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1.
Rev. inf. cient ; 99(5): 461-467, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1139208

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN * Introducción: En el Hospital General Docente "Dr. Agostinho Neto" se desconocen las características de los pacientes atendidos por trauma ocular. Objetivo: Caracterizar el trauma ocular en pacientes ingresados en el servicio de Oftalmología del citado hospital en el período de enero de 2014 a julio de 2019. Método: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo y longitudinal del total de pacientes con este diagnóstico (n=49). Se estudiaron las variables: sexo, edad, procedencia, ocupación, tipo de trauma, diagnóstico y complicaciones, y modificaciones de la agudeza visual de acuerdo al tratamiento que aplicó. Resultados: El 79,0 % de los pacientes fueron hombres, tenían entre 19 y 40 años de edad (43,0 %), procedían de áreas rurales (57,0 %) y se dedicaban a labores agrícolas (45,0 %). El 76,0 % presentó un trauma ocular abierto, la herida corneal fue el más usual (55,1 %). El 95,9 % de los pacientes recibieron tratamiento quirúrgico y reparación de la herida el 83,6 %. Antes y después del tratamiento, el 47,0 % y el 41,0 % respectivamente de los pacientes presentaron agudeza visual y visión cuenta dedos a percepción luminosa. La catarata traumática fue la complicación más frecuente (33,0 %). Conclusiones: El trauma no es un problema de salud, pero sí limita la calidad de vida de los perjudicado al afectar la agudeza visual.


ABSTRACT * Introduction: The characteristics of the patients with eye trauma treated in the General Teaching Hospital Dr. Agostinho Neto remain mostly unknown. Objective: To characterize eye trauma in the patients in the ophthalmology consultation in the mentioned institution, in the stretch of time between January 2014 to July 2019. Method: A descriptive, retrospective and longitudinal study was carried out on the total amount of patients with the diagnosis (n=49). The different variables taken into account were: gender, age, place of origin, occupation, type of trauma, diagnosis and complications, and the modifications in visual acuity according to the treatment given. Results: 79.0 % of the patients were men, with ages ranging between 19 to 40 years old (43.0 %), from rural areas (57.0 %), and involved in agricultural works (45.0 %). 76.0 % were open eye traumas, being corneal wounds the most common one (55.1%). 95.9 % of the patients were surgically treated, and 83.6 % went through wound healing processes. Before and after the treatment, the 47.0 % and the 41.0 % of the patients, respectively, presented visual acuity and good 'counting fingers' and 'visual perception' tests results. Traumatic cataracts were the most common complication (33.0 %). Conclusions: eye traumas are not a significant health issue, but impacts directly in the life quality of the affected, damaging their visual acuity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Eye Injuries/surgery , Eye Injuries/complications , Eye Injuries/diagnosis , Visual Acuity , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
2.
Ann. afr. méd. (En ligne) ; 13(4): 3820-3828, 2020. ilus
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1259097

ABSTRACT

Context and objective. Ocular trauma is very common and its etiological factors vary by region and age group. This study aims to describe the magnitude and determinants of ocular trauma complications in rural areas. Methods. We conducted a retrospective study of patients admitted for ocular trauma at Kimpese Hospital between January 2014 and December 2016. Univariate logistic regression was used to assess the determinants of ocular trauma complications. The statistical significance level is p˂ 0.05. Results. A total of 223 patients were included. The majority of participants were men (69.5%), over 18 years of age (70%), with poor visual acuity (57.8%) and bilateral ocular involvement (51.1%). Plant objects (44.8%) and metal objects (15.2%) were the most common traumatic agents. After treatment, an improvement in visual acuity was observed in 64.3% of patients with previously poor visual acuity (p < 0.001). The delay of care > 7 days [aOR: 2.286 (95% CI: 1.302-4.012), p=0.004] and the poor visual acuity on admission [aOR: 5.906 (95% CI: 3.231-10.796), p< 0.0001] emerged as determinants of the onset of complications. Conclusion. Awareness-raising efforts for early consultation after ocular trauma and integration of eye care at the primary level should be promoted for efficiency in care


Subject(s)
Democratic Republic of the Congo , Eye Injuries/complications , Eye Injuries/epidemiology , Eye Injuries/etiology , Rural Population
3.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 78(2): 103-106, mar.-abr. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003570

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To identify the main causes of traumatic cataracts in childhood, based on a scientific review. Methods: Review in Lilacs, Pubmed, Cochrane, Bireme and Sciencedirect databases for the keywords: infant cataract, traumatic cataract, child, pediatrics, low vision, blindness, cause, incidence, ocular trauma. Results: Seventy-two (72) articles on traumatic cataract were found. From these, 17 presented tables relating the cause of ocular trauma to the formation of cataract in pediatrics. This article presents the main findings and analysis of the topic in the literature. Conclusion: The traumas etiologies which were most prominent in the studies analyzed were pointed objects such as cuttings, splinters and wood stick. Boys were more affected and there was a relation with practice of internal and external activities of domicile, in rural and urban zones.


Resumo Objetivo: Identificar as principais causas das cataratas traumáticas na infância, baseado numa revisão científica. Métodos: Pesquisa nas bases de dados Lilacs, Pubmed, Cochrane, Bireme e Sciencedirect com as palavras- chave: catarata infantil, catarata traumática, criança, pediatria, baixa visão, cegueira, causa, incidência, trauma ocular. Resultados: Foram encontrados setenta e dois (72) artigos sobre catarata traumática. Destes, 17 apresentaram tabelas relacionando a causa do trauma ocular com a formação de catarata em pediatria. Este artigo apresenta os principais achados e análise do tema na literatura. Conclusão: As etiologias dos traumas que apresentaram maior destaque nos estudos analisados foram com objetos pontiagudos como estaca, lascas e graveto de madeira. Meninos foram mais acometidos e houve relação com prática de atividades internas e externas ao domicilio, em zona rural e urbana.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Cataract/etiology , Eye Injuries/complications , Eye Injuries/etiology , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/complications , Wounds, Penetrating/complications , Cataract/epidemiology , Eye Injuries/epidemiology
4.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 31(3): 1-9, jul.-set. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-985572

ABSTRACT

La incidencia y la prevalencia de las uveítis varía alrededor del mundo, así como los agentes causales y el grupo de edad más afectado. De forma general, pueden asociarse a gran número de complicaciones oculares que originan marcada disminución de la visión, a veces de modo irreversible, e incluso pueden llevar a la ceguera de uno o de ambos ojos. Existe una asociación frecuente entre uveítis y glaucoma. La incidencia de glaucoma secundario a uveítis oscila sobre el 10 por ciento, con fluctuaciones relacionadas con su origen y la edad de presentación. Una parte de las uveítis cursa con hipertensión ocular más o menos marcada durante o después del proceso inflamatorio, lo que constituye un reto para el oftalmólogo, quien debe tratar simultáneamente dos entidades con terapéuticas prácticamente antagónicas. El tratamiento de la inflamación ocular está bien establecido; la hipertensión ocular debe ser tratada sobre la base de las características y el origen de cada entidad. Realizamos una revisión del tema por su importancia, así como de los elementos a tener en cuenta para un mejor resultado del tratamiento en estos pacientes. Se utilizó la plataforma Infomed, específicamente la Biblioteca Virtual de Salud(AU)


The incidence and prevalence of uveitis vary around the world, and so do its causative agents and most affected age group. In general terms, these may be associated to a large number of ocular complications which cause marked, at times irreversible vision reduction, and may even lead to vision loss in one or both eyes. An association is often found between uveitis and glaucoma. The incidence of glaucoma secondary to uveitis ranges around 10 percent, with fluctuations related to its origin and presentation age. A form of uveitis develops with more or less marked ocular hypertension during or after the inflammation process. This is a challenge for ophthalmologists, who should treat two conditions simultaneously with practically opposite therapies. The treatment for ocular inflammation is well established, whereas ocular hypertension should be treated according to the characteristics and origin of each condition. Due to its importance, we conducted a review of the topic, as well as of the elements to be borne in mind to obtain better treatment results. Use was made of the platform Infomed, specifically the Virtual Health Library(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Uveitis/epidemiology , Eye Injuries/complications , Glaucoma/epidemiology , Libraries, Digital/statistics & numerical data , Ocular Hypertension/therapy
5.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 77(3): 164-167, May-June 2018. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-959080

ABSTRACT

Resumo Um traumatismo ocular contuso pode gerar uma vasta gama de lesões intraoculares que são dependentes da quantidade de energia que o objeto transfere ao olho durante o impacto. As lesões da íris, malha trabecular e corpo ciliar podem repercutir na drenagem do humor aquoso. A ocorrência de uma ciclodiálise caracterizada pelo descolamento do corpo ciliar da parede escleral, criando uma comunicação entre a câmara anterior e o espaço supracoroidiano, pode provocar importante redução da pressão intraocular. Esta diminuição pressórica é a responsável pela ocorrência da maculopatia hipotônica que pode cursar com diminuição irreversível da acuidade visual. Não existe consenso na literatura sobre o tratamento das ciclodiálises. Neste relato, descrevemos um caso de ciclodiálise traumática pós impacto com projétil de arma de fogo tratada com aplicação de laser de argônio.


Abstract Blunt eye trauma can generate a wide range of intraocular lesions that are dependent on the amount of energy the object transfers to the eye during the impact. Lesions of the iris, trabecular meshwork and ciliary body may influence aqueous humor drainage. The cyclodialysis which is characterized by the detachment of ciliary body from the scleral wall, creating a communication between the anterior chamber to supracoroid space, can cause a several reduction of intraocular pressure. This pressure decrease is responsible for the occurrence of hypotonic maculopathy which may induce a severe impact on visual acuity. There is no consensus in the literature about cyclodialysis treatment. In this report, we describe a case of traumatic cyclodialysis after impact with a firearm projectile treated with argon laser photocoagulation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Retinal Diseases/etiology , Wounds, Gunshot/complications , Ocular Hypotension/etiology , Eye Injuries/complications , Ophthalmoscopy , Retina/diagnostic imaging , Retinal Diseases/therapy , Retinal Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Vitreous Hemorrhage , Visual Acuity , Ocular Hypotension/therapy , Ciliary Body , Ultrasonography , Laser Coagulation/methods , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Eyelids/injuries , Slit Lamp Microscopy , Gonioscopy , Macula Lutea/diagnostic imaging
6.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 29(3): 581-588, jul.-set. 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-830489

ABSTRACT

El trauma ocular es una causa importante de morbilidad oftalmológica en el mundo con implicaciones socioeconómicas importantes para el paciente y sus familiares. Ocurre generalmente en adultos jóvenes, con una buena agudeza visual al inicio del evento traumático, la cual se verá comprometida según la severidad del trauma, las estructuras oculares que afecte y las complicaciones que puedan aparecer. Presentamos dos pacientes con rotura escleral posterior secundario a trauma ocular a globo abierto contuso. Se describe el manejo personalizado el seguimiento en cada caso y sus resultados visuales(AU)


The ocular trauma is an important cause of ophthalmological morbidity in the world with significant socio-economic implications for the patient and its relatives. It generally occurs in young adults, with good visual acuity at the beginning of the traumatic event, which may be affected by the trauma severity, the ocular structures that it affects and the possible complications. This is the report on two patients with posterior scleral rupture secondary to blunt open-globe ocular trauma. The customized management, the follow-up of each case and the visual results achieved were all described(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Eye Injuries/diagnosis , Eye Injuries/therapy , Ophthalmoscopes/statistics & numerical data , Vitrectomy/methods , Vitreous Hemorrhage/diagnosis , Anterior Chamber/injuries , Eye Injuries/complications , Visual Acuity
7.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 75(1): 21-25, jan.-fev. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-771128

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar casos de trauma ocular relacionados à queda da própria altura em idosos e comparar a prevalência e gravidade dos atendimentos. Métodos: Foi realizado uma série de casos em 52 pacientes com 60 anos ou mais dentro do período de 36 meses, compreendido entre janeiro de 2012 a dezembro de 2014, com história de trauma ocular relacionado à queda da própria altura, onde foi avaliada a prevalência conforme o sexo, necessidade de internação e de cirurgia, sequela visual e a gravidade dos casos. Resultados: Trinta e três (63,5%) dos 52 pacientes eram do sexo feminino, sendo 30,3% desses com necessidade cirúrgica e 18,2% com sequelas visuais, outros 19 (36,5%) eram do sexo masculino, sendo 42,1% desses com necessidade cirúrgica e 26,3% com sequelas visuais. Conclusão: Foi mais prevalente o atendimento de casos de trauma ocular relacionado à queda da própria altura em mulheres, mas a gravidade dos atendimentos foi maior nos homens.


ABSTRACT Objective: Evaluate ocular trauma cases related to falling in elderly patients e compare the prevalence and severity of the cases. Methods: A series of cases was made with 52 patients aging 60 or more within the period of 36 months presenting ocular trauma related to falling, whereas the prevalence between the gender, the need for hospitalization or surgery and subsequent visual deficit were evaluated, as well as the severity of the cases. Results: Thirty-three (63.5%) of 52 patients were from the female gender, over which 30.3% had need for surgery and 18.2% developed visual deficit and 19 (36.5%) were from the male gender where 42.1% needed surgery and 26.3% developed visual deficit. Conclusions: The study has shown a higher prevalence of cases in the female gender, although the severity was higher in the male gender.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Accidental Falls/statistics & numerical data , Eye Injuries/epidemiology , Visual Acuity , Eye Injuries/surgery , Eye Injuries/complications , Risk Factors , Fear
8.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 79(1): 44-45, Jan.-Feb. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-771901

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT This was a report about a pseudophakic patient who experienced isolated total aniridia without damage to other intraocular structures following blunt trauma to the eye. This patient had a history of uneventful cataract surgery using a small clear corneal incision (CCI). This 71-year-old male presented at our clinic with glare in his left eye. He reported that he had fallen down while drunk and struck his left eye against a stone on the road 15 days earlier. He had undergone cataract surgery on his left eye nine months before the accident at another eye clinic. Slit-lamp examination showed total aniridia in his left eye, but there was no hyphema or cells in the anterior chamber. The intraocular lens in his left eye was stable, without decentration, dislocation, or zonular dehiscence and remained in an intact capsular bag. Review of the medical records from the surgical clinic at which he had undergone cataract surgery indicated no specific findings for any intraocular structure including the iris. He had previously undergone an uneventful phacoemulsification for his left eye through a 2.2 mm CCI, followed by the implantation of a single piece acrylic intraocular lens inside an intact capsular bag. This report showed that small-sized CCIs can be opened postoperatively by trauma and that this can result in isolated total aniridia without damage to other intraocular structures.


RESUMO Relatamos um paciente com história de cirurgia de catarata sem intercorrências usando uma pequena incisão na córnea clara (CCI), que apresentou aniridia total isolada, sem danos a outras estruturas intraoculares, após trauma contuso no olho. Um homem de 71 anos de idade apresentou-se em nossa clínica referindo brilho no olho esquerdo. Ele relatou que, 15 dias antes, havia caído enquanto estava bêbado e atingiu seu olho esquerdo contra uma pedra na estrada. Ele havia passado por uma cirurgia de catarata no olho esquerdo, nove meses antes do acidente em outro serviço. Exame de lâmpada de fenda mostrou aniridia total de olho esquerdo, sem hifema ou células na câmara anterior. A lente intraocular no olho esquerdo ficou estável, com o saco capsular restante intacto, sem descentralização, luxação ou deiscência zonular. O exame dos registros médicos do serviço em que ele havia se submetido a uma cirurgia de catarata não mostraram relatos específicos a qualquer estrutura intraocular, incluindo a íris. O olho esquerdo fora submetido à facoemulsificação sem complicações, através de um CCI de 2,2 mm, seguido pela implantação de uma lente intraocular acrílica peça única dentro do saco capsular intacto. Este relatório mostra que, mesmo pequenas CCIs podem ser abertas no pós-operatório por trauma e que isso pode resultar em aniridia total isolada, sem danos a outras estruturas intraoculares.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Aniridia/etiology , Eye Injuries/complications , Phacoemulsification , Pseudophakia/etiology , Surgical Wound Dehiscence/etiology , Iris/injuries , Lenses, Intraocular , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/complications
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-51378

ABSTRACT

Traumatic rupture of the superior oblique muscle is rare. We report a case of a 54-year-old man injured by the metal hook of a hanger, resulting in a rupture of the superior oblique muscle tendon. He complained of torsional diplopia when in the primary position. The distal margin of the superior oblique muscle was reattached to sclera 5 and 9 mm apart from the medial insertion of the superior rectus muscle. One week after the operation, torsional diplopia disappeared. However, a 4-prism diopter ipsilateral hypertropia was observed. Three months later, hypertropia gradually increased to 20 prism dioptors and the second operation was done to correct vertical diplopia.


Subject(s)
Diplopia/etiology , Eye Injuries/complications , Eye Movements , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Oculomotor Muscles/injuries , Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Strabismus/etiology , Tendon Injuries/complications
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-205011

ABSTRACT

This case report describes a case of self-inflicted chronic bacterial keratoconjunctivitis involving the patient's own semen. A 20-year-old male soldier was referred to our clinic for the evaluation of refractory chronic bacterial conjunctivitis. Over the previous 4 months, he had been treated for copious mucous discharge, conjunctival injection, and superficial punctate keratitis in both eyes at an army hospital and a local eye clinic. Despite the use of topical and systemic antibiotics according to the results of conjunctival swab culture, there was no improvement. During the repeated smear and culture of conjunctival swabs, surprisingly, a few sperm were detected on Gram staining, revealing that the condition was self-inflicted bacterial keratoconjunctivitis involving the patient's own semen. Thus, in cases of chronic keratoconjunctivitis that do not respond to appropriate antibiotic treatment, self-inflicted disease or malingering should be considered.


Subject(s)
Chronic Disease , Conjunctiva/injuries , Cornea/microbiology , Diagnosis, Differential , Eye Infections, Bacterial/diagnosis , Eye Injuries/complications , Humans , Keratoconjunctivitis/diagnosis , Male , Self Mutilation/complications , Semen , Young Adult
11.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 75(3): 210-212, maio-jun. 2012. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-644449

ABSTRACT

A retinose pigmentada constitui um grupo de doenças causadas por alterações genéticas que levam à degeneração progressiva dos fotorreceptores, principalmente bastonetes. Em geral, tem apresentação bilateral. Este estudo é um relato de caso de uma paciente com acometimento unilateral da retina, de características semelhantes às da retinose pigmentada, com história de trauma ocular antigo. Descrevem-se sua história clínica e achados oftalmológicos.


Retinitis pigmentosa is a group of diseases caused by genetic changes that lead to progressive degeneration of photoreceptors, rods mainly. In general, it has bilateral presentation. This study is a case report of a patient with unilateral involvement of the retina, similar to the characteristics of retinitis pigmentosa, and an old ocular trauma history. It describes her history and ophthalmologic findings.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Eye Injuries/diagnosis , Retinitis Pigmentosa/diagnosis , Eye Injuries/complications , Fluorescein Angiography , Retina , Retinitis Pigmentosa/etiology
12.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 2012 Jan; 60(1): 69-70
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-138796

ABSTRACT

A 67-year-old man with right-sided blunt ocular trauma is reported here. Despite having received primary medical care, the patient complained of severe headache for 14 days. Initial computed tomography (CT) indicated hematoma in the right frontal lobe. However, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) indicated that the right globe along with its optic nerve had been intactly dislocated into the intracranium and differentiated from hematoma. In this case, the significance of MRI, in blunt ocular trauma work-up, and also regaining successful ocular function are highlighted.


Subject(s)
Aged , Diagnosis, Differential , Eye Injuries/complications , Eye Injuries/diagnosis , Humans , Lens Subluxation/diagnosis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Male , Orbit , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/complications , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/diagnosis
13.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 2012 Jan; 60(1): 66-68
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-138795

ABSTRACT

The association of macular detachment with posttraumatic macular hole is a known but rare occurrence. Spontaneously occurring resolution of the detachment and closure of the macular hole has been reported only once in the literature. We describe a similar rare event in a young male, the documentation of which was done serially by microperimetry (MP) and optical coherence tomography (OCT). A 17-year-old male presented with a decrease in vision following a closed globe injury to the left eye. A coexisting macular hole and macular detachment were detected in the affected eye. Serial follow-up with OCT and MP documented complete resolution of the macular hole and the macular detachment within 1 week of presentation. The case highlights that spontaneous resolution of traumatic macular hole and related macular detachment may occur and a waiting period is advisable before undertaking any corrective surgical procedure. The pathophysiologic mechanisms of causation and the resolution of posttraumatic macular hole-related retinal detachment are discussed.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Eye Injuries/complications , Eye Injuries/diagnosis , Eye Injuries/physiopathology , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Remission, Spontaneous , Retinal Detachment/complications , Retinal Detachment/diagnosis , Retinal Perforations/diagnosis , Retinal Perforations/etiology , Retinal Perforations/physiopathology , Tomography, Optical Coherence/methods , Visual Acuity , Visual Field Tests/methods , Visual Fields , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/complications , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/diagnosis , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/physiopathology
14.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 2012 Jan; 60(1): 63-65
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-138794

ABSTRACT

Blunt ocular trauma in the elderly can result in anterior dislocation of the crystalline lens into the subconjunctival space (phacocele). Although rare, this presentation can be missed, especially if the patient presents several days after the injury and if the lid is not everted on examination. While a careful clinical examination is adequate in the diagnosis, imaging techniques can be put to use for the accurate location of the associated sclera rupture. We report three cases of post-traumatic phacocele wherein ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) was compared to the anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) and B-scan ultrasonography (B-scan), in order to establish the best imaging tool for this condition. We concluded, based on image quality, that UBM could be the imaging modality of choice to aid in the diagnosis of phacocele.


Subject(s)
Aged , Anterior Eye Segment/injuries , Anterior Eye Segment/diagnostic imaging , Child , Diagnosis, Differential , Eye Injuries/complications , Eye Injuries/diagnosis , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Lens Subluxation/diagnosis , Lens Subluxation/etiology , Lens, Crystalline/injuries , Lens, Crystalline/pathology , Lens, Crystalline/diagnostic imaging , Microscopy, Acoustic/methods , Tomography, Optical Coherence/methods
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-171217

ABSTRACT

A 38-year-old woman developed diffusely distributed opacities with crystalline materials in the laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) interface of her eye after she was scratched by a sprig during mountain climbing. No sign of flap displacement was noted. Despite two days of topical and systemic antibiotics therapy, the corneal infiltration with interface opacities persisted. The following day, the distribution of the crystalline materials had rotated in a counterclockwise direction. Flap lifting and foreign body removal using sufficient irrigation were performed. One month after surgery, the patient's postoperative uncorrected visual acuity was 0.8 with cleared interface. No signs of epithelial ingrowth or flap striae were noted. Mild traumatic corneal scratching without flap displacement may threaten the integrity of the LASIK interface. If foreign bodies are suspected to be the cause of inflammation, early flap lifting with irrigation is imperative for successful treatment.


Subject(s)
Adult , Cornea/injuries , Eye Injuries/complications , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Keratomileusis, Laser In Situ/methods , Myopia/surgery , Surgical Flaps , Surgical Wound Dehiscence/diagnosis , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/complications
16.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 74(5): 357-360, set.-out. 2011. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-608409

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Avaliar o perfil dos portadores de cavidade anoftálmica e a evolução dos pacientes com os tratamentos empregados. MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospectivo, realizado na Faculdade de Medicina de Botucatu, avaliando-se o perfil e a evolução dos portadores de cavidade anoftálmica, tratados no serviço. Os dados foram estudados segundo frequência de ocorrência e análise de associação. RESULTADOS: Os portadores de cavidade anoftálmica eram mais frequentemente em homens, trabalhadores em atividades exercidas com as mãos, jovens. O trauma e a phthisis bulbi foram as causas mais encontradas, havendo diferenças de acordo com a faixa etária e sexo. O índice complicações foi alto (57,1 por cento dos casos), a maioria ocorrendo tardiamente. CONCLUSÕES: O trauma continua sendo causa importante de perda do olho. As complicações que ocorrem durante o acompanhamento do portador de cavidade anoftálmica são frequentes e ocorrem, em geral, tardiamente, o que reforça a necessidade de acompanhamento periódico e prolongado destes pacientes.


PURPOSE: To evaluate the profile of anophthalmic cavity carriers and patients' evolution with the employed treatments. METHODS: Retrospective study carried out at Faculdade de Medicina de Botucatu, to evaluate the profile and the evolution of patients with anophthalmic cavity treated in our service. Data were evaluated according to the frequency of occurrence and analysis of association. RESULTS: Anophthalmic cavity was more frequently observed in young males, workers in activities carried on with their hands. Trauma and phthisis bulbi were the most frequent causes, with differences according to age and gender. The complications were high (57.1 percent of cases), the majority occurred belatedly. CONCLUSIONS: Trauma is still an important cause of loss of the eye. The complications during the follow-up of the patient are frequent, occurring in general, very late, which reinforces the need for periodic and prolonged monitoring of patients with anophthalmic cavity.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Eye, Artificial , Eye Enucleation/rehabilitation , Eye Evisceration/rehabilitation , Eye Injuries/complications , Eye, Artificial/adverse effects , Follow-Up Studies , Occupations , Retrospective Studies , Time Factors
17.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 64(5): 845-848, set.-out. 2011.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: lil-618407

ABSTRACT

Pesquisa qualitativa convergente assistencial, que objetivou identificar percepções e significados referentes à perda visual de pacientes que apresentavam visão monocular devido ao trauma ocular. Participaram seis vítimas de trauma ocular com visão monocular, de um hospital referência em emergência. Os dados emergiram das falas das pessoas no grupo de convivência e de entrevistas semiestruturadas. Os resultados demonstraram expectativa de voltar a enxergar, dúvida quanto ao diagnóstico e ausência de acompanhamento, o qual despertou sentimento de angústia e situação conflituosa relacionada à perda da independência. O grupo de convivência foi considerado um elemento que contribuiu para um viver mais saudável, ao promover a troca de experiências e o compartilhar de saberes.


Convergent-care qualitative research, that aimed to identify perceptions and meanings related to visual loss in patients with monocular vision due to ocular trauma. Participants were six victims of ocular trauma with monocular vision, from a reference hospital in emergency. Data emerged from the speeches of people in the living group and from semi-structured interviews. The results showed the expectative to see again, the doubt on the diagnosis and lack of monitoring, which arouse the feeling of anguish and conflict situation related to loss of independence. The living group was considered a contributor to a healthier life by promoting the exchange of experiences and knowledge.


Investigación cualitativa convergente asistencial, que tuvo como objetivo identificar percepciones y significados relacionados con la pérdida visual en pacientes con visión monocular debido al traumatismo ocular. Los participantes fueron seis víctimas de trauma ocular con visión monocular, de un hospital de referencia en emergencia. Los datos surgieron de la voz de las personas en el grupo de convivencia y de entrevistas semiestructuradas. Los resultados mostraron espera de volver a ver, duda sobre el diagnóstico y falta de acompañamiento, lo que provocó angustia y situación de conflicto relacionado con la pérdida de la independencia. El grupo de convivencia ha sido considerado colaborador para uno vivir saludable al promover el intercambio de experiencias y conocimientos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Eye Injuries/complications , Eye Injuries/psychology , Vision, Monocular
18.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 2011 Sept; 59(5): 347-351
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-136203

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To study the outcome of in-the-bag implanted square-edge polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) intraocular lenses (IOL) with and without primary posterior capsulotomy in pediatric traumatic cataract. Materials and Methods: The study was undertaken in a tertiary care center. Thirty eyes of 30 children ranging in age from 4 to 16 years with traumatic cataract which underwent cataract extraction with capsular bag implantation of IOL were prospectively evaluated. Group A included 15 eyes of 15 children where primary posterior capsulotomy (PPC) and anterior vitrectomy with capsular bag implantation of square-edge PMMA IOL (Aurolab SQ3602, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India) was performed. Group B comprised 15 eyes of 15 children in which the posterior capsule was left intact. Postoperative visual acuity, visual axis opacification (VAO) and possible complications were analyzed. Results: Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of 20/40 or better was achieved in 12 of 15 eyes in both groups. Amblyopia was the cause of no improvement in visual acuity in the remaining eyes. Visual axis opacification was significantly high in Group B as compared to Group A (P=0.001). Postoperative fibrinous uveitis occurred in most of the eyes in both groups. Pupillary capture was observed in one eye in each group. Conclusion: Primary posterior capsulotomy and anterior vitrectomy with capsular bag implantation of square-edge PMMA significantly helps to maintain a clear visual axis in children with traumatic cataract.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Cataract/etiology , Cataract/physiopathology , Child , Child, Preschool , Eye Injuries/complications , Eye Injuries/diagnosis , Eye Injuries/surgery , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Lens Capsule, Crystalline/surgery , Lenses, Intraocular , Male , Polymethyl Methacrylate , Prospective Studies , Prosthesis Design , Treatment Outcome , Visual Acuity
19.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 2011 May; 59(3): 217-223
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-136174

ABSTRACT

Aim: The aim was to evaluate the visual recovery after managing traumatic cataracts and determine the predictors of a better visual prognosis. Materials and Methods: This was a prospective study. We enrolled patients with specific inclusion criteria, examined their eyes to review the comorbidities due to trauma, performed surgery for traumatic cataracts, and implanted lenses. The patients were reexamined 6 weeks postoperatively. We divided the cases of traumatic cataract into two groups, the “open globe” (Group 1) and “closed globe” (Group 2) groups, according to the ocular trauma based on the Birmingham Eye Trauma Terminology System (BETTS) and compared the determinants of visual acuity. Results: Our cohort of 555 eyes with traumatic cataracts included 394 eyes in Group 1 and 161 in Group 2. Six weeks postoperatively, the visual acuity in the operated eye was >20/60 in 193 (48%) and 49 (29%) eyes in Groups 1 and 2, respectively (P = 0.002, ANOVA). At follow-up, >20/60 vision was significantly higher in Group 1 than in Group 2 (OR = 1.61; 95% CI, 0.85–3.02). Overall 242 (43.5%) eyes gained a final visual acuity of >20/60. Conclusion: Open globe injury has a favorable prognosis for satisfactory (>20/60) visual recovery after the management of traumatic cataracts.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cataract/etiology , Cataract Extraction , Child , Child, Preschool , Cohort Studies , Eye Injuries/classification , Eye Injuries/complications , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Predictive Value of Tests , Prognosis , Recovery of Function , Vision Tests , Vision, Ocular , Visual Acuity , Young Adult
20.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 19(1): 9-13, jan.-mar. 2011.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: lil-591008

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se compreender o significado do trauma ocular no período pós-trauma imediato e sua relação com a autoimagem. Pesquisa qualitativa com oito vítimas de limitação visual, realizada em unidade de emergência oftalmológica de hospital público, Fortaleza-Ceará, em abril de 2009. Utilizou-se técnica de análise da imagem reproduzida por fotografia, seguida de entrevista com uma pergunta norteadora e adaptação do método de análise de conteúdo, empregando-se a modalidade temática. As unidades de significado resgatadas identificaram dificuldades de aceitação da limitação visual, modificação na percepção de si, enfrentamento ineficaz relacionado ao conviver com mudanças após o trauma ocular geradas pela limitação visual, problemas de ansiedade e isolamento social associados à baixa da visão e à deformidade física causada pelo trauma. Portanto, é necessária ampliação das ações em saúde, cujo cuidado seja fundamentado em novos paradigmas, baseados em pressupostos de atenção específicos a pacientes com limitação visual.


The aim was to understand the meaning of ocular trauma in the immediate post-trauma period and its relation with self-image. Qualitative study of eight victims of visual impairment conducted at a public hospital ophthalmology emergency unit in Fortaleza, Ceará State, in April 2009. The technique used was analysis of photographic images, followed by interview with a guiding question and adapted thematic content analysis. The units of meaning identified related to difficulties in accepting visual impairment, modification in self-perception, ineffective coping as regards living with post-ocular trauma changes caused by visual impairment, problems of anxiety and social isolation associated with decreased vision and physical deformity caused by trauma. Health actions should thus be expanded, with care embodying new paradigms grounded in the assumption that patients with visual impairment require specific care.


La meta fue comprender el significado del trauma ocular en el postrauma inmediato y su relación con la autoimagen. Investigación cualitativa, con ocho víctimas de limitación visual, llevada a cabo en unidad de emergencia oftalmológica de hospital público, Fortaleza-Ceará-Brasil, en abril de 2009. Se utilizó la técnica de análisis de la imagen reproducida por fotografía, seguida de entrevista con una pregunta orientadora y adaptación del método de análisis de contenido, utilizándose la modalidad temática. Las unidades de sentido identificaron dificultades en la aceptación de la limitación de la visión, cambio en la percepción de sí, enfrentamiento ineficaz relacionado al convivir con cambios después de un traumatismo ocular generados por la limitación visual, trastornos de ansiedad y aislamiento social asociado a la baja de la visión y a la deformidad causada por un trauma físico. Por lo tanto, es necesaria ampliación de las acciones en salud, cuya atención sea basada en nuevos paradigmas, basados en presupuestos de atención específica a pacientes con limitación visual.


Subject(s)
Humans , Self Concept , Holistic Nursing/methods , Eye Injuries/complications , Eye Injuries/nursing , Brazil , Photograph/methods , Qualitative Research
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