Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 87
Filter
1.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(1): 8-13, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286975

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction The manifestations of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are not restricted to the gastrointestinal tract. Musculoskeletal conditions are considered the most common extraintestinal manifestations, followed by mucocutaneous and ocular diseases. Many general practitioners are unaware of the variety and severity of the ocular affection in IBD patients. Objective To assess the prevalence of extraintestinal manifestations in IBD patients at Kafrelsheikh governorate, and to evaluate the different ocularmanifestations and their relationship to the severity of the disease. Methods A cross-sectional study evaluating 120 patients treated at the Kafrelsheikh University Hospital. The diagnosis of IBD was made between December 2018 and December 2019 through clinical, endoscopic and histopathological examinations. All patients were assessed for any extraintestinal manifestation or evidence of ocular affection through slit-lamp examinations, tonometry, visual acuity, and indirect ophthalmoscopy. Results The mean age of the sample was 35.5 ± 13.3 years. In total, 52 (43.3%) patients were male and 68 (56.7%) were female. Ocular manifestations represent ~ 22.5% of extraintestinal manifestations. The most common ocular findings were conjunctivitis (25.8%) and anterior uveitis (10.8%), followed by scleritis (9.2%) and cataract (8.3%). Other extraintestinal manifestations were observed in 41 (34.1%) 29 (29.9%) of ulcerative colitis cases, and 12 (52%) of Crohn disease cases. There was no statistically significant difference in the presence of ocular involvement in relation to the two types of IBD included in the Montreal classification. Conclusion Ocular manifestations in cases of IBD are common and usually nonspecific in presentation. The severity of the IBD does not reflect the severity of the ocular affection.


Resumo Introdução As manifestações da doença inflamatória intestinal (DII) não se restringem ao trato gastrointestinal. Distúrbios musculoesqueléticos são considerados as manifestações extraintestinais mais comuns, seguidos de doenças oculares e mucocutâneas. Muitos clínicos gerais desconhecem a variedade e a severidade das afecções oculares em casos de DII. Objetivo Determinar a prevalência das manifestações extraintestinais em pacientes com DII na província de Kafrelsheikh, no Egito, e avaliar as diferentes manifestações oculares e sua relação com a gravidade da doença. Métodos Um estudo transversal que avaliou 120 pacientes tratados no Kafrelsheikh University Hospital. O diagnóstico de DII foi feito entre dezembro de 2018 e dezembro de 2019 por meio de exames clínicos, endoscópicos e histopatológicos. Por meio de exames de lâmpada de fenda, tonometria, acuidade visual, e oftalmoscopia indireta, todos os pacientes foram avaliados para se determinar a ocorrência de quaisquer manifestações extraintestinais ou afecções oculares. Resultados Amédia de idade da amostra foi de 35,5 ± 13,3 anos. No total, 52 (43,3%) pacientes com DII eram do sexo masculino, e 68 (56,7%), do sexo feminino. As manifestações oculares representaram ~ 22,5% das manifestações extraintestinais. Os achados oculares mais comuns foram conjuntivite (25,8%) e uveíte anterior (10,8%), seguidas de esclerite (9,2%) e catarata (8,3%). Outras manifestações extraintestinais foram observadas em 41 (34,1%) pacientes, entre elas, 29,9% de casos de colite ulcerativa, e 52% de casos de doença de Crohn. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa na presença de envolvimento ocular com relação aos dois tipos de DII descritos na classificação de Montreal. Conclusão Asmanifestações oculares empacientes de DII são comuns e, geralmente, não específicas em termos de apresentação. A gravidade da DII não reflete a gravidade da afecção ocular.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/complications , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/pathology , Risk Factors , Eye Diseases/complications , Eye Diseases/pathology
2.
Rev. cuba. med ; 60(1): e1627,
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156550

ABSTRACT

La epidemia de la enfermedad por coronavirus del año 2019 (COVID-19) comenzó en Wuhan, en la provincia de Hubei, China, y en poco tiempo se extendió a otros continentes.1 El primer médico en alertar sobre esta nueva enfermedad en China fue Li Wenliang, especialista en oftalmología que enfermó y falleció a causa de la enfermedad.2 La transmisión de mayor rapidez se reporta por vía respiratoria, aunque existen estudios que describen la existencia de transmisibilidad del síndrome respiratorio agudo grave 2 (SARS-CoV-2 por sus siglas en inglés) mediante la lágrima y la conjuntiva de los pacientes infectados por COVID-19.3 La primera evidencia sobre esta vía de contagio se relata desde el 22 de enero, cuando Guangfa Wang, miembro del panel nacional de expertos en neumonía, informó que fue infectado por el SARS-CoV-2 durante la inspección en Wuhan. Llevaba una máscara N95 pero no usaba equipamiento para proteger sus ojos. Varios días antes del inicio de la neumonía, Wang se quejó de enrojecimiento ocular.4 Varios autores plantean que particularmente el conducto lagrimal funciona como un canal para recoger y transportar el fluido lagrimal desde la superficie ocular hasta el meato nasal inferior. Esto es conveniente para el drenaje del virus desde los tejidos del tracto ocular hasta el tracto respiratorio. Otra teoría propuesta para la afección oftalmológica es la diseminación del virus por vía hematógena a la glándula lagrimal.4,5 Algunos protocolos presentaron casos de aislamiento de cultivos en uno de cada tres pacientes, procedentes de muestras lagrimales, sin precisarse el mecanismo exacto al momento de cómo es que su diseminación culmina a ese nivel. Algunas de las propiedades de afinidad del el SARS-CoV-2 se debe a la alta adherencia de las células diana de la enzima convertidora de angiotensinógeno II (ACE2). De este modo, participan a nivel sistémico en los diferentes ejes, como el sistema renina-angiotensina-aldosterona, para así ejercer su virulencia.3 Sobre su cuadro clínico se describe como característica la presencia de conjuntivitis viral inespecífica. Además se reportan alteraciones atípicas como anosmia, hiposmia y disgeusia. Estas últimas corresponden al cuadro del protocolo inicial del interrogatorio por parte de la Sociedad de Oftalmología de México, España e Italia.3 Lu Chen, Meizhou Liu y otros6 del Hospital Chinchen, en China, reportaron en marzo de 2020 manera específica las manifestaciones oculares en relación con el SARS-CoV-2. Se trata de un paciente positivo mediante la prueba de reacción en cadena de la polimerasa con transcriptasa inversa (RT-PCR), con conjuntivitis folicular viral bilateral, con 19 días de evolución, donde se destaca la aparición de manifestaciones oculares como: ojo rojo, sensación de cuerpo extraño, epífora y visión borrosa, todo esto de manera bilateral. A la exploración por biomicroscopia se pueden definir hallazgos como: inyección conjuntival moderada; secreciones acuosas; nodulaciones foliculares conjuntivales en párpado inferior sin presentarse hemorragia; y manifestaciones en córnea, segmento anterior o posterior.3 Científicos brasileños han descrito en The Lancet algunas alteraciones en la retina de pacientes de COVID-19 utilizando la Tomografía de Coherencia Óptica (OCT), y han encontrado microhemorragias y lesiones a nivel de la capa de células ganglionares y de la plexiforme interna.1,2 La presencia de COVID-19 ha determinado la posible progresión de enfermedades tales como: el glaucoma crónico, la retinopatía diabética, la degeneración macular asociada a la edad, enfermedades corneales e inflamatorias, entre otras.5 Se ha descrito la presencia del SARS-CoV-2 en las lágrimas de pacientes con COVID-19.3 Algunos estudios confirman que los pacientes con síntomas oculares tenían más probabilidades de tener recuentos más altos de glóbulos blancos y neutrófilos y mayores niveles de procalcitonina, proteína C reactiva y lactato deshidrogenasa que los pacientes sin síntomas oculares, lo cual evidencia mayor gravedad del cuadro.4 En el Tratamiento de la COVID-19 se han estudiado determinados fármacos que pudieran producir alteraciones oftalmológicas.1 La cloroquina y la hidroxicloroquina, con efecto antiviral, causarían toxicidad ocular con altas dosis y tratamientos prolongados la expresión de dicha toxicidad se manifiesta por la aparición de depósitos corneales, catarata subcapsular posterior, disfunción del cuerpo ciliar y retinopatía. Por otra parte se ha confirmado que el Lopinavir/ritonavir (Kaletra) tiene entre sus efectos adversos sistémicos la hepatopatía, que puede provocar un tinte ictérico conjuntival.5 Consideramos que, al tratarse de un virus con tan fácil diseminación, el contagio por vía ocular es una posibilidad real e inminente, por ello se precisan de manera intencionada las medidas de protección ocular, sobre todo para el personal de salud. Dentro de ellos el personal que brinda atención oftalmológica es especialmente vulnerable por su proximidad a las vías respiratorias y ojos de pacientes. Los sistemas de salud deberán garantizar recursos de desinfección y control necesarios para evitar la propagación de la enfermedad(AU)


Subject(s)
Chloroquine/toxicity , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Tomography, Optical Coherence/methods , Eye Diseases/complications , Lopinavir/toxicity , Hydroxychloroquine/toxicity
3.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(3): 250-261, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131583

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT To identify and classify available information regarding COVID-19 and eye care according to the level of evidence, within four main topics of interest: evidence of the virus in tears and the ocular surface, infection via the conjunctival route, ocular manifestations, and best practice recommendations. A structured review was conducted in PubMed, ScienceDirect, LILACS, SciELO, the Cochrane Library and Google Scholar on COVID-19 and ophthalmology. The Oxford Centre for Evidence Based Medicine 2011 Levels of Evidence worksheet was used for quality assessments. 1018 items were identified in the search; 26 records were included in the qualitative synthesis, which encompassed 6 literature reviews, 10 case series or cross-sectional studies, 4 case reports, and 6 intervention descriptions. Seventeen out of 26 records (65%) were categorized as level 5 within the Oxford CBME methodology grading system, the rest were level 4. The evidence generated on COVID-19 and ophthalmology to date is limited, although this is understandable given the circumstances. Both the possible presence of viral particles in tears and conjunctiva, and the potential for conjunctival transmission remain controversial. Ocular manifestations are not frequent and could resemble viral infection of the ocular surface. Most recommendations are based on the strategies implemented by Asian countries during previous coronavirus outbreaks. There is a need for substantive studies evaluating these strategies in the setting of SARS-CoV-2. In the meantime, plans for applying these measures must be implemented with caution, taking into account the context of each individual country, and undergo regular evaluation.


RESUMO Identificar e classificar as informações disponíveis sobre o COVID-19 e o tratamento oftalmológico de acordo com o nível de evidência, dentro de quatro tópicos principais de interesse: evidência do vírus nas lágrimas e na superfície ocular, infecção pela via conjuntival, manifestações oculares e recomendações de melhores práticas. Foi realizada uma revisão estruturada no PubMed, ScienceDirect, LILACS, SciELO, Biblioteca Cochrane e Google Scholar no COVID-19 e oftalmologia. A planilha de Níveis de Evidência 2011 do Oxford Centre for Evidence Based Medicine 2011 foi usada para avaliações de qualidade. Mil e dezoito itens foram identificados na busca; Foram incluídos 26 registros na síntese qualitativa, que incluiu 6 revisões de literatura, 10 séries de casos ou estudos transversais, 4 relatos de casos e 6 descrições de intervenções. Dezessete dos 26 registros (65%) foram classificados como nível 5 no sistema de classificação da metodologia Oxford CBME, o restante foi no nível 4. As evidências geradas no COVID-19 e na oftalmologia até o momento são limitadas, embora isso seja compreensível dadas as circunstâncias. Tanto a possível presença de partículas virais em lágrimas e conjuntiva quanto o potencial de transmissão conjuntival permanecem controversos. As manifestações oculares não são frequentes e podem se assemelhar a infecção viral da superfície ocular. A maioria das recomendações baseia-se nas estratégias implementadas pelos países asiáticos durante surtos anteriores de coronavírus. Há necessidade de estudos aprofundados avaliando essas estratégias no cenário da SARS-CoV-2. Enquanto isso, os planos para a aplicação dessas medidas devem ser implementados com cautela, levando em consideração o contexto de cada país e submetidos a auditorias periódicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Conjunctiva/virology , Eye Diseases/complications , COVID-19 , Ophthalmology , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/transmission , Tears/virology , Review Literature as Topic , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Evidence-Based Medicine , Pandemics/prevention & control
5.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 66(4): 534-540, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136223

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVES To bring summarized information about what has been published so far regarding Covid-19, facilitating the access to information and a better understanding of this pandemic, and to contribute to the medical community in the decision-making against this virus. METHODS This review article brings collected information from different articles published since the beginning of the pandemic of the 2019 novel coronavirus. KEY RESULTS This paper aggregates and consolidates some epidemiological parameters and clinical knowledge about the novel coronavirus and brings what is new in the search for pandemic control. MAJOR CONCLUSIONS Governments and health authorities are under increased pressure to control the COVID-19 spreading. In this scenario, the scientific community is working hard to produce relevant papers which will help in the next steps against coronavirus. Our review summarized the latest news about SARS-CoV2, evidencing what we know about COVID-19 until now.


RESUMO OBJETIVOS Trazer de forma resumida as informações que têm sido publicadas sobre o novo coronavírus, facilitando o acesso à informação e o melhor entendimento dessa pandemia, como também contribuir para a comunidade médica nas decisões para conter o vírus. METODOLOGIA Este artigo de revisão coletou informações de diferentes artigos publicados desde o início da pandemia do novo coronavírus. RESULTADOS Este artigo consolida alguns parâmetros clínicos e epidemiológicos do novo coronavírus e traz o que tem de novo no controle da pandemia. CONCLUSÃO Os governos e autoridades de saúde estão sob pressão constante para conter o alastramento do coronavírus. Nesse cenário, a comunidade científica tem trabalhado e produzido muitos estudos e artigos que têm ajudado a guiar os próximos passos na contenção dessa pandemia. Nossa revisão faz um compilado dos últimos artigos e estudos, trazendo o que sabemos até então sobre a Covid-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Pneumonia, Viral/physiopathology , Review Literature as Topic , Coronavirus Infections , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Coronavirus Infections/physiopathology , Eye Diseases/complications , Eye Diseases/epidemiology , Pandemics , Non-Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Betacoronavirus
6.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 71(3): 1162-1169, May-June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-958627

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To analyse the concept of Dry Eye Syndrome in patients admitted to Intensive Care Units (ICU). Method: This is a concept analysis, according to Walker's and Avant's method, conducted using an integrative review, through search in the database. Science Direct, Scopus, Cinahl, Pubmed, Lilacs, Cochrane and Web of Science. The following keywords were used: "Keratoconjuntivite Sicca", "Risk Factors", "Dry eye Syndromes" and "Intensive Care Units". After selection, 85 articles have been kept. Results: Antecedents found: age, lagophthalmos, environmental factors, use of medications, systemic diseases, mechanical ventilation and eye surgeries. Attributes: Tear Break-up Time < 10 s, Schirmer's test I < 10 mm, Schirmer's test II < 5 mm and signs and symptoms. Consequents: eye damage and discomfort; unstable vision. The Model Case and the Contrary Case were used to illustrate it. Conclusion: The research provided clarification of the concept and consequent understanding of the Dry Eye Syndrome, which is preventable especially in ICU.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Analizar el concepto del Ojo Seco en pacientes hospitalizados en Unidades de Terapia Intensiva (UTI). Método: Esto es un análisis de concepto, según el método de Walker y Avant, operacionalizado mediante revisión integrativa por medio de la búsqueda en las bases de datos: Science Direct, Scopus, Cinahl, Pubmed, Lilacs, Cochrane e Web of Science. Fueron utilizados los descriptores: "Queratoconjuntivitis Seca", "Factores de Riesgo", "Síndromes del Ojo Seco" y "Unidades de Terapia Intensiva". Después de la selección, resultaron 85 artículos. Resultados: Identificamos como antecedentes: edad, lagoftalmia, factores ambientales, uso de medicamentos, enfermedades sistémicas, ventilación mecánica y cirugías oftalmológicas. Atributos: Tear Break-up Time < 10 s, test de Schirmer I < 10 mm, test de Schirmer II < 5 mm y señales y síntomas. Consecuencias: daño e incomodidad a la superficie ocular, inestabilidad visual. Como representación se presentó el Caso Modelo y el Caso Contrario. Conclusión: El estudio posibilitó clarificación del concepto y consecuente entendimiento del fenómeno, lo cual es evitable, sobre todo en la UTI.


RESUMO Objetivo: Analisar o conceito de Olho Seco em pacientes internados em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva (UTI). Método: Trata-se de uma análise de conceito, segundo método de Walker e Avant, operacionalizada mediante revisão integrativa por meio da busca nas bases de dados: Science Direct, Scopus, Cinahl, Pubmed, Lilacs, Cochrane e Web of Science. Foram utilizados os descritores: "Keratoconjuntivite Sicca", "Risk Factors", "Dry eye Syndromes" e "Intensive Care Units". Após seleção, resultaram 85 artigos. Resultados: Identificaram-se como antecedentes: idade, lagoftalmia, fatores ambientais, uso de medicamentos, doenças sistêmicas, ventilação mecânica e cirurgias oftálmicas. Atributos: Tear Break-up Time < 10 s, teste de Schimer I < 10 mm, teste de Schimer II < 5 mm e sinais e sintomas. Consequentes: dano e desconforto à superfície ocular, instabilidade visual. Como ilustração apresentaram-se o Caso Modelo e o Caso Contrário. Conclusão: O estudo promoveu clarificação do conceito e consequente entendimento do fenômeno, o qual é evitável, sobretudo na UTI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dry Eye Syndromes/complications , Dry Eye Syndromes/etiology , Respiration, Artificial/adverse effects , Dry Eye Syndromes/diagnosis , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Eye Diseases/surgery , Eye Diseases/complications , Intensive Care Units/organization & administration
7.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 77(1): 5-8, jan.-fev. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-899105

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To identify the prevalence of the most common diseases diagnosed in the Low Vision Service (LVS) Methods: Seven hundred and thirteen patient's clinical records were evaluated. The best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) in the better eye was collected. All of the diagnosed diseases related to visual impairment were identified and classified. A total of 220 patients (36.6%) fulfilled the concept of low vision (group 1), and 381 patients (63.39%) presented legal blindness (groups 2, 3, 4 and 5), according to the WHO Study Group on the Prevention of Blindness (Geneva, l972). Results: The most prevalent disorder was the group of Retinal Inherited Distrophies (n=124; 20.63%). Following the first group were Ocular toxoplasmosis with chorioretinal scars (118 cases, representing a prevalence of 19.63%), Myopic Maculopathy (38-6.32%), Age related Macular Degeneration (AMD) (36 cases, representing a prevalence of 6%). Conclusion: Planning and implementing preventive actions in ophthalmology requires appropriate comprehension about regional clinical problems. Social support, and a proper partnership between educational and health systems, are important to improve visual outcomes in patients diagnosed with low vision and legal blindness.


Resumo Objetivo: identificar a prevalência dos distúrbios mais comuns em pacientes do Serviço de Visão Subnormal do Centro de Referência de Oftalmologia (CEROF - UFG). Método: Foram avaliados 713 registros de pacientes, t odos apresentavam erros refrativos corrigidos. Coletaram-se dois elementos: melhor acuidade visual corrigida (MAVC) no melhor olho e o diagnóstico da doença oftalmológica responsável pela deficiência visual. Todos os grupos etários foram incluídos, sem distinção entre sexo ou raça. Resultados: As doenças mais prevalentes foram distrofias retinianas hereditárias (124 pacientes; 20,63%), cicatrizes coriorretinianas por toxoplasmose (118-19,63%), maculopatia miópica (38-6,32%), Degeneração macular relacionada à idade (DMRI) (36-6%). 220 pacientes (36,6%) preencheram critério de baixa visão (grupo 1), e 381 (63,39%) apresentaram definição de cegueira legal (grupos 2, 3, 4 e 5) recomendada pelo Grupo de Estudos para a Prevenção da Cegueira WHO (Genebra, l972). Conclusão: Estudos nacionais mostram resultados semelhantes sobre cicatrizes coriorretinianas. Estudos epidemiológicos mostram maior prevalência de DMRI, provavelmente porque as clínicas oftalmológicas primárias falham no encaminhamento destes pacientes. A proporção de cegueira relacionada à ROP nos países desenvolvidos é maior, possivelmente porque não há plano de ação público oferecendo acompanhamento oftalmológico adequado para essas crianças. Não havia número significativo de pacientes com glaucoma congênito no departamento, o que pode se relacionar com as condições socioeconômicas e saúde no Brasil. Ações preventivas em oftalmologia necessitam de conhecimento científico de problemas oftalmológicos regionais aplicados à realidade, que será foco de tal ação. Um suporte social, incluindo parceria entre escola, família e sistema público de saúde, seria importante para gerar benefícios para a população.


Subject(s)
Humans , Vision, Low/etiology , Visual Acuity , Medical Records , Vision, Low/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Eye Diseases/complications , Eye Diseases/epidemiology , Health Services/statistics & numerical data
8.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 110(1): 84-90, Jan. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887993

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Numerous genetic syndromes associated with heart disease and ocular manifestations have been described. However, a compilation and a summarization of these syndromes for better consultation and comparison have not been performed yet. Objective: The objective of this work is to systematize available evidence in the literature on different syndromes that may cause congenital heart diseases associated with ocular changes, focusing on the types of anatomical and functional changes. Method: A systematic search was performed on Medline electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, Lilacs) of articles published until January 2016. Eligibility criteria were case reports or review articles that evaluated the association of ophthalmic and cardiac abnormalities in genetic syndrome patients younger than 18 years. Results: The most frequent genetic syndromes were: Down Syndrome, Velo-cardio-facial / DiGeorge Syndrome, Charge Syndrome and Noonan Syndrome. The most associated cardiac malformations with ocular findings were interatrial communication (77.4%), interventricular communication (51.6%), patent ductus arteriosus (35.4%), pulmonary artery stenosis (25.8%) and tetralogy of Fallot (22.5%). Conclusion: Due to their clinical variability, congenital cardiac malformations may progress asymptomatically to heart defects associated with high morbidity and mortality. For this reason, the identification of extra-cardiac characteristics that may somehow contribute to the diagnosis of the disease or reveal its severity is of great relevance.


Resumo Fundamento: O número de síndromes genéticas descritas que apresentam alguma forma de cardiopatia e manifestações oculares associadas é grande. Contudo, estas síndromes ainda não foram reunidas e sintetizadas para melhor consulta e comparação. Objetivo: O objetivo deste trabalho é sistematizar a literatura, avaliando evidências disponíveis sobre síndromes que cursam com cardiopatia congênita associada a alterações oculares, salientando os tipos de alterações anatômicas e funcionais descritas. Métodos: Dois pesquisadores independentes fizeram uma busca sistemática utilizando as bases eletrônicas Medline (PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, Lilacs), de trabalhos publicados até o mês de janeiro de 2016. Os critérios de elegibilidade utilizados pelos autores incluíram somente artigos publicados sob a forma de relatos de caso ou revisão, que abordassem a associação de alterações oftalmológicas e cardiológicas em pacientes menores de 18 anos e que apresentassem alguma síndrome genética. Resultados: As síndromes genéticas mais frequentes foram: Síndrome de Down, Síndrome Velo-cardio-facial / DiGeorge, Síndrome de Charge e Síndrome de Noonan. Entre as malformações cardíacas, a comunicação interatrial (77,4%), a comunicação interventricular (51.6%), a persistência do canal arterial (35,4%), estenose da artéria pulmonar (25,8%) e a tetralogia de Fallot (22,5%) foram as mais associadas com achados oculares. Conclusão: Devido à sua variedade clínica, as malformações cardíacas congênitas revelam defeitos que evoluem de maneira assintomática até aqueles que provocam grande morbimortalidade. Dessa forma, encontrar características extra-cardíacas que, de alguma maneira, possam auxiliar no diagnóstico da doença ou revelar a gravidade dessa enfermidade tornam-se de grande relevância.


Subject(s)
Humans , Eye Diseases/complications , Heart Defects, Congenital/complications , Genetic Diseases, Inborn/complications , Syndrome , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnosis
9.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 69(4): 915-920, jul.-ago. 2017.
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-876684

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to analyze for 120 days, post-operative complications following bimanual phacoemulsification with implantation of hydrophilic or hydrophobic intraocular acrylic lens. The hospital records of 15 dogs were analyzed, and distributed in two groups, being Gfi and Gfo the hydrophilic intraocular lens and hydrophobic intraocular lens group, respectively. On the first day, both groups presented blepharospasm, conjunctival hyperemia and flare. On day 1, fibrin was slightly apparent in two and three eyes of Gfi and Gfo, and on day 7, present in one and two patients from Gfi and Gfo. Synechia was observed on day 1 in one eye from Gfi and Gfo. Two eyes from Gfi developed from 7 to 120 days, and in Gfo, one eye developed from 7 to 90 days, on day 120, two eyes formed them. The presence of posterior capsule opacity of the lens in all periods, there was no statistical significant between the groups. Only one eye, in Gfo, that had no opacity formation. The intraocular pressure of both groups remained within normal range. There was no statistical significance between hydrophilic and hydrophobic intraocular lens, the use of intraocular lens has led to satisfactory results in visual ability.(AU)


Objetivou-se com o presente estudo avaliar por 120 dias as complicações após a facoemulsificação bimanual com implantação de lentes acrílicas hidrofílicas ou hidrofóbicas. Os prontuários de 15 cães foram avaliados, sendo distribuídos em dois grupos, Gfi e Gfo, grupos com lentes intraoculares hidrofílicas e com lentes hidrofóbicas, respectivamente. No primeiro dia, ambos os grupos apresentaram blefarospasmo, hiperemia conjuntiva e flare. No dia 1, fibrina foi discretamente observada em dois e três olhos do Gfi e Gfo; no dia 7, observou-se em um e três olhos nos pacientes do Gfi e Gfo. Foi observada sinéquia no dia 1 em um olho do Gfi e do Gfo; em dois olhos do Gfi ocorreu do dia 7 ao dia 120. No Gfo apenas um olho teve sinéquia do dia 7 ao dia 90, contudo aos 120 dias, dois olhos formaram-na. A opacidade de cápsula posterior da lente esteve presente em todos os períodos, não havendo diferença estatística entre os grupos. Somente um olho, do Gfo, não teve formação de opacidade. A pressão intraocular foi normal em ambos os grupos. Não houve diferença estatística entre as lentes hidrofílicas e hidrofóbicas. O uso de lentes intraoculares apresentaram resultados satisfatórios na acuidade visual.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Cataract/veterinary , Contact Lenses, Hydrophilic/veterinary , Lens Implantation, Intraocular/veterinary , Phacoemulsification/veterinary , Eye Diseases/complications
11.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 76(3): 138-143, maio-jun. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-899056

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To determine the main causes of visual impairment and blindness in children enrolled at Instituto Benjamin Constant blind school (IBC) in 2013, to aid in planning for the prevention and management of avoidable causes of blindness. Methods: Study design: cross-sectional observational study. Data was collected from medical records of students attending IBC in 2013. Causes of blindness were classified according to WHO/PBL examination record. Data were analyzed for those children aged less than 16 years using Stata 9 program. Results: Among 355 students attending IBC in 2013, 253 (73%) were included in this study. Of these children, 190 (75%) were blind and 63 (25%) visually impaired. The major anatomical site of visual loss was retina (42%), followed by lesions of the globe (22%), optic nerve lesions (13.8%), central nervous system (8.8%) and cataract/pseudophakia/aphakia (8.8%). The etiology was unknown in 41.9% and neonatal factors accounted for 30,9% of cases. Forty-eight percent of cases were potentially avoidable. Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) was the main cause of blindness and with microphthalmia, optic nerve atrophy, cataract and glaucoma accounted for more than 50% of cases. Conclusion: Provision and improvement of ROP, cataract and glaucoma screening and treatment and programs could prevent avoidable visual impairment and blindness.


Resumo Objetivo: Determinar as causas de cegueira e deficiência visual nas crianças matriculadas na Escola do Instituto Benjamin Constant (IBC) em 2013, para contribuir na elaboração de estratégias de controle e prevenção de causas evitáveis de cegueira. Métodos: Desenho de estudo: observacional do tipo transversal. Os dados foram coletados através dos prontuários dos alunos matriculados na Escola em 2013. As causas de cegueira foram classificadas de acordo com os registros de exames elaborados pela OMS/IAPB. Os dados foram analisados, em crianças com idade abaixo de 16 anos, usando o Programa Stata9. Resultados: Entre 355 alunos matriculados no IBC em 2013, 253 (73%) foram incluídos nesse estudo. Dessas crianças, 190 (75%) eram cegas e 63 (25%), deficientes visuais. O principal sítio anatômico, responsável pela perda visual, encontrado foi a retina (42%), seguido de lesões do globo ocular (22%), lesões no nervo óptico (13,8%), cegueira de origem no sistema nervoso central (8,8%) e catarata/pseudofácico/afácico (8.8%). A etiologia foi desconhecida em 41,9% e fatores neonatais corresponderam a 30,9% dos casos. Quarenta e oito porcento dos casos foram potencialmente evitáveis. Retinopatia da prematuridade (ROP) foi a principal causa de cegueira e microftalmia, atrofia do nervo óptico, catarata e glaucoma contaram com mais de 50% dos casos. Conclusão: A oferta e melhoria de programas de triagem e tratamento do ROP, catarata e glaucoma podem prevenir os casos de deficiência visual e cegueira evitáveis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Schools/statistics & numerical data , Blindness/etiology , Vision, Low/etiology , Education of Visually Disabled/statistics & numerical data , Students , Vision Screening , Medical Records , Blindness/epidemiology , Vision, Low/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Visually Impaired Persons/statistics & numerical data , Eye Diseases/complications
12.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 75(2): 103-108, Mar.-Apr. 2016. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-779964

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Introdução: Na sarcoidose, as manifestações oculares são comuns e podem constituir a manifestação inicial da doença ou mesmo a única. O objetivo deste trabalho foi analisar os parâmetros demográficos, manifestações clínicas, terapêutica e principais complicações oculares em doentes com sarcoidose ocular. Métodos: Estudo descritivo e retrospectivo que incluiu doentes com o diagnóstico de sarcoidose ocular, observados nas consultas de Inflamação Ocular e de Doenças Auto-Imunes do Hospital Prof. Doutor Fernando Fonseca, no período entre 2009 e 2015. Resultados: Foram identificados 11 doentes com o diagnóstico de sarcoidose ocular, com predomínio do sexo feminino (54,5%) e caucasianos. A média da idade ao diagnóstico foi de 45±14 anos. A sarcoidose manifestou-se de forma exclusivamente ocular em 36% dos casos. O envolvimento ocular foi a manifestação inicial em 90,9% dos casos. Identificaram-se 9 casos de uveíte, 1 de esclerite anterior nodular e 1 de queratite intersticial. O tratamento com corticoterapia tópica foi realizado em 100% dos casos, sendo o tratamento único em apenas 1 doente. Nos restantes, foi necessário associar corticoterapia oral. Em 4 desses doentes, pela gravidade da doença e atingimento binocular, utilizou-se também corticoterapia pulsada endovenosa. O tratamento adjuvante imunossupressor mais frequentemente utilizado foi o metotrexato (45%). Um doente necessitou de terapia biológica com infliximabe para controle da doença. Conclusão: A manifestação ocular mais comum foi a uveíte, com predomínio da panuveíte. O tratamento mais utilizado e com maior taxa de controle da doença foi a corticoterapia sistêmica em associação com o metotrexato.


ABSTRACT Purpose: In sarcoidosis, ocular manifestations are common and can be the initial or even the only clinical manifestation. The aim of this study was to analyze the demographic parameters, clinical manifestations, treatment and the major ocular complications in patients with ocular sarcoidosis. Methods: We conducted a descriptive and retrospective study that included patients with the diagnosis of ocular sarcoidosis, followed by inflammatory ophthalmology and immune-mediated disease consults at the Prof. Doutor Fernando Fonseca Hospital, between 2009 and 2015. Results: Eleven patients with the diagnosis of ocular sarcoidosis were identified, with a predominance of females (54,5%) and Caucasians. The average age at diagnosis was 45 ± 14 years. Sarcoidosis was exclusively ocular in 36%. The first manifestation of sarcoidosis was eye disease in 90.9 % of cases. Nine cases of uveitis, one of nodular scleritis and one of interstitial keratitis were observed. Topical corticoid treatment was applied in 100% of cases, with only one achieving remission of the disease. Oral corticoid treatment was necessary in 10 cases, four of which needed a high dose methylprednisolone induction. Methotrexate was the adjunctive immunosuppressive treatment of choice in 45% of cases. There was one refractory case for conventional immunosuppressive therapy, having achieved remission with biologic agent infliximab. Conclusion: Uveitis was the commonest ocular manifestation, and there was a predominance of panuveitis. Systemic corticoid and methotrexate were the most used immunosuppressive treatments for maintaining the controlled stated of the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Sarcoidosis/complications , Sarcoidosis/diagnosis , Sarcoidosis/therapy , Eye Diseases/complications , Eye Diseases/diagnosis , Eye Diseases/therapy , Visual Acuity , Methotrexate/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Diagnostic Techniques, Ophthalmological , Infliximab/therapeutic use
13.
Rev. méd. hondur ; 81(2/4): 93-97, abr.- dic. 2013. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-750039

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: El pseudotumor cerebral es una condición que se caracteriza por presión intracraneal elevada en ausencia de manifestaciones clínicas, evidencia radiológica o laboratorial de lesión ocupativa. Es una entidad clínica bien definida en adultos, pero puede afectar a niños de cualquier edad. Casos clínicos: Paciente 1: Femenino de 8 años con cuadro de cefalea generalizada y vómitos dos días después, presenta desviación nasal de la mirada del ojo derecho, paresia bilateral de los rectos externos, edema bilateral de la papila óptica grado III. Campimetría computada reportó discreto escotoma superior en ojo izquierdo y nasal en ojo derecho. Se realizó punción lumbar donde se registró una presión de apertura de 45 cm de agua. Paciente 2: femenino de 11 años, con historia de un año de evolución de cefalea frontal intermitente, pulsátil y disminución de la agudeza visual referida por la paciente;a la evaluación neurológica edema bilateral de la papila óptica grado III. En la punción lumbar se registró inicialmente una presión de apertura de 43 cm de agua. Ambos casos fueron tratados con acetazolamida oral, con buena respuesta clínica y normalización de la presión intracraneal.Conclusión: el pseudotumor cerebral es una enfermedad infrecuente en pediatría que requiere de su identificación y manejo oportuno con el fin de evitar una lesión visual irreversible...


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Scotoma/complications , Eye Diseases/complications , Pseudotumor Cerebri/diagnosis , Esotropia/pathology , Papilledema/complications
14.
J. bras. med ; 100(5): 27-33, nov.-dez. 2012. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-668653

ABSTRACT

A tireotoxicose é um estado hipermetabólico decorrente dos efeitos de níveis teciduais elevados de hormônios tireoideanos (HTs). O hipertireoidismo é a causa mais comum, e decorre do excesso de hormônios produzidos pela tireoide. Outras causas de tireotoxicose ocorrem por produção extratireoideana ou administração exógena de hormônios tireoideanos. A principal causa de tireotoxicose, o bócio difuso tóxico (BDT) de causa autoimune, responsável por até 80% dos casos, é aqui abordado, assim como as demais causas. O tratamento é realizado com drogas antitireoideanas, iodo radioativo ou cirurgia e exige acompanhamento de longo prazo, tanto pela possibilidade de recidivas como do desenvolvimento de hipotireoidismo.


Thyrotoxicosis is a hypermetabolic state due to the effects of high tissue levels of thyroid hormones (TH). Hyperthyroidism is the most common cause and results from excess hormones produced by the thyroid. Other causes of thyrotoxicosis occur extra thyroid production or exogenous administration of thyroid hormones. The main cause of thyrotoxicosis, the diffuse toxic goiter (DTG) of autoimmune cause, accounting for up to 80% of cases, is discussed here, as well as other causes. The treatment is performed with antithyroid drugs, radioactive iodine or surgery and requires long-term follow-up, due to both the possibility of recurrence and the development of hypothyroidism.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Goiter/surgery , Goiter/therapy , Hyperthyroidism/diagnosis , Hyperthyroidism/etiology , Hyperthyroidism , Antithyroid Agents/therapeutic use , Thyroid Gland/surgery , Thyroid Hormones/metabolism , Eye Diseases/complications , Iodine Radioisotopes/therapeutic use , Thyrotoxicosis , Thyroiditis/etiology
15.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 2011 May; 59(3): 223-228
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-136175

ABSTRACT

Aim: The aim was to study and treat ocular disorders in children with learning disabilities (cLDs) and explore associations with their perinatal history. Materials and Methods: cLDs attending 11 special schools were examined by a team consisting of an ophthalmologist, optometrist, and a social worker in 2007 and followed up in 2008. The students‘ intelligence quotient (IQ) and their medical histories were noted. Distant visual acuities were measured using Kay pictures or Snellen's tumbling E chart and complete ocular examination was performed. Students were assessed at the pediatric ophthalmology unit and low vision center, if needed. Statistical analysis was done with SPSS and the Chi-square test for ordinal data. Results: A total of 664 students were examined, 526 of whom were <16 years of age; 323 (61.4%) were male. A total of 326 (60%) had moderate-to-severe learning disabilities (IQs <50), and the mean IQ was 45.4. Two hundred and thirty-eight (45.3%) had ocular disorder; 143 (27.3%) had an uncorrected refractive error, followed by strabismus in 83 (15.8%), nystagmus in 36 (6.8%), optic atrophy in 34 (6.5%), and congenital anomalies in 13 (2.5%), 103 children had more than one abnormality. Only 12 of the 143 students with refractive errors were using spectacles. A total of 132 (48.7%) children with a history of perinatal insult had ocular problems. Ocular disorders were also common in those with a history of epilepsy, Down's syndrome, and cerebral palsy. Conclusion: Nearly half the cLDs in this study had ocular disorders and one-fourth had their vision improved.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Disabled Children/education , Education, Special , Eye Diseases/complications , Eyeglasses , Female , Humans , India , Learning Disabilities/complications , Learning Disabilities/psychology , Male , Refractive Errors/complications , Refractive Errors/physiopathology , Refractive Errors/rehabilitation , Severity of Illness Index , Visual Acuity
16.
Rev. cuba. obstet. ginecol ; 37(1): 100-109, ene.-mar. 2011.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-584680

ABSTRACT

El síndrome alcohólico fetal (SAF) es una condición dismórfica asociada con el alcoholismo gestacional, se relacionan los rasgos clínicos con la sensibilidad tisular, la dosis y la duración de la exposición al etanol. Estudios recientes indican que la plasticidad neuronal juega un papel importante en el desarrollo del cerebro y de la corteza visual, particularmente. Algunos de los factores clave involucrados en la plasticidad incluyen a los receptores de N-metil-D-aspartato y a los receptores GABA, y la exposición etílica, en etapas embriogénicas, induce alteraciones funcionales en dichos factores. Las anomalías sistémicas asociadas con la teratogenicidad alcohólica pueden agruparse en cuatro categorías: alteraciones funcionales específicas del sistema nervioso central, deficiencias en el desarrollo, anormalidades faciales y variadas malformaciones de otros órganos, entre los que se encuentra el sistema visual. Las alteraciones oftalmológicas frecuentemente asociadas son: ptosis unibilateral o bilateral, estrabismo y miopía alta. En el segmento anterior es posible encontrar microcórnea, glaucoma congénito, catarata y persistencia de la arteria hialoidea. Finalmente, en el fondo de ojo, la hipoplasia de papila y el incremento de la tortuosidad arteriovenosa retiniana son hallazgos relativamente frecuentes de esta entidad. El objetivo del presente trabajo es resumir el conocimiento existente en la literatura médica de la teratogénesis ocular por alcohol, con objeto de ayudar en el reconocimiento temprano de los neonatos afectados, iniciar terapia de rehabilitación y facilitar el consejo familiar


The fetal alcoholic syndrome (FAS) is a dimorphous entity associated with gestational alcoholism; clinical features are related with the tissue sensitivity, dose and extent of ethanol exposition. Recent studies report that the neuronal plasticity plays an important role in the brain development and in particular of the visual cortex. Some of the key factors involved in plasticity include the N-methyl-D-aspartate and the GABA receptors, as well as the ethyl exposition in embryogeny stages inducing functional alterations in such factors. The systemic anomalies associated with alcoholic teratogenesis may be grouped in four categories: functional alterations specific of the central nervous system, development deficiencies, facial abnormalities and different malformations of other organs including the visual system. The ophthalmologic alterations more frequently associated are: unilateral or bilateral ptosis, strabismus and high myopia. In the anterior segment it is possible to find microcornea, congenital glaucoma, cataract and hyaloid artery persistency. Finally, in the fundus oculi, papilla hypoplasia and the retinal arteriovenous tortuosness are frequent findings in this entity. The objective of present paper is to summarize the existing knowledge in the medical literature on the ocular teratogenesis due to presence of alcohol to help in the early recognition of the involved neonates, to begin the rehabilitation therapy and to make easy the family advice


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Alcoholism/complications , Alcoholism/prevention & control , Ethanol/adverse effects , Ethanol/toxicity , Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders , Eye Diseases/complications , Risk Factors
17.
Medisan ; 15(2): 228-233, feb. 2011.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-585354

ABSTRACT

Se hizo un estudio descriptivo y transversal de 76 pacientes con catarata, que no pudieron ser intervenidos quirúrgicamente en el Centro Oftalmológico del municipio de Maracaibo, perteneciente al estado de Zulia (Venezuela), desde junio hasta julio del 2009, a fin de identificar las principales causas que estaban contraindicando la operación de esa oftalmopatía, para lo cual se examinó un ojo de cada integrante de la serie. En la casuística predominaron el grupo etario de 60-69 años y el sexo masculino, así como la agudeza visual por debajo de 0,3 y el diagnóstico prequirúrgico de catarata senil. La degeneración macular asociada a la edad prevaleció como la enfermedad más frecuente que invalidara la cirugía, con primacía de la opacidad lenticular nuclear en cuanto a la clasificación morfológica. Se concluyó que no siempre la opacidad del cristalino causa la mala visión, por lo que es necesario realizar un detallado examen oftalmológico.


A descriptive and cross-sectional study of 76 patients with cataract, who could not be surgically treated at the Ophthalmological Center from Maracaibo municipality, belonging to Zulia State (Venezuela), was carried out from June to July, 2009 in order to identify the main causes that were contraindicating the ophthalmopathy surgery, for which each participant's eye was examined. The 60-69-year-old age group and male sex, as well as the visual sharpness under 0,3 and pre-surgical diagnosis of senile cataract, were predominant in the case material. Macular degeneration associated with age prevailed as the most frequent disease invalidating the surgery, giving some priority to nuclear lenticular opacity according to morphological classification. It was concluded that opacity of crystalline lens does not always cause bad vision, thus it is necessary to carry out a detailed ophthalmological test.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Female , Middle Aged , Cataract Extraction , Eye Diseases/complications , Cross-Sectional Studies , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Venezuela
18.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1267722

ABSTRACT

Since the commencement of the Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy; there has been increase longevity among people living with HIV/AIDS ; a factor which was thought initially to be related to the low prevalence of its ocular complication in Sub-Saharan Africa. In fact some of its ocular signs have been identified as stigmata of HIV. It is therefore important that all health workers and not only eye care workers know about these eye complications. However there seems to be no study on the knowledge of health workers about ocular complications of HIV/AIDS. This study aimed at determining the knowledge of hospital workers in a tertiary institution in Western Nigeria about Ocular Complications of HIV/AIDS. The hospital workers excluding the eye care workers; administrative staff and security staff of Olabisi Onabanjo Teaching Hospital completed a structured self administered questionnaire. The interview covered demographics; cadre in health work; awareness of HIV/AIDS and its transmission; knowledge of its Ocular complications. Their responses were analysed using SPSS statistical package; version 11.0. 72.2knew that HIV/AIDS could affect the eye which is related to the status of health work (P= 0.00) .About 50of hospital workers do not know the part of the eye that HIV/AIDS could affect and another 52.5says it affect the eye only at the late stage. Knowledge about different eye complications was generally low. Only 28.6knew that it could present first as an eye problem. The knowledge of hospital workers about eye involvement in HIV/AIDS is low there is need to create awareness through regular workshops and seminars; which will in turn help to reduce ocular morbidity and mortality among the people living with HIV/AIDS


Subject(s)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , Eye Diseases/complications , HIV Infections , Health Personnel , Knowledge
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-15766

ABSTRACT

We report on a case of cholesterosis bulbi concurrent with secondary glaucoma. A 36-year-old man, with a history of long-standing retinal detachment in his right eye after the irrigation and aspiration of a congenital cataract, presented with a clinical picture of elevated intraocular pressure and ocular pain. Upon slit-lamp examination, we found a ciliary injection and a pseudohypopyon of polychromatic crystals. Gonioscopic examination revealed a large amount of crystals deposited on the trabecular meshwork and mild rubeosis iridis, but the neovascularization of the angle could not be clearly confirmed due to the presence of so many crystals. Pars plana vitrectomy was performed to remove clusters of crystals and bevacizumab was injected intravitreally to treat iris neovascularization. Aqueous aspirate was examined by light microscopy and the typical highly refringent cholesterol crystals were identified. Intraocular pressure returned to a normal level after the bevacizumab injection, although severe cholesterosis was still evident in the anterior chamber. To our knowledge, this would be the first Korean case of cholesterosis bulbi combined with chronic retinal detachment and presumed neovascular glaucoma, which was treated by pars plana vitrectomy and intravitreal bevacizumab injection.


Subject(s)
Adult , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Anterior Chamber/metabolism , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized/therapeutic use , Cholesterol , Eye Diseases/complications , Follow-Up Studies , Glaucoma/surgery , Glaucoma, Neovascular/drug therapy , Humans , Intraocular Pressure , Male , Vitrectomy/methods
20.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 23(1): 49-56, ene.-jun. 2010.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-584982

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Determinar el comportamiento de las cavidades anoftálmicas atípicas en nuestro centro en cuanto a edad, sexo, causas de pérdida del globo ocular, técnica quirúrgica y sus principales alteraciones. MÉTODOS: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de tipo prospectivo de 239 pacientes con diagnóstico confirmado de cavidades anoftálmicas atípicas que acudieron a la consulta de prótesis del ICO Ramón Pando Ferrer en el período de junio a diciembre del 2007. RESULTADOS: El 3 por ciento fueron menores de 20 años, el 30 por ciento entre los 21 y los 40 años, el 43 por ciento entre los 41 y 60 años y el 24 por ciento mayores de 60 años. El 74 por ciento fueron del sexo masculino. La pérdida del globo ocular por traumatismo fue en 115 pacientes para un 48,1 por ciento seguido de infecciones y glaucoma. El 69,5 por ciento fueron eviscerados y el 30,5 por ciento enucleados. El 64 por ciento tuvo patología conjuntival de ellos el 28 por ciento por retracción del férnix inferior. La pseudoptosis se presentó en el 49 por ciento. CONCLUSIONES: Las cavidades anoftálmicas atípicas resultaron más frecuentes entre los 41 y 60 años. Predominó el sexo masculino. Las principales causas de pérdida del globo ocular fueron el traumatismo seguido de infecciones. Predominó la evisceración como técnica quirúrgica. La mayoría de las cavidades atípicas resultaron ser por pérdida de fondo de saco inferior y malposiciones palpebrales


OBJECTIVE: To determine the situation of atypical anophthalmic cavities in our center in terms of age, sex, causes of eyeball loss, surgical technique and main alteration of the technique. METHODS: A prospective descriptive study was conducted in 239 patients with confirmed diagnosis in the period of June to December 2007. RESULTS: In this group of patients, 3 percent were under 20 years of age, 30 percent aged 21 to 40 y, 43 percent was in 41-60 y group and 24 percent were over 60 years. Males accounted for 74 percent. The eyeball loss due to trauma affected 115 patients for 48,1 percent followed by infections and glaucoma. In these patients, 69,5 percent were eviscerated and 30,5 percent were enucleated. Conjunctival pathology was present in 64 percent of them whereas lower fornix retraction affected 28 percent. Pseudoptosis was observed in 49 percent. CONCLUSIONS: Atypical anophthalmic cavities were more common in the 41-60y age group. Males prevailed. The main causes of the eyeball loss were trauma and infections. Evisceration was the most used surgical technique. Most of these atypical cavities were due to loss of the lower sac fundus and to palpebral malpositions


Subject(s)
Adult , Middle Aged , Eye Enucleation/methods , Orbit Evisceration/methods , Eye Diseases/surgery , Eye Diseases/complications , Orbit/pathology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL