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1.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353892

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La fascitis necrotizante es un cuadro infrecuente que provoca una alta morbimortalidad. La comunicación de esta entidad asociada a una osteosíntesis de cadera con tornillos canulados es inusual. Se describe el caso de un paciente con múltiples comorbilidades tratado por una fractura medial de cadera mediante una osteosíntesis con tornillos canulados. El paciente ingresó con un cuadro de shock séptico. Requirió cirugía de urgencia con fasciotomía amplia y limpieza quirúrgica más desbridamiento extenso de tejido necrótico. Esta presentación hace hincapié en la importancia de reconocer las principales manifestaciones de esta enfermedad. El diagnóstico es fundamentalmente clínico y requiere de una alta sospecha para instaurar un tratamiento precoz. Conclusión: A pesar de su baja frecuencia y los escasos reportes relacionados con cirugías ortopédicas, es importante tener en cuenta esta entidad como una posible complicación de la cirugía. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Necrotizing fasciitis is an infrequent pathology with a high morbidity and mortality. The report of this entity in relation to hip osteosynthesis with cannulated screws is unusual. The aim of this study is to present a case of necrotizing fasciitis as a complication of hip surgery. A case about a patient with multiple comorbidities treated for a femoral neck fracture with osteosynthesis with cannulated screws is described. The patient was admitted to the emergency department of our hospital suffering from septic shock. He required emergency surgical treatment with a wide fasciotomy and a surgical toilet plus extensive debridement of necrotic tissue. The case report emphasizes the importance of recognizing the main manifestations of this disease. The diagnosis is fundamentally clinical and requires high suspicion to establish treatment early. Conclusion: Despite its low frequency and reporting in relation to orthopedic surgeries, it is important to consider this entity as a possible complication of surgery. Necrotizing fasciitis is characterized by its rapid and torpid evolution. Early debridement has been shown to decrease mortality and is the best treatment along with antibiotic therapy. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Fasciitis, Necrotizing , Fracture Fixation, Internal/adverse effects , Hip Fractures/complications
2.
Acta otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 49(2): 129-136, 2021. ILUS, TAB, GRAF
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1253867

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la fascitis necrotizante cervical es una entidad poco frecuente en la cabeza y el cuello, pero su importancia está dada por la elevada tasa de mortalidad. La importancia clínica de este estudio se debe al hecho de que no hay muchos reportes de casos de esta patología en América Latina, por lo cual queremos describir la experiencia en nuestro Hospital. Objetivo: describir la experiencia en fascitis necrotizante cervical en el Hospital General Dr. Manuel Gea González. Materiales y métodos: estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo y transversal de historias clínicas del Servicio de Otorrinolaringología y Cirugía de Cabeza y Cuello del Hospital General Dr. Manuel Gea González, de 2011 a 2017. Resultados: se incluyeron 11 historias clínicas con diagnóstico de fascitis necrotizante cervical, de las cuales 8 (72,7 %) eran hombres y 3 (27,2%) mujeres, con una edad promedio de 49,1 años. 5 (45,4 %) pacientes debutaron con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 (DM2). El origen de la infección fue odontogénico en 3 (27,2 %) pacientes. Los microorganismos más frecuentes fueron Klebsiella pneumoniae, Streptococcus anginosus y Staphylococcus epidermidis. Los 11 pacientes (100 %) fueron intervenidos quirúrgicamente e impregnados con antimicrobianos empíricos, que posteriormente fueron modificados o no según los resultados del antibiograma. La hospitalización promedio fue de 18,7 días. 3 (27,2 %) pacientes presentaron mediastinitis como complicación. Hubo 2 muertes (18,1 %). Conclusión: el diagnóstico temprano y el tratamiento antimicrobiano empírico y quirúrgico agresivo pueden reducir significativamente la morbimortalidad.


Introduction: Cervical necrotizing fasciitis is a rare entity in the head and neck, but its importance is given by the high mortality rate. The clinical importance of this study is due to the fact that there are not many case reports of this pathology in Latin America, which is why we want to describe the experience in our hospital. Objective: To describe the experience in cervical necrotizing fasciitis at the Hospital General Dr. Manuel Gea González. Materials and methods: Descriptive, retrospective and cross-sectional study of medical records of the Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery Service of the Hospital General Dr. Manuel Gea González, from 2011 to 2017. Results: 11 medical records with a diagnosis of cervical necrotizing fasciitis were included, of which 8 (72.7%) were men and 3 (27.2%) were women, with a mean age of 49.1 years. 5 (45.4%) patients presented with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The origin of the infection was odontogenic in 3 (27.2%) patients. The most frequent microorganisms were Klebsiella pneumoniae, Streptococcus anginosus and Staphylococcus epidermidis. The 11 patients (100%) underwent surgery and impregnated with empirical antimicrobials, which were later modified or not, according to the results of the antibiogram. The average hospitalization was 18.7 days. 3 (27.2%) patients presented mediastinitis as a complication. There were two deaths (18.1%). Conclusion: Early diagnosis and aggressive empirical and surgical antimicrobial treatment can significantly reduce morbidity and mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Fasciitis, Necrotizing/diagnosis , Neck , Fasciitis, Necrotizing/etiology , Fasciitis, Necrotizing/therapy
3.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 40(4): 334-338, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143178

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To describe and analyze the cases of Fournier's Gangrene caused by perianal abscess treated in a tertiary hospital in western Paraná, correlating possible factors that influence mortality, with emphasis on late diagnosis and therapy. Methods: A retrospective and descriptive case series was carried out based on the analysis of medical records of patients with Fournier's Gangrene due to perianal abscess from January 2012 to December 2017. Results: Thirty-one patients with Fournier's Gangrene due to perianal abscess were treated in the period: 26 men and 5 women. Mean age was 53.51 ± 14.5 years. The most prevalent comorbidity in this group was type 2 diabetes mellitus, showing a strong correlation with mortality. The mean time from disease progression, from the initial symptom to the admission at the service, was 9.6 ± 6.81 days. All patients were submitted to antibiotic therapy and surgical treatment, with a mean of 3.25 ± 2.89 procedures/patient. Seven (22.58%) patients died and all of them showed signs of sepsis on admission; only 2 patients with sepsis did not die. Conclusion: The presence of sepsis on admission and type 2 diabetes mellitus were strongly correlated with mortality.


RESUMO Objetivo: Descrever e analisar os casos de gangrena de Fournier por abscesso perianal atendidos em hospital terciário do oeste do Paraná, correlacionando possíveis fatores que influenciem a mortalidade, com ênfase ao diagnóstico e terapêuticas tardias. Métodos: Realizou-se um estudo de série de casos, retrospectivo e descritivo baseado na análise de prontuários de pacientes portadores de gangrena de Fournier devido a abscesso perianal no período de Janeiro de 2012 à Dezembro de 2017. Resultados: Foram tratados 31 pacientes com gangrena de Fournier por abscesso perianal no período, sendo 26 homens e 5 mulheres. A média de idade foi de 53,51 ± 14,5 anos. A comorbidade de maior prevalência neste grupo foi diabete melitus tipo 2, demonstrando forte correlação com mortalidade. A média do tempo de evolução da doença, do sintoma inicial até entrada no serviço, foi de 9,6 ± 6,81 dias. Todos os pacientes foram submetidos à antibioticoterapia e tratamento cirúrgico com média de 3,25 ± 2,89 procedimentos/paciente. Sete (22,58%) pacientes evoluíram para óbito e todos estes apresentavam sinais de sepse na admissão; apenas 2 pacientes com sepse não evoluíram a óbito. Conclusão: Presença de sepse a admissão e diabete melitus tipo 2 foram fortemente correlacionadas com mortalidade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Fournier Gangrene/complications , Abscess/complications , Abscess/mortality , Fasciitis, Necrotizing
4.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 59(4): e970, oct.-dic. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1149850

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La fascitis necrotizante tiene origen polimicrobiano, se caracteriza por necrosis extensa acompañada de formación gaseosa en el tejido subcutáneo y fascia superficial. Objetivo: Describir el manejo terapéutico exitoso de dos casos afectos de fascitis necrotizante. Caso clínico: Dos pacientes tratados en el Hospital General Docente "Abel Santamaría Cuadrado", mujeres de la tercera y cuarta década de la vida, con área extensa de celulitis y necrosis de progreso rápido, necesidad de tratamiento quirúrgico y cultivos positivos de Pseudomona y Escherichia coli respectivamente, con repercusión clínica sistémica. Conclusiones: La fascitis necrotizante es una enfermedad de ascenso rápido y etiología variada, que pone en riesgo la vida del paciente, el diagnóstico debe sospecharse tempranamente ofreciendo intervención oportuna y agresiva, el manejo debe ser multidisciplinario(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Necrotizing fasciitis has a polymicrobial origin. It is characterized by extensive necrosis accompanied by gas formation in the subcutaneous tissue and superficial fascia. Objective: To describe the successful therapeutic management of two cases with necrotizing fasciitis. Clinical case: Two patients treated at Abel Santamaría Cuadrado General Teaching Hospital, women at the third and fourth decades of life, with extensive area of cellulitis and rapidly progressing necrosis, need for surgical treatment and positive cultures of Pseudomonas and Escherichia coli, respectively, with systemic clinical repercussions. Conclusions: Necrotizing fasciitis is a disease of rapid progression and varied etiology, which puts the patient's life at risk; the diagnosis must be suspected early, offering timely and aggressive intervention, and management must be multidisciplinary(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Pseudomonas , Fasciitis, Necrotizing/etiology , Escherichia coli/cytology
5.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 85(4): 369-376, dic. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1351412

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Utilizar la escala LRINEC en pacientes con infecciones necrosantes de miembros superiores y evaluar su correlación con la morbimortalidad ortopédica. Materiales y Métodos: Se llevó a cabo una revisión sistemática de las historias clínicas de los pacientes operados por nuestro equipo, entre el 1 de marzo de 2015 y el 1 de marzo de 2020. Se registraron los puntajes de la escala LRINEC de cada paciente operado con diagnóstico clínico y posoperatorio de infección necrosante de partes blandas, así como sus antecedentes clínicos, el microorganismo, las complicaciones y la morbimortalidad ortopédica, y otros datos clínicos importantes (tiempo de internación en terapia intensiva, necesidad de asistencia respiratoria mecánica y de diálisis, cantidad de cirugías), y se los comparó con el puntaje. Resultados: Se analizaron 4126 historias clínicas de pacientes operados por nuestro equipo. Tres tuvieron infecciones necrosantes del miembro superior. El puntaje aplicado en forma retrospectiva determinó que todos tenían una alta probabilidad de sufrir una infección necrosante. Los pacientes con puntaje más alto desarrollaron más comorbilidades ortopédicas y clínicas. Conclusiones: La escala LRINEC es un instrumento reproducible para el diagnóstico de infecciones necrosantes de partes blandas y está relacionada con el número de complicaciones y la morbilidad ortopédica, aunque no necesariamente con la cantidad de cirugías realizadas. Nivel de Evidencia: II


Objective: To use the LRINEC scoring system for necrotizing infections of the upper extremity and study its correlation with morbidity and mortality in Orthopedics patients Materials and Methods: We conducted a systematic review of the medical records of patients operated on by our team between March 1, 2015, and March 1, 2020. Data collection included the LRINEC scores of every patient who underwent surgery and had a clinical and postoperative diagnosis of necrotizing soft tissue infection, as well as their clinical history, causative organism, complications, Orthopedics-related morbidity and mortality data, and other significant clinical data (length of intensive care stay, need for mechanical respiratory assistance, need for dialysis, number of surgeries), which were then compared with their respective LRINEC score. Results: The review included 4126 medical records of patients who had undergone surgery by our team. There were three recorded cases of necrotizing infections in the upper extremity. Their LRINEC scores were retrospectively calculated and all of them showed a high risk of developing a necrotizing infection. The patients with the highest scores developed more Orthopedics and other clinical conditions. Conclusions: The LRINEC score is a reproducible method for the diagnosis of necrotizing soft tissue infections and is related to the number of complications and orthopedic conditions, although not necessarily with the number of surgeries. Level of Evidence: II


Subject(s)
Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Soft Tissue Infections , Fasciitis, Necrotizing , Upper Extremity
6.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 20(3): 44-47, jul.-set. 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253322

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A Fasceíte Necrotizante Cervical é uma infecção rara, geralmente com evolução rápida e progressiva da fáscia superficial e do tecido adiposo subcutâneo. Pode se desenvolver a partir de uma infecção odontogênica que se dissemina para os planos faciais e profundos. O presente trabalho tem por objetivo relatar um caso clínico de uma paciente do gênero feminino, 49 anos de idade, atendida na Emergência do Hospital Getúlio Vargas-PE, com quadro clínico sugestivo de Fasceíte Necrotizante Cervical de origem Odontogênica. Relato de caso: O tratamento proposto foi antibioticoterapia parenteral de amplo espectro, desbridamento cirúrgico radical com instalação de dreno de penrose transfixante submandibular direito, múltiplas exodontias para remoção do foco primário da infecção, além de curativos orientado pela equipe de infectologia. Considerações finais: Excepcionalmente, as Fasceítes Necrotizantes Cervicais devem ter diagnóstico e manejo imediato, devido aos altos índices de destruição, rápida progressão e mortalidade. Nos casos de Fasceíte Necrotizante de origem odontogênica, a antibioticoterapia, remoção do(s) focos(s) de infecção, desbridamento cirúrgico e monitoramento intensivo constituem a terapêutica adequada... (AU)


Introduction: Cervical Necrotizing Fasciitis is a rare infection, usually with rapid and progressive evolution of the superficial fascia and subcutaneous adipose tissue. It can develop from an odontogenic infection that spreads to the facial and deep planes. This study aims to report a clinical case of a 49-year-old female patient, seen at the Emergency Department of Hospital Getúlio Vargas-PE, with a clinical condition suggestive of Cervical Necrotizing Fasciitis of Odontogenic origin. Case report: The proposed treatment was broad-spectrum parenteral antibiotic therapy, radical surgical debridement with the installation of a right submandibular transfixing penrose drain, multiple extractions to remove the primary focus of the infection, in addition to curatives guided by the infectology team. Final considerations: Exceptionally, cervical necrotizing fasciitis must have an immediate diagnosis and management, due to the high rates of destruction, rapid progression and mortality. In cases of Necrotizing Fasciitis of odontogenic origin, antibiotic therapy, removal of the foci (s) of infection, surgical debridement and intensive monitoring constitute the appropriate therapy... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Fasciitis, Necrotizing , Debridement , Fasciitis , Focal Infection, Dental , Bandages , Flood-Bypass Channel , Emergency Service, Hospital , Subcutaneous Fat , Infectious Disease Medicine , Anti-Bacterial Agents
7.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 37(4): 446-449, ago. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138568

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: A pesar de la morbilidad significativa asociada a la fascitis necrosante (FN), hay pocas publicaciones al respecto y esta es la serie pediátrica más grande proveniente de Latinoamérica. Objetivo: Describir la epidemiología, características clínicas y microbiología de la FN en niños costarricenses. Pacientes y Métodos: Revisión de registros clínicos y anatomo-patológicos, período abril de 2002 a abril de 2014 en pacientes bajo 13 años de edad. Resultados: Cumplían requisito de inclusión 19/22 pacientes, 12 tenían co-morbilidad: 26% con antecedente de cirugía reciente y 21% eran neonatos. Etiología se documentó en hemocultivos en 26% y mediante cultivo de tejidos en 63% (un tercio de ellos polimicrobianos). Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli y Staphylococcus aureus fueron los agentes etiológicos más comúnmente hallados. La tasa de fatalidad fue de 42%, una de las más altas de la región. Conclusiones: La FN es una patología grave, inusual, asociada frecuentemente a neonatología y pacientes post-quirúrgicos, con etiología mixta que requiere de asociación de antimicrobianos y cirugía precoz. Su letalidad es elevada en nuestro medio, por sobre series previamente publicadas.


Abstract Background: Despite the significant associated morbidity of necrotizing fasciitis (NF), few studies have been published and this is the larger pediatric series in Latin America. Aim: To describe the epidemiology, clinical characteristics and microbiology of NF in Costa Rican children. Methods: Review of clinical and pathological records, period April 2002 to April 2014, in patients under 13 years of age. Results: 19/22 patients met the inclusion requirement, 12 had co-morbidity: 26% with a history of recent surgery and 21% were neonates. Etiology was documented in blood cultures in 26% and by tissue culture in 63% (one third of them polymicrobial). Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus were the three most common etiologic agents. Case fatality rate was 42%, one of the highest in our region. Conclusion: NF is a serious, unusual pathology, frequently associated with neonatology and post-surgical patients, with a mixed etiology that requires the association of antimicrobials and early surgery. Its lethality is high in our setting, over previously published series.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Child , Fasciitis, Necrotizing/epidemiology , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Staphylococcal Infections , Staphylococcus aureus , Hospitals, Pediatric
8.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(4): 407-417, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1130911

ABSTRACT

Abstract The severe bacterial diseases discussed herein are those that present dermatological lesions as their initial manifestations, for which the dermatologist is often called upon to give an opinion or is even the first to examine the patient. This review focuses on those that evolve with skin necrosis during their natural history, that is, necrotizing fasciitis, Fournier gangrene, and ecthyma gangrenosum. Notice that the more descriptive terminology was adopted; each disease was individualized, rather than being referred by the generic term "necrotizing soft tissue infections". Due to their relevance and increasing frequency, infections by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) were also included, more specifically abscesses, furuncle, and carbuncle, and their potential etiologies by MRSA. This article focuses on the epidemiology, clinical dermatological manifestations, methods of diagnosis, and treatment of each of the diseases mentioned.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bacterial Infections , Staphylococcal Infections , Soft Tissue Infections , Fasciitis, Necrotizing , Ecthyma , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus , Anti-Bacterial Agents
9.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(2): e204-e207, abr. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1100484

ABSTRACT

La gangrena de Fournier es una fascitis necrotizante que afecta las regiones genital, perineal y perianal, de inicio súbito y diseminación rápidamente progresiva. Su diagnóstico obliga a una urgente intervención interdisciplinaria. La asociación con enfermedades nefrológicas es rara.Se presenta un caso de gangrena de Fournier en un niño con síndrome nefrótico corticorresistente y anasarca con edema escrotal grave. Recibió un esquema antibiótico de amplio espectro y se realizó un desbridamiento quirúrgico extenso e inmediato de la lesión necrótica. Posteriormente, requirió reparación por parte de Cirugía Plástica. Presentó una respuesta clínica favorable a la terapéutica instaurada.


Fournier gangrene is a necrotizing fasciitis that affects the genital, perineal and perianal regions, of sudden onset and rapidly progressive dissemination. Its diagnosis requires an urgent and interdisciplinary intervention. The association with nephrologic diseases is rare.We present a case of Fournier gangrene in a child with steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome and anasarca with severe scrotal edema. He received a broad-spectrum antibiotic scheme and extensive an immediate surgical debridement of the necrotic lesion was carried out. Subsequently, it was repaired by Plastic Surgery. He presented a favourable clinical response


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Fournier Gangrene/surgery , Fournier Gangrene/diagnosis , Fasciitis, Necrotizing , Edema , Genital Diseases, Male , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Nephrotic Syndrome
10.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 49(1): e333, ene.-mar. 2020. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126692

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La gangrena de Fournier es una enfermedad infecciosa caracterizada por una fascitis necrotizante de evolución fulminante que afecta a la región perineal, genital o perianal, con una rápida progresión y alta letalidad. Objetivo: Describir la sintomatología del paciente y buena evolución, a pesar de varios factores de mal pronóstico. Caso clínico: Se trata de un paciente masculino de 77 años de edad, diabético e hipertenso, remitido a cuidados intensivos, desde el servicio de Urología, con el diagnóstico de gangrena de Fournier, descontrol metabólico y agudización de su enfermedad renal crónica. Conclusiones: Con el tratamiento médico quirúrgico intensivo y la utilización de oxigenación hiperbárica, tuvo una evolución favorable, hasta su egreso(AU)


Introduction: Fournier gangrene is an infectious disease characterized by a necrotizing fascitis of fulminant evolution that affects the perineal, genital or perianal region, with rapid progression and high lethality. Objective: To describe the patient symptomatology and good evolution, despite several factors of poor prognosis. Clinical case: 77-year-old male patient, diabetic and hypertensive, referred to intensive care, from the urology department, with the diagnosis of Fournier gangrene, metabolic decontrol and exacerbation of chronic kidney disease. Conclusions: With intensive surgical and medical treatment and the use of hyperbaric oxygenation, he had a favorable evolution, until his discharge(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Communicable Diseases , Fournier Gangrene , Fasciitis, Necrotizing/diagnosis , Critical Care/methods , Genitalia
11.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202524, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136565

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to identify predictive factors for lethality and complications of deep fascial space infections of the neck (DFSIN), establishing an early and aggressive treatment in the neck before the progression to descending mediastinitis. Methods: we retrospectively analyzed 133 cases of DFSIN treated at Discipline of Head and Neck Surgery of the Medicine School of Santa Casa de Misericórdia de São Paulo. We accessed demographic characteristics, associated diseases, clinical presentation, laboratorial tests, length of hospital stay, number of involved anatomic neck spaces, intra-operative and microbiology findings. We analyzed these data using logistic regression to predict DFSIN lethality and life threatening complications (mediastinitis, septic shock, pneumonia, pleural empyema, skin necrosis). Results: lethality and complication ratios were 9% and 50.3%, respectively. The logistic regression model showed that patients with septic shock were more likely to have progression to death (p < 0.001) and, the presence of more than two involved neck spaces (p < 0.001) and older individuals (p = 0.017) were more likely to have complicated deep neck infections. Descending necrotizing mediatinitis increased the lethality ratio by 50%, and was associated to necrotizing fasciitis (p=0.012) and pleural empyema (p<0.001). Conclusion: septic shock is a lethal predictive factor and age as well as more than two involved neck spaces are the predictive factors for complications. Necrotizing fasciitis is an important factor for complications and death. Therefore, its surgical treatment must be more aggressive. Descending mediastinitis has a high lethal rate and the successful treatment is based on early diagnosis and aggressive surgical approach.


RESUMO Objetivo: identificar os fatores preditivos de letalidade e complicações associados às infecções dos espaços fasciais profundos do pescoço, com intuito de estabelecer tratamento mais precoce antes de evolução para a mediastinite. Métodos: estudo retrospectivo de 133 casos, tratados na Disciplina de Cirurgia de Cabeça e Pescoço da Faculdade de Ciências Médicas da Santa Casa de São Paulo. Por meio da análise de regressão logística, estes dados foram estudados para a predição de letalidade e complicações graves (mediastinite, choque séptico, empiema pleural, pneumonia e necrose de pele). Resultados: a taxa de letalidade identificada foi de 9% e, de complicações de 50,3%. Identificou-se como fator preditivo de letalidade, a presença de choque séptico (p<0,001) e, para o ocorrência de complicações, a idade (p=0,017) e o acometimento de mais de dois espaços anatômicos (p<0,001). A ocorrência de mediastinite descendente necrosante esteve associada à presença de fasciíte necrosante (p=0,012) e empiema pleural (p<0,001). Conclusão: o fator preditivo de letalidade foi a presença de choque séptico e, para ocorrência de complicações graves, a idade e/ou a presença de mais de dois espaços anatômicos acometidos pela infecção. A fasciíte necrosante é fator importante para ocorrência de complicações e morte. Nestes casos, a conduta cirúrgica deve ser mais agressiva. A mediastinite descendente apresenta taxa de letalidade alta e o sucesso no tratamento está no diagnóstico precoce e na intervenção cirúrgica agressiva.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Fasciitis, Necrotizing/mortality , Infections/complications , Infections/etiology , Neck , Retrospective Studies , Empyema, Pleural , Fascia , Middle Aged
12.
In. Machado Rodríguez, Fernando; Liñares, Norberto; Gorrasi, José; Terra Collares, Eduardo Daniel. Manejo del paciente en la emergencia: patología y cirugía de urgencia para emergencistas. Montevideo, Cuadrado, 2020. p.235-243, ilus, tab.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1343008
13.
Infectio ; 23(4): 318-346, Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1019863

ABSTRACT

Resumen Las infecciones de piel y tejidos blandos (IPTB) representan la tercera causa de consulta por enfermedad infecciosas a los servicios médicos, después de las infecciones respiratorias y urinarias. Se presenta una guía de práctica clínica (GPC) con 38 recomendaciones basadas en la evidencia, graduadas bajo el sistema SIGN, para el diagnóstico y tratamiento de pacientes adultos con IPTB en el contexto colombiano, posterior a un proceso de adaptación de GPC publicadas y la búsqueda sistemática y síntesis de literatura para la actualización de la evidencia científica. Además, se realizó un consenso de expertos para la evaluación de las potenciales barreras para la implementación de las recomendaciones y la evaluación del grado de recomendación en el contexto local.


Abstract Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI) represent the third leading cause of infectious disease consultation for medical services after respiratory and urinary tract infections. This document generates a clinical practice guideline with 38 recommendations based on evidence, graduated under the SIGN system for the diagnosis and treatment for SSTI infections in adult patients in Colombia, following a process of adaptation of guidelines published, and the systematic search and synthesis of literature for the updating of scientific evidence. In addition, a consensus of experts was made for the evaluation of the potential barriers for the implementation of the recommendations and the evaluation of the degree of recommendation in the local context.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Skin Diseases, Infectious , Practice Guideline , Soft Tissue Infections , Staphylococcus aureus , Colombia , Fasciitis, Necrotizing , Abscess , Pyomyositis , Therapy, Soft Tissue , Cellulite
14.
Rev. pediatr. electrón ; 16(3): 2-11, oct. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1046276

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La Infección Necrotizante de tejidos blandos (INTB) tiene una elevada morbimortalidad. El objetivo de este trabajo es describir del manejo perioperatorio de menores de 15 años que cursaron con INTB durante 15 años en un Hospital pediátrico. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: serie de pacientes identificados INTB entre 2000 y 2015 en el Hospital Roberto del Río. Se describen variables demográficas, clínicas, vacuna, tratamiento, cirugías, complicaciones, microorganismos, seguimiento, y fallecimientos. RESULTADOS: 22 pacientes, con mediana de 2 años y 9 meses de edad. 50% estaban cursando con una varicela. Dos fallecieron. Ninguno era previamente vacunado contra el virus varicela zoster. La localización fue tronco (14), extremidades (7), cuello (1). Los pacientes conscientes presentaron hiperestesia cutánea. Se realizó aseo quirúrgico con una mediana de 6,8 horas desde el inicio de la hiperestesia y 2 horas desde la sospecha diagnóstica. Los microorganismos fueron: S. pyogenes (38%) y E. coli (31%). Los antibióticos más frecuentes fueron penicilina más clindamicina. La herida se manejó con cierre primario, injertos y/o colgajos. Cinco evolucionaron con secuelas que necesitaron tratamiento. CONCLUSIÓN: Se identificó que la INTB puede presentarse con varicela. Debe sospecharse en lesiones cutáneas e hiperestesia desproporcionada. Resección amplia y precoz son fundamentales para el tratamiento.


INTRODUCTION: Necrotizing soft tissue infection (NSTI) has a high morbidity and mortality. The objective of this study is to describe the perioperative management of children under 15 years of age who have had this condition for 15 years in a pediatric hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: cases series of patients identified by Pathological Anatomy with NSTI during 2000 and 2015 at the Dr. Roberto del Río Hospital. Demographic variables, treatment, antecedents of vaccination, surgeries, complications, microorganisms, follow-up, and deaths are described. RESULTS: 22 patients were identified, with a median of 2 years 9 months of age (interquartile range: 13 months to 5 years y 10 months). 50% of the cases were associated to chickenpox. Two died. No patient was previously vaccinated against varicella zoster virus. The location was trunk (14), extremities (7) and neck (1). All conscious patients presented cutaneous hyperesthesia. Surgical debridement was performed with a median of 6.8 hours from the onset of hyperesthesia and 2 hours from diagnostic suspicion. The most frequent microorganisms were: Streptococcus pyogenes (38%) and Escherichia coli (31%). The most frequent antibiotics used were penicillin plus clindamycin. The wound was handled with primary closure, grafts and / or flaps. Five patients evolved with sequelae that needed treatment. CONCLUSION: It was identified that STNI in children is associated with chickenpox. It should be suspected in cutaneous lesions and disproportionate hyperesthesia. Aggressive resection is essential for treatment


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Soft Tissue Infections/pathology , Soft Tissue Infections/therapy , Fasciitis, Necrotizing/pathology , Fasciitis, Necrotizing/therapy , Staphylococcus aureus/isolation & purification , Streptococcus pyogenes/isolation & purification , Soft Tissue Infections/surgery , Soft Tissue Infections/microbiology , Fasciitis, Necrotizing/surgery , Fasciitis, Necrotizing/microbiology , Perioperative Care , Debridement , Escherichia coli/isolation & purification , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
15.
ABCS health sci ; 44(2): 92-95, 11 out 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1022339

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: A Síndrome de Fournier consiste em uma fasciite necrosante que afeta tecido subcutâneo e pele do períneo e genitais externos. Caracterizada como uma urgência cirúrgica, seu tratamento é baseado em três pilares: debridamento de tecidos necróticos e infectados; controle sistêmico e antibioticoterapia; e reparação dos tecidos afetados. OBJETIVO: Identificar o perfil clínico de pacientes diagnosticados com Síndrome de Fournier em um hospital de urgências. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo descritivo, retrospectivo e de abordagem quantitativa. A amostra consistiu de pacientes diagnosticados com Síndrome de Fournier acompanhados pela comissão de curativos do hospital no período de agosto de 2016 a agosto de 2017, que receberam alta ou foram a óbito. RESULTADOS: A amostra do estudo foi composta por 14 pacientes, sendo em sua totalidade pacientes do sexo masculino, entre 21 e 82 anos e idade média de 55 anos. Em 50% dos casos, foi necessário internação em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva (UTI). Quanto ao desfecho, 78,6% (11) receberam alta hospitalar e 21,4% (3) evoluíram para óbito. CONCLUSÃO: A assistência a pacientes com Síndrome de Fournier ocorre de forma despadronizada, o que ocasiona altas taxas de mortalidade. A elaboração de protocolos específicos é necessária.


INTRODUCTION: Fournier's Syndrome consists of a necrotizing fasciitis that affects subcutaneous tissue and skin of the perineum and external genitalia. Characterized as a urological urgency, its treatment is based on three pillars: debridement of necrotic and infected tissues; systemic control and antibiotic therapy; and repair of the affected tissues. OBJECTIVE: To identify the clinical profile of patients diagnosed with Fournier's Syndrome in an emergency hospital. METHODS: This is a descriptive, retrospective and quantitative study. The sample consisted of patients diagnosed with Fournier's Syndrome and attended by the hospital curative committee from August 2016 to August 2017, who were discharged or died. RESULTS: The study sample consisted of 14 medical records, all of them were male, aged between 21 and 82 years and mean age of 55 years. In 50% of the cases admittance to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) was necessary. Regarding the outcome, 78.6% (11) were discharged from hospital and 21.4% (3) died. CONCLUSION: Assistance to patients with Fournier Syndrome is poorly standardized, resulting in high mortality rates. Development of specific protocols is necessary.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Penis/injuries , Soft Tissue Injuries , Fournier Gangrene , Fasciitis, Necrotizing , Penis/pathology , Reproductive Tract Infections/complications , Reproductive Tract Infections/pathology
16.
Rev. cuba. obstet. ginecol ; 45(2): e62, abr.-jun. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093640

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La fascitis necrotizante es una infección progresiva poco común, con alta letalidad que puede afectar a cualquier parte del cuerpo, pero es más frecuente en las extremidades, en especial en las piernas, causada en su mayoría por una infección polimicrobiana y se caracteriza por afectar la fascia superficial, tejido subcutáneo, grasa subcutánea con nervios, arterias, venas y fascia profunda. Objetivo: Reportar el caso de una puérpera diagnosticada de fascitis necrotizante. Presentación de caso: Puérpera de 28 años de edad con antecedentes de obesidad e infección por VIH, ingresada en el Servicio de Obstetricia en un hospital de la República Sudafricana, por presentar fiebre, escalofríos y dolor en el abdomen. Se utilizó tratamiento endovenoso con antibióticos y tratamiento quirúrgico. Resultados: Evolución satisfactoria de la paciente sin secuelas. Conclusiones: El diagnóstico oportuno de esta patología permite un accionar temprano, con la consecuente sobrevida de los pacientes(AU)


Introduction: Necrotizing fasciitis is a very lethal uncommon progressive infection that can affect any part of the body, however it is more frequent in the limbs, especially the legs, caused mostly by a polymicrobial infection. It affects the superficial fascia, subcutaneous tissue, subcutaneous fat with nerves, arteries, veins and deep fascia. Objective: To report the case of a puerpera diagnosed with necrotizing fasciitis. Case presentation: A 28-year-old woman with a history of obesity and HIV infection, was admitted to the Obstetrics Service at a hospital in the Republic of South Africa. She had fever, chills and pain in the abdomen. Intravenous treatment with antibiotics and surgical treatment was used. Results: Satisfactory evolution of the patient with no sequelae. Conclusions: The opportune diagnosis of this pathology allows acting early, with the consequent survival of the patients(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Puerperal Infection/prevention & control , HIV Infections/etiology , Fasciitis, Necrotizing/complications , Fasciitis, Necrotizing/drug therapy , Debridement/methods
17.
Article in French | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1263837

ABSTRACT

Introduction: La fasciite nécrosante est une urgence chirurgicale et médicale. Cette étude avait pour objectif de décrire le profil épidémiologique, clinique, et thérapeutique des patients ayant une fasciite nécrosante dans un service de chirurgie plastique en milieu tropical. Méthodes : il s'agissait d'une étude rétrospective descriptive de dossiers des patients traités pour une fasciite nécrosante entre janvier 2015 et décembre 2017. Les paramètres d'étude concernaient l'épidémiologie, les signes, le traitement et l'évolution. Les lésions cutanées ont été classées selon les critères de Wong. Le score LRINEC a été établi. Résultats : Sur la période d'étude, 947 patients ont été reçus. Dix-huit avaient une fasciite nécrosante soit 1.9% des patients. Cette étude a concerné 11patients. Il y avait neuf femmes et deux hommes. L'âge moyen était de 47 ans. Tous les patients avaient un faible revenu économique. Une porte d'entrée était notée (n=8). Les pathologies médicales commorbides associées étaient le diabète (n=5), l'infection au VIH (n=2) . La prise d'anti-inflammatoires non stéroïdiens a été noté (n=5). L'usage de cataplasmes était enregistré (n= 8). La notion de prise d'alcool a été notée (n=2). Le délai moyen de consultation était de 29 jours. Les lésions siégeaient au membre inférieur ( n=9) et au membre supérieur (n=2). Le diagnostic était clinique. Les lésions étaient du stade 3. Le score LRINEC a été établi chez huit patients. Il était inférieur à 6 (n=4), égal à 6 (n=2), supérieur ou égal à 8(n=2). Le traitement médical comportait la ceftriaxone associée au métronidazole. Une excision des tissus nécrosés a été faite dans les 24 heures suivant l'admission. Une greffe de peau mince a été réalisée dans un délai moyen de 28,7 jours. Un décès a été enregistré (patiente atteint du VIH avec score LRINEC=13). Au recul moyen de 14 mois il n'y avait pas de récidive. Conclusion : La fasciite nécrosante est rare. Les lésions ont intéressé en général des patients de sexe féminin avec un âge moyen de 47ans. Ils avaient des pathologies médicales commorbides associées à des degrés variables. Le traitement traditionnel à type de cataplasme est un facteur favorisant. La consultation est tardive. Les lésions concernaient les membres inferieurs dans la majorité des cas. Elles étaient de stade 3. Une excision des tissus nécrosés et une greffe de peau mince après la formation d'une granulation ont été faites. Le traitement médical comportait la ceftriaxone associée au métronidazole. Un décès a été noté. Au recul moyen de 14 mois il n'y avait pas de récidives


Subject(s)
Africa , Extremities , Fasciitis, Necrotizing , Fasciitis, Necrotizing/epidemiology , Patients , Surgery, Plastic
18.
Rev. Hosp. Clin. Univ. Chile ; 30(2): 140-150, 2019. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1052714

ABSTRACT

Deep neck infections (DNIs) are special entities among infectious diseases for their versatility and potential for severe complications. Complex head and neck anatomy often makes early recognition of DNIs challenging, and a high index of suspicion is necessary to avoid any delay in treatment. The diagnosis is made by clinical history, physical examination findings and imaging studies. The treatment consists in securing the airway, intravenous antibiotics and surgical drainage, when needed. To make decisions the surgeon must understand the anatomy of the region, the etiology of infection, appropriate diagnostic tools, and medical and surgical management. This article provides a review of these pertinent topics. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Neck/anatomy & histology , Neck/physiopathology , Neck/microbiology , Fasciitis, Necrotizing , Carotid Artery Injuries , Lemierre Syndrome , Mediastinitis
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776304

ABSTRACT

Perianal necrotizing fasciitis is a serious soft tissue infectious disease of perianal and perineal regions, where a synergistic action of multiple bacteria (including aerobic bacteria and anaerobic bacteria) results in suppurative necrosis of the skin and soft tissue. The disease progress may rapidly cause systemic sepsis through blood circulation, often with complicating shock and MODS, or death. Any delay in diagnosis and treatment of early acute infections may lead to higher mortality because of lack of standardized treatment. The Clinical Guidelines Committee aims to formulate expert consensus on the treatment of perianal necrotizing fasciitis in terms of etiology and pathology, clinical manifestations, laboratory and imaging study, preoperative preparation, surgical treatment (the application of antibiotics, the timing and key points of debridement, assistant therapy), postoperative wound care, nutritional support, surgical reconstruction and rehabilitation. This consensus is a reference for clinicians based on patient conditions.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Anus Diseases , Diagnosis , Pathology , Therapeutics , China , Consensus , Fasciitis, Necrotizing , Diagnosis , Pathology , Therapeutics , Humans , Necrosis , Perineum , Pathology , General Surgery
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