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of a neuromuscular exercise program (ENM) with respect to a municipal exercise program (EM) on the physical condition of older adults in the community. Methodology: Double blind, parallel group randomized clinical trial. Sample made up of 82 subjects, age X = 72 years (SD = +/- 5 years) belonging to the House for the Elderly in the city of Talca. Selection was non-probabilistic for convenience, group assignment by stratified randomization, and allocation concealment by sealed envelopes. Double blinding was for participants and assessors. Both groups exercised in parallel for 6 months, 3 times a week. The inter-group comparisons of physical condition were by means of one-way multivariate ANOVA. In all cases a p <0.05 was adopted and SPSS 25 was used. Results: The subjects of the ENM group achieved significantly better performance in all the physical condition variables compared to the EM group (p <0.05). Conclusion: The ENM significantly improved the physical condition of older adults in the community with respect to the application of a municipal exercise program.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Exercise , Exercise Therapy/methods , Self Concept , Double-Blind Method , Health Status , Surveys and Questionnaires , Physical Exertion
10.
Horiz. enferm ; 32(1): 15-27, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1224692

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Determinar la efectividad de un programa de yoga sobre la flexibilidad y el equilibrio de la población adulta mayor de la fundación EMTEL, centro vida sur de Popayán Colombia. METODOLOGÍA: Estudio de Enfoque cuantitativo, de diseño cuasi-experimental, de corte longitudinal y de tipo prospectivo. El estudio se realizó con 18 adultos mayores a quienes se evaluó la flexibilidad y el equilibrio antes y después del programa de yoga ejecutado durante 10 semanas. Para el análisis de datos se utilizó SPSS 23.0. Se aplicó estadística descriptiva e inferencial por medio de las pruebas de Wilcoxon y t-students según resultado de la prueba de normalidad Shapiro Wilks. RESULTADOS: Las pruebas que demostraron significancia estadística fueron chair-sit and reach-test (p=0.005) y foot up-and-go test (p=0,000). CONCLUSIÓN: Este estudio comprobó que el programa de yoga es efectivo para la mejora de la flexibilidad del miembro inferior y el equilibrio dinámico, permitiendo un mejoramiento en la funcionalidad del adulto mayor.


INTRODUCTION: The eldest adult is a vulnerable population whose functionalityis affected, largely by the aging process and lifestyles, so it is necessary to generate programs that improve the physical condition of this population, such as yoga. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of a yoga program on the flexibility and balance of the eldest adult population of the Foundation of the Telecommunications Company of Popayán Centro Vida Sur, Colombia. METHODOLOGY: Study of quantitative approach, quasi-experimental design, longitudinal cutting and prospective type. The study universe consisted of 86 older adults, of whom a non-probablist sample was determined at convenience with 18 older adults who were assessed for flexibility and balance before and after the yoga program executed for 10 weeks. SPSS 23.0 was used for data analysis. Descriptive and inferential statistics were applied through Wilcoxon and t-students tests as a result of the Shapiro Wilks normality test. RESULTS: Tests that demonstrated statistical significance were chair-sit and reach-test (p=0.005) and foot up-and-go test (p=0.000). CONCLUSION: It was found in the study that the yoga program is effective for improving lower limb flexibility and dynamic balance, allowing an improvement in the functionality of the older adult.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Yoga , Range of Motion, Articular/physiology , Postural Balance/physiology , Exercise Therapy/methods , Quality of Life , Aging/physiology , Longitudinal Studies , Colombia
11.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 90(3): 309-312, Jul.-Sep. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131048

ABSTRACT

Abstract Aortic dissection is one of the three types of acute aortic syndromes, which has a determined mortality rate according to its type. Improvement in survival is possible through diagnostic and treatment advances. However, a great number of these patients frequently experience physical and mental disability after hospital discharge. Thus, we report a case of a woman with aortic dissection diagnosis, who joined a supervised physical training program and a brief review of evidence, demonstrating benefits and safety of cardiac rehabilitation in this pathology.


Resumen La disección aórtica es uno de los tres tipos de los síndromes aórticos agudos, que tienen una tasa de mortalidad determinada según su tipo. La mejora en la supervivencia es posible debido a los avances en el diagnóstico y el tratamiento. Sin embargo, un gran número de estos pacientes, con frecuencia experimentan discapacidad física y mental después del alta hospitalaria. Por lo tanto, se presenta el caso de una mujer con diagnóstico de Disección Aórtica, que se incorporó a un programa de entrenamiento físico supervisado, así como, una breve revisión de la evidencia, demostrando los beneficios y la seguridad de la rehabilitación cardíaca en pacientes con esta patología.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Exercise Therapy/methods , Cardiac Rehabilitation/methods , Aneurysm, Dissecting/rehabilitation , Acute Disease , Aneurysm, Dissecting/diagnosis
12.
Rev. cuba. med. gen. integr ; 36(3): e1357, jul.-set. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1138981

ABSTRACT

El vértigo posicional paroxístico benigno se caracteriza por episodios breves pero intensos de vértigo con los cambios de postura, en su tratamiento pueden utilizarse ejercicios específicos. Objetivo: Evaluar la efectividad de los ejercicios de Brandt-Daroff en el tratamiento del vértigo posicional paroxístico benigno y su relación con los grupos de edades y sexo. Métodos: Se aplicó un método descriptivo, con una muestra de 62 pacientes adultos que presentaban diagnóstico de vértigo paroxístico posicional benigno. Se utilizó la escala dicotómica con presencia o ausencia de vértigo, al inicio y final del tratamiento con estos ejercicios. Se analizaron las variables: edad, sexo y mejoría clínica de la enfermedad. Para el análisis estadístico se utilizó la Prueba de homogeneidad λ2 con un nivel de significación de ά 0,05. Resultados: Se observó evolución favorable para el tratamiento de este trastorno mediante los ejercicios de Brandt-Daroff con el 87,09 por ciento en la eliminación del vértigo a las 7 sesiones de tratamiento, un 90 por ciento de efectividad en edades de 25 a 59 años y el 76,19 por ciento del sexo femenino, de ellas el 91,66 por ciento no presentó vértigos a final del tratamiento. Conclusiones: Se señala la efectividad de los ejercicios de Brandt-Daroff en el tratamiento del vértigo paroxístico posicional benigno con diferencias estadísticamente significativas en comparación con el tratamiento convencional. Mayor efectividad en edades de 25 a 59 años y el predominio del sexo femenino(AU)


Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is characterized by brief but intense episodes of vertigo with changes in posture. Specific exercises can be used for its treatment. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of Brandt-Daroff exercises in the treatment of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo and its relationship with age and sex groups. Methods: A descriptive method was applied, with a sample of 62 adult patients who had a diagnosis of benign positional paroxysmal vertigo. The dichotomous scale with presence or absence of vertigo was used at the beginning and at the end of treatment with these exercises. The variables analyzed were age, sex, and clinical improvement of the disease. For statistical analysis, the chi-square homogeneity test was used with a significance level of 0.05. Results: A favorable evolution was observed for the treatment of this disorder by means of the Brandt-Daroff exercises, with 87.09 percent in the elimination of vertigo after seven treatment sessions, 90 percent effective in ages 25-59 years, and 76.19 percent corresponding to the female sex, of which 91.66 percent did not present vertigo at the end of treatment. Conclusions: The effectiveness of the Brandt-Daroff exercises is highlighted for the treatment of benign positional paroxysmal vertigo, with statistically significant differences compared to conventional treatment. Greater effectiveness in ages 25-59 years and the predominance of the female sex(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Exercise Therapy/methods , Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo/rehabilitation , Epidemiology, Descriptive
13.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 78(3): 149-157, Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098071

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Physical therapy has positive results in people with tropical spastic paraparesis (TSP). However, mobility and distance from rehabilitation centers limit the participation in outpatient programs. Objective: To evaluate the impact of a home exercise program on the posture and functional mobility of people with TSP. Methods: A randomized controlled trial comparing three groups of people who performed guided exercises from a guidebook for six months: supervised (SG), unsupervised (WG), and control (CG). Primary outcomes: postural angles (SAPO®) and functional mobility (TUG). Secondary outcomes: gait parameters (CVMob®). Results: The protocol described in the guidebook improved postural angles and functional mobility. There were also positive gait parameter effects (p<0.05). SG presented better responses than WG did, but both were preferable to CG. Conclusion: Home exercises oriented by a guidebook may benefit posture, functional mobility and gait parameters in people with TSP, and physiotherapist supervision can ensure better results.


Resumo Introdução: A fisioterapia apresenta resultados positivos em pessoas com paraparesia espástica tropical (PET). Entretanto, a dificuldade de locomoção e a distância dos centros de reabilitação limitam a participação em programas ambulatoriais. Objetivo: Avaliar o impacto de um programa de exercícios domiciliares na postura e mobilidade funcional de pessoas com PET. Métodos: Um ensaio clínico randomizado comparou três grupos de pessoas que realizaram exercícios guiados por cartilha: com supervisão (GS), sem supervisão (GN) e controle (GC) durante seis meses. Desfechos primários: ângulos posturais (SAPO®) e mobilidade funcional (TUG). Desfechos secundários: parâmetros da marcha (CVMob®). Resultados: O protocolo descrito na cartilha melhorou os ângulos posturais e a mobilidade funcional. Os resultados também foram positivos para os parâmetros da marcha (p<0,05). O GS apresentou melhores respostas que o GN, porém ambos foram preferíveis ao GC. Conclusão: Exercícios domiciliares orientados por cartilha podem ser úteis para beneficiar a postura, mobilidade funcional e parâmetros de marcha em pessoas com PET, e a supervisão do fisioterapeuta possibilita garantir melhores resultados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Posture/physiology , Paraparesis, Tropical Spastic/rehabilitation , Exercise Therapy/methods , Exercise , Treatment Outcome , Gait , Home Care Services
14.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 78(1): 13-20, Jan. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088990

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: New protocols applied in the rehabilitation of Parkinson's disease enable different action strategies for health professionals, as well as a new range of activities for these individuals. However, no valid samba protocol with activity prescription for this population was found in the literature. Objective: To investigate the feasibility of a Brazilian samba protocol in individuals with Parkinson's disease. Methods: Twenty participants, mean age of 66.4±10.7 years, diagnosed with idiopathic Parkinson 's disease, divided into: experimental group that received the intervention of Brazilian samba dance classes (10 individuals); and control group that maintained their routine activities (10 individuals). For data collection, a divided questionnaire was used: General Information; Disability stages scale; Balance and Quality of Life. Results: During class implementation, there were no falls, as all dance activities adhered to the details of the protocol steps without any changes. On average, patients completed 82.7% of activities. After 12 weeks, the experimental group had improvements in the UPDRS global score, in daily activities, and on motor examination. There was also improvement in balance scores and in the mobility domain of the quality of life in the experimental group. Conclusion: The samba protocol seems to be feasible and safe for patients with PD. Moreover, it has pleasant characteristics and offers sufficient physical benefits for combination with drug treatment. There were also benefits in social relationships and as a possible rehabilitation tool in individuals with Parkinson's disease.


Resumo Fundamentos: Novos protocolos aplicados na reabilitação da doença de Parkinson possibilitam diferentes estratégias de atuação para profissionais de saúde, além de um novo leque de atividades para estes indivíduos. Entretanto, não se encontrou na literatura qualquer protocolo de samba com prescrição de atividades validado para esta população. Objetivo: O objetivo foi verificar a viabilidade de um protocolo de samba brasileiro em indivíduos com doença de Parkinson. Métodos: Vinte participantes, com idade média de 66,4±10,7 anos, com diagnóstico de doença de Parkinson idiopática divididos em: grupo experimental que recebeu a intervenção das aulas de dança - samba brasileiro (10 indivíduos); e grupo controle que manteve as suas atividades rotineiras (10 indivíduos). Para a coleta dos dados foi utilizado um questionário dividido: Informações Gerais; Escala de estágios de Incapacidade; Equilíbrio e Qualidade de Vida. Resultados: Durante a realização das aulas, não houve quedas, todas as atividades de dança aderiram aos detalhes das etapas do protocolo, sem quaisquer alterações, e os pacientes completaram, em média, 82,7% das atividades. Após 12 semanas, o grupo experimental apresentou melhoras no escore global da escala UPDRS, em atividades de vida diária e no exame motor. Houve também melhora nos escores de equilíbrio e no domínio de mobilidade da qualidade de vida do grupo experimental. Conclusão: A utilização de um protocolo de samba para indivíduos com doença de Parkinson mostrou-se viável, por sua característica segura e prazerosa, e por apresentar benefícios físicos suficientes para combinação com o tratamento medicamentoso. Houve também benefícios nas relações sociais e como uma possível ferramenta de reabilitação em indivíduos com a doença de Parkinson.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Parkinson Disease/rehabilitation , Exercise Therapy/methods , Music Therapy/methods , Quality of Life , Socioeconomic Factors , Time Factors , Brazil , Activities of Daily Living , Feasibility Studies , Treatment Outcome , Non-Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
15.
Kinesiologia ; 39(1): 14-20, 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1123338

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Determinar las razones de la escasa derivación, acceso, y adherencia a programas de ejercicio supervisado (PES) en pacientes con claudicación intermitente (CI) y la costo-efectividad de estos programas a nivel Internacional. MÉTODOS: Se utilizaron las fuentes de datos de PubMed y ScienceDirect. Se incluyeron revisiones con acceso completo, publicados desde el año 2010, que incluían como mínimo 3 artículos de tipo cuantitativo. RESULTADOS: Se incluyeron 5 Revisiones asociadas a los resultados del ejercicio supervisado, su costo-efectividad, la baja derivación y adherencia a PES de los pacientes con CI. En cuanto a la costo-efectividad los resultados indican que los PES fueron rentables con un ICER de £711 a £1.608 por QALY ganado al compararlos con ejercicio no supervisado, y al compararlos con la cirugía de revascularización (CR) no hay diferencia significativa en QALY ganados, sin embargo, el costo por QALY fue €381.694 más alto para la CR. Por otro lado, las principales razones de la subutilización de los PES, es que los pacientes se resisten a asistir, ya que involucra un esfuerzo y responsabilidad, además de tener problemas de reembolso, teniendo baja adherencia. Sumado a esto, el interés personal de los médicos por realizar intervenciones que involucran pago por servicio produce una baja derivación (45% de cirujanos en Europa refieren menos del 50% de sus pacientes). CONCLUSIÓN: Las principales dificultades para adoptar los PES serían una carencia en la destinación de recursos, falta de centros, dificultad de traslado, falta de tiempo, o de interés por parte de los pacientes, además de incentivos financieros a otras alternativas de tratamiento por sobre PES lo que limita su derivación.


OBJECTIVE: To determine the reasons for the limited derivation, access and adherence to supervised exercise programs (SEP) in patients with intermittent claudication (IC) and the cost-effectiveness of these programs internationally. METHODS: PubMed and ScienceDirect databases were searched. Revisions with full access, published since 2010, which included at least 3 quantitative type articles. RESULTS: 5 reviews were included, these were associated with the results of the supervised exercise, its cost-effectiveness, the low referral and adherence to programs of patients with IC. Regarding cost-effectiveness, the results indicated that SEP were more cost-effective with an ICER of £711 to £1.608 per QALY gained when compared with unsupervised exercise, and that when compared with revascularization surgery (RC) there was no significant difference in QALYs, however the cost per QALY was € 381.694 higher for the RC. On the other hand, the main reasons for the underutilization of SEP are that patients are reluctant to attend, since it involves effort and responsibility, in addition to having reimbursement problems, therefore having low adherence. Added to this, the personal interest of doctors in performing interventions that involve payment for service produce a low referral (45% of surgeons in Europe refer less than 50% of their patients) CONCLUSION: The main difficulties in adopting the SEP would be a lack in the allocation of resources, lack of centers, difficulty of transportation, lack of time or lack of interest from patients, in addition to financial incentives to other treatment alternatives over SEP, which limits their referral.


Subject(s)
Humans , Directly Observed Therapy/economics , Directly Observed Therapy/statistics & numerical data , Exercise Therapy/economics , Intermittent Claudication/therapy , Referral and Consultation/statistics & numerical data , Patient Compliance , Cost-Benefit Analysis , Exercise Therapy/methods , Exercise Therapy/statistics & numerical data , Treatment Adherence and Compliance , Health Services Misuse , Intermittent Claudication/rehabilitation
16.
Rev. ANACEM (Impresa) ; 14(1): 88-92, 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1123599

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El síndrome de dolor patelofemoral, se define como aquel dolor retro o peripatelar agravado por al menos 1 actividad que cargue la articulación en flexión. Su diagnóstico, se basa en una correcta anamnesis, examen físico y pruebas de evocación de dolor e inestabilidad. El tratamiento puede ser quirúrgico o conservador, este último, tiene como objetivo disminuir el dolor e inflamación. Sin embargo, a pesar de su alta prevalencia, existen escasos protocolos sobre su manejo, por lo que el objetivo de este trabajo es entregar una revisión de la literatura con información reciente, a modo de dar una recomendación actualizada para su tratamiento. Materiales Y Métodos: Se realizó una revisión no sistemática de estudios publicados entre enero del 2005 y agosto del 2020, utilizando los términos MeSH "Anterior knee pain", "Patellofemoral pain syndrome" y "Treatment". Se usaron como motores de búsqueda PubMed, The Cochrane Library y Trip Data base, excluyendo estudios en animales y población pediátrica. Desarrollo: El tratamiento conservador del síndrome de dolor anterior de rodilla, puede dividirse en intervenciones proximales, locales y distales, todas centradas en una correcta pauta de fortalecimientos y estiramientos de los elementos comprometidos. Se recomienda esquemas asociados de fortalecimientos de core, cadera y rodilla, sin embargo, la literatura no es consistente en pautas de tratamiento protocolizados. Conclusión: El tratamiento conservador del síndrome del dolor patelofemoral depende exclusivamente de los resultados de un correcto examen físico y de las pruebas terapéuticas correspondientes.


Introduction: Patellofemoral pain syndrome is defined as that retro or peripatellar pain aggravated by at least one activity that loads the joint in flexion. Its diagnostic is based on the correct anamnesis, physical exam, pain evocation tests and instability. The treatment can be surgical or conservative, and the last one aims to reduce pain and inflammation. However, despite its high prevalence, there are few protocols concerning its handling, so the main objective of this research is to offer a literature review with updated information, in order to give an updated recommendation for its treatment. Materials And Methods: A non-systematic review of studies published between January 2005 and August 2020 were performed, using the MeSH "Anterior knee pain", "Patellofemoral pain syndrome" and "Treatment". PubMed, The Cochrane Library, and Trip Database were used as search engines, excluding studies in animals and the pediatric population. Development: The conservative treatment of anterior knee pain syndrome, can be divided into proximal, local and distal interventions, all of them focused on a correct guide of strengthening and stretching of the elements involved. Associated schemes of core, hip and knee strengthening are recommended, nevertheless, the literature is not consistent in terms of protocolized treatment guidelines. Conclusion: The conservative treatment of patellofemoral pain syndrome depends exclusively on the results of a correct physical examination, and the corresponding therapeutic tests.


Subject(s)
Humans , Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome/therapy , Exercise Therapy/methods , Knee Injuries/therapy , Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome/physiopathology , Conservative Treatment/methods
17.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(3): e9391, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089342

ABSTRACT

The oxygen uptake (V˙O2) kinetics during onset of and recovery from exercise have been shown to provide valuable parameters regarding functional capacity of both chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and chronic heart failure (CHF) patients. To investigate the influence of comorbidity of COPD in patients with CHF with reduced ejection fraction on recovery from submaximal exercise, 9 CHF-COPD male patients and 10 age-, gender-, and left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF)-matched CHF patients underwent constant-load exercise tests (CLET) at moderate and high loads. The V˙O2, heart rate (HR), and cardiac output (CO) recovery kinetics were determined for the monoexponential relationship between these variables and time. Within-group analysis showed that the recovery time constant of HR (P<0.05, d=1.19 for CHF and 0.85 for CHF-COPD) and CO (P<0.05, d=1.68 for CHF and 0.69 for CHF-COPD) and the mean response time (MRT) of CO (P<0.05, d=1.84 for CHF and 0.73 for CHF-COPD) were slower when moderate and high loads were compared. CHF-COPD patients showed smaller amplitude of CO recovery kinetics (P<0.05) for both moderate (d=2.15) and high (d=1.07) CLET. Although the recovery time constant and MRT means were greater in CHF-COPD, CHF and CHF-COPD groups were not differently affected by load (P>0.05 in group vs load analysis). The ventilatory efficiency was related to MRT of V˙O2 during high CLET (r=0.71). Our results suggested that the combination of CHF and COPD may further impair the recovery kinetics compared to CHF alone.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Oxygen Consumption/physiology , Maximal Voluntary Ventilation/physiology , Exercise Tolerance/physiology , Recovery of Function/physiology , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/rehabilitation , Exercise Therapy/methods , Kinetics , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/physiopathology
18.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(2): e9171, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055494

ABSTRACT

Parkinson's disease cannot be cured but symptoms can be improved by making use of physical therapy. The objective of the study was to compare the effect of routine exercises and Tai Chi on physical and clinical performance in elderly people suffering from Parkinson's disease. Data from interviews, physical and clinical performance, and levodopa consumption of 500 patients with confirmed Parkinson's disease (severity level I to III) were collected and analyzed. Participants who received 80 min/day Tai Chi 3 times/week for 2 months were included in the Tai Chi (TC) group (n=250) and those who received 90 min/day routine exercise 3 times/week for 2 months were included in routine exercise (RE) group (n=250). Timed up-and-go, 50-foot speed walk, and functional reach were improved by Tai Chi and routine exercise (P<0.05 for all) but intensities of Tai Chi for improvement of such parameters was higher than routine exercise. Incidence of falls was decreased by both physical therapies (P<0.05 for all) but more for the TC group (P<0.0001, q=38.512). In the TC group, at the end of follow-up, 22 (9%) patients were successful in withdrawal of levodopa treatment. Also, the dose of levodopa was decreased in patients of the TC group who had to continue levodopa. Tai Chi had the potential to slow down the progression of symptoms of Parkinson's disease and delayed the introduction of levodopa (level of evidence: III).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Parkinson Disease/rehabilitation , Tai Ji/methods , Exercise Therapy/methods , Severity of Illness Index , Accidental Falls/prevention & control , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies
19.
Rev. Salusvita (Online) ; 39(1): 255-275, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1140922

ABSTRACT

O Deep Water Running (DWR) é um método bastante difundido para o condicionamento cardiovascular e reabilitação em atletas. Contudo, nos últimos anos, foram realizadas investigações científicas sobre o DWR em populações especiais. Porém, ainda existem poucas evidências sobre as respostas musculoesqueléticas e cardiorrespiratórias em indivíduos obesos. O objetivo foi realizar um estudo de revisão sistemática de literatura referente às respostas musculoesqueléticas e cardiorrespiratórias, mediante ao treinamento em água funda em obesos. Trata-se de uma revisão de literatura de 2009 a 2019, por meio de levantamento de artigos científicos nas bases de dados eletrônica PubMed, e Scielo. Para tanto, foram utilizadas as seguintes palavras-chave: aquatic, deep water running, water-based, head-out aquatic, physical activity, obesity, overweight, também foram aplicados os operadores boleanos "and" e "OR". Foram encontrados 11 estudos de ensaios clínicos, cujos temas estavam relacionados com as variáveis de interesse do presente estudo. Baseado na literatura científica selecionada, conclui-se que a técnica de DWR é uma estratégia de treinamento e reabilitação física extremamente indicada para potencializar a força e resistência muscular, melhorar a capacidade funcional, cardiorrespiratória e qualidade de vida em obesos.


Deep Water Running (DWR) is a widely used method for cardiovascular conditioning and rehabilitation in athletes. Although, in recent years, scientific investigations have been conducted on DWR in special populations. However, there is still little evidence on musculoskeletal and cardiorespiratory responses in obese individuals.The objective was to perform a systematic review on musculoskeletal and cardiorespiratory responses, through deep water running in obese patients. It is a systematic reviewfrom 2009 to 2019, by means of a survey of scientific articles in the electronic databases PubMed, and Scielo. The following keywords were used: aquatic, deep water running, water-based, head-out aquatic, physical activity, obesity, overweight, and boolean operators "and" and "OR". Were found 11 clinical trial studies, whose themes were related to the variables of interest of the present study. Based on the selected scientific literature, it is concluded that the DWR technique is a strategy of training and physical rehabilitation extremely indicated to potentiate muscular strength and endurance, improve functional capacity, cardiorespiratory capacity and quality of life in obese patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Running/physiology , Exercise Therapy/methods , Muscle Strength/physiology , Cardiorespiratory Fitness , Immersion , Obesity/rehabilitation , Quality of Life , Swimming Pools , Water
20.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(7): e8943, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1132535

ABSTRACT

This paper reports the development of a three-channel automatic speed-matching climbing training system that could train three rats at the same time for rehabilitation after an ischemic stroke. An infrared (IR) remote sensor was installed at the end of each channel to monitor the real-time position of a climbing rat. This research was carried out in five stages: i) system design; ii) hardware circuit; iii) running speed control; iv) functional testing; and v) verification using an animal model of cerebral stroke. The rehabilitated group significantly outperformed the middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAo) sedentary group in the rota-rod and inclined plate tests 21 days after a stroke. The rehabilitated group also had a cerebral infarction volume of 28.34±19.4%, far below 56.81±18.12% of the MCAo group 28 days after the stroke, validating the effectiveness of this training platform for stroke rehabilitation. The running speed of the climbing rehabilitation training platform was designed to adapt to the physical conditions of subjects, and overtraining injuries can be completely prevented accordingly.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Brain Ischemia/rehabilitation , Stroke/therapy , Exercise Therapy/methods , Stroke Rehabilitation , Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery , Disease Models, Animal
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