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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879838

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical effect of multi-oil fat emulsion for parenteral nutrition support in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for 49 ELBW infants who were admitted from January 1, 2018 to July 30, 2020, with an age of ≤14 days on admission and a duration of parenteral nutrition of > 14 days. According to the type of lipid emulsion received, the ELBW infants were divided into two groups: soybean oil, medium-chain triglycerides, olive oil, and fish oil (SMOF) (@*RESULTS@#The 49 ELBW infants had a mean birth weight of (892±83) g and a mean gestational age of (28.2±2.3) weeks. There was no significant difference between the two groups in the incidence rates of hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus, intraventricular hemorrhage, neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis, retinopathy of prematurity, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), grade Ⅲ BPD, sepsis, and pneumonia (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The application of multi-oil fat emulsion in ELBW infants does not reduce the incidence rate of complications, but compared with MCT/LCT emulsion, SMOF can reduce the severity of PNAC in ELBW infants.


Subject(s)
Birth Weight , Emulsions , Fat Emulsions, Intravenous , Humans , Infant , Infant, Extremely Low Birth Weight , Infant, Newborn , Parenteral Nutrition , Retrospective Studies , Soybean Oil
2.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(6): 605-612, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155767

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives Preoperative use of flurbiprofen axetil (FA) is extensively adopted to modulate the effects of analgesia. However, the relationship between FA and sedation agents remains unclear. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of different doses of FA on the median Effective Concentration (EC50) of propofol. Methods Ninety-six patients (ASA I or II, aged 18-65 years) were randomly assigned into one of four groups in a 1:1:1:1 ratio. Group A (control group) received 10 mL of Intralipid, and groups B, C and D received 0.5 mg.kg−1, 0.75 mg.kg−1 and 1 mg.kg−1 of FA, respectively, 10 minutes before induction. The depth of anesthesia was measured by the Bispectral Index (BIS). The "up-and-down" method was used to calculate the EC50 of propofol. During the equilibration period, if BIS ≤ 50 (or BIS > 50), the next patient would receive a 0.5 µg.mL−1-lower (or -higher) propofol Target-Controlled Infusion (TCI) concentration. The hemodynamic data were recorded at baseline, 10 minutes after FA administration, after induction, after intubation and 15 minutes after intubation. Results The EC50 of propofol was lower in Group C (2.32 µg.mL−1, 95% Confidence Interval [95% CI] 1.85-2.75) and D (2.39 µg.mL−1, 95% CI 1.91-2.67) than in Group A (2.96 µg.mL−1, 95% CI 2.55-3.33) (p = 0.023, p = 0.048, respectively). There were no significant differences in the EC50 between Group B (2.53 µg.mL−1, 95% CI 2.33-2.71) and Group A (p > 0.05). There were no significant differences in Heart Rate (HR) among groups A, B and C. The HR was significantly lower in Group D than in Group A after intubation (66 ± 6 vs. 80 ± 10 bpm, p < 0.01) and 15 minutes after intubation (61 ± 4 vs. 70 ± 8 bpm, p < 0.01). There were no significant differences among the four groups in Mean Arterial Pressure (MAP) at any time point. The MAP of the four groups was significantly lower after induction, after intubation, and 15 minutes after intubation than at baseline (p < 0.05). Conclusion High-dose FA (0.75 mg.kg−1 or 1 mg.kg−1) reduces the EC50 of propofol, and 1 mg.kg−1 FA reduces the HR for adequate anesthesia in unstimulated patients. Although this result should be investigated in cases of surgical stimulation, we suggest that FA pre-administration may reduce the propofol requirement when the depth of anesthesia is measured by BIS.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos A administração pré‐operatória de Flurbiprofeno Axetil (FA) é amplamente usada para a modulação da analgesia. No entanto, a relação entre FA e fármacos sedativos permanece obscura. Neste estudo, nosso objetivo foi investigar os efeitos de diferentes doses de FA na Concentração Efetiva mediana (CE50) do propofol. Métodos Noventa e seis pacientes (ASA I ou II, com idades de 18-65 anos) foram alocados aleatoriamente em quatro grupos na proporção de 1:1:1:1. Dez minutos antes da indução, o Grupo A (grupo controle) recebeu 10 mL de Intralipid, enquanto os grupos B, C e D receberam FA na dose de 0,5 mg.kg‐1; 0,75 mg.kg‐1 e 1 mg.kg‐1, respectivamente. A profundidade da anestesia foi medida pelo Índice Bispectral (BIS). O método up‐and‐down foi usado para calcular a CE50 do propofol. Durante o período de equilíbrio, se o valor do BIS fosse ≤ 50 ou BIS > 50, o próximo paciente tinha a infusão de propofol ajustada para uma concentração alvo‐controlada 0,5 µg.mL‐1 inferior ou superior, respectivamente. Os dados hemodinâmicos foram registrados no início do estudo, 10 minutos após a administração de FA, após a indução, após a intubação e 15 minutos após a intubação. Resultados A CE50 do propofol foi menor no Grupo C (2,32 µg.mL‐1, Intervalo de Confiança de 95% [95% IC] 1,85-2,75) e D (2,39 µg.mL‐1, 95% IC 1,91-2,67) do que no Grupo A (2,96 µg.mL‐1; 95% IC 2,55-3,33) (p = 0,023, p = 0,048, respectivamente). Não houve diferenças significantes na CE50 entre o Grupo B (2,53 µg.mL‐1, 95% IC 2,33-2,71) e o Grupo A (p > 0,05). Não houve diferenças significantes na Frequência Cardíaca (FC) entre os grupos A, B e C. A FC foi significantemente menor no grupo D do que no grupo A após a intubação (66 ± 6 vs. 80 ± 10 bpm, p < 0,01) e 15 minutos após a intubação (61 ± 4 vs. 70 ± 8 bpm, p < 0,01). Não houve diferenças significantes entre os quatro grupos na Pressão Arterial Média (PAM) em qualquer momento. A PAM dos quatro grupos foi significantemente menor após a indução, após a intubação e 15 minutos após a intubação do que na linha de base (p < 0,05). Conclusão FA em altas doses (0,75 mg.kg‐1 ou 1 mg.kg‐1) reduz a CE50 do propofol, e 1 mg.kg‐1 de FA reduz a FC durante níveis adequados de anestesia em pacientes não estimulados. Embora esse resultado deva ser investigado na presença de estimulação cirúrgica, sugerimos que a pré‐administração de FA pode reduzir a necessidade de propofol durante anestesia cuja profundidade seja monitorada pelo BIS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Propofol/administration & dosage , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/administration & dosage , Flurbiprofen/analogs & derivatives , Hypnotics and Sedatives/administration & dosage , Anesthesia , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Phospholipids/administration & dosage , Blood Pressure/drug effects , Soybean Oil/administration & dosage , Drug Administration Schedule , Confidence Intervals , Flurbiprofen/administration & dosage , Elective Surgical Procedures , Electroencephalography/drug effects , Emulsions/administration & dosage , Fat Emulsions, Intravenous/administration & dosage , Remifentanil/administration & dosage , Heart Rate/drug effects , Analgesics, Opioid , Middle Aged
3.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(7): e9491, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1132532

ABSTRACT

In the present study, we aimed to compare the detoxifying effects of two fat emulsions containing either long-chain triglyceride or a mixture of medium-chain and long-chain triglycerides in the propafenone-poisoned rat model. Rats were randomly divided into 3 groups according to the fat emulsions used: long-chain triglyceride-based fat emulsion (LL) group; medium-chain and long-chain triglyceride-based fat emulsion (ML) group; normal saline (NS) group. Propafenone was continuously pumped (velocity=70 mg/kg per h) until the mean blood pressure dropped to 50% of basal level. Then, LL/ML fat emulsions or NS was intravenously infused instantly with a loading-dose (1.5 mL/kg) and a maintenance dose (0.25 mL/kg per min) for 1 h. Subsequently, the propafenone was added to plasma (3.5 μg/mL) in vitro, mixed with three doses of LL or ML (1, 2, or 4%). Finally, after centrifugation, the concentration of propafenone was measured. Rats treated with LL exhibited accelerated recovery, characterized by higher blood pressure and heart rate. Rats in both the LL and ML groups demonstrated decreased propafenone in plasma (time-points: 15, 25, and 60 min). However, rats that received LL showed lower propafenone in myocardial tissue at the end of detoxification treatment. Rats in the ML group had the lowest value of pH, the minimum content of HCO3-, and the highest production of lactic acid at the end. In the in vitro experiments, propafenone decreased more dramatically in the LL group compared to the ML group. Long-chain triglyceride fat emulsion had a better effect on treating propafenone poisoning in rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Poisoning/drug therapy , Triglycerides/administration & dosage , Propafenone/poisoning , Fat Emulsions, Intravenous/administration & dosage , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Disease Models, Animal
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785623

ABSTRACT

Herbal products have been used for therapeutic purposes for a long time. However, many herbs can be toxic and even life-threatening. If refractory ventricular tachycardia (VT) is caused by herbal products and shows no response to conventional therapy, intravenous lipid emulsion (ILE) therapy can be considered. We report a case of herbal intoxication leading to refractory VT, which was successfully treated with ILE therapy. A 36-year-old woman with aplastic anemia presented with mental changes. She had taken an unknown herbal decoction three days before visiting the hospital. Soon after coming to the hospital, she went into cardiac arrest. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation was performed, and return of spontaneous circulation with VT was achieved. Synchronized cardioversion was then performed and amiodarone was administered. However, VT with pulse continued, so ILE therapy was attempted, which led to the resolution of VT.


Subject(s)
Adult , Amiodarone , Anemia, Aplastic , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation , Electric Countershock , Fat Emulsions, Intravenous , Female , Heart Arrest , Herb-Drug Interactions , Humans , Tachycardia, Ventricular
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713499

ABSTRACT

At an intensive care unit, four neonates died consecutively within 80 minutes. Citrobacter freundii was isolated from blood samples of the 4 patients. It was also cultured from the leftover SMOFlipid that had been infused intravenously into the patients. In this in vitro study, we evaluated the bacterial growth kinetics and change in size of fat globules in SMOFlipid contaminated with C. freundii. Following the growth of bacteria, pH of SMOFlipid decreased to < 6, and the number of fat globules larger than 5 µm increased. Pulmonary fat embolism is proposed as a possible cause of the sudden deaths as well as fulminant sepsis.


Subject(s)
Bacteria , Citrobacter freundii , Citrobacter , Death, Sudden , Embolism, Fat , Fat Emulsions, Intravenous , Humans , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , In Vitro Techniques , Infant, Newborn , Infusions, Intravenous , Intensive Care Units , Kinetics , Sepsis
6.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-106740

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study is a comparative evaluation of the incidence of parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease (PNALD) when administering intravenous fat emulsions containing fish oil. METHODS: The medical records of patients who were in the neonatal intensive care unit at Severance Hospital from January, 2012 to December 2015, were reviewed retrospectively. Patients who were administered either soybean oil (SO) or SMOF (containing soybean oil, medium chain triglycerides, olive oil, and fish oil) more than 14 days were included. The patients were excluded if they were administered both agents or had underlying hepatic disease. An increase in bilirubin to 2 mg/dL was defined as PNALD. RESULTS: PNALD occurred in only 8 out of a total of 77 patients: 6 out of 31 (19.4%) in the SO group and 2 out of 46 (4.3%) in the SMOF group (P=0.055). The number of patients, whose lab values, such as direct bilirubin, total bilirubin, asparate aminotransferase (AST), alanine amino-transferase, gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase, C-reactive protein, serum triglyceride, and alkaline phosphate, exceeded the normal range, were similar in both groups. The gestational age, birth body weight, and APGAR score at 1 min and 5 min were significantly higher in the SO group and the PN duration was significantly long in the SMOF group. Considering only term infants, there were no significant differences in baseline characteristics and incidence of PNALD. The number of patients whose AST exceeded the normal range was significantly higher in the SO group (P=0.034). CONCLUSION: The incidence of PNALD was similar in both groups. On the other hand, considering the tendency, there was a high correlation between the type of lipid emulsion and an increased direct bilirubin level in the SO group.


Subject(s)
Alanine , Apgar Score , Bilirubin , Body Weight , C-Reactive Protein , Emulsions , Fat Emulsions, Intravenous , Fish Oils , gamma-Glutamyltransferase , Gestational Age , Hand , Humans , Incidence , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Intensive Care, Neonatal , Liver Diseases , Liver , Medical Records , Olive Oil , Parenteral Nutrition , Parturition , Reference Values , Retrospective Studies , Soybean Oil , Triglycerides
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-297235

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the fat emulsion tolerance in preterm infants of different gestational ages in the early stage after birth.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 98 preterm infants were enrolled and divided into extremely preterm infant group (n=17), early preterm infant group (n=48), and moderate-to-late preterm infant group (n=33). According to the dose of fat emulsion, they were further divided into low- and high-dose subgroups. The umbilical cord blood and dried blood filter papers within 3 days after birth were collected. Tandem mass spectrometry was used to measure the content of short-, medium-, and long-chain acylcarnitines.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The extremely preterm infant and early preterm infant groups had a significantly lower content of long-chain acylcarnitines in the umbilical cord blood and dried blood filter papers within 3 days after birth than the moderate-to-late preterm infant group (P<0.05), and the content was positively correlated with gestational age (P<0.01). On the second day after birth, the low-dose fat emulsion subgroup had a significantly higher content of short-, medium-, and long-chain acylcarnitines than the high-dose fat emulsion subgroup among the extremely preterm infants (P<0.05). In the early preterm infant and moderate-to-late preterm infant groups, there were no significant differences in the content of short-, medium-, and long-chain acylcarnitines between the low- and high-dose fat emulsion subgroups within 3 days after birth.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Compared with moderate-to-late preterm infants, extremely preterm infants and early preterm infants have a lower capacity to metabolize long-chain fatty acids within 3 days after birth. Early preterm infants and moderate-to-late preterm infants may tolerate high-dose fat emulsion in the early stage after birth, but extremely preterm infants may have an insufficient capacity to metabolize high-dose fat emulsion.</p>


Subject(s)
Carnitine , Blood , Fat Emulsions, Intravenous , Metabolism , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Metabolism
8.
ARS med. (Santiago, En línea) ; 42(3): 47-54, 2017. Tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1017281

ABSTRACT

La administración de anestésicos locales se lleva a cabo en distintos escenarios clínicos y por diferentes profesionales de la salud, principalmente, médicos y odontólogos. Su uso está asociado a complicaciones de baja frecuencia como edema, urticaria y dermatitis, pero la intoxicación por anestésicos locales puede ser fatal. La presentación clínica de esta complicación es muy variable y abarca un gran espectro de síntomas relacionados principalmente con la toxicidad neurológica y cardiovascular, incluyendo presentaciones atípicas. La prevención de la toxicidad sistémica se basa en considerar los factores de riesgo para su presentación, elegir cuidadosamente el anestésico local y la dosis a administrar, aspirar antes de inyectar, fraccionar la dosis y el uso de marcadores de inyección intravascular. El manejo de la intoxicación por anestésicos locales incluye un manejo de la vía aérea, control de las convulsiones, mantención de la circulación sistémica y el uso de terapia intravenosa con emulsión lipídica.(AU)


The administration of local anesthetics is carried out in different clinical settings and by different health professionals, mainly physicians and dentists. Its use is associated with low frequency complications such as edema, urticaria and dermatitis, but poisoning by local anesthetics can be fatal. The clinical presentation of this complication is highly variable and encompasses a large spectrum of symptoms mainly related to neurological and cardiovascular toxicity, including atypical presentations. The prevention of systemic toxicity is based on considering the risk factors for its presentation, carefully choosing the local anesthetic and the dose to be administered, aspirating before injecting, fractionating the dose and the use of intravascular injection markers. Management of local anesthetic poisoning includes airway management, seizure control, systemic circulation maintenance, and intravenous lipid emulsion therapy.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Toxicity , Anesthesia, Local , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Dosage , Fat Emulsions, Intravenous
9.
Clinics ; 71(8): 435-439, Aug. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, SES-SP | ID: lil-794635

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The toxicity of anti-cancer chemotherapeutic agents can be reduced by associating these compounds, such as the anti-proliferative agent paclitaxel, with a cholesterol-rich nanoemulsion (LDE) that mimics the lipid composition of low-density lipoprotein (LDL). When injected into circulation, the LDE concentrates the carried drugs in neoplastic tissues and atherosclerotic lesions. In rabbits, atherosclerotic lesion size was reduced by 65% following LDE-paclitaxel treatment. The current study aimed to test the effectiveness of LDE-paclitaxel on inpatients with aortic atherosclerosis. METHODS: This study tested a 175 mg/m2 body surface area dose of LDE-paclitaxel (intravenous administration, 3/3 weeks for 6 cycles) in patients with aortic atherosclerosis who were aged between 69 and 86 yrs. A control group of 9 untreated patients with aortic atherosclerosis (72-83 yrs) was also observed. RESULTS: The LDE-paclitaxel treatment elicited no important clinical or laboratory toxicities. Images were acquired via multiple detector computer tomography angiography (64-slice scanner) before treatment and at 1-2 months after treatment. The images showed that the mean plaque volume in the aortic artery wall was reduced in 4 of the 8 patients, while in 3 patients it remained unchanged and in one patient it increased. In the control group, images were acquired twice with an interval of 6-8 months. None of the patients in this group exhibited a reduction in plaque volume; in contrast, the plaque volume increased in three patients and remained stable in four patients. During the study period, one death unrelated to the treatment occurred in the LDE-paclitaxel group and one death occurred in the control group. CONCLUSION: Treatment with LDE-paclitaxel was tolerated by patients with cardiovascular disease and showed the potential to reduce atherosclerotic lesion size.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aortic Diseases/drug therapy , Cholesterol/therapeutic use , Paclitaxel/therapeutic use , Atherosclerosis/drug therapy , Tubulin Modulators/therapeutic use , Nanoparticles/therapeutic use , Aorta, Thoracic/drug effects , Aortic Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Time Factors , Triglycerides/blood , Angiography , Cholesterol/blood , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Drug Delivery Systems , Atherosclerosis/diagnostic imaging , Fat Emulsions, Intravenous/therapeutic use , Multidetector Computed Tomography
10.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-136327

ABSTRACT

Aconitum is a genus of various species of flowering plants that belongs to the Family Ranunculaceae. Most Aconitum sp. have extremely toxic alkaloid substances such as aconitine, mesaconitine and hypaconitine. Among these substances, aconitine can cause fatal cardiotoxicity by activating sodium channels followed by calcium channels in myocardial cells. Even though there have been various therapeutic plans suggested comprising antidotes based on diverse case reports and studies, there is no confirmatory treatment protocol for aconite poisoning. Here, we report an aconite poisoning patient who had refractory ventricular tachyarrhythmia that did not respond to intravenous amiodarone therapies even though they were sustained for over 2 hours, but showed successful recovery following intravenous fat emulsions (IFE) therapy.


Subject(s)
Aconitine , Aconitum , Amiodarone , Antidotes , Calcium Channels , Cardiotoxicity , Clinical Protocols , Fat Emulsions, Intravenous , Flowers , Humans , Poisoning , Ranunculaceae , Sodium Channels , Tachycardia
11.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-136326

ABSTRACT

Aconitum is a genus of various species of flowering plants that belongs to the Family Ranunculaceae. Most Aconitum sp. have extremely toxic alkaloid substances such as aconitine, mesaconitine and hypaconitine. Among these substances, aconitine can cause fatal cardiotoxicity by activating sodium channels followed by calcium channels in myocardial cells. Even though there have been various therapeutic plans suggested comprising antidotes based on diverse case reports and studies, there is no confirmatory treatment protocol for aconite poisoning. Here, we report an aconite poisoning patient who had refractory ventricular tachyarrhythmia that did not respond to intravenous amiodarone therapies even though they were sustained for over 2 hours, but showed successful recovery following intravenous fat emulsions (IFE) therapy.


Subject(s)
Aconitine , Aconitum , Amiodarone , Antidotes , Calcium Channels , Cardiotoxicity , Clinical Protocols , Fat Emulsions, Intravenous , Flowers , Humans , Poisoning , Ranunculaceae , Sodium Channels , Tachycardia
13.
Acta cir. bras ; 30(11): 720-726, Nov. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-767599

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate hemodynamic changes caused by sole intravenous infusion of lipid emulsion with doses recommended for treatment of drug-related toxicity. METHODS: Large White pigs underwent general anesthesia, tracheal intubation was performed, and mechanical ventilation was instituted. Hemodynamic variables were recorded using invasive blood pressure and pulmonary artery catheterization. Baseline hemodynamic measurements were obtained after a 30-minute stabilization period. An intravenous bolus injection of 20% lipid emulsion at 1.5 ml/kg was administered. Additional hemodynamic measurements were made after 1 minute, followed by a continuous intravenous lipid infusion of 0.25 ml/kg/min. Further measurements were carried out at 10, 20 and 30 minutes, when the infusion was doubled to 0.5 ml/kg/min. Assessment of hemodynamic changes were then made at 40, 50 and 60 minutes. RESULTS: Lipid infusion did not influence cardiac output or heart rate, but caused an increase in arterial blood pressure, mainly pulmonary blood pressure due to increased vascular resistance. Ventricular systolic stroke work consequently increased with greater repercussions on the right ventricle. CONCLUSION: In doses used for drug-related toxicity, lipid emulsion cause significant hemodynamic changes with hypertension, particularly in the pulmonary circulation and increase in vascular resistance, which is a factor to consider prior to use of these solutions.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions/therapy , Fat Emulsions, Intravenous/pharmacology , Hemodynamics/drug effects , Body Weight , Disease Models, Animal , Heart Ventricles/drug effects , Hemodynamics/physiology , Infusions, Intravenous , Reference Values , Swine , Time Factors
14.
Acta cir. bras ; 30(2): 87-93, 02/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-741030

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To compare the hemodynamic changes following two different lipid emulsion therapies after bupivacaine intoxication in swines. METHODS: Large White pigs were anesthetized with thiopental, tracheal intubation performed and mechanical ventilation instituted. Hemodynamic variables were recorded with invasive pressure monitoring and pulmonary artery catheterization (Swan-Ganz catheter). After a 30-minute resting period, 5 mg.kg-1 of bupivacaine by intravenous injection was administered and new hemodynamic measures were performed 1 minute later; the animals were than randomly divided into three groups and received 4 ml.kg-1 of one of the two different lipid emulsion with standard long-chaim triglyceride, or mixture of long and medium-chain triglyceride, or saline solution. Hemodynamic changes were then re-evaluated at 5, 10, 15, 20 and 30 minutes. RESULTS: Bupivacaine intoxication caused fall in arterial blood pressure, cardiac index, ventricular systolic work index mainly and no important changes in vascular resistances. Both emulsion improved arterial blood pressure mainly increasing vascular resistance since the cardiac index had no significant improvement. On the systemic circulation the hemodynamic results were similar with both lipid emulsions. CONCLUSION: Both lipid emulsions were efficient and similar options to reverse hypotension in cases of bupivacaine toxicity. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Anesthetics, Local/toxicity , Bupivacaine/toxicity , Fat Emulsions, Intravenous/therapeutic use , Hemodynamics/drug effects , Blood Pressure/drug effects , Plant Oils/therapeutic use , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Swine , Soybean Oil/therapeutic use , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome , Triglycerides/therapeutic use , Vascular Resistance/drug effects
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-94927

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of intravenous lipid emulsion as well as adverse events in acute poisoning patients. METHODS: Literature was accessed through PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane library, Web of science, and KoreaMed. All forms of literatures relevant to human use of intravenous lipid emulsion for acute poisoning were included. Cases reports or letters without description of clinical outcomes for each case were excluded. The literature search was conducted by two investigators in March, 2015, with publication language restricted to English and Korean. The effect, onset time, and adverse event of lipid emulsion and final outcome of each case were analyzed. RESULTS: Eighty-one published articles were included, excluding articles whose title and abstract were not relevant to this study. No articles were classified as high level of evidence. Sixty-eight case reports were identified, consisting of 25 local anesthetics and 43 other drugs, such as tricyclic antidepressants and calcium channel blockers. Although most cases described significant clinical improvements, some of them showed no beneficial effect or worsening of clinical course. Several adverse events including hyperamylasemia and laboratory interference were reported. CONCLUSION: Although there were many case reports illustrating successful use of lipid for various drug poisonings, the effect cannot be estimated due to significant possibility of publication bias. Therefore, lipids might be considered in severe hemodynamic instability resulting from lipophilic drug poisoning, however further studies should follow to establish the use of lipid as the standard of care.


Subject(s)
Anesthetics, Local , Antidepressive Agents, Tricyclic , Calcium Channel Blockers , Drug Overdose , Fat Emulsions, Intravenous , Hemodynamics , Humans , Hyperamylasemia , Lipid A , Poisoning , Publication Bias , Publications , Research Personnel , Standard of Care
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-333634

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of parenteral nutrition support with a lipid emulsion formulation (containing soybean oil, medium chain triglycerides, olive oil, and fish oil [SMOF]) in intensive care patients following major gastrointestinal surgeries.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>According to a randomized, prospective and case-controlled design, 72 intensive care patients following major gastrointestinal surgeries between January and December, 2014 were randomized equally into SMOF group and control group to receive parenteral nutrition support with SMOF and medium or long chain lipid emulsion, respectively. Before and at 4 and 9 days after commencement of parenteral nutrition support, the patients were examined for alanine aminotransferase (ALT), total bilirubin (TBIL), albumin (propagated), C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin 6 (IL-6), and endotoxin levels. The patients' average length of stay in intensive care unit (ICU), the days of using antibiotics, and the incidence rate of postoperative complication were recorded.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>On day 4 postoperatively, the levels of CRP and IL-6 were significantly lower in SMOF group than in the control group (t=2.669 and 2.676, respectively; P<0.05), and on day 9, the patients in SMOF group showed significantly lower levels of ALT, TBIL, CRP and IL-6 (t=2.487, 3.497, 3.762, 2.180, respectively; P<0.05) than the control group, but ALB and endotoxin levels remained comparable between the two groups. The average length of stay in ICU and the days of using antibiotics were significantly shorter in SMOF group than in the control group (t=2.94 and 2.17, respectively; P<0.05); SMOF group showed a lower incidence of postoperative infections than the control group, but the difference was not statistically significant (χ² =1.047, P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>For intensive care patients following major gastrointestinal surgeries, postoperative parenteral nutrition support with SMOF can effectively reduce the release of inflammatory mediators, protect important visceral functions, reduce postoperative complications, shorten the length of ICU stay, and improve the prognosis of the patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Alanine Transaminase , Blood , Bilirubin , Blood , C-Reactive Protein , Chemistry , Critical Care , Digestive System Surgical Procedures , Fat Emulsions, Intravenous , Therapeutic Uses , Fish Oils , Humans , Interleukin-6 , Blood , Olive Oil , Parenteral Nutrition , Plant Oils , Prospective Studies , Soybean Oil , Triglycerides
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-651806

ABSTRACT

Unexpected occurrence of local anesthetic toxicity is not rare and can cause fatal complications that do not respond to any known drug of intervention. Recently, the successful use of lipid emulsion for local anesthetic toxicity has been reported and recommended as a rescue method for cardiac or neurologic complications. We report a case of seizure attack and respiratory arrest successfully recovered with the use of intravenous lipid emulsion. Clinicians must be aware of the beneficial role of lipid emulsion in cases of local anesthetic toxicity.


Subject(s)
Anesthetics, Local , Ankle , Antidotes , Fat Emulsions, Intravenous , Neurotoxicity Syndromes , Resuscitation , Seizures
18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 956-962, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-299183

ABSTRACT

Injectable lipid emulsions have been routinely used in patients since 1960s as a nutritional supplement for patients requiring parenteral nutrition. In recent years, lipid injectable emulsions have been extensively studied as a kind of novel drug carrier, also the quality problems of the lipid emulsion attract more and more attentions gradually. Large diameter tail of injectable lipid emulsions as a significant quality control indicator should pay more attention. Regarding to the defect of detecting large diameter tail of lipid injectable emulsions in our country, the purpose of this article is to summarize the techniques of detecting large diameter tail, illustrate the impacts of large lipid droplet on the quality of lipid injectable emulsions, emphasize the importance of detecting large diameter tail in lipid emulsions and provide guidance for researching and developing lipid emulsions in domestic market.


Subject(s)
Drug Stability , Fat Emulsions, Intravenous , Chemistry , Lipids , Chemistry , Parenteral Nutrition Solutions , Chemistry , Particle Size , Quality Control
19.
Acta cir. bras ; 28(12): 833-841, Dec. 2013. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-695967

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To compare the incidence of endothelial injury after single-dose or continuous propofol infusion in conventional lipid-based emulsion (LE) versus microemulsion (ME). METHODS: Forty-two rabbits (2.5-4.5 Kg) were randomly allocated into seven groups of six animals each: SHAM- surgical treatment alone; Bolus Control Group - 3 mL-intravenous (IV) bolus of saline; Continuous Infusion Control Group - 3 mL- IV bolus of saline followed by a continuous infusion of 0.2 ml/kg/min for 60 min; Bolus LE Propofol Group - IV bolus of LE propofol (3 mg/kg); Bolus ME Propofol Group - IV ME propofol bolus (3 mg/kg); Continuous LE Propofol Group - IV LE propofol bolus (3 mg/kg) followed by a continuous infusion of 0.2 ml/kg/min for 60 min; Continuous ME Propofol Group - IV ME propofol bolus (3 mg/kg) followed by a continuous infusion of 0.2 ml/kg/min for 60 min. RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences between the studied groups in blood pressure, in central venous pressure and in the biochemical profile. No significant differences were found in inflammatory mediators and in tissue analysis between the two emulsions. CONCLUSION: Microemulsion and lipid-based emulsion propofol had similar inflammatory, biochemical and microscopy profiles. Thus, microemulsion propofol can be used as an alternative to lipid-based emulsion propofol.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Anesthetics, Intravenous/administration & dosage , Endothelium, Vascular/drug effects , Fat Emulsions, Intravenous/administration & dosage , Propofol/administration & dosage , Anesthetics, Intravenous/adverse effects , Cytokines/analysis , Endothelial Cells/drug effects , Endothelium, Vascular/injuries , Fat Emulsions, Intravenous/adverse effects , Hemodynamics , Infusions, Intravenous , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Propofol/adverse effects , Random Allocation , Reference Values , Time Factors
20.
New Iraqi Journal of Medicine [The]. 2013; 9 (1): 82-87
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-127393

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to evaluate the effect of early aggressive introduction of intravenous fat emulsion [IVFE] on the occurrence of retinopathy of prematurely [ROP]. A retrospective study conducted at Prince Hashem Ben Al- Hussein Military Hospital A 100 premature infants of

Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Male , Retinopathy of Prematurity/epidemiology , Retinopathy of Prematurity/prevention & control , Fat Emulsions, Intravenous , Incidence , Infant, Premature , Retrospective Studies
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