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1.
Rev. méd. Urug ; 37(3): e37314, set. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY | ID: biblio-1341562

ABSTRACT

Resumen: La secuencia de perfusión arterial reversa (TRAP) es una complicación muy poco frecuente y grave de los embarazos gemelares monocoriónicos. Generalmente ocurre cuando el corazón de un gemelo de apariencia normal sirve como bomba para uno o más gemelos dismórficos cuya cabeza, órganos torácicos y extremidades superiores no se desarrollan completamente o no se desarrollan en absoluto y, por lo tanto, carecen de actividad cardíaca. La arquitectura placentaria vascular anómala provoca un cambio en el flujo arterial hacia el gemelo acardíaco. Los mecanismos fisiopatológicos exactos que conducen a este fenómeno devastador no se conocen bien. Compartiremos el caso clínico de una paciente de 19 años, cursando un embarazo gemelar monocorial monoamniótico, en que realizamos diagnóstico de TRAPS, y realizamos la coagulación laser de la arteria nutricia del feto acárdico.


Abstract: Twin reversed arterial perfusion sequence (TRAPS) is rather an unusual and severe complication of monochorionic twin pregnancies. It usually occurs when the normal-appearance heart of a twin acts as a pump for one or more dysmorphic twins whose head, thoracic organs and upper limbs fail to totally develop or do not develop at all and thus, have no cardiac activity. The abnormal vascular architecture at the placenta changes the arterial flow towards the acardiac twin. The exact pathophysiological mechanisms that result in this devastating phenomenon are still unknown. The study presents the clinical case of a 19-year- old patient pregnant with monoamniotic, monochorionic twins and a diagnosis of TRAPS, treated by laser coagulation of the acardiac twin's umbilical cord.


Resumo: A seqüência reversa de perfusão arterial (TRAPS) é uma complicação muito rara e grave de gestações gemelares monocoriônicas. Geralmente ocorre quando o coração de um gêmeo de aparência normal serve como uma bomba para um ou mais gêmeos dismórficos cuja cabeça, órgãos torácicos e membros superiores não se desenvolvem totalmente ou não se desenvolvem e, portanto, não têm atividade cardíaca. A arquitetura vascular placentária anormal causa uma mudança no fluxo arterial para o gêmeo acardíaco. Os mecanismos fisiopatológicos exatos que levam a esse fenômeno devastador não são bem compreendidos. Descrevemos o caso clínico de uma paciente de 19 anos, portadora de gestação gemelar monocoriônica monoamniótica, na qual fizemos o diagnóstico de TRAPS e realizamos coagulação a laser da artéria nutritiva do feto acardíaco.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Laser Coagulation , Fetal Heart/abnormalities , Fetofetal Transfusion , Placenta/pathology , Umbilical Arteries/surgery , Pregnancy, Twin
2.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202671, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155362

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS), defined by combination of polyhydramnios-oligohydramnios, is the most prevalent (5%-35%) of the abnormalities due to placental vascular anastomoses and the most lethal (80%-100% mortality) if untreated. Fetoscopic laser ablation of abnormal vasculature using the Solomon technique is the gold standard approach. It consists of interrupting the intertwin blood flow. Objectives: to present our initial experience at the Fetal Surgery Service of the Hospital de Clinicas of the Federal University of Parana (HC-UFPR) and to compare our results with those reported in the literature. Methods: we conducted a retrospective analysis of pregnancies who had undergone laser ablation, assessing data on Quintero's staging, gestational age at diagnosis and at the time of the procedure, placental position, immediate post-procedure survival, and survival after the neonatal period. We then compared these data with the most recent data available in the literature. Results: we analyzed ten TTTS cases. The diagnosis was performed before the 26th week of pregnancy (median 20.8 weeks) and treatment occurred in a median of 9.5 days later. The distribution by the Quintero's staging was of three cases in stage II, five in stage III, and two in stage IV. In 50% of the gestations, at least one of the fetuses survived through the neonatal period. Conclusion: the treatment of TTTS in the HC-UFPR had a positive impact in the survival of the affected fetuses, although the results were worse than the ones reported in the literature, probably due to the delay in referencing the patients to our service, leading to a prolonged interval between diagnosis and treatment.


RESUMO Introdução: a síndrome de transfusão feto-fetal (STFF), definida pela combinação polidrâmnio-oligohidrâmnio, é a mais prevalente (5 a 35%) das anormalidades associadas às anastomoses vasculares placentárias e tem a maior letalidade (80 a 100%) se não tratada. A ablação a laser destes vasos por via fetoscópica com a técnica de Solomon é o tratamento de escolha atual para a interrupção das anastomoses vasculares. Objetivo: apresentar a experiência inicial do Serviço de Cirurgia Fetal do Hospital de Clínicas da Universidade Federal do Paraná (HC-UFPR) e comparar nossos resultados com os da literatura. Métodos: foram revisados os prontuários de todas as pacientes submetidas ao procedimento de ablação a laser, sendo analisados os dados referentes ao estadiamento de Quintero, à idade gestacional ao diagnóstico e ao procedimento, à posição placentária, à sobrevida imediata pós-procedimento e sobrevida após o período neonatal. Os dados foram então comparados com os mais recentes disponíveis na literatura. Resultados: dez casos de STFF foram analisados. Todos diagnosticados antes da 26a semana (mediana 20,79) e o intervalo diagnóstico-tratamento teve mediana de 9,5 dias. A distribuição pelo estadiamento de Quintero foi: três casos no estádio II, cinco casos no III e dois casos no IV. Em 50% das gestações pelo menos um dos fetos sobreviveu ao período neonatal. Conclusão: o tratamento da STFF no HC-UFPR impactou positivamente a sobrevida dos fetos acometidos. Entretanto, nossos resultados estão aquém dos reportados na literatura, possivelmente pelo demora no referenciamento das pacientes, com intervalo aumentado entre diagnóstico e tratamento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Twins, Monozygotic , Laser Coagulation/methods , Fetofetal Transfusion/surgery , Fetoscopy , Pregnancy Trimester, Second , Pregnancy Outcome , Survival Analysis , Survival Rate , Retrospective Studies , Gestational Age , Treatment Outcome , Fetofetal Transfusion/mortality , Pregnancy, Twin , Hospitals
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719574

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine prognostic factors that can affect the fetal survival immediate after fetoscopic laser ablation. METHODS: The study population consisted of consecutive twin pregnant women who underwent fetoscopic laser ablation with the diagnosis of twin to twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) from 2011 to 2018 in Seoul National University Hospital. Fetal survival immediate after procedure was defined as survival to 48 hours after procedure and neonatal survival was defined as survival to 28 days of life. Clinical characteristics and ultrasound findings were compared according to the fetal survival immediate after procedure. RESULTS: A total of 57 pregnant women with TTTS were included, and the overall fetal survival immediate after procedure was 71.1% (81/114) after fetoscopic laser ablation. Fetuses who survived immediate after procedure had higher gestational age at procedure and lower frequency of abnormal Doppler studies than those did not survive. However, the frequency of hydrops was not different between cases with fetal survival and those with fetal death. The earlier gestational age at procedure and the presence of abnormal Doppler studies were significant risk factors for fetal death even after adjustment. CONCLUSION: Based on this data, the fetal survival immediate after procedure (fetoscopic laser treatment) in TTTS can be affected by the gestational age at procedure and the presence of abnormal Doppler studies.


Subject(s)
Diagnosis , Edema , Female , Fetal Death , Fetofetal Transfusion , Fetus , Gestational Age , Humans , Laser Therapy , Pregnancy , Pregnant Women , Risk Factors , Seoul , Twins , Ultrasonography
4.
Rev. cuba. obstet. ginecol ; 44(3): 1-10, jul.-set. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093609

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de transfusión feto fetal es una complicación grave de las gestaciones gemelares monocoriales. Su etiología se debe a la transfusión crónica de sangre del feto donante, al feto receptor, a través de las anastomosis vasculares entre los territorios placentarios de ambos. El cuadro clínico característico se evidencia en ambos fetos, receptor y donante, lo cual es consecuencia directa de las alteraciones en la volemia que padece cada uno. En el feto receptor se observa un polihidramnios relacionado con la poliuria derivada de un estado de hipervolemia constante, que acaba evolucionando hacia una insuficiencia cardiaca congestiva. En el feto donante el cuadro es inverso, caracterizado por oligoamnios, oliguria, crecimiento intrauterino retardado e hipovolemia, con tasas de mortalidad sin tratamiento de entre el 80-100% de los casos, que varían en función del grado de transfusión. El diagnóstico se basa en el estudio ecográfico exhaustivo de ambos fetos, procurando un diagnóstico precoz y un estadiaje correcto, ya que el pronóstico se verá muy influenciado por la actuación temprana. El tratamiento de elección es la coagulación láser de las anastomosis vasculares por fetoscopia, que se realiza idealmente entre la semana 18 y 26 de embarazo. El pronóstico es variable, en función de la disponibilidad de terapia fetal y de la edad gestacional en el momento del diagnóstico, siendo, en general, de muy mal pronóstico sin tratamiento efectivo(AU)


Twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) is one of the most serious complications of monochorionic multiple gestations. The etiology is due to a chronic blood transfusion from de donor twin to the recipient twin trough vascular anastomoses between both placenta territories. Main clinical presentation is present in both donor and recipient fetuses, as a direct consequence of a blood volume alteration in each one. The recipient twin shows polyhydramnios related to polyuria resulting from a state of constant fluid overload, finally evolving into congestive heart failure. In the donor twin, the clinical presentation is opposite and shows oligoamnios, oliguria, intrauterine retarded growth and hypovolemia. Untreated mortality rates are between 80-100 % of all cases, which may vary depending on the severity of the transfusion. Diagnoses is based on exhausting ultrasound examination of both fetuses, securing early diagnosis and correct staging, since prognosis will be greatly influenced by early actions. Fetoscopic laser ablation is generally the definitive treatment between 16 and 26 weeks of gestation. The prognosis is variable, depending on the availability of fetal therapy and gestational age at diagnosis. It is generally very poor prognosis without effective treatment(AU)


Subject(s)
Fetofetal Transfusion/diagnosis
5.
Prensa méd. argent ; 104(4): 185-189, Jun2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1051610

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to describe the epidemiology and the perinatal outcomes of twin pregnancy in the Maternal-Infantile Departament of the National Hospital "Alejandro Posadas". During the period studied there were 2825 births. The prevalence of twin pregnancies was 3.2% (N= 91). From the total of twin pregnancies, 88 were doubles and 3 were triples. It is postulated that the monochorial monovular twins constitutes a different clinical entity, because of a higher proportion of complicatioms, and that the adequate planification of the actions and working connected the perinatal team will improve the care process


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies/statistics & numerical data , Perinatal Care , Fetofetal Transfusion/pathology , Pregnancy, Twin , Reproductive Techniques, Assisted
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715708

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the initial maternal and perinatal outcomes of fetoscopic laser photocoagulation for the treatment of twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) in a referral center in Brazil. METHODS: This prospective observational study analyzed 24 fetoscopic laser photocoagulation procedures at 18–26 weeks of gestation. TTTS severity was determined using the Quintero classification. Blood vessels that crossed the interamniotic membrane were nonselectively photocoagulated. The χ2 test and Mann-Whitney U test were used for the statistical analysis. RESULTS: The mean (±standard deviation) age of pregnant women, gestational age at surgery, surgical time, gestational age at birth, and newborn weight were 32.2±4.1 years, 20.7±2.9 weeks, 51.8±16.7 minutes, 30.5±4.1 weeks, and 1,531.0±773.1 g, respectively. Using the Quintero classification, there was a higher percentage of cases in stage III (54.2%), followed by stages IV (20.8%), II (16.7%), and I (8.3%). Ten (41.7%) donor fetuses died and 14 (58.3%) donor fetuses survived until the end of gestation. Placental insertion location (anterior vs. posterior) did not affect the incidence of iatrogenic septostomy, surface bleeding, and premature rupture of membranes until the end of gestation. The death rate of donor and recipient fetuses before 24th gestational week increased with severity of TTTS. CONCLUSION: The maternal and perinatal outcomes resulting from the implementation of a new minimally invasive surgical technique are in line with those obtained in major centers worldwide, considering the learning curves and infrastructures.


Subject(s)
Blood Vessels , Brazil , Classification , Female , Fetofetal Transfusion , Fetoscopy , Fetus , Gestational Age , Hemorrhage , Humans , Incidence , Infant, Newborn , Learning Curve , Light Coagulation , Membranes , Mortality , Observational Study , Operative Time , Parturition , Perinatal Mortality , Pregnancy , Pregnant Women , Prospective Studies , Referral and Consultation , Rupture , Tissue Donors
7.
Medisan ; 21(11)nov. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-894589

ABSTRACT

Se presenta el caso clínico de una primigesta de 21 años de edad, a quien se le detectó un embarazo gemelar monoamniótico y monocigótico en el examen ecográfico en el Centro Provincial de Genética de Santiago de Cuba. El primer feto presentaba hidronefrosis bilateral predominantemente en el lado izquierdo, y el segundo estructura fetal rudimentaria y deforme, área cardíaca mal estructurada y latidos cardíacos solo arrítmicos y bradicárdicos, además de que no se definieron los órganos internos y todo se encontraba rodeado de linfangioma quístico grave con grandes quistes paravertebrales y un solo cordón umbilical con tres vasos. Lo descrito en la ecografía se corroboró con los resultados de la necropsia, lo cual se correspondió con la variedad Acardius mylacephalus


The case report of a 21 years primigravida woman is presented to whom a monoamniotic and monochorial twin pregnancy was detected in the echographic exam at the Genetic Provincial Center of Santiago de Cuba. The first fetus presented bilateral hydronephrosis predominantly in the left side, and the second rudimentary and deformed fetal structure, not well structured heart area and just arrhythmic and bradycardiac heart beats besides that the internal organs were not defined and everything was surrounded by severe cystic lymphangioma with big paravertebral cysts and a single umbilical cord with three vessels. Everything described in the echogram was corroborated with the results of the autopsy, which corresponded with Acardius mylacephalus variety


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Twins, Monozygotic/genetics , Fetofetal Transfusion/diagnostic imaging , Pregnancy, Twin/genetics , Autopsy , Congenital Abnormalities/diagnostic imaging
8.
São Paulo; s.n; Ago 24-26, 2017. 101 p.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SMS-SP, CACHOEIRINHA-Producao, SMS-SP | ID: biblio-1006306
9.
Rev. cuba. obstet. ginecol ; 42(4): 502-511, sep.-dic. 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-845034

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de transfusión feto fetal es una complicación grave de las gestaciones gemelares monocoriales. Su etiología se debe a la transfusión crónica de sangre del feto donante, al feto receptor; a través de las anastomosis vasculares entre los territorios placentarios de ambos. El cuadro clínico característico se evidencia en ambos fetos: receptor y donante, lo cual es consecuencia directa de las alteraciones en la volemia que padece cada uno. En el feto receptor, se observa un polihidramnios relacionado con la poliuria derivada de un estado de hipervolemia constante, que evoluciona hacia una insuficiencia cardiaca congestiva. En el feto donante, el cuadro es inverso; caracterizado por oligoamnios, oliguria, crecimiento intrauterino retardado e hipovolemia, con tasas de mortalidad sin tratamiento de entre 80-100 por ciento de los casos, que varían en función del grado de transfusión. El diagnóstico se basa en el estudio ecográfico exhaustivo de ambos fetos, procurando un diagnóstico precoz y un estadiaje correcto, ya que el pronóstico se verá muy influenciado por la actuación temprana. El tratamiento de elección es la coagulación láser de las anastomosis vasculares por fetoscopia, idealmente entre la semana 18 y 26 de embarazo. El pronóstico es variable, en función de la disponibilidad de terapia fetal y de la edad gestacional en el momento del diagnóstico; al ser, en general, de muy mal pronóstico sin tratamiento efectivo(AU)


Twin-twin transfusion syndrome is one of the most serious complications of monochorionic multiple gestations. Its etiology is due to a chronic blood transfusion from de donor twin to the recipient twin through the vascular anastomoses between the placental territories of both fetuses. The characteristic clinical presentation appears in both donor and recipient fetuses, as a direct consequence of altered volemia in each one. Polyhydramnios related to polyuria resulting from a state of constant hypervolemia is observed in the recipient twin, finally evolving into congestive heart failure. The clinical presentation in the donor twin is reversed and characterized by oligoamnios, oliguria, retarded intrauterine growth and hypovolemia, with untreated mortality rates ranging 80-100 percent of all cases, which may vary depending on the severity of the transfusion. The diagnosis is based on exhaustive echographic examination of both fetuses to make an early diagnosis and correct staging, since the prognosis depends very much on early action. The treatment of choice is fetoscopic laser coagulation of vascular anastomoses between 18 and 26 weeks of gestation. The prognosis is variable, depending on the availability of fetal therapy and the gestational age at diagnosis, being prognosis generally very poor without an effective treatment(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Fetofetal Transfusion/complications , Fetofetal Transfusion/diagnostic imaging , Fetoscopy/methods , Ultrasonography, Prenatal/methods , Fetal Diseases/surgery
10.
Med. UIS ; 29(3): 61-71, sep.-dic. 2016. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-954889

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El Síndrome de Transfusión Feto Fetal es una de las complicaciones más severas de los embarazos múltiples que amerita seguimiento estricto y tratamiento oportuno según las características de la patología en cada caso. Esta patología se presenta como una condición de fetos productos de embarazo múltiple monocorial, quienes tienen genotipos idénticos pero adoptan fenotipos cardiovasculares discordantes a consecuencia del desequilibrio en el flujo; esto debido a las múltiples anastomosis placentarias que suelen desarrollarse entre los fetos. Expertos en perinatología han abordado el tema y han postulado diversas alternativas diagnósticas y terapéuticas, por lo cual es fundamental conocer las consideraciones para abordar pacientes con dicha entidad patológica y brindar consulta oportuna a las madres afectadas. A continuación se presenta una revisión de la literatura acerca del Síndrome de Transfusión Feto Fetal enfocado hacia las características de presentación, reseñas epidemiológicas, criterios y métodos diagnósticos así como las alternativas terapéuticas desarrolladas para la disminución y manejo de las complicaciones. MÉD.UIS. 2016;29(3):61-71.


ABSTRACT Twin to Twin Transfusion Syndrome is one of the most serious complications on multiple pregnancy which deserves a strict monitoring and appropriated treatment according to the characteristics of the pathology in each case presented. This pathology is presented as a condition in foetus from multiple monchorionic pregnancies which have identical genotypes, but they adopt discordant cardiovascular phenotypes as a consequence of the disorder in the discharge due to multiple placental anastomoses usually developed between the foetuses. Perinatology experts have approached this topic and they have postulated different diagnostic and therapeutic alternatives, so it is fundamental to know the considerations to aboard patients with the above mentioned clinical condition and provide a timely consultation to the affected mothers. Below, it is presented a revision on different literature about Twin to Twin Transfusion Syndrome focused on the characteristics of its presentation, epidemiological reviews, criteria and methods of diagnosis as well as the therapeutic alternatives developed for the management of its complications and a summary of progress regarding post intervention prospective studies which demonstrate progress in terms of survival and neurological involvement in the twin survivors. MÉD.UIS. 2016;29(3):61-71.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Fetofetal Transfusion , Pregnancy, Twin , Perinatology , Pregnancy, Multiple , Gynecology
11.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol ; 81(3): 234-242, jun. 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-788915

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: Entre 15-20% de los embarazos gemelares monocoriales biamnióticos se complican con el síndrome de transfusión feto/fetal el cual se asocia con mortalidad superior a 90% y morbilidad significativa en el 50% del gemelo sobreviviente. La técnica láser que coagula la superficie de la placa coriónica entre los principales canales a lo largo del ecuador (técnica de Solomon), se ha sugerido para disminuir la recurrencia, prevenir complicaciones secundarias sin incrementar resultados adversos. Métodos: REVISIÓN de la literatura existente en las bases de datos MEDLINE, EBSCO, OVID, PROQUEST, COCHRANE, Lilacs, SciELO, desde el año 2000 al 2015. Se incluyeron los artículos de revisión e investigaciones originales que compararon la técnica estándar de fotocoagulación secuencial con láser y la técnica de Solomon, el resultado primario fue la reducción de la incidencia Secuencia Anemia Policitemia, recurrencia del síndrome de transfusión feto/fetal, mortalidad perinatal y morbilidad neonatal severa. RESULTADOS: Se encontraron 200 artículos, se seleccionaron seis: 1 ensayo clínico y su análisis secundario, 2 estudios de cohorte retrospectivos, 1 revisión sistemática y un estudio que compara los resultados del neurodesarrollo. Los estudios sugieren una mejoría en la sobrevida de algunos de los fetos con la técnica Solomon, menor recurrencia del síndrome de transfusión feto/fetal y Secuencia Anemia Policitemia, sin la presencia de eventos adversos. CONCLUSIÓN: La técnica de Solomon mejora la sobrevida de algunos gemelos, sin embargo no puede concluirse que haya mejoría en la mortalidad pues los estudios no tienen el suficiente poder para determinarlo.


INTRODUCTION: Between 15 to 20% of monochorionic diamniotic twin pregnancies are complicated by the twin-twin transfusion syndrome. It has a mortality greater than 90% and a significant morbidity, 50% in the surviving twin. The Solomon technique (laser photocoagulation of the main vascular channels of the chorio-nic plate surface along the entire vascular equator) has been suggested to reduce the recurrence, and pre-vent secondary complications without increasing adverse results. METHODS: Systematic review of electronic searches of the literature from 2000 to 2015 (MEDLINE, EBSCO, OVID, PROQUEST, COCHRANE, Lilacs, and SciELO). We included review articles and original investigations comparing the standard photocoagulation technique with laser ablation against the Solomon technique. The primary results were reduction of Anemia Polycythemia Sequence incidence, twin-twin transfusion syndrome recurrence, perinatal mortality and severe neonatal morbidity. RESULTS: Of 200 articles, we selected six: one clinical essay and its secondary analysis, two retrospective cohort studies, one systematic review and a study comparing neurodeve-lopmental outcomes. The studies suggested a survival improvement in some fetuses using the Solomon technique, less twin-twin transfusion syndrome recurrence and Anemia Polycythemia Sequence without the presence of adverse effects. CONCLUSION: Solomon technique improves the survival of some twins, although we cannot conclude there is mortality improvement, because the studies do not have enough power to determine that.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Laser Coagulation/methods , Fetofetal Transfusion/surgery , Polycythemia/etiology , Syndrome , Twins , Pregnancy Outcome , Treatment Outcome , Fetofetal Transfusion/complications , Fetoscopy , Anemia/etiology , Light Coagulation
12.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 74(4): 307-313, Apr. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-779815

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To assess the neurodevelopmental functions of survivors of twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) treated by fetoscopic laser coagulation (FLC), during the first year of life, comparing them to a control group; and to verify the influence of specific variables on neurodevelopment. Method This was a prospective, longitudinal study. The sample comprised 33 monochorionic diamniotic twins who underwent FLC for treatment of TTTS and 22 full-term infants of single-fetus pregnancies. Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development Screening Test were used for evaluation. Prenatal, perinatal and postnatal information were obtained. Results There was an increased frequency of infants in the TTTS group with inadequate performance compared to the control group. The identified variables (fetal donor, low economic income and cardiorespiratory disease) negatively impacted expressive communication and fine motor skills. Conclusion Although through follow-up is recommended in all TTTS survivors, particular attention is required for the high-risk group as defined in this study.


RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar o desenvolvimento neurológico de sobreviventes da sindrome de transfusão feto-fetal (STFF) submetidos à coagulação a laser por fetoscopia (CLF), durante o primeiro ano de vida, comparando estes ao grupo controle; e verificar a influência de variáveis específicas no desenvolvimento. Método Tratou-se de estudo prospectivo, longitudinal. A amostra foi composta por 33 gêmeos diamnióticos monocoriônicos submetidos à CLF para tratamento da STFF e 22 lactentes a termo de gestação única. Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development Screening Test foram utilizadas para avaliação. Informações pré-natal, perinatal e pós-natal foram coletadas. Resultados Houve maior número de lactentes com desempenho inadequado no grupo STFF do que no controle. As variáveis identificadas (feto doador, baixa renda econômica e doença cárdio-respiratória) influenciaram negativamente a comunicação expressiva e as habilidades motoras finas. Conclusão Embora o acompanhamento seja recomendado para todos lactentes com STFF, especial atenção deve ser dada àqueles que apresentam fatores de risco.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Pregnancy , Child Development/physiology , Fetofetal Transfusion/physiopathology , Fetofetal Transfusion/surgery , Fetoscopy/methods , Laser Coagulation/methods , Apgar Score , Case-Control Studies , Cerebral Palsy/etiology , Fetofetal Transfusion/complications , Gestational Age , Logistic Models , Longitudinal Studies , Neurodevelopmental Disorders/etiology , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Socioeconomic Factors , Treatment Outcome
13.
MedUNAB ; 18(3): 204-212, dic. 2015-mar. 2016. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-831113

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El síndrome de transfusión feto- feto es una enfermedad compleja producida aproximadamente en 15% de los embarazos monocoriales; a pesar de su baja incidencia, su importancia radica en las graves complicaciones perinatales. Su fisiopatología está basada en el proceso por el cual los gemelos comparten las dos circulaciones a través de vasos sanguíneos anómalos, con posterior alteración hemodinámica del gemelo receptor y donante. El diagnóstico es primordialmente ecográfico y su tratamiento definitivo actual, consiste en estrategias in útero realizadas con el fin de ubicar y sellar los vasos, proporcionando una circulación individual, buscando contrarrestar su mal pronóstico, que puede llegar a una mortalidad de hasta un 100% en aquellos sin tratamiento. Objetivo: Realizar una revisión de la literatura sobre el síndrome de transfusión feto - feto abarcando una actualización en los diferentes componentes que incluyen: epidemiología, fisiopatología, avances en Diagnóstico clínico y tratamiento. Metodología: Se hizo una búsqueda en bases de datos como PubMed, Cochrane, Sciencedirect y Google académico; se encontraron 78 artículos, de los cuales finalmente cumplieron con los criterios de actualización, pertinencia y calidad 32 artículos; se revisó fisiopatología, diagnóstico y tratamiento. Se descartaron artículos que no cumplían con criterios de inclusión. Resultados: Se seleccionó la información más actualizada y completa de las bases de datos encontradas, respecto a clasificación, etiología, fisiopatología, diagnóstico, tratamiento y pronóstico. Conclusiones: El síndrome de Transfusión Feto-Feto consiste en un desbalance hemodinámico de anastomosis placentarias, niveles aumentados de vasopresina y finalmente cambios en el eje renina angiotensina aldosterona, que requiere un diagnóstico temprano con tratamiento oportuno para mejorar el pronóstico y prevenir complicaciones fetales.


Introduction: Fetofetal transfusion syndrome is a complex disease produced in about 15% of monochorionic pregnancies, despite its low incidence, its importance lies in its serious perinatal complications. Its pathophysiology is based on the process in which twins share the two circulations through abnormal blood vessels, with a subsequent hemodynamic alteration of the receptor twin and donor twin. Its diagnosis is primarily with an ultrasound scan and its current definitive treatment consists in-utero strategies performed in order to locate and seal the vessel, providing a single movement, seeking to counteract its poor prognosis, which can lead to a mortality rate of up to 100% in those patients without treatment. Objective: To review the literature about fetofetal transfusion syndrome, covering an update about various components including epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical advances in its clinical diagnosis and treatment. Methodology: A search was conducted in databases such as PubMed, Cochrane, Sciencedirect and Google scholar and 78 articles were found, but only 32 of them finally achieved the criteria for updating, relevance and quality; also the pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment were revised in each one. The articles that did not fulfill the inclusion criteria were discarded. Outcomes: The most updated and comprehensive information found in databases was selected according to its classification, etiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis. Conclusions: Fetofetal transfusion Syndrome is a hemodynamic imbalance of placental anastomosis, increased levels of vasopressin and finally, changes in the renin angiotensin aldosterone axis, which requires an early diagnosis and treatment to improve the prognosis and prevent fetal complications.


Introdução: A doença de transfusão feto-fetal é complexa e aproximadamente 15% das gestações monocoriônicas, padece deste síndrome, embora a incidência seja baixa, sua importância esta nas complicações perinataies. A sua patofisiologia baseia-se no processo pelo qual os gêmeos partilham duas circulações através de vasos sanguíneos anormais, com alteração na hemodinâmica subsequente do gêmeo receptor como do doador. Seu diagnóstico é ultrassonográfico e atualmente o seu tratamento consiste em realizar as estratégias uterinas para localizar e selar os vasos, a fim de cambiar o seu mau prognóstico, caso contrário pode ocasionar a norte até de 100% dos pacientes. Objetivo: Revisar a literatura, sobre el síndrome de transfusão feto – feto, incluindo uma atualização nos diferentes componentes como epidemiologia, fisiopatologia, avanços clínicos no diagnóstico e tratamento. Metodologia: se investigou a base de dados como PubMed, Cochrane, Sciencedirect e Google acadêmico, entre os 78 artigos pesquisados, 32 apresentaram os criterios de atualização, pertinência e qualidade científica, também foi revisto fisiopatologia, diagnóstico e tratamento. Se descartaram, os artigos que não continham os critérios requeridos. Resultados: se escolheu a informação mais atualizada e completa da base de datos pesquisada, com relação à classificação, etiologia, fisiopatologia, diagnóstico, tratamiento e pronóstico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diagnosis , Pregnancy, Twin , Fetoscopy , Twins , Fetofetal Transfusion
14.
Neonatal Medicine ; : 203-210, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-100487

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Fetoscopic laser surgery (FLS) is considered an optimal therapeutic strategy for twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS). We aimed to determine the clinical outcomes of TTTS patients since the introduction of FLS. METHODS: A retrospective study of TTTS patients born between January 2005 and December 2015 was conducted. Mortality and morbidity were compared in the FLS and non-FLS groups. The FLS group was divided into selective FLS and Solomon technique group, and subgroup analysis was performed. RESULTS: Of 70 pregnancies diagnosed with TTTS during the study period, FLS was performed for 35 (50%). Survival of at least one infant at discharge was achieved in 100% (35/35) of pregnancies in the FLS group and 91.4% (32/35) in the non-FLS group (P=0.028). Subgroup analysis revealed that the Solomon technique group had a higher dual survival rate than the selective FLS group (81.3% vs. 57.9%, P=0.036). Neonatal mortality was significantly lower in the FLS group than in the non-FLS group (1.7% vs. 16.4%, P=0.005). Severe intraventricular hemorrhage more than grade 3 was less frequent in the FLS group than in the non-FLS group (0% vs. 18.2%, P= 0.001). The FLS group showed smaller inter-twin differences in birth weight (24.4% vs. 33.7%, P= 0.032) and lower incidence of twin anemia-polycythemia sequence (0% vs. 43.8%, P<0.001). CONCLUSION: Since the introduction of FLS, the survival rate of TTTS patients has improved. The Solomon technique resulted in better dual survival rates than selective FLS.


Subject(s)
Birth Weight , Female , Fetofetal Transfusion , Fetoscopy , Hemorrhage , Humans , Incidence , Infant , Infant Mortality , Infant, Newborn , Laser Therapy , Mortality , Pregnancy , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate , Twins
15.
Femina ; 43(2): 65-70, mar-abril 2015. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-756156

ABSTRACT

A presença de anastomoses vasculares placentárias nas gestações gemelares monocoriônicas favorece o surgimento de complicações graves como a Síndrome de Transfusão Feto-Fetal (STFF) e a Sequência Anemia-Policitemia em Gêmeos (TAPS). STFF e TAPS são ambas formas crônicas de transfusão feto-fetal. TAPS, descrita em 2007, é caracterizada por anemia crônica no gêmeo doador e policitemia no gêmeo receptor, na ausência de discordância no volume de líquido amniótico, característica da STFF clássica. O diagnóstico pode ser feito pré- e pós-natal. O critério diagnóstico pré-natal é baseado na discordância intergemelar da medida do Doppler do pico de velocidade sistólica da artéria cerebral média (PSV-ACM). O diagnóstico pós-natal é baseado na grande diferença da hemoglobina intergemelar, ao nascimento, e reticulocitose no gêmeo doador.(AU)


The presence of placental vascular anastomoses in monochorionic twins favors the development of several complications like Twin-Twin Transfusion Syndrome (TTTS) and Twin Anemia-Polycythemia Sequence (TAPS). TTTS and TAPS are both chronic forms of fetofetal transfusion. TAPS, described on 2007, is characterized by chronic anemia in the donor twin and polycythemia in the recipient twin, in the absence of amniotic fluid volume discordances, characteristic of classical TTTS. The diagnostic can be made pree posnatally. The prenatal diagnostic criteria is based on the inter-twin discordance in Doppler measurement of peak systolic velocity in the middle cerebral artery (MCA-PSV). The postnatal diagnosis is based on large intertwin hemoglobin difference at birth and retoculocytosis in the donor twin.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Polycythemia/congenital , Ablation Techniques/methods , Fetofetal Transfusion/surgery , Fetofetal Transfusion/classification , Fetofetal Transfusion/diagnostic imaging , Anemia/congenital , Prenatal Diagnosis , Blood Pressure , Hemoglobins/deficiency , Databases, Bibliographic , Ultrasonography, Doppler/methods , Middle Cerebral Artery/diagnostic imaging
16.
Rev. colomb. obstet. ginecol ; 66(1): 37-45, ene.-mar. 2015. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-749509

ABSTRACT

Los embarazos gemelares implican mayor riesgo de complicaciones materno-fetales que los embarazos únicos, particularmente en los monocoriales. El objetivo del trabajo fue describir las características clínicas y los desenlaces materno-fetales, por tipo de placenta (monocorial o bicorial), de los embarazos gemelares atendidos en el Hospital Universitario de Santander (HUS), institución de tercer nivel de complejidad localizada en Bucaramanga (Colombia). Materiales y métodos: estudio descriptivo de cohorte, se incluyeron las pacientes que terminaron un embarazo gemelar entre 2007 y 2011 en el HUS, hospital general de referencia de la región centro-oriental del país. Muestreo consecutivo. Se evaluó la edad gestacional en la primera consulta al hospital, los hallazgos clínicos en la evaluación inicial, la terminación del parto y los resultados perinatales. Se hace análisis descriptivo por tipo de corionicidad. Resultados: se incluyeron un total de 248 gestantes con embarazo gemelar en el periodo de estudio. La mediana de la edad gestacional en la primera atención en el hospital en fue de 34 semanas. Al ingreso, 127 (51,2 %) pacientes se diagnosticaron con embarazo monocorial, pero solo en dos terceras partes coincidió el diagnóstico prenatal de corionicidad con el del posparto. Se diagnosticó RCIU con más frecuencia en embarazos monocoriales que en bicoriales (22,3 vs. 7,5 %), y el doppler se encontró alterado con mayor frecuencia en fetos de embarazo monocorial (7,8 vs. 1,1 %). Los neonatos > 24 semanas de edad gestacional de embarazo monocorial pesaron, en promedio, 109 g (IC 95 %: 34-184) menos que los bicoriales. Conclusiones: los resultados de este estudio sugieren un problema de salud pública en este grupo de pacientes, con inicio tardío de control prenatal, de remisión tardía a centros especializados y capacidad insuficiente para definir corionicidad. Se requiere plantear estrategias de atención que incluyan considerar los embarazos gemelares como alto riesgo y garantizar la atención oportuna y adecuada, orientada por una guía de cuidado diferencial para este grupo de gestantes...


Twin pregnancies, especially monochorionic placentations, are associated with a higher rate of maternal and foetal complications when compared to singleton pregnancies. The objective of this work was to describe the clinical characteristics and the maternal and foetal outcomes according to the type of placentation (monochorial or dichorial) of twin pregnancies delivered at Hospital Universitario de Santander (HUS), a level III institution located in Bucaramanga, Colombia. Materials and methods: Descriptive cohort study. The cohort consisted of patients delivered of a twin pregnancy between 2007 and 2011 at the HUS, a general referral hospital for the central-eastern region of the country. The assessment included gestational age at the time of initial presentation to the hospital, clinical findings during the initial assessment, delivery completion, and perinatal results. Descriptive analysis by chorionicity type. Results: A total of 248 women with a twin pregnancy during the study period were included. The mean gestational age on the first visit to the hospital was 34 weeks. On admission, 127 patients (51.2%) were diagnosed with a monochorionic pregnancy, but only in two thirds of the cases was the prenatal chorionicity diagnosis consistent with the post-partum finding. IUGR was diagnosed more frequently in monochorionic than in dichorionic pregnancies (22.3% v. 7.5%) and abnormal Doppler findings were more frequent in monochorionic foetuses (7.8% v. 1.1%). Neonates > 24 of gestational age in monochorionic pregnancies weigh in average 109 gr (IC 95%: 34-184) less than dichorionic twins. Conclusions: The results of this study suggest a public health problem in this group of patients who come late for their prenatal visits and are late referrals to specialized centres, when there is already a limited ability to determine chorionicity. There is a need to develop care strategies in which twin pregnancies are included as a high-risk condition, and to ensure timely and adequate care provision in accordance with differential care guidelines for this group of pregnant women...


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Pregnancy , Fetofetal Transfusion , Obstetric Labor, Premature , Placentation , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Pregnancy, Twin
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-291603

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the trends of multiple births rates and their perinatal outcomes in Zhejiang province from 2008 to 2013.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Data were obtained from hospital-based perinatal mortality surveillance system in Zhejiang, including all the hospitals in 30 monitoring counties (districts). All births (28 or more weeks of gestation) born in the monitoring hospitals were included in our study within 7 days after delivery from 2008 to 2013. Chi-square test was performed for statistical analyses for comparisons between regions. Trends in the incidence of multiple births and causes of perinatal death were analyzed using chi-square test for trend.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>From 2008 to 2013, the multiple births rate in Zhejiang province was increased and the rates were 2.32% (5 551/239 636), 2.49% (6 053/243 452), 2.61% (6 549/250 594), 2.82% (7 758/275 105), 2.91% (8 803/302 447) and 3.06% (9 051/295 709), respectively. And the perinatal mortality rates for multiple births were 4.32% (240/5 551), 3.45% (209/6 053), 3.76% (246/6 549), 2.86% (222/7 758), 2.77% (244/8 803) and 2.11% (191/9 051), respectively. A significant drop in the perinatal mortality rates for multiple births was observed between 2008 and 2013 (χ(2) trend = 66.52, P < 0.001). There was a significantly greater risk for perinatal death to multiple births when compared with single birth (OR = 3.62, 95% CI: 3.42-3.83). The three leading causes of perinatal death for multiple births were birth defect, premature and/or low birth weight, and twin-twin transfusion syndrome.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The multiple births rates in Zhejiang province showed an increasing trend. The perinatal mortality rates for multiple births were decreased annually, however, it was still higher than those in developed countries.</p>


Subject(s)
China , Congenital Abnormalities , Female , Fetofetal Transfusion , Humans , Incidence , Infant , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Infant, Newborn , Multiple Birth Offspring , Perinatal Mortality , Pregnancy , Pregnancy, Multiple , Premature Birth
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-346133

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the clinical manifestations and short-term prognosis of twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) in neonates with different disease stages, receiving different intrauterine interventions, or as blood donors and recipients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The study retrospectively collected 76 TTTS neonates who were hospitalized in the Neonatal Ward, Peking University Third Hospital. The participants were classified into mild TTTS (n=38) and severe TTTS groups (n=21), or into amnioreduction (n=20), laser surgery (n=21), and expectant therapy groups (n=32), or into donor (n=23) and recipient groups (n=30).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The severe TTTS group had higher incidences of brain injury, heart disease, asphyxia, and renal damage and in-hospital mortality rate compared with the mild TTTS group, but the differences had no statistical significance. The laser surgery group displayed decreasing trends in the incidences of brain injury, heart disease, and renal damage and in-hospital mortality rate compared with the amnioreduction and expectant therapy groups. The recipient group had higher incidences of heart diseases and pathological jaundice than the donor group (P<0.05). The donor group had higher incidences of asphyxia and renal damage than the recipient group, but with no significant difference.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The neonates with severe TTTS have higher rates of organ damages and in-hospital mortality. Intrauterine laser surgery seems to lead to a better prognosis compared with the amnioreduction and expectant therapy. The recipients are more susceptible to heart diseases and pathological jaundice, whereas the donors are more susceptible to asphyxia and renal damage.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Fetofetal Transfusion , Mortality , General Surgery , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Laser Therapy , Pregnancy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-222166

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical characteristics of fetal hydrops and to find the antenatal ultrasound findings predictive of adverse perinatal outcome. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of 42 women with fetal hydrops who delivered in a tertiary-referral center from 2005 to 2013. Fetal hydrops was defined as the presence of fluid collection in > or =2 body cavities: ascites, pleural effusion, pericardial effusion, and skin edema. Predictor variables recorded included: maternal characteristics, gestational age at diagnosis, ultrasound findings, and identifiable causes. Primary outcome variables analyzed were fetal death and neonatal death. RESULTS: The mean gestational age at diagnosis was 29.3+/-5.4 weeks (range, 18 to 39 weeks). The most common identifiable causes were cardiac abnormality (10), followed by syndrome (4), aneuploidy (3), congenital infection (3), twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (3), non-cardiac anormaly (2), chorioangioma (2), inborn errors of metabolism (1), and immune hydrops by anti-E antibody isoimmunization (1). Thirteen cases had no definite identifiable causes. Three women elected termination of pregnancy. Fetal death occurred in 4 cases. Among the 35 live-born babies, only 16 survived (54.0% neonatal mortality rate). Fetal death and neonatal mortality rate was not significantly associated with Doppler velocimetry indices or location of fluid collection, but increasing numbers of fluid collection site was significantly associated with a higher risk of neonatal death. CONCLUSION: The incidence of fetal hydrops in our retrospective study was 24.4 per 10,000 deliveries and the perinatal mortality rate was 61.9% (26/42). The number of fluid collection sites was the significant antenatal risk factor to predict neonatal death.


Subject(s)
Aneuploidy , Ascites , Diagnosis , Edema , Female , Fetal Death , Fetofetal Transfusion , Gestational Age , Hemangioma , Humans , Hydrops Fetalis , Incidence , Infant , Infant Mortality , Metabolism, Inborn Errors , Pericardial Effusion , Perinatal Mortality , Pleural Effusion , Pregnancy , Retrospective Studies , Rheology , Risk Factors , Skin , Ultrasonography
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