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1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(3): 338-341, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288576

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a group of long-term fatigue; the rest is difficult to achieve. At the same time, it is accompanied by corresponding physical dysfunction and psychological and mental symptoms. It is very meaningful to find exercise countermeasures to cope with chronic fatigue syndrome actively. Object This article analyzes the current students' CFS to realize the cognition of the disease. At the same time, it analyzes the effect of sports on the treatment of chronic fatigue to help students formulate related sports programs. Method The article conducts a related questionnaire survey and analysis of students and analyzes CFS and exercise status symptoms. Results Generally, students with CFS did not actively participate in sports and had poor physical fitness, especially muscle endurance and cardiopulmonary function. However, students who actively participate in sports training basically do not have CFS. Conclusion CFS students should strengthen physical exercise and improve the CFS situation through exercise. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução a síndrome da fadiga crônica (SFC) é um grupo de fadiga de longa duração; o descanso é difícil de conseguir. Ao mesmo tempo, é acompanhado por disfunção física correspondente e sintomas psicológicos e mentais. É muito significativo encontrar contramedidas de exercícios para lidar ativamente com a síndrome da fadiga crônica. Objetivo este artigo analisa o CFS de alunos atuais para a compreensão da doença. Ao mesmo tempo, analisa o efeito dos esportes no tratamento da fadiga crônica para ajudar os alunos a formular programas esportivos relacionados. Método o artigo conduz uma pesquisa de questionário relacionada e análise de alunos e analisa CFS e sintomas de status de exercício. Resultados Geralmente, os alunos com SFC não participavam ativamente de esportes e apresentavam má aptidão física, principalmente resistência muscular e função cardiopulmonar. Por outro lado, os alunos que participam ativamente do treinamento esportivo basicamente não possuem CFS. Conclusão os alunos do CFS devem fortalecer o exercício físico e melhorar a situação do CFS por meio do exercício. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción El síndrome de fatiga crónica (SFC) es un grupo de fatiga a largo plazo; el descanso es difícil de conseguir. Al mismo tiempo, se acompaña de la correspondiente disfunción física y síntomas psicológicos y mentales. Es muy significativo encontrar contramedidas de ejercicio para hacer frente activamente al síndrome de fatiga crónica. Objeto Este artículo analiza el SFC de los estudiantes actuales para comprender la enfermedad. Al mismo tiempo, analiza el efecto del deporte en el tratamiento de la fatiga crónica para ayudar a los estudiantes a formular programas deportivos relacionados. Método El artículo lleva a cabo un cuestionario relacionado y un análisis de los estudiantes y analiza los síntomas del SFC y el estado del ejercicio. Resultados En general, los estudiantes con SFC no participaron activamente en deportes y tenían una mala condición física, especialmente la resistencia muscular y la función cardiopulmonar. Por otro lado, los estudiantes que participan activamente en el entrenamiento deportivo básicamente no tienen SFC. Conclusión Los estudiantes de CFS deben fortalecer el ejercicio físico y mejorar la situación de CFS a través del ejercicio. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos: investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Sports , Fatigue/diagnosis , Chronic Disease , Surveys and Questionnaires
2.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 78(8): 473-480, Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131743

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: The instruments that measure the impact of fatigue on physical, cognitive and psychosocial aspects has yet to be validated in Brazilian population with Parkinson's disease (PD). The aim of this study was to cross-culturally adapt and assess the psychometric properties of the Brazilian version of the Modified Fatigue Impact Scale (MFIS-PD/BR). Methods: Ninety PD individuals were recruited. The adaptation of the MFIS-PD was performed by translation and back translation methodology. Psychometric analysis was applied in order to perform the administration of the socio-clinical questionnaire, Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS Part I-IV), Hoehn-Yahr disability scale (HY), hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS), Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), fatigue severity scale (FSS), Parkinson Fatigue Scale (PFS-16), and MFIS-PD/BR with retest of the MFIS-PD/BR after 7 days. Results: The adaptation phase kept the same items of original MFIS-PD. The Cronbach's alpha for the MFIS-PD/BR was 0.878 when all responses items were scored. The test-retest intraclass correlation coefficients was above 0.80 (p<0.01) for the MFIS-PD/BR score, which was moderately correlated with the HADS, GDS, MDS-UPDRS score total and non-motor experiences of daily living, FSS and PFS-16. It was revealed the MFIS-PD/BR>29 points as cut-off point to indicate fatigued subjects with accuracy of 0.835 (p<0.001). Conclusions: The MFIS-PD/BR is valid and reproducible to use in assessing the fatigue symptom in Brazilian PD subjects.


RESUMO Introdução: Os instrumentos que mensuram o impacto da fadiga nos aspectos físicos, cognitivos e psicossociais ainda não foram validados na população brasileira com doença de Parkinson (DP). O objetivo deste estudo foi adaptar culturalmente e avaliar as propriedades psicométricas da versão brasileira da escala modificada de impacto da fadiga (MFIS-PD/BR). Métodos: Setenta indivíduos com DP foram recrutados. A adaptação do MFIS-PD foi realizada pela metodologia de tradução e retrotradução. Na análise psicométrica foi realizada a administração de questionário socioclínico, Miniexame do estado mental (Mini-Mental State Examination - MMSE), Escala Unificada de Avaliação da DP (Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale - UPDRS Parte I-IV), escala de incapacidade Hoehn-Yahr (HY), escala hospitalar de ansiedade e depressão (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale - HADS), escala de depressão geriátrica (Geriatric Depression Scale - GDS), escala de gravidade da fadiga (Fatigue Severity Scale - FSS), escala de fadiga de Parkinson (Parkinson Fatigue Scale - PFS-16) e a MFIS-PD/BR com reteste após 7 dias. Resultados: A fase de adaptação manteve os mesmos itens do MFIS-PD original. O coeficiente alfa de Cronbach para o MFIS-PD/BR foi de 0,878 quando todos os itens das respostas foram pontuados. Os coeficientes de correlação intraclasse teste-reteste foram superiores a 0,80 (p<0,01) para o escore MFIS-PD/BR, que foi moderadamente correlacionado com o escore HADS, GDS, MDS-UPDRS, total e aspectos não-motores da vida diária, FSS e PFS-16. Foi revelado o ponto de corte do MFIS-PD/BR>29 pontos para indicar indivíduos fatigados com acurácia de 0,835 (p<0,001). Conclusões: O MFIS-PD/BR é válido e reprodutível para a avaliação do sintoma de fadiga em indivíduos brasileiros com DP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Parkinson Disease/complications , Psychometrics , Severity of Illness Index , Brazil , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reproducibility of Results , Fatigue/diagnosis , Fatigue/etiology
3.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(1): 50-63, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098053

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Fatigue is a common symptom in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). A translated and culturally adapted, instrument with robust psychometric for measuring fatigue in Brazilian patients with IBD is needed. OBJECTIVE: To translate and cross-culturally adapt the inflammatory Bowel Disease Fatigue Scale (IBD-F) into Brazilian-Portuguese and to test its measurement properties in Brazilian patients with IBD. METHODS: Data from 123 patients with IBD were collected. In addition to IBD-F, the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue (FACIT-F) was used. The measurement properties tested were: internal consistency, reproducibility (reliability and agreement), construct validity, internal and external responsiveness, and ceiling and floor effects. RESULTS: The Brazilian-Portuguese version of the IBD-F showed excellent internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha of 0.95), excellent reproducibility (ICC=0.97) and a minimal detectable change of 6.0 points. The construct validity was demonstrated with a good correlation between the IBD-F and FACIT-F (r=- 0.46). Effect sizes used for measuring internal responsiveness were moderate among those with Crohn's (0.66) disease and low in patients with ulcerative colitis (0.24). The Brazilian-Portuguese version of the IBD-F presented with high external responsiveness for Crohn's disease (0.84) and with low external responsiveness for ulcerative colitis (0.33). The area under the curve considered for responsiveness was 0.84. Twenty-five percent of floor effects and no ceiling effect were recorded. CONCLUSION: The Brazilian-Portuguese version of IBD-F has adequate measurement properties and its use can be recommended in clinical practice and research.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A fadiga é um sintoma comum em pacientes com doenças inflamatórias intestinais (DII). Um instrumento de avaliação de fadiga traduzido, culturalmente adaptado e com psicometria robusta para medir a fadiga em pacientes brasileiros com DII é necessário. OBJETIVO: Traduzir e adaptar culturalmente a Inflammatory Bowel Disease Fatigue Scale (IBD-F) para o português do Brasil e testar suas propriedades de medida em pacientes brasileiros com DII. MÉTODOS: Foram coletados dados de 123 pacientes com DII. Além do IBD-F, foi utilizada a Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue (FACIT-F). As propriedades de medida testadas foram: consistência interna, reprodutibilidade (confiabilidade e concordância), validade de construto, responsividade interna e externa e efeitos teto e chão. RESULTADOS: A versão em português do IBD-F mostrou excelente consistência interna (alfa de Cronbach de 0,95), excelente reprodutibilidade (ICC=0,97) e uma diferença mínima detectável de 6,0 pontos. A validade do construto foi demonstrada por meio de uma boa correlação entre o IBD-F Brasil e o FACIT-F (r= -0,46). Na análise de responsividade interna, os tamanhos de efeito obtidos foram moderado entre aqueles com doença de Crohn (0,66) e baixo em pacientes com colite ulcerativa (0,24). O IBD-F Brasil apresentou alta responsividade externa entre aqueles com doença de Crohn (0,84) e baixa responsividade externa em pacientes colite ulcerativa (0,33). A área sob a curva considerada para responsividade foi de 0,84. Foram registrados 25% de efeito chão e nenhum efeito teto nas avaliações realizadas. CONCLUSÃO: O IBD-F Brasil possui propriedades de medida adequadas e seu uso pode ser recomendado na prática clínica e na pesquisa em pacientes com DII.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Self-Assessment , Colitis, Ulcerative/complications , Crohn Disease/complications , Surveys and Questionnaires , Fatigue/diagnosis , Fatigue/etiology , Psychometrics , Translations , Severity of Illness Index , Brazil , Cross-Cultural Comparison , Reproducibility of Results , Middle Aged
4.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 1056-1064, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879236

ABSTRACT

In the process of lower limb rehabilitation training, fatigue estimation is of great significance to improve the accuracy of intention recognition and avoid secondary injury. However, most of the existing methods only consider surface electromyography (sEMG) features but ignore electrocardiogram (ECG) features when performing in fatigue estimation, which leads to the low and unstable recognition efficiency. Aiming at this problem, a method that uses the fusion features of ECG and sEMG signal to estimate the fatigue during lower limb rehabilitation was proposed, and an improved particle swarm optimization-support vector machine classifier (improved PSO-SVM) was proposed and used to identify the fusion feature vector. Finally, the accurate recognition of the three states of relax, transition and fatigue was achieved, and the recognition rates were 98.5%, 93.5%, and 95.5%, respectively. Comparative experiments showed that the average recognition rate of this method was 4.50% higher than that of sEMG features alone, and 13.66% higher than that of the combined features of ECG and sEMG without feature fusion. It is proved that the feature fusion of ECG and sEMG signals in the process of lower limb rehabilitation training can be used for recognizing fatigue more accurately.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Electrocardiography , Electromyography , Fatigue/diagnosis , Humans , Lower Extremity , Support Vector Machine
5.
Evid. actual. práct. ambul ; 23(2): e002042, 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1103530

ABSTRACT

Este artículo resume las diferentes formas de presentación clínica de la enfermedad COVID-19 causada por el virus SARS-Co-2 documentadas fundamentalmente en las tres principales revisiones sistemáticas disponibles. Entre las manifestaciones clínicas de frecuente aparición se destacan la fiebre (83 %), la tos (60 %) y la fatiga (38 %), seguidas por las mialgias (29 %), el aumento de la producción del esputo (27 %) y la disnea (25 %). Entre los hallazgos de laboratorio,predominan el aumento de los valores de proteína C reactiva (69 %), la linfopenia (57 %) y el aumento de los niveles de lactato-deshidrogenasa (52 %). Respecto de las manifestaciones radiológicas, tienen especial importancia las opacificaciones en vidrio esmerilado (80 %), la neumonía bilateral (73 %) y la afectación de tres lóbulos pulmonares o más (57 %).Si bien la evidencia sintetizada tiene limitaciones, permite una aproximación actualizada a los conocimientos disponibles sobre la clínica de esta nueva enfermedad en la población adulta. (AU)


This article summarizes the different forms of clinical presentation of COVID-19, caused by the SARS-Co-2 virus, synthesizing the information collected mainly by three published systematic reviews. Frequent clinical manifestations include fever(83 %), cough (60 %), and fatigue (38 %), followed by myalgia (29 %), increased sputum production (27 %) and dyspnea(25 %). Among the laboratory findings, the most common are the increase in C-reactive protein values (69 %), lymphopenia (57 %) and the increase in lactate dehydrogenase levels (52 %).. Most remarkable radiological features include ground glass opacifications (80 %), bilateral pneumonia (73 %) and the involvement of three or more lung lobes (57 %). Although the synthesized evidence has limitations, it allows an updated approach to the available knowledge about the clinical symptoms of this new disease in the adult population. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Young Adult , Pneumonia, Viral/physiopathology , Coronavirus Infections/physiopathology , Betacoronavirus/pathogenicity , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Pneumonia, Viral/etiology , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnostic imaging , Sputum , C-Reactive Protein/metabolism , China , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Coronavirus Infections/etiology , Coronavirus Infections/diagnostic imaging , Cough/diagnosis , Cough/physiopathology , Cough/blood , Dyspnea/diagnosis , Dyspnea/physiopathology , Dyspnea/blood , Fatigue/diagnosis , Fatigue/physiopathology , Fatigue/blood , Pandemics , Fever/diagnosis , Fever/physiopathology , Fever/blood , Myalgia/diagnosis , Myalgia/physiopathology , Myalgia/blood , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase/blood , Lymphopenia/blood
7.
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2020. 91 p. il., tab., graf..
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1223661

ABSTRACT

O presente estudo tem como objetivo avaliar a influência do modo de sinterização nas propriedades superficiais e no limite de fadiga de uma nova cerâmica de zircônia (Y-TZP). 50 discos de cerâmica à base de óxido de zircônio (IPS e.max ZirCAD LT) para CAD/CAM (Computer Aided Design/Computer Aided Manufacture) foram confeccionados de acordo com a norma ISO 6872:2015. Os discos foram divididos em dois grupos, de acordo com o modo de sinterização do material: MP (modo padrão) e MR (modo rápido). Os discos do grupo MP foram sinterizados conforme o programa padrão (n=25), enquanto os discos do grupo MR foram sinterizados utilizando o programa rápido (n=25). Por se tratar de um novo material, previamente ao ensaio de fadiga, cinco amostras de cada grupo foram confeccionadas de forma semelhante e utilizadas para as seguintes avaliações: rugosidade superficial, perfilometria, microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV), sistema de energia dispersiva (EDS), difração de raios-X e mensuração da cor e translucidez. Cinco discos de cada grupo foram submetidos ao teste monotônico de flexão biaxial com célula carga de 50 kgf e velocidade de 0,5 mm/min até o momento da fratura para determinação da carga a ser utilizada no teste de fadiga staircase. Setenta por cento do valor médio da carga máxima (MPa) registrada na fratura de cada espécime foi utilizado como carga inicial para o teste de fadiga. A carga foi aplicada sobre o espécime por 20.000 ciclos, a uma frequência de 20 Hz. As análises fractográficas dos espécimes foi realizada e amostras representativas foram submetidas à MEV para avaliação da origem da fratura. Comprovada a normalidade dos dados, os resultados de rugosidade superficial, limite de fadiga e leituras de cor foram avaliados através de ANOVA ­ 1 fator seguido pelo teste de Tukey, ambos com significância de 5%. O limite médio da fadiga em flexão biaxial foi calculado de acordo com o método de Collins (1993). As imagens de MEV e perfilometria foram avaliadas qualitativamente. ANOVA revelou não haver diferença para Ra, Rz e RSm (p>0.05) entre MP (0,13±0,02; 1.21±0,26; 24,91±2,19) e MR (0,14±0,03; 1,32±0,25; 24,68±2,26). As microscopias confirmaram similaridade na morfologia superficial dos grupos. DRX apresentou semelhantes fases. A resistência à fadiga foi semelhante entre MP (512 MPa; 464.39 ­ 560.06) e MR (542 MPa; 472.49 - 611.51) e a fractografia apresentou a origem das falhas no lado de tração, independentemente do modo de sinterização dos discos. Os valores de coordenadas L* (p = 0,000) e a* (p = 0,001) foram superiores para o grupo MR enquanto a coordenada b* (p = 0,977) foi semelhante entre os modos de sinterização. E, um valor de ΔE = 2 foi observado. Já a translucidez foi semelhante entre os grupos (p = 0,788) (AU)


The present study aims to evaluate the influence of sintering mode on surface properties and fatigue limit of a new zirconia ceramic (Y-TZP). 50 zirconium oxide (IPS e.max ZirCAD LT) ceramic discs for CAD/CAM (Computer Aided Design/Computer Aided Manufacture) were prepared based on ISO 6872:2015. The discs were divided into two groups according to the material sintering mode: MP (standard mode) and MR (fast mode). MP group discs were sintered according to the standard program (n = 25), while MR group discs were sintered using the fast program (n = 25). As it is a new material, before the fatigue test, five samples from each group were similarly made and used for the following evaluations: surface roughness, profilometry, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), dispersive energy system (EDS), X-ray diffraction and color and translucency measurements. Five discs from each group were submitted to the monotonic biaxial flexion test with a load cell of 50 kgf and 0.5 mm/min speed until the fracture moment to determine the load to be used in the staircase fatigue test. Seventy percent of the mean maximum strength (MPa) recorded during fracture of each specimen was used as the initial load for the fatigue test. The load was applied to the specimen for 20,000 cycles at a frequency of 20 Hz. Fractographic analyzes of the specimens were performed and representative samples were submitted to SEM to assess the origin of the fracture. Once the data normality was verified, the results of surface roughness, fatigue limit and color readings were evaluated by one-way ANOVA followed by Tukey 's test, both with 5% significance. The mean limit of biaxial flexion fatigue was calculated according to the Collins method (1993). SEM and profilometry images were qualitatively evaluated. ANOVA revealed no difference for Ra, Rz and RSm (p> 0.05) between MP (0.13 ± 0.02; 1.21 ± 0.26; 24.91 ± 2.19) and MR (0.14 ± 0, 03, 1.32 ± 0.25; 24.68 ± 2.26). The microscopies confirmed similarity in the superficial morphology of the groups. XRD presented similar phases. Fatigue strength was similar among MP (512 MPa; 464.39 - 560.06) and MR (542 MPa; 472.49 - 611.51) and fractography showed the failure origin on the tensile side, regardless of the sintering mode of the discs. The L * (p = 0.000) and a * (p = 0.001) coordinate values were higher for the MR group while the b * coordinate (p = 0.977) was similar within the sintering modes and a value of ΔE = 2 was observed. Translucency was similar between groups (p = 0.788) (AU)


Subject(s)
Fatigue/diagnosis
9.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 63(3): 235-240, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011173

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate whether hormonal profile, arterial function, and physical capacity are predictors of fatigue in patients with acromegaly. Subjects and methods: This is a cross-sectional study including 23 patients. The subjects underwent a Modified Fatigue Impact Scale (MFIS) assessment; serum growth hormones (GH) and IGF-1 measurements; pulse wave analysis comprising pulse wave velocity (PWV), arterial compliance (AC), and the reflection index (IR1,2); dominant upper limb dynamometry (DYN); and the six-minute walking distance test (6MWT). Multiple linear regression models were used to identify predictors for MFIS. The coefficient of determination R2 was used to assess the quality of the models' fit. The best model was further analyzed using a calibration plot and a limits of agreement (LOA) plot. Results The mean ± SD values for the participants' age, MFIS, PWV, AC, IR1,2, DYN, and the distance in the 6MWT were 49.4 ± 11.2 years, 31.2 ± 18.9 score, 10.19 ± 2.34 m/s, 1.08 ± 0.46 x106 cm5/din, 85.3 ± 29.7%, 33.9 ± 9.3 kgf, and 603.0 ± 106.1 m, respectively. The best predictive model (R2 = 0.378, R2 adjusted = 0.280, standard error = 16.1, and P = 0.026) comprised the following regression equation: MFIS = 48.85 - (7.913 × IGF-I) + (1.483 × AC) - (23.281 × DYN). Conclusion Hormonal, vascular, and functional variables can predict general fatigue in patients with acromegaly.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Acromegaly/complications , Fatigue/diagnosis , Fatigue/etiology , Brazil , Insulin-Like Growth Factor I/analysis , Cross-Sectional Studies , Multivariate Analysis , Predictive Value of Tests , Exercise Tolerance , Pulse Wave Analysis , Walk Test
10.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 71(5): 2404-2410, Sep.-Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-958693

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare the distributions of measurements of the Dutch Fatigue Scale (DUFS), Dutch Exertion Fatigue Scale (DEFS), and Fatigue Pictogram tools, according to the New York Heart Association (NYHA) Functional Classification and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Method: Methodological, cross-sectional study with 118 patients with heart failure. Variance analysis, Pearson's correlation, and Fisher's exact tests were carried out, with a significance level of 0.05. Results: There was an increase in the DUFS and DEFS means with worsening of the NYHA-FC (p<0.001, for both tools). Correlations among the LVEF resulted in positive and weak magnitude for the DEFS (r=0.18; p=0.05) and for the DUFS (r=0.16; p=0.08). Just the item A on the Fatigue Pictogram had an association with the NYHA-FC (p<0.001) and the LVEF (p=0.03). Conclusion: Three tools detected worsening in fatigue levels according to the illness severity assessed by the NYHA-FC.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Comparar las distribuciones de medidas de los instrumentos Dutch Fatigue Scale (DUFS), Dutch Exertion Fatigue Scale (DEFS) y Pictograma de Fatiga, según la Clase Funcional de la New York Heart Association (CF-NYHA), y la fracción de eyección del ventrículo izquierdo (FEVE). Método: Estudio metodológico, transversal, con 118 pacientes con insuficiencia cardíaca. Fueron realizados los tests Análisis de Varianza, Correlación de Pearson y Exacto de Fisher, nivel de significatividad de 0,05. Resultados: Hubo aumentos en los promedios del DUFS y del DEFS, empeorando la CF-NYHA (p<0,001 en ambos instrumentos). Las correlaciones entre FEVE fueron de magnitud positiva a débil para DEFS (r=0,18; p=0,05) y para DUFS (r=0,16; p=0,08). Solo el ítem A del Pictograma de Fatiga tuvo asociación con la CF-NYHA (p<0,001) y con la FEVE (p=0,03). Conclusión: Los tres instrumentos detectaron empeoramiento de niveles de fatiga de acuerdo con la enfermedad evaluada por la CF-NYHA.


RESUMO Objetivo: Comparar as distribuições das medidas dos instrumentos Dutch Fatigue Scale (DUFS), Dutch Exertion Fatigue Scale (DEFS) e Pictograma de Fadiga, segundo a Classe Funcional da New York Heart Association (CF-NYHA) e a Fração de Ejeção do Ventrículo Esquerdo (FEVE). Método: Estudo metodológico, transversal, com 118 pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca. Foram realizados os testes Análise de Variância, Correlação de Pearson e Exato de Fisher, com nível de significância de 0,05. Resultados: Houve aumento nas médias do DUFS e do DEFS com a piora da CF-NYHA (p<0,001, para ambos os instrumentos). As correlações entre a FEVE foram de positiva e fraca magnitude para o DEFS (r=0,18; p=0,05) e para o DUFS (r=0,16; p=0,08). Somente o item A do Pictograma de Fadiga teve associação com a CF-NYHA (p<0,001) e com a FEVE (p=0,03). Conclusão: Os três instrumentos detectaram piora nos níveis de fadiga, de acordo com a gravidade da doença avaliada pela CF-NYHA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Software/standards , Fatigue/classification , Heart Failure/complications , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Fatigue/diagnosis , Middle Aged
11.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 31(4): 433-442, jul.-ago. 2018. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-910659

ABSTRACT

Nas doenças crônicas, como câncer e insuficiência cardíaca (IC), a fadiga é um sintoma comum e complexo do ponto de vista etiológico e fisiopatológico, portanto, um tema de relevância na recente área da cardio-oncologia. A fadiga é prevalente em 80-90% dos pacientes oncológicos tratados com quimioterapia e/ou radioterapia e acomete cerca de 50-96% dos indivíduos com IC. A toxicidade atribuída aos quimioterápicos pode determinar o grau de fadiga do paciente e até predizer sua sobrevida. Nas últimas décadas, o avanço das terapias antineoplásicas impactaram substancialmente a sobrevida dos pacientes com câncer, e os riscos dos efeitos lesivos destas terapias ao sistema cardiovascular têm sido cada vez mais descritos. Portanto, a cooperação entre oncologistas e cardiologistas levou ao surgimento da cardio-oncologia e do novo conceito de cardiovigilância. A cardiotoxicidade é uma das complicações clínicas no tratamento do câncer, apresentando como manifestação típica a disfunção sistólica ventricular esquerda. Novas estratégias diagnósticas e terapêuticas têm sido empregadas na cardiovigilância em pacientes com câncer. A fadiga nestes pacientes vem sendo estudada criteriosamente com um olhar multidisciplinar e com o desenvolvimento de escalas visuais para melhor quantificar e correlacionar o seu real impacto na qualidade de vida e sobrevida destes indivíduos. O Pictograma de Fadiga e Escala de Fadiga de Piper são ferramentas cada vez mais utilizadas na pesquisa e na prática clínica. Os mecanismos envolvidos na fadiga, do ponto de vista conceitual, podem ser de origem central (sistema nervoso central) ou periférica (musculoesquelética), ambos os quais podem estar presentes no paciente com câncer. A presente revisão objetiva discutir os novos conceitos na avaliação da fadiga em pacientes oncológicos. Esses conceitos são fundamentais aos profissionais que atuam na emergente área da cardio-oncologia


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Therapeutics , Fatigue/diagnosis , Heart Failure/physiopathology , Neoplasms/physiopathology , Radiotherapy/methods , Stroke Volume , Exercise , Chronic Disease , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Cardiotoxicity/diagnosis
12.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 38(1): 31-33, mar. 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1046195

ABSTRACT

El médico de familia está capacitado para resolver la mayoría de los problemas de salud de sus pacientes. Dentro del consultorio, el cansancio constituye un motivo de consulta muy frecuente. Su abordaje debe incluir la evaluación del contexto del paciente y un enfoque sistémico que incluya otros niveles diagnósticos y terapéuticos. Se presenta el caso de una paciente que, a partir de este motivo de consulta tan frecuente y junto a intervenciones de su médico de cabecera, logró modificar el foco del problema y comenzar un tratamiento acorde. (AU)


Family physicians are able to solve the majority of their patients' health issues. In the office, fatigue is a common complaint. Its approach should include the evaluation of the context of the patient and a systemic approach that includes other diagnostic and therapeutic levels. We present the case of a patient who went to his doctor with a common complaint and was able to change the focus of the problem and begin a consistent treatment. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Physician-Patient Relations , Stress, Psychological/psychology , Vaginismus/psychology , Fatigue/diagnosis , Physician's Role , Sex Offenses/psychology , Stress, Psychological/therapy , Sertraline/therapeutic use , Vaginismus/diagnosis , Family Practice , Fatigue/therapy , Patient Comfort
13.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 54(4): 344-348, Oct.-Dec. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888217

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Fatigue is a common complaint in cirrhotic patients and may be considered a debilitating symptom with negative impact on quality of life. Research on its etiology and treatment has been hampered by the lack of relevant and reproducible measures of fatigue. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS) in cirrhotic patients and to correlate with depressive symptomatology and quality of life. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with a convenience sample of 106 cirrhotic patients, aged between 18 and 70 years, both genders, literate, pre and post liver transplantation in outpatient follow-up. Internal consistency, reproducibility, discriminant validity, criterion validity, construct validity, responsiveness criterion, depressive symptomatology and quality of life were evaluated through questionnaires between January and October 2015. RESULTS: The mean age was 54.75±9.9 years, 65.1% male and 32.1% of the sample had cirrhosis due to hepatitis C virus. The mean FSS score was 4.74±1.64. Cronbach's alpha was 0.93, and the Intraclass Correlation Coefficient was 0.905 (95% CI: 0.813-0.952). For discriminant validity, FSS differentiated scores from different groups (P=0.009) and presented a correlation with the Modified Fatigue Impact Scale (r=0.606, P=0.002). FSS correlated significantly and positively with depressive symptomatology and correlated negatively with the SF-36 domains for construct validity. For responsiveness, no significant changes were observed in the fatigue scores in the pre and post-liver transplantation periods (P=0.327). CONCLUSION: FSS showed good psychometric performance in the evaluation of fatigue in patients with cirrhosis. Fatigue presented a strong correlation with depressive symptomatology and quality of life.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A fadiga é uma queixa comum em pacientes cirróticos e pode ser considerada um sintoma debilitante com impacto negativo na qualidade de vida. A investigação sobre a sua etiologia e tratamento tem sido dificultada pela falta de medidas relevantes e reprodutíveis da fadiga. OBJETIVO: Avaliar as propriedades psicométricas da Escala de Gravidade da Fadiga (FSS) em pacientes cirróticos e correlacionar com sintomatologia depressiva e qualidade de vida. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal com amostra de conveniência de 106 pacientes cirróticos, com idade entre 18 e 70 anos, ambos os sexos, alfabetizados, pré e pós-transplante hepático em acompanhamento ambulatorial. Foram avaliados: consistência interna, reprodutibilidade, validade discriminante, validade de critério, validade de construto, critério de responsividade, sintomatologia depressiva e qualidade de vida através de questionários, entre janeiro e outubro de 2015. RESULTADOS: A média de idade foi 54,75±9,9 anos, 65,1% do sexo masculino e 32,1% da amostra apresentava cirrose pelo vírus da hepatite C. O escore médio no FSS foi de 4,74±1,64. O alfa de Cronbach foi de 0,93, e o coeficiente de correlação intraclasse foi de 0,905 (IC 95%: 0,813-0,952). Para validade discriminante, o FSS diferenciou escores de grupos distintos (P=0,009) e apresentou correlação com a Escala de Impacto de Fadiga Modificada (r=0,606, P=0,002). O FSS se correlacionou significativamente e positivamente com sintomatologia depressiva e, negativamente com os domínios SF-36 para a validade de construto. Para responsividade, não foram observadas alterações significativas nos escores de fadiga nos períodos de transplante pré e pós-fígado (P=0,327). CONCLUSÃO: O FSS mostrou bom desempenho psicométrico na avaliação da fadiga em pacientes com cirrose. A fadiga apresentou forte correlação com sintomatologia depressiva e qualidade de vida.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Quality of Life/psychology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Depression/etiology , Fatigue/diagnosis , Liver Cirrhosis/complications , Psychometrics , Severity of Illness Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Depression/psychology , Fatigue/classification , Fatigue/etiology , Fatigue/psychology , Middle Aged
14.
Rev. bras. reumatol ; 57(5): 431-437, Sept.-Oct. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-899443

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To assess the prevalence of fatigue in a Brazilian population with early rheumatoid arthritis using multiple instruments, and the predictors of these instruments by differents independent variables. Methods: Cross-sectional study with direct interview and medical records review. Fatigue, dependent variable, was assessed using eight instruments: Profile of Mood States (POMS), Multidimensional Assessment of Fatigue scale (MAF), Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS), Bristol Rheumatoid Arthritis Fatigue Multidimensional Questionnaire (BRAF-MDQ), Numerical Rating Scales (BRAF-NRS), Short-form Survey 36 (SF-36), Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy Fatigue Scale (FACIT-F) and Visual Analogic Scale for Fatigue (VASf). Independent variables: sociodemographic, clinical and serological, were measured using medical records and direct interview. Disability and disease activity were assessed using the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) and disease activity assessed using the Disease Activity Score 28 joints (DAS28). The scores of scales demonstrated the level of fatigue and multiple linear regression method used in statistical analysis to demonstrate prediction models. Results: A total of 80 patients was assessed, and 57 reported clinically relevant fatigue (VASf > 2), representing 71.25% prevalence point (51 women [89.5%], mean age 48.35 ± 15 years, and mean disease duration of 4.92 ± 3.8 years). Eight predictive models showed statistical significance, one for each fatigue instrument. The highest coefficient of determination (R 2) was 56% for SF-36 and the lowest (R 2 = 21%) for FSS. The HAQ was the only independent variable to predict fatigue on all instruments. Conclusion: Clinically relevant fatigue is a highly prevalent symptom and is mostly predicted by disability and age in the population assessed.


Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar a prevalência de fadiga em uma coorte brasileira de pacientes com artrite reumatoide em fase inicial com múltiplos instrumentos e os preditores desses instrumentos de acordo com diferentes variáveis independentes. Métodos: Estudo transversal com entrevista direta e revisão de prontuários. A fadiga, a variável dependente, foi avaliada por meio de oito instrumentos: Profile of Mood States (POMS), Multidimensional Assessment of Fatigue Scale (MAF), Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS), Bristol Rheumatoid Arthritis Fatigue Multidimensional Questionnaire (BRAF-MDQ), Numerical Rating Scales (BRAF-NRS), Short-form Survey 36 (SF-36), Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy Fatigue Scale (Facit-F) e Escala Visual Analógica de fadiga (VASf). Variáveis independentes: mensuraram-se dados sociodemográficos, clínicos e sorológicos por meio da análise de prontuários e entrevista direta. A incapacidade e a atividade da doença foram avaliadas com o Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ). A atividade da doença foi avaliada com o Disease Activity Score 28 joints (DAS-28). As pontuações das escalas mostraram o nível de fadiga e usou-se o método de regressão linear múltipla na análise estatística para demonstrar os modelos de predição. Resultados: Avaliaram-se 80 pacientes; 57 relataram fadiga clinicamente relevante (VASf > 2), representaram uma prevalência de 71,25% (51 mulheres [89,5%], média de 48,35 ± 15 anos e duração média da doença de 4,92 ± 3,8 anos). Oito modelos preditivos mostraram significância estatística, um para cada instrumento de fadiga. O maior coeficiente de determinação (R2) foi de 56% para o SF-36 e o menor (R2 = 21%) foi para a FSS. O HAQ foi a única variável independente que predisse a fadiga em todos os instrumentos. Conclusão: A fadiga clinicamente relevante é um sintoma altamente prevalente e é principalmente predita pela incapacidade e idade na população avaliada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/complications , Severity of Illness Index , Fatigue/diagnosis , Fatigue/etiology , Brazil , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Decision Support Techniques , Age Factors , Disability Evaluation , Fatigue/epidemiology , Middle Aged
15.
J. bras. pneumol ; 43(3): 169-175, May-June 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-893837

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the properties of the Identity-Consequence Fatigue Scale (ICFS) in patients with lung cancer (LC), assessing the intensity of fatigue and associated factors. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study involving LC patients, treated at a teaching hospital in Brazil, who completed the ICFS. Patients with chronic heart disease (CHD) and healthy controls, matched for age and gender, also completed the scale. Initially, a Brazilian Portuguese-language version of the ICFS was administered to 50 LC patients by two independent interviewers; to test for reproducibility, it was readministered to those same patients. At baseline, the LC patients were submitted to spirometry and the six-minute walk test, as well as completing the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), and Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS). Inflammatory status was assessed by blood C-reactive protein (CRP) levels. To validate the ICFS, we assessed the correlations of its scores with those variables. Results: The sample comprised 50 patients in each group (LC, CHD, and control). In the LC group, the intraclass correlation coefficients for intra-rater and inter-rater reliability regarding ICFS summary variables ranged from 0.94 to 0.76 and from 0.94 to 0.79, respectively. The ICFS presented excellent internal consistency, and Bland-Altman plots showed good test-retest reliability. The ICFS correlated significantly with FSS, HADS, and SF-36 scores, as well as with CRP levels. Mean ICFS scores in the LC group differed significantly from those in the CHD and control groups. Conclusions: The ICFS is a valid, reliable instrument for evaluating LC patients, in whom depression, quality of life, and CRP levels seem to be significantly associated with fatigue.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar as propriedades da Escala de Identificação e Consequências da Fadiga (EICF) em pacientes com câncer de pulmão (CP), analisando a intensidade da fadiga e fatores associados. Métodos: Estudo transversal com pacientes com CP, atendidos em um hospital-escola no Brasil, que preencheram a EICF. Pacientes com doenças cardíacas crônicas (DCC) e controles saudáveis, pareados por idade e sexo, também preencheram a escala. Inicialmente, uma versão brasileira da escala foi aplicada a 50 pacientes com CP por dois entrevistadores independentes; para testar a reprodutibilidade, ela foi reaplicada aos mesmos pacientes. No momento basal, os pacientes com CP realizaram espirometria e teste de caminhada de seis minutos, bem como preencheram a Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) e Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS). O estado inflamatório foi avaliado pelos níveis de proteína C reativa (PCR) no sangue. Para validar a EICF, avaliamos as correlações entre as pontuações na mesma e essas variáveis. Resultados: A amostra foi composta por 50 pacientes em cada grupo (CP, DCC e controle). No grupo CP, os coeficientes de correlação intraclasse para confiabilidade intra e interobservador para as variáveis resumidas da EICF variaram de 0,94 a 0,76 e de 0,94 a 0,79, respectivamente. A EICF apresentou excelente consistência interna, e as disposições gráficas de Bland-Altman demonstraram boa confiabilidade teste-reteste. A EICF apresentou correlações significativas com as pontuações na FSS, HADS e SF-36, bem como com os níveis de PCR. As médias das pontuações na EICF do grupo CP diferiram significativamente das dos grupos DCC e controle. Conclusões: A EICF é um instrumento válido e confiável para a avaliação de pacientes com CP, nos quais depressão, qualidade de vida e níveis de PCR parecem estar significativamente associados à fadiga.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Fatigue/diagnosis , Fatigue/physiopathology , Lung Neoplasms/physiopathology , Self Report/standards , Brazil , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Case-Control Studies , Chronic Disease , Cross-Sectional Studies , Fatigue/psychology , Heart Diseases/physiopathology , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/psychology , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Quality of Life/psychology , Reproducibility of Results , Severity of Illness Index , Spirometry , Statistics, Nonparametric , Time Factors , Translations , Walk Test
16.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 144(7): 894-899, jul. 2016. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-794003

ABSTRACT

Background: Fatigue is one of the most common and distressing symptoms experienced by cancer patients. Aim: To validate the Brief Fatigue Inventory in people treated for hematological neoplasms. Material and Methods: In a cross-sectional study, the Brief Fatigue Inventory was answered by 122 patients aged 40 ± 14 years (50% women) treated for hematological neoplasms at an intensive hematological unit of a public hospital between July 2010 and July 2013. Socio-demographic and clinical parameters were obtained from their clinical records. Results: Fatigue was present in nearly all patients (99.2%) in minor (50%), moderate (36.9%) or severe (12.3%) levels. The average fatigue score was 4.5 ± 1.9). The Brief Fatigue Inventory had a good internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.973) and proved to be one-dimensional (84.3% of the explained variance). Women reported that fatigue interfered more with enjoy­ment of life than men (p = 0.036). Conclusions: The Brief Fatigue Inventory is a reliable instrument that can be used in clinical practice. It allows a quick assessment of the level of fatigue. People treated for hematologic cancer have a high prevalence of fatigue.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Hematologic Neoplasms/complications , Fatigue/diagnosis , Fatigue/etiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Assessment
17.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 74(4): 320-328, Apr. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-779812

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The Neurological Fatigue Index for Multiple Sclerosis (NFI-MS) is a new fatigue assessment instrument. The aim of this study was to cross-culturally adapt and assess the psychometric properties of the Brazilian version of the NFI-MS (NFI-MS/BR). Method Two hundred and forty subjects with MS were recruited for this study. The adaptation of the NFI-MS was performed by translation and back translation methodology. In psychometric analysis was performed the administration of the questionnaires Epworth Sleep Scale, Fatigue Severity Scale, Modified Fatigue Impact Scale, Multiple Sclerosis Impact Scale-29, NFI-MS/BR and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index with retest of the NFI-MS/BR after 7 days. Results Reliability was assessed (intraclass correlation coefficients between 0.77 and 0.86), and validity by testing 41 hypotheses about expected correlations between subscales and confirmed 36. The majority of correlations were demonstrated. Conclusion The NFI-MS/BR is a cross-culturally adapted, valid, and reliable instrument for assessing MS fatigue among Brazilian subjects.


RESUMO O índice neurológico de fadiga na esclerose múltipla (EM) (NFI-MS) é um novo instrumento de avaliação da fadiga. O objetivo deste estudo foi adaptar transculturalmente e avaliar as propriedades psicométricas da versão Brasileira do NFI-MS (NFI-MS/BR). Método Duzentos e quarenta indivíduos com EM participaram deste estudo. A adaptação do NFI-MS/BR foi feita por meio de tradução e retrotradução. Na análise psicométrica foi realizada administração dos questionários Escala de Sono de Epworth, Escala de Severidade de Fadiga, Escala Modificada de Impacto de Fadiga, Escala de Impacto de EM, NFI-MS/BR e Índice de Qualidade de Sono de Pittsburgh com reteste do NFI-MS/BR em 7 dias. Resultados A confiabilidade foi avaliada (coeficiente de correlação intraclasse entre 0,77 e 0,86), e a validade foi avaliada testando 41 hipóteses sobre as correlações esperadas com confirmação de 36 hipóteses. A maioria das correlações da validade de constructo foi demonstrada. Conclusão O NFI-MS/BR é um instrumento adaptado transculturalmente, válido e confiável para avaliar fadiga em indivíduos brasileiros com EM.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Fatigue/diagnosis , Fatigue/physiopathology , Multiple Sclerosis/physiopathology , Surveys and Questionnaires/standards , Brazil , Cross-Cultural Comparison , Disability Evaluation , Language , Psychometrics/instrumentation , Psychometrics/methods , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity , Severity of Illness Index , Statistics, Nonparametric , Translations
18.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 20(4): 39-44, July-Aug. 2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-757426

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Mouth breathing (MB) is an etiological factor for sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) during childhood. The habit of breathing through the mouth may be perpetuated even after airway clearance. Both habit and obstruction may cause facial muscle imbalance and craniofacial changes.OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to propose and test guidelines for clinical recognition of MB and some predisposing factors for SDB in children.METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 110 orthodontists regarding their procedures for clinical evaluation of MB and their knowledge about SDB during childhood. Thereafter, based on their answers, guidelines were developed and tested in 687 children aged between 6 and 12 years old and attending elementary schools.RESULTS: There was no standardization for clinical recognition of MB among orthodontists. The most common procedures performed were inefficient to recognize differences between MB by habit or obstruction.CONCLUSIONS: The guidelines proposed herein facilitate clinical recognition of MB, help clinicians to differentiate between habit and obstruction, suggest the most appropriate treatment for each case, and avoid maintenance of mouth breathing patterns during adulthood.


INTRODUÇÃO: a respiração bucal (RB) é um fator etiológico para os distúrbios respiratórios do sono (DRS) na infância. O hábito de respirar pela boca pode ser perpetuado mesmo depois da desobstrução das vias aéreas. Tanto o hábito quanto a obstrução podem causar desequilíbrios da musculatura facial e alterações craniofaciais. O objetivo deste trabalho é propor e testar uma diretriz para o reconhecimento clínico da RB e de alguns fatores predisponentes aos DRS em crianças.MÉTODOS: entrevistas semiestruturadas foram realizadas com 110 ortodontistas, com relação aos seus procedimentos para avaliação clínica da RB e aos seus conhecimentos sobre DRS na infância. A partir daí, com base nas respostas obtidas, uma diretriz foi desenvolvida e testada em 687 crianças, com 6 a 12 anos, oriundas de escolas de ensino fundamental.RESULTADOS: não existe padronização para o reconhecimento clínico da RB pelos ortodontistas. Os procedimentos mais comumente realizados foram ineficientes para reconhecer a diferença entre a RB por hábito e a por obstrução.CONCLUSÕES: a diretriz proposta facilita o reconhecimento clínico da RB, diferencia entre RB por hábito e por obstrução, sugere o tratamento mais adequado para cada caso, e evita a manutenção do padrão de respiração bucal na idade adulta.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Rats , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Mouth Breathing/diagnosis , Sialorrhea/diagnosis , Sleep Stages/physiology , Snoring/diagnosis , Nasal Obstruction/diagnosis , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Practice Patterns, Dentists' , Open Bite/diagnosis , Eye/pathology , Face/pathology , Fatigue/diagnosis , Checklist , Gingivitis/diagnosis , Hypersensitivity/diagnosis , Lip/anatomy & histology , Malocclusion/diagnosis
19.
Rev. bras. reumatol ; 55(2): 113-122, Mar-Apr/2015. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-746143

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Fazer a adaptação transcultural e a validação do Profile of Fatigue and Discomfort – Sicca Symptoms Inventory (short form) (Profad-SSI-SF), questionário que avalia os aspectos subjetivos dos sintomas da síndrome de Sjögren primária (SSp), para a língua portuguesa brasileira. Método: Foi avaliada a equivalência conceitual, de item, semântica e operacional. A versão brasileira do Profad-SSI-SF foi aplicada a 62 mulheres com SSp conforme consenso europeu-americano de 2002 para avaliar a equivalência de mensuração. Foi usado o α-Cronbach para consistência interna; coeficiente de correlação intraclasse (ICC) para reprodutibilidade intraobservador; e coeficiente de correlação de Spearman para validade em comparação com o Patient Global Assessment (PaGA), Eular Sjögren’s Syndrome Patient Reported Index (ESS-PRI), Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy Fatigue Subscale (Facit-F) e EuroQOL(EQ-5D). Resultados: A consistência interna do Profad, do SSI e da pontuação total foi de 0,80, 0,78 e 0,87, respectivamente. A reprodutibilidade intraobservador do Profad total foi de 0,89; do SSI total de 0,86 e da pontuação total de 0,89. Na validade, o Profad apresentou correlação significativa com o PaGA (r = 0,50), Facit-F (r = 0,59), Esspri (r = 0,58) e todos os domínios do EQ-5D, com exceção da mobilidade. Já o SSI apresentou correlação significativa com o PaGA (r = 0,43), Facit-F (r = 0,57), Esspri (r = 0,55) e a maioria dos domínios do EQ-5D. A pontuação total do Profad-SSI-SF só não obteve correlação estatisticamente significante com o domínio mobilidade e escala 1 a 100 do EQ-D5. .


Objective: To perform a cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the Profile of Fatigue and Discomfort – Sicca Symptoms Inventory (short form) (PROFAD-SSI-SF) questionnaire assessing the subjective aspects of the symptoms of primary Sjögren syndrome (pSS), for the Brazilian Portuguese language. Method: Conceptual, of the item, semantic and operational equivalences were evaluated. The Brazilian version of PROFAD-SSI-SF was administered to 62 women with pSS according to the European-American consensus 2002 to assess measurement equivalence. α-Cronbach was used for internal consistency; intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) for intraobserver reproducibility; and Spearman correlation coefficient for validity by comparing with Patient Global Assessment (PaGA), EULAR Sjögren’s Syndrome Patient Reported Index (ESSPRI), Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy Fatigue Subscale (FACIT-F) and EuroQOL(EQ-5D). Results: The internal consistency of PROFAD, SSI and total score was 0.80; 0.78; and 0.87, respectively. The intraobserver reproducibility of total PROFAD was 0.89; of total SSI was 0.86; and total score was 0.89. In terms of validity, PROFAD correlated significantly with PaGA (r = 0.50), FACIT-F (r = 0.59), ESSPRI (r = 0.58) and all domains of EQ-5D, with the exception of Mobility. On the other hand, SSI correlated significantly with PaGA (r = 0.43), FACIT-F (r = 0.57), ESSPRI (r = 0.55) and most domains of EQ-5D. The total score of PROFAD-SSI-SF had a nonstatistically significant correlation only with Mobility domain and with 1–100 range of EQ-5D. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Self Report , Sjogren's Syndrome/diagnosis , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cultural Characteristics , Fatigue/diagnosis , Fatigue/etiology , Reproducibility of Results , Sjogren's Syndrome/complications , Translations
20.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 143(4): 459-466, abr. 2015. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-747552

ABSTRACT

Background: Frailty is not universal among older people but increases the risk of dependence. Aim: To assess frailty among older people and its relationship with biological, psychological and social factors. Material and Methods: Seven hundred fifty four older people aged 73 ± 6 years (61% females), attending a public primary care were assessed. Frailty was defined according to Fried criteria that considers inexplicable weight loss, tiredness, muscle weakness and lack of physical activity. Results: Absence of frailty, pre-frailty and frailty was found in 26, 69 and 5% of participants, respectively. Significant differences between frailty groups were observed for age, gender, years of studies, minimental and self-efficacy scores. Among participants defined as being in a pre-frail condition, 59% were non-disabled without risk and 41% non-disabled in risk, according to the functional assessment for older people used in Chilean primary care clinics. Conclusions: Frailty among older people is associated with increasing age, education, cognitive status and self-efficacy.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Frail Elderly/statistics & numerical data , Geriatric Assessment/statistics & numerical data , Primary Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Age Factors , Body Mass Index , Chile , Diabetes Complications , Fatigue/diagnosis , Frail Elderly/psychology , Hypertension/complications , Motor Activity/physiology , Muscle Strength/physiology , Muscle Weakness/diagnosis , Muscle Weakness/psychology , Socioeconomic Factors , Surveys and Questionnaires , Urinary Incontinence/complications , Weight Loss/physiology
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