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1.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 37(4)dic. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1559945

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las fracturas complejas de fémur distal AO/AOT tipo 33C3.3 constituyen un reto para los ortopedistas debido a la dificultad de su tratamiento y las complicaciones asociadas. El planeamiento y procedimiento quirúrgicos emplean placas condilares, pero estas se asocian a la pérdida de la fijación y al colapso de la reducción. Objetivo: Describir la planificación preoperatoria de una fractura de fémur distal AO/AOT 33C3.3 con bioimpresión 3D y reconstrucción por computadora. Presentación del caso: Paciente masculino de 34 años con fractura izquierda conminuta del fémur distal, AO/AOT tipo 33C3.3, por un accidente de tránsito. El planeamiento y el tratamiento quirúrgicos se realizaron exitosamente con la impresión y reconstrucción de biomodelos 3D. Basados en las imágenes tomográficas del paciente, se identificaron los principales fragmentos, la secuencia de reducción, la cantidad y la posición de los implantes a utilizar. Conclusiones: La planificación preoperatoria resulta una etapa de vital importancia en el manejo de fracturas complejas. Las técnicas convencionales pueden optimizarse con la cirugía asistida por computadora y reconstrucción con biomodelos 3D impresos. Esta novedosa propuesta permitirá el adecuado uso de materiales, una óptima secuencia de reducción, mejor estabilidad de la fractura y menor riesgo de complicaciones quirúrgicas(AU)


Introduction: Complex distal femur fractures AO/AOT type 33C3.3 constitute a challenge for orthopedists due to the difficulty of their treatment and associated complications. The surgical planning and procedure use condylar plates; but these are associated with loss of fixation and collapse of the reduction. Objective: To describe preoperative planning for an AO/AOT 33C3.3 distal femur fracture with 3D bioprinting and computer reconstruction. Case report: The case of a 34-year-old male patient is reported. He has comminuted left fracture of the distal femur, AO/AOT type 33C3.3, due to a traffic accident. Surgical planning and treatment were successfully performed with 3D biomodel printing and reconstruction. Based on the patient's tomographic images, the main fragments, the reduction sequence, the number and position of the implants to be used were identified. Conclusions: Preoperative planning is a critically important stage in managing complex fractures. Conventional techniques can be optimized with computer-assisted surgery and reconstruction with 3D printed biomodels. This novel proposal will allow the appropriate use of materials, optimal reduction sequence, better stability of the fracture and lower risk of surgical complications(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Accidents, Traffic , Surgery, Computer-Assisted/instrumentation , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Bioprinting/methods , Planning
2.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(4): 653-658, July-Aug. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521805

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective We aim to describe an experimental model for studying femoral fractures in rats after exposure to ionizing radiation, demonstrating a way to apply a substance for analysis, the method for patterning fracture and irradiation, and how to evaluate its effectiveness based on radiographic studies. Methods We used 24 rats divided into 2 groups of 12 animals each. The STUDY group was exposed to ionizing radiation and treated with saline solution, and the CONTROL group was not exposed to radiation and was treated with saline solution. All animals were subjected to standardized fracture of the right femur that was fixed with intramedullary wire. The efficiency of the bone union was assessed by radiographic exam. Results Fracture healing was more efficient in bones not exposed to ionizing radiation (p = 0.012). All fractures met the criteria of being simple, diaphyseal, transverse or short oblique. Conclusion The experimental model presented is an efficient alternative for the study of fractures in irradiated bones in rats.


Resumo Objetivo Nosso objetivo é descrever um modelo experimental para estudo de fraturas de fêmur em ratos após exposição a radiação ionizante, demonstrando uma forma de aplicação de uma substância para análise, o método de padronização de fratura e irradiação e a forma de avaliação de sua eficácia com base em estudos radiográficos. Métodos Utilizamos 24 ratos divididos em dois grupos de 12 animais cada. O grupo ESTUDO foi exposto à radiação ionizante e tratado com soro fisiológico, enquanto o grupo CONTROLE não foi exposto à radiação e foi tratado com soro fisiológico. Todos os animais foram submetidos à fratura padronizada do fêmur direito e sua fixação com fio intramedular. A eficácia da consolidação óssea foi determinada por exame radiográfico. Resultados A cicatrização de fraturas foi mais eficiente em ossos não expostos à radiação ionizante (p = 0,012). Todas as fraturas atenderam aos critérios de serem simples, diafisárias, transversas ou oblíquas curtas. Conclusão O modelo experimental apresentado é uma boa alternativa para o estudo de fraturas em ossos irradiados em ratos.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Radiation Effects , Fracture Healing , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Fractures, Spontaneous/therapy
3.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(2): 222-230, Mar.-Apr. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449796

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the factors associated with readmission within 30 days after discharge (R30) and in-hospital mortality (IHM) in elderly patients undergoing proximal femur fracture surgery (PFF). Methods Retrospective cohort with data from 896 medical records of elderly (≥ 60 years) patients submitted to PFF surgery in a Brazilian hospital between November 2014 and December, 2019. The patients included were followed-up from the date of hospitalization for surgery up to 30 days after discharge. As independent variables, we evaluated gender, age, marital status, pre- and postoperative hemoglobin (Hb), international normalized ratio, time of hospitalization related to the surgery, door-surgery time, comorbidities, previous surgeries, use of medications, and the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score. Results The incidence of R30 was 10.2% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 8.3-12.3%), and the incidence of IHM was 5.7% (95%CI: 4.3-7.4%). Regarding R30, hypertension (odds ratio [OR]: 1.71; 95%CI: 1.03-2.96), and regular use of psychotropic drugs (OR: 1.74; 95%CI: 1.12-2.72) were associated in the adjusted model. In the case of IHM, higher chances were associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD) (OR: 5.80; 95%CI: 2.64-12.31), longer hospitalization time (OR: 1.06; 95%CI: 1.01-1.10), and R30 (OR: 3.60; 95%CI: 1.54-7.96). Higher preoperative Hb values were associated with a lower chance of mortality (OR: 0.73; 95%CI: 0.61-0.87). Conclusion Findings suggest that the occurrence of these outcomes is associated with comorbidities, medications, and Hb.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar os fatores associados à reinternação em até 30 dias após a alta (R30) e à mortalidade intra-hospitalar (MIH) em idosos submetidos a cirurgia por fratura do fêmur proximal (FFP). Métodos Coorte retrospectiva com dados de 896 prontuários de idosos (≥ 60 anos) submetidos a cirurgia de FFP em hospital brasileiro, no período entre novembro de 2014 a dezembro de 2019. Os pacientes incluídos foram acompanhados desde a data de internação para a cirurgia até 30 dias após a alta. Como variáveis independentes, foram avaliados o sexo, idade, estado civil, hemoglobina (Hb) pré e pós-operatória, razão normalizada internacional, tempo da internação relacionada à cirurgia, tempo porta cirurgia, comorbidades, cirurgias prévias, uso de medicamentos e escore da American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA). Resultados A incidência de R30 foi de 10,2% (intervalo de confiança [IC] 95%: 8,3-12,3%) e a de MIH foi 5,7% (IC95%: 4,3-7,4%). Referente a R30, no modelo ajustado, associaram-se ter hipertensão (odds ratio [OR]: 1,71; IC95%: 1,03-2,96), uso regular de medicamentos psicotrópicos (OR: 1,74; IC95%: 1,12-2,72). Tratando-se da MIH, maiores chances estiveram associadas à doença renal crônica (DRC) (OR: 5,80; IC95%: 2,64-12,31), maior tempo de internação (OR: 1,06; IC95%: 1,01-1,10) e R30 (OR: 3,60; IC95%: 1,54-7,96). Maiores valores de Hb pré-operatória associaram-se à menor chance de mortalidade (OR: 0,73; IC95%: 0,61-0,87). Conclusão Os achados sugerem que a ocorrência destes desfechos está associada à comorbidades, medicamentos e Hb.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Patient Readmission , Mortality , Femoral Fractures/surgery
4.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 249-255, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009487

ABSTRACT

Surgical management of femoral shaft fractures with intramedullary nails has become the standard of care, with multiple options for entry point described, including piriformis entry, trochanter entry and retrograde femoral nails. Our present review describes the surgical anatomy of the proximal and distal femur and its relation to different entry points for intramedullary femoral nails. In addition, we reviewed relative indications for each technique, difficulties associated and possible complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Bone Nails , Femur/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/methods , Lower Extremity
5.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1207-1210, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009213

ABSTRACT

Hoffa fracture is an unstable intra-articular fracture with significant redisplacement tendency. It is easy to be missed diagnosis when accompanied by distal intercondylar or supracondylar fracture of femur. CT scan is the gold standard for the diagnosis of Hoffa fracture. The treatment principles are anatomic reduction of the articular surface, reliable internal fixation, and early functional activity. At present, the main treatment is arthroscopic screw fixation. During screw fixation, the tail cap of screw should be buried, resulting in non-healing iatrogenic injury of articular cartilage. In the early postoperative functional activity of knee joint, fracture block was repeatedly subjected to backward and upward shear force under the action of the tibial plateau, which is the main reason for the failure of internal fixation. Plate assisted screw fixation could increase local mechanical stability, but it still cannot avoid the defects of iatrogenic cartilage injury. At the same time, plate molding is required during the operation due to the absence of special anatomical plates, resulting in increased surgical trauma and time-consuming surgery. The ideal fixation method for Hoffa fracture should include:(1) Avoid iatrogenic injury of articular surface cartilage. (2) With the rear anti-shear barrier plate function.(3) The internal fixator is closer to the load interface, so as to obtain greater load and better fixed strength.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hoffa Fracture , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Bone Plates , Iatrogenic Disease
6.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1046-1051, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009183

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of ultrasound-guided fascia iliaca compartment block on perioperative analgesia and postoperative complications in geriatric patients with hip fractures.@*METHODS@#A total of 127 elderly patients undergoing hip fracture surgery from January 2021 to September 2021 were randomized to receive ultrasound-guided continuous fascia iliaca compartment block(group F) either intravenous analgesia control group(group C). There were 62 cases in group F, including 19 males and 43 females with an average age of (82.4±7.2) years old ranging from 66 to 95 years old, involving 25 femoral neck fractures and 37 femoral intertrochanteric fractures. There were 65 cases in control group, including 18 males and 47 females, with an average age of (81.4±8.7) years old ranging from 65 to 94 years old, involving 29 femoral neck fractures and 36 femoral intertrochanteric fractures. The visual analogue scale(VAS), minimental state examination (MMSE), observer's assessment of alertness/sedation(OAA/S) scale, modified Bromage score, postoperative complications and general conditions during hospitalization in two groups were observed.@*RESULTS@#The resting and exercise VAS at 30 min after block, anesthesia placement and 6, 24 and 48 h after surgery were lower than those in group C(P<0.05). In group F, MMSE scores at 12 h before surgery, and 1, 3 d after surgery and OAA/S scores at 3 d after surgery were higher than those in group C(P<0.05). The incidence of adverse effects and the number requiring additional analgesia were lower than those in group C(P<0.05). Group F had better perioperative analgesia satisfaction and hospital stay than group C(P<0.05). But there was no significant difference regarding Bromage score and 30-day mortality between two group(P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Ultrasound-guided continuous fascia iliacus space block was safe and effective for elderly patients with hip fracture, and could significantly reduce perioperative pain, improve postoperative cognitive function, and reduce postoperative complications, thereby shortening hospital stay and improving the quality of life during hospitalization.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Pain Management , Nerve Block , Quality of Life , Hip Fractures/surgery , Pain/surgery , Femoral Neck Fractures/surgery , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Ultrasonography, Interventional , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Fascia , Pain, Postoperative
7.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 211-216, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981918

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#Non-prosthetic peri-implant fractures are challenging injuries. Multiple factors must be carefully evaluated for an adequate therapeutic strategy, such as the state of bone healing, the type of implant, the time and performed personnel of previous surgery, and the stability of fixation. The aim of this study is to propose a rationale for the treatment.@*METHODS@#The peri-implant femoral fractures (PIFFs) system, a therapeutic algorithm was developed for the management of all patients presenting a subtype A PIFF, based on the type of the original implant (extra- vs. intra-medullary), implant length and fracture location. The adequacy and reliability of the proposed algorithm and the fracture healing process were assessed at the last clinical follow-up using the Parker mobility score and radiological assessment, respectively. In addition, all complications were noticed. Continuous variables were expressed as mean and standard deviation, or median and range according to their distribution. Categorical variables were expressed as frequency and percentages.@*RESULTS@#This is a retrospective case series of 33 PIFFs, and the mean post-operative Parker mobility score was (5.60 ± 2.54) points. Five patients (15.1%) achieved complete mobility without aids (9 points) and 1 (3.0%) patient was not able to walk. Two other patients (6.1%) were non-ambulatory prior to PPIF. The mean follow-up was (21.51 ± 9.12) months (range 6 - 48 months). There were 7 (21.2%) complications equally distributed between patients managed either with nailing or plating. There were no cases of nonunion or mechanical failure of the original implant.@*CONCLUSION@#The proposed treatment algorithm shows adequate, reliable and straightforward to assist the orthopaedic trauma surgeon on the difficult decision-making process regarding the management of PIFF occurring in previously healed fractures. In addition, it may become a useful tool to optimize the use of the classification, thus potentially improving the outcomes and minimizing complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Periprosthetic Fractures/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Reproducibility of Results , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fracture Healing , Treatment Outcome
8.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 688-693, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981653

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The biomechanical characteristics of three internal fixation modes for femoral subtrochanteric spiral fracture in osteoporotic patients were compared and analyzed by finite element technology, so as to provide the basis for the optimization of fixation methods for femoral subtrochanteric spiral fracture.@*METHODS@#Ten female patients with osteoporosis and femoral subtrochanteric spiral fractures caused by trauma, aged 65-75 years old, with a height of 160-170 cm and a body weight mass of 60-70 kg, were selected as the study subjects. The femur was scanned by spiral CT and a three-dimensional model of the femur was established by digital technology. The computer aided design models of proximal intramedullary nail (PFN), proximal femoral locking plate (PFLP), and the combination of the two (PFLP+PFN) were constructed under the condition of subtrochanteric fracture. Then the same load of 500 N was applied to the femoral head, and the stress distribution of the internal fixators, the stress distribution of the femur, and the displacement of femur after fracture fixation were compared and analyzed under the three finite element internal fixation modes, so as to evaluate the fixation effect.@*RESULTS@#In the PFLP fixation mode, the stress of the plate was mainly concentrated in the main screw channel, the stresses of the different part of the plate were not equal, and gradually decreased from the head to the tail. In the PFN fixation mode, the stress was concentrated in the upper part of the lateral middle segment. In the PFLP+PFN fixation mode, the maximum stress appeared between the first and the second screws in the lower segment, and the maximum stress appeared in the lateral part of the middle segment of the PFN. The maximum stress of PFLP+PFN fixation mode was significantly higher than that of PFLP fixation mode, but significantly lower than that of PFN fixation mode ( P<0.05). In PFLP and PFN fixation modes, the maximum stress of femur appeared in the medial and lateral cortical bone of the middle femur and the lower side of the lowest screw. In PFLP+PFN fixation mode, the stress of femur concentrated in the medial and lateral of the middle femur. There was no significant difference in the maximum stress of femur among the three finite element fixation modes ( P>0.05). The maximum displacement occurred at the femoral head after three finite element fixation modes were used to fix subtrochanteric femoral fractures. The maximum displacement of femur in PFLP fixation mode was the largest, followed by PFN, and PFLP+PFN was the minimum, with significant differences ( P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Under static loading conditions, the PFLP+PFN fixation mode produces the smallest maximum displacement when compared with the single PFN and PFLP fixation modes, but its maximum plate stress is greater than the single PFN and PFLP fixation mode, suggesting that the combination mode has higher stability, but the plate load is greater, and the possibility of fixation failure is higher.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Finite Element Analysis , Biomechanical Phenomena , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Hip Fractures/surgery , Bone Plates , Femur Head , Femoral Fractures/surgery
9.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 268-270, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970860

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of treatment of Müller A fracture of distal femur with small incision internal fixation assisted by homeopathic bidirectional-traction reduction device.@*METHODS@#From January 2018 to December 2019, 22 patients (14 males and 8 females) with Müller type A distal femoral fractures were treated with homeopathic bidirectional-traction assisted reduction and minimally invasive small incision locking plate internal fixation;The age ranged from 29 to 58 years old with an average of (41.23±7.03) years. The time from injury to operation was 1 to 7 days with an average of (3.41±1.71) days. According to Müller classification, there were 4 cases of type A1, 10 cases of type A2, and 8 cases of type A3. The postoperative knee joint function was evaluated by Schatzker Lambert fracture criterion of distal femur.@*RESULTS@#All the incisions healed in one stage without infection, osteomyelitis and other complications. All the fractures healed without malunion and nonunion. All of 22 patients were followed up for 12 to 18 months with an average of (14.50±2.02) months. The healing time was 3 to 6 months with an average of (4.64±1.14) months. According to Schatzker Lambert criteria for distal femoral fracture, 12 cases were excellent, 6 good, and 4 medium.@*CONCLUSION@#It is an ideal method to treat Müller type A fracture of distal femur with homeopathic bidirectional-traction assisted reduction device and minimally invasive small incision locking plate internal fixation.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Femoral Fractures, Distal , Traction , Treatment Outcome , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Bone Plates
10.
Rev. méd. Maule ; 37(2): 37-42, dic. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1428343

ABSTRACT

Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a safe and effective procedure in patients with end-stage ostheoarthritis. In the last years the indication for THA is increasingly in younger patients, associated with rising of life expectancy, this imply an increase in revision surgeries for various causes such as: aseptic loosening, fractures and infections. In this context and in view of the need to replace the femoral component, alternatives to the classic extended trochanteric osteotomy (ETO) arise, such as the anterior cortical window (ACW), which allows the rate of complications to be reduced with excellent results. We present the case of a 51-year-old patient who sustained one episode of dislocation, who required revision surgery due to aseptic loosenig, where the ACW was used for the extraction of the stem. In addition, a review of the literature was made to show advantages and complications regarding ETO.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Reoperation/methods , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Hip Prosthesis , Prosthesis Design , Prosthesis Failure , Periprosthetic Fractures/surgery , Femoral Fractures/surgery
11.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(6): 1074-1078, Nov.-Dec. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423644

ABSTRACT

Abstract Two cases of bone failure after fracture of the distal region of the femur treated with the Masquelet technique are presented. The first case involves acute bone loss, and the second, pseudarthrosis. The proper management of these lesions led to consolidation and a good functional result.


Resumo Dois casos de falha óssea após fratura da região distal do fêmur tratados pela técnica de Masquelet são apresentados. O primeiro caso envolve uma perda óssea aguda, e o segundo, uma pseudoartrose. O manejo adequado dessas lesões levou à consolidação e a um bom resultado funcional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Pseudarthrosis/therapy , Bone Transplantation/methods , Femoral Fractures/surgery
12.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(5): 851-855, Sept.-Oct. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407707

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present study aims to describe outcomes from a series of surgically treated patients with atypical femoral fracture due to bisphosphonates use, in addition to correlate the time of previous medication use with fracture consolidation time, and to compare the consolidation time of complete and incomplete fractures. Methods This is an observational, retrospective study with 66 patients diagnosed with atypical femur fractures associated with chronic bisphosphonates use. The patients underwent orthopedic surgical treatment at a referral hospital from January 2018 to March 2020. Results All patients were females, with two bilateral cases. Fracture consolidation occurred in all cases, with an average time of 2.3 months and a follow-up time of 5.8 months. The average time of bisphosphonates use was 7.8 years. There was no correlation between the time of previous bisphosphonates use and the time for fracture consolidation. Consolidation time differed in complete and incomplete fractures. Conclusion Surgical treatment with a long cephalomedullary nail resulted in consolidation in all patients. The consolidation time was longer in complete fractures when compared with incomplete lesions, and there was no correlation between the time of previous bisphosphonates use and the consolidation time . Level of evidenceLevel IV, case series


Resumo Objetivo Descrever os resultados de uma série de pacientes tratados cirurgicamente com diagnóstico de fratura femoral atípica associada ao uso de bisfosfonatos, assim como correlacionar o tempo de uso prévio da medicação com o tempo de consolidação da fratura e comparar o tempo de consolidação das fraturas completas e incompletas. Métodos Trata-se de um estudo observacional e retrospectivo de 66 pacientes com diagnóstico de fratura atípica do fêmur associada ao uso crônico de bisfosfonatos. Os pacientes foram submetidos ao tratamento cirúrgico ortopédico em hospital de referência no período de janeiro de 2018 a março de 2020. Resultados Os pacientes incluídos no estudo eram todos do sexo feminino, com dois casos bilaterais. A consolidação da fratura ocorreu em todos os casos com tempo médio de 2,3 meses e seguimento de 5,8 meses. O tempo médio de uso de bisfosfonatos foi de 7,8 anos. Não houve correlação do tempo de uso prévio de bisfosfonatos com o tempo de consolidação das fraturas. Houve uma diferença do tempo de consolidação entre as fraturas completas e incompletas. Conclusão Houve consolidação após tratamento cirúrgico com haste cefalomedular longa em todos os pacientes do presente estudo, sendo o tempo de consolidação maior nas fraturas completas em relação às incompletas, e não houve correlação entre o tempo de uso prévio de bisfosfonatos e o tempo de consolidação. Nível de evidênciaNível IV, série de casos


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Osteoporosis/therapy , Diphosphonates/therapeutic use , Femoral Fractures/surgery
13.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 287-291, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928906

ABSTRACT

The software of 3D-Modeling(UG NX 10.0) was used to design a new external fixator model for proximal femoral fracture, and fresh femoral cadaver specimens were used to simulate experimental operation. The results showed that the external fixator designed with the proximal femoral locking plate shape can improve the accuracy of Kirschner wire penetration into the femoral neck, reduce fluoroscopic and soft tissue incision injuries, and make a good stability and is easy to operate, which has a certain value for patients with proximal femoral fracture, such as intolerant surgery and poor physical condition.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Plates , External Fixators , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods
14.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 349-352, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928322

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of intermittent pneumatic compression(IPC) combined with 3M thermometer on the prevention of deep venous thrombosis(DVT) in patients with femoral intertrochanteric fracture.@*METHODS@#From March 2016 to August 2019, 127 patients with femoral intertrochanteric fractures who underwent proximal femoral nail antirotation(PFNA) were retrospectively analyzed. They were divided into two groups according to different methods of thrombus prevention and treatment. Among them, 63 patients in group A did not use IPC and 3M thermometer;64 cases in group B were treated with IPC combined with 3M thermometer. Color Doppler ultrasound was used to dynamically monitor the DVT and changes of lower limbs during perioperative period. The venous thrombosis of lower limbs was monitored at 0, 24, 72 h and > 72 h after operation(recheck every 3 days until discharge).@*RESULTS@#Occurrence of DVT of lower limbs after PFNA operation in two groups:there were 5 cases (7.8%) in group B and 20 cases (31.7%) in group A, there was significant difference between two groups (P=0.001). There was no significant difference in lower limb DVT between two groups at 0, 72 and > 72 h after operation(P>0.05), but the formation rate of group A was significantly higher than that of group B at 24 h after operation (P=0.049). There was no significant difference in DVT formation between group A and group B(P>0.05). However, the formation of DVT in group A was significantly higher than that in group B(P=0.012).@*CONCLUSION@#Intraoperative IPC combined with 3M thermostat can effectively prevent DVT of lower limbs in patients undergoing PFNA surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/methods , Hip Fractures/surgery , Lower Extremity/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Venous Thrombosis/prevention & control
15.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1367133

ABSTRACT

Las fracturas de fémur distal, especialmente las abiertas, se asocian con traumas de alta energía. Las lesiones asociadas al-rededor de la rodilla son frecuentes; sin embargo, la asociación con una lesión completa del tendón cuadricipital ha sido poco documentada. El diagnóstico temprano y un adecuado tratamiento de ambas lesiones son fundamentales para conseguir buenos resultados posoperatorios. Presentamos dos casos de fracturas intrarticulares de fémur distal expuestas asociadas con lesiones completas del tendón cuadricipital. La reparación de la lesión tendinosa asociada mediante túneles transóseos luego de la fijación de la fractura permite comenzar un protocolo de rehabilitación temprano, esencial para obtener buenos resultados funcionales.Palabras clave: Fractura; fémur distal; lesión; tendón cuadricipital; aparato extensor. Nivel de Evidencia: V


Fractures of the distal femur, especially open fractures, occur in association with high-energy trauma. The presence of associated injuries around the knee is common; however, the association with a complete quadricipital tendon injury has been poorly documented. Early diagnosis and adequate treatment of both injuries is essential to achieve good postoperative outcomes. We present two cases of exposed intra-articular distal femoral fractures associated with complete quadricipital tendon injuries. The repair of the associated tendon injury with transosseous tunnels after fracture fixation allows an early rehabilitation protocol, essential to obtain good functional outcomes.Key words:Fracture; distal femur; injury; quadricipital tendon; extensor mechanism. Level of Evidence: V


Subject(s)
Adult , Tendon Injuries , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Knee Injuries
16.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1367138

ABSTRACT

Introducción: En pacientes con fracturas de fémur distal con alto grado de conminución metafisaria (AO 33 C2, C3) y fracturas periprotésicas (Vancouver tipo C), el uso de doble osteosíntesis brinda mayor estabilidad a la fractura. Las placas helicoidales se emplean cada vez más con el objetivo de evitar dañar elementos nobles relacionados con el abordaje. Materiales y métodos: Entre 2017 y 2021, seis pacientes fueron tratados mediante osteosíntesis con doble placa (por vía lateral y helicoidal por vía medial). La serie se compone de cuatro mujeres y dos hombres. El 66% (4 pacientes) tenía fracturas de fémur distal, y el resto (33%), fracturas periprotésicas tipo Vancouver C. Resultados: Se observó la consolidación radiográfica en todos los pacientes, a los 6 meses de la cirugía, con retorno normal a la actividad previa. Ninguno sufrió una lesión vasculonerviosa asociada. Conclusiones: La placa helicoidal es una gran opción para las fracturas de fémur distal con conminución y las fracturas femorales periprotésicas tipo Vancouver C. Esto demuestra que, aplicando los principios básicos de osteosíntesis, con una técnica sencilla, se pueden suplir materiales más sofisticados, y obtener resultados radiográficos similares. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: The use of double osteosynthesis for the treatment of fractures of the distal femur with metaphyseal comminution (AO 33C2, C3) and periprosthetic fractures (Vancouver C) provides greater stability. The use of helical plates has increased in or-der to avoid vascular damage related to the approach. Materials and methods: Between 2017 and 2021, six patients were treated by double plate osteosynthesis (helical plate by medial approach). The series consisted of four females and two males, 66% (4 patients) had distal femoral fractures, and the rest (33%, 2 patients) were diagnosed with Vancouver C periprosthetic fractures. Results: In all cases, radiographic consolidation was observed 6 months after surgery, with a normal return to activities of daily living. None of them presented an associated neurovascular injury. Conclusion: The helical plate is a great option in distal femur fractures and Vancouver C periprosthetic femoral fractures. By applying the basic principles of osteosynthesis, sophisticated ma-terials can be supplied, obtaining good clinical, functional, and radiographic outcomes. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Bone Plates , Periprosthetic Fractures , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Knee Injuries
17.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(3): 1-7, sept. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292580

ABSTRACT

Hip femoral head fractures are extremely uncommon, but likely associated with traumatic hip dislocations. Both lesions require emergent treatment to avoid further complications.19-year-old male patient was received after a high-energy motor vehicle accident with severe brain and thoraco-abdominal trauma and a displaced femoral head fracture with posterior hip dislocation with no acetabular fracture. An emergent open reduction and internal fixation with 2 headless screws was performed, as well as posterior capsule repair. After 1 month as an inpatient in Intensive Care Unit, he sustained a new episode of posterior hip dislocation. Consequently, a second successful surgical reduction was obtained, and hip stability was achieved by posterior reconstruction with iliac crest autograft fixed with cannulated screw and posterior structure repair. Two years later, he was able to walk independently and he does not present any signs of degenerative joint disease nor avascular necrosis.


Las fracturas de la cabeza femoral son extremadamente raras y están asociadas comúnmente con una luxación de cadera traumática. Ambas lesiones requieren tratamiento urgente con el objetivo de evitar complicaciones posteriores. Un paciente varón de 19 años fue trasladado tras un accidente de tráfico de alta energía en el que sufrió un traumatismo craneoencefálico y toracoabdominal grave, además de una fractura de cabeza femoral desplazada junto a una luxación posterior de cadera sin afectación acetabular. De manera urgente, fue intervenido mediante una reducción abierta y fijación interna de la fractura con dos tornillos canulados sin cabeza y reparación de la cápsula articular posterior. Tras un mes de ingreso en la unidad de cuidados intensivos, sufrió un nuevo episodio de luxación posterior de cadera. Debido a ello, se realiza una segunda intervención quirúrgica con reducción abierta y en la que se obtiene una adecuada estabilidad de la cadera mediante reconstrucción posterior con la adición de autoinjerto tricortical de cresta ilíaca y reparación capsular posterior. Después de dos años de seguimiento, el paciente deambula de manera independiente, sin dolor y sin signos degenerativos ni de necrosis avascular en las pruebas de imagen.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Transplantation, Autologous/methods , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Femur Head/injuries , Joint Dislocations/complications , Ilium/surgery
18.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353934

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La indicación de realizar una osteosíntesis con un clavo endomedular retrógrado en las fracturas de fémur se ha incrementado en los últimos años y, con ello, la cantidad de complicaciones. Se describen tres técnicas quirúrgicas para el manejo del fragmento proximal de la osteosíntesis endomedular rota. Desde marzo de 2001 hasta enero de 2019, se realizaron 321 osteosíntesis con clavos endomedulares retrógrados de fémur en nuestra institución. La tasa de rotura del implante asociada a una seudoartrosis fue del 0,9%. Se realizaron técnicas mínimamente invasivas para la extracción del implante, preservando las partes blandas. Se logró la reosteosíntesis definitiva con la consiguiente consolidación en un tiempo medio de 140 días. Conclusiones: Las técnicas utilizadas fueron simples, seguras, mínimamente invasivas y muy reproducibles. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


background: The indication for osteosynthesis with a retrograde intramedullary nail in femur fractures has increased in recent years and with it, the number of complications. Three surgical techniques are described for the management of the proximal fragment of the broken intramedullary osteosynthesis. From March 2001 to January 2019, 321 osteosyntheses with retrograde femoral intramedullary nails were performed at our institution. The implant rupture rate associated with nonunion was 0.9%. Minimally invasive techniques were performed to remove the implant, preserving the soft tissues. Definitive reosteosynthesis was achieved with the consequent consolidation in an average time of 140 days. Conclusions: The techniques used were simple, safe, minimally invasive, and reproducible. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Middle Aged , Aged , Rupture , Bone Nails/adverse effects , Device Removal , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/adverse effects
19.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 965-970, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921926

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the complications of core drilling intramedullary nail in the treatment of femoral shaft closed fracture and explore the treatment strategy.@*METHODS@#From August 2014 to June 2018, a total of 215 patients with closed femoral shaft fractures were treated with closed reduction core drill intramedullary nail, including 129 males and 86 females, aged from 18 to 62 years, with an average of (44.2±10.6) years old. The time from injury to operation was 3 to 21 days. There were 102 cases of AO type A fracture, 82 cases of AO type B fracture and 31 cases of AO type C fracture. The time of operation, the amount of blood loss during operation, the duration of hospitalization, the time of fracture healing and the HSS score of knee joint function at the last follow-up were recorded. The observation of complications included:iatrogenic fracture, core drill broken, core drill twist, postoperative infection, and fracture nonunion.@*RESULTS@#The average operation time was (63.2± 15.6) min and intraoperative blood loss was (150.0±34.5) ml. All the incisions reached grade A healing. Patients were follow up for a mean of (18.5±3.2) months, the average hospital stay was (4.3±1.2) days, and the average fracture healing time was (5.6±2.3) months. At the final follow-up, the average HSS score of knee joint was 90.3±4.7. Related complications occurred in 37 cases (17.2%). The core drill related complications occurred in 13 cases (6.0%), including core drill broken in 5 cases (2.3%), core removal in 1 case and slotting in 4 cases;core drill twist in 8 cases (3.7%). After the core was cut, the core was removed. Similar complicationsof conventional intramedullary nail:iatrogenic fracture was performed in 12 cases (5.6%), including 10 cases of fracture end split and 2 cases of distal perimedullary fracture of intramedullary nail. The patients with cleavage at the fracture end were not treated after judging their stability, and the patients with fracture around the distal end of the intramedullary nail were fixed with auxiliary steel plate during operation;1 case(0.4%) with delayed infection after operation, debridement and external fixation was replaced and healed after bone transfer; fracture nonunion occurred in 11 cases (5.1%), of which 7 cases (3.3%) were hypertrophic nonunion and healed with additional plate. Atrophic nonunion occurred in 4 cases (1.9%), which healed after additional steel plate and bone graft.@*CONCLUSION@#Core drilling intramedullary nail is an effective method for the treatment of closed femoral shaft fracture, and the complications include core drill related complications and conventional intramedullary nail similar complications. Accurate preoperative evaluation, careful operation during operation and early postoperative symptomatic treatment can effectively reduce the occurrence of related complications.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bone Nails , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/adverse effects , Fracture Healing , Fractures, Closed , Treatment Outcome
20.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 288-292, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879431

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of double plate combined with iliac bone graft in the treatment of femoral nonunion after intramedullary nailing.@*METHODS@#From December 2008 to December 2017, double plate combined with autogenous iliac bone graft was used to treat femoral nonunion after intramedullary nailing. There were 11 cases, including 10 males and 1 female, aged 35 to 62 years, and the time from fracture to nonunion was 12 to 20 months. According to Judet classification, there were 8 cases of atrophic nonunion and 3 cases of proliferative nonunion. Regular follow-up was conducted after operation to record the fracture healing time, load-bearing activity time and complications, and to observe the repair effect of double plate fixation combined with iliac bone graft on nonunion after femoral shaft fracture operation.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 12 to 22 months. The operation time was 70 to 130 min and the blood loss was 180 to 350 ml. After operation, 2 cases had knee stiffness, which recovered after passive exercise with CPM machine for 2 weeks;1 case had pain in iliac bone donor area, which was relieved after 3 months. The time of fracture healing was 24 to 40 weeks, and the time of complete weight-bearing activity was 14 to 32 weeks. SF-36 quality of life score at the final follow-up:body pain 70 to 82, activty 70 to 82, social function 72 to 83, the overall health 72 to 82. At the end of the follow-up, there were no complications such as limb shortening, infection, poor wound healing, internal fixation failure (fracture, loosening).@*CONCLUSION@#It is an effective method to treat nonunion of femur after intramedullary nailing by using double plate combined with autogenous iliac bone graft.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bone Nails , Bone Plates , Bone Transplantation , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Femur , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Fracture Healing , Fractures, Ununited/surgery , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome
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