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1.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 469-472, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982769

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of patients with rare malignant tumors of the temporal bone. Methods:Four cases of rare temporal bone malignant tumors in our hospital between March 2014 and December 2020 were reviewed, including two cases of chondrosarcoma, one case of fibrosarcoma and one case of endolymphatic cystic papillary adenocarcinoma. There were three males and one female, ages between 28 and 56 years at the time of surgery. Common symptoms included hearing loss, facioplegia, tinnitus, and headache. All patients underwent imaging examinations to evaluate the extent of the lesions. Tumors were removed by subtotal temporal bone resection or infratemporal fossa approach, and postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy was applied if necessary. Results:One of the two chondrosarcoma patients was cured by complete resection of the tumor for 75 months, the other one recurred after the first excision of the tumor and underwent infratemporal fossa approach resection of skull base mass again with no recurrence found yet for 112 months. One patient with fibrosarcoma survived for 28 months after surgery with a positive margin and post-operative radiotherapy. One patient with endolymphatic cystic papillary adenocarcinoma recurred 12 months after subtotal lithotomy, and underwent subtotal temporal bone resection again, combined with radiotherapy. No recurrence was found for 63 months. Conclusion:The incidence of rare temporal bone malignant tumors is extremely low, the location is hidden, and the symptoms are atypical. Attention should be paid for early detection and early treatment. Surgical resection is the main treatment, and radiotherapy can be supplemented in the advanced stage or with a positive margin.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Chondrosarcoma/surgery , Fibrosarcoma , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Retrospective Studies , Skull Base/surgery , Skull Base Neoplasms/surgery , Temporal Bone/pathology , Treatment Outcome
2.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 29(4): 182-184, out./dez. 2022. il.
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1427117

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of cutaneous neoplasms in horses treated at the Center for the Development of Livestock at the Federal University of Bahia, as well as to correlate it with the coat color, breed, and age of the animal. For that, the attendance records for the last ten years were reviewed. When evaluating the files, 13 cases of cutaneous tumor in horses confirmed by histopathology and cytology were observed. The most prevalent skin tumors were sarcoid (38.5%), melanoma (23%), and fibrosarcoma (15.4%). Regarding the equine coat color, gray and sorrel horses were the most frequent with 30.7% and 23.1% of cases, respectively. As for the equine breed, the mangalarga marchador was the most prevalent (38.4%). Regarding age, 38.46% of the horses were up to 5 years old, 30.77% of the animals were between 4 and 10 years old, and 30.76% were between 11 and 16 years old. In the end, it can be concluded that sarcoid and melanoma were the most prevalent neoplasms.


Objetivou-se com este trabalho determinar a prevalência de neoplasias cutâneas em equinos atendidos no Centro de Desenvolvimento da Pecuária da Universidade Federal da Bahia, bem como correlaciona-la com a pelagem, raça e idade do animal. Para tanto revisou-se as fichas de atendimento dos últimos dez anos. Ao avaliar as fichas, observou-se 13 casos de tumor cutâneo em equinos confirmado por histopatologia ou citologia. Os tumores cutâneos mais prevalentes foram sarcoide (38,5%), melanoma (23%) e fibrossarcoma (15,4%). Com relação a pelagem, equinos tordilhos e alazões foram os mais frequentes com 30,7% e 23,1% dos casos, respectivamente. Quanto as raças, a mangalarga marchador foi a mais prevalente (38,4%). Em relação a idade, 38,46% dos equinos possuíam até 5 anos de idade, 30,77% dos animais apresentavam idade entre 4 e 10 anos e, 30,76% apresentavam idade entre 11 e 16 anos. Ao fim, pode-se concluir que o sarcoide e o melanoma foram as neoplasias mais prevalentes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Skin Diseases/veterinary , Skin Neoplasms/veterinary , Retrospective Studies , Fibrosarcoma/veterinary , Animal Fur/cytology , Horses/abnormalities , Melanoma/veterinary
3.
Int. j. high dilution res ; 21(2): 13-14, May 6, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS, HomeoIndex | ID: biblio-1396739

ABSTRACT

Feline injection-site sarcomas (FISS) were described for the first time in 1991. They are neoplasms of mesenchymal origin that appear in body regions routinely used for the application of vaccines or other injections [1]. Those are very aggressive tumours that relapse and have a high rate of mortality. The tumour can appear between 3 months and 3 years after the injection, but in some cases, it can happen after 15 years of the vaccineor otherinjections. Isopathy is one approach of homeopathy, in which the biological agent thatcausesa disease are prepared in high dilution to treat the same disease. This case report is about a 13-year-old mix breed spay cat. In September 2019 it received the vaccine Rabsin® (Boehringer Ingelheim) and 4 months later the owner noticed a lump at the injection area. One year later (September 2020) the lump start growing rapidly and on January 12th, 2021,started the appointments.The other veterinarians recommend euthanasia since the tumour was very bigand the catwasnot mild, was losing weightand appetite. The owner wanted to try another treatment before euthanasia since the cat was still active, interacting with the other cat and the people at the house.The lump was located on her back, in the end of the right ribcage, and it was around 7cm of diameter. It wasfirmandattachedto the muscles. AnIsopathy medicine with the same vaccinewas prepared, being the isotherapic 12CH administered 5 drops BID.Beside the isopathyvitaminsof Bcomplex and Omega 3were prescribed.The cat was seen every15 days andcontact telephonically was kept as well. The treatment started on January 19th, 2021. On January 21st, 2021,all the tumour was ulcerated and looser. On February 2nd,2021 the potencywas changedto 14CH, 5 drops, BID. On February 4ththe tumour felt away and was sent for histopathological study. On February 20th, 2021,the result described it as a Fibrosarcoma grade II. The ulcer that appeared after the tumour felt away became a big wound and the ownerstarted cleaning itwith propolis and lavender oleateeveryday anditwas controlledonce a week. OnMarch31st, 2021,the catwas eating well,strong, not mild,didnot allowedit to be cleaned. The woundseems to be more superficial,largerand it appears thata small lump was growing again.Isotherapic 15CH, 5 drops once a weekwas indicated.On April4th, 2021,the cat waseating well, good general conditionand the small lump that was growing wasshrinkingand the wound becoming more superficial. OnApril 9th,2021the cat seems painful, not eating well, constipated. Isopathy was suspended and started with Meloxican0,1mg/kg SID for 3 days.Was indicatedNatrum muriaticum30CH, 5 drops every hour, total 3 treatments and then once a day. On April 13th, 2021,the cat was better, defecate. But since April 9ththe cat could never be stable again. It has ups and downs and was treated withdifferent homeopathic remedies (Natrum muriaticum30Ch, Silicea200CHand Silicea1000CH, Staphisagria 200CH)until June 8th, 2021,when it was euthanised.No necropsy was done. The question was,what happenedwith the catsince itwas getting better?The following aphorisms could explain it:§156 "...The restoration, however, leads to the goal of the cure, if it is not preventedby strange medicinal influence, by errors in the lifestyle or by passions." And§10"With no vital powerthe material organism is not capable of any sensation, function or self-preservation..."[2].The informed consent formwas obtained from the owner of the cat.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Isotherapy , Fibrosarcoma/therapy
4.
Vet. zootec ; 29: 1-11, 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1400538

ABSTRACT

O fibrossarcoma é uma neoplasia mesenquimal maligna originada dos fibroblastos que localiza-se especificamente em tecido cutâneo, subcutâneo e cavidade oral. A ressecção cirúrgica do tumor com margem de segurança é conhecida como a principal forma de tratamento. A principal forma de metástase é a via hematógena, atingindo pulmões, e menos comum em linfonodos regionais. A análise histopatológica é o exame diagnóstico de eleição para definição do tipo de tumor e sua graduação. Os exames de imagem são fundamentais no estadiamento das neoplasias e planejamento cirúrgico. A ultrassonografia e radiografia são os métodos mais utilizados e oferecem um grande apoio a oncologia médica veterinária. O exame radiográfico possibilita o achado de neoformações ósseas ou demais alterações como o aumento de volume de tecidos moles, infiltração gordurosa, e cavitações com gás ou fluído. O exame ultrassonográfico permite o conhecimento sobre a ecotextura, organização, e localização da lesão em tecidos moles. Em três gatos com fibrosssarcoma em membro torácico, foram realizadas radiografia e ultrassonografia específica da lesão. Os achados radiográficos foram aumento de volume, radiopacidade dos tecidos moles, sem acometimento ósseo. Os achados ultrassonográficos foram lesões de ecotextura grosseira, altamente heterogêneas. Os exames citológicos e histopatológicos revelaram tratar-se de fibrossarcoma. O presente relato tem como objetivo descrever os achados radiográficos e ultrassonográficos de fibrossarcoma em membro torácico de três gatos.


Fibrosarcoma is a malignant mesenchymal neoplasm originating from fibroblasts, which is specifically located in the skin tissue, subcutaneous tissue and oral cavity. Surgical resection of the tumor with a safety margin is known as the main form of treatment. The main form of metastasis is the hematogenous route, reaching the lungs, and less common in regional lymph nodes. histopathological analysis is the diagnostic test of choice for defining the type of tumor and its graduation. Imaging exams are essential in the staging of neoplasms and surgical planning. Ultrasonography and radiography are the most used methods and offer great support to veterinary medical oncology. The radiographic exam allows the finding of bone neoformations or other alterations such as the increase in soft tissue volume, fatty infiltration, and cavitations with gas or fluid. The ultrasound examination allows knowledge about the echotexture, organization, and location of the soft tissue lesion. Three cats with fibrosarcoma in the thoracic limb underwent lesion-specific radiography and ultrasound. The radiographic findings of fibrosarcomas were increased soft tissue radiopacity volume, without bone involvement. And the ultrasonographic findings were gross echotexture lesions, highly heterogeneous. Cytological and histopathological examinations were performed for definitive diagnosis. The present report aims to describe the radiographic and ultrasonographic findings of fibrosarcoma in the thoracic limb of three cats.


RESUMEN El fibrosarcoma es una neoplasia mesenquimatosa maligna que se origina a partir de fibroblastos, que se localiza específicamente en el tejido cutáneo, tejido subcutáneo y cavidad oral. La resección quirúrgica del tumor con un margen de seguridad se conoce como la forma principal de tratamiento. La principal forma de metástasis es la vía hematógena, que llega a los pulmones y es menos común en los ganglios linfáticos regionales. El análisis histopatológico es la prueba diagnóstica de elección para definir el tipo de tumor y su graduación. Los exámenes por imágenes son esenciales en la estadificación de las neoplasias y la planificación quirúrgica. La ecografía y la radiografía son los métodos más utilizados y ofrecen un gran apoyo a la oncología médica veterinaria. El examen radiográfico permite encontrar neoformaciones óseas u otras alteraciones como aumento de volumen de tejidos blandos, infiltración grasa y cavitaciones con gas o líquido. El examen ecográfico permite conocer la ecotextura, organización y ubicación de la lesión de tejidos blandos. A tres gatos con fibrosarcoma en la extremidad torácica se les realizó una radiografía y una ecografía específicas de la lesión. Los hallazgos radiográficos de los fibrosarcomas fueron un aumento del volumen de radiopacidad de los tejidos blandos, sin afectación ósea. Y los hallazgos ecográficos fueron lesiones macroscópicas de ecotextura, muy heterogéneas. Se realizaron exámenes citológicos e histopatológicos para el diagnóstico definitivo. El presente informe tiene como objetivo describir los hallazgos radiográficos y ecográficos del fibrosarcoma en la extremidad torácica de tres gatos.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Thorax/diagnostic imaging , Fibrosarcoma/veterinary , Fibrosarcoma/diagnostic imaging , Radiography, Thoracic/veterinary , Ultrasonography/veterinary
5.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(12): 1029-1038, Dec. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1155045

ABSTRACT

Although neoplasms are commonly reported in domestic hamsters, retrospective studies approaching spontaneous tumors with data regarding epidemiological findings are scarce. The present study aimed to describe the epidemiological and pathological findings of 40 cases of tumors in domestic hamsters diagnosed in a veterinary pathology laboratory in Southern Brazil from 2002 to 2019. Chinese hamster (Cricetulus griseus) was the most commonly affected species (16/40), followed by Djungarian hamster (Phodopus sungorus, 11/40) and Syrian hamster (Mesocricetus auratus, 4/40). Among the cases, 57.5% were females (23/40), while 42.5% were males (17/40). The affected hamsters' median age was of 14-months old, with an age range of 8- to 36-months old. Twenty-four cases were assessed as anatomopathological samples (biopsies), while 16 were composed of carcasses submitted to postmortem examination, and, therefore, the neoplasm was related to the cause of death. The integumentary system was frequently affected (60%, 24/40), followed by the female reproductive tract (22.5%, 9/40), hematopoietic system (10%, 4/40), digestive tract (5%, 2/40), and endocrine system (2.5%, 1/40). The most frequent neoplasm was squamous cell carcinoma (35%, 14/40), mostly on the lip/nasal region (50%, 7/14). Other tumors included fibrosarcoma (10%, 4/40), lymphoma (10%, 4/40), mammary cystadenoma (10%, 4/40), apocrine sweat gland adenoma (7.5%, 3/40), hemangiosarcoma (5%, 2/40), leiomyosarcoma (5%, 2/40), and granulosa ovarian cell tumor (5%, 2/40). The five remaining cases occurred individually and were composed of hepatoid gland adenoma, solid thyroid carcinoma, cutaneous melanoma, ovarian teratoma, and cutaneous trichoblastoma. Neoplasms were identified as an important cause of death and major reason to perform biopsy in domestic hamsters in Southern Brazil.(AU)


Embora neoplasmas em hamsters domésticos sejam comumente relatados, estudos retrospectivos abordando neoplasias espontâneas e os dados epidemiológicos associados são escassos. O presente estudo teve o objetivo de descrever os principais achados epidemiológicos e patológicos de 40 casos de tumores em hamsters domésticos diagnosticados em um laboratório de patologia veterinária do Sul do Brasil de 2002 a 2019. A principal espécie acometida foi o hamster chinês (Cricetulus griseus, 16/40), seguido por hamster anão russo siberiano (Phodopus sungorus, 11/40) e hamster sírio (Mesocricetus auratus, 4/40). As fêmeas corresponderam a 57,5% dos casos (23/40), enquanto os machos representaram 42,5% (17/40). Foram afetados roedores com uma faixa etária de 8 a 36 meses de idade, e uma mediana de 14 meses. Do total de casos, 24 foram exames anatomopatológicos (biopsias) e 16 casos foram examinados através de necropsia e, portanto, relacionados com a causa da morte dos animais. O sistema tegumentar foi o mais frequentemente acometido (60%; 24/40), seguido pelo trato reprodutivo (22,5%; 9/40), sistema hematopoietico (10%; 4/40), trato digestório (5%; 2/40) e sistema endócrino (2,5%; 1/40). A neoplasia mais frequentemente diagnosticada foi o carcinoma de células escamosas (35%; 14/40), localizado principalmente em região labionasal (50%; 7/14). Outros tumores incluíram fibrossarcoma (10%; 4/40), linfoma (10%; 4/40), adenoma cístico de glândula mamária (10%; 4/40), adenoma de glândula sudorípara (7,5%; 3/40), hemangiossarcoma (5%; 2/40), leiomiossarcoma (5%; 2/40) e tumor de células da granulosa (5%; 2/40). Os outros cinco casos remanescentes ocorreram individualmente e eram compostos por adenoma de glândula hepatoide, carcinoma sólido de tireoide, melanoma cutâneo, teratoma ovariano e tricoblastoma cutâneo. Neoplasmas foram identificados como importantes causas de morte ou razões para realização de biopsia em hamsters domésticos no Sul do Brasil.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Rodentia/abnormalities , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Fibrosarcoma , Neoplasms/pathology , Neoplasms/epidemiology
6.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(6): e549-e553, dic 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1146218

ABSTRACT

El fibrosarcoma infantil es un tumor raro, perteneciente al grupo de sarcomas no rabdomiosarcoma; se presenta, preferentemente, en infantes, con localización más frecuente en extremidades.Se reporta un varón de 5 meses, con historia de sangrado digestivo desde los 3 meses, interpretados, al principio, como alergia a la proteína de leche de vaca, con evolución tórpida y anemia. Por laparoscopía exploradora, se evidenció un tumor en el intestino medio; se realizó resección y anastomosis término-terminal. Luego, se ampliaron los márgenes de resección por ser < 0,1 cm.Microscópicamente, se observó una proliferación neoplásica fusocelular con positividad difusa para vimentina, y reacción en cadena de la polimerasa con transcriptasa reversa positiva para ETV6-NTRK3. Se diagnosticó fibrosarcoma infantil intestinal. Presentó buena evolución a 24 meses del diagnóstico. Si bien es infrecuente en pediatría, se debe considerar como diagnóstico diferencial en lactantes con sangrado digestivo sin causa clara.


Infantile fibrosarcoma is a rare tumor, belonging to the non-rhabdomyosarcoma, soft tissue sarcoma. It is mostly presented in infants, most commonly involving the extremities.We report a 5-month-old boy, presenting with digestive bleeding since the age of 3 months, initially diagnosed as cow's milk allergy, with a torpid evolution and anemia. He underwent laparoscopic exploration, with evidence of a mass in the small bowel. Resection and end-to-end anastomosis were performed. Because of inadequate microscopic margins (< 1 cm), a new surgery was performed to achieve tumor free margins. Histological examination consisted of spindle cells that mainly expressed vimentin, and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction was positive for the ETV6-NTRK3 transcript, confirming the diagnosis of infantile fibrosarcoma. The patient did well after 24 months of follow-up.Although infantile intestinal fibrosarcoma is extremely uncommon in children, it should be considered as differential diagnosis for digestive bleeding in infants


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Fibrosarcoma/diagnosis , Pediatrics , Fibrosarcoma/surgery , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Intestinal Neoplasms
7.
Autops. Case Rep ; 10(4): e2020189, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131847

ABSTRACT

Soft tissue tumors are not uncommon in childhood and comprise entities that range from common to very rare malignancies. Infantile fibrosarcoma (IFS) is a rare pediatric malignancy mainly seen in the first two years of life. The data about the incidence of infantile fibrosarcoma occurring in the neck in the Indian subcontinent is scarce. To the best of our knowledge, only one case of infant cervical IFS has been reported previously in the Indian subcontinent. We present another case of an eight-year-old male patient with a rapidly growing mass on the left side of the neck. He was successfully treated with a combined modality of surgery and chemotherapy with a good outcome. Among the soft tissue tumors of childhood, IFS is a rare entity. It has a good prognosis and lesser chance of distant metastasis as compared to adult fibrosarcoma. Though surgical excision is the mainstay of treatment, chemotherapy also has a significant role in the treatment of primary tumor and metastasis. We discuss the stated case to bring to the notice this uncommon cause, which can be considered as a differential diagnosis of upper cervical swellings. A better understanding of this entity would help in early diagnosis and aggressive treatment, reducing the overall morbidity and mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Rhabdomyosarcoma , Fibrosarcoma/pathology , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Soft Tissue Neoplasms/pathology , Diagnosis, Differential
8.
Rev. colomb. ortop. traumatol ; 34(2): 194-197, 2020. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1372876

ABSTRACT

El fibrosarcoma congénito, es una patología muy poco habitual, que representa el 3% de todos los tumores de la infancia. El propósito de la publicación es describir el caso clínico de una paciente con un fibrosarcoma congénito tratado exitosamente quirúrgicamente sin recurrencias con buenos resultados funcionales. Se presenta una caso de una paciente a quien se le diagnostico a los 3 meses de edad una masa en el muslo izquierdo por un fibrosarcoma congénito de 10cm de diámetro, a quien se le realizo resección primaria de la lesión con bordes libre de compromiso tumoral como tratamiento de elección. En el seguimiento, la paciente no ha presentado recaídas con recuperación de los arcos de movilidad activa y pasiva, con desarrollo motor acorde a la edad. Los fibrosarcomas congénitos, se ubican principalmente alrededor de la rodilla, y son infiltrantes a tejidos adyacentes, su elección de manejo es la resección quirúrgica con bordes libres de tumor, en general tiene un mejor pronóstico que los sarcomas en adultos, pero con índices de recurrencia de hasta el 40% de los casos. Nivel de evidencia: IV


Congenital fibrosarcoma is an unusual pathology, representing 3% of all childhood tumors. The purpose of the publication is to describe the clinical case of a patient with a congenital fibrosarcoma, successfully treated surgically without recurrences with good functional results. We describe the clinical outcome of a 3-month-old of age with a mass in the left thigh by a congenital fibrosarcoma 10cm, who underwent primary resection of the lesion with edges free of tumor compromise as the treatment of choice. During follow-up, the patient did not present relapses with recovery of active and passive mobility arcs, with motor development according to age. The congenital fibrosarcomas, are located mainly around the knee, and are infiltrating to adjacent tissues; management is surgical resection with tumor-free edges. Congenital Fibrosarcoma usually has better prognosis than adults sarcomas, but with recurrence rates up to 40% of the patients. Evidence Level: IV


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Fibrosarcoma , Congenital Abnormalities , Knee , Neoplasms
9.
The Journal of the Korean Orthopaedic Association ; : 164-171, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-770044

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: A dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma is a rare lethal tumor characterized by a low grade chondrosarcoma juxtaposed with a high grade dedifferentiated sarcoma, such as osteosarcoma, fibrosarcoma. The aim of our study was to document the clinical manifestation and oncologic outcomes of a dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study identified 11 patients who were diagnosed and treated for dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma between January 2007 and December 2016. The identified cohort was then reviewed regarding age, sex, symptom onset, tumor location, magnetic resonance imagings (MRIs), surgical margin, and pathologic diagnosis. The time to local recurrence and/or metastasis, follow-up duration, and the patients' final status were analyzed. RESULTS: The patients were comprised of 7 males and 4 females with a mean age of 54 years (range, 33–80 years). The location of the tumor was in the femur in 6 cases, pelvis in 4 cases, and metatarsal in 1 case. The average tumor diameter was 12.7 cm (range, 6.0–26.1 cm). At the time of diagnosis, 2 patients showed pathologic fracture; 1 patient was Enecking stage IIA, 9 patients were stage IIB, and 1 patient was stage III. Eight patients were classified as a primary dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma and 3 patients were secondary. One of the primary lesions was misinterpreted initially as a low grade chondroid lesion by MRI and underwent curettage. Local recurrence occurred in 8 cases and distant metastasis occurred in 10 cases with a mean duration of 8 months (range, 2–23 months) and 7 months (range, 1–32 months), respectively. The three-year overall survival of patients with dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma was 18%, and 10 patients died due to disease progression. CONCLUSION: Dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma developed lung metastases in the early period of the clinical courses and the prognosis was dismal.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Chondrosarcoma , Cohort Studies , Curettage , Diagnosis , Disease Progression , Femur , Fibrosarcoma , Follow-Up Studies , Fractures, Spontaneous , Lung , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Metatarsal Bones , Neoplasm Metastasis , Osteosarcoma , Pathology , Pelvis , Prognosis , Recurrence , Sarcoma
10.
Cambios rev. méd ; 17(1): 76-80, ene. - 2018. ^eilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-981126

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El tumor desmoide grado I, es una patología rara, se consideraba la intervención quirúrgica como primera opción, pero su recidiva posquirúrgica tendía a obscurecer la evolución satisfactoria ya que este tipo de tumores tienden a comprometer planos cada vez más profundos, en algunos casos ha provocado la amputación de extremidades sin lograr éxito, generando un grave impacto psicológico en el paciente y su pronóstico. Caso clínico. Paciente masculino, a los 18 años de edad, presentó una masa en el tercio distal del brazo izquierdo, en Italia le realizan exéresis quirúrgica, la misma que reporta positivo para tumor desmoide, presentando varias recidivas años después, estudios histopatológicos reportan recidiva de tumor desmoide. Actualmente se encuentra en seguimiento con controles tomográficos. Discusión. El tumor desmoide carece de potencial metastásico, con un comportamiento local muy agresivo, las técnicas de imagen permiten realizar su diagnóstico diferencial de otros tumores que afectan los tejidos blandos, su diagnóstico definitivo es con biopsia y su estudio histopatológico. Nuestro paciente a los 18 años se le diagnostica de un tumor desmoide a nivel del brazo izquierdo, presentando por varias ocasiones recidivas posterior a varias exéresis de los mismos, cabe recalcar, que este tipo de tumor tiene una elevada tasa de recurrencia incluso después de una resección completa del tumor; por lo que la cirugía no está indicada como tratamiento de primera elección, indica el manejo expectante está indicado con la estrategia O-E (Observar-Esperar), cuando el paciente es referido al HECAM se decide mantener controles expectantes. Como lo recomienda las ultimas guías de tratmiento.


Introduction. Grade I desmoid tumor is an uncommon pathology where treatment was the surgery as first option, but its post-surgical recurrence tends to obscure satisfactory evolution due to these kinds of tumors have to compromise deep layers, and there are cases where patients needed amputation of their arms or legs without any success; therefore, it causes a huge psychological impact in the patients and their prognosis. Clinical case. An eighteen-year old male presented with a mass in the distal portion of the left arm. In Italy, he had a surgical resection, and the sample was positive for a desmoid tumor, presenting several recurrences years later. Histological studies reports recurrence of desmoid tumor. Is currently in follow-up with tomographic controls. Discussion. The desmoid tumor lacks metastatic potential, with a very aggressive local behavior, the imaging techniques allow its differential diagnosis of other tumors that affect the soft tissues, and its definitive diagnosis is with biopsy and its histopathological study. In summary, our eighteen-year old patient's diagnose was a desmoid tumor on his left arm, presenting several recurrences after several exeresis of the same, it should be emphasized that this type of tumor has a high rate of recurrence even after a complete tumor resection. Thus, surgery is not indicated as first-line of treatment, so it´s recommended expectant treatment based on the O-E strategy (Observe-Wait). When the patient was referred to Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marin, the doctors decided to continue with observational management. As recommended by the latest treatment guidelines.


Subject(s)
Adult , Soft Tissue Neoplasms , Fibromatosis, Aggressive , Fibrosarcoma , Pathology , Neoplasms
11.
Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine ; : 189-194, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739807

ABSTRACT

While congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) can occur along with other conditions, such as clavicle fracture or brachial plexus injury, these conditions exist outside the sternocleidomastoid muscle (SCM). We present a rare case with concurrence of CMT and a malignant tumor inside the same SCM, along with serial clinical and radiological findings of the atypical features of CMT. The malignant tumor was in fact a low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma. To the best of our knowledge, the current case is the first of a concurrent condition of CMT inside the SCM. This case suggests that concurrent conditions could exist either inside or outside the SCM with CMT. Therefore, a thorough evaluation of SCM is required when subjects with CMT display atypical features, such as the increase of mass or poor response to conservative therapy. In that case, appropriate imaging modalities, such as ultrasonogram or magnetic resonance imaging, are useful for differential diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Brachial Plexus , Clavicle , Diagnosis, Differential , Fibrosarcoma , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Sarcoma , Torticollis , Ultrasonography
12.
Philippine Journal of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; : 58-60, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972983

ABSTRACT

@#A 32-year old Filipino woman presented with a 3-year history of slowly enlarging left hemimandibular mass with no associated symptoms. Previous biopsy showed ameloblastoma. Imaging revealed a translucent mulitloculated mass with ill-defined borders. (Figure 1) On examination, the mass was irregularly shaped, measures 40 x 39 cm, slightly hyperpigmented and erythematous, warm with visible vessels. The patient underwent left segmental mandibulectomy with reconstruction and the specimen was sent for histopathologic evaluation.


Subject(s)
Fibrosarcoma
14.
Braz. dent. j ; 28(2): 262-272, mar.-Apr. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839132

ABSTRACT

Here is described a case of ameloblastic fibrosarcoma (AFS) affecting the posterior mandible of a woman who was treated surgically and recovered without signs of recurrence or metastasis after 12 years of follow-up. Tumor sections were immunostained for cell cycle, epithelial and mesenchymal markers. Immunohistochemical analysis evidenced high Ki-67 positivity in stromal cells (mean of 20.9 cells/High power field). Epithelial cells displayed strong positivity for p53, p63 and cytokeratin 19. In addition to the case report, a systematic review of current knowledge is presented on the AFS’s clinical-demographic features and prognostic factors. Based on the review, 88/99 cases were diagnosed as AFS, 9/99 as ameloblastic fibro-odontosarcoma and 2/99 as ameloblastic fibrodentinosarcoma. All these lesions displayed very similar clinical-demographic and prognostic features. Moreover, the review provided evidence that first treatment, regional metastasis, distant metastasis and local recurrence were significant prognostic values for malignant odontogenic mesenchymal lesions. Based on the findings, segregation among ameloblastic fibrosarcoma, ameloblastic fibrodentinosarcoma and ameloblastic fibro-odontosarcoma seems illogical, considering all these lesions have similar predilections and outcomes.


Resumo Aqui é descrito um caso de fibrossarcoma ameloblástico afetando região posterior da mandíbula de uma mulher. Após o tratamento, a paciente ficou livre da doença durante os 12 anos de acompanhamento. Foi realizado imunohistoquimica para marcadores epiteliais, mesenquimais e do ciclo celular. Além disso, uma revisão sistemática de literatura também foi realizada, na tentativa de descobrir as características clínico-demográficas e fatores prognósticos da lesão. 88/99 casos foram diagnosticados como fibrossarcoma ameloblastico, 9/99 como fibro-odontosarcoma ameloblastico e 2/99 como fibrodentinosarcoma ameloblastico. Todas estas lesões exibem características clínico-demográficas e prognósticos muito semelhantes. Além disso, esta revisão forneceu evidências de que primeiro tratamento, metástases regionais, metástases à distância e recorrência local são valores prognósticos significativos para lesões odontogênicas mesenquimais malignas. A análise imunohistoquímica demonstrou elevada marcação positiva em células do estroma para Ki-67 (média de 20,9 células /HPF). As células epiteliais exibiram forte marcação para p53, p63 e citoqueratina 19. A segregação entre fibrosarcoma ameloblastico, fibrodentinosarcoma ameloblastico e fibro-odontosarcoma ameloblastico é ilógica, uma vez que todas essas lesões têm predileções e resultados semelhantes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Fibrosarcoma/surgery , Mandibular Neoplasms/surgery , Fibrosarcoma/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Mandibular Neoplasms/pathology , Odontogenic Tumors/pathology , Odontogenic Tumors/surgery
15.
Medisan ; 21(3)mar. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-841677

ABSTRACT

Se presenta el caso clínico de una paciente de 56 años de edad, quien acudió al Hospital Provincial Docente Clinicoquirúrgico Saturnino Lora Torres por presentar una gran tumoración localizada en la espalda baja, poco dolorosa y con necrosis tumoral en la región apical. Se le realizó exéresis total del tumor con márgenes de sección amplios. La biopsia del espécimen confirmó la presencia de un dermatofibrosarcoma protuberante. Luego de varios días de hospitalización bajo estricta vigilancia y tratamiento médico se le dio el alta; 6 meses después de la cirugía su evolución ha sido satisfactoria


The case report of a 56 years patient is presented who went to Saturnino Lora Torres Teaching Clinical Surgical Provincial Hospital due to a large tumor located in the low back, not very painful and with tumoral necrosis in the apical region. Total exeresis of the tumor was carried out with wide section margins. The biopsy specimen confirmed the presence of a protuberant dermatofibrosarcoma. After several days of hospitalization under strict surveillance and medical treatment she was discharged; 6 months after the surgery her clinical course has been satisfactory


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Biopsy , Dermatofibrosarcoma/surgery , Neoplasms , Specimen Handling/methods , Surgery, Plastic , Fibrosarcoma
16.
Journal of Dentistry-Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. 2017; 18 (3): 219-226
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-188522

ABSTRACT

Statement of the Problem: Evidence shows thiabendazole has the potential to inhibit angiogenesis in melanoma and fibrosarcoma; however, its effect on oral squamous cell carcinoma has not been previously studied


Purpose: This study sought to assess the cytotoxic effects of thiabendazole on HN5 head and neck squamous carcinoma cell line


Materials and Method: HN5 cell lines were exposed to different concentrations of thiabendazole [prepared from 99% pure powder] for 24, 48 and 72 hours. Cell viability was assessed by the methyl thiazol tetrazolium assay, and IC50 of thiabendazole was calculated. Cells were also exposed to different concentrations of thiabendazole for 48 hours to determine its effect on expression and transcription of vascular endo-thelial growth factor gene. Expression of vascular endothelial growth factor mRNA was assessed by real-time polymerase chain reaction. The vascular endothelial growth factor release was assessed by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay test


Results: In all concentrations of thiabendazole except for 200 and 550uM, cell viability was significantly different at different time points [p< 0.05]. At 48 and 72 hours, cell viability at all concentrations of thiabendazole [100-65OuM] significantly decreased compared to the control group [zero concentration]


In addition, cell viability significantly decreased with an increase in thiabendazole concentration. At 48 hours, expression of vascular endothelial growth factor mRNA was significantly lower in presence of 500uM thiabendazole compared to the control group [p< 0.001] and release of vascular endothelial growth factor was inhibited in a dose-dependent manner


Conclusion: Thiabendazole inhibited the proliferation of HN5 cells in a dose-dependent and time-dependent manner. It also inhibited the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor gene


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/drug therapy , Thiabendazole , Angiogenesis Inhibitors , Fibrosarcoma/drug therapy , Melanoma/drug therapy , Endothelial Growth Factors
17.
Diabetes & Metabolism Journal ; : 405-416, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-123912

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: To develop surrogate insulin-producing cells for diabetes therapy, adult stem cells have been identified in various tissues and studied for their conversion into β-cells. Pancreatic progenitor cells are derived from the endodermal epithelium and formed in a manner similar to gut progenitor cells. Here, we generated insulin-producing cells from the intestinal epithelial cells that induced many of the specific pancreatic transcription factors using adenoviral vectors carrying three genes: PMB (pancreatic and duodenal homeobox 1 [Pdx1], V-maf musculoaponeurotic fibrosarcoma oncogene homolog A [MafA], and BETA2/NeuroD). METHODS: By direct injection into the intestine through the cranial mesenteric artery, adenoviruses (Ad) were successfully delivered to the entire intestine. After virus injection, we could confirm that the small intestine of the mouse was appropriately infected with the Ad-Pdx1 and triple Ad-PMB. RESULTS: Four weeks after the injection, insulin mRNA was expressed in the small intestine, and the insulin gene expression was induced in Ad-Pdx1 and Ad-PMB compared to control Ad-green fluorescent protein. In addition, the conversion of intestinal cells into insulin-expressing cells was detected in parts of the crypts and villi located in the small intestine. CONCLUSION: These data indicated that PMB facilitate the differentiation of mouse intestinal cells into insulin-expressing cells. In conclusion, the small intestine is an accessible and abundant source of surrogate insulin-producing cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Adenoviridae , Adult Stem Cells , Endoderm , Epithelial Cells , Epithelium , Fibrosarcoma , Gene Expression , Genes, Homeobox , Insulin , Intestine, Small , Intestines , Mesenteric Arteries , Oncogenes , RNA, Messenger , Stem Cells , Transcription Factors
18.
Chonnam Medical Journal ; : 161-167, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-151389

ABSTRACT

Matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2) is a potent protumorigenic, proangiogenic, and prometastatic enzyme that is overexpressed in metastatic cancer. Although there have been various studies on the MMP2 gene, further studies of regulatory factors are required to achieve inhibition of MMP2 enzyme activities. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play key roles in tumor metastasis. However, the specific functions of miRNAs in metastasis are unclear. In this study, we assessed the function of the microRNA-29 family (miR-29s) in HT1080 human fibrosarcoma cells and examined the regulatory mechanisms of these miRNAs on MMP2 activation. Using miRanda, TargetScan, and PicTar databases, miR-29s were identified as candidate miRNAs targeting MMP2. Gain-of-function studies showed that overexpression of miR-29s could inhibit the invasion of HT1080 cells, suggesting their tumor-suppressive roles in HT1080 cells. In addition, dual luciferase reporter assays indicated that miR-29s could inhibit the expression of the luciferase gene containing the 3'-untranslated region of MMP2 mRNA. Ectopic expression of miR-29s down-regulated the expression of MMP2. Moreover, ectopic expression of miR-29s reduced MMP2 enzyme activity. These results suggested that miR-29s could decrease the invasiveness of HT1080 cells by modulating MMP2 signaling. Taken together, our results demonstrated that miR-29s may serve as therapeutic targets to control tumor metastasis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Humans , Ectopic Gene Expression , Fibrosarcoma , Luciferases , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , MicroRNAs , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Metastasis , RNA, Messenger
19.
Chonnam Medical Journal ; : 161-167, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788369

ABSTRACT

Matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2) is a potent protumorigenic, proangiogenic, and prometastatic enzyme that is overexpressed in metastatic cancer. Although there have been various studies on the MMP2 gene, further studies of regulatory factors are required to achieve inhibition of MMP2 enzyme activities. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play key roles in tumor metastasis. However, the specific functions of miRNAs in metastasis are unclear. In this study, we assessed the function of the microRNA-29 family (miR-29s) in HT1080 human fibrosarcoma cells and examined the regulatory mechanisms of these miRNAs on MMP2 activation. Using miRanda, TargetScan, and PicTar databases, miR-29s were identified as candidate miRNAs targeting MMP2. Gain-of-function studies showed that overexpression of miR-29s could inhibit the invasion of HT1080 cells, suggesting their tumor-suppressive roles in HT1080 cells. In addition, dual luciferase reporter assays indicated that miR-29s could inhibit the expression of the luciferase gene containing the 3'-untranslated region of MMP2 mRNA. Ectopic expression of miR-29s down-regulated the expression of MMP2. Moreover, ectopic expression of miR-29s reduced MMP2 enzyme activity. These results suggested that miR-29s could decrease the invasiveness of HT1080 cells by modulating MMP2 signaling. Taken together, our results demonstrated that miR-29s may serve as therapeutic targets to control tumor metastasis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Humans , Ectopic Gene Expression , Fibrosarcoma , Luciferases , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , MicroRNAs , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Metastasis , RNA, Messenger
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