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J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(1): 7-11, Jan.-Mar. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430686


Objectives: To assess the status of the pelvic floor muscle (PFM) of premature ovarian insufficiency women (POI women) and the incidence of fecal incontinence (FI) and pelvic organ prolapse (POP). Methods: A secondary analysis of a cross-sectional study with 150 women with POI was performed. Pelvic floor muscle assessment was performed with the PERFECT scale. The subscales POPDI-6 and CRADI-8 of the questionnaire Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory-20 (PFDI-20) were used for pelvic floor symptoms focused on FI and POP. Moreover, FI and POP were also assessed as dichotomous variables (yes/no). Results: Women with FI and POP did not present differences in the PFM assessment across P (p = 0.61), E (p = 0.78), R (p = 0.22), and F (p = 0.79) variables when compared with women with POI; no differences were also seen between women with and without POP according the pelvic muscles: P (p = 0.91), E (p = 0.99), R (p = 0.62), and F (p = 0.10). Women with FI and POP presented higher scores in all PFDI-20 subscales and total score when compared with the control group (p < 0.05). Conclusions Pelvic floor muscle assessment within POI women with or without FI or POP did not differ. However, PF symptoms are more severe in the FI or POP groups. (AU)

Humans , Female , Primary Ovarian Insufficiency , Fecal Incontinence , Pelvic Organ Prolapse , Health Profile , Estrogen Replacement Therapy , Pelvic Floor Disorders
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(1): 18-23, Jan.-Mar. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430688


Objective: Pelvic floor dysfunction can manifest as a spectrum including anorectal dysfunction, vaginal prolapse, and urinary incontinence. Sacrospinous fixation is a procedure performed by gynecologists to treat vaginal prolapse. The present study aims to evaluate the impact of transvaginal prolapse surgery on anorectal function. Materials and Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of patients undergoing sacrospinous fixation surgery for vaginal prolapse between 2014 to 2020. Those with anorectal dysfunction who had also been evaluated by the colorectal service preoperatively and postoperatively were included for analysis. These patients were assessed with symptom-specific validated questionnaires. The effect of surgery on constipation and fecal incontinence symptoms was analyzed. Results: A total of 22 patients were included for analysis. All patients underwent transvaginal sacrospinous fixation, and 95.4% also had posterior colporrhaphy for vaginal prolapse. There were a statistically significant improvements in the Fecal Incontinence Severity Index (FISI), the St. Mark's Incontinence Score (Vaizey), the embarrassment and lifestyle components of the Fecal Incontinence Quality of Life Score, the Constipation Scoring System, the Obstructed Defecation Score, and components of the Patient Assessment of Constipation Quality of Life score. Conclusion: Transvaginal prolapse surgery leads to a favorable effect on anorectal function, with improvements in both obstructed defecation and fecal incontinence scores in this small series. (AU)

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Uterine Prolapse/surgery , Constipation , Fecal Incontinence , Surveys and Questionnaires , Retrospective Studies , Pelvic Floor Disorders/surgery
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(4): 279-285, Oct.-Dec. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430683


Objective: Despite all the technological advances, successful management of complex fistula-in-ano is still a challenge due to recurrence and incontinence. The present study evaluates the outcomes of a novel technique, Interception of Fistula Track with Application of Ksharasutra (IFTAK) in terms of success rate and degree of incontinence. Methods: In the present prospective study, 300 patients with complex fistula-inano were treated by the IFTAK technique, whose surgical steps include: incision at the anterior or posterior midline perianal area, identification and interception of the fistulous track at the level of the external sphincter, rerouting the track (and extensions) at the site of interception, and application of a ksharasutra (medicated seton) in the proximal track (from the site of interception to the internal opening) that is laid open gradually, with the resulting wound healing with minimum scarring. The distal track is allowed to heal spontaneously. Results: There were 227 transsphincteric and 73 intersphincteric varieties of fistula with supralevator extension in 23 cases, of which 130 were recurrent fistulas, 29 had horseshoe track, while 25 had blind fistula with no cutaneous opening. The mean duration of the ksharasutra application was 8.11 ± 3.86 weeks with an overall success rate of 93.33% at the 1-year follow-up. A total of 3.67% of the cases reported with a mild impairment of continence on the Wexner incontinence scoring system. Pre- and postoperative anal manometry evaluation showed minimal reduction in median basal and squeeze pressures. Conclusion: The IFTAK technique is a minimally invasive, daycare surgical procedure for the management of complex fistula-in-ano with low recurrence and minimal sphincter damage. (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Anal Canal/surgery , Rectal Fistula/surgery , Recurrence , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/methods , Treatment Outcome , Fecal Incontinence
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1403143


El procedimiento de apendicostomía continente para la realización de enemas anterógrados ha sido publicado ya hace varios años para el tratamiento de la incontinencia fecal y del estreñimiento de muy difícil manejo. Otra indicación del mismo incluye el estreñimiento severo, en el cual se agotaron las medidas farmacológicas y el único tratamiento efectivo es la realización de enemas. El objetivo principal del procedimiento es ofrecer a los niños y sus familias una alternativa a la hora de realizar los enemas, logrando una mayor adherencia al tratamiento y buscando alcanzar una mejor calidad de vida que permita adecuarse a las actividades con sus pares. Por otra parte permite al niño ir logrando cierta independencia gradual a medida que crezca, preparándolos para el futuro y haciéndolos participes activos de su cuidado. Se describen los primeros casos en donde utilizamos en nuestro medio el abordaje laparoscópico, sus indicaciones, la técnica quirúrgica y los resultados iniciales. Hemos constatado como ventaja principal los beneficios del abordaje mínimamente invasivo, como la exploración completa de la cavidad abdominal, el menor dolor postoperatorio, cicatrices más pequeñas, menor creación de adherencias.

The appendicostomy procedure for performing antegrade enemas has been published several years ago for the treatment of fecal incontinence and constipation that are very difficult to manage. The Malone procedure is performed in our setting, especially in patients with fecal incontinence secondary to neurological disorders such as myelomeningocele using a conventional approach. Other indications of it is severe constipation, in which pharmacological measures have been exhausted and the only effective treatment is enemas. The main objective of the procedure is to offer children and their families an alternative when performing enemas, achieving greater adherence to treatment and seeking to achieve a better quality of life that allows them to adapt to the activities of their peers. On the other hand, it allows the child to achieve a certain gradual independence as they grow, preparing them for the future and making them active participants in their care. The first cases in which we use the laparoscopic approach, its indications, the surgical technique and the initial results are described. We think that its main advantage is the benefits of the minimally invasive approach, such as complete exploration of the abdominal cavity, less postoperative pain, smaller scars, and less creation of adhesions.

O procedimento de apendicostomia continente para a realização de enemas anterógrados foi publicado há vários anos para o tratamento de incontinência fecal e constipação de difícil manejo. Outra indicação inclui constipação grave, na qual as medidas farmacológicas foram esgotadas e o único tratamento eficaz são os enemas. O principal objetivo do procedimento é oferecer às crianças e seus familiares uma alternativa na realização dos enemas, alcançando maior adesão ao tratamento e buscando alcançar uma melhor qualidade de vida que lhes permita adaptar-se às atividades com seus pares. Por outro lado, permite que a criança alcance uma certa independência gradual à medida que cresce, preparando-a para o futuro e tornando-a participante ativa em seus cuidados. São descritos os primeiros casos em que utilizamos a via laparoscópica, suas indicações, a técnica cirúrgica e os resultados iniciais. Confirmamos os benefícios da abordagem minimamente invasiva como principal vantagem, como exploração completa da cavidade abdominal, menos dor pós-operatória, cicatrizes menores e menor formação de aderências.

Humans , Female , Adolescent , Appendectomy/methods , Laparoscopy/methods , Constipation/surgery , Fecal Incontinence/surgery , Appendectomy/instrumentation , Treatment Outcome , Laparoscopy/instrumentation , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(3): 217-222, July-Sept. 2022. graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1421985


Objectives: Vaginal balloon inflation simulates the compressive forces on the pelvic floor during the second phase of natural delivery. The foremost use of this animal model of vaginal distention (VD) is to study the mechanisms underlying urinary incontinence. As damage to the pelvic floor during natural birth is a common cause of fecal incontinence, the present paper aimed to investigate the effect of VD on defecation behavior in adult rats. Methods: Vaginal distention was performed in 8 rats for 2 hours, and in 3 rats for 4 hours, and sham inflation was performed in 4 rats. With the use of a latrine box in the rat home-cage and 24/7 video tracking, the defecation behavior was examined. The time spent in and outside the latrine was monitored for two weeks preoperatively and three weeks postoperatively, and a defecation behavior index (DBI; range: 0 [continent] to 1 [incontinent]) was defined. Pelvic floor tissue was collected postmortem and stained with hematoxylin and eosin. Results: Vaginal balloon inflation for 2 hours resulted in fecal incontinence in 29% of the animals (responders) whereas the DBI scores of non-responders (71%) and control animals did not change in the postoperative phase compared with the baseline score. A 4-hour balloon inflation resulted in fecal incontinence in 1 animal and caused a humane endpoint in 2 animals with markedly more tissue damage in the 4-hour responder compared with the 2-hour responders. Conclusions: Vaginal balloon inflation, with an optimum duration between 2 and 4 hours, can be used as a model to study changes in defecation behavior in rats induced by pelvic floor damage. (AU)

Animals , Rats , Pelvic Floor/injuries , Defecation , Sprains and Strains , Vagina/injuries , Fecal Incontinence
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(2): 167-172, Apr.-June 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394410


ABSTRACT Background Anal fissure is a common surgical disease that is usually treated conservatively. The golden surgical treatment for anal fissure is lateral internal sphincterotomy, but it may result in multiple complications. Therefore, other treatment methods have recently been introduced, and one of them is the injection of botulinum toxin A (BTA) and fissurectomy. In the present study, we aim to evaluate the effectiveness of the combination of fissurectomy and BTA injection in the treatment of chronic anal fissure by single surgeon. Materials and Methods The present is a non-randomized prospective cohort study conducted by a single surgeon in Saudi Arabia. Our sample was composed of 116 female patients, with mean age of 36.57 ± 11.52 years, who presented to our Surgical Outpatient Clinic with chronic anal fissure between October 2015 and July 2020, and were treated with BTA injection combined with fissurectomy. They were followed up for 1, 2, 3, 4, and 8 weeks, and after one year to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the treatment. The main outcomes analyzed were symptomatic relief, complications, recurrence, and the need for further surgical intervention. Results The treatment with BTA injection combined with fissurectomy was effective and safe in 115 patients (99.1%) at 1 year of follow-up. A total of 5 patients experienced recurrence at 8 weeks, which resolved completely with pharmacological sphincterotomy, and 12 patients experienced minor incontinence, which disappeared later. Conclusion In total, 70 units of BTA injection combined with fissurectomy is a suitable second-line treatment of choice for chronic anal fissure, with a high degree of success and a low rate of major morbidity. (AU)

Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Botulinum Toxins, Type A/therapeutic use , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Pain, Postoperative , Fecal Incontinence , Fissure in Ano/surgery
Estima (Online) ; 20(1): e0122, Jan-Dec. 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1379800


Objetivo:objetivou-se descrever os procedimentos técnicos operacionais e dados clínicos relacionados à implantação de um programa de atenção à saúde das pessoas com distúrbios do assoalho pélvico em um serviço público de atenção secundária. Método: trata-se de um relato de experiência, baseado em vivências relacionadas à assistência acadêmico-profissional na implantação de serviço voltado aos distúrbios do assoalho pélvico na região do Cariri cearense, realizado de maio a julho de 2021. Resultados: para a implantação do serviço, adotaram-se as seguintes estratégias: rastreamento da rede de atenção à saúde da pessoa com distúrbios do assoalho pélvico; estruturação organizacional do serviço; captação de pessoas com disfunções pélvicas; início dos atendimentos; e seguimento terapêutico. Conclusão: face ao exposto, evidencia-se que o programa de atenção à saúde das pessoas com distúrbios do assoalho pélvico pôde ser implantado satisfatoriamente, tendo em vista a infraestrutura, ao expressivo quantitativo de atendimentos realizados e ao seguimento terapêutico alcançado. Assim, com este relato, espera-se contribuir para o desenvolvimento de novos serviços ambulatoriais voltados a essa área de atuação do enfermeiro estomaterapeuta e da equipe multidisciplinar.

Objective:the objective was to describe the technical operational procedures and clinical data related to the implementation of a health care program for people with pelvic floor disorders in a public secondary care service. Method: this is an experience report, based on experiences related to academic and professional assistance in the implementation of a service aimed at pelvic floor disorders in the Cariri region of Ceará, carried out from May to July 2021. Results: for the implementation of the service, the following strategies were adopted: tracking the health care network for people with pelvic floor disorders; organizational structuring of the service; capturing people with pelvic dysfunctions; start of care; and therapeutic follow-up. Conclusion: in view of the above, it is evident that the health care program for people with pelvic floor disorders could be implemented satisfactorily, considering the infrastructure, the significant amount of care provided and the therapeutic follow-up achieved. Thus, with this report, it is expected to contribute to the development of new outpatient services aimed at this area of work of the stomatherapist nurse and the multidisciplinary team.

Objetivo:El objetivo es describir los procedimientos técnicos operativos y datos clínicos relacionados a la implementación de un programa de atención a la salud de las personas con trastornos del suelo pélvico en un servicio público de atención secundaria. Método: se trata de un reporte de experiencia, basado en vivencias relacionadas a la asistencia académico-profesional en la implementación de servicio destinado a los trastornos del suelo pélvico en la región del Cariri cearense, realizado de mayo a julio de 2021. Resultados: para la implementación del servicio, se adoptaron las siguientes estrategias: rastreo de la red de atención a la salud de personas con trastornos del suelo pélvico; estructuración organizacional del servicio; captación de personas con disfunciones pélvicas; inicio de la atención; y seguimiento terapéutico. Conclusión: frente a lo expuesto, queda evidente que el programa de atención a la salud de las personas con trastornos del suelo pélvico puede ser implementado satisfactoriamente, teniendo en cuenta la infraestructura, el importante número de atenciones realizadas y al seguimiento terapéutico alcanzado. Así, con este informe, se espera contribuir al desarrollo de nuevos servicios ambulatorios destinados a esta área de trabajo del enfermero estomaterapeuta y del equipo multidisciplinario.

Urinary Incontinence , Delivery of Health Care , Fecal Incontinence , Pelvic Floor Disorders , Enterostomal Therapy
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(1): 77-84, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375760


Introduction: Anal incontinence is defined as the loss of voluntary control of fecal matter or gases with a recurrence period longer than 3 months in individuals aged ≥ 4 years; it has a female predominance. Among the treatment modalities is pelvic physiotherapy, the second line of treatment, which promotes the reeducation, coordination, and strengthening of the muscles of the pelvic floor to enable patients to return to their regular activities of daily living. Objective: To perform a systematic review on the physiotherapeutic treatments used in women between the ages of 18 and 65 years with a diagnosis of anal incontinence. Material and methods Clinical studies written in Portuguese, Spanish and English were searched on the the following databases: Science Direct, Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (Medline) via PubMed, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), and Scopus. Results: Of the 998 articles found, only 4 studies met the inclusion criteria of the present systematic review. The physiotherapeutic approaches to treat women with anal incontinence are biofeedback, Kegel exercises, electrostimulation, and training of the pelvic floor muscles. The average score on the PEDro scale was of 6.25, which indicates that the methodological quality was good. Conclusion: Although pelvic physiotherapy is effective to treat anal incontinence, it must be promoted through the performance of evidence-based scientific research. (AU)

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Physical Therapy Modalities , Fecal Incontinence/rehabilitation , Obstetric Labor Complications/therapy , Fecal Incontinence/etiology
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(1): 32-37, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375765


Objective: To evaluate the association of fecal incontinence (FI) and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in patients diagnosed with initial prostate cancer (PC) and after any therapeutic approach (surgery and radiotherapy). Methods: Cross-sectional study using the Cleveland Clinic Incontinence Score (CCIS), the Fecal Incontinence Quality of Life (FIQL) questionnaire, and the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Overactive Bladder (ICIQ-OAB). Results: A total of 84 patients with PC were included: 40 of them had not started treatment, 31 were submitted to radical prostatectomy (RP), and 13 were submitted to radiotherapy (RT). Those submitted to RT presented higher scores on the ICIQ-OAB (p=0.01). When comparing the whole sample reagarding the patients with and without FI, we observed that the incontinents presented a higher frequency of urinary incontinence (UI) (p<0.001). Moreover, when comparing patients with/without FI within their treatment groups regarding the presence of UI and FIQL scores, we identified that patients undergoing RP presented an association between UI and FI (p<0.001) and a greater impact of FI on the FIQL (p<0.001). Conclusion: Patients submitted to RT present more intense LUTS. Moreover, patients with FI present a higher association with UI, and this association is more marked in those with FI submitted to RP. (AU)

Prostatic Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms , Quality of Life , Radiotherapy/adverse effects , Surveys and Questionnaires , Fecal Incontinence
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 74(1): 53-60, feb. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388919


Resumen Introducción: La rehabilitación del piso pélvico es frecuentemente indicada a los pacientes con incontinencia fecal. Su efectividad a corto plazo ha sido demostrada. Sin embargo, sus resultados en el largo plazo son controversiales. Objetivo: Nuestro objetivo es evaluar los resultados funcionales y calidad de vida a largo plazo de los pacientes con incontinencia fecal tratados mediante rehabilitación del piso pélvico. Materiales y Método: Estudio cuasi-experimental. Se incluyeron los pacientes con incontinencia fecal tratados mediante rehabilitación del piso pélvico entre 2007-2014 en nuestro centro, sin necesidad de cirugía. Se midió el puntaje funcional de Wexner y de calidad de vida (FIQLS) antes (T1) y después del tratamiento (T2). Se realizó encuesta vía correo electrónico para obtener dichos puntajes entre 3-10 años posterior al tratamiento (T3). Resultados: De 215 pacientes, 182 cumplían criterios de inclusión. 96 (52,8%) de ellos respondieron la encuesta en T3. La mediana de seguimiento fue de 4,5 (3-10) años. La edad promedio al tiempo del estudio fue de 60,8 ±13,1 años. 88,4% fueron mujeres. La mediana del puntaje funcional fue 16 (6-20) en T1 y 7 (0-18) en T2, p = 0,000. La calidad de vida mejoró significativamente en sus 4 dimensiones entre T1 y T2. En T3, ambos puntajes presentaron mejores promedios que en T1, p = 0,000. No hubo asociación entre el tiempo de seguimiento y el resultado funcional en T3. Conclusión: Los pacientes con incontinencia fecal tratados mediante rehabilitación del piso pélvico mejoran significativamente su funcionalidad y calidad de vida. El beneficio disminuye en el tiempo, pero persiste mejor que previo al tratamiento.

Introduction: Pelvic floor rehabilitation is often indicated as first-line therapy for patients with fecal incontinence. Its short-term effectiveness has been demonstrated in these patients. However, long-term results are controversial. Aim: Our objective is to evalúate long-term functionality and quality of life in patients with fecal incontinence treated with pelvic floor rehabilitation. Materials and Method: Quasi- experimental study conducted at a single tertiary care center. We included patients with fecal incontinence treated by pelvic floor rehabilitation at our center between 2007-2014 who did not require surgery. Wexner functional score and quality of life using FIQLS were measured pre (T1) and post-treatment (T2). Poste - riorly, an-e-mail survey was conducted to retrieve scores three to 10 years after treatment (T3). Results: Of the 215 patients, 182 met the inclusion criteria. 96 (52.8%) patients responded at T3 and were therefore included. The median follow-up period was of 4.5 years (3-10). The mean age at the time of the study was 60.8 ± 13.1 years and 88.4% were women. The median Wexner score was 16 (6-20) in T1 and 7 (0-18) in T2, (p = 0.000). Quality of life improved significantly in its four dimensions when comparing T1 and T2. In T3, Wexner and the quality of life scores were significantly lower than T2. However, in T3, both scales had better means than T1, (p = 0.000). There was no association between the follow-up time and the functional result in T3. Conclusions: Patients with fecal incontinence treated by pelvic floor rehabilitation improve their functionality and quality of life significantly. This benefit decreases over time but remains above its baseline.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Middle Aged , Pelvic Floor/physiopathology , Fecal Incontinence/physiopathology , Fecal Incontinence/rehabilitation , Surveys and Questionnaires , Treatment Outcome , Non-Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
São Paulo; s.n; 2022. 90 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1371531


Introdução: Com o envelhecimento populacional, resultado da transição demográfica e epidemiológica vivenciada nas últimas décadas, observa-se maior prevalência de afecções crônicas, em especial entre os idosos, capazes de impactar negativamente no natural declínio fisiológico e funcional que ocorre com o avançar da idade. Nesse estudo, foram analisadas duas condições com significativo impacto na qualidade de vida desse grupo etário: incontinência fecal (IF) e constipação intestinal (CI). A IF é caracterizada pela eliminação involuntária de fezes. Estudos mostram que a incidência de IF pode chegar à 17% e a prevalência, 42,8% em idosos institucionalizados, não sendo encontrados dados de prevalência em idosos na comunidade. Já, a CI é um transtorno crônico do trânsito intestinal onde há dificuldade em evacuar, pode ocorrer, igualmente, sensação de evacuação incompleta ou movimentos intestinais incompletos. A incidência de CI em idosos pode chegar a 23,1%. Tanto a CI quanto a IF têm maior incidência em mulheres idosas. Objetivos: Verificar a incidência e fatores de risco associados à ocorrência de IF e CI em idosos residentes no município de São Paulo. Método: Estudo longitudinal de base populacional que utilizou os dados do Estudo SABE (Saúde, Bem-estar e Envelhecimento), com amostragem probabilística representativa, onde foram avaliados 828 pessoas com idade igual e superior a 60 anos em, dos anos de 2010 e 2015. A identificação de CI e IF foi obtida pelo relato dos idosos em 2015 e, sua ausência em 2010. A regressão logística foi utilizada para avaliar os fatores associados à IF e CI. Resultados: A incidência de IF foi de 7,2% e de CI foi de 15,0%. Os fatores associados à incidência de ambas as condições foram analisados por sexo. Entre as mulheres, a incidência de IF associou-se ao relato de saúde autorreferida como regular (OR=2,89), ruim/muito ruim (OR=5,45); ao número de doenças autorreferidas, considerando uma ou mais doenças (OR=1,67); ao uso de medicamentos antidepressivos (OR=4,18); à dificuldade de locomoção (OR=4,79) e à presença de doença articular (OR=0,12). Entre os homens, foram identificadas associações com doenças cerebrovasculares (OR=15,81), doenças articulares (OR=0,17) e doenças cardíacas (OR=0,09) e ingestão de mais que cinco copos de líquidos por dia (OR=3,81). Para a constipação intestinal (IC), entre as mulheres, os fatores associados foram: anos de estudo, aumentando conforme aumentavam os anos de estudo, 1 a 3 anos (OR=3,77), 4-7 anos (OR=5,56) e 8 anos ou mais (OR=5,85); presença de dor crônica (OR=1,83); uso de laxantes (OR=3,09) e, o número de refeições/dia (OR=0,38) como fator de proteção. Já entre os homens, os fatores associados foram: faixa etária de 70-74 anos (OR=4,24); 4-7 anos de estudo (OR=7,86) e 8 anos ou mais (OR=6,73) e número de doenças referidas (OR=0,59). Conclusão: A incidência de CI é o dobro da encontrada para IF sendo mais acentuada em mulheres (IF=5,09% e IC =10,39%) do que para o sexo masculino (IF=2,11% e CI =4,58%). Os fatores associados encontrados relacionam-se à presença de condições crônicas e seu tratamento mostrando a necessidade de atualização dos profissionais de saúde para essa abordagem.

Introduction: With the population aging, a result of the demographic and epidemiological transition experienced in recent decades, there is a greater prevalence of chronic conditions, especially among the elderly, capable of negatively impacting the natural physiological and functional decline that occurs with advancing age. In this study, two conditions with a significant impact on the quality of life of this age group were analyzed: fecal incontinence (FI) and constipation (CI). FI is characterized by involuntary feces elimination. Studies show that the incidence of FI can reach 17% and the prevalence, 42.8% in institutionalized elderly, with no data on prevalence in the elderly in the community. On the other hand, FI is a chronic disorder of the intestinal transit where there is difficulty in evacuating, there may also be a feeling of incomplete evacuation or incomplete bowel movements. The incidence of CI in the elderly can reach 23.1%. Both CI and FI have a higher incidence in elderly women. Objectives: To verify the incidence and risk factors associated with the occurrence of FI and CI in elderly people living in the city of São Paulo. Method: Longitudinal population-based study that used data from the SABE Study (Health, Welfare, and Aging), with representative probabilistic sampling, where 828 people aged 60 years and over were evaluated in 2010 and 2015 The identification of CI and FI was obtained by the report of the elderly in 2015 and their absence in 2010. Logistic regression was used to assess factors associated with FI and CI. Results: The incidence of FI was 7.2% and CI was 15.0%. Factors associated with the incidence of both conditions were analyzed by sex. Among women, the incidence of FI was associated with self-reported health reporting as regular (OR=2.89), bad/very bad (OR=5.45); the number of self-reported diseases, considering one or more diseases (OR=1.67); the use of antidepressant medications (OR=4.18); mobility difficulties (OR=4.79) and the presence of joint disease (OR=0.12). Among men, associations with cerebrovascular disease (OR=15.81); joint disease (OR=0.17); and heart disease (OR=0.09), and intake of more than five glasses of fluid per day (OR) were identified =3.81). For constipation (CI), among women, the associated factors were: education, increasing as the years of schooling increased, 1 to 3 years (OR=3.77), 4-7 years (OR=5.56) and eight years or more (OR=5.85); the presence of chronic pain (OR=1.83); use of laxatives (OR=3.09) and the number of meals/day (OR=0.38) as a protection factor. Among men, the associated factors were: age group 70-74 years (OR=4.24); education, 4-7 years (OR=7.86) and eight years or more (OR=6.73) and the number of reported diseases (OR=0.59). Conclusion: The incidence of CI is twice that found for FI, being more pronounced in females (FI=5.09% and CI =10.39%) than in males (FI=2.11% and CI = 4.58%). The associated factors found are related to chronic conditions and their treatment, showing the need to update health professionals for this approach.

Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aging , Epidemiology , Constipation , Fecal Incontinence , Feces
urol. colomb. (Bogotá. En línea) ; 31(4): 149-154, 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1412090


Objetivo Describir la experiencia con la administración de inyección de toxina botulínica en niños con vejiga hiperactiva neurogénica refractaria a manejo de primera línea. Materiales y Métodos Estudio observacional descriptivo (serie de casos) que incluyó a 14 niños con diagnóstico de vejiga hiperactiva neurogénica refractarios a tratamiento de primera línea sometidos a administración intravesical de toxina botulínica entre 2015 y 2021; se realizó el seguimiento teniendo en cuenta las variables clínicas, con evaluación de la respuesta y de los eventos adversos. Se reportaron frecuencias absolutas y porcentajes para las variables cualitativas; para las variables cuantitativas, se reportaron medidas de tendencia central y dispersión. Resultados Se incluyeron 6 niños y 8 niñas, con una media de edad 10,1 (desviación estándar [DE]: ± 4,4) años. Todos los pacientes fueron tratados previamente con anticolinérgico y cateterismos limpios intermitentes, con una media de uso de 2,8 (DE: ± 1.0) pañales al día; 11 (78,5%) pacientes tenían antecedente de infección urinaria, 13 (92,8%), estreñimiento, y 2 (15,3%), incontinencia fecal. En la ecografía, 7 (50,0%) pacientes presentaban engrosamiento de las paredes vesicales, y 6 (42,8%), hidronefrosis. Tras el procedimiento, 1 paciente presentó infección urinaria como complicación, 6 presentaron una respuesta completa, 7, respuesta parcial, y 1 paciente no obtuvo respuesta con la primera inyección, con un tiempo promedio efectivo de la terapia 8 (DE: ± 6,3) meses. Una segunda inyección fue necesaria en 6 (42.8%) pacientes, y, de estos, 3 (50%) requirieron una tercera inyección. Conclusión La inyección de toxina botulinica intravesical como terapia de segunda línea de manejo para vejiga hiperactiva neurogénica tiene buenos resultados, con bajas tasas de complicaciones.

Objective To describe the experience with the administration of botulinum toxin injection in children with neurogenic overactive bladder who were refractory to the first-line management. Materials and Methods A descriptive observational study (case series) which included 14 children with a diagnosis of neurogenic overactive bladder who were refractory to the first-line treatment and were aubmitted to the intravesical administration of botulinum toxin between 2015 and 2021. Follow-up was performed taking into account the clinical variables, wth an evaluation of the response and the adverse events. Absolute frequencies and percentages were reported for the qualitative variables; for the quantitative variables, measures of central tendency and dispersion were reported. Results We included 6 boys and 8 girls with a mean age of 10.1 (standard deviation [SD]: ± 4.4) years. All patients were previously treated with anticholinergics and clean intermittent catheterizations, with a mean use of 2.8 (SD: ± 1.0) diapers per day; 11 (78.5%) had a history of urinary tract infection, 13 (92.8%), constipation, and 2 (15.3%), fecal incontinence. On ultrasound, 7 (50.0%) patients presented bladder wall thickening, and 6 (42.8%), hydronephrosis. After the procedure, 1 patient presented urinary tract infection as a complication, 6 presented complete response, 7, partial response, and 1 patient did not obtain a response with the first injection, with an effective mean time of therapy of 8 (SD: ± 6.3) months. A second injection was required by 6 (42.8%) patients, and of these, 3 (50%) required a third injection. Conclusion Intravesical botulinum toxin injection as a second-line management therapy for neurogenic overactive bladder yileds good results, with low rates of complications.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Botulinum Toxins , Cholinergic Antagonists , Urinary Bladder, Overactive , Urinary Tract Infections , Urinary Bladder , Administration, Intravesical , Catheterization , Aftercare , Constipation , Fecal Incontinence , Central Trend Measures
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943023


Advances in surgical techniques and treatment concept have allowed more patients with low rectal cancer to preserve sphincter without sacrificing survival benefit. However, postoperative dysfunctions such as fecal incontinence, frequency, urgency, and clustering often occur in patients with low rectal cancer. The main surgical procedures for low rectal cancer include low anterior rectum resection (LAR), intersphincteric resection (ISR), coloanal anastomosis (Parks) and so on. The incidence of major LARS after LAR is up to 84.6%. The postoperative function of ISR is even worse than LAR. Moreover, the greater the extent of resection ISR surgery, the worse the postoperative function. There are few studies on the function of Parks procedure. Current evidence suggests that the short-term function of Parks procedure is inferior to LAR, but function can gradually recovered over time. Colorectal surgeons have attempted to improve postoperative defecation by modifying bowel reconstructions. Current evidence suggests that J pouch or end-to-side anastomosis during LAR does not reduce the incidence of defecation disorders. Pouch reconstruction during ISR cannot reduce the incidence of severe LARS either. In general, the protection of postoperative defecation function in patients with low rectal cancer still has a long way to go.

Anal Canal/surgery , Anastomosis, Surgical/adverse effects , Defecation , Fecal Incontinence/etiology , Humans , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(4): 340-347, Out.-Dec. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356434


Purpose: To describe the English-to-Spanish translation process and preliminary psychometric analysis (face validity, cultural adaptation, and test-retest reliability) of the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire - Bowels Module (ICIQB) among Chilean colorectal cancer patients. Materials and Methods: The face validity was studied with 10 colorectal cancer patients, and the test-retest reliability, with 15 patients, 1 month before and 6 months after cancer surgery. Results: Two rounds of translation/back translation resulted in a Spanish version. The English expression open your bowels was translated as defecar, as it is easily understandable in Spanish. The patients reported that the instrument was easy to answer, with clear instructions, and that it was adequate to appraise their health condition. The testretest reliability was good (Spearman rho [ρ] ≥ 0.842); only item 15a, the Bristol Stool Scale, obtained a moderate correlation (ρ=0.639). The patients reported a variety of symptoms, including increased bowel movements, nocturnal bowel movements, fecal urgency, and incontinence. Conclusions: The first Spanish version of the ICIQ-B was culturally adapted for Chilean colorectal cancer patients, and showed good test-retest reliability. It might be a reference for other Spanish-speaking countries and for patients with other conditions. The ICIQ-B is a robust comprehensive questionnaire for bowel function. (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Surveys and Questionnaires , Fecal Incontinence , Translating
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 20(5): e3857, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1352085


Introducción: La manometría anorrectal de alta resolución ha permitido una mayor comprensión de la fisiopatología del daño motor y sensorial, que suelen tener los pacientes con disfunción del suelo pélvico. Objetivo: Ofrecer los resultados de la introducción de la técnica en Cuba, en un primer grupo de pacientes, la caracterización del mismo, los valores obtenidos para los parámetros de estudio y los diagnósticos más frecuentes. Material y Métodos: Se revisaron los registros de manometría anorrectal de alta resolución, realizados en el Laboratorio de Motilidad del CNCMA, entre septiembre de 2017 y junio de 2019. Se analiza el registro de los datos generales de los pacientes y los parámetros específicos de alta resolución. Se estudiaron 159 pacientes que constituyeron el universo de estudio, la mayoría fueron pacientes por encima de los 60 años. Se aplica la Clasificación de Londres para el diagnóstico del tipo de disfunción anorrectal resultante. Resultados: Predominio de sexo femenino. La indicación más frecuente para la prueba fue la incontinencia fecal, seguida en menor medida por el estreñimiento. En las mujeres fue frecuente el antecedente obstétrico o de intervención quirúrgica relacionada. La disinergia defecatoria más frecuente fue el tipo III. El diagnóstico de disfunción anorrectal más frecuente fueron los desórdenes del tono anal y la contractilidad. Conclusiones: La introducción de la técnica fue exitosa. Se introdujeron en Cuba los estudios de manometría anorrectal de alta resolución, lo que permitió mayor conocimiento del daño establecido en los pacientes a quienes se les realiza la prueba, siendo la IF la disfunción que resultó más frecuente en el estudio. Se obtuvieron por primera vez parámetros específicos de alta resolución en pacientes cubanos, lo que permitirá estandarizar la técnica a otros servicios y tendrá como consecuencia mayor calidad en el diagnóstico de estos pacientes(AU)

Introduction: High-resolution anorectal manometry has allowed a better understanding of the pathophysiology of motor and sensory damage in patients with pelvic floor dysfunction. Objective: To offer the outcomes of the introduction of the technique applied in a first group of patients in Cuba, as well as its characterization, the values obtained for the study parameters and the most frequent diagnoses. Material and Methods: The high-resolution anorectal manometry records, which were performed at the CNCMA Motility Laboratory between September 2017 and June 2019, were reviewed. The record of the patients´ general data and specific discharge parameters were analyzed. The London Classification was applied for the diagnosis of the resulting type of anorectal dysfunction. Results: A total of 159 patients were studied. There was a predominance of females over 60 years of age. The most common indication for the test was fecal incontinence, followed by constipation. Obstetric history or history of surgical intervention were frequent in women. Type III dyssynergia was the most frequent type of dyssynergic defection. The most frequent diagnoses of anorectal dysfunction were disorders of anal tone and contractility. Conclusions: The introduction of the technique was successful. It allowed the identification of the damaged structures, which led to a faster and more timely therapeutic decision-making for the patient. The London Classification was used in the diagnosis of dysfunction(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Pelvic Floor , Fecal Incontinence , Laboratories , Cuba
Rev. Assoc. Méd. Rio Gd. do Sul ; 65(3): 01022105, Jul-Set 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1372392


RESUMO Introdução: As Anomalias Anorretais (AAR) e a Doença de Hirschsprung (DH) são doenças congênitas que necessitam de tratamento cirúrgico. O qual está associado a complicações na função intestinal. Objetivo: Avaliar a função intestinal e a qualidade de vida de pacientes operados por AAR e DH. Métodos: Um estudo transversal e descritivo foi realizado com crianças operadas por AAR e DH em dois hospitais terciários entre 2008 e 2018. Foram entrevistados apenas pacientes com idade superior a 3 anos. A população final foi de 12 pacientes. A função intestinal foi avaliada por meio da Classificação Internacional de Krickenbeck para resultados pós- -operatórios. Foi aplicado também um questionário para avaliação da qualidade de vida. Resultados: A média de idade dos pacientes no momento da entrevista foi de 7,08 anos ± 2,28. Dentre os 12 pacientes entrevistados, 66,7% tinham o diagnóstico de AAR e 33,3% de DH. 91,7% dos pacientes apresentavam escapes fecais após a cirurgia. 33,3% da amostra tinham constipação. Apenas um paciente tinha história prévia de enterocolite, e este apresentou o pior escore de qualidade de vida. Os resultados do questionário de qualidade de vida mostraram que o único paciente sem escapes fecais tinha o melhore escore. Além disso, observou-se que os pacientes com malformações altas possuíam piores escores de qualidade de vida. Conclusão: A função intestinal, após o tratamento cirúrgico, estava prejudicada. A maioria dos pacientes apresentou escapes fecais. Esse desfecho parece afetar os escores de qualidade de vida. O que enfatiza a necessidade de seguimento clínico e manejo intestinal após o tratamento cirúrgico. PALAVRA-CHAVE: Malformações anorretais, doença de Hirschsprung, anormalidades congênitas, incontinência fecal, constipação intestinal

ABSTRACT Introduction: Anorectal Anomalies (ARA) and Hirschsprung Disease (DH) are congenital diseases that require surgical treatment, which is associated with complications in intestinal function. Objective: To assess intestinal function and quality of life in patients operated on for ARA and DH. Methods: A crosssectional descriptive study was carried out with children operated on for ARA and DH in two tertiary hospitals between 2008 and 2018. Only patients aged over 3 years were interviewed. The final population consisted of 12 patients. Intestinal function was assessed using the Krickenbeck International Classification for postoperative outcomes. A questionnaire to assess quality of life was also applied. Results: The mean age of patients at the time of the interview was 7.08 years ± 2.28. Among the 12 patients interviewed, 66.7% had a diagnosis of ARA and 33.3% of DH. Fecal leakage after surgery affected 91.7% of the patients, and 33.3% of the sample had constipation. Only one patient had a previous history of enterocolitis, and he had the worst quality of life score. The results of the quality of life questionnaire showed that the only patient without fecal leakage had the best score. Furthermore, it was observed that patients with high malformations had worse quality of life scores. Conclusion: Intestinal function, after surgical treatment, was impaired. Most patients had fecal leakage. This outcome appears to affect quality of life scores. This emphasizes the need for clinical follow-up and intestinal management after surgical treatment. KEYWORDS: Anorectal malformations, Hirschsprung disease, congenital abnormalities, fecal incontinence, constipation

Humans , Congenital Abnormalities , Constipation , Fecal Incontinence , Anorectal Malformations , Hirschsprung Disease
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(3): 332-334, July-Sept. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346424


The present report describes the end-to-end technique of anal sphincter repair in a 36-year-old female patient with post-vaginal delivery fecal incontinence (FI). The patient had a history of two vaginal deliveries and the symptoms of FI were observed after the second delivery. On assessment of the severity of FI using the Wexner incontinence score, the patient had a score of 12. Endoanal ultrasonography revealed an anterior defect of the external anal sphincter extending from 11 to 3 o'clock. The patient had no previous anal surgery and did not have any medical comorbidities. The operation time was 45minutes. No intraoperative complications were recorded. At 12 months of follow-up, the patient showed significant improvement in the continence state, with her Wexner score dropping to 4. No postoperative complications were recorded. We can conclude that end-to-end anal sphincter repair is a technically feasible operation that confers satisfactory improvement in the continence state without imposing much tension on the site of sphincter repair. (AU)

Humans , Female , Adult , Anal Canal/surgery , Fecal Incontinence/therapy , Delivery, Obstetric/adverse effects
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(6): 467-473, June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341147


Abstract Objective To assess the sexual function of women with spina bifida (SB), and to verify the factors that influence their sexual function. Methods A cross-sectional study in which a validated female-specific questionnaire was applied to 140 SB female patients from four different cities (Porto Alegre, Brazil; and Barcelona, Madrid, and Málaga, Spain) between 2019 and 2020. The questionnaires collected data on the clinical characteristics of SB, and female sexual function was assessed using the 6-item version of the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI-6) validated to Portuguese and Spanish. Results Half of the patients had had sexual activity at least once in the life, but most (57.1%) did not use any contraception method. Sexual dysfunction was present in most (84.3%) patients, and all sexual function domains were impaired compared those of non-neurogenic women. The presence of urinary and fecal incontinence significantly affected the quality of their sexual activity based on the FSFI-6. Conclusion The specific clinical aspects of the SB patients, such as urinary and fecal incontinence, should be properly addressed by their doctors, since they are associated with reduced sexual activity and lower FSFI-6 scores in the overall or specific domains. There is also a need to improve gynecological care among sexually-active SB patients, since most do not use any contraceptive methods and are at risk of inadvertent pregnancy.

Resumo Objetivo Analisar a função sexual de pacientes do sexo feminino com espinha bífida (EB), e avaliar quais fatores influenciam na função sexual. Métodos Uma pesquisa transversal em que um questionário validado para mulheres foi aplicado em 140 pacientes com EB de quatro cidades diferentes (Porto Alegre, Brasil; e Barcelona, Madri e Málaga, Espanha) entre 2019 e 2020. Os questionários coletaram dados sobre características clínicas da espinha bífida, e a função sexual feminina foi avaliada com a versão de seis itens do Índice de Funcionamento Sexual Feminino (IFSF-6) nas versões validadas para português e espanhol. Resultados Metade das pacientes havia praticado atividade sexual pelo menos uma vez na vida, mas a maioria (57.1%) não utilizava nenhum método contraceptivo. A disfunção sexual estava presente na maioria das pacientes (84.3%), sendo todos os domínios de função sexual prejudicados em comparação com os de mulheres não neurogênicas. A presença de incontinência urinária e fecal afetou significativamente a qualidade da atividade sexual das pacientes. Conclusão Aspectos clínicos específicos da EB, como incontinência urinária e fecal, devem ser adequadamente abordados pelos médicos assistentes, visto que estão associados à redução na atividade sexual e piores resultados no IFSF-6. Também é necessário melhorar o atendimento ginecológico das pacientes sexualmente ativas, uma vez que a maioria não utiliza métodos contraceptivos e corre o risco de gravidez inadvertida.

Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Sexual Behavior , Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological/etiology , Spinal Dysraphism/complications , Spinal Dysraphism/psychology , Urinary Incontinence/complications , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Contraception Behavior , Fecal Incontinence/complications
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(2): 185-189, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285312


ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Surgical treatment of recurrent anal fistulas can lead to numerous complications, including fecal incontinence. Therefore, sphincter preserving techniques are gaining more popularity. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess effectiveness of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapy in the patients with recurrent cryptoglandular anal fistulas. METHODS: A cohort of 18 patients with anal fistulas was enrolled into a preliminary and prospective trial. They were divided into two groups consisting of eight and ten patients respectively. PRP was injected locally in all patients, however in the group II it was applied after 7 days drainage of fistulas with polyurethane foam or negative pressure wound therapy. On average, three doses of PRP were administered, but with the opportunity to double the number of applications if it was clinically justified. The patients were evaluated in an out-patient department after fortnight and then in 1, 6, and 12 months following the last PRP application. RESULTS: Anal fistulas were closed in 4 (50%) patients from the group I and in 7 (70%) patients form the group II. Although, the difference between both groups was not statistically significant, PRP therapy should be preceded with fistulous tract drainage in all patients. Summarizing, that successful result was achieved in 11 (60%) patients from the entire group of 18 participants. CONCLUSION: The rate of recurrent cryptoglandular anal fistulas closure reaching 60%, after topical treatment with PRP, exceeds the results of other sphincter-saving methods of treatment. Therefore, it might become a novel method of anal fistulas therapy.

RESUMO CONTEXTO: O tratamento cirúrgico de fístulas anais recorrentes pode levar a inúmeras complicações, incluindo incontinência fecal. Portanto, as técnicas de preservação do esfíncter estão ganhando mais popularidade. OBJETIVO: O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar a eficácia da terapia de plasma rico em plaquetas (PRP) nos pacientes com fístulas anais criptoglandulares recorrentes. MÉTODOS: Uma coorte de 18 pacientes com fístulas anais foi inscrita em ensaio preliminar e prospectivo. Eles foram divididos em dois grupos compostos por 8 e 10 pacientes, respectivamente. PRP foi injetado localmente em todos os pacientes, porém no grupo II foi aplicado espuma de poliuretano ou terapia de feridas por pressão negativa após 7 dias de drenagem de fístulas. Em média, foram administradas três doses de PRP, mas com a oportunidade de dobrar o número de aplicações se fosse clinicamente justificado. Os pacientes foram avaliados em ambulatório após quinze dias e depois em 1, 6 e 12 meses após a última aplicação do PRP. RESULTADOS: As fístulas anais foram fechadas em 4 (50%) pacientes do grupo I e em 7 (70%) pacientes do grupo II. Embora a diferença entre ambos os grupos não tenha sido estatisticamente significante, a terapia PRP deve ser precedida de drenagem do trato fístulo em todos os pacientes. Resumindo, esse resultado bem-sucedido foi alcançado em 11 (60%) pacientes de todo o grupo de 18 participantes. CONCLUSÃO: A taxa de fechamento recorrente de fístulas anais criptoglandulares chegando a 60%, após tratamento tópico com PRP, excede os resultados de outros métodos de tratamento que preservam o esfíncter. Portanto, pode se tornar um novo método de terapia das fístulas anais.

Humans , Rectal Fistula , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Fecal Incontinence , Anal Canal , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome