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1.
J. Hum. Growth Dev. (Impr.) ; 30(2): 241-250, May-Aug. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas), INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1114932

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Prematurity may be related to the early onset of obesity and metabolic syndrome in adolescence. Breastfeeding and feeding are crucial factors in the genesis of cardio metabolic riskOBJECTIVE: To analyze the relationship between the type of breastfeeding and eating habits with the blood pressure, lipid, glycemic and anthropometric profile of adolescents born prematurelyMETHODS: Cross-sectional study with 50 adolescents born prematurely in western Paraná, Brazil, aged 10 to 19 years. Data on birth, breastfeeding and feeding using the 24-hour Food Consumption Marker were evaluated. Weight, height, abdominal circumference (AC), blood pressure (BP) were verified; concentrations of glucose, total cholesterol (TC) and triglycerides (TG) were measured by capillary puncture. Data analysis using descriptive statistics and analysis of varianceRESULTS: Out of total, 78% eat in front of screens and 52% do not take the main meals during the day. Regardless of the amount of meals a day, the lipid, glycemic and AC profiles did not show a statistically significant difference between the groups. There is a statistically significant association between BP and number of meals (p = 0.01), TC and breastfeeding (p = 0.03) and TG with consumption of sausages (p = 0.02) and products rich in carbohydrates (p = 0.01). Most of them (72%) consumed cow's milk before completing one year and only 30% received exclusive breastfeeding until six months of age. Related other values, 30% had high BP, 22% and 41% high TC and TG, respectively. Of the 30% overweight, 60% had high BP, 53% high TG, 33% high TC and 33% percentile AC ≥90CONCLUSION: Breastfeeding did not influence the metabolic profile, but it was evidenced as risk factors for adolescents to develop future cardiovascular problems due to prematurity, inadequate eating habits, overweight, alterations in abdominal circumference, blood pressure and lipid profile


INTRODUÇÃO: A prematuridade pode estar relacionada à instalação precoce de obesidade e síndrome metabólica na adolescência. O aleitamento e a alimentação são fatores cruciais na gênese do risco cardiometabólicoOBJETIVO: Analisar a relação do tipo de aleitamento e hábitos alimentares com o perfil pressórico, lipídico, glicêmico e antropométrico de adolescentes nascidos prematurosMÉTODO: Estudo transversal com 50 adolescentes nascidos prematuros no oeste do Paraná, com idades entre 10 e 19 anos. Avaliaram-se dados do nascimento, aleitamento e alimentação (Marcador de Consumo Alimentar de 24 horas). Verificou-se peso, altura, circunferência abdominal (CA), pressão arterial (PA); dosadas concentrações de glicose, colesterol total (CT) e triglicerídeos (TG) por punção capilar. Análise de dados por estatística descritiva e análise de variânciaRESULTADOS: 78% realizavam alimentação em frente a telas e 52% não realizavam todas as principais refeições do dia; independentemente da quantidade de refeições diárias, os perfis lipídico, glicêmico e CA não apresentaram diferença estatística significante entre os grupos. Observou-se associação estatisticamente significante entre PA e número de refeições (p=0,01), CT e aleitamento materno (p=0,03) e TG com consumo de embutidos (p=0,02) e produtos ricos em carboidratos (p=0,01). Para 72% foi ofertado leite de vaca antes de completar um ano e somente 30% receberam aleitamento materno exclusivo até os seis meses de idade. Na amostra, 30% apresentaram PA elevada, 22% e 41% CT e TG elevados, respectivamente. Dos 30% com excesso de peso, 60% apresentaram PA elevada, 53% TG, 33% CT elevado e 33% percentil CA ≥90CONCLUSÃO: O aleitamento não influenciou no perfil metabólico, porém se evidenciou como fatores de risco para os adolescentes desenvolverem problemas cardiovasculares futuros à prematuridade, hábitos alimentares inadequados, excesso de peso, CA e perfil pressórico e lipídico alterados


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Infant, Premature , Cardiovascular Diseases , Adolescent , Metabolic Syndrome , Adolescent Health , Adolescent Nutrition , Feeding Behavior
2.
Enferm. actual Costa Rica (Online) ; (38): 151-162, Jan.-Jun. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1090093

ABSTRACT

Resumen El objetivo de esta investigación fue estudiar la prevalencia de sobrepeso, obesidad y factores asociados en estudiantes de 5° y 6° grado de primaria en dos municipios de la Costa Chica de Guerrero. Se llevó a cabo un estudio descriptivo transversal. Para la recopilación de información se utilizó una báscula digital para registrar las medidas antropométricas y, se aplicó un cuestionario, que incluyó variables relacionadas con hábitos alimenticios, actividad física, tiempo dedicado a ver televisión (TV) y tiempo dedicado a dormir. Se encontró que el 16% de los estudiantes tuvo sobrepeso y 15% obesidad. Hubo mayor riesgo de padecer la enfermedad metabólica en los participantes que ven TV más de 5 h/día (ORns Cl adj = 1.72.IC 95% 1.27-2.34), mientras que comer cuatro o más veces al día tuvo un efecto protector (ORns Cl adj = 0.47, IC 95% 0.31-0.72). En los municipios de Cruz Grande y San Marcos los estudiantes de 5° y 6° de primaria tienen un grado medio de sobrepeso y obesidad; ya que el sedentarismo no es tan marcado y existe la tendencia a practicar el deporte. Se concluye que disminuir el número de horas frente al televisor y la correcta alimentación son acciones que pueden contribuir a la prevención y disminución del sobrepeso y la obesidad en estudiantes de primaria.


Abstract The objective of this research was to study the prevalence of overweight, obesity and associated factors in students of 5th and 6th grade of primary school in two municipalities of the Costa Chica, Guerrero. A crosssectional descriptive study was carried out. For the collection of information, a digital scale was used to record the anthropometric measurements and, a questionnaire was applied, which included variables related to eating habits, physical activity, time spent watching television (TV) and time spent sleeping. It was found that 16% of the students were overweight and 15% obese. There was an increased risk of metabolic disease in participants who watched TV more than 5 h / day (ORns Cl adj = 1.72.IC 95% 1.27-2.34), while eating four or more times a day had a protective effect (ORns Cl adj = 0.47, 95% CI 0.31-0.72). In the municipalities of Cruz Grande and San Marcos, students in grades 5 and 6 have a medium degree of overweight and obesity; since sedentary lifestyle is not as marked and there is a tendency to practice sports. It is concluded that reducing the number of hours in front of the television and the correct feeding are actions that can contribute to the prevention and reduction of overweight and obesity in elementary students.


Resumo O objetivo desta pesquisa foi estudar a prevalência de sobrepeso, obesidade e fatores associados em estudantes da 5ª e 6ª séries do ensino fundamental de dois municípios da Costa Chica de Guerrero. Foi realizado um estudo descritivo transversal. Para a coleta de informações, utilizou-se uma escala digital para registro das medidas antropométricas e aplicou-se um questionário, que incluiu variáveis relacionadas aos hábitos alimentares, atividade física, tempo gasto assistindo televisão (TV) e tempo gasto dormindo. Verificou-se que 16% dos estudantes estavam com sobrepeso e 15% com obesidade. Houve um risco aumentado de doença metabólica nos participantes que assistiram TV mais de 5 h / dia (ORns Cl adj = 1,72.IC 95% 1,27-2,34), enquanto comer quatro ou mais vezes por dia teve um efeito protetor (ORns Cl adj = 0,47, IC 95% 0,31-0,72). Nos municípios de Cruz Grande e San Marcos, os alunos das séries 5 e 6 apresentam sobrepeso e obesidade médios; uma vez que o estilo de vida sedentário não é tão acentuado e existe uma tendência a praticar esportes. Conclui-se que reduzir o número de horas em frente à televisão e a alimentação correta são ações que podem contribuir para a prevenção e redução do sobrepeso e obesidade em alunos do ensino fundamental.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Students , Exercise , Student Health , Overweight , Feeding Behavior , Sedentary Behavior , Mexico , Motor Activity , Obesity
3.
RECIIS (Online) ; 14(1): 247-260, jan.-mar. 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1087316

ABSTRACT

Neste artigo, abordamos sentidos e significados dados à comida presentes na revista Saúde como um fator que interfere no consumo de alimentos. Partimos do pressuposto de haver na sociedade contemporânea uma hegemonia do discurso biomédico, disseminado e naturalizado pelo senso comum, que reproduz os interesses do mercado e influencia as escolhas alimentares. A revista desperta interesse justamente por se enquadrar no vasto rol de publicações populares que versam sobre dieta e saúde. Como parte da metodologia utilizada, selecionamos as publicações desde 2013 até 2016, o que corresponde a 36 revistas e constitui o corpus da análise. Com o objetivo de interpretar os aspectos simbólicos, socialmente construídos e expressos no material selecionado, foram identificadas as características mais marcantes e recorrentes nas capas das edições. Observou-se que a centralidade do discurso científico e biomédico está ligada à ideia de influenciar as práticas alimentares e enfatizar o risco de adoecer.


In this article we approach senses and meanings referring to food present in the Saúde magazine as a factor that interferes with food consumption. We start from the assumption that in contemporary society there is a hegemony of biomedical discourse, disseminated and naturalized by common sense, which reproduces the interests of the market and influences food choices. The magazine arouses interest precisely because it is one of the leading magazines in the vast list of Brazilian popular publications that deal with diet and health. As one of the methodological procedures used, we selected the publications from 2013 to 2016, corresponding to a analysis corpus composed of 36 magazines. In order to interpret the symbolic aspects, socially constructed and expressed in the selected material, the most striking and recurring characteristics were identified on the covers of the editions. It was observed that influencing eating practices and emphasizing the risk of becoming ill is the centrality of scientific and biomedical discourse.


En este artículo abordamos los sentidos y los significados atribuidos a los alimentos presentes en la revista Saúde como un factor que interfiere en el consumo de alimentos. Partimos del supuesto de que existe una hegemonía en el discurso biomédico en la sociedad contemporánea, difundido y naturalizado por el sentido común, que reproduce los intereses del mercado e influye en las elecciones de alimentos. La revista despierta interés precisamente porque se encuentra en la vasta lista de publicaciones populares brasileñas que se ocupan de la dieta y la salud. Uno de los procedimientos metodológicos utilizados ha sido la selección de las publicaciones de 2013 a 2016, correspondientes a 36 revistas que constituyeron el corpus de análisis. Para interpretar los aspectos simbólicos, socialmente construidos y expresados en el material seleccionado, se identificaron las características más llamativas y recurrentes en las portadas de las ediciones. Ha sido observado que la centralidad del discurso científico y biomédico tiene relación con la idea de influir en las prácticas de alimentación, enfatizando el riesgo de enfermarse.


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodicals as Topic , Food Consumption , Diet , Educational and Promotional Materials , Food , Address , Cultural Characteristics , Feeding Behavior , Meals , Healthy Lifestyle
4.
Univ. salud ; 22(1): 84-90, ene.-abr. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), COLNAL | ID: biblio-1094583

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La alimentación adecuada es fundamental para el desarrollo físico e intelectual pleno de los niños. Objetivo: Analizar el patrón de consumo de verduras en una población infantil de Pamplona, Colombia. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó una investigación cualitativa mediante la metodología de discusión grupo focal con la participación de madres de familia de un hogar infantil. La información fue analizada a través de la propuesta de Attride-Stirling. Resultados: Las participantes consideraron que el consumo de verduras es importante e influye positivamente en el estado de salud. El consumo es afectado por la baja cantidad y poca frecuencia de suministro, preferencias limitadas por algunas preparaciones, ejemplo inadecuado en padres de familia. La frecuencia de compra, el lugar, precio y características organolépticas, son factores que condicionan la compra de verduras en el hogar. Se mencionaron estrategias positivas y negativas para incentivar la ingesta en los niños. Conclusiones: Las madres tienen conocimientos asertivos sobre el consumo de verduras y su relación con la salud en los niños. La cantidad consumida es inadecuada puesto que difiere de las recomendaciones establecidas. Los elogios, animación y compañía de padres para incentivar su consumo son estrategias positivas, aunque utilizan el castigo y el premio.


Introduction: Adequate nutrition is fundamental for the physical and intellectual development of children. Objective: To analyze the vegetable consumption pattern of a child population in Pamplona (Colombia). Materials and methods: We conducted a qualitative research with mothers that used children's day care facilities applying the focus group discussion methodology. The information was analyzed with the Attride-Stirling tool. Results: Participating mothers considered that vegetable consumption is important and has a positive effect on children's health. A poor consumption is caused by low quantity and frequency of supply, limited preferences for some food preparations, and inadequate examples set by parents. The purchasing frequency, place, price and organoleptic characteristics of vegetables are important factors that limit their purchase at home. Some positive and negative strategies are suggested to encourage the ingestion of vegetables in children. Conclusions: Mothers have assertive knowledge about vegetable consumption and its relation to children's health. The level of vegetable consumption was low as it differs from the established recommendations. Praise, motivation and companionship of parents are positive strategies to encourage vegetable consumption, although some prefer punishment and reward.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Child , Vegetables , Health , Diet , Nutritional Sciences , Feeding Behavior
6.
Demetra (Rio J.) ; 15(1): e39761, jan.- mar.2020. tab, ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1117018

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar o consumo de frutas e hortaliças de acadêmicas do curso de graduação em Nutrição de uma universidade pública ao longo dos anos. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo transversal com 161 acadêmicas. Os dados foram coletados por meio de registros alimentares, de dois dias da semana e um dia de fim de semana nos anos 1999, 2004 e 2009. O consumo de frutas e hortaliças foi avaliado em gramatura. Resultados: Houve consumo significativamente menor de hortaliças nos fins de semana (30g; 35g; 44g) quando comparado aos dias de semana (49g; 49g; 75g) em todos os anos, porém não houve diferença significativa do consumo de frutas e hortaliças e no consumo dos 3 dias de registro ao longo do tempo. A prevalência de inadequação foi elevada em todos os anos, variando de 66% a 81,5%. O percentual do consumo médio de frutas nos dias de semana (78,5%; 76,8%; 73,1%) foi mais que o dobro do de hortaliças (21,5%; 23,2%; 26,8%) em 1999, 2004 e 2009, assim como nos fins de semana (82,9%; 79,4%; 81,5%) (17,1%; 20,6%; 18,5%), respectivamente. Conclusão: Faz-se necessário implementar intervenção dietética para aumentar o consumo de frutas e hortaliças em universitárias. (AU)


Objective: To evaluate fruits and vegetables consumption by undergraduate Nutrition students of a public university, over the years. Methods: It is a cross-sectional study with 161 academic students. Data were collected through food records of two weekdays and one weekend day, from the years of 1999, 2004 and 2009. Fruits and vegetables consumption were evaluated in terms of weight. Results: There was significantly less vegetables consumption on weekends (30g; 35g; 44g) when compared to weekdays (49g; 49g; 75g) in all years, but there was no significant difference in fruits and vegetables consumption and in the consumption of the 3 days of registration over time. The prevalence of inadequacy was high in all years, ranging from 66% to 81.5%. The percentage of fruit mean consumption on weekdays (78.5%; 76.8%; 73.1%) was more than twice that of vegetables (21.5%; 23.2%; 26.8% ) in 1999, 2004 and 2009, as well as on weekends (82.9%; 79.4%; 81.5%) (17.1%; 20.6%; 18.5%), respectively. Conclusion: It is necessary to implement dietary intervention to increase fruits and vegetables consumption of university students. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Students , Food Consumption , Feeding Behavior , Vegetables , Diet, Healthy , Fruit
7.
Demetra (Rio J.) ; 15(1): e40131, jan.- mar.2020. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1095756

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O comportamento alimentar é capaz de desenvolver proteção ou risco para distúrbios alimentares, obesidade e doenças crônicas. Objetivo: Investigar instrumentos recentes válidos para avaliar o comportamento alimentar de crianças e adolescentes. Métodos: Revisão bibliográfica, através de busca de artigos nas bases de dados eletrônicas Scielo, LILACS e PubMed, correspondente ao período de 2014 a 2018. Os descritores utilizados foram "instrumento validado", "instrumento comportamento alimentar adolescentes", "instrumento comportamento alimentar crianças", "instrument validation", "eating behavior children", "eating behavior adolescent". Resultados: Obtiveram-se 14 instrumentos, que são capazes de detectar: comportamento alimentar de indivíduos com doenças como diabetes, autismo, transtorno alimentar, obesidade; aspectos sociais, familiares e de cuidadores do comportamento alimentar; atitudes alimentares transtornadas; autorregulação e controle de peso. Conclusão: Há instrumentos passíveis de aplicação para a população de crianças e adolescentes brasileiros. Sugere-se que a identificação precoce das referidas condições irá permitir intervenções para minimizar os danos nessa população. (AU)


Introduction: Eating behavior enables protection or risk for eating disorders, obesity, and chronic diseases. Objective: To investigate current valid tools used to evaluate the eating behavior of children and adolescents. Methods: Bibliographic review of articles published from 2014 to 2018 in the electronic databases Scielo, LILACS, and Pubmed. The descriptors used were "instrumento validado", "instrumento comportamento alimentar adolescentes", "instrumento comportamento alimentar crianças", "instrument validation", "eating behavior children", "eating behavior adolescent". Results: A total of 14 tools was found, able to detect eating behavior of subjects with diseases such as diabetes, autism, eating disorder, obesity; social, family and caregiver aspects of food behavior; disordered eating attitudes; self-regulation and weight control. Conclusion: There are tools that can be applied to the Brazilian population of children and adolescents. We suggest that the early identification of these issues will enable interventions to minimize damages in this population. (AU)


Subject(s)
Feeding Behavior , Child Health , Adolescent Health , Diet, Food, and Nutrition
8.
Demetra (Rio J.) ; 15(1): e45855, jan.- mar.2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1099821

ABSTRACT

Introdução: As práticas alimentares dos indivíduos são influenciadas pelo ambiente em que eles estão inseridos. Estudantes universitários, ao ingressarem no ensino superior, podem modificar seus hábitos alimentares em função de novos comportamentos e relações sociais que se estabelecem nesta nova fase da vida. Objetivo: Avaliar as práticas alimentares de estudantes universitários ingressantes no 1º semestre dos cursos da área da saúde de uma instituição federal de ensino superior, de acordo com as recomendações do Guia Alimentar para a População Brasileira. Métodos: Estudo transversal com estudantes universitários dos cursos de graduação da área da saúde de uma instituição pública do ensino superior. As práticas alimentares foram obtidas através da escala desenvolvida e validada por Gabe e Jaime (2019). Foram avaliadas as características sociodemográficas, hábitos de vida e condições de saúde. A análise dos dados compreendeu distribuição de frequência e análise bivariada. Resultados: Foram entrevistados 148 estudantes, dos quais 58,1% eram mulheres, 61,5% tinham 20 anos ou menos, com idade variando de 18 a 31 anos. Práticas alimentares inadequadas foram observadas em 23,7% dos estudantes, 52,0% mostraram práticas de risco e 24,3%, adequadas. O somatório das categorias de risco e inadequação foi representado por 75,7% dos estudantes. Homens apresentaram maior frequência de práticas alimentares de risco (64,5%) e mulheres, maior frequência de práticas alimentares inadequadas (29,1%) (p=0,033). Conclusão: Observou-se alta frequência (75,7%) de práticas alimentares inadequadas no público estudado. Ao comparar as variáveis explicativas com as práticas alimentares, observou-se associação positiva entre o sexo e as práticas alimentares dos estudantes. (AU)


Introduction: Dietary practices are influenced by the environment. When entering higher education, university students may change their eating habits by developing new behaviors and social relationships in this new phase of life. Objective: To evaluate the dietary practices of first-semester university students enrolled health sciences courses at a federal institution of higher education, according to the recommendations of the Guia Alimentar para a População Brasileira [Dietary Guidelines for the Brazilian population]. Methods: Cross-sectional study with university students from health sciences courses of a public institution of higher education. Dietary practices were assessed using the scale developed and validated by Gabe and Jaime (2019). Sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyle and health status were assessed. Data analysis comprised frequency distribution and bivariate analysis. Results: In total, 148 students were interviewed, of whom 58.1% were women, and 61.5% were 20 years of age or younger, with ages ranging from 18 to 31 years. Inadequate dietary practices were observed in 23.7% students, 52.0% showed risky practices and 24.3% adequate practices. The sum of the risk and inadequacy categories was represented by 75.7% students. Men had a higher frequency of risky dietary practices (64.5%), and women had a higher frequency of inadequate dietary practices (29.1%) (p = 0.033). Conclusion: A high frequency (75.7%) of inadequate dietary practices was observed in the university students. The comparison between explanatory variables and dietary practices showed a positive association between the sex and dietary practices of the students. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Students, Health Occupations , Food Guide , Feeding Behavior , Anxiety , Universities , Student Health , Data Collection , Depression , Diet, Healthy
9.
Demetra (Rio J.) ; 15(1): e44161, jan.- mar.2020. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1099822

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: O presente estudo teve por objetivo elaborar e avaliar a validade e a reprodutibilidade de um questionário de frequência alimentar (QFA) para hipertensos e/ou diabéticos do município de Maceió-AL, Brasil. Métodos: O QFA foi elaborado a partir de 1.603 inquéritos dietéticos recordatórios de 24 h (IDR24H). Para avaliar a validade e a reprodutibilidade do QFA aplicaram-se, em uma amostra de 40 indivíduos, três QFAS e três IDR24H concomitantemente e com intervalo máximo de 45 dias entre as aplicações. A validade foi avaliada por meio dos coeficientes de correlação de Pearson (CCP) ou de Spearman (CCS) entre o QFA 1, 2 e 3, e a média dos 3IDR24H, adotando-se o IDR24H como padrão de referência; e a reprodutibilidade, por meio do coeficiente de correlação intraclasse (CCI) entre os QFAs. Resultados: Quanto à validade, os CCP ou CCS atingiram os valores recomendados entre 0,4 e 0,7 para energia, macronutrientes, cálcio e sódio para as aplicações 1 e 2 do QFA (validade satisfatória); e para os demais nutrientes, CCP < 0,4. Quanto à reprodutibilidade, todos os nutrientes estudados apresentaram CCI dentro dos valores recomendados, exceto potássio entre QFA1 e QFA3 (CCI = 0,28). Conclusão: O QFA elaborado e avaliado neste estudo constitui um bom instrumento de avaliação de consumo alimentar para avaliação de energia, macronutrientes, cálcio e sódio para hipertensos e/ou diabéticos, podendo fornecer informações importantes para estudos de epidemiologia nutricional neste público-alvo. (AU)


Objective: The aims of the current study are to develop and assess the validity and reproducibility of a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) focused on hypertensive and/or diabetic individuals living in Maceió City - AL, Brazil. Methods: The questionnaire was developed based on 1,603 twenty-four-hour recall dietary surveys (24-HDR). Three FFQs and three 24-HDRs were concomitantly applied to a sample of 40 individuals, at maximum interval of 45 days between applications, in order to assess FFQ validity and reproducibility. Validity assessment was based on Pearson's (PCC) or Spearman's (SCC) correlation coefficient between FFQs 1, 2, 3 and the mean of three 24-HDRs (the 24- HDR was used as reference standard). Reproducibility assessment was based on the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) among FFQs. Results: PCCs or SCCs recorded the recommended validity values (from 0.4 and 0.7) for energy, macronutrients, calcium and sodium in FFQs 1 and 2 (satisfactory validity), whereas other nutrients recorded PCC < 0.4. All investigated nutrients presented ICC within the recommended reproducibility values, except for potassium, which recorded ICC equal to 0.28 between FFQs 1 and 3. Conclusion: The FFQ developed and evaluated in the current study is a good food intake-evaluation instrument to assess energy, macronutrients, calcium and sodium in hypertensive and/or diabetic individuals, since it can provide important information for studies about nutritional epidemiology in this target population. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Surveys and Questionnaires , Diabetes Mellitus , Feeding Behavior , Hypertension , Diet, Diabetic , Diet , Dietary Approaches To Stop Hypertension
10.
Demetra (Rio J.) ; 15(1): e43552, jan.- mar.2020. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1099823

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Verificar os padrões alimentares e os fatores associados de mulheres em idade reprodutiva. Métodos: Trata-se de estudo transversal realizado com 322 mulheres de 12 a 49 anos, residentes em Vitória de Santo Antão, Zona da Mata de Pernambuco, através de busca ativa nos domicílios. Os setores censitários foram sorteados de forma aleatória simples, abrangendo as unidades de saúde pertencentes à Estratégia de Saúde da Família. A partir do Questionário de Frequência Alimentar, identificaram-se os padrões alimentares, categorizados em baixo consumo, 1º e 2º tercil, e alto consumo, tercil superior. As variáveis independentes analisadas foram as sociodemográficas, de estilo de vida e de saúde. Resultados: Do grupo estudado, 59,3% tinham entre 20 e 39 anos e 60,9% apresentavam excesso de peso. Verificaram-se três padrões alimentares: Saudável, Comum Típico Brasileiro e Fast-food. As mulheres com idade ≥ 40 anos consumiam aproximadamente três vezes mais alimentos do padrão Saudável, quando comparadas àquelas com idade ≤ 19 anos. Em contraste, aquelas com idade ≥ 40 anos apresentaram menor probabilidade de consumir alimentos do padrão Fast-food do que as mais jovens (≤ 19 anos). Verificou-se ainda que mulheres com escolaridade superior a oito anos tinham maior probabilidade de consumir alimentos do padrão Fast-food quando comparadas aquelas com ≤ 4 anos de estudo. Conclusões: As mulheres mais jovens e as de maior escolaridade apresentaram um consumo elevado do padrão alimentar Fast-food, em comparação às mais velhas e de menor escolaridade, respectivamente. (AU)


Objective: To analyze eating patterns and associated factors in women of reproductive age. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study conducted with 322 women aged 12 to 49 years old, residing in Vitória de Santo Antão, Pernambuco's Zona da Mata, Brazil, through active household survey. Census sectors were drawn in a simple and random manner, covering the health units belonging to the Family Health Strategy. The Eating Frequency Questionnaire allowed identifying eating patterns, categorized into low consumption, 1st and 2nd terciles, and high consumption, higher tercile. The independent variables analyzed were sociodemographic, lifestyle and health. Results: Within the studied group, 59.3% of the women were aged between 20 and 39 years old, and 60.9% had excessive weight. Three eating patterns were observed: Healthy, Brazilian-Typical Common, and Fast-Food. Women aged ≥ 40 years old consumed approximately three times more food of the Healthy pattern compared to those aged ≤ 19 years old. On the other hand, those aged ≥ 40 were less likely to consume foods of the Fast-Food pattern than the younger ones were (≤ 19 years old). Moreover, women with more than eight years of education were more likely to consume foods of the Fast-Food pattern compared to those with ≤ 4 years of education. Conclusions: Younger and better educated women presented a high consumption of foods characterizing the Fast-Food eating pattern compared to older and less educated ones, respectively. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Women's Health , Feeding Behavior , Nutritional Status , Whole Foods , Industrialized Foods
11.
Demetra (Rio J.) ; 15(1): e40566, jan.- mar.2020.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1099824

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Este estudo tem como objetivo investigar a atenção nutricional e as práticas alimentares, na perspectiva de gestantes com excesso de peso assistidas na Atenção Básica de Macaé, Rio de Janeiro. Métodos: Trata-se de pesquisa de abordagem qualitativa, fundamentada no paradigma interpretativista. Realizaram-se entrevistas em profundidade, cujos dados foram submetidos à análise de conteúdo temática adaptada de Bardin. Foram entrevistadas 12 gestantes com excesso de peso, maiores de 20 anos, residentes em Macaé-RJ. Resultados: O estudo verificou o estabelecimento de relações verticalizadas entre o profissional de saúde-usuário, descontinuidade do atendimento nutricional e a não adesão às orientações dietéticas por algumas participantes. Houve maior aceitação do ganho de peso gestacional excessivo e adoção de práticas alimentares ambíguas, permeadas tanto pelo consumo exagerado de alimentos quanto pela retirada de alimentos considerados "ruins e/ou besteiras". O discurso verticalizado do profissional de saúde, frequentemente autoritário, e a anulação da mulher enquanto sujeito ativo na construção do cuidado se manifestaram, de forma implícita, nas narrativas. Conclusão: A naturalização do excesso de peso gestacional, concepções construídas no imaginário social como o "comer por dois" e "desejos" durante a gestação, o conjunto das práticas alimentares nesse período e o suporte familiar constituem elementos relevantes a serem considerados pelas equipes de saúde para a organização da atenção nutricional. (AU)


Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate nutritional care and dietary practices, from the perspective of overweight pregnant women receiving primary health care in the town of Macaé, Rio de Janeiro state. Methods: This is a qualitative research study, based on the interpretive paradigm. In-depth interviews were conducted, and the data underwent thematic content analysis, adapted from Bardin. Twelve overweight pregnant women, over 20 years old, living in Macaé-RJ, were interviewed. Results: The study found the establishment of vertical relationships between the health workerpatient, discontinued nutritional care and non-adherence to dietary guidelines by some participants. There was greater acceptance of excessive gestational weight gain and the adoption of ambiguous eating practices, permeated both by the excessive intake of food and by the withdrawal of foods considered to be "bad and/or junk". The vertical discourse of health workers, which is often authoritarian, and the nullification of women as an active subject in the construction of care, were implicitly reported in the narratives. Conclusion: Naturalization of gestational excess weight, conceptions built in the social imaginary such as "eating for two" and "cravings" during pregnancy, the set of eating practices in this period and family support are relevant elements to be considered by health teams for the organization of nutritional care. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Prenatal Care , Prenatal Nutrition , Feeding Behavior , Food and Nutrition Education , Pregnant Women , Overweight
12.
Demetra (Rio J.) ; 15(1): e47361, jan.- mar.2020. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1099820

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A imagem corporal é um conceito multidimensional e dinâmico, segundo o qual as percepções são formadas com base em experiências, conceitos e comportamentos. Poucos estudos sobre satisfação corporal são realizados com universitários, sendo esse público sujeito a transtornos alimentares, considerando as particularidades desse período da vida. O objetivo deste estudo é avaliar a satisfação corporal e verificar sua associação com variáveis sociodemográficas, comportamentais e de saúde de estudantes universitários. Métodos: Estudo transversal realizado com 115 residentes na Casa de Estudantes Universitários, que responderam a um questionário autoaplicável. Sociodemográficas (idade, sexo, nacionalidade, região de origem, nível e área de atuação e escolaridade materna), comportamento (tabagismo, risco de consumo abusivo de álcool e nível de atividade física) e variáveis de saúde (diabetes mellitus, hipertensão, dislipidemia, depressão e / ou síndrome de pânico e estado nutricional). A análise descritiva dos dados foi realizada considerando um nível de significância de 95% (valor de p <0,05). Resultados: Os alunos apresentaram prevalência de 53,9% de satisfação com o próprio peso. Menos de 10% dos estudantes relataram ter diabetes mellitus, hipertensão arterial e dislipidemia. Treze por cento relataram sofrer de depressão e / ou síndrome de pânico. Pouco mais de um quarto dos estudantes eram fumantes, e essa proporção também ocorreu entre os estudantes que apresentaram risco de consumo prejudicial de bebidas alcoólicas. A prática de atividade física foi significativa entre os estudantes, uma vez que 45,5% eram ativos e 34,8% eram muito ativos. Em relação ao peso, 61,6% eram eutróficos e 53,9% estavam satisfeitos com o peso que possuíam. A insatisfação corporal foi significativamente associada a nacionalidade estrangeira e estado nutricional. Conclusão: As instituições de ensino superior precisam incluir o tema da satisfação corporal no cuidado de estudantes universitários, por meio de trabalho em equipe multidisciplinar, com o objetivo de desmistificar padrões estereotipados. (AU)


Introduction: Body image is a multidimensional and dynamic concept by which perceptions are formed based on experiences, concepts and behaviors. Few studies on body satisfaction are performed with university students, a public subject to eating disorders, considering the particularities of this period of life. This study aimed to evaluate body satisfaction and verify its association with sociodemographic, behavioral and health variables of university students. Methods: Cross-sectional study carried out with 115 residents of the University Student Houses, who answered a selfadministered questionnaire. Socio-demographic (age, gender, nationality, region of origin, level and course area and maternal education), behavior (smoking, risk of abusive consumption of alcohol and level of physical activity) and health variables (diabetes mellitus, hypertension, dyslipidemia, depression and/or panic syndrome and nutritional status) were analyzed. Descriptive data analysis was performed considering a significance level of 95% (p value < 0.05). Results: Students presented a 53.9% prevalence of satisfaction with their own weight. Less than 10% of students reported having diabetes mellitus, arterial hypertension and dyslipidemia. Thirteen percent reported suffering from depression and/or panic syndrome. Slightly more than a quarter of the students were smokers, and this proportion also occurred among those who presented a risk of harmful consumption of alcoholic beverages. The practice of physical activity was significant among students, since 45.5% were active and 34.8% were very active. Regarding weight, 61.6% were eutrophic and 53.9% were satisfied with their weight . Body dissatisfaction was significantly associated with foreign nationality and nutritional status. Conclusion: Therefore, higher education institutions need to include the topic of body satisfaction in the care of university students through multidisciplinary teamwork aiming to demystify stereotyped patterns. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Students , Body Image , Body Dissatisfaction , Universities , Student Health , Nutritional Status , Feeding Behavior
13.
Demetra (Rio J.) ; 15(1): e39689, jan.- mar.2020. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1097203

ABSTRACT

Inúmeros benefícios são atribuídos aos alimentos integrais, especialmente pela concentração de fibras nesses produtos. Sabe-se que biscoitos integrais compõem a dieta dos consumidores, sendo a rotulagem o principal meio de comunicação entre indústria produtora e consumidores, e que não existe legislação específica para essa categoria de alimentos. Assim, este trabalho objetivou verificar se as informações e/ou discursos nutricionais presentes nos rótulos de biscoitos integrais estão de acordo com a legislação geral de rotulagem, e também averiguar a percepção dos consumidores frente às alegações, bem como sua preferência e consumo desses produtos. O estudo foi realizado em três supermercados da cidade de Videira-SC e contemplou duas etapas: análise de rótulos por meio de check-list e aplicação de questionário com consumidores. Os resultados evidenciaram inadequações, destacando-se a utilização de informações não previstas em lei, que podem induzir o consumidor a erros. Quanto à percepção dos consumidores, estes majoritariamente acreditam que para um alimento ser considerado integral, deve conter no mínimo 50% dessa fonte de ingrediente, e os associam a benefícios à saúde. Verifica-se a necessidade de desenvolver ações que promovam educação nutricional, bem como rigidez, cumprimento das leis vigentes e novos planejamentos de normas técnicas específicas para alimentos integrais, a fim de estabelecer critérios quanto à determinação desse grupo de alimentos. (AU)


Countless benefits are attributed to whole grain foods, especially due to the concentration of dietary fiber in these products. It is widely known that whole grain cookies are part of the consumers' diet, that food labeling is the primary means of communication between producers and consumers, and that a relevant legislation for this class of food is required. Thus, the present study aimed to verify whether nutrition claims and/or terms displayed on the labels of whole grain cookies are in compliance with the applicable labeling legislation, and also to ascertain consumer's perception on these claims as well as their preference for and consumption of these products. The study was carried out in three supermarkets in the city of Videira-SC, split into two stages: label analysis through a checklist and administration of a questionnaire to consumers. Results showed non-compliances, especially the use of terms not foreseen by the law, which could mislead consumers. Regarding the perception of consumers, they mostly believe that a product may contain at least 50% of whole grains to be called a whole grain food, and associate them with health benefits. It is necessary to develop and promote nutrition education actions as well as constitutional rigidity and compliance with the applicable legislation, and new and relevant technical standards for whole grain foods in order to improve requirements for this class of food. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Food and Nutrition Education , Feeding Behavior , Food Labeling , Consumer Advocacy , Industrialized Foods , Legislation, Food
14.
Demetra (Rio J.) ; 15(1): e43568, jan.- mar.2020. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1096559

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Conhecer os determinantes das escolhas alimentares entre as beneficiárias do Programa Bolsa Família em um município do interior da Bahia. Métodos: Trata-se de estudo transversal, com abordagem quantitativa, realizado com mulheres adultas titulares do Programa. Foram realizadas entrevistas para a aplicação do questionário de marcadores de consumo alimentar, da ficha de cadastro e acompanhamento nutricional do Sistema de Vigilância Alimentar e Nutricional, e do questionário sobre motivo das escolhas alimentares. Resultados: : Foram avaliadas 40 mulheres, todas consideradas de baixa renda, pretas e pardas (90%), com idade entre 20 e 39 anos (57,5%) e escolaridade superior a quatro anos de estudos (62,5%). Observaram-se maior consumo de feijão, frutas e bebidas adoçadas, e baixa ingestão de verduras e alimentos ultraprocessados. Os motivos das escolhas alimentares com maior grau de importância foram o apelo sensorial, a saúde e o preço dos alimentos; aqueles com menor relevância foram conveniência e humor. Conclusão: Um conjunto de determinantes é responsável pelas escolhas alimentares: alguns relacionados ao alimento, outros vinculados ao indivíduo e aqueles ainda referentes aos aspectos sociais, culturais, éticos, entre outros. Assim, conhecer os principais determinantes torna-se essencial para a compreensão do consumo alimentar das beneficiárias do Bolsa Família e as repercussões sobre o estado nutricional, auxiliando nutricionistas, demais profissionais de saúde e gestores públicos na adoção de estratégias que promovam a Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional das famílias de baixa renda. (AU)


Objective: To know the determinants of food choices among the beneficiaries of the Bolsa Família Program in a city in the State of Bahia. Methods: This is a crosssectional study with a quantitative approach, conducted with adult women who were beneficiaries of the Program. Interviews were conducted by the application of dietary intake markers questionnaire, the registration form, and the nutritional monitoring of Food and Nutrition Surveillance System, and the questionnaire exploring the reason for food choices. Results: fourty women participated in the study, all of them were considered to be low income, 90% were black and brown 57.5% aged 20 to 39 years old, and 62.5% had more than four years of education. Higher consumption of beans, fruits and sweetened beverages and low intake of vegetables and ultraprocessed foods were observed. The most important food choices reasons were sensory appeal, health and food prices; the least relevant were convenience and mood.Conclusion: A set of determinants is responsible for food choices: some related to food, others are individual-related, and still are related to social, cultural, and ethical factors, among others. Hence, it is fundamental to know the main determinants in order to understand the food consumption of Bolsa Família beneficiaries and the impacts on nutritional status, helping nutritionists, health professionals, and public managers when it comes to adopting strategies that promote Food and Nutrition Security of low income families. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Poverty , Feeding Behavior , Food Preferences , Nutrition Programs and Policies , Food Consumption , Vulnerable Populations , Food and Nutrition Security
15.
Demetra (Rio J.) ; 15(1): e42744, jan.- mar.2020.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1096022

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar conteúdos de alimentação e nutrição nos livros didáticos de Ciências do 5º, 6º e 7° anos do ensino fundamental da rede pública. Método: Foram avaliados 100% dos exemplares (n=39) aprovados nos Guias dos Livros de Ciências do Programa Nacional do Livro Didático de 2016 e 2017. Identificou-se presença ou ausência de oito temas nos livros: Alimentação e desenvolvimento; Hábitos alimentares e influências culturais e sociais; Alimentação, nutrição e saúde; Sistemas alimentares; Rotulagem nutricional; Higiene, conservação e preparo dos alimentos; Mídia e saúde; e Alimentação escolar. Analisou-se a qualidade de textos e imagens por parâmetros como adequação à série, clareza, desenvolvimento e contextualização e/ou grau de relação textual e imagética e nível de atualização. Por meio de pontos atribuídos, os conteúdos foram categorizados em fraco, regular, bom ou excelente. Resultados: A maioria dos livros obteve pouca abordagem alimentar e nutricional. O tema "Alimentação e desenvolvimento" esteve em apenas 55,4% dos livros do quinto ano, não sendo aprofundado posteriormente. Alguns temas apresentaram textos classificados como regulares ou bons. Nenhum texto foi considerado fraco. Notou-se frequente abordagem sobre pirâmides alimentares. Verificou-se ausência e/ou falta de desenvolvimento quanto à higienização dos alimentos. Todos os exemplares apresentaram textos e imagens adequados à série. Conclusão: "Mídia e saúde", "Alimentação escolar", "Alimentação, nutrição e saúde" e "Rotulagem nutricional" são temas pouco presentes nos livros, mas quando abordados, tiveram classificação excelente. Os demais temas, apesar de frequentes, precisam de aprimoramentos na qualidade da abordagem. (AU)


Objective: The food and nutrition content was analyze in science textbooks used the fifth, sixth, and seventh grades in Brazilian public elementary schools. Methods: We evaluated 100% of the texts (n = 39) approved by the Science Book Guides of the National Textbook Program for 2016 and 2017. The presence or absence of eight themes was identified in the books: Food and development; Eating habits and cultural and social influences; Food, nutrition, and health; Food systems; Nutritional labeling; Hygiene, conservation, and preparation of food; Media and health; and School feeding. The quality of texts and images was analyzed by parameters such as suitability for the grade; clarity; development and contextualization; and/or degree of relationship between text and illustration; and level of updating. Through points assigned, the contents were categorized as weak, fair, good, or excellent. Results: Most of the books contained little dietary and nutritional approach. The theme "Food and development" was in only 55.4% of books in the fifth year and not further explored later. Some themes presented texts classified as regular or good. No text was considered weak. A frequent approach to food pyramids was noted. Food hygiene was absence or poorly development. All copies presented texts and illustration suitable for the series. Conclusion: "Media and health", "School feeding", "Food, nutrition, and health" and "Nutritional labeling" are themes that are not often present in the books, but when addressed, they received an excellent rating. The other themes, although frequent, need improvements in the quality of the approach. (AU)


Subject(s)
Teaching Materials , Food and Nutrition Education , Education, Primary and Secondary , Feeding Behavior , Diet, Food, and Nutrition
16.
Demetra (Rio J.) ; 15(1): e39761, jan.- mar.2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1095648

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Descrever o processo de construção de um QFA quantitativo segundo a classificação de alimentos NOVA, para avaliação do consumo habitual de escolares de 9-10 anos de idade. Métodos: Trata-se de estudo metodológico realizado com alunos de uma escola municipal de ensino básico. A lista de alimentos que integra o QFA foi construída a partir da aplicação do recordatório de 24 horas, em triplicata, em dias alternados da semana. Foram incluídos os alimentos que respondiam pelo fornecimento de 95% de energia, carboidratos, proteínas, lipídeos e fibras ingeridos pelos entrevistados. Após a definição dos itens alimentares, estes foram agrupados de acordo com a classificação de alimentos NOVA. Resultados: Elaborou-se lista com 81 itens alimentares, na qual arroz, carne bovina e de frango foram os alimentos mais representativos entre os alimentos in natura ou minimamente processados. Os pães (francês e caseiro de diversos tipos) se destacaram entre os alimentos processados. Já as bebidas açucaradas (refrigerante e sucos em pó) foram os mais referidos entre os alimentos ultraprocessados. Conclusão: O QFA levou em consideração os hábitos alimentares da população-alvo, uma vez que a lista de itens alimentares apresentada corresponde aos alimentos habitualmente ingeridos e responsáveis por 95% do consumo de energia, macronutrientes e fibras. (AU)


Objective: To describe the development of a quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) according to the NOVA food classification that evaluates the eating habits of 9 and 10-year-old schoolchildren. Methods: This was a methodological study carried out with primary education students at a municipal school. The food list integrating the FFQ was compiled from the application of 24-hour dietary recalls in triplicate on every other day of the week. Foods providing 95% of the energy, carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and fibers ingested by the respondents were included in the list. Once the food items were identified, they were grouped according to the NOVA food classification. Results: A list of 81 food items was elaborated. Rice, beef, and chicken were the most represented of the fresh and minimally processed foods. Bread (French and various types of homemade bread) stood out among processed foods. Sugary drinks (soft drinks and powdered juices) were the most frequently mentioned ultra-processed foods. Conclusion: The FFQ took into consideration the habits of the target population, as the list of food items reflected foods commonly eaten and responsible for 95% of the energy, macronutrients, and fiber consumption. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Food Consumption , Surveys and Questionnaires/standards , Feeding Behavior , School Feeding/standards , Nutritional Sciences/methods , Child Nutrition
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-811255

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study identified the relationship between dietary habits and health-related behaviors depending on the Big Five personality factors (extraversion, openness, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism).METHODS: The NEO-II test was administered to 337 male and female college students in Seongnam City, Gyeonggi Province, and their dietary habits and health-related behaviors were surveyed.RESULTS: The male participants showed higher scores for extraversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness compared to that of their female counterparts, while the female participants showed higher scores for neuroticism. As for the results of multivariate logistic regression analysis, in the case of men, higher scores for extraversion were related to a lower intake of instant/fast foods and a higher intake of vegetables; higher agreeableness scores were related to a lower intake of fruit; and higher neuroticism scores were related to a heavy intake of high-cholesterol foods. It was found that higher openness scores were associated with a higher intake of burnt fish/meat and a lower intake of animal fat, while higher agreeableness scores were related to a lower intake of burnt fish/meat in women. Also, those subjects with higher openness and agreeableness scores were found to better consider the nutritional balance when having a meal. In the case of the male participants, higher openness scores were related to increased physical activity, while higher neuroticism scores were related to increased smoking and a lack of sleep. As for the women, those with higher extraversion scores smoked more, while those who recorded higher agreeableness scores were involved in more physical activities.CONCLUSION: Differences were observed in dietary habits and health-related behaviors between men and women depending on personality factors, and the analysis results of some dietary habits according to personality factors were inconsistent with those of the overseas studies. Therefore, to provide customized nutritional counseling when considering each individual's personality factors, more research results from domestic samples should be collected and accumulated.


Subject(s)
Animals , Counseling , Extraversion, Psychological , Female , Feeding Behavior , Fruit , Health Behavior , Humans , Logistic Models , Male , Meals , Motor Activity , Smoke , Smoking , Vegetables
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-811250

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study evaluated the effects of nutrition management application in a mobile device on obesity management of patients with breast cancer.METHODS: Fifty subjects, who were breast cancer survivors, aged 30 years and older, participated in an obesity management program for four weeks. They were divided randomly into two groups: a control group (n = 25) and a treatment group (n = 25). The treatment group was provided an application for nutrition management and diet consultant, while the control group maintained their ordinary life without any nutrition management.RESULTS: The weight of the treatment group decreased by 0.8 kg, but the change was not significant. In contrast, the waist-hip ratio of the treatment group decreased significantly from 0.75 to 0.71 (p = 0.012). The Nutrition Quotients of the treatment group increased significantly from 61.3 to 69.6 points (p < 0.001), whereas that of the control group decreased significantly from 61.5 to 59.0 (p = 0.002).CONCLUSION: This mobile nutrition management application for breast cancer patients is effective in managing obesity and dietary habits. These results can be used as basic information to prepare an obesity management program for breast cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Consultants , Diet , Diet Therapy , Feeding Behavior , Humans , Mobile Applications , Obesity , Survivors , Waist-Hip Ratio
19.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782258

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine differences in weight control practices, beliefs, self-efficacy, and eating behaviors of weight class athletes according to weight control level.SUBJECTS/METHODS: Subjects were weight class athletes from colleges in Gyeong-gi Province. Subjects (n = 182) responded to a questionnaire assessing study variables by self-report, and data on 151 athletes were used for statistical analysis. Subjects were categorized into High vs. Normal Weight Loss (HWL, NWL) groups depending on weight control level. Data were analyzed using t-test, ANCOVA, χ²-test, and multiple logistic regressions.RESULTS: Seventy-three percent of subjects were in the HWL group. The two groups showed significant differences in weight control practices such as frequency (P < 0.01), duration and magnitude of weight loss, methods, and satisfaction with weight control (P < 0.001). Multiple logistic regression showed that self-efficacy (OR: 0.846, 95% CI: 0.730, 0.980), eating behaviors during training period (OR: 1.285, 95% CI: 1.112, 1.485), and eating behaviors during the weight control period (OR: 0.731, 95% CI: 0.620, 0.863) were associated with weight control level. Compared to NWL athletes, HWL athletes agreed more strongly on the disadvantages of rapid weight loss (P < 0.05 – P < 0.01), perceived less confidence in controlling overeating after matches (P < 0.001), and making weight within their weight class (P < 0.05). HWL athletes showed more inappropriate eating behaviors than NWL athletes, especially during the weight control period (P < 0.05 – P < 0.001).CONCLUSIONS: Self-efficacy was lower and eating behaviors during pre-competition period were more inadequate in HWL athletes. Education programs should include strategies to help athletes apply appropriate methods for weight control, increase self-efficacy, and adopt desirable eating behaviors.


Subject(s)
Athletes , Eating , Education , Feeding Behavior , Humans , Hyperphagia , Logistic Models , Weight Loss
20.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782255

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the relationship among emotional eating behavior, tendency to eat palatable foods, and several risk factors.SUBJECTS/METHODS: This study was carried out on 2,434 persons (1,736 women and 698 men) aged between 19 and 64 years. A questionnaire form was used as a data collection tool, which consisted of items for the socio-demographic characteristics, anthropometric measurements, Emotional Appetite Questionnaire (EMAQ), and the Palatable Eating Motives Scale (PEMS).RESULTS: A positive significant correlation was observed between the BMI groups and the negative emotions, negative situations, and negative total scores of EMAQ (P < 0.01). The regression results on negative subscales showed that a one unit increase in BMI resulted in a 0.293 unit increase in negative situations scores, a 0.626 unit increase in negative emotions scores, and a 0.919 unit increase in negative total EMAQ scores. When the BMI groups and PEMS subscale scores were examined, a significant relationship was found in the social motives, rewarding, and conformity subscales (P < 0.01). A one unit increase in BMI increased the coping motives scores by 0.077 units.CONCLUSIONS: The emotional states have a significant effect on the eating behavior. On the other hand, an increase in eating attacks was observed, particularly in people who were under the effect of a negative emotion or situation. Nevertheless, there were some limitations of the study in terms of quantitative determination of the effects of this eating behavior depending on the BMI.


Subject(s)
Adult , Appetite , Data Collection , Eating , Feeding Behavior , Female , Hand , Humans , Reward , Risk Factors
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