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Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 29(7): 366-369, jul. 2007. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-466651


O fibroadenoma é a neoplasia benigna mais freqüente da mama feminina e é considerado tumor misto, constituído por quantidades variáveis de tecido conjuntivo e epitelial. A ciclosporina parece ter implicações no desenvolvimento de fibroadenomas mamários em pacientes transplantadas renais em idade reprodutiva. Descrevemos o caso no qual a paciente, em uso terapêutico de ciclosporina A, após transplante renal, apresentou vários nódulos mamários bilaterais na evolução. O exame físico e os achados de imagem sugeriram fibroadenoma, diagnóstico que foi confirmado após biópsias.

Fibroadenoma is the most frequent benign neoplasia in the female breast and it is considered a mixed tumor, constituted by variable amounts of connective and epithelial tissue. Cyclosporine A seems to be related with the development of mamary fibroadenomas in patients who underwent kidney transplantation in reproductive age. We reported the case in which the patient, in therapeutic use of cyclosporine A, after kidney transplantation, presented several bilateral lumps. The imaging and palpable findings suggested fibroadenoma, confirmed after biopsy.

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Cyclosporine/adverse effects , Fibroadenoma/chemically induced , Immunosuppressive Agents/adverse effects , Kidney Transplantation , Breast Neoplasms/chemically induced
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-147187


The anticarcinogenic effects and mechanisms of the biotechnological drugs of Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer cultivated in Russia, bioginseng, panaxel and panaxel- 5, were studied. Bioginseng was produced from a tissue culture of ginseng root cultured on standard medium, whereas panaxel and panaxel-5 were produced from ginseng tissue root cultures using standard mediums enriched with 2-carboxyethylgermanium sesquioxide and 1-hydroxygermatran-monohydrate respectively. All three ginseng drugs inhibited the development of mammary tumors induced by intramammary injections of N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU) in rats, the development of the brain and spinal cord tumors induced by transplacental administration of N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea (ENU) in rats, and the development of uterine, cervical and vaginal tumors induced by intravaginal applications of 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA) in mice. The ginseng drugs induced the cytotoxic activity of macrophages in mice, enhanced T-lymphocyte rosette formation in guinea pigs exposed to cyclophosphamide, and stimulated the production of thyroid hormones in rats. These mechanisms may contribute to the anticarcinogenic action of the ginseng drugs. The organic germanium compounds present in panaxel and panaxel-5 did not potentiate the anticarcinogenic or immuno- stimulatory effects as much as biogeinseng. Preliminary clinical trials with panaxel and bioginseng were carried out in patients with precancerous lesions of the esophagus and endometrium. Panaxel was found to have a strong therapeutic effect in patients suffering from chronic erosive esophagitis. Bioginseng induced the regression of adenomatous-cystic hyperplasia of the endometrium in some patients. Thus, we conclude that the drugs of ginseng appear to hold considerable promise for future cancer chemoprevention.

Adenocarcinoma/chemically induced , Adult , Animals , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/therapeutic use , Cells, Cultured , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/chemically induced , Clinical Trials as Topic , Cytotoxicity Tests, Immunologic , Disease Models, Animal , Endometrial Neoplasms/pathology , Endometrium/pathology , Esophageal Neoplasms/pathology , Esophagus/pathology , Estradiol/blood , Female , Fibroadenoma/chemically induced , Humans , Macrophages, Peritoneal/cytology , Male , Mammary Neoplasms, Experimental/chemically induced , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Neoplasms, Experimental/chemically induced , Nervous System Neoplasms/chemically induced , Panax/metabolism , Precancerous Conditions/pathology , Rats , Culture Techniques , Uterine Neoplasms/chemically induced , Vaginal Neoplasms/chemically induced