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1.
Rev. bras. psiquiatr ; 41(2): 179-187, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-990819

ABSTRACT

Objective: To synthesize the risk of eating disorder (ED) symptoms in Brazilian university students through a systematic review and meta-analysis. Secondary goals were to analyze whether any specific majors were related to higher ED risk and whether any regions of Brazil had higher proportions of college students at risk of ED. Methods: The procedures followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) guidelines, and a search was conducted in three electronic databases (MEDLINE, LILACS, and SciELO). Results: Thirty-three studies were included in the analysis, of which 14 were included in the meta-analysis. All included studies used self-report questionnaires, the most frequent of which was the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26). None of the studies used a structured interview to diagnose ED. A meta-analysis of studies with a cutoff ≥ 20 for the EAT-26 (n=5) found 14.9% (95%CI 12.8-17.2%) positive screenings, while those with a cutoff of t ≥ 21 (n=9) found 13.3% (95%CI 11.3-15.6%) positive screenings. There was a significantly higher proportion of positive screenings among nutrition majors than all other majors combined (26.5 and 20.5%, respectively). Conclusion: Nutrition students seem to be at higher risk of ED. Further research should investigate whether positive screenings translate to actual ED diagnoses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Students/statistics & numerical data , Feeding and Eating Disorders/epidemiology , Universities , Brazil/epidemiology , Risk Factors
2.
Rev. paul. pediatr ; 36(1): 45-51, jan.-mar. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-902889

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Identificar a prevalência de dificuldade alimentar (DA) em pré-escolares, sua associação com fatores epidemiológicos e práticas alimentares pregressas, bem como sua repercussão sobre o estado nutricional. Métodos: Estudo transversal com aplicação de questionário às mães de 301 crianças de dois a seis anos de creches públicas e privadas em Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, em 2014 e 2015. Identificou-se DA segundo critérios de Kerzner, incluindo os perfis de "ingestão altamente seletiva", "criança agitada com baixo apetite", "fobia alimentar" e "criança com distúrbio psicológico ou negligenciada". As variáveis de associação analisadas por regressão logística foram: tempo de aleitamento materno, idade de introdução de leite de vaca e da alimentação complementar, faixa etária, renda familiar, tipo de escola, perfil das mães (responsivas ou não responsivas) e índice de massa corpórea (IMC). Resultados: DA foi encontrada em 37,2% dos casos analisados, com predomínio de "ingestão altamente seletiva" (25,4%). Não houve associação entre DA e práticas alimentares na fase de lactente, renda familiar e tipo de escola. Não houve diferença entre as médias de escore Z IMC para os grupos com e sem DA (1,0±1,5DP e 1,1±1,4DP, respectivamente). A faixa etária de cinco a seis anos apresentou maior ocorrência de DA (OR 1,8; IC95% 1,1-2,9) e filhos de mães com perfil responsivo tiveram menores chances de apresentar DAs (OR 0,4; IC95% 0,2-0,8). Conclusões: DA foi de alta prevalência. Não houve repercussão sobre o estado nutricional nem associação às práticas alimentares pregressas. O perfil responsivo das mães é fator protetor para as DAs e reforça a importância da natureza comportamental e da interação mãe-filho.


ABSTRACT Objective: To identify the prevalence of feeding difficulties in preschoolers, its association with epidemiological factors and previous eating habits, and repercussion on nutritional status. Methods: Cross-sectional study with a questionnaire given to the mothers of 301 children aged 2-6 years enrolled in public and private kindergartens in Natal, Northeast Brazil, conducted in 2014-2015. Feeding difficulty was assessed according to Kerzner's criteria, resulting in the profiles "highly selective intake", "active child with small appetite", "fear of feeding", and "child with psychological disorder or neglected". Association with the following independent variables was analyzed by logistic regression: breastfeeding time, age of cows' milk and complementary feeding introduction, age range, family income, type of school, mothers' profile (responsive or nonresponsive), and body mass index (BMI). Results: Feeding difficulty was found in 37.2% of cases, with predominance of "highly selective intake" (25.4%). It was not associated with infancy feeding practices, family income or type of school. There were no differences between the BMI Z score means for the groups with and without feeding difficulty (1.0±1.5 SD and 1.1±1.4 SD, respectively). The five-to-six age range had more occurrences (OR 1.8; 95%CI 1.1-2.9). Children of responsive mothers were less likely to have feeding difficulties (OR 0.4; 95%CI 0.2-0.8). Conclusions: Feeding difficulties were very frequent. Nutritional status was not impacted by it, and infancy eating habits were not associated with it. Responsive mothers' profile is a protective factor against eating difficulties and reinforces the importance of behavioral factors and mother-child interaction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Feeding and Eating Disorders/epidemiology , Nutritional Status , Feeding Behavior , Cross-Sectional Studies
3.
Rev. cuba. salud pública ; 43(4): 551-561, oct.-dic. 2017. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-901548

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los trastornos de la conducta alimentaria afectan con mayor frecuencia a jóvenes, y pueden llegar a tener importantes consecuencias en su salud mental y física. Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de probable diagnóstico de trastornos de conducta alimentaria en estudiantes de medicina y sus factores asociados. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo transversal realizado en estudiantes de medicina del primer año de una universidad de Lima, Perú. Se aplicó un cuestionario virtual para recolectar los datos de interés. Aquellos con un puntaje ≥20 en elEatingAttitudes Test-26, se consideronconprobable diagnóstico de trastornos de conducta alimentaria.Para evaluar los factores se calcularon razones de prevalencia y intervalos de confianza al 95% usando regresiones de Poissoncrudas con varianza robusta. Resultados: Del total de 440 estudiantes de primer año, 375 (85,2 por ciento) completaron la encuesta. La prevalencia de probable diagnóstico de trastornos de conducta alimentaria fue de 10,1 por ciento (11,3 en mujeres y 8,6 en varones).Los factores asociados a esta variable fueron: rechazo escolar por trastornos nutricionales, rechazo laboral por la delgadez, rechazo social cercano por la imagen corporal, influencia familiar sobre la imagen corporal, influencia de la imagen corporal de modelos de pasarela e influencia de los anuncios televisivos de productos para adelgazar. Los dos últimos con los mayores valores de la razón de prevalencias. Conclusiones: Aproximadamente uno de cada diez estudiantes presentaprobable diagnóstico de trastornos de conducta alimentaria que se asocian con factores familiares, sociales,laborales y otros relacionados con los medios de comunicación(AU)


Introduction: Eating disorders affect mostly young persons, and may have important consequences on their mental and physical health. Objectives: To determine the probable diagnosis of eating disorders in medical students and to evaluate their associated factors. Methods: Descriptive and cross-sectional study performed in first-year medical students of a private university in Lima, Peru. An electronic survey was administrated to collect data of interest. Those students with a score ≥20 in the Eating Attitudes Test-26 were considered to have probable diagnosis of eating disorders. For assessment of associated factors, we calculated prevalence ratios and 95 percent confidence intervals using Poisson crude regressions with robust variance. Results: Of 440 first-year medical students, 375 (85.2 percent) completed our survey. The prevalence of probable diagnosis of eating disorders in the study population was 10.1 percent (11.3for females and 8.6for males). Associated factors to this variable were: school rejection due to nutritional disorders, job rejection due to thinness, social rejection of body image, family influence on body image, influence of fashion show models' body image and influence of TV advertisement of slimming products. The two latter reached the highest prevalence ratio values. Conclusions: Around one in ten students has a probable diagnosis of eating disorders associated with family, social, work and mass media-related factors(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Anorexia Nervosa/diagnosis , Anorexia Nervosa/epidemiology , Anorexia Nervosa/etiology , Bulimia Nervosa/diagnosis , Bulimia Nervosa/epidemiology , Bulimia Nervosa/etiology , Feeding and Eating Disorders/epidemiology , Students, Medical/psychology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Peru
4.
Rev. bras. psiquiatr ; 39(3): 237-243, July-Sept. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-899366

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the frequency of weight control behaviors (WCBs) and their correlation with body mass index (BMI) and weight-based self-evaluation. Methods: Data were collected by the Brazilian Internet Study on Temperament and Psychopathology (BRAINSTEP) from 27,501 volunteers (30.4% men, mean age 28.9±8.7 years). Results: The most prevalent WCBs for men and women were exhaustive physical exercise and prolonged fasting, respectively. Frequent exhaustive physical exercise was the only behavior more often adopted by men. BMI was positively associated with WCBs, which were very frequent in obese subjects. About 15% of normal-weight women reported using diuretics and laxatives, and 12.2% reported vomiting as a WCB at least occasionally. Among subjects who regarded body weight highly in their self-evaluation, there was a strong positive association with all WCBs, at similar degrees, in both genders. Compared to those who never base their intrinsic personal value on body weight, those who frequently base intrinsic value on body weight were at 25-30 times higher risk of inducing vomiting. Conclusion: The prevalence of participants adopting WCBs was high, especially in women and obese subjects. Weight-based self-evaluation was more strongly associated with WCBs than BMI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Body Image/psychology , Health Behavior , Feeding and Eating Disorders/epidemiology , Body Mass Index , Diagnostic Self Evaluation , Brazil/epidemiology , Exercise/psychology , Feeding and Eating Disorders/psychology , Sex Factors , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Fasting/psychology , Body Weight Maintenance
5.
Rev. AMRIGS ; 61(1): 35-39, jan.-mar. 2017. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-849162

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Verificar a prevalência de sintomas para Transtornos Alimentares (TA) em escolares de 11 a 15 anos da rede municipal de ensino da cidade de Nova Petrópolis, RS. Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo transversal com 323 escolares (população na faixa etária). Para avaliação dos sintomas para TA, utilizou-se o teste de atitudes alimentares (EAT 26). Resultados: A prevalência de sintomas para TA foi de 21,7%. A insatisfação com a imagem corporal foi de 79,3%. Os escolares insatisfeitos apresentaram quase o triplo de chances de estarem com os sintomas em relação aos satisfeitos. Conclusões: As prevalências de sintomas para TA e a insatisfação com a imagem corporal da população estudada encontram-se elevadas e devem ser motivo de preocupação dos profissionais de saúde (AU)


Aim: To determine the prevalence of symptoms for Eating Disorders (ED) in schoolchildren aged 11 to 15 years of the municipal school system of the city of Nova Petrópolis, RS. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 323 schoolchildren (population in the age group). To evaluate for ED symptoms, the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT 26) was used. Results: The prevalence of symptoms for ED was 21.7%. Dissatisfaction with body image was 79.3%. The dissatisfied schoolchildren were nearly three times more likely to have symptoms than satisfied ones. Conclusions: The prevalence of symptoms for BP and the dissatisfaction with body image in the studied population are high and should be a matter of concern to health professionals (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Feeding and Eating Disorders/epidemiology , Body Image , Brazil/epidemiology , Bullying , Cross-Sectional Studies , Feeding and Eating Disorders/diagnosis
6.
Belo Horizonte; s.n; 2016. 111 p. ilus.
Thesis in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BBO | ID: biblio-915617

ABSTRACT

Os distúrbios alimentares possuem uma etiologia multifatorial, composta de predisposições socioculturais, genéticas e vulnerabilidades biológicas e psicológicas. Entre os fatores predisponentes, destacam-se os padrões de interação presentes no ambiente familiar e o contexto sociocultural, caracterizado pela extrema valorização do corpo. A presença de algumas condições bucais, como o desgaste dentário erosivo e a cárie dentária, pode estar relacionada à ocorrência de distúrbios alimentares, como a bulimia nervosa (BN). Pesquisas sobre fatores de risco favorecem a análise oportuna de possíveis sinais e sintomas e, consequentemente, o estabelecimento de condutas preventivas. Este trabalho objetivou comparar a ocorrência do desgaste dentário erosivo e da cárie dentária em adolescentes com e sem comportamento de risco para BN, e investigar a influência de hábitos alimentares e de higiene bucal na ocorrência de desgaste dentário erosivo e da cárie dentária. Aprovação ética e termos de consentimento foram obtidos. A amostra foi composta por 225 escolares do sexo feminino, na faixa etária de 15 a 18 anos, oriundas de escolas das redes pública e particular de ensino de Belo Horizonte, no sudeste do Brasil. O comportamento de risco para BN foi avaliado segundo as subescalas de sintomas e gravidade dos sintomas da versão brasileira do Teste de Investigação Bulímica de Edinburgh (BITE) sendo categorizado em: hábito alimentar normal, comportamento de risco clinicamente significante e grave comportamento de risco. Os hábitos alimentares e de higiene bucal foram avaliados através de questionários autoaplicáveis. O desgaste dentário erosivo e a cárie dentária foram avaliados através dos índices de O'Sullivan e ICDAS II, respectivamente, por uma examinadora previamente calibrada (Kappa intra-examinador: 0,90 e 0,81; Kappa inter-examinadores: 0,88 e 0,83, referentes à erosão e à cárie dentária). Os dados foram analisados de forma descritiva e inferencial, através do software SPSS 18.0 (p<0,05). Através do modelo de regressão logística constatou-se que o grave comportamento de risco para a BN foi associado com o desgaste dentário erosivo (OR = 8,31; IC 95% = 3,91-16,91), e com adolescentes provenientes de escolas privadas (OR = 3,11 IC 95% = 1,44-6,45), mas não com a cárie dentária (OR = 1,13, IC 95% = 0,72-1,73). O comportamento de risco clinicamente significante para bulimia não foi associado às condições bucais avaliadas (p>0,05). Com relação aos hábitos alimentares, o desgaste dentário erosivo foi associado ao consumo diário de frutas cítricas (p<0,009) e refrigerantes com açúcar (p<0,046), enquanto a cárie dentária foi associada ao consumo diário de biscoitos recheados (p<0,049). O hábito de escovar os dentes imediatamente após as refeições foi estatisticamente associado à ocorrência de desgaste dentário erosivo no grupo com grave comportamento de risco para BN (p=0,047). O comportamento de risco para BN, caracterizado como clinicamente significante, não foi associado com implicações dentárias, mas o grave comportamento de risco para BN foi associado com a ocorrência de desgaste dentário erosivo. Hábitos alimentares e de higiene bucal foram associados à presença de desgaste dentário erosivo e cárie dentária


Eating disorders have a multifactorial etiology, composed of sociocultural and genetic predispositions as well as biological and psychological vulnerabilities. Among the predisposing factors, it is important to highlight the interaction patterns present in the family environment and the sociocultural context characterized by the overvaluation of the body and beauty standards. The presence of some dental implications such as erosive tooth wear and dental caries may be related to the occurrence of eating disorders such as bulimia nervosa (BN). Research on eating disorders' risk factors favors the timely analysis of possible signs and symptoms and, consequently, the establishment of preventive measures. This study aimed to compare the occurrence of erosive tooth wear and dental caries in adolescents with and without risk factor for BN, and investigate the influence of dietary habits and oral hygiene practices with the occurrence of erosive tooth wear and dental caries. Ethical approval and written consent forms were obtained. The sample consisted of female students, aged 15-18 years, from private and public schools in Belo Horizonte, southeastern Brazil. Risk behavior for BN was evaluated according to the subscales of symptoms and severity of the Brazilian version of the Bulimic Investigatory Test of Edinburgh (BITE) and classified in normal eaten behavior, clinically significant bulimic risk behavior and severe bulimic risk behavior. Eating habits and oral hygiene practices were assessed using validated self-report questionnaires. Erosive tooth wear and dental caries were evaluated by the O'Sullivan index and the ICDAS-II index, respectively, by a previously calibrated examiner (intraexaminer Kappa: 0.90 and 0.81, Kappa inter-examiner: 0.88 and 0.83, related to tooth erosion and dental caries). The data were analyzed descriptively and inferentially, using SPSS 18.0 software (p <0.05). Through the logistic regression model it was found that the severe risk behavior for BN was associated with erosive tooth wear (OR = 8.31; 95% CI = 3.91-16.91), and adolescents from private schools (OR = 3.11 95% CI = 1.44- 6.45), but not with dental caries (OR = 1.13, 95% CI = 0.72-1.73). The clinically significant risk behavior for BN was not associated with the assessed oral conditions (p> 0.05). With regard to eating habits, erosive tooth wear was associated with daily consumption of citric fruits (p<0.009), and soft drinks with sugar (p<0.046), while dental caries was associated with the daily consumption of cream biscuits (p<0.049). The habit of brushing the teeth shortly after eating was statistically associated with the occurrence of erosive tooth wear in the group with severe risk behavior for BN (p = 0.047). The risk behavior for BN, classified as clinically significant, was not associated with dental implications, but the severe risk behavior for BN was associated with the occurrence of erosive tooth wear. Dietary and oral hygiene habits were associated with the presence of erosive tooth wear and dental caries.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Bulimia Nervosa/complications , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Feeding and Eating Disorders/complications , Feeding and Eating Disorders/epidemiology , Feeding Behavior/ethnology , Oral Hygiene/adverse effects , Tooth Wear/epidemiology , Adolescent , Risk-Taking
7.
Rev. Hosp. Clin. Univ. Chile ; 27(1): 12-20, 2016. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-908176

ABSTRACT

Introduction: eating disorders(ED)are chronic mental illnesses, highly prevalent within adolescent population, affecting women more than men. Generally, ED are triggered by an unsatisfactory self body-image, which relates to several socio-cultural factors. Objective: To study the prevalence of the risk of developing ED within Chilean high school students, and to evaluate its relation with sex and the school gender composition (SGC): single-sex or coeducational. Method: A transversal-analytic study was performed using three Santiago public high schools: female-exclusive, male-exclusive and coeducational. The Eating Attitudes Test-40 was applied, considering a 30-point score to define qualitatively the risk condition. Results: The sample included 415 students, 52 percent women, with a mean age of 15,9 years (range 14 to 18). The global prevalence of risk for ED was 14,9 percent. The risk condition was significantly higher in women (25,2 percent) than men (4 percent). No differences were found when comparing the prevalence of risk according to the type of school. Discussion: The higher risk for ED among women respect to men was confirmed, and the SGC has no influence on this risk.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adolescent , Feeding and Eating Disorders/epidemiology , Feeding and Eating Disorders/psychology , Sex Factors , Students , Chile , Cross-Sectional Studies , Feeding Behavior , Risk Assessment , Sex Distribution
8.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 113(6): 519-525, dic. 2015. ilus, tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BINACIS | ID: biblio-838139

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Los trastornos de conducta alimentaria (TCA) son un problema de salud pública y su relación con los medios de comunicación es aún controversial. Objetivo. Evaluar si existe asociación entre los modelos de imagen corporal mostrados por los medios de comunicación y el riesgo de TCA en adolescentes escolares mujeres de Lima, Perú. Metodología. Estudio transversal realizado en tres centros educativos del distrito de La Victoria, Lima, Perú. Se midió el riesgo de TCA con la prueba de actitud alimentaria (Eating Attitudes Test-26; EAT-26, por sus siglas en inglés) y la influencia de los medios de comunicación con el cuestionario sobre actitudes socioculturales con respecto a la apariencia (Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-3; SATAQ-3, por sus siglas en inglés), categorizada en terciles tanto en el puntaje global como en sus subescalas (acceso a la información, presión, internalización general y atlética). Se calcularon las razones de prevalencia ajustadas (RPa) para TCA. Resultados. Se incluyeron483 escolares con edad mediana de 14 ? 3 años. El 13,9% presentó riesgo de padecer TCA. Las escolares que presentan mayor influencia de los medios de comunicación (tercil superior del SATAQ-3) tienen mayor probabilidad de tener un riesgo de TCA (RPa: 4,24; IC 95%: 2,10-8,56), así como quienes tienen mayor acceso a la información (RP: 1,89; IC 95%: 1,09-3,25), mayor presión (RP: 4,97; IC 95%: 2,3110,69), las que presentaron mayor internalización general (RP: 5,00; IC 95%: 2,39-10,43) y las que mostraron mayor grado de internalización atlética (RP: 4,35; IC 95%: 2,19-8,66). Conclusión. A mayor influencia de los medios de comunicación, existe una mayor probabilidad de riesgo de padecer TCA en escolares mujeres en Lima, Perú.


Introduction. Eating dis orders (EDs) are a public health problem, and their relationship to mass media is still controversial. Objective. To assess whether there is an association between models of body image shown in mass media and the risk of developing EDs among female adolescent students from Lima, Peru. Methodology. Cross-sectional study conducted in three schools located in the district of La Victoria, Lima, Peru. The risk of developing EDs was measured using the Eating Attitudes Test-26 (EAT-26), while mass media influence was measured using the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-3 (SATAQ-3), which was categorized into tertiles both in the overall score and its subscales (information, pressure, general internalization, and athletic internalization). Adjusted prevalence ratios (aPR) for EDs were estimated. Results. Four hundred and eighty-three students were included, their median age was 14 ? 3 years old. A risk of developing an ED was observed in 13.9% of them. Students who are more influenced by mass media (upper tertile of the SATAQ-3) have a higher probability of having a risk of developingan ED (aPR: 4.24; 95% confidence interval --CI--: 2.10-8.56), as well as those who have a greater access to information (PR: 1.89; 95% CI: 1.09-3.25), suffer more pressure (PR: 4.97; 95% CI: 2.31-10.69), show a greater general internalization (PR: 5.00; 95% CI: 2.39-10.43), and show a greater level of athletic internalization (PR: 4.35; 95% CI: 2.19-8-66). Conclusion.The greater the influence of mass media, the greater the probability of having a risk of developing an ED among female students from Lima, Peru.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Peru/epidemiology , Students , Feeding and Eating Disorders/psychology , Feeding and Eating Disorders/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Mass Media
9.
Ciênc. saúde coletiva ; 20(5): 1435-1447, 05/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-747211

ABSTRACT

The present study aimed to evaluate the transactional patterns in families of women with EDs, through the use of the Genogram. The study included 12 girls and women linked to a multidisciplinary service. For the preparation of Genograms, a semistructured interview script was built that included specific topics regarding family relationships. Genograms´ analysis followed the recommendations professed by the specialized literature. It was evident that families presented few skills in managing stressful events and resolving conflicts, resulting in emotional distance between members and vulnerability of bonds. The Genogram was proved useful as a resource for research and evaluation in the area of EDs, and the generated data was convergent with the literature. Results provide important subsidies for health professionals, since they indicate the need for care and development of therapeutic alliance with the family in the treatment for EDs.


O presente estudo teve por objetivo avaliar os padrões transacionais em famílias de mulheres com transtornos alimentares (TA), por meio da utilização do Genograma. Participaram do estudo 12 mulheres jovens e adultas vinculadas a um serviço multidisciplinar. Para a elaboração dos Genogramas foi construído um roteiro de entrevista semiestruturada que incluía temas específicos a respeito das relações familiares. A análise dos Genogramas seguiu as recomendações preconizadas pela literatura especializada. Evidenciou-se que as famílias apresentavam poucas habilidades no manejo de eventos estressantes e na resolução de conflitos, resultando em distanciamento emocional entre os membros e vulnerabilidade dos vínculos. O Genograma se mostrou útil como recurso de pesquisa e avaliação na área dos TA, e os dados gerados foram convergentes com a literatura da área. Os resultados fornecem subsídios importantes para a assistência à saúde, pois indicam a necessidade de acolhimento e formação de aliança terapêutica com a família no tratamento dos TA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Family Relations , Feeding and Eating Disorders/epidemiology , Family Relations/psychology , Feeding and Eating Disorders/diagnosis , Feeding and Eating Disorders/psychology , Qualitative Research
10.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 85(6): 731-739, dic. 2014.
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-734816

ABSTRACT

Background: There is conclusive evidence about the influence of mothers with eating disorders (ED) on their children. Objective: To describe different aspects about mothers with ED and its implications in the feeding, growing and development in their children. Method: A review of specialized textbooks and the available literature in PubMed was made. Results: Mothers with previous or present ED show restrictive eating patterns, a deficient affective bond with their own mothers, exhibit more psychiatric comorbidities, mainly depression and anxiety; in addition, feelings of guilt and shame, early cessation of breastfeeding, high control of food consumption of their children, and/or pressure them to eat, irregular mealtimes, unbalanced and monotonous meals, proneness to slimness, a critical attitude about the body shape of their daughters. Breastfeeding implies a critical period for the irruption or relapse of an ED due to the adjustment to the characteristic body shape changes during pregnancy. Conclusions: There is a particular relationship between a maternal ED and its occurrence in their children, and it can be considered a risk factor for its development.


Antecedentes: Existe concluyente evidencia de la influencia de madres con trastornos de la conducta alimentaria (TCA) en sus hijas (os). Objetivo: Analizar descriptivamente los diversos aspectos de madres con historia de TCA y sus implicancias en la nutrición, crecimiento y desarrollo de sus hijas (os). Método: Se efectuó una revisión de la literatura disponible en PubMed y textos de consulta especializados. Resultados: Las madres con TCA previo o actual muestran patrones alimentarios restrictivos, un vínculo afectivo deficitario con sus propias madres, exhiben más comorbilidades psiquiátricas, principalmente depresión y ansiedad; además sentimientos de culpa y vergüenza, cese precoz de la lactancia, elevado control del consumo de alimentos de sus hijas (os) y/o presión para comer, horarios irregulares de comidas, dieta desequilibrada y monótona, preferencia por la delgadez y actitud crítica sobre la silueta corporal de sus hijas (os). La lactancia representa un período crítico para la irrupción o recaída de un TCA por la adaptación que implican los cambios característicos de su figura corporal durante el embarazo. Conclusiones: Existe una particular relación entre la presencia de un TCA materno y su ocurrencia en hijas (os), considerándose un factor de riesgo para su desarrollo.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Feeding Behavior/psychology , Feeding and Eating Disorders/epidemiology , Mother-Child Relations , Anxiety/epidemiology , Depression/epidemiology , Feeding and Eating Disorders/psychology , Guilt , Maternal Behavior/psychology , Mothers/psychology , Shame
11.
Rev. gaúch. enferm ; 35(2): 73-78, 06/2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: lil-716378

ABSTRACT

The object of this study was aimed at identifying factors associated with the risk of eating disorders in undergraduate students in the area of Health Sciences. It is a cross-sectional, quantitative and descriptive study carried out in Montes Claros, MG (Brazil), from August to October 2012. The profile of the university students was identified and the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) applied. 200, students aged 23.4 ± 6.13 years participated in the study, 76.5% of them females. A frequency of 4.0% of the students were at high risk of developing eating disorders, 21.0% at low risk and 75.0% had no risk factors. Various inadequate self-perceptions of the body, dietary practice, missed breakfasts and snacking during intervals were associated with factors for eating disorder risk (p<0.05). For students with inadequate nutritional status, 34.4% were at risk of an eating disorder (p=0,004). The high risk of developing eating disorders among students in a nutritionally deficient condition indicates that they should receive preventive dietary advice.


El objetivo de este estudio fue identificar los factores asociados con el riesgo de trastornos de la alimentación entre los estudiantes del área de la salud. Se trata de un estudio transversal, cuantitativo y descriptivo en Montes Claros, Minas Gerais (Brasil), en el período de agosto a octubre de 2012. El perfil de la universidad se identificó y aplicó el Test de Actitudes Alimentarias (EAT -26). En el estudio participaron 200 estudiantes universitarios de entre 23,4 ± 6,13 años, el 76,5% son mujeres. Se observó que 4,0% tenían un alto riesgo de desarrollar trastornos de la alimentación, el 21,0% de bajo riesgo y el 75,0% no mostró ningún riesgo. La percepción del cuerpo inadecuada, práctica de dieta, la falta de desayuno y refrigerios durante los descansos se asociaron con el riesgo de trastorno alimentario (p <0,05). La prevalencia de factores de riesgo para los trastornos de la alimentación fue de 34,4% en la universidad que tenía un estado nutricional inadecuado (p = 0,004). El alto riesgo de desarrollar trastornos de la alimentación entre los estudiantes en mal estado nutricional indica que ellos deben recibir orientación sobre la nutrición preventiva.


O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar fatores associados ao risco de transtornos alimentares entre acadêmicos da área de saúde. Trata-se de um estudo transversal, quantitativo e descritivo, realizado em Montes Claros, MG, Brasil, no período de agosto a outubro de 2012. Foi identificado o perfil dos universitários e aplicado o Teste de Atitudes Alimentares (EAT-26). Participaram 200 universitários com idade de 23,4 ± 6,13 anos, sendo 76,5% do sexo feminino. Observou-se que 4,0% apresentaram alto risco de desenvolverem transtornos alimentares, 21,0% baixo risco e 75,0% não apresentaram risco. As variáveis "percepção do corpo inadequada", "prática de dieta", "ausência do café da manhã" e "lanches nos intervalos" foram associadas com fatores de risco de transtorno alimentar (p<0,05). A prevalência de fatores de risco para transtorno alimentar foi de 34,4% nos universitários que apresentaram o estado nutricional inadequado (p=0,004). O alto risco de desenvolvimento de transtornos alimentares entre estudantes em condição nutricional deficiente indica que os mesmos deveriam receber aconselhamento nutricional preventivo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Feeding and Eating Disorders/epidemiology , Students, Health Occupations , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors
12.
Rev. paul. pediatr ; 32(1): 85-91, Jan-Mar/2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-704756

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the inappropriate eating behaviors (IEB) of female adolescents over a one-year period. Methods: 290 adolescents aged between 11 and 14 years old participated in the three research stages (T1: first four months, T2: second four months and T3: third four months). The Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) was applied to assess the IEB. Weight and height were measured to calculate body mass index (BMI) in the three study periods. Analysis of variance for repeated measures was used to analyze the data, adjusted for the scores of the Body Shape Questionnaire and the Brazil Economic Classification Criteria. Results: Girls at T1 showed a higher frequency of IEB compared to T2 (p=0.001) and T3 (p=0.001). The findings also indicated higher values for BMI in T3 in relation to T1 (p=0.04). The other comparisons did not show statistically significant differences. Conclusions: IEB scores of female adolescents declined over one year. .


Objetivo: Evaluar los comportamientos alimentares inadecuados (CAI) de adolescentes del sexo femenino a lo largo de un año. Métodos: Participaron de las tres etapas (T1: primer cuadrimestre; T2: segundo cuadrimestre y T3: tercero cuadrimestre) de la investigación 290 jóvenes de 11 a 14 años. Se utilizó el Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) para evaluar los CAI. Peso y estatura fueron verificados para calcular el índice de masa corporal (IMC) en las tres etapas. Los escores del Body Shape Questionnaire y de los Criterios de Clasificación Económica Brasil fueron controlados en los análisis estadísticos. Se utilizó ANOVA de medidas repetidas para analizar los datos. Resultados : Se evidenció que, en T1, las muchachas demostraron mayor frecuencia de CAI cuando comparadas a T2 (p=0,001) y T3 (p=0,001). Además, los hallazgos indicaron mayor valor para el IMC en T3 respecto a T1 (p=0,04). Las demás comparaciones respecto a la etapa de la investigación no mostraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas. Conclusiones : Se concluyó que los escores de CAI de adolescentes del sexo femenino se redujeron en el periodo de un año. .


Objetivo: Avaliar os comportamentos alimentares inadequados (CAI) de adolescentes do sexo feminino ao longo de um ano. Métodos: Participaram das três etapas (T1: primeiro quadrimestre, T2: segundo quadrimestre e T3: terceiro quadrimestre) da pesquisa 290 jovens de 11 a 14 anos. Utilizou-se o Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) para avaliar os CAI. Peso e estatura foram aferidos para calcular o índice de massa corpórea (IMC) nas três etapas. Os escores do Body Shape Questionnaire e dos Critérios de Classificação Econômica Brasil foram controlados nas análises estatísticas. Utilizou-se a ANOVA de medidas repetidas para analisar os dados. Resultados: Evidenciou-se que, em T1, as meninas demonstraram maior frequência de CAI quando comparadas a T2 (p=0,001) e T3 (p=0,001). Além disso, os achados indicaram maior valor para o IMC em T3 em relação a T1 (p=0,04). As demais comparações em razão da etapa da investigação não apontaram diferenças estatisticamente significativas. Conclusões : Concluiu-se que os escores de CAI de adolescentes do sexo feminino diminuiram no decorrer de um ano. .


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Female , Humans , Feeding and Eating Disorders/epidemiology , Feeding Behavior , Longitudinal Studies , Risk Factors , Time Factors
13.
Rev. bras. psiquiatr ; 35(3): 237-242, Jul-Sep/2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-687948

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify disordered eating behaviors and body image dissatisfaction, as well as their relationship to body fat (BF), among male athletes in high risk sports for eating disorders. Methods: One hundred and fifty-six male athletes were divided into the following categories: weight-class sports, sports where leanness improves performance, and sports with aesthetic ideals. BF was assessed and three questionnaires were used: the Eating Attitudes Test; the Bulimic Investigatory Test, Edinburgh; the Body Shape Questionnaire. Results: Disordered eating behaviors and body image dissatisfaction were found in 43 (27.6%) and 23 athletes (14.7%), respectively, and an association was detected between the two variables (p < 0.001). Athletes with and without disordered eating behaviors did not differ in %BF (11.0±5.2% and 9.8±4.0%, respectively; p = 0.106). However, athletes with body image dissatisfaction had higher %BF than those who were satisfied (12.6±5.9% and 9.7±3.9%, respectively; p = 0.034). There were no differences in BF, frequency of disordered eating behaviors, and body image dissatisfaction between sports categories. Conclusion: Nearly one-quarter of athletes showed disordered eating behaviors, which was associated with body image dissatisfaction. Athletes with higher %BF were more likely to be dissatisfied with body image. There was no difference in eating behavior and body image between athletes from different sports categories. .


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Athletes/psychology , Body Dysmorphic Disorders/epidemiology , Body Image/psychology , Feeding and Eating Disorders/epidemiology , Athletes/statistics & numerical data , Body Height , Body Mass Index , Body Weight , Body Dysmorphic Disorders/psychology , Brazil/epidemiology , Feeding and Eating Disorders/psychology , Personal Satisfaction , Risk Factors , Self Concept , Surveys and Questionnaires
14.
Cad. saúde pública ; 29(5): 879-888, Mai. 2013. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-676023

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the socioeconomic and nutritional factors associated with disordered eating among Brazilian female college students (n = 2,489). Prevalence ratios of risk factors were calculated using Poisson regression models with robust variance based on responses to selected questions from the Eating Attitude Test and Disordered Eating Attitude Scale. It was found that 40.7% of students were dieting, 35.6% were using diet or compensatory methods, 23.9% skipping meals, 12.6% not eating or just drinking liquids, and 3.3%, vomiting to lose weight. A positive association was found between not eating or just drinking liquids and skipping meals and nutritional status after adjustment for age and region. A positive association was found between compensatory methods and dieting and education level of the head of the family. Disordered eating behaviors were frequent, and not eating and skipping meals were more prevalent among overweight/obese students; compensatory methods and dieting were less prevalent among students from families whose head had up to only four years of education. Prevention strategies and food education are necessary in order to decrease the prevalence of these behaviors.


O estudo investigou fatores socioeconômicos e nutricionais associados ao comer transtornado em universitárias brasileiras (n = 2.489). Modelos de regressão de Poisson com variância robusta estimaram razões de prevalência de fatores associados ao comer transtornado - avaliado por questões do Teste de Atitudes Alimentares e da Disordered Eating Attitude Scale. Encontrou-se que 40,7% faziam regime para emagrecer; 35,6% usavam dieta ou métodos compensatórios; 23,9% pulavam refeições e 12,6% ficavam à base de líquidos ou sem comer para emagrecer; e 3,3% vomitavam. Ajustado por idade e região, ficar sem comer ou só com líquidos e pular refeições associaram-se positivamente ao estado nutricional. Compensação e regimes associaram-se positivamente à escolaridade do chefe de família. O comer transtornado foi frequente, sendo que ficar sem comer e pular refeições foram mais prevalentes naquelas com sobrepeso/obesidade; e compensação e regimes menos prevalentes naquelas com chefes de família com menor escolaridade. Estratégias de prevenção e educação alimentar são necessárias para diminuir a frequência destes comportamentos.


El estudio investigó factores socioeconómicos y nutricionales asociados a la alteración del orden de las comidas en universitarias brasileñas (n = 2.489). Modelos de regresión de Poisson con variancia robusta estimaron razones de prevalencia de factores asociados a comer trastornado -evaluado por preguntas del Test de Actitudes Alimentarias y la Disordered Eating Attitude Scale. Se halló que un 40,7% hacían régimen para adelgazar; un 35,6% seguían una dieta o métodos compensatorios; un 23,9% se saltaban comidas y un 12,6% comían a base de líquidos o se quedaban sin comer para adelgazar; y un 3,3% vomitaban. Ajustado por edad y región, quedarse sin comer o sólo con líquidos y saltarse comidas se asoció positivamente con el estado nutricional. Compensación y régimen se asociaron positivamente con la escolaridad del jefe de familia. Comer trastornado fue frecuente, siendo que quedarse sin comer y saltarse comidas fueron más prevalentes en aquellas con sobrepeso/obesidad; y compensación y régimen menos prevalentes en aquellas con jefes de familia con menor escolaridad. Las estrategias de prevención y educación alimentaria son necesarias para disminuir la frecuencia de estos comportamientos.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Feeding and Eating Disorders/epidemiology , Feeding Behavior , Nutritional Status , Brazil/epidemiology , Feeding and Eating Disorders/classification , Overweight , Obesity/complications , Poisson Distribution , Socioeconomic Factors , Students , Surveys and Questionnaires
15.
Ciênc. saúde coletiva ; 18(4): 1109-1118, Abr. 2013. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-674784

ABSTRACT

Este artigo tem por objetivo, estimar a prevalência de transtornos alimentares em trabalhadores residentes em área urbana de Feira de Santana, Bahia. Trata-se de estudo epidemiológico de corte transversal exploratório, incluindo 1.273 trabalhadores, aleatoriamente selecionados. Características sociodemográficas e do trabalho, hábitos de vida, aspectos psicossociais do trabalho e transtornos alimentares foram investigados. Foi predominante o sexo feminino (60,2%), os mais jovens (51,7% tinham até 35 anos), casados (53,1%), de cor parda (55,2%), com ensino médio (51,5%) e com baixa renda (81,2%). As prevalências de Transtorno da Compulsão Alimentar Periódica e Bulimia Nervosa foram, respectivamente, 4,3% e 1,0%. As prevalências foram mais elevadas entre os que apresentaram consumo abusivo de álcool, insatisfação com o peso, história de agressão na infância, problema financeiro/preocupações, pertenciam aos setores de serviços domésticos e comércio, os que tinham vínculo informal de trabalho e os que estavam no grupo de trabalho de alta exigência. Além de investigar a relação entre os transtornos alimentares e o trabalho, obteve-se dados sobre esses transtornos em estudo de base populacional. Espera-se que os achados obtidos possam fomentar políticas de saúde para os transtornos alimentares.


This article seeks to estimate the prevalence of eating disorders among workers living in urban areas of Feira de Santana, Bahia. It involves an epidemiologic, descriptive and exploratory cross-sectional study of 1,273 randomly selected workers. Socio-demographic and work characteristics, lifestyle, psychosocial aspects at work and eating behavior were investigated. Females were predominant (60.2%), the youngest 51.7% were up to 35 years old, married (53.1%), Afro-Brazilian descent (55.2%), with high school education (51.5%) and with low incomes (81.2%). The prevalence of Binge Eating Disorder and Bulimia Nervosa were, respectively, 4.3% and 1%. The prevalence of these disorders was higher among workers who indulged in excessive alcohol consumption, were dissatisfied with their personal appearance and weight, reported violence in childhood and had financial problems or related worries. Also included were those involved in house care services and commerce, who had informal work arrangements or were in highly demanding work environments. Besides investigating the relation between eating disorders and work, data was provided about these disorders in a population-based study. It is hoped that this study may encourage investments in health policies for these disorders.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Feeding and Eating Disorders/epidemiology , Occupational Health , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prevalence , Urban Health
16.
Rev. paul. pediatr ; 31(1): 96-103, mar. 2013. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-671665

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Discutir os transtornos alimentares em crianças e adolescentes quanto às suas características e fatores de risco. FONTES DE DADOS: A pesquisa de artigos foi realizada nas bases de dados PubMed e SciELO pela combinação dos termos 'crianças', 'adolescentes', 'comportamento alimentar', 'transtorno alimentar', 'bulimia' e 'anorexia', nos idiomas português e inglês. Foram considerados os artigos publicados entre 2007 e 2011, sendo selecionados 49 que analisaram o desenvolvimento do comportamento alimentar e de seus transtornos, a anorexia e a bulimia nervosa e os transtornos alimentares não especificados. SÍNTESE DOS DADOS: Os transtornos alimentares, em especial os não especificados, mostraram-se comuns na infância e na adolescência. Sua presença foi atribuída principalmente ao ambiente familiar e à exposição aos meios de comunicação. As comorbidades psicológicas muitas vezes acompanhavam o diagnóstico do transtorno. CONCLUSÕES: Dentre os fatores de risco para os transtornos alimentares, destacaram-se a mídia e os ambientes social e familiar. A influência da mídia e do ambiente social foi associada, principalmente, ao culto à magreza. Já no âmbito familiar, o momento das refeições mostrou-se fundamental na determinação do comportamento alimentar e no desenvolvimento de seus transtornos. Os transtornos alimentares se associaram a problemas nutricionais (déficit no crescimento e ganho de peso), à saúde bucal (queilose, erosão dental, periodontites e hipertrofia das glândulas salivares) e aos prejuízos sociais.


OBJECTIVE: To discuss eating disorders in children and adolescents regarding their characteristics and risk factors. DATA SOURCES: Articles were searched in the PubMed and ScieLO databases, combining the terms 'children', 'adolescents', 'eating behavior', 'eating disorder', 'bulimia', and 'anorexia', both in Portuguese and in English. Studies published between 2007 and 2011 were retrieved and 49 articles that assessed eating behavior and disorders, nervous anorexia and bulimia, and non-specific eating disorders were selected. DATA SYNTHESIS: Eating disorders, especially non-specific ones, were common during childhood and adolescence. The presence of such disorders was attributed mainly to family environment and exposure to the media. Eating disorders were frequently followed by psychological comorbidities. CONCLUSIONS: Among the risk factors for eating disorders, social and family environment and the media were the most important ones. The influence of the media and social environment has been related to the worship of thinness. As to family environment, mealtimes appeared to be fundamental in shaping eating behavior and the development of disorders. Eating disorders were associated with nutritional problems (growing impairment and weight gain), oral health (cheilitis, dental erosion, periodontitis, and hypertrophy of salivary glands), and social prejudice.


OBJETIVO: Discutir los trastornos alimentares en niños y adolescentes respecto a sus características y factores de riesgo. FUENTES DE DATOS: La investigación de artículos se realizó en las bases de datos PubMed y SciELO por la combinación de los términos "niños", "adolescentes", "comportamiento alimentar", "trastorno alimentar", "bulimia" y "anorexia", en los idiomas portugués e inglés. Se consideraron los artículos publicados entre 2007 y 2011, siendo seleccionados 49 que analizaron el desarrollo del comportamiento alimentar y de sus trastornos, la anorexia y la bulimia nerviosa y los trastornos alimentares no especificados. SÍNTESIS DE LOS DATOS: Los trastornos alimentares, en especial los no especificados, se mostraron comunes en la infancia y en la adolescencia. Su presencia fue asignada principalmente al ambiente familiar y a la exposición a los medios de comunicación. Las comorbilidades psicológicas muchas veces acompañan el diagnóstico del trastorno. CONCLUSIONES: Entre los factores de riesgo para los trastornos alimentares, se destacan los medios y los ambientes social y familiar. La influencia de los medios y del ambiente social fue asociada, principalmente, al culto a la delgadez. En el ámbito familiar, a su vez, el momento de la comida se mostró fundamental en la determinación del comportamiento alimentar y en el desarrollo de sus trastornos. Los trastornos alimentares se asociaron a problemas nutricionales (déficit en el crecimiento y ganancia de peso), a la salud oral (queilosis, erosión dental, periodontitis e hipertrofia de las glándulas salivares) y a los perjuicios sociales.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Humans , Feeding and Eating Disorders/epidemiology , Anorexia Nervosa/epidemiology , Bulimia Nervosa/epidemiology , Risk Factors
17.
Cad. saúde pública ; 29(1): 29-39, Jan. 2013. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-662840

ABSTRACT

Los objetivos de este trabajo fueron explorar: (1) la asociación entre medio ambiente social a niveles municipal y familiar, y conductas alimentarias de riesgo, en mujeres adolescentes; y (2) la interacción entre medio ambiente social y cultural e índice de masa corporal (IMC). La información se obtuvo de una encuesta representativa de las estudiantes de preparatoria en el Estado de México, México (15-19 años). Se aplicó un cuestionario para conductas alimentarias de riesgo y datos sociodemográficos. Se evaluó el medio ambiente social y cultural municipal mediante el índice de marginación del municipio. El análisis se hizo mediante regresión multinivel. La prevalencia de conductas alimentarias de riesgo fue 4,23%. El IMC y el nivel socioeconómico familiar se asociaron directamente con conductas alimentarias de riesgo. El índice de marginación municipal no se asoció con conductas alimentarias de riesgo. Esto puede deberse a que no se midieron los componentes relevantes del medio ambiente social y cultural, o a que el nivel municipal no ejerza un efecto contextual sobre conductas alimentarias de riesgo. El efecto del IMC sobre conductas alimentarias de riesgo fue mayor en municipios más marginados.


The objectives of the current study were to explore: (1) the association between the social environment at the city and family levels and risky eating behaviors in adolescent females and (2) the interaction between the social and cultural environment and body mass index (BMI). The data were obtained from a representative survey of female high school students in Mexico State , Mexico (15-19 years). A questionnaire was applied on risky eating behaviors and socio-demographic data. The municipal social and cultural environment was evaluated using the municipal marginalization index. Data analysis used multivariate regression. Prevalence of risky eating behaviors was 4.23%. BMI and family socioeconomic status were directly associated with risky eating behaviors. The municipal marginalization index was not associated with risky eating behaviors. Possible explanations for the latter are that the relevant components of the social and cultural environment were not measured, or that the municipal level does not exert a contextual effect on risky eating behaviors. The effect of BMI on risky eating behaviors was greater in more marginalized municipalities.


Os objetivos deste trabalho foram: (1) explorar a associação entre ambiente social, no nível municipal e familiar, e hábitos alimentares de risco em mulheres adolescentes; e (2) explorar a interação entre ambiente social e cultural e o índice de massa corporal (IMC). Os dados foram conseguidos através de uma pesquisa representativa entre estudantes do segundo grau no Estado de México, México (15-19 anos). Foi aplicado um questionário sobre hábitos alimentares de risco e dados sociodemográficos. O ambiente social e cultural municipal foi avaliado pelo índice de marginalização do município. A análise utilizou o modelo de regressão multinível. A prevalência de hábitos alimentares de risco foi de 4,23%. O IMC e o nível socioeconômico familiar foram diretamente associados a hábitos alimentares de risco. O índice de marginalização municipal não foi associado a hábitos alimentares de risco. Isso pode ser devido ao fato que não foram medidos os componentes relevantes do ambiente social e cultural, ou ao fato que o nível municipal não exerce um efeito contextual sobre hábitos alimentares de risco. O efeito do IMC sobre hábitos alimentares de risco foi maior nos municípios mais marginalizados.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Feeding and Eating Disorders/epidemiology , Feeding Behavior , Social Environment , Body Image , Body Mass Index , Local Government , Mexico/epidemiology , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Socioeconomic Factors , Surveys and Questionnaires
18.
Trends psychiatry psychother. (Impr.) ; 35(2): 111-118, 2013. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-683358

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To examine psychosocial functioning in eating disorder (ED) patients with restrictive and purgative subtypes. METHOD: Forty-four adult female patients with a diagnosis of ED were divided into restrictive (RP) and purgative (PP) groups according the presence of purgative symptoms. Functioning was assessed using the Functioning Assessment Short Test (FAST) and the Global Assessment of Functioning Scale (GAF). RESULTS: No differences were found in total FAST scores or in specific domains between the RP (39.58±11.92) and PP (45.75±11.75) groups (p = 0.19). However, PP showed more severe functional impairment than RP in the financial domain (p < 0.01). There were no differences in comorbidity with mood disorders, depressive symptoms, or general psychiatric symptoms between the two ED subtypes. CONCLUSIONS: The similarities found between PP and PR in overall functioning and in autonomy, cognition, work, interpersonal relationships, and leisure seem to reflect the use of an objective scale that corresponds to the clinical impression. In fact, the assessment of psychosocial functioning in ED patients using self-report instruments requires careful consideration because results may reflect the egosyntonic nature of symptoms commonly observed in these patients, particularly in the restrictive subtype


OBJETIVO: Avaliar o funcionamento psicossocial de pacientes com subtipos restritivo e purgativo de transtorno alimentar (TA). MÉTODOS: Quarenta e quatro pacientes adultas com TA foram divididas em grupos restritivo (RP) e purgativo (PP) conforme a presença de sintomas purgativos. O funcionamento foi avaliado com a Functioning Assessment Short Test (FAST) e a Global Assessment of Functioning Scale (GAF). RESULTADOS: Não houve diferenças nos escores totais nem nos domínios da FAST entre os grupos RP (39,58±11,92) e PP (45,75±11,75) (p = 0,19). No entanto, o grupo PP demonstrou maior prejuízo funcional no domínio finanças (p < 0,01). RP e PP foram semelhantes em comorbidade com transtornos de humor, sintomas depressivos e sintomas psiquiátricos em geral. CONCLUSÕES: As semelhanças encontradas entre os grupos PP e RP no funcionamento geral e nos domínios autonomia, cognição, trabalho, relacionamentos interpessoais e lazer parecem refletir o uso de uma escala objetiva que corresponde à impressão clínica. De fato, é necessário cautela ao avaliar funcionamento psicossocial em pacientes com TA com escalas autoaplicáveis, porque estas costumam refletir a natureza egossintônica dos sintomas comumente observados nesses pacientes, especialmente no subtipo restritivo


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Feeding and Eating Disorders/psychology , Feeding and Eating Disorders/epidemiology , Anorexia Nervosa , Risk Factors , Bulimia Nervosa
19.
Trends psychiatry psychother. (Impr.) ; 35(3): 221-228, 2013. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-686125

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To investigate the sociodemographic and clinical profile of patients receiving treatment at a specialized service for children and adolescents with eating disorders (ED) in São Paulo, Brazil, and to compare data with the relevant literature. Methods: This cross-sectional study assessed male and female patients with ED up to 18 years of age. All data were collected upon admission. Results: A total of 100 subjects were assessed. Mean age was 15.41±0.18 years, and mean age at ED onset was 13.5±0.19 years. Mean disease duration was 21.06 ±1.67 months. Of the total sample, 82% of the patients were female, 84% were Caucasian, 64% came from A and B economic tiers. Moreover, in 60% ED started at 14 years of age or less, and 74% had psychiatric comorbidities. Anorexia nervosa was the most prevalent diagnosis (43%). Hospitalized patients had lower body mass index, longer ED duration, and more severe scores on the Children's Global Assessment Scale than outpatients (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Our young Brazilian patients with ED present epidemiological and symptomatic characteristics very similar to those found in the scientific literature, including a high prevalence of psychiatric comorbidities. The higher frequency of full syndrome ED, the predominance of cases with an early onset, the delay in beginning specialized treatment, and the more severe state of inpatients provide grounds for concern because these factors differ from what has been reported in reference studies and indicate greater ED severity.


Objetivos: Investigar o perfil sociodemográfico e clínico de pacientes de um serviço especializado no tratamento de crianças e adolescentes com transtornos alimentares (TA) em São Paulo, Brasil, e comparar os dados com a literatura científica relevante. Métodos: Este estudo transversal avaliou pacientes com diagnóstico de TA de ambos os sexos, com idade até 18 anos. Os dados foram coletados na admissão dos pacientes ao serviço. Resultados: A amostra foi composta por 100 sujeitos. A idade média foi de 15,41±0,18 anos, e a média de idade ao início dos TA foi de 13,5±0,19 anos. O tempo médio de duração da doença foi de 21,06±1,67 meses. Da amostra total, 82% dos pacientes eram meninas, 84% eram brancos, 64% provinham das classes econômicas A e B. Além disso, 60% iniciaram a patologia com 14 anos ou menos e 74% tinham comorbidades psiquiátricas. A forma total da anorexia nervosa foi o diagnóstico mais prevalente (43%). Os pacientes hospitalizados tiveram menor índice de massa corporal, mais tempo de TA e escores mais graves na Escala de Avaliação Global de Crianças quando comparados com pacientes do ambulatório (p < 0,05). Conclusões: Os pacientes brasileiros jovens com TA avaliados no presente estudo apresentaram características epidemiológicas e sintomatológicas muito semelhantes aos dados da literatura científica, inclusive com relação à alta prevalência de comorbidades psiquiátricas. A maior frequência das síndromes totais dos TA, o predomínio de quadros de início precoce, o longo tempo decorrido até iniciar tratamento especializado e a maior gravidade dos pacientes hospitalizados observados nesta amostra chamam atenção por diferirem do que tem sido relatado em estudos semelhantes e também por indicarem uma maior gravidade do TA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adolescent , Feeding and Eating Disorders/diagnosis , Feeding and Eating Disorders/pathology , Anorexia Nervosa , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Feeding and Eating Disorders/epidemiology
20.
Ciênc. saúde coletiva ; 17(12): 3399-3406, dez. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-656481

ABSTRACT

Avaliar a relação entre a alteração do comportamento alimentar, associado à insatisfação com a imagem corporal, e o estado nutricional de universitárias de Nutrição. Realizou-se um estudo transversal com 175 universitárias do Curso de Nutrição (ENUT/UFOP). Foram aplicados os questionários Eating Attitudes Test-26 (EAT-26) e o Body Shape Questionare (BSQ) e realizadas medidas antropométricas. 21,7% das estudantes apresentaram alto risco para transtornos alimentares e 13,7% apresentaram insatisfação com a imagem corporal. A maioria das estudantes com BSQ e EAT-26 positivos estava eutrófica. As estudantes com excesso de peso, aumento do percentual de gordura corporal (% GC) e do perímetro da cintura (PC) apresentaram risco 5 a 9 vezes maiores de alteração do comportamento alimentar. Houve associação positiva entre os parâmetros antropométricos com a pontuação dos questionários EAT-26 e BSQ. Futuras nutricionistas com excesso de peso apresentaram maior risco de estarem insatisfeitas com a sua imagem corporal e de desenvolverem transtornos alimentares. A utilização de outros parâmetros antropométricos, além do IMC, pode ser útil na triagem de indivíduos suscetíveis ao surgimento de preocupações excessivas com o peso corporal e a alimentação.


The scope of this paper was to evaluate the relationship between changes in eating behavior associated with dissatisfaction with body image, and the nutritional status of female university students of nutrition. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 175 female students of nutrition (ENUT/UFOP). The Eating Attitudes Test-26 (EAT-26) and Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) were applied and anthropometric measurements were taken. 21.7% of the students were found to be high risk in terms of eating disorders, and 13.7% declared dissatisfaction with their body image. The majority of students with positive results in the BSQ and EAT-26 tests were eutrophic. The students who were overweight, with elevated body fat percentage (% BF) and waist circumference (WC) had a 5-9 times greater risk of change in eating habits. There was a positive association between the anthropometric parameters with high scores in the EAT-26 and BSQ questionnaires. The future dietitians who are overweight, with increased body fat and waist circumference were more likely to be dissatisfied with their body image and develop eating disorders. The use of other anthropometric parameters, in addition to BMI, may prove useful in screening individuals susceptible to the emergence of excessive concerns with weight and diet.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Young Adult , Feeding and Eating Disorders/epidemiology , Feeding Behavior , Nutritional Status , Students/statistics & numerical data , Body Image , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Universities
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