Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 177
Filter
1.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 22(3): 51-57, jul.-set. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1400145

ABSTRACT

O fibroma ossificante juvenil trabecular (FOJTr) é uma lesão fibro-óssea benigna rara de comportamento agressivo, alto potencial de recorrência, e acometimento no esqueleto craniofacial de crianças e adolescentes. Uma paciente do gênero feminino, 8 anos de idade, compareceu ao ambulatório de Patologia Oral e Maxilofacial da Universidade de Gurupi ­ UNIRG para avaliação clínica de um aumento de volume na região de corpo da mandíbula do lado esquerdo. Não havia sintomatologia dolorosa e sequer desconforto. Nos exames de imagem (radiografia panorâmica e tomografia computadorizada) foram observados uma extensa área radiolúcida que se estendia desde o primeiro molar permanente com rizogênese incompleta até o incisivo central do lado oposto. Após a realização da biópsia incisional e laudos histopatológicos realizou-se a remoção completa da lesão incluindo os remanescentes decíduos sobrejacentes ao fibroma. Nas imagens de controle pós-operatório aos 90 dias (radiografia panorâmica e tomografia computadorizada), notou-se sinais de neoformação óssea com espessamento basilar e os germes dos dentes permanentes em franco desenvolvimento. Diante disso, ressalta-se a importância do conhecimento dos aspectos clínicos, radiográficos e histopatológicos para a realização de um correto diagnóstico e tratamento adequado afim de reduzir as altas taxas de recidivas... (AU)


Trabecular juvenile ossifying fibroma (TrJOF) is a rare benign fibro-osseous lesion, with aggressive behavior, high recurrence potential, which affects the craniofacial skeleton of children and adolescents. This paper aims to describe a clinical case in a female patient, 8 years old, who attended the Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology outpatient clinic ­ Faculty of Dentistry ­ University of Gurupi - UNIRG, city of Gurupi - TOCANTINS - BRAZIL for clinical evaluation of an increased in volume in the region of the mandible body, on the left side. There was no painful symptomatology or even discomfort. Imaging examinations (panoramic radiography and computed tomography (CT) showed an extensive radiolucent area that extended from the first permanent molar with incomplete root formation to the central incisor on the opposite side. After performing an incisional biopsy and histopathological examination, the lesion was completely removed included the remainder deciduous teeth overlying the tumor. In the postoperative control images at 90 days (panoramic radiography and CT), signs of bone neoformation with basilar thickening and the germs of the permanent teeth in full development were noted. In view, this importance of knowledge of clinical, radiographic and histopathological aspects is emphasized for the realization of a correct diagnosis and adequate treatment in order to reduce the high rates of relapses... (AU)


El fibroma osificante trabecular juvenil (TRFOJ) es una lesión fibroósea benigna rara con comportamiento agresivo, alto potencial de recurrencia y afectación del esqueleto craneofacial de niños y adolescentes. Paciente femenina de 8 años de edad que acude al ambulatorio de Patología Oral y Maxilofacial de la Universidad de Gurupi - UNIRG para evaluación clínica de aumento de volumen en la región del cuerpo mandibular del lado izquierdo. No presentaba sintomatología dolorosa ni molestias. Los exámenes de imagen (radiografía panorámica y tomografía computarizada) mostraron una extensa área radiolúcida que se extendía desde el primer molar permanente con formación radicular incompleta hasta el incisivo central del lado opuesto. Tras realizar la biopsia incisional y los informes histopatológicos, se procedió a la extirpación total de la lesión, incluidos los remanentes caducos que recubrían el fibroma. En las imágenes de control postoperatorio a los 90 días (radiografía panorámica y tomografía computarizada), se observaron signos de neoformación ósea con engrosamiento basilar y los gérmenes de los dientes permanentes en pleno desarrollo. Por tanto, es importante conocer los aspectos clínicos, radiográficos e histopatológicos para la realización de un diagnóstico correcto y un tratamiento adecuado con el fin de reducir las altas tasas de recaídas... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Bone Neoplasms , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Fibroma, Ossifying , Fibroma , Cancellous Bone/pathology , Mouth Diseases
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888698

ABSTRACT

Ossifying fibroma (OF) and fibrous dysplasia (FD) are two fibro-osseous lesions with overlapping clinicopathological features, making diagnosis challenging. In this study, we applied a whole-genome shallow sequencing approach to facilitate differential diagnosis via precise profiling of copy number alterations (CNAs) using minute amounts of DNA extracted from morphologically correlated microdissected tissue samples. Freshly frozen tissue specimens from OF (n = 29) and FD (n = 28) patients were obtained for analysis. Lesion fibrous tissues and surrounding normal tissues were obtained by laser capture microdissection (LCM), with ~30-50 cells (5 000-10 000 µm


Subject(s)
DNA Copy Number Variations , Diagnosis, Differential , Fibroma, Ossifying/genetics , Fibrous Dysplasia of Bone/genetics , Galactosyltransferases , Humans , Jaw , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Nuclear Proteins
3.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1250444

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare the agreement of clinical and radiographic diagnosis with the histopathological diagnosis in fibro-osseous lesions of the jaws. Material and Methods: An analytical and exploratory study was made based on systematic collected data, carried out in the laboratory of surgical pathology of a public Dental School. There were evaluated cases of fibrous dysplasia (FD), cemento-osseous dysplasia (COD) and ossifyng fibroma (OF), diagnosed by clinical, radiographic (panoramic and periapical radiography), and histopathological analysis, in a period of 12 years (from March 2001 to June 2013). Descriptive and inferential statistics (Fisher's exact test) were obtained. Results: Ninety-six cases of FOLs were evaluated. The radiographic aspects of the FOLs studied did not differ significantly (p=0.09). Radiolucent lesions were the least frequent, corresponding to approximately 13.5% of radiographic findings. Mixed lesions and radiopaques were more present, how they were COD and FD, respectively. The more aggressive variation of OF (Juvenile Ossifying Fibroma - JOF) was less frequent among the pathologies evaluated. In approximately 61.46% of the cases clinical and radiographic diagnosis were confirmed by histopathological diagnosis of FOLs. The highest agreement and the highest disagreement were observed in COD cases (40.7% and 62.2%, respectively). Conclusion: FOLs of the maxillaries represent a group of lesions in which the establishment of the clinical and radiographic diagnosis supported by the histopathological confirmation is critical and challenging.


Subject(s)
Pathology, Oral , Pathology, Surgical , Neoplasms, Fibrous Tissue/pathology , Fibrous Dysplasia of Bone/pathology , Schools, Dental , Brazil , Radiography, Dental/instrumentation , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Fibroma, Ossifying
4.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 80(2): 157-165, jun. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115830

ABSTRACT

Los tumores de cavidades paranasales presentan una baja frecuencia. Dentro de éstos, entre los benignos destacan las lesiones fibroóseas que se caracterizan por el reemplazo de hueso normal por estroma celular fibroso. Dentro de estas lesiones se describen osteoma, displasia fibrosa y fibroma osificante. Se revisan 3 casos de pacientes del Hospital Clínico de la Universidad de Chile y se presenta una revisión bibliográfica en cuanto a las lesiones fibroóseas, su clínica, diagnóstico, imagenología y tratamiento.


The tumors of paranasal cavities present a low frequency. Among the benign tumors are fibro-osseous lesions characterized by the replacement of normal bone by fibrous cell stroma. Osteoma, fibrous dysplasia, and ossifying fibroma are described within these lesions. Three cases of patients from the Hospital Clínico de la Universidad de Chile are reviewed and a bibliographic review is presented regarding the fibro-osseous lesions, their clinical features, diagnosis, imaging and treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Osteoma/surgery , Osteoma/diagnostic imaging , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/surgery , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Fibroma, Ossifying/surgery , Fibroma, Ossifying/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Fibroma, Ossifying , Endoscopy
5.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 20(2): 30-34, abr.-jun. 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253481

ABSTRACT

Introdução:As lesões fibro-ósseas constituem-se num grupo de lesões caracterizadas por processos de substituição de osso normal por tecido fibroso contendo material mineralizado.O fibroma ossificante juvenil é uma neoplasia fibro-óssea benigna que acomete indivíduos jovens, de comportamento agressivo local e com altas taxas de recidiva. São relatadas duas variantes denominadas de fibroma ossificante juvenil trabecular (FOJT) e o fibromaossificante juvenil psamomatoide (FOJP). Apesar de ambos os padrões demonstrarem características semelhantes, a predileção para idade e os sítios de acometimento sãoespecíficos.O tratamento indicado varia de enucleção e curetagem à ressecção cirúrgica. Este trabalho tem como objetivo relatar um caso de um paciente portador de Fibroma Ossificante Juvenil na maxila. Relato de caso: J.S.B., 18 anos, sexo masculino, procurou o Serviço de Cirurgia e Traumatologia Bucomaxilofacial do Hospital Getúlio Vargas, em Recife/PE, com queixa de "caroço no rosto" com aproximadamente 5 anos de evolução em maxila direita. Paciente foi submetido ao tratamento cirúrgico conservador mediante enucleação, curetagem e osteotomia periférica e está sendo acompanhado há cerca de 10 meses sem apresentar recidiva. Considerações finais: O tratamento mais conservador escolhido foi considerado de sucesso, efetivo, com mínimo de morbidade. Mas, devido à lesão ser considerada agressiva e por possuir alta taxa de recidivas, necessita-se de longo período de acompanhamento... (AU)


Introduction: Fibro-osseous lesions constitute a group of lesions characterized by processes of replacement of normal bone by fibrous tissue containing mineralized material. Juvenile Ossifying Fibroma is a benign fibro-osseous neoplasm that affects young individuals, local aggressive behavior, with high rates of relapse. Two variants named trabecular juvenile ossifying fibroma (TJOF) and psamomatoid juvenile ossifying fibroma (PJOF) are reported. Although both patterns demonstrate similar characteristics, the predilection for age and the sites of involvement are specific. The indicated treatment varies from enucleation and curettage to surgical resection. This article aims to report a case of a patient with juvenile ossifying fibroma in maxilla.Case report:J.S.B., 18 years old, male, sought the Surgery and Traumatology Service of Hospital Getúlio Vargas, Recife / PE, complaining of a "lump in the face" with approximately 5 years of evolution in right maxila. Patient underwent conservative surgical treatmentwas performed through enucleation, curettage and peripheral osteotomy and has been followed for about 10 months without recurrence.Final considerations: The most conservative treatment chosen was considered successful, effective, with minimal morbidity. However, because the injury is considered aggressive and because it has a high rate of recurrence, a long follow-up period is required... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Wounds and Injuries , Fibroma, Ossifying , Face , Maxilla , Neoplasms , Osteotomy , Bone and Bones , Traumatology , Curettage
6.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(4): 399-407, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019582

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Reactive hyperplastic lesions develop in response to a chronic injury simulating an exuberant tissue repair response. They represent some of the most common oral lesions including inflammatory fibrous hyperplasia, oral pyogenic granuloma, giant cell fibroma, peripheral ossifying fibroma, and peripheral giant cell lesions. Objective The incidence of those lesions was investigated in an oral pathology service, and the clinical characteristics, associated etiological factors, concordance between the clinical and histopathological diagnostic was determined. Methods A total of 2400 patient records were screened from 2006 to 2016. Clinical features were recorded from biopsy reports and patients' files. Results A total of 534 cases of reactive hyperplastic lesions were retrieved and retrospectively studied, representing 22.25% of all diagnoses. The most frequent lesion was inflammatory fibrous hyperplasia (72.09%), followed by oral pyogenic granuloma (11.79%), giant cell fibroma (7.30%), peripheral ossifying fibroma (5.24%), and peripheral giant cell lesions (3.55%). Females were predominantly affected (74.19%), the gingiva and alveolar ridge were the predominant anatomical site (32.89%), and chronic traumatism was presented as the main etiological factor. The age widely ranges from the 1st decade of life to the 7th. Clinically, the reactive hyperplastic lesions consisted of small lesions (0.5-2 cm) and shared a strong likeness in color to the oral mucosa. The concordance between the clinical and histopathological diagnostic was high (82.5%). Conclusion Reactive hyperplastic lesions had a high incidence among oral pathologies. The understanding of their clinical features helps to achieve a clearer clinical and etiological diagnosis, and the knowledge of factors related to their development. This may contribute to adequate treatment and positive prognosis.


Resumo Introdução As lesões hiperplásicas reativas se desenvolvem em resposta a uma lesão crônica que estimula uma resposta acentuada de reparo tecidual. Elas representam uma das lesões orais mais comuns, inclusive hiperplasia fibrosa inflamatória, granuloma piogênico oral, fibroma de células gigantes, fibroma periférico ossificante e lesão periférica de células gigantes. Objetivo A incidência dessas lesões foi investigada em um serviço de patologia bucal e as características clínicas, os fatores etiológicos associados e a concordância entre os diagnósticos clínico e histopatológico foram determinados. Método Foram selecionados 2.400 registros de pacientes entre 2006 e 2016. As características clínicas foram registradas a partir de laudos de biópsia e dos prontuários dos pacientes. Resultados Um total de 534 casos de lesões hiperplásicas reativas foram recuperados e retrospectivamente estudados, representando 22,25% de todos os diagnósticos. A lesão mais frequente foi hiperplasia fibrosa inflamatória (72,09%), seguida por granuloma piogênico oral (11,79%), fibroma de células gigantes, (7,30%), fibroma periférico ossificante (5,24%) e lesão periférica de células gigantes (3,55%). O sexo feminino foi predominante (74,19%), a gengiva e a crista alveolar foram o local anatômico predominante (32,89%) e o traumatismo crônico foi demonstrado como o principal fator etiológico. A idade variou desde a 1ª década de vida até a 7ª. Clinicamente, as LHR consistiram em pequenas lesões (0,5 a 2 cm) que apresentaram uma forte semelhança de cor com a mucosa oral. A concordância entre o diagnóstico clínico e histopatológico foi alta (82,5%). Conclusão As lesões hiperplásicas reativas apresentaram alta incidência entre as patologias bucais. A compreensão das características clínicas ajuda na realização de um diagnóstico clínico e etiológico mais claro, bem como determinar os fatores relacionados ao seu desenvolvimento. Dessa forma contribui para um tratamento adequado e um prognóstico positivo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Hyperplasia/pathology , Mouth/pathology , Mouth Diseases/pathology , Giant Cells/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Granuloma, Pyogenic/congenital , Granuloma, Pyogenic/pathology , Fibroma, Ossifying/etiology , Fibroma, Ossifying/pathology , Fibroma/etiology , Fibroma/pathology , Hyperplasia/classification , Hyperplasia/etiology , Mouth Diseases/classification , Mouth Diseases/diagnosis , Mouth Diseases/etiology , Mouth Mucosa/pathology
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763315

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Endoscopic prelacrimal medial maxillectomy (EPMM) was previously reported to treat maxillary inverted papilloma. This study aimed to compare prelacrimal recess approach with the conventional Caldwell-Luc approach (CLA) to remove benign maxillary sinus tumors and to evaluate the usefulness of this approach based on our experience. METHODS: Ten patients who underwent EPMM at our hospital from January 2013 to December 2017 were reviewed. We also reviewed 30 patients who underwent benign maxillary sinus tumor resection via CLA during the same period. From medical records, postoperative pathological results, complications due to surgery, and recurrence rate were evaluated. RESULTS: There were eight inverted papilloma, one ameloblastoma, and one ossifying fibroma in the EPMM group. In the CLA group, all 30 cases were inverted papilloma. There were no cases of failure at gross total removal during surgery, and no recurrences were observed during follow-up in either groups. Mean follow-up period was 13.0 months in CLA group and 10.8 months in EPMM group. Regarding postoperative complications, 11 patients of the CLA group (37%) and three patients of the EPMM group (30%) had numbness around the cheek and upper lip area after surgery (P=0.715). In the CLA group, there were eight patients who had numbness lasting more than 3 months after surgery, and two patients had numbness for more than 1 year. However, facial numbness disappeared within 3 months in all patients in the EPMM group, in which epiphora was not observed. CONCLUSION: EPMM is the effective surgical approach for resecting benign maxillary sinus tumor compared with CLA. Although facial numbness was reported in EPMM, the duration of numbness was shorter than CLA.


Subject(s)
Ameloblastoma , Cheek , Endoscopy , Fibroma, Ossifying , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Hypesthesia , Lacrimal Apparatus Diseases , Lip , Maxillary Sinus Neoplasms , Maxillary Sinus , Medical Records , Papilloma, Inverted , Postoperative Complications , Recurrence
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786159

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of odontogenic cysts, tumors, and other lesions among reports in the archives of the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at the Faculty of Dentistry affiliated with Kocaeli University collected over a four-year period.MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, patient records from the archive of the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery from 2014 to 2018 were reviewed. Patient demographic information (age and sex) and lesion location were recorded and analyzed.RESULTS: From a total of 475 files reviewed, odontogenic cyst was confirmed in 340 cases (71.6%), and odontogenic tumor was confirmed in 52 cases (10.9%). Regarding odontogenic cyst type, the most common was radicular cyst (216 cases), followed by dentigerous cyst (77 cases) and odontogenic keratocyst (23 cases). Among odontogenic tumors, the most frequent was odontoma (19 cases), followed by ossifying fibroma (18 cases) and ameloblastoma (9 cases). Giant cell granuloma was also reported in 35 cases.CONCLUSION: The distribution pattern of odontogenic cysts and tumors in our retrospective study is relatively similar to that reported in the literature. Complete clinical reports for final diagnosis of these lesions and routine follow-up examinations are very important for treatment.


Subject(s)
Ameloblastoma , Archives , Biopsy , Dentigerous Cyst , Dentistry , Diagnosis , Fibroma, Ossifying , Follow-Up Studies , Granuloma, Giant Cell , Humans , Jaw Neoplasms , Odontogenic Cysts , Odontogenic Tumors , Odontoma , Prevalence , Radicular Cyst , Retrospective Studies , Surgery, Oral
9.
Belo Horizonte; s.n; 2019. 154 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1049734

ABSTRACT

As lesões fibro-ósseas (LFOs) caracterizam-se pela substituição do osso normal por tecido conjuntivo fibroso e material mineralizado. Displasia fibrosa, fibroma ossificante e displasia cemento-óssea (DCO) compõem este grupo, que além da semelhança histopatológica, pode sobrepor características radiográficas. A correlação de dados clínicos, radiográficos e histopatológicos é necessária para o diagnóstico definitivo. Este trabalho teve como objetivo descrever e avaliar exames odontológicos de imagem de indivíduos diagnosticados com LFOs. Foram desenvolvidos três estudos com metodologias independentes. O primeiro estudo avaliou os efeitos da displasia cemento-óssea em estruturas anatômicas adjacentes por meio de tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico (TCFC). Foram avaliados 60 casos de DCO, com 244 áreas de lesão envolvendo 426 dentes. A maioria das lesões apresentou aproximadamente 10 mm de diâmetro. Afilamento (n=80) expansão (n=62) e perfuração (n=60) foram os efeitos comuns na cortical óssea. A lâmina dura e o espaço do ligamento periodontal foram descontínuos em todos os dentes. No segundo estudo, 50 radiografias panorâmicas de mulheres com diagnóstico de DCO foram pareadas por idade com 50 radiografias panorâmicas de mulheres sem DCO. Os grupos DCO e não-DCO foram comparados através do índice de espessura da cortical mandibular (ECM), a dimensão fractal (DF) da região de osso trabecular e cortical e o índice cortical mandibular (ICM). O índice de ECM do grupo DCO foi de 3,12 mm (2,15-4,55) e do grupo não-DCO foi 3,52 mm (1,90- 4,70) com diferença estatística entre os grupos (p=0,034). A DF do trabeculado ósseo alveolar normal foi semelhante nos dois grupos, enquanto que menores médias de DF no osso cortical foram encontradas no grupo DCO (p=0,046). A classificação C3 do ICM foi mais comum no grupo DCO (p=0,009). O terceiro foi um estudo preliminar que avaliou a DF em imagens bidimensionais e tridimensionais de TCFC de seis casos de displasia fibrosa e seis de fibroma ossificante. Cortes de reconstrução panorâmica, axial, coronal e sagital foram selecionados em quatro espessuras: 0,25; 5; 15 e 25 mm, e avaliados em 3 formatos de regiões de interesse (RI). Duas metodologias compararam quatro formatos de volumes do interior das lesões. A média de DF das imagens bidimensionais de reconstrução panorâmica e axiais, com 0,25 mm de espessura mostrou diferença significativa entre displasia fibrosa e fibroma ossificante (p<0.05), independente do formato da RI (p>0,05). A média da DF de imagens tridimensionais foi diferente entre os grupos de lesões para a maioria das comparações (p<0.05), independente da metodologia usada. Informações detalhadas sobre a lesão e o envolvimento de estruturas adjacentes podem ser visualizadas em TCFC. Métodos não invasivos como os índices radiomorfométricos e análise fractal podem ser úteis na detecção de baixa densidade mineral óssea, ou mesmo como possível ferramenta de estudo da complexidade de imagens de LFOs.


Fibro-osseous lesions (FOLs) are characterized by the replacement of normal bone with fibrous connective tissue and mineralized material. The group includes the fibrous dysplasia, ossifying fibroma and cemento-osseous dysplasia (COD). These three lesions show similar histopathological and radiographic features. Clinical, radiographic and histopathological data correlation is necessary for the definitive diagnosis. This study aimed to describe and to evaluate dental imaging exams of individuals diagnosed with FOLs. Three studies with independent methodologies were developed. The first study evaluated the effects of COD on the adjacent anatomical structures by means of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). Sixty cases of COD were evaluated. The assessment of the 60 cases involved 244 lesion areas and 426 teeth. Most lesions presented nearly 10 millimeters (mm) of diameter. Thinning (n=80), expansion (n=62) and perforation (n=60) were common effects on the cortical bone. All 426 teeth presented discontinuation of the lamina dura and of the periodontal ligament space. In the second study, 50 panoramic radiographies of women diagnosed with COD were matched with 50 panoramic radiographies of women without COD according to the individuals' age. Comparisons between groups regarding the mandibular cortical width index (MCW), the fractal dimension (FD) of the region of the trabecular and the cortical bone and the mandibular cortical index (MCI) were carried out. The MCW of the COD group was 3.12 mm (2.15-4.55) and the MCW of the non-COD group was 3.52 mm (1.90-4.70). A significant difference between groups was observed (p=0.034). FD of the normal trabecular alveolar bone was similar in both groups. For the cortical bone, a lower mean FD was observed in the COD group (p=0.046). The MCI C3 was more common in the COD group (p=0.009). The third was a preliminary study, in which the FD was evaluated on twodimensional and three-dimensional CBCT images of six cases of fibrous dysplasia and six cases of ossifying fibroma. Panoramic reconstruction, axial, coronal and sagittal slices were selected in four thicknesses (0.25, 5, 15 and 25 mm) and evaluated in three shapes of regions of interest (ROI). Two methodologies compared four volume formats from inside the lesions. A significant difference between fibrous dysplasia and ossifying fibroma was observed for the mean FD of the twodimensional images of panoramic reconstruction and axial slices with a thickness of 0.25 mm (p<0.05), regardless of the ROI shape (p>0.05). The mean DF of threedimensional images was different between lesion groups for most comparisons (p <0.05), regardless of the methodology used. Detailed information on lesions and involvement of adjacent structures can be viewed in CBCT. Non-invasive methods, such as radiomorphometric indices and fractal analysis may be useful in the detection of low bone mineral density or as a helpful tool for the differentiation of distinct types of FOLs.


Subject(s)
Radiography, Panoramic , Cementoma , Fibroma, Ossifying , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Fibrous Dysplasia of Bone , Cancellous Bone , Cortical Bone , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Retrospective Studies
10.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 12(3): 233-236, Sept. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975739

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Central ossifying fibroma is a lesion in which diagnosis has proved intriguing and unclear for presenting clinical, radiographic, and even histopathological similarities to other types of lesions such as the fibrous dysplasia of bone and cement-bone dysplasia. It is a benign neoplasm of uncertain etiology and slow development in which the mandible is affected more frequently than the maxilla. We described a case of central cemento-ossifying fibroma involving the right mandible of a thirty-five-female patient by presenting its clinical, radiographic, and histological characteristic sand discussing some differential diagnoses.


RESUMEN: El fibroma cemento-osificante central es una lesión que requiere un diagnóstico diferencial ya que muestran similitud clínica, histológica y radiológica con la displasia fibrosa y con la displasia cemento-ósea. Esta lesión es un tumor benigno de etiología incierta, presenta crecimiento lento y afecta principalmente la mandíbula más que el maxilar. Se reporta un caso de un paciente de sexo femenino de 35 años, diagnosticada con fibroma cementoosificante central que le afectó el lado derecho de la mandíbula. Se describen las características clínicas, histológicas y radiológicas de la paciente y se discuten los diversos diagnósticos diferenciales.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Mandibular Neoplasms/surgery , Fibroma, Ossifying/diagnosis , Radiography, Panoramic , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Diagnosis, Differential , Facial Asymmetry/etiology , Orthognathic Surgical Procedures , Jaw/anatomy & histology
11.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-900282

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: El fibroma osificante periférico (FOP) es una hipertrofia benigna de los tejidos. Se localiza en la región de la papila interdental, proveniente de células que derivan del ligamento periodontal. Generalmente mide menos de 1,5cm de diámetro, siendo muy raro en recién nacidos. El objetivo de la presentación de este caso clínico es describir un caso de FOP en un bebé de 6 meses de edad. La niña presentaba una lesión nodular localizada en la mucosa gingival, en el área de incisivos inferiores, de aproximadamente 1,5cm diámetro, de consistencia firme, lisa, y coloración igual a la de la mucosa subyacente. Un diente neonatal había sido removido a los 2 meses de nacida. El FOP es una lesión poco común y que raramente puede encontrarse en bebés menores de un año de edad; por este motivo es importante realizar el diagnóstico adecuado, para evitar cualquier complicación debido a su establecimiento precoz y rápido crecimiento.


ABSTRACT: The peripheral ossifying fibroma (POF) is a rare, reactive and inflammatory gingival overgrowth, arising on the interdental papilla, from cells derived of the periodontal ligament. Usually its diameter is less than 1.5 cm. It's uncommon in newborns, frequently occurring in teenagers and young adult. The purpose of this report is to describe a case of FOP in a six months old baby. She had a nodular lesion, located on the gingival mucosa of the lower incisor area, of approximately 1.5 cm; it was firm, smooth, pedunculated, with an equal color of the underlying mucosa. A neonatal tooth had been removed four months back. Although FOP is a rare injury, it can be found in infants with less than one year of age, which is why it is important to make the right diagnosis, and an opportune treatment, to avoid further complications due to its early establishment and rapid growth.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant , Bone Neoplasms/diagnosis , Fibroma, Ossifying/diagnosis , Bone Neoplasms/surgery , Fibroma, Ossifying/surgery , Diagnosis, Differential
12.
Rev. chil. cir ; 69(4): 332-340, ago. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-899612

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Introducir la tecnología de impresión tridimensional para la creación de modelos anatómicos para asistir la planificación quirúrgica de tumores mandibulares. Caso clínico: Presentamos el caso de una paciente de 30 años con historial de tumoración en la mandíbula, sector anterior, con 2 años de evolución. La biopsia incisional confirmó que se trataba de un fibroma osificante. Con la asistencia de la tecnología de impresión tridimensional se realizó la planificación quirúrgica para establecer los márgenes de osteotomías y el predoblado de la placa de reconstrucción. Adicionalmente se describe en detalle el proceso de construcción del modelo de prototipado rápido con la tecnología de impresión tridimensional.


Aim: Introduction of three-dimensional printing technology for the generation of medical rapid prototyping models, an assistant tool in surgical planning of mandibular tumors. Clinical case: We report the case of a 30-years-old female patient who presented an anterior mandible mass with 2 years of evolution. Incisional biopsy confirmed ossifying fibroma. With the assistance of three-dimensional printing technology, 3D model was created and surgical planning was performed with the design of osteotomy sites for mandibular resection. Furthermore, prebending of reconstruction plate based on 3D model was accomplished. The protocol for rapid prototyping models creation in details is described in this article.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Mandibular Neoplasms/surgery , Fibroma, Ossifying/surgery , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Preoperative Care , Bone Transplantation , Surgery, Computer-Assisted , Models, Anatomic
13.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 17(4): 46-51, out.-dez. 2017. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1255226

ABSTRACT

Introdução: determinadas patologias ósseas provocam ressecções que interferem nas funções maxilo-mandibulares. Alguns procedimentos são importantes para a reabilitação desses pacientes, como enxerto ósseo autógeno e distração osteogênica. Métodos: o presente trabalho relata o caso da paciente E.S.S., 26 anos, que, após constatação de lesão óssea na região anterior da mandíbula, foi encaminhada ao Hospital Universitário João de Barros Barreto, onde se diagnosticou fibroma ossificante. O tratamento foi realizado com ressecção parcial de mandíbula e posteriores cirurgias de reconstrução óssea da região, com enxerto autógeno e distração osteogênica. Resultado: após intervenções, conseguiu-se qualidade e volume ósseos suficientes para receber implantes, possibilitando-se a reabilitação oral com prótese. Conclusão: é importante a inter-relação entre as especialidades de cirurgia buco-maxilo-facial, implantodontia e prótese em pacientes que necessitam de reabilitação oral... (AU)


Introduction: Specifics bones pathologies lead to resections that interfere in the maxillo-mandibular functions. Some procedures such as autogenous bone grafting and distraction-osteogenesis technique are of importance to the rehabilitation of these patients. Method: This paper reports the 26 years old patient E.S.S.'s case, who had been referred to the caring of the João de Barros Barreto University Hospital after observation of a bone injury in the anterior mandibular. It was verified in the diagnosis an ossifying fibroma. The injury had been treated undertaking a partial jawbone resection followed by bone reconstruction surgeries with autogenesis graft and distraction osteogenesis in the region. Results: After these interventions, it was achieved enough bone volume and quality that allowed receiving implants, moreover, the oral rehabilitation with prosthesis. Conclusion: It is necessary an interrelationship between the expertises in Oral and Maxillofacial surgery, Implantology and Prosthesis in cases of patients that need oral rehabilitation... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Bone Transplantation , Fibroma, Ossifying , Osteogenesis, Distraction , Fibroma
14.
Evid. odontol. clín ; 3(1): 70-74, ene.-jun. 2017. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-999967

ABSTRACT

Las lesiones de encía, y otras lesiones nodulares que se presentan en la cavidad bucal son muy importantes para el odontólogo en la práctica general, conocer las características para su identificación desde el punto de vista clínico e histológico es de interés sobre todo en esta región donde hay pocos aportes en lo que respecta a patología oral. El presente reporte de caso muestra la evidencia clínica de una paciente femenina de 22 años con una lesión en tumoral de aproximadamente 1cm sobre la zona de 1.2, y una evidencia histopatológica para lo cual se hace la remoción del tumor, el cual es colocado en formaldehido al 10% para ser procesado para su análisis histopatológico cuyos resultados muestran las características de una lesión compatible de fibroma osificante periférico (FOP), concluimos que es importante determinar el diagnóstico diferencial con el granuloma piógeno y otras lesiones parecidas con un análisis histopatológico. (AU)


Injuries gum and other nodular lesions that occur in the oral cavity are very important for the dentist in general practice, knowing the characteristics for identification from clinically and histologically is of interest especially in this region there are few contributions regarding oral pathology. The aim of this paper is to show clinical evidence of a female patient of 22 years with an injury tumor of approximately 1 cm on the area of 1.2 and have a histopathologic evidence for which the removal of the lesion is made and placed in formaldehyde 10% to be processed for histopathological analysis and the results show the characteristics of a compatible peripheral ossifying fibroma (POF), We conclude it is important to determine the differential diagnosis with pyogenic granuloma and other similar injures a histopathological analysis. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Granuloma, Pyogenic , Fibroma, Ossifying/diagnosis , Fibroma, Ossifying/therapy , Fibroblasts , Gingival Diseases
15.
ImplantNewsPerio ; 2(1): 155-161, jan.-fev. 2017. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-847097

ABSTRACT

O fibroma ossificante periférico é uma lesão não neoplásica proliferativa, não patognomônico, de evolução lenta e indolor, que acomete os tecidos gengivais. O presente trabalho teve como objetivo relatar dois casos clínicos desta lesão em um acompanhamento em longo prazo, ressaltando os aspectos clínicos e histopatológicos, bem como seu tratamento e prognóstico.


The peripheral ossifying fibroma is a non-neoplasic, proliferative lesion of painless and slow evolutive character, which involves the gingival tissues. This paper reports on two clinical cases in a long-term follow-up highlightening their clinical and histopathologic aspects, treatment, and outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Fibroma, Ossifying/diagnosis , Fibroma, Ossifying/pathology , Fibroma, Ossifying/therapy , Gingival Hyperplasia/diagnosis , Gingival Hyperplasia/therapy
16.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 31: e53, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952104

ABSTRACT

Abstract Peripheral ossifying fibroma (POF) is a reactive lesion of oral tissues, associated with local factors such as trauma or presence of dental biofilm. POF treatment consists of curettage of the lesion combined with root scaling of adjacent teeth and/or removal of other sources of irritants. This study aimed to analyze the clinical and pathological features of POF and to investigate the immunoexpression of Osterix and STRO-1 proteins. Data such as age, gender, and size were obtained from 30 cases of POF. Microscopic features were assessed by conventional light microscopy using hematoxylin-eosin staining and immunohistochemical markers, and by polarized light microscopy using Picrosirius red staining. The age range was 11-70 years and 70% of the patients were female. Moreover, the size of POF varied from 0.2 to 5.0 cm; in 43.33% of the cases, the mineralized content consisted exclusively of bony trabeculae. The immunohistochemical analysis showed nuclear staining for Osterix in 63% and for STRO-1 in 20% of the cases. Mature collagen fibers were observed in mineralized tissue in 76.67% of the cases. The clinical and microscopic features observed were in agreement with those described in the literature. Osterix was overexpressed, while STRO-1 was poorly expressed. Osterix was expressed particularly in cells entrapped in and around mineralized tissue, indicating the presence of a stimulus that triggers the differentiation of these cells into osteoblasts or cementoblasts, i.e., cells that produce mineralized tissue. Based on our results, Osterix may play a role in the pathogenesis of POF.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Transcription Factors/physiology , Bone Neoplasms/pathology , Fibroma, Ossifying/pathology , Antigens, Surface/physiology , Osteoblasts/pathology , Transcription Factors/analysis , Immunohistochemistry , Cell Differentiation , Collagen/analysis , Sp7 Transcription Factor , Gingiva/pathology , Microscopy, Polarization , Middle Aged , Antigens, Surface/analysis
17.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 51(1): 100-104, Jan.-Feb. 2016. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-775640

ABSTRACT

The aim was to report on a case of ossifying fibroma, consisting of a benign fibro-osseous lesion characterized by slow growth and proliferation of fibrous cellular tissue, bone, cement or a combination. A 29-year-old male patient was attended at a hospital, after he had suffered a car accident. During the clinical examination, increased volume in the region of the right side of the mandible was observed, and a fracture in the middle third of the face was suspected. The tomographic examination showed an image suggestive of fracturing of the left-side zygomatic complex, without displacement, and with a well-delimited radiopaque image of the mandible. The patient was sent to a hospital where panoramic radiography, posteroanterior radiography of the face and teleradiography were performed in order to better document the case. An incisional biopsy was performed. Histopathological examination showed the presence of a benign bone lesion suggestive of ossifying fibroma. Surgery was performed in order to completely remove the lesion, with fixation using a reconstruction plate. A new anatomopathological examination confirmed the diagnosis.


Relatar um caso de fibroma ossificante, uma lesão fibro-óssea benigna caracterizada por crescimento lento e proliferação de tecido celular fibroso, osso, cemento ou uma combinação. Paciente do sexo masculino, 29 anos, foi atendido em um serviço de emergência, após sofrer um acidente automobilístico. Durante o exame clínico observou-se um aumento de volume na região mandibular direita e suspeita de fratura no terço médio da face. O exame tomográfico demonstrou imagem sugestiva de fratura do complexo zigomático esquerdo, sem deslocamento, e imagem radiopaca bem delimitada na mandíbula. O paciente foi levado para o hospital, onde foram feitos uma radiografia panorâmica, PA de face e telerradiografia para melhor documentação do caso. Foi feita uma biópsia incisional. O exame histopatológico teve como resultado lesão óssea benigna, sugestiva de fibroma ossificante. Fez-se uma cirurgia para remoção completa da lesão e fixação com uma placa de reconstrução. O novo exame anatomopatológico confirmou o diagnóstico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Fibroma, Ossifying , Fibrous Dysplasia of Bone , Tomography
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-317722

ABSTRACT

A case diagnosed as ossifying fibroma and compound odontoma in the mandible was reported. The clinicopathological features, diagnosis, and treatment were discussed with the literature review.


Subject(s)
Fibroma, Ossifying , Humans , Mandible , Mandibular Neoplasms , Odontoma
19.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-159505

ABSTRACT

Central ossifying fi broma is a bony tumor, which is believed to be derived from the cells of the periodontal ligament. Central ossifying fi broma behaves like, a benign bone neoplasm. Th is bone tumor consists of highly cellular, fi brous tissue that contains varying amounts of calcifi ed tissue resembling bone, cementum, or both. Central ossifying fi bromas of the mandible are common; however, they are rare in the maxillary region however they are common in the mandible, have got a female predeliction and is usually seen in the age between 35 and 40 years of age. In this report, we have described a 35-year-old female with minimal clinical symptoms diagnosed as central ossifying fi broma in the anterior maxillary region.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Fibroma, Ossifying/classification , Fibroma, Ossifying/diagnosis , Fibroma, Ossifying/epidemiology , Fibroma, Ossifying/surgery , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Maxilla/pathology , Maxillary Diseases/diagnosis , Maxillary Diseases/epidemiology , Maxillary Diseases/surgery
20.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-159453

ABSTRACT

Gingival enlargements are commonly seen especially localized. Most of these enlargements are non-neoplastic and rather reactive by nature. On clinical examination, it is not always possible to differentiate one specific gingival enlargement from other. Clinically, differentiating one from the other as a specific entity is often not possible. To identify these lesions, histopathological examination is required. One of such seen entities is peripheral ossifying fibroma (POF) that is diagnosed by histopathological examination. Peripheral ossifying is a reactive benign lesion. A clinical report of 23 years old male with POF maxillary left canine and premolar region is reported with treatment and 1-year follow-up.


Subject(s)
Cuspid/surgery , Fibroma, Ossifying/anatomy & histology , Fibroma, Ossifying/classification , Fibroma, Ossifying/pathology , Fibroma, Ossifying/surgery , Follow-Up Studies , Gingiva/surgery , Humans , Incisor/surgery , Male , Review Literature as Topic , Young Adult
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL