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1.
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 94(1): e201, 2023. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1420110

ABSTRACT

Introducción: las infecciones estreptocócicas pueden presentarse con fiebre, inflamación faringoamigdalina con o sin exudados, petequias en el paladar, adenitis cervical, exantema escarlatiniforme y / o dolor abdominal. Resulta útil en área de urgencia disponer de pruebas de detección rápida de antígenos de S. pyogenes (DRASP) de alta especificidad y sensibilidad algo menor. Objetivos: conocer la utilidad de un test de DRASP en 2 servicios de Urgencia Pediátrica, describiendo las características clínicas y epidemiológicas de los pacientes estudiados durante el período de la investigación y su correlación con el cultivo de exudado faríngeo mediante el cálculo de sensibilidad (S), especificidad (E), valor predictivo positivo (VPP) y valor predictivo negativo (VPN). Material y métodos: estudio prospectivo, observacional, transversal en dos servicios de emergencia pediátrica. Se incluyeron niños a los que se les realizó DRASP y exudado faríngeo (EF) entre el 14 de febrero y el 13 de abril de 2018. Se registró: sexo, edad, motivo de consulta, diagnóstico, tratamiento, destino, resultado del test y de cultivo faríngeo. Se calcularon S, E, VPP y VPN. Resultados: n=241 niños. Rango 8 meses - 14 años, media 6 años. Consultaron por fiebre 103 niños (42,7%); por odinofagia 48, por erupción 11 y 47 por otros síntomas. Al 95% de los niños se le otorgó el alta. DRASP negativos 87,6% (N: 211) y positivos 12,9% (N: 31). EF negativos 80,1% (n: 193) y positivos para SßHGA en 13,7% (n: 33). La sensibilidad de la prueba fue del 52% y su especificidad del 93%. El VPP 55% y el negativo 92%. El diagnóstico más frecuente fue faringitis viral 132 (54,7%). Conclusiones: el test se aplicó fundamentalmente a escolares febriles, algunos con odinofagia. Contribuye a diferenciar en forma rápida la etiología y habilita a no usar antibióticos en caso de resultado negativo. Estos resultados avalan el uso de DRASP en la urgencia pediátrica.


Introduction: streptococcal infections can show fever, pharyngotonsillar inflammation with or without swabs, palatal petechiae, cervical adenitis, scarlatiniform rash and/or abdominal pain. Rapid detection tests for S. pyogenes antigens (DRASP) with high specificity and somewhat lower sensitivity are a useful at the Emergency Ward. Objectives: know the usefulness of a DRASP test in 2 Pediatric Emergency, describe the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of the patients studied during the research period and its correlation with the culture of pharyngeal exudates by calculating sensitivity (S) , specificity (S), positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV). Material and Methods: prospective, observational, cross-sectional study carried out in two pediatric emergency wards. We included children who underwent DRASP and pharyngeal swab (PS) between February 14 and April 13, 2018. The following data were recorded: sex, age, reason for consultation, diagnosis, treatment, destination, test results and throat cultures. S, S, PPV and NPV were calculated. Results: n=241 children. Range 8 months - 14 years, average 6 years. 103 children (42.7%) consulted due to fever; 48 due to sore throat, 11 due to rash and 47 due to other symptoms. 95% of children were discharged. DRASP negative 87.6% (N: 211) and positive 12.9% (N: 31). Negative EP 80.1% (n: 193) and positive for SßHGA in 13.7% (n: 33). The test sensitivity was 52% and specificity 93%. The PPV 55% and the negative 92%. The most frequent diagnosis was viral pharyngitis 132 (54.7%). Conclusions: the test was applied mainly to febrile schoolchildren, some with odynophagia. A quick etiology differentiation is helpful, since it prevents antibiotics from being used in the event of a negative result. These results support the use of DRASP in pediatric emergency wards.


Introdução: as infecções estreptocócicas manifestam-se com febre, inflamação faringotonsilar com ou sem exsudado, petéquias palatinas, adenite cervical, erupção cutânea escarlatiniforme e/ou dor abdominal. Nos serviços de emergência é útil realizar testes de detecção rápida para antígenos de S. pyogenes (DRASP) com alta especificidade e sensibilidade um pouco mais baixa Objetivos: conhecer a utilidade do teste DRASP em 2 Emergências Pediátricas, descrever as características clínicas e epidemiológicas dos pacientes estudados durante o período da pesquisa e sua correlação com a cultura de exsudatos faríngeos por meio do cálculo de sensibilidade (S) , especificidade (S), positivo valor preditivo (VPP) e valor preditivo negativo (VPN). Material e métodos: estudo prospectivo, observacional, transversal, realizado em duas unidades de emergência pediátrica. Foram incluídas crianças que realizaram DRASP e swab faríngeo (PS) entre 14 de fevereiro e 13 de abril de 2018. Foram registrados os seguintes dados: sexo, idade, motivo da consulta, diagnóstico, tratamento, destino, resultados de exames e culturas de garganta. S, S, VPP e VPN foram calculados. Resultados: n=241 crianças. Faixa 8 meses - 14 anos, média 6 anos. 103 crianças (42,7%) consultadas por febre; 48 por dor de garganta, 11 por erupção cutânea e 47 por outros sintomas. 95% das crianças receberam alta. DRASP negativo 87,6% (N: 211) e positivo 12,9% (N: 31). EP negativo 80,1% (n: 193) e positivo para SßHGA em 13,7% (n: 33). A sensibilidade do teste foi de 52% e a especificidade de 93%. O PPV 55% e o negativo 92%. O diagnóstico mais frequente foi faringite viral 132 (54,7%). Conclusões: o teste foi aplicado principalmente em escolares febris, alguns com odinofagia. A rápida diferenciação etiológica é útil, pois evita o uso de antibióticos em caso de resultado negativo. Esses resultados apoiam o uso do DRASP em enfermarias de emergência pediátrica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Streptococcal Infections/diagnosis , Streptococcus pyogenes/isolation & purification , Deglutition Disorders/diagnosis , Pharyngitis/diagnosis , Streptococcal Infections/microbiology , Deglutition Disorders/microbiology , Pharyngitis/microbiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Predictive Value of Tests , Prospective Studies , Emergency Service, Hospital , Exudates and Transudates/microbiology
2.
Oncología (Guayaquil) ; 32(1): 100-111, 30-04-2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368954

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Cerca del 50 % de los derrames pleurales (DP) es neoplásico. El comportamiento clínico del DP neoplásico es altamente sintomático por el gran volumen y su recidiva temprana. Propósito de la revisión: El objetivo de la revisión es delinear el papel de los diferentes métodos diagnósticos y terapéuticos de DP maligno. Buscamos reportes actualizados en donde se incluye los resultados de mejor supervivencia para los distintos tratamientos actuales. Recientes hallazgos: Los criterios de Light es el método estándar para diferenciar un exudado maligno. La toracocentesis guiada por ultrasonido debe ser usada como método diagnóstico/terapéutico. En pacientes con DP maligno se recomienda el drenaje permanente con el posicionamiento de un tubo de tórax y un sello hidráulico con drenaje cerrado. La pleurodesia con instilación de talco está recomendada en pacientes con DP maligno en busca de disminuir el volumen, las recidivas del DP y el tiempo de hospitalización. Conclusiones: Para el correcto manejo del DP maligno, hay que tomar en cuenta varios aspectos, como identificar la presencia de células malignas mediante estudio citológico y descartar una infección. La ecografía pleural permite definir el volumen del DP y permite decidir drenaje en ese momento, con la posibilidad de inserción de catéter intrapleural, con el objetivo de evaluar la posibilidad de esclerosar las pleuras a través de pleurodesia. Sin embargo, para llegar a esta decisión hay que analizar cada uno de los detalles que podrían tener un papel de importancia para el buen manejo y resolución definitiva o por el contrario decidir el manejo a título paliativo, siempre analizando cada caso con el objetivo de proveer de mejoría de síntomas y mejorar la calidad de vida del paciente.


Introduction: Approximately 50% of pleural effusions (PE) are neoplastic. The clinical behavior of neoplastic PE is highly symptomatic due to its large volume and early recurrence. Purpose of review: This review aims to outline the role of the different diagnostic and therapeutic methods of malignant PE. We look for updated reports that include the best survival results for the other current treatments. Recent findings: Light's criteria are the standard to differentiate a malignant exudate. Ultrasound-guided thoracentesis should be used as a diagnostic/therapeutic method. In patients with malignant PE, permanent drainage is recommended with the placement of a chest tube and a hydraulic seal with closed drainage. Pleurodesis with the installation of talc is recommended in patients with malignant PE to reduce volume, PE recurrences, and hospitalization time. Conclusions: For the correct management of malignant PE, several aspects must be considered, such as identifying the presence of malignant cells by cytological study and ruling out infection. Pleural ultrasound allows for defining the volume of the PE. It will enable deciding on drainage at that time, with the possibility of inserting an intrapleural catheter, to evaluate the likelihood of sclerosing the pleurae through pleurodesis. However, to reach this decision, it is necessary to analyze each of the details that could play an essential role in good management and definitive resolution or, on the contrary, decide on palliative management, constantly investigating each case to provide symptom improvement. In addition, improving the patient's quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Pleural Effusion , Talc , Pleural Effusion, Malignant , Thoracentesis , Pleural Diseases , Thoracoscopy , Pleurodesis , Pleural Cavity , Exudates and Transudates
3.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 25(1): e20200139, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | BDENF, LILACS | ID: biblio-1124787

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo realizar avaliação clínica e sociodemográfica de pacientes com úlceras de perna. Método estudo transversal, quantitativo, com 105 pacientes com úlceras de perna em ambulatórios da rede pública de Niterói/RJ, aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade Federal Fluminense. Os dados foram coletados no período de janeiro a agosto de 2019, analisados por estatística descritiva e dispostos em tabelas. Resultados pacientes do sexo masculino (57,1%), de 60 a 80 anos (60%), com ensino fundamental incompleto (45,7%), renda de até 1 salário mínimo (64,8%). A maioria das lesões foi de etiologia venosa (76,2%), de tempo igual ou superior a 40 meses (54,3%), com tamanho maior que 10cm2 (53,3%), apresentando exsudato seroso (91,4%) em pequena quantidade (40%) e predominância de tecido granulado (36,2%). A dor foi um achado frequente, relacionada com a posição do membro (31,4%). Conclusão e implicações para a prática o conhecimento do perfil da população acompanhada e das características clínicas das lesões favorece a otimização do tratamento, permitindo um planejamento específico da assistência de enfermagem.


RESUMEN Objetivo realizar evaluación clínica y sociodemográfica de pacientes con úlceras de piernas. Método estudio transversal, cuantitativo, con 105 pacientes con úlceras de piernas en clínicas públicas en Niterói/RJ, aprobado por el Comité de Ética en Investigación de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidade Federal Fluminense. Los datos fueron recolectados de enero a agosto de 2019, analizados por estadística descriptiva y presentados en tablas. Resultados pacientes del sexo masculino (57.1%), de 60 a 80 años (60%), con educación primaria incompleta (45.7%), ingresos de hasta 1 salario mínimo (64.8%). La mayoría de las lesiones fueron de etiología venosa (76,2%), con una duración de 40 meses o más (54,3%), con un tamaño superior a 10 cm2 (53,3%), presentando exudado seroso (91,4%) en pequeña cantidad (40%) y predominio de tejido granulado (36,2%). El dolor fue un síntoma frecuente, relacionado con la posición del miembro (31,4%). Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica el conocimiento del perfil de la población monitoreada y las características clínicas de las lesiones favorecen la optimización del tratamiento, lo que permite una planificación específica de la atención de enfermería.


ABSTRACT Objective to perform clinical and sociodemographic evaluation of patients with leg ulcers. Method cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach, performed with 105 patients with leg ulcers in public outpatient clinics located in Niterói/RJ, approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the Medical School of Universidade Federal Fluminense. Data were collected from January to August 2019, analyzed by descriptive statistics and organized in tables. Results most were male patients (57.1%), aged between 60-80 years (60%), with incomplete primary education (45.7%) and monthly income up to 1 minimum wage (64.8%). Most ulcers were of venous etiology (76.2%), present for 40 months or more (54.3%), with size greater than 10cm2 (53.3%), having serous exudate (91.4%) in small quantity (40%) and predominance of granulation tissue (36.2%). Pain was a frequent finding, related with the leg position (31.4%). Conclusion and implications for practice the knowledge of the population profile and clinical characteristics of wounds favors treatment optimization, allowing specific nursing care planning.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Wounds and Injuries/etiology , Leg Ulcer/etiology , Pain , Quality of Life , Socioeconomic Factors , Venous Insufficiency/complications , Wound Healing , Wounds and Injuries/therapy , Health Profile , Comorbidity , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus , Edema/complications , Exudates and Transudates , Granulation Tissue , Hypertension/complications
4.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(5): e0045, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1347259

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Exudative retinal detachment occurs when fluid accumulates between the neurosensory retina and the retinal pigment epithelium. Ocular diseases or multisystem conditions such as nephrotic syndrome may lead to exudative retinal detachment. This report describes a case of nephrotic syndrome secondary to minimal change disease, anasarca and bilateral serous macular detachment in an adult patient. A 75-year-old male patient presented to the emergency department with generalized edema, asthenia, and visual impairment. Medical history included a recent diagnosis of nephrotic syndrome secondary to minimal change disease, which had been controlled with corticosteroid therapy. At presentation, best corrected visual acuity was 20/100. Slit-lamp examination revealed xanthelasmas and mild bilateral eyelid edema and chemosis. Dilated fundus examination confirmed bilateral macular detachment. The patient did not respond to diuretic therapy. Ttherefore, hemodialysis was started. Two months later, visual acuity improved to 20/25 and near normal restoration of retinal anatomy was achieved, with concurrent remission of proteinuria. Exudative retinal detachment is a multifactorial condition. However, in diseases associated with severe hypoalbuminemia, such as nephrotic syndrome, low oncotic pressure in choroidal vessels and high interstitial pressure in the choroid may explain retinal detachment. Patients with chronic kidney disease carry a high risk of ophthalmic disease development. Several mechanisms that affect ocular vessels, the retina and the choroid are thought to be involved. A multidisciplinary approach is crucial to resolve the ophthalmic condition and improve overall health.


RESUMO O descolamento de retina exsudativo ocorre quando o fluido se acumula entre a retina neurossensorial e o epitélio pigmentado da retina. Patologias oculares isoladas ou doenças multissistêmicas, como a síndrome nefrótica, podem levar ao descolamento de retina exsudativo. Apresenta-se aqui o caso de um adulto com síndrome nefrótica por doença de lesões mínimas, anasarca e descolamento de retina exsudativo macular bilateral. Trata-se de um homem de 75 anos de idade, que recorreu ao serviço de urgência com edema generalizado, astenia e diminuição da acuidade visual. Os antecedentes pessoais incluíam diagnóstico recente de síndrome nefrótica secundária à doença de lesões mínimas, em uso de corticoterapia. Na apresentação, a melhor acuidade visual corrigida era 20/100. A biomicroscopia revelou xantelasmas, edema palpebral leve e quemose nos dois olhos. Fundoscopia mostrou descolamento macular bilateral. O doente iniciou diuréticos com pouca resposta clínica, tendo sido adicionada hemodiálise. Verificou-se melhora da acuidade visual para 20/25 e restauração quase total da anatomia da retina 2 meses após o início do tratamento, coincidindo com a remissão da proteinúria. A fisiopatologia dos descolamentos de retina exsudativos é multifatorial, mas, em doenças com hipoalbuminemia grave, como a síndrome nefrótica, a baixa pressão oncótica e a alta pressão intersticial na coroide podem explicar o descolamento macular exsudativo. Doentes com doença renal crônica constituem um grupo de risco para o desenvolvimento de doença ocular, envolvendo vários mecanismos que afetam vasos, retina e coroide. Uma abordagem multidisciplinar é crucial para a melhoria da doença oftalmológica e do estado geral do doente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Retinal Detachment/etiology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications , Nephrotic Syndrome/complications , Ophthalmoscopy , Retinal Detachment/diagnosis , Visual Acuity , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Diagnostic Techniques, Ophthalmological , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/diagnosis , Exudates and Transudates , Slit Lamp Microscopy , Fundus Oculi , Macula Lutea
5.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 185-190, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881006

ABSTRACT

After one-month of oral treatment with traditional Chinese medicine decoction, without using other drugs, the lung inflammatory exudate, pulmonary fibrosis and quality of life of a 61-year-old female patient with corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) were significantly improved. No recurrence or deterioration of the patient's condition was found within seven weeks of treatment and follow-up, and no adverse events occurred, indicating that oral Chinese medicine decoction was able to improve the pulmonary inflammation and fibrosis in a patient recovering from COVID-19, but further research is still needed.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Administration, Oral , COVID-19/virology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Exudates and Transudates , Inflammation/etiology , Lung/pathology , Magnoliopsida , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Phytotherapy , Pulmonary Fibrosis/etiology , SARS-CoV-2
6.
Rev. Inst. Adolfo Lutz (Online) ; 78: 1-6, dez. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, CONASS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP, SESSP-ACVSES, SESSP-IALPROD, SES-SP, SESSP-IALACERVO | ID: biblio-1179207

ABSTRACT

Toxoplasmose é uma zoonose parasitária com ampla distribuição mundial provocada pelo Toxoplasma gondii, considerado um dos protozoários mais bem sucedidos do planeta, pois infecta cerca de um terço da população mundial. Dentre as formas de transmissão, o consumo de carne mal cozida, contendo cistos, tem sido considerado um fator de risco para aquisição desta zoonose. Uma abordagem alternativa para o controle da toxoplasmose pela ingestão de carne bovina seria a sorologia dos bovinos, já que animais soropositivos albergam cistos teciduais. Contudo, a obtenção de soro para esta avaliação, nem sempre é factível, dada a dificuldade de coleta de sangue durante a linha de abate e sua ausência em cortes comerciais. O exsudato cárneo é uma alternativa para detecção de anticorpos anti - T. gondii em cortes comerciais de carne, que foi a proposta deste estudo para avaliar o desempenho dos testes de Hemaglutinação Indireta (HI) e Aglutinação Modificada (MAT) quando comparados ao ELISA usando exsudato cárneo. Este estudo mostrou que a acurácia dos testes de aglutinação não foi viável devido aos baixos índices de sensibilidade e especificidade quando comparados ao ELISA. Estes dados demonstram a importância da escolha de testes eficientes como ELISA para aplicação no controle da qualidade e inocuidade de cortes comerciais de carne bovina. (AU)


Toxoplasmosis is a parasitic zoonosis with a wide worldwide distribution caused by Toxoplasmagondii, which is considered one of the most successful protozoa on the planet, since it can infect a third of the world population. Among the forms of transmission, consumption of undercooked meat has been considered as a risk factor for the acquisition of this zoonosis. An alternative approach to toxoplasmosis control by beef ingestion could be the serological diagnosis in cattle, since seropositives animals harbor tissue cysts. However, the use of serum for this evaluation is not always feasible due to the difficulty of blood collection during slaughter and its absence in commercial beef cuts. Meat exudate is an alternative for the detection of anti-T. gondii antibodies in commercial beef cuts, which was the propose of this study to evaluate the performance of Indirect Hemagglutination (HI) and Agglutination Modified (MAT) tests compared to ELISA using meat exudates. This study showed that the agglutination tests accuracy was not viable due to low sensitivity and specificity indexes when compared to ELISA. These data demonstrate the importance of choosing accurate tests such as ELISA for application in quality control and safety of commercial beef cuts. (AU)


Subject(s)
Agglutination Tests , Toxoplasmosis , Agglutination , Exudates and Transudates , Red Meat , Food Supply , Hemagglutination
7.
Rev. Inst. Adolfo Lutz ; 78: e1766, dez. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1489602

ABSTRACT

Toxoplasmose é uma zoonose parasitária com ampla distribuição mundial provocada pelo Toxoplasma gondii, considerado um dos protozoários mais bem sucedidos do planeta, pois infecta cerca de um terço da população mundial. Dentre as formas de transmissão, o consumo de carne mal cozida, contendo cistos, tem sido considerado um fator de risco para aquisição desta zoonose. Uma abordagem alternativa para o controle da toxoplasmose pela ingestão de carne bovina seria a sorologia dos bovinos, já que animais soropositivos albergam cistos teciduais. Contudo, a obtenção de soro para esta avaliação, nem sempre é factível, dada a dificuldade de coleta de sangue durante a linha de abate e sua ausência em cortes comerciais. O exsudato cárneo é uma alternativa para detecção de anticorpos anti - T. gondii em cortes comerciais de carne, que foi a proposta deste estudo para avaliar o desempenho dos testes de Hemaglutinação Indireta (HI) e Aglutinação Modificada (MAT) quando comparados ao ELISA usando exsudato cárneo. Este estudo mostrou que a acurácia dos testes de aglutinação não foi viável devido aos baixos índices de sensibilidade e especificidade quando comparados ao ELISA. Estes dados demonstram a importância da escolha de testes eficientes como ELISA para aplicação no controle da qualidade e inocuidade de cortes comerciais de carne bovina.


Toxoplasmosis is a parasitic zoonosis with a wide worldwide distribution caused by Toxoplasma gondii, which is considered one of the most successful protozoa on the planet, since it can infect a third of the world population. Among the forms of transmission, consumption of undercooked meat has been considered as a risk factor for the acquisition of this zoonosis. An alternative approach to toxoplasmosis control by beef ingestion could be the serological diagnosis in cattle, since seropositives animals harbor tissue cysts. However, the use of serum for this evaluation is not always feasible due to the difficulty of blood collection during slaughter and its absence in commercial beef cuts. Meat exudate is an alternative for the detection of anti-T. gondii antibodies in commercial beef cuts, which was the propose of this study to evaluate the performance of Indirect Hemagglutination (HI) and Agglutination Modified (MAT) tests compared to ELISA using meat exudates. This study showed that the agglutination tests accuracy was not viable due to low sensitivity and specificity indexes when compared to ELISA. These data demonstrate the importance of choosing accurate tests such as ELISA for application in quality control and safety of commercial beef cuts.


Subject(s)
Animals , Red Meat/microbiology , Exudates and Transudates , Toxoplasma/isolation & purification , Toxoplasmosis, Animal/diagnosis , Cattle , Food Safety , Agglutination Tests , Hemagglutination Tests
8.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 155(5): 492-495, Sep.-Oct. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286548

ABSTRACT

Due to the successful implementation of measles and rubella elimination strategies, Mexico announced the interruption of endemic transmission of measles in 1996 and that of rubella in 2008. After a verification process, the region of the Americas was declared free of rubella and congenital rubella syndrome in 2015 and of measles in 2016. In order to maintain the elimination status in Mexico, it is essential to continue laboratory surveillance within the framework of the Global Measles and Rubella Laboratory Network. The Institute of Epidemiological Diagnosis and Reference, through the National Network of Public Health Laboratories, guarantees timely and reliable results in view of the possible reintroduction of these and other emerging pathogens.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rubella/diagnosis , Algorithms , Measles/diagnosis , Rubella/prevention & control , Rubella/blood , Specimen Handling/methods , Exudates and Transudates , Disease Eradication , Communicable Diseases, Imported/diagnosis , Proof of Concept Study , Measles/prevention & control , Measles/blood , Mexico
9.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(3): 869-877, May-June 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1011305

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of different categories of specific and general classification in canine cavitary effusions (CE), as well as their association with the underlying etiologies. The laboratorial and clinical data from 304 cases of canine CE were retrospectively assessed. In 32.9% (100 cases), at least one of the specific classification categories was established, with a subtotal predominance of neoplasia (42%), bacterial serositis (24%) and hemorrhage (16%). Neoplasia was confirmed by effusion cytology in 57.5% of the cases with histopathological confirmation. From the cases in which the specific classification was not obtained, 35.8% were classified as modified transudate, 30.4% as pure transudate, 21.1% % as exudate and 12.7% was not included in any general category. The most common causes of effusion among these cases were hypoproteinemia and/or hipoalbuminemia (HPHA) (25.8%), hepatopathy (22.5%), cardiac insufficiency (15.5%) and cytologically undetected cases of neoplasia (12.4%). In conclusion, HPHA, hepatopathy and neoplasia represents important etiologies for canine CE development. Classification of effusions, solely based on [TP] and TNCC, might be an inaccurate diagnostic tool of effusions. New laboratorial classification methods for canine CE should be researched.(AU)


O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar a frequência de diferentes categorias de classificação específica e geral em efusões cavitárias (EC) caninas, bem como sua associação com as etiologias subjacentes. Os dados laboratoriais e clínicos de 304 casos de EC canina foram avaliados retrospectivamente. Em 32,9% (100 casos), pelo menos uma das categorias específicas de classificação foi estabelecida, com predomínio subtotal de neoplasia (42%), serosite bacteriana (24%) e hemorragia (16%). A neoplasia foi confirmada pela citologia da efusão em 57,5% dos casos com confirmação histopatológica. Dos casos em que a classificação específica não foi obtida (204 casos), 35,8% foram classificados como transudato modificado, 30,4% como transudato puro, 21,1% como exsudato e 12,7% não foram incluídos em nenhuma categoria geral. As causas mais comuns de efusão nestes casos foram hipoproteinemia e/ou hipoalbuminemia (HPHA) (25,8%), hepatopatia (22,5%), insuficiência cardíaca (15,5%) e casos de neoplasia citologicamente não detectados (12,4%). Em conclusão, HPHA, hepatopatia e neoplasia representam importantes etiologias para o desenvolvimento da EC canina. A classificação geral de efusões, baseada exclusivamente em proteína e celularidade, pode ser uma ferramenta diagnóstica imprecisa. Novos métodos de classificação laboratorial para ECs caninas devem ser pesquisados.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Pericardial Effusion/pathology , Pericardial Effusion/veterinary , Pleural Effusion/pathology , Pleural Effusion/veterinary , Ascitic Fluid/pathology , Dog Diseases , Exudates and Transudates
10.
The Journal of the Korean Orthopaedic Association ; : 269-275, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-770057

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study analyzed the treatment effects of drain insertion in the posteromedial portal after an arthroscopic synovectomy and posterior septum resection for pyogenic arthritis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From June 2005 to December 2016, 56 cases (55 patients, 1 case of bilateral knee) were diagnosed with pyogenic arthritis and arthroscopic treatment was performed. Fourteen patients (25.0%) were identified with causative organisms. The average follow-up period was 12.3 months, and the mean age was 67.8 years old. Twenty-four cases were males and 31 cases were females. Kellgrene–Lawrence grade (K–L grade) I was 6 patients, II was 20 patients, III was 11 patients, and IV was 18 patients. Surgery was performed through six portal. The posterior septum was removed and a drainage tube was inserted from the posterior medial side to the posterior side of the joint. The Lysholm score was used after surgery for a functional evaluation. The K–L grade at the time of admission and at the last follow-up were compared for a radiological evaluation. RESULTS: The mean normalization period of the C-reactive protein was 59.8 days (6–164 days). Intravenous antibiotics were used for an average of 37.1 days. The results of the functional evaluation revealed a mean Lysholm score of 64.5 (30–98) in a total of 56 cases. Two reoperations was performed, but the treatment was completed with same method in all patients. The K–L grade was similar at the time of surgery and at the last follow-up (p>0.05). CONCLUSION: The method of drain insertion in the posteromedial portal after arthroscopic synovectomy and posterior septum resection for pyogenic arthritis is an effective technique that can obtain satisfactory results by inducing proper exudate discharge.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Arthritis , Arthritis, Infectious , Arthroscopy , C-Reactive Protein , Drainage , Exudates and Transudates , Follow-Up Studies , Joints , Knee , Methods
11.
Korean Journal of Ophthalmology ; : 399-405, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760062

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: In the present study, the volume of hard exudates (HEs) was quantitatively measured using optical coherence tomography (OCT) and the agreement and correlation with area of HEs in fundus photography were analyzed. METHODS: The medical records of patients with diabetic macular edema who underwent focal laser treatment and were followed up more than 3 months were retrospectively evaluated. An automated customized program designed for measuring HE volume was used. The HEs in each OCT B-scan binary image were measured using 512 × 128 pixels, 6 mm × 6 mm OCT cube scans. The volume was measured by summing the segmented HEs in each 128 B-scan image. The area was measured in 6 mm x 6 mm fundus photography. The volume and area were measured before and 3 months after the treatment. The agreement of increase and decrease in HEs, and the correlation of volume and area of HEs were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 35 patients (39 eyes) were included in the study. The volume was significantly reduced from 0.07978 to 0.02565 mm³ at 3 months (p < 0.001). The area was also significantly reduced from 15.35 to 8.60 mm² at 3 months (p < 0.001). The volume was decreased in 34 eyes and increased in 5 eyes. The area was decreased in 37 eyes and increased in 2 eyes. A significant correlation between volume and area was found (p < 0.001) as well as agreement between increase and decrease in volume and area. CONCLUSIONS: In the 3-dimensional quantitative volumetric analysis, the volume and area of HEs were correlated and the direction of increase and decrease was concordant. Considering the distribution of HEs in multiple layers of the retina, volumetric analysis could be considered a substitute for the analysis of HE area.


Subject(s)
Humans , Exudates and Transudates , Macular Edema , Medical Records , Methods , Photography , Retina , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, Optical Coherence
12.
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1264293

ABSTRACT

La pleurésie est une affection fréquente en Afrique, d'origine souvent infectieuse. Le but de notre travail était d'évaluer le retentissement de la pleurésie sur les activités professionnelles. Il s'agit d'une étude transversale, réalisée dans un service de médecine physique et réadaptation fonctionnelle, sur une durée de 9 mois. Etaient inclus les patients présentant une pleurésie avec ou sans atteinte parenchymateuse, menant une activité professionnelle. Les données pleuropulmonaires, l'état psychiatrique, et les capacités professionnelles ont été étudiés. 25 patients ont été inclus, d'âge moyen de 37,4ans et le sex-ratio de 2,1. Les travailleurs de force était plus représentés (60 %). Le syndrome d'épanchement pleural persistait dans 60% des cas. (60%). L'anxio-dépression était associée chez 92% des patients. Les autres signes associés à la pleurésie sont les réveils nocturnes (56%), la somnolence diurne (40%) et la fatigue (40%). Une répercussion sur les activités professionnelles (48% ) a été notée. Les facteurs déterminants de cette reprise d'activités sont la douleur(p=0,04), l'existence de céphalées matinales (p=0,03), les réveils nocturnes (p=0,09) et la rééducation (p=0,034). Conclusion : La limitation de ces conséquences professionnelles de la pleurésie, nécessite une prise en charge de la douleur sur tous ces aspects et de l'état psychologique


Subject(s)
Exudates and Transudates , Incidence , Pleural Effusion , Pleurisy/diagnosis , Pleurisy/epidemiology , Senegal
13.
Journal of Korean Critical Care Nursing ; (3): 46-56, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788162

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify minimum data sets for oral mucous integrity-related documentation and to analyze nursing records for oral care.METHODS: To identify minimum data sets for oral status, the authors reviewed 26 assessment tools and a practical guideline for oral care. The content validity of the minimum data sets was assessed by three nurse specialists. To map the minimum data sets to nursing records, the authors examined 107 nursing records derived from 44 patients who received chemotherapy or hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in one tertiary hospital.RESULTS: The minimum data sets were 10 elements such as location, mucositis grade, pain, hygiene, dysphagia, exudate, inflammation, difficulty speaking, and moisture. Inflammation contained two value sets: type and color. Mucositis grade, pain, dysphagia and inflammation were recorded well, accounting for a complete mapping rate of 100%. Hygiene (100%) was incompletely mapped, and there were no records for exudate (83.2%), difficulty speaking (99.1%), or moisture (88.8%).CONCLUSION: This study found that nursing records on oral mucous integrity were not sufficient and could be improved by adopting minimum data sets as identified in this study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dataset , Deglutition Disorders , Drug Therapy , Exudates and Transudates , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hygiene , Inflammation , Mucositis , Nursing Records , Oral Health , Oral Hygiene , Oral Ulcer , Specialization , Tertiary Care Centers
14.
Anesthesia and Pain Medicine ; : 456-459, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785361

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: An Alveolar-pleural fistula is communication between the alveoli and the pleural space that may result in intractable pneumothorax, severe infection, respiratory failure, physical weakness, and even death.CASE: A 70-year-old male underwent right hepatectomy with a cystic mass of the liver. During the operation, peak airway pressure abruptly increased and a serous fluid was regurgitated through the endotracheal tube. Lung isolation was immediately performed with a double-lumen endotracheal tube. Approximately 1,000 ml of exudate was drained through endotracheal tube. Thoracostomy was performed at right lung. Analysis of fluid from endotracheal tube and pleural effusion consistent with parapneumonic effusion.CONCLUSIONS: We presented a case of alveolar-pleural fistula caused by pneumonia presenting with massive exudate fluid regurgitated from the endotracheal tube that was managed with bronchial suction, lung isolation, and thoracostomy and improved without surgical repair of the fistula.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Exudates and Transudates , Fistula , Hepatectomy , Liver , Lung , One-Lung Ventilation , Pleural Effusion , Pneumonia , Pneumothorax , Respiratory Insufficiency , Suction , Thoracostomy
15.
Blood Research ; : 31-37, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739437

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Sickle cell anemia (SCA) is a hereditary chronic hemolytic anemia with several clinical consequences. Intravascular sickling of red blood cells leads to multi-organ dysfunction. Moreover, several biochemical abnormalities have been associated with SCA. Gum arabic (GA) is an edible dried gummy exudate obtained from Acacia Senegal tree. GA showed antioxidant and cytoprotective activities and demonstrated protection against hepatic, renal, and cardiac toxicities in experimental rats. We hypothesized that regular intake of GA improves renal and liver functions in patients with SCA. METHODS: Forty-seven patients (5–42 yr) carrying hemoglobin SS were recruited. The patients received 30 g/day GA for 12 weeks. Blood samples were collected before administering GA and then after 4, 8, and 12 weeks. Liver enzymes, total protein, albumin, electrolytes, urea, creatinine, and uric acid were determined in the serum. The study was approved by the Al Neelain University Institutional Review Board and Research Ethics Committee Ministry of Health. The trial was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (identifier: NCT02467257). RESULTS: GA significantly decreased direct bilirubin level [statistical significance (P-value)=0.04]. It also significantly decreased serum alanine transaminase level after 4 weeks, which was sustained till the 8th week. GA, however, had no effect on serum aspartate transaminase level. In terms of renal function, GA decreased serum urea level but the effect was not sustained after the first month. CONCLUSION: GA may alter the disease severity in SCA as demonstrated by its ability to decrease direct bilirubin and urea levels in the serum.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Rats , Acacia , Alanine Transaminase , Anemia, Hemolytic , Anemia, Sickle Cell , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Bilirubin , Cardiotoxicity , Creatinine , Electrolytes , Erythrocytes , Ethics Committees, Research , Exudates and Transudates , Gingiva , Gum Arabic , Hemoglobin, Sickle , Liver , Senegal , Trees , Urea , Uric Acid
16.
Archives of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery ; : 22-26, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739169

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Split-thickness skin grafts (STSGs) are commonly used in the reconstruction of skin defects induced by trauma or burns. Although STSGs are used to successfully treat various wound types, donor site wounds can be challenging, and complications often develop. Therefore, optimal donor site dressings are required. In this study, we introduce an evidence base for patterns in how the discharge amount decreases over time, with the goal of providing insights into the selection of dressing materials. METHODS: Twenty patients with burns who received STSGs harvested from the thigh between January 2016 to April 2017 were prospectively reviewed. A donor site dressing with foam was changed daily. The weight of the foam dressing was measured before and after placement on the donor site. The wound area was calculated using Visi-Trak. The mean weight of the discharge amount per unit area (g/10 cm2) was calculated. RESULTS: The mean weight of the discharge amount per unit area (g/10 cm2) decreased from 3.84 to 2.02 (P < 0.05) and 1.09 (P < 0.05) on postoperative days 5 and 10, respectively. It further decreased to 0.61 by postoperative day 14. CONCLUSIONS: To prevent infections induced by donor site leakage, the use of highly-absorptive foam materials until 5 days after the operation is beneficial. Moreover, hydrocolloid or highly-absorptive foam materials can be used to promote re-epithelialization of the donor site after 5 days postoperatively. For re-epithelialization and wound protection, it is effective to use hydrocolloid materials starting on postoperative day 10.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bandages , Burns , Colloids , Exudates and Transudates , Prospective Studies , Re-Epithelialization , Skin Transplantation , Skin , Thigh , Tissue Donors , Transplants , Wounds and Injuries
17.
Neonatal Medicine ; : 63-66, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741662

ABSTRACT

Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is a common pathogen, that causes a broad spectrum of diseases, ranging from minor skin infections to severe encephalitis and widespread infections. Acute retinal necrosis (ARN), one of the most serious manifestations of HSV infection, is defined as a rapidly progressing necrotizing retinopathy that presents discrete areas of circumferential retinal necrosis, along with signs of uveitis, vitreitis, and retinal vasculitis. We encountered a case of a female infant, born at 33 weeks of gestation with a body weight at birth of 2,080 g, who had ARN and encephalomalacia due to HSV infection. ARN associated with HSV infection should be suspected when nonspecific retinal exudates are observed in neonates, especially preterm infants.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Body Weight , Encephalitis , Encephalomalacia , Exudates and Transudates , Herpes Simplex , Herpesvirus 2, Human , Infant, Premature , Necrosis , Parturition , Retinal Necrosis Syndrome, Acute , Retinal Vasculitis , Retinaldehyde , Simplexvirus , Skin , Uveitis
18.
Korean Journal of Ophthalmology ; : 150-166, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741314

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the short-term efficacy and safety of ranibizumab in the routine clinical setting in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration and to analyze the associated factors for visual outcome. METHODS: This was a post-hoc analysis of a ranibizumab regulatory post-marketing surveillance study in which 4,136 patients were enrolled and followed for 12 weeks. Change in best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), size of choroidal neovascularization, and the presence of hemorrhage and exudate were analyzed and the association between BCVA change and baseline characteristics were investigated. Data on ocular and systemic adverse events were collected. RESULTS: Mean BCVA improved significantly and mean BCVA change was the logarithm of the minimal angle of resolution 0.13 ± 0.01 (p < 0.001). A lower baseline BCVA and younger age were significant predictive factors for visual improvement or maintenance (≥0 lines). For greater visual acuity gain (≥3 lines), no treatment history, lower baseline BCVA, younger age, and classic-type choroidal neovascularization were significant predictive factors. No new safety signals were found. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, conducted in real-world clinical practice with a large number of neovascular age-related macular degeneration patients, visual and anatomical outcomes improved significantly after three monthly ranibizumab treatments. Treatment-naive patients had a higher chance of greater visual gain (≥3 lines) than non-naive patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Choroidal Neovascularization , Exudates and Transudates , Hemorrhage , Macular Degeneration , Ranibizumab , Visual Acuity
19.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 77(5): 282-285, set.-out. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-977869

ABSTRACT

Abstract Report of a case of Coats disease associated with retinal vasoproliferative tumor in a young female patient with two peripheral vascularized tumors and lipid exudation involving the macula and peripapillary region with serous retinal detachment areas and pre-papillary fibrous proliferation. The proposed and performed treatment was the intravitreal injection of triamcinolone acetonide to decrease the tumor exudation, followed by photocoagulation of the peripheral areas of telangiectasia without subretinal fluid and cryotherapy of the tumors. Despite that this is a rare and difficult to treat combination, in this case report, success was obtained in receding the tumor masses and reapplying the retina, leading to anatomic and visual stabilization.


Resumo Relato de um caso de Doença de Coats associada a tumor vasoproliferativo de retina em uma paciente jovem com duas tumorações vascularizadas periféricas e exsudação lipídica acometendo mácula e região peripapilar com áreas de descolamento de retina seroso e proliferação fibrosa pré-papilar. O tratamento proposto e realizado foi a injeção intra-vítrea de triancinolona para diminuir a exsudação do tumor, seguida de fotocoagulação periférica das áreas de telangiectasia sem fluido subretiniano e criocoagulação dos tumores. Apesar de se tratar de uma associação rara e de difícil tratamento, neste relato de caso, obteve-se êxito em regredir as massas tumorais e reaplicar a retina, levando à estabilização anatômica e visual.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Retinal Neoplasms/etiology , Retinal Telangiectasis/therapy , Neovascularization, Pathologic/etiology , Ophthalmoscopy , Retinal Vessels/abnormalities , Retinal Detachment/etiology , Triamcinolone/administration & dosage , Fluorescein Angiography , Visual Acuity , Cryotherapy/methods , Exudates and Transudates , Retinal Telangiectasis/complications , Retinal Telangiectasis/diagnostic imaging , Intravitreal Injections , Fundus Oculi , Light Coagulation
20.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 81(1): 70-72, Jan.-Feb. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888190

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Recurrent idiopathic neuroretinitis is an inflammatory optic neuropathy characterized by optic nerve edema and macular star, associated with painless and recurrent episodes of visual loss, poor visual prognosis, and visual field defects related to nerve fiber layer injury. The disorder is sometimes mistaken for atypical optic neuritis. However, early diagnosis is important for visual recovery. Long-term immunosuppression has been shown to reduce the rate of recurrence and protect against severe and irreversible vision loss.


RESUMO Neurorretinite recorrente idiopática é uma neuropatia óptica inflamatória caracterizada por edema do nervo óptico e estrela macular associada a episódios recorrentes de perda visual indolor, baixo prognóstico visual e desfeitos de campo visual relacionados a injúria da camada de fibras nervosas. Essa condição pode ser confundida com neurite óptica atípica e seu correto diagnóstico é importante para o prognóstico visual, uma vez que a imunossupressão continua previne episódios recorrentes que podem levar a perda visual severa e irreversível.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Retinitis/diagnosis , Optic Neuritis/diagnosis , Recurrence , Retinitis/complications , Retinitis/pathology , Vision Disorders/etiology , Visual Acuity , Optic Neuritis/pathology , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Diagnosis, Differential , Exudates and Transudates , Visual Field Tests , Macula Lutea/metabolism , Macula Lutea/pathology
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