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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e254252, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355876

ABSTRACT

Abstract Indian major carps are the widely consumed fish species of Pakistan, being a cheap source of proteins and unsaturated fatty acids, they are good for cardiovascular health. Water pollution due to discharge of untreated industrial waste water into water bodies contaminates this precious source of nutrients. The present study therefore, was aimed to assess deterioration of fatty acid profile of three Indian major carp species due to different concentrations of industrial wastes. The water samples were collected from the river Chenab at the site where it receives industrial wastewater via Chakbandi drain. After exposure to 1.5%, 3.0%, and 4.5% dilutions of collected water in different aquaria it was observed that proportion of unsaturated fatty acids in selected fish species were decreased significantly as the intensity of the dose increased (P < 0.05). Conversely the level of saturated fatty acids increased with the increasing dose of treatment (P < 0.05). These findings suggest that untreated wastewater not only deteriorate the fatty acid profile of aquatic animals but also these toxic substances can reach human body through fish meat and pose further health hazards. Therefore, it is highly recommended that industrial effluents should be treated before they are dumped into water bodies.


Resumo As carpas indianas são as espécies de peixes mais consumidas no Paquistão, sendo uma fonte barata de proteínas e de ácidos graxos insaturados e boa para a saúde cardiovascular. A poluição da água por causa do descarte de resíduos industriais não tratados em corpos d'água contamina essa preciosa fonte de nutrientes. Portanto, o presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a deterioração do perfil de ácidos graxos de três principais espécies de carpas indianas em diferentes concentrações de resíduos industriais. As amostras de água foram coletadas do rio Chenab no local onde recebe esgoto industrial via dreno de Chakbandi. Após a exposição a diluições de 1,5%, 3% e 4,5% da água coletada em diferentes aquários, foi observado que a proporção de ácidos graxos insaturados em espécies de peixes selecionadas diminuiu significativamente com o aumento da intensidade da dose (P < 0,05). Por outro lado, o nível de ácidos graxos saturados aumentou com a elevação da dose de tratamento (P < 0,05). Essas descobertas sugerem que águas residuais não tratadas não apenas deterioram o perfil de ácidos graxos dos animais aquáticos, mas também essas substâncias tóxicas podem atingir o corpo humano por meio da carne de peixe e representar mais riscos à saúde. Portanto, é recomendável que os efluentes industriais sejam tratados antes de serem despejados em corpos d'água.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Water Pollutants, Chemical/analysis , Carps , Textile Industry , Rivers , Fatty Acids
2.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e256927, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355848

ABSTRACT

Abstract The total phenolic compound and fatty acid profiles of lipids from microalgae are unique. The present study was designed to investigate aqueous, ethanolic and acetone extracts of several algae (Spirogyra sp., Spirulina sp.,Chlorella sp and Chara sp.) for their antioxidant capacities of the crude extracts and fractions by radical scavenging activity against the stable radical 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl DPPH as well; total phenolic content. The results showed that Spirulina sp. indicated significantly higher total phenolic compound and antioxidant activities compared to the other species (P < 0.05) and acetone extracts showed higher quantity among three extracts. The fatty acids analysis using High performance liquid chromatography -HPLC showed the presence of palmitic acid, stearic acid, oleic acid, and linoleic acid, palmitic acid showed high quantity than other fatty acid classes in all studied algae. This study concluded that high antioxidant capacity of microalgae could be inspected for different industrial applications.


Resumo O composto fenólico total e os perfis de ácidos graxos dos lipídios das microalgas são únicos. O presente estudo foi desenhado para investigar extratos aquosos, etanólicos e acetona de várias algas (Spirogyra sp., Spirulina sp., Chlorella sp. e Chara sp.) Quanto às suas capacidades antioxidantes dos extratos brutos e frações por atividade de eliminação de radicais contra o radical estável 1,1-difenil-2-picrilhidrazil DPPH também; fenólico total. Os resultados mostraram que a Spirulina sp. indicaram atividade antioxidante e compostos fenólicos totais significativamente maiores em relação às outras espécies (P <0,05), e os extratos de acetona apresentaram maior quantidade entre os três extratos. A análise de ácidos graxos por cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência - HPLC mostrou a presença de ácido palmítico, ácido esteárico, ácido oleico e ácido linoleico; o ácido palmítico apresentou maior quantidade do que outras classes de ácidos graxos em todas as algas estudadas. Este estudo concluiu que a alta capacidade antioxidante pode ser inspecionada para diferentes aplicações industriais.


Subject(s)
Chlorella , Microalgae , Phenols , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Fatty Acids , Antioxidants
3.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e239539, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278501

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of the present study was to determine and compare the fatty acids, lipid soluble vitamins, sterols, phenolics, and antioxidant capacities of three endemic Salvia L. taxa (S. euphratica var. Montbret & Aucher ex Bentham leiocalycina (Rech. Fil.) Hedge, S. euphratica var. Montbret & Aucher ex Bentham euphratica (Rech. Fil.) Hedge and S. pseudoeuphratica Rech.Fil.) and to evaluate these results systematically. The fatty acid compositions were determined by using gas chromatography, while the lipid soluble vitamins, sterols, and phenolics were determined by using HPLC. Also, the antioxidant capacities of three Salvia taxa were measured in vitro. Palmitic acid was found as major saturated fatty acid while oleic acid, linoleic acid, α-linolenic acid, and erucic acid were found as major unsaturated fatty acids in the present study. It was found that S. euphratica var. euphratica had lower palmitic acid (8.94 ± 0.71%), total saturated fatty acid (19.16 ± 0.15%), and higher unsaturated fatty acid content (82.08 ± 0.52%) than other studied taxa. Furthermore, it was shown that S. euphratica var. euphratica had different 18.3/18:2 (0.36) unsaturated/saturated fatty acid (4.28) ratios. However, this study demonstrated that Salvia taxa had low lipid soluble vitamins, sterol contents. On the other hand, it was shown that Salvia taxa had similar catechin (509.2 ± 4.21 µg/g and 552.2 ± 9.21 µg/g) and vanillic acid amounts (351.2 ± 2.17 µg/g and 396.8 ± 4.1 µg/g) in this study. And also, it was found that Salvia taxa had high rosmarinic acid content while S. euphratica var. leiocalycina had the highest rosmarinic acid content (1480 ± 7.57 µg/g). On the other hand, it was shown that the two ferulic acid contents of S. euphratica varieties were higher (1175 ±/5.21 µgmg-1740.2 ± 4.82 µg/mg) than the ferulic acid content of S. pseudoeuphratica of which was the lowest (19.2 ± 0.97 µg/mg). The present results suggested that the biochemical results guided the morphological studies, and Salvia taxa have a potent antioxidant capacity.


Resumo O objetivo do presente estudo foi determinar e comparar os ácidos graxos, vitaminas lipossolúveis, esteróis, fenóis e capacidades antioxidantes de três espécies endêmicas de Salvia L. (S. euphratica var. Montbret & Aucher ex Bentham leiocalycina (Rech. Fil.) Hedge, S. euphratica var. Montbret & Aucher ex Bentham euphratica (Rech. Fil.) Hedge e S. pseudoeuphratica Rech.Fil.) e avaliar esses resultados sistematicamente. As composições de ácidos graxos foram determinadas por cromatografia gasosa, enquanto as vitaminas lipossolúveis, esteróis e fenóis foram determinadas por HPLC. Além disso, as capacidades antioxidantes das três espécies de Salvia foram medidas in vitro. O ácido palmítico foi encontrado como ácido graxo saturado principal, enquanto o ácido oleico, ácido linoleico, ácido α-linolênico e ácido erúcico foram encontrados como principais ácidos graxos insaturados no presente estudo. Verificou-se que S. euphratica var. euphratica tem menor teor de ácido palmítico (8.94 ± 0.71%) e ácido graxo saturado total (19.16 ± 0.15%) e maior teor de ácidos graxos insaturados (82.08 ± 0.52%) do que as outras espécies estudadas. Além disso, foi demonstrado que a S. euphratica var. euphratica apresentou diferentes proporções 18:3/18:2 (0.36) de ácidos graxos insaturados/saturados (4.28). No entanto, este estudo demonstrou que o gênero Salvia tinha baixo teor de vitaminas lipossolúveis e baixo conteúdo de esteróis. Por outro lado, foi demonstrado que as espécies do gênero Salvia contém quantidades de catequinas (509.2 ± 4,21 µg/mg-552.2 ± 9.21 µg/mg) e ácido vanílico semelhantes (351.2 ± 2.17 µg/mg 396,8 ± 4,1 µg/mg). Descobriu-se também que o gênero Salvia tinha alto conteúdo de ácido rosmarínico enquanto a espécie S. euphratica var. leiocalycina apresentou o maior teor desse ácido (1.480 ± 7.57 µg/g). Por outro lado, foi demonstrado que os teores de ácido ferúlico da espécie S. eupratica foram maiores (1.175 ± 5.21 µg/mg-1740.2 ± 4.82 µg/mg) do que o conteúdo de ácido ferúlico da espécie S. pseudoeuphratica dos quais foi o mais baixo (19.2 ± 0.97 µg/mg). Os resultados atuais sugerem que os resultados bioquímicos orientaram os estudos morfológicos e as espécies de Salvia têm uma potente capacidade antioxidante.


Subject(s)
Salvia , Turkey , Plant Extracts , Fatty Acids , Antioxidants
4.
Braz. j. biol ; 81(4): 1106-1114, Oct.-Dec. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153439

ABSTRACT

Abstract Medicinal plants have a significant role in preventing and curing several diseases, and Tanacetum L. is one of these plants. The aim of the present study is to determine the fatty acid, lipid-soluble vitamin, sterol, phenolic content, and antioxidant capacity of Tanacetum densum subsp. laxum and Tanacetum densum subsp. amani, to compare the effect of altitude on the biochemical content and to compare systematically by using fatty acids and phenolics. This study showed that palmitic acid (C16:0) and stearic acid (C18:0) are major sources of saturated fatty acid and oleic acid (C18:1 n9), and linoleic acid (18:2 n6c) and a-linolenic acid (C18:3 n3) are the principal unsaturated fatty acids in the two endemic Tanacetum densum taxa. Also, this study found that the unsaturated fatty acid content (60.11±1.61%) of Tanacetum densum subsp. laxum was higher than the unsaturated fatty acid content (44.13±1.28%) of Tanacetum densum subsp. amani. And also, the ω6/ω3 ratio of Tanacetum densum subsp. laxum (1.74) and Tanacetum densum subsp. amani (1.60) was found to be similar. However, this study determined that the lipid soluble vitamin and sterol content of two endemic Tanacetum taxa are low except for stigmasterol. Present study showed that catechin is principal phenolic in the Tanacetum densum taxa. This study also found that Tanacetum densum subsp. laxum and Tanacetum densum subsp. amani had the highest levels of catechin, vanillic acid, and caffeic acid content though the phenolic amounts, particularly catechin and quercetin, were dissimilar in the T. densum taxa. This study suggested that ecological conditions such as altitude may affect the biochemical content of two endemic Tanacetum densum taxa. Furthermore, the current study determined that two endemic Tanacetum L. taxa had potent radical scavenging capacities and found a correlation between total phenolics and antioxidant activity.


Resumo As plantas medicinais têm um papel significativo na prevenção e cura de várias doenças, e Tanacetum L. é uma dessas plantas. O objetivo do presente estudo é determinar o conteúdo de ácido graxo, vitamina lipossolúvel, esterol, estrutura fenólica e capacidade antioxidante de Tanacetum densum subsp. laxum e Tanacetum densum subsp. amani, comparar o efeito da altitude sobre o conteúdo bioquímico e realizar uma comparação sistemática usando ácidos graxos e fenólicos. Esta pesquisa mostrou que o ácido palmítico (C16:0) e o ácido esteárico (C18:0) são as principais fontes de ácido graxo saturado e que o ácido oleico (C18:1 n9), o ácido linoleico (18:2 n6c) e o ácido a-linolênico (C18: 3 n3) são os principais ácidos graxos insaturados nos dois táxons endêmicos de Tanacetum densum. Além disso, este estudo descobriu que o conteúdo de ácidos graxos insaturados (60,11±1,61%) de Tanacetum densum subsp. laxum foi superior ao conteúdo de ácidos graxos insaturados (44,13±1,28%) de Tanacetum densum subsp. amani, e também que a razão ω6/ω3 de Tanacetum densum subsp. laxum (1,74) e Tanacetum densum subsp. amani (1,60) foi semelhante. No entanto, este trabalho determinou que o conteúdo de vitamina lipossolúvel e esterol de dois táxons endêmicos de Tanacetum é baixo, exceto o estigmasterol, além de descobrir que Tanacetum densum subsp. laxum e Tanacetum densum subsp. amani apresentaram os mais altos níveis de conteúdo de catequina, ácido vanílico e ácido cafeico, embora as quantidades fenólicas, especialmente catequina e quercetina, sejam diferentes nos táxons de T. densum. Este estudo sugere que condições ecológicas, como a altitude, podem afetar o conteúdo bioquímico de dois táxons endêmicos de Tanacetum densum. Ainda, esta pesquisa determinou que dois táxons de Tanacetum L. endêmicos possuíam potentes capacidades de sequestro de radicais e que houve correlação entre fenólicos totais e atividade antioxidante.


Subject(s)
Tanacetum , Phenols/analysis , Turkey , Fatty Acids , Antioxidants
5.
Braz. j. biol ; 81(3): 797-805, July-Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153410

ABSTRACT

Abstract The Patagonian blenny (Eleginops maclovinus) is species endemic to South America with physiological characteristics that would facilitate its incorporation into Chilean aquaculture. However, there is currently no specific artificial food that can be used to raise E. maclovinus. In light of this problem, this study describes the proximal composition and fatty acid profile of the crab Hemigrapsus crenulatus, one of the main foods of E. maclovinus. The purpose of the study is to serve as basic information for the development of a specific artificial diet for juveniles of this fish species. The proximal analysis of the complete body of H. crenulatus indicates that it is mainly composed of ash (35.9%), proteins (32.2%), glucides (19.8%) and minor lipids (3.6%). The fatty acid profile is 40.7% PUFAs, 29.7% MUFAs and 29.5% SAFAs, and the most abundant acids are Eicosapentaenoic (18.8%), Oleic (6.8%) and Palmitic (16.6%), respectively. H. crenulatus has highest level of proteins, lipids and PUFAs among the species of the Brachyura infraorder.


Resumo O "blenny da patagônia" (Eleginops maclovinus) é uma espécie endêmica da América do Sul, com características fisiológicas que facilitariam sua incorporação na aquicultura chilena. No entanto, atualmente não há alimento artificial específico que possa ser usado para criar E. maclovinus. Diante desse problema, este estudo descreve a composição proximal e o perfil de ácidos graxos do caranguejo Hemigrapsus crenulatus, um dos principais alimentos de E. maclovinus. O objetivo do estudo é servir como informação básica para o desenvolvimento de uma dieta artificial específica para espécies juvenis desse peixe. A análise proximal do corpo completo de H. crenulatus indica que ele é composto, principalmente, de cinzas (35,9%), proteínas (32,2%), glicídios (19,8%) e lipídios menores (3,6%). O perfil de ácidos graxos é 40,7% PUFA, 29,7% MUFA e 29,5% SAFA, e os ácidos mais abundantes são eicosapentaenoico (18,8%), oleico (6,8%) e palmítico (16,6%), respectivamente. H. crenulatus possui o mais alto nível de proteínas, lipídios e PUFAs entre as espécies da infraordem de Brachyura.


Subject(s)
Animals , Perciformes , Brachyura , Chile , Aquaculture , Fatty Acids
6.
Rev. MVZ Córdoba ; 26(2): 14-21, mayo-ago. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1347069

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo. Estudiar la calidad de la canal y la carne en pollos de ceba que consumen harina de frutos de Roystonea regia (palmiche). Materiales y métodos. Se utilizaron 40 pollos de ceba distribuidos según diseño completamente aleatorizado en cuatro tratamientos: control (maíz-pasta de soya) y la inclusión de 5, 10 y 15% de harina de palmiche. Se estudió el rendimiento de la canal, grasa abdominal y la calidad de la carne (tecnológicos y composición de ácidos grasos). Para los parámetros de apariencia se realizó análisis de varianza no paramétrico de clasificación simple. Resultados. No se encontraron diferencias entre tratamientos para el peso de la canal y pH a los 45 minutos y 24 horas postmortem. Hubo reducción de la grasa abdominal con 5 y 15 % respecto al control (13.00 y 11.96 vs 17.02 g/kg), en tanto que el 10% no difirió del resto (15.10 g/kg) (p<0.01). No se encontraron diferencias en el color, excepto para la luminosidad en el muslo que fue superior con la inclusión de 10 y 15% (48.62 y 49.22) respecto al 5% (45.32) y el control no difirió entre tratamientos (47.53) (p<0.05). La composición de ácidos grasos en las diferentes porciones comestibles mostró que las aves depositaron los ácidos oleico, linoleico y palmítico en mayor concentración. Conclusiones. La inclusión hasta el 15 % de harina de palmiche a las dietas de pollos de ceba no modifica el rendimiento de la canal, reduce la grasa abdominal e incide positivamente en los indicadores de calidad de la carne.


ABSTRACT Objective. To study meat and carcass quality in broilers fed Roystonea regia (royal palm nut) fruits meals. Materials and methods. A total of 40 broilers distributed according to a completely randomized design were used in four treatments: control (corn-soybean paste) and the inclusion of 5, 10 and 15 % royal palm nut meal. The carcass yield, abdominal fat and meat quality (technological and fatty acid composition (FA)) were studied. For the appearance parameters, a non-parametric analysis of simple classification was performed. Results. There were no differences between treatments for carcass weight and pH at 45 minutes and 24 hours postmortem. There was a reduction in abdominal fat by 5 and 15 % compared to the control (13.00 and 11.96 vs. 17.02 g / kg), while 10 % did not differ from the rest (15.10 g/kg) (p<0.01). There were no differences in color, except for the luminosity in the drumstick that was superior with the inclusion of 10 and 15 % (48.62 and 49.22) with respect to 5 % (45.32) and the control did not differ between treatments (47.53) (p<0.05). The composition of FA in the different edible portions showed that the broilers deposited oleic, linoleic and palmitic acids in higher proportions. Conclusions. The inclusion of royal palm nut meal in broiler diets does not change the carcass yield, reduces abdominal fat and positively affects meat quality indicators.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chickens , Fatty Acids , Meat , Birds , Elaeis guineensis
7.
Rev. MVZ Córdoba ; 26(1): 4-14, Jan.-Apr. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351544

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective. This study was conducted to research the effects of different levels of dried white mulberry (Morus alba) pulp supplementation in diets of laying quail on yield performances, egg quality, blood parameters, yolk fatty acid profiles and cholesterol concentrations. Materials and Methods. A completely randomized experimental design, with four treatments and four replicates, was applied. The experimental treatments were M0: control diet; M4: dietary inclusion of 4% mulberry pulp; M8: dietary inclusion of 8% mulberry pulp; M12: dietary inclusion of 12% mulberry pulp. This experiment was carried out for 4 weeks, and 128 7-week-old female quail were used. Results. Addition of dried mulberry pulp to the diet significantly affected weekly feed intake, egg yield, albumin index, yolk weight, triglyceride, LDL, serum cholesterol and yolk cholesterol levels (p<0.05, p<0.01). The feed conversion ratio, egg weight, and egg yolk fatty acid profile were not significantly affected by the dried mulberry pulp in the diet. Conclusions. As a result, it may be stated that adding dried mulberry pulp up to 8% of the diets of laying quail does not cause any adverse effects and may be used without any problems.


RESUMEN Objetivo. El presente estudio tiene por objetivo investigar los efectos de los diferentes niveles de suplemento de la pulpa de mora blanca seca (Morus alba) en las dietas de la codorniz ponedora, el rendimiento, la calidad del huevo, los parámetros sanguíneos, perfiles de los ácidos grasos de la yema y las concentraciones de colesterol. Materiales y Métodos. Fue aplicado un diseño experimental totalmente aleatorio, con cuatro tratamientos y cuatro réplicas. Los tratamientos experimentales fueron M0: dieta de control; M4: introducción de 4% de pulpa de mora en la dieta; M8: introducción de 8% de pulpa de mora en la dieta; M12: introducción de 12% de pulpa de mora en la dieta. Este experimento se llevó a cabo durante 4 semanas, y se utilizaron 128 codornices hembras de 7 semanas de edad. Resultados. La agregación de pulpa de morera seca a la dieta influyó notablemente en la ingesta semanal de piensos, la producción de huevos, el índice de albúmina, el peso de la yema, el triglicérido, LDL, los niveles de colesterol en el suero y el colesterol en la yema (p<0.05, p<0.01). La tasa de proporción de conversión del pienso, el peso del huevo y el perfil de ácidos grasos de la yema de huevo no se vieron afectados significativamente por la pulpa de mora seca en la dieta. Conclusiones. Como resultado, se puede señalar que la agregación de pulpa de more seca hasta el 8% de las dietas de codorniz ponedora no causa ningún efecto adverso y se puede utilizar sin ningún problema.


Subject(s)
Animals , Ovum , Quail , Morus , Fatty Acids , Animal Feed , Diet
8.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 93(1): e1194, ene.-mar. 2021. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251752

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los ácidos grasos polinsaturados de cadena larga son esenciales en la nutrición del feto y del recién nacido. Objetivo: Examinar la importancia de los ácidos grasos poliinsaturados durante el embarazo y la lactancia, para destacar los requerimientos, las recomendaciones y fuentes alimentarias. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión sistemática de la literatura internacional de los últimos 15 años en bases de datos, en español y en inglés. Se utilizaron las siguientes palabras clave: embarazo, lactancia, ácidos grasos poliinsaturados, omega 3/6, fuentes y requerimientos. Se identificaron los aspectos más relevantes y controversiales. Resultados: El ácido araquidónico y docosahexaenoico influyen sobre el perfil lipídico, la sensibilidad a la insulina, la proliferación y diferenciación de los preadipocitos. Sus concentraciones durante la gestación resultan uno de los principales factores responsables de la programación fetal, que son las adaptaciones metabólicas que condicionan la evolución de la salud futura. Concentraciones óptimas de ácidos grasos omega 3 y 6 son vitales para el desarrollo neurológico del feto y del recién nacido. La funcionalidad de la placenta puede afectar la adiposidad y los niveles fetales de nutrientes clave, como los ácidos grasos poliinsaturados de cadena larga. Conclusiones: La dieta es uno de los principales factores ambientales durante la gestación. La lactancia materna es la mejor alternativa nutricional durante el primer año de vida, por eso es fundamental promocionarla. Es importante ofrecer una asistencia adecuada y generar estrategias que estimulen el consumo de ácidos omega-3 como una herramienta de prevención a largo plazo(AU)


Introduction: Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids are essential in the nutrition of the fetus and newborns. Objective: Examine the importance of polyunsaturated fatty acids during pregnancy and lactation to highlight food requirements, recommendations and sources. Methods: A systematic review of the international literature of the last 15 years was carried out in databases, in Spanish and English, using the following keywords: pregnancy, lactation, polyunsaturated fatty acids, omega 3/6, sources and requirements. The most relevant and controversial aspects were identified. Results: Arachydonic and docosahexaenoic acid influence lipid profile, insulin sensitivity, proliferation and differentiation of preadipocytes. Their levels during gestation are one of the main factors responsible for fetal programming that are metabolic adaptations conditioning the evolution of future health. Optimal levels of omega-3 and 6 fatty acids are vital for the neurological development of the fetus and newborn. Placenta´s functionality can affect adiposity and fetal levels of key nutrients, such as long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids. Conclusions: Diet is one of the main environmental factors during gestation. Breastfeeding is the best nutritional alternative during the first year of life, which is why it is essential to promote it. It is important to provide adequate assistance and generate strategies that stimulate the consumption of omega-3 acids as a long-term prevention tool(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adiposity , Nutritional Sciences , Fatty Acids , Fatty Acids, Unsaturated , Food
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888478

ABSTRACT

Adequate supply of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs) is of great importance for neonates, especially preterm infants. In particular,


Subject(s)
Fatty Acids , Fatty Acids, Omega-3 , Fatty Acids, Unsaturated , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature
10.
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1344680

ABSTRACT

This study evaluated the fatty acid composition and qualitative characteristics of meat from lambs feed in feedlot with increasing levels of canola grain. Meat obtained from 27 lambs fed 0, 8 and 16% inclusion of canola grain were analyzed. There was a reduction in the content of saturated fatty acids (SFA): lauric, heptadecanoic, and stearic; and unsaturated fatty acids (UFA): palmitoleic, oleic, and eicosatrienoic, with the increasing levels of canola grain. There was a linear reduction for the ω3 acid and the ω3: ω6 ratio, while the ω6: ω3 ratio increased. But the values observed for this ratio (ω6: ω3) were lower than 4, which is considered a satisfactory value. There was a slight increase (~2%) for the thrombogenicity index and atherogenicity index with the inclusion of canola grain. There was a reduction in the hypocholesterolemic: hypercholesterolemic ratio, with mean values of 2.09 for the diet with 0% inclusion, and 2.06 for 8 and 16% inclusion of canola. Although the inclusion of canola grain for lambs decreased the content of some UFA, reflecting alterations in the correlated nutritional properties, there is a reduction of SFA. The results for instrumental analysis, proximate composition, and sensory acceptance of the lamb meat were similar among the treatments.(AU)


Objetivou-se avaliar a composição dos ácidos graxos e as características qualitativas da carne de cordeiros terminados com níveis crescentes de canola grão na dieta. Foram estudadas amostras de carne provenientes de 27 cordeiros, confinados por 45 dias e alimentados com 00, 08 e 16% de inclusão de canola grão. Houve efeito para os ácidos graxos saturados (AGS): laurico, heptadecanoico e esteárico; ácidos graxos monoinsaturados (AGMI): palmitoleico e oleico; e ácidos graxos polinsaturados (AGPI): eicosatrienoico. Estes ácidos reduziram à medida que os níveis da canola grão aumentaram. Para os AGMI, houve efeito com maior concentração no músculo dos cordeiros alimentados sem a canola grão (49,80%). Houve uma redução linear para o ácido ω3 e para a relação ω3:ω6, enquanto que a relação ω6:ω3 aumentou. A canola grão influenciou o índice de aterogenicidade, com média de 0,57 para o tratamento com 0% de inclusão e 0,58 para os tratamentos com 8% e 16% de inclusão. Observou-se aumento linear para o índice de trombogenicidade com a inclusão da canola grão, cujas médias foram, respectivamente, 0,16, 0,17 e 0,18 para os tratamentos 0%, 8% e 16% de inclusão. Houve redução para a relação hipocolesterolêmicos-hipercolesterolêmicos, com médias de 2,09 para a dieta com 0% de inclusão, e 2,06 para 8% e 16% de inclusão da canola em grão na dieta. A canola grão não influenciou a análise instrumental, composição centesimal e atributos sensoriais da carne.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Sheep , Fatty Acids/analysis , Lipids , Meat/analysis , Brassica napus
11.
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1344678

ABSTRACT

Tannins are a diverse group of plant phenolic compounds. Condensed tannins (CTs) represent a major subgroup of tannins and were extracted from tilia (Tilia L.) flowers and black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia) leaves. These extracts were examined for their effects on the metabolic profile of chicken caeca. By using in vitro, a nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR), which was combined with multivariate statistics, the current study was applied for the first time to investigate how three different CT compositions, procyanidins (PC) and/or prodelphinidins (PD) units influenced the metabolic end-products in caecal contents of chickens. In the presence of tannins, glutamate, leucine, lysine, pyroglutamate, phenylalanine, proline, and sarcosine were significantly decreased. CT extracts significantly influenced the fermentation, increasing the concentrations of some fatty acids such as acetate, butyrate, and propionate whereas. In contrast, lactate decreased between the treatments. This study identified the key structural features of CTs that contain either high molar proportions of PD or PC, which might be useful to improve the efficiency of feed utilization in chickens.(AU)


Taninos são um grupo diversificado de compostos fenólicos derivados de plantas. Os taninos condensados (TCs) representam o maior subgrupo de taninos extraídos das flores de tília (Tilia L) e de folhas negras (acácia-bastarda). Estes extratos foram examinados para a avaliação dos seus efeitos no perfil metabólico do ceco de frangos de corte. Com o emprego da ressonância magnética nuclear in vitro (1H-NMR) combinada com estatística multivariada, o presente trabalho foi aplicado pela primeira vez para investigar como três diferentes composições de TCs, unidades de procianidinas (PC) e/ou prodelfinidinas (PD) influenciariam os produtos metabólicos finais dos conteúdos cecais de frangos de corte. Na presença de taninos, houve um significativo decréscimo de glutamato, leucina, lisina, piroglutamato, fenilalanina, prolina e sarcosina. Os extratos de TCs influenciaram significativamente a fermentação, aumentando as concentrações de alguns ácidos graxos, tais como o acetato, butirato e propionato, enquanto em contraste, houve um decréscimo do lactato entre os tratamentos. Este trabalho identificou aspectos estruturais chave que os TCs contêm, tanto as altas proporções molares de PD como as de PC, as quais podem ser úteis para aumentar a utilização de alimentos em frangos de corte.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Tannins/administration & dosage , In Vitro Techniques , Chickens/physiology , Chickens/metabolism , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Fatty Acids , Fermentation
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1493-1497, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922284

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationships between caspase-8 (CASP8), fatty acid synthetase (Fas) gene polymorphisms and prognosis of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma patients in Han nationality.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 85 patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma were analyzed retrospectively. The polymorphisms of CASP8 and Fas gene were detected, and prognosis of the patients were analyzed. The polymorphisms of CASP8 and Fas gene in patients with different prognosis were compared, and the relationships between gene polymorphisms and the poor prognosis of the patients were investigated.@*RESULTS@#The incidence rate of poor prognosis of the patients enrolled in the study was 65.88%. The polymorphisms of CASP8 and Fas genes in the patients with poor or good prognosis were in accordance with Hardy Weinberg's law of genetic balance. The frequencies of GG genotype and G allele at rs 1035142 of CASP8 gene, GA genotype and A allele at rs 1377 of Fas gene in patients with poor prognosis were lower than those of the patients with good prognosis (P<0.05). The frequencies of GT, TT and T alleles at rs 1035142 of CASP8 gene, GG and G alleles at rs 1377 of Fas gene in patients with poor prognosis were higher than those of the patients with good prognosis (P<0.05). The proportions of Ann Arbor stage III-IV and high malignancy in patients with poor prognosis were higher than those of the patients with good prognosis (P<0.05). Logistic multiple regression analysis showed that Ann Arbor stage III-IV, moderate malignant, high malignancy, CASP8 rs 1035142 GT genotype, CASP8 rs 1035142 TT genotype and Fas rs 1377 GG genotype were all the risk factors for the poor prognosis of the patients (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The poor prognosis rate of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma patients in Han nationality is relatively high, and the risk factors for the prognosis of the patients include Ann Arbor stage III-IV, moderate and high malignancy, CASP8 rs 1035142 GT genotype, CASP8 rs 1035142 TT genotype and Fas rs 1377 GG genotype.


Subject(s)
Caspase 8/genetics , Ethnic Groups , Fatty Acids , Humans , Ligases , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , fas Receptor
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888020

ABSTRACT

To explore the effect of ophiopogonin D on main fatty acid metabolic enzymes in human cardiomyocyte AC-16,so as to provide reference for cardiovascular protection mechanism and safe clinical application of Ophiopogon japonicus.CCK-8 (cell counting kit-8) was used to detect the effect of different concentrations of ophiopogonin D on the viability of cardiomyocytes.Meanwhile,the effect of different concentrations of ophiopogonin D on the morphology and quantity of cardiomyocytes was observed under microscope.The effect of ophiopogonin D on the mRNA expression of CYP2J2,CYP4F3,CYP4A11,CYP4A22 and CYP4F2 in cardiomyocytes was detected by RT-PCR.Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of CYP4F3 in different concentrations of ophiopogonin D.Compared with the control group,low-concentration ophiopogonin D had no effect on the viability of cardiomyocytes.However,ophiopogonin D with a concentration of higher than 20μmol·L~(-1)could promote the viability.Under the microscope,ophiopogonin D with a concentration of below 100μmol·L~(-1)had no significant effect on the morphology and number of cardiomyocytes.RT-PCR results showed that compared with the control group,5μmol·L~(-1)ophiopogonin D could slightly up-regulate mRNA expressions of CYP2J2 and CYP4F3,while high-concentration ophiopogonin D (10 and 20μmol·L~(-1)) could significantly induce mRNA expressions of CYP2J2and CYP4F3 in a dose-dependent manner (P<0.05).The same concentration of ophiopogonin D had a little effect on the mRNA expressions of CYP4A11,CYP4A22 and CYP4F2.Western blot results showed that 20μmol·L~(-1)ophiopogonin D could significantly induce the protein expression of CYP4F3 in a dose-dependent manner (P<0.05).Based on the above results,ophiopogonin D (less than100μmol·L~(-1)) has no effect on the viability of AC-16 cardiomyocytes.Ophiopogonin D (less than 100μmol·L~(-1)) can selectively induce the expressions of CYP2J2 and CYP4F3,regulate the metabolic pathway of fatty acid signaling molecules,and thus protecting the cardiovascular system.


Subject(s)
Fatty Acids , Humans , Myocytes, Cardiac , Saponins/pharmacology , Spirostans/pharmacology
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921776

ABSTRACT

The present study compared the appearance and chemical composition of fruits of Perilla frutescens var. arguta(PFA) and P. frutescens var. frutescens(PFF). VHX-6000 3 D depth of field synthesis technology was applied for the appearance observation. The metabolites were qualitatively and quantitatively analyzed by pre-column derivatization combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry(GC-MS). Finally, cluster analysis(CA), principal component analysis(PCA), and orthogonal partial least-squares discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA) were applied for exploring the differences in their chemical compositions. The results indicated that the size and color of PFA and PFF fruits were different. PFF fruits were significantly larger than PFA fruits. The surface color of PFA fruits was brown, while PFF fruits were in multiple colors, such as white, grayish-white, and brown. Amino acids, saccharides, organic acids, fatty acids, and phenolic acids were identified in PFA and PFF fruits. The results of CA, PCA, and OPLS-DA indicated significant differences in the content of components between PFA and PFF fruits. Three metabolites, including D-glucose, rosmarinic acid, and D-fructose, which were significantly higher in PFA fruits than in PFF fruits, were screened out as differential metabolites. Considering the regulation on the content of rosmarinic acid in Perillae Fructus in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2020 edition), the medicinal value of PFA fruits is higher than that of PFF. In conclusion, there are differences in appearance and chemical composition between PFA fruits and PFF fruits. These results are expected to provide fundamental data for specifying plant source and quality control of Perillae Fructus.


Subject(s)
Fatty Acids , Fruit , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Perilla frutescens , Plant Extracts
15.
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 54(3): 279-284, set. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130602

ABSTRACT

El azúcar de mesa, que se obtiene de la caña de azúcar, es el edulcorante más utilizado en la elaboración de los alimentos. El azúcar es importante en la obtención de energía, es necesario para la síntesis de ácidos grasos, de ácidos nucleicos, evita el estrés oxidativo y el desarrollo de anemia. Puede ocasionar caries, diabetes, obesidad, arteriosclerosis y otras patologías. En el presente trabajo se valoró el efecto que tiene la ingesta crónica de agua endulzada con sacarosa al 30% sobre el consumo de alimento balanceado, el perfil lipídico, la concentración de glucosa sérica, y sobre algunos marcadores del estado nutricional como el peso y las proteínas séricas totales, en machos de ratas Wistar. El agua endulzada con sacarosa al 30% se administró a un grupo de 9 ratas Wistar durante 3 meses y se tomó como grupo control a un grupo de 9 ratas que bebieron agua natural. El consumo de alimentos por ambos grupos, así como los marcadores de química sanguínea se analizaron al final del tratamiento. Los niveles de glucosa, lípidos y proteínas séricas totales se midieron mediante espectroscopía. Los resultados mostraron que el consumo de agua endulzada con sacarosa al 30% redujo en más de un 90% el consumo de alimento balanceado; sin embargo, no afectó el perfil lipídico ni el nivel de glucosa en sangre, así como tampoco el nivel de proteínas séricas totales. El consumo de agua endulzada con sacarosa podría provocar desnutrición a largo plazo ya que ocasiona una reducción en la ingesta de alimento rico en nutrientes.


Sugar, obtained from sugarcane, is the most commonly used sweetener in food processing. Sugar is an important food for energy generation and it is necessary for the synthesis of fatty acids and nucleic acids. It prevents oxidative stress and anemia development. However, its consumption can cause dental caries, diabetes, obesity, arteriosclerosis and other pathologies. In the present work, the effect of chronic intake of water sweetened with 30% sucrose on balanced food consumption, lipid profile, serum glucose concentration, as well as some markers of nutritional status such as weight and total serum proteins was assessed in male Wistar rats. The water sweetened with 30% sucrose was administered to a group of 9 Wistar rats for 3 months, having 9 rats as a control group that drank natural water. Food consumption between both groups as well as blood chemistry markers were analyzed at the end of the treatment. Glucose, lipid levels as well as total serum proteins were measured by spectroscopy. The results showed that the consumption of water sweetened with 30% sucrose reduced the consumption of balanced food by more than 90%, however, it did not affect the lipid profile, the level of glucose in the blood or the level of total serum proteins concentration. Consumption of sucrose-sweetened water could lead to long-term malnutrition by reducing the intake of nutrient-rich food.


O açúcar comum, obtido a partir da cana de açúcar, é o adoçante mais utilizado na elaboração dos alimentos. O açúcar é importante para a geração de energia; necessário para a síntese de ácidos graxos e de ácidos nucleicos. Previne o estresse oxidativo e o desenvolvimento de anemia. No entanto, seu consumo pode causar cárie dentária, diabetes, obesidade, arteriosclerose e outras patologias. No presente trabalho, foi avaliado o efeito da ingestão crônica de água adoçada com sacarose a 30% sobre o consumo de alimentos ricos em nutrientes, perfil lipídico, concentração sérica de glicose e alguns marcadores do estado nutricional, como o peso. e as proteínas séricas totais em ratos Wistar machos. A água adoçada com sacarose a 30% foi administrada a um grupo de 9 ratos Wistar por 3 meses, tendo como grupo controle um grupo de 9 ratos que beberam água natural. O consumo de alimentos entre os dois grupos e os marcadores de química sanguínea foram analisados no final do tratamento. Os níveis de glicose, lipídios e proteínas séricas totais foram medidos por espectroscopia. Os resultados mostraram que o consumo de água adoçada com sacarose a 30% reduziu em mais de 90% o consumo de alimentos ricos em nutrientes, no entanto, não afetou o perfil lipídico, o nível de glicose em sangue nem o nível de proteínas séricas totais. O consumo de água adoçada com sacarose poderia levar à desnutrição no longo prazo, visto que produz uma redução na ingestão de alimentos ricos em nutrientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Female , Arteriosclerosis , Spectrum Analysis , Blood , Nucleic Acids , Eating , Rats, Wistar , Dietary Sucrose , Saccharum , Control , Fatty Acids , Anemia , Sucrose , Therapeutics , Water , Affect , Dental Caries , Malnutrition , Growth and Development , Diabetes Mellitus , Sugars , Food , Food Handling
16.
Rev. chil. nutr ; 47(4): 568-579, ago. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138591

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Las necesidades de ácido docosahexaenoico (DHA), se incrementan en la mujer gestante para el desarrollo visual y neurológico del feto y el lactante. En este trabajo, se desarrolló y se evaluó un yogur adicionado con aceite de microalgas, que contribuyera a la recomendación dietaria de DHA en mujeres gestantes y lactantes. Se diseñaron tres formulaciones de yogur con 0,075; 0,125 y 0,175% de aceite de microalga y se compararon con una muestra control. Se evaluaron propiedades fisicoquímicas, sensoriales, microbiológicas, perfil de ácidos grasos, potencial antioxidante (ABTS, fenoles totales) y peroxidación lipídica (sustancias reactivas al ácido tiobarbitúrico [TBARS]). Los yogures adicionados con el aceite de microalga cubrieron en 30, 45 y 63% las recomendaciones de DHA para mujeres gestantes y lactantes por porción (200 mL). Se observó estabilidad del ácido graso, excepto en la muestra de mayor adición del aceite. La muestra con adición de 0,125% de aceite de microalga fue la de mejor calificación por el panel sensorial. Todas las muestras cumplieron con el estándar microbiológico y fisicoquímico para un yogur entero adicionado con dulce. Se observó potencial antioxidante promisorio en el yogur, capaz de proteger el DHA. Se concluye que las bebidas lácteas como el yogur son matrices adecuadas para la adición de aceite de microalga con la finalidad de aumentar el DHA en la dieta, especialmente en etapas en que las necesidades de este componente son más altas, como en periodo de gestación y lactancia.


ABSTRACT The needs for docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are increased during pregnancy for the visual and neurological development of the fetus and the breastfed infant. In this study, a yogurt with microalgae oil added to contribute to the dietary recommendation of DHA in pregnant and breastfeeding women was developed and evaluated. Three yogurt formulations were designed with 0.075; 0.125 and 0.175 microalgae oil percentage and compared with a control sample. Fatty acid profile, antioxidant potential (ABTS, total phenols), lipid peroxidation (thiobarbitrical acid reactive substances [TBARS]), physicochemical, sensory, and microbiological properties were evaluated. Yogurts with microalgae oil added covered 30, 45 and 63% of DHA recommendations for pregnant and breastfeeding women per portion (200 mL). Fat acid stability was observed, except in the one with the greatest oil addition. The sample with 0.125% of microalgae oil added was rated the highest by the sensory panel. All samples met the microbiological and physicochemical standard for a whole yogurt added with sugar. Promising antioxidant potential capable of protecting DHA was observed in the yogurt. We conclude that dairy drinks such as yogurt are suitable matrices for adding microalgae oil in order to increase DHA in the diet, especially in stages where the needs of this component are higher as is the case during pregnancy and lactation periods.


Subject(s)
Female , Pregnancy , Infant , Breast Feeding , Pregnancy , Fetus , Phenols , Fatty Acids , Microalgae , Antioxidants
17.
Rev. chil. nutr ; 47(4): 561-567, ago. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138590

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT This study aimed to evaluate the microbiological, physicochemical and fatty acid profile of the of "Tambica" (Oligosarcus robustus) raw fish meat and develop and characterize a fish burger. The fish burger was subjected to a sensory analysis. The raw fish meat showed a high content of moisture (82.3%) and minerals (3.1%), a low content of fat (1.5%) and a considerable protein content (13.1%). The raw fish showed a high count of positive coagulase Staphylococcus. Tambica lipid fraction was composed of 41.9% unsaturated and 58.2% saturated fatty acids. Palmitic acid and oleic acid were the major fatty acids in the raw meat fish. The fish burger was well accepted by sensory analysis.


RESUMEN Este estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar el perfil microbiológico, fisicoquímico y de ácidos grasos de la carne de pescado cruda "Tambica" (Oligosarcus robustus); y desarrollar y caracterizar una hamburguesa de pescado. La hamburguesa de pescado fue sometida a análisis sensorial. La carne de pescado cruda mostró un alto contenido de humedad (82,3%) y minerales (3,1%), bajo contenido de grasa (1,5%) y un contenido de proteína considerable (13,1%). El pescado crudo mostró un recuento alto de Staphylococcus coagulasa positivo. La fracción lipídica de Tambica estaba compuesta por un 41,9% de ácidos grasos insaturados y 58,2% de ácidos grasos saturados. El ácido palmítico y el ácido oleico fueron los principales ácidos grasos en el pescado de carne cruda. La hamburguesa de pescado fue bien aceptada por el análisis sensorial.


Subject(s)
Animals , Fatty Acids , Meat Proteins , Meat , Staphylococcus , Microbiological Techniques , Fish Products
18.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 39(2): 188-190, ago. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138536
19.
Rev. chil. nutr ; 47(3): 396-405, jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1126137

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to develop and validate a Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) for assessing consumption of fatty acids among pregnant women. METHODS: Two lists of foods were created according to percent contribution of each nutrient estimated by three 24-hour recalls: a long and short version FFQ to estimate long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs). Student paired t-test and Pearson correlation coefficients were used to verify the differences in mean consumption of nutrients from the FFQ and 24-hour recall. The concordance between the consumption values of the two methods was assessed using the Bland-Altman method and quartiles concordance. RESULTS: For the FFQ - long version, correlation values ranged from 0.33 (<0.05) to 0.62 (<0.01) for docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and linoleic acid (LA), respectively. Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosapentaenoic acid (DPA) were not correlated. Exact concordance ranged from 49.0% (energy) to 22.4% (EPA), and discordance ranged from 14.3% (DPA) to 2.0% (Saturated). The FFQ - short version had high correlations for LCPUFAs. Exact concordance ranged from 36.7% (n-3 LCPUFA) to 16.3% (DHA); and discordance from 12.2% (DPA) to 2.0% (arachidonic acid). Bland-Altman analysis showed good concordance for both versions. CONCLUSION: This nutrient-specific FFQ is a valid instrument to be used to estimate the level of consumption of fatty acids among pregnant women.


OBJETIVO: Este estudio tuvo como objetivo desarrollar y validar un cuestionario de frecuencia de consumo de alimentos para evaluar el consumo de ácidos grasos en gestantes. MÉTODOS: Dos listas de alimentos fueron creadas de acuerdo con la contribución porcentual de cada nutriente estimado por 3 recordatorios de 24 horas: CFC - versión larga y CFC - versión corta para estimar ácidos grasos poliinsaturados de cadena larga (AGPICL). La prueba de t pareada de Student y el coeficiente de correlación de Pearson se utilizaron para verificar las diferencias entre el consumo medio de nutrientes de del CFC y el recordatorio de 24 horas. La concordancia entre los valores de consumo de los dos métodos se evaluó mediante el método de Bland-Altman y la concordancia de cuartiles. RESULTADOS: En CFC - versión larga, los valores de correlación oscilaron entre 0.33 (<0.05) y 0.62 (<0.01) para ácido docosahexaenoico (DHA) y ácido linoleico (LA), respectivamente. Ácido eicosapentaenoico (EPA) y ácido docosapentaenoico (DPA) no presentaron correlación. La concordancia exacta varió de 49,0% (energía) a 22,4% (EPA), y la discordancia varió de 14,3% (DPA) a 2,0% (saturado). CFC: la versión corta mostró los mejores valores de correlaciones para los AGPICL. La concordancia exacta varió de 36,7 (n-3 LCPUFA) a 16,3% (DHA); y discordancia de 12,2% (DPA) a 2,0% (ácido araquidónico). El análisis de Bland-Altman mostró una buena concordancia para ambas versiones. CONCLUSIÓN: Este método CFC específico de nutrientes es un instrumento válido que se utiliza para estimar el nivel de consumo de ácidos grasos en mujeres gestantes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Energy Intake , Surveys and Questionnaires , Fatty Acids, Unsaturated/administration & dosage , Mental Recall , Dietary Fats/administration & dosage , Diet Records , Diet Surveys , Fatty Acids/administration & dosage
20.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(3): 1000-1008, May-June, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1129715

ABSTRACT

The addition of different oil blends in the feed of finishing pigs was evaluated. Twenty-four castrated male finishing pigs were used in a randomized block design containing four treatments and six replicates. The treatments consisted of: Reference ration (RR) - 100% soybean oil feed; and the combination of the different oils: Blend1 - 50.0% soybean oil (SO), 25.0% flaxseed oil (FO), 12.5% olive oil (OO) and 12.5% canola oil (CO); Blend2 - 25.0% SO, 50.0% FO, 12.5% OO and 12.5% CO; and Blend3 - 25.0% SO, 12.5% FO, 12.5% OO and 50.0% CO. The performance, quantitative and qualitative carcass parameters, fatty acids profile and economic feasibility of the diets were evaluated. The use of blends in the diets did not influence the performance or carcass quality, but increased marbling and carcass yield. The fatty acid profile of the loin presented greater amounts of stearic acid in Blend3 and higher percentage of unsaturated fatty acids in animals fed with Blend1. The fatty tissue presented greater amounts of myristic acid in Blend1 and oleic acid in Blend3. The reference ration was the most economic. The Blends did not affect performance or carcass characteristics and improved the fatty acid profile.(AU)


Foi avaliada a utilização de diferentes blends de óleo em dietas de suínos em terminação. Foram utilizados 24 suínos, machos, castrados, distribuídos em delineamento de blocos ao acaso, com quatro tratamentos e seis repetições. Os tratamentos consistiram de: ração referência (RR) - 100% de ração com utilização de óleo de soja; e a combinação de diferentes óleos: Blend1 - 50,0% de óleo de soja (OS), 25,0% de óleo de linhaça (OL), 12,5% de óleo de oliva (OO) e 12,5% de óleo de canola (OC); Blend2 - 25,0% OS; 50,0% OL; 12,5% OO e 12,5% OC; e Blend3 - 25,0% OS; 12,5% OL; 12,5% OO e 50,0% OC. Foram avaliados os parâmetros de desempenho, a qualidade de carcaça, o perfil de ácidos graxos e a viabilidade econômica. O uso de blends nas dietas não influenciou o desempenho ou a qualidade da carcaça, mas aumentou o marmoreio e o rendimento de carcaça. O perfil de ácidos graxos do lombo apresentou maiores quantidades de ácido esteárico com a utilização do Blend3 e maior porcentagem de ácidos graxos insaturados nos animais alimentados com o Blend1. O tecido adiposo apresentou maiores quantidades de ácido mirístico quando se forneceu o Blend1 e de ácido oleico com o Blend3. A ração testemunha foi a mais econômica. As misturas não afetaram o desempenho e as características de carcaça e melhoraram o perfil de ácidos graxos da carne.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Swine/metabolism , Fatty Acids, Monounsaturated/administration & dosage , Linoleic Acid , Fatty Acids/metabolism , Food, Fortified
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