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Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(3): 1-7, sept. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292580


Hip femoral head fractures are extremely uncommon, but likely associated with traumatic hip dislocations. Both lesions require emergent treatment to avoid further complications.19-year-old male patient was received after a high-energy motor vehicle accident with severe brain and thoraco-abdominal trauma and a displaced femoral head fracture with posterior hip dislocation with no acetabular fracture. An emergent open reduction and internal fixation with 2 headless screws was performed, as well as posterior capsule repair. After 1 month as an inpatient in Intensive Care Unit, he sustained a new episode of posterior hip dislocation. Consequently, a second successful surgical reduction was obtained, and hip stability was achieved by posterior reconstruction with iliac crest autograft fixed with cannulated screw and posterior structure repair. Two years later, he was able to walk independently and he does not present any signs of degenerative joint disease nor avascular necrosis.

Las fracturas de la cabeza femoral son extremadamente raras y están asociadas comúnmente con una luxación de cadera traumática. Ambas lesiones requieren tratamiento urgente con el objetivo de evitar complicaciones posteriores. Un paciente varón de 19 años fue trasladado tras un accidente de tráfico de alta energía en el que sufrió un traumatismo craneoencefálico y toracoabdominal grave, además de una fractura de cabeza femoral desplazada junto a una luxación posterior de cadera sin afectación acetabular. De manera urgente, fue intervenido mediante una reducción abierta y fijación interna de la fractura con dos tornillos canulados sin cabeza y reparación de la cápsula articular posterior. Tras un mes de ingreso en la unidad de cuidados intensivos, sufrió un nuevo episodio de luxación posterior de cadera. Debido a ello, se realiza una segunda intervención quirúrgica con reducción abierta y en la que se obtiene una adecuada estabilidad de la cadera mediante reconstrucción posterior con la adición de autoinjerto tricortical de cresta ilíaca y reparación capsular posterior. Después de dos años de seguimiento, el paciente deambula de manera independiente, sin dolor y sin signos degenerativos ni de necrosis avascular en las pruebas de imagen.

Humans , Male , Young Adult , Transplantation, Autologous/methods , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Femur Head/injuries , Joint Dislocations/complications , Ilium/surgery
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921921


OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy of total hip arthroplasty with conventional instrument OCM approach and posterolateral approach in supine position.@*METHODS@#From February 2017 to January 2019, 67 patients underwent hip arthroplasty due to hip diseases, including 21 patients in the minimally invasive group, 12 males and 9 females;there were 10 cases of femoral neck fracture, 5 cases of aseptic necrosis of femoral head and 6 cases of hip osteoarthritis. In the traditional group, 46 cases were treated by traditional posterolateral approach, including 28 males and 18 females;there were 24 cases of femoral neck fracture, 12 cases of aseptic necrosis of femoral head and 10 cases of hip osteoarthritis. All patientsused biological ceramic artificial joint prosthesis. The operation time, intraoperative bleeding, incision length, preoperative and postoperative creatine kinase (CK-NAC), underground activity time, hospital stay, abduction angle and anteversion angle of prosthesis were observed and compared between two groups. Harris scores before operation and 12 months after operation were compared between two groups.@*RESULTS@#All cases were followed up for 14 to 26(18.4±3.6) months. There was no significant difference in intraoperative bleeding, postoperative anteversion and abduction angle between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#The two approaches of total hip arthroplasty can obtain satisfactory results.OCM approach has less damage and rapid postoperative recovery. It is a reliable surgical approach and can be popularized and used.

Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Female , Femoral Neck Fractures/surgery , Femur Head , Hip Prosthesis , Humans , Male , Operative Time , Retrospective Studies , Supine Position , Treatment Outcome
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921913


OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy of femoral head replacement and internal fixation in the treatment of unstable intertrochanteric fractures in the elderly.@*METHODS@#Retrospective analysis of 70 cases of unstable intertrochanteric fractures treated from January 2016 to January 2019 and meeting the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 39 cases were fixed with closed reduction and new proximal femoral intramedullary nail(InterTAN), and 31 cases were treated with open trochanter reconstruction and artificial femoral head replacement. The operation time, intraoperative bleeding, hospital stay, weight bearing time, postoperative complication rate and hip function recovery (Harris score) were compared between two groups.@*RESULTS@#All cases were followed up for 12 to 24 months. There were no significant differences in intraoperative bleeding and hospital stay between the two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#InterTAN and femoral head replacement can treat unstable intertrochanteric fractures in the elderly, but femoral head replacement can move down early, improve the quality of life at the end of life, reduce postoperative complications and facilitate the treatment of coexisting diseases in internal medicine.

Aged , Bone Nails , Femoral Fractures , Femur Head , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2214-2222, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887598


BACKGROUND@#Accumulating evidence suggests that lithium influences mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) proliferation and osteogenic differentiation. As decreased bone formation in femoral heads is induced by glucocorticoids (GCs), we hypothesized that lithium has a protective effect on GC-induced osteonecrosis of femoral heads (ONFH).@*METHODS@#A rat ONFH model was induced by methylprednisolone (MP) and the effect of lithium chloride on the models was evaluated. Micro-computed tomography (CT)-based angiography and bone scanning were performed to analyze the vessels and bone structure in the femoral heads. Hematoxylin and eosin and immunohistochemical staining were performed to evaluate the trabecular structure and osteocalcin (OCN) expression, respectively. Bone marrow-derived MSCs were isolated from the models, and their proliferative and osteogenic ability was evaluated. Western blotting and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction were performed to detect osteogenic-related proteins including Runx2, alkaline phosphatase, and Collagen I.@*RESULTS@#Micro-CT analysis showed a high degree of osteonecrotic changes in the rats that received only MP injection. Treatment with lithium reduced this significantly in rats that received lithium (MP + Li group); while 18/20 of the femoral heads in the MP showed severe osteonecrosis, only 5/20 in the MP + Li showed mild osteonecrotic changes. The MP + Li group also displayed a higher vessel volume than the MP group (0.2193 mm3vs. 0.0811 mm3, P < 0.05), shown by micro-CT-based angiography. Furthermore, histological analysis showed better trabecular structures and more OCN expression in the femoral heads of the MP + Li group compared with the MP group. The ex vivo investigation indicated higher proliferative and osteogenic ability and upregulated osteogenic-related proteins in MSCs extracted from rats in the MP + Li group than that in the MP group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#We concluded that lithium chloride has a significant protective effect on GC-induced ONFH in rats and that lithium also enhances MSC proliferation and osteogenic differentiation in rats after GC administration.

Animals , Cell Differentiation , Femur Head , Femur Head Necrosis/drug therapy , Glucocorticoids , Lithium Chloride , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Osteogenesis , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , X-Ray Microtomography
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888326


OBJECTIVE@#To establish a risk assessment and prediction system for early osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) in order to predict the collapse risk.@*METHODS@#The risk assessment system for early necrosis and collapse of femoral head was established based on the combination of Steinberg stage, ABC typing and the proportion of the proximal sclerotic rim. Firstly, Steinberg stage system was applied. ABC typing was applied to predict risk in stage I, type C was risk free, type B was low risk, type A and type BC were medium risk, type A-C and type AB were high risk. The classification of proximal sclerotic rim was first applied when the Steinberg stage was Ⅱ-Ⅲ, and type 2 was expected to be low risk. If the classification of proximal sclerotic rimwas type 1, then the ABC typing was applied, type C was risk-free, type B was low risk, type A and type BC were medium risk, type A-C and type AB were high risk. According to this prediction system, the collapse risk of femoral head in 188 cases(301 hips) were predicted by retrospective analysis. All the hips were enrolled at the out-patient department of orthopedic in Guang'anmen Hospital attached to China Academy of Chinese Medical Science. The consistency of the prediction results of three doctors and one doctor at different times were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#Among them, 136 cases were male, 52 were female. 75 cases were single hip, 113 were double hip. The age of the patients wa 19 to 64(42.61±12.07) years. The natural course of disease was 0.33 to 5.00(3.62±1.93) years. 206 hips in 301 hips had collapsed, with a collapse rate of 68.44%. In the risk-free group, none hip had collapsed, with a collapse rate of 0%. In the low-risk group, 9 hip in 91 hips had collapsed, with a collapse rate of 9.89%. In the medium-risk group, 12 hip in 19 hips had collapsed, with a collapse rate of 63.16%. And in the high risk group, 185 hips in 190 hips had collapsed, with a collapse rate of 97.37%. They were significantly differences in their collapse rate (@*CONCLUSION@#The risk assessment and prediction system for early ONFH selects different methods to predict the risk of collapse according to the imaging characteristics of different stages, which is combines with the comprehensive assessment of multiple risk factors. The system is applicable to a wide range, simple operation and convenient for clinical application.

Adult , China , Female , Femur Head/diagnostic imaging , Femur Head Necrosis/epidemiology , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888310


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the short-term clinical effect of double channel decompression and bone grafting through the greater trochanter combined with allograft fibula propping in the treatment of osteonecrosis of femoral head (ONFH).@*METHODS@#Twenty two patients (23 hips) with osteonecrosis of the femoral head were included from November 2017 to February 2019. According to Association Research Cirulation Osseous(ARCO) staging, there were 13 hips at stageⅡgroup, aged from 20 to 48 years old with an average of(32.5±8.5)years old;10 hips at stageⅢgroup, aged from 18 to 45 years old with an average of(32.7±8.6) years old. A single approach through the greater trochanterwas used for decompression, bone grafting and fibula support. Harris scoring system was used to evaluate the function of hip joint before and after implantation, and the anteroposterior and lateral X-ray films of hip joint were taken at 3, 6, 12 and 18 months after implantation to observe and analyze the progress of femoral head necrosis and regeneration.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 12 to 18 months with an average of (14.6±2.1) months. Harris score of stageⅡand stageⅢpatients increased from 73.2± 5.5 and 66.5±3.4 to 87.6±8.7(@*CONCLUSION@#The effect of double trochanteric decompression and bone grafting combined with fibular allograft propping in the treatment of early and middle stage avascular necrosis of the femoral head is good, especially suitable for young and middle aged patients with ARCOⅡstage avascular necrosis of the femoral head.

Adolescent , Adult , Allografts , Bone Transplantation , Decompression , Femur Head , Femur Head Necrosis , Fibula , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879417


OBJECTIVE@#To study the relationship between osteonecrosis of femoral head after internal fixation of femoral neck fracture and serum bone metabolism, vascular active factors, and analyze the risk factors.@*METHODS@#Total 150 patients with femoral neck fracture who underwent reduction and internal fixation from April 2016 to April 2019 were selected, including 83 males and 67 females. According to whether there was necrosis of femoral head after operation, they were divided into necrosis group(32 cases) and non necrosis group (118 cases). Before operation and 1, 3, 5 days after operation, the serum levels of beta-C terminal cross-linked telopeptides of typeⅠ collagen(β-CTX), N-telopeptide of typeⅠ procollagen(PINP), nitric oxide (NO), Endothelin-1 (ET-1) were measured. The clinical characteristics of the two groups were compared. The risk factors of postoperative femoral head necrosis were analyzed by logistic regression model. The value of serum indexes in predicting postoperative femoral head necrosis was analyzed by ROC curve.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in the levels of serum PINP and β-CTX between necrotic group and non necrotic group before operation and 1, 3 and 5 days after operation(@*CONCLUSION@#The content of serum NO and ET-1 on the first day after operation can predict the necrosis of femoral head.

Female , Femoral Neck Fractures/surgery , Femur Head , Femur Head Necrosis/etiology , Fracture Fixation, Internal/adverse effects , Humans , Male , Osteonecrosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353885


Introducción: La correcta valoración de las radiografías cuando ingresa un paciente con una fractura de fémur proximal tiene una implicancia directa en el tratamiento propuesto. Materiales y Métodos: Se evaluó consecutivamente a 100 pacientes con diagnóstico de fractura de fémur proximal. Se tomaron radiografías de pelvis de frente, de la cadera afectada de frente y de la cadera afectada de frente con tracción y rotación interna. Se comparó la clasificación realizada por residentes con la clasificación de los médicos senior, todos utilizaron las tres radiografías para evaluar las fracturas. Resultados: El resultado global de concordancia entre la clasificación inicial de los residentes con la de los médicos senior fue del 68,9%. Cuando los médicos residentes utilizaron la radiografía con tracción y rotación interna, la concordancia aumentó al 81,5%. Cincuenta y una respuestas cambiaron con respecto a la clasificación inicial. De estas, en 42 (82,4%) casos, la clasificación inicial era incorrecta y cambió a una correcta. En 9 (17,6%) casos, la clasificación inicial era correcta y cambió a una incorrecta. Conclusiones: La radiografía con tracción y rotación interna es un estudio simple, de bajo costo y bien tolerado por el paciente que facilita la correcta interpretación de las fracturas de fémur proximal, lo que tiene un impacto directo en la indicación del tratamiento y su resultado final. Nivel de Evidencia: IV

Introduction: The correct assessment of radiographs at the time of admission of a patient with proximal femoral fracture has a direct effect on the choice of treatment. Materials and Method: We consecutively evaluated 100 patients with a diagnosis of proximal femoral fracture. Antero-posterior pelvic radiographs (A-P), A-P radiographs of the affected hip, and internal rotation traction radiographs of the affected hip were taken. A comparison was made between the classifications made by residents and the classification of senior doctors, who used the 3 radiographs to classify all fractures. Results: The overall agreement score between the initial classification of residents and that of senior doctors was 68.9%. When the resident physicians used internal rotation traction radiography, agreement increased to 78.75%. 51 responses changed with respect to the initial classification. Of these, in 42 (82.4%) cases the initial classification was incorrect and changed to a correct classification. While in 9 (17.6%) cases the initial classification was correct and changed to an incorrect one. Conclusion: Internal rotation traction radiography is a simple, low-cost study that is well-tolerated by the patient and facilitates correct interpretation of proximal femoral fractures with a direct impact on the choice of treatment and its outcome. Level of Evidence: IV

Aged , Femur Head/injuries , Clinical Decision-Making , Hip Fractures/diagnosis , Hip Fractures/diagnostic imaging
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(2): 239-246, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137999


Abstract Objective The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the pelvic bone deformities and its correlation with the acetabular center-edge (CE) angle. Methods Between August 2014 and April 2015, we prospectively evaluated patients aged between 20 and 60 years old. The exclusion criteria were: metabolic disease, previous hip or spine surgery, radiograph showing hip arthrosis ≥ Tönnis two, severe hip dysplasia, global acetabular overcoverage, acetabular crossover sign, hip deformities from slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) or Leg-Perthes-Calveé, and bad quality radiographs. At anteroposterior (AP) pelvic radiographs, we have evaluated: the CE angle, the acetabular index (IA), the acetabular crossover sign, the vertical and horizontal superior and inferior pelvic axis (H1: Horizontal line 1, superior pelvic axis; H2: Horizontal line 2, superior pelvic axis; V1: Vertical line, superior pelvic axis; HR: Horizontal line, inferior pelvic axis; VR: Vertical line, inferior pelvic axis). The superior and inferior pelvic axis were considered asymmetric when there was a difference ≥ 5 mm between both sides. Patients were divided into two groups: control and group 1. Results A total of 228 patients (456 hips) were evaluated in the period. According to the established criteria, 93 patients were included. The mean age was 39.9 years old (20 to 60 years old, standard deviation [SD] = 10,5), and the mean CE angle in the right hip was 31.5º (20 o to 40º), and in the left 32.3º (20 o to 40º). The control group had 38 patients, with asymmetric H1 in 4 cases (10.5%), H2 in 5 (13.1%), V1 in 7 (18.4%), HR in 5 (13.1%) and VR in 1 (2.63%). Group 1 had 55 patients, with asymmetric H1 in 24 cases (43.6%), H2 in 50 (90.9%), V1 in 28 (50.9%), HR in 16 (29.09%) and VR in 8 (14.5%). Comparing both groups, there was statistical significance for H1, H2 and V1 asymmetry (p < 0.001). Conclusion In the present paper, we observed the correlation between variation in the acetabular CE angle and asymmetry of the superior hemipelvis. The present authors believe that a better understanding of the pelvic morphologic alterations allows a greater facility in the diagnosis of hip articular deformities.

Resumo Objetivos O objetivo do presente trabalho é avaliar a deformidade dos ossos pélvicos e sua correlação com ângulo centro-borda acetabular (CE). Métodos Foi realizado um estudo prospectivo caso-controle, entre agosto de 2014 e abril de 2015. Os critérios de inclusão foram pacientes consecutivos com idades entre 20 e 60 anos. Os critérios de exclusão foram: doença metabólica, cirurgia prévia de quadril ou coluna, radiografia evidenciando artrose de quadril ≥ Tönnis 2, displasia do desenvolvimento do quadril (DDQ) severa, sobrecobertura acetabular global, sinal do cruzamento das linhas acetabulares, deformidades decorrentes de epifisiólise ou Legg-Perthes-Calveé, e radiografia sem qualidade adequada. Foram avaliados na radiografia anteroposterior (AP) de pelve: o ângulo CE, índice acetabular (IA), sinal do cruzamento das linhas acetabulares, mensuração do eixo horizontal e vertical da hemipelve superior e inferior (H1: Linha Horizontal 1, hemipelve superior; H2: Linha Horizontal 2, hemipelve superior; V1: Linha Vertical, hemipelve superior; HR: Linha Horizontal, hemipelve inferior; VR: Linha Vertical, hemipelve inferior). As mensurações H1, H2, V1, HR e VR foram consideradas assimétricas quando, na comparação de uma hemipelve em relação ao lado contralateral, evidenciou-se uma diferença > 5 mm. Os pacientes foram separados em dois grupos: controle e grupo 1. Resultados O total de pacientes avaliados no período foi de 228 (456 quadris). De acordo com os critérios estabelecidos, foram incluídos neste estudo 93 pacientes. A idade média foi de 39,9 anos (20 a 60 anos, desvio padrão [DP] = 10,5), e o ângulo CE médio do quadril direito foi de 31,5º (20º a 40º) e do esquerdo de 32,3º (20º a 40º). Um total de 38 pacientes foi incluído no grupo controle, sendo que com relação à H1, foi constatada aferição assimétrica em 4 casos (10,5%), H2 em 5 (13,1%), V1 em 7 (18,4%), HR em 5 (13,1%), e VR em 1 caso (2,63%). No grupo 1, foram incluídos 55 pacientes, sendo que com relação à H1, foi constatada aferição assimétrica em 24 casos (43,6%), H2 em 50 (90,9%), V1 em 28 (50,9%), HR em 16 (29,09%), e VR em 8 casos (14,5%). Na comparação entre o grupo controle e o grupo 1, observou-se diferença estatisticamente significativa para a assimetria das mensurações H1, H2 e V1 (p < 0,001). Conclusão No presente trabalho, evidenciou-se correlação entre variação do ângulo CE acetabular e assimetria da hemipelve superior. Os presentes autores acreditam que o melhor entendimento das alterações morfológicas pélvicas permite uma maior facilidade no diagnóstico das deformidades articulares do quadril.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis , Femur Head , Hip Dislocation , Acetabulum
Acta ortop. mex ; 34(1): 16-21, ene.-feb. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345079


Resumen: Introducción: La necrosis avascular de cabeza femoral (NACF) es una patología frecuente que en sus inicios es asintomática y se manifiesta de forma insidiosa, por lo que a menudo el diagnóstico se realiza en estadios avanzados, donde la única solución eficaz es la artroplastía total de cadera (ATC). El diagnóstico en fases precoces permitirá utilizar opciones terapéuticas que eviten o retrasen la ATC. Nuestro objetivo es valorar los resultados demográficos, clínicos y la tasa de éxito en nuestro centro de pacientes con diagnóstico de NACF y que han sido subsidiarios de cirugía de preservación de cadera. Material y métodos: Estudio clínico unicéntrico, prospectivo, no controlado de pacientes con diagnóstico de NACF entre Enero de 2012 y Septiembre de 2017 con un estadio Steinberg ≤ IIIA. La técnica quirúrgica utilizada es el forage descompresivo, asociado a relleno con aloinjerto y aspirado de médula ósea. Resultados: Se intervinieron 26 caderas con nuestra técnica quirúrgica. La tasa de éxito obtenida es de 61.54%, ya que 10 casos han precisado ATC durante el estudio (38.46%). Conclusión: El éxito terapéutico en la NACF está directamente relacionado con el grado de la enfermedad, por lo que es importante el diagnóstico precoz. El forage descompresivo con relleno de aloinjerto que asocia aspirado de médula ósea es una opción a tener en cuenta, ya que en estadios iniciales muestra una elevada tasa de éxito.

Abstract: Introduction: Avascular osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) is a frequent pathology with an insidious and asymptomatic presentation in early stages, so the diagnosis is often made in advanced stages, where the only effective solution is total hip arthroplasty (THA). Diagnosis in early stages will allow the use of therapeutic options that avoid or delay ATC. Our objective is to evaluate the demographic, clinical results and the success rate in our center of patients diagnosed with ONFH and who have been subsidiary of hip preservation surgery. Material and methods: Unicentric, prospective, uncontrolled clinical study of patients diagnosed with ONFH between January 2012 and September 2017 with a Steinberg ≤ IIIA stage. The surgical technique used is decompressive forage, associated with bone allograft and bone marrow aspiration. Results: 26 hips were operated on with our surgical technique. The success rate obtained is 61.54%, since 10 cases have required THA during the study (38.46%). Conclusions: The therapeutic success in ONFH is directly related to the degree of the disease, which is why early diagnosis is important. The decompressive forage with bone allograft that associates bone marrow aspiration is an option to be taken into account, since in early stages it shows a high success rate.

Humans , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Femur Head Necrosis/surgery , Femur Head Necrosis/epidemiology , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Femur Head/surgery
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828212


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the risk factors of osteonecrosis of femoral head after internal fixation of femoral neck fracture in young patients, to describe the quality of life of patients with surviving femoral head, and to quantify the predictive factors.@*METHODS@#From January 2013 to December 2016, 172 patients (174 hips) with femoral neck fracture treated by closed reduction and cannulated screw internal fixation were selected for retrospective analysis. The general data of the patients were summarized, including age, gender, body mass index, trauma mechanism, trauma operation interval, trauma season and whether the internal fixation was removed. The imaging data included the Garden classification and Pauwel classification of fractures, femoral head retroversion angle, postoperative fracture reduction, screw distribution. Single factor analysis and multi-factor Logistic regression analysis were carried out to explore the risk factors of femoral head necrosis and internal fixation failure. The patients who survived the internal fixation were followed up. The quality of life of the patients was evaluated by the health survey of SF-36. The Harris score of hip joint function was used to evaluate the hip joint function. The predictors of the quality of life of the patients after the operation of femoral neck fracture were analyzed by multiple linear regression analysis.@*RESULTS@#Total 172 patients(174 hips) were included in the study, 29 patients(16.67%) had necrosis of the femoral head. In multivariate Logistic regression analysis, the significant differences were reduction quality (=0.126, =0.027) and posterior inclination angle (=4.380, =0.010). One hundred and thirty six patients (137 hips) who survived the femoral head were included in the quality of life survey. Harris score was 90.14±7.92, including excellent 96 hips (70.07%), good 28 hips (20.44%), medium 13 hips (9.49%) and poor 0 hip. In SF-36 score, physical health summary (PCS) was 46.12±9.12, mental health summary(MCS) was 50.21±3.97, there was no linear correlation between them (>0.05). In multiple linear regression analysis, the variables with significant difference in PCS were reduction quality and retroversion angle, and the variables with significant difference in MCS were fracture displacement and trauma mechanism.@*CONCLUSION@#Poor reduction quality and posterior inclination angle>15° are the risk factors of femoral head necrosis. The function of hip joint and MCS of patients with femoral neck fracture recovered well, but PCS could not recover to the average level of normal people. The reduction quality and retroversion angle could be used as the predictors of PCS, and the displacement and trauma mechanism of fracture could be used as the predictors of MCS.

Femoral Neck Fractures , Femur Head , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Osteonecrosis , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828251


OBJECTIVE@#In order to select the proper size of prosthesis ball head, the biomechanical changes of hip joint using different diameter prosthesis ball head was studied by three-dimensional finite element analysis.@*METHODS@#The thin-layer CT data and related parameters of artificial femoral head prosthesis were used to establish the finite element model of hip joint after artificial femoral head replacement with different ball diameter of prosthesis(M0:preoperative model;M1:ball head diameter=original femoral head diameter;M2:ball head diameter=original femoral head diameter+1 mm;M3:Ball head diameter= Original femoral head diameter -1 mm;M4:ball head diameter =original femoral head diameter -2 mm). Loading the joint forces and related muscle loads were loaded, and the stress distribution and change of bone and cartilage around acetabulum were analyzed by simulating the standing state of one foot when walking slowly.@*RESULTS@#(1) In M1 to M4, the stress concentration in pelvis was different. The peak value of Von Mises stress in the pelvis of M3 was 44.8 MPa, which was the closest to that before operation, with an increment of 13.4%. The displacement of the pelvis of M3 was the smallest in the four groups after operation, with an increment of 1.40 mm. The next was M1, with a peak value of 47.3 MPa, with an increment of 19.7%, and a pelvic displacement of 1.59 mm. (2) In acetabulum area, the peak value of Von Mises stress in M3 was 23.3 MPa, which was the closest to that before operation, with an increment of about 6.3%, followed by M1, with a peak value of 24.0 MPa and an increment of about 8.1%. (3) On the acetabulum cartilage, the stress distribution of M1 and M3 was similar to that before operation, and the peak value of Von Mises stress of M3 was 18.5 MPa, which was the closest to that before operation, followed by M1, which was 22.5 MPa. (4) M1 to M4 showed different degree of stress concentration in the outer upper quadrant of the artificial femoral head, but showed stress shielding under it;among them, the von Mises stress distribution of M3 was more uniform than that of other models, and its peak value (70.8 MPa) was the lowest in each group, followed by M1 (80.7 MPa).@*CONCLUSION@#When femoral head replacement is performed, it is suggested that the prosthesis ball head with the diameter less than 1 mm and the prosthesis ball head with the same diameter as the original femoral head should be used first, so as to obtain the closest natural mechanical characteristics of the hip joint before the replacement and reduce the risk of complications caused by size differences.

Femur Head , Finite Element Analysis , Hip Joint , Hip Prosthesis , Stress, Mechanical
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879350


OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of platelet rich plasma (PRP) combined with β tricalcium phosphate bioceramic bone in the treatment of non traumatic necrosis of the femoral head in ARCO stageⅡ.@*METHODS@#From January 2017 to December 2018, 100 patients (160 hips) with ARCO stageⅡnon traumatic necrosis of the femoral head were divided into PRP group and control group. In PRP group, 50 patients (80 hips), 22 males and 28 females, aged from 18 to 65 (43.47± 7.23) years, with a course of 4 to 18 (15.8±2.9) months, underwent core decompression and bone grafting combined with PRP implantation. There were 50 cases (80 hips) in the control group, including 27 males and 23 females, aged 20 to 63 (45.72± 7.43) years, and the course of disease was 6 to 19 (14.9±3.8) months. Hip X-ay film was followed up after operation. Harris score and VAS score were used to evaluate the curative effect, and the survival rate of hip joint was recorded.@*RESULTS@#All patients had good wound healing, no infection, thrombosis and other complications. All patients were followed up for 12 to 14 (12.0±0.4) months. Twelve months after operation, the image expression of PRP group was better than that of control group(@*CONCLUSION@#Platelet-rich plasma(PRP) combined with artificialbone for core decompression and bone grafting can change the situation of simple artificial bone implantation and uncertain curative effect, improve the success rate of this operation, effectively reduce the collapse rate of femoral head necrosis in the early and middle stage, delay or even avoid hip replacement.

Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Artemisinins , Bone Transplantation , Decompression, Surgical , Female , Femur Head/surgery , Femur Head Necrosis/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Naphthoquinones , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776121


OBJECTIVE@#To compare computer measurement semi automatic quantitative detection software system with ultra thin layer pathological section to confirm the avascular necrosis percentage of the femoral head, and provide reference for clinical treatment options.@*METHODS@#From June 2012 to December 2013, the X-ray and MRI of 24 patients(24 hips on unilateral) were reviewed, who had avascular necrosis of the femoral head at late stage (stage III and IV) according to the ARCO international staging system, and performed by total hip arthroplasty. There were 15 males and 9 females, with an average age of (65.1±8.8) years old ranging 33 to 74 years old. Based on imaging system combined with computer aided technology(CAD) system and postoperative ultrathin slice, the volume of the area of femoral head necrosis were calculated. Then combining with the total volume of the femoral head was calculated by X-ray, the percentage of each femoral head necrosis area was calculated as a percentage of the whole ball head in both methods.@*RESULTS@#For 24 hips, the normal femoral head volume was (39.58±3.29) cm³ on average of X-ray film, the necrotic volume was (20.00±3.04) cm³ on average of MRI by the calculation of computer. The necrotic volume occupying in the volume of the normal femoral head was (42.92±6.09)% on average ranged. The necrotic lesion size was larger than 40% in 16 hips, 30% to 40% in 8 hips, 1 ess than 30% in 0 hip. Under the pathological section, the necrosis volume was (19.89±3.17) cm³, the necrotic volume occupying in the volume of the normal femoral head was (40.33±6.36)%. The necrotic lesion size was larger than 40% in 12 hips, 30% to 40% in 11 hips, 1 ess than 30% in 1 hip. In computer and general measurement, the two entire femoral head volume difference was (0.113±0.466) cm³, there was no significant difference using these measurements(=-1.186, =0.248). After the linear correlation statistics analysis, there was a positive correlation relationship in necrotic volume between computer software and pathology measurement(γ=0.980, =0.000).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The severity of the necrotic femoral head is closely related to the percentage of necrotic area. When the ratio of necrotic lesions and the whole femoral head is greater than 30%, the patients' clinical symptoms tend to aggravate, the probability of total hip arthroplasty increased significantly. It have great significances in femoral head necrosis installment, judge the prognosis, guide the selection of treatment and monitoring curative effect.

Adult , Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Female , Femur , Femur Head , Femur Head Necrosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Follow-Up Studies , Hip , Humans , Male , Middle Aged
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813236


To explore the effect of application of soft tissue loosening and acetabular reconstruction in hip replacement for patients with severe femoral head necrosis on joint function.
 Methods: From June 2012 to August 2016, 68 patients with severe femoral head necrosis (Ficat III, IV) underwent total hip replacement with soft tissue release and acetabular reconstruction at the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University. Total hip replacement is performed by the posterolateral approach. The acetabulum was rebuilt and the length of the affected limb was prolonged after clearing the scar tissue, proliferating the epiphysis, releasing the abductor muscle group and the adductor muscle group, dissecting the soft tissue around the acetabulum. One year after surgery, Harris score, X-ray positive lateral radiograph for the affected side and full-length X-ray examination for both lower extremities were performed to evaluate the curative effect.
 Results: The postoperative follow-up time ranged from 1.0 to 5.5 years. All patients' femoral heads returned to normal anatomical position and the affected limb length was restored to 1.5-3.5 cm; all patients did not damage the sciatic nerve. The Harris scores for 68 patients increased from 38.6±7.5 to 78.2±5.7 (P=0.029) in the first year after surgery.
 Conclusion: During hip replacement surgery for severe femoral head necrosis, soft tissue dissection and acetabular reconstruction can be used to ensure anatomical reconstruction for the acetabular fossa and to improve abductor function.

Acetabulum , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Femur Head , Femur Head Necrosis , General Surgery , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Radiography , Treatment Outcome
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813002


To investigate the clinical effect of surgical treatment for femoral head fracture-dislocation (Pipkin fracture).
 Methods: A total of 17 patients with femoral head fracture-dislocation were retrospectively analyzed. The duration from injury to surgery was 1-30 (average 9.5) days. According to the classification of Pipkin criteria, there were 4, 6, 1, and 6 cases in Type I, Type II, Type III, and Type IV, respectively. Thirteen patients were treated with skin traction or bone traction after admission, and the postoperative traction lasted for 4 weeks. 
 Results: All patients got a mean follow-up of 43(8-84) months. No patient suffered from infection and skin flap necrosis. X ray showed no implants loose or breakage. According to the Thompson-Epstein evaluation system, among the cases of Type I, 3 cases were excellent and 1 case was fair; among the cases of Type II, 3 cases were excellent, 2 cases were good, and 1 case was poor. The case of Type III was good. Among the cases of Type IV, 2 cases were excellent, 2 cases were good, and 2 cases were fair. The excellent and good rate was 76.47%.
 Conclusion: Early diagnosis of Pipkin fracture, reasonable selection of surgical approach and internal fixation according to Pipkin classification can help patients to obtain satisfactory hip function and improve their prognosis.

Femur Head , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Hip Fractures , General Surgery , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773852


OBJECTIVE@#To explore long-term outcomes of Chiari osteotomy for Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease in children with type Catterall III or IV, and to analyze clinical effect of osteotomy angle on clinical and radiographic results.@*METHODS@#From March 2005 to July 2013, 26 children with Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease with type Catterall III or IV were treated by Chiari osteotomy, including 17 males and 9 females, aged from 4 to 13 years old with an average of (8.9±2.6) years old. Children were divided into low osteotomy angle group and high osteotomy angle group. according to osteotomy angle. There were 10 children in low osteotomy angle group with an osteotomy angle of 10 degrees, including 8 boys and 2 girls, aged from 4 to 13 years old with an average of (9.2±3.3) years old; while there were 16 children in high osteotomy angle group with an osteotomy angle of 15 degress, including 9 boys and 7 girls, aged from 6 to 12 years old with an average of (8.8±2.1) years old. HHS score before operation and at the latest follow-up were recorded to observe clinical results. CE angle of hip joint, acetabular index, Sharp angle, Shenton's line continuity, femoral head coverage, acetabular depth ratio were recorded to compare radiographic results. Stulberg classification was analyzed to compare reshaping ability of femoral head.@*RESULTS@#Twenty-six children were followed up for 4.5 to 12.0 years with an average of (7.9±1.8) years. All incisions were healed at stage I for 10 to 14 days, with an average of(12.3±1.1) days. No inflammation, skin necrosis and injury of vessel and nerve occurred. All osteotomies achieved bone union for 8 to 13 weeks, with an average of(9.8±1.4) weeks. HHS score increased from 75.8±6.5 before operation to 93.5±2.5 at the latest follow-up in low osteotomy angle group(<0.05), and form 77.6±6.2 to 97.8±1.6 in high osteotomy angle group (<0.05). HHS score of high osteotomy angle group at the latest follow-up was higher than that of low osteotomy angle group (<0.05). The acetabular index decreased from (10.1±2.5)° before operation to (4.5±1.3)° at the latest follow-up in low osteotomy angle group (<0.05), and from (10.7±3.3)° before operation to (2.0±1.1)° in high osteotomy angle group (<0.05). The acetabular index of high osteotomy angle group at the latest followup was better than low osteotomy angle group(<0.05). There was no significant difference in CE angle, Sharp angle, Shenton's continuity, femoral head coverage, acetabular depth ratio between two groups. According to Stulberg classification, the femoral head reshaping ability in high osteotomy angle group was better than that of low osteotomy angle group(<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Chiari osteotomy with 15° for Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease in children with type Catterall III or IV could effectively decrease index of acetabulum, and helpful for femoral head reshaping ability, then in further improve clinical effects.

Acetabulum , Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Femur Head , Hip Joint , Humans , Inflammation , Male , Osteotomy , Treatment Outcome
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773834


OBJECTIVE@#To assess the clinical efficacy of Tri-Lock bio-short prosthesis in artificial total hip arthroplasty(THA) in young patients with Dorr type C femoral medullary cavity.@*METHODS@#From January 2010 to January 2014, 35 young patients(37 hips) with in the chimney-like femoral medullary cavity received Tri-Lock BPS prosthesis of THA, including 18 males(20 hips) and 17 females with an average age of (32.2±3.0) years old ranging from 21.2 to 38.5 years old. There were 16 cases of rheumatoid hip arthritis (17 hips), 8 cases of rheumatoid arthritis (9 hips), and 11 cases of aseptic necrosis of femoral head (11 hips). All cases were complicated with different degrees of osteoporosis. According to Singh index, 26 cases were classified as Grade III and 9 cases as Grade II. Biological prostheses were used for the acetabulum, with ceramic lining and full ceramic femoral head. The proximal femoral medullary cavity was Dorr type C on anteroposterior X-ray. After replacement, X-ray examination was performed to locate the prosthesis stem. Engh and Harris criteria were used to evaluate the stability of bone-prosthesis interface and hip function, respectively. Changes of hip movement pre-operation and at last follow-up were compared.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 18 to 45 months(means 33.8 months). Harris hip scores in 35 cases (37 hips) increased significantly from preoperative 61.8±3.0 (51.2 to 73.5) to 93.3±6.5 (92.5 to 98.8) points at last follow-up (=54.745, <0.01). The hip mobility increased from (46.5±8.0)°(0° to 55°) before surgery to(101.2±10.5)°(85° to 130°) at the last follow-up, the difference was statistically significant(=133.091, <0.01). Immediately after surgery, the prostheses were tightly packed with the medullary cavity. At the final follow-up, 17 hips had significant femur cortical bone thickening;12 hips had varying degrees of stress occlusal bone resorption at proximal femoral, including 9 degree I(low femur density, round and blunt) and 3 degree II(involving small rotor) hips. Meanwhile, 15 hips had significant femur cortical bone thickening without thigh pain.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The cone-shaped short Tri-lock biological short-stem can fill Dorr C chimney-like medullary cavity and effectively retain good proximal femoral bone mass. Titanium microporous coating on the surface can effectively increase the friction of the prosthesis. The short-stem end in the medullary cavity can effectively avoid the occurrence of coxa varus.

Acetabulum , Adult , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Female , Femur , Femur Head , Follow-Up Studies , Hip Prosthesis , Humans , Male , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
Acta ortop. mex ; 32(4): 234-239, Jul.-Aug. 2018. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124100


Resumen: La fractura luxación de la articulación coxofemoral es una lesión rara descrita de 4 a 17% de los casos por lo regular secundaria a accidentes automovilísticos. Generalmente de mal pronóstico y con complicaciones ya bien documentadas como la necrosis avascular de la cabeza femoral, la osteoartritis y la osificación heterotópica. La fractura iatrogénica del cuello o de la cabeza femoral es una complicación aún más rara cuya incidencia no está documentada en la literatura mundial. Como probables causas se tienen la irreductibilidad de una luxación de cadera al hacer más de un intento de manipulaciones cerradas, la ausencia de una adecuada anestesia y la falta de relajación del paciente. Se presenta el caso de una paciente joven atendida en las primeras ocho horas posteriores al accidente con fractura iatrogénica de la cabeza femoral con seguimiento a 18 meses, haciendo énfasis en la importancia de realizar una reducción anatómica y fijación estable para obtener resultados favorables.

Abstract: The fracture dislocation of the hip is a rare lesion described up to 4 to 17% of the cases and usually secondary to automobile accidents. Generally of poor prognosis and with already well documented complications such as avascular necrosis of the femoral head, osteoarthritis and heterotopic ossification. The iatrogenic fracture of the neck or head of the proximal femur is a complication even more rare and is not documented its incidence in the world literature. Having as probable causes the irreducibility of a dislocation of hip, more than one attempt of closed reduction, inadequate technique and some problems with the anesthesia and relaxation of the patient. We present the case of a young patient attended in the first eight hours after his accident with an iatrogenic fracture of the femoral head with follow up to 18 months and emphasizing the importance of making an anatomic open reduction and stable fixation in order to get favorable results.

Humans , Femoral Fractures/etiology , Hip Dislocation/surgery , Iatrogenic Disease , Treatment Outcome , Femur , Femur Head , Fracture Fixation, Internal
Rev. bras. ortop ; 53(3): 337-341, May-June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-959148


ABSTRACT Objective To report a series of cases of patients treated by fracture of the femoral head through the Ganz pathway with controlled dislocation of the hip. Method All patients who were surgically treated with a Ganz access route for femoral head fractures were identified in a tertiary referral service for trauma. A review of medical records with X-rays and CT scans was carried out. The radiographic evaluation was classified according to Pipkin and the functional evaluation was performed through the application of the modified Harris Hip Score. Data regarding the quality of reduction, type of fixation, and postoperative complications were collected. Results The sample consisted of three men and one woman, with a mean age of 30 years (20-51). Regarding Pipkin's classification, two cases were type I, one type II, and one type IV. Regarding the Harris Hip Score, an average of 65.75 points was obtained (range: 20-86). All cases had anatomical reduction in the intraoperative period. One case presented post-traumatic sciatic nerve praxis and evolved with infection at the surgical site. Conclusion Surgical treatment of femoral head fractures through controlled hip dislocation is a viable option and can be considered an alternative to classical approaches.

RESUMO Objetivo Relatar uma série de casos de pacientes com fratura da cabeça femoral tratados através da via de Ganz com luxação controlada do quadril. Método Identificaram-se todos os pacientes tratados cirurgicamente com via de acesso de Ganz para fraturas da cabeça femoral em um serviço terciário referência em trauma. Fez-se uma revisão de prontuários com as radiografias e tomografias computadorizada. A avaliação radiográfica foi classificada de acordo com Pipkin e a avaliação funcional foi feita com o Harris Hip Score modificado. Foram coletados dados referentes à qualidade de redução, ao tipo de fixação e às complicações pós-operatórias. Resultados A amostra foi composta por três homens e uma mulher, com média de 30 anos (20-51). Em relação à classificação de Pipkin, dois casos eram do tipo I, um do tipo II e um do tipo IV. Em relação ao Harris Hip Score, observou-se uma média de 65,75 pontos (20 a 86). Todos os casos obtiveram redução anatômica no intraoperatório. Um caso apresentou praxia do nervo ciático pós-trauma e evoluiu com infecção do sítio cirúrgico. Conclusão O tratamento cirúrgico das fraturas da cabeça do fêmur através da luxação controlada do quadril é uma opção viável e pode ser considerada uma opção às vias clássicas de abordagem.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Femur Head , Hip Dislocation , Hip Fractures