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1.
Rev. méd. Urug ; 37(3): e37308, set. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY | ID: biblio-1341556

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: la luxación traumática de la rodilla constituye una lesión rara dentro de la patología ortopédica. En muchas ocasiones su diagnóstico pasa desapercibido dado que se dan en el contexto de pacientes politraumatizados, y la falla en el mismo puede derivar en un pronóstico potencialmente letal para el compromiso vital del miembro lesionado. Objetivo: realizar una revisión de la literatura disponible en los últimos veinte años acerca de cuáles son las indicaciones del uso del fijador externo (FFEE) en la luxación traumática aguda de rodilla en la urgencia. Materiales y métodos: se realizó una búsqueda sistematizada a través de los buscadores electrónicos Cochrane, Lilacs, Scielo, Pubmed, Science direct y el portal Timbó. La misma alcanzó un total de 6.495 artículos, y de acuerdo con los criterios de inclusión y exclusión se seleccionaron 14 trabajos para realizarla. Resultados: se destaca que la mayoría de los artículos encontrados son de nivel de evidencia IV. La utilización del uso de la fijación externa en la urgencia como parte de la estabilización temporal y el manejo inicial estaría indicado en los siguientes escenarios clínicos: pacientes politraumatizados, lesión vascular, luxación expuesta, inestabilidad de la articulación, luxación recidivante, luxofracturas, lesiones a nivel del aparato extensor, obesidad mórbida, intolerancia del uso de la férula u ortesis. Conclusión: la sistematización y protocolización a la hora de la toma de decisiones permite disminuir de forma mayoritaria las complicaciones vinculadas a la patología traumática; éstas deben estar dirigidas a la estabilización del paciente en primera instancia, y en segunda instancia a estabilizar la articulación de la rodilla. La fijación externa tiene indicaciones en escenarios clínicos puntuales; sin embargo algunas de estas indicaciones aún son objeto de debate.


Abstract: Introduction: traumatic dislocation of the knee constitutes an unusual lesion in orthopedic pathology, the diagnosis of which is often missed. This is because it occurs in the context of multiple trauma patients, and failure to diagnose it may result in a potentially fatal outcome for the life-threatening compromise of the injured limb. Objective: to perform a literature review of literature on indications for the use of the external fixator in the acute knee dislocation at the emergency room that has been available in the last twenty years. Method: we conducted a systematized search by means of electronic search engines Cochrane, Lilacs, Scielo, Pubmed, Science direct and the Timbó portal. The search included 6495 articles and according to the criteria of inclusion and exclusion 14 studies were selected. Results: the review highlights that most articles found are level of evidence IV. The use of the external fixator in the emergency room as part of the temporary stabilization and initial handling of the condition would be indicated in the following clinical scenarios: multiple trauma patients, vascular lesion, exposed dislocation, joint instability, recurrent dislocation, fracture dislocation, lesions of the extensor apparatus, morbid obesity, splint or orthosis intolerance. Conclusion: systematization and the observation of protocols when it comes to the making of decisions enables the decrease of most complications associated to trauma pathologies. Actions must be geared to stabilizing patients first and to stabilize the knee joint. The external fixator is indicated for specific clinical scenarios. However, some of these indications are still a matter of debate.


Resumo: Introdução: a luxação traumática do joelho é uma lesão rara na patologia ortopédica. Em muitas ocasiões, seu diagnóstico passa despercebido, por ocorrer no contexto de pacientes politraumatizados, e que sua falha pode levar a um prognóstico potencialmente letal para o envolvimento vital do membro lesado. Objetivo: realizar uma revisão da literatura disponível nos últimos vinte anos sobre as indicações do uso do fixador externo na luxação traumática aguda do joelho em pronto-socorro. Materiais e métodos: foi realizada uma busca sistemática nas bases LILACS, SciELO, PubMed, Science Direct, na Biblioteca Cochrane e no portal Timbó. Foram obtidas 6.495 referencias dos quais 14 artigos foram selecionados de acordo com os critérios de inclusão e exclusão. Resultados: a maioria dos artigos encontrados apresentam evidência de nível IV. O uso de fixação externa na emergência como parte da estabilização temporária e manejo inicial, seria indicado nos seguintes cenários clínicos: pacientes politraumatizados, lesão vascular, luxação exposta, instabilidade articular, luxação recorrente, luxação, lesões ao nível do aparelho extensor, obesidade mórbida, intolerância ao uso de tala ou órtese. Conclusão: a sistematização e protocolização no momento da tomada de decisão é o que possibilita reduzir, em sua maioria, as complicações relacionadas à patologia traumática. Estas devem ter como objetivo em primeiro lugar estabilizar o paciente e, em segundo lugar, estabilizar a articulação do joelho. A fixação externa tem indicações em contextos clínicos específicos; no entanto, algumas delas ainda geram controvérsia.


Subject(s)
External Fixators , Knee Dislocation , Knee Injuries , Emergency Medical Services
2.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(3): 320-325, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288678

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Retrospectively assess the functional outcome of patients undergoing arthrodesis after septic failure of total knee arthroplasty. Methods Eighteen patients were evaluated, with a mean time of 3.7 years of follow-up. Arthrodesis surgery was performed using a narrow anterior dynamic compression plate, and medial or external fixator in two planes of the joint (Orthofix Bone Growth Therapy, Lewisville, TS, USA), at the surgeon's discretion. Results The most frequent pathogen found was Staphylococcus aureus methicillin sensitive (38.9%). The mean lower limb discrepancy was 3.63 cm. The mean knee society score was 68 points. According to the visual analog scale for pain, 44% of the patients had a 0 score at the time of assessment, and 22.2% were very dissatisfied, despite the bone healing achieved. Patients were assessed for the ability to walk with or without assistance. Conclusion Knee arthrodesis surgery was effective in controlling the infectious process and decreasing pain complaints, but satisfaction with the procedure was low.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar de modo retrospectivo o resultado funcional dos pacientes submetidos a artrodese após falha séptica da artroplastia total de joelho. Métodos Foram avaliados 18 pacientes com tempo médio de 3,7 anos de seguimento. A cirurgia de artrodese foi realizada com placa do tipo dynamic compression plate (DCP) estreita, anterior e medial, ou fixador externo em dois planos da articulação (Orthofix Bone Growth Therapy, Lewisville, TS, EUA), a critério do cirurgião. Resultados O patógeno mais frequentemente encontrado foi o Staphylococcus aureus sensível a meticilina (38,9%). A discrepância de membros inferiores média foi de 3,63 cm. O da knee society score (KSS) médio foi de 68 pontos. Segundo a escala analógica visual de dor, 44% dos pacientes apresentaram pontuação zero no momento da avaliação, e 22,2% estavam muito insatisfeitos a despeito da consolidação óssea obtida. Os pacientes foram avaliados quanto à capacidade de deambular com ou sem auxílio de apoio. Conclusão A cirurgia de artrodese do joelho se mostrou eficiente quanto ao controle do processo infeccioso e diminuição das queixas álgicas, porém a satisfação com o procedimento é baixa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthrodesis , Pain Measurement , Retrospective Studies , External Fixators , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Infections , Knee
3.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(1): 61-68, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288645

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate and compare the clinical and radiological outcomes of patients with comminuted distal radius fractures treated with an external fixator or a dorsal bridge plate. Methods In total, 45 patients were analyzed 1 year after surgery; 18 were treated with an external fixator, and 25 received a dorsal bridge plate. An analog pain scale and the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) questionnaire were applied, in addition to radiographic, strength and range of motion assessments. Statistical analyzes were performed using the chi-squared test and the Mann-Whitney non-parametric test. Results Fractures were more common in women over 60 years old who suffered falls from their own height. Both methods demonstrated similar functional and radiological results. Infections were more prevalent in patients receiving external fixators, but their residual grip strength was better. Reflex sympathetic neuropathy was more common in subjects treated with a dorsal bridge plate. Conclusion Our analysis showed no consensus on the superiority of one method over the other. Each method had advantages and disadvantages, but both led to good, similar outcomes. The treatment must be chosen according to the profile of the trauma, the patient's clinical conditions, the surgeon's experience, and the availability of materials.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar e comparar os resultados clínicos e radiológicos de pacientes com fraturas cominutivas distais do rádio tratados com fixador externo ou placa ponte dorsal. Métodos Foram analisados 45 pacientes, sendo 18 tratados com fixador externo, e 25, com placa ponte dorsal, após 1 ano de pós-operatório. Aplicou-se uma escala analógica de dor e o questionário Disabilities of the Arm, Shouder and Hand (DASH), além de análise radiográfica, da avaliação de força, e da amplitude de movimento. As análises estatísticas foram realizadas utilizando o teste qui-quadrado e o teste não paramétrico de Mann-Whitney. Resultados A fratura foi mais comum em mulheres acima de 60 anos por queda do mesmo nível. Ambos os métodos demonstraram resultados funcional e radiológico similares. A infecção foi mais prevalente com o uso do fixador externo, mas a força de preensão residual foi melhor. Neuropatia simpático-reflexa foi mais comum com o uso da placa ponte dorsal. Conclusão Não houve consenso da superioridade de um método em relação ao outro em nossa análise. Cada um dos métodos apresenta vantagens e desvantagens, mas ambos mostraram resultados bons e semelhantes. A escolha do tratamento deve ser atribuída ao perfil do trauma, às condições clínicas do paciente, à experiência do profissional, e à disponibilidade de materiais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Postoperative Period , Bone Plates , External Fixators
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879457

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical efficacy and safety of plate internal fixation (ORIF) and external fixator (EF) in treating distal radius fractures by Meta-analysis.@*METHODS@#From establishment of database to August, 2019, randomized controlled trial (RCT) about open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) and external fixation (EF) in treating distal radius fractures was conducted by using computer-based databases, including CNKI, VIP, Wanfang Data, Medline, Cochrane library databases. Data extraction and quality evaluation of included study according to inclusion and exclusion criteria, RevMan 5.3 software was used to perform Meta-analysis. Palm angle, ulnar deflection angle, radius height, grip strength, ulnar variation, disabilities of arm, shoulder and hand (DASH) score, total complication rate, infection rate and tendon rupture between two groups were compared.@*RESULTS@#Totally 19 RCT were included with 1 730 patients, 873 patients in ORIF group and 857 patients in EF group. Meta analysis result showed that after operation at 12 months, there were no significant difference in radial height [@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with EF in treating distal radius fracture, ORIF has better clinical effects in postoperative complications, palm angle, ulnar deviation angle, ulnar variation rate and infection rate. While there were no significant difference between in DASH score, radial height, tendon rupture and carpal tunnel syndrome better EF and ORIF. For the patient pursue rapid recovery of function, ORIF is better choice.


Subject(s)
Bone Plates , External Fixators , Fracture Fixation , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Radius Fractures/surgery , Range of Motion, Articular , Treatment Outcome
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879453

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effect of locking plate external fixation combined with membrane induction technology in treating open and comminuted tibial fractures with bone defects.@*METHODS@#Totally 92 patients of open and comminuted tibial fractures with bone defects were chosen form January 2018 to July 2019, and randomly divided into external fixation group and internal fixation group, 46 patients in each group. In external fixation group, there were 29 males and 17 females, aged from 25 to 62 years old, with an average of (37.45±10.92) years old;according to AO classification, 15 patients were type A, 22 patients were type B and 9 patients were type C;according to Gustilo classification, 21 patients were typeⅡ, 10 patients were type ⅢA, 10 patients were type ⅢB, 5 patients were type Ⅲ C;treated by fracture reduction with locking plate external fixation. In internal fixation group, there were 31 males and 15 females, aged from 23 to 60 years old, with an average of(36.88±10.64) years old;according to AO classification, 18 patients were type A, 20 patients were type B and 8 patients were type C; according to Gustilo classification, 22 patients were typeⅡ, 11 patients were type ⅢA, 7 patients were type ⅢB, 6 patients were type Ⅲ C;treated by traditional open reduction with plate internal fixation. Operation time, intraoperative blood loss, incision length, hospital stay, fracture healing time and lower limb full weight-bearing time and postoperative complications between two groups were observed and compared, bone mineral density, osteocalcin, blood calcium and phosphorus before operation and 1 month after operation.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 12 to 18 months with an average of (14.92±2.46) months. Operation time, intraoperative blood loss, incision length, hospital stay, fracture healing time and lower limb full weight-bearing time of external fixation group were significantly better than that of internal fixation group(@*CONCLUSION@#Locking plate external fixation combined with membrane induction technology in treating open and comminuted tibial fractures with severe post-traumatic bone defects has advantages of less trauma, reliable fixation, shorter fracture healing time, and could improve bone metabolic activity with less postoperative complications.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Plates , External Fixators , Female , Fracture Fixation , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Comminuted/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Technology , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879416

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To retrospectively analyze the clinical efficacy of external fixation in the treatment of femoral neck fracture with two different pin layout.@*METHODS@#From April 2000 to April 2018, 140 cases of femoral neck fracture were treated with closed reduction and percutaneous pin external fixation, among them 121 cases were followed up for more than 1 year, including 31 cases in traditional group, 12 males and 19 females, aged 45 to 74(65.4±8.4) years;90 cases in modified group, 39 males and 51 females, aged 12 to 75 (64.5±7.8) years. In traditional group, the first needle was put on the femoral talus, the second and third needles were put under the tension line, and the three needles were not on the same line in the lateral phase; in modified group, the first needle was drilled into the lateralcortex of the femur, obliquely penetrating the distal and proximal end of the femoral talus fracture, and the other two needles were drilled into the medial cortex of the femoral neck and the femoral talus, respectively. The operation time, hospital stay, postoperative ambulation time, femoral neck shortening rate, fracture healing time, fracture healing rate and femoral head necrosis rate of the two groups were observed and compared. Harris hip function score was used one year after operation.@*RESULTS@#These 121 patients were followed-up, the follow up time of traditional group was 13 to 45(30.5±11.4) months;the follow-up time of modified group was 14 to 120(34.5±12.5) months. There was no significant difference in operation time, hospital stay and femoral head necrosis rate between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with the traditional group, the modified group has the advantages of lower femoral neck shortening rate, shorter fracture healing time, higher fracture healing rate and higher Harris hip function score.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , External Fixators , Female , Femoral Neck Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879387

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effect of bridge-link combined fixation system(BCFS) in treating open middle and lower tibial fractures by external fixation.@*METHODS@#From October 2016 to September 2017, 11 patients with open middle and lower tibial fractures were treated with BCFS by external fixation, including 7 males and 4 females aged from 23 to 65 years old with an average of 44.2 years old;the course of disease ranged from 7 to 10 days. All fractures were open, middle and lower tibiofibular fractures. According to AO classification, 5 patients were type A, 5 patients were type B, and 1 patient was type C. All fractures were classified as typeⅡaccording to Gustilo-Anderson classification. The time of fracture healing, postoperative complications were observed, Johner-Wruhs standard were used to evaluate clinical effect.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 7 to 13 months with an average of 10.1 months. Fracture healing time ranged from 4 to 8 months with an average of 6.2 months. The removal time of BCFS ranged from 5 to 11 months with an average of 7.8 months. No screws loosening and BCFS breakage occurred after operation, while 1 patient occurred infection of proximal and distal tibia after operation which was healed by anti-inflammatory treatment and dressing change. According to Johner-Wruhs standard, 8 patients were excellent and 3 patients good at the latest follow-up.@*CONCLUSION@#BCFS could be used to treat open middle and lower tibial fractures by external fixation, which had features of small size, flexible use, solid and elastic fixation. It could not effectively reduce tissue injury and promote fracture healing, but also have advantages of less postoperative complications and better recovery of limb function.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Plates , External Fixators , Female , Fracture Fixation , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fracture Healing , Fractures, Open , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879384

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze effect of accordion technique on bone mineralization of extended bone segment in treating tibial bone defect with bone transport.@*METHODS@#From May 2017 to October 2019, 22 patients with tibial bone defects were treated with Ilizarov bone-transport technique, and divided into two groups after bone-transport was completed, 11 patients in each group. In observation group, there were 9 males and 2 females aged from 20 to 60 years old with an average of (42.6± 13.3) years old;the length of bone defect ranged from 3 to 13 cm with an average of(6.4±2.6) cm;2 patients were suffered from upper tibial bone defects, 3 patients were middle and 6 patients were lower;patients were treated with accordion technique for 35 days. In control group, there were 10 males and 1 female aged from 41 to 60 years old with an average of (51.6±6.4) years old;the length of bone defect ranged from 3 to 10.7 cm with an average of (6.6±2.5) cm;1 patient was suffered from upper tibial bone defects, 3 patients were middle and 7 patients were lower;patients were treated with lock external fixator to waiting bone mineralization. The content of hydroxyapatite (HAP) extended bone segment was measured after bone-transport completed immediately, 35, 65 and 95 days after bone-transport was completed, respectively, then the mineralization time and healing time were compared between two groups, and the therapeutic effect of bone defect was evaluated by using Paley scoring criteria.@*RESULTS@#Twenty-two patients were followed up from 18 to 36 months with an average of (27.0±6.3) months. The wounds on the bone defects healed spontaneously during bone transport, and there were no wound complications such as skin infection or skin necrosis occurred. There were statisticaldifference in the content of HAP of the extended bone segments at 35, 65 and 95 days after bone-transport between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Accordion technique and locking external fixator mineralization in prolonging bone segment healing after bone-transport have the equal clinical effect, while the accordion technique could significantly accelerate the growth rate of HAP and shorten the mineralization time and healing time.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Calcification, Physiologic , External Fixators , Female , Humans , Ilizarov Technique , Infant, Newborn , Male , Middle Aged , Tibia/surgery , Tibial Fractures , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
9.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1142104

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las fracturas del húmero distal corresponden al 2% de todas las fracturas. Son los pacientes más añosos, los que presentan mayor desafío terapéutico. Suelen presentarse con huesos osteoporóticos, lo que conlleva a producir fracturas con mayor conminución articular y metafisaria; así como también dificultar una fijación estable y rígida de las mismas, que permita una movilidad precoz. Estas características generan controversia a la hora de elegir el tratamiento adecuado. El objetivo de este estudio es revisar la bibliografía de la última década, acerca de cuál es la mejor opción terapéutica para las fracturas de húmero distal en pacientes añosos. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda sistematizada a través de los buscadores electrónicos PubMed y Timbó en agosto 2019. La búsqueda llego a un total de 475 artículos, de los cuales se seleccionaron 24 según criterios de inclusión y exclusión. Discusión: La mayoría de los estudios analizados son estudios de serie de casos retrospectivos. En los trabajos revisados, existen fracturas tanto extra como intra-articulares. Se analizaron los resultados de los distintos tratamientos realizados según parámetros clínicos, scores funcionales y complicaciones. Conclusiones: El tratamiento conservador es una opción válida para aquellos pacientes en los que el terreno no permita una intervención quirúrgica. Para las fracturas tipo extra-articulares y parcialmente articulares, la reducción abierta y fijación interna es el tratamiento de elección. Para las fracturas articulares completas, no hay diferencias significativas en cuanto a scores utilizados entre la reducción abierta y fijación interna con la artroplastia de codo. Faltan estudios prospectivos que comparen ambos tratamientos.


Introduction: Distal humerus fractures account for 2% of all fractures. It is the elderly patients who present the greatest therapeutic challenge. Osteoporotic bones, more common in this population, lead to the production of fractures with greater joint and metaphyseal comminution. As a result, stable and rigid fixation becomes more difficult, hindering early mobility. These characteristics generate controversy when choosing the appropriate treatment. The aim of this study is to review the literature of the last decade regarding the best therapeutic option for distal humerus fractures in elderly patients. Methods: A systematized search was performed through the electronic search engines PubMed and Timbó in august 2019. The search reached a total of 475 articles, of which 24 were selected according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. Discussion: Most of the studies analyzed are retrospective case series studies. In the articles reviewed, there are both extra and intra-articular fractures. The results of the different treatments performed were analyzed according to clinical parameters, functional scores and complications. Conclusions: Conservative treatment is a valid option for those patients where the terrain does not allow surgical intervention. For extra-articular and partial-articular fractures, open reduction and internal fixation is the treatment of choice. For complete articular fractures, there are no significant differences in scores used between open reduction and internal fixation and elbow replacement. There is a lack of prospective studies comparing both treatments.


Introdução: Fraturas do úmero distal correspondem a 2% de todas as fraturas. São os pacientes mais idosos os que apresentam maior desafio terapêutico. Geralmente apresentam-se com ossos osteoporóticos, o que implica produzir fraturas com maior cominuição articular e metafisária; assim como também dificultar uma fixação estável e rígida das mesmas, que permita uma mobilidade precoce. Estas características geram controvérsia na escolha do tratamento adequado. O objetivo deste estudo é rever a bibliografia da última década, sobre qual é a melhor opção terapêutica para fraturas de úmero distal em pacientes idosos. Materiais e métodos: Foi realizada uma pesquisa sistematizada através dos buscadores eletrônicos Pubmed e Timbó em agosto 2019. A pesquisa chegou a um total de 475 artigos, dos quais 24 foram selecionados segundo critérios de inclusão e exclusão. Discussão: A maioria dos estudos analisados são estudos de série de casos retrospectivos. Nos trabalhos revisados, existem fraturas tanto extra como intra-articulares. Foram analisados os resultados dos diferentes tratamentos realizados segundo parâmetros clínicos, scores funcionais e complicações. Conclusões: O tratamento conservador é uma opção válida para os pacientes em que o terreno não permita uma intervenção cirúrgica. Para fraturas tipo extra-articulares e parcialmente articulares, a redução aberta e fixação interna é o tratamento de escolha. Para fracturas articulares completas, não há diferenças significativas em termos de scores utilizados entre a redução aberta e a fixação interna com artroplastia do cotovelo. Faltam estudos prospectivos que comparem os dois tratamentos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , External Fixators/adverse effects , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Elbow/adverse effects , Conservative Treatment/adverse effects , Fracture Fixation/adverse effects , Humeral Fractures/surgery , Humeral Fractures/therapy , Treatment Outcome , Ilizarov Technique/adverse effects , Closed Fracture Reduction/adverse effects , Open Fracture Reduction/adverse effects , Fracture Fixation, Internal/adverse effects
10.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(2): 147-155, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138002

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To quantify the levels of satisfaction and pain of patients submitted to external fixation removal without anesthesia at an outpatient facility. Methods The present was a prospective study involving 28 patients using external fixators who answered 3 questionnaires associated with the Visual Analogue and Numerical Pain Scale during different moments of the removal. Results The average pain prior to fixator removal was of 3.61. Shortly after the procedure, the patients reported that, on average, the most intense pain scored 6.68, and the least intense pain, 2.25 points. The average pain variation was of 4.43 points, and pain after 1 week scored, on average, 2.03 points. The recollection of the pain after fixator removal scored lower than the pain reported immediately after the procedure (mean value: 5.29). Most patients were middle-aged men, and 89.3% used circular external fixators. The main limb segment involved was the leg, and most patients (71.4%) had never used an external fixator before; they preferred the removal at an outpatient facility because it was faster (75%), and to avoid hospitalization (25%). The most intense pain was felt during the removal of Schanz pins (60.7%), being worse in the extremities of the limbs for 75% of the patients. An absolute majority of 85.7% was satisfied with the removal, and 82.1% stated that they would undergo the procedure again. Conclusion External fixator removal at an outpatient facility without anesthesia is a well-tolerated option for patients, with good levels of approval and satisfaction.


Resumo Objetivo Quantificar os níveis de satisfação e dor dos pacientes submetidos a retirada ambulatorial de fixadores externos sem anestesia. Métodos Estudo prospectivo envolvendo 28 pacientes usando fixadores externos submetidos a três questionários associados à Escala Visual Analógica e Numérica da dor durante diferentes etapas da retirada. Resultados A média de dor prévia à retirada foi de 3,61. Logo após o término do procedimento, encontramos média de 6,68 para a dor mais intensa, e de 2,25 para a dor menos intensa. A variação da dor média foi de 4,43, e a dor após uma semana teve média de 2,03. A lembrança dolorosa da retirada foi menor do que a dor referida imediatamente após a retirada (média de 5,29). A predominância no estudo foi de pacientes do sexo masculino de meia-idade, e 89,3% usavam fixador externo do tipo circular. O principal segmento dos membros envolvido foi a perna, e a maior parte dos pacientes não havia feito uso de fixador externo previamente (71,4%); eles optaram pela retirada ambulatorial por se tratar de opção mais rápida (75%), e para evitar internação hospitalar (25%). O momento de dor mais intensa ocorreu durante a retirada dos pinos de Schanz (60,7%), sendo pior nas extremidades dos membros para 75% dos entrevistados. Uma maioria absoluta de 85,7% mostrou-se satisfeita após a retirada, e 82,1% afirmaram que se submeteriam novamente ao procedimento. Conclusão A retirada ambulatorial de fixadores externos sem anestesia é uma opção bem tolerada pelos pacientes, tratando-se de um procedimento com bons níveis de aceitabilidade e satisfação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Outpatient Clinics, Hospital , Pain , Prospective Studies , External Fixators , Patient Satisfaction , Ilizarov Technique , Pain, Referred , Hospitalization , Anesthesia
11.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(1): 75-81, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092674

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives To evaluate the management of tibial fractures resulting in bone loss (traumatic or infection-related) and the complications occurring during treatment with external fixator and immediately after apparatus removal. Methods Forty patients were selected from 2010 to 2017. The mean age of the patients was 33.02 years; 34 subjects were male and 6 were female. All patients had tibial bone regeneration, suffered trauma (mainly related to motorcycle accident) and were followed-up at an outpatient facility. Results Proximal tibial bones of up to 17 cm in length and distal tibial bones of up to 14 cm in length were obtained. The largest trifocal transport had the same length as the regenerated bone tissues, which was 14.5 cm. Regarding complications, 29 (72.5%) patients had infections in the pin and wire paths. There were 9 (22.5%) cases of de novo fracture, 6 of which were managed with the implantation of a new circular fixator, and 2 cases of infection of the regenerated bone. On average, patients were subjected to 4.72 procedures (ranging from 2-12), had the fixator for 20.75 months (ranging from 7-55 months), and stayed at the hospital for 53.7 days (ranging from 5-183 days), mainly because of soft-tissue complications, intravenous antibacterial therapy, and even social issues. Two (5%) patients presented symptomatic gonarthrosis, and two other patients had symptomatic ankle arthritis. Three of the patients showed lower limb discrepancy of 3.0, 3.7, and 5.0 cm. Conclusion Despite not being widely available, the Ilizarov method is useful for solving the majority of tibial bone losses, regardless of their etiology.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar o tratamento das fraturas de tíbia que evoluíram com perda óssea (traumática ou secundária a infecção) e as complicações ocorridas durante o tratamento com fixador externo e no período imediatamente após sua retirada. Métodos Foram selecionados 40 pacientes tratados entre 2010 e 2017, com a idade média de 33,02 anos, sendo 34 do sexo masculino e 6 do sexo feminino. Todos os pacientes portavam regenerado ósseo da tíbia, foram vítimas de trauma (sobretudo motociclístico), e estavam em seguimento ambulatorial. Resultados Foram obtidos regenerados ósseos da tíbia proximal de até 17 cm e da tíbia distal de 14 cm. O maior transporte trifocal teve a soma do tamanho dos tecidos dos ossos regenerados, medindo 14,5 cm. Como complicações, 29 (72,5%) pacientes tiveram infecção no trajeto dos pinos e fios. Houve 9 (22,5%) casos de refratura, sendo 6 deles tratadas com novo fixador circular, e 2 infecções no osso regenerado. Os pacientes foram submetidos a uma média de 4,72 procedimentos cirúrgicos (2-12), portaram fixador por 20,75 meses (7-55 m.) e permaneceram internados por 53,7 dias (5-183) devido principalmente a complicações de partes moles, a antibioticoterapia intravenosa ou até mesmo a questões sociais. Dois (5%) pacientes apresentaram gonartrose sintomática e outros 2 artrite sintomática do tornozelo. Três apresentaram discrepância de membros inferiores de 3,0; 3,7; e 5,0 cm. Conclusão Apesar de não ser um método de tratamento amplamente disponível, o método de Ilizarov é útil para solucionar a maioria das falhas ósseas da tíbia, independente da sua etiologia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Osteitis , Osteogenesis , Tibia , Bone and Bones , Bone Regeneration , External Fixators , Ilizarov Technique , Fractures, Bone
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880399

ABSTRACT

A kind of adjustable external fixation device for lower extremity is designed. The circuit is mainly composed of TEC1-00703 semiconductor refrigeration chip, HZC-30A pressure sensor, STC89C52RC single chip microcomputer and other electrical components. It can realize the timing intelligent temperature control and meet the local fixed-point refrigeration. The design of adjustable structure and the application of intelligent air cushion can satisfy the full fixation of lower limbs of different individuals. Its operation does not need much medical knowledge. It can solve the problem of emergency transportation and follow-up treatment of lower limb injury in ice and snow sports. It has a good application prospect and universality.


Subject(s)
External Fixators , Fracture Fixation , Humans , Lower Extremity , Refrigeration , Semiconductors
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828288

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of elastic intramedullary nail in minimally invasive treatment of floating knee injury in children.@*METHODS@#From January 2009 to September 2017, 11 children with floating knee injury were treated with one-off open reduction and elastic intramedullary nail or external fixator fixation, including 7 males and 4 females, aged 5.0 to 11.0 years, with an average age of 8.3 years. The treatment results were evaluated according to karlstrom's standard.@*RESULTS@#Eleven patients were followed up for 8 to 48 months, with an average of 28 months. All the fractures healed at one time, and there were no complications such as nonunion, malunion and serious dysfunction of knee joint. The length of the affected limb in 2 cases was 1.2 to 1.5 cm longer than that in the opposite side without shortening. According to Karlstrom scoring standard, 8 cases were excellent, 1 case was good and 2 cases were middle.@*CONCLUSION@#Elastic intramedullary nail minimally invasive treatment of floating knee injury in children is a safe and effective treatment, which can effectively reduce the fracture and promote bone healing, which is conducive to early functional recovery.


Subject(s)
Bone Nails , Child , Child, Preschool , External Fixators , Female , Fracture Fixation , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Fracture Healing , Humans , Internal Fixators , Knee Injuries , General Surgery , Male , Treatment Outcome
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879323

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical effect of movable external fixation and fusion fixation for the treatment of elbow tuberculosis.@*METHODS@#From October 2013 to June 2019, 52 patients with elbow tuberculosis treated with standard antituberculosis therapy were divided into movable external fixation group and fusion fixation group according to treatment methods. In group A, there were 25 patients, including 11 males and 14 females, aged from 24 to 75 years old with an average of (42.81± 9.01) years old; the courses of diseases ranged from 2 to 9 months with an average of (3.96±1.45) months. In group B, there were 27 patients, including 15 males and 12 females, aged from 23 to 77 years old with an averageof (44.08±7.44) years old; the courses of diseases ranged from 2 to 7 months with an average of (3.88±1.67) months. All patients were performed focus debridement. Intraoperative blood loss, operative time were compared between two groups. VAS score before operation, 2 weeks and 12 months after operation were applied to evaluate pain relieve;Mayo elbow performance score (MEPS) before operation, 1 and 12 months after operation were used to evaluate clinical effect;changes of erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and Creactive protein, CRP) before operation, 3 weeks after antituberculosis therapy, 1 week and 6 months after operation were compared between two groups.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 12 to 20 months with an average of (13.50±4.85) months. No mixed infection and recurrence of tuberculosis occurred. There were no statistical differences in intraoperative blood loss and operative time(@*CONCLUSION@#For elbow tuberculosis, movable external fixation and fusion fixation have equal effect in operative time, amount of bleeding and control of tuberculosis infection indicator. Movable external fixation need earlier functional exercise, not conducive to pain relief at early stage, which may be better than fusion fixation, it is worth clinical promoting.


Subject(s)
Elbow , Elbow Joint/surgery , External Fixators , Female , Fracture Fixation , Humans , Infant , Male , Treatment Outcome , Tuberculosis/surgery
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879321

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effects of micro external fixator for the treatment of supracondylar fracture of humerus in children.@*METHODS@#From October 2017 to December 2018, 20 children with supracondylar fracture of humerus (treatment group) were admitted and treated with micro-external fixation after closed reduction, including 14 males and 6 females, aged from 6 to 14 years old with an average of (7.9±2.4) years old, classified to Gartland Ⅲ. Thirty nine children with supracondylar fracture of humerus were admitted as control group from January 2015 to September 2017, and treated with closed reduction Kirschner wire fixation. Among them, including 24 males and 15 females, aged from 6 to 14 years old with an average of (8.1±1.9) years old, classified to GartlandⅢ. Operation time, times of intraoperative fluoroscopy, and complications between two groups were observed and compared, Mayo scoring system at the latest follow up was used to evaluate clinical effect.@*RESULTS@#Twenty children in treatment group were followed up from 6 to 12 months with an average of (8.0±2.5) months, operation time was(30.10±12.50) min, times of intraoperative fluoroscopy was(10.00±2.50). Fifteen patients got excellent results, 3 good, 2 fair according to Mayo elbow joint scoring. No ulnar nerve injury moderate or severe elbow varus occurred in treatment group. Thirty-nine children in control group were followed up from 5 to 13 months with an average of (9.0±3.1) months, operation time was(45.60±18.90) min, times of intraoperative fluoroscopy was(19.00±5.60). Twenty-three patients got excellent results, 12 good, 3 fair and 1 poor according to Mayo elbow joint scoring. One child occurred ulnar nerve injury and recovered at the final follow-up, 1 child occurred severe cubitus varus and 2 children occurred moderate cubitus varus. There was no statistical difference in clinical effect between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Treated with closedreduction and mini external fixator fixed on children humerus condyle fracture could receive the same clinical result as closed as reduction gram needle fixation, which has advantages of shorter operation time, less times of intraoperative fluoroscopy, not esay to damage ulnar nerve during operation, less incidence of moderate and severe cubitus varus deformity after operation, and the permeation was simple.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Case-Control Studies , Child , Child, Preschool , External Fixators , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Humeral Fractures/surgery , Humerus , Male
16.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 84(2): 136-142, jun. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1003022

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las secuelas postraumáticas de la tibia representan un problema común al que nos enfrentamos los ortopedistas día a día. El método Ilizarov, mediante una planificación minuciosa, ha dado grandes resultados. Objetivo: Valorar el resultado del tratamiento de desejes y discrepancias postraumáticas de la tibia mediante el fijador circular de tipo Ilizarov. Materiales y Métodos: Se evaluó a 13 pacientes mediante criterios clínicos y radiográficos durante un seguimiento mínimo de 24 meses. Los resultados fueron buenos y excelentes, y se logró la consolidación ósea en todos los pacientes. Conclusión: El método Ilizarov es útil y versátil para resolver cualquier tipo de secuela postraumática de la tibia, sin necesidad de injertos o sustitutos óseos. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Post-traumatic sequelae of the tibia are a common problem faced by orthopedists every day. The Ilizarov method, through careful planning, has achieved great results. Objective: To assess the outcome of the treatment of post-traumatic deformities and discrepancies of the tibia treated with the Ilizarov circular fixator. Methods: Thirteen patients were evaluated by clinical and radiological criteria during a minimum follow-up of 24 months. The results were good and excellent in all cases, and bone consolidation was achieved in all patients. Conclusion: The Ilizarov method is useful and versatile to solve any type of post-traumatic sequelae of the tibia, without the need for grafts or bone substitutes. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Pseudarthrosis , Tibial Fractures/complications , External Fixators , Ilizarov Technique , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-770079

ABSTRACT

The treatment of a brachymetacarpia using conventional distraction osteogenesis requires holding an external fixator following distraction for stability, which causes prolonged discomfort that adversely affects the patient's daily activities. This paper reports a case of a 20-year-old male of brachymetacarpia treated with distraction osteogenesis combined with a plate reducing the period of an external fixator, allowing rapid return to the daily activities, and presenting good clinical results.


Subject(s)
External Fixators , Humans , Male , Osteogenesis, Distraction , Young Adult
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762824

ABSTRACT

Cross-leg flaps are a useful reconstructive option for complex lower limb defects when free flaps cannot be performed owing to vessel damage. We describe the use of the extended distally based sural artery flap in a cross-leg fashion for lower extremity coverage in three patients. To maximise the viability of these extended flaps, a delay was performed by raising them in a bipedicled fashion before gradual division of the tip over 5 to 7 days for cross-leg transfer. Rigid coupling of the lower limbs with external fixators was critical in preventing flap avulsion and to promote neovascular takeover. The pedicle was gradually divided over the ensuing 7 to 14 days before full flap inset and removal of the external fixators. In all three patients, the flaps survived with no complications and successful coverage of the critical defect was achieved. One patient developed a grade 2 pressure injury on his heel that resolved with conservative dressings. The donor sites and external fixator pin wounds healed well, with no functional morbidity. The cross-leg extended distally based sural artery flap is a reliable reconstructive option in challenging scenarios. Adequate flap delay, manoeuvres to reduce congestion, and postoperative rigid immobilization are key to a successful outcome.


Subject(s)
Arteries , Bandages , Estrogens, Conjugated (USP) , External Fixators , Free Tissue Flaps , Heel , Humans , Immobilization , Leg Injuries , Lower Extremity , Perforator Flap , Sural Nerve , Surgical Flaps , Tissue Donors , Wounds and Injuries
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766417

ABSTRACT

This paper reports the use of a traction device for the treatment of neglected proximal interphalangeal fracture dislocations. A 44-year-old man with a fracture dislocation of a right ring finger proximal interphalangeal joint was admitted 17 days after the injury. Closed reduction and external fixation were performed using a dynamic traction device and C-arm under a brachial plexus block. Passive range of motion exercise was started after two weeks postoperatively and active range of motion exercise was started after three weeks. The traction device was removed after five weeks. No infection occurred during the traction period. No subluxation or displacement was observed on the X-ray taken two months postoperatively. The active range of motion of the proximal interphalangeal joint was 90°. The patient was satisfied with the functional result of the treatment with the traction device. The dynamic traction device is an effective treatment for neglected fracture dislocations of the proximal interphalangeal joint of a finger.


Subject(s)
Adult , Brachial Plexus Block , Joint Dislocations , External Fixators , Fingers , Humans , Joints , Range of Motion, Articular , Traction
20.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1003009

ABSTRACT

Se presenta un paciente con una extremidad superior gravemente lesionada por arma de fuego. Inicialmente fue tratado con múltiples limpiezas quirúrgicas y colocación de tutor externo AO. El tratamiento definitivo consistió en tutor externo monolateral, además de injerto estructural de cresta ilíaca. Durante el manejo inicial, se detecta lesión del nervio radial, con nervio en continuidad. Dado el proceso cicatricial y la infección de partes blandas, no se logra manejar en la etapa aguda. Posteriormente se realizan transferencias tendinosas para nervio radial. La evolución fue favorable y la función de la extremidad superior resultó satisfactoria. Se comunica este caso debido a su complejo manejo a causa de las lesiones óseas, neurovasculares, cutáneas y de partes blandas. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


We present a patient with a severely injured upper extremity due to a shotgun. Patient was initially managed with multiple surgical debridements and an external AO fixator. Final treatment was performed with a monolateral external fixator in addition to a iliac crest structural graft. During initial management, a radial nerve injury was observed; the nerve was intact, though devitalized. Given the scarring process and soft tissue infection, treatment was performed in the acute phase. Subsequently, tendon transfers were made to treat a radial nerve injury. Patient evolved favorably and regained adequate function of the upper extremity. This case is presented due to its complex management due to bone, neurovascular, skin, and soft tissue involvement. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Arm Injuries , Tendon Transfer , Wounds, Gunshot , External Fixators , Fractures, Open , Humeral Fractures
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