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1.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(5): 771-780, Sept.-Oct. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1529954

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Testing an experimental model for ischemic necrosis of the femoral head in Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease by evaluating gait, imaging and morphohistology. Methods The operation was done in 11 piglets. Necrosis by cerclage in the right femoral neck was induced. Piglets were divided into group A, with 8 animals, euthanizing two in the 2nd, 4th, 6th, and 8th weeks, respectively; and group B, with 2 animals (sham), submitted to the surgical procedure without cerclage of the right femoral neck. The gait classification used was that of Etterlin. The frozen femurs were submitted to digital radiography and computed tomography. The height and width of the epiphysis and epiphysary coefficient were measured at study times. Light microscopy and immunohistochemistry with TGF-β1 were performed. Results One animal died of sepsis in Group A. In this group, claudication was observed in all animals. On digital radiography and computed tomography, bone sclerosis, enlargement of the right femoral neck, flattening, collapse, and fragmentation of the right femoral head were observed. All epiphysis height and epiphysary coefficient values of the right femoral head were lower than the contralateral ones, in which were observed chondrocytes disordered and separated by gaps. A reduction in TGF-β1 expression was observed at 2 and 6 weeks in the right femoral head and at eight in the left. In group B, there were no signs of necrosis and gait was normal. Conclusions The model presented reproduced macroscopic necrosis on digital radiography, computed tomography, and microscopy. Gait evaluation showed a good correlation with other ischemia findings. Level of EvidenceV. Diagnostic studies.


Resumo Objetivo Testar um modelo experimental para necrose isquêmica da cabeça femoral na doença de Legg-Calvé-Perthes avaliando a marcha, exames de imagens e morfohistologia. Métodos Operaram-se 11 leitões. Induziu-se a necrose por cerclagem no colo femoral direito. Dividiram-se os leitões em grupo A com 8 animais, sacrificando-se dois na 2ª, 4ª, 6ª e 8ª semanas, respectivamente; e grupo B, com 2 animais (sham), submetidos ao procedimento cirúrgico sem a cerclagem do colo femoral direito. A classificação da marcha utilizada foi a de Etterlin. Os fêmures congelados foram submetidos à radiografia digital e tomografia computadorizada. Mediram-se a altura e largura da epífise e o coeficiente epifisário nos tempos de estudo. Realizou-se, microscopia de luz e imunohistoquímica com TGF-β1. Resultados Um animal morreu por sepse no grupo A. Neste grupo, observou-se claudicação em todos os animais. Na radiografia digital e tomografia computadorizada observaram-se: esclerose óssea, alargamento do colo femoral direito, achatamento, colapso e fragmentação da cabeça femoral direita. Todos os valores da altura da epífise e coeficiente epifisário da cabeça femoral direita foram menores que os contralaterais, nos quais observaram-se condrócitos desordenados e separados por lacunas. Observou-se redução da expressão do TGF-β1 com 2 e 6 semanas nas cabeças femorais direitas e nas esquerdas com oito. No grupo B, não ocorreram sinais de necrose e a marcha foi normal. Conclusões O modelo apresentado reproduziu a necrose macroscopicamente, na radiografia digital, tomografia computadorizada e microscopia. A avaliação da marcha demonstrou boa correlação com os demais achados de isquemia. Nível de EvidênciaV. Estudos diagnósticos.


Subject(s)
Animals , Femur Head Necrosis , Ischemia , Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease
2.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(4): 632-638, July-Aug. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521803

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the safety and reproducibility of the surgery for unstable slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) through the modified Dunn technique in a single center cohort from Brazil. Methods We retrospectively analyzed a cohort of patients submitted to this procedure by a single surgeon who was a hip preservation specialist. Demographic data and radiographic angles were evaluated for the relative risk (RR) of avascular necrosis (AVN) using a log-binomial regression model with simple and random effects. Results Among the 30 patients (30 hips) with a mean age of 11.79 years at the time of the operation, there were 17 boys and 18 left hips, which were operated on in a mean of 11.5 days after the slip. The mean follow-up was of 38 months. The preoperative Southwick angle averaged 60.69° against 4.52° postoperatively (p< 0.001). A larger preoperative slip angle was associated with the development of AVN (RR: 1.05; 95% confidence interval [95%CI]: 1.02-1.07; p< 0.01). The overall AVN rate was of 26.7%. Function was good or excellent in 86% of uncomplicated hips, and poor in 87.5% of the partients who developed AVN, as graded by the Harris Hip Score. There was no statistical relationship between epiphyseal bleeding and AVN development (p= 0.82). Conclusion The modified Dunn technique is associated with restoration of the femoral alignment and function after unstable SCFE, when uncomplicated. Moreover, it was shown to be reproducible in our population, with a rate of 26% of femoral head necrosis.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a segurança e a reprodutibilidade da cirurgia para escorregamento da epífise femoral proximal (EEPF) com instabilidade por meio da técnica de Dunn modificada em uma coorte unicêntrica no Brasil. Métodos Analisamos de forma retrospectiva uma coorte de pacientes submetidos a esse procedimento por um único cirurgião especialista em preservação do quadril. Avaliamos os dados demográficos e os ângulos radiográficos quanto ao risco relativo (RR) de necrose avascular (NAV) por meio do modelo de regressão log-binomial com efeitos simples e aleatórios. Resultados Entre os 30 pacientes (30 quadris) com idade média de 11,79 anos no momento da cirurgia, havia 17 meninos e 18 quadris esquerdos. O procedimento ocorreu em média 11,5 dias após o escorregamento. O tempo médio de acompanhamento foi de 38 meses. O ângulo de Southwick pré-operatório foi, em média, de 60,69° contra 4,52° após o procedimento (p< 0,001). O maior ângulo de escorregamento pré-operatório foi associado ao desenvolvimento de NAV (RR: 1,05; intervalo de confiança de 95% [IC95%]: 1,02-1,07; p< 0,01). A frequência geral de NAV foi de 26,7%. De acordo com a Escala de Quadril de Harris (Harris Hip Score), a função foi boa ou excelente em 86% dos quadris sem complicações, e ruim em 87,5% dos casos com NAV. Não houve relação estatística entre sangramento epifisário e desenvolvimento de NAV (p= 0,82). Conclusão A técnica de Dunn modificada restaura o alinhamento femoral e a função articular após o EEPF com instabilidade na ausência de complicações. Além disso, mostrou-se passível de reprodução em nossa população, com frequência de necrose da cabeça femoral de 26%.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Osteotomy , Femur Head Necrosis , Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphyses , Hip/surgery
3.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(3): 500-506, May-June 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449819

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives Although osteonecrosis of the femoral head is a prevalent condition, its effects on gait parameters have not been thoroughly studied and are not well-established in the current literature. The primary aim of the present study is to describe gait in patients with a diagnosis of osteonecrosis. Methods This is a cross-sectional study. Nine patients diagnosed with osteonecrosis of the femoral head who were regularly followed-up at an outpatient clinic were selected for the present study and underwent gait analysis using Vicon Motion Capture Systems. Spatiotemporal data was obtained, and joint angles were calculated using an Euler angle coordinate system. Distal coordinate systems were used to calculate joint momentsand forceplatestoobtaingroundreactionforces. Results Patients with osteonecrosis presented with slower velocity (0.54 m/s ± 0.19) and smaller cadence (83.01 steps/min ± 13.23) than healthy patients. The pelvic obliquity range of motion was of 10.12° ± 3.03 and rotation was of 18.23° ± 9.17. The mean hip flexion was of 9.48° ± 3.40. Ground reaction forces showed reduced braking and propelling forces. Joint moments were reduced for flexion and adduction (0.42 Nm/kg ± 0.2 and 0.30 Nm/kg ± 0.11, respectively) but the abduction moment was increased (0.42 Nm/kg ± 0.18). Conclusions The present study showed that osteonecrosis of the femoral head presents compensatory gait mechanisms, with increased pelvic motion and decreased knee flexion to protect the hip joint. Decreased moments for hip flexion and adduction were also identified and muscle weakness for those groups may be correlated to the disease.


Resumo Objetivos Embora a osteonecrose da cabeça do fêmur seja uma lesão prevalente, seus efeitos sobre os parâmetros da marcha não foram minuciosamente estudados e não estão bem estabelecidos na literatura atual. O objetivo principal do presente estudo é descrever a marcha em pacientes com osteonecrose. Métodos Trata-se de um estudo transversal. Nove pacientes com diagnóstico de osteonecrose da cabeça do fêmur, sob acompanhamento regular em ambulatório, foram selecionados para o presente estudo e submetidos à análise da marcha com Vicon Motion Capture Systems. Os dados espaciais e temporais foram obtidos e os ângulos articulares foram calculados com o sistema de coordenadas angulares de Euler. Sistemas de coordenadas distais e plataformas de força foram utilizados para o cálculo de momentos articulares e de forças de reação ao solo, respectivamente. Resultados Os pacientes com osteonecrose apresentaram menor velocidade (0,54 m/s ± 0,19) e menor cadência (83,01 passos/minuto ± 13,23) do que pacientes saudáveis. As amplitudes de movimento de obliquidade e rotação pélvica foram de 10,12°± 3,03 e 18,23° ± 9,17, respectivamente. A média de flexão do quadril foi de 9,48° ± 3,40. O estudo das forças de reação ao solo revelou redução das forças de frenagem e propulsão. Os momentos articulares de flexão e adução caíram (0,42 Nm/kg ± 0,2 e 0,30 Nm/kg ± 0,11), mas o momento de abdução aumentou (0,42 Nm/kg ± 0,18). Conclusões O presente estudo mostrou que a osteonecrose da cabeça do fêmur é associada a mecanismos compensatórios da marcha, com aumento da movimentação pélvica e diminuição da flexão do joelho para proteção da articulação do quadril. A redução dos momentos de flexão e adução do quadril também foi identificada e a fraqueza destes grupos musculares pode estar correlacionada à doença.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomechanical Phenomena , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Femur Head Necrosis , Gait Analysis
4.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 294-298, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970866

ABSTRACT

The stability of internal fixation of femoral neck fractures can be obtained through surgical techniques, the configuration of screws and bone grafting, etc. However, the blood supply injury caused by fractures could not be completely reversed by the current medical management. Hence, the comprehensive evaluation of the residual blood supply of the femoral neck, to perioperatively avoid further iatrogenic injury, has become a hotspot. The anatomy of the extraosseous blood supply of the femoral neck has been widely reported, while its clinical application mostly involved the assessment of the medial circumflex femoral artery and retinacular arteries. However, further studies are needed to explore the prognosis of patients with these artery injuries, with different degrees, caused by femoral neck fractures. Direct observations of nutrient foramina in vivo are not possible with current clinical technologies, but it is possible to make reasonable preoperative planning to avoid subsequent femoral head necrosis based on the distribution features of nutrient foramina. The anatomy and clinical application studies of the intraosseous blood supply focused on the junction area of the femoral head and neck to probe the mechanism of femoral head necrosis. Thus, the intraosseous blood supply of other regions in the femoral neck remains to be further investigated. In addition, a blood supply evaluation system based on a three-level structure, extraosseous blood vessels, nutrient foramina, and intraosseous vascular network, could be explored to assist in the treatment of femoral neck fractures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Femur Head Necrosis , Femoral Neck Fractures/surgery , Femur Neck , Femur Head/surgery , Femoral Artery , Fracture Fixation, Internal
5.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 289-294, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970865

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical effect of decompression and bone grafting on osteonecrosis of the femoral head(ONFH) at different sites of necrotic lesions.@*METHODS@#A total of 105 patients with ARCOⅡstage ONFH admitted from January 2017 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 71 males and 34 females, with an average age of (55.20±10.98) years old. The mean course of all patients was(15.91±9.85) months. According to Japanese Inveatigation Committee (JIC) classification, all patients were divided into 4 types:17 cases of type A, 26 cases of type B, 33 cases of type C1 and 29 cases of type C2. All four groups were treated with decompression of the pulp core and bone grafting. Visual analogue scale(VAS) and Harris hip joint score were used before and at 3, 6, 12, and 24 months after the operation, and the collapse of the femoral head was observed by X-ray examination within 2 years.@*RESULTS@#All 105 patients were successful on operation without complications, and the mean follow-up duration was (24.45±2.75) months. Harris score showed that there was no statistical difference among four groups before surgery and 3, 6 months after surgery (P>0.05);at 12 and 24 months after surgery, there were significant differences among all groups (P<0.01). There were significant differences in intragroup Harris scores at preoperative and postoperative time points among four groups (P<0.01). VAS showed that there was no statistical difference among four groups before and 3, 6 months after surgery (P>0.05);at 12 and 24 months after surgery, there were significant differences among all groups (P<0.01). There were significant differences in VAS at preoperative and postoperative time points among four groups (P<0.01). None of the patients in four groups had femoral head collapse before and 3, 6 months after surgery. At 12 months after operation, there were 3 cases of femoral head collapse in group C and 4 cases in group C2(P>0.05);At 24 months after operation, 1 case of femoral head collapse occurred in group B, 6 cases in group C1 and 8 cases in group C2(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Core decompression and bone grafting can improve the effect of ONFH and hip preservation. The effect of hip preservation for ONFH is closely related to the location of the osteonecrosis lesion, so the influence of the location of lesion on the effect of hip preservation should be considered in clinical treatment, so as to make better preoperative hip preservation plan.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Retrospective Studies , Femur Head Necrosis/diagnosis , Femur Head/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Decompression, Surgical , Bone Transplantation
6.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 183-186, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981922

ABSTRACT

For the treatment of an intertrochanteric fracture combined with femoral head necrosis in middle-age patients, it has been controversial whether to perform fracture reduction and fixation first then total hip replacement, or direct total hip replacement. We present a rare case of 53-year-old male patient suffered from bilateral intertrochanteric fracture caused by a road traffic injury. The patient had a history of femoral head necrosis for eight years, and the Harris score was 30. We performed total hip replacement with prolonged biologic shank prostheses for primary repair. One year after the surgery, nearly full range of motion was achieved without instability (active flexion angle of 110°, extension angle of 20°, adduction angle of 40°, abduction angle of 40°, internal rotation angle of 25°, and external rotation angle of 40°). The Harris score was 85. For the middle-aged patient with unstable intertrochanteric fractures and osteonecrosis of the femoral head, we can choose primary repair for concurrent bilateral intertrochanteric fracture and femoral head necrosis with prolonged shank biologic total hip replacement.


Subject(s)
Male , Middle Aged , Humans , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Femur Head/surgery , Femur Head Necrosis/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Hip Fractures/surgery , Biological Products , Treatment Outcome , Retrospective Studies
7.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 605-614, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981640

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To describe the disease characteristics of osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) who experiencing prolonged glucocorticoid (GC) exposure.@*METHODS@#Between January 2016 and June 2019, 449 SLE patients meeting the criteria were recruited from multiple centers. Hip MRI examinations were performed during screening and regular follow-up to determine the occurrence of ONFH. The cohort was divided into ONFH and non-ONFH groups, and the differences in demographic baseline characteristics, general clinical characteristics, GC medication information, combined medication, and hip clinical features were compared and comprehensively described.@*RESULTS@#The age at SLE diagnosis was 29.8 (23.2, 40.9) years, with 93.1% (418 cases) being female. The duration of GC exposure was 5.3 (2.0, 10.5) years, and the cumulative incidence of SLE-ONFH was 9.1%. Significant differences ( P<0.05) between ONFH and non-ONFH groups were observed in the following clinical characteristics: ① Demographic baseline characteristics: ONFH group had a higher proportion of patients with body mass index (BMI)<20 kg/m 2 compared to non-ONFH group. ② General clinical characteristics: ONFH group showed a higher proportion of patients with cutaneous and renal manifestations, positive antiphospholipid antibodies (aPLs) and anticardiolipin antibodies, severe SLE patients [baseline SLE Disease Activity Index 2000 (SLEDAI-2K) score ≥15], and secondary hypertension. Fasting blood glucose in ONFH group was also higher. ③ GC medication information: ONFH group had higher initial intravenous GC exposure rates, duration, cumulative doses, higher cumulative GC doses in the first month and the first 3 months, higher average daily doses in the first 3 months, and higher proportions of average daily doses ≥15.0 mg/d and ≥30.0 mg/d, as well as higher full-course average daily doses and proportion of full-course daily doses ≥30.0 mg/d compared to non-ONFH group. ④ Combined medications: ONFH group had a significantly higher rate of antiplatelet drug use than non-ONFH group. ⑤ Hip clinical features: ONFH group had a higher proportion of hip discomfort or pain and a higher incidence of hip joint effusion before MRI screening than non-ONFH group.@*CONCLUSION@#The incidence of ONFH after GC exposure in China's SLE population remains high (9.1%), with short-term (first 3 months), medium-to-high dose (average daily dose ≥15 mg/d) GC being closely associated with ONFH. Severe SLE, low BMI, certain clinical phenotypes, positive aPLs, and secondary hypertension may also be related to ONFH.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Glucocorticoids/adverse effects , Incidence , Femur Head , Prospective Studies , Femur Head Necrosis/epidemiology , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/chemically induced , Hypertension/drug therapy
8.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 423-430, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981609

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the femoral head collapse and the operation of osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) in different Japanese Investigation Commitee (JIC) types, in order to summarize the prognostic rules of each type of ONFH, and explore the clinical significance of CT lateral subtypes based on reconstruction of necrotic area of C1 type and verify their clinical effect.@*METHODS@#A total of 119 patients (155 hips) with ONFH between May 2004 and December 2016 were enrolled in the study. The total hips consisted of 34 hips in type A, 33 in type B, 57 in type C1, and 31 in type C2, respectively. There was no significant difference in age, gender, affected side, or type of ONFH of the patients with differenct JIC types ( P>0.05). The 1-, 2-, and 5-year femoral head collapse and operation of different JIC types were analyzed, as well as the survival rate (with femoral head collapse as the end point) of hip joint between different JIC types, hormonal/non-hormonal ONFH, asymptomatic and symptomatic (pain duration >6 months or ≤6 months), and combined preserved angle (CPA) ≥118.725° and CPA<118.725°. JIC types with significant differences in subgroup surgery and collapse and with research value were selected. According to the location of the necrotic area on the surface of the femoral head, the JIC classification was divided into 5 subtypes in the lateral CT reconstruction, and the contour line of the necrotic area was extracted and matched to the standard femoral head model, and the necrosis of the five subtypes was presented by thermography. The 1-, 2-, and 5-year outcomes of femoral head collapse and operation in different lateral subtypes were analyzed, and the survival rates (with collapse of the femoral head as the end point) between CPA≥118.725° and CPA<118.725° hip in patients with this subtype were compared, as well as the survival rates of different lateral subtypes (with collapse and surgery as the end points, respectively).@*RESULTS@#The femoral head collapse rate and operation rate in the 1-, 2-, and 5-year were significantly higher in patients with JIC C2 type than in patients with other hip types ( P<0.05), while in patients with JIC C1 type than in patients with JIC types A and B ( P<0.05). The survival rate of patients with different JIC types was significantly different ( P<0.05), and the survival rate of patients with JIC types A, B, C1, and C2 decreased gradually. The survival rate of asymptomatic hip was significantly higher than that of symptomatic hip, and the survival rate of CPA≥118.725° was significantly higher than that of CPA<118.725° ( P<0.05). The lateral CT reconstruction of type C1 hip necrosis area was selected for further classification, including type 1 in 12 hips, type 2 in 20 hips, type 3 in 9 hips, type 4 in 9 hips, and type 5 in 7 hips. There were significant differences in the femoral head collapse rate and the operation rate among the subtypes after 5 years of follow-up ( P<0.05). The collapse rate and operation rate of types 4 and 5 were 0; the collapse rate and operation rate of type 3 were the highest; the collapse rate of type 2 was high, but the operation rate was lower than that of type 3; the collapse rate of type 1 was high, but the operation rate was 0. In JIC type C1 patients, the survival rate of the hip joint with CPA≥118.725° was significantly higher than that with CPA<118.725° ( P<0.05). In the follow-up with femoral head collapse as the end point, the survival rates of types 4 and 5 were all 100%, while the survival rates of types 1, 2, and 3 were all 0, and the difference was significant ( P<0.05). The survival rate of types 1, 4, and 5 was 100%, of type 3 was 0, and of type 2 was 60%, showing significant difference ( P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#JIC types A and B can be treated by non-surgical treatment, while type C2 can be treated by surgical treatment with hip preservation. Type C1 was classified into 5 subtypes by CT lateral classification, type 3 has the highest risk of femoral head collapse, types 4 and 5 have low risk of femoral head collapse and operation, type 1 has high femoral head collapse rate but low risk of operation; type 2 has high collapse rate, but the operation rate is close to the average of JIC type C1, which still needs to be further studied.


Subject(s)
Humans , Femur Head/surgery , Femur Head Necrosis/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Hip Joint , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
9.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(5): 807-814, Sept.-Oct. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407695

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present study analyzed the incidence of epiphyseal avascular necrosis in patients with slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) treated using a modified Dunn technique. In addition, this study determined the correlation of other variables with this incidence and described treatment complications. Methods This is a retrospective study with 20 patients treated by the same surgical team from 2009 to 2019 and followed up for 2 to 12 years. The analysis included general features, time from presentation to surgical procedure, classification, and intraoperative blood perfusion of the epiphysis, as well as complications and their treatment. Results All cases were severe; 65% were acute on chronic, and 55% of the SCFEs were unstable. Our complication rate was 45%, with 5 cases of avascular necrosis, 2 cases of deep infection, 1 case of material failure, and 1 case of joint instability. The statistical analysis revealed that the risk of necrosis was higher when the surgery occurred after a long hospitalization time and there was no intraoperative epiphyseal perfusion. Four necrosis cases happened within the first 5 years, and 1 case in the last 5 years of the study. Conclusion Our study showed that necrosis was the most common complication. It also revealed that surgery delay and lack of intraoperative epiphysis perfusion potentially predispose to avascular necrosis. Although with no statistical significance, coxofemoral instability occurred in chronic SCFE, and surgical fixation with threaded wires was less effective than fixation with a cannulated screw. The modified Dunn procedure should be reserved for severe cases in which other techniques are not feasible and performed by an experienced, trained, and qualified team.


Resumo Objetivo Analisar a incidência da necrose avascular da epífise no tratamento do escorregamento da epífise proximal do fêmur pela técnica de Dunn modificada, correlacionando-a com outras variáveis. Como objetivo secundário, descrevemos outras complicações encontradas. Métodos Estudo retrospectivo com 20 pacientes tratados entre 2009 e 2019, com seguimento de 2 a 12 anos, tratados pela mesma equipe cirúrgica. A análise incluiu características gerais, tempo entre apresentação e procedimento cirúrgico, classificação, presença de perfusão sanguínea intraoperatória da epífise, avaliação das complicações e seus respectivos tratamentos. Resultados Todos os casos eram graves, 65% crônicos agudizados e 55% dos escorregamentos eram instáveis. Nossa taxa de complicações foi de 45%, sendo 5 casos de necrose avascular, 2 de infecção profunda, uma falha do material e uma instabilidade articular. Pacientes operados com maior tempo após a internação e os sem perfusão intraoperatória da epífise tiveram maior risco de necrose na análise estatística. Considerando o tempo do estudo, tivemos 4 casos de necrose nos primeiros 5 anos e 1 caso nos últimos 5 anos. Conclusão Nosso estudo demonstrou que a necrose foi a complicação mais comum e que o atraso para a realização da cirurgia e a ausência de perfusão da epífise no intraoperatório podem predispor à necrose avascular. Embora não estatisticamente significante, a instabilidade coxofemoral foi observada na forma de apresentação crônica e a fixação cirúrgica com fios rosqueados se mostrou menos eficaz que a fixação com parafuso canulado. Este procedimento deve ser reservado para casos graves nos quais outras técnicas não sejam possíveis e realizado por equipe experiente, treinada e capacitada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Osteotomy , Retrospective Studies , Femur Head Necrosis , Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphyses/complications , Necrosis
10.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1183-1188, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970805

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical effect of robot-assisted core decompression and conventional core decompression in treating ARCO Ⅰ stage necrosis of femoral head.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on 60(unilateral operation) patients who underwent core decompression for femoral head necrosis from February 2018 to February 2020. Among them, 30 patients(30 hips) were underwent robot-assisted core decompression (RCD group), including 19 males and 11 females, aged from 17 to 58 years old with an average of(38.50±10.61) years old;30 patients(30 hips) were underwent traditional core decompression surgery (CCD group), including 20 males and 10 females, aged from 20 to 55 years old with an average of (40.63±10.63) years old. Intraoperative fluoroscopy times, intraoperative blood loss and operation time between two groups, and Harris score, visual analogue scale (VAS) before opertaion and 24 months after operation were compared.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up, RCD group followed up from 21 to 26 months with an average of(23.40±1.65) months, CCD group followed up from 21 to 26 months with an average of (23.30±1.66) months, and had no difference between two groups(P>0.05). The number of intraoperative X-ray fluoroscopy, intraoperative blood loss and operative time in RCD group were (9.43±1.14) times, (153.80±22.04) ml, (33.40±1.87) min, respectively;while(19.67±1.32) times, (165.04±20.41) ml and (54.75±3.46) min in CCD group respectively;and there were statistical difference between two groups(P<0.05). In addition, there were no statistical difference between two groups in Harris score and VAS at 24 months after operation(P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with conventional core decompression, robot-assisted core decompression could reduce the number of intraoperative fluoroscopy, shorten operation time, and reduce risk of surgery.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Case-Control Studies , Retrospective Studies , Femur Head Necrosis/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Blood Loss, Surgical , Robotics , Bone Transplantation , Decompression, Surgical , Femur Head/surgery
11.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 390-399, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928330

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the incidence and risk factors of osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) after internal fixation in adult patients with femoral neck fracture (FNF) after 2000, and identify high-risk population of ONFH.@*METHODS@#PubMed, Medline, The Cochrane Library, CNKI, Wanfang and VIP Database were searched to collect all the literatures on ONFH and related risk factors after internal fixation of FNF from January 1th 2000 to July 1th 2020. Study extraction was performed according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. Endnote X9 and Excel 2019 were used for literatures extraction, management and data entry, and R Studio 3.6.5 software was used for Meta-analysis. Subgroup analysis, sensitivity analysis and publication bias detection were used to explore the sources of heterogeneity and the reliability of the evaluation results.@*RESULTS@#A total of 16 studies with 5521 patients were included. Meta-analysis showed that the incidence of ONFH after internal fixation for adult FNF was 14.5% [95% CI(0.126-0.165)]. Fracture displacement[OR=0.27, 95%CI(0.21-0.35)] and reduction quality [OR=0.15, 95%CI(0.09-0.27)] were related risk factors for ONFH. The results of subgroup rate analysis showed that the non-displaced fracture necrosis rate was 6.2%[95%CI(0.051-0.077)] and the displaced fracture necrosis rate was 20.4% [95%CI(0.166-0.249)];the good reduction fracture necrosis rate was 8.3%[95%CI(0.072-0.095)] and the poor reduction fracture necrosis rate was 35.5%[95%CI(0.233-0.500)]. The included literatures have good consistency and no publication bias.@*CONCLUSION@#After 2000, the total incidence of ONFH after internal fixation of adult FNF has decreased, while the necrosis rates of patients with displaced fracture and poor reduction are still at a high level. The interval between injury and surgery was not analyzed in this study because of the inconstant division in the original literature.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Femoral Neck Fractures/complications , Femur Head , Femur Head Necrosis/surgery , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Factors
12.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 617-622, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888326

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a risk assessment and prediction system for early osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) in order to predict the collapse risk.@*METHODS@#The risk assessment system for early necrosis and collapse of femoral head was established based on the combination of Steinberg stage, ABC typing and the proportion of the proximal sclerotic rim. Firstly, Steinberg stage system was applied. ABC typing was applied to predict risk in stage I, type C was risk free, type B was low risk, type A and type BC were medium risk, type A-C and type AB were high risk. The classification of proximal sclerotic rim was first applied when the Steinberg stage was Ⅱ-Ⅲ, and type 2 was expected to be low risk. If the classification of proximal sclerotic rimwas type 1, then the ABC typing was applied, type C was risk-free, type B was low risk, type A and type BC were medium risk, type A-C and type AB were high risk. According to this prediction system, the collapse risk of femoral head in 188 cases(301 hips) were predicted by retrospective analysis. All the hips were enrolled at the out-patient department of orthopedic in Guang'anmen Hospital attached to China Academy of Chinese Medical Science. The consistency of the prediction results of three doctors and one doctor at different times were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#Among them, 136 cases were male, 52 were female. 75 cases were single hip, 113 were double hip. The age of the patients wa 19 to 64(42.61±12.07) years. The natural course of disease was 0.33 to 5.00(3.62±1.93) years. 206 hips in 301 hips had collapsed, with a collapse rate of 68.44%. In the risk-free group, none hip had collapsed, with a collapse rate of 0%. In the low-risk group, 9 hip in 91 hips had collapsed, with a collapse rate of 9.89%. In the medium-risk group, 12 hip in 19 hips had collapsed, with a collapse rate of 63.16%. And in the high risk group, 185 hips in 190 hips had collapsed, with a collapse rate of 97.37%. They were significantly differences in their collapse rate (@*CONCLUSION@#The risk assessment and prediction system for early ONFH selects different methods to predict the risk of collapse according to the imaging characteristics of different stages, which is combines with the comprehensive assessment of multiple risk factors. The system is applicable to a wide range, simple operation and convenient for clinical application.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , China , Femur Head/diagnostic imaging , Femur Head Necrosis/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Treatment Outcome
13.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 534-538, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888310

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the short-term clinical effect of double channel decompression and bone grafting through the greater trochanter combined with allograft fibula propping in the treatment of osteonecrosis of femoral head (ONFH).@*METHODS@#Twenty two patients (23 hips) with osteonecrosis of the femoral head were included from November 2017 to February 2019. According to Association Research Cirulation Osseous(ARCO) staging, there were 13 hips at stageⅡgroup, aged from 20 to 48 years old with an average of(32.5±8.5)years old;10 hips at stageⅢgroup, aged from 18 to 45 years old with an average of(32.7±8.6) years old. A single approach through the greater trochanterwas used for decompression, bone grafting and fibula support. Harris scoring system was used to evaluate the function of hip joint before and after implantation, and the anteroposterior and lateral X-ray films of hip joint were taken at 3, 6, 12 and 18 months after implantation to observe and analyze the progress of femoral head necrosis and regeneration.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 12 to 18 months with an average of (14.6±2.1) months. Harris score of stageⅡand stageⅢpatients increased from 73.2± 5.5 and 66.5±3.4 to 87.6±8.7(@*CONCLUSION@#The effect of double trochanteric decompression and bone grafting combined with fibular allograft propping in the treatment of early and middle stage avascular necrosis of the femoral head is good, especially suitable for young and middle aged patients with ARCOⅡstage avascular necrosis of the femoral head.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Humans , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Allografts , Bone Transplantation , Decompression , Femur Head , Femur Head Necrosis , Fibula , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome
14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2214-2222, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887598

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Accumulating evidence suggests that lithium influences mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) proliferation and osteogenic differentiation. As decreased bone formation in femoral heads is induced by glucocorticoids (GCs), we hypothesized that lithium has a protective effect on GC-induced osteonecrosis of femoral heads (ONFH).@*METHODS@#A rat ONFH model was induced by methylprednisolone (MP) and the effect of lithium chloride on the models was evaluated. Micro-computed tomography (CT)-based angiography and bone scanning were performed to analyze the vessels and bone structure in the femoral heads. Hematoxylin and eosin and immunohistochemical staining were performed to evaluate the trabecular structure and osteocalcin (OCN) expression, respectively. Bone marrow-derived MSCs were isolated from the models, and their proliferative and osteogenic ability was evaluated. Western blotting and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction were performed to detect osteogenic-related proteins including Runx2, alkaline phosphatase, and Collagen I.@*RESULTS@#Micro-CT analysis showed a high degree of osteonecrotic changes in the rats that received only MP injection. Treatment with lithium reduced this significantly in rats that received lithium (MP + Li group); while 18/20 of the femoral heads in the MP showed severe osteonecrosis, only 5/20 in the MP + Li showed mild osteonecrotic changes. The MP + Li group also displayed a higher vessel volume than the MP group (0.2193 mm3vs. 0.0811 mm3, P < 0.05), shown by micro-CT-based angiography. Furthermore, histological analysis showed better trabecular structures and more OCN expression in the femoral heads of the MP + Li group compared with the MP group. The ex vivo investigation indicated higher proliferative and osteogenic ability and upregulated osteogenic-related proteins in MSCs extracted from rats in the MP + Li group than that in the MP group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#We concluded that lithium chloride has a significant protective effect on GC-induced ONFH in rats and that lithium also enhances MSC proliferation and osteogenic differentiation in rats after GC administration.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Cell Differentiation , Femur Head , Femur Head Necrosis/drug therapy , Glucocorticoids , Lithium Chloride , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Osteogenesis , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , X-Ray Microtomography
15.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 215-219, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879417

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the relationship between osteonecrosis of femoral head after internal fixation of femoral neck fracture and serum bone metabolism, vascular active factors, and analyze the risk factors.@*METHODS@#Total 150 patients with femoral neck fracture who underwent reduction and internal fixation from April 2016 to April 2019 were selected, including 83 males and 67 females. According to whether there was necrosis of femoral head after operation, they were divided into necrosis group(32 cases) and non necrosis group (118 cases). Before operation and 1, 3, 5 days after operation, the serum levels of beta-C terminal cross-linked telopeptides of typeⅠ collagen(β-CTX), N-telopeptide of typeⅠ procollagen(PINP), nitric oxide (NO), Endothelin-1 (ET-1) were measured. The clinical characteristics of the two groups were compared. The risk factors of postoperative femoral head necrosis were analyzed by logistic regression model. The value of serum indexes in predicting postoperative femoral head necrosis was analyzed by ROC curve.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in the levels of serum PINP and β-CTX between necrotic group and non necrotic group before operation and 1, 3 and 5 days after operation(@*CONCLUSION@#The content of serum NO and ET-1 on the first day after operation can predict the necrosis of femoral head.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Femoral Neck Fractures/surgery , Femur Head , Femur Head Necrosis/etiology , Fracture Fixation, Internal/adverse effects , Osteonecrosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
16.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 203-208, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879415

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the related factors of aseptic necrosis of femoral head after closed reduction and internal fixation of femoral neck fracture.@*METHODS@#From January 2009 to January 2016, 236 patients with femoral neck fracture were treated with closed reduction and internal fixation with 3 hollow lag screws, including 111 males and 125 females, aged from 19 to 89 (50.17±12.88) years. According to the follow-up results, the correlation of aseptic necrosis of femoral head was analyzed. Univariate analysis of age, gender, injured side, body weight, injury mechanism, preoperative waiting time, Garden classification and whether there was comminution of femoral neck cortex was conducted to obtain the independent variables with significant difference. Then binary logistic regression analysis was conducted to explore the independent risk factors of avascular necrosis of femoral head.@*RESULTS@#The average follow-up period of 236 cases was 4.58 years. There were significant differences in the range of injury (24.69% vs. 5.16%, @*CONCLUSION@#High energy injury, preoperative waiting time (>48 h) and comminution of femoral neck cortex were independent risk factors for aseptic necrosis of femoral head. In addition, cortical comminution on the pressure side and tension side of the femoral neck is a strong prognostic risk factor for aseptic necrosis of the femoral head, because it indicates a more serious and complex injury mechanism.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Femoral Neck Fractures/surgery , Femur Head Necrosis/surgery , Femur Neck , Fracture Fixation, Internal/adverse effects , Fractures, Comminuted , Risk Factors
17.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 34(1): e271, ene.-jun. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1139109

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivos: Describir el efecto terapéutico del uso de células madre en el manejo de la osteonecrosis de la cabeza femoral. Métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda en las distintas bases de datos como Pubmed/MEDLINE, BVS y Cochrane de los últimos 10 años, incluyéndose estudios relevantes de metaanálisis, ensayos clínicos y revisiones. Además, se revisó la página electrónica oficial de la Organización Mundial de la Salud para referencias adicionales. Las palabras de búsqueda fueron: "("Stem Cells" OR "Stem Cell Transplantation"[Mesh] OR "Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation"[Mesh] OR Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation"[Mesh] OR Cell-and Tissue-Based Therapy"[Mesh] "Multipotent Stem Cells"[Mesh] OR "Embryonic Stem Cells"[Mesh]) AND ("Osteonecrosis"[Mesh] OR "Femur Head Necrosis"[Mesh] "osteonecrosis of the femoral head" OR "Femoral head"). Incluimos un total de 7 estudios. 2 metaanálisis, 2 artículos de revisión, 2 ensayos clínicos controlados y aleatorizados y un estudio de evidencia. Resultados: Todos los estudios evidenciaron que la terapia con células madre en el manejo de la osteonecrosis de la cabeza femoral es segura y efectiva. El tratamiento combinado de descompresión central más implantación de células madre mostró mayor efectividad. Conclusiones: La terapia con células madre es una opción terapéutica para tratar la osteonecrosis de la cabeza femoral, sobre todo en etapas tempranas. La combinación de descompresión central más la infiltración de células madre en la zona necrótica produce mejoría de la sintomatología y contiene el progreso de la enfermedad(AU)


ABSTRACT Objectives: To describe the therapeutic effect of the stem cell use in managing osteonecrosis of the femoral head. Methods: A search was carried out in the different databases as Pubmed / MEDLINE, BVS and Cochrane for the last 10 years, including relevant meta-analysis studies, clinical trials and reviews. In addition, the official website of the World Health Organization was checked for additional references. The search words were: "(" Stem Cells "OR" Stem Cell Transplantation "[Mesh] OR" Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation "[Mesh] OR Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation" [Mesh] OR Cell-and Tissue-Based Therapy "[ Mesh] "Multipotent Stem Cells" [Mesh] OR "Embryonic Stem Cells" [Mesh]) AND ("Osteonecrosis" [Mesh] OR "Femur Head Necrosis" [Mesh] "osteonecrosis of the femoral head" OR "Femoral head"). We include a total of 7 studies, 2 meta-analyzes, 2 review articles, 2 controlled and randomized clinical trials, and one evidence study. Findings: All the studies showed that stem cell therapy in managing osteonecrosis of the femoral head is safe and effective. The combined treatment of central decompression plus stem cell implantation showed greater effectiveness. Conclusions: Stem cell therapy is a therapeutic option to treat osteonecrosis of the femoral head, especially in the early stages. The combination of central decompression plus the infiltration of stem cells in the necrotic area produces an improvement in the symptoms and contains the progress of the disease(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Stem Cells , Decompression, Surgical/methods , Femur Head Necrosis/therapy
18.
Acta ortop. mex ; 34(1): 16-21, ene.-feb. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345079

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: La necrosis avascular de cabeza femoral (NACF) es una patología frecuente que en sus inicios es asintomática y se manifiesta de forma insidiosa, por lo que a menudo el diagnóstico se realiza en estadios avanzados, donde la única solución eficaz es la artroplastía total de cadera (ATC). El diagnóstico en fases precoces permitirá utilizar opciones terapéuticas que eviten o retrasen la ATC. Nuestro objetivo es valorar los resultados demográficos, clínicos y la tasa de éxito en nuestro centro de pacientes con diagnóstico de NACF y que han sido subsidiarios de cirugía de preservación de cadera. Material y métodos: Estudio clínico unicéntrico, prospectivo, no controlado de pacientes con diagnóstico de NACF entre Enero de 2012 y Septiembre de 2017 con un estadio Steinberg ≤ IIIA. La técnica quirúrgica utilizada es el forage descompresivo, asociado a relleno con aloinjerto y aspirado de médula ósea. Resultados: Se intervinieron 26 caderas con nuestra técnica quirúrgica. La tasa de éxito obtenida es de 61.54%, ya que 10 casos han precisado ATC durante el estudio (38.46%). Conclusión: El éxito terapéutico en la NACF está directamente relacionado con el grado de la enfermedad, por lo que es importante el diagnóstico precoz. El forage descompresivo con relleno de aloinjerto que asocia aspirado de médula ósea es una opción a tener en cuenta, ya que en estadios iniciales muestra una elevada tasa de éxito.


Abstract: Introduction: Avascular osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) is a frequent pathology with an insidious and asymptomatic presentation in early stages, so the diagnosis is often made in advanced stages, where the only effective solution is total hip arthroplasty (THA). Diagnosis in early stages will allow the use of therapeutic options that avoid or delay ATC. Our objective is to evaluate the demographic, clinical results and the success rate in our center of patients diagnosed with ONFH and who have been subsidiary of hip preservation surgery. Material and methods: Unicentric, prospective, uncontrolled clinical study of patients diagnosed with ONFH between January 2012 and September 2017 with a Steinberg ≤ IIIA stage. The surgical technique used is decompressive forage, associated with bone allograft and bone marrow aspiration. Results: 26 hips were operated on with our surgical technique. The success rate obtained is 61.54%, since 10 cases have required THA during the study (38.46%). Conclusions: The therapeutic success in ONFH is directly related to the degree of the disease, which is why early diagnosis is important. The decompressive forage with bone allograft that associates bone marrow aspiration is an option to be taken into account, since in early stages it shows a high success rate.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Femur Head Necrosis/surgery , Femur Head Necrosis/epidemiology , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Femur Head/surgery
19.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 290-297, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942002

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To retrospectively analyze the risk factors of avascular necrosis of femoral head (ANFH) after internal fixation in young and mid-aged adults.@*METHODS@#From January 2007 to December 2017, femoral neck fracture patients (18-60 years old) treated by reduction and internal fixation were retrospectively studied in Peking University Third Hospital. We recorded their gender, age, body mass index (BMI), American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) grade, reason of injury, fracture side, interval between injury and surgery, location of fracture line, Garden classification, Pauwels classification, reduction method (open or closed), internal fixation and reduction quality. The diagnosis of ANFH was confirmed based on X-ray and MRI images during the follow-up. The internal fixation method included cannulated compression screw (CCS) or dynamic hip screw (DHS, with or without anti-rotation screw). χ2 test and Logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the relationship between the various factors and postoperative ANFH.@*RESULTS@#A total of 113 patients were included in this study, including 63 males and 50 females with an average age of (43.17 ± 12.34) years. They were followed up by (25.08 ± 16.17) months. ASA grade included grade I (21 cases), grade II (55 cases) and grade III (37 cases). The reasons of injury included low-energy trauma (76 cases) and high-energy (37 cases). The fracture line included subcapital type (37 cases), transverse type (74 cases) and basal type (2 cases). Garden classification included type I (3 cases), type II (46 cases), type III (39 cases) and type IV (25 cases). Pauwels classification included type I (21 cases), type II (55 cases) and type III (37 cases). Interval between injury and surgery was (3.88 ± 3.66) days, 108 patients and 5 patients performed closed and open reduction respectively. 63 patients performed CCS, and 50 patients performed DHS. The reduction quality included grade A (91 cases), grade B (18 cases) and grade C (4 cases). 18 patients developed ANFH after surgery, the incidence rate was 15.93% (18/113). The result of χ2 test showed the reason of injury (OR=0.19, P < 0.01), Garden classification (OR=0.13, P < 0.01), Pauwels classification (OR=0.12, P = 0.02), internal fixation method (OR=3.29, P = 0.04) and reduction quality (OR=0.33, P < 0.01) were significantly associated with ANFH. These five factors were further included into the Logistic regression analysis, and its results showed that the reason of injury (OR=4.11, P = 0.03) and Garden classification (OR=4.85, P = 0.04) were statistically significant.@*CONCLUSION@#The reason of injury, Garden classification, Pauwels classification, internal fixation and reduction quality may increase the risk of ANFH after surgery, and the reason of injury and Garden classification were much more significant.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Femoral Neck Fractures , Femur Head Necrosis , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fracture Healing , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
20.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1048-1052, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879350

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of platelet rich plasma (PRP) combined with β tricalcium phosphate bioceramic bone in the treatment of non traumatic necrosis of the femoral head in ARCO stageⅡ.@*METHODS@#From January 2017 to December 2018, 100 patients (160 hips) with ARCO stageⅡnon traumatic necrosis of the femoral head were divided into PRP group and control group. In PRP group, 50 patients (80 hips), 22 males and 28 females, aged from 18 to 65 (43.47± 7.23) years, with a course of 4 to 18 (15.8±2.9) months, underwent core decompression and bone grafting combined with PRP implantation. There were 50 cases (80 hips) in the control group, including 27 males and 23 females, aged 20 to 63 (45.72± 7.43) years, and the course of disease was 6 to 19 (14.9±3.8) months. Hip X-ay film was followed up after operation. Harris score and VAS score were used to evaluate the curative effect, and the survival rate of hip joint was recorded.@*RESULTS@#All patients had good wound healing, no infection, thrombosis and other complications. All patients were followed up for 12 to 14 (12.0±0.4) months. Twelve months after operation, the image expression of PRP group was better than that of control group(@*CONCLUSION@#Platelet-rich plasma(PRP) combined with artificialbone for core decompression and bone grafting can change the situation of simple artificial bone implantation and uncertain curative effect, improve the success rate of this operation, effectively reduce the collapse rate of femoral head necrosis in the early and middle stage, delay or even avoid hip replacement.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Artemisinins , Bone Transplantation , Decompression, Surgical , Femur Head/surgery , Femur Head Necrosis/surgery , Naphthoquinones , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Treatment Outcome
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