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1.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(1): 17-20, jan.-fev. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251318

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To observe clinically, in rabbits, the side effects of topical injection of subconjunctival cyclophosphamide, studying its role as an antifibrotic drug. Methods: Prospective study in 20 albino rabbits of New Zealand race. All rabbits were treated with cyclophosphamide, 10mg/ml in a volume of 0.3 ml, in the left eye through subconjunctival injection. They were evaluated for 1, 7, 30, and 60 days after the procedure. All the animals were examined for the detection of ocular reactions such as necrosis, hyperemia, chemosis, secretion, opacity, and iritis. Other side effects as changes in the behavior, in the feed, and the water consumption were also evaluated. Results: It was observed that from the 20 rabbits studied, three rabbits (15%) showed side effects only at the 24 hours analysis. One rabbit (5%) presented hyperemia, one rabbit (5%) had hyperemia associated with iritis, and one rabbit (5%) presented hyperemia associated with secretion. These reactions were not observed at 1, 7, 30, and 60 days. Conclusion: Cyclophosphamide subconjunctival injection induces minor side effects on the conjunctiva of rabbits such as hyperemia, associated with iritis and secretion.


RESUMO Objetivo: Observar clinicamente os efeitos colaterais de injeção subconjuntival de ciclofosfamida, pensando em sua ação como um agente antifibrótico. Métodos: Estudo prospectivo realizado com 20 coelhos albinos da raça Nova Zelândia. Todos os coelhos foram submetidos a 0,3 ml de injeção subconjuntival de ciclofosfamida 10mg/ml no olho esquerdo e foram avaliados de acordo com os efeitos locais no primeiro dia após a injeção, 7, 30 e 60 dias. Foram examinados para detecção de reações oculares como necrose, hiperemia, quemose, secreção, opacidade corneana, irite além de alterações comportamentais e variação no consumo de água e alimentação. Resultados: Dos 20 coelhos estudados, apenas 3 apresentaram reações oculares e somente na leitura de 24 horas. Um coelho (5%) apresentou hiperemia, 1 coelho (5%) apresentou hiperemia associada a presença de irite e 1 coelho (5%) apresentou hiperemia associada a presença de secreção. As reações não foram mais observadas durante os exames de 7, 30 e 60 dias. Conclusão: A ciclofosfamida subconjuntival causou poucos efeitos colaterais na conjuntiva dos coelhos. Os únicos efeitos encontrados foram hiperemia, irite e secreção.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Fibrosis/prevention & control , Conjunctiva/drug effects , Cyclophosphamide/adverse effects , Cyclophosphamide/pharmacology , Wound Healing/drug effects , Prospective Studies , Mitomycin/pharmacology , Cyclophosphamide/administration & dosage , Injections, Intraocular , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Fibroblasts/metabolism , Slit Lamp Microscopy
2.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 64: e21200093, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153294

ABSTRACT

HIGHLIGHTS Sodium arsenite can cause neoplastic transformation in cells. Curcumin reduced cell viability and increased LDH activity in transformed Balb/c 3T3 cells. Curcumin caused DNA damage in transformed Balb/c 3T3 cells. Curcumin may play a protective role in sodium arsenite-induced toxicity.


Abstract Arsenic is a toxic substance that spreads widely around the environment and accumulates as metalloid in the earth's crust. Arsenic and its derivatives are found in drinking water, nutrients, soil, and air. Exposure to arsenic is associated with lung, blood, skin cancer and various lesions. Curcumin is a polyphenolic compound derived from Curcuma longa (turmeric) rhizome and is one of the main curcuminoids. Curcumin is known to be antioxidant, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, analgesic effects. This study aimed to investigate the potential of sodium arsenite to transform embryonic fibroblast cells and to evaluate the cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of curcumin in neoplastic transformed cells. Neoplastic cells transformation was induced by sodium arsenite in Balb/c 3T3 cells at the end of 32 days. After transformation assay, the transformed cells were treated with various concentration of curcumin to evaluate cell viability, lactate dehydrogenase activity and DNA damage for 24h. The results revealed that curcumin decreased cell viability and increased the activity of lactate dehydrogenase enzyme in neoplastic transformed Balb/c 3T3 cells. In conclusion, the results demonstrated that curcumin has an anticancer effect on neoplastic transformed Balb/c 3T3 cells by causing DNA damage.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Arsenic/toxicity , DNA Damage , Cell Transformation, Neoplastic , Curcumin/pharmacology , Fibroblasts/drug effects , BALB 3T3 Cells , Fibroblasts/pathology
3.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e013, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089379

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study evaluated the effect of a cyclopentenone-type PG, 15-Deoxy-Δ12,14-PG J2 (15d-PGJ2), and lectin (ScLL) on the viability of human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs), and on IL-6 and TGFβ-1 release by these fibroblasts, stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). HGFs were stimulated with LPS 10 μg/ml and treated with 15d-PGJ2 1 and 2 μg/ml, and ScLL 2 and 5 μg/ml, for 1 and 3h, and then evaluated for viability by MTT assay. Supernatant was collected to detect IL-6 and TGFβ-1 release, by ELISA. Positive control was cells kept in Dulbecco's Modified Eagle's Medium, and negative control was those kept in LPS. Data were analyzed by ANOVA and Dunnett's test (α = 0.05). No significant difference was found in viability among experimental groups at 1h (p > 0.05). Percentage of ScLL 5 µg/ml viable cells was similar to that of positive control at evaluated periods (p > 0.05), whereas the other groups had lower levels than the positive control (p < 0.05). IL-6 release was statistically higher for ScLL 5 μg/ml and 15d-PGJ2 2 µg/ml at 1h, compared with the other treated groups and positive control (p < 0.05). No significant differences were found among the groups at 3h (p > 0.05), except for ScLL 2 µg/ml and 15d-PGJ2 1 µg/ml, which showed lower IL-6 release compared with that of negative control (p < 0.05). No significant difference was found among the groups for TGFβ-1 release (p > 0.05). Results indicated that ScLL 5 μg/ml did not interfere in viability, and ScLL 2 µg/ml and 15d-PGJ2 1 µg/ml demonstrated reduced IL-6 release. Tested substances had no effect on TGFβ-1 release.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prostaglandin D2/analogs & derivatives , Lipopolysaccharides/pharmacology , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Plant Lectins/pharmacology , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/metabolism , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Fibroblasts/metabolism , Reference Values , Time Factors , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Prostaglandin D2/pharmacology , Cell Survival/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/drug effects , Gingiva/cytology
4.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 63: e20200234, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132219

ABSTRACT

Abstract Curcumin (CUR) shows potential use for treating cancer. However, CUR has low solubility and reduced bioavailability, which limit its clinical effect. Therefore, the development of nanocarriers can overcome these problems and can ensure the desired pharmacological effect. In addition, it is mandatory to prove the quality, the efficacy, and the safety for a novel nanomedicine to be approved. In that sense, this paper aimed (a) to prepare CUR-loaded polyethylene glycol-poly(ε-caprolactone) nanocapsules; (b) to validate an analytical method by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) for quantifying CUR in these nanoformulations; (c) to evaluate the physicochemical stability of these formulations; and to investigate their cytotoxicity on NIH-3T3 mouse fibroblast cells. The HPLC method was specific to CUR in the loaded nanocapsules, linear (r = 0.9994) in a range of 10.0 to 90.0 µg.mL-1 with limits of detection and quantification of 0.160 and 0.480 µg.mL-1, respectively. Precision was demonstrated by a relative standard deviation lower than 5%. Suitable accuracy (102.37 ± 0.92%) was obtained. Values of pH, particle size, polydispersity index, and zeta potential presented no statistical difference (p > 0.05) for CUR-loaded nanoparticles. No cytotoxicity was observed against NIH-3T3 mouse embryo fibroblast cell line using both the tetrazolium salt and sulforhodamine B assays. In conclusion, a simple and inexpensive HPLC method was validated for the CUR quantification in the suspensions of nanocapsules. The obtained polymeric nanocapsules containing CUR showed suitable results for all the performed assays and can be further investigated as a feasible novel approach for cancer treatment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Curcumin/pharmacology , Embryonic Stem Cells/drug effects , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Toxicity Tests , Nanotechnology , NIH 3T3 Cells , Embryo, Mammalian/cytology , Nanocapsules
5.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(11): e201901101, Nov. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054681

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To determine the efficacy of norbixin-based poly(hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) membranes for Achilles tendon repair. Methods: Thirty rats were submitted to total tenotomy surgery of the right Achilles tendon and divided into two groups (control and membrane; n = 15 each), which were further subdivided into three subgroups (days 7, 14, and 21; n = 5 each). Samples were analyzed histologically. Results: Histological analysis showed a significant reduction in inflammatory infiltrates on days 7, 14 (p < 0.0001 for both), and 21 (p = 0.0004) in the membrane group compared to that in the control group. There was also a significant decrease in the number of fibroblasts in the control group on days 7, 14 (p < 0.0001), and 21 (p = 0.0032). Further, an increase in type I collagen deposition was observed in the membrane group compared to that in the control group on days 7 (p = 0.0133) and 14 (p = 0.0107). Conclusion: Treatment with norbixin-based PHB membranes reduces the inflammatory response, increases fibroblast proliferation, and improves collagen production in the tendon repair region, especially between days 7 and 14.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Polyesters/pharmacology , Achilles Tendon/surgery , Achilles Tendon/drug effects , Carotenoids/pharmacology , Tenotomy/methods , Hydroxybutyrates/pharmacology , Reference Values , Regeneration/drug effects , Achilles Tendon/pathology , Reproducibility of Results , Rats, Wistar , Collagen Type I/analysis , Collagen Type I/drug effects , Collagen Type III/analysis , Collagen Type III/drug effects , Fibroblasts/drug effects
6.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e042, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001597

ABSTRACT

Abstract: This study evaluated the cytotoxicity and biocompatibility of a new bioceramic endodontic sealer (i.e., Sealer Plus BC) in comparison with those of MTA Fillapex and AH Plus. L929 fibroblasts were cultured and Alamar Blue was used to evaluate cell viability of diluted extracts (1:50, 1:100, and 1:200) from each sealer at 24 h. Polyethylene tubes that were filled with material or empty (as a control) were implanted in the subcutaneous tissue of rats. The rats were killed after 7 and 30 d (n = 8), and the tubes were removed for histological analysis. Parametric data was analyzed using a one-way ANOVA test, and nonparametric data was analyzed via the Kruskal-Wallis test followed by the Dunn test (p < 0.05). A reduction in cell viability was observed in the extracts that were more diluted for Sealer Plus BC when compared to that of Control and AH Plus (p < 0.05). However, the 1:50 dilution of the Sealer Plus BC was similar to that of the Control (p > 0.05). Conversely, more diluted extracts of MTA Fillapex (1:200) and AH Plus (1:100 and 1:200) were similar to the Control (p > 0.05). Histological analysis performed at 7 d did not indicate any significant difference between tissue response for all materials, and the fibrous capsule was thick (p > 0.05). At 30 d, Sealer Plus BC was similar to the Control (p > 0.05) and MTA Fillapex and AH Plus exhibited greater inflammation than the Control (p < 0.05). The fibrous capsule was thin for the Control and for most specimens of Sealer Plus BC and AH Plus. Thus, Sealer Plus BC is biocompatible when compared to MTA Fillapex and AH Plus, and it is less cytotoxic when less-diluted extracts are used.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Bone Cements/chemistry , Calcium Hydroxide/chemistry , Ceramics/chemistry , Oxides/chemistry , Root Canal Filling Materials/toxicity , Biocompatible Materials , Bone Cements/toxicity , Bone Cements/pharmacology , In Vitro Techniques , Materials Testing , Calcium Hydroxide/toxicity , Calcium Hydroxide/pharmacology , Cell Survival/drug effects , Cells, Cultured/drug effects , Rats, Wistar , Silicates/chemistry , Calcium Compounds/blood , Aluminum Compounds/chemistry , Subcutaneous Tissue/pathology , Drug Combinations , Epoxy Resins/chemistry , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Inflammation
7.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e035, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001616

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Eugenia dysenterica is a Brazilian tree investigated for its properties and bioactive compounds, which are believed to have both pharmacological and phytochemical therapeutic effects. The leaves of this tree contain tannins, flavonoids, terpenes, and saponins, with reportedly beneficial effects to the human body. Despite these therapeutic applications, its effects have never been tested on oral tissues. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the cytotoxic and antioxidant effects and the anti-inflammatory and repair properties of the acetone fraction of E. dysenterica on primary culture of human gingival fibroblasts and on the immortalized murine macrophage cell line (RAW 264.7). For this purpose, a metabolic activity assay, a wound healing assay, a nitric oxide assay, and RT-qPCR were performed. The assays revealed a cytoprotective effect of this plant, suggested by the increase in the expression of SOD1 and NRF2. An antioxidant potential effect was observed in the DPPH• assay. However, the fraction of E. dysenterica did not show anti-inflammatory activity. In conclusion, Eugenia dysenterica may promote cytoprotection when associated with chlorhexidine digluconate because of its antioxidant effect. However, additional studies are necessary on other human dental tissues using other parts of the plant in order to develop a possible mouthwash to assist patients with oral disorders.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mice , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Eugenia/chemistry , Gingiva/chemistry , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Reference Values , Time Factors , Wound Healing/drug effects , Brazil , Cells, Cultured , Chlorhexidine/analogs & derivatives , Chlorhexidine/pharmacology , Reproducibility of Results , Plant Leaves/chemistry , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , RAW 264.7 Cells , Nitric Oxide/analysis
8.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(12): e201901202, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054685

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose To explore the potential role and unclear molecular mechanisms of vaccarin in wound healing. Methods Rats' skin excision model to study the effects of vaccarin on wound healing in vivo . Hematoxylin and eosin staining was performed to evaluate Histopathologic characteristics. Immunohistochemistry was employed to assess the effects of vaccarin in accelerating angiogenesis. Western blot was used to evaluate relative protein expressed levels. Results Vaccarin could significantly promote wound healing and endothelial cells and fibroblasts proliferation in the wound site. Immunohistochemistry and Western blot studies showed that the nodal proteins and receptor (bFGFR) related to angiogenesis signaling pathway were activated, and the microvascular density in the wound site was markedly higher than that in the control group. Conclusions The present study was the first to demonstrate that vaccarin is able to induce angiogenesis and accelerate wound healing in vivo by increasing expressions of p-Akt, p-Erk and p-bFGFR. This process is mediated by MAPK/ERK and PI3K/AKT signaling pathways.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Wound Healing/drug effects , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/drug effects , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases/drug effects , Caryophyllaceae/chemistry , Angiogenesis Inducing Agents/pharmacology , Time Factors , Immunohistochemistry , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Signal Transduction , Blotting, Western , Reproducibility of Results , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/analysis , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases/analysis , Endothelial Cells/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 1/analysis , Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 1/drug effects , Fibroblasts/drug effects
9.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(2): e201900202, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989055

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the hyaluronic acid (HA) inflammatory reaction, fibroblasts, fibrosis and duration of effect in the dorsal region of tobacco-exposed rats. Methods: Ten Wistar rats were divided into two groups: tobacco-exposed-group (TEG;n=5) and air-control-group (CG;n=5). The TEG animals were tobacco-exposed twice a day, 30-minutes/session, during 60 days. After this period, all animals received 0.1 mL HA subcutaneous injection in the dorsal area. The volume of HA was measured immediately after HA injection and weekly using a hand-caliper in nine weeks. After this period, all the animals were euthanized, and a specimen of was collected to evaluate inflammatory cells, fibroblasts, and fibrosis by HE. Results: This study showed a higher inflammatory reaction in TEG than CG: inflammatory cell-count (CG: 1.07±0.9; TEG: 8.61±0.36, p<0.001); fibroblast count (CG: 2.92±0.17; TEG: 19.14±0.62, p<0.001), and fibrosis quantification (CG: 2.0; TEG: 3.75, p<0.001). The analysis of the HA volume in nine weeks in the dorsal region did not show a difference between groups (p=0.39). Conclusions: This study suggested that the HA injection in the TEG caused an increase in inflammatory cell count, fibroblast, and fibrosis quantification when compared to the CG. There was no difference in the duration of effect of HA between the groups.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Tobacco/adverse effects , Inhalation Exposure/adverse effects , Viscosupplements/adverse effects , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Hyaluronic Acid/adverse effects , Inflammation/pathology , Time Factors , Fibrosis , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal , Epidural Space/drug effects , Epidural Space/pathology , Fibroblasts/pathology , Inflammation/chemically induced
10.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180111, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-975872

ABSTRACT

Abstract Several anti-proteolytic dentin therapies are being exhaustively studied in an attempt to reduce dentin bond degradation and improve clinical performance and longevity of adhesive restorations. Objectives This study assessed the effect of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) on long-term bond strength when incorporated into adhesives. Material and Methods Adhesive systems were formulated with EGCG concentrations of 0 wt%: (no EGCG; control); 0.5 wt% EGCG; 1.0 wt% EGCG, and 1.5 wt% EGCG. Flexural strength (FS), modulus of elasticity (ME), modulus of resilience (MR), compressive strength (CS), degree of conversion (DC), polymerization shrinkage (PS), percentage of water sorption (%WS), percentage of water solubility (%WL) and cytotoxicity properties were tested. Dentin microtensile bond strength (µTBS) was evaluated after 24 h and again after 6 months of water storage. The adhesive interface was analyzed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Results No significant differences were found among the groups in terms of FS, ME, MR, CS and PS. EGCG-doped adhesives increased the DC relative to the control group. EGCG concentrations of 1.0 wt% and 0.5 wt% decreased the WS of adhesives. WL decreased in all cases in which EGCG was added to adhesives, regardless of the concentration. EGCG concentrations of 1.0 wt% and 0.5 wt% reduced cytotoxicity. EGCG concentrations of 1.0 wt% and 0.5 wt% preserved µTBS after 6 months of storage, while 1.5 wt% EGCG significantly decreased µTBS. SEM: the integrity of the hybrid layer was maintained in the 0.5 wt% and 1.0 wt% EGCG groups. Conclusion EGCG concentrations of 1.0 wt% and 0.5 wt% showed better biological and mechanical performance, preserved bond strength and adhesive interface, and reduced cytotoxicity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Catechin/analogs & derivatives , Dentin-Bonding Agents/chemistry , Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate/chemistry , Methacrylates/chemistry , Reference Values , Solubility , Surface Properties , Tensile Strength , Time Factors , Materials Testing , Camphor/analogs & derivatives , Camphor/chemistry , Water/chemistry , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Catechin/toxicity , Catechin/chemistry , Cell Line , Cell Survival/drug effects , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Dentin-Bonding Agents/toxicity , Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate/toxicity , Compressive Strength , Dentin/drug effects , Dentin/chemistry , Elastic Modulus , Polymerization , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Flexural Strength , Methacrylates/toxicity
11.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(2): e8209, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-984033

ABSTRACT

Vegetable oils have been used for a plethora of health benefits by their incorporation in foods, cosmetics, and pharmaceutical products, especially those intended for skin care. This study aimed to investigate the cutaneous benefits of a vegetable oil blend (VOB) formulation and its fatty acid composition. The anti-inflammatory activity was studied in macrophages of RAW 264.7 cells by investigating the release of nitric oxide (NO), superoxide anion generation (O2-), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), and interleukin 6 (IL-6). ABTS cation radical scavenging capacity assay, ferric reducing antioxidant potential (FRAP), 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), and NO free radical scavenging assays were used to evaluate the antioxidant activity. VOB was tested for its ability to stimulate fibroblast proliferation and migration using the scratch assay, and antibacterial activity by the microdilution test. The fatty acid profile of a freshly prepared VOB formulation was determined by gas chromatography before and after accelerated stability testing. Chemical composition of VOB revealed the presence of oleic acid (C18:1n-9; 63.3%), linoleic acid (C18:2n-6; 4.7%), and linolenic acid (C18:3n-6; 5.1%) as major mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acids. No changes in the organoleptic characteristics and fatty acid composition were observed after the accelerated stability test. VOB 100 µg/mL reduced the healing time by increasing the total number of cells in the wounded area by 43.0±5.1% compared to the negative control group. VOB also suppressed the pro-inflammatory TNF-α and IL-6 cytokines, and NO and O2- production in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated macrophage cells. In conclusion, the VOB formulation contributed to the improvement of current therapeutic strategies for cutaneous applications in skin care.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Wound Healing/drug effects , Plant Oils/pharmacology , Fatty Acids/pharmacology , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Plant Oils/chemistry , Cell Movement/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Skin Care , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Fibroblasts/drug effects
12.
Biol. Res ; 52: 45, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019509

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Resveratrol was reported to trigger the apoptosis of fibroblast-like synoviocytes In adjuvant arthritis rats but the subcellular mechanism remains unclear. Since ER stress, mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress were involved in the effects of resveratrol with imbalance of calcium bio-transmission, store operated calcium entry (SOCE), a novel intracellular calcium regulatory pathway, may also participate in this process. RESULTS: In the present study, Resveratrol was found to suppress ORAI1 expression of a dose dependent manner while have no evident effects on STIM1 expressive level. Besides, resveratrol had no effects on ATP or TG induced calcium depletion but present partly dose-dependent suppression of SOCE. On the one hand, microinjection of ORAI1 overexpressed vector in sick toe partly counteracted the therapeutic effects of resveratrol on adjuvant arthritis and serum inflammatory cytokine including IL-1, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10 and TNF-α. On the other hand, ORAI1 SiRNA injection provided slight relief to adjuvant arthritis in rats. In addition, ORAI1 overexpression partly diminished the alleviation of hemogram abnormality induced by adjuvant arthritis after resveratrol treatment while ORAI1 knockdown presented mild resveratrol-like effect on hemogram in rats model. CONCLUSION: These results indicated that resveratrol reduced store-operated Ca2+ entry and enhanced the apoptosis of fibroblast-like synoviocytes in adjuvant arthritis rats model via targeting ORAI1-STIM1 complex, providing a theoretical basis for ORAI1 targeted therapy in future treatment with resveratrol on rheumatoid arthritis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Arthritis, Experimental/physiopathology , Calcium Channels/drug effects , Apoptosis/drug effects , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Synoviocytes/drug effects , Stromal Interaction Molecule 1/drug effects , ORAI1 Protein/drug effects , Resveratrol/pharmacology , Calcium Channels/physiology , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Resveratrol/administration & dosage , Mitochondria/drug effects
13.
Braz. dent. j ; 29(5): 419-426, Sept.-Oct. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974185

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study evaluated in vitro cell viability and metabolism, nitric oxide release and production of chemokines by cultured human dental pulp fibroblasts (DPF) under contact with HEMA and Single Bond. Cultures of DPF were established by means of an explant technique. Once plated, cells were kept under contact with increasing concentrations of HEMA (10, 100 and 1000 nM) or Single Bond (SB) [10-fold serially diluted in culture medium (10-4, 10-3 and 10-2 v/v)] and also with polymerized SB components. Cytotoxicity was assessed by Trypan Blue exclusion method and MTT [3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide] assay. Nitric oxide release on cell supernatant was detected by Griess Method whereas chemokines (CXCL12 and CXCL8) were detected by ELISA. RT-qPCR was employed for chemokines gene expression analysis. Cytotoxic tests showed significant differences for SB 10-2. None of the tested materials significantly altered NO levels. Protein levels of CXCL12 were significantly decreased only by HEMA. On the other hand, while CXCL12 mRNA remained unaltered, gene expression of CXCL8 had significant decrease with all materials, except for polymerized SB. In conclusion, Single Bond and HEMA at various concentrations, decreased expression and production of molecules involved in inflammatory processes and, therefore, the use of adhesive systems such as pulp capping materials must be viewed with caution due to its large cytotoxic effect when in close contact with the pulp.


Resumo Este estudo avaliou in vitro a viabilidade e metabolismo celular, liberação de óxido nítrico e produção de quimiocinas em cultura de fibroblastos de polpa dental humana (DPF) em contato com HEMA e Single Bond. Culturas de DPF foram estabelecidas por meio de uma técnica de explante. Uma vez plaqueadas, as células foram mantidas em contato com concentrações crescentes de HEMA (10, 100 e 1000 nM) ou Single Bond (SB) [10 vezes diluídas em série em meio de cultura (10-4, 10-3 e 10-2 v/v)] e também com SB polimerizado. A citotoxicidade foi avaliada pelo método de exclusão de Trypan Blue e pelo ensaio de 3-(4,5-dimetiltiazol-2-il)-2,5-difeniltetrazólio brometo (MTT). A liberação de óxido nítrico no sobrenadante celular foi detectada pelo método de Griess, enquanto as quimiocinas (CXCL12 e CXCL8) foram detectadas por ELISA. RT-qPCR foi empregada para análise de expressão gênica de quimiocinas. Testes citotóxicos mostraram diferenças significativas para SB 10-2. Nenhum dos materiais testados alterou significativamente os níveis de NO. Os níveis de proteína de CXCL12 foram significativamente diminuídos apenas pelo HEMA. Por outro lado, enquanto o RNAm de CXCL12 permaneceu inalterado, a expressão gênica de CXCL8 teve redução significativa com todos os materiais, com exceção do SB polimerizado. Em conclusão, Single Bond e HEMA, em várias concentrações, diminuíram a expressão e produção de moléculas envolvidas em processos inflamatórios e, portanto, o uso de sistemas adesivos, como o material protetor da polpa, deve ser visto com cautela devido ao seu grande efeito citotóxico quando em contato com a polpa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate/pharmacology , Dental Pulp/cytology , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Methacrylates/pharmacology , In Vitro Techniques , Materials Testing , Cell Survival , Cells, Cultured , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Chemokines/metabolism , Nitric Oxide/metabolism
14.
Braz. dent. j ; 29(5): 507-512, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974177

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to compare the cytotoxicity of the Vita AC12, Lava Ultimate, Vita Enamic and InSync indirect restorative materials. Extracts of each material were prepared by incubation for 1, 7 and 40 days, with daily washing. Human gingival fibroblasts were exposed to the extracts, and cell viability was evaluated by sequential assessment of mitochondrial activity (XTT), membrane integrity (NRU) and cell density (CVDE). Extracts of polystyrene beads and latex fragments were used as negative and positive controls, respectively. Differences between groups and experimental times were evaluated by analysis of variance. At the 24 h extraction, significant differences between the control and both Vita AC-12 and InSync were observed in the XTT assay (p<0.05), and between the control and both Enamic and Lava Ultimate, in the CVDE assay (p<0.05). AC12, Lava Ultimate, and InSync presented significantly lower cell viability than Enamic and the control group, in the NRU assay (p<0.05). The Vita Enamic and Lava Ultimate hybrid ceramic-like materials presented better biocompatibility at the 24 h extraction time point than the AC12 and InSync ceramic materials. However, a simulation of the removal of toxic components by biological fluids, conducted by using longer extraction times and daily washing, led to the absence of cytotoxicity in all the tested restorative materials. These findings can be viewed as positive for the clinical indication of these restorative materials, considering their contact with adjacent soft tissues for extended periods of time.


Resumo Este estudo teve como objetivo comparar a citotoxicidade dos materiais restauradores indiretos Vita AC12, Lava Ultimate, Vita Enamic e InSync. Extratos de cada material foram preparados por incubação por 1, 7 e 40 dias, com lavagem diária. Fibroblastos gengivais humanos foram expostos aos extratos e a viabilidade celular foi medida por avaliação sequencial da atividade mitocondrial (XTT), integridade da membrana (NRU) e densidade celular (CVDE). Extratos de esferas de poliestireno e fragmentos de látex foram utilizados como controles negativos e positivos, respectivamente. As diferenças entre os grupos e os tempos experimentais foram avaliadas por análise de variância. Na extração de 24 h, observaram-se diferenças significativas entre o controle e Vita AC-12 e InSync no teste do XTT (p<0,05) e entre o controle e os materiais Enamic e Lava Ultimate, no teste CVDE (p<0,05 ). AC12, Lava Ultimate e InSync apresentaram viabilidade celular significativamente menor do que o Enamic e o grupo controle, no ensaio NRU (p<0,05). Os materiais cerâmicos híbridos Vita Enamic e Lava Ultimate apresentaram melhor biocompatibilidade no ponto de tempo de extração de 24 h do que os materiais cerâmicos AC12 e InSync. No entanto, uma simulação de remoção de componentes tóxicos por fluidos biológicos, realizada com o uso de tempos de extração mais prolongados e lavagem diária, levou à ausência de citotoxicidade em todos os materiais restauradores testados. Esses achados podem ser vistos como positivos para a indicação clínica desses materiais restauradores, considerando seu contato com tecidos macios adjacentes por longos períodos de tempo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ceramics/toxicity , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Surface Properties , In Vitro Techniques , Materials Testing , Cell Count , Cell Survival
15.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(8): 703-712, Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-949375

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To assess the action of vitamin C on the expression of 84 oxidative stress related-genes in cultured skin fibroblasts from burn patients. Methods: Skin samples were obtained from ten burn patients. Human primary fibroblasts were isolated and cultured to be distributed into 2 groups: TF (n = 10, fibroblasts treated with vitamin C) and UF (n = 10, untreated fibroblasts). Gene expression analysis using quantitative polymerase chain reaction array was performed for comparisons between groups. Results: The comparison revealed 10 upregulated genes as follows: arachidonate 12-lipoxygenase (ALOX12), 24-dehydrocholesterol reductase (DHCR24), dual oxidase 1 (DUOX1), glutathione peroxidase 2 (GPX2), glutathione peroxidase 5 (GPX5), microsomal glutathione S-transferase 3 (MGST3), peroxiredoxin 4 (PRDX4), phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate dependent Rac exchange factor 1 (P-REX1), prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 1 (PTGS1), and ring finger protein 7 (RNF7). Conclusion: Cultured fibroblasts obtained from burn patients and treated with vitamin C resulted in 10 differentially expressed genes, all overexpressed, with DUOX1, GPX5, GPX2 and PTGS1 being of most interest.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Ascorbic Acid/pharmacology , Burns/pathology , Gene Expression/drug effects , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Fibroblasts/pathology , Reference Values , Skin/pathology , Arachidonate 12-Lipoxygenase/analysis , Arachidonate 12-Lipoxygenase/drug effects , Burns/drug therapy , Cells, Cultured , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/analysis , Oxidoreductases Acting on CH-CH Group Donors/analysis , Cyclooxygenase 1/analysis , Cyclooxygenase 1/drug effects , Peroxiredoxins/analysis , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Dual Oxidases/analysis , Dual Oxidases/drug effects , Glutathione Peroxidase/analysis , Glutathione Peroxidase/drug effects
16.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 62(3): 366-369, May-June 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038490

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO) is an autoimmune disease that leads to ocular proptosis caused by fat accumulation and inflammation, and the main treatment is corticosteroid therapy. Retinoid acid receptor-alpha (RARα) seems to be associated with inflammation and adipocyte differentiation. This study aimed to assess the effect of glucocorticoid treatment on orbital fibroblasts of GO patient treated or not with different glucocorticoid doses. Materials and methods: Orbital fibroblasts collected during orbital decompression of a female patient with moderately severe/severe GO were cultivated and treated with 10 nM and 100 nM dexamethasone (Dex). rRARα gene expression in the treated and untreated cells was then compared. Results: Fibroblast RARα expression was not affected by 100 nM Dex. On the other hand, RARα expression was 24% lower in cells treated with 10 nM Dex (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Orbital fibroblasts from a GO patient expressed the RARα gene, which was unaffected by higher, but decreased with lower doses of glucocorticoid.


Subject(s)
Humans , Orbit/drug effects , Dexamethasone/administration & dosage , Gene Expression/drug effects , Graves Ophthalmopathy/drug therapy , Fibroblasts/chemistry , Glucocorticoids/administration & dosage , Orbit/pathology , Severity of Illness Index , Graves Ophthalmopathy/pathology , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Retinoic Acid Receptor alpha/drug effects , Retinoic Acid Receptor alpha/genetics
17.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e107, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974451

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the cytotoxic effect, degree of conversion (% DC), Vickers hardness (VH), and surface morphology of composite resins. Eleven resins, nine bulk-fill resins, and two conventional resins were evaluated. Each material was sampled to evaluate DC (using FTIR), VH, cytotoxicity (using MTT and Neutral Red - NR test), surface morphology (using SEM and AFM), and organic filler (using EDS). All statistical tests were performed with SPSS and the level of significance was set at 0.05. MTT revealed that the materials presented low or no cytotoxic potential in relation to the control. Opus was the resin with the lowest cell viability at a 1:2 concentration at 72 h (32%) and at 7 days (43%), but that significantly increased when the NR test was applied at a 1:2 concentration after 7 days. Thickness and surface subjected to polymerization had no influence on DC, and differences were observed only between the materials. In the microhardness test, statistical differences were observed between the evaluated thicknesses. The bulk-fill resins analyzed in this study exhibited low and/or no cytotoxicity to L929 cells, except for Opus, which showed moderate cytotoxicity according to the MTT assay. When the NR test was used, results were not satisfactory for all composites, indicating the need for different methodologies to evaluate the properties of these materials. The assessed resins demonstrated acceptable physicomechanical properties.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Composite Resins/toxicity , Composite Resins/chemistry , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Reference Values , Spectrometry, X-Ray Emission , Surface Properties , Time Factors , Materials Testing , Cell Line , Cells, Cultured , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Microscopy, Atomic Force , Polymerization , Hardness Tests
18.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e119, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974433

ABSTRACT

Abstract The objective of this study was to evaluate and compare the cytotoxicity and genotoxicity on human fibroblast cell lines of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), chitosan and propolis as root canal irrigating solutions. Human fibroblast cells were exposed to chitosan, propolis and NaOCl for 4 and 24 h. Cell viability was assessed by 2,3-bis-(2-methoxy-4-nitro-5-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium-5-carboxanilide, and oxidative DNA damage was assessed by determination of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) level with an ELISA kit. The data of cell cytotoxicity were analysed statistically using a test of one-way analysis of variance at a significance level of p < 0.05. In the NaOCI group, the 8-OHdG level was higher than in the chitosan group, but there was no statistical difference when compared with the other groups (p < 0.05). It was determined that the irrigation solutions were cytotoxic, depending on the dose and time. NaOCl was the most toxic solution after both 4 and 24 h of exposure (p < 0.05). Chitosan and propolis may be alternatives to NaOCl for irrigation solutions, because they are both less toxic and produce less oxidative DNA damage.


Subject(s)
Humans , Propolis/toxicity , Root Canal Irrigants/toxicity , Sodium Hypochlorite/toxicity , DNA Damage , Chitosan/toxicity , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Time Factors , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Cell Line , Cell Survival/drug effects , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Gingiva/cytology
19.
Bauru; s.n; 2018. 95 p. ilus, graf, tab.
Thesis in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-884465

ABSTRACT

Current knowledge supports the application of TiF4 varnish to protect against tooth caries and erosion; however, it is indispensable to know its cytotoxic potential and the mechanism involved on it before applying in patients. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate 1) The cytotoxic effect of titanium tetrafluoride (TiF4) varnish compared with sodium fluoride (NaF) varnish on murine fibroblast (NIH/3T3), varying the fluoride concentration and time of treatment and 2) The percentage of apoptosis and its mechanism (both mitochondrial mediated by the Bcl-2 family- and death receptorpathways) in human gingival fibroblasts (HGF) and murine fibroblasts (NIH/3T3) treated with TiF4 varnish compared to NaF varnish for 6 h. Step 1) NIH/3T3 were exposed to NaF or TiF4 varnishes containing 0.95, 1.95 or 2.45% F, for 6, 12 or 24 h. MTT viability (n=6) and Hoescht/PI stain assays (n=3) as well as the cells morphology (HE, only for 24 h, n=3) and stiffness (AFM, only for 2.45% F, 6 or 12 h) were analyzed. Both varnishes, at 1.90 and 2.45% F, reduced cells viability by similar extent (33-86% at 6 h, 35-93% at 12 h, and 87-98% at 24 h) compared to control, regardless of the type of fluoride. TiF4 and NaF (2.45% F) reduced cell stiffness to a similar extent, but only TiF4 differed from control. Step 2) HGF and NIH/3T3 were exposed to NaF or TiF4 (2.45% F) varnishes for 6 h. Cells were examined by the TUNEL method using fluorescence microscope. The caspases-3, -8 and -9 activities were assessed. The cDNA for cytocrome c, Bax, Bad, Bcl-2, VDAC-1 and Fas-L was amplified by quantitative PCR (qPCR). Bax, Bcl-2 and Fas-L were further detected by western blot. Both fluorides similarly increased the percentage of apoptosis, while they failed in activating caspases-3, -8 and -9 for both types of cells. Bax/Bcl-2 ratio, cytochrome C and VDAC-1 gene expressions were not altered by both fluoride treatments. However, NaF varnish increased the amplification of Fas-L gene for NIH/3T3 and HGF, while TiF4 varnish induced lower Bad/Bcl-2 ratio expression compared to control for NIH/3T3, but not for HGF. No effect of the fluorides was detected in the proteins analysis. TiF4 and NaF have similar cytotoxicity on NIH/3T3, which is dependent on the F concentration and the exposure time. Both fluorides, at the studied conditions, similarly induce a low percentage of apoptosis, with consequent modest activation of Bcl-2 and Fas-L-dependent signaling pathways.(AU)


Conhecimento atual suporta a aplicação de verniz de TiF4 para proteção contra cárie e erosão dentárias; entretanto, é indispensável conhecer o seu potencial citotóxico e o mecanismo envolvido antes de aplicá-lo em pacientes. Portanto, o objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar 1) o efeito citotóxico do verniz de tetrafluoreto de Titânio (TiF4) comparado ao fluoreto de sódio (NaF), em fibroblastos NIH/3T3, variando a concentração de fluoreto e o tempo de tratamento 2) a porcentagem de apoptose e seus mecanismos (ambos mitocondrial mediado pela família Bcl-2 e pelo receptor de morte celular) em fibroblastos gengivais humanos (FGH) e fibroblastos murinos (NIH/3T3) tratados com verniz de TiF4 comparado com verniz de NaF por 6 h. Etapa 1) NIH/3T3 foram expostos a vernizes de NaF e TiF4 contendo 0,95, 1,95 ou 2,45% F, por 6, 12 ou 24 h. Ensaios de viabilidade por MTT (n=6) e Hoechst 33342/iodeto de propídeo (n=3) bem como a morfologia (HE, apenas para 24 h, n = 3) e a rigidez celular (MFA, apenas para 2,45% F, 6 ou 12 h) foram realizados. Ambos os vernizes com 1,90 e 2,45% F reduziram a viabilidade das células de forma semelhante (33-86% em 6 h, 35-93% em 12 h e 87-98% em 24 h) em comparação com o controle, independentemente do tipo de fluoreto. TiF4 e NaF (2,45%) reduziram de forma similar a rigidez celular, mas somente TiF4 diferiu do controle no período de 6 h. Etapa 2) FGH e NIH/3T3 foram tratadas com verniz de NaF ou TiF4 por 6h. As células foram examinadas pelo método de TUNEL, usando microscopia de fluorescência. A atividade das caspases -3, -8 e -9 foram avaliadas. O cDNA para citocromo C, Bax, Bad, Bcl-2, VDAC-1 e Fas-L foi amplificado e quantificado por PCR em tempo real (qPCR). A expressão das proteínas Bax, Bcl-2 e Fas-L foi quantificada por western blot. Ambos os fluoretos aumentaram de forma semelhante a porcentagem de apoptose, enquanto falharam na ativação de caspases-3, -8 e -9 para ambos tipos celulares. A expressão gênica da relação Bax/Bcl-2, do citocromo C e do VDAC-1 não foram alteradas por ambos fluoretos. No entanto, o verniz NaF aumentou a amplificação do gene Fas-L para ambas as células, enquanto que o verniz TiF4 induziu menor expressão da razão Bad/Bcl-2 em comparação com o controle para NIH/3T3, mas não para FGH. Nenhum efeito foi detectado na análise de proteínas. TiF4 e NaF apresentam citotoxicidade similar em NIH/3T3, a qual é dependente da concentração de F e do tempo de exposição. Ambos os fluoretos, nas condições estudadas, induzem uma baixa porcentagem de apoptose, com consequente modesta ativação das vias de sinalização dependentes de Bcl-2 e Fas-L.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mice , Cariostatic Agents/pharmacology , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Fluorides, Topical/pharmacology , Titanium/pharmacology , Apoptosis/drug effects , Blotting, Western , Cell Survival/drug effects , Gingiva/cytology , In Situ Nick-End Labeling , Microscopy, Fluorescence , NIH 3T3 Cells , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reproducibility of Results , Time Factors
20.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e17, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889495

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Bulk-fill composites are claimed to be restorative materials used in deep preparations and effectively photoactivated in layers up to 4 mm. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the degree of conversion, post-gel volumetric shrinkage, and cytotoxicity of six bulk-fill and two conventional composites. Degree of conversion was determined by FTIR spectroscopy; post-gel volumetric shrinkage was determined using the strain gauge method; and cytotoxicity in human fibroblasts was evaluated indirectly by the MTT assay. Data were subjected to one-way ANOVA/Tukey's test (α = 0.05). All materials, including bulk-fill and conventional composites, were classified as non-toxic, with cell viability higher than 70%. Bulk-fill composites exhibited volumetric shrinkage similar to or lower (1.4 to 0.4%) than that of conventional composites (1.7-2.1%). However, only four of the bulk-fill composites were able to sustain a homogeneous conversion at the 4-mm depth. Despite their non-toxicity and shrinkage similar to that of conventional materials, not all commercial bulk-fill materials were able to maintain a conversion as high as 80% of the superficial layer, at the 4-mm depth, indicating some failure in the bulk-fill design of some commercial brands. Therefore, the use of bulk-fill materials in dental practice is advantageous, but special attention should be given to the selection and correct use of the materials.


Subject(s)
Humans , Composite Resins/toxicity , Composite Resins/chemistry , Polymerization , Reference Values , Surface Properties , Time Factors , Materials Testing , Cell Survival/drug effects , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared , Phase Transition , Photochemical Processes , Fibroblasts/drug effects
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