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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928318


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of using lengthened trochanteric osteotomy wire fixation combined with autologous bone graft in patients undergoing revision total hip arthroplasty.@*METHODS@#From December 2010 to December 2018, 18 patients underwent revision of total hip arthroplasty with extended trochanteric osteotomy wire fixation and autogenous bone graft, including 8 males and 10 females with an average age of (78.89±3.32) years old ranging from 68 to 82 years. The time from the initial replacement to the revision was 9 to 22 (16.33±2.93) years. The patients were followed up regularly after operation. The healing time of osteotomy, the time of full weight-bearing activity, Harris score of hip joint and complications were recorded.@*RESULTS@#All 18 patients were followed up for 16 to 38 months with an average of (25.78±6.65) months. The incision length was 16 to 21 cm with an average of (18.89±1.32) cm; the operation time was 105 to 128 min with an average of (115.44±6.59) min, the bleeding volume was 240 to 285 ml with an average of (267.44±13.77) ml. The healing time of osteotomy was 12 to 18 weeks with an average of (15.61±1.75) weeks. Harris score of hip joint was (47.11±5.04) before operation, (76.39±3.85) during full weight-bearing activities, and (82.22±2.76) at the final follow-up(P<0.05). During the follow-up period, there were no complications such as limb shortening, infection, poor incision healing, prosthesis loosening and sinking, and periprosthetic fracture.@*CONCLUSION@#In revision total hip arthroplasty, the use of extended trochanteric osteotomy wire fixation combined with autologous bone graft can achieve satisfactory clinical results, but the surgeon needs to make a systematic plan for the pre-revision, intraoperative and postoperative recovery.

Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Bone Transplantation , Bone Wires , Female , Femur/surgery , Humans , Male , Osteotomy/methods
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 268-272, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927611


Component malrotation is one of the major causes of failure in total knee arthroplasty.Based on previous researches,Insall line has excessive external rotation tendency.Although Akagi line is the most recognized anatomical axis at present,it still has a certain tendency of internal rotation.The tibial posterior condylar axis is not suitable for symmetrical component and yet the Curve-on-Curve technique is not suitable for anatomic component.In addition,reference to any fixed anatomical markers cannot ensure the rotation consistency of tibiofemoral component in extension position.Although range of motion technique is beneficial to tibiofemoral rotation synchronization,its clinical effect seems to be unstable.Nevertheless,Patients can obtain good postoperative results with all major techniques.Before the recognized "gold standard" is defined,orthopedic surgeons can determine the rotation alignment of tibial component according to their most accustomed surgical method.With a deeper understanding of knee anatomy,biomechanics and kinematics,digital assistive technology may be expected to become a breakthrough in the tibial rotational alignment.

Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/methods , Femur/surgery , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Knee Prosthesis , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Range of Motion, Articular , Tibia/surgery
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(3): 571-582, May-June 2021. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278365


The outcome of total hip arthroplasty (THA) in dogs is directly related to surgical planning. Templating of radiographs prior to THA should help the surgeon anticipate prosthesis size and femoral shape allowing canal fill of the proximal metaphysis by the implant ensuring primary stable fixation. The canal flare index (CFI) obtained from radiograph has been used as a measure of risk of complications for the technique in human beings and dogs. However, standard radiographs only provide limited data for the selection of cementless prostheses and the assessment of their fit within the femoral canal, due to factors like radiographic magnification and femoral rotation. Therefore, three-dimensional evaluation based on computed tomography (CT) may be a better tool for CFI measurement. The aim of this study was to compare anatomical measurement with CFI values obtained from craniocaudal radiography and CT. Craniocaudal radiographs using a horizontal radiographic beam (CR), CT, and anatomical macroscopic measurements (A) were obtained from 45 femurs from 23 canine cadavers. The differences between the values of CFI obtained from radiograph (CFI-R), computed tomography on transverse (CFI- TT) and longitudinal axis (CFI-TL) compared to the CFI obtained from macroscopic measurements - gold standard - (CFI-A), and 95% limits of agreement (LOA) between the values, were evaluated by the Bland-Altman method. Dimensions obtained from CT techniques had a greatest mean difference from anatomical and CFI values were also different (P=0.032). Under the experimental conditions, the craniocaudal radiograph, provided the most accurate measurement of the CFI (mean difference: 0.087 ± 0.42).(AU)

O resultado da artroplastia total do quadril (ATQ) em cães está diretamente relacionado ao planejamento cirúrgico. O templating radiográfico pré-operatório da ATQ deve ajudar o cirurgião a prever o tamanho da prótese e o formato do fêmur, o que permitirá um preenchimento ideal da metáfise proximal pelo implante, garantindo, assim, fixação primária estável. O índice de alargamento do canal (Canal Flare Index - CFI) obtido em radiografias tem sido utilizado como fator de risco de complicações para a técnica em humanos e cães. No entanto, as radiografias podem fornecer apenas dados limitados para a seleção de próteses não cimentadas e a avaliação do seu encaixe no canal femoral, devido a fatores como ampliação radiográfica e rotação femoral. Portanto, a avaliação tridimensional baseada na tomografia computadorizada (TC) pode ser uma ferramenta vantajosa para a mensuração do CFI. O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar a medida anatômica com os valores de CFI obtidos na radiografia craniocaudal e na TC. Radiografias craniocaudais utilizando feixe radiográfico horizontal (CR), tomografia computadorizada e medidas macroscópicas anatômicas (A) foram obtidas de 45 fêmures de 23 cadáveres caninos. As diferenças entre os valores de CFI obtidos na radiografia (CFI-R), na tomografia computadorizada no eixo transversal (CFI-TT) e no eixo longitudinal (CFI-TL), em comparação com os valores de CFI obtidos nas medições macroscópicas - padrão-ouro - (CFI-A) e os limites de concordância de 95% (LOA) entre os valores, foram avaliadas pelo método de Bland-Altman. As dimensões obtidas pelas técnicas de TC apresentaram maior diferença média dos valores anatômicos, e as do CFI também foram diferentes (P=0,032). Nas condições experimentais, a radiografia craniocaudal forneceu a medida mais precisa do CFI (diferença média: 0,087 ± 0,42) para representar o padrão-ouro deste estudo.(AU)

Animals , Dogs , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/veterinary , Femur/surgery , Femur/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/veterinary , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/veterinary
Acta cir. bras ; 36(5): e360506, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278104


ABSTRACT Purpose To evaluate the biomechanical properties of a novel total hip replacement femoral stem. Methods Eight pairs of femurs from dog cadavers were used. The femurs were separated into different groups. A novel femoral stem with a convex proximal portion (Stem B) was biomechanically evaluated and compared to awell-known veterinary collared stem (Stem A). Femoral stems were inserted into the contralateral femurs from the same dog, forming 16 constructs. A flexo-compression load was applied on the axial axis of each sample. Maximum strength, deflection, stiffness, and energy absorption were analysed. Results Group B constructs showed significantly higher values (p ? 0.05) for the variables, except stiffness. The mean maximum strength was 1,347 ± 357 N for Group A and 1,805 ± 123 N for Group B (p ? 0.0069). The mean deflection was5.54 ± 2.63 mm for Group A and 10.03 ± 3.99 mm for Group B (p ? 0.0056). For the energy variable, the force was 6,203 ± 3,488 N/mm for Group A and 12,885 ± 5,056 N/mm for Group B (p ? 0.0054). Stem B had greater maximum strength, deflection, and energy. Conclusions The new stem was effective in neutralizing the impact of axial flexion-compression stresses during biomechanical tests in cadaveric models.

Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Pressure , Biomechanical Phenomena , Cadaver , Femur/surgery
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888330


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of different proximal femoral shapes on leg length discrepancy(LLD) after total hip arthroplasty(THA).@*METHODS@#Total 131 patients with osteoarthritis or osteonecrosis received unilateral biological total hip arthroplasty from June 2013 to June 2019. All patients' age, sex, side and pelvis anteroposterior digital radiography were retraspectively analyzed. There were 69 males and 62 females, 57 cases of left hip and 74 cases of right hip. The age ranges from 25 to 89 with an average age of 62 years. There were 48 cases of osteoarthritis and 83 cases of osteonecrosis. In this study, femoral cortical index (FCI) was used as the classification of proximal femoral shape, and bilateral lower limb length differences were measured by preoperative and postoperative pelvis anteroposterior digital radiography. Grouping according to FCI:> 0.6 was Dorr A group, 0.5 to 0.6 was Dorr B group, 0.6, the postoperative LLD was 6.30 mm (IQR 1.00 to 10.95 mm). When FCI was 0.5 to 0.6, the postoperative LLD was 5.85 mm(IQR-0.55 to 8.90 mm). FCI<0.5, the postoperative LLD was 1.95 mm(IQR -2.50 to 6.68 mm). LLD comparison of different proximal femoral shape was statistically significant (@*CONCLUSION@#High FCI increases the risk of lower extremity prolongation after surgery on the affectedside, while low FCI reduces the risk of lower extremity prolongation after surgery on the affected side. The surgeon can assess the shape of the proximal femur of the patient preoperatively and inform the patient in advance of possible changes in leg length of both lower extremities after total hip replacement.

Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/adverse effects , Female , Femur/surgery , Humans , Leg , Leg Length Inequality/etiology , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888328


OBJECTIVE@#To study the three-approach and traditional anterior medial technique to establish the femoral tunnel of position, length, and coronal angle and the early efficacy of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.@*METHODS@#Through retrospective research, from December 2018 to June 2019, a total of 36 patients diagnosed with simple anterior cruciate ligament tear and undergoing surgery were collected. All patients had a clear history of knee sprains and were divided into two groups. A group of 16 patients, including 11 males and 5 females, with an average age of (30.13±6.54) years and an injury time of 7 to 60 (30.19±15.78) days, three-approach technique was used to drill the femoral tunnel to reconstruct the anterior cruciate ligament. Another group of 20patients, including 15 males and 5 females, with an average age of (30.80±8.60) years, and an injury time of 7 to 60 (27.35±15.50) days, the traditional anterior medial approach was used to drill the femoral tunnel to reconstruct anterior cruciate ligament. CT 3D reconstruction technique was used to evaluate the femoral tunnel and the knee joint function was evaluated by Lysholm score of the knee joint.@*RESULTS@#All patients achieved primary healing after the surgical incision. No femoral tunnel fracture, vascular and nerve damage, difficulty in graft passage during the operation, and venous thrombosis occurred. All 36 patients were followed up on an outpatient basis, with a follow up period of 9 to 15 (12.00±2.83) months. Three-dimensional CT reconstruction was used to evaluate the femoral tunnel of the patients. The position of the femoral tunnel was described using the quartile method as the three-approach group:the lower (27.83±1.97) % of the femoral condyle and the posterior (25.57±3.20) %;the traditional approach group:the lower (28.38±3.21) % of the femoral condyle and the posterior (26.23±3.20) %. Bone tunnel length, three-approach group:(35.20±5.52) mm in total length, (23.20±2.07) mm in thick bone tunnel;traditional approach group:(34.60±4.26) mm in total length, (22.56±2.50) mm in thick bone tunnel. Coronal plane angle, three-approach group:(47.93±5.98) °;traditional approach group:(41.78±6.62) °. Knee joint Lysholm score, three-approach group:48.67±4.18 before surgery;97.00±2.48 at last follow up;traditional approach group:49.75±5.33 before surgery, 97.30±2.68 at last follow up, there were significant differences before and after surgery, no significant statistical difference between two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#The positions of the femoral tunnel drilled by the two methods were within the range of the anatomic stop of the anterior cruciate ligament, and there was no statistical difference. Compared with the traditional anterior medial approach, the coronal plane angle of the femoral tunnel drilled by the three-approach approach is relatively large, and there were no statistical differences in the length of the tunnel, the early postoperative effect of the two surgical methods, and the operation time. But the three approach has a wider and clearer vision. In addition, the knee flexion angle required for drilling the femoral tunnel during surgery is significantly smaller than that of traditional approach technology, which reduces the difficulty of surgery.

Adult , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Female , Femur/surgery , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Male , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888311


OBJECTIVE@#In order to observe the clinical effects of sliding osteotomy for patients with severe knee osteoarthritis and varus knee due to complex femoral extra-articular deformity to achieve the medial and lateral soft tissue balancing during total knee arthroplasty.@*METHODS@#From June 2014 to January 2018, a total of 22 patients with severe knee osteoarthritis and complex extra-articular malformation of femurs were treated with total knee arthroplasty. There were 5 males and 17 females in this group, aged 48 to 76 years old, with an average age of (61.3±13.8) years old. All the patients had varus deformities caused by extra-articular deformities of femur. Hip-knee-ankle(HKA) angle was(158.8±9.7) ° before operation, and the average Knee Society Score (KSS) clinical score was 32.6±6.1;KSS function score was 35.8 ±9.6;the average Hospital for Special Surgical (HSS) score was 39.7±4.6;the average range of motion before operation was (80.6±10.7) °. The mechanical alignment method was used in joint replacement. The flexion space was balanced first. The coronal plane vertical sliding osteotomy was performed on the medial femoral condyle for the imbalance of coronal plane. The sliding distance of the osteotomy block was determined by straightening the gap between the inner and outer sides of the space until the space was balanced. After the separated segments were fixed with several screws, the prosthesis was installed as usual.@*RESULTS@#The wounds of all patients healed in the first stage, and no wound complications occurred. All the 22 patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 18 months to 3 years with an average of (28.2±10.1) months. X-ray showed that the fracture line disappeared for 2 to 5(3.5±1.5) months without nonunion. HKA angle measured at the latest follow up was (178.8±0.7) °, which wassignificantly different from that before operation. The HSS score was 91.3 ±6.0;KSS clinical score 93.7±3.5;KSS functional score 81.2±6.5;and the average range of motion of knee joint was(121.7±11.6) °, which was statistically significant compared with that before operation.@*CONCLUSION@#For severe knee osteoarthritis patients with complex femoral extra-articular deformity, sliding osteotomy is performed. For severe varus deformity, downward sliding the medial femoral condyle is performed. The operation is relatively simple and the damage is small. It is easy to achieve the balance of internal and external soft tissue in flexion extension space. The short-term clinical effect is satisfactory.

Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Female , Femur/surgery , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Osteotomy , Range of Motion, Articular , Treatment Outcome
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888234


Robot-assisted fracture reduction usually involves fixing the proximal end of the fracture and driving the distal end of the fracture to the proximal end in a planned reduction path. In order to improve the accuracy and safety of reduction surgery, it is necessary to know the changing rule of muscle force and reduction force during reduction. Fracture reduction force was analyzed based on the muscle force of femoral. In this paper, a femoral skeletal muscle model named as PA-MTM was presented based on the four elements of skeletal muscle model. With this, pinnate angle of the skeletal muscle was considered, which had an effect on muscle force properties. Here, the muscle force of skeletal muscles in different muscle models was compared and analyzed. The muscle force and the change of the reduction force under different reduction paths were compared and simulated. The results showed that the greater the pinnate angle was, the greater the influence of muscle strength was. The biceps femoris short head played a major role in the femoral fracture reduction; the force in the

Femur/surgery , Fractures, Bone , Humans , Muscle, Skeletal , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Tendons
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921940


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether shifting the femoral opening point and setting a personalized femoral valgus angle can improve the lower limb force line of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) patients with external femoral arch.@*METHODS@#From March 2016 to October 2018, 50 patients (55 knees) with osteoarthritis with genu varus deformity combined with external femoral arch for TKA were selected. There were 10 males and 40 females. The age ranged from 63.1 to 80.5 years old, with an average of (67.8±5.8) years old. Forty-five cases were unilateral and 5 cases were bilateral. The osteoarthritis stages of 55 knees were Kellgren-Lawrence grade Ⅲ to Ⅳ; and the course of disease ranged from 2 to 10 years. PreoperativeSpecial Surgery (Hospital for Special Surgery) scores:pain was 15.20±3.52; function was 8.30±2.96;mobility was 10.15±2.85;muscle strength was 4.20±1.95;flexion deformity was 5.50±3.05;stability was 6.15±2.20; total score was 47.93±3.39. The external femoral arch angle ranged from 6.4° to 16.7°, with a mean of (10.63±2.29) °. The tibiofemoral angle ranged from 7.4° to 12.6°, with a mean of (12.04±3.59)°. The anatomical distal femoral angle ranged from 83.10° to 91.20°, with a mean of (84.55± 1.66)°. And the distance from the center of the knee joint to the lower limb line of force ranged from 2.01 to 6.00 cm, with a mean of (3.57±1.12) cm. During the replacement surgery, the femoral opening point and the valgus angle were individually set to obtain a good line of force of the lower limbs.@*RESULTS@#Before the operation, the distance of femoral opening point ranged from 0.24 to 0.74 cm, with a mean of (0.54±0.10) cm. The distance between the internal and external condyles of the femur ranged from 6.86 to 8.12 cm, with a mean of (7.27±0.27) cm. The preoperative valgus correction angle (VCA) ranged from 7.20° to 13.80°, with a mean of (9.38±1.38) °. The post-correction valgus correction angle' (VCA') ranged from 6.10° to 9.50°, with a mean of (7.36±0.82) °. All patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 3 to 36 months, with an average of (13.5±5.8) months. All patients obtained good knee function after operation. Three months after operation, HSS scores included pain of 25.30±3.05, function of 18.25±2.05, mobility of 16.05±0.75, muscle strength of 6.20±2.10, flexion deformity of 8.80±1.85, stability of 8.20±1.75; and the total score ranged from 90.00 to 93.00, with an average of 91.82±0.98. The total score was higher than that before operation (@*CONCLUSION@#In TKA combined with external femoral arch, good lower limb force line and knee joint function can be obtained by externally shifting the femoral opening point and setting a personalized femoral valgus angle.

Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Female , Femur/surgery , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Lower Extremity , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921936


OBJECTIVE@#To compare the femoral and tibial tunnel positions of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using the modified transtibial (MTT) technique and anteromedial (AM) portal technique.@*METHODS@#Between January 2017 and September 2020, 78 patients with anterior cruciate ligament rupture underwent single-bundle reconstruction with the modified transtibial technique in 39 cases (group MTT) and through anteromedial approach in 39 cases (group AM). There were 25 males and 14 females in group MTT, with an average age of (37.0±2.3) years old; 27 males and 12 females in group AM, with an average age of (37.5±2.2) years old. CT scan of the affected knee was conducted one week after the surgery to measure and compare the femoral tunnels positioning (Fx, Fy), tibial tunnels positioning in the frontal plane(Tx1), tibial tunnels positioning in the sagittal plane (Ty1), and tibial tunnels positioning in the axial plane (Tx2, Ty2) in patients undergoing anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction through Mimics software.@*RESULTS@#Three-dimensional CT reconstruction after the surgery showed that the average Fx and Fy were(25.2±2.1)% and (34.9±3.0)% respectively and the Tx1 and Ty1 were (45.5±3.3)% and (44.7± 3.0)% respectively, while the Tx2 and Ty2 were (47.0±3.0)% and (39.9±4.2)% respectively in group MTT. In group AM, the average Fx and Fy were (26.0±2.0)% and (36.1±3.9)% respectively and the Tx1 and Ty1 were (46.5±3.1)% and (45.6± 3.1)% respectively, while the Tx2 and Ty2 were (47.4±2.5)% and (39.6±3.9)% respectively. There were no statistically significant differences in the femoral and tibial tunnels between the two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Both the MTT and AM technique can achieve good anatomical positioning of the femoral and tibial tunnels, without significant differences in the positioning of the bone tunnels.

Adult , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Female , Femur/surgery , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Male , Software , Tibia/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 86(4) (Nro Esp - ACARO Asociación Argentina para el Estudio de la Cadera y Rodilla): 553-559, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353957


Las lesiones del labrum de la cadera con sustancia insuficiente se pueden tratar con técnicas de aumento, de reconstrucción o con trasplante de tejidos. Si el remanente labral es muy escaso, las opciones reconstructivas serían las más adecuadas. Se presenta el caso de una paciente de 40 años con dos cirugías artroscópicas previas fallidas por lesión labral, que fue sometida a una luxación controlada de cadera, siguiendo la técnica original descrita por Ganz, y a la resección del ligamento redondo de la cabeza femoral para cubrir el defecto del labrum. Según nuestro conocimiento, se trata del primer reporte de reconstrucción labral utilizando el ligamento redondo de la cabeza femoral en nuestro medio. Pese a los resultados poco alentadores en pacientes con cirugías previas, la reconstrucción labral utilizando el ligamento redondo ha mostrado ser una alternativa viable. Nivel de Evidencia: IV

Labral tears with insufficient substance can be treated with augmentation techniques, reconstruction, or grafting techniques. If the remnant labrum is very scarce, reconstructive options would be the most appropriate. We present the case of a 40-year-old female patient who had undergone two failed hip arthroscopies due to labral tears. Following the original technique described by Ganz, a surgical hip dislocation was performed, and the Ligamentum Teres Capitis was resected to cover the labral defect. To our knowledge, this is the first report of labral reconstruction using the Ligamentum Teres Capitis in our literature. Despite poorly reported outcomes in patients with previous procedures, surgical repair using the Ligamentum Teres Capitis has proven to be a viable option. Level of Evidence: IV

Adult , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Femur/surgery , Hip Joint/surgery
Int. j. morphol ; 38(4): 909-913, Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124875


Porous titanium alloy scaffold was widely used in treating bone defect caused by traumatic injury and osteomyelitis, which was incapable of self-healing. The implantation of scaffold produced stress shielding thereby forming osteolysis. The objective of this study was to analysis trabecular morphological features of osseointegrated bone. 14 New Zealand rabbits were divided into two groups, surgery group and healthy control group. 7 rabbits in surgery group were selected to perform 3D printed porous titanium alloy scaffold implantation surgery with preload at the defect of femoral condyle for osseointegration. The other 7 rabbits in control group were feed free. After 90 days healing, femoral condyles were extracted to perform micro-CT scanning with hydroxyapatite calibration phantom. Mean bone mineral density (BMD), bone volume fraction (BV/TV), BS/TV (bone surface area ratio), Tb.Th (thickness of trabeculae), Tb.N (number of trabeculae), Tb.Sp (trabecular separation) and DA (degree of anisotropy) were calculated from micro-CT images. The results revealed that osseointegration inside and at the surface of scaffolds worked well from grey values of micro-CT images. After 12 weeks healing, mean bone mineral densities (BMD) in surgery group and healthy control group were calculated as 800±20mg/cm3 and 980±90mg/cm3, respectively. This revealed that the strength of trabeculae in surgery group might lower than that in the healthy group. Trabecular morphological parameters test showed that trabecular morphological parameters at the surface of scaffolds in the surgery group deteriorated significantly. It was found from micro-CT images that ingrowth bone was filled with pores of scaffold. Overall, the effect of osseointegration was promoted through the change of mechanical micro-environment in the scaffold region. Overall, preload could improve osseointegration effect in the long-term after surgery. However, the trabecular morphology in the surgery group was deteriorated, which might bring secondary fracture risk again.

La malla de aleación de titanio poroso se usó ampliamente en el tratamiento de defectos óseos causados por lesiones traumáticas y osteomielitis. El implante de la malla generó una protección contra el estrés, formando así osteolisis. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar las características morfológicas trabeculares del hueso osteointegrado. Se dividieron 14 conejos (Neozelandeses) en dos grupos, grupo cirugía y grupo control saludable. Se seleccionaron 7 conejos en el grupo de cirugía para realizar una implantación de mallas de aleación de titanio poroso, impresas en 3D con precarga en el defecto del cóndilo femoral para la osteointegración. Los 7 conejos restantes del grupo control se mantuvieron sin alimentación. Después de 90 días de curación, se extrajeron los cóndilos femorales para realizar una exploración por micro-CT con un espectro de calibración de hidroxiapatita. Se calcularon a partir de imágenes de micro-CTDensidad mineral ósea media (DMO), fracción de volumen óseo (BV / TV), BS / TV (relación de área de superficie ósea), Tb.Th (espesor de trabéculas), Tb.N (número de trabéculas), Tb.Sp (trabecular separación) y DA (grado de anisotropía). Los resultados revelaron que la osteointegración dentro y en la superficie de los andamios funcionó bien a partir de los valores grises de las imágenes de micro-CT. Después de 12 semanas de curación, las densidades medias de minerales óseos (DMO) en el grupo cirugía y en el grupo control sano se calcularon como 800 ± 20 mg/cm3 y 980 ± 90 mg/cm3, respectivamente. Esto reveló que la fuerza de las trabéculas en el grupo de cirugía podría ser menor que la del grupo sano. La prueba de parámetros morfológicos trabeculares mostró que en el grupo de cirugía, la superficie de las mallas, se deterioraron significativamente. Se descubrió a partir de imágenes de microCT que el hueso en crecimiento estaba lleno de poros de andamio. En general, el efecto de la osteointegración se promovió mediante el cambio del microambiente mecánico en la región de la malla. En general, la precarga podría mejorar el efecto de osteointegración a largo plazo después de la cirugía. Sin embargo, la morfología trabecular en el grupo de cirugía se deterioró, lo que podría traer un nuevo riesgo de fractura secundaria.

Animals , Rabbits , Bone Diseases/surgery , Osseointegration/physiology , Tissue Scaffolds/chemistry , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Prostheses and Implants , Titanium/chemistry , Porosity , Alloys , X-Ray Microtomography , Femur/surgery
Medisan ; 24(1)ene.-feb. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1091170


La mala alineación patelofemoral tiene múltiples causas anatómicas y una de ellas es la displasia de la tróclea del fémur distal, por lo cual su tratamiento depende de varios factores. Para profundizar en los elementos esenciales de la técnica de trocleoplastia, se realizó una revisión bibliográfica exhaustiva donde se analizaron algunos aspectos de interés, a saber: clasificación más empleada para las displasias de la tróclea, elementos imagenológicos más importantes, indicaciones de la técnica quirúrgica, contraindicaciones, principales modalidades de trocleoplastia y vías de acceso quirúrgico. Se concluyó que este es un proceder con indicaciones muy específicas y puede realizarse mediante cirugía abierta o por vía artroscópica.

The poor patellofemoral alignment has multiple anatomical causes and one of them is the dysplasia of the distal femur trochlea, reason why its treatment depends on several factors. To deepen in the essential elements of the trochleoplasty technique, an exhaustive literature review was carried out where some aspects of interest were analyzed, that is: most used classification for the trochlear dysplasias, most important imagenologic elements, indications of the surgical technique, contraindications, main modalities of trochleoplasty and surgical approaches. It was concluded that this is a procedure with very specific indications and can be carried out by means of open surgery or arthroscopic way.

Bone Malalignment , Femur/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome/surgery
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 27(1): 19-21, jan./mar. 2020. il.
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1379234


As one of the most frequent reasons for presentation at the orthopedic services in veterinary practice, long bone fractures need bone continuity for consolidation to take place. This case report has demonstrates the use of a morcellized fragment of bone as a bone graft in a femoral fracture with major bone loss. A mixed-breed adult cat with a segmental femoral fracture with a large longitudinal fissure in the central bone fragment was submitted to an interlocking nail osteosynthesis. During the procedure a fracture occurred along the fissure resulting in two bone fragments with significant bone loss. Fragments were morcellized and applied over the defect to act as a bone graft. By the 15th day after the surgery, the cat had a normal gait and showed no pain response, and bone consolidation occurred after 7 months. Once harvesting of humeral, femoral and tibial bone grafts can be frustrating in cats, resulting in just small amounts of bone, the morcellation of the central fragments was vital to provide sufficient graft to cover the big defect in the femoral shaft. The authors suggest that autologous fresh morcellized cortical bone fragments can be an adjunct to the treatment of comminuted fractures in cats, as an alternative to more traditional repairs of comminuted fracture.

Fraturas de ossos longos necessitam de continuidade óssea para que a consolidação ocorra. Este relato de caso tem como objetivo demonstrar o uso de um fragmento ósseo morcelizado com a função de enxerto ósseo em uma fratura de fêmur com presença de uma grande falha óssea entre os fragmentos. Um gato adulto, sem raça definida, com uma fratura múltipla em fêmur com presença de uma fissura longitudinal no fragmento central foi submetido à osteossíntese com uso de haste bloqueada. Durante o processo, ocorreu uma fragmentação a partir da fissura, o que resultou na presença de dois fragmentos ósseos com uma grande porção de perda óssea entre os dois. Os fragmentos ósseos restantes do fragmento central foram morcelizados e aplicados no defeito para atuar com enxerto ósseo. Quinze dias após a cirurgia o paciente apresentou apoio normal e ausência de dor, e consolidação óssea ocorreu em 7 meses pós operatórios. Uma vez que a coleta de enxerto nos gatos resulta em pouca quantidade de osso, a morcelização do fragmento central foi vital para promover enxerto suficiente para cobrir o defeito ósseo. Os autores sugerem que o uso de enxerto cortical autólogo fresco morcelizado pode ser um adjuvante no tratamento de fraturas cominutivas em gatos, como um tratamento alternativo à terapia convencional.

Animals , Cats , Bone Regeneration , Cats/surgery , Bone Transplantation/veterinary , Femoral Fractures/veterinary , Femur/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/veterinary
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(1): 28-33, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092467


Abstract Introduction: One of the most important points of the acute type A aortic dissection surgery is how to perform cannulation regarding cerebral protection concerns and the conditions of arterial structures as a pathophysiological consequence of the disease. Objective: In this study, femoral and axillary cannulation methods were compared in acute type A aortic dissection operations. Methods: The study retrospectively evaluated 52 patients who underwent emergency surgery for acute type A aortic dissection. Patients without malperfusion according to Penn Aa classification were chosen for preoperative standardization of the study groups. The femoral arterial cannulation group was group 1 (n=22) and the axillary arterial cannulation group was group 2 (n=30). The groups were compared in terms of perioperative and postoperative results. Results: There was no statistically significant difference in terms of preoperative data. In terms of postoperative parameters, especially early mortality and new-onset cerebrovascular event, there was no statistically significant difference. Mortality rates in group 1 and group 2 were 13.6% (n=3) and 10% (n=3), respectively (P=0.685). Postoperative new-onset cerebral events ratio was found in 5 (22.7%) in the femoral cannulation group and 6 (20%) in the axillary cannulation group (P=0.812). Conclusion: Both femoral and axillary arterial cannulation methods can be safely performed in patients with acute type A aortic dissection, provided that cerebral protection strategies should be considered in the first place. The method to be performed may vary depending on the patient's current medical condition or the surgeon's preference.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Axillary Artery/surgery , Femoral Artery , Femur/surgery , Aneurysm, Dissecting , Vascular Surgical Procedures , Catheterization , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 27(4): 208-212, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1178154


Las rupturas del ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA) son de las lesiones ligamentarias más frecuentes de la rodilla. Hay factores que predisponen y aumentan el riesgo de sufrirlas; estos se dividen en extrínsecos e intrínsecos. Estos últimos están relacionados con la anatomía del paciente y pueden predecir un riesgo de lesión ligamentaria. Dentro de estos incluimos la talla, el peso, la inclinación tibial, el eje del miembro, la laxitud anteroposterior, el tamaño del LCA, el ángulo Q y las dimensiones y formas del espacio intercondíleo femoral. Un espacio estrecho aumenta el riesgo de contacto del ligamento cruzado anterior contra la pared y el techo de la escotadura intercondílea, aumentando el índice de ruptura.Habitualmente no se realiza intercondiloplastia ya que la posición anatómica de las reconstrucciones reproduce la anatomía del ligamento cruzado anterior, el cual no produce fricción con las paredes del intercóndilo. Sin embargo, en pacientes en los cuales se detecta el espacio intercondíleo estrecho, o en forma de A (A shape) según la clasificación de Fu presentada en 2010, se realiza la intercondiloplastia amplia para buscar el punto isométrico femoral y así evitar la fricción del injerto, el déficit de extensión y de esta forma mejorar el resultado funcional.El objetivo de este trabajo es describir cómo identificar un espacio intercondíleo estrecho, en forma de A, y exponer la técnica quirúrgica de la intercondiloplastia en la reconstrucción aguda del ligamento cruzado anterior

ACL tears are the most frequent ligament injuries of the knee. There are factors that predispose and increase the risk of suffering this type of injury. They are divided into extrinsic and intrinsic. The latter are related to the patient's anatomy and can predict a risk of ligament injury. These include height, weight, tibial slope, limb axis, posterior anterior laxity, ACL size, Q angle, and dimensions and shapes of the femoral intercondylar space. A narrow space increases the risk of contact of the anterior cruciate ligament against the anterior wall and the roof of the intercondylar stool increases the rate of rupture.Notchplasty is not usually performed, since the anatomical position of the reconstruction reproduces the anatomy of the anterior cruciate ligament, which does not produce friction with the intercondylar walls. However, in patients in whom the narrow intercondylar space is detected, or in the "A Shape", according to Fu's classification, a wide notchplasty is performed to look for the femoral isometric point, avoiding friction of the injection, the extension deficit and improve the functional result.The objective is to identify "A Shape" notch and to describe a notchplasty technique in acute ACL reconstruction

Acute Disease , Anterior Cruciate Ligament , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Femur/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction/methods , Knee Joint/surgery
Acta ortop. mex ; 33(6): 376-381, nov.-dic. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345064


Resumen: La lesión del ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA) de la rodilla es una lesión traumática severa que disminuye enormemente la función y en ocasiones deja secuelas muy importantes para el paciente joven, por lo que la cirugía para la reconstrucción del ligamento es el tratamiento idóneo. Existen varias técnicas para la elaboración de túneles con diferencia en los portales, los métodos de fijación y los diferentes injertos que se usan; cada uno de los autores defiende sus técnicas señalando sus ventajas y desventajas y posibles complicaciones. El objetivo de este estudio fue valorar las ventajas de dos métodos de abordaje a nivel femoral para el paso del injerto o implantes. Material y métodos: Estudio de dos grupos similares, observacional, transversal, retrospectivo y analítico en pacientes operados por el mismo grupo quirúrgico. Durante tres años se operaron 80 pacientes, 42 de ellos por portal medial y 38 por vía transtibial. Resultados: El sexo masculino predominó en ambos grupos, se valoraron los parámetros de facilidad para observar el paso del tendón o injerto, el paso del implante femoral, la facilidad del agarre del implante, la tensión del mismo y el tiempo quirúrgico en ambos grupos. El resultado fue concluyente siendo un > p 0.06 contemplando el mejor resultado en los pacientes operados por portal medial.

Abstract: Anterior cruciate ligament injury (ACL) of the knee is a severe traumatic injury that greatly decreases the function and sometimes leaves very important sequelae for the young patient so surgery for ligament reconstruction is the suitable treatment, there are several techniques for the elaboration of tunnels with difference in the portals, the methods of fixation and the different grafts used and each one of the authors defend their techniques giving their advantages and disadvantages and possible complications associated. The objective of this study was to assess the advantages or not of two approaches to the femoral side for the passage of the graft or implants. Material and methods: Two similar groups in this observational, transversal, retrospective and analytical study in patients operated by the same surgeon and assistants. In a period of time of three year, 80 patients were operated, 42 of them by medial portal and 38 of them via trans tibial. Results: The male sex in both groups was the predominant one, the parameters of ease were assessed to observe the passage of the tendon or graft, the passage of the femoral implant, the ease of the implant grip, the tension of the same and the operative time in both groups. The result was conclusive being an > p 0.06 contemplating the best result in patients operated by medial portal.

Humans , Male , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Tibia/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Femur/surgery
Acta cir. bras ; 34(6): e201900601, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019269


Abstract Purpose To evaluate PBS®MCIMMO cement in the filling of bone defects. Methods Thirty-six adult male Wistar rats were divided into three groups of twelve individuals each (group 1, group 2 and group 3). In all groups, a bone failure in the femur was induced, 2.0 mm wide and 7.0 mm deep. In group 1, the PBS®MCIMMO cement was applied to the bone defect produced and a titanium implant (CONNECTION®) 1.5 mm thick and 6 mm long was installed. In group 2, only the PBS® CIMMO cement was installed. In group 3, only bone failure was performed. Kruskal Wallis tests were performed to compare the mean area among the three groups. Results In all comparisons, significance was observed for group 2 (p = 0.0014-0.0026). Conclusion The PBS®CIMMO cement induced bone neoformation, and integration between the newly formed bone, cement, and implant was observed.

Animals , Male , Biocompatible Materials/administration & dosage , Bone Cements , Bone Regeneration/physiology , Materials Testing , Ceramics , Bone Substitutes/administration & dosage , Femur/surgery , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Rats, Wistar , Models, Animal
Acta cir. bras ; 33(9): 736-743, Sept. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973502


Abstract Purpose: To evaluate osteocalcin gene and protein expression in vitro and in an in vivo model of ostectomy. Methods: Twenty Wistar rats were assigned into two groups A (n=10, laser) and B (n=10, control). Ostectomy was performed in the femur diaphysis; the twenty fragments removed, composed in vitro groups named as in vivo (A and B) and cultivated in CO2 atmosphere for thirteen days. Low-level laser irradiation was performed in groups A (in vivo and in vitro) by an GaAlAs device (λ=808 nm, dose of 2J/cm2, power of 200mW, power density of 0.2W/cm2, total energy of 1.25J, spot diameter of 0.02mm) for 5 seconds, at one point, daily. It was performed immunocytochemistry assays in vivo and in vitro groups. In vitro groups were also submitted to RNA extraction, cDNA synthesis and gene expression by quantitative PCR. Statistical analysis was realized with p<0.05. Results: Immunocytochemistry scores showed no significant differences between control and laser groups either in vivo and in vitro. Gene expression also showed no statistical differences. Conclusion: Low-level laser irradiation did not alter osteocalcin protein and gene expression in vivo and in vitro in the studied period but it may have been expressed them in an earlier period.

Animals , Male , Rats , Gene Expression/radiation effects , Osteocalcin/radiation effects , Femur/radiation effects , Osteotomy , Immunohistochemistry , Osteocalcin/genetics , Osteocalcin/metabolism , Rats, Wistar , Models, Animal , Low-Level Light Therapy , Femur/surgery , Femur/metabolism
Rev. chil. radiol ; 24(2): 63-66, jul. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-959578


En la práctica radiológica habitual el radiólogo se encuentra frecuentemente con distintas técnicas de reconstrucción del LCA que debe conocer de manera general para una adecuada descripción e interpretación de los hallazgos. En el presente ensayo pictórico exponemos diferentes tipos de técnica de reconstrucción del LCA, con énfasis en el concepto de reconstrucción anatómica, presentando distintas posiciones del túnel femoral, buscando entregar herramientas al radiólogo para reconocer la normalidad postoperatoria e interpretar posibles complicaciones.

In daily radiological practice, we frequently fid different ACL reconstruction techniques, which we must know in order to achieve adequate interpretation of the fidings. In this pictorial essay, we show different types of LCA reconstruction techniques, highlighting the anatomical reconstruction concept and presenting different positions of the femoral tunnel, seeking to deliver tools to the radiologist in order to recognize the normal postoperative fidings and possible complications.

Humans , Femur/surgery , Femur/diagnostic imaging , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction/methods , Postoperative Period , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Femur/anatomy & histology