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1.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 81(5): 376-383, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950491

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purposes: To develop an efficient and xeno-free standard eye-derived induced pluripotent stem cell reprogramming protocol for use during induced pluripotent stem cell-based cell therapies in treating retinal degenerative diseases and to compare the relative effectiveness of both animal- and non-animal-derived culture systems in the generation of induced pluripotent stem cells. Methods: Primary cultured human pterygium fibroblasts and human Tenon's capsule fibroblasts were induced to induced pluripotent stem cells using a non-in­tegrated virus under two xeno-free systems; as part of this study, a traditional non-xeno-free reprogramming system was also assessed. Induced pluripotent stem cell clones were selected and counted by live staining. Reprogramming efficiencies were evaluated between the fibroblasts and among different culture systems. In a series of experiments, such as PCR and immunofluorescence staining, the induced pluripotent stem cells were characterized. Results: Human pterygium fibroblast- and human Tenon's capsule fibroblast-derived induced pluripotent stem cells were successfully established using different reprogramming systems, under which they exhibited properties of induced pluripotent stem cells. Reprogramming efficiencies of induced pluripotent stem cells using the cell therapy system, the traditional system, and the E6/E8 system were 0.014%, 0.028%, and 0.001%, respectively, and those of human pterygium fibroblast- and human Tenon's capsule fibroblast-derived induced pluripotent stem cells-using the aforementioned systems-were 0.018% and 0.017%, respectively. Conclusions: Sendai virus facilitates induced pluripotent stem cell reprogramming of ocular fibroblasts-both human pterygium and human Tenon's capsule fibroblasts being safe and efficient for induced pluripotent stem cell reprogramming. Although the reprogramming efficiencies of ocular-derived induced pluripotent stem cells under xeno-free conditions were not superior to those observed using the traditional reprogramming system, the cell therapy system reprogramming system is a good option when induced pluripotent stem cells are to be induced under xeno-free conditions.


RESUMO Objetivos: Desenvolver um protocolo padrão, eficiente e xeno-livre, para a reprogramação de células-tronco pluripotentes induzidas, que possa ser usado durante as terapias de células-tronco pluripotentes induzidas para o tratamento de doenças degenerativas da retina, e comparar a eficácia relativa de sistemas de cultivo de origem animal e de origem não animal na geração de células-tronco pluripotentes induzidas. Métodos: Cultivos primários de fibroblastos de pterígio humano e de fibroblastos da cápsula de Tenon humanos foram induzidos a células-tronco pluripotentes induzidas usando um vírus não integrado sob dois sistemas xeno-livres; um sistema tradicional de reprogramação não xeno-livre também foi avaliado como parte deste estudo. Os clones de células-tronco pluripotentes induzidas foram selecionados e contados por coloração de células vivas. As eficiências de reprogramação foram avaliadas entre os diferentes fibroblastos e entre os diferentes sistemas de cultivo. Uma série de experimentos, como o PCR e a coloração por imunofluorescência, foram conduzidos para caracterizar as células-tronco pluripotentes induzidas. Resultados: Célu­las-tronco pluripotentes induzidas derivadas de fibroblastos de pterígio humano e fibroblastos da cápsula de Tenon humanos foram estabelecidas com sucesso sob diferentes sistemas de reprogramação e exibiram propriedades de células-tronco pluripotentes induzidas. As eficiências de reprogramação das células-tronco pluripotentes induzidas usando o sistema de terapia celular, o sistema tradicional e o sistema E6/E8 foram 0,014, 0,028% e 0,001%, respectivamente. Além disso, as efi­ciências de reprogramação de células-tronco pluripotentes induzidas derivadas de fibroblastos de pterígio humano e de fibroblastos da cápsula de Tenon humanos usando todos os sistemas acima foram de 0,018% e 0,017%, respectivamente. Conclusões: O vírus Sendai pode ser usado para facilitar a reprogramação de fibroblastos oculares pelas células-tronco pluripotentes induzidas. Tanto os fibroblastos de pterígio humano quanto os fibroblastos da cápsula de Tenon humanos são seguros e eficientes para a reprogramação de células-tronco pluripotentes induzidas. Embora as eficiências de reprogramação das células-tronco pluripotentes induzidas de origem ocular sob condições xeno-livres não tenham sido superiores às eficiências observadas para o sistema tradicional de reprogramação, o sistema de reprogramação sistema de terapia celular é uma boa opção para a indução de células-tronco pluripotentes induzidas sob condições xeno-livres.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pterygium/pathology , Cell Culture Techniques/methods , Eye/cytology , Cellular Reprogramming/physiology , Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells/cytology , Fibroblasts/cytology , Cell Differentiation/physiology , Cell Transdifferentiation
2.
Braz. dent. j ; 28(4): 435-439, July-Aug. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888677

ABSTRACT

Abstract The purpose of this study was to evaluate if the renewal of milk as a storage medium, every 12, 24 and 48 h, is able to increase its ability to maintain human periodontal ligament fibroblasts (PDLF) viability over time. PDLF were soaked in Minimum Essential Medium at 37 °C (MEM-37) (positive control), tap water (Water) (negative control) and in skimmed milk (44 wells) at 5 °C and 20 °C. The skimmed milk was renewed every 12 h (Milk-12), 24 h (Milk-24) and 48 h (Milk-48) in 11 wells of each plate, and the milk in the remaining 11 wells of each plate was maintained in situ (not renewed milk) (NRM). After 24, 48, 72, 96 and 120 h, cell viability was determined by the tetrazolium salt-based colorimetric (MTT) assay. Data were statistically analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis, Scheffé and Mann-Whitney tests (a=5%). At 5 °C, only Milk-48 was significantly better than NRM. At 20 °C, NRM was more effective than Milk-12 and Milk-24 in all time periods. In relation to the temperature (5 °C or 20 °C), renewal of milk at 5 °C was better in maintaining cell viability than the renewal at 20 °C. In conclusion, the renewal of milk was able to increase its ability to maintain cell viability only when performed every 48 h in milk maintained at 5 °C.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar se a renovação do leite, a cada 12, 24 e 48 h, é capaz de aumentar sua capacidade de manter a viabilidade de fibroblastos do ligamento periodontal humano (FLPH) ao longo do tempo. FLPH foram conservados em Meio Essencial Mínimo a 37 °C (MEM-37) (controle positivo), água da torneira (água) (controle negativo) e em leite desnatado (44 poços) a 5 °C e 20 °C. O leite desnatado foi renovado a cada 12 h (leite-12), 24 h (leite-24) e 48 h (leite-48) em 11 poços de cada placa, e em outros 11 poços de cada placa o leite foi deixado in situ (leite não renovado) (LNR). Depois de 24, 48, 72, 96 e 120 h, a viabilidade celular foi determinada pelo ensaio colorimétrico à base de sal tetrazólio (MTT). Os dados foram analisados estatisticamente pelos testes de Kruskal-Wallis, Scheffé e Mann-Whitney (α=5%). A 5 °C, somente o leite-48 foi significantemente melhor do que o LNR. A 20 °C, LNR foi mais efetivo do que o leite-12 e leite-24 em todos os períodos de tempo. Em relação à temperatura (5 °C ou 20 °C), a renovação do leite a 5 °C foi melhor na manutenção da viabilidade celular do que a renovação a 20 °C. Concluindo, a renovação do leite foi capaz de aumentar sua habilidade em manter a viabilidade celular apenas quando realizada a cada 48 h no leite mantido a 5 °C.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Cell Survival , Milk , Periodontal Ligament/cytology , Colorimetry , Culture Media , Fibroblasts/cytology , In Vitro Techniques , Time and Motion Studies , Tooth Avulsion , Tooth Replantation
3.
Acta cir. bras ; 32(5): 359-368, May 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-837709

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the changes of caveolin-1 in lung fibroblasts in newborn Wistar rats when exposed to hyperoxic conditions, as well as lung fibroblasts cell cycle. Methods: One hundred newborn Wistar rats were randomly divided (50 rats/group) into experimental and control groups, exposed to hyperoxic conditions or normal air, respectively. The fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) in the experimental group was 90%, whereas this value was 21% in the control group. Lung fibroblasts were collected on days 3, 7, and 14 of the experiment. Caveolin-1 expression dynamics in lung fibroblasts was assayed in each group by immunofluorescence and Western blot analyses. Flow cytometry (FCM) was used to assess the proportions of lung fibroblasts at different stages of the cell cycle. Results: On day 3, no significant difference in caveolin-1 expression was observed between the hyperoxic and control groups; however, on days 7 and 14, caveolin-1 expression was significantly lower in the hyperoxic group than in the control (P<0.05). No apparent differences were observed in caveolin-1 expression in the control group at the different time points. Using FCM analysis, we showed that the proportion of lung fibroblasts in G0/G1 phase in the hyperoxic group decreased compared to that of the control group on day 7, while the proportion of S-phase cells increased (P<0.05). These differences were more significant when the groups were compared on day 14 (P<0.01). Conclusion: After seven days the exposure to hyperoxic conditions, lung fibroblasts proliferated and caveolin-1 expression decreased.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Cell Proliferation , Caveolin 1/metabolism , Fibroblasts/metabolism , Lung/metabolism , Lung Diseases/metabolism , Oxygen/pharmacology , Random Allocation , Cell Cycle , Cells, Cultured , Chronic Disease , Rats, Wistar , Hyperoxia , Models, Animal , Caveolin 1/pharmacology , Fibroblasts/cytology , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Lung/cytology , Lung/drug effects , Lung Diseases/classification , Lung Diseases/chemically induced , Animals, Newborn
4.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 32(2): 295-298, 2017. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-847450

ABSTRACT

A Hiperplasia Estromal Pseudoangiomatosa (PASH) é uma doença benigna caracterizada pela proliferação excessiva de fibroblastos e miofibroblastos, podendo levar a um crescimento mamário importante. A apresentação é rara, em especial ocasionando necessidade de mastectomia em pacientes jovens. O estudo apresentou o relato de caso raro de uma paciente de 11 anos de idade, com hipertrofia mamária de rápida progressão, com necessidade de mastectomia e posteriormente mamoplastia de aumento para completa reinserção social.


Pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia is a benign disease characterized by excessive proliferation of fibroblasts and myofibroblasts, which can lead to significant breast growth. The presentation is rare, especially among young women and cases requiring mastectomy. This report describes a rare case of an 11-year-old female patient with rapidly progressing mammary hypertrophy, who needed mastectomy and then mammoplasty for complete social integration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , History, 21st Century , Breast , Child , Mammaplasty , Myofibroblasts , Fibroblasts , Hyperplasia , Mastectomy , Breast/abnormalities , Breast/surgery , Breast/growth & development , Mammaplasty/adverse effects , Mammaplasty/methods , Myofibroblasts/cytology , Fibroblasts/cytology , Hyperplasia/surgery , Hyperplasia/pathology , Mastectomy/adverse effects , Mastectomy/methods
5.
Braz. dent. j ; 27(5): 492-496, Sept.-Oct. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-828031

ABSTRACT

Abstract Bis-acryl resins are used for temporary dental restorations and have shown advantages over other materials. The aim of this work was to evaluate the in vitro cytotoxicity of two bis-acryl composite resins (Protemp 4 and Luxatemp Star), obtained at 1, 7 and 40 days after mixing the resin components, using a standardized assay employing human primary cells closely related to oral tissues. Human gingival fibroblast cell cultures were exposed for 24 h to either bis-acryl composite resins, polystyrene beads (negative control) and latex (positive control) extracts obtained after incubation by the different periods, at 37 °C under 5% CO2. Cell viability was evaluated using a multiparametric procedure involving sequential assessment (using the same cells) of mitochondrial activity (XTT assay), membrane integrity (neutral red test) and total cell density (crystal violet dye exclusion test). The cells exposed to the resin extracts showed cell viability indexes exceeding 75% after 24 h. Even when cells were exposed to extracts prepared with longer conditioning times, the bis-acryl composite resins showed no significant cytotoxic effects (p>0.05), compared to the control group or in relation to the first 24 h of contact with the products. There were no differences among the results obtained for the bis-acryl composite resins evaluated 24 h, 7 days and 40 days after mixing. It may be concluded that the bis-acryl resins Protemp 4 and Luxatemp Star were cytocompatible with human gingival fibroblasts, suggesting that both materials are suitable for use in contact with human tissues.


Resumo Resinas bisacrílicas são usadas em restaurações dentárias provisórias e têm mostrado vantagens em relação a outros materiais. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a citotoxicidade in vitro de duas resinas compostas bisacrílicas (Protemp 4 e Luxatemp Star), obtidas após 1, 7 e 40 dias da mistura com os componentes da resina, usando um ensaio padronizado empregando células primárias humanas fortemente relacionadas aos tecidos orais. Culturas de células de fibroblastos gengivais humanos foram expostas por 24 h aos extratos das resinas bisacrílicas, esferas de poliestireno (controle negativo) e látex (controle positivo), obtidos após diferentes períodos de incubação, a 37 °C e com 5% CO2. A viabilidade celular foi avaliada usando procedimentos multiparamétricos que envolvem a avaliação sequencial (usando as mesmas células) da atividade mitocondrial (ensaio XTT), a integridade de membrana (teste do vermelho neutro) e a densidade celular total (teste de exclusão do corante cristal violeta). As células expostas aos extratos mostraram viabilidade celular acima de 75% depois de 24 h. Mesmo quando as células foram expostas aos extratos com aumento do tempo de condicionamento, as resinas bisacrílicas não apresentaram efeitos citotóxicos significativos (p<0,05), comparadas ao grupo controle ou em relação às primeiras 24 h de contato com os produtos. Não houve diferença entre os resultados obtidos para as resinas bisacrílicas avaliadas entre as 24 h, 7 e 40 dias depois da mistura. Concluímos que as resinas bisacrílicas Protemp 4 e Luxatemp Star foram citocompatíveis com os fibroblastos gengivais humanos, sugerindo que ambos materiais são adequados para uso em contato com tecidos humanos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Composite Resins , Gingiva/cytology , Fibroblasts/cytology
6.
Braz. dent. j ; 27(5): 485-491, Sept.-Oct. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-828049

ABSTRACT

Abstract Fibroblasts participate in the wound repair process through proliferation and migration as well as the synthesis of factors growth and extracellular matrix molecules. However, cell aging and the individual himself can lead to reduction of cell functions and consequently, the ability of tissue repair. This study evaluated the activity of gingival fibroblasts from young (Y) and elderly (Y) patients and their responsiveness to tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-a). Gingival fibroblasts were isolated from six patients (3Y; and 3E) and seeded in complete culture medium (DMEM). For cell viability analysis, total protein production and collagen synthesis, fibroblasts were cultured in 96-well plates for 24, 48 or 72 h (n=36). Cell responses to TNF-a, was evaluated by application of this cytokine to cultured cells (100 ng/mL) for 24 h, followed by evaluation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), nitric oxide (NO) and CCL5 production (n=36). Data were analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis and the Mann-Whitney U tests (a = 0.05). Viability of E fibroblasts was higher than Y fibroblasts for 24 and 48 h, but these cells showed gradual reduction of viability over the course of time. For Y cells, reduced collagen synthesis was observed at 48 h. No difference was observed in ROS production for both cells after TNF-a exposure. However, both cultures showed increased production of NO and CCL5 in the presence of TNF-a. Functional differences and distinct responsiveness to TNF-a were observed according to patient's age.


Resumo Fibroblastos participam no processo de reparação de ferida através da proliferação e migração, bem como a síntese de fatores de crescimento e moléculas da matriz extracelular. No entanto, o envelhecimento celular e o próprio indivíduo podem levar à redução de funções celulares e, consequentemente, a capacidade de reparação de tecidos. Este estudo avaliou a atividade dos fibroblastos gengivais de pacientes jovens (J) e idosos (I) e sua capacidade de resposta frente ao fator de necrose tumoral alfa (TNF-a). Fibroblastos gengivais foram isolados de seis pacientes (3J e 3I) e semeados em meio de cultura completo (DMEM). Para a análise de viabilidade celular, a produção de proteína total e a síntese de colágeno, fibroblastos foram cultivados em placas de 96 poços, durante 24, 48 ou 72 h (n = 36). Respostas celulares frente ao TNF-a, foram avaliadas por aplicação desta citocina (100 ng/mL) nas células cultivadas durante 24 h, seguida por avaliação de espécies reativas de oxigênio (EROs), produção de óxido nítrico (NO) e produção CCL5 (n= 36). Os dados foram analisados por testes de Kruskal-Wallis e Mann-Whitney U (a = 0,05). A viabilidade de fibroblastos I foi mais elevada do que os fibroblastos J para 24 e 48 h, mas estas células mostraram uma redução gradual de viabilidade ao longo do tempo. Para as células de J, foi observada redução da síntese de colágeno em 48 h. Não foi observada diferença na produção de EROs para ambas as células após exposição ao TNF-a. No entanto, ambas as culturas apresentaram aumento da produção de NO e CCL5 na presença de TNF-a. Diferenças funcionais e alteração na capacidade de resposta ao TNF-a foram observadas de acordo com a idade do paciente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Gingiva/cytology , Fibroblasts/cytology
7.
Braz. dent. j ; 27(4): 404-407, July-Aug. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-794621

ABSTRACT

Abstract The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of various storage media at 20 °C in maintaining the viability of human periodontal ligament fibroblasts (HPLF) over time. HPLF were maintained at 20 °C in skim milk (SM), whole milk (WM), freshly prepared Hank's balanced salt solution (HBSS), Save-A-Tooth(r), natural coconut water (NCW), coconut water industrialized (ICW) and tap water (negative control) for 3, 6, 24, 48, 72, 96 and 120 h. Cells maintained in Minimal Essential Medium (MEM-37) at 37 °C served as a positive control. Cell viability was determined by MTT assay. Statistical analysis was performed by Kruskal-Wallis test and Scheffe test (α = 5%). From 24 h, NCW was significantly better in maintaining cell viability than all other tested storage media (p<0.05). SM and WM were significantly better than HBSS for up to 72 h. Save-A-Tooth(r) and ICW were the worst conservation storage media. In conclusion, the effectiveness of the tested storage media to maintain the viability of the periodontal ligament cells was as follows, in a descending order: NCW > MEM-37> SM and IM> HBSS> ICW > Save-A-Tooth(r)> tap water.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a efetividade de vários meios de conservação a 20 °C em manter a viabilidade de fibroblastos do ligamento periodontal humano (FLPH) ao longo do tempo. FLPH foram conservados a 20 °C em leite desnatado (LD), leite integral (LI), solução salina balanceada de Hank (HBSS) recém preparada, Save-A-Tooth(r) (Save), água de coco natural (ACN), água de coco industrializada (ACI) e água de torneira (água - controle negativo) por 3, 6, 24, 48, 72, 96 e 120 h. Células conservadas em Meio Essencial Mínimo (MEM-37) a 37 °C serviram como controle-positivo. A viabilidade celular foi determinada pelo ensaio MTT. A análise estatística dos dados foi realizada pelos testes Kruskal-Wallis e Scheffé (α=5%). A partir de 24 h, ACN foi significantemente melhor em manter a viabilidade celular do que todos os outros meios testados (p<0,05). LD e LI foram significantemente melhores do que a HBSS por até 72 h. Save e ACI foram os piores meios de conservação. Concluindo, a efetividade dos meios de conservação testados em manter a viabilidade das células do ligamento periodontal foi a seguinte em ordem decrescente: ACN > MEM-37 > LD e LI > HBSS > ACI > Save > água.


Subject(s)
Cocos , Fibroblasts/cytology , Temperature , Sodium Chloride
8.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1282-1285, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-79762

ABSTRACT

To determine whether platelet-rich fibrin lysate (PRF-L) could restore the function of chronically ultraviolet-A (UVA)-irradiated human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs), we isolated and sub-cultured HDFs from six different human foreskins. HDFs were divided into two groups: those that received chronic UVA irradiation (total dosages of 10 J cm-2) and those that were not irradiated. We compared the proliferation rates, collagen deposition, and migration rates between the groups and between chronically UVA-irradiated HDFs in control and PRF-L-treated media. Our experiment showed that chronic UVA irradiation significantly decreased (p<0.05) the proliferation rates, migration rates, and collagen deposition of HDFs, compared to controls. Compared to control media, chronically UVA-irradiated HDFs in 50% PRF-L had significantly increased proliferation rates, migration rates, and collagen deposition (p<0.05), and the migration rates and collagen deposition of chronically UVA-irradiated HDFs in 50% PRF-L were equal to those of normal fibroblasts. Based on this experiment, we concluded that PRF-L is a good candidate material for treating UVA-induced photoaging of skin, although the best method for its clinical application remains to be determined.


Subject(s)
Blood Platelets/cytology , Cell Movement/radiation effects , Cell Proliferation/radiation effects , Cells, Cultured , Collagen/metabolism , Fibrin/metabolism , Fibroblasts/cytology , Humans , Skin/cytology , Time Factors , Ultraviolet Rays/adverse effects
9.
Braz. dent. j ; 26(6): 602-606, Nov.-Dec. 2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-769548

ABSTRACT

Mucograft(r) is a resorbing porcine matrix composed of type I and type III collagen, used for soft tissue augmentation in guided tissue bony regeneration procedures. This in vitro study aimed to evaluate the biological behavior of Mucograft(r) in human gingival fibroblasts, as well as the ability of the matrix to induce production of extracellular matrix. Six resorbing Mucograft(r) matrices (MCG) were cut into 3 x 2 mm rectangles and 5 x 5 mm squares and were placed in 96- and 24-well plates, respectively. The control group (CTRL) consisted of cells plated on polystyrene without the MCG. After one, two, three and seven days, cell proliferation and viability were assessed using the Trypan exclusion method and MTT test, respectively. Type III collagen (COL 3A1) and vimentin (VIM) expression were also evaluated at 10 and 14 days, using Western blotting. Statistical analysis, using ANOVA with post hoc Bonferroni test, revealed that human gingival fibroblasts from MCG showed similar results (p>0.05) for proliferation and viability as the cells cultured on CTRL. After 14 days, a significant decrease in COL 3A1 expression (p<0.05) was observed when cultured with the MCG. VIM expression showed no significant difference at any time period (p>0.05). Although no increase in extracellular matrix secretion was observed in this in vitro study, Mucograft(r) presented cellular compatibility, being an option for a scaffold whenever it is required.


Resumo A Mucograft(r) é uma matriz reabsorvível, de origem suína, composta de colágenos do tipo I e III, utilizada para aumento de tecido mole em regeneração óssea guiada. Este estudo in vitro teve como objetivo avaliar o comportamento biológico da Mucograft(r), em fibroblastos gengivais humanos, bem como a indução da síntese de matriz extracelular. Seis matrizes reabsorvíveis de Mucograft(r) (MCG) foram cortadas em retângulos e quadrados medindo 3 x 2 mm e 5 x 5 mm e alocadas em placas de 96 e 24 poços, respectivamente. O grupo controle (CTRL) consistiu no plaqueamento celular em poliestireno, sem MCG. Após um, dois, três e sete dias, a proliferação e a viabilidade celular foram avaliadas utilizando o corante vital azul de Trypan e o teste MTT, respectivamente. Além disso, a expressão de colágeno tipo III (COL 3A1) e vimentina (VIM) foi avaliada após 10 e 14 dias, por meio de Western-blotting. Após análise estatística (Anova e pós teste de Bonferroni), pode-se observar que os fibroblastos gengivais humanos, cultivados sobre MCG, apresentaram proliferação e viabilidade semelhantes em comparação às células que foram cultivadas apenas no poliestireno (CTRL). Após 14 dias, notou-se uma diminuição significativa da expressão de COL 3A1 (p<0,05) quando as células foram cultivadas sobre a MCG. A expressão da VIM não mostrou diferença significativa em nenhum dos períodos estudados (p>0,05). No presente estudo in vitro pode-se concluir que apesar de não ter sido observado aumento da síntese de matriz extracelular, a Mucograft(r) apresentou compatibilidade celular, sendo uma opção de biomaterial em casos que o arcabouço é necessário.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biocompatible Materials , Collagen Type I , Collagen Type III , Gingiva/cytology , Cell Proliferation , Fibroblasts/cytology , In Vitro Techniques
10.
Salud pública Méx ; 56(6): 631-637, nov.-dic. 2014.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-733342

ABSTRACT

Objetivo. Analizar la percepción que el prestador de servicios de salud y el adulto mayor (AM) tienen sobre el maltrato al AM en los servicios públicos de salud, en ciudades seleccionadas de México. Material y métodos. De 2009 a 2012 se realizó un estudio con diseño cualitativo y estrategia de triangulación de fuentes de datos; se efectuaron entrevistas semiestructuradas a 13 prestadores y a 12 ancianos para recuperar su experiencia en el tema. El análisis utilizó procedimientos de la Teoría Fundamentada. Resultados. El maltrato contra el AM es una práctica naturalizada por el personal y por el anciano, la cual se manifiesta de formas diversas. Conclusiones. La institucionalización, profesionalización histórica y falta de conciencia sobre las necesidades de los AM demandan cambios de planeación, organización y supervisión del Sistema de Salud. El personal requiere intervenciones de formación, capacitación y cambio de actitudes/comportamiento, para otorgar atención integral, digna, humana y de respeto a los Derechos Humanos de los AM.


Objective. To analyze the health care providers (HCP) and elderly patients' perceptions about abuse of the elderly by health personnel of public health services, in selected cities in Mexico. Materials and methods. A qualitative study and a strategy of data triangulation were performed during 2009 and 2012; 13 HCPs and 12 elders were interviewed, in order to obtain their experience regarding elder abuse. Grounded Theory proceedings were used for the analysis. Results. Elder abuse is a naturalized practice, from HCP and elderly people's point of view; these perceptions are showed in different ways. Conclusion. Institutionalization, historical professionalization and lack of consciousness about needs of the elderly (sociocultural and economic), require changes in planning, organization and monitoring process in the Health System; training and educational interventions on staff and exchange attitudes and behavior are necessary in order to offer a health care that is comprehensive, decent, human and with respect for the human rights.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Mice , Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic/pharmacology , Cyclins/metabolism , Enzyme Inhibitors/metabolism , Phenylacetates/pharmacology , Antisense Elements (Genetics) , Breast Neoplasms , Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases/metabolism , Cell Division/drug effects , Cyclin-Dependent Kinases/genetics , Cyclin-Dependent Kinases/metabolism , Cyclins/genetics , Fibroblasts/cytology , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Fibroblasts/enzymology , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/physiology , Mice, Knockout , Phosphorylation , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/genetics , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Retinoblastoma Protein/metabolism , Signal Transduction/physiology , Tumor Cells, Cultured/cytology , Tumor Cells, Cultured/drug effects , Tumor Cells, Cultured/enzymology , Up-Regulation/drug effects
11.
Braz. dent. j ; 25(5): 447-450, Sep-Oct/2014. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-731048

ABSTRACT

The radicular cyst is an inflammatory odontogenic cyst of endodontic origin. Radiographically, the lesion appears as a periapical radiolucent image. This report describes a very rare case of a mixed periapical radiographic image diagnosed as a radicular cyst. A 37-year-old female patient presented a mixed, well-circumscribed image located in the periapical region of the left maxillary central incisor, which presented unsatisfactory endodontic treatment. Microscopic examination revealed a cavity lined by non-keratinized squamous epithelium and extensive calcifications in the cystic lumen and lining epithelium. Diagnosis of radicular cyst with extensive calcifications was established. Endodontic retreatment was performed and no radiographic signs of recurrence were observed 18 months after treatment. Although very rare, a radicular cyst should be considered in the differential diagnosis of a mixed periapical image associated to teeth with pulp necrosis.


O cisto radicular é um cisto odontogênico inflamatório de origem endodôntica. Radiograficamente, a lesão se apresenta como uma imagem radiolúcida periapical. Este relato descreve um caso muito raro de uma imagem radiográfica periapical mista diagnosticada como cisto radicular. Uma paciente de 37 anos de idade, do gênero feminino, apresentava uma imagem mista, bem circunscrita, localizada na região periapical do incisivo central superior esquerdo, que apresentava tratamento endodôntico insatisfatório. Avaliação microscópica revelou uma cavidade revestida por epitélio escamoso não-queratinizado e calcificações extensas na cavidade cística e revestimento epitelial. O diagnóstico de cisto radicular com extensas calcificações foi estabelecido. Retratamento endodôntico foi realizado e não foram observados sinais radiográficos de recorrência da lesão após 18 meses de tratamento. Embora muito raro, um cisto radicular deve ser considerado no diagnóstico diferencial de uma imagem periapical mista associada a dentes com necrose pulpar.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Cellular Senescence/physiology , Genes, ras/genetics , MAP Kinase Signaling System/physiology , Nuclear Proteins , /metabolism , Cell Fractionation , Cells, Cultured , Colony-Forming Units Assay , Cell Cycle/physiology , Enzyme Activation , Embryo, Mammalian/physiology , Fibroblasts/cytology , Fibroblasts/metabolism , MAP Kinase Kinase 1 , Mice, Knockout , Microscopy, Fluorescence , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases/metabolism , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins/metabolism , Temperature , /metabolism , ras Proteins/metabolism
12.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 34(7): 682-688, jul. 2014. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-720445

ABSTRACT

Blood profiles were determined in 47 juvenile green turtles, Chelonia mydas, from São Paulo northern coast, Brazil. Twenty-nine were affected by fibropapillomas and 18 were tumor free. Complete gross and histopathologic examinations of the fibropapillo were performed in 21 green turtles. Biometrical data, size, location and amount of tumors were recorded. The papillomas varied in morphology, location, size, color and texture. We found hyperplastic stroma, rich in blood vessels and connective tissue with increase in thickness of the dermis. The tumors w0ere classified as papillomas or fibropapillomas according to their epithelial and/or stromal proliferation. The lowest Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin (HCM) values were observed in affected turtles.


Realizou-se hemograma de 47 tartarugas verdes, Chelonia mydas, provenientes de uma população de vida livre do litoral do estado de São Paulo, Brasil. Dessas, 29 apresentavam fibropapilomas e 18 não apresentavam formação tumoral. Fez-se avaliação macroscópica e histopatológica dos tumores de 21 tartarugas verdes com fibropapilomatose. Foram coletados dados biométricos dos animais, avaliação de tamanho, localização e quantidade dos tumores. As formações papilomatosas apresentaram morfologia, localização, tamanho, coloração e textura variados. Observou-se um estroma hiperplásico, rico em vasos sanguíneos e grande quantidade de tecido conjuntivo, resultando em um espessamento da derme. As formações foram classificadas como papilomas e/ou fibropapilomas, dependendo da proliferação epitelial e/ou de estroma, respectivamente. Os parâmetros hematológicos apresentaram variação, em função do acometimento tumoral, somente para Hemoglobina Corpuscular Média (HCM), sendo observados valores menores em animais com fibropapilomas.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Cell Count/veterinary , Scleromyxedema/veterinary , Fibroblasts/cytology , Turtles/blood , Anemia, Hypochromic/veterinary , Biometry
13.
J. appl. oral sci ; 22(1): 29-37, Jan-Feb/2014. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-699912

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze Mucograft®(MG), a recently introduced collagen matrix, in vitro and in vivo, and compare it with BioGide®(BG), a well-established collagen membrane, as control. Material and Methods: A detailed analysis of the materials surface and ultra-structure was performed. Cellular growth patterns and proliferation rates of human fibroblasts on MG and BG were analyzed in vitro. In addition, the early tissue reaction of CD-1 mouse to these materials was analyzed by means of histological and histomorphometrical analysis. Results: MG showed a three-fold higher thickness both in dry and wet conditions, when compared to BG. The spongy surface of BG significantly differed from that of MG. Cells showed a characteristic proliferation pattern on the different materials in vitro. Fibroblasts tended to proliferate on the compact layers of both collagens, with the highest values on the compact side of BG. In vivo, at day three both materials demonstrated good tissue integration, with a mononuclear cell sheet of fibroblasts on all surfaces, however, without penetrating into the materials. Conclusions: The findings of this study showed that MG and BG facilitate cell proliferation on both of their surfaces in vitro. In vivo, these two materials induce a comparable early tissue reaction, while serving as cell occlusive barriers. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Female , Mice , Biocompatible Materials/pharmacology , Cell Proliferation , Collagen Type I/pharmacology , Collagen Type III/pharmacology , Fibroblasts/cytology , Cell Survival , Cells, Cultured , Collagen/pharmacology , Immunohistochemistry , Materials Testing , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Surface Properties , Time Factors
14.
Biol. Res ; 47: 1-8, 2014. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950737

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The root of Angelica sinensis (AS), also known as "Dang-gui," was a popular herbal medicine widely used in the treatment of gynecological diseases in China, Korea, and Japan for a long time. This study aimed to determine the effects of ethyl acetate fraction from Angelica sinensis (EAAS) on the interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß)-induced proliferation of rheumatoid arthritis synovial fibroblasts (RASFs), and production of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), cyclooxygenase (COX) 2, and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), involved in articular bone and cartilage destruction, by RASFs. RESULTS: RASF proliferation was evaluated with cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-8) reagent in the presence of IL-1ß with/without EAAS. Expression of MMPs, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1), COXs, PGE2, and intracellular mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling molecules, including p-ERK, p-p38, p-JNK, and NF-κB, were examined using immunoblotting or semi-quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. EAAS inhibited IL-1ß-induced RASF proliferation; MMP-1, MMP-3, and COX-2 mRNA and protein expressions; and PGE2 production. EAAS also inhibits the phosphorylation of ERK-1/2, p38, and JNK, and activation of NF-κB by IL-1ß. CONCLUSION: EAAS might be a new therapeutic modality for rheumatoid arthritis management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/metabolism , Bursa, Synovial/cytology , Inflammation Mediators/metabolism , Angelica sinensis/chemistry , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/pathology , Recombinant Proteins/pharmacology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Dinoprostone/metabolism , Immunoblotting , NF-kappa B/drug effects , Plant Roots/chemistry , Matrix Metalloproteinases/drug effects , Matrix Metalloproteinases/metabolism , Herbal Medicine , Cyclooxygenase 2/drug effects , Cyclooxygenase 2/metabolism , Interleukin-1beta/pharmacology , Primary Cell Culture , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Fibroblasts/cytology , Fibroblasts/metabolism , Flow Cytometry , Knee Joint/cytology , Acetates
15.
Saudi Medical Journal. 2014; 35 (8): 810-815
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-148866

ABSTRACT

To assess the cytotoxic potential of Salvadora persica [S. persica] extracts on human gingival fibroblast [HGF] cells. This study was conducted between January and May 2012 in collaboration with Dental Caries Research Chair, College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Extracts of S. persica using hexane, ethylacetate, and ethanol as solvents at concentrations of 0.5 mg/ml and 1 mg/ml were evaluated for their cytotoxic activity against HGFs using the 3 cytotoxic assays: [3-[4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide, a tetrazole] [MTS], lactic dehydrogenase [LDH], and crystal violet [CV]. International standards for the evaluation of medical materials recommended cut-off value of cell survival >70% was used for interpretation of the results. Ethanol extract of S. persica at 0.5 mg/ml and 1 mg/ml and hexane extract of S. persica at 0.5 mg/ml were completely devoid of cytotoxic activity, hexane extract at 1 mg/ml in comparison with controls demonstrated some cytotoxicity with cell survival of 88% [p=0.045] in MTS, 86% [p=0.01] in LDH, and 88% [p=0.002] in CV assays. Similarly, ethyl acetate extract of S. persica at 0.5 mg/ml maintained cell viability of 91% in MTS, 81% in LDH, and 80% in CV assays. Maximum cytotoxicity against HGFs was observed with ethyl acetate extract of S. persica at 1 mg/ml with cell survival of 60% in MTS, 40% in LDH, and 66% CV assays [p=0.0001]. The acceptable level of cytotoxicity associated with S. persica ethanol and hexane extracts requires further evaluation to be used as irrigation solutions in endodontic treatment


Subject(s)
Humans , Fibroblasts/cytology , Gingiva/cytology , Plant Extracts/toxicity
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-163317

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to elucidate the origin and cellular composition of retrocorneal membranes (RCMs) associated with chemical burns using immunohistochemical staining for primitive cell markers. Six cases of RCMs were collected during penetrating keratoplasty. We examined RCMs with hematoxylin and eosin (H&E), periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) staining and immunohistochemical analysis using monoclonal antibodies against hematopoietic stem cells (CD34, CD133, c-kit), mesenchymal stem cells (beta-1-integrin, TGF-beta, vimentin, hSTRO-1), fibroblasts (FGF-beta, alpha-smooth muscle actin), and corneal endothelial cells (type IV collagen, CD133, VEGF, VEGFR1). Histologic analysis of RCMs revealed an organized assembly of spindle-shaped cells, pigment-laden cells, and thin collagenous matrix structures. RCMs were positive for markers of mesenchymal stem cells including beta-1-integrin, TGF-beta, vimentin, and hSTRO-1. Fibroblast markers were also positive, including FGF-beta and alpha-smooth muscle actin (SMA). In contrast, immunohistochemical staining was negative for hematopoietic stem cell markers including CD34, CD133 and c-kit as well as corneal endothelial cell markers such as type IV collagen, CD133 except VEGF and VEGFR1. Pigment-laden cells did not stain with any antibodies. The results of this study suggest that RCMs consist of a thin collagen matrix and fibroblast-like cells and may be a possible neogenetic structure produced from a lineage of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Antigens, CD/metabolism , Cornea/cytology , Cytokines/metabolism , Endothelial Cells/cytology , Female , Fibroblasts/cytology , Hematopoietic Stem Cells/cytology , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/metabolism , Male , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Middle Aged , Stem Cells/cytology
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-124863

ABSTRACT

In covering wounds, efforts should include utilization of the safest and least invasive methods with goals of achieving optimal functional and cosmetic outcome. The recent development of advanced wound healing technology has triggered the use of cells to improve wound healing conditions. The purpose of this review is to provide information on clinically available cell-based treatment options for healing of acute and chronic wounds. Compared with a variety of conventional methods, such as skin grafts and local flaps, the cell therapy technique is simple, less time-consuming, and reduces the surgical burden for patients in the repair of acute wounds. Cell therapy has also been developed for chronic wound healing. By transplanting cells with an excellent wound healing capacity profile to chronic wounds, in which wound healing cannot be achieved successfully, attempts are made to convert the wound bed into the environment where maximum wound healing can be achieved. Fibroblasts, keratinocytes, adipose-derived stromal vascular fraction cells, bone marrow stem cells, and platelets have been used for wound healing in clinical practice. Some formulations are commercially available. To establish the cell therapy as a standard treatment, however, further research is needed.


Subject(s)
Blood Platelets/metabolism , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Fibroblasts/cytology , Humans , Keratinocytes/cytology , Stromal Cells/cytology , Tissue Engineering , Ulcer/etiology , Wound Healing
18.
J. appl. oral sci ; 21(2): 99-105, Mar-Apr/2013. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-674355

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the production of the chemokines CCL3 and CXCL12 by cultured dental pulp fibroblasts from permanent (PDPF) and deciduous (DDPF) teeth under stimulation by Porphyromonas gingivalis LPS (PgLPS). Material and Methods: Primary culture of fibroblasts from permanent (n=3) and deciduous (n=2) teeth were established using an explant technique. After the fourth passage, fibroblasts were stimulated by increasing concentrations of PgLPS (0 – 10 µg/mL) at 1, 6 and 24 h. The cells were tested for viability through MTT assay, and production of the chemokines CCL3 and CXCL12 was determined through ELISA. Comparisons among samples were performed using One-way ANOVA for MTT assay and Two-way ANOVA for ELISA results. Results: Cell viability was not affected by the antigen after 24 h of stimulation. PgLPS induced the production of CCL3 by dental pulp fibroblasts at similar levels for both permanent and deciduous pulp fibroblasts. Production of CXCL12, however, was significantly higher for PDPF than DDPF at 1 and 6 h. PgLPS, in turn, downregulated the production of CXCL12 by PDPF but not by DDPF. Conclusion: These data suggest that dental pulp fibroblasts from permanent and deciduous teeth may present a differential behavior under PgLPS stimulation. .


Subject(s)
Humans , /biosynthesis , /biosynthesis , Dental Pulp/metabolism , Fibroblasts/metabolism , In Vitro Techniques , Porphyromonas gingivalis/metabolism , Analysis of Variance , Cell Survival , Cells, Cultured , Dentition, Permanent , Dental Pulp/cytology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Fibroblasts/cytology , Time Factors , Tooth, Deciduous/metabolism
19.
Braz. dent. j ; 24(2): 128-135, Mar-Apr/2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-675657

ABSTRACT

As dogs are good models for in vivo studies, it is interesting to evaluate the behavior of canine gingival fibroblasts (CGF) in vitro, so that these cells could be seeded on a matrix and later studied in vivo. The aim of this study was to perform a morphological, functional and biochemical analysis of CGF, comparing it with human gingival fibroblasts (HGF), as well as to evaluate the change of their characteristics over several passages. Using gingival fibroblasts from 3 dogs and 3 humans in the subculture (Sub), first (P1), third (P3), fifth (P5) and seventh (P7) passages, the following parameters were assessed: cell morphology, spreading, adhesion, viability and total protein content. The results showed no major differences between the passages in terms of morphology and spreading, and a tendency of greater adhesion and viability for HGF when compared with CGF. The total protein content was significantly higher for HGF. HGF exhibited greater functional and biochemical activity in vitro compared to CGF. Higher numbers at Sub were observed for both CGF and HGF in all evaluated parameters. The differences do not prevent the use of CGF for tissue engineering, but its use seems to be more appropriate in the subculture or first passage.


Resumo Como os cães são um bom modelo para estudos in vivo, é interessante avaliar o comportamento de fibroblastos gengivais de cão (CGF) in vitro, para que essas células possam ser cultivadas em uma matriz e estudadas in vivo posteriormente. O objetivo do presente estudo foi realizar uma análise morfológica, funcional e bioquímica de CGF, comparando-os a fibroblastos gengivais humanos (HGF), bem como avaliar as alterações dessas características ao longo de várias passagens. Usando fibroblastos gengivais de 3 cães e 3 indivíduos na subcultura (Sub), primeira (P1), terceira (P3), quinta (P5) e sétima (P7) passagens, os seguintes parâmetros foram avaliados: morfologia, espraiamento, adesão, viabilidade e conteúdo de proteína total. Os resultados mostraram não haver diferenças significativas quanto à morfologia e espraiamento, e uma tendência a maior adesão e viabilidade para HGF, quando comparados a CGF. O conteúdo de proteína total foi significativamente maior para HGF. HGF exibiram maior atividade funcional e bioquímica in vitro quando comparados a CGF. Maiores valores na Sub foram observados para ambos, CGF e HGF, em todos os parâmetros avaliados. As diferenças não impedem o uso de CGF na engenharia tecidual, contudo, seu uso é mais apropriado na subcultura ou primeira passagem. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Humans , Fibroblasts/cytology , Gingiva/cytology , Cell Count , Cell Culture Techniques , Cell Shape , Cells, Cultured , Cell Adhesion/physiology , Cell Movement/physiology , Cell Survival/physiology , Fibroblasts/metabolism , Fibroblasts/physiology , Models, Animal , Primary Cell Culture , Proteins/analysis , Time Factors , Tissue Engineering/methods
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-168393

ABSTRACT

The interactions between the tumor microenvironment and tumor cells determine the behavior of the primary tumors. Whether cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAF) have a tumor progressive or a protective role likely depends on the type of tumor cells and the CAF subpopulation. In the present study, we analyzed the prognostic significance of CAF subpopulations in colorectal cancer (CRC). CAF phenotypes were analyzed in 302 CRC patients by using antibodies against podoplanin (PDPN), alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA), and S100A4. The relationship between the CAF phenotypes and 11 clinicopathological parameters were evaluated and their prognostic significance was analyzed from the disease-free and overall survival times. We observed that at the tumor invasive front, PDPN CAFs were present in 40% of the cases, and S100A4 or alpha-SMA CAFs were detected in all the cases. PDPN/S100A4 and alpha-SMA/S100A4 dual-stained CAFs were observed in 10% and 40% of the cases, respectively. The PDPN+ CAFs were associated with 6 favorable clinicopathological parameters and prolonged disease-free survival time. The PDPN-/alpha-SMA(high) CAFs were associated with 6 aggressive clinicopathological parameters and tended to exhibit shorter disease-free survival time. On the other hand, the PDPN-/S100A4(high) CAFs were associated with 2 tumor progression parameters, but not with disease prognosis. The PDPN+ CAF phenotype is distinct from the alpha-SMA or S100A4 CAFs in that it is associated with less aggressive tumors and a favorable prognosis, whereas the PDPN-/alpha-SMA(high) or PDPN-/S100A4(high) CAFs are associated with tumor progression in CRC. These findings suggest that CAFs can be a useful prognostic biomarker or potential targets of anti-cancer therapy in CRC.


Subject(s)
Actins/immunology , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antibodies/immunology , Carcinoembryonic Antigen/blood , Colorectal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Disease-Free Survival , Female , Fibroblasts/cytology , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Lymphatic Metastasis , Male , Membrane Glycoproteins/immunology , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging , Phenotype , Prognosis , S100 Proteins/immunology , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism
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