Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 2 de 2
Add filters

Year range
Biol. Res ; 52: 9, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011411


BACKGROUND: Fava beans (FBs) have long been used as food, and their principal disadvantage is derived from their haemotoxicity. We hypothesized that FB ingestion alters the intestinal gene expression pattern, thereby inducing an immune response. RESULTS: In-depth sequence analysis identified 769 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) associated with the intestine in FB-treated DBA/1 mouse intestines. The identified genes were shown to be associated with biological processes (such as response to stimulus and immune system processes), human disease pathways (such as infectious diseases, endocrine and metabolic diseases, and immune diseases), and organismal system pathways (such as the digestive system, endocrine system, environmental adaptation, and immune system). Moreover, plasma total immunoglobulin E (IgE), histamine, interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-13 levels were significantly increased when the mice were treated with FBs. CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrated that FBs affect the intestinal immune response and IgE and cytokine secretion in DBA/1 mice.

Animals , Male , Mice , Vicia faba/adverse effects , Immunity, Humoral/immunology , Intestinal Mucosa/immunology , Signal Transduction , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Gene Expression Profiling , Vicia faba/immunology , Favism/etiology , Mice, Inbred DBA
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 85(1): 74-79, feb. 2014. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-708818


Introduction: Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency (G6PD deficiency) is the most common red blood cell (RBC) enzyme disorder. The decrease as well as the absence of the enzyme increase RBC vulnerability to oxidative stress caused by exposure to certain medications or intake of fava beans. Among the most common clinical manifestations of this condition, acute hemolysis, chronic hemolysis, neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, and an asymptomatic form are observed. Objective: To analyze the case of a child who presented hemolytic crisis due to favism. Case report: A 2 year and 7 month old boy with a history of hyperbilirubinemia during the newborn period with no apparent cause, no family history of hemolytic anemia or parental consanguinity. He presented a prolonged neonatal jaundice and severe anemia requiring RBC transfusion. An intake of fava beans 48 h prior to onset of symptoms was reported. G6PD qualitative determination was compatible with this enzyme deficiency. Conclusion: G6PD deficiency can be highly variable in its clinical presentation, so it is necessary to keep it in mind during the diagnosis of hemolytic anemia at any age.

Introducción: La deficiencia de la glucosa 6-fosfato deshidrogenasa (G6PD) es el trastorno enzimático más frecuente del glóbulo rojo (GR). Tanto la disminución como la ausencia de la enzima aumentan la vulnerabilidad del GR al estrés oxidativo provocado por algunos fármacos o la ingesta de habas. Sus manifestaciones clínicas más frecuentes son hemolisis aguda, hemolisis crónica, hiperbilirrubinemia neonatal, y una forma asintomática. Objetivo: Presentar el caso de un niño que debutó como crisis hemolítica debida a favismo. Caso clínico: Varón 2 años 7 meses con antecedente de hiperbilirrubinemia en el período neonatal sin causa evidente, sin historia familiar de anemia hemolítica ni de consanguinidad paterna. Debutó con un cuadro de ictericia y anemia severa que requirió transfusión de GR. Como antecedente anamnéstico se detectó la ingesta de habas 48 h previo al inicio de los síntomas. La determinación cualitativa de G6PD fue compatible con deficiencia de esta enzima. Conclusión: La deficiencia de G6PD puede ser muy variable en su expresión clínica, por lo cual es necesario tenerla presente dentro del diagnóstico diferencial de las anemias hemolíticas a toda edad.

Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency/complications , Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency/diagnosis , Anemia, Hemolytic/etiology , Favism/etiology , Hyperbilirubinemia, Neonatal/etiology