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1.
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 38(1): 33-36, mar. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388170

ABSTRACT

Resumen El Paraquat es un herbicida ampliamente utilizado para el control de las malezas en Chile. Su ingesta determina una alta probabilidad de mortalidad dado su inherente toxicidad mediante la producción de radicales libres, que afectan a múltiples órganos, principalmente los pulmones; a esto se suma la falta de un tratamiento efectivo. Se presenta el caso clínico de un hombre de 18 años que en un intento suicida consume 50 mL de paraquat (200 g/L), con desenlace fatal. La presentación clínica depende la cantidad de Paraquat ingerida y los hallazgos radiológicos descritos varían según la temporalidad del cuadro e, inclusive, podrían determinar el pronóstico.


Paraquat is an herbicide widely used for weed control in Chile. Its intake determines a high probability of mortality because of its inherent toxicity through the production of free radicals. Multiple organs are affected, mainly the lungs; to this is added the lack of effective treatment. We present the clinical case of an 18-year-old man who in a suicidal attempt swallows 50 mL of paraquat (200 g/L), with a fatal outcome. The clinical presentation depends on the amount of Paraquat ingested. Radiological findings described vary according to the temporality of the condition and could even determine the prognosis


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Paraquat/poisoning , Pulmonary Fibrosis/diagnostic imaging , Herbicides/poisoning , Pulmonary Fibrosis/chemically induced , Radiography, Thoracic , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Fatal Outcome , Lung/diagnostic imaging
2.
Av Enferm ; 40(1): 113-133, 01-01-2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1348612

ABSTRACT

Introdução: ações de educação em saúde são incipientes em alguns hospitais. Quando se trata de realizá-las em situações de final de vida, as equipes apresentam limitações. Objetivo: identificar ações de educação em saúde direcionadas às pessoas em final da vida e seus cuidadores, informais e formais, no hospital, além de avaliar o nível de evidência de tais ações. Síntese do conteúdo: o estudo foi realizado entre dezembro de 2019 e janeiro de 2020, nas bases de dados Web of Science, Scopus e Medline. Identificaram-se 6.762 artigos, dos quais 42 integram a análise por serem artigos originais ou de revisão escritos em português, espanhol, inglês ou francês; a amostra dos estudos foi composta por pacientes maiores de 19 anos, com doença avançada e/ou em final de vida ou cuidadores ou profissionais de saúde. Os dados foram agrupados por similaridade do tema das ações, conforme Polit e Beck, e o nível de evidência avaliado segundo Melnyk e Fineout-Overholt. O vídeo foi a ação com maior força de recomendação, seguida por cartilhas. As unidades temáticas foram "Ações para o controle da dor", "Narrativas sobre o final da vida", "Planejamento de cuidados", "Dialogando sobre os cuidados paliativos" e "Comunicação e final de vida". Conclusões: ações de educação em saúde no final da vida devem considerar as tecnologias da informação e da comunicação, além das condições socioculturais, clínicas e cognitivas dessa etapa do adoecimento


Introducción: las acciones de educación para la salud son incipientes en algunos hospitales. Cuando se trata de desplegar estas acciones al final de la vida, los equipos encargados tienen ciertas limitaciones. Objetivo: identificar acciones de educación en salud dirigidas a pacientes intrahospitalarios en el final de la vida y a sus cuidadores (formales e informales), así como evaluar la evidencia de tales acciones. Síntesis de contenido: el estudio se llevó a cabo entre diciembre de 2019 y enero de 2020 en las bases de datos Web of Science, Scopus y MEDLINE. Se identificaron 6.762 artículos, de los cuales 42 forman parte del análisis por ser artículos originales o de revisión escritos en portugués, español, inglés o francés, cuya muestra estuvo conformada por pacientes mayores de 19 años con enfermedad avanzada a al final de la vida, o sus cuidadores o los profesionales de la salud encargados de su cuidado. Los datos fueron agrupados por similitud de las acciones, siguiendo a Polit y Beck, y el nivel de evidencia evaluado, según Melnyk y Fineout-Overholt. El video fue la acción más recomendada, seguida de los folletos. Las unidades temáticas fueron "Acciones para el control del dolor", "Narrativas sobre el final de la vida", "Planificación anticipada de cuidados", "Diálogo sobre cuidados paliativos" y "Comunicación y final de la vida". Conclusiones: las acciones de educación en salud al final de la vida deben considerar las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación, además de las condiciones socioculturales, clínicas y cognitivas durante esta etapa de la enfermedad


Introduction: Health education actions are a challenge in some hospitals. When it comes to performing such actions in the face of end-of-life situations, health teams have some limitations. Objective: To identify health education actions for in-hospital dying patients and their informal and formal caregivers, and to assess the level of evidence of such actions. Content synthesis: Study conducted between December 2019 and January 2020, in the databases Web of Science, Scopus and MEDLINE. A total of 6.762 articles were identified. Among these, 42 articles were considered as they met the following inclusion criteria: original or review article written in Portuguese, Spanish, English, or French, whose sample consisted of patients over 19 years with a terminal disease or at the end of their lives, or their caregivers or health professionals in charge of their care. The data were grouped by similarity of the actions deployed, following Polit and Beck, and the level of evidence evaluated, according to Melnyk and Fineout-Overholt. The video was the action with greater force of recommendation, followed by booklets. The thematic units were: "Actions for pain control", "Narratives about the end-of-life", "Advance care planning", "Talking about palliative care", and "Communication and end-of-life". Conclusions: Health education actions at the end of life should consider information and communication technologies, in addition to the sociocultural, clinical, and cognitive conditions during this stage.


Subject(s)
Humans , Palliative Care , Health Education , Hospice Care , Fatal Outcome , Hospitals
3.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 30: e3605, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1389133

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo: analisar a relação entre a preocupação e o medo da COVID-19 com o fatalismo no cotidiano de trabalho dos enfermeiros. Método: estudo transversal analítico, realizado com 449 enfermeiros. A coleta de dados foi realizada por meio de instrumentos validados no Peru. Na análise, foram utilizados o teste de Shapiro-Wilk e o coeficiente de correlação de Spearman, sendo estimados dois modelos de regressão múltipla, com seleção de variáveis por etapas. Resultados: os enfermeiros apresentaram nível moderado de fatalismo e baixo nível de medo e preocupação com a COVID-19. O primeiro modelo estatístico, que incluiu variáveis sociodemográficas, explica apenas 3% da variância de fatalismo. No entanto, um segundo modelo que inclui medo e percepção explica 33%. Conclusão: a preocupação, o medo e ter sido diagnosticado com COVID-19 foram fatores preditores de fatalismo. Sugere-se a implementação de intervenções psicoemocionais no cotidiano de trabalho, voltadas para profissionais de Enfermagem que apresentem altos níveis de medo ou preocupação, para reduzir o fatalismo e, assim, prevenir consequências fatais da pandemia e promover a saúde.


Abstract Objective: to analyze the relationship between the concern and fear of COVID-19 with fatalism in the daily work of nurses. Method: analytical cross-sectional study carried out with a total of 449 nurses. Data collection was performed using instruments validated in Peru. In the analysis, the Shapiro-Wilk test and the Spearman correlation coefficient were used, and two multiple regression models were estimated, with variable selection in stages. Results: nurses had a moderate level of fatalism and a low level of fear and concern about COVID-19. The first statistical model, which included sociodemographic variables, explains only 3% of the fatalism variance. However, a second model that includes fear and perception explains 33% of it. Conclusion: Worry, fear and having been diagnosed with COVID-19 were predictors of fatalism. It is suggested the implementation of psycho-emotional interventions in daily work - aimed at Nursing professionals who present high levels of fear or concern - to reduce fatalism and prevent fatal consequences of the pandemic and promote health.


Resumen Objetivo: analizar la relación entre la preocupación y el miedo al COVID-19 con el fatalismo, en lo cotidiano laboral de los enfermeros. Método: estudio transversal tipo analítico, realizado en 449 enfermeros. La recolección de datos se realizó mediante instrumentos validados en Perú. En el análisis se utilizó la prueba de Shapiro-Wilk, el coeficiente de correlación de Spearman y se estimaron dos modelos de regresión múltiple, con selección de variables por pasos. Resultados: los enfermeros presentaron un nivel moderado de fatalismo y un nivel bajo de miedo y preocupación por la COVID-19. El primer modelo estadístico que incluyó las variables sociodemográficas apenas explica un 3% de la varianza de fatalismo; sin embargo, un segundo modelo que incluye el miedo y la percepción explica el 33%. Conclusión: la preocupación, el miedo y el haber sido diagnosticado con COVID-19 fueron factores predictores de fatalismo. Se sugiere implementar intervenciones psicoemocionales en el cotidiano laboral - focalizadas en profesionales de Enfermería que presenten altos niveles de miedo o preocupación - para reducir el fatalismo y de esta manera prevenir consecuencias fatales de la pandemia y promover la salud.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Professional Practice , Fatal Outcome , Coronavirus Infections/psychology , Fear , Nurses
4.
J. vasc. bras ; 21: e20210221, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1386120

ABSTRACT

Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi relatar o uso de lock de etanol na profilaxia infecciosa de cateteres venosos de longa permanência em recém-nascidos com disfunção intestinal grave e dependentes de nutrição parenteral total e prolongada, internados em um Centro de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal (nível terciário) entre 2015 e 2020. Das 914 admissões, seis (0,65%) recém-nascidos preencheram os critérios de inclusão. A mediana da idade da passagem do cateter foi de 121,5 dias, sendo dois cateteres PowerPicc (PICC Power Sinergy™, São Paulo), um cateter Groshong (Groshong™ Central Venous Catheter BD, São Paulo) e três cateteres de silicone, todos tunelizados. O tempo de permanência apresentou mediana de 182,5 dias. Cinco pacientes apresentaram pelo menos um episódio de infecção associada ao cateter venoso central, sendo isolados agentes Gram-positivos, negativos e fungos. A mediana de dias de internação foi de 555, e a mortalidade, 33,3%. O lock de etanol não apresentou efeitos colaterais e foi relativamente eficaz na prevenção de infecções relacionadas ao cateter venoso central.


Abstract The aim of this study was to report on use of ethanol lock in long-term catheters in newborns with severe intestinal dysfunction, dependent on total and prolonged parenteral nutrition, in a Neonatal Intensive Care Center (tertiary level), between 2015 and 2020. Six infants (0.65%) out of the 914 admitted during the period met the inclusion criteria. The median age at catheter placement was 121.5 days. Two Powerpicc (PICC Power Sinergy™, São Paulo), one Groshong (Groshong™ Central Venous Catheter BD, São Paulo), and three silicone catheters were used, all tunneled, and the median dwell duration was 182.5 days. Four patients had at least one episode of infection related to the central venous catheter, and Gram-positive, Gram-negative, and fungal agents were isolated. The median length of hospital stay was 555 days and mortality was 33.3%. The ethanol lock did not cause any side effects and was relatively effective in preventing infections related to the central venous catheter.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Short Bowel Syndrome/complications , Ethanol , Catheter-Related Infections/prevention & control , Central Venous Catheters/adverse effects , Intensive Care, Neonatal , Parenteral Nutrition, Total , Fatal Outcome , Intensive Care Units
5.
African Health Sciences ; 22(1): 172-179, March 2022. Figures, Tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1400542

ABSTRACT

Background: The upward trend of caesarean section and its associated morbidity/mortality especially in low- and middle-income areas make regular appraisal of the procedure necessary. Objective: To evaluate caesarean section; its rate, indications, and maternal and fetal outcomes in Asaba. Methods: A retrospective study of all caesarean sections carried out at the obstetrics unit of the Federal Medical Centre, Asaba, between July 1, 2018, and June 31, 2020. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 20. Results: There were 2778 deliveries during the period, out of which 705 had caesarean sections, giving an overall caesarean section rate of 25.4%. There were 456 (64.7%) emergency caesarean sections. The commonest indication for caesarean section was repeat caesarean section 196 (27.8%), while cephalo-pelvic disproportion 87 (12.3%) was the commonest indication for emergency caesarean section. Majority of the babies had low APGAR score at 1min and 5mins, 126 (27.6%) and 50 (11.0%) from emergency than elective caesarean section 16 (6.4%) and 5 (2.0%) at 1min and 5mins respectively (x2=17.963, P<0.001). There were 31 (4.2%) perinatal deaths out of which majority 28 (6.1%) were from emergency caesarean sections (x2=9.412 P=0.002). The commonest post-operative complication was postpartum anemia (140 (19.9%) while caesarean section case fatality was 0.6%. Conclusion: This study showed a caesarean section rate of 25.4% with repeat caesarean section and Cephalopelvic disproportion being the most common indication for elective and emergency caesarean section respectively. Emergency caesarean section accounted for most of the cases and is associated with a higher risk of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality


Subject(s)
Schools, Nursery , Cesarean Section , Birth Rate , Fatal Outcome , Fetal Mortality
6.
Femina ; 50(6): 379-384, 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1380722

ABSTRACT

O SARS-CoV-2 é um vírus RNA transmitido pelo contato direto ou indireto por gotículas infectadas. No que se refere à COVID-19 e à gestação, referências apontam que nesse período as mulheres possuem maior susceptibilidade a complicações obstétricas e perinatais. O presente estudo objetiva compreender e compilar aspectos da infecção e os principais desfechos negativos maternos e fetais documentados na literatura atual, relacionados à infecção pelo novo coronavírus durante a gestação. Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa de literatura embasada pela análise de 2.441 artigos no total, dos quais 62 foram incluídos na pesquisa, sendo 38 deles da base de dados PubMed e 24 da BVS (Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde), nos idiomas inglês e português. Em conclusão, mulheres grávidas com diagnóstico da patologia podem precisar de assistência de alta complexidade. A associação à doença pode apresentar riscos ou complicações como coagulopatias, pré-eclâmpsia, prematuridade e outros desfechos negativos que serão abordados neste artigo.(AU)


SARS-CoV-2 is an RNA virus, transmitted by direct or indirect contact by infected droplets. Regarding to COVID-19 and pregnancy, references indicate that during this period, women are more susceptible to obstetric and perinatal complications. This study aims to understand and compile aspects of infection and the main negative maternal and fetal outcomes documented in the current literature, related to the infection by the new coronavirus during pregnancy. This is an integrative literature review based on the analysis of 2,441 articles in total, of which 62 were included in the survey, 38 from the PubMed database and 24 from BVS (Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde) in English and Portuguese languages. In conclusion, pregnant women diagnosed with the pathology may need highly complex assistance. The association with the disease may present risks for complications such as coagulopathies, pre-eclampsia, prematurity and other negative outcomes that will be addressed in this article.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious , SARS-CoV-2/pathogenicity , COVID-19/complications , Pre-Eclampsia , Pregnancy Outcome , Databases, Bibliographic , Embolism and Thrombosis , Diabetes, Gestational , Fatal Outcome , Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical , Patient Outcome Assessment
8.
Autops. Case Rep ; 12: e2021354, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360156

ABSTRACT

Peripheral neuropathy (PN) is characterized by the injury to the peripheral nervous system of varied etiology. Lymphoma is one of the etiologies of PN, presenting various neurological manifestations. Neuropathy associated with peripheral T-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified (PTCL, NOS) is unusual and fewer cases are documented in the literature. In addition, PTCL, NOS is extremely rare as primary in the female genital tract, especially uterine cervix, and exhibits aggressive clinical course with poor therapy response. We hereby describe a 47-year-old female who presented with fever and chills for 15 days. Clinical examination revealed left-sided lower motor neuron type of facial nerve palsy with Bell's phenomenon. Nerve conduction study of all four limbs illustrated asymmetrical axonal neuropathy (motor > sensory), suggesting mononeuritis multiplex. She developed vaginal bleeding during her hospital stay. Pelvic examination and imaging revealed a 4x3cm polypoidal mass on the posterior lip of the cervix, which was excised and diagnosed as extranodal primary PTCL, NOS based on morphology, immunohistochemistry, and in-situ hybridization findings. Besides, the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was infiltrated by the lymphoma cells, detected on cell block preparation. The patient succumbed to her illness within one week despite best efforts and the commencement of chemotherapy. No consent was obtainable for nerve biopsy and autopsy. Thus, we report an extremely rare case of primary extranodal PTCL, NOS of the uterine cervix with unusual presentation of mononeuritis multiplex. Further, we discussed the differentials of PTCL, NOS at this extranodal site.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/complications , Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral/complications , Mononeuropathies/etiology , Biopsy , Immunohistochemistry , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/diagnosis , Lymphoma, T-Cell/diagnosis , In Situ Hybridization , Fatal Outcome
9.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 42: e06961, 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1356551

ABSTRACT

Baccharis vulneraria Backer is a sub-shrub frequently found in southern Brazil, which leads to gastrointestinal tract intoxication. The objective of this study is to describe epidemiological, clinical and anatomopathological aspects of two cases of B. vulneraria poisoning in cattle. Two bovines from two different municipalities in the Itajaí Valley, Santa Catarina, Brazil were necropsied and performed the histopathological evaluation and botanical classification of the plant found in the pasture. Bovine 1 had dehydration, ruminal atony, diarrhea, congested mucous membranes and hypothermia for 20 hours, and died during clinical care. At necropsy, there was moderate multifocal detachment and reddening of the forestomachs mucosa. Bovine 2 presented anorexia, dry feces, ruminal atony, vocalization and muscle tremors for ten days, unresponsive to treatments, evolving to death. At necropsy were seen loosening of the mucosa with marked diffuse reddening and transmural edema. The microscopic exam revealed degeneration, necrosis, vesiculation, and detachment of the forestomachs' mucosa, associated with moderate multifocal neutrophilic infiltrate (Bovine 1); marked diffuse transmural necrosis, edema, hemorrhage, and marked fibrinous exudation (Bovine 2). A large amount of B. vulneraria was found in the pastures, with signs of consumption. In this report, a case of subacute evolution of B. vulneraria poisoning was observed, since the poisoning by this plant is usually acute. More knowledge about poisoning by this plant is necessary for the prevention and control, avoiding new mortality cases.(AU)


Baccharis vulneraria Backer é um subarbusto frequentemente encontrado no sul do Brasil, que leva a um quadro de intoxicação nocivo ao trato gastrointestinal. O objetivo deste trabalho é descrever aspectos epidemiológicos, clínicos e anatomopatológicos de dois casos de intoxicação por B. vulneraria em bovinos. Foram necropsiados dois bovinos de dois municípios do Vale do Itajaí, Santa Catarina, Brasil, com avaliação histopatológica dos órgãos e classificação botânica dos exemplares da planta localizada nos piquetes. No exame clínico do Bovino 1 foram constatados desidratação, atonia ruminal, diarreia, mucosas congestas e hipotermia durante 20 horas, com morte durante atendimento clínico. Na necropsia, havia desprendimento e avermelhamento multifocais moderados na mucosa dos proventrículos. Já o Bovino 2 teve manifestações clínicas de anorexia, fezes secas, atonia ruminal, vocalização e tremores musculares por 10 dias, não responsivas a tratamento, evoluindo para óbito. Na necropsia, havia desprendimento da mucosa dos proventrículos, com avermelhamento e edema transmural difusos acentuados. No exame histológico havia degeneração e necrose da mucosa proventricular, vacuolização e desprendimento do epitélio, infiltrado neutrofílico multifocal moderado (Bovino 1), e necrose transmural difusa acentuada, edema, hemorragia e exsudação fibrinosa acentuados (Bovino 2). Grande quantidade de B. vulneraria foi encontrada nas pastagens dos bovinos, com sinais de consumo. É relatado um caso de evolução subaguda de intoxicação por B. vulneraria, visto que a intoxicação por essa planta geralmente tem curso agudo. Conhecimentos acerca desta planta são necessários para prevenção e controle da intoxicação, evitando novos casos de mortalidade.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Plant Poisoning/pathology , Plant Poisoning/veterinary , Cattle Diseases/pathology , Baccharis/poisoning , Gastrointestinal Tract/pathology , Plants, Toxic , Fatal Outcome
10.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 42: e06937, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1356550

ABSTRACT

Monensin is an ionophore antibiotic (IA) widely used for growth promotion and weight gain in the production of ruminants. However, it has caused intoxication in several species, including buffaloes, mainly because of the ignorance or disrespect of the recommendations for use in each animal species. The objective of this study was to describe, for the first time, clinical-epidemiological and anatomopathological data of an outbreak of accidental poisoning by monensin in buffalos and rediscuss the recommendation of the use of IA in the production of this species. The outbreak affected 21 adult buffaloes after consumption of remains from a feed formulated on the farm and whose constituents were mixed by hand. Clinical and first death signs were observed 24 hours after ingestion of this food. In general, the clinical picture was characterized by muscle weakness, tremors, difficulty in locomotion, and decubitus. Fifteen buffaloes presented clinical signs of poisoning (71.5% morbidity), followed by death (100% lethality), after acute to subacute evolution (<24h to 96h). Laboratory tests indicated elevated serum activity of creatine phosphokinase and aspartate aminotransferase enzymes. Three buffaloes underwent necropsy, and samples from several organs were collected for histopathological examination. The main injuries found were hyaline degeneration and multifocal segmental necrosis in the skeletal and cardiac striated muscles (myopathy and degenerative-necrotic multifocal multifocal-necrotic cardiopathy). The diagnosis was confirmed by the toxicological evaluation of suspected ration remains, which detected 461.67mg/kg of monensin. The death of 71.5% buffaloes in this lot occurred due to a succession of errors, which included faults in the formulation of the ration and, above all, due to the use of monensin in a highly sensitive species. Despite the possible beneficial effects of IA use as a dietary supplement for buffaloes, we are of the opinion that IAs should never be used in bubalinoculture since any increment in production does not compensate for the imminent risk of death due to a small safety margin for this species and the absence of antidotes.(AU)


Monensina é um antibiótico ionóforo (AI) amplamente empregado na produção de ruminantes para promoção de crescimento e ganho de peso, mas que tem causado intoxicação em diversas espécies, incluindo os búfalos, principalmente, pelo desconhecimento ou desrespeito das recomendações de uso e às particularidades de cada espécie animal. Objetivou-se descrever, pela primeira vez na Bahia, dados clínico-epidemiológicos e anatomopatológicos de um surto de intoxicação acidental por monensina em búfalos e rediscutir a recomendação do uso de AI na produção de bubalinos. O surto acometeu um lote de 21 búfalos adultos após consumo de sobras de uma ração para bovinos formulada na fazenda e cujos constituintes eram misturados à mão. Os sinais clínicos e primeiros óbitos foram observados 24 horas após a ingestão dessa ração. O quadro clínico, em geral, se caracterizou por fraqueza muscular, tremores, dificuldade de locomoção e decúbito. Quinze búfalos apresentaram sinais clínicos de intoxicação (morbidade 71,5%), seguido de morte (letalidade 100%), após evolução aguda a subaguda (<24h até 96h). Exames laboratoriais indicaram acentuada elevação na atividade sérica das enzimas CPK e AST. Três búfalos foram necropsiados, sendo coletadas amostras de diversos órgãos para exame histopatológico. A principal lesão encontrada foi degeneração hialina e necrose segmentar multifocal nos músculos estriados esqueléticos e cardíacos (miopatia e cardiopatia degenerativo-necrótica tóxica multifocal polifásica). O diagnóstico foi confirmado pela avaliação toxicológica das sobras da ração suspeita, que detectou 461,67mg/kg de monensina. A morte de 71,5% dos búfalos deste lote ocorreu devido a uma sucessão de erros, que incluíram falhas na formulação da ração e, sobretudo, devido ao uso da monensina em uma espécie altamente sensível. Enfatizamos que, apesar dos possíveis efeitos benéficos do uso AIs como suplemento dietético para bubalinos, somos da opinião que os AIs nunca devem ser empregados na bubalinocultura, uma vez que os eventuais incrementos na produção não compensam o risco iminente de morte, devido a pequena margem de segurança para essa espécie e a inexistência de antídotos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Buffaloes , Monensin/poisoning , Myotoxicity/diagnosis , Myotoxicity/pathology , Fatal Outcome , Myotoxicity/veterinary , Iatrogenic Disease/veterinary , Animal Feed/poisoning
12.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 86(4): 403-409, ago. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388665

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El teratoma del ovario es el tumor de células germinales más frecuente. Entre sus complicaciones se describen algunos síndromes paraneoplásicos, como la encefalitis por anticuerpos contra el receptor N-metil-D-aspartato (NMDA). CASO CLÍNICO: Mujer de 22 años sin antecedentes de importancia que consulta por cuadro clínico de 4 días de evolución caracterizado por síntomas psiquiátricos y un episodio convulsivo. Se considera un cuadro de meningoencefalitis y se indica manejo antibiótico de amplio espectro y antiviral. Ante el deterioro se sospecha una encefalitis autoinmunitaria, se identifica un tumor anexial en los estudios imagenológicos compatible con teratoma y se confirma el diagnóstico con el hallazgo de anticuerpos NMDA en el líquido cefalorraquídeo. A pesar de su resección y manejo sistémico, fallece a los 5 meses. DISCUSIÓN: La encefalitis autoinmunitaria asociada a un teratoma es inusual, pero es una complicación que debe sospecharse como diagnóstico de exclusión. La mayoría tienen un pronóstico favorable, aunque hasta una cuarta parte de los casos puede asociarse a daño irreversible en la corteza del hipocampo e incluso la muerte, principalmente cuando el diagnóstico y el tratamiento son tardíos. CONCLUSIONES: Este caso es un reto clínico que representa un vacío en la evidencia actual, puesto que no existe un estándar de manejo de los teratomas. Se propone que, una vez diagnosticado un teratoma, se realice una cistectomía ovárica. Son necesarios más estudios para validar esta recomendación.


INTRODUCTION: The ovarian teratoma is the most common cell germ tumor. Some paraneoplastic syndromes have been described, including the anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor encephalitis as part of its complications. CASE REPORT: A 22 years old female patient with no important medical history, consults due to an acute psychotic disorder and a convulsion. A meningoencephalitis was considered and broad-spectrum antibiotics and antivirals were started. Faced with deterioration, an autoimmune encephalitis is considered as well. Imaging studies revealed an ovarian teratoma and diagnosis was confirmed with antibodies against NMDA receptor in cerebrospinal fluid. Despite its resection and systemic management, the patient dies after 5 months. DISCUSSION: The autoimmune encephalitis associated with an ovarian teratoma is rare, its a complication that must be suspected as an exclusion diagnosis and most have a favorable prognosis, however up to a quarter of cases can be associated with irreversible damage to the hippocampal cortex and even death, mainly when late diagnosis and treatment are made. CONCLUSIONS: This case is a clinical challenge, no evidence is available since there is no standard for teratoma management. It is proposed that once a teratoma is diagnosed, an ovarian cystectomy is performed. Further studies are necessary to validate this recommendation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Young Adult , Ovarian Neoplasms/complications , Teratoma/complications , Anti-N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptor Encephalitis/complications , Ovarian Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Paraneoplastic Syndromes , Teratoma/diagnostic imaging , Fatal Outcome , Anti-N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptor Encephalitis/diagnostic imaging
13.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(3): e242-e246, Junio 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1248200

ABSTRACT

La leucemia linfoblástica aguda (LLA) es la patología oncológica más frecuente en pediatría, y corresponde al 23% de las neoplasias en menores de 15 años. Alrededor del 20% de los pacientes con LLA presentan recaídas, en la mayoría de los casos, en la médula ósea. Las recaídas extramedulares son inusuales y las dos localizaciones más frecuentes son el sistema nervioso central (SNC) y los testículos. Cuando las recaídas ocurren en el SNC, suelen manifestarse con un síndrome meníngeo. El síndrome hipotalámico se define como la presencia de hiperfagia, obesidad y/o cambios en el estado de ánimo, y es una forma de presentación clínica inusual de las recaídas en el SNC y debe alertar al pediatra para mantener un alto índice de sospecha.Se describen cuatro casos que se presentaron con síndrome hipotalámico al momento de desarrollar una recaída de LLA en el SNC


Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common malignancy in childhood, corresponding to 23% of cancer in children younger than 15 years old. About 20% of ALL cases will relapse, commonly in the bone marrow. Extramedullar relapses are unusual, and the two most frequent locations are CNS and testicles. ALL relapses, when diagnosed in the CNS, frequently present with clinical features of a meningeal syndrome. The hypothalamic syndrome, consisting of hyperphagia, obesity and / or behavior disturbances, corresponds to an unusual presentation of relapses in this location and should alert pediatricians to suspect it.We describe 4 ALL cases of hypothalamic syndrome at the time of CNS relapse


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/diagnosis , Recurrence , Fatal Outcome , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Hypothalamic Diseases/diagnosis
14.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(supl.1): 30-36, abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251543

ABSTRACT

Resumen La tuberculosis es una enfermedad de importancia en la salud pública a nivel mundial, con una alta incidencia a nivel del territorio colombiano. Principalmente, afecta el parénquima pulmonar; sin embargo, en un porcentaje elevado de casos se diagnostica en su forma extrapulmonar y el tracto gastrointestinal es uno de los sitios más frecuentes. Así mismo, la región ileocecal y el íleon terminal son las regiones con más predilección por la bacteria Mycobaterium tuberculosis. Las manifestaciones en esta rara presentación de la enfermedad están dadas por dolor abdominal y sensación de masa principalmente, lesiones ulcerosas en la mucosa intestinal y hallazgos histológicos correspondientes a granulomas caseificantes de gran tamaño y de morfología confluente, que se diferencian de otras entidades como la enfermedad de Crohn. La búsqueda de la enfermedad dentro del tracto gastrointestinal se realiza con ayuda de métodos invasivos como la colonoscopia y de ayudas diagnósticas de laboratorio como cultivos, tinciones o reacción en cadena de la polimerasa (PCR). Dada la complejidad en el diagnóstico de esta forma de tuberculosis, el conocimiento y la manera en que se aborda un paciente con un cuadro sugestivo de esta enfermedad son factores importantes para establecer el manejo terapéutico oportuno. Se comparte un caso inusual de tuberculosis ileocecal como manifestación de síndrome febril prolongado con desenlace fatal.


Abstract Tuberculosis is a disease of public health importance worldwide with a high incidence in Colombia. It mainly affects the lung parenchyma. However, in a large number of cases, it is diagnosed in its extrapulmonary form, with the gastrointestinal tract being one of the most frequent sites. Mycobacterium tuberculosis has a strong predilection for the ileocecal region and the terminal ileum. Manifestations of this rare form of the disease are abdominal pain and mass sensation mainly, as well as ulcerative lesions in the intestinal mucosa and histological findings corresponding to large caseating granulomas of confluent morphology, which distinguish it from other entities such as Crohn's disease. Invasive procedures, such as colonoscopy, and diagnostic laboratory aids, such as cultures, stains, and PCR, are used to find the disease in the gastrointestinal tract. Given the difficulty of diagnosing this type of tuberculosis, knowledge and how a patient with symptoms suggestive of the disease is approached are critical factors for establishing timely treatment. The following is an unusual case of ileocecal TB as a manifestation of prolonged febrile illness with a fatal outcome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Tuberculosis, Gastrointestinal , Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Bacteria , Colonoscopy , Fatal Outcome , Laboratories
15.
J. bras. nefrol ; 43(1): 132-134, Jan.-Mar. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154669

ABSTRACT

Abstract This patient was a 73-year-old man who initially came to our service with acute respiratory failure secondary to COVID-19. Soon after hospitalization, he was submitted to orotracheal intubation and placed in the prone position to improve hypoxia, due to severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). On the third day of hospitalization, he developed acute oliguric kidney injury and volume overload. The nephrology service was activated to obtain deep venous access for renal replacement therapy (RRT). The patient could not be placed in the supine position due to significant hypoxemia. A 50-cm Permcath (MAHURKARTM, Covidien, Massachusetts, USA) was inserted through the left popliteal vein. This case report describes a possible challenging scenario that the interventional nephrologist may encounter when dealing with patients with COVID-19 with respiratory impairment in the prone position.


Resumo O paciente era um homem de 73 anos de idade que inicialmente veio ao nosso serviço com insuficiência respiratória aguda secundária à COVID-19. Logo após a internação, ele foi submetido à intubação orotraqueal e pronado para melhorar a hipóxia devido à síndrome respiratória aguda grave (SARS - do inglês "severe acute respiratory syndrome"). No terceiro dia de internação, o mesmo desenvolveu lesão renal aguda oligúrica e sobrecarga de volume. O serviço de nefrologia foi acionado para realizar acesso venoso profundo para terapia renal substitutiva (TRS). O paciente não pôde ser colocado na posição de decúbito dorsal devido a uma hipoxemia significativa. Um Permcath de 50 cm (MAHURKARTM, Covidien, Massachusetts, EUA) foi inserido através da veia poplítea esquerda. Este relato de caso descreve um possível cenário desafiador com o qual o nefrologista intervencionista pode se deparar ao lidar com pacientes com COVID-19 com problemas respiratórios e colocados em pronação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Popliteal Vein , Critical Care/methods , Patient Positioning , Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , Acute Kidney Injury/therapy , COVID-19/complications , Respiratory Insufficiency/complications , Respiratory Insufficiency/therapy , Prone Position , Renal Replacement Therapy/methods , Fatal Outcome , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome/complications , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome/therapy , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/therapy , COVID-19/virology , Hospitalization , Intubation, Intratracheal/methods
16.
J. bras. nefrol ; 43(1): 128-132, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154655

ABSTRACT

Abstract Thromboembolic events are frequent in patients with COVID-19 infection, and no cases of bilateral renal infarctions have been reported. We present the case of a 41-year-old female patient with diabetes mellitus and obesity who attended the emergency department for low back pain, respiratory failure associated with COVID-19 pneumonia, diabetic ketoacidosis, and shock. The patient had acute kidney injury and required hemodialysis. Contrast abdominal tomography showed bilateral renal infarction and anticoagulation was started. Kidney infarction cases require high diagnostic suspicion and possibility of starting anticoagulation.


Resumo Fenômenos tromboembólicos são frequentes em pacientes com infecção por COVID-19 e nenhum caso de infarto renal bilateral havia sido relatado. Apresentamos o caso de uma paciente do sexo feminino, de 41 anos, com diabetes mellitus e obesidade, que deu entrada no serviço de urgência por lombalgia, insuficiência respiratória associada à pneumonia COVID-19, cetoacidose diabética e choque. A paciente apresentava lesão renal aguda e demandava hemodiálise. A tomografia abdominal contrastada mostrou infarto renal bilateral e foi iniciada anticoagulação. Os casos de infarto renal requerem alta suspeita diagnóstica e possibilidade de iniciar a anticoagulação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Diabetes Complications , Acute Kidney Injury/complications , COVID-19/complications , Infarction/complications , Kidney/blood supply , Obesity/complications , Respiratory Insufficiency/complications , Severity of Illness Index , Immunoglobulin M/blood , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Renal Dialysis/methods , Fatal Outcome , Acute Kidney Injury/therapy , SARS-CoV-2/immunology , COVID-19/drug therapy , COVID-19/virology , Antibodies, Viral/blood , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use
17.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 19(1): 51-53, março 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361751

ABSTRACT

A metastização ganglionar cervical por neoplasia da próstata é rara, sendo ainda menos frequente como manifestação inicial da doença. O presente estudo é um relato de um caso clínico de uma pessoa do sexo masculino, com 72 anos, que apresentava massa cervical esquerda, indolor, com 2 meses de evolução e dores ósseas lombar e torácica. A citologia aspirativa por agulha fina com estudo imuno-histoquímico revelou positividade para o antígeno prostático específico, concluindo se tratar de metástase ganglionar de carcinoma da próstata. Analiticamente, constatou-se que o valor do antígeno prostático específico foi maior que 1.000ng/mL, além da elevação da fosfatase alcalina. A cintilografia óssea de corpo inteiro revelou envolvimento ósseo secundário. Após o diagnóstico, o paciente iniciou hormonoterapia e recusou radioterapia com intuito paliativo. Oito meses após o diagnóstico, constatou-se a recorrência da doença, com elevação do valor do antígeno prostático específico novamente. Dessa forma, relata-se um caso de neoplasia da próstata com metastização óssea e ganglionar cervical esquerda em um indivíduo assintomático do ponto de vista urológico. Salienta-se que, no diagnóstico diferencial de adenopatias cervicais, deve-se considerar a neoplasia da próstata em pessoas do sexo masculino. (AU)


Cervical lymph nodes involvement is rare in prostate cancer and uncommon as an initial manifestation. This study is a clinical case report of a 72-year-old man who presented with a left cervical painless mass of 2-month progression, and bone pain on the lumbar and thoracic regions. Fine-needle aspiration cytology with immunohistochemistry staining was performed and revealed positivity for prostate-specific antigen consistent with prostate adenocarcinoma metastasis. Blood tests revealed a prostate-specific antigen of more than 1,000ng/mL, as well as high alkaline phosphatase. Whole-body bone scan showed secondary bone involvement. Following diagnosis, the patient started hormonal therapy and refused palliative radiotherapy. Eight months after diagnosis, recurrence was observed, with prostate-specific antigen elevation again. Thus, a clinical case of prostate cancer with bone and cervical lymph node metastasis in a patient with no urologic symptoms is reported. It should be noted that prostate cancer shall always be considered in the differential diagnosis of cervical lymphadenopathies in male patients. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Bone Neoplasms/secondary , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Superior Cervical Ganglion , Lymphadenopathy/etiology , Prostatic Neoplasms/diagnosis , Bone Neoplasms/diagnosis , Adenocarcinoma/diagnosis , Fatal Outcome , Lymphadenopathy/diagnosis , Lymphatic Metastasis
18.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 19(1): 42-46, março 2021. tab., ilus.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361745

ABSTRACT

O mieloma múltiplo é a segunda neoplasia onco-hematológica mais comum, correspondendo a 1% das neoplasias malignas. Trata-se de uma condição subdiagnosticada, assim como a encefalite herpética. Entretanto, é comum a relação do mieloma com infecções, em decorrência do acometimento da imunidade humoral. A encefalite viral herpética tem como principal agente o vírus do herpes simples 1. O caso foi descrito baseado em um raciocínio clínico, visando contribuir para uma melhor caracterização do quadro clínico e do diagnóstico de duas entidades clínicas que possuem baixa suspeição diagnóstica e elevada morbimortalidade. Durante o curso da investigação, foram propostas variadas etiologias como responsáveis pelo rebaixamento do nível de consciência, levando a uma pesquisa de um espectro mais amplo de hipóteses diagnósticas, as quais precederam a confirmação do diagnóstico final. O quadro clínico atípico descrito apresentou obstáculos à suspeição diagnóstica correta, pois a ausência dos sinais e sintomas característicos de ambas as doenças levaram à pesquisa de um arsenal mais amplo de diagnósticos diferenciais. Assim, o atraso no diagnóstico e o início tardio do tratamento foram fatores que contribuíram para o prognóstico reservado do paciente. A associação dessas doenças é pouco descrita na literatura, de modo que mais estudos acerca do assunto se fazem necessários. (AU)


Multiple myeloma is the second most common onco-hematologic neoplasm, accounting for 1% of malignant neoplasms. As herpetic encephalitis, it is an underdiagnosed condition. However, the relation of myeloma with infections is common, due to the involvement of humoral immunity. Herpetic encephalitis has as its main etiological agent the herpes simplex virus 1. The case was described based on a clinical reasoning, aiming to contribute to a better characterization of the clinical picture and diagnosis of two entities that have low rates of diagnostic suspicion and high rates of morbidity and mortality. During the course of investigation, several etiologies were proposed as responsible for the decreased level of consciousness, leading to a search for a broader range of diagnostic hypotheses, which preceded confirmation of the final diagnosis. The atypical clinical picture described presented obstacles to the correct diagnostic suspicion, as the absence of symptoms and signs characteristic of both diseases led to the search for a broader arsenal of differential diagnoses. Thus, delayed diagnosis and late treatment were factors that contributed to the patient's reserved prognosis. The association of these diseases is poorly described in the literature, so further studies on that subject are required. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Encephalitis, Herpes Simplex/complications , Encephalitis, Herpes Simplex/diagnosis , Multiple Myeloma/complications , Multiple Myeloma/diagnosis , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Acyclovir/therapeutic use , Dexamethasone/therapeutic use , Fatal Outcome , Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating/therapeutic use , Encephalitis, Herpes Simplex/drug therapy , Delayed Diagnosis , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Melphalan/therapeutic use , Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy
19.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 19(1): 29-36, março 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361699

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar a percepção dos familiares quanto a atenção à saúde prestada no Sistema Único de Saúde para pacientes que foram a óbito e eram portadores de insuficiência renal crônica. Métodos: Foram realizadas entrevistas com familiares de pacientes falecidos por doença renal crônica por meio da aplicação de um questionário e perguntas abertas. Os pacientes tinham sido atendidos na rede pública da Região Metropolitana de São Paulo. Resultados: Referente à dificuldade com o acesso, o tempo de espera para realização de consultas ou procedimentos foi a maior dificuldade relatada, seguida de dificuldade com transporte (tempo de espera do serviço móvel de urgência e transporte sanitário). O item melhor avaliado foi o acesso a medicações da farmácia básica e de alto custo. Nas questões de humanização, a maior dificuldade relatada foi referente ao profissional médico ( falta de explicação do médico quanto ao tratamento, falta de comunicação com o paciente ou familiares e frieza no atendimento), seguida do profissional enfermeiro (descaso, bronca e falta de cuidado). Porém, como aspectos positivos, também o mais relevante foi o atendimento médico e de enfermagem prestado. Conclusão: Questões relacionais são importantes aspectos entre profissional de saúde e pacientes/ familiares e têm impacto direto na percepção da assistência à saúde do paciente, por parte de seus familiares.


Objective: To assess the perception of family members regarding health care provided in the Brazilian Public Health System to patients who died and had chronic renal failure. Methods: Interviews with the relatives of deceased patients who died from chronical renal disease were carried out, with a questionnaire and open questions. The patients had been attended in the public health care network of the metropolitan region of São Paulo. Results: Regarding access, the greatest difficulty reported was waiting time to consultation or procedures, followed by access to transportation (waiting time for emergency medical service and sanitary transportation). The best reviewed item was the access to medicine at the program Farmácia Básica and to highcost medicine. In terms of humanization, the greatest difficulty reported regarded the physician (lack of explanation of treatment, of communication with the patient and family members, and cold care), followed by the nursing team (neglect, reprimands, and lack of care). However, the most relevant positive aspects were the care provided by the physician and nurses. Conclusion: The relationship between patient/family and healthcare professionals is important and directly impacts the perception by patient/ family about healthcare.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Perception , Unified Health System , Family/psychology , Comprehensive Health Care , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Physician-Patient Relations , Quality of Health Care , Surveys and Questionnaires , Fatal Outcome , Qualitative Research , Humanization of Assistance , Nurse-Patient Relations
20.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2021255, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153189

ABSTRACT

Undifferentiated or anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) is rare and one of the most aggressive human malignancies. The tumor is usually voluminous and fast-growing and mostly affects older women. The most common sites of distant metastases are the lungs, brain, and bones. Herein, we describe the case of a 66-year-old woman with a history of bilateral breast carcinoma and ATC, who presented with an acute abdomen and subsequently died. At autopsy, an isolated metastasis of ATC in the small intestine leading to bowel perforation was found. Moreover, there was adenocarcinoma in the descending colon. The review of extra-abdominal malignancies metastasizing to bowel and coincidence of breast and thyroid carcinoma is included.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Breast Neoplasms , Thyroid Carcinoma, Anaplastic , Intestinal Perforation/etiology , Neoplasm Metastasis , Autopsy , Fatal Outcome , Intestine, Small/injuries
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