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1.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 40(1): 56-60, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1090836

ABSTRACT

Abstract Rationale: Fistulotomy is a procedure widely used in the treatment of anal fistulas but is associated with varying degrees of fecal incontinence that could be minimized by previous use of sedentum, and the material used may influence the outcome. Purpouse: To compare cotton and silastic used as setons in the spacing of the sphincter cables of rats subjected to fistulotomy. Method: Thirty Wistar rats were used, which after 30 days of fistula production were distributed in: Control Group (GC): the steel wire was removed, followed by fistulotomy; Cotton Group (GA) and Silastic Group (GS), in which were applied cotton and silastic setons respectively for 30 days when fistulotomy was performed; after seven days, euthanasia and removal of the specimens were performed for histological study, and the results were submitted to statistical assessment using Kruskal-Wallis non-parametric test, establishing a significance level of p < 0.05. Results The distance between the muscular cables was 107.9 µm in the GC, 82.4 µm in the GA and 53.5 µm in the GS (p = 0.00001). The mean inflammation scores were 1.9 in the CG, 1.0 in the GA and 0 in the GS (p < 0.05). The fibrosis scores were 1.1 in GC, 0.9 in GA and 0.6 in GS (p > 0.05). Conclusion The silastic seton prior to fistulotomy caused less detachment of the muscular cables and less local inflammatory process.


Resumo Racional: A fistulotomia é um procedimento muito utilizado no tratamento das fístulas anais mas está associado a graus variáveis de incontinência fecal que poderia ser minimizado pelo uso prévio de sedenho, sendo que o material utilizado pode ter influência no resultado. Objetivo: Comparar os fios de algodão e sonda de silastic utilizados como sedenhos no afastamento dos cabos musculares do esfíncter anal de ratos submetidos a fistulotomia. Método: Utilizou-se 30 ratos Wistar, que após 30 dias da confecção da fístula foram distribuídos em: Grupo Controle (GC): foi retirado o fio de aço seguido por fistulotomia; Grupo Algodão (GA) e Grupo Silastic (GS), nos quais aplicou-se sedenho de algodão e silastic respectivamente por 30 dias quando foi realizada fistulotomia; após sete dias realizou-se eutanásia e remoção dos espécimes para estudo histológico, sendo os resultados submetidos a tratamento estatístico pelo teste não-paramétrico de Kruskal-Wallis, estabelecendo-se como significante p < 0,05. Resultados O afastamento entre os cabos musculares foi 107,9 µm no GC; 82,4 µm no GA e 53,5 µm no GS (p = 0,00001). As médias dos escores de inflamação foram 1,9 no GC; 1,0 no GA e 0 no GS (p < 0,05). Os escores de fibrose foram 1,1 no GC; 0,9 no GA e 0,6 no GS (p > 0,05). Conclusão O sedenho de silastic previamente à fistulotomia causou menor afastamento dos cabos musculares e menor processo inflamatório local.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Rectal Fistula , Rectal Fistula/surgery , Anal Canal , Fecal Incontinence
2.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782187

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To compare the clinical features, diagnostic findings, and medications of children with infrequent bowel movements or fecal soiling.METHODS: This study enrolled 333 children (189 male; age range, 1 month to 18 years) diagnosed with functional constipation by Rome III or IV criteria. We classified them into 3 groups (infrequent bowel movement without fecal soiling [G3-a], infrequent bowel movement with fecal soiling [G3-b], and fecal soiling only [G3-c]) and into 2 subgroups of fecal soiling (G2-b) or not (G2-a). Retrospective data on clinical characteristics, colon transit time (CTT) test results, and medications were collected. The Wilcoxon rank-sum test, Kruskal-Wallis test, Chi-square test, and Fisher's exact test were used for the statistical analysis.RESULTS: The median age (months) and interquartile range (IQR) was 33 (45) in G3-a, 54 (40) in G3-b, and 73 (48) in G3-c (p < 0.0001). G3-c had the latest onset (median, 18; IQR, 18; p=0.0219) and longest symptom duration (24 [24], p=0.0148). PEG 4000 was used in 60.6% (G3-a), 96.8% (G3-b), and 83.2% (G3-c) of patients (p < 0.0001). The median age (months) and IQR were 33.0 (45.0) in G2-a and 63.5 (52.5) in G2-b (p < 0.0001). G2-b had later onset (median, 12; IQR, 19.5; p=0.0062) and longer symptom duration than G2-a (24 [12], p=0.0070). PEG 4000 was used in 60.6% (G2-a) and 88.3% (G2-b) of children (p < 0.0001). No statistically significant intergroup differences were seen in maintenance laxative dose, CTT, or CTT type.CONCLUSION: Infrequent bowel movement and fecal soiling represent the advanced stage of chronic functional constipation.


Subject(s)
Child , Colon , Constipation , Defecation , Fecal Incontinence , Humans , Male , Polyethylene Glycols , Retrospective Studies , Soil
3.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-811417

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The Oral-anal Transit Test (OTT) is a simple method of obtaining information about colonic transit. We aim to assess the correlation of OTT with the neuromuscular integrity of the colon determined by colonic manometry (CM).METHODS: All patients who had OTT followed by CM were evaluated. Less than 6 of 24 markers remaining on OTT was considered normal. CM was performed per previously published guidelines. A normal CM was defined as at least one High Amplitude Propagating Contraction progressing from the most proximal sensor through the sigmoid colon.RESULTS: A total of 34 patients underwent both OTT and CM (44% male, age 4–18 years, mean 11.5 years, 97% functional constipation +/− soiling, Hirschsprung's Disease). Of normal and abnormal OTT patients, 85.7% (6/7) and 18.5% (5/27) respectively had normal CM. When all markers progressed to at least the sigmoid colon, this was 100% predictive against colonic inertia. Greater than 50% of patients with manometric isolated sigmoid dysfunction had markers proximal to the recto-sigmoid.CONCLUSION: OTT and CM are both valuable studies that assess different aspects of colonic function. OTT can be used as a screening test to rule out colonic inertia. However, the most proximal extent of remaining markers does not predict the anatomical extent of the manometric abnormality, particularly in isolated sigmoid dysfunction.


Subject(s)
Child , Colon , Colon, Sigmoid , Constipation , Fecal Incontinence , Humans , Male , Manometry , Mass Screening , Methods , Soil
4.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 27: :e40285, jan.-dez. 2019. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1016029

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: revisar a produção científica sobre incontinência anal (IA), atualizando o conhecimento de enfermagem sobre o tema. Método: revisão integrativa, realizada em junho/julho de 2018, em bases virtuais de dados e na Revista Estima. Foram selecionados 13 estudos. Resultados: os estudos revisados foram publicados no período de 2006 a 2017, sendo quatro revisões bibliográficas, um estudo prospectivo, dois comparativos descritivos, dois longitudinais, três descritivos e um comparativo. Identificaram-se três categorias analíticas: Tecnologias para o manejo da IA; Principal complicação ­ dermatite associada à IA; e Complexidade dos cuidados de enfermagem e ações terapêuticas. Conclusões: a enfermagem desempenha importante papel na produção científica desta temática, apesar de ainda incipiente. Os cuidados descritos nos estudos revisados repercutem positivamente na vida da pessoa com IA, na medida em que podem prevenir complicações e trazer melhorias na qualidade de vida.


Objective: to review the scientific production on anal incontinence (AI), and nursing knowledge on the subject to date. Method: this integrative review was conducted in June and July 2018 in virtual databases and the journal Revista Estima. Thirteen studies were selected. Results: the studies reviewed, published from 2006 to 2017, comprised four literature reviews and nine reports on other studies: one prospective, two comparative descriptive, two longitudinal, three descriptive and one comparative. Three analytical categories were identified: Technologies for AI management; Main complication ­ AI-related dermatitis; and Complexity of nursing care and therapeutic actions. Conclusions: knowledge production by nursing on this subject, although still incipient, plays an important role. The care described in the studies has beneficial effects the lives of people with AI, in that it can prevent complications and improve quality of life.


Objetivo: revisar la producción científica sobre incontinencia anal (IA), actualizando los conocimientos de enfermería sobre el tema. Método: revisión integradora, realizada en junio / julio de 2018, en bases de datos virtuales y en el Revista Estima. Se seleccionaron trece estudios. Resultados: los estudios revisados se publicaron de 2006 a 2017, con cuatro revisiones bibliográficas, un estudio prospectivo, dos comparativos descriptivos, dos longitudinales, tres descriptivos y uno comparativo. Se identificaron tres categorías analíticas: Tecnologías para la gestión de la IA; Complicación principal - dermatitis asociada a la IA; y Complejidad del cuidado de enfermería y acciones terapéuticas. Conclusiones: la enfermería desempeña un importante papel en la producción del conocimiento en esta temática, aunque todavía incipiente, visto la captación de sólo 13 artículos, sin recorte temporal. Los cuidados descritos en los estudios son susceptibles de aplicabilidad, repercutiendo positivamente en la vida de la persona con IA en la medida en que pueden prevenir complicaciones y traer mejoras en la calidad de vida.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Life , Fecal Incontinence , Nursing Care
6.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 39(3): 94-97, sept. 2019. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1048277

ABSTRACT

Las fístulas arteriovenosas durales medulares son malformaciones vasculares adquiridas que constituyen una causa muy infrecuente de mielopatía progresiva (5-10 casos por millón de habitantes por año). La resonancia magnética es el estudio por imágenes de elección para su diagnóstico. A continuación presentamos el caso de una paciente femenina de 89 años, que consultó a la guardia de nuestra institución por un cuadro de paraparesia moderada asociada a parestesias e incontinencia urinaria posterior a esfuerzo físico. Se le diagnosticó una fístula arteriovenosa dural medular como causante de su cuadro. (AU)


Spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (SDAVF) are acquired spinal vascular malformations and a rare cause of progressive myelopathy (5-10 new cases per year and per 1 million inhabitants). Magnetic resonance imaging is the diagnosis modality of choice. We present a case of a 89-year-old female patient who consulted the emergency department of our institution because of paraparesis and lower extremities paresthesias associated with urinary incontinence post physical effort. With the final diagnosis of spinal dural arteriovenous fistula, as a cause of the clinical symptoms. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arteriovenous Fistula/diagnostic imaging , Dura Mater/abnormalities , Paresthesia , Atrial Fibrillation/complications , Spinal Cord Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Tobacco Use Disorder/complications , Urinary Incontinence , Arteriovenous Fistula/etiology , Arteriovenous Fistula/epidemiology , Low Back Pain/complications , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/complications , Paraparesis , Fecal Incontinence , Hypertension/complications , Hypesthesia , Erectile Dysfunction , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use
7.
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 30(2): 51-56, Jun. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1025473

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La incontinencia anal es una compleja y devastadora patología que altera la calidad de vida de los pacientes, cuya etiología más común es la lesión esfintérica postparto vaginal. A la hora de clasificar la incontinencia, el score descripto por Jorge y Wexner es el más utilizado en nuestro medio. La ecografía endoanal ha sido definida como el gold standard para evaluar los defectos del esfínter anal. Objetivo: Determinar la correlación entre los hallazgos clínicos y ecográficos en pacientes con incontinencia fecal de causa obstétrica. Material y Métodos: Población: pacientes que consultaron en el Centro Privado de Cirugía y Coloproctología entre enero de 2015 y diciembre de 2017 por incontinencia fecal con antecedentes de trauma obstétrico y a las que se les realizó una ecografía endoanal 360° y score de Jorge y Wexner. Resultados: Se evaluaron 24 pacientes. La media de edad fue de 56 años. El número de partos en promedio fue 2,3 y el Score de Wexner en promedio fue 9.7 (±5.2). La ecografía endoanal confirmó alteración esfintérica por afinamiento o interrupción en el 100% de los pacientes. Se observó una tendencia a una asociación negativa entre el Score de Wexner y la ecografía endoanal (r=-0.328, p=0.067). Las pacientes con menor grado de lesión esfinteriana por ecografía tenían mayor severidad en el Score de Wexner que las pacientes con mayor grado de lesión. Las pacientes con evidencia ecográfica de lesiones leves refirieron un mayor Score de Wexner que aquellas con lesiones severas. Conclusión: En este trabajo no existió correlación entre los hallazgos ecográficos y el score de incontinencia. Si bien la ecografía esfintérica es el gold standard para evaluar daño muscular, la terapéutica no debe ser determinada solamente por la ecografía. Tipo de estudio: Retrospectivo, transversal y descriptivo.


Introduction: Anal incontinence is a complex and devastating pathology that alters the patient's quality of life, whose most common etiology is vaginal postpartum sphincter injury. To classify incontinence, the score described by Jorge and Wexner is the most used in our environment. Endoanal ultrasound has been defined as the gold standard for evaluating anal sphincter defects. Objective: To determine the correlation between clinical and ultrasound findings in patients with fecal incontinence due to obstetric cause. Material and Methods: Population: patients who consulted at the Private Center of Surgery and Coloproctology between January 2015 and December 2017 due to fecal incontinence with a history of obstetric trauma and who underwent a 360º endoanal ultrasound and a Jorge and Wexner score. Results: Twenty-four patients were evaluated. The average age was 56 years. The number of births on average was 2.3 and the Wexner Score on average was 9.7 (± 5.2). Endoanal ultrasound confirmed sphincter alteration by refining or interruption in 100% of patients. A tendency to a negative association was observed between the Wexner Score and the endoanal ultrasound (r = -0.328, p = 0.067). Patients with a lower degree of sphincter injury by ultrasound had greater severity in the Wexner Score than patients with a higher degree of injury. Patients with ultrasound evidence of mild lesions reported a higher Wexner Score than those with severe lesions. Conclusion: In this work, there was no correlation between the sonographic findings and the incontinence score. Although sphincter ultrasonography is the gold standard for assessing muscle damage, therapy should not be determined only by ultrasound. Type of study: Retrospective, cross-sectional and descriptive.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anal Canal/injuries , Anal Canal/diagnostic imaging , Endosonography/methods , Fecal Incontinence/etiology , Risk Factors , Fecal Incontinence/diagnostic imaging , Obstetric Labor Complications
8.
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 30(2): 65-70, Jun. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1025568

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las fístulas perianales tienen dos problemas fundamentales, la tasa de recurrencia y de incontinencia fecal postoperatoria, complicaciones que varían en frecuencia dependiendo de varios factores como el tipo de fistula, la técnica quirúrgica usada y la experiencia del cirujano. Debido a esto existen técnicas quirúrgicas no conservadoras y conservadoras de esfínteres donde se incluye el tratamiento video asistido que aparece desde el año 2006 y en la cual se utiliza un sistema de video endoscopio sofisticado y de alto valor económico el cual hemos adaptado a nuestro medio. Pacientes y método: De septiembre del 2015 al 2017 en la Unidad de Coloproctología del Hospital Domingo Luciani IVSS se realizó un estudio prospectivo experimental, donde se incluyeron 18 pacientes con fístulas perianales complejas diagnosticadas previamente con Ecofistulografía 3D y los cuales se operaron con un sistema adaptado usando citoscopio pediátrico de 4 mm y energía láser. Se evaluaron parámetros referentes a la técnica así como la tasa de éxito y riesgo de incontinencia. Resultados: Tiempo quirúrgico de 40 a 80 minutos, con tasa de éxito de 89%, recidiva en 2 pacientes, con tiempo de seguimiento entre 12 a 36 meses y sin cambios en la escala de incontinencia pre y post quirúrgica. Conclusión: El tratamiento video asistido modificado para fistulas anales (VAMAFT) es una técnica innovadora y factible de realizar al adaptar algunos instrumentos, con una tasa de éxito adecuada y sin riesgo de incontinencia, pero más trabajos aleatorizados con mayor números de pacientes deben ser realizados.


Introduction: Anal fistulas have two basic problems, rate of recurrence and postoperative anal incontinence. These complications vary according to several factors such as type of anal fistula, surgical technique and the surgeon´s experience. For each cases there are different surgical techniques with and without conservation of anal sphincters like conservative video assisted anal fistula treatment, described in 2006, this technique uses a sophisticated and expensive endoscope system but that we modified to use in our hospitals. Patients and method: Between September 2015 to 2017 in the Unit of Coloproctology of Domingo Luciani Hospital, was perfomed a prospective and experimental trial in 18 patients with anal complex fistulas previously diagnosed using tridimensional anal ultrasound and operated with a modified system consisting of pediatric cystoscope of 4 mm and laser energy. Some parameters were evaluated including surgical technique, recurrence and anal incontinence rate. Results: Surgical times were between 40 to 80 minutes, success rate of 89%, recurrence in two patients with follow up of 12 to 36 months and no changes in pre and post surgical anal incontinence scale. Conclusion: Video assited modified anal fistula treatment (VAMAFT) is an innovative and feasible surgical technique to do adapting some instruments, with suitable success rate and without anal incontinence risk but many randomized research with more patients have to be perfomed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Rectal Fistula/surgery , Rectal Fistula/diagnosis , Video-Assisted Surgery/methods , Postoperative Complications , Recurrence , Fecal Incontinence/etiology
9.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 71(2): 178-186, abr. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1058253

ABSTRACT

En los últimos 30 años el tratamiento del cáncer del recto ha mejorado significativamente gracias al manejo multidisciplinario y a la introducción del concepto de resección total del mesorrecto (RTM), logrando disminuir las tasas de recidiva local y aumentar la sobrevida. Si bien los avances oncológicos y técnicos en términos de tasas de conservación del esfínter anal son innegables, las secuelas funcionales son significativas, especialmente las relacionadas a la función intestinal, sexual y urinaria. Hasta un 90% de los pacientes sometidos a una RTM refiere secuelas intestinales cuyos síntomas se conocen como el síndrome de la resección anterior baja (SRAB). Recientemente se han diseñado sistemas de valoración específicos que han evidenciado su alta incidencia y prevalencia. En esta revisión se entrega una mirada actualizada de la fisiopatología, factores de riesgo, formas de presentación, evaluación clínica y las distintas alternativas de prevención y tratamiento del SRAB.


In the last 30 years, oncologic outcomes of rectal cancer treatment have been significantly improved due to multimodal management and the introduction of the concept of total mesorectum excision. Although the improvements in oncological treatment and surgical techniques are undeniable, multimodal treatment results in the onset of disorders of the intestinal, sexual and urinary function in a high proportion of these patients. Up to 90% of patients undergoing a low anterior resection refer bowel disorders such as fecal incontinence, urgency, increased frequency and fragmentation of defecation. These elements are included in an entity known as the low anterior resection syndrome and specific assessment tools have been designed recently, evidencing the high incidence and prevalence of this syndrome. In the present review, we update the pathophysiology, risk factors, clinical presentation, evaluation and the alternatives of prevention and treatment of low anterior resection syndrome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/therapy , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Anal Canal/surgery , Anal Canal/physiopathology , Syndrome , Risk Factors , Fecal Incontinence/etiology
10.
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 30(1): 1-10, mar. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1023345

ABSTRACT

La morbilidad y alteración de la calidad de vida asociadas a la resección anterior del recto y amputación abdominoperineal determinaron un gran interés en el desarrollo del abordaje transanal. En los últimos años se ha visto un marcado desarrollo tecnológico en los dispositivos disponible para este abordaje. La cirugía por vía transanal ofrece ventajas en cuanto a sus resultados y complicaciones cuando se la compara a la cirugía por vía abdominal. La cirugía transanal mini-invasiva surge como una alternativa de abordaje videoendoscópico del recto. La resección local por cirugía endoscópica para los pólipos grandes de recto se ha convertido en un nuevo estándar de tratamiento en la mayoría de los centros, obteniendo piezas no fragmentadas con una alta tasa de márgenes negativos. En el presente estudio realizamos una revisión sobre la aplicación de TAMIS (TransAnal Minimally Invasive Surgery) al tratamiento de los pólipos de recto. (AU)


A great interest has developed in implementing trans anal minimally invasive surgery for the treatment of rectal adenomas and early rectal tumors. It present advantages when compare to radical surgery and peace meal endoscopic resections. TAMIS delivers non-fragmented specimens with clear resection margin in the majority of the cases. Such good technical results are mirrored with a low recurrence rate when evaluating rectal adenomas. This is a review of the application of TAMIS for the treatment of rectal adenomas. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Rectum/surgery , Intestinal Polyps/surgery , Intestinal Polyps/epidemiology , Transanal Endoscopic Surgery/instrumentation , Transanal Endoscopic Surgery/methods , Postoperative Complications , Quality of Life , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Rectal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Morbidity , Treatment Outcome , Survivors , Fecal Incontinence/epidemiology
11.
REME rev. min. enferm ; 23: e-1166, jan.2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1005378

ABSTRACT

A dermatite associada a incontinência (DAI) e lesão por pressão (LP) é dano que acomete a pele, principalmente de indivíduos hospitalizados em situações críticas. Esses eventos podem ter apresentação clínica semelhante, sendo fundamental que os profissionais de saúde saibam diferenciá-los. Este estudo visa avaliar o conhecimento da equipe de Enfermagem quanto à LP nos estágios 1 e 2 e da DAI em relação ao conceito, identificação, prevenção e tratamento. É pesquisa descritiva exploratória, transversal, com análise quantitativa, realizada com 76 profissionais de Enfermagem. Os dados foram coletados no mês de outubro de 2017 e foi realizada abordagem prévia com os profissionais para informá-los sobre a pesquisa e o questionário. O instrumento foi distribuído aos participantes durante o horário de trabalho, e estes o preencheram e retornaram aos pesquisadores. Foi aplicado questionário com questões sobre definição, avaliação e prevenção e tratamento da DAI e LP. O estudo revelou no teste de conhecimento que, entre as alterações cutâneas de DAI e LP, os acertos foram maiores naquelas questões sobre a DAI. Em relação à categoria avaliação, o índice de acertos foi próximo do médio (56,58%). Na categoria prevenção e tratamento, o maior percentual de acertos foi entre questões que envolviam a importância da capacitação dos profissionais e medidas de cuidados diretos ao paciente. Concluiu-se que, entre as afecções cutâneas DAI e LP nos estágios iniciais, os profissionais demonstraram menos conhecimento sobre a LP.(AU)


Incontinence-associated dermatitis (IAD) and pressure injury (PI) are problems that affect the skin, especially in the case of hospitalized individuals in critical situations. These events may have a similar clinical presentation and it is essential that health professionals know how to differentiate them. This study aims to evaluate the knowledge of the nursing team about PI in stages 1 and 2 and of IAD regarding the concept, identification, prevention and treatment. This is a descriptive, exploratory, cross-sectional study with quantitative analysis performed with 76 nursing professionals. The data were collected in October 2017 and professionals were first approached to pass on information about the research and the questionnaire. The instrument was distributed to participants during working hours, and they filled it out and returned it to the researchers. The questionnaire applied had questions on definition, evaluation, prevention and treatment of IAD and PI. The study revealed that, with respect to skin changes caused by IAD and PI, the correct answers were more frequent in questions about IAD. Regarding evaluation, the rate of correct answers was close to the average (56.58%). In the prevention and treatment category, the highest percentage of correct answers was found in questions that referred to the importance of professional qualification and direct care measures to patients. The study led to the...(AU)


La dermatitis asociada a la incontinencia (DAI) y lesión por presión (LP) afectan la piel, principalmente de pacientes hospitalizados en situación crítica. La presentación clínica de ambos trastornos es parecida y por ello es imprescindible que los profesionales de salud sepan distinguirlos. El presente estudio busca evaluar el conocimiento del equipo de enfermería en LP en las etapas 1 y 2 y en concepto, identificación, prevención y tratamiento de DAI. Investigación descriptiva, exploratoria, transversal con análisis cuantitativa, llevada a cabo con 76 profesionales de enfermería. La recogida de datos se realizó en octubre de 2017; antes se les informó a los profesionales sobre la investigación y el cuestionario. Durante el horario de trabajo, los participantes recibieron un cuestionario con preguntas sobre definición, evaluación, y prevención y tratamiento de DAI y LP, que completaron y devolvieron a los investigadores. A través de la prueba de conocimiento, el estudio reveló que, en los trastornos cutáneas de DAI y LP, había más respuestas correctas referentes a DAI. En la categoría evaluación, el índice de respuestas correctas fue equilibrado (56%). En prevención y tratamiento, el mayor porcentaje de respuestas correctas era sobre la importancia de la capacitación profesional y medidas de cuidados directos al paciente. Se concluye que, entre los trastornos de la piel DAI y LP en las primeras etapas, los profesionales demuestran tener menos conocimiento en LP.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Urinary Incontinence , Pressure Ulcer , Diaper Rash , Fecal Incontinence , Nursing Care
12.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-765966

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Fecal incontinence (FI) is a common complaint that increases in prevalence with age. Our aim was to determine the prevalence of FI and assess its severity by self-report in a male-predominant Veteran outpatient clinic setting. METHODS: An anonymous 28 item questionnaire was administered to a convenience sample of veterans awaiting appointments. FI was defined as a loss of liquid or solid stool at least monthly. Multivariable logistic and linear models were used to identify predictors of FI prevalence and severity. RESULTS: One hundred thirty-three gastroenterology (GI) participants and 126 primary care (PC) participants completed the survey. Ninety-four of 259 participants (36.3%, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 30.4–42.5) reported an episode of FI (41.4% GI participants vs 31.0% PC participants; P = 0.078) with 33.6% having FI within the last 30 days (36.8% GI participants vs 30.2% PC participants; P = 0.122). Participants with more bowel movements per week (P = 0.005) and per day (P < 0.001) and with a higher Bristol Stool Scale form (P = 0.010) were more likely to have FI. Of participants with FI, mean Fecal Incontinence Severity Index score was 23.0 ± 9.5 with a significantly higher symptom score in GI participants compared to PC participants (25.2 ± 10.0 vs 20.1 ± 8.2; P = 0.011). Few participants had ever been asked by (35.0%) or evaluated by (18.0%) a doctor for FI symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: FI is a common complaint and under-recognized problem in the male-dominant Veteran population. Despite its prevalence, relatively few participants were asked about FI, with even less being treated. Due to the possible effects and implications on quality of life, more should be done to recognize this condition and arrange treatment.


Subject(s)
Ambulatory Care Facilities , Anonyms and Pseudonyms , Appointments and Schedules , Fecal Incontinence , Gastroenterology , Humans , Linear Models , Prevalence , Primary Health Care , Quality of Life , Veterans
14.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-765951

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Fecal incontinence (FI) is a prevalent condition among women. While biomechanical motor components have been thoroughly researched, anorectal sensory aspects are less known. We studied the pathophysiology of FI in community-dwelling women, specifically, the conduction through efferent/afferent neural pathways. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 175 women with FI and 19 healthy volunteers. The functional/structural study included anorectal manometry/endoanal ultrasound. Neurophysiological studies including pudendal nerve terminal motor latency (PNTML) and sensory-evoked-potentials to anal/rectal stimulation (ASEP/RSEP) were conducted on all healthy volunteers and on 2 subgroups of 42 and 38 patients, respectively. RESULTS: The main conditions associated with FI were childbirth (79.00%) and coloproctological surgery (37.10%). Cleveland score was 11.39 ± 4.09. Anorectal manometry showed external anal sphincter and internal anal sphincter insufficiency in 82.85% and 44.00%, respectively. Sensitivity to rectal distension was impaired in 27.42%. Endoanal ultrasound showed tears in external anal sphincter (60.57%) and internal anal sphincter disruptions (34.80%). Abnormal anorectal sensory conduction was evidenced through ASEP and RSEP in 63.16% and 50.00% of patients, respectively, alongside reduced activation of brain cortex to anorectal stimulation. In contrast, PNTML was delayed in only 33.30%. Stools were loose/very loose in 56.70% of patients. CONCLUSIONS: Pathophysiology of FI in women is mainly associated with mechanical sphincter dysfunctions related to either muscle damage or, to a lesser extent, impaired efferent conduction at pudendal nerves. Impaired conduction through afferent anorectal pathways is also very prevalent in women with FI and may play an important role as a pathophysiological factor and as a potential therapeutic target.


Subject(s)
Anal Canal , Brain , Cross-Sectional Studies , Evoked Potentials , Fecal Incontinence , Female , Healthy Volunteers , Humans , Manometry , Neural Pathways , Parturition , Pudendal Nerve , Tears , Ultrasonography
15.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-765940

ABSTRACT

The internal anal sphincter (IAS) plays an important role in the maintenance of fecal continence since it generates tone and is responsible for > 70% of resting anal pressure. During normal defecation the IAS relaxes. Historically, tone generation in gastrointestinal muscles was attributed to mechanisms arising directly from smooth muscle cells, ie, myogenic activity. However, slow waves are now known to play a fundamental role in regulating gastrointestinal motility and these electrical events are generated by the interstitial cells of Cajal. Recently, interstitial cells of Cajal, as well as slow waves, have also been identified in the IAS making them viable candidates for tone generation. In this review we discuss four different mechanisms that likely contribute to tone generation in the IAS. Three of these involve membrane potential, L-type Ca²⁺ channels and electromechanical coupling (ie, summation of asynchronous phasic activity, partial tetanus, and window current), whereas the fourth involves the regulation of myofilament Ca²⁺ sensitivity. Contractile activity in the IAS is also modulated by sympathetic motor neurons that significantly increase tone and anal pressure, as well as inhibitory motor neurons (particularly nitrergic and vasoactive intestinal peptidergic) that abolish contraction and assist with normal defecation. Alterations in IAS motility are associated with disorders such as fecal incontinence and anal fissures that significantly decrease the quality of life. Understanding in greater detail how tone is regulated in the IAS is important for developing more effective treatment strategies for these debilitating defecation disorders.


Subject(s)
Anal Canal , Defecation , Fecal Incontinence , Gastrointestinal Motility , Interstitial Cells of Cajal , Membrane Potentials , Motor Neurons , Muscle, Smooth , Muscles , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Myofibrils , Quality of Life , Receptor, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor alpha , Tetanus
16.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-762703

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: There is no established treatment of choice for low anterior resection syndrome (LARS). To evaluate the efficacy of biofeedback therapy for objective improvement of pelvic function in LARS, we performed the present study. METHODS: The primary endpoint was the change of Wexner score. Consenting patients between 20 and 80 years old with major LARS at least 2 months after sphincter preserving proctectomy for rectal cancer were enrolled. After recommendation of biofeedback therapy, patients who accept it were enrolled in the biofeedback group and patients who refuse were enrolled in the control group. Initial and follow-up evaluations were performed and analyzed. RESULTS: Fifteen and sixteen patients were evaluated in the control group and the biofeedback group, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference of LARS score between both groups. Decrease in Wexner score and increase in rectal capacity were significantly higher in the biofeedback group (odds ratio [OR], 5.386; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.194–24.287; P = 0.028 and OR, 1.061; 95% CI, 1.002–1.123; P = 0.042). CONCLUSION: Biofeedback therapy was superior for objective improvement of pelvic function to observation in LARS. It can be considered to induce more rapid improvement of major LARS.


Subject(s)
Biofeedback, Psychology , Fecal Incontinence , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Manometry , Postoperative Complications , Rectal Neoplasms , Rehabilitation
17.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 144-151, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-762306

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The most common risk factor for fecal incontinence (FI) is obstetric injury. FI affects 1.4%–18% of adults. Most patients are unaware when they are young, when symptoms appear suddenly and worsen with aging. Autologous fat graft is widely used in cosmetic surgical field and may substitute for injectable bulky agents in treating FI. Authors have done fat graft for past several years. This article reports the effectiveness of the fat graft in treating FI and discusses satisfaction with the procedure. METHODS: Fat was harvested from both lateral thighs using 10-mL Luer-loc syringe. Pure fat was extracted from harvests and mixed with fat, oil, and tumescent through refinement. Fats were injected into upper border of posterior ano-rectal ring, submucosa of anal canal and intersphincteric space. Thirty-five patients with FI were treated with this method from July 2016 to February 2017 in Busan Hangun Hospital. They were 13 male (mean age, 60.8 years) and 22 female patients (mean age, 63.3 years). The Wexner score was checked before procedure. We evaluated outcome in outpatients by asking the patients. For 19 patients we checked the Wexner score after procedure. RESULTS: Symptom improved in 29 (82.9%), and not improved in 6 (17.1%). In 2 of 6 patients, they felt better than before procedure, although not satisfied. No improvement in 4. Mean Wexner score was 9.7 before procedure. There were no serious complications such as inflammation or fat embolism. CONCLUSION: Autologous fat graft can be an effective alternative treatment for FI. It is safe and easy to perform, and cost effective.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aging , Anal Canal , Embolism, Fat , Fats , Fecal Incontinence , Female , Humans , Inflammation , Male , Methods , Outpatients , Risk Factors , Syringes , Thigh , Transplants
18.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-759814

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Geriatric syndromes are associated with morbidity and poor quality of life (QOL). Urinary incontinence (UI) is one of the most prevalent geriatric syndromes. However, there is little research on the association of UI and UI-related QOL with other geriatric syndromes. We investigated the relationship between geriatric syndromes and UI according to gender and UI-related QOL among older inpatients. METHODS: This study was conducted among 444 older inpatients (aged 65 years and older) between October 2016 and July 2017. We examined geriatric syndromes and related factors involving cognitive impairment, delirium, depression, mobility decline, polypharmacy, undernutrition, pain, and fecal incontinence. UI-related QOL was assessed using the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate these associations. RESULTS: Geriatric syndromes and related factors were associated with UI. Mobility decline (odds ratio [OR], 4.16; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.29–7.56), polypharmacy (OR, 3.35; 95% CI, 1.89–5.92), and pain (OR, 6.80; 95% CI, 3.53–13.09) were related to UI in both genders. Especially, delirium (OR, 7.55; 95% CI, 1.61–35.44) and fecal incontinence (OR, 10.15; 95% CI, 2.50–41.17) were associated with UI in men, while cognitive impairment (OR, 4.19; 95% CI, 1.14–15.44) was significantly associated with UI in women. Patients with depression were more likely to have poor UI-related QOL (OR, 8.54; 95% CI, 1.43–51.15). CONCLUSION: UI was associated with different geriatric syndromes and related factors according to gender. Care for patients with depression, related to poor UI-related QOL, should be considered in primary care to improve the UIrelated QOL of these individuals.


Subject(s)
Cognition Disorders , Cross-Sectional Studies , Delirium , Depression , Fecal Incontinence , Female , Humans , Inpatients , Logistic Models , Male , Malnutrition , Polypharmacy , Primary Health Care , Quality of Life , Urinary Incontinence
19.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-785851

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Providing practitioners with an adjunctive guide that will aid implanters in the ability to predict and, immediately recognize, what suboptimal needle placement looks like (based on visualization of needle/lead placement and the patient's sensory and motor responses), allow cultivation of a more complete and comprehensive level of understanding of the sacral neuromodulation procedure as a whole, and inversely provide a guide for what true optimal needle/lead placement should currently demonstrate (based on current International Continence Society guidelines).METHODS: More than 400 patients underwent sacral neuromodulation procedures from 2011–2018 by a practitioner who is in the top 5% of implanting physicians in the United States. Common stimulation patterns with motor and sensory responses were observed in patients with suboptimal needle placement intraoperatively.RESULTS: Reproducible stimulation patterns were observed with common suboptimal needle placement intraoperatively. This allowed the implanting practitioner to immediately identify and correct the needle placement intraoperatively to achieve optimal needle placement and optimal motor and sensory responses for the patients.CONCLUSIONS: By considering the 3-dimensional spatial trajectory of the S3 nerve, and following this presented guide, the most optimal lead placement with consistently reproducible outcomes that include S3 motor and sensory response on all 4 leads at less than, or equal to, 2 volts can be achieved and can potentially maximize the life of the device while potentially affording patients a more successful outcome.


Subject(s)
Fecal Incontinence , Humans , Needles , United States , Urinary Bladder, Overactive
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