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1.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 45(11): 706-723, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1529889

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To determine the association between fetal macrosomia (FM) and postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) in Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) women. Data Sources Studies evaluating the association between FM and PPH (≥ 500 ml) and severe PPH (≥ 1,000 ml) until November 4, 2021, indexed in CINHAL, Scopus, Embase, Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, LILACS, and SciELO. Selection of Studies Inclusion criteria were cohort and case-control studies that provided the number of PPH and FM cases. Exclusion criteria were studies lacking information about the number of cases, with a population of women who were not from LAC; published in a language other than English, Spanish, or Portuguese, and with a different design. Data Collection Data extraction was performed independently by two authors, and discrepancies were resolved with a third author. Data regarding FM and PPH cases were retrieved. Data Synthesis Of the 1,044 articles evaluated, 5 studies were included, from 6 different countries: Argentina and Uruguay (multi-country), West Indies, Antigua and Barbuda, French Guyana, and Suriname. The pooled odds ratio (OR) for FM and PPH in the meta-analysis (five studies) was 2.10 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.79-2.47; I2: 0%), with estimates within this 95% CI in the sensitivity analysis. The combined OR for severe PPH (3 studies) was 1.61 (95% CI: 0.40-6.48; I2: 91.89%), showing high heterogeneity. Conclusion There was a positive association between FM and PPH in the LAC, increasing the risk of the presence of this event 2-fold. The high heterogeneity of the studies that measured severe PPH does not allow drawing conclusions about the estimates obtained.


Resumo Objetivo Determinar a associação entre macrossomia fetal (FM) e hemorragia pós-parto (HPP) em mulheres da América Latina e Caribe (ALC). Fontes de dados Estudos avaliando a associação entre FM e HPP (≥ 500 ml) e HPP grave (≥ 1.000 ml) até 4 de novembro de 2021, indexados no CINHAL, Scopus, Embase, Biblioteca Cochrane, MEDLINE, LILACS e SciELO. Seleção de estudos Os critérios de inclusão foram estudos de corte e caso-controle que forneceram o número de casos de HPP e FM. Os critérios de exclusão foram estudos sem informação sobre o número de casos, com uma população de mulheres que não eram da ALC; publicado em um idioma diferente do inglês, espanhol ou português e com um design diferente. Coleta de dados A extração de dados foi realizada independentemente por dois autores, as discrepâncias foram resolvidas com um terceiro autor. Os dados relativos aos casos de FM e HPP foram recuperados. Síntese dos dados Dos 1.044 artigos avaliados, foram incluídos 5 estudos, de 6 países diferentes: Argentina e Uruguai (multipaíses), Índias Ocidentais, Antígua e Barbuda, Guiana Francesa e Suriname. O odds ratio agrupado (OR) para FM e HPP na meta-análise (cinco estudos) foi de 2,10 (intervalo de confiança de 95% [IC]: 1,79-2,47; I2: 0%), com estimativas dentro deste IC de 95% no análise sensitiva. O OR combinado para HPP grave (3 estudos) foi de 1,61 (95% CI: 0.40-6.48; I2: 91.89%), mostrando alta heterogeneidade. Conclusão Houve associação positiva entre FM e HPP na ALC, aumentando em 2 vezes o risco da presença desse evento. A alta heterogeneidade dos estudos que mediram a HPP grave não permite tirar conclusões sobre as estimativas obtidas.


Subject(s)
Fetal Macrosomia , Postpartum Hemorrhage , Latin America
2.
Philippine Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; : 73-80, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984301

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The objective of the study was to determine the effectiveness of myoinositol (MI) supplementation in the prevention of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) among high-risk patients.@*Materials and Methods@#Comprehensive and systemic online searches were performed on PubMed, MEDLINE, Ovid, and Cochrane. Cross-referencing from related articles was also done. Only studies published in English were included in the study. We selected all randomized controlled trials on MI and singleton pregnant women with high risk for GDM.@*Data Collection and Analysis@#Five randomized controlled trials were evaluated by two independent reviewers. For each comparison, the quality of evidence was assessed using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Cochrane Collaboration tool. Review Manager 5.3 was used to generate the risk of bias evaluation and the analysis of the results.@*Main Results@#The present study identified five randomized controlled trials involving 871 participants. The comparison of the studies showed a statistically significant reduction in the incidence of GDM in MI supplementation versus the control group (odds ratio [OR] = 0.32, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.19–0.53, P = 0.0001, Z = 4.36) by 68%. Similarly, there is a greater reduction in the incidence of fetal macrosomia among patients in the MI group than the controlled group (OR = 0.24, 95% CI = 0.07–0.78; P = 0.02, Z = 2.36) by 78%. However, there was no difference in terms of incidence of gestational hypertension (OR = 0.61, 95% CI = 0.19–2.01; P = 0.42, Z = −0.81), cesarean section (OR = 0.89, 95% CI = 0.65–1.22; P = 0.47, Z = 0.72), and neonatal hypoglycemia (OR = 0.35, 95% CI = 0.01–8.80; P = 0.53, Z = 0.63) outcomes.@*Conclusion@#MI supplementation taken at 4 g daily would decrease the incidence of GDM and fetal macrosomia. There was no statistically significant reduction in the risk of gestational hypertension, cesarean section, and neonatal hypoglycemia in the supplementation of MI.


Subject(s)
Cesarean Section , Fetal Macrosomia , Diabetes, Gestational , Hypertension, Pregnancy-Induced , Inositol
3.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 28: e2721, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BVSAM | ID: biblio-1420261

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo verificar a prontidão para via oral e aleitamento materno em recém-nascidos de mães diagnosticadas com diabetes mellitus gestacional (DMG). Métodos estudo observacional, analítico, quantitativo, do tipo caso-controle. Para avaliação da sucção não nutritiva, foi utilizado o Protocolo de Prontidão do Prematuro para Início da Alimentação por Via Oral - POFRAS e, para avaliação do desempenho em seio materno, o Protocolo de Acompanhamento Fonoaudiológico - Aleitamento Materno. A amostra foi estratificada em dois grupos, sendo o grupo experimental composto por recém-nascidos de mães diagnosticadas com DMG e o grupo-controle, por recém-nascidos de mães hígidas. Para a análise estatística, foram utilizados os testes Mann-Whitney, Shapiro Wilk e t de Student. Resultados a amostra total foi composta por 46 recém-nascidos, sendo 21 do grupo experimental e 25 do grupo-controle. Observou-se p<0,05 na comparação entre os grupos nas seguintes variáveis: oscilação do estado de consciência, hipotonia global, reflexo de procura débil, menos de cinco sucções por pausa na avaliação da sucção não nutritiva, pega em seio, adormecimento após iniciar sucção e posicionamento mãe-bebê. Conclusão recém-nascidos de mães diagnosticadas com DMG apresentaram maior dificuldade na prontidão para via oral e na prática do aleitamento materno nas primeiras 72 horas de vida, comparados aos filhos de mães hígidas.


ABSTRACT Purpose to verify the readiness for oral feeding and breastfeeding in newborns of mothers diagnosed with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Methods observational, analytical, quantitative case-control study. For the evaluation of non-nutritive sucking, the PROFAS protocol was used and for the evaluation of performance at the mother's breast, the protocol of Speech Therapy - Breastfeeding. The sample was stratified into two groups, the experimental group, composed of newborns of mothers diagnosed with GDM, and the control group, with newborns of healthy mothers. For statistical analysis, the Mann-Whitney, Shapiro Wilk and Student's t tests were used. Results the total sample consisted of 46 newborns, 21 from the experimental group and 25 from the control group. P<0.05 was observed in the comparison between the groups in the variables: oscillation in the state of consciousness, global hypotonia, weak search reflex, less than five suctions per pause in the assessment of non-nutritive sucking, holding on to the breast, falling asleep after starting suction and mother-infant positioning. Conclusion newborns of mothers diagnosed with GDM had greater difficulty in readiness for oral feeding and in the practice of breastfeeding in the first 72 hours of life, compared to children of healthy mothers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Sucking Behavior/physiology , Fetal Macrosomia , Breast Feeding , Diabetes, Gestational , Case-Control Studies
4.
Medicentro (Villa Clara) ; 26(3): 657-672, jul.-set. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405662

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El crecimiento y desarrollo prenatal tiene su expresión en el peso al nacer, que adquiere gran importancia por su relación con la morbilidad y mortalidad en cualquier etapa de la vida. Objetivo: Identificar las asociaciones de variables maternas con la condición trófica del recién nacido. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, en tres áreas de salud del municipio Santa Clara, en el periodo comprendido de enero 2013 a diciembre 2020. De una población de 6035 recién nacidos se seleccionó una muestra aleatoria de 2454. De los libros de genética se obtuvo la información de variables maternas y del neonato. Se aplicaron las pruebas no paramétricas de independencia basada en la distribución chi cuadrado y Kruskal Wallis en el análisis estadístico. Resultados: A excepción de la edad, las variables estudiadas mostraron relación con la condición trófica al nacer. El estado nutricional deficiente fue más frecuente en nacimientos pequeños y el obeso en los grandes. En nacimientos grandes se observó mayores porcentajes de gestantes con riesgo de diabetes gestacional. Los trastornos hipertensivos, la anemia, la infección del tracto urinario, la sepsis vaginal y el hábito de fumar se presentaron en mayores porcentajes en gestantes cuyos recién nacidos fueron pequeños. Conclusiones: De las variables estudiadas el riesgo de diabetes gestacional y los trastornos hipertensivos mostraron la mayor fuerza de asociación con la condición trófica al nacer.


ABSTRACT Introduction: prenatal growth and development have their expression in birth weight, which acquires great importance due to its relationship with morbidity and mortality at any stage of life. Objective: to identify the associations of maternal variables with the trophic condition of the newborn. Methods: a descriptive study was carried out in three health areas from Santa Clara municipality between January 2013 and December 2020. A random sample of 2,454 was selected from a population of 6,035 newborns. Information on maternal and newborn variables was obtained. Non-parametric tests of independence based on the Chi-square distribution and Kruskal Wallis were applied in the statistical analysis. Results: the variables studied showed a relationship with the trophic condition at birth, except for age. Poor nutritional status was more frequent in small births and obesity in large ones. In large births, higher percentages of pregnant women at risk of gestational diabetes were observed. Hypertensive disorders, anemia, urinary tract infection, vaginal sepsis and smoking were present in higher percentages in pregnant women whose newborns were small. Conclusions: from the studied variables, the risk of gestational diabetes and hypertensive disorders showed the strongest association with the trophic status at birth.


Subject(s)
Prenatal Nutrition , Fetal Macrosomia , Infant, Low Birth Weight
5.
Rev. Soc. Argent. Diabetes ; 56(2): 57-62, mayo - ago. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1395857

ABSTRACT

Introducción: los recién nacidos con peso elevado al nacer presentan mayor riesgo de complicaciones en el parto y problemas de salud a largo plazo. Un factor poco explorado durante la gestación es el nivel de los ácidos grasos circulantes. Materiales y métodos: estudio prospectivo donde se estudiaron mujeres durante el embarazo hasta el parto. Se analizaron las variables antropométricas y la medición de ácidos grasos libres entre las semanas 24-28 de gestación. Resultados: se incluyeron 27 pacientes, de las cuales cuatro (13,8%) dieron a luz a recién nacidos macrosómicos. Las pacientes se agruparon según el índice de masa corporal (IMC) preembarazo en normopeso y sobrepeso u obesidad. Los bebés macrosómicos correspondieron al grupo de madres con sobrepeso y obesidad que, además, tuvieron un incremento significativo de los niveles de ácidos grasos libres (2067 uM, ICC: 947,5-1590 vs 1212 uM, ICC: 13367-2247; p<0,05) en el grupo obesidad y sobrepeso. Los valores de glucemia basal y posteriores a la prueba de tolerancia oral a la glucosa no mostraron diferencias. El análisis multivariado reveló que tener obesidad o sobrepeso al inicio del embarazo resulta en un odds ratio (OR) de ácidos grasos libres de 1,0023 (IC9 5%:1,0000-1,0046), mientras que la prueba de tolerancia oral a la glucosa presentó un OR: 1,0186 (IC 95%: 0,9645-1,0756). Conclusiones: los resultados muestran el rol del IMC pregestacional sobre el riesgo de tener hijos macrosómicos, lo que confirma la necesidad de mejorar el estado nutricional de las mujeres antes y durante el embarazo.


Introduction: neonates with high birth weight are at increased risk of birth complications and long term health problems. An unexplored factor during gestation is the level of circulating fatty acids. Materials and methods: prospective study where women were studied during pregnancy until delivery. Anthropometric variables and free fatty acid measurements were analyzed between 24-28 weeks of gestation. Results: we included 27 patients, of whom 4 (13.8%) gave birth to macrosomic newborns. Patients were grouped according to pre-pregnancy mass index (BMI) into normal weight and overweight or obese. Macrosomic neonates corresponded to the group of overweight and obese mothers, who also presented a significant increase in free fatty acid levels (2067 uM, ICC: 947,5-1590 vs 1212 uM, ICC: 13367-2247; p<0.05) was found in the obese and overweight group. Basal and post oral glucose tolerance test showed no differences, Multivariate analysis showed that being obese or overweight at the beginning of pregnancy results in an OR of free fatty acids 1,0023 (95%CI: 1,0000-1,0046), while oral glucose tolerance test presented an OR: 1,0186 (95%CI: 0,9645-1,0756). Conclusions: the results show the role of pre-gestational BMI on the risk of having macrosomic children, confirming the need to improve the nutritional status of women before and during pregnancy


Subject(s)
Fetal Macrosomia , Body Mass Index , Fatty Acids , Fatty Acids, Nonesterified
6.
Afr. j. reprod. health ; 26(7): 1-8, 2022. tables, figures
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1381720

ABSTRACT

Despite extensive work on macrosomia, it is impossible to predict women at risk. Current prediction strategies which include clinical examination and ultrasound are imprecise. This study aims to determine the risk factors associated with macrosomia. It was a descriptive, retrospective chart review of women delivered of macrosomic neonates over a two-year period from 2015-2016. Detailed clinical and demographic information was recorded. Statistical analysis was carried out using SPSS (version 25.0 IBM, Armonk, New York, USA). Of 22 244 singleton deliveries, 415 were macrosomic infants (1.9%). The mean birth weight for macrosomic infants was 4.39 ± 0.43 (range 4-5.15) kg and males were more in number and weight. Macrosomic infants occurred more in age groups 25-29 years and peaked with BMI ≥30 kg/m2 . Majority were cesarean sections compared to vaginal deliveries (56.6% vs 43.4%; p=0.006) respectively. Vaginal delivery of macrosomic infants was associated with complications. Significant differences were found between fetal macrosomia and clinical characteristics such as body mass index, parity, advanced maternal age, and male fetal sex. Hypoglycaemia was most frequent in infants born to non-diabetic mothers (98.1%). Antenatal risk factors are important in the prediction of macrosomia, but fetal and maternal outcome depends on labour management. (Afr J Reprod Health 2022; 26[7]: 127-134).


Subject(s)
Fetal Macrosomia , Cesarean Section , Pregnancy Outcome , Risk Factors , Maternal Health , Infant
7.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 48-51, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928359

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical phenotype and genetic characteristics of a child with Perlman syndrome.@*METHODS@#Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples from the patient and her parents. Whole exome sequencing (WES) was carried out to detect potential variant in the proband. Candidate variant was verified by Sanger sequencing. The pathogenicity of candidate variants was evaluated according to the guidelines of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG).@*RESULTS@#The results of WES showed that the proband has harbored compound heterozygous variants of the DIS3L2 gene, namely c.2109delC and c.1829.c.1830insC, which were respectively inherited from her mother and father. The results were confirmed by Sanger sequencing. Based on the ACMG guidelines, the two novel variants were both predicted to be pathogenic (PVS1+PS2+PM2).@*CONCLUSION@#The compound heterozygous variants of the DIS3L2 gene probably underlay the Perlman syndrome in this patient. Above finding has enriched the spectrum of DIS3L2 gene mutations.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Exoribonucleases , Fetal Macrosomia , Genetic Testing , Genomics , Mutation , Exome Sequencing , Wilms Tumor
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 665-671, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927560

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) brings health issues for both mothers and offspring, and GDM prevention is as important as GDM management. It was shown that a history of GDM was significantly associated with a higher maternal risk for GDM recurrence. The incidence of GDM recurrence was unclear because of the incidence of second-child was low before 2016 in China. We aim to investigate the prevalence of GDM recurrence and its associated high-risk factors which may be useful for the prediction of GDM recurrence in China.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study was conducted which enrolled participants who underwent regular prenatal examination and delivered twice in the same hospital of 18 research centers. All participants were enrolled from January 2018 to October 2018, where they delivered the second baby during this period. A total of 6204 women were enrolled in this study, and 1002 women with a history of GDM were analyzed further. All participants enrolled in the study had an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) result at 24 to 28 weeks and were diagnosed as GDM in the first pregnancy according to the OGTT value (when any one of the following values is met or exceeded to the 75-g OGTT: 0 h [fasting], ≥5.10 mmol/L; 1 h, ≥10.00 mmol/L; and 2 h, ≥8.50 mmol/L). The prevalence of GDM recurrence and development of type 2 diabetes mellitus were calculated, and its related risk factors were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#In 6204 participants, there are 1002 women (1002/6204,16.15%) with a history of GDM and 5202 women (5202/6204, 83.85%) without a history of GDM. There are significant differences in age (32.43 ± 4.03 years vs. 33.00 ± 3.34 years vs. 32.19 ± 3.37 years, P  < 0.001), pregnancy interval (4.06 ± 1.44 years vs. 3.52 ± 1.43 years vs. 3.38 ± 1.35 years, P  = 0.004), prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) (27.40 ± 4.62 kg/m2vs. 23.50 ± 3.52 kg/m2vs. 22.55 ± 3.47 kg/m2, P < 0.001), history of delivered macrosomia (22.7% vs. 11.0% vs. 6.2%, P < 0.001) among the development of diabetes mellitus (DM), recurrence of GDM, and normal women. Moreover, it seems so important in the degree of abnormal glucose metabolism in the first pregnancy to the recurrence of GDM and the development of DM. There are significant differences in OGTT levels of the first pregnancy such as area under the curve of OGTT value (18.31 ± 1.90 mmol/L vs. 16.27 ± 1.93 mmol/L vs. 15.55 ± 1.92 mmol/L, P < 0.001), OGTT fasting value (5.43 ± 0.48 mmol/L vs. 5.16 ± 0.49 mmol/L vs. 5.02 ± 0.47 mmol/L, P < 0.001), OGTT 1-hour value (10.93 ± 1.34 mmol/L vs. 9.69 ± 1.53 mmol/L vs. 9.15 ± 1.58 mmol/L, P < 0.001), OGTT 2-hour value (9.30 ± 1.66 mmol/L vs. 8.01 ± 1.32 mmol/L vs. 7.79 ± 1.38 mmol/L, P < 0.001), incidence of impaired fasting glucose (IFG) (fasting plasma glucose ≥5.6 mmol/L) (31.3% vs. 14.6% vs. 8.8%, P < 0.001), and incidence of two or more abnormal OGTT values (68.8% vs. 39.7% vs. 23.9%, P < 0.001) among the three groups. Using multivariate analysis, the factors, such as age (1.07 [1.02-1.12], P = 0.006), prepregnancy BMI (1.07 [1.02, 1.12], P  = 0.003), and area under the curve of OGTT in the first pregnancy (1.14 [1.02, 1.26], P  = 0.02), have an effect on maternal GDM recurrence; the factors, such as age (1.28 [1.01-1.61], P  = 0.04), pre-pregnancy BMI (1.26 [1.04, 1.53], P = 0.02), and area under the curve of OGTT in the first pregnancy (1.65 [1.04, 2.62], P = 0.03), have an effect on maternal DM developed further.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The history of GDM was significantly associated with a higher maternal risk for GDM recurrence during follow-up after the first pregnancy. The associated risk factors for GDM recurrence or development of DM include age, high pre-pregnancy BMI, history of delivered macrosomia, the OGTT level in the first pregnancy, such as the high area under the curve of OGTT, IFG, and two or more abnormal OGTT values. To prevent GDM recurrence, women with a history of GDM should do the preconception counseling before preparing next pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Pregnancy , Blood Glucose/metabolism , China/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Diabetes, Gestational , Fetal Macrosomia , Glucose Intolerance , Retrospective Studies
9.
Rev. Soc. Argent. Diabetes ; 55(3): 84-89, sept. - dic. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1395652

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la glucemia de ayuno >85 mg/dl en el primer trimestre de embarazo es uno de los factores de riesgo para el desarrollo de diabetes gestacional (DG). El aumento del sobrepeso y obesidad en las mujeres en edad fértil junto con la ganancia de peso excesiva a lo largo del embarazo son predisponentes para el desarrollo de esta patología, además de favorecer el estado de hipertrigliceridemia materna que en su conjunto predisponen a la macrosomía fetal. Entender la asociación entre estas variables es de importancia para individualizar el riesgo y tomar conductas precoces a fin de disminuir las complicaciones materno/fetales. Objetivos: primario: determinar la probabilidad de desarrollar DG según glucemia de ayunas del primer trimestre de embarazo (GA1erT>85 mg/dl) por categoría de índice de masa corporal (IMC), edad y ganancia de peso materno. Secundario: comparar trigliceridemia (TG) materna del último trimestre, peso fetal y glucemia de ayuno (GA) de prueba de tolerancia oral a la glucosa (PTOG) según IMC en pacientes con y sin DG. Determinar la prevalencia de macrosomía. Materiales y métodos: se analizaron historias clínicas (HC) de pacientes con DG de la Unidad de Diabetes y Embarazo y del Servicio de Maternidad de pacientes sin DG del Hospital Perrupato, San Martín, Mendoza. Los criterios de inclusión fueron: edad >18 años, registros completos de historias clínicas y diagnóstico de DG por PTOG. Se incluyeron 127 HC de pacientes con DG y 169 HC de pacientes sin DG, y se categorizaron según IMC pregestacional: IMC <24,9, IMC 25-30 y IMC >30. Resultados: para la variable de GA1erT>85 mg/dl en la categoría de IMC <24,9 la probabilidad de padecer DG fue 15 veces superior respecto a presentar un valor glucémico inferior, para el IMC 25-30 fue 9,2 veces más probable, mientras que para el IMC >30 fue 10,7 veces más probable, con efecto de magnitud grande para las tres categorías de IMC. No hubo diferencias entre peso fetal entre las distintas categorías de IMC analizadas (p=0,14, 0,36 y 0,59 respectivamente). Se observó aumento en el valor de GA de la PTOG en todas las categorías de IMC del grupo con DG (p=0,002, 0,01 y <0,001 respectivamente). La TG materna del último trimestre fueron significativamente más altos en las categorías de IMC <24,9 y 25-30 (p=0,04 y 0,026 respectivamente). La prevalencia de macrosomía aumentó en relación al incremento del IMC. Conclusiones: la glucemia de ayuno del primer trimestre demostró ser un fuerte predictor de DG en todas las categorías de IMC evaluadas.


Introduction: fasting blood glucose >85 mg/dl in the first trimester of pregnancy is one of the risk factors for the development of gestational diabetes (GD). The increase in overweight and obesity in women of childbearing age, and the excessive weight gain throughout pregnancy, are predisposing to the development of this pathology leading a rol in maternal hypertriglyceridemia, favoring to fetal macrosomia. Understanding the association between these variables is important to individualize the risk and take early behaviors in order to reduce maternal/fetal complications. Objectives: primary: determine the probability of developing GD according to fasting glycemia of the firts trimester of pregnancy (>85 mg/dl) by body mass index (BMI) category, age and maternal weight gain. Secondary: compare maternal triglyceridemia (TG) of the last trimester, fetal weight and fasting glycemia of oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) according to BMI in patients with and without GD. Determine the prevalence of macrosomia. Materials and methods: medical records (MR) of patients with GD from the Diabetes and Pregnancy Unit and from the Maternity Service of patients without GD from the Perrupato´s Hospital, San Martin, Mendoza. Included were: age over 18 years, complete records of MR, diagnosis of GD by OGTT. 127 MR from patients with GD and 169 MR from patients without GD were included and classified according to pre-pregnancy BMI: BMI <24.9, BMI 25-30 and BMI> 30. Results: GD OR for category A was 15 times, for category B it was 9.2 times and for category C 10.7 times with large magnitude effect for the three categories. There were no differences between fetal weight (p=0.14, 0.36 and 0.59 respectively). fasting glycemia OGTT was significant in all categories (p=0.002; 0.01 and <0.001 respectively), maternal TG in the last trimester were significant in categories A and B (p=0.04 and 0.026 respectively). The prevalence of macrosomia increased in relation to the increase in BMI. Conclusions: fasting blood glucose of the first trimester is a strong predictor of DG in all evaluated categories.


Subject(s)
Blood Glucose , Fetal Macrosomia , Pregnancy , Diabetes, Gestational
10.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 71(4): 290-299, dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1355221

ABSTRACT

La alta prevalencia de sobrepeso y obesidad en las mujeres en edad fértil hace necesario indagar por el impacto que este factor y la ganancia ponderal excesiva en la gestación generan sobre el peso al nacer del neonato. Objetivo: evaluar el efecto del comportamiento del peso materno en dos grupos, gestantes con recién nacido macrosómico y normopeso. Métodos: Estudio longitudinal retrospectivo de medidas repetidas, para comparar la ganancia ponderal en siete momentos de la gestación en dos grupos de gestantes, cuarenta y ocho con recién nacido macrosómico vs cuarenta y ocho normopeso. El estudio se realizó en una institución de segundo nivel de Antioquia-Colombia, a partir de las historias clínicas del control prenatal de los último cinco años. Resultados: Se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre grupos, para el peso de los siete momentos del periodo gestacional (p <0,001). El peso gestacional materno, contribuyó a la varianza del peso del neonato, especialmente en el grupo de gestantes con recién nacido macrosómico. Conclusión: La ganancia ponderal materna impacta el peso al nacer, es decir que, a mayor peso gestacional materno, mayor fue el peso del recién nacido(AU)


The high prevalence of overweight and obesity in women of a childbearing age makes it necessary to investigate the impact that this factor and an excessive weight gain in pregnancy have on the weight at birth of the newborn. Objective: To evaluate the effect of maternal weight behavior in two groups, pregnant with a macrosomic newborn and a normal weight. Methods: A retrospective longitudinal study of repeated measures, to compare the weight gain at seven moments of the gestation in two groups of pregnant women, forty-eight with macrosomic newborn vs. forty-eight with a normal weight. The study was carried out in a second-level institution in Antioquia-Colombia, based on the medical records of the prenatal control of the last five years. Results: Statistically significant differences were found between groups for the weight of the seven moments of the gestational period (p <0.001). Maternal gestational weight contributed to the variance of the newborn's weight, especially in the group of pregnant women with a macrosomic newborn. Conclusion: Maternal weight gain impacts birth weight, which means, the higher the maternal gestational weight, the higher the newborn's weight(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Fetal Macrosomia , Body Mass Index , Maternal and Child Health , Gestational Weight Gain , Obesity, Maternal/complications , Weights and Measures , Birth Weight , Weight Gain , Longitudinal Studies , Pregnant Women
11.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 41(3): 493-503, jul.-set. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345399

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción. En la actualidad, la diabetes mellitus representa una de las condiciones médicas que complica el embarazo con mayor frecuencia, lo que afecta el crecimiento y el desarrollo fetal. Objetivo. Determinar las malformaciones esqueléticas y alteraciones en el crecimiento en fetos de ratas Wistar diabéticas. Materiales y métodos. Se utilizó un modelo de diabetes moderada inducida neonatalmente con estreptozotocina (STZ 100 mg/kg de peso corporal, por vía subcutánea) en ratas Wistar. En la adultez, las ratas sanas y diabéticas se aparearon con machos sanos de la misma edad y cepa. El día 20 de gestación se practicó la cesárea bajo anestesia. Se extrajeron los fetos, se pesaron y clasificaron como pequeños (PAG), adecuados (AEG) o grandes (GEG) para la edad gestacional. Los fetos seleccionados se procesaron para el análisis de anomalías esqueléticas y sitios de osificación. Resultados. En la descendencia de las ratas diabéticas, hubo un mayor porcentaje de fetos clasificados como pequeños o grandes y un menor porcentaje de fetos con peso adecuado; el promedio de peso fetal fue menor y había menos sitios de osificación. Se observaron alteraciones en la osificación de cráneo, esternón, columna vertebral, costillas y extremidades anteriores y posteriores; y también, hubo una correlación directa entre el peso y el grado de osificación fetal. Hubo malformaciones congénitas asociadas con la fusión y bifurcación de las costillas, así como cambios indicativos de hidrocefalia, como la forma de domo del cráneo, una amplia distancia entre los parietales y la anchura de las fontanelas anterior y posterior. Conclusión. La diabetes moderada durante la gestación altera el crecimiento y el desarrollo fetal, que se ve afectado tanto por macrosomía y la restricción del crecimiento intrauterino como por malformaciones esqueléticas.


Abstract Introduction: Currently, diabetes mellitus represents one of the medical conditions that more frequently complicates pregnancy affecting the fetus's growth and development. Objective: To determine the skeletal malformations and growth alterations in fetuses of diabetic Wistar rats. Materials and methods: We used a neonatally streptozotocin-induced mild diabetes model (STZ 100 mg/kg body weight - subcutaneously) in Wistar rats. In adulthood, healthy and diabetic rats were mated with healthy males of the same age and strain. On day 20 of gestation, a cesarean was performed under anesthesia. Fetuses were removed, weighed, and classified as small (SPA), adequate (APA), and large (LPA) for the gestational age. Selected fetuses were processed for skeletal anomaly and ossification sites analysis. Results: In the offspring of diabetic rats, there was a higher percentage of fetuses classified as small or large and a lower percentage of fetuses with adequate weight; the fetal weight mean was lower and there were fewer sites of ossification. Alterations were observed in the ossification of the skull, sternum, spine, ribs and fore and hind limbs; and also, there was a direct correlation between fetal weight and ossification degree There were congenital malformations associated with fusion and bifurcation of the ribs, as well as changes indicative of hydrocephaly, such as the dome shape of the skull, a wide distance between parietals, and the width of the anterior and posterior fontanels. Conclusion: Moderate diabetes during pregnancy alters fetal growth and development with macrosomia and intrauterine growth restriction, as well as skeletal malformations.


Subject(s)
Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Fetal Growth Retardation , Congenital Abnormalities , Fetal Macrosomia , Teratogenesis
12.
Revagog ; 3(3): 80-87, Jul-Sept. 2021. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIGCSA | ID: biblio-1343841

ABSTRACT

Caminar durante el embarazo, la actividad física preferida entre las mujeres embarazadas, tiene múltiples beneficios para la salud del binomio materno - fetal en comparación con otras modalidades de actividad física. El no requerir tanto esfuerzo, la facilidad de ejecución, posibilidad de interacción social y de integrarse de manera muy significativa en algunas actividades, como los desplazamientos y las actividades ocupacionales, cuando a las embarazadas les es imposible realizar actividad física en su tiempo libre, son algunas de las ventajas que la convierten en la elegida por la mayor parte de las embarazadas. La falta de tiempo, las molestias físicas, la fatiga o la falta de energía, son algunos de los factores que impiden caminar a las gestantes. Dados los múltiples beneficios que tiene caminar para las embarazadas, las autoridades sanitarias deberían fomentar campañas de concienciación que promovieran la importancia de la práctica de actividad física por las mujeres embarazadas, entre las cuales, debería estar muy presente caminar.


Walking during pregnancy, the preferred physical activity among pregnant women, has multiple health benefits for the maternalfetal pairing compared to other forms of physical activity. Not requiring so much effort, the ease of execution, the possibility of social interaction and of integrating in a very significant way in some activities, such as travel and occupational activities, when it is impossible for pregnant women to perform physical activity in their free time, are some of the advantages that make it the one chosen by most pregnant women. Lack of time, physical discomfort, fatigue or lack of energy are some of the factors that prevent pregnant women from walking. Given the multiple benefits that walking has for pregnant women, health authorities should promote awareness campaigns that promote the importance of practicing physical activity by pregnant women, among whom walking should be very present.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Exercise , Walking , Pregnant Women , Maternal Health , Pre-Eclampsia/prevention & control , Fetal Macrosomia/prevention & control , Infant, Newborn , Diabetes, Gestational/prevention & control , Obstetric Labor, Premature/prevention & control
13.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(6): 436-441, June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341138

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The aim of the present study was to evaluate the risk factors for cesarean section (C-section) in low-risk multiparous women with a history of vaginal birth. Methods The present retrospective study included low-risk multiparous women with a history of vaginal birth who gave birth at between 37 and 42 gestational weeks. The subjects were divided into 2 groups according to the mode of delivery, as C-section Group and vaginal delivery Group. Risk factors for C-section such as demographic characteristics, ultrasonographic measurements, smoking, weight gain during pregnancy (WGDP), interval time between prior birth, history of macrosomic birth, and cervical dilatation at the admission to the hospital were obtained fromthe charts of the patients. Obstetric and neonatal outcomes were compared between groups. Results The most common C-section indications were fetal distress and macrosomia (33.9% [n=77 and 20.7% [n=47] respectively). A bivariate correlation analysis demonstrated that mothers aged>30 years old (odds ratio [OR]: 2.09; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.30-3.34; p=0.002), parity >1 (OR: 1.81; 95%CI: 1.18-2.71; p=0.006), fetal abdominal circumference (FAC) measurement>360mm (OR: 34.20; 95%CI: 8.04 -145.56; p<0.001)) and<345mm (OR: 3.06; 95%CI: 1.88-5; p<0.001), presence of large for gestational age (LGA) fetus (OR: 5.09; 95%CI: 1.35-19.21; p=0.016), premature rupture of membranes (PROM) (OR: 1.52; 95%CI: 1-2.33; p=0.041), and cervical dilatation<5cm at admission (OR: 2.12; 95%CI: 1.34-3.34; p=0.001) were associated with the group requiring a C-section. Conclusion This is the first study evaluating the risk factors for C-section in low-risk multiparous women with a history of vaginal birth according to the Robson classification 3 and 4. Fetal distress and suspected fetal macrosomia constituted most of the Csection indications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Parity , Cesarean Section/classification , Fetal Macrosomia/complications , Fetal Membranes, Premature Rupture , Labor Stage, First , Case-Control Studies , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Maternal Age , Delivery, Obstetric , Fetal Distress/complications , Sagittal Abdominal Diameter
14.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 65(3): 328-335, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285149

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the association between HbA1c levels measured in the third trimester and the risk for large for gestational age (LGA) in neonates of mothers affected by gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Secondarily, we aimed to identify an ideal cut-off for increased risk of LGA amongst pregnant women with GDM. Materials and methods: Observational retrospective review of singleton pregnant women with GDM evaluated in a diabetes and pregnancy clinic of a tertiary and academic hospital. From January/2011 to December/2017, 1,085 pregnant women underwent evaluation due to GDM, of which 665 had an HbA1c test in the third trimester. A logistic regression model was performed to evaluate predictors of LGA. A receiver-operating-characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the predictive ability of third trimester HbA1c for LGA identification. Results: A total of 1,085 singleton pregnant women were evaluated during the study period, with a mean age of 32.9 ± 5.3 years. In the multivariate analysis, OGTT at 0 minutes (OR: 1.040; CI 95% 1.006-1.076, p = 0.022) and third trimester HbA1c (OR: 4.680; CI 95% 1.210-18.107, p = 0.025) were associated with LGA newborns. Using a ROC curve to evaluate the predictive ability of third trimester HbA1c for LGA identification, the optimal HbA1c cut-off point was 5.4% where the sensitivity was 77.4% and the specificity was 71.7% (AUC 0.782; p < 0.001). Conclusions: Few studies in the Mediterranean population have evaluated the role of HbA1c in predicting neonatal complications in women with GDM. A third trimester HbA1c > 5.4% was found to have good sensitivity and specificity for identifying the risk of LGA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Diabetes, Gestational/diagnosis , Pregnancy Trimester, Third , Birth Weight , Fetal Macrosomia , Glycated Hemoglobin/analysis , Retrospective Studies , Gestational Age
15.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 97(2): 167-176, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287024

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: This study aimed to evaluate gestational weight gain and birth weight in women with gestational diabetes mellitus of two Brazilian cohorts enrolled three decades apart. Methods: The authors compared data of 2362 women from the Lifestyle INtervention for Diabetes Prevention After Pregnancy study (LINDA-Brasil, 2014-2017) to those of 359 women from the Estudo Brasileiro de Diabetes Gestacional study (EBDG, 1991-1995). Gestational weight gain was classified by the 2009 Institute of Medicine criteria; large and small for gestational age newborns, by the Intergrowth-21st chart. Differences in birth weight means between pregestational BMI and gestational weight gain categories were evaluated by ANOVA; the associations of gestational weight gain and birth weight, through multivariable Poisson regression. Results: In LINDA-Brasil, women presented higher pregestational body mass index (30.3 ± 6.5 vs. 24.6 ± 4.4 kg/m2) and were frequently obese (46.4 vs. 11.1%) compared to those of the EBDG. In the EBDG, gestational weight gain was larger (11.3 ± 6.1 vs. 9.2 ± 7.6 kg) and rates of small for gestational age higher (7.5 vs. 4.5%) compared to LINDA-Brasil. In LINDA-Brasil, excessive gestational weight gain was associated to macrosomia (adjusted relative risk [aRR]: 1.59, 95% CI 1.08-2.35) and large for gestational age (aRR: 1.40; 95% CI 1.05-1.86); less gain increased the risk of low birth weight (aRR: 1.66; 95% CI 1.05-2.62) and small for gestational age (aRR: 1.79; 95% CI 1.03-3.11). These associations were similar in the EBDG, although not statistically significant. Conclusions: Improvements in gestational weight gain and rates of small for gestational age occurred over time in gestational diabetes mellitus pregnancies, accompanied by a worsening in maternal weight profile. This highlights the nutritional transition during this period and the importance of avoiding excessive gestational weight gain as well as promoting adequate weight before conception.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy Complications , Diabetes, Gestational , Gestational Weight Gain , Birth Weight , Fetal Macrosomia/etiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Body Mass Index , Obesity
16.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 65(1): 79-84, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152893

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To describe the clinical characteristics, management, and fetal outcomes of patients diagnosed with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) or overt diabetes (OD) during pregnancy who followed up at a public healthcare referral center in Brazil. Materials and methods: A retrospective cohort study based on the medical records of women diagnosed with dysglycemia during pregnancy between January 2015 and July 2017 was conducted. Results: Out of 224 pregnant women evaluated, 70% were overweight/obese. GDM was observed in 78.6% of pregnant women, while 21.4% presented with OD. Approximately 59% of patients could be diagnosed with GDM or OD by fasting plasma glucose (FPG) alterations alone. Exclusive diet therapy was used in 50.9% of patients. The need for insulin therapy was higher in OD patients (60.4%) than in GDM patients (38.1%) (p = 0.006). Women who needed insulin (n = 96) had a mean initial dose of 0.33 IU/kg (±0.27) and a final value of 0.39 IU/kg (±0.34). The cesarean rate was 74.3%. The fetal outcomes evaluated were macrosomia (2.15%), large for gestational age (LGA) fetus (15.83%), intensive care unit (ICU) need (4.32%), Apgar score ≤7 (6.47%), hypoglycemia (14.39%) and jaundice (16.55%). Conclusions: Patients with GDM and OD presented with several similar clinical features. Approximately half of the patients presented with adequate glycemic control only with diet management. Patients with OD presented a higher need for insulin therapy. Although overweight and obesity were frequent within both groups, they could possibly explain many of our findings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Diabetes, Gestational , Diabetes, Gestational/diagnosis , Diabetes, Gestational/therapy , Referral and Consultation , Blood Glucose , Fetal Macrosomia , Brazil , Pregnancy Outcome , Retrospective Studies , Delivery of Health Care
17.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(1): 20-27, Jan. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156079

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To analyze the agreement, in relation to the 90th percentile, of ultrasound measurements of abdominal circumference (AC) and estimated fetal weight (EFW), between the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Fetal and Newborn Growth Consortium for the 21st Century (intergrowth-21st) tables, as well as regarding birth weight in fetuses/newborns of diabetic mothers. Methods Retrospective study with data from medical records of 171 diabetic pregnant women, single pregnancies, followed between January 2017 and June 2018. Abdominal circumference and EFW data at admission (from 22 weeks) and predelivery (up to 3 weeks) were analyzed. These measures were classified in relation to the 90th percentile. The Kappa coefficient was used to analyze the agreement of these ultrasound variables between the WHO and intergrowth-21st tables, as well as, by reference table, these measurements and birth weight. Results The WHO study reported 21.6% large-for-gestational-age (LGA) newborns while the intergrowth-21st reported 32.2%. Both tables had strong concordances in the assessment of initial AC, final AC, and initial EFW (Kappa = 0.66, 0.72 and 0.63, respectively) and almost perfect concordance in relation to final EFW (Kappa = 0.91). Regarding birth weight, the best concordances were found for initial AC (WHO: Kappa = 0.35; intergrowth-21st: Kappa= 0.42) and with the final EFW (WHO: Kappa = 0.33; intergrowth- 21st: Kappa = 0.35). Conclusion The initial AC and final EFW were the parameters of best agreement regarding birth weight classification. The WHO and intergrowth-21st tables showed high agreement in the classification of ultrasound measurements in relation to the 90th


Resumo Objetivo Analisar a concordância, em relação ao percentil 90, das medidas ultrassonográficas da circunferência abdominal (CA) e peso fetal estimado (PFE), entre as tabelas da Organização Mundial de Saúde (OMS) e do International Fetal and Newborn Growth Consortium for the 21st Century integrowth-21st, bem como em relação ao peso ao nascer em fetos/recém-nascidos de mães diabéticas. Métodos Estudo retrospectivo com dados de prontuários de 171 gestantes diabéticas, com gestações únicas, seguidas entre Janeiro de 2017 e Junho de 2018. Foram analisados dados da CA e do PFE na admissão (a partir de 22 semanas) e no pré-parto (até 3 semanas). Essas medidas foram classificadas em relação ao percentil 90. O coeficiente Kappa foi utilizado para analisar a concordância entre as tabelas da OMS e Intergrowth-21st, assim como, por tabela de referência, entre as medidas e o peso ao nascer. Resultados O estudo da OMS relatou 21,6% dos recém nascidos grandes para a idade gestacional (GIG) enquanto que o estudo do intergrowth-21st relatou 32,2%. Ambas as tabelas tiveram fortes concordâncias na avaliação da CA inicial e final e PFE inicial (Kappa= 0,66, 0,72 e 0,63, respectivamente) e concordância quase perfeita em relação ao PFE final (Kappa= 0,91).Emrelação ao peso ao nascer, asmelhores concordâncias foram encontradas para aCAinicial (OMS: Kappa= 0,35; intergrowth-21st: Kappa= 0,42) e como PFE final (OMS: Kappa = 0,33; intergrowth-21st: Kappa= 0,35). Conclusão A CA inicial e o PFE final foram os parâmetros de melhor concordância em relação à classificação do peso ao nascer. As tabelas da OMS e intergrowth-21st mostraram alta concordância na classificação das medidas ultrassonográficas em relação ao percentil 90. Estudos são necessários para confirmar se alguma dessas tabelas é superior na previsão de resultados negativos a curto e longo prazo no grupo GIG.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Pregnancy in Diabetics/diagnostic imaging , Birth Weight , Fetal Macrosomia/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Pregnancy Trimesters , World Health Organization , Brazil , Medical Records , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1070-1078, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878152

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Fetal weight is an important parameter to ensure maternal and child safety. The purpose of this study was to use three-dimensional (3D) limb volume ultrasound combined with fetal abdominal circumference (AC) measurement to establish a model to predict fetal weight and evaluate its efficiency.@*METHODS@#A total of 211 participants with single pregnancy (28-42 weeks) were selected between September 2017 and December 2018 in the Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Capital Medical University. The upper arm (AVol)/thigh volume (TVol) of fetuses was measured by the 3D limb volume technique. Fetal AC was measured by two-dimensional ultrasound. Nine cases were excluded due to incomplete information or the interval between examination and delivery >7 days. The enrolled 202 participants were divided into a model group (134 cases, 70%) and a verification group (68 cases, 30%) by mechanical sampling method. The linear relationship between limb volume and fetal weight was evaluated using Pearson Chi-squared test. The prediction model formula was established by multivariate regression with data from the model group. Accuracy of the model formula was evaluated with verification group data and compared with traditional formulas (Hadlock, Lee2009, and INTERGROWTH-21st) by paired t-test and residual analysis. Receiver operating characteristic curves were generated to predict macrosomia.@*RESULTS@#AC, AVol, and TVol were linearly related to fetal weight. Pearson correlation coefficient was 0.866, 0.862, and 0.910, respectively. The prediction model based on AVol/TVol and AC was established as follows: Y = -481.965 + 12.194TVol + 15.358AVol + 67.998AC, R2adj = 0.868. The scatter plot showed that when birth weight fluctuated by 5% (i.e., 95% to 105%), the difference between the predicted fetal weight by the model and the actual weight was small. A paired t-test showed that there was no significant difference between the predicted fetal weight and the actual birth weight (t = -1.015, P = 0.314). Moreover, the residual analysis showed that the model formula's prediction efficiency was better than the traditional formulas with a mean residual of 35,360.170. The combined model of AVol/TVol and AC was superior to the Lee2009 and INTERGROWTH-21st formulas in the diagnosis of macrosomia. Its predictive sensitivity and specificity were 87.5% and 91.7%, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#Fetal weight prediction model established by semi-automatic 3D limb volume combined with AC is of high accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity. The prediction model formula shows higher predictive efficiency, especially for the diagnosis of macrosomia.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03002246; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03002246?recrs=e&cond=fetal&draw=8&rank=67.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Birth Weight , Fetal Macrosomia , Fetal Weight , Prospective Studies , Thigh/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography, Prenatal
19.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 1021-1024, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921990

ABSTRACT

Perlman syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive congenital overgrowth syndrome caused by pathogenic variants of the DIS3L2 gene at 2q37 region. Clinically this syndrome is characterized by polyhydramnios, macrosomia, distinctive facial appearance, and renal dysplasia. Prognosis of the disease is poor, and survivors usually have mental delay and a high risk of developing Wilms tumor. At present, the pathogenesis of this disease is still poorly understood. This article intends to provide a review for this disease.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Fetal Macrosomia , Kidney Tubules, Proximal , Syndrome , Wilms Tumor
20.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 551-557, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887893

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the performance of mobile health platform for standardized management of pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus(GDM). Methods A randomized controlled trial was conducted,in which 295 women with GDM were randomized into two groups(traditional management group and mobile health management group)by a computer-generated sequence.The traditional management group accepted standardized GDM management,and the mobile health management group was supplemented by mobile health management based on the standardized management.The glycemic control rate and the incidences of low birth weight,macrosomia,preterm birth,premature rupture of membranes,postpartum hemorrhage after cesarean section,neonatal asphyxia,malformation,and admission to the neonatal intensive care unit were compared between the two groups. Results The glycemic control rate in mobile health management group was significantly higher than that in the traditional management group [(67.22±22.76)%


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Cesarean Section , Diabetes, Gestational/therapy , Fetal Macrosomia , Pregnancy Outcome , Premature Birth , Telemedicine
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