Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 21
Filter
1.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(5): 1254-1268, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1352109

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: los riesgos psicosociales afectan física y mentalmente a los trabajadores. Las condiciones laborales de docentes universitarios implican responsabilidades académicas y administrativas, exponiéndolos a altos niveles de riesgo psicosocial. Objetivo: el objetivo del estudio fue determinar la relación de los factores psicosociales en el desempeño docente, en un instituto superior tecnológico en Quito, Ecuador. Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio cuantitativo, observacional, transversal, prospectivo y analítico en una población de 89 docentes. Se aplicó, por su alta confiabilidad, la encuesta de Factores de Riesgo Psicosociales de Silva, para evaluar los factores de riesgo en el trabajo académico. El desempeño docente se midió según la escala de calificación del Ministerio del Trabajo de Ecuador. Se calcularon inferencias y asociaciones a través de la prueba de Chi cuadrado y el odds ratio. Resultados: hubo un 47,2 % del género femenino y un 52,8 % del masculino. Predominó el grupo etario de 31 a 40 años. Entre los factores de riesgo psicosocial predominó el parámetro de exigencias laborales. El 75,3 % presentó riesgo psicosocial medio, no reflejado con el desempeño docente. Conclusiones: se constató la presencia de factores de riesgo psicosociales en los docentes, relacionados con la carga de trabajo, contenido y características de las tareas, entre otros aspectos. Se comprobó que el desempeño docente no se afectó por la presencia de factores de riesgo psicosociales (AU).


ABSTRACT Introduction: psychosocial risks physically and mentally affect workers. The working conditions of university teachers involve academic and administrative responsibilities, exposing them to high levels of psychosocial risk. Objective: the objective of the study was to determine the relationship of psychosocial factors in teaching performance at a higher technological institute in Quito, Ecuador. Materials and methods: a quantitative, observational, transversal, prospective and analytical study was conducted in a population of 89 teachers. Because of its high reliability, the Silva Psychosocial Risk Factors survey was applied to assess risk factors in academic work. The teaching performance was measured according to the rating scale of the Ministry of Labor of Ecuador. Inferences and associations were calculated through the Chi squared test and the odds ratio. Results: 47.2 % of the teachers were women and 52.8 % were men. The 31-40 years old age-group predominated. Among the psychosocial risk factors, the parameters of work requirements predominated. 75.3 % showed average psychosocial risk, not reflected with teaching performance. Conclusions: It was stated the existence of psychosocial risk factors in teachers, related to the workload, content and characteristics of the task, among other aspects. We found that teaching performance was not affected by the presence of psychosocial risk factors (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Risk Factors , Faculty/standards , Task Performance and Analysis , Occupational Risks , Psychosocial Support Systems
2.
Rev. bras. educ. méd ; 45(3): e143, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279855

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Introduction: Clinical teaching is based on a real work environment, in professional practice settings, such as health services and units, under the supervision of the preceptor. Providing medical teachers with an assessment of their teaching skills is a powerful tool for improving clinical learning for students in training. In this context, the EFFECT (Evaluation and Feedback for Effective Clinical Teaching) questionnaire was developed by Dutch researchers in 2012 for teacher evaluation, being validated based on the literature about medical teaching in the workplace and incorporates the skills of the Canadian competency-based medical curriculum. Objective: To translate and cross-culturally adapt into Brazilian Portuguese and to validate the EFFECT questionnaire for teacher evaluation by Medical students. Method: Cross-cultural adaptation with the following steps: initial translation of the English version, synthesis of translated versions, back-translation, creation of a consensual version in Brazilian Portuguese, with adaptation, review, and analysis of content validity by an expert committee, pre-test with retrospective clarification interview, and reliability analysis by factorial analysis and internal consistency test (Cronbach's alpha coefficient). Result: In the translation and back-translation stages, the disagreements were related to the use of synonyms and none of the items were modified in terms of their understanding, but in terms of adaptation into the Brazilian context. The evaluation of the expert committee showed the versions maintained the semantic and idiomatic equivalences of the content. Eighty-nine students participated in the pre-test. The internal consistency of the EFFECT questionnaire in Brazilian Portuguese was excellent for all domains, with Cronbach's alpha coefficient ranging from 0.82 to 0.94. Conclusion: The translated and adapted version of the EFFECT questionnaire into Brazilian Portuguese is equivalent to the original instrument and has evidence of high validity and reliability, being able to constitute a national tool to evaluate the efficiency of clinical medicine teaching.


Resumo: Introdução: O ensino clínico é baseado em ambiente de trabalho real, em cenários de prática profissional, como serviços e unidades de saúde, sob a supervisão do preceptor. Proporcionar aos docentes de graduação médica uma avaliação sobre suas habilidades de ensino é uma ferramenta poderosa para melhorar a aprendizagem clínica dos estudantes em formação. Nesse contexto, o questionário Evaluation and Feedback for Effective Clinical Teaching (EFFECT) foi desenvolvido por pesquisadores holandeses em 2012 para avaliação docente, sendo validado com base na literatura sobre o ensino médico em local de trabalho. Esse instrumento incorpora as competências do currículo baseado em competências canadense. Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivos traduzir, adaptar transculturalmente para português do Brasil e validar o questionário EFFECT para avaliação docente por estudantes de Medicina. Método: A adaptação transcultural empregou as seguintes fases: tradução inicial da versão em inglês; síntese de versões traduzidas; tradução reversa; criação de versão consensual em português do Brasil, com adaptação, revisão e análise de validade de conteúdo por comitê de especialistas; pré-teste com entrevista retrospectiva de esclarecimento e análise de confiabilidade por análise fatorial e teste de consistência interna (coeficiente alfa de Cronbach). Resultado: Nas etapas de tradução e tradução reversa, as discordâncias relacionaram-se ao uso de sinônimos, e nenhum dos itens foi modificado em relação ao seu entendimento, e sim na adequação para a realidade brasileira. A avaliação do comitê de especialistas demonstrou que as versões mantinham a equivalência semântica e idiomática do conteúdo. Participaram do pré-teste 89 alunos. A consistência interna do EFFECT em português do Brasil mostrou-se excelente para todos os domínios, com coeficiente alfa de Cronbach variando de 0,82 a 0,94. Conclusão: A versão traduzida e adaptada do questionário EFFECT em português do Brasil possui equivalência cultural com o instrumento original e evidência de alta validade e confiabilidade, podendo constituir-se em instrumento nacional de avaliação da eficiência do ensino clínico de docente de Medicina.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Students, Medical , Surveys and Questionnaires , Faculty/standards , Psychometrics , Translating , Brazil , Cross-Cultural Comparison
3.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 72(1): 9-18, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-990664

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the scientific production, generation of patents and researchers training among Brazilian Collective Health professors who were awarded a Pq/CNPq productivity scholarship from 2000 to 2012 and to verify the existence of an association between these production modalities and the characteristics of the professors, such as gender, training and origin. Method: An analytical cross-sectional study was carried out from 2000 to 2012, and the Prevalence Ratio was calculated using Poisson regression. For the statistical analyzes, the SPSS® program was used. Results: Of particular note are regional and institutional concentration, consistent scientific output, important researchers training, and a primordial but still timid generation of patents. We found an association between the "scientific production", "researchers training" outcomes, and the gender characteristics, such as the formation and origin of the Pq professor. Conclusion: These findings can guide the decision-making aimed at the deconcentration of scientific production and researchers training in the Brazilian Collective Health.


RESUMEN El objetivo del trabajo fue evaluar la producción científica, la generación de patentes y la formación de investigadores entre docentes de la Salud Colectiva brasileña que fueron contemplados con becas de productividad Pq/CNPq en el período de verano y verificar la existencia de la asociación entre estas modalidades de producción; y las características de los docentes, como el género, la formación y el origen. Método: Se realizó un estudio transversal analítico en el período de referencia y se calculó la razón de prevalencia por medio de la regresión de Poisson. Para los análisis estadísticos se utilizó el programa SPSS®. Resultados: Se destacan la concentración regional e institucional, la consistente producción científica, la importante formación de investigadores; y la significativa, pero aún tímida, generación de patentes. Se encontró una asociación entre los resultados de la producción científica, la formación de investigadores y las características género, formación y origen del docente Pq. Conclusión: Esos hallazgos pueden orientar la toma de decisiones dirigidas a la desconcentración de la producción científica y la formación de investigadores en Salud Colectiva en Brasil.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a produção científica, geração de patentes e formação de pesquisadores entre docentes da Saúde Coletiva brasileira que foram contemplados com bolsas de produtividade Pq/CNPq no período 2000-2012 e verificar a existência de associação entre estas modalidades de produção e características dos docentes, como gênero, formação e origem. Método: Foi realizado um estudo transversal analítico no período 2000-2012 e foi calculada a razão de prevalência por meio da regressão de Poisson. Para as análises estatísticas, utilizou-se o programa SPSS®. Resultados: Destacam-se a concentração regional e institucional, consistente produção científica, importante formação de pesquisadores e primordial, mas ainda tímida geração de patentes. Foi encontrada associação entre os desfechos "produção científica", "formação de pesquisadores", e as características de gênero, como formação e origem do docente Pq. Conclusão: Estes achados podem orientar a tomada de decisões voltadas para a desconcentração da produção científica e formação de pesquisadores em Saúde Coletiva no Brasil.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Research Personnel/standards , Efficiency , Faculty/standards , Fellowships and Scholarships/trends , Patents as Topic/statistics & numerical data , Research Personnel/statistics & numerical data , Brazil , Poisson Distribution , Sex Factors , Public Health/education , Cross-Sectional Studies , Staff Development/methods , Staff Development/trends , Educational Status , Faculty/statistics & numerical data , Geography , Middle Aged
5.
Rev. medica electron ; 39(5): 1061-1072, set.-oct. 2017.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-902225

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el trabajo expone los mecanismos pedagógicos aplicados en el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje, de la cátedra de Anatomía Humana. En el entorno de los componentes teórico y práctico de la asignatura, se identificaron las estrategias y técnicas didácticas aplicadas, dentro de la relación numérica docente / estudiante. Objetivo: valorar la influencia de la relación numérica docente/estudiante en la enseñanza/aprendizaje de la Anatomía Humana. Materiales y Métodos: el estudio es retrospectivo, transversal. Se realizó en tres escuelas de medicina de El Salvador. Se utilizó una muestra de 296 estudiantes, de la carrera de doctorado en medicina y 15 docentes del departamento de Ciencias Morfológicas (Anatomía Humana). Los datos se expresaron en porcentajes, representándose en gráfico de barras. Resultados: las estrategias de enseñanza: objetivos (72,89%) y un manual guía (100%). La técnica de enseñanza que predominó en el componente teórico fue la clase magistral (59,98%). En el componente práctico, se aplica la técnica grupal con supervisión, (100%). La estrategia de aprendizaje, en los componentes teórico y práctico: Recirculación de la información (48,47%), relacionada a las técnicas de Toma de apuntes y repaso con repetición oral. La relación numérica docente /estudiante: Escuela A 1/11; Escuela B 1/44; Escuela C 1/34. Conclusiones: las estrategias y técnicas didácticas, dentro de la relación numérica docente / estudiante; son estáticas y responden a un modelo educativo tradicional, representativo de una educación masiva (AU).


Introduction: the work exposes the pedagogical mechanisms applied in the teaching-learning process of the chair of Human Anatomy. The applied didactic strategies and techniques were identified in the context of the theoretical and practical components of the subject, within the teacher/student numerical relationship. Objective: to appraise the teacher/student numerical relationship in teaching/learning Human Anatomy Material and Methods: the sample was formed by 296 pre-grade students of Medicine and 15 teachers of the department of Morphologic Sciences (Human Anatomy). Data were given in percentages represented in bar graphs. Results: the teaching strategies used were objectives (72.89 %) and a guidebook (100 %). The predominating teaching technique in the theoretical component was the master lecture (59.98 %). The group technique under supervision (100 %) was used in the practical component. In the theoretic and practical components of the learning strategy, the recirculation of the information was used (48.47 %), related with the techniques of taking notes down and reviewing with oral repetition. The numerical relation teacher/student was: School A- 1/11; School B- 1/44; School C 1/34. Conclusions: the didactic strategies and techniques within the numerical relationship teacher/student are static and representative of a mass education. Palabras claves: estrategias y técnicas de enseñanza, estrategias y técnicas de aprendizaje, relación numérica docente /estudiante (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Students , Faculty/education , Anatomy/education , Analytical Methods , Education, Premedical/methods , Educational Measurement/methods , Educational Measurement/standards , Faculty/standards , Anatomy/methods , Anatomy/standards , Anatomy/ethics , Learning
6.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-69915

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the validity of student ratings of instruction by analyzing their relationships with several variables, including gender, academic rank, specialty, teaching time, and teaching method, at a medical school. METHODS: This study analyzed the student ratings of 297 courses at Ajou University School of Medicine in 2013. SPSS version 12.0 was used to analyze the data and statistics by t-test, analysis of variance, and Scheffe test. RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences in student ratings between gender, rank, and specialty. However, student ratings were significantly influenced by teaching times and methods (p<0.05). Student ratings were high for teaching times of 10 hours or more and small-group learning, compared with lectures. There was relatively mean differences in students ratings by teaching times, specialty and rank, although the difference in ratings was not statistically significant. CONCLUSION: Student ratings can be classified by teaching time and method for summative purposes. To apply student ratings to the evaluation of the performance of faculty, further studies are needed to analyze the variables that influence student ratings.


Subject(s)
Attitude , Curriculum , Education, Medical, Undergraduate , Faculty/standards , Female , Humans , Learning , Male , Schools, Medical , Students, Medical , Surveys and Questionnaires , Teaching/standards
7.
Medicina (Ribeiräo Preto) ; 47(3): 324-331, jul.-set. 2014.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-752833

ABSTRACT

As diferentes formas de avaliação são elementos centrais do processo de ensino-aprendizagem de qualquer programa educacional, e devem ser bem planejadas e implementadas em todas as propostas curriculares,especialmente na formação de profissionais na área da saúde. Uma avaliação do estudante adequada e de qualidade guarda estreita relação com a competência e capacitação do profissional que será entregue à sociedade. Neste contexto, a avaliação formativa e a capacitação dos professores para prover feedback efetivo, frequente, e de qualidade são fundamentais na formação dos futuros profissionais da saúde. Este artigo faz uma revisão sobre avaliação formativa, feedback e debriefing.


The different assessment forms are major elements of any teaching and learning process in educational programs, and should be considered as a core component to be planned and implemented in all curriculums, especially in the health professions education. A regular and qualified students’ assessment is closely related to competence and skills of the professionals that will be delivered to society. In this context, formative assessment and well-trained staff to provide effective and regular feedback are essentials in the formation of the future generation of health professionals. This article focuses primarily on formative assessment, feedback and debriefing.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Educational Measurement/methods , Feedback , Health Human Resource Training , Learning , Health Personnel/education , Tool Use Behavior , Faculty/standards , Knowledge of Results, Psychological , Health Occupations/education , Simulation Technique/methods
8.
Medicina (Ribeiräo Preto) ; 47(3): 284-292, jul.-set. 2014.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-752838

ABSTRACT

Novos desafios se impõem nos cenários atuais da educação e currículos universitários altamente complexos. Para atender as demandas sociais, transformações na educação de profissionais de saúde enovas formas de trabalhar com o conhecimento foram exigidas do aparelho formador. Nesse artigo serão discutidos: o avanço em diferentes âmbitos, as características e obstáculos para a ruptura com a estrutura tradicional e a implantação de metodologias de ensino-aprendizagem inovadoras, sob a perspectiva institucional, do docente e do aluno.


New challenges are needed in today’s educational settings and highly complex university curricula. To meet the social demands, changes in health professional education and new ways of working with knowledge of the educational institutions were required. In this article will be discussed: the advancement indifferent spheres, characteristics and barriers to break with the traditional structure and implementation of innovative teaching methodologies and learning. The institutional, the teacher and the student perspectives of this process will be discussed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Faculty/standards , Teaching/methods , General Aspects , Health Strategies , Educational Measurement/methods , Curriculum/standards , Education, Distance , Education/standards
9.
JNE-Journal of Nursing Education. 2014; 3 (2): 60-67
in Persian | IMEMR | ID: emr-149062

ABSTRACT

Nursing is a practical profession; therefore three basic factors of students, teachers and curriculum have a great effect on clinical education. There are no general consensuses among researchers on what characteristics constitute an effective clinical teacher. This study explores the views of third and fourth year nursing and midwifery students with regard to the characteristics of effective clinical teachers. This is a descriptive, cross - sectional study. We conducted the study on105 third and fourth year nursing and midwifery students at Guilan University of Medical Sciences from 2012-2013 using convenience sampling. We collected the data through a self made questionnaire that was developed based on characteristics of an effective clinical teacher from students' view points. The questionnaire had 47 statements in three sections such as professional competency, communication skill and personality domain. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, repeated measurement, Greenhouse, and Bonferroni test [P<0.05]. Average age of students was 21.2 +/- 1.4 years. 89 [84.8%f] students were female and 68 [64.8%] of them were nursing students. The most important characteristic of effective clinical teachers in the domain of professional competency was clinical skills [5.58 +/- 0.69]. In communication domain it was respect for students [5.71 +/- 0.63]. High confidence was in the personality domain [5.68 +/- 0.61] as well. Repeated measurement showed significant difference among three characteristic domains of effective clinical teacher. Analysis of Bonferroni test showed a significant difference within the groups and between domains of professional competency and communication skill [P<0.05]. According to students' views, all three characteristic domains of effective clinical teachers were necessary, and communication skills were introduced as the most important domain of effective clinical teachers. Consequently, teachers should improve their communication skills


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Male , Clinical Competence , Faculty/standards , Professional Competence , Students , Curriculum
10.
Psicol. USP ; 22(3): 569-578, jul.-set. 2011.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-602141

ABSTRACT

Publicado pela primeira vez há mais de duas décadas, A Produção do Fracasso Escolar, de Maria Helena Souza Patto, segue sendo uma obra de referência para pesquisadores em educação, gestores de sistemas e professores. Como explicar sua longevidade e fecundidade em um campo tão marcado pela rápida obsolescência de autores, teorias e perspectivas educacionais? No presente artigo apresentamos duas hipóteses complementares para essa sólida trajetória de sua obra. A primeira delas diz respeito ao potencial elucidativo de seu estudo que, recusando o jargão e os procedimentos cientificistas que apagam a concretude do real em favor de uma linguagem matematizada e padronizadora, apresenta um quadro significativo e complexo do cotidiano de uma instituição escolar e dos agentes nela envolvidos. Em suas análises emerge a singularidade desses agentes, tantas vezes obscurecidas por rótulos e fórmulas abstratas. Por outro lado, em sua pesquisa a peculiaridade do cotidiano de uma instituição não se desliga dos condicionantes históricos de natureza política e social que têm marcado as concepções e práticas educativas em nossa sociedade.


Published for the first time more than two decades ago, A produção do fracasso escolar, by Maria Helena Souza Patto, continues to be a reference work for researchers in education, and teachers. How can one explain its longevity and fecundity in a field that is so marked by rapid obsolescence of authors, theories and educational perspectives? In this article, we present two complementary hypotheses for this solid trajectory of her work. The first one concerns the elucidative potential of her research that refuses the jargon and the procedures that erase the concreteness of the real in favor of a mathematized language and standardizes concepts; what, then, emerges is a complex picture of everyday life in a singular educational institution. On the other hand, in her researches the peculiarity of everyday life of an institution is not taken apart from the historical, political and social conditions which have marked the conceptions and educational practices in our society.


Publié pour la première fois il y a plus de vingt ans, A produção do fracasso escolar, l ' oeuvre de Maria Helena Souza Patto n'a pas cessé d'être un ouvrage de référence pour les chercheurs dans l'éducation, les gestionnaires des systèmes et des enseignants. Comment expliquer sa longévité et sa fécondité dans un domaine qui est tellement marquée par une rapide obsolescence de théories et auteurs? Dans cet article, nous présentons deux hypothèses complémentaires pour cette solide trajectoire de son travail. La première concerne le potentiel d' élucidation de sa recherche que, en refusant le jargon et les concept que finissent pour effacer le concret en faveur d'un langage mathématisé et d'un ensemble de concepts padronisés, présente un important et complexe cadre de la vie quotidienne d'une institution d'enseignement et de ses agents. D'autre part, dans sa recherche la particularité de la vie quotidienne d'une institution n'est pas isolée des conditionnants politique, historique et social qui ont marqué les conceptions et les pratiques éducatives chez nous.


Publicado por primera vez hace más de dos décadas, A produção do fracasso escolar, de Maria Helena Souza Patto, sigue siendo una obra de referencia para investigadores en educación, gestores de sistemas y profesores. ¿Cómo explicar su longevidad y fecundidad en un campo tan marcado por la rápida obsolescencia de autores, teorías y perspectivas educacionales? En el presente artículo presentamos dos hipótesis complementarias para esa sólida trayectoria de su obra. La primera de ellas dice respeto al potencial elucidativo de su estudio que, rechazando el argot y los procedimientos cientificistas que borran la concretude del real en favor de un lenguaje matematizado y estandarizador, nos presenta un cuadro significativo y complejo de una institución escolar y de sus actores. Por otro lado, en su investigación la peculiaridad del cotidiano de una institución no se desconecta de los condicionantes históricos de naturaleza política y social que han marcado las concepciones y prácticas educativas en nuestra sociedad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Employee Performance Appraisal/methods , Faculty/history , Faculty/standards , Faculty/organization & administration , Student Dropouts/education , Student Dropouts/psychology , Schools/standards , Schools/organization & administration , Underachievement , Power, Psychological , Public Power , Role Playing
11.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-987855

ABSTRACT

Esta investigación abordó el problema de las modalidades disciplinarias en uno de los colegios de calidad en la ciudad de Medellín, la Institución Educativa Francisco Miranda, en los grados séptimo y octavo, colegio situado en la comuna 4 (Aranjuez) y que atiende población de los estratos 1, 2 y 3. La pregunta de investigación fue la siguiente: ¿cómo se sanciona hoy en el Colegio de Calidad de la ciudad de Medellín "Institución Educativa Francisco Miranda" en los grados séptimo y octavo?, en un momento de la época actual en el que padres y profesores se preguntan la razón por la cual los castigos no tienen efecto. La metodología de la investigación fue cualitativa ­paradigma histórico-hermenéutico­, con un enfoque específico o técnica de investigación del psicoanálisis: el paradigma indiciario, enfoque formalizado por el historiador Carlo Ginzburg. Los resultados dados por la investigación permitieron dilucidar cómo se sanciona hoy en el Colegio de Calidad de la ciudad de Medellín "Institución Educativa Francisco Miranda" en los grados séptimo y octavo; así mismo, se pudo dar cuenta de las dificultades que encuentran los maestros como representantes de la ley.


This research addressed the problem of disciplinary procedures in one of the quality schools in the city of Medellin: the Educational Institution Institución Educativa Francisco Miranda. The sample was taken in the grades 7th and 8th. This school is located in the comuna 4 (Aranjuez), a district where cataloged media-low class people live. The research question was: how does the school do sanctions to students today at the quality school Institución Educativa Francisco Miranda in Medellín City in grades 7th and 8th at the same time, this question has been done in a social context when parents and teachers wonder why the punishments to scholar children and teenagers are not effective. The research methodology was qualitative-historical-hermeneutic paradigm, with a specific focus or technique of psychoanalysis research: the evidential paradigm, an approach formalized by the historian CarloGinzburg. The results show the ways to sanction students y this educational context today. Also, they show the difficulties which teachers have to face as representations of law.


Subject(s)
Humans , Education/standards , Punishment/psychology , Faculty/standards , Applied Behavior Analysis/methods
12.
Movimento (Porto Alegre) ; 15(4): 127-145, out.-dez. 2009. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-552616

ABSTRACT

Esta pesquisa tem como objetivo identificar junto aos egressos dos Programas de Pós-Graduação Stricto Sensu em Educação Física as experiências que contribuíram no desenvolvimento de habilidades para docência no Ensino Superior e que podem auxiliar a intervenção pedagógica em cursos de formação de professores de Educação Física. Para tanto, realizou-se a análise de conteúdo para discutir as informações obtidas. Entende-se que os Programas de Pós-Graduação em Educação Física precisam reorganizar o oferecimento de disciplinas e experiências diversificadas e o desenvolvimento destas, com vistas à construção de conhecimentos que proporcionem qualificação docente para cursos de formação de professores de Educação Física.


This search aims to identify among the Physical Education Stricto Sensu Graduate students those experiences which contribute to the development of abilities to teach in Higher Education, abilities which might help pedagogical interventions in the Physical Education Teachers Training Courses. To achieve this objective, the search presents a content analysis in order to discuss some information received. The search shows that Physical Education Graduate Courses need to reorganize the subjects and the experiences they offer, aiming a knowledge construction which will give professors qualification for Physical Education Training Courses.


Esta pesquisa tiene como objetivo identificar junto a los egresos de los Programas de Postgrado Stricto Sensu en Educación Física experiencias que contribuyeron en el desarrollo de habilidades para la docencia en la Enseñanza Superior y que pueden auxiliar la intervención pedagógica en cursos de formación de profesores de Educación Física. Para tanto, se realizo el análisis de contenido para discutir las informaciones obtenidas. Se entiende que los Programas de Postgrado en Educación Física necesitan reorganizar el ofrecimiento de asignaturas y experiencias diversificadas y el desarrollo de estas, con vistas a la construcción de conocimientos que proporcionen calificación docente para cursos de formación de profesores de Educación Física.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Faculty/standards , Faculty , Physical Education and Training/methods , Physical Education and Training/standards , Physical Education and Training , Physical Education and Training/trends , Education, Graduate/methods , Education, Graduate/standards , Education, Graduate/trends , Professional Training , Educational Measurement/methods , Educational Measurement/standards , Education, Higher , Higher Education Policy
13.
Movimento (Porto Alegre) ; 15(3): 89-107, jul.-set. 2009. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-552626

ABSTRACT

Este artigo é uma revisão bibliográfica sobre o trabalho coletivo na educação física escolar brasileira. O objetivo é revisar, nas produções da Área de Conhecimento da Educação Física e Ciências do Esporte, as abordagens sobre o trabalho coletivo. Foram analisados os anais de três congressos da área de conhecimento da educação física e ciências do esporte nos anos de 2006 e 2007, livros e teses e dissertações. Foi possível identificar o contexto em que emerge as discussões sobre trabalho coletivo na educação física escolar brasileira e o espaço que esta temática tem ocupado na produção desta Área de Conhecimento, nos dias de hoje, bem como uma “simbiose” entre trabalho coletivo na educação física e propostas político-pedagógicas fundamentadas na horizontalização das relações na escola.


This article is a bibliographical revision on the collective work in the physical school Brazilian education. The objective is to revise in the productions of the Area of Knowledge of the Physical Education and Sciences of the Sport the approaches on the collective work. There were analysed the annals of three congresses of the area of knowledge of the physical education and sciences of the sport in the years of 2006 and 2007, books and theories and dissertations. It was possible to identify the context in which it surfaces the discussions on collective work in the physical school Brazilian education and the space what this theme has been occupying in the production of this Area of Knowledge in the days of today, as well as, a “symbiosis” between collective work in the education physical and when pedagogic-politician was proposed based on the horizontalização of the relations on the school


Este artículo es una revisión de la literatura sobre el trabajo colectivo en la escuela brasileña de educación física. El objetivo es revisar la producción del Área de Conocimiento de la Educación Física y Deporte Ciencias de los enfoques sobre el trabajo colectivo. Se analizaron las actuaciones de tres conferencias en el área de conocimiento de la educación física y el deporte ciencia en los años 2006 y 2007, los libros y tesis y disertaciones. Es posible identificar en el que surgen los debates sobre el trabajo colectivo en la educación física escolar y el espacio brasileño que este tema ha ocupado en este ámbito de producción de conocimiento hoy en día, así como una “simbiosis” entre el trabajo colectivo en la educación física y el políticas y propuestas pedagógicas basadas en las relaciones “horizontalisation” en la escuela.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Faculty/history , Faculty/standards , Faculty/organization & administration , Education, Primary and Secondary , Physical Education and Training/history , Physical Education and Training/legislation & jurisprudence , Physical Education and Training/methods , Physical Education and Training/standards , Physical Education and Training , Physical Education and Training/trends , Learning , Review Literature as Topic , Scientific Publication Indicators
14.
Movimento (Porto Alegre) ; 15(2): 169-186, abr.-jun. 2009.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-522349

ABSTRACT

O presente ensaio aborda os principais problemas enfrentados no trabalho docente, mais especificamente dos professores de Educação Física da Educação Básica. O ambiente de trabalho nesta área tem favorecido o surgimento de doenças laborais, tais como Síndrome do Esgotamento Profissional, estresse, dependências químicas, doenças no aparelho fonador, entre outras. Deste modo, a necessidade de realização de novas investigações que abordem a qualidade de vida no trabalho e o estilo de vida dos docentes é apontada. Além disso, alerta-se para a necessidade dos problemas detectados serem considerados pelos gestores e pela comunidade escolar para favorecer a melhoria do ambiente da profissão docente.


This essay touch on the main problems faced in the teaching work. Most precisely, it deals with the professional practices of Physical Education teachers of basic education. The work’s environment of such a subject has been favorable for the appearance of working diseases, such as the burnout syndrome, stress, chemical addiction, phonetic system infirmities, and so on. Thus, it is noticeable the necessity of new investigations about quality of life in the work, and life style of those teachers. In addition, this essay warms managers and the schooling community about the necessity of awareness on the detected problems in order to facilitate the improvement of the teacher’s professional environment.


El presente ensayo plantea los principias problemas enfrentados en el trabajo docente, tratándose especialmente de los profesores de Educación Física Básica. El ambiente de trabajo en esta área ha contribuido para el surgimiento de enfermedades laborales, tales como el síndrome del agotamiento profesional, estrés, dependencias químicas, enfermedades en el aparato fonador, entre otras. La necesidad de la realización de nuevas investigaciones que traten de la calidad de vida en el trabajo y el estilo de vida de los docentes es sobresaliente. Además, se alerta para la necesidad de especial atención por parte de los gestores y comunidad escolar con los problemas detectados, pues esto puede contribuir para la mejoría del ambiente de la profesión docente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Faculty/history , Faculty/standards , Faculty/organization & administration , Physical Education and Training/history , Physical Education and Training/methods , Physical Education and Training/trends , Working Conditions , Disease/psychology , Burnout, Professional/complications , Burnout, Professional/diagnosis , Burnout, Professional/history , Burnout, Professional/pathology , Job Satisfaction , Quality of Life/psychology
15.
Movimento (Porto Alegre) ; 15(1): 25-49, jan.-mar. 2009. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-552640

ABSTRACT

O objetivo desta investigação foi analisar a história de vida de professores de Educação Física, procurando identificar as escolhas, as perspectivas e as trajetórias vivenciadas. Participaram do estudo quatro professores que se encontram em diferentes fases da carreira docente (entrada, consolidação, diversificação e estabilização). Na recolha das informações foi utilizada a entrevista semi-estruturada e a técnica da narrativa foi empregada na análise dos dados. As evidências do estudo confirmam que docentes, mesmo com formações realizadas em momentos distintos e que atuam em contextos diferenciados, apresentam pontos comuns nas suas trajetórias profissionais, respeitadas as especificidades da história pessoal de cada professor.


The objective of this investigation was to analyze the history of Physical Education teachers’ life, trying to identify the choices, the perspectives and the lived paths. Four teachers participated in the study; they are in different phases of the educational career (entrance, consolidation, diversification and stabilization). In the collect of the information the semistructured interview was used. The technique of the narrative was used in the analysis of the data. The evidences of the study confirm that teachers, even with formations accomplished in different moments and acting in different contexts, they present common points in their professional paths, respected the specificities of each teacher’s personal history.


El objetivo de esta investigación fue analizar la biografía de los profesores de Educación Física, intentando identificar sus decisiones, las perspectivas y las trayectorias profesionales vividas. Participaron del estudio cuatro profesores que se encontraban en diferentes fases de su carrera docente (inicio, consolidación, diversificación y estabilidad). En la recogida de las informaciones fue utilizada la entrevista semi-estructurada y la técnica de la narrativa fue empleada en el análisis de los datos. Las evidencias del estudio confirman que los docentes, aún con una formación conseguida en unos momentos diferentes y que actúan en contextos diferenciados, presentan puntos comunes en sus trayectorias profesionales, respetando las situaciones especiales de la historia personal de cada profesor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Career Mobility , Faculty/history , Faculty/standards , Physical Education and Training/history , Physical Education and Training/methods , Physical Education and Training/standards , Physical Education and Training/trends , Interviews as Topic/methods , Narration/history , Professional Role , Data Analysis/methods , Case Reports
17.
Cuad. Hosp. Clín ; 51(1): 96-101, 2006. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-785482

ABSTRACT

La presente revisión de tema, establece la necesidad de enfocar en forma analítica acerca de las "Estrategias Docentes" para un aprendizaje significativo desde un punto de vista constructivista, la finalidad es ofrecer al docente un conjunto de elementos conceptuales y de estrategias aplicables al trabajo en aula. Estableciendo la función mediadora del docente, se reflexionará la postura constructivista en el aprendizaje significativo, la motivación y sus efectos en el aprendizaje, aprendizaje cooperativo, estrategias para el aprendizaje significativo y la evaluación constructivista. La revisión de algunas fases teóricas y principios de aplicación sustentadas, serán de gran utilidad al docente, permitiendo inducir una reflexión sobre su forma de pensar en el acto educativo, así como el desarrollo de su propia práctica docente. Deseamos ofrecer ideas y reflexiones para la utilización racional del desarrollo educativo, el carácter inacabado y cambiante del desarrollo del individuo y del grupo, la naturaleza singular e imprevisible de los fenómenos de interacción en la vida del aula, así mismo quisiéramos profundizar el problema que consideramos de capital significación en el momento actual sobre las características y naturaleza del aprendizaje.


Subject(s)
Humans , Problem-Based Learning/methods , Faculty/standards , Health Strategies , Socialization
18.
São Paulo; SENAC; 2004. 283 p.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS, EMS-Acervo | ID: lil-625882
19.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-112038

ABSTRACT

The potential for spread of HIV in Nepal is considered large because of the presence of extensive commercial sex workers, high rate of sexually transmitted disease, low condom use and many pockets of intravenous drug users. To prevent this disease from producing any public health problem in Nepal, strategies have been formulated by Government and non-government agencies in Nepal. School teachers' views and knowledge regarding HIV/AIDS are very important so that they can impart correct acknowledge about this dreaded disease AIDS to the school children who ultimately serve as catalytic agent to spread correct acknowledge in the community in long run. Teachers' awareness about HIV/AIDS in this study was fairly good. Majority of them were aware about established routes of HIV/AIDS transmission and various ways of preventing it. Various misconceptions regarding HIV transmission and its causes are the matter of concern. To impart education to the teachers and the community, more than 60% of the teachers expressed the radio to be the most effective medium. This can be suggested to the government to deliver more simple and attractive programmes about HIV/AIDS education through radio in suitable time for the community. The special AIDS education programme, for school teachers long term objective and with the support of government, non-government and social organizations will go a long way in dissemination of health knowledge to the school children.


Subject(s)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/prevention & control , Attitude , Awareness , Communications Media/statistics & numerical data , Faculty/standards , Female , HIV/physiology , Health Education/standards , Humans , Male , Nepal , Patients , Sex Education/standards , Sexually Transmitted Diseases/prevention & control , Students , Teaching/standards
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL