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1.
Rev. cuba. med. trop ; 73(2): e612, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347488

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las geohelmintiasis son las parasitosis intestinales causadas por helmintos que hacen su ciclo de vida en la tierra y representan un problema de salud público a nivel mundial, que afecta en especial aquellos estratos socioeconómicos más bajos. Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de geohelmintos en comunidades indígenas del estado Zulia, Venezuela. Métodos: Se analizaron 250 muestras fecales, de individuos de ambos sexos con edades entre 1 a 80 años. Las muestras fueron procesadas con examen directo, concentrado (Ritchie) y recuento de huevos (Kato-Katz). Resultados: El 35,20 por ciento de los individuos presentaron huevos de geohelmintos en sus heces (88 casos). El grupo etario más afectado fue el de escolares (7-12 años: 38,64 por ciento ), seguido de adultos (20 o más años: 26,13 por ciento ). Ascaris lumbricoides con 25,20 por ciento se encontró en primer lugar, seguido de Trichuris trichiura con 14,80 por ciento , y los menos frecuentes Ancilostomideos con 4,40 por ciento . La mayoría de los individuos presentaron infecciones de intensidad leve (A. lumbricoides 74,60 por ciento , T. trichiura 81,08 por ciento y Ancilostomideos 90,91 por ciento ). Conclusiones: Se detecta una moderada prevalencia de geohelmintos, con un mayor porcentaje de las infecciones de intensidad leve. La presencia de los geohelmintos se relaciona con el escaso saneamiento ambiental que poseen estas comunidades indígenas(AU)


Introduction: Geohelminthiases are intestinal parasitic diseases caused by helminths which complete their life cycle in the soil. They are a global public health problem mainly affecting the lowest socioeconomic strata. Objective: Determine the prevalence of geohelminths in native communities from Zulia State, Venezuela. Methods: Analysis was performed of 250 stool samples from individuals of both sexes aged between 1 and 80 years. The samples were processed by direct examination, concentration (Ritchie) and egg count (Kato-Katz). Results: Geohelminth eggs were found in 35.20 percent of the stool samples studied (88 cases). The most affected age group was schoolchildren (7-12 years: 38.64 percent), followed by adults (20 years and over: 26.13 percent). The most common helminth was Ascaris lumbricoides with 25.20 percent, followed by Trichuris trichiura with 14.80 percent. The least common genus was Ancylostoma with 4.40 percent. Infection was mild in most subjects (A. lumbricoides 74.60 percent, T. trichiura 81.08 percent and Ancylostoma 90.91 percent). Conclusions: A moderate prevalence of geohelminth infection was observed, most of which was mild. The presence of geohelminths is related to poor environmental sanitation in these native communities(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adult , Parasitic Diseases , Ascaris lumbricoides , Feces , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic , Life Cycle Stages , Residence Characteristics , Indigenous Peoples , Age Groups
2.
Rev. cuba. med. trop ; 73(2): e552, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347486

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La enterobiosis es una de las principales infecciones intestinales del mundo. Objetivo: Determinar los factores asociados a la infección por Enterobius vermicularis en niños de dos comunidades nativas Ese'Eja en Madre de Dios, Perú. Métodos: Estudio transversal analítico. Se trabajó con niños (77) de 1 a 11 años durante los meses de febrero a marzo de 2014. Para diagnosticar la enterobiosis se usó el test de Graham. Las manifestaciones clínicas fueron evaluadas por un médico y los factores asociados mediante una encuesta aplicada a los padres de los niños evaluados. Se usó estadística descriptiva y analítica, se utilizaron razones de prevalencia crudas y ajustadas con un IC 95 por ciento se consideró p< 0,05 como significativo. Resultados: La prevalencia de enterobiosis fue de 32,47 por ciento (25). Los factores asociados (RP e IC 95 por ciento) en el análisis bivariado fueron onicofagia 2,1 (1,1-3,9), chuparse los dedos 5,4 (2,1-2,7), uñas largas 7 (2,6-18,6), intercambio de ropa 2,3 (1,1-3,7), cambio de ropa interior 3,3 (1,8-5,9), uso de calzado 7 (2,6-18,4), juego con tierra 6,9 (1,7-27,3), juego con mascotas 6,4 (2,1-19,7), lavado de manos antes de comer 7,9 (3,6-17,1), lavado de manos después de comer 1,9 (1,7-3,66), 6 o más personas en la casa 3,9 (1,9-7,9), disposición de excretas a campo abierto 3,3 (1,7-6,2) y el menor nivel socioeconómico 2,6 (1,3-5,4). No hubo asociaciones en el análisis multivariado. Conclusiones: Existe una alta prevalencia de enterobiosis en la población estudiada y los factores de riesgo son similares a los antecedentes locales. Urge hacer programas de prevención y promoción de salud respecto al tema para reducir este problema(AU)


Introduction: Enterobiasis is one of the main intestinal infections worldwide. Objective: Determine the factors associated to Enterobius vermicularis infection in children from two native Ese'Eja communities in Madre de Dios, Peru. Methods: An analytical cross-sectional study was conducted in February-March 2014 of 77 children aged 1-11 years. Enterobiasis diagnosis was based on Graham's test. Clinical manifestations were evaluated by a physician, whereas associated factors were determined through a survey applied to the parents of the children studied. Use was made of descriptive and analytical statistical analysis, and crude and adjusted prevalence ratios with a CI of 95 percent. A p value of 0.05 was considered significant. Results: Enterobiasis prevalence was 32.47 percent (25). The associated factors (PR and CI 95 percent) in the bivariate analysis were onychophagia 2.1 (1.1-3.9), finger sucking 5.4 (2.1-2.7), long nails 7 (2.6-18.6), exchanging clothes 2.3 (1.1-3.7), changing underwear 3.3 (1.8-5.9), wearing shoes 7 (2.6-18.4), playing with earth 6.9 (1.7-27.3), playing with pets 6.4 (2.1-19.7), handwashing before eating 7.9 (3.6-17.1), handwashing after eating 1.9 (1.7-3.66), six or more people in the household 3.9 (1.9-7.9), feces disposal in open areas 3.3 (1.7-6.2) and a lower socioeconomic level 2.6 (1.3-5.4). Multivariate analysis did not find any association. Conclusions: Enterobiasis prevalence is high in the population studied, and the risk factors are similar to the local antecedents. It is urgent to develop health prevention and promotion programs about the topic to reduce this problem(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Risk Factors , Enterobiasis , Eating , Fingersucking , Nail Biting , Cross-Sectional Studies , Feces
3.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(2): 166-172, June 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287267

ABSTRACT

Resumen La hidatidosis, causada por el parásito Echinococcus granulosus, es una zoonosis endémica en la provincia de Santa Cruz asociada a áreas de producción ganadera. El hombre puede permanecer asintomático durante un largo período luego de la infección. Una vez desarrollada, la enfermedad representa un importante problema de salud pública debido a la complejidad y el costo de su tratamiento. Los objetivos del trabajo fueron determinar la prevalencia de contaminación ambiental por E. granulosus en zona rural y periurbana de la localidad de Los Antiguos, mediante la detección de antígenos específicos en heces caninas, e identificar factores de riesgo de transmisión. Entre mayo-2016 y abril-2017, se visitaron 38 chacras periurbanas y estancias rurales, definidas como "unidades epidemiológicas". Se analizaron 144 muestras de heces de caninos con téc nica copro-ELISA. Se realizó una encuesta epidemiológica de los pobladores rurales sobre patrones culturales relacionados a la hidatidosis. Se encontró un índice de contaminación ambiental del 17.3% y el 44.7% de las unidades epidemiológicas fueron positivas. Se identificaron prácticas de riesgo como faena domiciliaria (34.2%), alimentación de caninos con vísceras crudas (52.6%), y ausencia de desparasitación de perros (86.8%). Alrededor de la mitad de la población encuestada desconocía las formas de contagio y las medidas de prevención de la enfermedad. Este trabajo muestra un índice alto de contaminación y establece una línea de base para realizar comparaciones a futuro. También refuerza la necesidad de implementar medidas de educación, prevención y control de hidatidosis a nivel local de acuerdo a los programas nacionales.


Abstract Hydatidosis − caused by the parasite Echinococcus granulosus − is a zoonosis endemic to the province of Santa Cruz, associated with areas of livestock production. Once infected, man may remain asymptomatic for a prolonged pe riod but the disease has an important impact on public health owing to the complexity and costs of its treatment. This study aimed at assessing the prevalence of environmental E. granulosus infection in rural and peri-urban areas of the town of Los Antiguos, through the detection of antigens in scattered canine feces, and to identify risk factors for transmission. From May-2016 to April-2017, 38 peri-urban and rural farms, defined as "epidemio logical units", were visited; 144 samples of canine feces were analyzed with the copro-ELISA technique. Rural settlers were enrolled in an epidemiological survey on cultural patterns related to hydatidosis. An environmental contamination index of 17.3% was found and 44.7% of the epidemiological units were positive. Risk practices were found, such as domiciliary slaughter (34.2%), canine feeding with raw viscera (52.6%), and lack of dog de worming (86.8%). In turn, about half of the surveyed population ignored the modes of transmission of the infection and the measures to prevent it. This work shows a high infection index in the area and establishes a baseline for future comparisons. It also reinforces the need to implement education, prevention, and control activities at the local level − according to national program guidelines − in order to reduce the prevalence of environmental contamination of the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Dogs , Echinococcus granulosus , Dog Diseases/prevention & control , Dog Diseases/epidemiology , Echinococcosis/prevention & control , Echinococcosis/epidemiology , Rural Population , Feces
4.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(2): 3249-3256, mar.-abr. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251942

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El Blastocystis sp. es un parásito frecuente en el humano, identificado por el laboratorio en muestras de heces fecales. Se presentó el caso de un paciente de 5 años atendido en consulta de Gastroenterología en el Hospital Pediátrico Docente Provincial Eliseo Noel Caamaño, de Matanzas, por presentar dolor abdominal, heces pastosas, náuseas y vómitos desde hacía un año. Llevó tratamiento con ranitidina, omeprazol y domperidona, sin mejoría clínica. Se realizó estudio coproparasitológico en muestras de heces fecales seriadas, con la presencia del Blastocystis hominis. Se indicó tratamiento con metronidazol, sin mejoría clínica, y posteriormente se indicó como alternativa la nitazoxanida. Se evaluó a los 15 días, sin sintomatología y con negativización de las heces fecales seriadas. Resulta frecuente el desconocimiento y la poca importancia que los profesionales sanitarios muestran ante esta infestación, aunque cada vez más se confirma la participación del parásito en manifestaciones clínicas (AU).


ABSTRACT Blastocystis sp. is a frequent parasite in humans, identified in the laboratory in samples of fecal feces. The case of a 5-year-old patient is presented; he assisted the consultation of Gastroenterology in the Provincial Teaching Pediatric Hospital Eliseo Noel Caamaño in Matanzas, suffering abdominal pain, mash feces, nauseas and vomits for one year, and was treated with ranitidine, omeprazole and domperidone without clinical improvement. A coproparasitological study was carried out in serial fecal feces samples with the presence of Blastocystis hominis. Treatment with metronidazole was indicated without clinical improvement and them, as an alternative, nitazoxanide was indicated. He was evaluated at 15 days without symptoms and with negative serial fecal feces. The ignorance and the little importance that health professionals show towards this infestation are frequent, although more and more frequently it is confirmed the participation of the parasite in clinical manifestations (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Abdominal Pain/diagnosis , Child , Blastocystis hominis/pathogenicity , Signs and Symptoms , Specimen Handling/methods , Clinical Diagnosis , Feces/parasitology , Gastroenterology , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/complications
5.
Infectio ; 25(1): 33-38, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1154399

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Aislar STEC en las heces del ganado bovino en el municipio de Ulloa, Valle del Cauca y detectar factores de virulencia asociados con la patogénesis. Materiales y métodos: Se tomaron 21 muestras provenientes de bovinos, las cuales fueron tomadas directamente del recto del animal mediante hisopos. Las muestras se procesaron hasta obtener colonias puras a las cuales se les evaluó la presencia de los genes stx1, stx2, eae, saa y hlyA mediante PCR y posteriormente, se evaluó el efecto citotóxico de las muestras positivas sobre células Vero (ATCC-CCL-81.4). Resultados: De las 21 muestras de heces de bovinos,12 presentaron bacterias con uno o ambos genes stx. Se obtuvieron 106 aislamientos totales de STEC y se observaron diferencias en cuanto a la presencia y ausencia de los genes de virulencia evaluados en los aislamientos de cada bovino, obteniendo cinco combinaciones de genes. 48 aislamientos presentaron únicamente el gen stx2 y 58 presentaron tanto el gen stx1 como el gen stx2; de los 106 aislamientos, se detectaron 44 con el gen hlyA y 57 con el gen saa. Conclusiones: Todos los sobrenadantes de STEC analizados mostraron actividad citotóxica sobre las células Vero, mientras que en ausencia de STEC las células formaron monocapa después de 48 h de incubación. Este trabajo es el primer reporte en Colombia que aporta información sobre la presencia de STEC en el ganado bovino, la presencia de factores de virulencia y el potencial efecto citotóxico que poseen estas cepas nativas.


Abstract Objective: To isolate STEC in stool samples from cattle in Ulloa, Valle del Cauca, and to detect virulence factors associated with its pathogenesis. Materials and methods: We took 21 samples from cattle, which were taken directly from the rectum of the animal using swabs. The samples were processed until obtaining pure colonies and evaluated for the presence of the stx1, stx2, eae, saa and hlyA genes by PCR. Afterward, the cytotoxic effect of positive samples were evaluated on Vero cells (ATCC-CCL- 81.4). Results: We observed that from the 21 stools samples, 12 presented bacteria with one or both stx genes. A total of 106 isolates of STEC were obtained and differences among each other were observed regarding the presence and absence of the virulence genes, obtaining five combinations of genes. We found that 48 isolates presented only stx2 gene and 58 presented both the stx1 and stx2 gene. Regarding the other virulence genes, the hlyA gene was detected in 44 isolates and the saa gene was detected in 57 isolates. Conclusions: All the STEC supernatants showed cytotoxic activity on Vero cells, while in its absence the cells formed monolayer after 48 h of incubation. This work is the first report in Colombia that provides information about the presence of STEC in stool cattle, virulence genes and its potential cytotoxic effect in native strains.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Shiga Toxin , Escherichia coli , Shiga-Toxigenic Escherichia coli , Feces , Livestock , Bacteria , Virulence , Polymerase Chain Reaction
6.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(1): 39-43, feb. 2021. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1147083

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Conocer el tiempo de excreción fecal de Escherichia coli productora de toxina Shiga (Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli; STEC, por sus siglas en inglés) en pacientes con síndrome urémico hemolítico sería útil para controlar la transmisión de la enfermedad.Objetivos. 1) Analizar las características del tiempo de excreción de STEC. 2) Evaluar la asociación con las variables sexo, edad, necesidad de diálisis, antibióticos y serotipos de STEC.Población y métodos. Estudio prospectivo, observacional, longitudinal y analítico. Período 2013-2019. Se realizaron coprocultivos al ingresar y cada 5-7 días hasta obtener 2 negativos. Se definió tiempo de excreción desde el inicio de la diarrea hasta el primer negativo. Se confirmó STEC por detección de los genes stx1, stx2 y rfbO157 por reacción en cadena de la polimerasa. Se calculó la media (IC 95 %) y percentilos del tiempo de excreción de STEC, y se compararon las variables estudiadas mediante el test de t.Resultados. Se incluyeron 43 pacientes. La media de tiempo de excreción fue 10,2 días (IC 95 %: 8,92-11,59), rango: 3-22 días. El 90 % de los pacientes negativizaron el coprocultivo a los 15 días. No hubo diferencias según sexo (p = 0,419), edad (p = 0,937), necesidad de diálisis (p = 0,917), antibióticos (p = 0,147) ni serotipos (p = 0,231).Conclusión. El 90 % de los pacientes negativizó el coprocultivo a los 15 días del inicio de la diarrea, y todos, al día 22. No se encontró asociación entre el tiempo de excreción y las variables estudiadas.


Introduction. Knowing the duration of fecal shedding of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli(STEC) among patients with hemolytic uremic syndrome would be useful to control disease transmission.Objectives. 1) To analyze the characteristics of STEC shedding duration. 2) To assess the association with sex, age, need of dialysis, antibiotics, and STEC serotypes.Population and methods. Prospective, observational, longitudinal, and analytical study in the 2013-2019 period. Stool cultures were done upon admission and every 5-7 days until 2 negative results were obtained. Shedding duration was defined as the period from diarrhea onset to the first negative result. STEC was confirmed with polymerase chain reaction detection of stx1, stx2, and rfbO157 genes. The mean (95 % CI) and percentile values of the STEC shedding duration were estimated, and the studied outcome measures were compared using the t test.Results. A total of 43 patients were included. The mean duration of shedding was 10.2 days (95 % CI: 8.92-11.59), range: 3-22 days. After 15 days, 90 % of patients had a negative stool culture. There were no differences in terms of sex (p = 0.419), age (p = 0.937), need of dialysis (p = 0.917), antibiotics (p = 0.147) or serotype (p = 0.231).Conclusion. Fifteen days after the onset of diarrhea, 90 % of patients had a negative stool culture, and all patients had one after 22 days. No association was observed between the duration of shedding and studied outcome measures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli , Bacterial Shedding , Argentina/epidemiology , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Communicable Period , Diarrhea , Feces , Hemolytic-Uremic Syndrome
7.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(1): 239-246, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | ID: biblio-1153047

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se avaliar o coeficiente de digestibilidade aparente (CDA) dos nutrientes, a palatabilidade das dietas e as características fecais de cães alimentados com uma dieta controle e uma dieta contendo 20% de gérmen desengordurado (GD), com e sem adição de complexo enzimático (amilase, xilanase, betaglucanase e mananase). Para o experimento de digestibidade e das características fecais, foram utilizados 12 cães adultos, distribuídos em delineamento em blocos ao acaso, em esquema fatorial 2 x 2 (dieta x enzima). O segundo experimento avaliou a palatabilidade, por meio da primeira escolha e da razão de ingestão (RI) da dieta DC vs. 20% de GD, utilizando-se 16 cães. O teste de palatabilidade contou com três dias consecutivos, totalizando 48 repetições. A dieta com inclusão de 20% de GD teve os menores valores de CDA da MS, da EB e da EM (P<0,05). A inclusão do complexo enzimático melhorou o CDA da MS, da EB e da EM (P<0,05). Não foram observadas diferenças nas características fecais (P>0,05). Em relação à palatabilidade, os cães preferiram a dieta 20% de GD, tanto na primeira escolha como na RI (P<0,05). A inclusão de enzimas às dietas melhora a digestibilidade dos nutrientes e da EM, sendo um aditivo com potencial uso na alimentação de cães.(AU)


The objective was to evaluate the apparent digestibility coefficient (ADC) of nutrients, diet palatability and fecal characteristics of dogs fed diets containing degreased germ (DG), and a control diet (DC) - both with and without the addition of enzyme complex (amylase, xylanase, betaglucanase and mananase). For the digestibility and fecal characteristics experiment 12 adult dogs were used, distributed in a randomized block design, in a 2 x 2 factorial scheme (diet x enzyme). The second experiment evaluated palatability using the first choice and ingestion ratio (IR) of DC diet vs. 20%gD, using 16 dogs. The palatability test had three consecutive days, totaling 48 repetitions. The diet with inclusion of 20% DG had the lowest ADC values of DM, GE and ME (P <0.05). Inclusion of the enzyme complex improved ADC of DM, GE and ME (P <0.05). No differences in fecal characteristics were observed (P >0.05). Regarding palatability, dogs preferred the 20% DG diet in both first choice and IR (P <0.05). Inclusion of enzymes in diets improves nutrient digestibility and ME, being an additive with potential use in dog food.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , N-Acetylneuraminic Acid/administration & dosage , Zea mays/embryology , Enzymes/administration & dosage , Animal Feed/analysis , Feces , Amylases/administration & dosage
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878894

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to understand the pharmacodynamic effect of Valeriana jatamansi extract in diarrhea predominant irritable bowel syndrome(IBS-D) rat model induced by maternal separation combined with three kinds of stress, and observe the changes of endogenous metabolites in feces after intervention to find potential biomarkers and related metabolic pathways. The animal model of IBS-D was established by maternal separation combined with restraint, ice swimming and tail clamping. The therapeutic effect of each dose group of V. jatamansi extract was evaluated in terms of abdominal withdrawal reflex pressure threshold, fecal water content and immobility time of forced swimming test. In addition, rat feces were collected for detection of metabolic profiles of small molecular metabolites with UPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap MS platform, so as to find the biomarkers of differential metabolism with multivariate statistical analysis methods such as principal component analysis(PCA) and orthogon partial least squares discrimination analysis(OPLS-DA). The results showed that as compared with the normal group, the threshold of abdominal withdrawal reflex pressure was decreased, the fecal water content was increased, and the immobility time of forced swimming test was prolonged in the model group. The results of fecal metabonomics showed that the levels of 39 metabolites were down-regulated and those of 37 metabolites were up-re-gulated. Further analysis showed that these metabolites were related to bile acid metabolism, unsaturated fatty acid metabolism, amino acid metabolism, ceramide metabolism and other metabolic pathways. This study proved that the extract of V. jatamansi had definite pharmacodynamic effect on IBS-D model rats, and the mechanism was discussed from the perspective of fecal metabonomics.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Diarrhea , Feces , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/drug therapy , Maternal Deprivation , Metabolomics , Rats , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Valerian
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1335-1344, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878176

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Fecal immunochemical tests (FITs) are the most widely used non-invasive tests in colorectal cancer (CRC) screening. However, evidence about the direct comparison of the test performance of the self-administered qualitative a laboratory-based quantitative FITs in a CRC screening setting is sparse.@*METHODS@#Based on a CRC screening trial (TARGET-C), we included 3144 pre-colonoscopy fecal samples, including 24 CRCs, 230 advanced adenomas, 622 non-advanced adenomas, and 2268 participants without significant findings at colonoscopy. Three self-administered qualitative FITs (Pupu tube) with positivity thresholds of 8.0, 14.4, or 20.8 μg hemoglobin (Hb)/g preset by the manufacturer and one laboratory-based quantitative FIT (OC-Sensor) with a positivity threshold of 20 μg Hb/g recommended by the manufacturer were tested by trained staff in the central laboratory. The diagnostic performance of the FITs for detecting colorectal neoplasms was compared in the different scenarios using the preset and adjusted thresholds (for the quantitative FIT).@*RESULTS@#At the thresholds preset by the manufacturers, apart from the qualitative FIT-3, significantly higher sensitivities for detecting advanced adenoma were observed for the qualitative FIT-1 (33.9% [95% CI: 28.7-39.4%]) and qualitative FIT-2 (22.2% [95% CI: 17.7-27.2%]) compared to the quantitative FIT (11.7% [95% CI: 8.4-15.8%]), while at a cost of significantly lower specificities. However, such difference was not observed for detecting CRC. For scenarios of adjusting the positivity thresholds of the quantitative FIT to yield comparable specificity or comparable positivity rate to the three qualitative FITs accordingly, there were no significant differences in terms of sensitivity, specificity, positive/negative predictive values and positive/negative likelihood ratios for detecting CRC or advanced adenoma between the two types of FITs, which was further evidenced in ROC analysis.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Although the self-administered qualitative and the laboratory-based quantitative FITs had varied test performance at the positivity thresholds preset by the manufacturer, such heterogeneity could be overcome by adjusting thresholds to yield comparable specificities or positivity rates. Future CRC screening programs should select appropriate types of FITs and define the thresholds based on the targeted specificities and manageable positivity rates.


Subject(s)
Colonoscopy , Colorectal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Early Detection of Cancer , Feces , Hemoglobins/analysis , Humans , Laboratories , Occult Blood , Sensitivity and Specificity
10.
São Paulo; SES/SP; 2021. 41 p. graf.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP, SESSP-SUCENPROD, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1151866

ABSTRACT

Introdução. A malária é uma doença infecciosa vetorial sendo atualmente considerada uma das maiores protozooses do mundo, mantendo-se endêmica principalmente na África, na região Amazônica da América do Sul e no Sudeste Asiático. Essa doença é causada por protozoários do gênero Plasmodium, sendo que cinco espécies são capazes de infectar humanos: P. vivax, P. falciparum, P. malariae, P. ovale e o mais recente, P. knowlesi, que é considerado como um parasito zoonótico. Há fatos que demonstram que esses parasitas que hoje infectam humanos, descendem de Plasmodium símios, e as infecções de símios continuam ocorrendo até os dias atuais. No Brasil os principais agentes de malária símia são Plasmodium brasilianum e Plasmodium simium (similar com P. malariae e P. vivax, respectivamente), sendo que esses dois parasitos estão envolvidos em situações zoonóticas no bioma Mata Atlântica, sendo o seu vetor o Anopheles cruzii. Tendo em vista esse cenário epidemiológico da malária residual, foi verificada a importância de realizar uma revisão sobre os principais estudos baseados e detecção de Plasmodium em fezes de primatas não humanos. Objetivo. Realizar uma revisão bibliográfica e atualização das principais técnicas existentes de detecção de Plasmodium em fezes de primatas não humanos descritas na literatura; bem como conhecer e realizar as técnicas de extração de DNA de fezes de primatas não humanos e técnicas de PCR em tempo real e PCR convencional para rastreamento de DNA de primatas não humanos e de plasmódios. Materiais e Métodos. Foi realizado levantamento bibliográfico nas bases de dados da SciELO, Lilacs, PubMed, MedLine e na Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS), de artigos e livros que descrevam a utilização de técnicas de detecção de Plasmodium em fezes de primatas não humanos, utilizando um total de 46 artigos publicados entre os anos de 1951 a 2021. Resultados. No delineamento da revisão foram selecionados 46 artigos que apresentassem menção explicita sobre as técnicas de detecção de Plasmodium, fezes e/ou menção explicita sobre malária e/ou malária símia. Na prática laboratorial, foram realizadas extrações de DNA e realizadas reações de PCR em Tempo real (TaqMan 18S rRNA) e PCR para amplificação de fragmento de cyt b de gênero Plasmodium em trinta e cinco amostras fecais de Alouatta guariba clamitans do Parque Estadual da Cantareira, município de São Paulo (Projeto FAPESP 2014/10.919-4, coordenado pela Dra. Ana Maria R. de C. Duarte). Discussão/Conclusão. Após a realização da revisão e das práticas laboratoriais, foi possível conhecer a abrangência do uso da técnica não invasiva e diagnostico de plasmódios em fezes de primatas não humanos no mundo, em especial na África e Sudeste Asiático, e também levantar as principais vantagens e desvantagens da utilização de fezes para detecção de Plasmodium. Diante disso, conclui-se que a utilização das técnicas PCR utilizando DNA oriundo das fezes podem trazer relevantes benefícios nos estudos de malária símia e humana em situações zoonóticas, bem como auxiliar nas atividades de Vigilância e Controle.


Subject(s)
Plasmodium , Feces , Malaria
11.
São Paulo; SES/SP; 2021. ilus.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP, SESSP-SUCENPROD, SES-SP, SESSP-ESPECIALIZACAOSESPROD, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1152052

Subject(s)
Triatominae , Feces , Infections
12.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 54: e0724-2020, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155606

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Inadequate wastewater treatment and fecal contamination have a strong environmental impact on antimicrobial resistance (AMR). This study evaluated the profile of AMR enterobacteria and fecal contamination from four surface waters: Jiquiriça-Brejões River and Cabrito, Tororó, and Abaeté Lagoons. METHODS: We analyzed AMR β-lactamase genes using the polymerase chain reaction method and fecal contamination using Coliscan®. RESULTS: We found high levels of fecal contamination, β-lactamase producers, and AMR genes (blaOXA-48, blaSPM, and blaVIM) in all waterbodies. CONCLUSIONS: Poor sanitation evidenced by fecal contamination and human activities around these surface waters contributed to the distribution and increase in AMR enterobacteria.


Subject(s)
Humans , Enterobacteriaceae/genetics , Anti-Infective Agents , Rural Population , Uganda , Feces
13.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 54: e00332021, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250834

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Parasitic infections are considered a major public health problem due to their associated morbimortality and negative impact on physical and intellectual development, especially in the at-risk pediatric group. Periodic prophylactic administration of antiparasitic agents against soil-transmitted helminths is recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) to control parasitic infections and disease burden. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections in Brazil. METHODS: We performed a systematic review by searching the literature found in the PubMed, LILACS, and SciELO databases, followed by a meta-analysis of the proportions from studies published in English, Portuguese, and/or Spanish from January 2000 to May 2018. This systematic review was registered in the PROSPERO database (CRD42018096214). RESULTS: The prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections (protozoa and/or helminths) in Brazil was 46% (confidence interval: 39-54%), with 99% heterogeneity. Prevalence varied by region: 37%, 51%, 50%, 58%, and 41% in the Southeast, South, Northeast, North, and Central-West regions, respectively. Most studies (32/40) evaluated children (<18 years) and found an average prevalence of 51%. Children also had the highest prevalence in all four regions: Central-West (65%), South (65%), North (58%), Northeast (53%), and Southeast (37%). However, most studies evaluated specific populations, which may have created selection bias. Presumably, this review of intestinal parasitic diseases in Brazil includes the most studies and the largest population ever considered. CONCLUSIONS The prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections is high in Brazil, and anthelmintic drugs should be administered periodically as a prophylactic measure, as recommended by the WHO.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Child , Helminths , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/epidemiology , Anthelmintics/therapeutic use , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Feces
14.
Clinics ; 76: e2489, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278907

ABSTRACT

The present study aimed to evaluate the occurrence of Blastocystis sp. in Brazilian studies over a period of years (2000-2020), as well as point out relevant aspects of this enigmatic organism. We performed a literature search using six sources of international databases. The data were divided into diagnostic by parasitological and molecular techniques, and relevant aspects. After applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 52 studies were included in the final analysis. The occurrence of Blastocystis sp. in Brazil ranged from 0.5% to 86.6%, as determined using parasitological techniques. The highest occurrence was in the North (27.3%) and the lowest, in the Midwest region (13.4%). In Brazil, most studies have employed molecular techniques and are concentrated in the Southeast region. The Blastocystis sp. subtype ST3 had the highest average positivity, followed by ST1 and ST2. These findings represent a panorama that reflects the reality of Brazil; thus, we believe that the effectiveness of parasitological diagnosis should be considered with regard to making an appropriate choice of technique for detecting Blastocystis sp. Additionally, we emphasize the importance of further studies in the context of molecular epidemiology with regard to this genus. Blastocystis sp. is not well understood yet, and very little information regarding this genus is available; hence, further research regarding this genus is urgently needed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blastocystis Infections/diagnosis , Blastocystis Infections/epidemiology , Blastocystis/genetics , Phylogeny , Genetic Variation , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , DNA, Protozoan , Feces
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880988

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Traditional Chinese medicine plays a significant role in the treatment of the pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Tanreqing Capsule (TRQC) was used in the treatment of COVID-19 patients in the Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center. This study aimed to investigate the clinical efficacy of TRQC in the treatment of COVID-19.@*METHODS@#A retrospective cohort study was conducted on 82 patients who had laboratory-confirmed mild and moderate COVID-19; patients were treated with TRQC in one designated hospital. The treatment and control groups consisted of 25 and 57 cases, respectively. The treatment group was given TRQC orally three times a day, three pills each time, in addition to conventional Western medicine treatments which were also administered to the control group. The clinical efficacy indicators, such as the negative conversion time of pharyngeal swab nucleic acid, the negative conversion time of fecal nucleic acid, the duration of negative conversion of pharyngeal-fecal nucleic acid, and the improvement in the level of immune indicators such as T-cell subsets (CD3, CD4 and CD45) were monitored.@*RESULTS@#COVID-19 patients in the treatment group, compared to the control group, had a shorter negative conversion time of fecal nucleic acid (4 vs. 9 days, P = 0.047) and a shorter interval of negative conversion of pharyngeal-fecal nucleic acid (0 vs. 2 days, P = 0.042). The level of CD3@*CONCLUSION@#Significant reductions in the negative conversion time of fecal nucleic acid and the duration of negative conversion of pharyngeal-fecal nucleic acid were identified in the treatment group as compared to the control group, illustrating the potential therapeutic benefits of using TRQC as a complement to conventional medicine in patients with mild and moderate COVID-19. The underlying mechanism may be related to the improved levels of the immune indicator CD3


Subject(s)
Adult , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , COVID-19/pathology , Capsules , DNA, Viral/analysis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Feces/virology , Female , Humans , Length of Stay , Lymphocyte Count , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/methods , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , Severity of Illness Index , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879864

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the value of fecal calprotectin (FC) in the diagnosis of neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) through a Meta analysis.@*METHODS@#Web of Science, Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Weipu Periodical Database, Wanfang Data, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database were searched for related studies published up to May 2020, with manual search as supplementation. The QUADAS criteria were used to evaluate the quality of the articles included. Meta-DiSc 1.4 and Stata 15.0 software were used to perform the Meta analysis, including the evaluation of specificity, sensitivity, likelihood ratio, and diagnostic odds ratio. The sensitivity analysis and heterogeneity testing were performed, and the summary receiver operating characteristic (SROC) curve and Fagan diagram were plotted.@*RESULTS@#A total of 15 articles were enrolled, involving 1 719 neonates. Among these articles, 4 had low quality, 2 had high quality, and the rest had medium quality. There was high heterogeneity between studies, and there was no threshold effect or publication bias. The random effects model analysis showed that FC had a pooled specificity of 0.80 (95%@*CONCLUSIONS@#FC has high potential and efficiency in the early diagnosis of NEC. FC measurement can be used for the diagnosis of NEC, but it should be combined with clinical manifestations and other related laboratory examinations.


Subject(s)
China , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/diagnosis , Feces , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Leukocyte L1 Antigen Complex , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity
17.
Vive (El Alto) ; 3(9): 139-149, dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252333

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: uno de los principales factores que influyen en el tratamiento para la erradicación de Helicobacter pylori es la resistencia a antibióticos, la cual difiere entre países e incluso regiones de un país. Entre los antibióticos más usados para el tratamiento de la infección se encuentra la claritromicina, se ha demostrado que el gen 23S ARNr está involucrado en la resistencia a este antibiótico, como resultado de mutaciones puntuales. OBJETIVO: detectar las mutaciones presentes en el gen 23S ARNr que codifican la resistencia a la claritromicina en Helicobacter pylori a través de un método no invasivo y rápido. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: a partir de muestras de heces de 76 pacientes con síntomas gastrointestinales asociados a la bacteria, se aisló y purificó el ADN bacteriano, se identificó el gen 23S ARNr mediante seminested PCR. Para la detección de mutaciones puntuales en el gen se realizó la RFLP, utilizando las enzimas HhaI que detecta la mutación T2717C y MboII que identifica la mutación A2142C/G. RESULTADOS: un total de 45 pacientes resultaron positivos a Helicobacter pylori lo cual corresponde al 59,2%. La mutación T2717C analizada con la enzima HhaI se presentó en el 2,2% de la muestra de estudio, no se obtuvo resultados positivos para la enzima MboII. CONCLUSIONES: a través de la Seminested PCR se identificó al gen 23S ARNr de Helicobacter pylori, PCR-RFLP es un método fiable para detectar la presencia de mutaciones causantes de resistencias a antibióticos, útil antes de elegir el tratamiento erradicador contra las infecciones por Helicobacter pylori.


INTRODUCTION: one of the main factors that influence the treatment for the eradication of Helicobacter pylori is resistance to antibiotics, which differs between countries and even regions of a country. Clarithromycin is among the most widely used antibiotics for the treatment of infection. The 23S rRNA gene has been shown to be involved in resistance to this antibiotic, as a result of point mutations. OBJECTIVE: to detect the mutations present in the 23S rRNA gene that encode resistance to clarithromycin in Helicobacter pylori through a non-invasive and rapid method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: from stool samples of 76 patients with gastrointestinal symptoms associated with the bacteria, bacterial DNA was isolated and purified, the 23S rRNA gene was identified by seminested PCR. For the detection of point mutations in the gene, RFLP was performed, using the enzymes HhaI that detects the T2717C mutation and MboII that identifies the A2142C / G mutation. RESULTS: a total of 45 patients were positive for Helicobacter pylori, which corresponds to 59.2%. The T2717C mutation analyzed with the HhaI enzyme was present in 2.2% of the study sample, no positive results were obtained for the MboII enzyme. CONCLUSIONS: the 23S rRNA gene of Helicobacter pylori was identified through Seminested PCR, PCR-RFLP is a reliable method to detect the presence of mutations causing resistance to antibiotics, useful before choosing the eradication treatment against Helicobacter pylori infections.


INTRODUÇÃO: um dos principais fatores que influenciam no tratamento para erradicação do Helicobacter pylori é a resistência aos antibióticos, que difere entre países e até mesmo regiões de um país. A claritromicina está entre os antibióticos mais amplamente utilizados para o tratamento de infecções.O gene 23S rRNA demonstrou estar envolvido na resistência a esse antibiótico, como resultado de mutações pontuais. OBJETIVO: detectar as mutações presentes no gene 23S rRNA que codificam resistência à claritromicina no Helicobacter pylori, por meio de um método não invasivo e rápido. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: a partir de amostras de fezes de 76 pacientes com sintomas gastrointestinais associados à bactéria, o DNA bacteriano foi isolado e purificado, o gene 23S rRNA foi identificado por PCR seminestado. Para a detecção de mutações pontuais no gene, foi realizado RFLP, utilizando as enzimas HhaI que detecta a mutação T2717C e MboII que identifica a mutação A2142C / G. RESULTADOS: um total de 45 pacientes foram positivos para Helicobacter pylori, o que corresponde a 59,2%. A mutação T2717C analisada com a enzima HhaI estava presente em 2,2% da amostra do estudo, nenhum resultado positivo foi obtido para a enzima MboII. CONCLUSÕES: por meio da PCR seminestada, foi identificado o gene rRNA 23S do Helicobacter pylori, o PCR-RFLP é um método confiável para detectar a presença de mutações que causam resistência a antibióticos, útil antes de escolher o tratamento de erradicação contra infecções por Helicobacter pylori.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Helicobacter pylori , Clarithromycin , Mutation , Patients , Enzymes , Feces
18.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(4): 434-458, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142338

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is an important therapeutic option for recurrent or refractory Clostridioides difficile infection, being a safe and effective method. Initial results suggest that FMT also plays an important role in other conditions whose pathogenesis involves alteration of the intestinal microbiota. However, its systematized use is not widespread, especially in Brazil. In the last decade, multiple reports and several cases emerged using different protocols for FMT, without standardization of methods and with variable response rates. In Brazil, few isolated cases of FMT have been reported without the implantation of a Fecal Microbiota Transplantation Center (FMTC). OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study is to describe the process of implanting a FMTC with a stool bank, in a Brazilian university hospital for treatment of recurrent and refractory C. difficile infection. METHODS: The center was structured within the criteria required by international organizations such as the Food and Drug Administration, the European Fecal Microbiota Transplant Group and in line with national epidemiological and regulatory aspects. RESULTS: A whole platform involved in structuring a transplant center with stool bank was established. The criteria for donor selection, processing and storage of samples, handling of recipients before and after the procedure, routes of administration, short and long-term follow-up of transplant patients were determined. Donor selection was conducted in three stages: pre-screening, clinical evaluation and laboratory screening. Most of the candidates were excluded in the first (75.4%) and second stage (72.7%). The main clinical exclusion criteria were: recent acute diarrhea, overweight (body mass index ≥25 kg/m2) and chronic gastrointestinal disorders. Four of the 134 candidates were selected after full screening, with a donor detection rate of 3%. CONCLUSION: The implantation of a transplant center, unprecedented in our country, allows the access of patients with recurrent or refractory C. difficile infection to innovative, safe treatment, with a high success rate and little available in Brazil. Proper selection of qualified donors is vital in the process of implementing a FMTC. The rigorous clinical evaluation of donors allowed the rational use of resources. A transplant center enables treatment on demand, on a larger scale, less personalized, with more security and traceability. This protocol provides subsidies for conducting FMT in emerging countries.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: O Transplante de microbiota fecal (TMF) é uma importante opção terapêutica para a infecção recorrente ou refratária pelo Clostridioides difficile, sendo método seguro e eficaz. Resultados iniciais sugerem que o TMF também desempenha papel relevante em outras afecções cuja patogênese envolve a alteração da microbiota intestinal. No entanto, seu uso sistematizado é pouco difundido, especialmente no Brasil. Na última década, surgiram múltiplos relatos e séries de casos utilizando diferentes protocolos para o TMF, sem padronização de métodos e com taxas de resposta variáveis. No Brasil, poucos casos isolados de TMF foram relatados sem a implantação de um Centro de Transplante de Microbiota Fecal (CTMF). OBJETIVO: O principal objetivo deste estudo foi descrever o processo de implantação de um CTMF com banco de fezes, em hospital universitário brasileiro, para tratamento de infecção recorrente e refratária pelo C. difficile. MÉTODOS: O CTMF foi estruturado dentro dos critérios exigidos e aprovados por organismos internacionais como o Food and Drug Administration, Grupo Europeu de Transplante de Microbiota Fecal e em consonância com os aspectos epidemiológicos e regulatórios nacionais. RESULTADOS: Foi estabelecida toda uma plataforma envolvida na estruturação de um centro de transplante com fezes congeladas. Determinou-se os critérios para seleção de doadores, processamento e armazenamento de amostras, manejo dos receptores antes e após o procedimento, uniformização de vias de administração do substrato fecal e seguimento a curto e longo prazo dos pacientes transplantados. A seleção dos doadores foi conduzida em três etapas: pré-triagem, avaliação clínica e exames laboratoriais. Boa parte dos candidatos foram excluídos na primeira (75,4%) e segunda etapa (72,7%). Os principais critérios clínicos de exclusão foram: diarreia aguda recente, excesso de peso (IMC ≥25 kg/m2) e distúrbios gastrointestinais crônicos. Quatro dos 134 candidatos foram selecionados após a triagem completa, com taxa de detecção de doadores de 3%. CONCLUSÃO: A implantação de um CTMF, inédito no nosso meio, possibilita o acesso de pacientes com infecção recorrente e refratária pelo C. difficile a tratamento inovador, seguro, com elevada taxa de sucesso e pouco disponível no Brasil. A seleção apropriada de doadores qualificados é vital no processo de implantação de um CTMF. A avaliação clínica rigorosa dos doadores permitiu o uso racional de recursos para realização de exames laboratoriais. Um CTMF possibilita tratamento sob demanda, em maior escala, menos personalizados, com mais segurança e rastreabilidade. Este protocolo fornece subsídios para a realização de TMF em países emergentes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fecal Microbiota Transplantation , Brazil , Clostridioides difficile , Treatment Outcome , Clostridium Infections/therapy , Feces
19.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 48: 29-35, nov. 2020. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254696

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Cellulose as a potential feed resource hinders its utilization because of its complex structure, and cellulase is the key to its biological effective utilization. Animal endogenous probiotics are more susceptible to colonization in the intestinal tract, and their digestive enzymes are more conducive to the digestion and absorption of feed in young animals. Min pigs are potential sources of cellulase probiotics because of the high proportion of dietary fiber in their feed. In this study, the cellulolytic bacteria in the feces of Min pigs were isolated and screened. The characteristics of enzymes and cellulase production were studied, which provided a theoretical basis for the rational utilization of cellulase and high-fiber food in animal production. RESULTS: In our study, 10 strains of cellulase producing strains were isolated from Min pig manure, among which the M2 strain had the best enzyme producing ability and was identified as Bacillus velezensis. The optimum production conditions of cellulase from strain M2 were: 2% inoculum, the temperature of 35°C, the pH of 5.0, and the liquid loading volume of 50 mL. The optimum temperature, pH and time for the reaction of cellulase produced by strain M2 were 55°C, 4.5 and 5 min, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Min pigs can be used as a source of cellulase producing strains. The M2 strain isolated from feces was identified as Bacillus velezensis. The cellulase from M2 strain had a good activity and the potential to be used as feed additive for piglets.


Subject(s)
Animals , Swine, Miniature , Bacteria/enzymology , Cellulase/biosynthesis , Bacillus , Dietary Fiber , Probiotics , Digestion , Feces , Animal Feed
20.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(3): 311-315, July-Sept. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131677

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are the primary inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), and its pathogenesis is related to genetic and environmental factors. Currently, the diagnosis of IBD results in a multidisciplinary approach with significant disadvantages, such as its invasive nature, time spent, and the fact that 10% of patients remain without diagnostic classification. However, new methodologies of analysis have emerged that allowed the expansion of knowledge about IBD, as the metabolomics, the study of metabolites. The presence and prevalence of such metabolites may prove to be useful as biomarkers in the diagnosis of IBD. OBJECTIVE: Analyze fecal samples for metabolic analysis in the diagnosis of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), providing differentiation between Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. METHODS: This is an observational study with 21 patients diagnosed with IBD (ulcerative colitis 11 and Crohn's disease 10) and 15 healthy controls, all with the consent and clarification. The fecal extracts of all patients are submitted to a high-resolution Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Hydrogen (1H-NMR) spectroscopy combined with multivariate and univariate pattern recognition techniques. Through the metabolomics of fecal extracts, gives us a characterization of employing a noninvasive approach. RESULTS: We identify some metabolites, such as lactate, succinate, alanine, and tyrosine, in the Crohn's disease fecal samples, and leucine, alanine, and tyrosine in the ulcerative colitis fecal samples. All the amino acids presented positive covariance for disease correlation. CONCLUSION: The results showed different metabolic profiles between IBD patients and healthy volunteers based on 1H-NMR analysis of fecal extracts. Moreover, the approach discriminated patients with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. The metabolomics analysis is promising as a novel diagnostic technique for further IBD recognition and surveillance. New studies are necessary to validate these findings.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A doença de Crohn e retocolite ulcerativa são as principais doenças inflamatórias intestinais (DII), e sua patogênese está relacionada a fatores genéticos e ambientais. Atualmente, o diagnóstico de DII resulta em uma abordagem multidisciplinar e apresenta desvantagens significativas, como sua natureza invasiva, tempo gasto e o fato de 10% dos pacientes permanecerem sem classificação diagnóstica. No entanto, surgiram novas metodologias de análise que permitiram ampliar o conhecimento sobre a DII, como a metabolômica, o estudo dos metabólitos. A presença e a prevalência desses metabólitos podem ser úteis como biomarcadores no diagnóstico da DII. OBJETIVO: Avaliar as amostras fecais por análise metabolômica no diagnóstico de DII, diferenciando os perfis metabólicos entre doença de Crohn e retocolite ulcerativa. MÉTODOS: Estudo observacional com 36 indivíduos (doença de Crohn 11, retocolite ulcerativa 10 e 15 controles saudáveis), todos com consentimento esclarecido. Os extratos fecais de todos os pacientes são submetidos a uma espectroscopia de alta resolução por ressonância magnética nuclear de hidrogênio (1H-RMN) combinada com técnicas de reconhecimento de padrões multivariados e univariados. Por meio da metabolômica utilizando extratos fecais, foi possível obter uma caracterização adequada das doenças inflamatórias intestinais através de uma abordagem não invasiva. RESULTADOS: Foi possível identificar os seguintes metabólitos nos pacientes com doen­ça de Crohn: lactato, succinato, alanina e tirosina e, no grupo retocolite ulcerativa encontrou-se leucina, alanina e tirosina. Todos os aminoácidos apresentaram covariância positiva para a doença. CONCLUSÃO: Os resultados demonstraram diferentes perfis metabólicos entre pacientes com DII e voluntários saudáveis, com base na análise por 1H-RMN dos extratos fecais. Além disso, pacientes com doença de Crohn e retocolite ulcerativa também podem ser discriminados usando essa abordagem. A análise metabolômica é promissora como uma nova técnica não invasiva de diagnóstico para melhor reconhecimento das DII. Novos estudos são necessários para validar esses achados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Metabolomics , Feces
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