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1.
Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology. 2016; 46 (1): 131-134
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-180168

ABSTRACT

The extensive use of insecticides in public health and agriculture sectors is the main reason for development of resistance in fleas associated in domestic rodents. The present work was planned to investigate the insecticidal efficacy of Lambda-cyhalothrin, Chlorpyrifos and Fenitrothion against rat flea [Xenopsylla cheopis] infesting rodent species in Giza Governorate, Egypt. The lethal concentration LC[50] and Lc[90] of population percent were obtained from the established regression log concentrate-response lines. Data indicated that the values of lethal concentration [LC[50]] were 0.293, 1.725 and 2.328% for Lambda-cyhalothrin, chlorpyrifos and Fenitrothion, respectively. The values of lethal concentration [Lc[90]] were 0.467, 2.839 and 5.197% for Lambda-cyhalothrin, chlorpyrifos and Fenitrothion, respectively


Subject(s)
Animals , Flea Infestations , Insecticides , Rodent Diseases , Rats , Fenitrothion , Chlorpyrifos , Nitriles , Pyrethrins
2.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2014; 27 (6): 1873-1880
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-148831

ABSTRACT

Indiscriminate application of organophosphate [OP] pesticides has led to environmental pollution and severe health problems. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of palm oil tocotrienol-rich fraction [TRF] on biochemical and morphological changes of the liver in rats treated with fenitrothion [FNT], a type of OP pesticide. A total of 28 male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four groups; control group, TRF-supplemented group, FNT-treated group and TRF+FNT group. TRF [200 mg/kg] was supplemented 30 minutes prior to FNT [20 mg/kg] administration, both orally for 28 consecutive days. Following 28 days of treatment, plasma biochemical changes and liver morphology were evaluated. The body and absolute liver weights were significantly elevated in TRF+FNT group compared to FNT group. TRF administration significantly decreased the total protein level and restored the activity of alanine aminotransferase [ALT] and aspartate aminotransferase [AST] in TRF + FNT group. In contrast, total bilirubin level, gamma-glutamyltranferase [GGT] and cholinesterase activity in TRF + FNT group did not significantly differ from FNT group. Administration of TRF also prevented FNT-induced morphological changes of liver as observed by electron microscope. In conclusion, TRF supplementation showed potential protective effect towards biochemical and ultrastructural changes in liver induced by FNT


Subject(s)
Animals, Laboratory , Plant Oils , Liver/drug effects , Fenitrothion , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Organophosphates
3.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 108(6): 790-795, set. 2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-685495

ABSTRACT

To increase our knowledge of the natural susceptibility of Triatoma infestans to an organophosphate insecticide, we performed toxicological and biochemical studies on three sylvatic populations from Bolivia and two populations from domestic dwellings from Bolivia and Argentina. Fifty-per-cent lethal doses (LD50) were determined based on the topical application of fenitrothion on first instar nymphs and mortality was assessed at 24 h. Both type of populations exhibited LD50ratios significantly higher than 1 with a range of the values (1.42-2.47); the maximum value were found in a sylvatic (-S) population, Veinte de Octubre-S. Samples were biochemically analysed using a glutathione S-transferase activity assay. The highest significant activity was obtained for Veinte de Octubre-S and the lowest activity was obtained for the reference population (102.69 and 54.23 pmol per minute per mg of protein respectively). Two out of the three sylvatic populations (Veinte de Octubre-S and Kirus Mayu-S) exhibited significantly higher glutathione S-transferase activity than that of the reference population. Based on this analysis of the natural susceptibility of this organism to organophosphate insecticides, continental and focal surveys of organophosphate susceptibility should be conducted to evaluate the evolution and distribution of this phenomenon.


Subject(s)
Animals , Fenitrothion , Glutathione Transferase/metabolism , Insecticides , Insecticide Resistance/physiology , Triatoma/drug effects , Bolivia , Housing , Nymph/drug effects , Trees , Triatoma/enzymology
4.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 33(supl.1): 70-81, set. 2013. mapas, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-695798

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Se llevó a cabo un estudio para determinar la sensibilidad de Aedes aegypti provenientes de regiones de alto riesgo de transmisión de dengue en Panamá, a insecticidas organofosforados, carbamatos y piretroides. Objetivo. Evaluar la sensibilidad a insecticidas piretroides, organofosforados y carbamatos en poblaciones de Ae. aegypti provenientes de ocho sitios pertenecientes a siete municipios de Panamá. Materiales y métodos. Se recolectaron poblaciones de Ae. aegypti en diferentes tipos de criaderos localizados en áreas urbanas y se criaron en condiciones controladas de laboratorio. Con la generación F 1 de cada una de las cepas se hicieron bioensayos de sensibilidad siguiendo la metodología estandarizada por la Organización Mundial de la Salud para larvas y adultos. Resultados. Las ocho cepas de Ae. aegypti resultaron sensibles a los insecticidas piretroides deltametrina, lambdacihalotrina y ciflutrina, el organofosforado fenitrotión y los carbamato propoxur y bendiocarb. Solo la cepa CHITRE resultó con resistencia moderada al insecticida deltametrina en larvas (FR 50 =5x). Sin embargo, en adultos resultó sensible. Conclusiones. Es necesaria la vigilancia periódica de la sensibilidad de las poblaciones de Ae. aegypti de los municipios evaluados, con el propósito de conservar en las poblaciones el carácter sensible a estos insecticidas. Los insecticidas aplicados para el control de Ae. aegypti pueden seguir siendo utilizados en los municipios evaluados, pero depende de la sensibilidad de los mosquitos en el área específica.


Introduction: We studied the susceptibility to organophosphate, carbamate and pyrethroid insecticides of Aedes aegypti from different regions of high transmission risk for dengue in Panama. Objective: To evaluate the susceptibility to organophosphate, carbamate and pyrethroid insecticides in Ae. aegypti from eight sites belonging to seven municipalities in Panamá. Materials and methods: We collected Ae. aegypti larval populations in different types of breeding sites located in urban areas. Insects were reared in laboratory control conditions. With the F 1 generation of each strain we performed susceptibility bioassays using WHO standardized methodology for larvae and adults. Results: The eight Ae. Aegypti strains were susceptible to the pyrethroid insecticides: deltamethrin, lambdacyhalothrin and cifluthrin, to the organophosphate fenitrothrion, and to the carbamates propoxur and bendiocarb. Only the CHITRE strain exhibited a moderate resistance to the insecticide deltamethrin in larvae (FR 50 =5x). However, adults were susceptible. Conclusions: It is necessary to perform periodic surveillance to evaluate the susceptibility of Ae. aegypti populations in the studied municipalities with the purpose of preserving their susceptible. The insecticides applied for Ae. aegypti control can still be used in the evaluated municipalities; however it will depend on the susceptibility of the mosquitoes in the specific area.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Aedes , Insecticide Resistance , Insecticides , Aedes/growth & development , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Fenitrothion , Larva , Nitriles , Panama , Phenylcarbamates , Propoxur , Pyrethrins
5.
Clinics ; 68(1): 93-100, Jan. 2013. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-665924

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Fenitrothion residue is found primarily in soil, water and food products and can lead to a variety of toxic effects on the immune, hepatobiliary and hematological systems. However, the effects of fenitrothion on the male reproductive system remain unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of fenitrothion on the sperm and testes of male Sprague-Dawley rats. METHODS: A 20 mg/kg dose of fenitrothion was administered orally by gavages for 28 consecutive days. Blood sample was obtained by cardiac puncture and dissection of the testes and cauda epididymis was performed to obtain sperm. The effects of fenitrothion on the body and organ weight, biochemical and oxidative stress, sperm characteristics, histology and ultrastructural changes in the testes were evaluated. RESULTS: Fenitrothion significantly decreased the body weight gain and weight of the epididymis compared with the control group. Fenitrothion also decreased plasma cholinesterase activity compared with the control group. Fenitrothion altered the sperm characteristics, such as sperm concentration, sperm viability and normal sperm morphology, compared with the control group. Oxidative stress markers, such as malondialdehyde, protein carbonyl, total glutathione and glutathione S-transferase, were significantly increased and superoxide dismutase activity was significantly decreased in the fenitrothion-treated group compared with the control group. The histopathological and ultrastructural examination of the testes of the fenitrothion-treated group revealed alterations corresponding with the biochemical changes compared with the control group. CONCLUSION: A 20 mg/kg dose of fenitrothion caused deleterious effects on the sperm and testes of Sprague-Dawley rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Fenitrothion/toxicity , Insecticides/toxicity , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Spermatozoa/drug effects , Testis/drug effects , Organ Size/drug effects , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Spermatozoa/chemistry , Time Factors , Testis/chemistry , Testis/pathology
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819816

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To determine the susceptibility and irritability level of malaria vector Anopheles sacharovi (An. sachrovi) to different insecticides in a malaria-prone area.@*METHODS@#Susceptibility and irritability levels of field collected strain of An. sacharovi to WHO standard papers of DDT 4%, dieldrin 0.4%, malathion 5%, fenitrothion 1%, permethrin 0.75%, and deltamethrin 0.05% were determined in East Azerbaijan of Iran during reemerging of malaria as described by WHO.@*RESULTS@#Results showed that at the diagnostic dose of insecticides this species exhibited resistance to DDT, tolerant to dieldrin and but somehow susceptible to fenitrothion, malathion, permethrin and deltamethrin. The results of irritability of this species to DDT, lambdacyhalothrin, permethrin cyfluthrin and deltamethrin revealed that DDT had had the most and deltamethrin the least irritancy effect. The average number of take offs/fly/minutes for DDT was 0.8±0.2. The order of irritability for permethrin, lambdacyhalothrin, cyfluthrin and deltamethrin were 0.7±0.2, 0.5±0.2, 0.5±0.3, and 0.2±0.1, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Results of this study reveals the responsiveness of the main malaria vector to different insecticides. This phenomenon is depending on several factors such as type and background of insecticide used previously, insecticide properties, and physiology of the species. Careful monitoring of insecticide resistance and irritability level of species could provide a clue for appropriate selection of insecticide for malaria control.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anopheles , DDT , Pharmacology , Dieldrin , Pharmacology , Female , Fenitrothion , Pharmacology , Insecticide Resistance , Insecticides , Pharmacology , Iran , Epidemiology , Malaria , Epidemiology , Malathion , Pharmacology , Mosquito Control , Methods , Permethrin , Pharmacology , Species Specificity
7.
Egyptian Journal of Hospital Medicine [The]. 2010; 39 (6): 223-228
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-150666

ABSTRACT

The Effect of organophosphorous insecticides compounds [Malathion and Fenitrothion] on certain aspects of carbohydrate metabolism in the freshwater fish Tilapia zillii exposed to 1/3 LC[50] of both insecticides for 96 hours was studied. Organophosphorous compounds were found to affect some parameters of carbohydrate metabolism. Muscle and liver glycogen decreased significantly accompanied with significant increase of the plasma glucose and the specific activity of phosphorylase enzyme in both liver and muscles. The activity of Succinate dehydrogenase [SDH], lactate dehydrogenase [LDH] and malate dehydrogenase [MDH] showed a significant decrease in liver and muscle tissues. Alanine transferase [ALT] and Aspartate transferase [AST] in liver and muscles also showed a significant decrease. Significant alterations in the content of metabolites and enzyme activity under malathion and fenitrothion toxicity seemed to suggest marked shift from aerobic to anaerobic condition


Subject(s)
Organophosphates/adverse effects , Carbohydrate Metabolism , Tilapia , Malathion , Fenitrothion
8.
Bol. malariol. salud ambient ; 47(2): 237-244, 2007. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-503702

ABSTRACT

Fue determinada la línea base de susceptibilidad a los insecticidas organofosforados, fenitrotion y malation en adultos de Musca domestica L.(Diptera: Muscidae) de la cepa “El Limón” mantenida en condiciones de laboratorio a 28 ºC,70 +10% de humedad relativa y fotoperíodo de 12 horas. En los bioensayos se usaron adultos provenientes de la generación filial 33, machos y hembras de tres días de edad. Los valores de la DL50 y la DL95 expresados en mg/mL para ambos insecticidas fueron determinados, a través de bioensayos, por aplicación tópica de insecticidas (0,6µL), inmovilizando previamente a los insectos a bajas temperaturas (-15 °C durante 1 ’10 ”) observando valores para el insecticida fenitrotion de DL50 y DL95 en adultos machos de 0,8880 y 4,3318 mg/mL respectivamente y valores de DL50 y DL95 en hembras de 1,2248 y 4,8112 mg/mL respectivamente. Los valores de DL50 y DL95 para el insecticida malation en adultos machos fueron de 60,6269 yde 160,8213 mg/mL respectivamente y valores de DL50 y DL95 en hembras fueron de 56,9426 y 171,1323 mg/mL respectivamente. Las respuestas de las moscas adultas cepa “El Limón” fueron homogéneas para ambos insecticidas.


Subject(s)
Biological Assay , Fenitrothion/therapeutic use , Houseflies , Biology , Parasitology , Venezuela
10.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 98(5): 703-708, July 2003. mapas, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: lil-344293

ABSTRACT

Since the reintroduction of Aedes aegypti in the state of Säo Paulo, in the middle of the 1980-decade, organophosphate insecticides are being used to control the dengue vector. In 1996, an annual program for monitoring the susceptibility of Ae. aegypti to the insecticides was implemented. Some of the results of this monitoring program are presented. Ae. aegypti populations from ten localities have been submitted to bioassays with the diagnostic dose of temephos and fenitrothion. Only two (Marília and Presidente Prudente) remain susceptible to both insecticides and one (Santos) exhibits true resistance. Ae. aegypti from the remaining localities showed an incipient altered susceptibility. Resistance ratios varied from 1.2 to 2.9 for temephos and from 1.5 to 3.2 to fenitrothion, indicating moderate levels of resistance. Biochemical assays did not detect alterations in the enzyme acetilcholinesterase, but indicated that resistance is associated with esterases


Subject(s)
Animals , Temefos , Aedes , Insecticides, Organophosphate , Fenitrothion , Biological Assay , Brazil , Insecticide Resistance , Mosquito Control , Aedes , Dengue , Esterases , Larva
11.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-35445

ABSTRACT

The susceptibility of Anopheles minimus s.l., Aedes aegypti, Ae. albopictus, and Culex quinquefasciatus to insecticide in northern Thailand was monitored by using the WHO standard susceptibility test. One- to two-day old female mosquitos, which were reared from wild caught females or immature stages, were exposed to discriminating dosages of insecticides for recommended exposure periods, and the 24-hour mortality recorded. The results revealed that, in general, An. minimus s.l. was still susceptible to DDT and permethrin, except in some areas where a slight increase in tolerance to DDT was observed. Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus were both highly resistant to DDT, but in some areas the former was also resistant to permethrin and deltamethrin. Cx. quinquefasciatus was resistant to DDT and etofenprox, with a slight increase in tolerance to permethrin, deltamethrin, malathion and fenitrothion. No resistance to lambda-cyhalothrin was detected in any of the species studied.


Subject(s)
Animals , Culicidae , DDT , Female , Fenitrothion , Insecticide Resistance , Insecticides , Malathion , Mosquito Control/methods , Nitriles , Permethrin , Pyrethrins , Thailand
12.
EMHJ-Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal. 2003; 9 (4): 637-645
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-158201

ABSTRACT

We conducted a study to determine the laboratory and field efficacy of neem oil towards anopheline larvae. No difference in LC50 was observed between laboratory and field strains for temephos, chlorpyriphos-methyl/fenitrothion and neem oil. No difference in susceptibility was found after 3 months of application every 2 weeks. Water treated with a single application of traditional larvicides was free of larvae after 4 weeks; neem oil-treated water, however, was free after 2 weeks but not at 4 weeks. Application of chlorpyriphos-methyl/fenitrothion and neem oil every 2 weeks for 7 rounds resulted in dramatic reduction in larval density with no statistically significant differences. An adult survey after larviciding also showed no significant difference. The efficacy of crude neem oil appears to be below that of conventional larvicides


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Biological Assay , Chlorpyrifos/analogs & derivatives , Emulsifying Agents , Fenitrothion , Glycerides , Insect Repellents , Larva/parasitology , Lethal Dose 50 , Malaria/prevention & control , Mosquito Control/methods , Terpenes
13.
Pesticidas ; 4(4): 21-6, jan.-dez. 1994. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-186345

ABSTRACT

Estudou-se os efeitos tóxicos dos inseticidas esfenvalerato, fenitrotion, fenpropatrin e monocrotofos sobre as ninfas de E. kraemeri em cultura de feijoeiro. A pesquisa doi conduzida no município de Nepomuceno - MG, utilizando uma lavoura comerical de cultivar "Carioca". Os compostos foram diluídos em água nas doses recomendadas pelos fabricantes para o controle de pragas, sendo a aplicaçäo realizada através de um pulverizador costal, propiciando volume de aplicaçäo de 400 L/ha. Os resultados mostraram que todos os compostos controlaram a praga em questäo, porém o fenitrotion na dose de 750 g i.a./ha apresentou o maior nível médio de controle.


Subject(s)
Animals , Agricultural Pests , Fabaceae , Hemiptera , Insect Control , Insecticides/toxicity , Insecta/drug effects , Fenitrothion/toxicity , Insecticides/administration & dosage , Monocrotophos/toxicity , Nymph/drug effects
14.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-30727

ABSTRACT

Anopheles koliensis, an important malaria vector in the interior region of Irian Jaya, Indonesia, was evaluated for susceptibility to three different insecticide compounds using the standard World Health Organization diagnostic test kit and pretreated impregnated papers. A series of tests were conducted in Arso PIR I, a transmigrant settlement 60 km south of Jayapura, from January 1988 to May 1989. All compounds were tested at the recommended diagnostic dosage and exposure time. An. koliensis were susceptible to 1.0% fenitrothion at two hour exposure (N = 358) and 5.0% malathion at one hour exposure (N = 371) after the 24-hour holding period. Significant resistance to DDT was observed in both the An. koliensis and Culex quinquefasciatus populations. Approximately 30% of the An. koliensis population (N = 468) was resistant to 4% DDT at both one and two hour exposures. These findings indicate that routine use of DDT in Arso PIR I for indoor residual house spraying may be of limited effectiveness, in part, because of physiological resistance. However, use of an alternative insecticide will be more expensive and might prove equally ineffective because of the exophilic behavior of the species. This is the first confirmed report from repeated observations of DDT resistance in An. koliensis from Indonesia.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anopheles , Culex , DDT/pharmacology , Female , Fenitrothion/pharmacology , Indonesia , Insecticide Resistance , Malathion/pharmacology
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-108546

ABSTRACT

The aquatic quality of the Naktong river after two of three months in June, 1991 with phenol spillage from a electrical factory in Kumi was investigated. The samples were collected at six sites of the Naktong river basin and Kachang and Kongsan lakes. Phenol was not detected from all water samples. Turbidity was very much increased to the down stream in the Naktong river. The BOD and COD values exceeded the 2nd grade(3 mg/l) of the Korean standard quality of Environmental Water Act at the all sampling sites of the Naktong river. Especially, the value of COD at Kaejin (12.5 mg/l) was poorly classified as to the 5th grade of water class for the environmental quality standards. Organophosphorous pesticides such as parathion, malathion, fenitrothion and diazinon were investigated but not detected. Diazinon was only detected at the Ilson bridge(1.42 ppb), Okkye stream(6.95 ppb), Waekwan bridge(0.32 ppb), Gangjung reservior(0.13 ppb), Kaejin(0.05 ppb). Of the carbamates such as carbanyl, isoprocarb and cabofuran, the carbofuran was detected all sites except tap water, and Kachang and Kongsan lakes. The content of heavy metals such ans Cd, Pb, Zn, Fe, Mn, Hg were not exceeding for drinking water standards at the all sampling region, but only mecury was detected from Okkye stream(0.018ppb) and Kaejin(0.09ppb). In the regions of Kachang and Kongsan lakes, the content of heavy metals were lower than that of reservoir of Naktong river.


Subject(s)
Carbamates , Carbofuran , Diazinon , Drinking Water , Fenitrothion , Korea , Lakes , Malathion , Metals, Heavy , Parathion , Pesticides , Phenol , Rivers , Water , Water Quality
17.
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 24(3): 263-71, sept. 1990. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-95833

ABSTRACT

El nivel urinario de nitrofenoles puede constituir un indicador adecuado de esposición a insecticidas organofosforados, que contienen dichos grupos en su molécula. Se detalla la metodología para la evaluación de p-nitrofenol y p-nitrocresol en orina. Se hidrolizan 3 ml de orina con HCI (c), en un baño de agua a ebullición y luego se extraen los nitrofenoles con n-hexano-éter etílico 70:30. Tratando, posteriormente, una alicuota del extracto orgánico con hexametildisilazano en hexano, se forman los derivados sililados, que se cuantifican por CGL, empleando una columna de 3% SE-30 y detector de captura electrónica de 63Ni. El método descripto constituye una simplificación del recomendado por la Agencia para la Protección Ambiental (EPA), de los Estados Unidos, para la determinación de p-nitrofenol. Es sensible, preciso y se detectan 50 ng/ml de p-nitrofenol y 100 ng/ml de p-nitrocresol en la orina. La recuperación es superior al 85%. La aplicación del método a orina de ratas tratadas con paratión o fenitrotión, permitió encontrar picos coincidentes con los tiempos de retención del p-nitrofenol y p-nitrocresol, respectivamente. Será de utilidad en Toxicología Ocupacional para evaluar el grado de contaminación de trabajadores que emplean paratión, metil paratión y/o fenitrotión.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rats , Animals , Insecticides, Organophosphate/metabolism , Insecticides, Organophosphate/pharmacology , Nitrophenols/urine , Benzene , Cholinesterases/blood , Chromatography, Gas/methods , Ether , Occupational Exposure/adverse effects , Fenitrothion/toxicity , Hexanes , Hydrolysis , Parathion/toxicity
18.
Indian J Physiol Pharmacol ; 1990 Jan; 34(1): 39-41
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-107278

ABSTRACT

The effect of pretreatment with clonidine, methyldopa and propranolol, and of atropine was studied in mice on acute toxicity of fenitrothion, the active ingredient of TIK-20. Atropine significantly decreased and propranolol somewhat decreased the fenitrothion induced death in mice. Clonidine and methyldopa somewhat increased the percentage mortality due to fenitrothion.


Subject(s)
Animals , Atropine/pharmacology , Clonidine/pharmacology , Drug Interactions , Fenitrothion/toxicity , Male , Methyldopa/pharmacology , Mice , Propranolol/pharmacology
19.
Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology. 1990; 20 (2): 683-90
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-16562
20.
Bol. Oficina Sanit. Panam ; 103(1): 21-32, jul. 1987. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-43231

ABSTRACT

En un intento de detener una epidemia de dengue en la ciudad de Paramaribo, se efectuaron en mayo y junio de 1982 rociamientos con malatión al 95%, aplicado con pulverizadores de volumen ultrarreducido (ULV) montados en camiones. Toda la ciudad, con una superficie de 70 Km**2 y 552 km de calles, fue rociada dos veces en 37 noches de un período de siete semanas y media, utilizando dos pulverizadores durante cuatro horas cada noche (18.00 a 22.00 horas), con un intervalo de una semana entre los dos rociamientos de cada zona. Durante las tres primeras semanas de la campaña, una dosis de 456 ml de ingrediente activo por Km de calle (50 ml/ha si la amplitud de barrido era de 91 m) produjo una gran mortalidad de Aedes aegypti adultos colocados en jaulas en el interior y en el exterior de los edificios de una manzana rociada; sin embargo, los resultados de las pruebas con trampas de ovipostura indicaron únicamente una pequeña reducción del número de huevos y solo durante unos tres días después de la aplicación de aerosol. Por consiguiente, se incrementó la dosis a 901 ml/Km (99 ml/ha) en las semanas 4-7, pero en una segunda zona de prueba se encontró que el número de trampas con huevos se reducía muy poco y durante un período breve. Por lo tanto, parece que ninguna de las dosis fue adecuada para eliminar la población adulta de A. aegypti y, además, que el método de aplicación fue demasiado lento para detener la epidemia de dengue, objetivo de la campaña


Subject(s)
Aedes , Dengue/prevention & control , Fenitrothion , Malathion , Mosquito Control , Suriname
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