Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 1.097
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 5-10, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971032

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the clinical features of children with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) Omicron variant infection.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 201 children with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) who were hospitalized and diagnosed with SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant infection in Quanzhou First Hospital from March 14 to April 7, 2022. Among the 201 children, there were 34 children with asymptomatic infection and 167 with symptomatic infection. The two groups were compared in terms of clinical features, results of experimental examinations, and outcome.@*RESULTS@#Of all the 201 children, 161 (80.1%) had a history of exposure to COVID-19 patients and 132 (65.7%) had a history of COVID-19 vaccination. Among the 167 children with symptomatic infections, 151 had mild COVID-19 and 16 had common COVID-19, with no severe infection or death. Among the 101 children who underwent chest CT examination, 16 had ground glass changes and 20 had nodular or linear opacities. The mean time to nucleic acid clearance was (14±4) days for the 201 children with Omicron variant infection, and the symptomatic infection group had a significantly longer time than the asymptomatic infection group [(15±4) days vs (11±4) days, P<0.05]. The group vaccinated with one or two doses of COVID-19 vaccine had a significantly higher positive rate of IgG than the group without vaccination (P<0.05). The proportions of children with increased blood lymphocyte count in the symptomatic infection group was significantly lower than that in the asymptomatic infection group (P<0.05). Compared with the asymptomatic infection group, the symptomatic infection group had significantly higher proportions of children with increased interleukin-6, increased fibrinogen, and increased D-dimer (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Most of the children with Omicron variant infection have clinical symptoms, which are generally mild. The children with symptomatic infection are often accompanied by decreased or normal blood lymphocyte count and increased levels of interleukin-6, fibrinogen, and D-dimer, with a relatively long time to nucleic acid clearance. Some of them had ground glass changes on chest CT.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Asymptomatic Infections , COVID-19/virology , COVID-19 Vaccines , Fibrinogen , Interleukin-6 , Nucleic Acids , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
2.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 276-281, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970918

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To retrospectively analyze the clinical phenotypes and genetic variants in two Chinese pedigrees affected with Hereditary hypofibrinemia (IFD) and explore their molecular pathogenesis.@*METHODS@#Two probands and their pedigree members were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University on March 30, 2021 and May 27, 2021, respectively. Clinical phenotypes of the probands were collected, and blood clotting indexes of the probands and their pedigree members were determined. Variants of the FGA, FGB and FGG genes were analyzed by Sanger sequencing, and candidate variants were verified by sequence comparison. Bioinformatic software was used to analyze the conservation of the amino acids and pathogenicity of the proteins. Alteration in protein structure and intermolecular force before and after the variant was analyzed by simulating the protein model.@*RESULTS@#Proband 1, a 18-year-old male, had significantly low plasma fibrinogen activity (Fg:C) and plasma fibrinogen antigen (Fg:Ag), respectively at 0.80 g/L and 1.00 g/L. Proband 2, a 43-year-old male, had slightly low Fg:C and Fg:Ag at 1.35 g/L and 1.30 g/L, respectively. The Fg:C and Fg:Ag of proband 1's father, proband 2's father and son were also below the normal level. Genetic testing showed that proband 1 had harbored a heterozygous missense variant of c.688T>G (p.Phe230Val) in exon 7 of the FGG gene, which was inherited from his father. Proband 2, his father and son all had harbored a heterozygous variant of c.2516A>C (p.Asn839Thr) in exon 6 of the FGA gene. Homology analysis showed that the Phe230 and Asn839 residues were highly conserved among homologous species. Bioinformatic analysis predicted that both p.Phe230Val and p.Asn839Thr were pathogenic variants.@*CONCLUSION@#Analysis of protein simulation model showed that the p.Asn839Thr variant has changed the hydrogen bo`nd between the amino acids, thus affecting the stability of the protein structure. The heterozygous missense variants of p.Phe230Val and p.Asn839Thr probably underlay the IFD in the two pedigrees.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Amino Acids , East Asian People , Exons , Pedigree , Retrospective Studies , Afibrinogenemia/genetics , Mutation, Missense , Fibrinogen/genetics
3.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 714-718, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982660

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the risk factors of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in patients with sepsis and to construct a risk nomogram model.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 234 sepsis patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) of Tianjin Hospital from January 2019 to May 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into non-ARDS group (156 cases) and ARDS group (78 cases) according to the presence or absence of ARDS. The gender, age, hypertension, diabetes, coronary heart disease, smoking history, history of alcoholism, temperature, respiratory rate (RR), mean arterial pressure (MAP), pulmonary infection, white blood cell count (WBC), hemoglobin (Hb), platelet count (PLT), prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), fibrinogen (FIB), D-dimer, oxygenation index (PaO2/FiO2), lactic acid (Lac), procalcitonin (PCT), brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), albumin (ALB), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), serum creatinine (SCr), acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II), sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) were compared between the two groups. Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression were used to analyze the risk factors of sepsis related ARDS. Based on the screened independent risk factors, a nomogram prediction model was constructed, and Bootstrap method was used for internal verification. The receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC curve) was drawn, and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) was calculated to verify the prediction and accuracy of the model.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant differences in gender, age, hypertension, diabetes, coronary heart disease, smoking history, alcoholism history, temperature, WBC, Hb, PLT, PT, APTT, FIB, PCT, BNP and SCr between the two groups. There were significant differences in RR, MAP, pulmonary infection, D-dimer, PaO2/FiO2, Lac, ALB, BUN, APACHE II score and SOFA score (all P < 0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that increased RR, low MAP, pulmonary infection, high Lac and high APACHE II score were independent risk factors for sepsis related ARDS [RR: odds ratio (OR) = 1.167, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) was 1.019-1.336; MAP: OR = 0.962, 95%CI was 0.932-0.994; pulmonary infection: OR = 0.428, 95%CI was 0.189-0.966; Lac: OR = 1.684, 95%CI was 1.036-2.735; APACHE II score: OR = 1.577, 95%CI was 1.202-2.067; all P < 0.05]. Based on the above independent risk factors, a risk nomograph model was established to predict sepsis related ARDS (accuracy was 81.62%, sensitivity was 66.67%, specificity was 89.10%). The predicted values were basically consistent with the measured values, and the AUC was 0.866 (95%CI was 0.819-0.914).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Increased RR, low MAP, pulmonary infection, high Lac and high APACHE II score are independent risk factors for sepsis related ARDS. Establishment of a risk nomograph model based on these factors may guide to predict the risk of ARDS in sepsis patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Retrospective Studies , Alcoholism , Prognosis , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn , Pneumonia , Sepsis , Intensive Care Units , Procalcitonin , Fibrinogen , ROC Curve
4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 762-768, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982127

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the value of pre-treatment albumin/fibrinogen ratio (AFR) on the prognosis of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).@*METHODS@#The data of DLBCL patients in the Affiliated Hospital of North Sichuan Medical College from April 2014 to March 2021 were retrieved, and 111 newly diagnosed patients who completed at least 4 cycles of R-CHOP or R-CHOP-like chemotherapy with complete data were included in the study. The clinical, laboratory examination and follow-up data of the patients were collected, and the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was drawn according to patients' AFR before treatment and the survival status at the end of the follow-up, which could be used to preliminarily evaluate the predictive value of AFR for disease progression and patients' survival outcome. Furthermore, the correlation of AFR with the clinical and laboratory characteristics, progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) was analyzed, and finally, univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression models were used to analyze factors affecting PFS and OS of DLBCL patients.@*RESULTS@#The ROC curve indicated that AFR level had a moderate predictive value for PFS and OS in DLBCL patients, with the area under the curve (AUC) of 0.616 (P =0.039) and 0.666 (P =0.004), respectively, and the optimal cut-off values were both 9.06 for PFS and OS. Compared with high-AFR (≥9.06) group, the low-AFR (<9.06) group had a higher proportion of patients with Lugano III-IV stage ( P <0.001), elevated lactate dehydrogenase (P =0.007) and B symptoms (P =0.038). The interim analysis of response showed that the overall response rate (ORR) in the high-AFR group was 89.7%, which was significantly higher than 62.8% in the low-AFR group (P =0.001). With a median follow-up of 18.5 (3-77) months, the median PFS of the high-AFR group was not reached, which was significantly superior to 17 months of the low-AFR group (P =0.009). Similarly, the median OS of high-AFR group was not reached, either, which was significantly superior to 48 months of the low-AFR group (P < 0.001). In multivariate Cox regression analysis, AFR <9.06 was an independent risk factor both for PFS and OS (HR PFS=2.047, P =0.039; HR OS=4.854, P =0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#Pre-treatment AFR has a significant value for the prognosis evaluation in newly diagnosed DLBCL patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prognosis , Fibrinogen , Disease-Free Survival , Albumins/therapeutic use , Hemostatics/therapeutic use , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use
5.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 30: e3636, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1409619

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: to analyze the association between resilience and occupational stress of Nursing professionals from a general hospital. Method: an observational, cross-sectional study involving 321 Nursing professionals. The data collected were: socio-demographic and labour variables, stress and resilience, analyzed with descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: 54.5% of the participants presented moderate resilience and 36.4%, high; 73.5% were at risk of exposure to occupational stress; the relationship between psychological demands and professional category (p=0.009), between control over work and age (p=0.04), professional category (p<0.001), having a management position (p=0.009), being a specialist (p=0.006) and between social support and professional category (p<0.001), having a management position (p=0.03), daily working hours (p=0.03), being a specialist (p<0.001) were verified. There was an association between resilience Factor I - resolutions of actions and values and control over work (p=0.04) and social support (p=0.002). Conclusion: the Nursing professionals of a general hospital have moderate to high resilience which, associated with high control over their work and high social support, may contribute to the reduction of exposure to occupational stress.


Resumo Objetivo: analisar a associação entre resiliência e estresse ocupacional de profissionais de Enfermagem de um hospital geral. Método: estudo observacional, transversal, envolvendo 321 profissionais de Enfermagem. Os dados coletados foram: variáveis sociodemográficas e laborais, estresse e resiliência, analisadas com estatística descritiva e inferencial. Resultados: 54,5% dos participantes apresentaram resiliência moderada e 36,4%, alta; 73,5% estavam em risco de exposição ao estresse ocupacional; verificada a relação entre demandas psicológicas e categoria profissional (p=0,009), entre controle sobre o trabalho e idade (p=0,04), categoria profissional (p<0,001), exercer cargo de chefia (p=0,009), ser especialista (p=0,006) e entre suporte social e categoria profissional (p<0,001), exercer cargo de chefia (p=0,03), jornada diária de trabalho (p=0,03), ser especialista (p<0,001). Houve associação entre o Fator I de resiliência - resoluções de ações e valores e controle sobre o trabalho (p=0,04) e o apoio social (p=0,002). Conclusão: os profissionais de Enfermagem de um hospital geral apresentaram moderada a alta resiliência que, associada ao alto controle sobre o trabalho e ao elevado apoio social, pode contribuir para a redução da exposição ao estresse ocupacional.


Resumen Objetivo: analizar la asociación entre resiliencia y estrés ocupacional de profesionales de Enfermería de un hospital general. Método: estudio observacional y transversal, realizado en 321 profesionales de Enfermería. Los datos recolectados fueron: variables sociodemográficas y laborales, estrés y resiliencia, analizados con estadística descriptiva e inferencial. Resultados: 54,5% de los participantes presentaron resiliencia moderada y 36,4% alta; 73,5% estaban en riesgo de exposición al estrés ocupacional; fue verificada la relación entre demandas psicológicas y categoría profesional (p=0,009), entre control sobre el trabajo y edad (p=0,04), categoría profesional (p<0,001), ejercer cargo de jefatura (p=0,009), ser especialista (p=0,006) y entre soporte social y categoría profesional (p<0,001), ejercer cargo de jefatura (p=0,03), jornada diaria de trabajo (p=0,03), ser especialista (p<0,001). Se encontró asociación entre el Factor I de resiliencia [resolución de acciones y valores y control sobre el trabajo (p=0,04)] y el apoyo social (p=0,002). Conclusión: los profesionales de Enfermería de un hospital general presentaron de moderada a alta resiliencia, que asociada al alto control sobre el trabajo y al elevado apoyo social puede contribuir para la reducción de la exposición al estrés ocupacional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Stress, Psychological , Fibrinogen , Cross-Sectional Studies , Resilience, Psychological , Occupational Stress , Nurses/psychology
6.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1416015

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To analyze the association of inflammatory and coagulation biomarkers with mortality in geriatric patients with COVID-19. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study of 206 patients aged 60 years or older who were hospitalized with COVID-19 at an intensive care unit. The analyzed variables were age, sex, length of hospital stay, and inflammatory biomarkers (C-reactive protein, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, procalcitonin, fibrinogen, ferritin, and d-dimer). We constructed a receiver operating characteristic curve and analyzed the area under the curve to evaluate the accuracy of biomarkers associated with mortality in patients with COVID-19. Results: Mean age was 72 (± 8) years. There were 101 deaths (49% of the total sample), which were significantly more frequent (p = 0.006) in the older age groups and were distributed as follows: 37.50% (60 ­ 69 years old); 50% (70 ­ 79 years old); 67.50% (80 ­ 89 years old); and 75% (over 90 years old). Mortality was associated with increased serum levels of procalcitonin, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, C-reactive protein, and d-dimer, and decreased fibrinogen levels. Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio occupied the largest area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (area under the curve 0.859) in this group. Conclusions: In this study, inflammatory biomarkers neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, procalcitonin, C-reactive protein, and d-dimer were associated with mortality in older patients with COVID-19 hospitalized at an intensive care unit, and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio presented the best accuracy.


Objetivos: Analisar associação de biomarcadores inflamatórios e da coagulação com mortalidade em pacientes geriátricos com COVID-19. Metodologia: Estudo do tipo coorte retrospectiva de 206 pacientes com 60 anos de idade ou mais internados em unidade de terapia intensiva (UTI) com COVID-19. As variáveis analisadas foram idade, sexo, tempo de permanência hospitalar e biomarcadores inflamatórios, sendo esses proteína C reativa (PCR), relação neutrófilo-linfócitos (RNL), procalcitonina, fibrinogênio, ferritina e D-dímero. Empregou-se a curva ROC, com análise da área sob a curva (ACR), para avaliar a acurácia dos biomarcadores associados à mortalidade nos pacientes com COVID-19. Resultados: A média de idade foi de 72 (± 8) anos. Ocorreram 101 óbitos (49,02% da amostra total), significativamente mais frequente (p = 0,006) nas faixas etárias mais elevadas, distribuídos por faixa etária: 37,50% (60 ­ 69 anos); 50% (70 ­ 79 anos); 67,50% (80 ­ 89 anos); e 75% (nos maiores de 90 anos). A mortalidade foi associada a aumento dos níveis séricos dos biomarcadores procalcitonina, relação neutrófiloslinfócitos (RNL), proteína C reativa (PCR) e D-dímero, bem como diminuição dos níveis de fibrinogênio. A RNL ocupou a maior área sob a curva ROC (ACR 0,859) nesse grupo. Conclusões: Neste estudo, os biomarcadores inflamatórios RNL, procalcitonina, PCR e D-dímero foram associados com mortalidade em pacientes idosos portadores de COVID-19 internados em UTI, e a RNL foi a que apresentou a melhor acurácia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Biomarkers/blood , Hospital Mortality , COVID-19/mortality , COVID-19/blood , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Fibrin Fibrinogen Degradation Products/analysis , Fibrinogen/analysis , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Cohort Studies , Ferritins/blood , Procalcitonin/blood
7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 559-564, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928754

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To construct a mouse model of Glanzmann's thrombasthenia (GT) with ITGA2B c.2659 C>T (p.Q887X) nonsense mutation by CRISPR/Cas9 technology, and then further explore the expression and function of glycoprotein αIIbβ3 on the surface of platelet membrane.@*METHODS@#The donor oligonucleotide and gRNA vector were designed and synthesized according to the ITGA2B gene sequence. The gRNA and Cas9 mRNA were injected into fertilized eggs with donor oligonucleotide and then sent back to the oviduct of surrogate mouse. Positive F0 mice were confirmed by PCR genotyping and sequence analysis after birth. The F1 generation of heterozygous GT mice were obtained by PCR and sequencing from F0 bred with WT mice, and then homozygous GT mice and WT mice were obtained by mating with each other. The phenotype of the model was then further verified by detecting tail hemorrhage time, saphenous vein bleeding time, platelet aggregation, expression and function of αIIbβ3 on the surface of platelet.@*RESULTS@#The bleeding time of GT mice was significantly longer than that of WT mice (P<0.01). Induced by collagen, thrombin, and adenosine diphosphate (ADP), platelet aggregation in GT mice was significantly inhibited (P<0.01, P<0.01, P<0.05). Flow cytometry analysis showed that the expression of αIIbβ3 on the platelet surface of GT mice decreased significantly compared with WT mice (P<0.01), and binding amounts of activated platelets to fibrinogen were significantly reduced after thrombin stimulation (P<0.01). The spreading area of platelet on fibrinogen in GT mice was significantly smaller than that in WT mice (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#A GT mouse model with ITGA2B c.2659 C>T (p.Q887X) nonsense mutation has been established successfully by CRISPR/Cas9 technology. The aggregation function of platelet in this model is defective, which is consistent with GT performance.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , CRISPR-Cas Systems , Codon, Nonsense , Disease Models, Animal , Fibrinogen/genetics , Integrin alpha2/genetics , Oligonucleotides , Platelet Glycoprotein GPIIb-IIIa Complex/genetics , Thrombasthenia/genetics , Thrombin/genetics
8.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 326-331, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935534

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological and molecular characteristics of hepatic fibrinogen storage disease (FSD) in children. Methods: The clinical, histopathologic, immunophenotypic, ultrastructural and gene sequencing data of 4 FSD cases were collected from September 2019 to January 2021 in the Children's Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, China. Retrospective analysis and literature review were conducted. Results: There were 4 cases of FSD, 3 males and 1 female, aged 3 years and 3 months to 6 years (median age, 3 years and 4 months). The clinical manifestations were abnormal liver function and abnormal blood coagulation function, for which 2 cases had family genetic history. Liver biopsies revealed that, besides liver steatosis, fibrosis and inflammation, there were single or multiple eosinophilic inclusion bodies of various sizes and surrounding transparent pale halo in hepatocytes. Immunohistochemistry showed that the inclusion bodies were positive for anti-fibrinogen. Under the electron microscope, they corresponded to the dilated cisternae of the rough endoplasmic reticulum, which were occupied by compactly packed tubular structures and arranged into a fingerprint-like pattern with curved bundles. Gene sequencing revealed that the 2 cases of FGG mutation were located in exon 8 c.1106A>G (p.His369Arg) and c.905T>C (p.Leu302Pro), and 1 case was located in exon 9 c.1201C>T (p.Arg401Trp). No pathogenic variant was detected in the other case. Conclusions: FSD is a rare genetic metabolic disease and clinically manifests as abnormal liver function with hypofibrinogenemia. In the background of liver steatosis, fibrosis and inflammation, there are eosinophilic inclusions with pale halo in the hepatocytic cytoplasm, which can be identified by anti-fibrinogen immunohistochemical staining. The fingerprint-like structures under electron microscope are helpful for the diagnosis, while FGG sequencing detects the pathogenic mutation of exon 8 or 9 that can clearly explain the phenotype. However, the diagnosis of FSD cannot be completely ruled out if the relevant mutations are not detected.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , China , Fibrinogen/chemistry , Liver/pathology , Liver Diseases/pathology , Metabolic Diseases/pathology , Retrospective Studies
9.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 562-569, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940923

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the correlation of homocysteine (HCY) and coagulation function index with the risk of breast cancer and its clinicopathological characteristics. Methods: The HCY, coagulation function test index, and clinicopathological information of female breast cancer patients (333 cases) treated in Tianjin Medical University Cancer Hospital from January 2018 to December 2018 were collected, and female patients with benign breast (225 cases) were selected during the same period for the control group. The t-test was used to compare measurement data with normal distribution, D-Dimer data were distributed discreetly and described by median, non-parametric Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare the two groups. The chi-square test was used to compare enumeration data, and the Logistic regression analysis was used for the risk analysis. Results: The levels of HCY, fibrinogen (Fbg), protein C (PC), and median D-Dimer (D-D) in peripheral blood of breast cancer patients group [(13.26±5.24) μmol/L, (2.61±0.83) g/L, (117.55±19.67)%, and 269.68 ng/ml, respectively] were higher than those in the control group [(11.58±0.69) μmol/L, (2.49±0.49) g/L, (113.42±19.82)% and 246.98 ng/ml, respectively, P<0.05]. The prothrombin time (PT), PT(INR), α2-antiplasmin (α2-AP) levels [(10.19±0.63) s, 0.91±0.07 and (110.64±13.93)%, respectively] were lower than those in the control group [(10.58±0.65) s, 0.93±0.01 and (123.81±14.77) %, P<0.05]. The serum levels of PC and median D-D in premenopausal breast cancer patients [(112.57±17.86)% and 242.01 ng/ml, respectively] were higher than those in the control group [(105.31±22.31)% and 214.75 ng/ml, respectively, P<0.05]. The levels of PT(INR), α2-AP [0.91±0.07 and (111.29±12.54)%, respectively] were lower than those of the control group[0.98±0.15 and (120.17±16.35)%, respectively, P<0.05]. The levels of HCY and median D-D in postmenopausal breast cancer patients [(14.25±5.76) μmol/L and 347.53 ng/ml, respectively] were higher than those in the control group [(11.67±2.38) μmol/L and 328.28 ng/ml, P<0.05]. The levels of PT, PT(INR), antithrombin Ⅲ (AT-Ⅲ), α2-AP levels [(10.18±0.66) s, 0.87±0.09, (97.30±12.84)% and (110.13±14.96)%] were lower than those in the control group [(10.38±0.61) s, 0.90±0.08, (102.89±9.12)%, and (127.05±12.38)%, respectively, P<0.05]. The levels of α2-AP and median D-D in T2-4 stage breast cancer patients [(111.69±14.41)% and 289.25 ng/ml, respectively] were higher than those in Tis-1 stage patients [(108.05±12.37)% and 253.49 ng/ml, respectively, P<0.05]. The levels of PT, PT (INR), Fbg, AT-Ⅲ, α2-AP, median D-D [(10.62±0.63) s, 0.95±0.06, (3.04±1.52) g/L, (103.21±9.45)%, (118.72±14.77)% and 331.33 ng/ml, respectively] in breast cancer patients with lymph node metastasis were higher than those of patients without lymph node metastasis [(10.42±0.58) s, 0.93±0.06, (2.52±0.54) g/L, (95.20±13.63)%, (106.91±13.13)% and 263.38 ng/ml, respectively, P<0.05]. In non-menopausal breast cancer patients, the level of HCY [(12.63±4.41) μmol/L] in patients with T2-4 stage was higher than that of patients with Tis-1 stage [(10.70±3.49) μmol/L, P=0.010], and the level of thrombin time [(19.35±0.90) s] of patients with T2-4 stage was lower than that of patients with Tis-1 stage [(19.79±1.23) s, P=0.015]. The levels of PT(INR), Fbg, AT-Ⅲ, α2-AP [0.97±0.56, (3.37±2.34) g/L, (102.38±8.77)% and (120.95±14.06)%] in patients with lymph node metastasis were higher than those of patients without lymph node metastasis [0.94±0.05, (2.36±0.48) g/L, (94.56±14.37)% and (109.51±11.46)%, respectively, P<0.05]. Among postmenopausal breast cancer patients, the levels of AT-Ⅲ and α2-AP in T2-4 stage patients [(98.48±11.80)% and (111.84±15.35)%, respectively] were higher than those in patients with the Tis-1 stage [(94.12±14.98)% and (105.49±12.89)%, respectively, P<0.05]. The levels of AT-Ⅲ and α2-AP in N1-3 stage patients [(103.74±9.94)% and (117.29±15.23)%] were higher than those in N0 stage patients [(95.75±13.01)% and (108.39±14.42)%, P<0.05]. Conclusions: HCY and abnormal coagulation function are related to the risk of breast cancer, T stage and lymph node metastasis in breast cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Blood Coagulation Disorders , Breast Neoplasms , Fibrinogen/metabolism , Homocysteine , Lymphatic Metastasis , Prothrombin Time
10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 919-923, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939710

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the main factors of platelet spreading and provide the foundation for related research.@*METHODS@#Platelets (2×107/ml) were draw from C57BL/6J mouse and kept at 22 ℃ for 1-2 hours. Platelets (2×107/ml) were were allowed to adhere and spread on the fibrinogen-coated slides, after staining F-actin in platelets, the platelets were observed with the confocal microscopy. The effects of different concentrations of fibrinogen (10 μg/ml, 30 μg/ml, 100 μg/ml) and kinds of agonists [thrombin(0.01,0.05,0.1 U/ml), ADP(5,10,20 μmol/L), U46619(0.125,0.25,0.5 μmol/L)] on platelets were analyzed. The platelet spreading was successful if the spreading rate was higher after treated with agonists.@*RESULTS@#Compared to the group which coated with 10 μg/ml and 100 μg/ml fibrinogen, the platelet density is optimal when coated with 30 μg/ml fibrinogen. In addition, under the stimulation of thrombin, ADP and U46619, the spreading rate of platelets showed a certain concentration-dependent increasing.@*CONCLUSION@#The platelet spreading is easily influenced by various factors, the platelet spreading can be induced successfully at 0.1 U/ml thrombin, 20 μmol/L ADP and 0.5 μmol/L U46619 on the slide coated with 30 μg/ml fibrinogen.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , 15-Hydroxy-11 alpha,9 alpha-(epoxymethano)prosta-5,13-dienoic Acid/pharmacology , Adenosine Diphosphate , Blood Platelets/physiology , Fibrinogen , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Platelet Adhesiveness/physiology , Thrombin/pharmacology
11.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 544-550, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939622

ABSTRACT

The study aimed to evaluate the safety and function of poly(lactic-acid-co-ε-caprolactone) (PLCL)/fibrinogen nanofibers (P/F-Ns), and provide theoretical basis for the clinical application. The surface morphology, mechanical properties, the hydrophilicity and the fibrinogen content of P/F-Ns were tested by scanning electron microscope, the material testing machine, the contact angle meter and the microplate reader, respectively. The cell adhesion, proliferation and ligament remodeling genes expression of Hig-82 cells on P/F-Ns were conducted through cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) and real-time quantitative PCR analyses, respectively. The results showed that with the increase of the fibrinogen content, the pore sizes and hydrophilicity of three P/F-Ns increased, but the mechanical properties decreased. Cell adhesion and proliferation tests showed that P/F-N-2 held the best ability to promote cell adhesion and proliferation. The ligament remodeling genes expressions of Hig-82 cells on P/F-N-1, P/F-N-2 and P/F-N-3 were all up-regulated compared to P/F-N-0 on days 3 and 7. All the three P/F-Ns containing fibrinogen (P/F-N-1, P/F-N-2 and P/F-N-3) had better biocompatibility compared to P/F-N-0, and could be efficiently applied to the reconstruction of anterior cruciate ligament.


Subject(s)
Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Cell Adhesion , Fibrinogen , Materials Testing , Nanofibers
12.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 73(6): 703-709, dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388886

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Un adecuado manejo del sangrado debe incluir la correcta valoración y eventual reposición de fibrinógeno. Las fuentes tradicionales de este elemento hemostático incluyen el plasma fresco congelado y los crioprecipitados. Los concentrados liofilizados de fibrinógeno humano (CFH) son una alternativa terapéutica novedosa en el mercado chileno. Objetivo: Este estudio describe el curso clínico de los primeros pacientes en nuestra institución requirentes de CFH, dentro de un algoritmo de reposición hemostática por metas. Materiales y Método: Serie de pacientes con hipofibrinogenemia secundaria a sangrado perioperatorio severo, en los que se utilizó CFH como método de reposición de fibrinógeno. Se utilizó tromboelastometría para definir dosis. Se registraron variables demográficas, operatorias, complicaciones y seguimiento hasta los 3 meses. Resultados: Se utilizaron CFH en 18 pacientes. La mediana de edad fue 40,7 (56,5-63) años y dos tercios de los pacientes fueron de sexo masculino. Fallecieron 5 pacientes de la serie. Todos los pacientes requirieron manejo posoperatorio en una unidad de cuidados intensivos. Ocho pacientes fueron sometidos a cirugía cardiaca. El uso de hemocomponentes y concentrados liofilizados fue heterogéneo, pero en todos los casos su uso fue determinado por tromboelastometría. Ningún paciente fue reintervenido a causa de sangrado posoperatorio. Conclusión: El uso de concentrados de fibrinógeno humano dentro de un algoritmo de manejo de sangrado guiado por tromboelastometría, es un recurso hemostático factible en la realidad nacional. El impacto clínico de esta intervención requiere una subsiguiente evaluación basada en la evidencia.


Introduction: An adequate bleeding management should include a proper assessment of fibrinogen values and consequent replacement. Traditional sources for this hemostatic element include fresh frozen plasma and cryoprecipitates. Lyophilized human fibrinogen concentrates are a novel therapeutic alternative for the chilean market. Aim: This study aims to describe the clinical course of the first patients in our institution receiving fibrinogen concentrates, included in a goal directed hemostatic management algorithm. Materials and Method: Case series of patients with hypofibrinogenemia secondary to severe perioperative bleeding, in which fibrinogen concentrate was used for fibrinogen replacement. Thromboelastometry was used to define dose regimens. Demographic and surgical variables, complications and follow-up up to 3 months were registered. Results: Fibrinogen concentrate was used in 18 patients. Median age was 40.7 (56.5-63) years, and two thirds of the patients were male. Five patients died. All of the cases required postoperative intensive care. Eight patients underwent cardiac surgery. There was a heterogenic use of blood derived products and lyophilized concentrates, but in all cases its use was guided by thromboelastometry. No patients needed a secondary exploration due to bleeding. Conclusion: The use of human fibrinogen concentrate included in a bleeding management algorithm is a feasible hemostatic resource in the chilean current situation. The clinical impact of this intervention requires further evidence-based evaluation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Fibrinogen/therapeutic use , Afibrinogenemia/drug therapy , Afibrinogenemia/blood , Biocompatible Materials , Blood Loss, Surgical , Kaplan-Meier Estimate
13.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 87(4): 457-461, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285715

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Prognosis of sudden sensorineural hearing loss may be predicted using several parameters of laboratory blood analysis. Objective To identify and investigate the most significant indicator parameters related to the poor prognosis of sudden sensorineural hearing loss. Methods Eighty-eight patients were included, and three groups were constituted: non-recovery group with14 patients, recovery group with 33 patients and control group with 41 individuals. We compared fibrinogen-to-albumin ratio, C-reactive protein-to-albumin ratio, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio, white blood cell and hemoglobin of the groups. Then, we investigated the most significant indicator parameters related to the poor prognosis of sudden hearing loss. Results The mean hemoglobin, mean platelet-lymphocyte ratio and median white blood cell values did not significantly differ among three groups (p = 0.36, p = 0.86 and p = 0.79, respectively). A significant difference of median fibrinogen-albumin ratio, C-reactive protein-albumin ratio, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio was evident among three groups (p < 0.001, p = 0.003 and p = 0.002, respectively). Median fibrinogen-albumin ratio, C-reactive protein-albumin ratio and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio values were significantly greater in the non-recovery group, compared with the controls (p < 0.001, p = 0.003 and p = 0.005, respectively). Median fibrinogen-to-albumin ratio, C-reactive protein-to-albumin ratio and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio were significantly greater in the recovery group, compared with the controls (p < 0.001, p = 0.013 and p = 0.005, respectively). Moreover, the median fibrinogen-albumin ratio was significantly greater in the non-recovery group compared with the recovery group (p = 0.017). However, no statistically significant difference of median C-reactive protein-albumin ratio, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte was evident between the non-recovery and recovery groups (p = 0.15). Conclusion Increased levels of fibrinogen-albumin ratio may be predictive for poor prognosis in patients with sudden sensorineural hearing loss.


Resumo Introdução O prognóstico de perda auditiva neurossensorial súbita pode ser previsto com vários parâmetros da análise laboratorial do sangue. Objetivo Identificar e investigar os parâmetros indicadores mais significativos relacionados ao mau prognóstico da perda auditiva neurossensorial súbita. Método Foram incluídos 88 pacientes e três grupos foram constituídos: grupo não recuperado, com14 pacientes; grupo com recuperação, 33 pacientes, e grupo controle com 41 indivíduos. Foram comparadas a relação fibrinogênio/albumina, proteína C-reativa/albumina, relação neutrófilos/linfócitos, relação plaquetas/linfócitos, glóbulos brancos e hemoglobina dos grupos. Em seguida, investigamos os parâmetros indicadores mais significativos relacionados ao prognóstico ruim da perda súbita de audição. Resultados A média de hemoglobina, média da relação plaquetas/linfócitos e mediana dos valores de glóbulos brancos não diferiram significativamente entre os três grupos (p = 0,36, p = 0,86 e p = 0,79, respectivamente). Uma diferença significante da média da relação fibrinogênio/albumina, proteína C-reativa/albumina e neutrófilos/linfócitos foi evidente entre os três grupos (p < 0,001, p = 0,003 e p = 0,002, respectivamente). Os valores da mediana da relação fibrinogênio/albumina, proteína C-reativa/albumina e relação neutrófilos/linfócitos foram significantemente maiores no grupo sem recuperação, em comparação com os controles (p < 0,001, p = 0,003 e p = 0,005, respectivamente). As medianas da relação fibrinogênio/albumina, relação proteína C-reativa/albumina e relação neutrófilos/linfócitos foram significantemente maiores no grupo com recuperação, em comparação com os controles (p < 0,001, p = 0,013 e p = 0,005, respectivamente). Além disso, a mediana da relação fibrinogênio/albumina foi significantemente maior no grupo não recuperado comparado ao grupo com recuperação (p = 0,017). No entanto, não houve diferença estatisticamente significante da mediana da relação proteína-C reativa/albumina e relação neutrófilos/linfócitos entre os grupos sem recuperação e com recuperação (p = 0,15). Conclusão Níveis elevados de relação fibrinogênio/albumina podem ser preditores de mau prognóstico em pacientes com perda auditiva neurossensorial súbita.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hearing Loss, Sudden , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural , Prognosis , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Fibrinogen/analysis , Retrospective Studies , Albumins
14.
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 55(3): 303-309, jul. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1374053

ABSTRACT

Resumen El objetivo de este trabajo fue comparar los niveles de fibrinógeno (FBG) obtenidos por el método de Clauss con los obtenidos por el método de fibrinógeno derivado del tiempo de protrombina (FBG PT-d), con dos tromboplastinas, en pacientes anticoagulados con distintas drogas. Se estudiaron pacientes anticoagulados consecutivos: 105 con antagonistas de la vitamina K (AVK), 55 con heparina no fraccionada (HNF), 58 con heparina de bajo peso molecular (HBPM), 60 con rivaroxabán, 45 con apixabán, 60 con dabigatrán y 100 controles normales (CN). El FBG se determinó por el método de Clauss y FBG PT-d utilizando tromboplastina de cerebro de conejo o recombinante humana; los niveles de heparina, rivaroxabán y apixabán por método cromogénico anti Xa; el dabigatrán con el ensayo de tiempo de trombina diluido. Existió un sesgo positivo (p<0,001) al comparar el FBG PT-d vs. FBG por Clauss: CN: 13,7%, AVK: 31,8%, rivaroxabán: 34,8% y apixabán: 20,0% cuando se utilizó tromboplastina de conejo. En el caso de las muestras que contenían HBPM se observó este desvío con ambas tromboplastinas. El sesgo porcentual en presencia de dabigatrán y heparina no fraccionada no fue estadísticamente distinto del obtenido en el grupo control. El ensayo de FBG PT-d no debe utilizarse en pacientes anticoagulados con rivaroxabán, apixabán, HBPM o AVK, ya que sobreestima los niveles de FBG. El porcentaje de sesgo depende del tipo de tromboplastina utilizado y fue mayor con la de cerebro de conejo en el sistema de detección utilizado.


Abstract The aim of this study was to compare fibrinogen (FBG) results obtained by Clauss method (FBG-C) and by the prothrombin time-derived fibrinogen assay (FBG PT-d) with two thromboplastins in patients under anticoagulation. Consecutive anticoagulated patients were studied: 105 vitamin-K antagonist (VKA), 55 unfractioned heparin, 58 LMWH, 60 rivaroxaban, 45 apixaban and 60 dabigatran, and 100 healthy controls (NC). FBG-C was performed by Clauss and FIB PT-d with rabbit brain and human recombinant thromboplastins, respectively. Heparins, rivaroxaban and apixaban levels were measured by antiXa; dabigatran by thrombin diluted assay. A positive bias of FBG PT-d vs. FBG-C with both thromboplastins were seen in NC (13.7 and 19.0 % for HS and RP, respectively), but bias with HS in rivaroxaban, apixaban and VKA patients were significantly higher compared to NC: 34.8%, 20.0 % and 31.8 %, respectively. LMWH presented higher BIAS compared to NC with both thromboplastins. Samples with unfraction heparin and dabigatran presented similar bias to NC. FBG PT-d should not be used in patients under anticoagulant treatment because of an important overestimation of FBG could be obtained in these patients. The percentage of bias depends on the type of thromboplastin used; it was higher with rabbit brain thromboplastin in the detection system used.


Resumo O objetivo deste trabalho foi comparar os níveis de fibrinogênio (FBG) obtidos pelo método de Clauss com aqueles obtidos pelo método do fibrinogênio derivado do tempo de protrombina (FBG PT-d), com duas tromboplastinas, em pacientes anticoagulados com diferentes drogas. Pacientes anticoagulados consecutivos foram estudados: 105 com antagonista da vitamina K (AVK); 55 com heparina não fracionada (UFH); 58 com heparina de baixo peso molecular (HBPM), 60 com rivaroxabana, 45 com apixabana, 60 com dabigatrana e 100 controles normais (CN). FBG foi determinado pelo método de Clauss e FBG PT-d usando tromboplastina de cérebro de coelho ou tromboplastina humana recombinante; níveis de heparina, rivaroxabana e apixabana pelo método cromogênico anti-Xa; dabigatrana com ensaio de tempo de trombina diluída. Há um viés positivo (p<0,001) ao comparar o FBG PT-d vs FBG de Clauss: CN: 13,7%; AVK: 31,8%, rivaroxabana: 34,8% e apixabana 20,0% quando foi utilizada tromboplastina de coelho. No caso das amostras contendo HBPM, esse desvio foi observado com ambas as tromboplastinas. O viés percentual na presença de dabigatrana e heparina não fracionada não foi estatisticamente diferente daquela obtida no grupo controle. O ensaio de FBG PT-d não deve ser usado em pacientes anticoagulados com rivaroxabana, apixabana, LMWH ou VKA, pois superestima os níveis de FBG. A porcentagem de viés depende do tipo de tromboplastina utilizado e foi maior com a de cérebro de coelho, no sistema de detecção utilizado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Fibrinogen/analysis , Prothrombin/administration & dosage , Blood Coagulation , Thromboplastin , Pharmaceutical Preparations/administration & dosage
15.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 29(2): [1-23], abr.-jun. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366525

ABSTRACT

O objetivo do presente estudo foi investigar os efeitos de exercícios físicos baseados no método Pilates solo sobre a capacidade funcional, fatores antropométricos, níveis de marcadores inflamatórios circulantes e a qualidade de vida em idosas sedentárias. Trata­se de um delineamento quase experimental com pré e pós teste. A amostra foi constituída por 33 mulheres idosas com idade igual ou superior a 60 anos. Para avaliar a capacidade funcional (CF) foram utilizados os testes de velocidade de caminhada (VC) e de força de preensão manual (FPM). Para avaliar a presença de marcadores inflamatórios foram realizados exames laboratoriais a fim de quantificar os níveis séricos de proteína C reativa ultrassensível (PCR-us) e fibrinogênio. E para avaliar a qualidade de vida (QV) foi utilizado o questionário SF ­ 36. Na análise estatística utilizou-se o teste de normalidade Shapiro Wilk. Para os dados paramétricos teste t pareado e ANOVA one Way e, para os dados não paramétricos, o teste Wilcoxon e Kruskal-Wallis. O teste Qui-Quadrado foi utilizado para analises de associações. Os dados foram analisados pelo no programa SPSS-IBM, versão 22.0 devidamente registrado. O nível de significância adotado foi de p≤0,05. O grupo Pilates não apresentou alterações estatisticamente significativas em relação à CF (p>0,05), porém as demais variáveis apresentaram diferença significativa. Para variáveis antropométricas, PCR e fibrinogênio (p < 0,05); e QV, dois domínios apresentaram alterações significativas: limitações por aspectos físicos (p=0,045) e dor (p=0,011). Conclui-se que a prática do método Pilates solo promoveu redução significativa sobre a composição corporal, sobre os níveis séricos de marcadores inflamatórios, sobre a qualidade de vida e manutenção da capacidade funcional de idosas sedentárias. (AU)


The aim of the present study was investigate the effects of exercises based on the Pilates method on functional capacity, anthropometric factors, levels of circulating inflammatory markers and quality of life in sedentary elderly women. It is an almost experimental design with pre and post-test. The sample considered of 33 elderly individuals, aged 60 years and female. In order to evaluate the functional capacity (FC), the tests of walking speed (WS) and manual grip strength (MGS) were used; to evaluate the presence of inflammatory markers, laboratory tests were performed to quantify the serum levels of C-reactive protein and fibrinogen, and the SF-36 questionnaire was used to evaluate the quality of life. For statistical analysis, Shapiro Wilk normality test was used. For parametric data, paired t- test and one-way ANOVA were used, and for nonparametric data, the Wilcoxon and Kruskal -Wallis test. Chi-square test was used for association analysis. All data were analyzed by SPSS-IBM, version 22.0 duly registered and the significance level of p ≤0.05 was stipulated. The Pilates group did not present significant alterations in relation to CF (p> 0.05), but the other variables presented. Anthropometric variables (total body mass, BMI, waist and hip circumference), C-reactive protein and fibrinogen (p< 0,05); and in relation to QV, two domains presented significant changes: limitations by physical aspects (p = 0.045) and pain (p = 0.011). It was concluded that the Pilates solo practice promoted a significant reduction in body composition, serum levels of inflammatory markers, quality of life and maintenance of functional capacity


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Quality of Life , Women , Aging , Exercise , Exercise Movement Techniques , Inflammation , Physical Education and Training , Quality of Life , Self Care , Fibrinogen , Protein C , Anthropometry , Surveys and Questionnaires , Sedentary Behavior , Walking Speed
16.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(6): 868-872, June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346914

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The predictive value of the fibrinogen-to-albumin ratio has been evidenced in coronary artery disease. Available data demonstrated that inflammation and oxidative stress are the relevant mechanisms of ascending aortic aneurysm formation and dilatation. The fibrinogen-to-albumin ratio reflects oxidative stress and inflammation. This study investigated the correlation between fibrinogen-to-albumin ratio and ascending aortic aneurysm. METHODS: A total of 250 consecutive patients with ascending aortic aneurysm and 250 consecutive patients with normal ascending aortic diameter were included in the study using comprehensive transthoracic echocardiography. All data and fibrinogen-to-albumin ratio were compared between two groups. RESULTS: The fibrinogen-to-albumin ratio levels were significantly higher in ascending aortic aneurysm group compared with normal ascending aortic diameter group (p<0.001). Also, there was significantly positive correlation between the diameter of the ascending aorta and the fibrinogen-to-albumin ratio (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Fibrinogen-to-albumin ratio is associated with ascending aortic aneurysm and may serve as blood marker for identifying high-risk patients.


Subject(s)
Aortic Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Fibrinogen , Aorta , Dilatation, Pathologic , Albumins
17.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 28(1): 61-66, jan./mar. 2021. il.
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1368827

ABSTRACT

Plasma levels of hematocrit, total plasma protein, fibrinogen, creatine phosphokinase, aspartate transferase, and lactate were analyzed in blood samples of 85 Crioula breed foals, from birth to two years of age. The animals were divided into age groups: G1 (up to 15 days of age; n=70), G2 (from 16 days to one month of age; n=67), G3 (between one and three months of age; n=75), G4 (between three and six months of age; n=64), G5 (between six and nine months of age; n=59), G6 (between nine and 18 months of age; n=39), and G7 (between 18 months and two years of age; n=17). These groups were statistically analyzed by one-way variance analysis (ANOVA) and Tukey's test. Male and female means were compared by Student's t-test. Hematocrit levels were significantly higher up to 90 days of age and in G7 females. Total plasma proteins increased significantly in groups 3, 4, 6, and 7. The highest fibrinogen levels were found in G1. Yet for creatine phosphokinase, the highest concentrations were detected in G5, whereas those of aspartate aminotransferase in G7. The levels of this enzyme remained similar from 30 days to two years of age. Lactate concentrations were higher in G3. We concluded that the sex of the animal had no significant effect on laboratory test interpretations. By contrast, the age of the animal should be considered since relevant variations were observed with time. Nevertheless, specific tables for each analysis should be consulted for interpretation of results.


Com o propósito de estabelecer valores de hematócrito, proteínas plasmáticas totais, fibrinogênio, creatina quinase , aspartato transferase e lactato em potros da raça Crioula, do nascimento até os dois anos, utilizaram-se amostras sanguíneas de 85 animais, divididos pela estratificação etária: Grupo 1 (G1) Até 15 dias de vida (n=70); grupo 2 (G2), entre 16 dias até um mês (n=67); grupo 3 (G3), entre 1 e 3 meses (n=75); grupo 4 (G4), entre 3 e 6 meses (n=64); grupo 5 (G5), entre 6 e 9 meses (n=59); grupo 6 (G6), entre 9 e 18 meses (n=39); e grupo 7 (G7), entre 18 meses até 2 anos (n=17). Foi realizado estudo estatístico entre os grupos pela análise de variância unidirecional (one-wayANOVA), complementada pelo teste de Tukey. Para comparação das médias entre os sexos utilizou-se o teste t de Student. O hematócrito foi significativamente mais elevado até os 90 dias e nas fêmeas do G7. Para proteínas plasmáticas totais, notou-se aumento significativo nos grupos 3, 4, 6 e 7. Os valores de fibrinogênio foram maiores no G1. A CK apresentou maior concentração no G5 e a AST no G7. A AST assumiu valores semelhantes dos 30 dias até os 2 anos. A concentração de lactato foi mais elevada no G3. Conclui-se que na interpretação dos exames laboratoriais de potros da raça crioula, o gênero não interfere significativamente nos resultados, porém a idade deve ser considerada devido à ocorrência de variações relevantes. Recomenda-se que para interpretação sejam consultadas tabelas específicas para cada análise.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Chemical Analysis/veterinary , Blood Specimen Collection/veterinary , /methods , Horses/blood , Fibrinogen/analysis , Blood Proteins/analysis , Creatine Kinase/analysis , Laboratory Test/analysis , Hematocrit/veterinary , Hematologic Tests/veterinary
18.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 28(1): 61-66, jan./mar. 2021. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1491703

ABSTRACT

Com o propósito de estabelecer valores de hematócrito, proteínas plasmáticas totais, fibrinogênio, creatina quinase , aspartato transferase e lactato em potros da raça Crioula, do nascimento até os dois anos, utilizaram-se amostras sanguíneas de 85 animais, divididos pela estratificação etária: Grupo 1 (G1) Até 15 dias de vida (n=70); grupo 2 (G2), entre 16 dias até um mês (n=67); grupo 3 (G3), entre 1 e 3 meses (n=75); grupo 4 (G4), entre 3 e 6 meses (n=64); grupo 5 (G5), entre 6 e 9 meses (n=59); grupo 6 (G6), entre 9 e 18 meses (n=39); e grupo 7 (G7), entre 18 meses até 2 anos (n=17). Foi realizado estudo estatístico entre os grupos pela análise de variância unidirecional (one-wayANOVA), complementada pelo teste de Tukey. Para comparação das médias entre os sexos utilizou-se o teste t de Student. O hematócrito foi significativamente mais elevado até os 90 dias e nas fêmeas do G7. Para proteínas plasmáticas totais, notou-se aumento significativo nos grupos 3, 4, 6 e 7. Os valores de fibrinogênio foram maiores no G1. A CK apresentou maior concentração no G5 e a AST no G7. A AST assumiu valores semelhantes dos 30 dias até os 2 anos. A concentração de lactato foi mais elevada no G3. Conclui-se que na interpretação dos exames laboratoriais de potros da raça crioula, o gênero não interfere significativamente nos resultados, porém a idade deve ser considerada devido à ocorrência de variações relevantes. Recomenda-se que para interpretação sejam consultadas tabelas específicas para cada análise.


Plasma levels of hematocrit, total plasma protein, fibrinogen, creatine phosphokinase, aspartate transferase, and lactate were analyzed in blood samples of 85 Crioula breed foals, from birth to two years of age. The animals were divided into age groups: G1 (up to 15 days of age; n=70), G2 (from 16 days to one month of age; n=67), G3 (between one and three months of age; n=75), G4 (between three and six months of age; n=64), G5 (between six and nine months of age; n=59), G6 (between nine and 18 months of age; n=39), and G7 (between 18 months and two years of age; n=17). These groups were statistically analyzed by one-way variance analysis (ANOVA) and Tukey’s test. Male and female means were compared by Student’s t-test. Hematocrit levels were significantly higher up to 90 days of age and in G7 females. Total plasma proteins increased significantly in groups 3, 4, 6, and 7. The highest fibrinogen levels were found in G1. Yet for creatine phosphokinase, the highest concentrations were detected in G5, whereas those of aspartate aminotransferase in G7. The levels of this enzyme remained similar from 30 days to two years of age. Lactate concentrations were higher in G3. We concluded that the sex of the animal had no significant effect on laboratory test interpretations. By contrast, the age of the animal should be considered since relevant variations were observed with time. Nevertheless, specific tables for each analysis should be consulted for interpretation of results.


Subject(s)
Animals , Horses/physiology , Horses/blood , Creatine Kinase/analysis , Biochemical Phenomena , Fibrinogen/analysis , Hematocrit
19.
Clinics ; 76: e3168, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345815

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical effects of early administration of fibrinogen concentrate in patients with severe trauma and hypofibrinogenemia. METHODS: We conducted an open randomized feasibility trial between December 2015 and January 2017 in patients with severe trauma admitted to the emergency department of a large trauma center. Patients presented with hypotension, tachycardia, and FIBTEM findings suggestive of hypofibrinogenemia. The intervention group received fibrinogen concentrate (50 mg/kg), and the control group did not receive early fibrinogen replacement. The primary outcome was feasibility assessed as the proportion of patients receiving the allocated treatment within 60 min after randomization. The secondary outcomes were transfusion requirements and other exploratory outcomes. Randomization was performed using sequentially numbered and sealed opaque envelopes. ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT02864875. RESULTS: Thirty-two patients were randomized (16 in each group). All patients received the allocated treatment within 60 min after randomization (100%, 95% confidence interval, 86.7%-100%). The median length of intensive care unit stay was shorter in the intervention group (8 days, interquartile range [IQR] 5.75-10.0 vs. 11 days, IQR 8.5-16.0; p=0.02). There was no difference between the groups in other clinical outcomes. No adverse effects related to treatment were recorded in either group. CONCLUSION: Early fibrinogen replacement with fibrinogen concentrate was feasible. Larger trials are required to properly evaluate clinical outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fibrinogen/administration & dosage , Multiple Trauma/therapy , Afibrinogenemia/drug therapy , Thrombelastography , Feasibility Studies , Treatment Outcome
20.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 1087-1096, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921849

ABSTRACT

Fibrinogen (Fg) in human plasma plays an important role in hemostasis, vascular repair and tissue integrity. The surface chemistry of extracellular matrix or biological materials affects the orientation and distribution of Fg, and changes the exposure of integrin binding sites, thereby affecting its adhesion function to platelets. Here, the quantity, morphology and side chain exposure of Fg adsorbed on hydrophilic, hydrophobic and avidin surfaces were measured by atomic force microscopy (AFM) and flow cytometry (FCM), then the rolling behavior of platelets on Fg was observed through a parallel plate flow chamber system. Our results show that the hydrophobic surface leads to a large amount of cross-linking and aggregation of Fg, while the hydrophilic surface reduces the adsorption and accumulation of Fg while causing the exposure and spreading of the α chain on Fg and further mediating the adhesion of platelets. Fg immobilized by avidin / biotin on hydrophilic surface can maintain the monomer state, avoid over exposure and stretching of α chain, and bind to the platelets activated by the A1 domain of von Willebrand factor instead of inactivated platelets. This study would be helpful for improving the blood compatibility of implant biomaterials and reasonable experimental design of coagulation


Subject(s)
Humans , Adsorption , Blood Platelets , Fibrinogen , Platelet Adhesiveness , von Willebrand Factor
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL